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									Greater Yellowstone report
the quarterlY journal of the Greater Yellowstone Coalition


Winter 2007

Volume 24 • Number 4 The Greater Yellowstone Report is the quarterly journal of the Greater Yellowstone Coalition Articles reprinted by permission only. Editors: Barb Cestero and Caroline Woodwell Graphic Design & Layout: Chris K. Grinnell Cover Photo of the Tetons: Scott Bosse Inside Front Cover Photo of howling coyote: Tom Murphy Back Cover Photo of pronghorn: Kathy Lichtendahl

Board of Directors
Todd Graham, Chair Phil Washburn, Vice Chair Ted Cross , Sec-Treas Dick Baldes Ann Christensen Stephen Connolly Maxine (Max) Dakins Swep Davis Peggy Dulany Marcia Kunstel Beedee Ladd Melissa Lindsay Rev. Warren Murphy Nic Patrick Kathy Richmond John Schmidt Farwell Smith Geoff Stephens Dave Stricklan Ted Turner Woody Wickham Charlotte Vaughan Winton Ranch Consultant, Bozeman, MT Retired Banker, Pinedale, WY Professor, Billings, MT Retired Biologist, Ft. Washakie, WY Retired Teacher, Ketchum, ID Retired Bus. Exec., Bigfork, MT Professor, Moscow, ID Retired Banker, Bozeman, MT Rancher, Lima, MT Ranch Owner, Jackson, WY Conservationist, Dover, MA Foundation E.D., St. Paul, MN Clergy, Cody, WY Building Contractor, Cody, WY Conservationist, Clayton, ID Activist, Pocatello, ID Conservationist, Big Timber, MT Film Maker, Bozeman, MT Professor, Rexburg, ID Business Executive, Atlanta, GA Foundation President, Livingston, MT Conservationist, San Francisco, CA

Heidi Barrett Wendi Bell Brice Boland Scott Bosse Barb Cestero Scott Christensen Joyce Connors Jessica DeJarlais Lloyd Dorsey Patricia Dowd Valorie Drake Terry Dumont Jim Earl Chris Grinnell Liz Harrison John Hart Marv Hoyt Craig Kenworthy Kit McGurn Amy McNamara Michael Scott Deborah Snyder Teresa Soule Brian Sybert Coby Tigert Caroline Woodwell Assoc. Development Director Conservation Organizer, Star Valley Conservation Organizer, Idaho Rivers Conservation Coordinator Director of Community Outreach Private Lands Stewardship Director Finance & Human Resources Associate Development & Comm. Coordinator Wyoming Representative, Jackson Conservation Coordinator Director of Finance & Administration Front Office Manager Electronic Communications Manager Graphics Specialist Senior Director/Development Communications Manager, Idaho Idaho Director Conservation Director Conservation Associate, Idaho National Parks Program Director Executive Director Membership Manager Events Coordinator Wyoming Representative, Cody Phosphate Campaign Coordinator Director of Foundation Giving

Montana P.O. Box 1874 | Bozeman, MT 59771 (406) 586-1593 | fax (406) 556-2839 162 N. Woodruff Avenue Idaho Falls, ID 83401 (208) 522-7927 | fax (208) 522-1048 P.O. Box 4857 | Jackson, WY 83001 (307) 734-6004 | fax (307) 734-6019 1285 Sheridan Ave., Suite 215 Cody, WY 82414 (307) 527-6233 | fax (307) 527-6290 Idaho







Greater Yellowstone’s changing winter
by todd Graham, board chair

Greater Yellowstone is known for its
long, harsh winters. The dominance of winter forces critters and people alike to change their behavior for survival. Be it through migrating to lower elevations with less snow or “holing up” indoors, all must adjust to this force that has shaped the landscape of Greater Yellowstone. It is the time when plants go dormant, snow usually covers all, and people reflect.

snow. Some of these folks are getting used to the idea of less snow and now talk about managing in “drier times,” a concept reaching beyond drought. Likewise, government wildlife managers and hunters focus on a winter season that arrives later. Warm fall temperatures keep wildlife herds at higher elevations and out of the reach of the hunting public, whose harvest helps keep populations in check. Anglers are fishing the rivers later in the calendar year, well beyond the time when the line usually freezes to the rod’s guides. Even the tourists seem to be sticking around longer, enjoying the late fall and delighting the merchants.

People often remark that we have not had a “real winter” in years. Conversations in coffee shops often center on a lack of snow and warmer temperatures.

As a child growing up in southwest Wyoming, I remember bundling up for celebrations like Halloween and even Mother’s Day because winter lasted so long. Then, we talked about two seasons: winter and summer. Summers were short, so you had no reason to take off your snow tires. But this is changing. People often remark that we have not had a “real winter” in years. Conversations in coffee shops often center on a lack of snow and warmer temperatures. These discussions are likely to continue as we feel the effects of global climate change here in Greater Yellowstone. For Greater Yellowstone’s ranchers, the lack of snow cover means forage remains exposed longer in the year. While this may mean less hay for feeding, it also may mean less hay in total for next year, due to lack of irrigation water. Ranchers would likely prefer the

As a force that shapes the lives of people, plants, and wildlife, winter’s role may be changing. Articles in this Quarterly Report will provide greater insight into these changes, be they changing snow pack, increases in bison herds, or changes in recreation patterns. Together, we must explore the long-term implications these changes bring to Greater Yellowstone. Hoping to see you by the fire, Todd Graham

quick bites

update on the issues...

For more information on these topics and all our work, visit

GYC is working with a diverse group of organizations and agencies to develop a map and guide for the Cody area that highlights non-motorized recreation opportunities such as hiking, biking, fishing, and wildlife viewing. Our partners include the Park Country Travel Council, Wyoming Community Foundation, recreational user groups, business owners, Shoshone National Forest, Bureau of Land Management, and Buffalo Bill State Park. One hundred percent of the profit generated by sales of the map and guide will be used to create a grant program that will support human-powered outdoor recreation and wildlife conservation in the Cody area. The map and guide will be available this spring.

selenium ad campaign raises awareness
GYC and its partners launched an advertising campaign to raise public awareness about selenium and clean water. We want people to understand that selenium is a serious problem that will not go away without a sustained cleanup effort. Ads have appeared in newspapers, magazines, and on billboards such as the one pictured. The number of concerned people logging onto our website for information and action is increasing as a result.

chester hydro project
GYC and a number of partners recently completed a settlement agreement on a proposed hydropower project on an existing diversion dam on the Henry’s Fork in Idaho. As a result of the agreement, two canals will be screened and a fish ladder will be constructed, removing a barrier that has been in place for seventy years.

GYC recently asked a federal court to review the uS Fish and Wildlife Service’s decision to remove grizzly bears from the endangered species list. While the bear’s recovery is a great success story, we believe that the Bush administration failed to provide adequate protections for habitat on national forest land.


explore greater yellowstone with the cody country map & guide


Our Changing Winter: What it Might Mean for Greater Yellowstone


scientist once determined that spring moves north at 17 miles a day. Because we see that seasonal change year after year, it is easy to assume what climate change might look like in the Northern Rockies. For example, as I write this, it is 5 degrees in Bozeman and 67 in Phoenix. Does climate change mean that someday Montana residents will be playing golf every December? Probably not. Climate experts tell us that we are more likely to see changes that produce fragments of other climates as opposed to some kind of simple north-south realignment. That makes conserving the ecosystem’s wildlife and habitats even more challenging. Plants and animals won’t face a simple need to move further north (as some global warming skeptics frame it). Instead, they will need to adapt to complex changes to moisture patterns and habitat types. Last spring, GYC and the Wildlife Conservation Society sat down with a number of Climate change is going to other conservation groups and scientists bring big changes in how to learn what climate we get and use one of the change will look like for Greater most precious resources in Yellowstone. Here is a sample of what the Rockies: water. we learned: 1. Our climate will get warmer and maybe even wetter, but this moisture will come in different forms from what we see today. We may see more rain. The challenge is that much of Greater Yellowstone’s water is stored in the high mountain snow pack. Rain isn’t stored this way, but runs off quickly into our rivers. And rain makes the snow melt faster!

2. Greater Yellowstone’s rivers may dry up more often in the summer. A warmer climate will mean earlier snow melt. It may be hard to believe if you live elsewhere, but the August fishing depends on the snow fall in February and March. 3. Earlier snow melt means not only a shorter ski season, but more fishing restrictions as lower flows and hotter temperatures threaten trout populations.

One of the challenges this is likely to create is new conflicts over water resources. We’ll all have to work on conservation and good water management. We are already seeing proponents of new dam projects claiming that climate change is a reason to begin anew the era of big dams in the West. I heard someone even suggest that we’ll need to build small water storage projects in our small mountain streams to even out the summer flows. When one of our staff heard that, he said “Yes, I think we used to have something like that. They were called beavers.” The bottom line is that climate change is going to bring big changes in how we get and use one of the most precious resources in the Rockies: water. However we face these challenges, it will need to be in a way that conserves and protects the other natural resources that make Yellowstone the best, wild place in the country.
by Craig Kenworthy conservation director

Winter in Yellowstone: What Legacy Will We Leave?
Unimpaired for Future Generations
Molly and Paul Cross welcomed their first child – Phoebe – into their family in September. Phoebe is a beautiful little girl. And while she doesn’t know it yet, she will soon learn that her parents are committed to making sure she knows all about the place where she lives and the critters she shares this landscape with. Not many kids have a dad who is a wildlife biologist and a mom who is a climate ecologist – but Phoebe does. Before Phoebe was three months old, she had already been to Yellowstone twice – more than most people go in their entire lives. As advocates for Yellowstone National Park and the rest of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, GYC thinks about people like Molly and Paul and future generations of park enthusiasts like Phoebe when we develop policy recommendations for this region. We are committed to making sure the national parks are managed to the highest standards and remain “unimpaired” for future generations to enjoy. DC upon finalizing the 2006 National Park Service Management Policies and vowed to uphold the conservation-first mandate of the National Park Service. “When there is a conflict between conserving resources unimpaired for future generations and the use of those resources, conservation will be predominant,” Kempthorne said. National Park enthusiasts across the country applauded this announcement. Here at GYC we were hopeful that this re-affirmed conservation mandate meant that the Park Service would use the best available science to guide decision-making in Grand

This standard of “unimpairment” was not dreamed up by us. Congress committed this country to it in 1916 when it passed the National Park Service Organic Act, the legislation that Paul and Molly Cross of Bozeman, Montana explore Mammoth Hot Springs with their twocreated the National Park Service nearly a century month old daughter, Phoebe, on Thanksgiving Day. ago. This commitment ensures America’s parks continue to showcase our national beauty, tell our Teton and Yellowstone National Parks. We looked nation’s story, and remain safe homes to this country’s forward to a decision regarding winter recreation in most wild residents. Yellowstone that would be principled and guided by science, not politicized and unduly influenced by A Promise Broken special interests. Last summer, the Secretary of the Department of Interior, Dirk Kempthorne stood in Washington


On November 20th, Secretary Kempthorne broke his promise. On that day, the Park Service announced that 540 snowmobiles per day would be permitted in Yellowstone starting the 2008-2009 winter. This decision more than doubles Yellowstone’s daily number of snowmobiles beyond the average of the past four winters (258 per day) even though that current average has resulted in well-documented problems within the park. The National Park Service disclosed that allowing 540 snowmobiles per day would: •	 Nearly	 triple	 the	 area	 in	 Yellowstone	 where	 visitors will hear snowmobiles over half the visiting day – compromising, at more of the park’s popular attractions, the opportunity to hear subtle sounds such as erupting geysers and bubbling mud pots. •	 Reject	the	advice	of	Yellowstone’s	own	wildlife	 scientists and place winter-stressed animals at greater risk. •	 Throw	 Yellowstone’s	 improving	 winter	 air	 quality into reverse. The past four winter seasons have shown that Yellowstone’s winter visitors are increasingly embracing modern snowcoaches and the health of the Park has improved because of it. The National Park Service’s decision makes a U-turn on that progress and will lead to unacceptable impacts in our first national park. This disappointing decision marks a radical departure from the conservation-first ethic that has governed

management of America’s national parks from their beginning. “This is a decision that shatters all confidence in the ability of the National Park Service, under this Administration, to faithfully apply good science,” said Rob Arnberger, former Regional Director of the Park Service’s Alaska Region. “It is a shame that the National Park Service, which should be a national environmental leader, has selected an alternative that is not the best choice for Yellowstone’s air quality, wildlife and the quiet atmosphere that visitors ought to be able to enjoy.”

A Better Future is Possible
The Greater Yellowstone Coalition is committed to protecting America’s first national park. That is why we have joined with our conservation partners to ask the court to review this decision by the Park Service. We are confident that law, science, and the public’s desire for access that preserves the national parks will prevail. When Phoebe is a bit older, and her parents take her to Yellowstone on a snowcoach in the winter, she will have one of two experiences. She will breathe clean air, view Yellowstone’s wonders in razor detail, and hear the subtle sounds of geysers and mud pots. Or she will experience the wonders of Yellowstone amidst the noise of snowmobiles, see wildlife under greater stress, and experience air that is dirtier than it ought to be in America’s first national park. We hope it will be the former.
by amy Mcnamara national parks program director

World Champion Skier on Crusade to Save Winter


How did a world-champion extreme skier become so passionate about the issue of climate change? Actually the reverse is true – I’ve spent my life studying the environment and climate change and only became a professional extreme skier ten years ago. You’ve traveled all over the globe on your skiing adventures. What are some of the ways climate change is affecting people in different parts of the world? Climate change is affecting the whole world already. In Africa, warming temperatures will make glaciers disappear on Mt. Kenya in the next few years and also spread diseases like malaria, while extreme drought is hampering most of the continent. In Asia, rising ocean levels are flooding entire islands off India and glaciers are melting in the Himalayas. The most interesting part about global warming is that you can have a drought one minute and then a flood the next, or the record cold temperature one day and then a record high the next day. Unpredictability will make life difficult. The biggest issue that ties everything together is drinking

Of all the ways climate change is affecting the West, what impacts worry you the most? Right now the most visible impact is the pine beetle. Three days of -20 F temperatures kills pine beetles, so warmer temperatures allow epidemic spreading. Pine beetle infestations are affecting tourism, and will later affect water, habitat, biodiversity, and most importantly, wildfires. In the long run, water by far will be the most important issue. As the snow turns to rain and also melts earlier, our drinking water, irrigation water, and water for wildlife will be scarce. Best case scenarios look like at least a 38 percent reduction in water.

by scott Bosse rivers conservation coordinator


orld champion extreme skier Alison Gannett is passionate about snow. So with glaciers melting all over the world and ski seasons being cut shorter every year, she’s doing something about it. Last year, she helped found the Save Our Snow Foundation (www.saveoursnowfoundation. org) to bring attention to the issue of how global warming is affecting snow, water and winter recreation.

water. Almost half of the world’s drinking water comes from snow and glaciers. Has there been any one particular experience you’ve had during your travels that drove home the issue of climate change in an unforgettable way? Looking at the glaciers in person and seeing how fast the melting is occurring is frightening. Knowing that the first ski area just went out of business proves how economically damaging this can be for a particular region.

My energy audits reduced my home bills by 50 percent and then solar will reduce them to zero.
tons. The average American is 25 tons. We have to get our footprint down to two tons per person to save our snow, water and planet. What do you say to people who argue that climate change is a hoax, and even if it is real, there’s nothing we can do about it anyway? If it is real or even not real, the reason to do something is that you save money, for your home, business, or community. Wal-Mart plans to reduce packaging by five percent on all its toys and save $11 billion. My energy audits reduced my home bills by 50 percent and then solar will reduce them to zero. My solarelectric-gasoline powered hybrid gets up to 140 miles to the gallon, with twice the power. It is a win-win situation.

What will it take to get Americans to make the changes that are needed to dampen the impacts of climate change? Changing a few light bulbs is not going to cut it. Over the last few years, I have built a super-efficient small straw bale house out of local materials, added solar hot water and solar electric power, had five energy audits, changed all my light bulbs, eaten mostly organic local food, bought organic clothes, and converted an SUV to a plug-in solar-electric hybrid. My carbon footprint has gone from 20 tons to 7.5

Snow King Resort, Jackson Hole, Wyoming: November 2007. According to the Western Regional Climate Center, November snowfall in some areas of the Rockies has lessened in recent years. Winter recreation centers have made snow to adapt to changing conditions.




around the ecosystem
Bison numbers grow
Up from only 23 at the turn of the last century, the Park Service announced in October that the Yellowstone bison herd reached 4,700 animals this summer. This population estimate is just below the peak of 4,900 bison recorded in the summer of 2005. Restoring the bison population was America’s first attempt at saving an “endangered species.” They are living evidence of the vision and restraint of our forefathers, who brought them back from the brink of extinction.

Phosphate mine expansion moving forward
Despite repeated environmental violations, rising selenium contamination, and new science showing adverse effects from selenium, the Forest Service and the Bureau of Land Management are poised to approve expansion of the Smoky Canyon phosphate mine in southeast Idaho. The recently released final environmental impact statement outlines the J.R. Simplot Company’s plan to go ahead with additional mining at the immense Smoky Canyon Mine and Superfund site. It appears certain that the agencies will approve the expansion. The lands that will be harmed are highly valued by hunters, anglers, ranchers, and families seeking weekend get-a-ways and include more than 1,100 acres within designated roadless areas. GYC and its ally the Natural Resources Defense Council will challenge any attempt to expand the mine before Simplot cleans up its mess – a mess that has made the current Smoky Canyon Mine an EPA Superfund site.

Wyoming’s Senator Barrasso introduces landmark legislation
On October 25th, Senator John Barrasso introduced legislation to protect the entire Wyoming Range from further oil and gas drilling. This legislation is exactly what thousands of Wyoming residents want to ensure the protection of their beloved hunting and fishing grounds. The legislation protects over one million acres of pristine unroaded backcountry in the Wyoming Range. A huge thank you to all the citizens who worked so hard to make this legislation a reality. This is an important first step! We will need your continued help to ensure the passage of this landmark legislation. Stay tuned for future updates.



Gallatin River study moves forward
A year after the effort to designate the Gallatin River as an Outstanding Resource Water (ORW) was put on hold, conservationists, developers, and local citizens have joined forces to ensure that booming development around the resort town of Big Sky doesn’t harm water quality in the Gallatin River. The first item of business for the new coalition, which calls itself the Wastewater Solutions Forum, was to commission an engineering study that will evaluate alternatives for disposing of wastewater in the Gallatin River corridor. The $60,000 study, which is due to be completed by next May, was funded with help from GYC, American Wildlands, and the Madison-Gallatin Chapter of Trout Unlimited.

Grand Teton receives 1,100-acre gift
On November 6th, the 1,106-acre Laurance S. Rockefeller Preserve was conveyed to the National Park Service and is now part of Grand Teton National Park. The LSR Preserve - valued at approximately $160 million - is a remarkably generous gift from Laurance S. Rockefeller to the citizens of the United States. Located in the southwestern corner of the Park on the shore of Phelps Lake, the LSR Preserve is one of the most pristine, scenic, and wildlife-rich areas of the park. Formerly known as the JY Ranch, the property was part of approximately 35,000 acres of valley lands purchased by John D. Rockefeller, Jr. during the late 1920s and early 1930s for the purpose of protecting and enlarging Grand Teton National Park.

Check out for all the latest information.



“When one tugs at a single thing in nature, he finds it attached to the rest of the world.”
— John Muir




Diverse Interests Unite in Opposition to Proposed Bear River Dam


he Bear River is the longest flowing river system in North America that does not reach an ocean. This interesting fact is not lost on southeastern Idaho native and GYC member, Opal McKay, whose family first began homesteading a half mile north of the Oneida Narrows Canyon section of the Bear River in 1880. In fact, Opal has lived all but six years of her life within five miles of the Oneida Narrows section of the Bear River. She spent her childhood hopping rides on milk trucks to the canyon where she fished once-abundant populations of Bonneville cutthroat trout. Even at eight years old, she knew how to identify a Bonneville cutthroat trout. “Now,” she says, “there aren’t many of those big, beautiful fish left.”

public recreation access, and PacifiCorp’s existing Oneida Dam License Agreement.

Mrs. McKay fondly recalls her years spent exploring So, it comes as no surprise that Mrs. McKay the Oneida Narrows. “It’s been fun watching the is troubled by yet another proposal to dam the evolution of that canyon. It used to be that only Oneida Narrows, the last free a few families used that canyon, flowing stretch of the Bear but now thousands of people “I’d really hate to see that River system. In early 2004, the use it year round to hunt, fish, Twin Lakes Canal Company, a float, and generally play. It’s a free-flowing river turned into Preston-based irrigation company, really good close and cheap place initiated a permitting process with to take your family.” Among her a shallow, warm water the Federal Energy Regulatory concerns are that the Twin Lakes breeding ground for West Nile.” Canal Company has not been Commission (FERC) to construct a small hydroelectric and irrigation forthcoming in its overall plan. – Opal McKay dam. If constructed, the dam “How can they expect community would create a reservoir stretching support, when not once have they up against the existing Oneida Dam owned and sat down and laid the whole proposed project out operated by PacifiCorp, Inc. on the table for the community to see?” In October, the formal study proposal and commenting period ended. Now it is up to FERC to make a decision to grant a license to the Twin Lakes Canal Company. Various stakeholder groups, federal and state agencies, as well as a sizeable number of citizens from local communities have expressed concern that the dam will severely jeopardize a $45 million Bonneville cutthroat trout restoration effort,

When contemplating the reality of a reservoir in the canyon’s place, she says with a chuckle, “I’d really hate to see that free-flowing river turned into a shallow, warm water breeding ground for West Nile.”
by Kit McGurn conservation associate — idaho


Sleeping Giant Ski Area to Reopen with Grizzlies in Mind


ave you ever looked at a road map of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem with an eye for downhill skiing? If you have, you probably realize that the region is surrounded by ski areas. From long established, family-operated ski areas such as White Pine near Pinedale, Wyoming to newer resorts such as Moonlight Basin and the Yellowstone Club near Bozeman, skiing and ski areas have a long history in the Rocky Mountain West. Some of Greater Yellowstone’s ski areas have stayed small and family-oriented with a minimal impact on the surrounding landscape. Others have become ever-expanding commercial operations that consume more and more of the landscape around them as they grow. These large all-season resorts, supported more by real estate sales than skiers, are becoming the norm. But one local ski hill is choosing to buck this trend. The Sleeping Giant ski area is on the Shoshone National Forest fifty miles west of Cody along the North Fork of the Shoshone River. This small operation has catered to working class families in Northwest Wyoming for more than thirty years and recently announced its commitment to continuing this tradition. Due to age and a lack of investment, Sleeping Giant fell into a state of disrepair and has been closed for the last three winters. Thanks to Cody philanthropist Jim Nielson, Sleeping Giant plans to reopen in November, 2008 providing downhill and Nordic skiing for the families of Northwest Wyoming once again. Jim and his family have always been mindful of conserving the lands and wildlife of
by Brian sybert wyoming representative — cody

Greater Yellowstone; no better steward could have stepped forward with the financial resources to reopen Sleeping Giant. Other parties were interested but wanted to expand the ski area and build luxury condos around its base. In contrast, Jim and his family aim to provide local residents with downhill and Nordic skiing in a way that respects the land and wildlife. The ski area is in grizzly bear country, making potential impacts to bears one of the most important issues in planning for reopening. Because the site has already been developed, new impacts to grizzlies would be from commercial operation outside the winter season – during spring and fall, for example, when bears are most active. Recognizing the potential for disturbance of bears, the Nielsons have decided to limit their commercial activities to winter when bears are in their dens. More and more ski resorts in Greater Yellowstone are expanding to year-round operations, so the decision to limit operations to winter is a demonstration of the Nielsons’ commitment to protection of wildlife. The re-opened Sleeping Giant ski area will also be run as a non-profit organization, serving local families. As a non-profit, the ski area does not need continuous expansion and real estate development.

From the beginning, the Nielson Family and their associate Tom Fitzsimmons engaged the Greater Yellowstone Coalition to determine and address any impacts to the land, wildlife, and water as they planned this project. It is unusual for business people interested in operating a ski area to ask a conservation organization such as GYC for an assessment of possible ecological impacts. Thanks to the Nielson Family and Tom Fitzsimmons, the Cody community will once again have downhill and Nordic skiing opportunities. Grizzlies will continue to roam the slopes of the North Fork of the Shoshone River with little interference from people during the rest of the year. It would be hard to find a better example of cooperation, collaboration, and concern for grizzlies than the approach to reopening Sleeping Giant ski area.

Support GYC by Flyfishing in Mexico!
Have you always wanted to hit saltwater flyfishing’s grand slam by catching a bonefish, tarpon, permit, and snook in the same week? If the answer to this question is yes, then we’ve got just the adventure for you. Our good friends at Yellowdog Flyfishing Adventures in Bozeman have generously offered to give GYC half the proceeds of a saltwater flyfishing trip for two people to the spectacular Pesca Maya Fishing Lodge on Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula. Located by the turquoise waters of the Caribbean Sea a few hours south of Cancun, the Pesca Maya Fishing Lodge ( offers some of the best saltwater flyfishing on earth. Aside from enjoying worldclass fishing, you can relax on Pesca Maya’s gorgeous white sand beach, snorkel on the nearby reef, or take an eco-tour in the surrounding 1.3 million acre Sian Ka’an World Biosphere Reserve, home to 345 bird species as well as jaguars, ocelots, spider and howler monkeys, peccaries and tapirs. This special vacation package, which includes 7 nights lodging and 6 days of guided fishing for two, all food and beverages, airport transfers from Cancun, and a great selection of saltwater flies, can be yours for the special price of $5,400. Not only that, but if you are the lucky person who books this trip, you’ll also receive a FREE Sage saltwater fly rod valued at $675.
For more information or to book this trip, please call Yellowdog Flyfishing Adventures at (888) 777-5060 or email

Join the Greater Yellowstone Coalition’s “Legacy Society”
Consider joining other members of the Greater Yellowstone Coalition who have expressed their deep commitment to supporting the organization’s mission by including a gift to GYC as part of their estate planning. The Legacy Society honors those donors who have arranged for planned or deferred gifts to be given to GYC. Consult with your financial advisor or attorney about the planned giving options that might be right for you, or call our Senior Director/Development, Liz Harrison at 406-586-1593. Leave a Legacy to the lands, waters, and wildlife of this special ecosystem; your generosity will allow GYC to pursue important conservation goals for years to come.

Help Preserve and Protect the Ecosystem for Years to Come:


G Y C



n late September, board member Reverend Warren Murphy, GYC Conservation Director Craig Kenworthy, and GYC Cody Representative Brian Sybert attended the first On Sacred Ground: Faith & the Environment conference in Lander, Wyoming. A diverse group of people from all over Wyoming gathered for a variety of activities aimed at encouraging people of faith and conservationists to work together to protect the natural world. Organized by the Wyoming Association of Churches (which Warren Murphy leads) and Wyoming Conservation Voters Education Fund, the conference has inspired several local groups to continue exploring ways to inspire greater stewardship in their communities. Geoff and Mary Baumann hosted GYC’s annual Powell member roundtable on November 15th at their home outside Powell, Wyoming. Local member roundtables are a great opportunity to meet fellow GYC members, get updates on our conservation work and discuss important issues in our communities. Executive Director Michael Scott outlined our progress on protecting the Wyoming Range and the Snake Headwaters. In both cases, legislation is pending in Congress to protect these remarkable landscapes. On December 12th, we hosted our annual Bozeman Holiday Party at the Emerson Center for Arts and Culture. Local GYC members and staff from our member organizations enjoyed good food, lots of holiday cheer, and a photo gallery of images from all over the ecosystem taken by GYC staff.

Upcoming Events:
GYC will host a snowcoach trip into Yellowstone on February 2, 2008. Snowcoaches are quickly becoming the preferred method of experiencing both Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks during the winter months. There is still room on the trip. Visit the events section of our website for more information.




GYC Annual Meeting 2008
Please join us for the 2008 Annual Meeting: “Thinking Like an Ecosystem: Sustaining the lands, waters, and wildlife of Greater Yellowstone.” We will be back in West Yellowstone, Montana on June 5 and 6 at the newly renovated, historic union Pacific Dining Hall. This 2008 Annual Meeting is a special one because it will launch our 25th anniversary celebration! Online registration will begin in late March.

Celebrating 25 Years

by teresa soule events coordinator

of Conservation Success








1983 – 2008


Reaching Out, Making Friends, Connecting with GYC

GYC and Montana PBS Host Local Premiere of New Landis Film on Yellowstone Wolves
Emmy-award winning filmmaker Bob Landis graciously offered friends of GYC and Montana PBS the opportunity to attend an advance screening of his new film, In The Valley of the Wolves. Close to 100 wolf lovers gathered at the Museum of the Rockies’ Hager Auditorium to view the film and participate in a special Q&A session with Landis afterwards. Featuring over three years of footage shot by Landis in Yellowstone, the film is an intimate portrait of the much-celebrated Druid Peak pack, and a fascinating, intimate portrait of how this intriguing species has been successfully integrated into the Park’s ecosystem. For more information about the film, or to watch an interview with Bob Landis about the project, visit Our thanks to Bob and the people at Montana PBS for giving members this opportunity!

by donating to Greater Yellowstone Coalition through your Workplace Giving Campaign! One of the most effective ways to protect the lands, waters, and wildlife of this beautiful part of America is through the Combined Federal Campaign (CFC)! All federal, military and postal workers are now eligible to contribute to the Greater Yellowstone Coalition via the CFC. Look for the Greater Yellowstone Coalition (GYC) in the Conservation & Preservation Charities of America! Please visit for detailed information about our work.

Len Trout



I N S I D E


Membership Update
Diana Allison American Foundation Phyllis Anderson Mr. and Mrs. Russell E. Atha III Sarah Bardenett Edward R. Bazinet Foundation Walter and Elizabeth Bennett Mr. and Mrs. Charles S. Berney Mr. and Mrs. Ray Betz Mr. Dave Boyden Brainerd Foundation Dr. and Mrs. Douglas C. Brengle Mr. Thomas O. Brown Andrea and William Broyles Mr. and Mrs. Lonnie Bullard Dr. Cenie C. Cafarelli Ms. Lynda M. Caine Mr. Giordano Caponigro & Mrs. Whitney Hable Ms.Nancy Caton & Mr. Doug Caton Mr. and Mrs. William B. Chitwood Mr. and Mrs. Yvon Chouinard Mr. William L. Cochran Richard and Nancy Collister CompuSmart Mr. George M. Covington Creative Energies Mr. and Mrs. Joseph K. Davidson Mr. and Mrs. Swep T. Davis Mrs. Carolyn S. Dejanikus Mr. and Mrs. William F. Dingus Mr. and Mrs. Thomas E. Donnelley II EcoTrust Elinor Patterson Baker Trust Fanwood Foundation/West Kenneth Flannery Mr. Randy Forte & Ms. Lisa M. Gee Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Franklin Mr. and Mrs. Caleb Gates, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. James Gilpin Mr. and Mrs. Frank H. Goodyear Ms. Judith P. Gould Mr. and Mrs. James H. Greene Richard Griffith Kathryn Hackenyos

The following supporters have made a contribution to the Greater Yellowstone Coalition between September 25, 2007 and December 5, 2007.* We welcome our new members and thank our returning members for your generosity. Your commitment helps us continue the work of protecting the lands, waters and wildlife of the ecosystem, now and for future generations. Thank you!
Mrs. Augustin S. Hart Mr. and Mrs. Erivan Haub Kathe Henry Heymann Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Peter Hoglund Mr. Charles Hopton Mr. Eric Huber Mr. William Hudson Margot Bowie Hunt Mrs. B.K. Johnson Mr. Blair E. Johnson Mr. John C. Johnston Ms. Cynthia Jones Steven A. and Carolyn Jones Tobin and Susan Jones Kane Family Foundation, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Kaufman Catherine Kehr & Remy Levy Mr. Donald M. Kendall Mr. Craig Kenworthy & Ms. Karen Larsen George P. and Caroline M. Kinkle Carl and Emily Knobloch Mr. Ken F. Koeneman & Ms. Carrie Rodgers Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Kull Beedee and Ted Ladd Mr. and Mrs. Paul Lamberger Dr. and Mrs. Roger Lang Mr. and Mrs. Robert Lansing Mr. Richard D. Leonard Ms. Carole Lewis Ken and Kathleen Lichtendahl Ms. Gretchen Long Rev. Carol and James Ludden Mr. and Mrs. Jerry Martin Michael and June McCollister Peggy Mcdonnell Susie McDowell Mr. William McLauchlan Mr. Steven Merrill The New-Land Foundation, Inc. Mr. and Mrs. Philip T. Nicholson Tom Fitzsimmons Mr. and Mrs. Marc Noel Elizabeth and Louis Oberdorfer David and Janet Offensend Ms. Denise Ovrom Elizabeth B. and Walter Parks Patagonia Dillon Outlet Mr. and Mrs. Denis Prager The Prentice Foundation, Inc. Mr. Nathaniel Reed Ms. Linda Campbell Reilly John and Carlene Reininga Mr. Stanley R. Resor Peter and Judy Riede Steve and Lisa Robertson Mrs. Birdie Rossetter Mr. Charles Rumsey Mr. and Mrs. Allen Sanborn Mr. and Mrs. Chuck Schneebeck Michael Sellett & Mary-Alice Huemoeller Daniel Shaw & Elizabeth Catto Shaw Ruth Shea & Rod Drewien Ms. Nancy Shellenberger Mr. and Mrs. Barry Sibson Mr. Farwell Smith & Ms. Linda McMullen Kris Spanjian Mr. Horton S. & Juli Spitzer Mr. Geoffery Stephens & Ms. Susan Quarles Joan and Mark Strobel Thaddeus and Carroll Sweet Ms. Catherine Symchych Mr. Mark Theisen Mr. and Mrs. Walter Thulin Bruce and Sandra Tully Mr. and Mrs. Stephen M. unfried Courtney Walker Dr. Charles F. Walter Edna Wardlaw Charitable Trust Mr. and Mrs. Philip Washburn Cammie and Andrew Watson Frank & Denie Weil Wilburforce Foundation Wolfensohn Family Foundation Mr. and Mrs. David Wood Larry and Gay Wood Ms. Ellen Wragge Sandra and Robert Young


*Due to space limitations, we are only able to list members contributing at the $250 level or more.


Introducing: YOUR BEST SHOT
This month, we launch a new feature in The Greater Yellowstone Report. In each issue, the Report will publish a new photo, taken by a GYC member, that reflects the photographer’s love for the ecosystem. Photos will be chosen by our communications staff, who will alert the winners by email. (Note: Winners will be required to sign a release form authorizing publication and confirming the authorship of the photo). all current members of GYC are invited to participate! Send us your favorite images (limit: two per member per issue) of the lands, wildlife, waters or people of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem with a short note describing the shot and why it is special to you. We’ll be back in touch! For complete instructions for sending your photo, and to submit your masterpiece, please visit our web site at We launch Your Best Shot this month with a photo (on back cover) by Wyoming member Kathy Lichtendal. Kathy and her husband, Ken, along with their herd of pack llamas and numerous other critters, have been residents of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem for fourteen years. Kathy is a full-time fiber artist who often uses photography as a starting point for her artwork. The image of the pronghorn on the back cover was captured in Yellowstone Park while on a field trip with GYC as part of the Women in Wilderness Retreat. Kathy writes: Several of us were on a short hike down to the confluence of the Lamar and Yellowstone Rivers when, within the matter of a few minutes, we witnessed a herd of elk across the Lamar, then a healthy looking coyote climbing the opposite bank and finally a pronghorn buck and doe which crossed the meadow directly in front of us. The two pronghorn were more interested in the coyote across the river than they were in the admiring group of women. This dismissing backward glance over her shoulder was about the only acknowledgement we received from this beautiful “American Antelope.”

Greater Yellowstone Coalition’s 2008 wolf watching trip in Yellowstone national park
February 5 - 8, Lamar Valley Join Greater Yellowstone Coalition Executive Director Michael Scott and expert Yellowstone Park interpretive guides for three days of wolf-watching at the rustic Buffalo Ranch located in Yellowstone’s famed Lamar Valley. The Buffalo Ranch provides a unique experience in one of the Park’s most gorgeous, pristine, and wildlife-filled areas. Winter in the Lamar Valley is particularly wonderful; many wildlife species come down from higher elevations to forage and wildlife drama abounds just outside your cabin door. With a spotting scope (provided by the Ranch) you can witness bison, mule deer, fox, elk, and wolves, all set against the pristine, snowy landscape, viewing miles and miles of untouched nature. You will learn about the reintroduction of wolves to Yellowstone, hear special speakers, and have time to ski, snowshoe or stay at the Institute and watch videos, talk to experts, or just relax! Price per person is $875 and includes your lodging, meals and transportation with the Yellowstone Association to view wildlife. Price does not include airfare, or transportation to or from airports. Call Heidi Barrett at 800-775-1834 to register or for more information. Trips fill up quickly, so call today!




People protecting the lands, waters, and wildlife of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem now and for future generations.

Photo shot on October 20, 2007 with a Canon Digital Rebel, Tamron 75-300mm lens by Kathy Lichtendahl, Clark, Wyoming.

Greater Yellowstone Coalition
P.O. Box 1874 • Bozeman, Montana 59771 • (406) 586-1593 •

Printed on 100% Recycled Paper with vegetable-based inks.

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