BSCBA - USA 1869-1879 "In The Beginning" Editor's Note: The Brown Swiss Cattle Breeders' Association of the USA will be celebrating its 125th Anniversary in 2005. To commemorate the history of the Brown Swiss breed in the USA and the 125 years of the Association, each month a review of its history will be published in the Bulletin covering a 10-year period. This first review will cover an 11-year period and the time from the first imports into the US up to the organization of the Association in 1880. The Brown Swiss breed is one of the oldest of the dairy breeds in the world. It is descended from cattle used in the valleys and mountain slopes of Switzerland since before historic records began. It was here that certain breed characteristics became so firmly established that they are still evident to this day. The origins still farther back are somewhat doubtful. Some think that the breed goes back eventually to Oriental origins, having been introduced into Central Europe from the steppes and valleys of Western Asia. On the other hand, cattle bones found in the ruins of the Swiss Lake Dwellers are very similar to the bones of present-day Brown Swiss cattle. Such evidence indicates that a type of cattle apparently closely related to Brown Swiss of today existed during the Bronze Age in the area now known as Switzerland. The Swiss nation is made up of twenty-two cantons (similar to our states). From remote time, the Canton of Schwyz had the reputation of possessing the best Brown Cattle, and thus the name Schwyz cattle, or Brown Swiss as known in America, was derived. Swiss cattle were grazed throughout the summer at 3,000 to 8,500 feet above sea level. The unusual physical exertions and high altitude under which generation after generation of these cattle were developed has played an important part in the selection for strength and ruggedness as found in the Brown Swiss breed today. The first recorded Brown Swiss cattle to be introduced into America were brought in by Henry M. Clark of Belmont, Massachusetts, in the winter of 1869 and 1870. This first importation consisted of one bull and seven females. The bull, William Tell, is the Number 1 bull listed in the Brown Swiss Record, and the seven females, Zurich, Lucerne, Gretchen, Brinlie, Lissa, Christine, and Geneva, are the first seven females listed therein. All eight of these animals came from the Canton of Schwyz, Switzerland. This first shipment also included Albert Tell, imported in dam Zurich No. 1 and recorded as No. 2 bull in the Brown Swiss Record, and also a female, Verona, imported in dam Brinlie No. 4 and recorded as female No. 8. From this first importation made by Clark, there were 251 descendants recorded before the next importation of 10 head (one bull and nine females) was made in 1882 by Messrs. George W. Harris of Wethersfield, Connecticut, and Nelson B. Scott of Worcester, Massachusetts. To be continued . . . Bullpen Facts “1869 - 1879” (BS) - Brown Swiss (BB) - Baseball 1869 (BS) - First Brown Swiss are imported into the US as 1 bull and 7 females arrive in Massachusetts. 1869 (BB) - The First professional baseball team, the Cincinnati Red Stockings, finished the inaugural season undefeated with a 57-0 record. They also managed to make a profit of $1.39. 1870’s (BS) - During the 70’s and up through 1881, a total of 72 bulls and 111 cows were registered. 1876 (BB) - National League plays first game ever: Boston Red Caps vs. Philadelphia Athletics. Bullpen Facts “1880 - 1889” (BS) - Brown Swiss (BB) - Baseball 9-8-1880 (BS) - Brown Swiss Cattle Breeders’ Association of the USA is formed in Massachusetts with Caleb B. Metcalf as Secretary and David G. Aldrich as President. 1880 (BB) - The First Polo Grounds was built in Central Park, New York City. There were four Polo Grounds, the last built in 1911 and demolished in 1964. 1889 (BS) - The first Swiss Record Book was published and included a total of 422 bulls and 607 females beginning with the original imports. 12-18-1886 (BB) - Ty Cobb is born. He becomes the first player to reach 4000 hits. ----- Roger Bullpen Facts “1890 - 1899” (BS) - Brown Swiss (BB) - Baseball 1898 (BS) - The Association Annual Meeting was held in Chicago, where Brown Swiss was declared a dairy breed. 2-6-1895 (BB) - Babe Ruth is born, Baltimore, MD. The Babe will change the game and hit 714 homeruns during his career. Note: Hank Aaron, who will eventually break that record, is born on February 5, 39 years later (1934). 1890-99 (BS) - During the second decade of the Association, a total of 786 bulls and 1169 cows were registered, bringing the total registered population to a grand sum of 2,985 animals. 7-18-1897 (BB) - Cap Anson makes baseball history with 3,000 hits, initiating the 3,000-hit club. ----- Roger BSCBA - USA 1880-1889 ''The Association is Born'' Roger’s Note: This is the second in a series of articles reviewing the history of the Brown Swiss Cattle Breeders’ Association of the USA. This second review will cover the first 10-year period of the Association founded in 1880. On September 8, 1880, a small group of Brown Swiss breeders gathered for dinner at the home of David G. Aldrich in Worcester, Massachusetts. Following dinner, they met in the office of Israel N. Keyes, of the same city. It was there the Brown Swiss Cattle Breeders’ Association was formed and the first officers elected. The original officers were as follows: President David G. Aldrich, Worcester, MA; Vice President Israel N. Keyes, Worcester, MA; Vice President William R. Fish, Mystic River, CT; and Secretary Caleb B. Metcalf, Worcester, MA. An executive committee included the following six breeders: George L. Wells, Wethersfield, CT; George W. Harris, Wethersfield, CT; Nathan S. Fish, Poquonnoc Bridge, CT; David G. Roberts, Pittsfield, MA; John A. Bancroft, Worcester, MA; and Lemuel Houghton, Adams, NY. There were 22 charter members with members from Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, Pennsylvania, and Colorado. As Secretary C.B. Metcalf was in charge of the Herdbook, it is interesting to note that they did not use the term “registration certificate”, but called them “pedigrees”. The early entries listed the name and number, birthdate, breeder, owner, and sires and dams back to the imported ancestor. Regulations (rules) included the following: 2. The person owning the dam at the time of service by the bull shall be regarded as the breeder. 7. All applications for registry of imported animals will be referred to a committee of examination of two, or more, members of the Association, who shall visit and examine each imported animal reported for registry . . . The national BSCBA office in Beloit, WI, has the original handwritten Herdbook and Transferbook. In 1889, The Swiss Record, Volume 1, was published by Nathan S. Fish, the current secretary and treasurer. The first volume contained data on 422 bulls and 607 females beginning with the original imports. The early paperback volumes were later (1908) combined into a hardcover book and identified as Volume I. From 1889 to 1942, a Herd Record Book, listing the animals registered and transferred, was published. Due to costs, the books were discontinued at that time. George W. Harris, the only living charter member at the 50th anniversary, in 1930, included this paragraph on those early meetings of the Association in his presentation at the annual meeting. “I contrast the attendance, here today, of this large number of enthusiastic members with the handful of members, hardly more than 10 in number, who every other year met for about an hour in a room in our state capitol in Hartford. In those early years, the owners were farmers with limited capital, generally. With us, there was no favorable opportunity for selling milk. That came years later.” To be continued . . . BSCBA - USA 1890-1899 "The Early Years" Roger's Note: The first of these articles, July 2004 Bulletin, indicated the first importers of Brown Swiss cattle, were Henry M. Clark of Belmont, MA, George W. Harris of Wethersfield, CT, and Nelson B. Scott of Worcester, MA. During the next few years, several more importations were made; one being by John B. Eldredge, Middle Falls, NY (19 animals). The following relates to the Eldredge Family. In the early years, The Swiss Record listed animals recorded with the Association which were either imported from Switzerland or their offspring. The very first section of Volume 1 was published in 1881, followed by various supplements. Volume 2 of The Swiss Record was published in 1895. Through the first 259 females recorded, the two major importers were partners Scott & Harris and J. B. Eldredge with 19 females each. J. B. Eldredge imported and registered females with registration numbers 206-218 and 247-252. Of those 19 animals, 17 were imported from G. Burgi’s Sons of Arth, Switzerland. Burgi was also the breeder of William Tell 1, the first bull imported by Clark in the initial imports of one bull and seven females. In November 1990, the national office was thrilled and honored to be the recipient of many items from the John B. Eldredge estate. The photo below shows 7 bells and a blanket received as part of the early history of the Brown Swiss breed in the U.S. These bells are on display in the entryway of the national office. We are extremely grateful to the Eldredge family for this gift. Six of the bells are inscribed with “Burgi” and “Arth”, namely the breeder and city of those imported animals. It is believed to be the bells worn by the six animals imported by Eldredge and recorded as numbers 247-252. In addition to the bells and blanket, other memorabilia received included the following: i Two advertising cards for G. Burgi’s Sons i A small photo of Godfried Burgi, Arth, Switzerland i A photo of Thomas J. Eldredge, son of J. B. Eldredge, and a Swiss cow i Advertising flyer for J. B. Eldredge Brown Swiss Cattle i Original letter dated July 9, 1884, from Association Secretary, N. S. Fish to J. B. Eldredge, which accompanied the Certificates of Entry for 6 imported Swiss females, also believed to be the animals 247-252. Many thanks to the Eldredge Family! To be continued . . . Come view these artifacts during the National Association Office visits on June 29, 2005. BSCBA - USA 1900-1909 "The 20th Century" Roger's Note: On January 1, 1900, everyone was celebrating a new century and speculating on what wonderment would this 20th century bring. Just a few years ago, we again turned the century page to the 21st and again speculate what wonderment will this new century bring. Listed below are a few of the facts of where we were 100 years ago. Registrations - Through 1899, a total of 2985 Brown Swiss animals had been registered with the Association. By 1910, an additional 5034 were in the record book. During the 1950’s, registrations reached their peak with over 20,000 registered each year in the 50’s, with a high of 25,667 in 1959. Currently, approximately 10,000 animals are registered per year. National Show Champions - This is one of the oldest of the Brown Swiss breed programs, with the first records of National Show Champions in 1907. Folie 1552 was named the first female champion in 1907. Folie was owned by F.R. Hazard, Syracuse, New York, and bred by William Koch, Whitehall, New York. The following year, 1908, Cuma 2198 bred and owned by H.W. Ayers, Honey Creek, Wisconsin, was named champion. Compare Cuma (photo below) to the Supreme Champions Brown Swiss have had at World Dairy Expo in recent years to see the tremendous progress in conformation. Bullpen Facts “1900 - 1909” (BS) - Brown Swiss (BB) - Baseball 1904 (BS) - Enos M. Barton of Hinsdale, Illinois, became one of the major importers as he imported 5 bulls and 34 females in 1904. He originally imported 14 head in 1889, making him the importer of 53 total head. After the last importation in 1904, the US government prohibited any further importations of cattle due to the spread of Footand-Mouth disease in Europe. The next imports did not occur until 1931. 10-1-1903 (BB) - In the first World Series game ever played, Pirates hurler Decon Phillips beats Cy Young and the Boston Pilgrims 7-3. However, the Pilgrims go on to win the first World Series 5 games to 3. 1907 (BS) - Officers were as follows: President - George W. Harris, Wethersfield, CT; Secretary- Treasurer - Charles D. Nixon, Owego, NY. 8-21-1908 (BB) - Washington’s Gabby Street catches a baseball dropped from the Washington Monument, a distance of 504 feet. ----- Roger Bullpen Facts “1910 - 1919” (BS) - Brown Swiss (BB) - Baseball 5-10-1911 (BS) - Registry of Production adopted; minimum requirement for 2 year olds was 6,000 pounds scaled to mature cows at 9,000 pounds. 9-22-1911 (BB) - Cy Young wins his 511th and final game as Boston wins over Pittsburgh 1-0. The Cy Young Award is later established for the top pitcher each year to honor this achievement. 1912 (BS) - The first Breed Champion for Milk & Fat was College Bravura 2nd 2577 with this record: 11/01 365d 4x 19461m 4.1% 798f. She held both the milk and fat records until 1922. Owned by Michigan Ag College, E. Lansing, MI 4-20-1912 (BB) - Boston Red Sox Fenway Park opens as the Red Sox defeat the New York Highlanders 7-6. 1911-1914 (BS) - J. P. Allyn, Delevan, WI, was the owner of the National Show Champion Female in each of these 4 years with 4 different cows. 1917 (BS) - 31 cows qualified in ROP past year, 38 cows presently enrolled. Cows were enrolled individually, not herds. 4-20-1916 (BB) - First game at Wrigley Field: Chicago Cubs 7, Cincinnati Reds 6. Note (BB) - Fenway Park (1912), Wrigley Field (1916), & Yankee Stadium (1923) are the oldest parks still in use today by a long shot. The next oldest stadium in use today is Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles built in 1962. ----- Roger Bullpen Facts “1920 - 1929” (BS) - Brown Swiss (BB) - Baseball 7-1922 (BS) - The Brown Swiss Bulletin inaugural edition is published. 1920’s (BB) - George Herman (Babe) Ruth was sold to the New York Yankees in 1919 for $100,000. During 1920 & 1921, he hit 113 home runs and was nicknamed “The Sultan of Swat”. He led the league in home runs in 8 of the next 10 years and in 1927 hit a record 60 home runs, which record stood until 1961. 1-1923 (BS) - The first in a series of articles on leading families of Brown Swiss is published. The first was the Swiss Valley family & specifically Swiss Valley Girl 7th 4678 who was the National Show Champion four years: 1917, 1921, 1922, 1924. 8-5-1921 (BB) - First radio broadcast of a baseball game heard on Pittsburgh’s KDKA as Pirates defeat the Phillies 8-5. 1926 (BS) - Junes College Girl 11427 becomes new Fat Champion with 24,572m &1062 fat. She was owned by C. F. Osborne, Hampton, IA. 3-5-1922 (BB) - Babe Ruth signs a 3-year contract with the Yankees for $52,000 per season. 1929 (BS) - Swiss Valley Girl 10th 7887 is both Milk and Fat Champion with 27,514m & 1106 fat. Bred & owned by Hull Bros., Painesville, OH 4-18-1923 (BB) Yankee Stadium opens & Babe Ruth hits the first home run against Boston. ----- Roger The imported bull Junker 2365 was the champion male in each of the first four years, 1907-1910. Junker was owned by E.M. Barton, Hinsdale, Illinois. Other interesting facts non-related to Brown Swiss from 100 years ago: Only 14 percent of the homes had a bathtub. Only 9 percent of the homes had a telephone. The population of Las Vegas, Nevada was 30. The average life expectancy in the United States was 47 years. The average wage in the United States was 22 cents per hour. Sugar costs 4 cents a pound. Eggs were 14 cents a dozen. To be continued . . . BSCBA - USA 1910-1919 "Swiss Migrate Throughout the US" Roger's Note: The teen years (1910-1919) saw many changes as new programs were developed and Brown Swiss cattle continued to migrate west throughout the US. On a national level, the US was coping with World War I, which no doubt affected every US citizen and Brown Swiss breeder in some way. During these years, Brown Swiss made their way into many states. There were 4 years during this period, 1914, 1919, 1920, & 1926, where there were more transfers recorded than registrations. Registrations climbed steadily with 1,820 animals registered in 1919, including 1055 females (1st year over 1,000) and 765 bulls. There were 1854 transfers that year. The Beginning of a New Era The year 1911 marked the beginning of a new era in the Association which had long-ranging effects. Three Association meetings were held that year. The first was January 15, 1911, in Chicago. At this meeting, officers were elected with the most significant being the election of Ira Inman of Beloit, Wisconsin, as Secretary-Treasurer. Ira held this position for the next 31 years. A significant result of that election was the later acquisition of a building which became the national Brown Swiss office in Beloit, Wisconsin. The second meeting was held at the Hotel Astor in New York City on May 10, 1911. Action at this meeting also provided the basis for one of the most important programs of the Association. The Registry of Production was initiated with Frank Freemeyer of Walhalla Farms being elected secretary of this program. Finally, on November 1, 1911, the Association regular annual meeting was held during the National Dairy Show in Chicago. There it was decided to advertise in several national magazines, to provide production and show awards, and set up a scale of points for the Swiss cow (a precursor to the classification program). The 1912 minutes include a paragraph worth repeating. It followed the report on the progress of the Registry of Production. “The Registry of Production will prove to the dairy world and public in general what the breeders of Brown Swiss cattle have known for a long time: That we have the dairy cow par excellence. Now they are destined to occupy a place in the very front rank for profitable dairy production.” Challenges As indicated earlier, record of the first national shows occurred in 1907. In 1914 at the National Dairy Show in Chicago, all animals were quarantined due to the Foot & Mouth epidemic. A few animals had to be destroyed while others remained quarantined for several months. Then in 1915, due to World War I, no show was held. One of the premier herds of that time was E. M. Barton’s Sedgeley Farm of Hillsdale, Illinois. This herd was severely affected by the Foot & Mouth outbreak. A total of 30 head were in quarantine at the National Dairy Show in Chicago in early November. On December 8, 1914, tragedy struck as 35 head came down with Foot & Mouth in 2 to 3 hours. By December 10, all 233 animals had the disease. On December 14, 1914, they were buried in a pit 100 X 18 X 8 feet. For more details, see the Bjork Family ad in the 1980 Centennial Edition of the Brown Swiss Bulletin on Page 325. To be continued . . . BSCBA - USA 1920-1929 "The Brown Swiss Bulletin Arrives" Roger's Note: Another significant long-ranging event occurred in July 1922, with the initial publication of the Association’s breed magazine, The Brown Swiss Bulletin. The Bulletin has been published continuously since then, with this current issue being Number 12 of Volume 83. Initially, the Association fiscal year was July 1 to June 30, and thus Bulletin issues were so numbered. When the fiscal year was changed to a calendar-year basis in 1979, the numbering of the Bulletin issues and volumes were also changed. “To the Breeders of Brown Swiss - With this issue, the Brown Swiss Cattle Breeders’ Association is launching a new endeavor - The Brown Swiss Bulletin.” That was the introduction to the very first issue of the breed’s magazine. Previously each Association member received a monthly report of registrations and transfers. The Bulletin included those listings and new interesting and instructive material conerning Brown Swiss cattle and their breeders. Ira Inman was Secretary-Treasurer and the initial Editor. Hawthorne Dairy Maid 6753 graced the cover of the first issue as the New Grand Champion cow in the Register of Production. She produced a record of 22,622.6 pounds of milk and 927.23 pounds of fat in a year. Dairy Maid was owned by Samuel Insull of Chicago and housed at Hawthorne Farm, Libertyville, IL. A letter from President A. E. Bower encouraged breeders to test and stated the Association would offer a $25 prize for the cow producing the most butterfat during the year in each of five classes for yearly records (365d) and four classes for 10-month tests (305d). The first advertisement in the Bulletin occurred in the August 1922 issue, with the following taking ads: Jubilee Farm, Peoria, IL; Elmwood Farms, Sebewaing, MI; & Illinois Brown Swiss Association. In November 1922, an article was reprinted from Hoard’s Dairyman. The article recognizes the oldest breeder of Brown Swiss cattle. The opening paragraph begins: “Forty-five years, consecutively, as a devotee of Brown Swiss cattle is a record that entitles George W. Harris of Connecticut to the distinction of being the oldest breeder of this type of dairy animals in the U.S.” The February 1923 cover was entitled “A Home, A Barn, & A Herd”. That farm scene was the farm of Jacob Voegeli of Monticello, WI, who was among the oldest breeders having been in the business 35 years. In June 1924, their 2-year-old cow Mable Wiess 12989 set a 2-year-old record of 637.82 lbs. of fat. In March 1924, Believe 4245 became the new Champion of the Breed. Believe, owned by F. P. Minette & Son, Gopher Prairie, MN, completed an official record of 25,847.8 milk & 1002.62 fat. She was also the champion producer over 12 years of age for all dairy breeds in America. The December 1925 issue of The National Geographic Magazine was devoted to “The Taurine World: Cattle and Their Place in the Human Scheme - Wild Types and Modern Breeds of Many Lands” and featured 20 full-color reproductions of oil paintings of the cattle of the world by Edward H. Miner. Hawthorne Dairy Maid is featured as the Brown Swiss painting. You can see this painting hanging at the national office during the Wednesday night tour. (See photo on Page 5) Rounding out the 20’s with a bang was a new Brown Swiss world record, as Swiss Valley Girl 10th 7887 produced over 1100 lbs. butterfat. Owned by the Hull Bros. Company, Painesville, OH, her record of 1106.33 lbs fat surpassed the previous record holder, June’s College Girl 11427 by 44 pounds. Her milk record of 27,513.6 was also the highest ever recorded at the Brown Swiss office. This record was made at 12 years 4 months of age. Much of the credit for the record of Swiss Valley Girl 10th goes to Vernon Hull, nephew of L. E. Hull, her owner, who had charge of the cow the entire time of her test. To be continued . . . BSCBA - USA 1930-1939 "800 Pleasant - A Place Called Home" Roger's Note: As you walk into the entryway of the national office at 800 Pleasant Street in Beloit, Wisconsin, you are greeted by two unique historical events of the Brown Swiss world or perhaps any cattle breed. First, the building you just entered is one of the oldest buildings in Beloit, being built in 1856 (Yes, I said “eighteen fifty-six) and it is probably the oldest structure still in use in Rock County per the Wisconsin Historical Society. Secondly, you are greeted by a four by six portrait of Jane of Vernon and that is 4 feet by 6 feet, not 4 X 6 inches. Jane of Vernon has probably imposed a greater impact on a breed nationwide than any other cow that ever lived. Come view this history during the office tour following the opening reception of the 125th National Convention, June 29-July 2, 2005. During the early years of his tenure as Secretary of the Association, Ira Inman kept the Association records in an office in the basement of his home on his farm just north of Beloit. In the 1920’s, the Association records were moved to an office in downtown Beloit. By 1935, there was a need for a larger facility as the breed had greatly expanded registering over 9000 animals in 1934, more than double from the previous two Depression years. The January 1936 Bulletin lead story was titled “Association Purchases Own Building for Offices”. That building was located two blocks from downtown on Highway 51 (Pleasant Street) and on the Rock River. Built in 1856, the building was originally the Beloit Paper Mill, the first paper mill in the Rock River Valley and the second in the Wisconsin Territory. In 1858, it was organized as the Rock River Paper Manufacturing Company. In 1882, Beloit College foreclosed on a loan to the company and later sold it in 1888. During the next 40 years, it was occupied by manufacturers of overalls, bicycles, and automobile parts. (The first automobile turn signals were manufactured here by Beloit inventor Carl Lipman.) In the late 20’s, it was occupied by a refrigeration company, upholsterer, and engineering company, and an adjoining filling station (now office parking lot). The Association purchased the then vacant building in 1936 for $3,500 and accepted a bid to convert the old factory into an office building for $10,285. The Association moved into the building in May 1937 and has resided there ever since. See photos of building circa 1870’s-barely a road; 1900’s-basement windows still exposed; 1990’s prior to road reconstruction; & current. Photo 5 is the sign gracing the north end of the building. The 1930’s belonged to Jane of Vernon 29496. Born on February 16, 1928, on the Orbec Sherry farm near Viroqua, Wisconsin, she would influence the Brown Swiss breed as no one could ever have imagined. Jane hit the show circuit as a 2-year old and astonished judges as having the best 2-year-old udder they had ever seen. In 1932, Jane won her first Grand Champion honor at the National Dairy Cattle Congress in Waterloo, Iowa. She also completed a record of 23,569 pounds milk and 1075 pounds fat on ROP. Jane repeated as National Show Champion in 1933, 1934, and 1936. Jane had a son, Jane’s Royal of Vernon and four daughters, Jane of Vernon 2nd, Jane of Vernon 3rd, Jane of Vernon 4th, and Jane of Vernon 5th. Jane’s Royal and the “Four Janes” were purchased by Lee’s Hill Farm, Morristown, NJ. Under the manament of Vernon Hull, Jane the 5th was National Show Champion in 1940, 1941, and 1942, and her daughter, Marinda Jane of Lee’s Hill was Champion in 1947, 1951, and 1952. Jane herself was purchased by Judd’s Bridge Farm, New Milford, CT, in 1936. At 17 years of age, she was laid to rest at Judd’s Bridge Farm in May 1945. Her grave marker still may be seen at the Judd’s Bridge Farm. The 6’ X 4’ portrait of Jane (see Photo next column) may be seen in the entryway of the national office. Other notable events of the 30’s include the following: The February 1930 Bulletin announces that Thomas A. Edison, famous American inventor, is the owner of a purebred Brown cow. Another great cow of the 30’s was Illini Nellie 26578, who was bred by Ira Inman of Beloit, WI, and sold in dam to the University of Illinois in 1927. Nellie was born November 16, 1927 and was Reserve Grand Champion at the 1935 National Dairy Show. Her biggest claim to fame was realized in 1937 as she became the new milk and fat champion with her 8/4 record: 365d 3X 29590m 4.1% 1200f. On April 5, 2003, the University of Illinois and Illinois Brown Swiss breeders honored this great cow with the dedication of a plaque to be placed on the stone marking her grave site. For more details, see the Illini Nellie Story Continues in the May 2003 Brown Swiss Bulletin on Page 39. A book on this event will be on display during the Wednesday evening tour of the national office. To be continued . . . Early photo of paper mill building at 800 Pleasant Street, Beloit, WI. Note two-story front and dirt roads. Turn of the Century photo of building at 800 Pleasant housing one of the many manufacturers. Note road and dam changes and the water tower on the right. Can still see tops of first-story windows. Bullpen Facts “1930 - 1939” (BS) - Brown Swiss (BB) - Baseball 10-1-1932 (BB) - Babe Ruth hits legendary “called shot” in World Series game 3, Wrigley Field. 1932 (BS) - Herd Improvement Registry (HIR) adopted whereby the entire herd was enrolled in production testing. Previously in the Registry of Production (ROP) program adpted in 1911, cows were individually enrolled in the testing program. 7-6-1933 (BB) - American League prevails 4-2 in the “Game of the Century” (first All-Star Game) at Comiskey Park. 1933 (BB) - Candy companies made baseball cards popular for childres (& adults) by introducing “Bubble-gum cards” as opposed to tobacco cards available in the early 1900’s. 1936 (BS) - Mary’s Nell 36395 sets new milk and fat record with a record of : 6/10 365d 4X 29487m 3.7% 1110f, owned by Vernon Hull, Painesville, OH. She replaced Swiss Valley Girl 10th 7887, who held both records for 7 years. 2-2--1936 (BB) - Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth, Honus Wagner, Walter Johnson, Christy Mathewson are named charter members of baseball’s new Hall of Fame. 1937 (BS) Illini Nellie 26578 became the new milk & fat champion one year later with her 8/4 record of 365d 3X 29590m 4.1% 1200f. She was bred by Ira Inman, Beloit, WI, & owned by the University of Illinois, Urbana, IL. ----- Roger Mid 90’s photo of Brown Swiss building prior to road reconstruction and exterior facelift. Current photo of the Brown Swiss building Sign found on north side of Brown Swiss building. Repainted by Tina Cobb in the late 80’s. BSCBA - USA 1940-1949 "The Decade of Great Change" Growth & Change - Personnel & Programs Roger's Note: The 40’s decade saw a variety of changes in breed programs, registrations, personnel, and saw the effects of a second World War. Highlights of those changes which had a pronounced effect on the breed, breeders, and the Association are listed below. The Breed - Registered Brown Swiss expanded in the 40’s as in no other decade before or after. In 1939, a total of 9,996 animals were registered, and by 1948 that number more than doubled to 22,625. In addition, a similar increase was realized in transfers from 7,834 in 1939 to 20,496 in 1948, again more than doubling those transactions. - Pictured on the January 1942 Bulletin cover were the first five Aged Cows at the National Dairy Show in 1941, all owned by Lee’s Hill, an unprecedented event. - Jane of Vernon 5th becomes National Champion for 3 consecutive years, 1940-1942. - Judd’s Bridge Dispersal on October 13-14, 1947, set a record average of $1,228 for dispersal sales of all time to date. The top animal, Colonel Harry of J.B. who sold for $23,500, also set a record for the highest price paid for any Brown Swiss ever sold to date. At $11,500, the highest price female ever sold to date was Jane’s Chloe of J. B., a daughter of Jane of Vernon. - In 1945, the International Harvestor Company was allotted 20,000 square feet in the Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago for an exhibit to visualize the importance of modern agriculture. Included in the exhibit were five life-size mounted cows, one of which was the Brown Swiss cow O.D.’s Pollyana Gertrude 41054 owned by Foxwood Farm, Elburn, IL. The Association - Long-time Secretary Ira Inman is recognized for his 30 year of service and leadership as Secretary of the Association with a dedication ceremony and presentation of a plaque on July 29, 1941, held at the National Office in Beloit, Wisconsin. - Effective January 1, 1942, Ira Inman retires and Fred Idtse, Fieldman for the Association since 1938, is appointed as Secretary. - An official type classification program is adopted in 1942 with the first herds being classified in 1943. The first four herds classified were: Joseph P. Savage, La Fox, IL; Dr. J.W. Ovitz, Sycamore, IL; Joseph P. Allyn, Delavan, WI; and F.W. Plankey, Beloit, WI. - World War II affected many Brown Swiss families, and also affected the Association. Due to paper shortages, the quota for the Bulletin for 1944 was the tonnage of paper used in 1942 or 8.7 tons. To comply, the paper stock was reduced from 60 lbs to 45 lbs, the margins were narrowed, and the publishing of the transfer list was first modified and then eliminated. - The July 1946 issue of the Bulletin was the 25th Anniversary issue and was dedicated to Ira Inman. This issue was 180 pages in size and contained many historical articles. This was also the first issue in the larger size. - At the 67th Annual Meeting, November 1947, the first Ira Inman Trophies were awarded. The recipients were the John Ingold Estate, Monroe, WI, of the HIR Trophy and Lee’s Hill Farm, Morristown, NJ, received the ROP and Premier Breeder awards. The awards were three 14” silver bowls. These were traveling trophies with each winner receiving a smaller replica. Those original traveling trophies are on display in the entryway at the National Office. The HIR Award was based on 1) Years on continual HIR test; 2) Size of herd; 3) Percent cows homebred; 4) Percent cows exceeding breed average in production; and 5) Percent cows tested for 1500 days or more and produced 1.25 pounds butterfat per day. The ROP Award was given to the owner of the cow completing the highest ROP record of the year on a 365-day 3X ME basis. The Premier Breeder Trophy was awarded to the breeder winning the most money on animals of his own breeding at the National Brown Swiss Show. Breeders and Personnel - The August 1940 Bulletin reports that George W. Harris, charter member of the Association had passed away. Subsequently in the September Bulletin, it was reported that a letter was received from George W. Harris in his own handwriting stating that he had read his obituary and was informing everyone that it was his brother, 16 years younger, who had passed away. - In the December 1940 Bulletin in a full-page ad paid for jointly by Jake Voegeli and George DeVoe of Judd’s Bridge Farms, the two breeders debate who should be the National Premier Breeder and Exhibitor since they did not show against each other in 1940. - Vernon Hull, manager of Lee’s Hill Farm, Morristown, NJ, is selected as the 5th person to be awarded the Klussendorf Trophy in 1941. - Dick Stumbo is hired as Fieldman in 1943 and continues this career until 1969. - Fred Gaunt is hired as Fieldman in 1946 and continues as Fieldman until 1966. - In July 1947, George Opperman becomes Editor of the Bulletin. - Long-time promoter and sales manager since 1934, Vid B. Vye suffers a heart attack in January 1947 and passed away on March 5. Norm Magnussen Sr. agrees to take over the sale business of Brown Swiss Sale Service while Mrs. Vye continues the pedigree and catalog business. To be continued . . . Can you identify this young man? Bullpen Facts “1940 - 1949” (BS) - Brown Swiss (BB) - Baseball 1941 (BB) - Joe DiMaggio hit safely in a record 56 consecutive games, a record which has never been broken. 1941 (BB) Ted Williams batted .406, the highest batting average since Roger Hornsby’s .424 in 1924, and the last player to reach the .400 mark. 4-1942 (BS) - The 100,000th Brown Swiss female was registered when Betsy’s Charity EH, owned by J. K. Eve, Danville, IN, was registered. 5-18-1945 (BS) - Jane of Vernon dies at the age of 17 and is laid to rest on the Judd’s Bridge Farm in New Milford, CT. A gravestone marks her grave to this very day. 1947 (BB) - Jackie Robinson becomes the first black American to play in the Majors and is voted Rookie of the Year. 10-1947 (BS) - Mr. Kastenmeier of Beaver Dam, WI, claims he has the oldest living cow, Silver Queen H Daughter 21372 who at 22 years had just freshened with a bull calf. 2-12-1948 (BS) Research report by Earl Weaver, Dairy Dept. Head at Michigan State College, verifies that Brown Swiss have an extended gestation period of 291 days compared to the generally-accepted 283-day length of other dairy breeds. 1948 (BB) - Satchel Paige as a 42-year-old rookie goes 6-1 with a 2.48 ERA. ----- Roger BSCBA - USA 1950-1959 "Lee's Hill Dominates the 50's" Roger's Note: Lee’s Hill Farm, Morristown, New Jersey, was the Michael Jordan of the Brown Swiss breed in the 1950’s. They dominated the show circuit as well as owned two All Breed Champions for production during this decade. Lee’s Hill Farm was owned by Mr. & Mrs. Warren Kinney with Vernon Hull as Herd Manager during this period. Their accomplishments during this era as well as other notiable events are described below. Lee’s Hill dominated the show circuit during the 50’s as Lee’s Hill Farm was Breeder and Owner of the National Show Champion (female) from 1949 through 1959 with the exception of 1957. It started with Royal’s Rapture of Lee’s Hill 115541 in 1949, the same year she became highest producing cow of the breed, and finished the 50’s with Lee’s Hill Kestrel M 253256 winning in 1958 and 1959. In addition, Lee’s Hill was Premier Breeder and Exhibitor from 1940 through 1956 (no shows in 1943-45 due to WW II), with Norvic Farm winning Premier Breeder in 1957-59 and Premier Exhibitor in 1958-59. Their string of production champions began in 1949 when Royal’s Rapture of Lee’s Hill 115541 became the new Brown Swiss fat champion with 1229 fat replacing previous leader Illini Nellie 26578 who held both the milk and fat record since 1937. However Rapture’s record did not last long as in 1950 Royal’s Astor of Lee’s Hill 115540 (owned by Lee’s Hill) topped that with 1242 pounds of fat. A year later on October 6, 1951, Gypsie’s Jane of Lee’s Hill 98789 (owned by Lee’s Hill) broke Astor’s record by over 100 pounds at 1358 fat. She also became the milk leader at 30,673 pounds replacing Blue’s Beauty R’s Babe. But hold everything, only two days later, October 8, 1951, Royal’s Rapture of Lee’s Hill regains the fat record at 1379 pounds fat and also the milk record at 31,882. In December 1951, a third cow (owned by Lee’s Hill) breaks the 1300 lbs fat level as Royal’s Gina of Lee’s Hill finishes with 1360, placing her in second place. However, the real record breakers were yet to come. The year 1953 saw Royals Rapture becoming the All Breeds 305-day milk and fat champion with her 305d record of 29,819 milk and 1283 fat. She completed her 365-day record breaking her own records at 34,670 milk and 1465 fat at 10 years of age. Rapture was machine milked by Mr. Carl Stookey, managed by Mr. Vernon Hull, and owned by Lee’s Hill Farm, now of New Vernon, New Jersey. In 1957, Active Acres Bessie 147788 of Active Acres Farm, Fred S. Schluter, owner, Princeton, New Jersey, became the All Breeds fat champion with 1545 fat. However, one year later Lee’s Hill Keeper’s Raven 171673 regained Lee’s Hill’s place at the top for both milk and fat with 34,851 milk and 1579 fat. This again made Raven the All Breeds Fat Champion. Finally, to round out the 50’s, Letha Irene Pride 170154 owned by White Cloud Farm, Princeton, NY, came within 40 pounds milk of setting a new milk record, but overwhelmingly captured the fat title with 1733 pounds of fat. This breed record stood for 27 years until 1986. What a tremendous production accomplishment during the 1950’s! Other notable events follow: Reported in the April 1950 Bulletin that the following was published in the newspaper column, “Believe It Or Not, by Ripley”, was the following: “Royal’s Rapture, a Brown Swiss cow, produced 29,095 lbs of milk and 1228 lbs butterfat in ONE year.” In August 1950, Blue’s Beauty R’s Babe 141803 becomes the top milk producing Swiss with 30,465 lbs milk and replaces Illini Nellie as milk champion. She is owned by J. Franklin Michels of Greenhills Swiss Farm, Greenhills, Ohio. In December 1954, USDA publishes first sire evaluation reports entitled “Daughter Average of DHIA Sires in Service in Artificial Breeding Associations in the United States”. Records used were 305day lactations standardized to a ME 2X basis. Officially on this date, June 22, 1955, President of the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower, became the owner of his first registered Brown Swiss animal. Brown Swiss President Allen C. Alfred presented the President with the animal Mansinolass of Ethan Allen 278469 at the Vermont Dairy Festival. Secretary Idtse then presented President Eisenhower with an Honorary Lifetime Membership to the Brown Swiss Association. The August 1955 Bulletin cover shows a photo of this presentation. The 75th Anniversary Meeting and Diamond Jubilee Sale were held on November 10, 1955, in Springfield, Massachusetts. At this meeting, the Jane of Vernon Memorial Marker was dedicated and a life-sized portrait of Jane of Vernon presented to the Brown Swiss Association. The marker still resides today at the gravesite on the Judd’s Bridge Farm, New Milford, Connecticut, and the portrait hangs in the entryway at the national office. In the March 1956 Bulletin, the HyCrest ad photo entitled, “HyCrest Farms win the Pennant”, depicts HyCrest manager, Louis Picucci presenting owner Lester T. Sawyer with two championship baseball trophies from teams the farm sponsored in 1955. The National Bell Ringer Program began in 1957 and was similar to the All American Programs of other breeds. Beginning in 1970, the program was retricted to Juniors and became one of the first national junior programs. While milk and fat lactation records were being broken, one cow, Lady’s Gypsy Girl F 86633, just kept pouring out the milk and butterfat. In May 1958, “Gypsy” was creating her own record as Top Lifetime Fat Producer over all breeds. She had accumulated at that time 265,393 lbs milk and 11,343 lbs fat. She graced the cover of the May 1958 Bulletin. In August 1958, Ivetta 296971 owned by White Cloud Farm, Princeton, New Jersey, begins her illustrious career by becoming the All-Breeds Champion junior 3-year old with her 365-day record of 26,405 milk and 1176 fat. Fred Idtse is guest of honor at the Dairy Shrine meeting on October 1, 1958, and his portrait is hung in the Dairy Shrine building in Waterloo, Iowa. In 1958, two December Bulletins were published with the second one being a “Date Correction Issue”. In March 1955, it was decided to predate the Bulletin by one month and, thus, in 1955 there was no April issue. The Board now decided to discontinue that policy and so the issue mailed on the 12th of the month would be dated for that month. NOTE: Photos of All Breed Champions, Lady’s Gypsy Girl F and Lee’s Hill Keeper’s Raven, may be seen hanging on the walls of the national office. Be sure to attend the office tours during the national convention on Wednesday evening, June 29, following the opening reception. To be continued . . . Bullpen Facts “1950 - 1959” (BS) - Brown Swiss (BB) - Baseball 1950 (BS) - The following notice was published in the Feb. 1950 Bulletin, “After March 1, 1950, the national Brown Swiss Association office at Beloit will not be open on Saturdays.” 12-1950 (BS) Marvin L. Kruse becomes Western Fieldman and begins a long and industrious career with the Brown Swiss Association. 7-1952 (BS) - Norma Weber begins typing registrations at 18 years of age and continues to process registrations via computer today. She has probably processed 700,000 of the 940,000 Brown Swiss cows ever registered. 9-29-1954 (BB) - Willie Mays makes perhaps the greatest defensive play ever when he catches a blast with his back to the ball in deep centerfield hit by Vic Wertz. 9-25-1954 (BB) - Al Kaline of the Detroit Tigers becomes the youngest batting champion at age 20 with a .340 average. 10-8-1956 (BB) Yankee pitcher Don Larsen pitches his unprecedented World Series perfect game at Yankee Stadium. 11-21-1956 (BB) The inaugeral Cy Young Award goes to NL MVP pitcher Don Newcombe, who finishes 27-7 for the Brooklyn Dodgers. 1958 (BS) - Acceptance of electronically processed DHIA records as DHIR. 1959 (BS) The best year for registrations ever as 22,599 cows and 25,667 total Brown Swiss are registered. ----- Roger "The Last Decade of the First 100 Years" Roger's Note: The ‘60’s which saw changes in music, lifestyles, travel in outer space (to the moon), etc, also saw many changes in the Brown Swiss world. Production records were broken, new show locations added, Association personnel changes made, long-time herd dispersals held, and many new Association programs adopted. Cows Lee’s Hill Kestral M 253256 - In 1960, Ralston-Purina company artist Mr. Hoy painted a portrait which included a representative of each of the six major dairy breeds. Kestral M, the 1959 National Show Grand Champion, represented the Brown Swiss breed. Norvic Farms’ ad in the July 1962 Bulletin pictured Norvic Loa Lady 175028 and her nine daughters, all living and in the Norvic herd - and this was before Embryo Transfer. This photo may be viewed at the national office following the opening reception on June 29 during the National Convention. Lee’s Hill Farm’s ad in the same July 1962 Bulletin pictured a collage of 10 of the 15 Waterloo Female Grand Champions Lee’s Hill has had over a period of 18 shows. You may also view this photo at the national office. Over a million pounds of milk produced by six Brown Swiss cows owned by Voegeli Farm, Monticello, Wisconsin, emphasizes the point that “The Registered Cow Does Produce More Milk”. (A feature story in the April 1963 Bulletin) The 1967 National Brown Swiss Show was held at the new North American Dairy Show, Columbus, Ohio, in October - the largest show ever held with 302 Brown Swiss head shown. Larry Doris 350995 completes her third consecutive record over 1400 lbs. fat in 365 days, 2X milking - the only cow of any breed to do so. Ivetta 296971 completes her 10th 1000 lbs. fat record and becomes the Lifetime Butterfat Champion of the breed and highest living butterfat producer over all breeds with 271,466 lbs. milk and 12,113 lbs. fat. People Leonard Johnson of Edgerton, Wisconsin, who was Wisconsin’s Champion 4-H Club member for 1961, reports on his trip to the 4-H Dairy Conference in Chicago. And, yes, that’s the same Leonard Johnson who is part of the current national office staff. Ron Johnson becomes a Fieldman for the Association on May 1, 1961 and continues until his resignation in April 1966. Ron later serves as a classifier and Association Secretary. Vernon Hull is elected President of the Association in 1961, replacing Willard R. Evans. Marvin L. Kruse, Fieldman since 1951 and Brown Swiss Bulletin Editor since June 1961, replaces long-time Secretary Fred Idtse effective June 30, 1963. Fred served the Association for 25 years, 20 of these as Secretary. Fred Idtse was the Association’s first Fieldman under Ira Inman, beginning January 1938. Fred became Secretary in January 1942 replacing Ira Inman who served as Secretary since 1911 (31 years). David Garthwaite becomes Bulletin Editor in June 1965. David will become a Field Representative in July 1966, until he resigns June 1968. Mrs. Marguerite “Peg” Polaski retires as of June 1, 1966, after 24 years of continuous service as an office employee. Beginning March 14, 1942, Mrs. Polaski worked in Registrations until 1950 when she became Assistant Bulletin Editor until her retirement. Fred Gauntt, long-time Area Rep (21 years) retires in May 1966. He was hired on May 1, 1945, as Eastern Representative and Dick Stumbo was the Western Rep. Myron Fledderjohann becomes the Association’s Eastern Field Representative in July 1966. Nora Miller is appointed Bulletin Editor in May 1967, until she resigns January 1969. George W. Opperman is elected President of the Association at the 86th Annual Meeting and begins his term in 1967. George will later serve as Secretary from 1981 to 1987. BSCBA - USA 1960-1969 Ed Drewitz joins the national staff as Fieldman for the Central States in October 1968 after dispersing the Twin Oak Farm on September 30. R.W. “Dick” Stumbo retires March 1, 1969, after serving as Field Rep for the Association for 26 years since being hired March 1, 1943. Alice Bowles, Administrative Assistant with the Association, retires April 1, 1969, after 33 years of dedicated service. Programs The Multiple E Program initiated in 1962 (up to 4E) was expanded to additional multiples such as 5E, 6E, 7E, etc., in 1964. In May 1967, the multiples were limited to 5E maximum. Junior Membership program was initiated on January 1, 1965. Production records from the ROP, HIR, and DHIR programs are combined into one production Honor Roll on July 1, 1965. To coincide with the combined one-production Honor Roll, the Ira Inman ROP Trophy was retired and two DHIR trophies established in 1966. Those were the H. R. Searles Trophy based on fat and the J. P. Eves Trophy based on milk production. These trophies continue to be presented today. In 1966, a new circular entitled “Why Registered Brown Swiss?” was published. It explains the many values and merits of Brown Swiss and how to register and transfer cattle. February 1966 saw the first All American Program and nominees pictured in the Bulletin. The first Brown Swiss Sire Performance Summary is published. It contains type and production summaries on over 1700 bulls. It also includes the first list of Superior and Qualified Sires under the new Sire Recognition Program. On Wednesday, May 14, 1969, the first animal is enrolled in the Association’s Identity Enrollment Program. Secretary Kruse and Fieldmen Myron Fledderjohann and Ed Drewitz witness Wil-Win Rose enrolled as Identified Grade 369000001 at the Wil-Win Farm, Green Cove Springs, Florida. At the 1969 National Show, the new “Special Production Class” is initiated, sponsored by Meadow View Farm, Gowrie, Iowa. This special lead-out class placed according to production the five cows in the show with the highest 305d 2X ME butterfat production which also placed in the top 50% of their age class. The Meadow View Trophy went to Green Knoll Farm, Long Grove, Iowa, for Welcome In Charming Sybil 378423. Sales Lee’s Hill Invitational Sale (October 24, 1960) - Held at Lee’s Hill Farm, New Vernon, New Jersey, the sale averages $2,366 on 37 lots and becomes the highest-averaging auction sale in the history of the Brown Swiss breed to date. HyCrest Farms Dispersal (March 29, 1961) - The sale was held at the main farm in Sterling, Massachusetts, with over 500 people in attendance. The sale averaged $544 on 144 head. Judd’s Bridge Farms Dispersal (May 22, 1961) - Seventy-Six head were sold at the farm near New Milford, Connecticut, and averaged $441. It was here Jane of Vernon spent her last nine years (11-24-36 to 5-11-45) and is buried near the barns with a headstone marking her grave to this very day. Walhalla Farms Dispersal (May 12, 1962) - Held at Walhalla Farm, Rexford, New York, the sale averaged $422 on 140 head. Harold C. Magnussen was manager of Walhalla for 35 years. Welcome In Dispersal (October 21-22, 1963) - This dispersal at the farm near Columbus, Ohio, breaks all previous high-selling records for the breed. The sale average on 146 lots of $2,613.70 exceeded the previous high dispersal, Judd’s Bridge in 1947 of $1,228.80, and the previous high consignment sale, Lee’s Hill Invitational of $2,366. Welcome in Charmer, selling at $75,000, became the highest selling bull of the breed as well as any dairy bull ever sold at a dispersal sale. The previous high was Lee’s Hill Kayak M, who sold for $27,000 in the Midwest Sale on March 11, 1957. Mable’s Tamarind Violet at $12,000 became the highest-selling cow of the breed, replacing Jane’s Chloe of J. B. that sold in the Judd’s Bridge Dispersal on October 14, 1947, for $11,500. This busy decade closed the first century of Brown Swiss in America. To be continued . . . Bullpen Facts “1960 - 1969” (BS) - Brown Swiss (BB) - Baseball 1960 (BB) - Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox hits his 500th Homer on June 17 and retires at the end of this season, finishing with a total 521 lifetime home runs. He may have been the greatest hitter who ever lived as he hit for a .344 lifetime average. The “Splendid Splinter” died July 5, 2002. 1961 (BB) - Roger Maris of the Yankees hits a record 61 home runs this season to break Babe Ruth’s standing 34-year record of 60 round trippers. 1962 (BB) - Jackie Robinson becomes the first black player to be inducted in the Baseball Hall of Fame. 1964 (BS) - The first European Conference of Brown Swiss Breeders is held May 5-7, in Lucerne, Switzerland. Attended by Marvin L. Kruse, Secretary, the group visited the Burgi Farm near Arth in the Canton of Schwyz. The first Brown Swiss to come to America in 1869 and purchased by Henry M. Clark of Belmont, MA, came from the Burgi farm. (See the bells worn by those original imports hanging in the entryway of the national office.) 1965 (BB) - At 65, Satchel Paige is oldest to play in a major league game when he pitches three scoreless innings for KC vs. Boston on September 25. 1967 (BS) - The first World Dairy Show (now World Dairy Expo) is held in Madison, Wisconsin, September 15-24. (This writer was part of that initial show by walking the lines from 10 pm to 6 am, a service provided in the early years.) 11-1968 (BS) - “Sugar Babe”, a 6-year-old Brown Swiss steer, owned by Mr. McCall of Florida, is exhibited at several fairs and advertised as the world’s largest steer at around 4300 lbs. His muzzle is 24 inches wide and he measures 11 inches between his eyes. 11-14-1968 (BS) - The movie “The Story of the Big Brown Cow” receives its first general showing at the 88th Annual Meeting and Convention at the Sheraton Motor Inn, Beloit, WI. 1969 (BB) - The Amazin’ Mets win the World Series over Baltimore after finishing in ninth place the year before. 7-1969 (BS) - Aron 4696 Egg is the first imported bull in 38 years to be accepted in the Herdbook. The bull originally from Switzerland was imported to Canada and then semen made available in the US. The previous imports were four bulls imported via Mexico in 1931. ----- Roger Bullpen Facts “1970 - 1979” (BS) - Brown Swiss (BB) - Baseball 1972 (BB) - Roberto Clemente’s final hit of the ‘72 season was the 3,000th of his fabled career. On New Year’s Eve that year, he dies in a plane crash while on a mission to bring relief aid to earthquake victims in Nicaragua. He is inducted in the Hall of Fame in 1973. 10-10-1972 (BS) - If you were in the dairy business on this day, you soon heard the shocking news of the tragic fire in the cattle barns at the North American Dairy Show, Columbus, Ohio. Miraculously, 1,467 animals and several hundred people escaped the fire with few injuries. Only one animal died in the fire and three others died of severe burns. Twelve people were injured. 1973 (BB) - Willie Mays completes an illustrious career with a record most career chances by a NL outfielder (7,290) as well as 660 home runs (3rd only to Aaron & Ruth). Barry Bonds, Willie’s godson, has recently taken over 3rd place. 1974 (BS) - National Headquarters receives a “facelift”. The renovation included sandblasting, painting, land fill, and repair work. In addition, local artist Mr. Ted Benedict of Beloit painted the large billboard which is still today positioned on the north end of the building, identifying the Brown Swiss Association. As indicated in the 30’s review, the sign was repainted by Tena Cobb in the late ‘80’s. 4-8-1974 (BB) - Hank Aaron becomes the all-time career Home Run King, as he hits his 715th round tripper off Al Dowing of the Dodgers, surpassing Babe Ruth’s 39-year record. In 1975, Aaron also breaks Babe Ruth’s career RBI record of 2211. 1975 (BS) - May 24 marked the end of the reign of one of the longest continuous herds in the U.S. It was 85 years ago that Mr. Francis F. Kinney purchased one bull and 6 females from W. R. Fish of Mystic, CT. In 1908, his two sons, Warren and Morris, purchased the farm. Lee’s Hill became one of the best well-known herds in the country. On June 15, 1938, Vernon Hull became herd manager and helped build this dynasty. In February 1975, Warren Kinney passed away and willed the herd to Vernon Hull. On May 24, the Lee’s Hill Dispersal brought this great herd to a close. 1977 (BB) - Reggie Jackson becomes “Mr. October” as he leads the Yankees to the World Series Championship by hitting 5 home runs in the series and 3 in the decisive game 6. No one since Babe Ruth had hit 3 home runs in a series game. 1979 (BS) - Arbor Rose Stretchy Spicey became the new high-selling female of the breed on May 25 as the first animal sold in the St. John Dairy Dispersal at Glendale, AZ. Making the final bid at $25,000 was Hunziker Red Boots Farm, Kohoka, MO. ----- Roger Mystery Guest - In the F ebruary Bulletin on the History page, we presented a mystery photo of a young man and his heifer. We have received four guesses correctly identifying this young man as Bernard Monson. This photo graced the Bulletin cover of the F ebruary 1945 issue. Those with the correct answers were: Barb Lee, DeForest, WI; Bill Notter, Holyoke, CO; Lloyd Jungmann, Adel, IA; and Carl Keltner, Pearl City, IL. Mystery Cow - A number of pins containing the photo of a Brown Swiss cow head were discovered in the national office two years ago. Those pins were sold at the California convention in 2003 with proceeds going to the computer fund. There have been many guesses as to the identity of the cow. If you can identify the cow on the pin shown here, send your answer via mail, fax, e-mail, or phone to the national office by June 1, 2005. A pin will be awarded to each person correctly identifying the cow. BSCBA - USA 1970-1979 "Expansion: Personnel, Programs, Production, & Promotion" Roger's Note: The seventies saw a lot of activity in promotion, program development, personnel changes and new production records. While a one page review cannot do justice to the many long lasting changes made during these years the following summary points out some of the breeds high points during this era. Many of the programs developed during this period are still the basics for many of today's programs. Program Development Two major areas of program development occurred during the seventies. The first was the expansion of foreign program development. While there had been correspondence and trips to many foreign countries since the early part of the 20th century, the inception of Brown Swiss Enterprises (BSE) in 1969 set in motion a great demand for US genetics during the 70's. Marvin Kruse became a great ambassador for promoting US Brown Swiss to breeders in foreign countries. This, in conjunction with the advances in sire evaluation by USDA, led to the demand and marketing of US genetics throughout the Brown Swiss world. This demand led to a significant increase in export sales, additional profit for US breeders and the need for additional staff. During this expansion there were 18 people who served the association as field or area representatives either full time, part-time or joint with another association. Those included: Myron Fledderjohann, Ed Drewitz, Larry Roberts, Lee Majeskie, Lyle Roberts, Joe D. Miller, Ken Vial, Richard Drueke, Hans Leuthold, Alan Parker, Robert Lewis, Leonard Switzer (also Supt. of Records), Orville Kurtz, James Shaw, Cynthia Woodward, Todd Charnetzki, Jerry Meyers and Pete Giacomini. Obviously these were not employed all at the same time and some were only employed for a short period. Myron, Hans and Orville were those serving for more than a 10 year period. Just as important was the development of many association breed programs during this same period. To spearhead this program development, in September 1970, Dr. J. Lee Majeskie was employed as an Assistant to the Secretary in the areas of breed improvement and promotion as well as part-time fieldman. This allowed Mr. Kruse to focus more attention to BSE. Many of the breed association programs developed during this period are still the basics of several association programs still in use today. The first such program was the Production and Type Performance Registry (PTPR) program established in 1971 and initiated January 1, 1972. This program combined the two very important areas of production testing and type classification into one program along with other benefits. PTPR or its successor The Brown Swiss Advantage (BSA) program is still the most popular program available. Following closely behind was the beginning of the Cow Recognition programs. In 1972 the "Certified Cow" program was initiated, recognizing cows on a combination of both production and type. A year later the "Elite" cow recognition program was adopted, recognizing a very select group of the Certified Cows. And finally, the Superior Brood Cow program was adopted in 1975. This program recognizes those cows based on their transmitting ability by requiring a number of offspring to be "Certified" or "Elite" cows or "Superior" or "Qualified " sires. The first list of Superior Brood Cows contained 18 animals and was published in the July 1977 Bulletin. Other notable programs initiated were the Total Performance Award, developed in 1973. Awarded at each National Show as well as a National Winner each year, this award is the envy of all breeders and breeds. The national winner received a trophy sponsored by Meadow View Farm for several years and is now sponsored by the Vernon C. Hull Memorial Fund. On the Youth side, the Youth Achievement Award was adopted and awarded to one youth in each of the 8 director districts (8 at that time). The first winners were: Barry Schaeffer, MD (I); Thomas Weygandt, OH (II); Stanley Smith, GA (III); John Korth, IL (IV); Maureen DeBruin, WI (V); Russell Church, IA (VI); Suzanne Reuter, OR (VII); and Arnold Rothlin, CA (VIII). Other staff personnel changes during the 70's were as follows: Bulletin Editors----- 1970-1971 Peggy Schneider 1971-1975 Meredith McHone 1975-1993 Connie Grittion Assoc. Bulletin Ed.- 1979-1981 Barb Lee (Later Director of Marketing) Secretaries-----------1963-1978 Marvin Kruse 1978-1981 Evans Wright Exec. VP of Market Dev.-1978-1981 Marvin Kruse Supt. of Records----- 1975-1978 Leonard Switzer 1979 Dr. Roger R. Neitzel Assist. Supt. of Rec.- 1978-1988 Letitia (Tish) Byrne Admin. Assistant----- 1978-1981 Virginia (Ginger) Gillette (Later Secretary) Other Notable Events 1971-For a short period of time the classification Multiple E portion of the program allowed cows to obtain multiples above 5. This was limited to 5E in 1971. However by that time there were 3 cows which already had obtained the "6E" rating. Those are the only cows so designated and they are: V.B. Susanna Liege; Meadow View Melody; and HyCrest Rachel. 1971-Ivetta 296971 completes her life at 17 years of age as the World's All-Breed Lifetime Butterfat Producer with 13,607 lbs. fat and 308,569 lbs. milk. She was owned by White Cloud Farm, Princeton, NJ. 1973-The first female registered in the Official Herdbook from the Identity Enrollment program is CIE Sunny View Melody 592150, owned by the Rudy Fick Family, Sunny View Farm, Doon, IA. 1973-An article in the Holstein World in 1973 and portions reprinted in the Bulletin listed cows of all breeds with records of over 1500 lbs. of fat. At that time the leader was of course, a Holstein cow at 1913. There were 22 animals on the list and of the top 14, six were Brown Swiss cows. They were: Letha Irene Pride (1733); Larry Doris (1637 and 1502); PV Dodgers Judy (1602); Lee's Hill Keeper's Raven (1579); Active Acres Bessie (1544); and L-J Stretchy Rocker (1540). 1974-Schulte's Sunwise Pat takes home 5 consecutive All-American honors from 1969-1973. She also is the Central National Show Champion for three consecutive years, 71, 72, & 73. She was owned by Bernard Monson, Gowrie, IA. 1974-Green Pasture's Rayetta set the breed's All-Time High Milk Record as she produced at 5-1 a record 36,160 milk and 1611 butterfat. She was owned by Earnest & Bert St. John, Glendale, AZ. 1974-The state of Wisconsin honors the Brown Swiss breed as "Wisconsin's Bovis Domesticus for 1974" (Cow of the Year) at the state capital represented by UW Cora Autumn Beauty 559562. This year, 2005, is again Brown Swiss turn and Sun-Made Jetway Shatzi ET 869338 owned by Kent M. Thompson, Viroqua, WI is this year’s representative. 1975-Fred S. Idtse, the associaton's first fieldman and then Executive Secretary from 1942-1963 passes away. 1976-The February issue of the Bulletin pictures "A Million Pound Herd", owned by the William J. Notter Family (Venture Farm) of Cobleskill, NY. The total lifetime production adds up to 1,016,626 lbs. milk led by Evansdale Ethan Bella with 256,702 lbs. 1976-Norman E. Magnussen, prominent Brown Swiss breeder and sale manager, dies after a brief illness. Norman, owner of Norvic Farms, Lake Mills, WI had assisted Mr. Vid Vye in the early days of Brown Swiss auctions. Following Mr. Vye's death, he took over the Brown Swiss Sale Service. Now, upon his death, his son, Norman C. Magnussen, at the age of 22, withdrew from the University of Wisconsin to assume full responsibility of Brown Swiss Sale Service. The rest is history. 1977-The first heifer and bull born as a result of Embryo Transplant (ET) were offspring of Century Acres Royal Holly 569466, owned by Willian J. Faskell, New London, WI. Promotion The "Big Brown Cow" movie produced in 1968 receives world-wide acceptance. It is one of four movies selected to be shown at the XVIII International Dairy Congress in Sydney, Australia in October, 1970. Due to its success, copies in Spanish were made. Requests for the movie domestically were enumerable. The movie had been shown over several TV stations as well. In November, 1973, at the National Convention in Portland, OR, the ever popular "Pasture Scene" was unveiled. (See photo) This scene was painted by artist Tom Phillips under the guidance of Secretary Kruse. The scene depicts a near ideal cow in the foreground and likenesses of some of the breed's typiest cows are pictured in the near foreground. While the identity of the four cows was somewhat of a secret at the time we will take the liberty to identify those animals here. The two cows to the left (front to back) are Jane of Vernon 29496 (circa 1920) and Mabel's Tamarind Violet 325683 (circa 1950). The two cows to the right(front to back) are Schulte's Sunwise Pat 499920 (circa 1960) and Lee's Hill Keeper's Raven 171673 (circa 1940). And now you know the rest of the story. In addition to the Pasture Scene, Artist Tom Phillips also painted a scene entitled "Checkin' the Herd". This painting was used on the cover of a brochure merchandising Brown Swiss bulls for crossbreeding in beef production. Prints of both of these beautiful paintings are still available from the national office. Computerized Data Processing 1980 New Model Cow 1980 International Conference Guests 1980 Swiss Miss Winners To be continued . . . 1980 Leadership I Am “O.D.’s Pollyanna Gertrude” The Brown Swiss pin (shown here) containing the cow head is O.D.’s Pollyanna Gertrude 41054. A box of these pins was located in the backroom of the Association office in the Spring of 2003. Those who attended the National Convention that year in California had the opportunity to purchase one of these pins for $5. They were also available for sale at this year’s Convention in Beloit. Since the discovery, much discussion centered around the identity of the cow whose headshot covered the pin. During the course of reviewing old Bulletins for these history pages, the true identity of the animal was discovered. The “mystery cow” pin photo was published with the 60’s history pages in the April Bulletin and the guessing began. Gertrude began appearing in ads for Foxwood Farm, Elburn, IL, in the early 1940’s. (Oct. 42, Dec. 42, Nov. 46 Back Cover) As reported in the September 1945 Bulletin and reviewed in the 1940’s history page in the F ebruary 2005 Bulletin, O.D.’s Pollyanna Gertrude was selected to be the representative Brown Swiss cow for the International Harvester Company’s exhibit in the Museum of Science & Industry in Chicago. This exhibit visualized the importance of modern agriculture. It has not been determined whether the pins were available at the Museum, through the Association, or through Foxwood Farm. Many guesses were received including the following incorrect guesses: Lee’s Hill Keeper’s Raven, Hawthorne Dairymaid, Lee’s Hill Kestrel M, Royal’s Charmer of Lee’s Hill, and Autumn Sun of Lee’s Hill. The following people correctly identified the cow as O.D.’s Pollyanna Gertrude and will receive one of the pins as a prize: Norm Magnussen, Markus Mueller, David Brown, and Bernard Monson. Thanks to all for making this a fun event! 1980 National Show Grand Champion - Kruses Beautician Vixie Lyndale Convincer Elaine - WDE 1988 Supreme Champion BSCBA - USA 1980-1989 "The Computer Age" Roger's Note: The computer age arrives at 800 Pleasant Street, Beloit, WI. The transition from card files, typewriters, and pencils to keyboards, terminals, printers, and electronic data storage was a major change for the Association in the 80’s. The switch to the electronic age began in 1980 as the Association celebrates its centennial year (1880-1980). We have now celebrated it’s 125th anniversary and will “Reach for the Sky” during the next 25 years (Franchise 2005). How appropriate to celebrate by having the national office host this 125th convention at home in Beloit, WI. Data Processing Revolution The basic charge to newly-hired Superintendent of Records Dr. Roger Neitzel in 1979 was to computerize the Association’s record-keeping system. The transition to electronic data processing of registrations, transfers, and performance records began with the approval to purchase a Data General mini-computer system in December 1979. The hardware was delivered in June 1980 and the software programming began. Routine processing of DHIR records began in 1982, with complete processing of pedigrees and registrations beginning in 1985. During this transition, one person was hired solely to enter history regisration data for over one year. While this system served its purpose, the next major upgrade occurred in 1995 when a PC-based network system replaced the mini-computer system. The next step is now being reviewed for online access by individual breeders. Amazingly, computers now in almost every home or farm office have more power and storage than that original system 25 years ago. 1980 - A Centennial Year The 80’s began with many events to celebrate the Association’s first 100 years. Could those 22 breeders who first organized the Association in 1880 have foreseen the impact Brown Swiss would have during those first 100 years. To review, revisit, and renew its beginning, the National Convention is held in Springfield, Massachusetts, in the area where the Association was first organized (Worcester, MA). The keynote speaker for the convention was Gene Meyer, Editor of Hoard’s Dairyman. Gene recently passed away (see obituary in the June Bulletin). A Celebration A special edition of the Brown Swiss Bulletin was published this year entitled “Centennial Edition, 100 Years of Progress”. This extraordinary issue is a wealth of history of the first 100 years of the Association. Many breeder ads tell of their special cows or events during the current period or in the past. Such a publication requires many long hours and late nights of research, but is time well spent. Special thanks to Bulletin Editor Connie Gritton and Associate Editor Barb Lee for providing the time and effort to complete such a project. Current staff at the time helping research and proofread were Evans Wright, Ginger Gillette, Tish Byrne, Roger Neitzel, and Marvin Kruse. The Centennial Edition contains 348 pages of information between its covers. International Brown Swiss Conference & National Show In conjunction with World Dairy Expo, the Brown Swiss Cattle Breeders’ Association of the USA hosts the 1980 International Brown Swiss Conference at the Concourse Hotel, downtown Madison, WI. This five-day event includes 2 days of international symposium presentations and concluded with WDE Brown Swiss Parade of Champions and the American Heritage International Sale managed by Brown Swiss Enterprises. Only one National Show was held this year at WDE. The greatest Swiss Show on earth was held October 4 & 5 when 532 Brown Swiss were shown by 261 exhibitors from 22 states. At the conclusion of the Parade of Champions, Judge David Dickson and Associate Lee Majeskie selected Kruses Beautician Vixie, owned by Kruses Farm, as Grand Champion and Sems Elegant Sue, owned by Wayne Sliker, as Reserve. Total Performance winner was Betta Vue Neva, owned by Blessing Farms. New Model Cow Unveiled A new model cow was sculpted by Francis Eustice, Cincinnati, OH. Initially 100 Special Edition model cows were cast. Each model was handpainted, numbered, and signed by the artist. Odd numbered models to 9 were auctioned off at the convention while even numbered models were auctioned at the International Sale during WDE in October. Number 11 model was purchased by the New England Association and given away as a door prize at the National Convention. The lucky winner was Darrell Worden, Wausau, WI. Model 12 was presented to Keynote Speaker Gene Meyer. Remaining models were sold on a first-come first-serve basis. Subsequently, a second 100 models were cast, numbered, and signed, and eventually more models were made. Prior to the now established Fun Auctions, a National Heifer Sale was held to provide income for the National Youth Programs. In conjunction with this sale, the Number 1 Model Cow, encased in glass, was auctioned off, with the new owner being Jim & Carol Knowlton, Lytle, TX, for the sum of $4,500. Models 3, 5, 7, & 9 were also sold at this time. Swiss Miss Contest Another special event of this convention was the crowning of Donna Jordan, Lewisburg, TN, as the first National Swiss Miss. A total of 17 girls participated in this event with Barb Guy of Wisconsin being the alternate. This was a precursor of the current Ambassador Program. Cow of the 80’s Idyl Wild Improver Jinx 664521 was selected to be the “Cow of the 80’s”. Bred by Paul Weber, Idyl Wild Farm, OR, she was owned and exhibited by Doug Massingill, OR and Pete Vanderham, CA. She then sold in the Springtime Show Window Sale in 1982 for a record $60,000 to Forest Lawn Farm, WI. She was three-times All American, four times National Show Grand Champion, and produced four records over 20,000 milk and 1000 fat. Protein Value Recognized The importance of the protein component value in milk, and particularly in Brown Swiss milk, becomes evident. The Association stresses this fact with the inclusion of a National Protein Award, the addition of protein recognition in “How They’re Doin’” and the beginning of “Protein Plus” records initially at the 900-pound level. Lone Oak Ima Doll 667970 owned by Franklin Ferg, WI, sets the standard for protein production with her breed-record lactation at 5-11 365d 2x of 1377 lbs protein. At the end of the decade, Ima Doll holds 4 of the top 10 protein records at ages 5/11 (1377), 7-5 (1285), 4-2 (1251), and 9-5 (1217). Leadership Association’s leadership in the 1980’s included Presidents William J. Notter, CO (1980-1982); Ed Drewitz, MN (1982-1986); Lee F. Barber, Jr., IA (1986-1990); and Executive Secretaries Evans Wright (19781981); Virginia Gillette (1981); George Opperman (1981-1987); and George Harris (1987-1993). Breed Cooperation The Brown Swiss Association (BSCBA) began its long cooperative relationship with the American Milking Shorthorn Society (AMSS) in 1984 with a joint classification program and BSCBA processing production records for AMSS. In 1986, BSCBA began sharing office space and processing registrations for AMSS. This cooperative effort became ever stronger in 2002 when Dave Kendall became Executive Secretary of both organizations . To be continued . . . Bullpen Facts “1980 - 1989” (BS) - Brown Swiss (BB) - Baseball 1980 (BS) - Dairy Shrine - Construction for a new permanent home began in 1980 in Fort Atkinson, WI, near the Hoard Historical Museum. Those participating in the 2005 convention tours this year had a first-hand opportunity to view this fine museum which depicts the history of the dairy industry by recognizing breeders, animals, industry personnel, and dairy artifacts. A truly unique adventure of dairy history. 1980 (BS) - Century Acres Liz C, owned by William J. Faskell, New London, WI, becomes Milk & Fat Champion with a record of: 5-4 365d 2X 37846m 4.4% 1667f. 1982 (BS) - The Association began using linear type traits as part of the official type clasification program and the breakdown traits were reduced from 8 to 4. 1982 (BS) - The Iowa Brown Swiss Association initiated what has become a superb program to generate funds for youth programs when they hosted the National Convention. The “Fun Auction” has generated over $200,000 over the last 24 years for Brown Swiss youth programs. 9-11-1985 (BB) - Pete Rose surpasses Ty Cobb as the all-time leading hitter by getting his 4,193rd hit. He completed his career with 4,256 hits. 4-29-1986 (BB) - Red Sox Pitcher Roger Clemens breaks a long-standing major league record when he strikes out 20 Mariners in a 3-1 win. 1988 (BS) - Lyndale Convincer Elaine, owned by Roland &/or Twyla Hellbusch, Humphrey, Nebraska, becomes Grand and Supreme Champion at World Dairy Expo. She was also unanimous All American 4 Year Old. Elaine duplicated this feat of Grand and Supreme Champion in 1989. 1988 (BB) - Chicago Cub’s Wrigley Field becomes the last major league park to install lights.