Tutorial Chapter 4
Title : Personality and Values
Time : 9:00 am – 11:00 am (two sessions)
Date : 3 Feb. 2010
By Jakaria Dasan
1. Define the keyword “dynamic” in the meaning of personality.
“Dynamic organization within the indiviual of those psychophysical systems that determines unique
adjustment to environment.”
Dynamic means subject to the influence of internal (hereditary) and external (environment) factors or
both. Personality is made up of characteristics patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that make a
2. Measuring personality
a) Self –report survey = self assessment (as the handout on core self evaluation)
b) Observer-rating survey = example Giant’s case before coming to Sabah. Get feedback from
3. Explain hereditary
e.g.1. Movie “Twin” featuring Arnold Scwarzenegar and Danny De Vito as being separated twins since
their c hildbirth but possess similar personalities.
e.g.2. Bush Senior and Bush Junior = tendency of using military approach in resolving conflict.
4. Personality assessment tools of MBTI and Big5
MBTI – study its development by Katherine Cook Briggs and her daughter, Isabel Briggs Myers in 1962.
The purpose is to sort out the most comfortable and effective job for an individual. Identification of
traits relationship of EISNTFJP which develop 1 to 16 personality types. Identify a celebrities/leaders and
match them with MBTI. Check whether they are visionaries, organizer s or conceptualizers.
Extraversion = assertive/sociable
Agreeableness = cooperative
Conscientiousness = responsible
Emotional stability = self-confident
Openness to experience = creative
( earlier in class, each student talks about their personality. They can relate the exercise with his/her
5. Other personality traits.
a) Core self evaluation = evaluating yourself (handout is given)
b) Machiavellianism = ends justify means; denies the relevance of morallity; personal gains
c) Narcissism = selfishness; egotism
d) Self-Monitoring = adjust behaviors to meet situational factors/external
e) Risk-Taking = fast decision made but risky; less info
f) Type A Personality = aggresive; time urgency; impatience
g) Proactive = opportunist; go getter
Things that really matter to each of us; ideal
Value in hospital = adjust to the kindness value; polite; caring
7. Attributes of values
The way we work and what we stand for. Composed of content and intensity.
8. Importance of values
a) Provide understanding of the attitudes, motivation and behavior
b) Influence our perception
c) Represent intepretation of right and wrong
d) Imply that some behaviors or outcomes are prefered over others
9. Classification of values (RVS)
Learned about terminal values and instrumental values.
10. Value differences
Differentces between executives, union members, and activist are causal of conflict.
11. Generational values (American culture)
Learned about Veterans, Boomers, Xers, and Nexers
12. Person Job-fit by John Holland
Matching an individual to a position/job. Learned the six types.
13. Person-Organizational fit
Matching individual to an organizational culture.
14. Hofstede Cultural Framework
Learned the result of Hofstede finding on page 160 in the textbook.
Hofstede + Humane orientation + Performance orientation