Study Guidelines for Chapter 13 – the great war 1914-1918
We are going to use the section focus questions, chapter review questions, and other chapter questions to guide our note taking. Write your
answers in the form of notes. Make it clear by your notes what the question is. Summarize only at the end of a section.
13.1 Marching Towards War (pgs 407-410)
13.1.1 Why did many people in the early 1900’s believe that war was unlikely?
13.1.2 Describe how each of the following inflamed tensions in Europe:
a) nationalism b) imperialism c) militarism d) alliances
13.1.3 Where is the Balkans and why was it referred to as “the powderkeg of Europe”?
13.1.4 What were the reasons for the hostility between Austria-Hungary & Serbia?
13.1.5 Describe what happened in Sarajevo. Why was the target Franz Ferdinand?
13.2 Europe Plunges into War (pgs 411-415)
13.2.1 Who belonged to the Triple Alliance? The Triple Entente?
13.2.2 How could an assassination lead to all-out war in just a few weeks? Describe how each of the following
countries got involved in the conflict: a) Germany b) Russia c) France d) Britain
13.2.3 Answer the map questions on pg 412 (in your notes, labeled clearly).
13.2.4 Did the Schlieffen Plan work? Explain.
13.2.5 What was the Western Front? Describe trench warfare.
13.2.6 Describe the Eastern Front. How did it differ from the Western Front?
13.2.7 Why was Russia’s involvement in the war so important to the other Allies?
13.2.8 Describe the effects of the new technology on warfare. Use examples from your reading.
13.3 A Global Conflict (pgs 417-422)
13.3.1 Why attack the Ottoman Empire?
13.3.2 Do the map questions on pg 418.
13.3.3 Describe the two main reasons the U.S. joined the war. When did this happen?
13.3.4 How did the governments of the warring nations fight a “total war”?
13.3.5 What did Russia end up deciding and why?
13.3.6 How was the Second Battle of the Marne similar to the First?
13.3.7 Why did Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicate? What did this result in?
13.3.8 Do the Document Based Questions on pg 421.
13.3.9 Do the Skillbuilder questions on pg 422.
13.4 A Flawed Peace (pgs 424-427)
13.4.1 What is the significance of the phrase, “In the 11th month, on the 11th day, at the 11th hour…”?
13.4.2 Who were the “Big Four” and what did each want? (consider a chart)
13.4.3 Explain how self-determination was the guiding principle behind Wilson’s Fourteen Points.
13.4.4 How did Wilson’s goals for the peace differ from those of the other Allied leaders?
13.4.5 What Versailles Treaty clause did Germany most object to? Why?
13.4.6 Do the map questions on pg 426.
13.5.7 Was the United States right to reject the Treaty of Versailles? Why or why not?
World History – World War I 1
California State Framework Standards – World War I
10.5 Students analyze the causes and course of the First World War.
1. Analyze the arguments for entering into war presented by leaders from all sides of the Great War and the role of political and
economic rivalries, ethnic and ideological conflicts, domestic discontent and disorder, and propaganda and nationalism in
mobilizing the civilian population in support of "total war."
2. Examine the principal theaters of battle, major turning points, and the importance of geographic factors in military decisions and
outcomes (e.g., topography, waterways, distance, climate).
3. Explain how the Russian Revolution and the entry of the United States affected the course and outcome of the war.
4. Understand the nature of the war and its human costs (military and civilian) on all sides of the conflict, including how colonial
peoples contributed to the war effort.
5. Discuss human rights violations and genocide, including the Ottoman government's actions against Armenian citizens.
10.6 Students analyze the effects of the First World War.
1. Analyze the aims and negotiating roles of world leaders, the terms and influence of the Treaty of Versailles and Woodrow Wilson's
Fourteen Points, and the causes and effects of the United States' rejection of the League of Nations on world politics.
2. Describe the effects of the war and resulting peace treaties on population movement, the international economy, and shifts in the
geographic and political borders of Europe and the Middle East.
3. Understand the widespread disillusionment with prewar institutions, authorities, and values that resulted in a void that was later
filled by totalitarians.
4. Discuss the influence of World War I on literature, art, and intellectual life in the West (e.g., Pablo Picasso, the "lost generation" of
Gertrude Stein, Ernest Hemingway).
World History – World War I 2