The Structuralist Vol 3 No 3 - Draft7-Spub by etssetcf

VIEWS: 130 PAGES: 8

The Structuralist Vol 3 No 3 - Draft7-Spub

More Info
									                                                                                                   MITA (P) 004/01/2007




                 Newsletter of IES-IStructE Singapore Division                            Vol. 3, No. 3, Sept 2007


Summary Notes from the International Agreements Panel,
Membership Committee Meetings and the Annual
Conference held in London, 10-11 May 2007

The Chairman, Prof Wang, and Hon. Secretary, Assoc/Prof Lok,
were invited to attend the Annual Conference held at London ear-
lier in May this year. Beside the customary Annual Dinner which
was held at The Royal Café, they were also involved in many of
the important meetings that were scheduled in the 2-day event.
On their return, they submitted the following summary notes:

•   Australian branches are merging into a single Australian Divi-
    sion.

•   A CD-ROM titled “A course of preparation for the 2007 Char-
    tered Membership Examination” prepared by Dr Peter Gard-
    ner, is made available to all candidates who are sitting for the                           The Royal Cafe
    CM exam.

•   There are slight changes to Core Objectives 2.5 and 3.3.

•   New guidance has been proposed on Transfer to Fellowship,
    which includes the elimination of peer interview. Candidates
    must, however, submit a 1000-word report outlining their role
    in the development of structural engineering, evidence of
    CPD over the previous 5 years, and a completed application
    for Transfer to Fellow. Fellows enjoy a unique level of service
    within IStructE – provided with a distinctive “Fellows-only”
    gold membership card, a special lapel badge, a special sec-
    tion appearing in the online membership directory where you
                                                                             Cheers from Singapore and friends at IStructE Annual
    will be listed and a dedicated “Fellowship Executive” to                                    Dinner 2007
    promptly resolve any questions on membership or IStructE
    events. For more information:

    Application Form F - http://www.istructe.org/BRANCH/SINGAPORE/reports/reports.asp?RID=103

    Exemplars (Annex A) - http://www.istructe.org/BRANCH/SINGAPORE/reports/reports.asp?RID=104

    Guidance on Grade of Fellow- http://www.istructe.org/BRANCH/SINGAPORE/reports/reports.asp?RID=105

•   There is a general consensus towards mandatory CPD. Reciprocal arrangements continue to be recognised
    (e.g. IStructE CPD and PE Board Annual Return for members)

•   Road shows are organised to brief interviewers of the new Engineering Technician grade.


                                                                                                                   (Cont’d page 3)

                                               IES / IStructE Joint Committee
                                       IES Building 70 Bukit Tinggi Road Singapore
                                                           289758
                                        Tel: (65)-6469 5000 Fax: (65)-6467 1108
                                       Website: www.istructe.org/branch/Singapore
Dear readers, thanks for taking time to read
this newsletter. We appreciate your continued
support and would also like to hear from you
for whatever reasons. Please direct all your
                                                                                    Announcements
correspondence and inquiries to:
IES-IStructE Joint Committee (2007-2008)

Prof Wang Chien Ming (Chairman):                                           IStructE Asia-Pacific Forum on Structural
   cvewcm@nus.edu.sg                                                                       Engineering
A/Prof Chiew Sing Ping (V. Chairman):
  cspchiew@ntu.edu.sg
A/Prof Lok Tat Seng (Hon. Secretary):                               Innovations in Structural Engineering
  ctslok@ntu.edu.sg
Dr Ho Kwong Meng (Hon. Treasurer)                                             Meritus Mandarin Hotel, Singapore
  hokm@hq.psa.com.sg
Er Leonard Heng (Hon. Asst Secretary):
  hleonard@singnet.com.sg
                                                                                        2-3 November 2007
Er Jeslin Quek (Hon. Asst Treasurer):
  jeslinquek@fyfeasia.com
Er Seow Hong Chiow                                                Many new innovative structures have been designed on the back of
  hc@sce.com.sg                                                   waves of economic booms in the Asia Pacific. With globalization,
Er Mak Yew Cheong:
  Mak.yew.cheong@pmlink.com.sg
                                                                  many of the innovative designs and construction are collaborative
Er Mah Guan Pang:                                                 efforts of teams from different countries and companies. To further
  maba.cnsa@pacific.net.sg                                        such innovation, it is most helpful for structural engineers from vari-
Er Ang Chee Keong:                                                ous countries and companies to gather often, to meet, exchange
  ack1188@singnet.com.sg
Er Jonathan Ang:                                                  ideas and to learn from one another of the latest in structural innova-
  jonathan@ktp.com.sg                                             tions. The IStructE Asia-Pacific Forum on Structural Engineering:
Dr. Boh Jaw Woei:                                                 Innovations in Structural Engineering is one such opportunity for
  Jawwoei.Boh@worleyparsons.com
Ms Cong Zheng Xia:                                                structural engineers to network and learn from each other. This fo-
  cong_zx@wohhup.com                                              rum is the 3rd in the series of annual forums, following the success-
                                                                  ful forums held in Shanghai, China 2006 and in Kuala Lumpur, Ma-
The Structuralist Editorial Committee                             laysia 2005. The 2-day forum will be held in the Meritus Mandarin
Editor:   Dr. Boh Jaw Woei                                        Hotel, Orchard Road, Singapore from 2nd – 3rd November 2007.
Advisors: Prof Wang Chien Ming
          A/Prof Chiew Sing Ping                                  Any enquiries can be directed to the Forum Committee Chairman Er
Contents & Contributors                                           Ang Chee Keong (ack1188@singnet.com.sg).
1. Summary Notes from the International
    Agreements Panel, Membership Commit-                          Fee:   S$265 (IES and/or IStructE members) / S$345 (non-members).
    tee Meetings and the Annual Conference                               The fee includes 7% GST, registration, lunch/tea breaks, banquet,
    held in London, 10-11 May 2007 (CM                                   site visits and a copy of the Forum’s proceedings.
    Wang/TS Lok)
2. Announcement on IStructE Asia Pacific
    Forum 2-3 Nov 07 (CK Ang)                                     Organised by:                  Supported by:
3. Call for Papers - The Structural Engineers
    (CM Wang)
4. Chairman Down Under (CM Wang)
5. Hong Kong IStructE Joint Structural Divi-
    sion Annual Seminar-Conservation of
    Heritage Buildings (YC Mak)
6. IES-IStructE Gold Medal cum Book Prize-
    Academic Year 2006-2007 (TS Lok)
7. S.WISE Gathering-Site Visit to Jurong
    Point Extension (JW Boh)
8. Student Membership (JW Boh)
9. Technician Members of Institution of Struc-
    tural Engineers (TS Lok)                                                Call for Papers
10. Appointment (SCE Consultants Pte Ltd)
11. Registration of Engineers in Australia (M
    Fordyce)
12. Technical Talk by Dr Alfred A Yee (KM Ho)
                                                                    Be recognized of your works in one
13 Results of April 2007 Examination (TS                              of the most established civil &
    Lok)
                                                                      structural engineering journals!
Disclaimer:
All views and opinions expressed therein are solely those of             - The Structural Engineer
the writers and its publication does not necessarily imply that
such views and opinions are endorsed by the IES, IES/                (Singapore Division Supplement)
IStructE Joint Committee and the editorial committee of The
Structuralist.
Copyright:                                                                  Contact: Prof CM Wang
The reproduction in whole or in part of any material in this
publication must obtain written permission from the editorial                (cvewcm@nus.edu.sg)
committee of this publication and/or from the respective
author(s).
                                                                                                                  Page 3

•   The status of Structural Engineers was discussed in the Annual Conference. In order to raise the status, they are
    urged to keep the fees respectable.

•   New IStructE Council was formed.

•   For the Centenary Celebrations in 2008, four conferences are organised. They will be held in Hong Kong (the
    main conference), Vancouver, India and Singapore. Also there will be an exhibition of structural achievements.

Report on the Annual General Meeting held on Thursday 10th May 2007 can be found at: http://www.istructe.org/
members/files/AGM_2007.pdf

Minutes of the Annual Conference held on Friday 11th May 2007 can be viewed at: http://www.istructe.org/members/



 Division’s News

CHAIRMAN DOWN UNDER




                         A photo of the Blue Mountains taken by Prof Wang when he visited Sydney in June.


Chairman, Prof Wang, visited Sydney in June. While he was there, Prof Brian Uy (Treasurer of the IStructE Sydney
Branch and Head of the School of Engineering, University of Western Sydney) invited him to present a lecture to
members of the Sydney Branch. About 20 members attended Prof Wang’s talk on Very Large Floating Structures
(VLFS) which was held in the Vibe Hotel, North Sydney (near the Sydney Harbour Bridge) on 5 June. From the feed-
back, participants found the talk very interesting and were surprised to learn of the advanced state in the research
and development of VLFS technology. Prof Wang informed branch members to be on the look out for the World’s
largest floating performance stage at Marina Bay in their next visit to Singapore.

HONG KONG ISTRUCTE JOINT STRUCTURAL DIVISION ANNUAL
SEMINAR-CONSERVATION OF HERITAGE BUILDINBGS
(HK CONVENTION CENTRE, 16TH MAY 2007)

                                              Conservation of heritage buildings in Hong Kong is now in the spotlight.
                                              The HK JSD organized this seminar to address this. 7 presentations were
                                              made of which 4 were from overseas, namely UK, Macao, Australia, and
                                              Singapore and 3 from HK SAR. Er Mak YC from the Singapore Division
                                              was privileged to be one of the guest speaker to share our Singapore ex-
                                              perience in conservation of heritage buildings. Er Mak presented the talk
                                              entitled “Re-energising Old Buildings for the 21st Century”. The following
                                              is the abstract of his presentation:

                                             In the 188 years since Singapore was colonized by the British, many rich
                                             legacies were left behind by them. The legal and government framework
                                             that serves Singapore so well are some of the intangible reminders to this.
                                             The prosperity and peace we enjoy are something we are grateful to the
       Er Mak receives token of appreciation
                                             British. The tangible reminders are the many buildings left behind by the
                                             British. Over the years, many have actually become out of sync with the
present and were revitalized by the government as well as the private sectors. The talk covers some of these build-
ings, colonial structures that were revitalized to serve the needs of the 21st Century. Amongst them is the old gover-
                                                                                                            (Cont’d next page)
Page 4                                                                Newsletter of IES-IStructE Singapore Division
nors’ offices that still remains as the seat of government, the old 2 storey
Accountant General building that was converted to a 5 storey family court,
the old General Post Office transformed into a 5-star hotel, and the old Raf-
fles Library and Museum converted into today’s National Museum with a
large extension that blends in beautifully with the old dame of a building that
befits the crown jewel of re-energised old buildings of Singapore for the new                        The Fullerton Hotel
century.

IES-ISTRUCTE GOLD MEDAL                                     CUM        BOOK PRIZE-ACADEMIC YEAR
2006-2007
Each year, the student who achieves the highest score in the final-year
subjects of “Structural Analysis” and “Structural Design” at the Nanyang
Technological University and at the National University of Singapore is
nominated for the IES-IStructE Gold Medal cum Book Prize. The award
is mentioned and is presented at their respective Graduation Ceremo-
nies in July. This year’s winners are Mr Wu Tao (NTU) and Mr Lin Wen-
jun, Vincent, (NUS).

The IStructE Singapore Division congratulates the graduates and wish
them every success in their future endeavour.                                             Mr. Wu Hao            Mr. Lin Wu Tao,
                                                                                             (NTU)              Vincent (NUS)
(To enquire about application for this award, please approach your re-
spective Head of Department for further information)

                             S.WISE GATHERING– SITE VISIT                                       TO   JURONG POINT
                                             EXTENSION

Our lady engineers are back in action again! This time, they organ-                                                On-going
ized a site visit to Jurong Point Extension on 4th August, a cur-                                                construction of
rently on-going project where S.WISE Chairman Ms Cong Zheng                                                       Jurong Point
Xia is involved. It is a mixed usage development that comprises of                                                 Extension
3 levels of basement, 1 integrated bus interchange and 12 blocks
of 16-story apartments. Topics that were discussed during the visit
include permanent and temporary support systems, instrumenta-
tion monitoring, substructure and superstructure systems etc.

From past experience, site visits are often very popular among
members due to the opportunity to gain valuable insights and
knowledge about the project. Due to site administration, only about
30 participants were allowed to take part in this event.
                                                                                 A site tour
                                                                                after project
                                                                                presentation
 News Flash

STUDENT MEMBERSHIP

If you are currently a student enrolled in a university civil/structural engineering program, and if you aspire in the future to excel
in this exciting career route, you are strongly encouraged to join us as Student Members of the Institution of Structural Engi-
neers, a Learned Society to which all Chartered and Incorporated Structural Engineers are proud to belong, and a platform
with world wide reach that enables members to share skills and knowledge throughout their career.

Student membership is FREE to all undergraduates following an approved full-time civil and/or structural engineering course.
Modest subscription rates apply to students on part-time courses. Student members are also exempted from a number of pay-
ments required from those who join as Graduate Members or even later in their careers. Students enjoy the full services of the
Institution including:

•   The twice monthly journal The Structural Engineer
•   Full use of the excellent facilities of the Institution library
                                                                                                                             Page 5

•     Opportunity to purchase specialist Institution publications at members' prices
•     Opportunity to attend technical meetings and site visits organised by your branch, section or division of the Institution
•     Advice on how to progress your career as a professional engineer during and following completion of your course

Do not hesitate further and make an online application at http://www.istructe.org/studentonline/ now!


TECHNICIAN MEMBERS                          OF    INSTITUTION               OF    STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS

All members are requested to note that the Technician Member Grade application is now “up and running”. Please
notify/promote this grade to colleagues responsible for training within your company/organisation or indeed to poten-
tial applicants.

The following information is required when applicants are ready to make an application for Technician Membership:

(1)    Application Form TM – please see: http://www.istructe.org/membership/files/membershipformTM.pdf

(2)    A two-page Experience Report

(3)    12 Initial Professional Development (IPD) Final Report Forms – please see IPD regulations at: http://
       www.istructe.org/membership/files/Routes_to_Technician_Membership.pdf

(4)    Professional Review Interview Fee (£80 or £40 depending on the IPD route followed).

(5)    A photocopy of each of the applicants original qualification certificates, signed by either their employer or sup-
       porter (the two people who complete Section 2 and Section 3 of the Application Form TM)

Further information can be obtained from Ms Lucy Pollard at the Institution of Structural Engineers, London. Her
email address is: Lucy.Pollard@istructe.org


 Appointment




                      SCE CONSULTANTS (PTE.) LTD.

              Applications Invited for:


              CIVIL / STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS
              experienced in design of medium and high-rise structures                                  Robinson Point


              Please apply with details to:


              Personnel Department
              SCE Consultants (Pte.) Ltd.
              1 Jalan Kilang Timor #06-02
              Pacific Tech Centre
              Singapore 159303
              Email: Phyllis@sce.com.sg                                                                Hitachi Wafer Plant


                                                                                                             Accredited
                                                                                                             Checking
                                                                                                             Organisation
Page 6                                                                Newsletter of IES-IStructE Singapore Division



 Professional Registration
                           REGISTRATION OF ENGINEERS IN AUSTRALIA
                 (BY       MIKE FORDYCE, PAST PRESIDENT OF ISTRUCTE)
                                     Typically there are two separate but related aspects to registration:

                                     •   Registration/licensing of engineers - granting a right to practice
                                     •   Building (and similar) Regulations – recognising competency to certify compliance with
                                         regulations

                                     These different aspects sometimes lead to confusion and in Australia this is compounded by
                                     having legislation that varies between states.

                                     National Registration

                                     In Australia there is no federal legislation requiring engineers to be registered. However there is
   Mr. Mike Fordyce giving a         a National Engineering Registration Board (NERB) established jointly by the Institution of Engi-
lecture during his visit to Singa-   neers Australia (Engineers Australia), the Association of Professional Engineers, Scientists and
  pore on 23rd March 2005 at         Managers, Australia (APESMA) and the Association of Consulting Engineers Australia (ACEA).
    Meritus Mandarin Hotel           The NERB, with representation from state and territory governments, community organisations
                                     and professional associations, supervises the operation of National Registers that are adminis-
                                     tered by Engineers Australia on behalf of relevant professions to ensure the community is pro-
                                     vided with the protection it is entitled to expect in relation to work undertaken by those practitio-
                                     ners. These registers are:

•    The National Professional Engineers Register (NPER), which is a joint initiative of             Engineers Australia, APESMA and
     the ACEA.
•    The National Engineering Technologists Register (NETR), which was established by Engineers Australia to register Engi-
     neering Technologists.

Thus NPER is the main vehicle for the registration of professional engineers in Australia and although administered by Engi-
neers Australia, the NERB has been established so that it can operate at arm’s length from EA and thus satisfy government
requirements for transparency and independence.

The requisite qualification for an engineer to be registered with NPER is essentially the same as chartered status within Engi-
neers Australia, i.e. a four-year engineering qualification accredited by Engineers Australia (or equivalent) plus demonstrated
experience that they are practising competently in the area of practice where they are applying for registration. A minimum of 3
years practical experience is required.

Registration is within defined areas of practice ranging from aerospace and biomedical to naval architecture. Structural engi-
neering is one of the areas and management of it is the responsibility of the College of Structural Engineers within Engineers
Australia.

When applying to join Engineers Australia (EA) as a Member, one can choose to be simply a Member or one can apply in ad-
dition to be on NPER which requires a more stringent application procedure (satisfying various competencies) with an annual
commitment to maintaining CPD. One is then entitled to use Chartered Professional Engineer (CPEng). One could apply to be
on NPER without joining EA, but as the requirements are the same this would be unusual.

Although NPER is widely recognised by local authorities and some state and territory governments and it has been included in
regulations relating to the design, certification, health and safety of buildings and building services, NPER suffers from not
being supported by legislation. That it is a voluntary scheme and lacks the “teeth” that legislation would provide.

There is currently a push being led by the NERB towards mandatory registration for all the usual reasons about ensuring com-
petency and minimising the risk to the community arising from the involvement of incompetent practitioners in the delivery of
engineering projects. However unless there is a commitment from the federal government that is supported by the states via
COAG (Commonwealth Organisation of Australian Governments) there is unlikely to be much progress.

State Registration

Currently Queensland is the only state with legislation requiring the Registration of Engineers – the Professional Engineers
Act 2002, administered by The Board of Professional Engineers of Queensland (BPEQ). There has been such an Act in
Queensland for around 60 years, but it was drastically overhauled in 2002 with a new Board being established that since that
time has been developing its policies and working on amendments to improve the working of the Act.
                                                                                                                          Page 7
In Western Australia a working group representing state government, the engineering profession and other stakeholders has
been set up to look at registration of engineers in that state. Other states may follow in time; however as long as constitutional
responsibility for regulation of the professions rests with the states a fragmented approach is likely to continue.

In summary, the Queensland Act provides for the registration of professional engineers to practise in Queensland (RPEQ).
It prohibits persons who are not registered from providing professional engineering services in Queensland. The only excep-
tion is for individuals who practise under the supervision of registered professional engineers. The Act applies to all disciplines
- and these are quite broad, e.g. civil, mechanical, electrical, etc and there is no separate structural area.

It also provides a process for persons who are aggrieved by the conduct of a registered professional engineer to lodge a com-
plaint about their conduct.

The Board is empowered to:-

•   protect the public by ensuring professional engineering services are provided by a registered professional engineer in a
    professional and competent way; and
•   maintain public confidence in the standard of services provided by registered professional engineers; and
•   uphold the standards of practice of registered professional engineers.

The Board has produced a Code of Practice (Ethics) for RPEQ's. Infringement of the Act by working outside one’s area of
competence or other unsatisfactory professional conduct can attract heavy penalties.

Under the current Act individuals may register as registered professional engineers if they satisfy the Board that they are of
good character and reputation and they hold:-

•   a degree in engineering from an approved school of engineering or an approved faculty of engineering; or
•   a qualification in engineering granted by a tertiary education institution which entitles them to be admitted to the Institution
    of Engineers, Australia, as a graduate member.

Applicants must also have been engaged for five years or more in the engineering industry after obtaining their qualifications.

A major change introduced with the 2002 Act is that it allows only registration of individuals, whereas the previous Acts al-
lowed companies (and units within companies) to be registered. Thus the larger consultancy practices were registered as
companies or units that covered their employees. Now companies have to ensure that they have sufficient numbers of RPEQs
within their various disciplines and offices to ensure that all their professional engineering services are being carried out by or
under the supervision of an RPEQ - who has to be in the appropriate discipline and at the place where the services are being
provided (e.g. .in the branch offices).

The BPEQ has recently engaged with representatives from the engineering profession and the relevant state government de-
partments to review and improve the working of the Act and it is hoped to have amendments implemented by July 2008. The
aim is to move towards a co-regulatory system such that the Board will approve “assessment entities” that in turn assess the
competence of the individual engineers and the regular auditing of that competence. Thus Engineers Australia and/or NPER
(and for that matter IStructE and other institutions that satisfy the Board’s criteria) could be become approved assessment
entities. The members of such bodies would then be eligible to become RPEQ. The Board would retain responsibility for en-
forcement of the Act and disciplinary processes.

Several other amendments are proposed, the most significant being to require registration of all engineers, removing the “get
out” of working under the supervision of an RPEQ except for graduates or engineers in training. It has been common practice
for experienced engineers to avoid registration by claiming to be “working under supervision” when in practice that is clearly
not the case.

Building Regulations

With regard to Building Regulations, Australia has the Building Code of Australia (BCA) which is enacted by each state
through its Building Act. In doing so each state can (and does) make some local changes to the BCA.

In general, under the BCA design has to be carried out by a ‘competent person’. The definition of this may vary between
states. Most states also have private certification and there is now a new breed of ‘Private Certifiers’ – mostly ex-Building Sur-
veyors from the local authorities who used to be responsible for approving Building Applications. The Building Certifier will
usually rely on the design professionals to certify their own inputs to a design, e.g. a structural certificate being provided by the
structural engineer.

The NPER has no direct link to the Building Regulations, but an engineer on the register will usually be accepted by the regu-
latory authority as being a ‘competent person’.

Institution of Structural Engineers

Where does the above leave members of IStructE?
                                                                                                                   (cont’d next page)
As far as national registration with NPER, it is very easy. We have an agreement with Engineers Australia on reciprocal mem-
bership that allows an MIStructE who is resident in Australia to become MIEAust, CPEng and registered on NPER in the gen-
eral area of structural engineering, provided they can demonstrate compliance with the CPD requirements of EA (which are
very similar to IStructE’s).

For registration in Queensland, the process for an MIStructE is very much the same as for someone who is MIEAust, i.e. sub-
mit application that demonstrates the required qualifications and experience. The Institution is known to the Board and is rec-
ognised as one that has strict competency requirements. When the co-regulatory system is in place (as described above), the
Institution should be able to apply to become an approved “assessment entity”, thus simplifying the process even further.



 Technical Talk

                                                   During a short course organized by IES-IStructE Joint Commit-
  CONCRETE PLATFORMS & OCEAN-GOING
                                                   tee on 26 April 2007, Dr. Alfred A. Yee presented his inventions
                 VESSELS
                                                   and his projects on "Concrete Platforms and Ocean-going Ves-
  FOR THE RECOVERY OF NATURAL    RE-
                                                   sels for Recovery of Natural Resources and Energy from the
               SOURCES AND
                                                   Oceans". Some of his projects
       ENERGY FROM THE OCEANS
                                                   are: Rofomex Floating Dock &
            - by Dr Alfred A Yee                   Phosphate Processing Plant for
              (26th April 2007)                    Santa Domingo Mexico, The
                                                   US$75million CIDS Drilling Plat-
form, Concrete Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) Vessel Processing Facilities, Luzon Con-
crete Barges, Philippines, 2000-ton Petroleum Barge, Ground Oil Storage and Trans-
shipment Terminal, Floating Concrete Drydock, Proposed Floating Container Dock
Facility, Ocean Terminal Energy Conversion (Mini-OTEC) - 1979, Natural Energy
Laboratory Hawaii (NELHA), Closed Cycle OTEC Plant and OTEC Platform, Diego               A concrete floating platform
Garcia.                                                                                      designed by Dr Yee

The Platforms and Vessels are mainly designed and built based on the Cellular Hon-
eycomb Framing System invented by Alfred A. Yee. The Honeycomb segments are
mainly joined together by NMB Spliced Sleeves, which are also invented by Dr. Yee.

Dr. Yee shared his opinions with the audience on the potential of using Ocean Ther-
mal Energy Conversion (OTEC) to replace fossil fuels in the near future. He elabo-
rated that the natural thermal energy stored in the oceans is several thousands times
higher than the energy needed by the mankind and it is also clean and renewable.
Plants and facilities for OTEC can be built in the oceans by Singapore Companies.
The liquified hydrogen, product of OTEC, can be transported to the consumers by                   Dr Yee (center), the organizing
LNG Vessels.                                                                                         committee members and
                                                                                                      distinguished guests.




                           RESULTS OF APRIL 2007 CM EXAMINATION
   IStructE Singapore Division congratulates the following candidates who passed the April 2007 Examination.
   The Chartered Structural Engineers are:

   (1) Chua Cheng Hoon

   (2) Kang Jianhan

   (3) Koy Soon Hean

   (4) Liu Difa

   (5) Agus Riatono

   This represents a 38.5% pass rate from Singapore.
                                                                                Candidates in full concentration during exam

								
To top