NLS Newsletter 9-138 by xyd75631


									No. 09-138                                 National        Longitudinal              Surveys                                          2009

U.S. Department of Labor
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

       Timetable for Upcoming                       Variables Created to Help                  the NLS” in the Mature Women Codebook
           Data Releases                           Match Mother-Daughter Pairs                 Supplement.                        

Do you need to know when the next dataset       New variables have been added to the
                                                NLS Women’s Survey (the women co-                    New Financial Condition
will be released? The following is the latest
                                                hort respondents of the Original Cohorts)              Variables in Latest
schedule for NLSY79 and NLSY97 data
collections and data releases:                  dataset to assist researchers in matching               NLSY97 Dataset
                                                mother-daughter pairs within the series of
                                                questions about intergenerational trans-       Four questions in the NLSY97’s round-
•     The NLSY97 is an annual survey            fers in the survey. Mother-daughter pairs      11 (2007) survey ask respondents about
      with 11 rounds of data now avail-         are those pairs in which the mother was        negative financial situations they may have
      able to the public. Round-12 data are     interviewed as a respondent in the Mature      experienced, thus providing researchers
      scheduled for release in the summer       Women survey, and the daughter was a           additional information on the severity of a
      of 2010. Round-13 interviews began        respondent in the Young Women survey.          respondent’s economic troubles. Respon-
      in September 2009.                        These pairings provide researchers a rich      dents were asked if, in the 12 months pre-
                                                opportunity to compare two generations         ceding the interview, they or their spouse
•      The NLSY79 main survey began             of the same family. These new variables        or partner had used a cash advance service
       as an annual survey in 1979 and          are found in the transfer variable section,    using any of their credit cards, had obtained
       became a biennial survey in 1996.        which includes questions about the transfer    a payday loan, had been late in paying their
       Twenty-two rounds of data have           of money and time between a mother and         rent or mortgage by more than 60 days, or
       been released to the public so far.      her children. Examples of transfers include    had been pressured to pay bills by stores,
       Data collected during round 23           a mother giving financial assistance to her    creditors, or bill collectors. (See questions
       are scheduled for release in spring      child through monetary loans and gifts, as     YINC-7950 through YINC-7980.)
       2010. Round-24 fielding is sched-        well as time spent between a mother and            Respondents also described their cur-
       uled to begin December 2009.             child for child care, personal care, chores,   rent financial situation by selecting the
                                                and errands.                                   condition that best matches their state of
•      Both the NLSY79 Child survey,                To link the Mature Women transfer          affairs. Approximately 16 percent of them
       which began in 1986, and the             data to the Young Women cohort, the            rated their situation as very comfortable
       NLSY79 Young Adult survey,               variables R51513.01 through R51513.35          and secure, 42 percent reported that they
       which became a separate survey           and R76242.01 through R76242.28 were           were able to make ends meet without much
       in 1994, interview children of the       added. These series of created variables       difficulty, 26 percent occasionally had
       main NLSY79 respondents and are          include the identification codes of the        some difficulty making ends meet, 13 per-
       fielded at the same time as the main     daughters as well as “quality of match”        cent responded that it was tough to make
       NLSY79 survey. Child and Young           variables, created to provide users with a     ends meet but they were keeping their
       Adult data from 1986 to 2006 are         rating of certainty regarding the accuracy     heads above water, and 3 percent said they
       currently available, along with a        of the match (that is, if it was an exact      were in over their heads. (See YINC-7990.)
       preliminary release of the Young         match, likely match, or probable match).       Note: These percentages are unweighted.
       Adult 2008 data. The next full               More details about these added vari-           These financial condition questions can
       data release is scheduled for mid-       ables as well as other variables used for      be found in the “Income” Area of Interest in
       2010 and will include 2008 data          matching mother-daughter pairs will be         the NLS Investigator (http://www.nlsinfo.
       for both the Child and Young Adult       available in “Appendix 44: Variables Used      org/investigator). The same questions will
       surveys.                                For Matching Mother-Daughter Pairs in          be repeated in round 12.                   
                                                          NLS           News

      Online Tutorials Available                      tasets, and construct the work status    variable.
              for Users                               variable for both samples.                   For example, in the NLSY97 round-11
                                                                                               (2007) survey, respondents were asked how
                                                •     “Intergenerational Links: NLSY79         often they had done any volunteer work
Currently, four tutorials are available on-
                                                      Mothers and Their Children” ex-          during the 12 months preceding the inter-
line for users who are seeking guidance
                                                      plains the general logic behind          view. (See YSAQ-300V1.) Of the 7,418
on some of the more complex aspects of
                                                      linking mothers and children of any      respondents who were interviewed in the
the NLSY datasets. Each tutorial provides
                                                      age covered in the Children of the       2007 round, the codebook indicates that
step-by-step details as well as tips.
                                                      NLSY79 dataset. The tutorial also        2,508 respondents said they had partici-
                                                      uses a specific example of mothers       pated at least once in some sort of volunteer
•     “Linking Roster Items Across                    and young adult daughters to show        work. The 4,910 remaining respondents
      Rounds” explains how to find the                how to create parallel variables indi-   said that they had not participated at all,
      same member of the respondent’s                 cating a first birth prior to age 18.    they didn’t know whether they had or not,
      household across different NLSY97                                                        or they did not wish to answer the question.
      survey rounds. The goal is to link                                                       Only the 2,508 respondents who said they
                                                    A fifth tutorial on how to conduct
      household roster items across sur-                                                       had participated in volunteer work were
                                                variable searches using the new NLS
      vey rounds using unique household                                                        then asked the follow-up question about
                                                investigator is in the works.
      member ID codes. Users learn how                                                         volunteerism: “Which of the following is
                                                    The first three tutorials listed above
      to find the household roster vari-                                                       the main reason you do volunteer work?”
                                                can be accessed individually at http://
      ables, extract selected roster data,                                                     (See YSAQ-300V2.) The codebook page
      and compare unique ID (UID) codes                                                        for that variable shows that 4,910 remain-
                                                maintoc.html under “Other NLSY97
      across rounds.                                                                           ing respondents were valid skips, which are
                                                Documentation.” The fourth tutorial, on
                                                                                               coded as “-4”s.
•     “Matching Cohabitating Partners           linking mothers and children, is available
                                                                                                   “Invalid skips” occur when a respon-
      to their Characteristics in the           at
                                                                                               dent is inadvertently skipped over a section
      NLSY97” assists users in linking a        under “Children and Young Adult Data and
                                                                                               that he or she should have answered. This
      respondent’s cohabiting partner to        Documentation.”                         
                                                                                               most often happened in the early years of
      the partner’s characteristics using                                                      the NLS surveys when the surveys were
      information from the created event                 NLS Terms to Know:                    administered using paper and pencil, and
      history arrays, household and non-                     Valid Skip                        the skip patterns were sometimes difficult
      resident rosters, and partner rosters.                                                   to control. The computerization of the
      The tutorial takes users through the          A “valid skip” occurs when an NLS          NLS surveys greatly reduced the number
      process of finding the age of the         respondent is systematically skipped over      of invalid skips.
      NLSY97 respondent’s first cohab-          a question or a section of a survey because        An examination of the questionnaires
      iting partner. Users learn how to         the respondent is not part of the universe     themselves is probably the best way to
      find and tag the relevant variables,      that is required to answer that question or    figure out complicated skip patterns. Users
      extract selected variables, find the      question series. Respondents are not asked     who have concerns that a particular vari-
      partner ID for the first partner, split   every question. For instance, some ques-       able does not have enough responses are
      the partner ID into round and loop        tions might apply to only one gender or to     encouraged to trace skip patterns back to
      number, locate the partner on the         only a certain age range. Users should trace   determine the universe of respondents who
      partner roster, and link the partner      back skip patterns to determine whether        were asked a question and those respon-
      to his or her age.                        a respondent was skipped out because a         dents who were skipped past that question
                                                given topic was inapplicable to him or her     or section. For a list of all NLS documen-
•    “Constructing Comparable Samples           or because the respondent answered similar
      across the NLSY79 and NLSY97”                                                            tation, including the questionnaires, go to
                                                questions along a different path.     and
      walks users through the basic steps           The number of valid skips is provided
      of constructing parallel samples for                                                     search under “Questionnaires and Code-
                                                on each variable’s codebook page in the        books.”
      research projects that use both the                                                                                                
                                                NLS Investigator at http://www.nlsinfo.
      NLSY79 and NLSY97 cohorts. The            org/investigator. The codebook total
      tutorial uses a specific example of                                                                Special Issue of
                                                includes the number of respondents who
      constructing work status at age 20                                                             Marriage & Family Review
                                                provided an answer for that particular
      for both samples. Users learn how         question, those who answered “don’t
      to select the samples for analysis,       know,” and those who refused to answer            Marriage & Family Review has re-
      determine the age and interview           the question. It also provides the number      leased a special edition (Issue 45, 2-3, April
      years needed for the analysis, create     of valid skips (in other words, the number     2009) featuring NLSY97 family process
      tagsets of variables to define work       of respondents who were skipped past that      data. The special issue was made possible
      status at age 20 for both cohort da-      question for legitimate reasons) for that      by the office of the U.S. Department of

                                                            NLS           News

Health and Human Services, Assistant Sec-        restricted data.                                to have completed, as of the 2007 data
retary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE),                                                       collection) is an XRND variable because
which initiated and funded the project. The      A1. The variables for country of origin of      the highest grade completed information is
project aimed to discover those elements         parent and parent’s spouse or partner have      present for each respondent regardless of
of relationships within married-parent           been removed from the geocode release.          whether they were interviewed in 2007.
families that are beneficial or harmful          After review, it was decided that releasing
to teenage offspring. The articles in the        these variables posed too much of a risk of     Q4. How soon after they turn 40 do
journal address the question: “How do key        respondent disclosure.                          NLSY79 respondents receive the 40+
family processes (with a particular empha-                                                       Health Module questions?
sis on marriage and marital quality) impact
the overall development, emergence, and          Q2. Looking at NLSY79 income data in            A4. The protocol was to administer the
well-being of teens as they transition into      several survey years, I observe that the        40+ Health Module to respondents on
young adulthood?” (See page 111 from             value “$839,078” is repeated for many           one occasion after they turned 40 and to
the “Exploring Family Processes in the           observations. I don’t quite believe that        interview respondents as close to age 40
NLSY97” article by Randal D. Day, Kel-           “$839,078” is the exact amount of income        as possible. Because of the way birthdays
leen Kaye, Elizabeth C. Hair, and Kristin        for so many of the respondents. Why do          and interview dates fall in a given year, a
Anderson Moore.) A secondary goal of the         many people share this maximum num-             respondent wasn’t always interviewed at
project was to promote NLSY97 family             ber?                                            age 40. For instance, if a respondent who
process variables, including variables that                                                      is interviewed in each round turned age 40
focus on family routines, the parent-youth       A2. From 1989 to 1994, high income              in 1998—but was interviewed prior to his
relationship, parental monitoring, control       values were replaced with a group average       birth date—then he would not take the 40+
and autonomy in parenting adolescents,           to protect respondent confidentiality. For      Health Module until the next possible sur-
parenting style, and the parents’ marital        example, respondents who reported a wage        vey year. (In this case, the next survey year
relationship.                                    income of more than $100,000 in 1992 do         would be 2000 because NLSY79 surveys
    In addition to Day, Kaye, Hair, and An-      not have their actual responses listed in the   are biennial.) Therefore, the respondent
derson Moore, journal contributors include       dataset. Instead, those respondents’ income     would be either age 41 or 42, depending on
Stephen M. Gavazzi, Alena M. Hadley,             values are simply the group average of all      the date of interview. If this same respon-
Erin K. Holmes, Hinckley A. Jones-Sanpei,        people who reported an income of more           dent was not interviewed in the 2000 in-
Richard Miller, Dennis K. Orthner, Jessica       than $100,000. This use of the group aver-      terview, he would be interviewed in 2002,
L. Smith Price, Alisa van Langeveld, and         age resulted in many respondents having         receiving the health module at that time. In
Jeremy Yorgason.                                 identical values.                               that case, his age would be 43 or 44 at the
    The ASPE (                                                           date of interview.
is the principal advisor to the Secretary of     The income section of the NLSY79 Users
the U.S. Department of Health and Human          Guide, available at http://www.nlsinfo.         The 40+ Health Module series can be
Services on policy development, and is           org/nlsy79/docs/79html/79text/income.           accessed through the NLS Investigator
responsible for major activities in policy       htm, has a more complete description of         ( by
coordination, legislation development,           various topcoding algorithms the NLSY79         searching the “Health Module 40 & Over”
strategic planning, policy research, evalu-      has used. Topcoding primarily affects           Area of Interest. To determine the age of
ation, and economic analysis.                   seven of the NLSY79 income variables:           a respondent when they took the health
                                                 income from respondent’s wages, respon-         module, use the R number H00002.00 (the
   Frequently Asked Questions                    dent’s business, spouse’s wages, spouse’s       variable that gives the year the health mod-
                                                 business, partner’s wages, the wages of the     ule was administered) along with the “Age
The NLS staff encourages researchers to          rest of the family, and other sources such as   of R At Interview Date” key variables (for
contact NLS User Services with questions         rents, interest, and dividends.                 example, T09890.00 in 2006).
and problems that arise while accessing
and using NLS data or documentation. Ev-         Q3. I noticed that for the NLSY97 variable      Q5. Are the units in “INCOME” vari-
ery effort is made to answer these inquiries.    I’m using, the survey year is indexed as        ables given in current dollars, or are they
Following are some recent questions and          “XRND” rather than an actual survey year.       inflation-adjusted to the latest year of the
answers that may be of general interest to       What is the definition of XRND?                 survey?
NLS users:
                                                 A3: The XRND denotation refers to a             A5. The income variables are in current
Q1. I am currently using the restricted-use      “cross round” variable. If a variable has       dollars.
Geocode NLSY97 data and am having dif-           the year listed as XRND, it means the in-
ficulty locating the variables that identified   formation to create this variable came from     Q6. Where can I find the father’s race in
the country of origin for the respondent’s       the latest interview, whatever round that       the NLSY79 Child/Young Adult Survey?
parents and the country of origin for the        may be. For example, the NLSY97 created
parent’s spouse or partner. I remember           variable “CVC_HGC_EVER_2007” (the               A6. Father’s race is collected only after
the variables being on an earlier round of       highest grade the respondent ever reported      children become eligible for the Young

                                                          NLS           News

Adult survey. (Started in 1994, the Young       Caputo, Richard K. and Susan E. Mason.        Full-Time Employment and Overweight
Adult survey requires respondents to be age     “Role of Intact Family Childhood on           Children: Parametric, Semi-Parametric,
15 or older in the survey calendar year.)       Women’s Earnings Capacity: Implications       and Non-Parametric Assessment.” Journal
During the first survey completed after         for Evidence-Based Practices.” Journal of     of Econometrics 152, no. 1 (September
these respondents become young adults,          Evidence-Based Social Work 6, no. 3 (July     2009): 61-69. [Children of the NLSY79,
they are asked to report their father’s race.   2009): 244-55. [Young Women]                  NLSY79]
These variables can be accessed in the
NLS Investigator (http://www.nlsinfo.           Cooksey, Elizabeth C., Heather Joshi, and     Loughran, David S. and Julie M. Zissimo-
org/investigator) by searching “YA Fam-         Georgia Verropoulou. “Does Mothers’ Em-       poulos. “Why Wait? The Effect of Marriage
ily Background” in the Area of Interest         ployment Affect Children’s Development:       and Childbearing on the Wages of Men and
search option.                                 Evidence from the Children of the Brit-       Women.” Journal of Human Resources 44,
                                                ish 1970 Birth Cohort and the American        no. 2 (Spring 2009): 326-49. [NLSY79,
      Completed NLS Research                    NLSY79.” Longitudinal and Life Course         Young Men, Young Women]
                                                Studies 1, no. 1 (May 2009): 95-115. [Chil-
The list that follows shows bibliographic       dren of the NLSY79, NLSY79]                   Lundberg, Shelly, Jennifer L. Romich, and
information for recent research based on                                                      Kwok Ping Tsang. “Decision-Making by
data from the NLS cohorts that has not          Deming, David. “Early Childhood Inter-        Children.” Review of Economics of the
appeared in its current form in a previous      vention and Life-Cycle Skill Development:     Household 7, no. 1 (March 2009): 1-30.
issue of the NLS News. (See the NLS             Evidence from Head Start.” American           [Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79]
Annotated Bibliography at http://www.           Economic Journal: Applied Economics 1, for a comprehensive         no. 3 (July 2009): 111-34. [Children of the   Magnuson, Katherine A. and Lawrence
listing of NLS-related research.)               NLSY79, NLSY79]                               Marc Berger. “Family Structure States and
                                                                                              Transitions: Associations with Children’s
Arkes, Jeremy and Jacob Alex Klerman.           Galizzi, Monica and Jay L. Zagorsky.          Well-Being During Middle Childhood.”
“Understanding the Link Between the             “How Do On-the-Job Injuries and Illnesses     Journal of Marriage and Family 71, no.
Economy and Teenage Sexual Behavior             Impact Wealth?” Labour Economics 16,          3 (August 2009): 575-91. [Children of the
and Fertility Outcomes.” Journal of Popu-       no. 1 (January 2009): 26-36. [NLSY79]         NLSY79, NLSY79]
lation Economics 22, no. 3 (July 2009):
517-36. [NLSY97]                                Griffith, Amanda L. and Donna S. Roth-        Maximova, Katerina and Amélie Quesnel-
                                                stein. “Can’t Get There From Here: The        Vallée. “Mental Health Consequences of
Addison, John T. and Christopher James          Decision To Apply To A Selective Col-         Unintended Childlessness and Unplanned
Surfield. “Atypical Work and Employment         lege.” Economics of Education Review 28,      Births: Gender Differences and Life
Continuity.” Industrial Relations 48, no. 4     no. 5 (October 2009): 620-628. [NLSY97]       Course Dynamics.” Social Science and
(October 2009): 655-83. [NLSY79]                                                              Medicine 68, no. 5 (March 2009): 850-57.
                                                Harden, K. Paige, Brian M. D’Onofrio,         [NLSY79]
Aughinbaugh, Alison. “Who goes to               Carol Van Hulle, Eric Turkheimer, Jo-
College? Evidence from the NLSY97.”             seph L. Rodgers, Irwin D. Waldman, and        Miller, Amalia Rebecca. “Motherhood
Monthly Labor Review 131, no. 8 (August         Benjamin B. Lahey. “Population Density        Delay and the Human Capital of the Next
1, 2008): 33-43. [NLSY97]                       And Youth Antisocial Behavior.” Journal       Generation.” American Economic Review
                                                of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 50,        99, no. 2 (May 2009): 154–58. [Children
Bacolod, Marigee Ponla, Bernardo S.             no. 8 (2009): 999-1008. [Children of the      of the NLSY79, NLSY79]
Blum, and William C. Strange. “Skills in        NLSY79, NLSY79]
the City.” Journal of Urban Economics 65,                                                     Mossakowski, Krysia N. “Influence of Past
no. 2 (March 2009): 136-53. [NLSY79]            Hjalmarsson, Randi. “Criminal Justice In-     Unemployment Duration on Symptoms of
                                                volvement and High School Completion.”        Depression Among Young Women and Men
Bender, Keith A. and John D.F. Skatun.          Journal of Urban Economics 63, no. 2          in the United States.” American Journal of
“Quality of Matches in the Labor Market:        (March 2008): 613-30, 2008. [NLSY97]          Public Health 99, no. 10 (October 2009):
The Constraint in Hours and Its Associated                                                    1826-32. [NLSY79]
Loss.” Economic Inquiry 47, no. 3 (July         Joshi, Prathibha V., Kris A. Beck, and
2009): 512-29. [NLSY79]                         Christian Nsiah. “Student Characteristics     Murphy, Debra A., Mary-Lynn Brecht,
                                                Affecting the Decision to Enroll in a Com-    Diane M. Herbeck, and David Huang.
Burnett, Kristin and George Farkas. “Pov-       munity College: Economic Rationale.”          “Trajectories of HIV Risk Behavior from
erty and Family Structure Effects on            Community College Journal of Research         Age 15 to 25 in the National Longitudinal
Children’s Mathematics Achievement:             and Practice 33, no. 10 (October 2009):       Survey of Youth Sample.” Journal of Youth
Estimates from Random and Fixed Effects         805-22. [NLSY97]                              and Adolescence 38, no. 9 (October 2009):
Models.” The Social Science Journal 46,                                                       1226-39. [NLSY97]
no. 2 (June 2009): 297–318. [Children of        Liu, Echu, Cheng Hsiao, Tomoya Mat-
the NLSY79]                                     sumoto, and Shin-Yi Chou. “Maternal           Orth, Ulrich, Richard W. Robins, and

                                                       NLS           News

Laurenz L. Meier. “Disentangling the          a Disability: An Examination of Resident     Individual Level Characteristics at Leaving
Effects of Low Self-Esteem and Stressful      and Nonresident Fathers.” Journal of         on Returning.” Population Research and
Events on Depression: Findings from           Population Research 25, no, 3 (October       Policy Review 28, no. 4 (August 2009):
Three Longitudinal Studies.” Journal of       2008): 357-77. [NLSY97]                      405-28. [NLSY79]
Personality and Social Psychology 97, no.
2 (August 2009): 307-21. [NLSY79]             Sullivan, Paul Joseph. “Estimation of        Western, Bruce and Deirdre Bloome. “Vari-
                                              an Occupational Choice Model When            ance Function Regressions for Studying
Plank, Stephen B. “High School Dropout        Occupations Are Misclassified.” Journal of   Inequality.” Sociological Methodology 39,
and the Role of Career and Technical          Human Resources 44, no. 2 (Spring 2009):     no. 1 (August 2009): 293-326. [NLSY79]
Education: A Survival Analysis of Surviving   495-535. [NLSY79]
High School.” Sociology of Education 81,                                                   Zagorsky, Jay L. and Patricia K. Smith.
no. 4 (October 2008): 345-70. [NLSY97]        Wilson, Beth A., Eddy Helen Berry, Mi-       “Does the U.S. Food Stamp Program con-
                                              chael B. Toney, Young-Taek Kim, and John     tribute to adult weight gain?” Economics
Shandra, Carrie L., Dennis P. Hogan, and      B. Cromartie. “A Panel Based Analysis of     and Human Biology 7 (2009): 246–58.
Carrie E. Spearin. “Parenting a Child with    the Effects of Race/Ethnicity and Other      [NLSY79]                              

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              e-mail: Or use our online submission form—just go to
     and click on “Submit Citation.”                                         

                                      NLS Contact Information
NLS News is published quarterly by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. It is distributed both nationwide and
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NLS User Services:    Center for Human Resource Research      NLS documentation,
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