Pushmataha County Cooperative Extension Service
2010 1st Qtr. Jan/Feb/Mar
Agriculture 4-H and Home and Community
and Rural Youth Community Nutrition
Development Education Educational
Upcoming Events Programs
Jan 6th– Antlers 4-H mtg. 9 &
10 yr. olds.
Jan 11th– Antlers 4-H Mtg.
11 and older
4-H Happenings—Nancy Tucker & Tom Smith
Jan 10th—Shooting Sports
The Omni Plex
Christina.email@example.com. Moyers Jr. 4-H Lock
Jan 23rd—Share the Fun/Arts Camp will be Feb- in will be February
CHANGES TO ANTLERS
Feb 1st- Antlers Club Mtg. 9 ruary 26th and 19th and 20th. Starts
4-H MEETING: Due to the at 6:oopm at Moyers
and 10 yr. olds 27th at the Science
increasing number of School.
Feb. 8th– Antlers club 11 and children attending our 4- Museum in OKC.
older H meetings, we have de- Forms are available Goat Meeting
Feb 14th—Shooting Sports cided to separate them. Through your club January 30th Push.
One week we will have County Fairgrounds
Feb 19th—Jr. 4-H Lock In at leader.
the 9 and 10 year olds, 10am.
and the next we will have
Feb 26 & 27—OmniPlex the 11 and over. This will RETIREMENT
Camp-In make our meetings more Share the Arts ANNOUNCED:
efficient and we will be (Share the Fun) Nancy Tucker our
March 1st- Antlers Club Mtg. able to accomplish our is scheduled for Family Consumer Sci-
9 and 10 yr olds. tasks. We plan on having ence and 4-H Educator
March 8th—Antlers Club 11 a meeting for the 9 and January 23rd and county director
and older 10 year olds on Wednes- 10:00am at Clayton will be retiring on
day January Auditorium. So March 5, 2010. Please
March 3—Retirment reception th
6 2010, and start working on join us for a come and
for Nancy Tucker 11-1pm
the 11 and go reception on March
March 4,5,6 Livestock Show older meeting your act today and 3rd from 11 am till
March 11th– Deadline for Dis- on Monday come join the fun. 1pm at the Extension
trict Speech Contest January 11th Office.
March 14th-Shooting Sports
March 25-County Speech Notes for the new year—Derek Lehman, 4-H President
March 30 &31– 2009 has been a great year, but I I know that she will be great and that
think 2010 will be a lot better. We everybody will love her. Share the Fun is
Farm to You
have several big plans for next year, January 23rd, so be ready! Everybody
so we know that everybody will have always has a lot of fun there. You can do
a good time. (but I’m not pretty much any talent that you want.
going to tell you what (Though most people sing, dance, or do a
they are yet) I would skit) Well, that is all I have to say, so I
also like to congratulate hope to see you guys soon. Have a won-
Christina on being our derful Christmas and a happy New Year!
new 4-H program assis-
Community Events & Rural
January 15th and 16th there will be a ‘Snowball”
Winter dance at the Pushmataha County Fair- 1 tablespoon chocolate syrup
grounds. Semi-Formal attire is required. The 2 tablespoons peppermint syrup or peppermint
dance is sponsored by: SWAT, 2M2L, YAB, 4-H baking chips
and Turning Point Coalition. 1/2 cup (4-ounces) hot fresh brewed coffee
whipped cream, for garnish
January 15th 7—11:30pm is for 9-12th grad-
chocolate shavings, for garnish
January 16th 7-10 pm is for 6-8th graders. Directions
To a coffee mug, add chocolate syrup, peppermint
This dance is open to all youth. Refreshments
syrup and coffee. Mix together. Top with a dollop of
whipped cream and chocolate shavings.
March 4, 5 and 6th will be the annual Livestock
Servings: 1 serving
show at the Pushmataha County Fairgrounds. Prep Time: 5 min
For more information Contact Tom Smith at Cook Time:
298-5563. Difficulty: Easy
Women in Ag, Small Business Confer-
ence and Trade Show will be held
January 26th from 8 am till 5pm at the
S.E. Expo Center in McAlester, Oklahoma
Cheese Egg Rolls
3-4 slices Steak-ums
Begin with the 1/2 cup sliced onions
end in mind. 1 tsp. salt
Housekeeping Humor: 1 tbsp. milk
1 cup cheddar cheese
Egg Roll wraps
The bride was anything but a tidy housekeeper. It
didn't bother her much until one evening when her Vegetable Oil (for deep frying)
husband called from the hall, somewhat dismayed: In frying pan cook the Steak-umm and onion with salt.
Set aside in a bowl.
"Honey, what happened to the dust on
this table? I had a phone number written Whisk together milk and egg to form an egg wash.
Brush the edge of wrapper in egg wash.
Place two spoonfulls of steak and onion in center of each
wrapper and generously sprinkle with cheese.
Fold according to directions Fry 2—21/2 minutes.
Extension Notes - Tom Smith email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Gardening Notes—Proper Disposal of Ashes
Well, winter arrived a couple of weeks early and fireplaces and wood stoves are puffing smoke all across
southeastern Oklahoma. But even as we enjoy the warmth and beauty of a nice crackling fire, the question
arises: What do I do with these ashes?
One beneficial use for fireplace ashes is to apply them to lawns and gardens. Soils in our area are normally
acidic and low in potassium, while fireplace ashes contain an average of 6% potassium and have an average
pH of about 11 ½, varying based on the type of wood and heat of the fire. Thus, addition of ashes to lawns and
gardens can reduce the need for agricultural lime and potassium fertilizer. Also, ashes are much more soluble
than lime, so they will reduce or neutralize soil acidity within a few days of rain or tillage.
Fireplace ashes are not a perfect fertilizer, however. They contain very little nitrogen and phosphorus, also
major nutrients required by plants. Perhaps more important, ashes have relatively high salt content, with Total
Soluble Salts averaging 22%. Excessive application of fireplace ashes can cause sufficient buildup of salts
and/or elevate the soil pH to a level that inhibits plant growth. No ashes should be applied to blueberries, azal-
eas, or other plants that require an acid soil for proper growth and production.
So, how much can be applied to your garden or lawn? At risk of sounding like an economist, “It depends.”
Coarse sandy soils can only tolerate about half as much as can be applied to finer textured soils. As a general
rule, coarse sandy soils such as those found in some areas southwest of Antlers should have no more than 10
gallons/1000 square feet. Much of the rest of the county can tolerate as much as 20 gallons/1000 square feet,
depending on the soil pH and the salt and phosphorus levels. These numbers are based on an average ECCE of
20 for ashes and weight of 5 pounds/gallon.
It is recommended that a soil test be taken prior to application of ashes, if one has not been done within the
past couple of years, to ensure that pH, total soluble salts, and potassium will not become excessively high.
Also, measuring the area to receive ashes will help determine the needed amount of ashes for that location.
After applying ashes to a particular site, that area should not have more ashes applied until a soil test indicates
a need for lime and potassium again.
For more information on this or other topics, contact Tom Smith at the Pushmataha County OSU Cooperative
Extension Office located at 306 SW B Street in Antlers or call (580)298-5563. Oklahoma State University, U.
S. Department of Agriculture, State and Local governments cooperating. Oklahoma State University in com-
pliance with Title VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Executive Order 11246 as amended, Title IX of
the Education Amendments of 1972, Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, and other federal and state laws
and regulations, does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, age, religion, disabil-
ity, or status as a veteran in any of its policies, practices, or procedures.
Gardening requires a lot of water most
of it in the form of perspiration.
USDA and county commis- Here are some tips to incorporate Portion control can also be imple-
sioners cooperating. Okla- portion control into your daily mented when away from home and
homa Cooperative Extension
Service offers it programs to diet: on the go.
all eligible persons regardless
of race, sex, age, disability, or • Take a standard serving out of the “When eating out, share your meal,
status as a veteran, and is an package and eat it off a plate, not di- order half-portions or order an appe-
equal opportunity employer rectly from the bag. tizer as a main meal,” “You can also
Do you know how • Avoid eating in front of the tele-
take half or more of your meal home.
Another trick is to ask for half of
much you are eating? vision or while busy with other ac-
your meal to be boxed up before eat-
tivities. Pay attention to what you are
ing so you will not be tempted to eat
One of the new year resolution that eating so you can enjoy your food.
we all set is to loose that extra 10 more than you need.”
pounds we’ve put on. • Eat slowly so your brain can get Also keep in mind to avoid large bev-
the message that the stomach is full. erages, which have a lot of extra calo-
Maybe these suggestions will help.
• Take seconds on vegetable or ries, and to stop eating when you feel
salads, not the high-fiber, higher- full.
Have you ever thought about that
calorie part of the meal. When traveling, bring along nutri-
heaping helping of mashed potatoes
tious foods that will not spoil and if
on your plate? Ever wonder what the • When cooking large batches,
you stop at fast food restaurants order
actual portion size is? freeze food that will not be served
salad or the small burger with lettuce
right away. This way you are not
Chances are it is smaller than what and tomato.
tempted to finish the entire batch be-
you are eating. Choosing nutritious
fore it spoils. “Drink water instead of a soft drink
foods and keeping portion sizes sensi-
and if you want French fries, order
ble may help you reach and stay at a • Try to eat three sensible meals at
the smaller size.”
healthy weight. regular times throughout the day.
When you skip meals this can lead to
“The amount of calories you eat af-
larger portions or high-calorie foods
fects your weight,” “In addition to For more information on
at the next meal. Community Nutrition Edu-
selecting a healthful variety of foods,
cation Programs contact
look at the size of the portions you • Keep snacking to a minimum.
eat.” Laverda Johnson, CNEP Area
When having a treat such as chips, Coordinator at 580-298-6653.
cookies or ice cream, eat only one
serving, eat slowly and enjoy.
V OLU ME 1 , ISSUE 1 PAGE 5
Extension Notes by Tom Smith email@example.com
LIVESTOCK NEED EXTRA ENERGY AS TEMPERATURE DROPS
By Tom Smith below 59 degrees Fahrenheit, the amount of feed and hay
and animals will need an ad- each by 20-30% and extend-
The New Year has arrived, ditional 2% of energy for ing this regimen beyond the
and with it came a hearty each degree of change. For
end of the storm, while not
Arctic blast of cold example, if a cow gets wet
weather. Ranchers are pull- and the wind chill is 9 de- doubling the daily energy
ing on heavier coats and grees, as in the previous ex- supply, will help animals re-
coveralls to stay warm as ample, the wind chill is now gain the energy lost and do
they feed their animals. 50 degrees less than the criti- so in a manner that will
But those animals are also cal temperature of 59. Need- avoid severe digestive prob-
suffering the effects of the ing an extra 2% of energy for lems.
cold weather. So how each degree, the cow will
much extra feed do cattle need to consume an addi-
need when temperatures tional 100% of energy in or-
drop? der to maintain her body
As a general rule, research
has shown that a cow with a As most ranchers know, it is
dry hair coat will need an virtually impossible to dou-
extra 1% of energy for each ble the amount of energy a
degree the wind chill falls
cow consumes with the feed
below 32 degrees Fahren-
heit. This means that, if the and hay available. Attempt-
ing to make drastic changes Q. How many cowhides
wind chill falls to 9 degrees does it take to supply the Na-
(23 degrees below the 32 in the quantity and quality of tional Football League with
degree standard), a cow feed on a daily basis would enough leather to produce foot-
will need 23% more energy balls for one season?
also cause severe digestive
to maintain her current A. About three thousand
problems. A more sensible
body condition. Q: Which mineral sup-
solution is to slightly in-
But things change drasti- plied by beef is most likely to be
crease the feed just prior to
missing from American diets?
cally when it starts to rain, or at the onset of severe
sleet or snow. Once the A: Beef is one of the best food
weather and continue a few
animal’s hair coat becomes sources of iron, a mineral lack-
wet, extra energy is needed days after the storm ends to
ing especially in the diets of
when the wind chill falls allow the cow to recover her many women and children
lost condition. Increasing
Family and Consumer Sciences
Nancy Tucker firstname.lastname@example.org
Make the Time To Talk Promise: Make a commitment to
yourself and your children to have regular, authentic, two-way
I promise to find as many opportunities as possible to communicate with
I promise to listen and be there for my children when they need to talk.
I promise to have ongoing conversations with my kids about the risks of
drugs and alcohol.
I promise to have open, honest and loving talks with my kids.
I promise to treasure the conversations I have with my children.
OHCE Upcoming Events
January 5th– Lesson “Prize Winning Reports” Re-scheduled
January 26th—Executive Meeting 5:00pm OSU Extension Office
February 1st– Deadline for articles for Oklahoma Outreach
February 15th—Plant it, can it, freeze it at 5:00pm St. James Church
March 2nd– Spring Council Meeting 6pm Fair Building
March 16th - SE District Meeting at Tishimingo Registration $16.00
Due by February 25th. 6
nancy.tuc ker@o kstate. edu
Oklahoma Home and Community Education—
Nancy Tucker email@example.com
Grow your Own Salad Indoors
Grow Your Own Salad Indoors less potting mix and plastic growing should grow beautifully with just oc-
Do you miss eating tender, fresh containers. You can also get creative casional watering. If the leaves get
greens from the garden? Making sal- and grow salad greens in recycled pale green or yellow, give the seed-
ads from store-bought packages of household containers. For example, lings a shot of liquid fertilizer when
baby spinach, lettuce, and mesclun the clear plastic containers that store- watering.
grown in Mexico or California just bought lettuce mixes come in make Once the leaves on the greens are a
isn’t the same. So why not grow your excellent growing trays. The key with few inches tall, it’s time to start har-
own greens? It’s not hard, even in any homemade container is to poke vesting. Remind your child that you
winter -- all you need are some grow drainage holes in the bottom. won’t be growing full heads of let-
lights, seeds, soil, and time. Let There Be Light tuce or large kale plants. The idea is
Growing greens indoors not only The most important aspect of indoor to harvest the greens as baby plants
perks up your winter salads, it can be growing is providing the right light. when they are 3 to 4 inches tall and
a conversation starter with your child In December and January the sun is at then let them grow again. That way,
or grandchild about where our food its lowest angle in the sky and its the plants won’t take up too much
comes from. Visit a supermarket to- lowest intensity of the year. The days space and you’ll get multiple har-
gether and have your child check the are too short and dim for good plant vests. Harvesting is easy. Using scis-
produce aisle for the countries of ori- growth. However, using a simple sors simply cut the greens one inch
gin listed on packages of vegetables shop light you can increase the light above the soil line. Lettuce, spinach,
and fruits. Discuss the advantages intensity indoors enough to grow and mesclun greens will grow back to
and disadvantages of buying this im- greens. Purchase a 2- or 4-bulb fix- yield another harvest in a few weeks.
ported food. Ask, How much energy ture and use either full-spectrum After a few harvests the plant stems
does it take to ship food across the grow lights (the best option) or a may get thick and the leaves may stay
country, or an ocean, to get it to this combination of cool-white and warm- small. This indicates it’s time to com-
grocery store? How could eating lo- white fluorescent tubes. These bulbs post the potting mix and roots, and
cal food make a difference? will give your greens seedlings the start over.
Now that you have your child’s atten- right combination of light wave- Depending on the size and number of
tion, propose growing some of your lengths and intensity to grow strong containers you and your child plant,
own food indoors right now. Here’s and full. your family can eat fresh salads for
how: Planting and Growing Seeds weeks using this simple indoor grow-
Growing Great Greens Have your child fill your containers ing system. For fun, purchase a pack-
Greens are the easiest crops to grow with moistened potting soil. Next, age of store-bought greens and do a
indoors. Grow spinach, lettuce, mes- sprinkle the seeds about 1-inch apart blind taste test against your home-
clun mix, mustard, or kale and you on the soil surface and barely cover grown greens. See if your child can
can harvest the greens within a them with soil. You may want to help tell the two apart. He or she may be
month! Fruiting vegetables, such as young children with this step. Place amazed by the difference in taste!
eggplant, tomato, cucumber, and the planted containers under lights
and keep the seeds and soil moist.
squash, need more space and light to
grow well than the average home can Keep the bulbs on for 14 hours a day.
offer. To get started on greens, how- Once the seeds germinate, keep the
ever, you just need a few things: lights positioned just a few inches
grow lights, seeds, pots, and soil. above the seedlings. Adjust the lights
At the local garden center select daily as the plants grow. A timer is a
quick-maturing varieties of greens worthy investment, so you don’t have
that won’t grow too large, such as to remember to turn the lights on and
‘Tom Thumb’ lettuce. Purchase soil- off. At this time of year, your greens
P US H MAT A HA COOPE RA T IVE EXT E NS I ON NE WS LI NE
OSU Extension in Action
2009 Deer Festival
District 4-H Leadership Conference
USDA-OSU and County Commissioners cooperating.
Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service offers it pro-
grams to all eligible persons regardless of race, sex, age, disability, or status as a veteran, and is
an equal opportunity employer.
Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat
3 4 5 6 7 8 9
9 & 10 yr
10 11 14 15 16
Shooting Sports Antlers 4-H
12 13 Snowball
11 and older. Winter Winter
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
Office Officer Share
Closed Mtg. the Arts
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat
2 3 4 5 6
9 and 10 yr
7 8 9 10 11 12 13
4-H mtg. Officer
11 and Mtg.
15 16 17 18 4-H Lock In
Sports at Moyer’s
21 22 23 24 25 Omni Plex
Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat
1 4 5 6
4-H Meeting Nancy’s re- Live Stock Live Stock Stock Show
9 and 10 year tirement Show Show
11am-1pm Nancy’s last
7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Antlers County Deadline for
4-H mtg. Officer Speech Con-
11 and Mtg. test
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Shooting Jr. 4-H
lock in at
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31
Farm to You Farm to You