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1 THE SPIRITUAL CONDITION OF MAN 2 THE REMEDY OF GOD FOR MAN

VIEWS: 23 PAGES: 5

1 THE SPIRITUAL CONDITION OF MAN 2 THE REMEDY OF GOD FOR MAN

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									        Annalong Free Presbyterian Church: Young People’s Fellowship
           RE-
           RE-OPENING BIBLE STUDY – THE DOCTRINE OF SALVATION

The Bible has much to say about this central doctrine of salvation. To understand its full
teaching on the subject we need to take an over-all view from the Bible.

                    1. THE SPIRITUAL CONDITION OF MAN
The Word of God teaches at the creation of the world God made our first parents holy,
and with an ability to keep the Law of God which was written on their hearts. [Genesis 1
v 26, 27.] This Law they were duty bound to keep or else they must suffer the penalty for
breaking it which was death. [Genesis 2 v 17]

However God was not bound to reward their service, till he entered into a
covenant/contract with them. This covenant was not only with Adam and Eve but also
with their posterity in them.
[The substance of this covenant was that God would give to them eternal life upon
condition of perfect obedience to his law, but they would suffer death if they failed.]
                   This has come to be known as the Covenant of Works.
 [Galatians 3 v 12, Romans 10 v 5, Genesis 2 v 17 cf. Galatians 3 v 10.]

                                Did our 1st Parents Succeed?

Our first parents being tempted by Satan, broke the Covenant of Works, in eating the
forbidden fruit. [Genesis 3 v 6 – 8, 13.]

By breaking the Covenant of Works they and we in them, suffered the terrible
consequences of sin. [Romans 5 v 12, 1 Corinthians 15 v 21, 22.]
Adam and Eve, and we in them, became not only liable to eternal death but also lost all
ability to please God. [Romans 5 v 19] Mankind became by nature enemies to God and to
all spiritual good, inclined only to evil continually.

This is Original Sin, the bitter root and source of all our transgressions, in thought, word
and deed. [Ephesians 2 v 1 – 3, James 1 v 14,15, Matthew 15 v 19]

                       2. THE REMEDY OF GOD FOR MAN.

Man having brought himself into such a pitiful condition, was not able to help himself out
of it nor was he even willing to be helped by God. Nothing but death and the doom of a
lost eternity awaited him. [Genesis 3 v 8 – 10, 24. Galatians 3 v 10, Romans 6 v 23]

However God for his own glory devised a plan to save lost helpless sinners. This plan was
made and was agreed upon between God the Father and God the Son, in the great
Council of the Trinity before even the world began.
[Ephesians 1 v 4, Romans 3 v 20 – 22, Galatians 3 v 21, 22.]

The whole plan and scheme of Redemption is contained within this agreement or
covenant, which was made in eternity past.

The Bible teaches us that God choose unto eternal life, a certain definite number of lost
mankind before the world even began. [John 6 v 37, 17 v 1-3,]

                                              1
        Annalong Free Presbyterian Church: Young People’s Fellowship
           RE-
           RE-OPENING BIBLE STUDY – THE DOCTRINE OF SALVATION

He then gave them unto his Son, the Lord Jesus Christ, who was appointed to be their
sole Redeemer. [1 Timothy 2 v 5]

There were certain conditions in that Covenant of Grace to which Christ agreed:-
* That he would humble himself so as to take a human nature, a soul and a body, into
personal union with his divine nature. [Hebrews 2 v 14, 16]

* That he would submit himself to the Law as Surety for the elect, and in order to satisfy
divine justice for them. [Galatians 4 v 4]

* That by rendering obedience to the Law on the behalf of the elect, even unto the cross,
he would redeem them from sin and death. [Hebrews 12 v 2, 3. Philippians 2 v 8]

* That by his obedience unto death, he would purchase for them righteousness and
eternal life. [1 Peter 1 v 18, 19]

* That he would apply all saving graces unto the hearts of the elect. [John 17 v 9-12]

Christ agreed to and accepted these conditions on behalf of all the elect before even time
began. By virtue of the Covenant of Grace, Christ is in all ages since even the Fall,
applying the benefits of the Covenant blessings unto the elect.

To fulfill this Covenant, Christ as the sole Mediator of it was given the three-fold office of
Prophet, Priest and King.

He was made Prophet to reveal all saving knowledge to his people. To persuade them to
believe and obey the same. [John 1 v 18, 1 Peter 1 v 10 – 12]

He was made a Priest to offer up himself a sacrifice once for them all. [Hebrews 9 v 14,
28]

He was made a King, to subdue them to himself, to feed and rule them by his own
appointed ordinances, and to defend them from their enemies. [Acts 15 v 14, 1
Corinthians 15 v 25]




           Answer the following revision questions in the Doctrine of Salvation.
                            1. What is the Covenant of Works?
                                  2. What is Original Sin?
                       3. What plan did God devise to save sinners?
                               4. When was this plan made?
                   5. What did Christ agree to in the Covenant of Grace?
                                   6. Who are the elect?
            7. What are the offices which Christ fulfils in the Covenant of Grace?
                            Discuss the answers in your groups!


                                               2
        Annalong Free Presbyterian Church: Young People’s Fellowship
           RE-
           RE-OPENING BIBLE STUDY – THE DOCTRINE OF SALVATION

          3. THE MEANS BY WHICH THE COVENANT IS APPLIED.

As God planned the Covenant of Grace so he has also planned the means by which the
benefits are applied to the elect.

[1] The Preached Word – in which the free offer of grace is made to sinners. Namely:
upon condition of faith in Jesus Christ, whosoever will repent of their sin and confess it to
God, and rest by faith on Christ alone for salvation can partake of the blessings of the
Covenant of Grace.
It is the divine work of God the Holy Spirit to effectually apply the word in a saving
manner to the hearts of the elect. [Titus 3 v 5]
[2] By the Sacraments, the Covenant is sealed and confirmed in the hearts of the elect.
Sinners do not enjoy the blessings of being in the Covenant of Grace through the
Sacraments; they are instead God’s method of confirming in their lives those blessings.
[3] By proper church-government the elect are helped in the keeping of the Covenant.
[4] By prayer God’s grace is daily acknowledged and drawn forth.

The Covenant of Grace in the Old Testament is the same as the New, although they differ
in the mode of administration.

              4. THE BLESSINGS CONVEYED BY THOSE MEANS.

By the power of the Holy Spirit our Lord applies unto the elect, all saving graces and
makes a change in their persons. This is the great work of conversion, without which no
individual may enter into the Kingdom of God. [Matthew 18 v 3] In conversion God
changes the sinner’s inward life and his standing before God.

The inward life is changed in the following manner.
[a] God does the great work of regeneration by imparting spiritual life to the soul.
[2 Timothy 1 v 9 Acts 26 v 18]
[b] God gives saving faith enabling the elect sinner to believe wholly in Jesus Christ for
salvation. [Ephesians 2 v 8 & 9]
[c] God gives the sinner grace to repent, enabling them to turn from their sin unto God.
[Acts 11 v 18, 2 Timothy 2 v 25]
[d] God sanctifies his people enabling them to go on in the faith. This is seen when there
is spiritual fruitfulness in the person’s life. [John 15 v 16]

God also changes the state of elect before him.
[a] They are justified. [Romans 3 v 24 & 25] By God imputing unto them that perfect
obedience which Christ gave to the Law and the satisfaction also which Christ provided
for divine justice upon the cross. All that Christ did for the sinner is accredited to the
sinners account.
[b] They are reconciled. [2 Corinthians 5 v 19 – 21] That is they are made to be at one
who were formerly enemies.
[c] They are adopted. [1 John 3 v 1] So that they are now no longer children of Satan but
are made to be made to be children of God.
[d] They are perfected. [Hebrews 12 v 23, 1 Corinthians 15 v 43] This happens to their
souls at death, and to their bodies at the resurrection.

                                              3
        Annalong Free Presbyterian Church: Young People’s Fellowship
           RE-
           RE-OPENING BIBLE STUDY – THE DOCTRINE OF SALVATION


       5. HOW GOD CONVINCES MEN OF THEIR SPIRITUAL NEED.

The general use of Christian doctrine is to convince men of sin, of righteousness and of
judgment. [John 16 v 8] Where there has been no conviction of sin, righteousness and
judgment, there cannot possibly be any salvation. This conviction is wrought in the heart
partly by the work of the law and partly by the covenant of grace.


   6. WHAT ARE THE ENCOURAGEMENTS TO BELIEVE SUCH A
      MESSAGE OF SALVATION?

[a] The invitation which has been given. [Isaiah 55 v 1 – 5]
[b] The request which has been made. [2 Corinthians 5 v 19 – 21]
[c] The command which has been made. [1 John 3 v 23]
[d] The assurance of those who do believe. [John 3 v 35 & 36]

     7. WHAT ARE THE SIGNS OF TRUE SAVING FAITH IN THE HEART.

[a] A desire to keep God’s moral law. [Matthew 5 v 16, 20]
[b] A desire to put the rules of godliness into daily practice. [2 Peter 1 v 5 – 8]
[c] Obedience must manifest itself from a right source. [1 Timothy 1 v 5]
[d] A desire to maintain communion/fellowship with Christ in private and public.
[John 15 v 1 – 5] This will include the home as well as the church.

These are just some of the evidences that someone is truly born of God. Anything short of
this is a false profession.



          Answer the following revision questions in the Doctrine of Salvation.
                   1. List the means by which the Covenant is applied.
                         2. How does God apply His saving grace?
                            3. What does God do in conversion?
                        4. How is conviction wrought in the heart?
               5. How does God encourage sinners to believe the message?
           6. What are some of the evidences that someone is truly Born of God.
                           Discuss the answers in your groups!




                                             4
        Annalong Free Presbyterian Church: Young People’s Fellowship
           RE-
           RE-OPENING BIBLE STUDY – THE DOCTRINE OF SALVATION


                        PROOFS OF A SOUND CONVERSION
                                      BY
                               RICHARD BAXTER

1. True faith in the heart and life.                31. Exercises all of the graces.
2. An ability to give a reason for the              32. Shows an increase in grace.
   hope of what is believed.                        33. Trusts in God for what he is not able
3. An understanding of the great truths                 to do for himself.
   of religion.                                     34. Accepts his duties.
4. A clear evidence of possessing the               35. Tries to control his thoughts.
   Spirit of Christ.                                36. Tries to control his passions.
5. A true desire to serve God.                      37. Tries to control his tongue.
6. Evidence of love for God in the heart.           38. Is careful about his conversion.
7. Evidence of devotion to God, in                  39. Fears to offend God by sinning.
   worship and service.                             40. One who highly values time?
8. Dependence on Christ for things                  41. One whose heart is set on doing
   spiritual and temporal.                              good.
9. Accepts Christ as sole teacher and               42. Loves his neighbours.
   guide.                                           43. Has a special love for the godly.
10. Has experienced deep repentance of              44. Shows forgiveness.
   heart and soul.                                  45. Is just in his dealings with others.
11. Conversion brings people to love the            46. Is hard working and industrious.
   Light and not the darkness.                      47. Is careful about his relatives.
12. A desire to attain unto perfection.             48. Is loyal.
13. God is the motive for living.                   49. Has courage in the cause of God.
14. Has that spirit of self-sacrifice for the       50. Show discretion.
   cause of Christ.                                 51. Shows compassion.
15. Has that same spirit of self-denial for         52. Loves the true unity of God’s people.
   the cause of Christ.                             53. Seeks that unity on Biblical terms.
16. Mortifies the flesh.                            54. Is a peacemaker?
17. Enjoys the means of grace.                      55. Seeks to glorify God in the world.
18. Is dead unto the influences of the              56. Accepts persecution for
   world.                                               righteousness sake.
19. Lives with eternity in mind.                    57. Loves a faithful gospel ministry.
20. Trusts in God.                                  58. Loves the experience of prayer.
21. Has dedicated all he has to God.                59. Places a high value on souls of men.
22. A spirit of prompt obedience to the             60. Makes it the business of life to
   things of God.                                       prepare for death.
23. A daily delight in the things of God.           Can you see in your life the marks of a sound
24. Assurance of sins forgiven.                     conversion as listed by the great preacher
25. Manifests the effects of sins forgiven.         Richard Baxter in the 17th Century?
26. Possesses a deep sense of sin.                  If you cannot see these signs in your life you
                                                    need to re-examine your conversion
27. Knows the power of temptation.
                                                    experience, and see does it match with what
28. Is prepared to suffer with and for              God says in His truth.
   Christ.
29. Has Loyalty to Christ.                          Matthew 18 v 3 “Except ye be converted, and
30. Accepts the great mysteries of God’s            become as little children, ye shall not enter
   providential dealings.                           into the kingdom of heaven.”
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