CHAPTER 5 THE ONE TRUE GOD: THE ALMIGHTY GOD IN JESUS CHRIST I. The Oneness of God A. Absolute monotheism. 1. Foundational truth, Deuteronomy 6:4-9; Mark 12:28-30. 2. Old Testament emphasis, Isaiah 37:16; 42:8; 43:10-11; 44:6, 8, 24; 45:5-6, 21-23; 46:5, 9; 52:6; 54:5. 3. What about Genesis 1:26? See Isaiah 44:24; Ephesians 1:11. 4. New Testament emphasis, Galatians 3:20; I Corinthians 8:4, 6; James 2:19. 5. One God and one mediator, the Man Christ Jesus, I Timothy 2:5; John 17:3. B. The nature of God. 1. Spirit, John 4:24. 2. Invisible, John 1:18; I Timothy 6:16. 3. Omnipresent, omnipotent, omniscient, Psalm 139. 4. At the baptism of Christ in Matthew 3, God spoke from heaven for the people’s sake and sent the sign of the dove for John the Baptist’s sake. These multiple manifestations do not require different persons; for the one omnipotent, omnipresent God can manifest Himself simultaneously in various ways for various purposes, and even in different places and to different people at the same time. C. Terminology. 1. Father: God in parental relationship, Deuteronomy 32:6; Malachi 2:10; Galatians 4:6; Hebrews 1:5; 12:9. 2. Holy Spirit: God in spiritual action, Genesis 1:2. a. Descriptive of who the one God is. Holiness is the basis of His moral attributes; spirituality is the basis of His nonmoral attributes. b. Identity with the Father, Matthew 10:20; Luke 1:35. c. I Corinthians 2:11 compares God and His Spirit to a person and his or her spirit—not two persons but one. 3. Son: manifestation of God in flesh, Luke 1:35; Romans 5:10. 4. Word: God in self-revelation, John 1:1, 14. a. Dabar (Hebrew) in Old Testament: God speaking and acting. b. Logos (Greek): reason, plan, mind; both unexpressed and expressed. c. “God uttering Himself”: God in self-disclosure. 5. “Trinity” never appears in Scripture. The Bible never says the “holy three” but the “Holy One.” I John 5:7 (in the KJV only) has the only biblical use of “three” in relation to God, and it says, “These three are one.” 6. “Three persons” never appears in Scripture. Hebrews 1:1-3 has the only biblical use of “person” in relation to God; it says the Son is the expression of the one “person” (substance) of God. II. The Identity of Jesus Christ A. Jesus is God incarnate. 1. Foundational doctrine, Colossians 2:8-10. 2. Scriptural statement, Isaiah 7:14; Isaiah 35:4-6 with Matthew 11:1-6; Micah 5:2; John 20:28-31; Acts 20:28; Romans 9:5; II Corinthians 4:4; 5:19; Colossians 1:15-19; I Timothy 3:16; Titus 2:13. B. Jesus is the Son of God. 1. Not the eternal Son; not God the Son. 2. Literal meaning: begotten of God, for God miraculously caused the conception in the womb of a virgin, Galatians 4:4; Hebrews 1:5. 3. Figurative meaning: bears the nature of God, John 5:17-18; 10:33. 4. Dual nature (deity and humanity): twofold references; prayers of Christ; greetings in the Epistles. C. Jesus is the Father incarnate. Isaiah 9:6; 63:16; John 10:30-38; 12:45; 14:7-11; I John 3:1-5; Revelation 21:6- 7. D. Jesus is Jehovah incarnate. 1. I AM, Exodus 3:14; John 8:56-59. 2. LORD (Jehovah or Yahweh), Isaiah 40:3, 5; Isaiah 45:23 with Philippians 2:9- 11; Isaiah 52:6; Jeremiah 23:5-6; Zechariah 11:12; 12:10; Acts 9:5; Revelation 22:6, 16. 3. Comparisons: Jehovah is the Lord and Jesus is the Lord, Rock, Light, Shepherd, Creator, Redeemer, King, Judge, First and Last, etc. E. The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Jesus. II Corinthians 3:17; Galatians 4:6; Philippians 1:19; John 14:16-18; 16:7. F. Who is on the throne in heaven? 1. There is one divine throne and One on the throne, Revelation 4:2. 2. The right hand is not a physical location but signifies power, authority, glory, and mediation, Exodus 15:6; Matthew 26:64-65; Acts 7:55-60; Romans 8:34; Hebrews 8:1. 3. The Lamb symbolizes the Incarnation and Atonement. The Lamb comes out of the throne, returns to the throne, and is seated on the center of the throne, Revelation 5:5-7; 7:17. 4. Jesus is the One on the throne, Revelation 4:2, 8; 1:7-8, 11, 17-18. 5. God and the Lamb is one being on one throne with one supreme name and one face, Revelation 22:3-4. This describes Jesus, who is both God and the Lamb at the same time, who has the highest name, and who is the image of the invisible God. Thus, in eternity we will see Jesus as the visible revelation of the one God. III. Conclusion A. The biblical doctrine of God. 1. One indivisible God with no distinction of persons. 2. Jesus is the fullness of the Godhead incarnate; all names and titles of the Deity properly apply to Him. B. Our Creator became our Savior. God Himself came, II Corinthians 5:19. C. Our Creator is also the indwelling Spirit. He regenerates, sanctifies, and empowers us. D. We are complete in Jesus Christ, Colossians 2:9-10.
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