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Lifting Operations _ Lifting Equ

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					Lifting Operations &
Lifting Appliances
LOLER 98
Lifting appliances must be of adequate strength &
 stability, as must the load itself
Lifting appliances used for lifting people must be
 designed to prevent falls, crushing, trapping or
 striking
Equipment must be positioned and installed to
 prevent load drifting, free-falling or unintentional
 release from causing injury
SWL and other necessary safe use information
 marked on the equipment
LOLER 98
Lifting operations must be properly planned,
 organised, supervised and carried out safely
Equipment must be thoroughly examined after
 installation and prior to service. Equipment for
 lifting people must be examined and tested every 6
 months; other equipment every 12 months
Any defects must be reported to employer, with
 particulars as specified in Schedule 1 to the Regs.
 If defects are found, equipment must not be used
 until they are remedied
Records must be kept
Cranes
Types:
     Tower Crane
     Mobile Crane
     Derrick Cranes
     Gantry Cranes
     Overhead Cranes
Cranes
Safety Devices:
     SWL/Radius Indicator
     Automatic Safe Load Indicator
Factors to Consider when
Selecting a Crane
Weight & dimension of loads
Height of lifts and distances/areas of
 movement of loads
Number and frequency of lifts
Duration of operations
Site ground conditions
Space available for crane access, erection,
 operation & dismantling
Platform Hoists
There are 2 main types:
     Cantilever type
     Enclosed structure type
Lifting Appliances
Jacks
     Screw Jacks
     Ratchet Jacks
     Hydraulic
Winches
Lifting Accessories
Ropes
Block & Tackle
Chains
Eyebolts
Safe Use of Ropes & Wires
Must be in good condition before use I.e.
 not frayed or corroded
Ropes & wires must be protected from
 sharp edges of load by use of packing
No knots or hitches in slings or lifting
 ropes
Never drag ropes or wires over the ground
When using more than one sling, ensure
 they are of the same material
Safe Use of Chains
Never use chains with links locked or
 stretched
Never hammer distorted links into position
Never use corroded or worn chains
Do not drag a chain from under a load
Do not drop chains from height
Do not use a chain over sharp corners
 without padding
Chain life is increased by lubrication
Safe Use of Lifting Accessories
Never use hooks if there is any distortion or
 cracks
Rings and shackles must be checked to see
 they are not distorted or cracked
Storage of Ropes, Wires, Chains
& Lifting Accessories
Trained and competent stores
Stores must be dry, well ventilated and free
 from corrosion
Ropes must be stored away from sunlight
 and heaters
Stored material should have a systematic
 layout
Storage of Ropes, Wires, Chains
& Lifting Accessories
Store should have area where simple
 maintenance can be carried out
Store should be secure
An are where paperwork can be carried out
 should be provided
Lifting Operations
Site Conditions
     Access/egress routes
     Inclines/gradients
     Location of adjacent buildings
     Location of overhead lines
     Ground firm enough to support crane and
      outriggers
     No voids exist e.g. manholes, drains etc.
Lifting Operations
Planning the lift
     Correct crane
     Space for access, egress and movement
     Suitable ground conditions
     Crane is level
     Underground services are protected
     No overhead or side obstructions
     Overhead power lines are isolated
Lifting Operations
Planning the lift
     Area around lift is demarcated
     Load is within SWL of crane
     Location of lifting points ensure load is level
     Lifting points are strong enough to take the
      load
     There are no persons under the load AT ANY
      TIME
Lifting Operations
Planning the lift
     Crane driver is given clear instruction by
      slinger/signaler, either by hand signals or radio
     All involved understand their role and are
      competent to undertake it
     All checks on crane and operator
      documentation are made
     Safety helmets are required to be worn by all
      staff are in vicinity
     Competent supervision
Lifting Operations
Inspection
     Cranes must have an examination & test
      loading every 4 years
     A thorough examination is required every 12
      months and an inspection and a test of the safe
      load indicator should be undertaken each week
     Inspections must be recorded

				
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