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INDUSTRIAL TRAINING INSTITUTE KU

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INDUSTRIAL TRAINING INSTITUTE KU Powered By Docstoc
					INDUSTRIAL TRAINING INSTITUTE
     PALANA, DIST:KHEDA
          GUJARAT.
CENTRE OF EXCELLANCE
( MECHANICAL SECTOR )
BASIC ELECTRICAL,ELECTRONICS &
           COMPUTER

          DURATION
           8 WEEKS
SPLIT UP OF SYLLABUS
     ( THEORY )
               WEEK NO - 1
                 LESSONES
•   IMPORTANCE OF SAFETY
•   GENERAL CARE & MAINTENANCE OF COMMON
    HAND TOOLS
•   WIRES & CABLES
•   SOLDERING & PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS &
    ITS EVES
•   DIFFERENT FLUXES FOR DIFFERENT METALS
•   CRIMPING EQUIPMENTS
•   IMPORTANCE & MAINTANANCE OF EARTHING
               WEEK NO - 2
                  LESSONES
•   RESISTANCE VOLTAGE CURRENT OPEN &
    SHORT CIRCUIT
•   OHM’S LAW,VOLTAGE DROP,SERIES /
    PARALLEL CIRCUITS
•   POWER & ENERGY RELATIONS
•   ELECTRICAL MEASURING INSTRUMENTS
•   COMMON ELECTRICAL ACCESSORIES USED
    IN INDUSTRIES
•   FUSES AND IT’S RATINGS-MATERIALS USED
               WEEK NO – 3
                  LESSONES
•   INDUCTION PRINCIPLES,ELECTRO-
    MAGNETISM-FARADAY’S LAW
•   SINGLE PHASE & POLY PHASE SYSTEM,3
    PHASE STAR-DELTA
    CONNECTIONS,IMPEDANCE & POWER
    FACTOR
•   PRINCIPLE &APPLICATION OF D.C MOTORS
•   SERIES,SHUNT & COMPOUND MOTOR – A.C.
    MOTORS
                [ NEXT PAGE ]
•   TRANSFORMERS & ITS APPLICATIONS
•   CHEMICAL EFFECT OF ELECTRICAL
    CURRENT-RECHARGABLE BATTERIES
•   A.C MOTOR STARTING ITH DOL/STAR
    DELTA STARTER
                WEEK NO - 4
                   LESSONES
•   STATIC ELECTRICITY – CAPACITORS & ITS
    APPLICATIONS
•   FUNDAMENTALS OF ELECTRON THEORY,SEMI
    CONDUCTOR DEVICES
•   SYMBOL SPECIFICATIONS-
    DIODES,TRANSISTORS,UNI JUNCTION
    TRANSISTOR,FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR
    SILICON CONTROLLED RECTIFIER & ICS
•   HALF WAVE,FULL WAVE & BRIDGE RECTIFIER
    WITH FILTERS,D.C POWER SUPPLY.
                WEEK NO –5
                   LESSONES
•   INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER FUNDAMENTEL
    AND ITS PARTS.
•   FAMILIARING WITH DISK DRIVER BOOTING OF
    A COMPUTER SYSTEM.
•   USING OF OPERATING SYSTEM LIKE WINDOW
    XP,THINKS MENU SYSTEM TOOL BARS FILE
    STRUCTURES DIRECTORS.
•   MOVING AND COPYING A FILE FROM FLOPPY
    TO HARD DISK
•   HARD DISK TO FLOPPY DISK
•   CREATING DIRECTORIES
            WEEK NO - 6
               LESSONES
•USE OF DESK TOP
•CONTROL PANEL SETTING
•EXPLORER
•REGIONAL SETTINGS
•CREATING SHORTCUTS
•USE OF SIMPLE APPLICATION LIKE PAINT
,NOTEPAD
           WEEK NO - 7
               LESSONES
•STUDY OF INTERNATE EXPLORER
•MODERN SETTING IN THE IE AND MODEM
•DIAL UP AND BROAD BAND CONNECTIONS
•OUT LOOK EXPRESS VIEWING E-MAIL
FROM THE WEB SITE & OUTLOOK EXPRESS
•CREATING E-MAIL ACCOUNTS USING
SEARCH ENGINES
•VIDEO CONFERENCING MS CHAT
                WEEK NO – 8
                   LESSONES
•   CREATING SAMPLE DOCUMENTS. USING MS
    WORD
•   TEXT WRAPPING TEXT FORMATING CHANGING
    LETTERS TO DIFFERENT CASE
•   DRAWING TABLE
•   MAIL MERGING
•   PAGE FORMATING USING DIFFERENT FONT
    TYPES
•   PRINTING A DOCUMENT
                 ( NEXT PAGE )
• USING EXCEL AS SPREAD SHEET
  FAMILIARISING WITH CELLS FORMULAS,TEXT
  NUMBERS & DATE
• USING SHORTCUTS FOR ENTERING DATE AND
  NUMBERS IN PROGRESIVE CELLS.
  COPYING FORMULAS TEXT & NUMBERS USING
  BORDERS MERGING CELLS UNMERGING
  CHANGING CELL WIDTH ROW HEIGHT
• PRINTING AN AREA OF THE SHEET OPTIONS OF
  PRINTING LIKE FIT TO PAPER,SHRINKING ETC.
• USING DIFFERENT SHEETS IN A WORK BOOK
• CHANGING COLOUR OF CELLS FONTS,TEXT.
 SKILL FOR TRAINEE IN MODULE - 3
WEEK   SKIL   DESCRIPTION
NO     NO.

01     01     IDENTIFICATION AND USE OF
              ELECTRIC..&ELECTR..ACCESSORIES &
              COMPONENTS
02     02     MEASURMENT OF ELECTRI.. &
              ELECTRO..ACCSSOREIS & COMPONENTS
03     03     CONNECTION OF
              ELECTRI..&ELECTO..ACCESSORIES &
              COMPONENETS
04     04     TESTING OF ELECTRI..&ELECTRO..
              ACCESSORIES & COMPONENTS

              ( NEXT PAGE )
05   05   INTRODUCTION & USE OF COMPUTER &
          IT’S ACCESSORIES


06   06   BASIC OPERATION OF COMPUTER



07   07   BASIC COMPUTER APPLICATION



08   08   USE OF COMPUTER PROGRAMME
          WITH THE INDUSTRIAL RELATED.
RACTIFIER
           DEFINATION

  THE CIRCUIT WHICH CONVERTS A.C
VOLTAGE INTO D.C. VOLTAGE IS CALLED
RACTIFIER
         TYPES OF RACTIFIER


1. HALF WAVE RACTIFIER
2. FULL WAVE RACTIFIER
3. BRIDGE WAVE RACTIFIER
HALF WAVE RACTIFIER
          CONSTRUCTION


• STEP DOWN TRANSFORMER(AS PER
  REQUIREMENT),
• DIODE IN 4001/4007-1 PIECE,
• RESISTOR 1K-1 NO.
          WORKING

THIS RACTIFIER CONVERTS HALF A\C
 VOLTAGE CYCLE INTO D.C VOLTAGE
           EXAMPLE

 IF YOUR TRANSFORMER IS 6V/A.C
THEN IT’S OUTPUT YOU GET 3V/D.C
FULL WAVE RACTIFIER
           CONSTRUCTION

• STEP DOWN TRANSFORMER(AS PER
  REQUIREMENT),
• DIODE IN 4001/4007- 2 PIECE,
• RESISTOR 1K - 1 NO.
             WORKING

          THIS RACTIFIER CONVERTS FULL
A\C VOLTAGE CYCLE INTO D.C VOLTAGE
            EXAMPLE

          IF YOUR TRANSFORMER IS
6V/A.C THEN IT’S OUTPUT YOU GET
6V/D.C
BRIDGE WAVE RACTIFIER
         CONSTRUCTION
• STEP DOWN TRANSFORMER(AS PER
  REQUIREMENT),
• DIODE IN 4001/4007- 4 PIECE,
• RESISTOR 1K-1 NO.
             WORKING
THIS RACTIFIER CONVERTS FULL A\C
VOLTAGE CYCLE INTO D.C VOLTAGE
            EXAMPLE


 IF YOUR TRANSFORMER IS 12V/A.C THEN
IT’S OUTPUT YOU GET 12V/D.C
DIODE
                    TYPES
•   RACTIFIER DIODE
•   ZENER DIODE
•   LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (L.E.D)
•   DETECTOR DIODE
•   STEEK DIODE
•   VARACTOR DIODE
•   LIQUID CRYSTAL DIODE (L.C.D)
•   PHOTO DIODE
•   TUNNEL DIODE
            CONSTRUCTION
• DIODE IS A CONNECTION OF P & N TYPE SEMI
  CONDUCTORS.
• DIODE HAS TWO TERMINAL
• ONE TERMINAL IS POSITIVE (+)
• OTHER IS NEGATIVE (-)
• POSITIVE TERMINAL KNOWN AS ANODE
• NEGATIVE TERMINAL KNOWN AS CATHODE.
• DIODE IS MADE FROM SEMI CONDUCTOR
  MATERIAL LIKE GERMENIUM & SILICON
         WORKING OF DIODE
• RACTIFIER DIODE :- IT CONVERTS A.C
  VOLTAGE INTO D.C VOLTAGE
• ZENER DIODE :- IT IS USED FOR VOLTAGE
  REGULATION
• L.E.D :- IT IS USED FOR EMITTING LIGHT
• DETECTOR DIODE :- USED FOR BLOCK HIGH
  FREQUENCY
• STEEK DIODE :- USE FOR HIGH VOLTAGE
  RACTIFICATION
                 ( NEXT PAGE )
• VARACTOR DIODE :- USE FOR CHANNEL
  TUNING
• L.C.D :- USE FOR DISPLAY DIGITS
• PHOTO DIODE :- USE FOR CONTROL THE
  CKT BY LIGHT
• TUNNEL DIODE :- USE FOR SWITCHING
TRANSISTORS
          TYPES OF TRANSISTORS

•   PNP TRANSISTORS
•   NPN TRANSISTORS
•   FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR ( F.E.T )
•   UNI JUNCTION TRANSISTOR ( U.J.T )
•   SILICON CONTROLLED RACTIFIER      ( S.C.R )
            CONSTRUCTION
     TRANISTOR IS A CONNECTION OF TWO
DIODES.
•PNP TRANSISTOR :- N TYPE SEMI
CONDUCTOR SANDWICH BETWEEN TWO P TYPE
SEMI CONDUCTORS.
•NPN TRANSISTOR :- P TYPE SEMI
CONDUCTOR SANDWICH BETWEEN TWO NTYPE
SEMI CONDUCTORS.
• PNP & NPN TRANSISTOR HAS THREE TERMINAL
               ( NEXT PAGE )
• TERMINALS NAME ARE EMITTER, BASE &
  COLLECTOR
• PNP & NPN TRANSISTOR ARE BIPOLAR
  TRANSISTORS (BJT)
• TRANSISTOR IS SEMI CONDUCTOR DEVICE
• TRANSISTOR MAKE FROM SILICON &
  GERANIUM SEMI CONDUCTOR MATERIAL
     FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR

• F.E.T HAS THREE TERMINALS
• THESE TERMINAL KNOWN AS GATE,DRAIN &
  SOURCE.
• F.E.T IS UNI POLAR TRANSISTOR
     UNI JUNCTION TRANSISTOR
• UJT HAS THREE TERMINALS
• THESE TERMINAL KNOWN AS BASE 1, BASE 2
  & EMITTER
• U.J.T IS UNI POLAR TRANSISTOR
   SILICON CONTROLLED RACTIFIER

• S.C.R HAS THREE TERMINALS
• THESE TERMINAL KNOWN AS ANODE,
  CATHODE & GATE
• S.C.R IS UNI POLAR TRANSISTOR.
      WORKING OF TRANSISTOR
• PNP & NPN TRANSISTOR HAS TWO JUNCTION,
  EMITTER BASE JUNCTION & COLLECTOR BASE
  JUNCTION
• F.E.T,S.C.R,U.J.T HAS ONE JUNCTION
  CURRENT FLOW IN FROM ONE JUNCTION &
  DIRECTION
    APPLICATION OF TRANSISTOR
• AMPLIFIER
• SWITCH
• CONTROLLED PROCESS
         INTEFRATED CIRCUIT
• MAKE BY MICRO PROCESS USING CKT
  PHOTOGRAPH.
• IT IS A FULL CKT MAKE FOR CERTAIN
  FUNCTION.
• IT’S FUNCTION & PIN CONNECTION KNOWN BY
  I.C. NUMBER.
• I.C HAS THREE OR MORE TERMINALS.
• FOR FIRST PIN CALCULATION THERE IS
  MARKING ON I,.C.
         CONSTRUCTION OF I.C

• MANY TRANSISTOR, DIODE,REGISTOR &
  CAPACITOR INTEGRATE IN I.C.
• I.C MADE BY SEMI CONDUCTOR MATERIAL
  LIKE SILICON & GERMENIUM.
• MADE BY L.S.I,M.S.I,V.L.S.I. TECHNOLOGY
                  TYPES OF I.C.

1. LINEAR I.C.
2. DIGITAL I.C.
              LINEAR I.C.
• USE FOR AMPLIFIER MODULATOR & VOLTAGE
  REGULATOR.
• IT IS BI POLAR MONOLITHYC OR UNI POLAR
  MONOLITHYC.
             DIGITAL I.C.
• USE FOR MEMORY,LOGIC, FREQUENCY
  DIVIDER, INVERTOR,COUNTER, DECODER,
  ADDER,GATE, DATA SELECTION,
  DISTRIBUTORS.
  TESTING & FAULT FINDING OF I.C.

• DIFFERENT I.C. NUMBER CHECKERS USE FOR
  I.C. CHECKING.
• APPLY BY VOLTAGE OR GIVING SIGNAL WE
  KNOW I.C’S FAULT.
               CAPACITOR

•   CONSTRUCTION
•   WORKING
•   TYPES
•   APPLICATION
           CONSTRUCTION
• CAPACITOR IS MADE UP BY PUTTING
  INSULATOR BETWEEN TWO CONDUCTOR
  PLATE .
• CAPACITOR MEASURE IN
  MICROFERADAY(M.F.D),NENOFERADAY
  (N.F.D.),PICCOFERADAY (P.F.D) UNIT.
• IT’S CAPACITY OF PRESSURE MEASURE IN
  VOLTAGE.IT’S KNOWN AS WORKING VOLTAGE
  (W.V)
• VALUE & W.V PRINT ON IT’S BODY.
             WORKING
• WHEN WE APPLY VOLTAGE TO CAPACITOR
  ITS STORE THE VOLATAGE IT MEANS
  CAPACITOR CHARGING AFTER SOME TIME
  THIS VOLAGE DROP DOWN IT MEANS
  CAPACITOR DISCHARGING.
• CAPACITOR MAIN FUNCTION IS TO STORE
  ELECTRICAL ENERGY.
                   TYPES
•   POLYESTER & PAPER CAPACITOR
•   CERAMIC & MICA CAPACITOR
•   ELECTROLYTIC CAPACITOR
•   TRIMMER CAPACITOR
•   GANG CAPACITOR
                  APPLICATION
•   AS   FILTER
•   AS   COUPLING OR BLOCKING
•   AS   BAND PASS
•   AS   BY PASS
•   AS   TUNNING
             TRANSFORMER

•   CONSTRUCTION
•   WORKING
•   TYPES
•   APPLICATION
           CONSTRUCTION

• MAKE BYONE OR MORE COIL WINDING ON THE
  CORE.
• ONE COIL IS WINDING ON CORE KNOWN AS
  PRIMARY COIL
• OTHER IS WINDING ON CORE KWON AS
  SECONDARY COIL
• VOLTAGE & SIGNAL APPLY ON PRIMARY COIL
• VOLTAGE & SIGNAL GET ON SECONDARY COIL
            WORKING
• TRANSFORMER INDUCE AC VOLTAGE OR
  SIGNAL INTO SECONDARY COIL FROM
  PRIMARY COIL BY ITS CORE
• THIS PROCESS KNOWN AS MUTUAL
  INDCTANCE PRINCIPALE.
                    TYPES
•    AS PER CORE 3 TYPES OF TRANSFORMER
1.   AIR CORE TRANSFORMER
2.   IRON DUST CORE TRANSFORMER
3.   LAMINATION CORE TRANSFORMER
•    AS PER FREQUENCY 3 TYPES OF TRANSFORMER
1.   POWER SUPPLY TRANSFORMER (50 C/S)
2.   AUDIO FREQ. TRANSFORMER (20C/S TO 20 KC/S)
3.   RADIO FREQ. TRANSFORMER (20KC/S TO ABOVE)
                 APPLICATION

•   USE   FOR A.C. VOLTAGE UP & DOWN
•   USE   FOR D.C. VOLTAGE FILTER
•   USE   IN T.V/RADIO/TAPE ETC.
•   USE   IN INDUSTRIAL MACHINES.
•   USE   IN ELECTRICAL POWER STATION.
             SOLDERING

•   CONSTRUCTION
•   WORKING
•   TYPES
•   APPLICATION
                CONSTRUCTION
                SOLDERING IRON
•   BIT
•   BODY
•   COIL
•   HANDLE
•   MAINSCORD
             SOLDERING WIRE
• MIXTURE OF TIN & LEAD ALLOYS
• MAKE BY RATIO OF 60:40,40:60,50:50
• RATIO OF 60:40 IS BEST FOR SOLDERING.
                 WORKING
•   WHEN APPLY VOLTAGE TO SOLDERING IRON
•    FIRST IT’S COIL HEAT.
•   SECOND IT’S BODY HEAT.
•   THIRD IT’S BIT HEAT.
•   THIS PROCESS COMPLETE WITHIN 2 MINUTES.
•   AFTER THIS YOUR SOLDER IRON IS READY TO
    SOLDERING PROCESS.
                 TYPES
              SOLDERING IRON
• IT IS AVAILABLE IN DIFFERENT WATT
  CAPACITY.
• 5W,10W,15W,25W,35W,125W,250W ETC.
• 25-35W CAPACITY IS BEST FOR SOLDERING.
            APPLICATION
• SOLDERING FOR WIRES
• SOLDERING FOR WIRES JOINTS.
• SOLDERING FOR ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS
  ON P.C.B.
          DESOLDERING

• FOR DESOLDERING TWO METHODS USE
1. BY DESOLDER PUMP
2. BY DESOLDER WIRE
                WORKING
• TO REMOVE THE COMPONENTS & WIRES
   FROM P.C.B. ABOVE TWO METHODS USE.
PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD (P.C.B)


•   CONSTRUCTION
•   WORKING
•   TYPES
•   APPLICATION
             CONSTRUCTION
• MAKE BY USE OF FIBRE ,GLASS & BACKELITE
  SHEET.
• THE PRINT OF CIRCUIT DESIGN ON THIS
  SHEET.
• THESE SHEETS HAS TWO SIDES.
• ONE IS COPPER SIDE & OTHER IS BLANK.
• THE CKT PRINT ON COPPER SIDE .
              WORKING
• TO CONNECT ELECTRONIC COMPONENT IN A
  PROPER WAY P.C.B.USE
• COMPLICATED CKT MAKE EASY BY USE OF
  P.C.B.
                   TYPES
•   ONE COPPER LAYER
•   TWO COPPER LAYER
•   THREE COPPER LAYER ETC.
•   ONE SIDE PRINT
•   TWO SIDE PRINT
             APPLICATION
• PRINT THE CIRCUIT AS PER DESIGN
• SOLDERING ELECTRONING COMPONENTS
  &WIRE IN A PROPER METHOD
• HIGH EFFICIENCY & LONG LIFE OF
  COMPONENTS & M\C’S
• IN ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENTS & MACHINES.
              OHM’S LAW
• AT THE CONSTANT TEMPERATURE THE
  CURRENT FLOW FROM ANY CKT. IS EQUAL TO
  VOLTAGE & PROPTIONAL TO RESISTANCE.
             IN EQUATION I =V/R
• WHERE V=VOLTAGE,
            I=CURRENT,
            R=RESISTANCE.
• BY USE OF THIS LAW YOU CAN FIND
  VOLTAGE,CURRENT & RESISTANCE OF ANY
  CKT.
   RESISTOR SERIES CIRCUIT


• CONSTRUCTION
• WORKING
• APPLICATION
           CONSTRUCTION
• ONE OR MORE RESISTOR CONNECT IN SERIES
  CALL RESISTOR SERIES CIRCUIT.
• FIRST RESISTOR’S END CONNECT WITH
  SECOND RESISTOR START,SECOND
  RESISTOR’S END CONNECT WITH THIRD
  RESISTORS START…..
                  WORKING
• IN SERIES RESI. CKT. TOTAL RESISTANCE IS EQUAL
  TO PLUS OF ALL RESISTORS RESISTANCE.
• RT = R1+R2+R3…..
• IN SERIES CKT RESISTANCE INCREASE.
• IN SERIES CKT SAME CURRENT FLOW FROM EACH
  RESISTOR.
• THE TOTAL CURRENT OF SERIES CKT. IS
               IT = I1=I2=I3……
• IN SERIES CKT DIFFERENT VOLTAGE GET FROM EACH
  RESISTOR
• THE TOTAL VOLTAGE OF SERIES CKT IS
               VT= V1+V2+V3….
             APPLICATION

• SERIES CKT USE FOR CURRENT CONTROLLING
• WHERE YOU WANT RESISTANCE HIGH &
  CURRENT LOW THIS CKT IS USE.
  RESISTOR PARALLAL CIRCUIT
• CONSTRUCTION
• WORKING
• APPLICATION
            CONSTRUCTION

• ONE OR MORE RESISTOR CONNECT IN
  PARALLAL CALL RESISTOR PARALLAL CIRCUIT.
• ALL RESISTORS START TERMINAL CONNECT
  TOGATHER & END TERMINAL CONNECT
  TOGATHER IN RESISTOR PARALLAL CIRCUIT.
                  WORKING

• IN PARALLAL RESI. CKT. TOTAL RESISTANCE IS EQUAL
  TO PLUS OF ALL PURPOSNAL RESISTANCE.
• RT = 1/R1+1/R2+1/R3…..
• IN PARALLAL CKT RESISTANCE DECREASE.
• IN PARALLAL CKT DIFFERENT FLOW FROM EACH
  RESISTOR.
• THE TOTAL CURRENT OF PARALLAL CKT. IS    IT =
  I1+I2+I3……
• IN PARALLAL CKT SAME VOLTAGE GET FROM EACH
  RESISTOR
• THE TOTAL VOLTAGE OF PARALLAL CKT IS VT=
  V1=V2=V3….
             APPLICATION

• PARALLAL CKT USE FOR CURRENT
  CONTROLLING
• WHERE YOU WANT RESISTANCE LOW &
  CURRENT HIGH THIS CKT IS USE
             MULTIMETER
•   CONSTRUCTION
•   TYPES
•   WORKING
•   APPLICATION
           CONSTRUCTION
• BATTERY - 9V D.C.
• PROBE – 02 NO. RED PROBE (+),& BLACK
  PROBE (-).
• ROTORY SWITCH
• ON/OFF SWITCH
• DISPLAY
• A.C./D.C. SELECTION SWITCH
              TYPES
• ANALOGE MULTIMETER
• DIGITAL MULTIMETER
                WORKING
• FIRST PUT RED PROBE(+) IN V//I TERMINAL.
• PUT BLACK PROBE (-) IN COMMON OR
  NEGATIVE TERMINAL.
• SHORT RED & BLACK PROBE AMD ADJUST
  ZERO.
• FOR MEASURE  PUT ROTORY SWITCH INTO
  PROPER OHM RANGE.
• FOR MEASURE D.C VOLT OR D.C AMP PUT
  A.C/D.C SWITCH ON D.C. & ROTORY SWICH IN
  PROPER D.C. VOLTAGE OR AMPERE.
• FOR MEASURE A.C VOLT OR A.C. AMP PUT
  A.C/D.C SWITCH ON A.C & ROTORY SWICH IN
              APPLICATION
• MEASURE RESISTANCE IN 
• MEASURE D.C. VOLTAGE & AMPERE.
• MEASURE A.C. VOLTAGE & AMPERE.
• TESTING OF DIODE ,TRANSISTORS ,
  CAPACITORS.
• TESTING CONTINUTY OF WIRES & P.C.B.
           WIRES & CABLES
•   CONSTRUCTION
•   TYPES
•   WORKING
•   APPLICATION
            CONSTRUCTION
• COMBINATION OF CONDUCTOR & INSULATOR.
• CONDUCTOR IS MATERIAL FROM WHICH
  CURRENT CAN PASS LIKE
  COPPER,ALLUMINIUM,GOLD,
  SILVER,WATER,BRASS,IRON ETC.
• INSULATOR IS MATERIAL FROM WHICH
  CURRENT CAN NOT LIKE WOOD, RUBBER,
  PLASTIC,LEATHER ETC.
                TYPES
                WIRES
 1/18 P.V.C COPPER/ALLU. WIRE
 3/20 P.V.C COPPER/ALLU. WIRE
 7/20 P.V.C COPPER/ALLU. WIRE.
 FLEXIBLE WIRE
 HOOK UP WIRE
 MAINS CORD WIRE
 SOLDER WIRE
 SEALDED WIRE
            ( NEXT PAGE )
               CABLES

•   LAW TENSION CABLE
•   BELTED CABLE
•   H TYPE CABLE
•   SEPRATED LEAD CABLE
•   HSL CABLE
                     APPLICATION

•   USE   FOR   WIRING
•   USE   FOR   SIGNAL PASSING
•   USE   FOR   MAIN SUPPLY
•   USE   FOR   SOLDERING
•   USE   FOR   LAW VOLTAGE SUPPLY
•   USE   FOR   HIGH VOLTAGE SUPPLY
        COMPUTER FUNDAMENTAL
•   WHAT IS COMPUTER ?
•   CONSTRUCTION
•   TYPES
•   WORKING
•   APPLICATION
             COMPUTER

IT IS ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT WHICH
PROCESS LARGE AND COMPLICATED
ARETHEMATIC AND LOGIC FUNCTIONS WITHIN
FRACTION OF SECOND LIKE MICRO SECOND
OR NENO SECOND.
            CONSTRUCTION
  COMPUTER IS COMBINATION OF
• HARD WARE (PHYSICAL PARTS OF COMPUTER )
  LIKE
 C.P.U.
 KEY BOARD
 MOUSE
 MONITOR
 PRINTER
 MODEM & SCANNER
 SPEAKER,MICROPHONE &CAMERA
                ( NEXT PAGE )
• SOFT WARE (IT IS INTERFACE BETWEEN USER
  AND COMPUTER ) LIKE
OPERATING SYSTEM (WIN 98/WIN XP/WIN
  2000/WIN VISTA)
LANGUAGE ( C, C++ , JAVA, VB , ORACLE )
APPLICATION PROGRAMME ( MS OFFICE, AUTO
  CAD, TALLY, PHOTO SHOP )
                  TYPES
• MICRO COMPUTER ( PC,PC/XT, PC/AT, SUPER
  AT )
• MINI COMPUTER
• MAIN FRAME COMPUTER
• SUPER COMPUTER
                 WORKING
• COMPUTER DISTRIBUTE IN FOUR PARTS
o INPUT (KEY BOARD, MOUSE, CAMERA,
  SCANNER )
o C.P.U.( MOTHER BOARD, F.D.D, H.D.D,C.D.D )
o MEMORY ( RAM, ROM )
o OUT PUT ( MONITOR, PRINTER )
PROGRAMME
& DATA   INPUT                  OUTPUT
                 STORAGE
         UNIT     UNIT           UNIT
                                         RESULT


                 CONTROL
                  UNIT




                   ARITHMETIC
                     LOGIC
                      UNIT
             APPLICATION
• MINI COMPUTER USE IN UNIVERCITIES,
  RESEARCH ORG & GOVERN. SECTORS.
• MAIN FRAME COMPUTERS USE IN
  INDUSTORIES, BANKS, AIRLINES ETC.
• SUPER COMPUTERS USE IN RESEARCH AND
  PROGRESS, AERO DYNAMICS, MASSIVE DATA
  PROCESSING APPLICATION, SYSMOLOGY,
  NUCLEAR AND PLASMA PHYSICS & SPACE
  RESEARCH ORGANISATIONS.

				
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