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Ergonomics

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					Ergonomics
    Toby Sainsbury
Zettl Group Safety Talk
        9-15-06
                                   Summary


•   Ergonomics in the work place

•   OSHA

•   UCB

•   LBNL

•   Zettl Group
                                 Ergonomics General


•   Ergonomics is the science of fitting jobs to people.

•   The discipline encompasses a body of knowledge about physical abilities and
    limitations as well as other human characteristics that are relevant to job design.

•   Essentially, ergonomics is the relationship between the worker and the job and
    focuses on the design of work areas to enhance job performance.

•   Ergonomics can help prevent injuries and limit secondary injuries as well as
    accommodate individuals with various disabilities, including those with

    musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs).
                                                    OSHA


•   Cal OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) = Cal DOSH (Department of Occupational Health and
    Safety)

•   http://www.dir.ca.gov/dosh/

•   Protects workers and the public from safety hazards through its Cal/OSHA, elevator, amusement ride, aerial
    tramway, ski lift and pressure vessel programs, and provides consultative assistance to employers.
•   Ergonomics@Work

•   Ergonomics@Work is the campus ergonomic program for faculty and staff. The website provides information
    about the program, classes and workshops; and links to educational materials.

•   http://www.uhs.berkeley.edu/facstaff/ergonomics/index.shtml

•   Ergonomics is the science of fitting jobs to people. It focuses on designing workstations, tools, and job tasks for
    safety and efficiency. Effective ergonomic design coupled with good posture can reduce employee injuries and
    increase job satisfaction and productivity.

•   Requirements:

     –    Ergonomics training for employees

     –    Identifying, treating, and tracking work-related repetitive motion injuries

     –    Providing worksite evaluations of jobs that have caused repetitive motion injuries

     –    Modifying worksites that have caused repetitive motion injuries
•   What are common ergonomic risk factors?

     –   Repetition
     –   Awkward Body Postures
     –   Force
     –   Contact Stress
     –   Vibration
     –   Heat


•   Common Symptoms

     –   pain
     –   numbness and tingling
     –   stiffness or cramping
     –   inability to hold objects or loss of grip strength
                           What are individuals responsibilities?

•   Supervisors                                        •   Faculty and Staff
•   Learn about ergonomic risk factors and how
    to prevent them.                                   •   Participate in ergonomics training and
                                                           problem-solving.
•   Provide ergonomics training and encourage
    input in ergonomic problem-solving.                •   Implement ergonomic recommendations.
•   Support your department's computer
    workstation evaluator.                             •   Choose tools, furniture, and equipment that
•   Contact the campus Ergonomics Specialist               fit your job tasks and your body.
    for a worksite assessment of non-computer
    jobs involving ergonomic risk factors.             •   Listen to your body and adjust your
                                                           workstation furniture and accessories to
•   Provide ergonomic workstation furniture and            support comfortable postures.
    tools.
•   Promote frequent, short rest breaks and            •   Think before you lift, get help if necessary,
    alternative work activities for staff performing       and follow safe lifting guidelines.
    highly repetitive tasks.
                                                       •   Vary your job tasks throughout the day, take
•   Encourage staff to report symptoms early.              frequent short stretch breaks when
•   Send injured employees for medical                     performing highly repetitive tasks, and
    treatment, report injuries promptly, and               perform simple stretches.
    implement work restrictions and workplace
    modifications.                                     •   Exercise, including walking and climbing
                                                           stairs, to build stamina and muscle tone.
•   Seek assistance on ergonomic issues from
    campus resources when necessary.                   •   Report work-related injuries to your
                                                           supervisor promptly.
                   What does UC Berkeley's Ergonomic Program provide?


•   Ergonomics Training Programs
     –   Contact Ergonomics@Work at 642-8410 for a current workshop schedule


•   Treatment for Repetitive Motion Injuries
     –   Occupational Health Clinic at University Health Services, Tang Center, by calling 642-6891


•   Tracking Repetitive Motion Injuries
     –   Call the campus Workers' Compensation Program at 643-9316.


•   Ergonomic Worksite Evaluations
     –   Ask your supervisor or Department Safety Coordinator for the name of the computer workstation evaluator for your department.




•   Making Ergonomic Modifications
     –   Call UC Furniture at 1-877-722-9090 toll free to schedule a visit to the on-campus showroom to try out adjustable chairs,
         tables,and keyboard trays prior to purchase. Call the campus Ergonomics Program at 642-8410 to find out more about the financial
         loan program for the purchase of ergonomic furniture and accessories.




     –   For more information: Call 642-8410 or email ergotf@uhs.berkeley.edu
                                             Ergonomics at LBNL



•   Ergonomics is the science of designing the job,
    equipment, and workplace to fit the worker.

•   Proper ergonomic design is necessary to prevent
    repetitive strain injuries, which can develop over time
    and can lead to long-term disability.

•   The four main contributing causes of these injuries
    are quick, repetitive actions, awkward position, use of
    force, and lack of rest.

•   Minimization of repetitive tasks and awkward body
    positions can help to prevent such injuries from
    occurring.
                                      Ergonomics Policy at LBNL



•   Identification of Ergonomic Issues                 •   Benefit of Ergonomic Hazard Identification

     –   Repetitiveness of a task                           –   Improved safety and health in the workplace

     –   Posture and movement of the limbs and whole        –   Improved employee morale and job satisfaction
         body as a task is performed
                                                            –   Improved productivity
     –   Physical strength required for a task
                                                            –   Improved quality of work
     –   Design and use of tools
                                                            –   Improved competitiveness in the marketplace
     –   Design and layout of the work area or
         equipment                                          –   Reduced probability of accidents and errors

                                                            –   Reduced absenteeism and employee turnover

                                                            –   Reduced medical and workers' compensation
                                                                costs associated with cumulative trauma
                                                                disorders



                            http://www.lbl.gov/ehs/pub3000/CH17.html
                                   Cumulative Trauma Disorders


•   Risk Factors                                       •   Common Disorders

     –   Repetition                                        –     Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

     –   Excessive Force                                   –     DeQuervain's Disease

     –   Awkward Posture or Position                       –     Lateral Epicondylitis

     –   Prolonged Activities                              –     Hand-Arm Vibration Syndrome

     –   Localized Pressure (Mechanical Stress)            –     Rotator Cuff Tendonitis

     –   Vibration                                         –     Tendonitis

     –   Temperature (Cold)                                –     Tenosynovitis

                                                           –     Trigger Finger

                                                           –     White Finger
                              Cumulative Trauma Disorders


•   Prevention

•   Good body posture

•   Engineering controls

•   Administrative Controls
     –   Job enlargement

     –   Job rotation

     –   Work breaks

     –   Training.
                                    Cumulative Trauma Disorders




•   LBNL Resources:

•   Ergonomic Display Center is located in Building 75B, Room 110B.




•   Ergonomic furniture and accessories: Procurement, ext. 4216.


•   Lighting and space renovation: Facilities Department Work Request Center, ext. 6274.

•   Health Concerns or Computer Glasses: Health Services, ext. 6266.


•   Work Place Evaluations: https://isswprod.lbl.gov/Ergo/Login.asp

•   You may also work through your supervisor or contact either your Division Safety Coordinator or your EH&S
    Division Liaison. To find out who your EH&S Division Liaison is, go to "Who to Call" from the EH&S Division home
    page.
                                            Zettl Group



•   Ergonomic Considerations

     –   Lighting

     –   Seating (Office)

     –   Seating (Laboratory)

     –   Temperature

     –   Vibration

     –   Repetition

     –   Equipment Layout and Orientation
Zettl Group
Zettl Group
                                Conclusions:
            Solutions to Ergonomic Hazards within the Zettl Group


•   Identify


•   Treat
     –   Change situation through engineering and administrative means
     –   Correct Posture
     –   Environment
     –   Safety Equipment



•   Prevent
     –   Training, UCB-EHS, LBL-EHS etc

     –   http://www.lbl.gov/ehs/ergo/

     –   http://www.uhs.berkeley.edu/facstaff/ergonomics/index.shtml

				
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