juice and cider making 11 JUICE AND CIDER MAKING Vigo has many years of experience meeting the needs of apple juice and cider makers. Many of our staff have hands- on experience of cider-making and the managing director of the company makes Bollhayes Cider, a consistent winner of prizes at the Royal Bath & West Show and the Devon County Show. We understand farm-based production and can offer qualified advice to all levels of producer. We can supply individual items of equipment or complete production lines with capacities from a few hundred bottles per day to thousands of bottles per hour. In essence, we offer more than just a list of products. The initial process of making juice from apples is the same for cider as it is for apple juice. Cider is fermented juice and juice for sale in an unfermented state is pasteurised to prevent fermentation. Many cider-makers sell apple juice and many apple juice makers make some cider. Considerations of scale When planning a juice or cider-making business we recommend that you consider the overall scale of production – i.e. the volume of juice or cider to be made in a season, divide that by the number of days that you are prepared to work and thus determine the daily production capacity required. Vigo can offer advice on capacity and we will usually recommend equipment with a stated hourly or typical daily production level and an indication of the labour requirement. This allows our customers to make an informed decision about the equipment they will need. In most processes there will be a clear choice between less expensive, slower, more labour-intensive machines and more expensive automated machines with a lower labour requirement. Most systems are flexible and modular, allowing progressive upgrading as demand increases and finances allow. Please contact us to discuss your requirements. APPLE & FRUIT MILLS Apples must be crushed to a fine pulp before pressing. The yield of juice is determined as much by the efficiency of crushing as by the power of the press. All apple mills are suitable for pears and can be used for a wide range of other fruits (except those with stones – see page 43 for de-stoning machines) Speidel centrifugal mill Speidel mill Voran RM 2.2 Voran RM 5.5 These mills are suitable for the enthusiastic amateur. Fruit is fed through a heavy duty PE plastic hopper into the milling chamber, sliced and pulverised by a three part stainless steel blade system and then discharged from a narrow chute. This is a very safe and thorough system. The mill is fitted with a motor cut out switch that inactivates the mill if the hopper is removed. Voran RM 2.2 centrifugal mill Voran Pomace trough This is a robust, heavy duty, high speed mill for commercial Glass reinforced plastic trough operations. A single heavy rotor in the milling chamber to fit under the Voran RM 2.2 pulverises the fruit which is then discharged through a mill. The sloping end and perforated screen. Different sizes of screen are available smooth sides make shovelling to produce mash of optimum consistency from fruits of pomace very easy. varying qualities. Voran RM 5.5 mill A high speed mill with a capacity of 4200 kg per hour, fitted with an easy-access hinged hopper and motor with brake. A range of 16 different mill screen patterns and sizes ensures that the ideal pomace can be produced. Vigo can fit these mills to existing apple elevator and pomace pumping systems. Variants of this machine are available for vegetable pulping. Model Capacity (kg/h) Dimensions (L x W x Hmm) Motor (kW) Voltage (V) Weight (kg) Stockcode Speidel Up to 1000 514 x 586 x 1250 2.2 230 25 91202 Voran RM 2.2 1000 550 x 520 x 1530 2.2 400 60 91214 Voran RM 5.5 4200 725 x 690 x 1440 5.5 400 70 91218 Promace trough 200 lit 1230 x 570 x 510 - - 12 91410 12 juice and cider making Bin tipper Take all the effort out of emptying apple bins with the Voran bulk bin tipper. All stainless steel construction and electro-hydraulic operation (single phase), with simple push button tipping and lowering controls. Can be used with UK and Euro size bins. Designed for use with the Voran range of washing and milling machines. Optional sorting table for use with the bin tipper, with perforated surface, side panels and mounting for washing/milling machine. Bin tipper WAShING & MILLING MAChINES WITh ELEVAToR. These machines are designed to wash fruit and deliver it milled directly into the press, freeing the cider and juice maker from the labour of shovelling or pumping pomace. The machine consists of a washing bath with dirt screen and overflow, auger elevator with built-in rinser and a mill which discharges through a perforated screen. The supply of apples to the mill is automatically regulated by a pressure sensor fitted either in the pomace hopper of the mill or at the belt press inlet. The machines are compact and built throughout from stainless steel. Elevator SA – with capacity of up to 1 tonne per hour. For use with the EBP350 belt press or for other applications where an exposed elevator is an advantage – e.g. where soft fruits are to be processed. Mounted on wheels for ease of movement. Available with or without a mill. Elevator SA WA/LC with capacity of up to 2 tonnes per hour is available in different specifications suitable to each application. WA/LC Larger Voran mills available with capacity up to 12 tonnes per hour. juice and cider making 13 APPLE AND CIDER PRESSES Rack & cloth presses Traditional cider and apple juice presses operate with a system of racks and cloths: apple pulp is wrapped in strong, open-weave cloths, sandwiched between slatted wooden boards (racks) to produce a stack – known as the ‘cheese’ – which is then pressed. The thin layers of pulp allow juice to flow laterally and give a quick and high juice yield under pressure. This system is simple and relatively inexpensive. Hydraulic rack & cloth presses are available in a range of three sizes, suitable for cider or juice makers wishing to press between about 500 kg and 6 tonnes per day. All presses are supplied complete with racks and cloths and juice discharge tube. The 100 P press is available in three versions: with a single press bed, twin press beds on trolleys and twin press beds on a rotating chassis (PS model). The twin bed press allows a cheese to be built while a cheese is pressed, thus 100P1 doubling the rate of production. For a smaller rack and cloth press see our website www.vigopresses.co.uk. Dimensions Capacity Motor Pressure Weight Model Beds Voltage (V) Stockcode (L x W x Hmm) (kg/h) (kW) (tonnes) (kg) 50P1 1 1100 x 990 x 1430 150 1.1 230 or 400 17.5 195 91356/7 100P1 1 1208 x 1030 x 1450 300 1.5 230 or 400 24.7 265 91328/30 100P2 2 2080 x 1030 x 1450 600 1.5 230 or 400 24.7 295 91332/4 100PS 2 2080 x 1030 x 1450 600 1.5 230 or 400 24.7 378 91346/7 180PS 2 2300 x 840 x 1850 1000 1.5 400 only 50 820 91348 100PS Juice and collection tank A 100 litre capacity stainless steel tank, with flanged fitting to take a straining sock. Can be fitted with a depth switch for automatic pump operation. Dimensions H Inlet Outlet Stockcode (mm) (mm) For 100PS 720 x 720 215 ¾” BSP ball valve 92927 For other rack & 1¼” BSP 500 600 ¾” BSP ball valve 92988 cloth presses Acacia Racks Made from riveted laths of highly durable acacia wood. These racks can last through hundreds of tonnes of pressing. New presses are supplied with a complete set of racks. Available in five sizes – see price list. Press Cloths Press cloths suitable for juice and cider production. Cloths are available either ready-made to suit our range of hydraulic presses or can be made to measure to customers’ requirements. Type - polypropylene Suitable for Width (cm/”) Stockcode Coarse weave Cider 150 / 59 91424 Fine mesh Ripe juicing fruit & berries 200 / 78½ 91494 Press cloth can be bought as a length off the roll or Vigo can make up cloths to order, with a charge for cutting and hemming. Extra-large cloths can be made by joining two widths and smaller cloths can be made by splitting widths. Cloth samples can be sent on request. 14 juice and cider making EPB 650 press with WA/LC BELT PRESSES Belt presses are the modern alternative to the rack & cloth press. A thin layer of fruit pulp is fed continuously onto a porous belt and pressed against a series of stainless steel rollers to extract the juice. This system requires minimal labour and gives yields comparable to those achieved with rack & cloth presses. Owing to the short pressing time and minimal air contact the quality of the juice is very high and the solid content very low: juice freshness and flavour is maximised. A wide range of fruits and vegetables can be pressed. Vigo offers the Voran range of fully automatic continuous belt presses. Operated with a washer, elevator, mill system (see page 12) this range of presses can handle from 300 kg per hour to more than 6000 kg per hour of apples, requiring only minimal supervision. As long as there is a supply of apples to the water bath the pressing system will run automatically, with pulp fed continuously into the press. The belts are cleaned automatically. There are no cloths to clean and the structure of the presses is stainless steel throughout. These presses are simple to operate and easy to clean. Press Capacity (kg/h) If you are tired of trying to find reliable and affordable seasonal labour or just tired of folding EBP350 300 press cloths, then contact Vigo for details of EBP500 500 these belt presses.structure of the presses is EBP650 1000-1500 stainless steel throughout. These presses are EBP1200 3000 simple to operate and easy to clean. ZBP1200 6000-8000 juice and cider making 15 PoMACE CoNVEyERS This conveyor is designed to move spent pomace from the discharge side of belt or pack presses, away to a trailer or bin. Use of a conveyor completes the automation of the belt press and removes the labour of barrowing or shovelling away pomace. Belt width 280 or 500mm, length 4000mm and maximum discharge height of 2400mm. Available as either single phase or 3 phase. Belt width (mm) Stockcode 280 96600/11 500 96601/12 Gloves Heavy duty lined rubber gloves with a good grip surface. Suitable Size Stockcode for juice and cider making and when removing hot bottles of juice or Size 7 (Small) 99072 cider from pasteurisers. Size 8 (Medium) 99073 Size 9 (Large) 99074 Scoops Tough polythene pomace scoops for shovelling apple pulp when building ‘cheeses’. Stockcode 99070 Apron Red rubber full length aprons (48 inches long) with tying tape, ideal for protection from the mess of apple processing. Stockcode 99071 Nylon Straining Socks Vigo can make a wide range of sizes of straining Size sock for filtering apple juice or other liquids. Weave Stockcode (L x W mm) These are ideal for filtering juice as it runs off Fine Nylon 700 x 250 91447 the press. Strongly sewn with a drawstring top for use on the end of a flexible hose secured to Coarse Polyester 700 x 250 91462 a sock holder tail (see fittings, page 27).