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Liberal Arts & Sciences Honors Program
Honors Project Proposal Form
102 Carrie Chapman Catt Hall

Instructions: Read these carefully and comply fully.
• Honors Project Proposals must be typed. Additional pages may be added.
• Submit 10 copies of your proposal to the LAS Student Academic Services, 102 Catt Hall.
• Submission deadlines are listed below. Late proposals will not be accepted.
        Spring and Summer graduates – September 21 of the preceding year
        Fall graduates – February 21

Date submitted to LAS Honors Committee: September 21, 09 Revised: November 13, 09

Title of Honors Project: Musculoskeletal and physiologic changes during pregnancy and
their affects on exercise

Student Name: Casey Bachman

Address: 2818 Ross Rd, Ames, IA 50014

E-mail address: bachmanc@iastate.edu Phone: 563-880-6042

Expected Graduation Date: August 2010 Major: Journalism and Mass Communication

Cumulative GPA: 3.50

Academic Adviser’s name: Barbara Mack

       Address: 213 Hamilton

       E-mail address: bmmack@iastate.edu Phone: 515-294-0498

Project Adviser’s name: Michael Dahlstrom

       Department: Journalism and Mass Communication

       Address: 215 Hamilton

       E-mail address: mfd@iastate.edu Phone: 515-294-0834

Approved by LAS Honors Committee

LAS Honors Committee Chair                            Date

An Honors Project is required of each Honors student graduating in the LAS Honors Program.
The project should be personally and professionally valuable to the student. It must include
significant intellectual and/or creative contributions from the student. The LAS Honors
Committee considers both the process of doing the project and the final product to be important
aspects of an Honors student’s scholarly development.

The Honors Project should culminate in a brief written summary of the Honors Project
experience. The summary should include:
           • the concept or concepts that underlie the project.
           • the learning that has taken place by doing the project. The product of a Project in
              and of itself is not sufficient.
           • the nature of the Project for the non-specialist: what it is about, why it is
              significant, and what meaning the Project has had for the student's educational
           • the value of the final product to individuals other than the student.

The Honors project will be presented to interested faculty and students (not restricted to the
Honors Program) at a Poster Presentation, usually during the student's final semester.

Honors Project Proposals must be submitted by the following deadlines: September 15 for
spring and summer graduation, and February 15 for fall graduation. Students are strongly
encouraged to submit proposals prior to the deadline. Projects are usually completed during the
senior year and may involve course credit, 490H.


The Iowa State University Achievement Foundation has provided the University Honors
Program with limited funds to support special studies and research that are integral parts of
students’ Honors projects. For information regarding eligibility, application and awards check
the University Honors Program website under Honors forms.
To the student:

Please work carefully with your Project Adviser to define your project before you write your
proposal. Many project proposals are not initially approved because of procedural or descriptive
flaws in the proposal, even though the project may have merit.

Consider the following points as you develop your proposal:
1. Your proposal will be read by a committee of faculty outside your discipline who may not
   know anything about your area of research. Write clearly and concisely, explaining all
   technical terminology and abbreviations.
2. Answer each section of the project proposal completely.
3. Follow proper style guides for your bibliography.
4. Proofread your proposal for errors in spelling and grammar.

I understand the expectations for my project proposal.

            Student signature

To the Project Advisor:

        Thank you for agreeing to serve as an Honors Project advisor! We recognize that this is
both a rewarding and a time-consuming activity. It is the goal of the LAS Honors committee to
help each honors student to complete an honors project that is both professionally and personally
valuable. We request your assistance in aiding the student in selecting a suitable project,
developing a proposal that conforms to the guidelines stated above, and in evaluating the quality
of the final product.

I have read the proposal and am willing to mentor the student in the completion of this project:

Project Advisor signature

To the Academic Advisor:

       Thank you for supporting your advisee in their efforts to graduate in the Honors Program.
Your signature (below) indicates that you are aware of your advisee’s intention to complete an
honors project on the topic described in this proposal.

Academic Advisor signature

1. Clearly and concisely state the objectives of your proposed Honors Project.

            The purposes of my Honors Project are to research the musculoskeletal 1 and
    physiologic 2 changes that occur during and after pregnancy and to synthesize and organize
    the highly technical research into a magazine spread including original exercise
    recommendations and photographic tutorials. My project will communicate what
    musculoskeletal and physiologic changes initially fit 3 women should be expecting during and
    after their pregnancies and how they should adapt their exercise regimes to accommodate
    these changes to ensure a safer pregnancy. These changes include, but are not limited to,
    increased muscle laxity, weight gain, change in center of gravity, carpal tunnel syndrome,
    pelvic instability and change in heart rate and oxygen consumption.
            An additional objective of my project is to research and analyze my target audience.
    My audience includes initially fit pregnant women and the readers of Muscle and Fitness
    Hers magazine.

2. What is the significance of this project to you and the discipline in which it was completed?

             My bibliography shows that several studies have been done on individual physiologic
    and musculoskeletal changes during pregnancy. However, the studies are highly specific and
    technical and not communicated in a language the average person can understand nor
    available in a medium accessible by the average person. One of the purposes of my project is
    to collate the information from published medical journals and translate the technical data
    and terminology into an easy to understand magazine spread so the population that will be
    using the information can easily access and understand it and benefit from its content.
    Initially fit women are going to continue exercising throughout their pregnancies. However,
    it is important for them to understand that in order to ensure safer pregnancies they cannot
    exercise at the same level of intensity or perform the same activities as they did before they
    became pregnant. This project is of significant importance to my target audience due to the
    nature of the information and its ability to change the way women think about exercising
    during pregnancy. Because the medical journals contain information regarding the safety of
    mothers and children during pregnancy, it is imperative that this information be made readily
    available to those it can directly affect.
             Based on my experience as a personal trainer and on the information and suggestions
    I will gather from the medical and popular journals, I will design original exercise
    recommendations and photographic tutorials of those recommendations intended for initially
    fit women in various stages of pregnancy. The recommendations will clearly communicate
    and exemplify the types of exercises that are safe during different stages of pregnancy. Side
    bars will explain why the exercise is either safe or unsafe with reference to the medical or
    popular journals.
             Understanding the musculoskeletal and physiologic changes that occur during
    pregnancy and how they could affect a workout and adapting workouts to accommodate
    these changes is important when considering the safety of the child and the mother during
    pregnancy. This message needs to be clearly communicated through a channel or medium
  Musculoskeletal: relating to muscles and skeleton.
  Physiology: the study of how living organisms function including such processes as nutrition, movement, and
  Based on physical fitness norms as defined by The American Council on Exercise. Norms include such tests as
resting heart rate, blood pressure, aerobic fitness, back flexibility, sit-ups, body mass index, push-ups and body
   that will reach the majority of initially fit women who are pregnant or planning on becoming
   pregnant. In my project, the channel will be Muscle and Fitness Hers magazine.
           While most magazine articles on exercise during pregnancy target women concerned
   about weight gain, pregnancy induced diabetes or other pregnancy induced health issues and
   generally begin exercising slightly before or during their pregnancies, my project intends to
   target women who are already at a high fitness level and want to maintain their fitness level
   throughout their pregnancies. There is not a reasonably accessible and understandable source
   of exercise information for initially fit women. I plan on filling this communication gap with
   a strategically directed magazine spread including original exercise recommendations and
   photographic tutorials.
           In order to write an effective article for Muscle and Fitness Hers magazine and make
   valuable exercise recommendations, I will need to research my target audience and its needs.
   My project’s target audience is women at a high level of fitness who are pregnant or plan on
   becoming pregnant. To gain a greater understanding of my audience, I will interview local
   physicians and obstetrics and gynecology and fitness experts to observe what information
   they give patients or clients pertaining to exercising during pregnancy and the reasoning
   behind those recommendations. Additionally, I will interview members of my target
   audience to understand how they adapted or plan on adapting their workouts during
   pregnancy and their reasoning for continuing to exercise during pregnancy. Interviewees will
   include fit pregnant women, fit post pregnant women who continued exercising during their
   pregnancies and fit women who are planning on becoming pregnant. These interviews will be
   used to help me understand information gaps between experts and the public and to
   understand what information my audience doesn’t know, needs to know, or wants to know.
   My project will also include audience research and analysis of Muscle and Fitness Hers
   magazine readers to reveal my target audience’s media outlet, lifestyle and consumer
   preferences. This information will help me understand my audience’s needs more clearly so I
   can write and design a more effective and valuable magazine spread to accommodate the
   audience’s needs.

3. How does this project add depth and/or breadth to your Honors degree program?

           As a female personal trainer for Iowa State University, I have a particular interest in
   women’s health and fitness. I have had training in designing exercise recommendations
   based on clients’ current level of fitness and specific goals. Researching the musculoskeletal
   and physiologic changes that occur during pregnancy and the effect those changes have on
   exercise would increase the scope of my fitness knowledge, enabling me to better serve my
           In addition to complementing my training as a personal trainer, the magazine spread
   will challenge my understanding of magazine and science communication, photography, and
   magazine layout and design.

1. Procedures and methods to be used to complete your project. Reviewers are not in your
   discipline. Define all technical terms and abbreviations.

   •   Conduct a preliminary literature review on the science of pregnancy and childbirth to
       further understand scientific terminology as it relates to pregnancy
   •   Conduct a literature review of medical journals and popular journals focusing on
       musculoskeletal and physiologic changes during pregnancy and how those changes affect
   •   Interview local physicians, obstetrics and gynecology, and fitness experts to observe what
       information they give patients/clients pertaining to exercising during pregnancy and why
   •   Interview fit pregnant/post pregnant women to understand how they adapted their
       workouts for pregnancy and their reasoning for continuing to exercise during pregnancy
   •   Collate the results in a fully descriptive research paper
   •   Research target audience of Muscle and Fitness Hers magazine
   •   Synthesize the paper in a magazine article or series of articles targeted towards readers of
       Muscle and Fitness Hers
   •   Based on the literature review and target audience research, design exercise
       recommendations adapted for the different stages of pregnancy for the fit pregnant
       woman and average reader of Muscle and Fitness Hers
   •   Exemplify the exercises described in the exercise recommendations in a photographic
   •   Design a magazine spread to include the magazine article and photographic tutorial

2. Proposed schedule for your project. Submit a timeline of anticipated dates to complete major
   stages of your project, including the date of completion of the project.

   Nov 2009: Conduct preliminary literature review on pregnancy in general
   Nov/Dec 2009: Conduct literature review on musculoskeletal and physiologic changes during
   pregnancy and how they affect exercise
   Dec 2009: Research target audience of Muscle and Fitness Hers
   Jan 2010: Interview experts and fit pregnant/post pregnant women
   Jan 2010: Continue literature review
   Feb 2010: Complete first draft of literature review
   Feb 2010: Complete final draft of literature review
   March 2010: Complete exercise recommendations
   March 2010: Complete complementary photographic tutorial
   April 2010: Complete magazine article
   April 2010: Complete magazine spread layout
   April 2010: Prepare for poster presentation
   May 2010: Complete project

3. Bibliography. Cite all sources in a style appropriate to your discipline.

   Anthony, Lenita. Pre-and Post-Natal Fitness. California: Healthy Learning, 2002.

   DeMaio, M, and EF Magann. “Exercise and Pregnancy”. The Journal of the American
     Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. 17: 504-514. August 2009.

   Groenou, Aneema Van. The Active Woman’s Guide to Pregnancy. California: Ten Speed
      Press, 2004.

   Goldsmith, Laura T, and Gerson Weiss. “Relaxin in human pregnancy”. Annals of the New
      York Academy of Sciences. 1160: 130-5. April 2009.

   Heenan, Aaron P, Larry A. Wolfe, Gregory A.L. Davies, and Michael J. McGrath. “Effects
      of human pregnancy on fluid regulation responses to short-term exercise”. Journal of
       Applied Physiology. 95: 2321-2327. September 5, 2003.

   Jensen, Dennis, Katherine A. Webb, and Denis E. O’Donnell. “Chemical and Mechanical
      Adaptations of the Respiratory System at Rest and during Exercise in Human
      Pregnancy”. Applied Physiology Nutrition and Metabolism. 32: 1239-1250. November
      15, 2007. <http://article.pubs.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/ppv/RPViewDoc?issn=1715-

   Kardel, Kristin Reimers. “Effects of intense training during and after pregnancy in top-level
      athletes”. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports. 15(2): 79-86. April

   Lundgren, Chris. Runner’s World Guide to Running and Pregnancy. Pennsylvania: Rodale
      Inc, 2003.

   Mitchell, David A, and Danielle M. Esler. “Pelvic instability-Painful pelvic girdle in
      pregnancy”. Australian Family Physician. 38(6): 409-410. June 2009.

   Pivarnik, James M, Aryeh D. Stein, and Juanita M. Rivera. “Effect of pregnancy on heart
      rate/oxygen consumption calibration curves”. Medicine and Science in Sports and
      Exercise. 34(5): 750-5. May 2002.

   The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2009. American College of Obstetrics
      and Gynecology. September 9, 2009. <http://www.acog.org/>.

   Wolfe, Larry A, Justin G. Kemp, Aaron P. Heenan, Robert J. Preston, and Patricia J. Ohtake.
     “Acid-base regulation and control of ventilation in human pregnancy”. Canadian Journal
     of Physiology and Pharmacology, 76: 815-827. November 27, 1997.

4. List any coursework or experiences that are relevant to this project.

       •   Iowa State University Personal Trainer
       •   JLMC 342: Visual Principles of Mass Communication
       •   JLMC 342L: Lab Basics Visual Principles of Mass Communication
       •   JLMC 201: Reporting and Writing for Mass Media
5. Consult with your project adviser about the need for outside approval or training if your
   project will include human subjects, experimental animals, radioactive materials, hazardous
   chemicals, recombinant DNA, or infectious agents.

     TO THE PROJECT ADVISOR: Please check one and sign.

           The proposed project does not require outside approval or training.

        The approvals or training required for the student to carry out this project have been

     Project Advisor Signature                                         Date

7. In addition to the Honors Poster presentation, what do you plan to do with the results of your
           I will attempt to have my magazine article published in Muscle and Fitness Hers

8. Will you earn academic credit for your project? Yes No
   If yes, how many credits and in what department? ___________________________
   If no, please explain: I don’t need the academic credits.

H: groups/las staff/honors/project proposal form 6/04

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