Docstoc

Punjabi Wedding Ceremony

Document Sample
Punjabi Wedding Ceremony Powered By Docstoc
					Punjabi Wedding
Ceremony
Punjabis are large hearted people
who love splendor and grandeur.
They are also keen on festivals and
celebrations. This nature of Punjabis
also reflects in their marriage
celebrations. Like other Indian
weddings, a Punjabi marriage
ceremony is very ritualistic but also
full of fun and frolic. It is in fact one
of the most colorful and musical
marriage ceremonies in the country.
Each ceremony is like an excuse for
merriment. A Punjabi Wedding is very vibrant and celebrated like a big carnival,
exhibiting splendid grandeur.

A Punjabi wedding ceremony begins with Roka which is very much like an
engagement ceremony where both the family for the first time formally announces the
prospective marriage. The Roka is then followed by celebrations like ‘Sagan’ and
‘Chunni Chadana’ performed at the groom’s and bride’s family respectively. The joy
of a Punjabi wedding begins with the Sangeet and Mehndi ceremony from where the
real fun and frolic starts. Bhangras and Giddas make a Punjabi wedding more
colorful. Like other Hindu weddings phere and kanyadaan are important rituals of a
Punjabi Wedding. A Punjabi Wedding ceremony solemnizes with Mangal Pheras and
the bride is departed to her in laws home that very day.

Pre Wedding Punjabi Ritual
Punjabi marriage traditions are very elaborate and ritualistic. They begin days before
the actual wedding day in the form of pre-wedding ceremonies. Roka is the first pre-
wedding ceremony where the two families formally meet to finalize the relationship
between the two families. Roka is then followed by a series of colorful and interesting
occasions like ‘Sagan and Chunni Chadhana’.

Punjabi Wedding Rituals
Punjabi Wedding ceremony is an interesting ceremony full of several rituals and
customs. The wedding preparations start day before the actual wedding ceremony.
Overall, a Punjabi wedding is very vibrant and colorful. The wedding ceremony starts
from the Chuda ceremony and at the groom’s place with Vatna ceremony.

Post-Wedding Punjabi Rituals
Punjabis love celebrations. Their marriage ceremonies are thus extremely grand and
elaborate. Even after few days of marriage, the celebrations at the groom’s and bride’s
places are on. The post wedding celebrations start right after the solemnization of
marriage at the Mandap. Preparations for Vidaai and Ashwirwad ceremony go hand in
hand. Once the couple is blessed by all the elderly people at home, the brother of the
bride accompanies the couple for Vidaai to the main exit of their home.
Pre Wedding
Punjabi Rituals
Punjabi marriage traditions are very elaborate and ritualistic. They begin days before
the actual wedding day in the form of pre-wedding ceremonies. Roka is the first pre-
wedding ceremony where the two families formally meet to finalize the relationship
between the two families. Roka is then followed by a series of colorful and interesting
occasions like ‘Sagan and Chunni Chadhana’. As the actual wedding day comes near,
the celebrations become more vibrant and vivacious. Sangeet is held only few days
before the wedding day and is the most amusing pre-wedding ceremony. Mehandi is
held a night or two before the marriage day and is important part of the pre-wedding
celebrations. Read more if you are keen on knowing more about Punjabi pre- wedding
rituals.

Roka Ceremony
Roka ceremony marks the beginning of a formal relationship between the two
families. It is basically carried out to secure the commitment of both the parties. It is a
small function involving the family members and close relatives of both the
prospective bride and groom. The families involved exchange gifts, sweets, fruits and
dry fruits.

Sagan Ceremony
Sagan ceremony can be held either at the groom’s house or at a banquet hall. A havan
is performed by a pundit. Thereafter, the prospective bride’s father applies Tilak
(made of kesar, rice grains and flower petals) on the boy’s forehead. All the relatives
and friends of the girl’s side come forward to bless the prospective groom, offer
sweets to him and give him cash/gifts.

Chunni Chadana
On the occasion of Chunni chadana, groom's parents and close relatives visit the
bride’s house. The groom’s sister or sister in law presents the girl a red sari, as a token
of acceptance of the girl in their family. Thereafter, the girl is dressed in the clothes
given by the boy’s family. The main ritual of the ceremony is when the girl’s would
be mother-in-law places a red chunni on the girl’s head and gives her some traditional
jewelry. Following this is a ritual in which the girl is fed boiled rice and milk by all
the relatives of the boy that are present at the time. The ceremony comes to an end
with the exchanging of rings between the prospective bride and groom.

Sangeet
Sangeet is the musical program, which is held at both the bride as well as groom’s
house. In the sangeet session, wedding folk songs are sung and all the relatives and
friends dance to the tunes of the music. This ceremony is considered auspicious as the
wedding songs are said to be full of blessings for the prospective couple. Also, this
ceremony becomes amusing with interesting songs with teasing punches for the
prospective couple and dance performances by every younger and elder member of
the family.

Mehandi
Like other Hindu Weddings, Mehandi is also an important pre-wedding ritual of a
Punjabi marriage. As a part of Kwar Dhoti, Mehandi is taken to the girl’s place by the
boy’s sister and brother-in-law. This Mehandi is then applied to the girl’s hands and
feet in beautiful motifs. Kwar Dhoti also includes dry fruits, specifically dry dates.
The girl eats half of a dry date and the other half is given to the boy, this ritual is said
to increase the love between the two.




Punjabi Wedding
Rituals
Punjabi Wedding ceremony is an interesting ceremony full of several rituals and
customs. The wedding preparations start day before the actual wedding ceremony.
Overall, a Punjabi wedding is very vibrant and colorful. The wedding ceremony starts
from the Chuda ceremony and at the groom’s place with Vatna ceremony. Like most
of the Hindu wedding ceremonies, Punjabi wedding is also very ritualistic. If you are
interested in knowing more about a Punjabi wedding, we have given a systemized list
of rituals of Punjabi wedding ceremony in the following paragraphs…

Rituals at the Bride’s home-

Chuda
On the wedding day the rituals at the girl’s home begin with the Chuda ceremony. To
commemorate the Chuda ceremony, a havan or puja is conducted by the pandit.
Thereafter, the pundit ties a mauli on the to be bride’s wrist. The oldest maternal
uncle and aunt play an important role in the performance of the ceremony. They fast
till the event is completed. Chuda is basically a set of red and cream ivory bangles
that is touched by all present. People touch the chuda and give their heartiest wishes
to the girl for her future married life. Also, they sprinkle flower petals on the bride.
Prasad is distributed to all. After that, the girl’s uncle, aunt, friends and cousins tie
kaliras (silver, gold or gold plated traditional ornaments) to a bangle worn by the girl.

Vatna
Four lamps or diyas are lit and the bride is made to sit facing them. Oil is constantly
poured into the lamps, so that the glow from diyas is reflected on her face. Vatna
involves applying the paste made from turmeric powder and mustard oil all over the
girl’s body by her female friends and relatives. This is done to make the girl look
more beautiful on the special day of our life.

Ghara Ghardoli
The Ghara Ghardoli follows the Vatna. In the Ghara Ghardoli ritual, the bride’s
sibling or sibling’s spouse visits the nearby temple and fills a pitcher with holy water.
The girl is then bathed with this holy water. Thereafter, the bride wears their wedding
attire.The ghara ghardoli and the vatna ceremonies take place at the groom’s house
too. But over there, the boy’s sister-in-law brings the pitcher of water. As per the
tradition, their wedding dress is presented to them by their respective maternal uncles.
Rituals at the Groom’s home

Sehrabandi
Like the bride’s home, the Vatna and Ghara Ghardoli are followed by the dressing up
of groom in his wedding attire. After the groom has dressed up in his wedding
clothes, a pooja is performed. Thereafter, the groom’s father or any elderly relative
ties the "sehra" on the groom’s head. The boy also wears a pink color turban, which is
touched by all the people present in the pooja. After the completion of Sehrabandi
ceremony, all those who witness the function give gifts and cash to the boy as a token
of good luck.

Ghodi Chadna
The Ghori Chadna is the final ceremony at the groom’s place. The groom’s sister-in-
law lines the boy’s eyes with surma. Thereafter, the groom’s sisters and cousins feed
and adorn his mare. To ward off the evil eye, people use cash and perform the Varna
ritual. After that the boy climbs the horse and immediately leaves his home for the
wedding venue.

Rituals at the Marriage Venue

Milni Ceremony
When the groom’s barat reaches the wedding venue, Milni ceremony is performed.
The bride’s close relatives give a warm welcome to the groom and his relatives with
flower garlands. Rose water is sprinkled on them. In the Milni ceremony, the girl's
relatives give Shagun (a token of good luck) to the groom's close relatives. It is done
in the descending order, beginning from the elder most. Cash and clothes are gifted.

Varmala
Varmala is the actual beginning of marriage rituals on the involves the exchange of
garlands between the bride and groom. Friends and relatives of the bride and groom
indulge in teasing and fun, to celebrate this happy occasion. An auspicious time or
muhurat is chosen for the performance of wedding ceremony. At the time of muhurat,
the purohit conducts a puja for the groom, in which the groom is asked to chant the
first few mantras. It is during this time, when the bride’s sisters indulge in stealing of
shoes. It is a fun tradition, in which the girls charge a fee for agreeing to return the
shoes.

Kanyadaan and Phere
The wedding is actually solemnized with four important rituals- the Kanyadaan, in
which the bride’s father giving his daughter's hand to the groom, the Mangalpheras in
front of the sacred fire, the Sindoor ritual when the groom applies vermilion to the
girl’s hair partition and the Mangalsutra Rasam when the groom ties a beaded
necklace to the girl’s neck. When all these rituals are over, the couple gets up to touch
the feet of all the elder members in the family and seek their blessings for a happily
married life.




Post-Wedding Punjabi Rituals
Punjabis love celebrations. Their
marriage ceremonies are thus extremely grand and elaborate. Even after few days of
marriage, the celebrations at the groom’s and bride’s places are on. The post wedding
celebrations start right after the solemnization of marriage at the Mandap.
Preparations for Vidaai and Ashwirwad ceremony go hand in hand. Once the couple
is blessed by all the elderly people at home, the brother of the bride accompanies the
couple for Vidaai to the main exit of their home. The celebrations after Vidaai takes
place at the groom’s place except for the Pag Phere Ceremony at the bride’s home the
next day after marriage. Read on to explore more…

Vidaai Ceremony
In the Vidaai ceremony, the bride departs from her parental house and bids goodbye
to her parents, friends and relatives. While leaving the home, the bride throws back
handful of puffed rice back at the main exit of her father’s home as a token of her
father’s prosperity and good luck. Thereafter, she boards a beautifully decorated car
and heads her way towards her new home.

Swagat Ceremony
After the marriage is over, the bride is welcomed at the groom’s house. She is
welcomed by her mother in law at the entrance of her new home by putting the sarson
ka tel (mustard oil) on both the sides of the entrance door. Then, a traditional aarti of
both the bride and the groom is performed. Thereafter, the newly wedded couple goes
to the pooja room and seeks the blessings of God.

Mooh Dikhai Ki Rasm
Mooh dikhai is the formal introduction of the new bride to the rest of the family. The
mother-in-law gives the bride jewelry, cash and gifts. It is a ceremony to facilitate
intimacy. The other relatives also give presents and cash to the bride.

Reception Ceremony
To make the bride feel at home, the groom’s parents usually throw a reception party.
It is an occasion, where the newly wedded couple is given a warm welcome by all. It
does not have an ancient origin. Infact, it is a western concept that is gaining
popularity in India too.

Pag Phere
As a part of Phera Dalna ritual, the newly wedded couple visits the bride’s house on
the next day after marriage. Usually, the girl’s brother comes to take them back to his
home. The bride’s parents prepare a special lunch. Also, the newly weds are given
lots of gifts and sweets. This is actually a formal introduction of groom to the bride’s
family.

				
DOCUMENT INFO