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Unit 4 Reading

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					Reading
        Li Bai




Du Fu
Su Dongpo   Bai Juyi
Shakespeare is
most famous for
his plays. His
sonnets ,however,
belong to the
best English
poetry.
                               Byron
John Donne    John Keats




John Milton   Robert Frost   Wordsworth
 the introduction of English poetry to China
(the end of 19th )




                  1910---1930




    Lu Xun                      Guo Moruo
  They translated English poetry
  into Chinese.
That (para.1)   poetry plays with sounds,
                words and grammar
its (para.3)   the history of English poetry
their (para.4)   Wordsworth’s, Byron’s
                 and Keats’
they (para.5)      modern poets
They (para.7)    poems and literature
1. When did the modern English come
into being?
  Modern English started around the
time of William Shakespeare, towards
the end of the 16th century.
2. Why do Chinese readers admire John
Donne’s works?
 Chinese readers admire his works
because of his use of surprising images
that reminds them of the works of poets
such as Su Dongpo.
3.When did Chinese writers begin to
read more foreign poetry?
 Towards the end of the 19th century.
4.Who translated both poetry and novels
into Chinese at the beginning of the 20th
century?
 Lu Xun and Guo Moruo.
True or false questions:
1.Poetry often follows special patterns
  of rhythm and rhyme. T
2. English poetry as well as Chinese
poetry has a long history. F
3. The earliest English poetry is easy
to understand now. F
4. Modern English came into being
around the middle of the 17th century.
                                    F
True or false questions:
5. John Donne’s poetry often reminds
  Chinese readers of the poems by Su
  Dongpo. T
6.Byron’s Isles of Greece is an example
of modern poetry. F
7. Lu Xun and Guo Moruo played
an important role in introducing
English poetry to China. T
 8. The advantages of reading English
 poetry in Chinese translation is that
 you have more choice. F
1st. para.       Early English poets
                Why more people are
2nd. para.      interested in English poetry
3rd. para.   The 19th century English poets
               The introduction of
4th. para.     English poetry to China
5th. para.     Brief introduction to
               poetry
6th. para.     Modern English poets
7th. para.    Chinese poets and poetry
Match the text into four parts
Divide main idea with each part

Part1 (1)           History of English poetry

Part2 (2)           Poems and literature can
                    be bridges
Part3(3&4&5)       Chinese poetry and poets

Part4 (6&7)        Brief introduction to poetry
       The history of English poetry(part3)
Time      Poets                 characteristics
16th William Shakespeare      sonnets
17th John Donne             his use of surprising images
     John Milton            the absence of rhyme
18th Alexander Pope
19th John Keats             sonnets and long poems
       William Wordsworth   nature poems
       Gordon Byron         Isles of Greece
20th                        modern poems stand
       Robert Frost
                            closest to us
             Timeline of Great Poets
             John Milton             William Wordsworth
                                                    (7)
1600           (3)   1700              1800               1900    2000
                              (4)
       (2) Alexander Pope
John Donne




(1)                         John Keats (5)                       (8)
Shakespeare                                     Robert Frost
                                              (6)
                                    George Gordon Byron
While-reading
  1. Some English poetry reminds
readers of Chinese poetry.
   读者有时发现英文诗与中文诗有
异曲同工之妙。
   短语remind sb. of sb./sth. 本意为
(cause sb. to remember or be newly
aware of sb./sth) 使某人回想起或意
识到某人或某事。

  This song reminds me of France.
 当然,在课本的原句中若直搬其中文
意思就会使语义不太顺畅。故在翻译句
子时,还应注意其意义。
   2. Poetry also calls up all the colours,
feelings, experiences and curious images
of a dream world.
   诗歌还能唤起梦幻世界的一切色彩,
感情,经历和各种奇特的意象。
 call up 在本句中意为"唤起,回忆起";
还可表示“给某人打电话;召集,动员
"。
  The sound of happy laughter
called up memories of his childhood.

           有关call的短语
     call on sb.       拜访某人
     call at a place   拜访某地
     call for sth.     需求某事物
     call back         叫回,回电话
     call off          取消
   3. The earliest poem was written
in a kind of English that is now
difficult to understand.
    早期诗中运用的英文很难被现代人
理解。
 本句的定语从句中运用了一个重点句
式:sth. /sb. is+ adj. + to do 注意在本结
构中常用不定式的主动形式与前
面的句词构成逻辑上的动宾关系。
e.g. This question is easy to answer .
类似的结构还有:
have sth. to do;
There is sth. to do; with sth. to do
e.g. Does anyone have something to say?
e.g.
With a lot of difficult problems ________,
theC
   newly-elected President is having a
hard time.(2002上海春招)A.settled
B.steeling
C.to settle     D.being settled

注:在with复合宾语结构中也可用分词,
但根据本句意, 有很多难题还有待
解决,故应用不定式表将来,选C。

4.The style and atmosphere in their
poems has often led to comparisons
with poets such as Du Fu and Li Bai.
  他们的诗歌风格和氛围经常会引发人
们将其与杜甫和李白的诗对比。
lead
 v. 领导,导致, 造成, 过……生活
e.g.
  He led the blind man across the street.
  Too much work often leads to illness.
  They are leading a happy life.
            [相关句式]

lead sb. to a place   领某人到……
lead sb. to do sth.   使/领某人干……
lead to               导致,引起
lead a...life = live a... life 过……生活
lead sb. in doing… 领导……做……
  such as意为 “例如,诸如此
类的”。
  I visited several cities such as New
York, Chicago and Boston.
辨析:
 such as, for example和namely/that is
  such as 用来列举事物,常用在列举的
事物和前面的名词之间,但是所列事物
的数量不能等同于前面所提及事物的总
数,否则应用that is或者namely;for
example主要用于举例说明,一般只列举
同类事物中的“一个”,其位置灵活,
可置于句首,句中或句末,用标点符
号隔开,而such as只能放在所列举事
物之前。
  He knows several languages such as
English, French and German.
  I have three friends, namely/that is,
John, Jack and Tom.
  Some students, for example, John,
live in the neighborhood.
  5. Once published, his work became
famous for the absence of rhyme at the
end of each line.
  Once published为Once his work was
published的省略形式。在英语中,当状语
从句中的主语与主句的主语一致并且从句
的谓语是be done或be doing时,通常把从句
的主语和助动词be省略掉。
  If he is praised, he will be happy the
whole day.
  如果受到表扬,他会一整天都高兴。
  While we were waiting for the train
to start we felt excited.
  在等着火车启动时,我们兴奋不已。
Summary
Main idea              Writing techniques

1. General              making
introduction to         comparison
poetry (paragraph 1)    using images
Main idea            Writing techniques

2.Poetry often
follows special       giving examples
patterns of rhythm    and explanation
and rhyme
(paragraph 2 )
      Main idea       Writing techniques

3.Introduction of
the history of         giving examples
English poetry in      making
chronological order    comparison
(paragraph 3-5)
   Main idea         Writing techniques

4.Poems and
literature can be     giving
bridges between       examples
the East and the      using images
West (paragraph 6-
7)
    Post-reading

Exercise 2 on Page 29:
1. “That” refers to “Poetry plays with
   sounds, words and grammar”.

2. “its”refers to “English poetry’s”
3. “their” refers to “English Romantic
   poets’ such as Wordsworth, Byron,
   Shelley and Keats.”
4. “they” refers to “modern poets”
5. “They” refers to “Poems and
  literature”
Homework
1.Read the passage again and
recite the key sentences in the text.
2.Prepare for Language Study.

				
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