Literacy in the Landscape • The following pages outline some of the different ways that the natural world can inspire literacy. It also includes examples of work by visiting school groups and teachers on training days at Chelsea Physic Garden. • “Literacy” refers to the ability to read and write, to understand and use language proficiently. • The “Landscape” can be defined as one’s environment; human-built, perfectly natural and whatever lies between. • The first page shows an overview of this subject, the others aim to expand upon it. Michael Holland - Chelsea Physic Garden, U.K. Historical and (ethno)botanical stories Story* Nature diary* Legend Non-fiction Fiction Reportage style * Myth Literacy in the Landscape Structured links Poetry* Uses of different word Free types* Here are some of the different strands of literacy. Picture a word* Many of them have links to other curriculum areas such as History, Geography, Art, Music, Design and Technology, Science and Numeracy. Those marked Other * are elaborated upon in the following pages. Developing Developing an observational appreciation of the skills Nature diaries natural world and its diversity Using different Use of local styles of green spaces language Awareness of Provides data Different seasons and for further presentation other processes studies styles History link Links to numeracy Art & ICT Science Geography Citizenship Nature diaries can be a simple written record of events; or perhaps more complex with illustrations, audio and even video entries to document natural phenomena. Important information includes: location, date, time, weather, the event itself and any other comments. Examples of diary ideas: Bird table observation, Metamorphosis, seed germination and subsequent growth, seasonal changes, astronomical and meteorological events. Haiku - A 3 line Japanese poem; Acrostic - where either Numbers of syllables in each line are the first letters or last 5,7,5 = a total of 17 syllables. letters of each line spell Literacy is:- out a word. Expressing “it” into words, In some sort of way. Tall plants, Reaching to the sky, Spreading up and out, Ever changing, Casting shade onto the ground - Leaves rustling in wind. Each one different - Shading us below. Poetry inspired by nature Freeform -these are poems without any particular constraints. Rhymes - examples are Before he went to school he not needed if your garden is could read well weeded. the bark of trees, leaf veins, sea shell convolutions, footprints, Here are some types of poems which and the touch of fingers; can be useful when expressing aspects now he goes to school, of the natural world. More examples and he can only read can be found elsewhere in this display. words. Jennifer Farley Nouns: Different regional names for the same plant; Verbs: growing, flowering, meanings of Latin names; gardening, photosynthesising, parts of a plant, place names germinating, adapting, climbing, and their origins; habitat evolving, raining, sprouting. names; names of colours. Alliteration - the complex creeper carefully climbs across crevices and cracks; small Different Saussurea seedlings slowly sprout sideways, seeking word types Similes: As tall as a tree; As solstice sunshine. rough as bark; as light as a feather, as fragile as a seedling. Adjectives: A long, green, spiny, shiny, thick, weathered, Synonyms: Wet-damp-dank- fragrant, medicinal, mottled, sodden-soggy-waterlogged-humid- asymmetrical, narrow, old leaf. soaking… Spiky-barbed-bristly-thorny-spiny- Of course, these are just brambly… some examples. THE DAILY SUNSHINE Issue 1, Tuesday 1st October 2002 FLY SLIPS TO STICKY DEATH IN NASTY NECTAR MIX UP “ One minute she was By Sarracenia Spider there, the next she had gone”, explained a distraught responsible for as many as Ben Blowfly -friend of the 400,000,000 missing deceased - yesterday at the invertebrates worldwide scene of the sad event on a annually. London kitchen windowsill. It is thought that the plants “These pitcher plants are a (of which there are many menace to us all; we hope to types, mostly growing in stamp out these pernicious damp places) lure our fellow pests”, exclaimed Officer Grub insects by offering of Ants Hill Accident stupefying, narcotic nectar, Prevention Station. causing them to lose their footing on the already Experts believe that these slippery sides of these insectivorous plants are specially adapted leaves. Turn to page 2, col. 3 Picture of the Pitcher of doom Based upon historical events, e.g plant hunters, voyages Based upon objects collected around the garden Written about special places Differentiate between and journeys in story, legend and myth the garden Incorporate as many words from your nature Reading Stories word bank into your stories as possible from books Adapt existing stories Stories are a wonderful way of bringing any subject to life. They tap into our imaginations and entwine the different strands of Literacy, whether we are readers or the writers Paper cones Books Trails Pictures Ways of presenting Literacy work Word Audio line/word bank Computer/ web pages Film Other Verbally F O D O Picture a word W B This is a useful visual way of E writing words and terms associated with nature.