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					Poetry
Key Elements of Poetry
 Form   and structure

 Sound


 Imagery


 Figurative   language
    Form and Structure
 Poems   are written in lines.

 Linescan vary in length and can
 fit the rhythm, feeling, or
 thought expressed in the poem.
  Form and Structure
 Linesthat are grouped together
 are called stanzas.

 Stanzasare separated in the
 poem by a space.
  Form and Structure
 The way a poem’s lines and
 words are arranged on the page
 is called its form.

A poet chooses a particular
 form based on the message or
 theme that he or she is trying
 to express.
     Forms of Poetry
 Ballad

 Epic

 Ode

 Sonnet

 Free   Verse
             Ballad
A type of narrative poem
 that tells a story.

 Hasstory elements –
 setting, plot, and
 characters.

        has regular
 Usually
 patterns of rhythm and
 rhyme.
             Epic
 Longnarrative poem
 about the adventures of
 a hero whose actions
 reflect the ideals and
 values of a nation or a
 group.
            Ode
Alyric poem (song like) that
addresses broad, serious
themes such as justice, truth,
or beauty.
            Sonnet
     A POEM THAT HAS:
          – Formal structure


       – Contains fourteen lines


– Has a specific rhyme scheme and meter
           Free Verse
 Poetrywithout a regular
 pattern of rhyme, rhythm, or
 meter.




 Used   for a variety of subjects.
       Sound in Poetry
 Sound  devices are used in poetry to
  reinforce the meaning of a poem.
 Types of sound devices:
  – Rhyme
  – Rhythm
  – Meter
  – Repetition
  – Alliteration
             Rhyme
 The repetition of sounds, such
 as shell and well.
         Rhyme – the use of
 Internal
 rhyming words within a line.
 EndRhyme – the use of rhymes
 at the end of lines. (Also known
 as rhyme scheme)
             Rhythm
 The pattern of sound created
 by stressed and unstressed
 syllables in a line of poetry.
 Stressed Syllables: word parts
 that are read with emphasis
 UnstressedSyllables: less
 emphasized word parts.
           Meter
A regular pattern of stressed
and unstressed syllables in a
line of poetry.
           Repetition
 Refers to sounds, words,
 phrases, or lines that are
 stated or use more than once in
 a poem.

 Used to emphasize ideas or
 feelings
         Alliteration
 The repetition of sounds or
 letters at the beginnings of
 words.
 Consonance:   the repetition of a
 consonant
 Assonance:   the repetition of a
 vowel
           Imagery
 Refersto words and phrases
 that appeal to the five senses.

 Usedto create a picture in the
 reader’s mind.
  Figurative Language
 Conveysa meaning beyond the
 ordinary, literal meaning.

 Types   of figurative language:
 – Similes
 – Metaphors                 Reading
                             Rocks!!!
 – Personification
             Symbol
A person, a place, an object, or
 an action that stands for
 something beyond itself.

 American   Flag = Freedom

				
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posted:2/6/2010
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