Crime and Punishment - PowerPoint by sofiaie

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									Crime and
Punishment

Rich and Poor
Key Words
Justice
 Making sure the right and the fair thing
  happens
Life imprisonment
 25 years in jail for serious crime
Parole
 Releasing a prisoner before their sentence is
  over with the agreement that they behave
  well
Key words

Capital punishment
 The death penalty for serious crime
Community service
 A sentence of the court which requires
  the criminal to pay the community back
  by doing something useful e.g. helping
  with voluntary projects etc.
Types of crime

 Against the person – murder, rape,
  assault
 Against property – theft or vandalism
 Against the State – not paying taxes,
  fraud
 Against religion - blasphemy
Causes of crime
Environment
 People are more likely to commit crime if they
  come from poor areas
Psychological
 A difficult life can lead people to take revenge
  on others
Social
 People are following their peers. They steal to
  impress and to have more possessions.
Aims of punishment
Protection
 People in society must be kept safe.
Retribution/revenge
 The punishment is fair payment for the crime
  committed.
Reformation
 The punishment will change the person so
  they will not offend again
Deterrence
 The punishment will put people off committing
  crime
Types of punishment

 Imprisonment
 Community service
 Fines
 Suspended sentences – the sentence is
  only carried out if the person reoffends
 Probation Order – offenders are
  supervised by a probation officer
Arguments for capital
punishment
 It is natural justice for someone who has
  murdered – „an eye for an eye‟.
 Putting someone to death protects the
  public
 The death penalty is a good deterrent
 It is cheaper to execute someone than
  to keep them in prison.
Arguments against capital
punishment
 An innocent person might be executed.
 It is barbaric.
 There is little evidence that the death
  penalty is a good deterrent.
 Life is sacred – we have no right to
  destroy it.
Rich and Poor- key words

Absolute poverty
 So poor that you barely have what you
  need to survive
Relative poverty
 Being poor compared to others
Welfare State
 Provision by the State for those
  unemployed, sick, elderly, families
Key words

Materialism
 Worshipping wealth and poverty
Minimum wage
 The hourly rate set by the Government
  for wages
Inherited wealth
 Money or property passed down
  through a family after someone dies
Causes of poverty

 Unemployment – can be caused by
  sickness, handicap, injury, redundancy
 Lack of education – people who are
  poor tend to have a worse education
  leading to few qualifications leading to a
  badly paid job
 Indolence – some people are lazy,
  make no effort and do not want to work
Who should help the poor?

 Government help – the welfare system
 The Community – councils, religious
  groups
 Charities - 200,000 registered charities
  in Britain some of which help British
  people only. Half the population take
  part in some sort of voluntary work.
The National Lottery

Arguments for:
 It is a bit of fun – it gives people
  pleasure to imagine they might win
 It helps charities and other good causes
 It makes some people millionaires.
The National Lottery

Arguments against:
 It is gambling – it leads to addiction
 It is played by the poorest people who
  cannot afford it (the poor man‟s tax)
 It encourages people to be greedy
Christian teaching on poverty
 “The love of money is the root of all evil” - it
  can make people greedy
 Some say it is OK to be rich as long as you
  use some of your money to help the poor.
 Money must be used wisely as God will judge
  a person‟s actions on Judgement Day
 The Parable of the Rich Fool: Riches in
  heaven are more important than riches on
  earth.
Muslim teaching

 Allah creates all wealth and everything
  is his property
 Money is only of value for the good it
  can do.
 It is not right to become wealthy by
  stealing or being dishonest
 All forms of gambling are forbidden

								
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