Production of glass bottles by zlr11756

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									                   Hand outs Effective LCA with SimaPro7
1 First Assignment: Model Water winning
Model process in blue
                               Additives

                                                          Drinking
       Water source                                        Water

Drinking Water
The following table shows the inputs and outputs for the average winning of 1 kg water
                   Input/Output                 Input in SimaPro
Inputs from        750cc water from lakes       Water, lake
nature

                    0,1 mg Chlorine                    Chlorine, AU
Materials/fuels/
                    0,88 mg Hydrogen peroxide          Hydrogen peroxide, AU
Electricity for
                    3,33 mg Ozone                      Ozone, liquid, at plant/RER S
winning
activities          0,00039 kWh Electricity            Electricity Australia
                    4,17 mg Charcoal                   Charcoal, at plant/GLO S
                                                       Compartiment in SimaPro
Emissions to        1,29E-06 kg Aluminum               river
Water               5,04E-06 kg Chloride               river
                    1E-07 kg Chlorine                  river

2 Second Assignment: Model glass bottle
Model all processes in blue
                              (c) Glass bottle


   Other minerals                                                          Energy
                                     (b) Silica sand



                              (a) Sand            Energy



(a) Sand
Sand is required to produce silica sand. The following table includes the main data associated to the
mining of 1 kg sand.
                                                                    Input in SimaPro
                                1,04 kg of gravel must be           Gravel, in ground
Inputs from nature              extracted from the ground
                                Land use for the production of 1    Occupation mineral, extraction
                                kg sand is 0,00245 m2a              site
                                Diesel: 0,0147 MJ per kg of sand. Diesel, burned in building
                                                                    machine/GLO S
Materials/fuels/Electricity
                                Electricity, medium voltage:        Electricity, medium voltage, at
for the mining activities
                                0,00272 kWh                         grid/CH S
                                1,72E-5 tkm transport               Transport, lorry 28t/CH S
(b) Silica sand
Silica sand is produced from sand and it is used for the production of glass bottles. The production
of silica sand requires:
                                                                     Use process in SimaPro
                               0,2 MJ of light oil per kg silica     Heat, light fuel oil, at
Materials/fuels/Electricity
                               sand                                  industrial furnace 1MW/CH S
for the mining activities
                               1,04 sand                             Sand (Process created in (a))


(c) White glass bottles
The following table shows the inputs and outputs for the manufacture of one white glass bottle. An
empty white glass bottle weights 395 gr.
                                                           Use process in SimaPro
Inputs from         2 lt water                             Water, unspecified natural origin
nature              53 gr Dolomite                         Dolomite in ground
                    23 gr Feldspar                         Feldspar in ground
                    73 g Soda                              Soda, powder, at plant/RER S
                    42 g Limestone                         Limestone, milled, loose, at plant/CH S
Materials/fuels/
                    248 g Silica sand                      Silica sand
Electricity for
                                                           Electricity, medium voltage, production
the mining
                    0,244 kWh Electricity                  UCTE, at grid/UCTE S
activities
                                                           Natural gas, high pressure, at
                    3,57 MJ Natural gas                    consumer/RER S
                                                           Compartment
                    0,473 kg Carbon dioxide, fossil        high. pop.
                    4,97E-05 kg Hydrogen chloride          high. pop.
                    0,000018 kg Hydrogen fluoride          high. pop.
                    7,72E-07 kg Lead                       high. pop.
Emissions to Air    0,0021 kg Nitrogen oxides              high. pop.
                    0,000252 kg Particulates, < 2.5 um     high. pop.
                    0,000016 kg Particulates, > 10 um      high. pop.
                    0,000013 kg Particulates, > 2.5 um,
                    and < 10um                             high. pop.
                    0,00344 kg Sulfur dioxide              high. pop.



3 Third Assignment: Assembly Glass bottled water

 Drinking water               Glass bottled water

  Glass bottle

                         Filling              Transport

The assembly for the production of glass bottled water (in blue in the figure above) requires the
following items:
                                                                    Use process in SimaPro
Materials/fuels/Electricity
for winning activities                                              Drinking water. Assume density
                              Content of the bottle is 0,75 lt      equal to 1 g/cc
                              The bottle weights 420 g              White glass bottle
Processes                     Filled bottles are transported an
                              average of 250 km to retail point     Transport, lorry 16t, CH S
                              The process of filling up bottles     Fill bottles (The data in this
                              requires some energy.                 process is given per bottle)
4 Fourth Assignment: End of life
Model all processes in blue

           (b) Waste scenario glass bottle


 (a) Recycling glass                   Municipal waste NL


                            incineration glass         Landfill glass


(a) Recycling glass
Data for the recycling of 1 kg glass
                                                            Use process in SimaPro
Avoided material       Virgin glass                         Glass, virgin S
                                                            Electricity, medium voltage, production UCTE,
Materials/fuels/
                       0,244    kWh of electricity          at grid/UCTE S
Electricity for
                       3,57     MJ of natural gas           Natural gas, high pressure, at consumer/RER S
winning
                       0,0433   kg of heavy fuel oil        Heavy fuel oil, at regional storage/RER S
activities
                       0,0419   kg light fuel oil           Light fuel oil, at regional storage/RER S
                                                            Compartment
                       0,0021 kg Nitrogen oxides            high. pop.
Emissions to Air
                       0,000252 kg Particulates, < 2.5 um   high. pop.
                       0,00344kg Sulfur dioxide             high. pop.

(b) Waste scenario for empty bottles
78% of the glass is recycled the rest (22%) is disposed in Municipal waste.



5 Fifth Assignment: Life cycle of Glass bottled water
                                                                         Use process in SimaPro
Assembly               Assembly for the product glass bottled water
Process                Transport 5 km with a van                         Transport, van <3,5t/RER S
Waste scenario         Top waste scenario for glass bottles
6 Sixth Assignment: Life cycle of tap water
           (b) Life cycle tap water

                                                    Life cycle plastic cup
             (a) Assembly Tap Water


                   Drinking Water


(a) Assembly Tap water
The supply of water requires some infrastructure. The following table includes the infrastructure
requirements allocated to 1 cubic meter of drinking water
                                                                 Use process in SimaPro
                                                                 Assume density equal to 1 g/cc. Use
Materials/fuels/El
                     0,314 mm of water supply network            Water Supply network CH/I/S
ectricity for
                     A pump station will pump 4,85e7 m3 of
winning activities
                     water through its life spam                 Pump station CH/I/S

(b) Life cycle tap water

                                    Assembly for tap water. Keep in
Assembly
                                    mind the functional unit
Process                             No processes
Waste scenario                      No waste scenario



7      Seventh assignment: Bottle plus aluminium cap
 Drinking water                     (b) Water bottle plus cap
                                          to consumer
    Glass bottle

    (a) Aluminium cap
                                          Filling               Transport

(a) Assembly Aluminium cap
Aluminium caps are made by stamping the aluminium into a cap shape. Model a simplified
aluminium cap approached by its material content.
                                                     Use process in SimaPro
Materials/fuels/Electricity                          Aluminium, production mix, wrought alloy, at
                             2 g of alluminium
for winning activities                               plant/RER S

(b) Assembly glass bottled water plus cup
The assembly for the production of glass bottled water (in blue in the figure above) requires the
following items:
                                                                       Use process in SimaPro
                               Content of the bottle is 0.75 lt        Assume density equal to 1 g/cc
Materials/fuels/Electricity
                               The bottle weights 420 g
for winning activities
                               One aluminium cap
                               Filled bottles are transported an
                               average of 250 km to retail point       Transport, lorry 16t, CH S
Processes
                               The process of filling up bottles       Fill bottles (The data in this
                               requires some energy.                   process is given per bottle)
8 Disposal scenario for glass bottle en cap
Model scenarios in blue
                                         (c) Disposal bottle with cap


                                       (b) Disassembly bottle with cap


                    (a) Disposal cap                       Waste scenario glass bottles


     Waste scenario Municipal           Waste treatment Rec.glass          Waste scen. Municpal waste
              waste

(c) Disposal bottle with   Refers to assembly bottle with cap. It gives the command to
cap                        disassemble the assembly
(b) Disassembly bottle     Refers to assembly bottle with cap. It gives the command to separate
with cap                   materials and sub-assemblies within the assembly bottle with cap and
                           sends them to different disposal/waste scenarios. Remember to use a
                           correct scenario for waste glass bottles
(a) Disposal cap           Refers to subassembly aluminium cap. It gives the command to handle
                           the material within this sub-assembly according to the waste scenario
                           for municipal waste.



9 Life cycle of Glass bottled water
                                                                         Use process in SimaPro
Assembly                        Assembly for the product glass bottle
                                of water with cap
Process                         Transport 5 km with a van
                                                                         Transport, van <3,5t/RER S
Waste scenario                  Top waste scenario for glass bottles

								
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