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Elements of Poetry

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					Elements of Poetry

 Figurative Language
Examples of Figurative Language
 Alliteration    Onomatopoeia
 Assonance       Oxymoron
 Consonance      Personification
 Epanaphora      Simile
 Hyperbole       Synecdoche
 Imagery
              Alliteration
Alliteration is the repetition of initial
consonant sounds in words.



Example: She sells sea shells by the
seashore.
               Assonance
Assonance is the repetition of vowel sounds
followed by similar consonant sounds.


Example: “Once upon a midnight dreary, while I
pondered, weak and weary…”
              - “The Raven” by Edgar Allen Poe
              Consonance
 Consonance is the repetition of the same or
  similar consonant sounds.



 Example: tick tock or sing song.
              Epanaphora
 Epanaphora is repetition for emphasis.



Example: “I have a dream…”
                    - Martin Luther King Jr.
             Hyperbole
Hyperbole is an exaggeration or
overstatement for effect.

Example: I had so much homework, I
needed a pickup truck to carry all my books
home.
               Imagery
Imagery is the descriptive language used in
literature to create word pictures for the
reader.


Note: These images are created by details of
sight, sound, taste, touch, smell, or
movement.
           Onomatopoeia
Onomatopoeia is the use of words that
imitate sounds.



Examples: whirr, thud, sizzle, hiss, bang,
boom.
             Oxymoron
Oxymoron is a figure of speech that
combines opposite or contradictory terms.



Examples: Sweet Sorrow, Deafening
Silence, and Jumbo Shrimp
          Personification
Personification is a type of figurative
language in which a nonhuman subject is
given human characteristics.

Example: The leaves danced in the wind.
                 Simile
Simile is a figure of speech in which like or
as is used to make a comparison between
two unlike ideas.

Example: It’s as easy as pie. He is as happy
as a clam.
            Synecdoche
Synecdoche is a figure of speech in which a
part represents the whole.



Example: Will you please lend a hand?

				
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