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Elements of Poetry Figurative Language Examples of Figurative Language Alliteration Onomatopoeia Assonance Oxymoron Consonance Personification Epanaphora Simile Hyperbole Synecdoche Imagery Alliteration Alliteration is the repetition of initial consonant sounds in words. Example: She sells sea shells by the seashore. Assonance Assonance is the repetition of vowel sounds followed by similar consonant sounds. Example: “Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary…” - “The Raven” by Edgar Allen Poe Consonance Consonance is the repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds. Example: tick tock or sing song. Epanaphora Epanaphora is repetition for emphasis. Example: “I have a dream…” - Martin Luther King Jr. Hyperbole Hyperbole is an exaggeration or overstatement for effect. Example: I had so much homework, I needed a pickup truck to carry all my books home. Imagery Imagery is the descriptive language used in literature to create word pictures for the reader. Note: These images are created by details of sight, sound, taste, touch, smell, or movement. Onomatopoeia Onomatopoeia is the use of words that imitate sounds. Examples: whirr, thud, sizzle, hiss, bang, boom. Oxymoron Oxymoron is a figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms. Examples: Sweet Sorrow, Deafening Silence, and Jumbo Shrimp Personification Personification is a type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics. Example: The leaves danced in the wind. Simile Simile is a figure of speech in which like or as is used to make a comparison between two unlike ideas. Example: It’s as easy as pie. He is as happy as a clam. Synecdoche Synecdoche is a figure of speech in which a part represents the whole. Example: Will you please lend a hand?
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