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PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT - (PPE)

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					                                          SAFETY POLICY PROCEDURES
                                             AND ARRANGEMENTS



                           PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT - (PPE)
                   COMPANY GOOD PRACTICE GUIDE FOR SITE BASED WORKS

INTRODUCTION

Every year, in the construction industry, workers are killed and many others injured as a result of head injuries. If
you wear a safety helmet your chances of being seriously hurt are greatly reduced. Wearing one could save your
life.
Personal protective equipment (PPE) is always the last line of defence. Wherever possible, other measures should
first be taken to reduce or control the risk, eg:
      Provide brick guards and toe boards to stop objects falling from the scaffold;
      Keep scaffolds free of loose materials;
      Tie suspended loads securely.

LEGALLY, WHEN SHOULD SAFETY HELMETS BE WORN?

The Construction (Head Protection) Regulations 1989 require suitable head protection, normally safety helmets,
to be provided and worn when there is a risk of injury. If you are IN CONTROL OF A SITE, eg as a principal
contractor, you need to think about risks of head injury. There may be risks from falling materials or of knocking
into things such as low scaffolds. Unless there is no foreseeable risk of injury you must provide your employees
with safety helmets and decide when, where, and how they should be worn. Safety helmets must be worn in
designated ‘hard hat’ areas. Only turban-wearing Sikhs are exempt from these requirements.
The Construction (Head Protection) Regulations 1989 allow you to make rules governing when and where safety
helmets should be worn. These rules apply to EVERYONE on site, and that includes visiting workpeople such as
architects, delivery drivers and utility workers. These rules should be in writing and should be brought to the
attention of all those who may be affected by them so that everyone knows when and where safety helmets are to
be worn.

DUTIES OF EMPLOYEES AND THE SELF-EMPLOYED
EMPLOYEES must wear their safety helmets properly and follow the instructions of their employer or, in other
cases, the rules made by the person in control of the site. They should take care of their helmets and not misuse
them. Any defects or problems should be reported promptly. If safety helmets are not provided on site, the SELF-
EMPLOYED must supply their own. They must wear them when there is a risk of head injury or when told to do
so by someone in control. They also need to follow the rules made by the person in control of the site, and in
addition, maintain and replace the safety helmet whenever necessary.

SELECTION OF SUITABLE SAFETY HELMETS
Helmets come in a variety of designs and it is important that the right type is provided for the work to be done.
A properly fitting safety helmet should have the right shell size for the wearer and an easily adjustable headband,
nape and chin strap. The range of size adjustments should be large enough to accommodate thermal liners used in
cold weather.
Safety helmets should be as comfortable as possible. Comfort is improved by the following:
a flexible headband of adequate width and contoured both vertically and horizontally to fit the forehead;
          An absorbent sweatband that is easy to clean or replace;
          Textile cradle straps;
          Chin straps (when fitted) which:
          Fit around the ears;
          Are fitted with smooth, quick-release buckles which don’t dig into the skin;
          Are made from non-irritant materials;
          Can be stowed on the helmet when not in use.

COMPATIBILITY WITH THE WORK TO BE DONE

Whenever possible, the safety helmet should not hinder the work being done. For example, an industrial safety
helmet with little or no peak is useful for a surveyor taking measurements, or to allow unrestricted upward vision
for a scaffold erector. Chin straps should be provided and used if a job involves work in windy conditions,
especially at height, or repeated bending or constantly looking upwards.
Helmets should be compatible with any other PPE, eg ear defenders or eye protectors. The design should allow
them to be worn comfortably and remain effective. Check manufacturer’s instructions regarding the compatibility
of safety helmets with other types of PPE. Don’t attempt to modify existing helmets to take these fittings as this
may weaken them.
MAINTENANCE


CLAUSE G 012 PPE & SIGNS                                     PAGE 1 OF 7
                                         SAFETY POLICY PROCEDURES
                                            AND ARRANGEMENTS



Safety helmets must be maintained in good condition. They should:
(a)      Be stored in a safe place, e.g. on a peg or in a cupboard on site;
(b)      Not be stored in direct sunlight or in excessively hot, humid conditions because long-term
        exposure can weaken the shell;
(c)      Be checked regularly for signs of damage or deterioration;
(d)      Have defective parts replaced (if the model allows this). Parts from one model cannot
        normally be interchanged with those from another;
(e)      Have the sweatband cleaned regularly or replaced.

Before the safety helmet is issued to another person, it should be inspected to ensure it is serviceable and
thoroughly cleaned in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, e.g. using soap and water. The sweatband
should always be cleaned or replaced.

        Damage to the shell
        Damage to the shell of a helmet can occur when:
        Objects fall onto it;
        It strikes against a fixed object;
        It is dropped or thrown.

Certain chemicals can weaken the plastic of the shell leading to rapid deterioration in shock absorption or
penetration resistance. Chemicals which should be avoided include aggressive cleaning agents or solvent-based
adhesives and paints. Where names or other markings need to be applied using adhesives, advice should be sought
from the helmet manufacturer.

REPLACEMENT

Normally, helmets should be replaced at intervals recommended by the manufacturer. They will also need
replacing when the harness is damaged or if it is likely that the shock absorption or penetration resistance has
deteriorated. For example, when the shell has received a severe impact, or if deep scratches occur (ie to a depth
greater than 25% of the shell thickness) or if the shell has any visible cracks.

SOME DOS AND DON’TS FOR SAFETY HELMETS

DO
        Wear the helmet the right way round - it does not give proper protection when worn back to front.
        Safety comes before fashion.
        Keep a supply of helmets for visitors on site. These should be checked before each issue.
        Wear a chin strap if you have to bend forward or down, look up or work where it is windy.
        Wear the helmet so that the brim is level when the head is upright, ie don’t wear it sloping up or down as
        this may significantly reduce the protection it can provide.

DON’T

        Don’t use your helmet as a handy basket - it is designed
        to fit on your head, not for mixing cement or carrying
        nails!
        Don’t paint it or use solvents to stick labels to it, or
        scratch an identification mark onto it: the shell could
        weaken and rapidly deteriorate. The manufacturer can
        be asked to add a label.
        Don’t store them in heat or direct sunlight, such as in
        the rear window of a car. Excessive heat and sunlight
        can quickly weaken the plastic.
        Don’t modify, cut or drill your helmet.
        Don’t share your helmet with anyone else on site.




CLAUSE G 012 PPE & SIGNS                                    PAGE 2 OF 7
                                     SAFETY POLICY PROCEDURES
                                        AND ARRANGEMENTS



                    PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT - (PPE)


 OUR ENTERPRISE WILL ISSUE AND ACTIVELY ENCOURAGE THE USE OF PPE. IN GENERAL WE WILL
 OBSERVE THE APPROVED CODES OF PRACTICE FOR THE PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
 AT WORK REGULATIONS 1992, AND AS SPECIFIED BY THE HEALTH & SAFETY EXECUTIVE. OUR
 PROCEDURES WILL BE THE GUIDANCE DOCUMENTS NOTED IN THE POLICY AND THEY WILL BE
 REFERRED TO BY THE MANAGEMENT, STAFF AND SUB-CONTRACTORS OF, AND ANY OTHER
 UNSPECIFIED PERSONS WORKING FOR OR VISITING THE COMPANY WORKPLACE.

 THE LEGAL MINIMUM PROVISIONS WILL FORM THE BASIS OF OUR POLICY AND WILL GUIDE
 THE SPECIFIC PROVISIONS FOR THE USE OF PPE IN ANY WORK AREA CONTROLLED BY OUR
 ENTERPRISE.
 THE PURCHASING OF ANY PPE WILL BE CARRIED OUT BY MANAGERS AND SUPERVISORS AND THE
 MAINTENANCE AND STORAGE WILL BE SUPERVISED BY THE NOMINATED SAFETY SUPERVISOR.

     PPE REGULATIONS 1992 REQUIRES EMPLOYERS TO SUPPLY PPE FREE OF CHARGE AND THEREFORE;

       We will provide suitable PPE free of charge to protect employees against risks which have not
       been controlled by other means;

       We will take all reasonable steps to ensure that the PPE provided is properly used;

       Before providing PPE, we will assess risks to Health & Safety which have not been avoided by
       other means and define the characteristics which PPE must have against those risks; then
       compare those characteristics against the PPE available;

       We will maintain the PPE provided in clean and efficient working order with appropriate
       accommodation for it when not in use;

       We will give information, instruction and training in the use of the PPE.

 EMPLOYEES MUST AS A MATTER OF POLICY AND BY PRIOR AGREEMENT,


       Use the PPE provided by our enterprise.

       Report any loss or obvious defect to our line manager.

 The following rules regarding PPE will be observed as our policy by all company personnel
 and by all personnel on any site controlled by this company:

       Safety helmets will be worn at all times on sites designated as hardhat areas. On work areas not
       subject to prescriptive measures by a Principal Contractor the work will be risk assessed as to
       the likelihood of falling objects and the need, therefore, for the wearing of safety helmets. At all
       times operatives of Our Enterprise will be aware of the injury from falling objects and always
       err on the side of caution and wear safety headgear as a matter of custom and practice rather
       than isolated risk assessment



       Masks and respirators shall be worn as a protective measure against any hazardous dust or
       fumes. Specific risk assessment shall be carried out and the appropriate mask selected from the
       manufacturers specifications; when carrying out any works a mask or respirator should be used
       as a general rule. The Management in line with current Best Practice will coordinate careful
       selection of breathing equipment.




CLAUSE G 012 PPE & SIGNS                               PAGE 3 OF 7
                                   SAFETY POLICY PROCEDURES
                                      AND ARRANGEMENTS


         Safety Footwear will be used to eliminate the risk of injury to the feet of the operatives.

       Overalls will be worn by all operatives when possible and are to be regularly laundered. Site
       Managers will issue guidance on type of overalls used and levels of cleanliness required for
       specific locations.

       All operatives will be made aware of the deleterious nature of solvents and paint products
       generally. Information on hazard reduction and barrier creams to lessen the risk of skin
       contamination will be made available by the Management of Our Enterprise

       It is the stated policy of Our Enterprise to communicate and place signs for all information
       regarding PPE to their operatives, as circumstances dictate or as custom and practice in the
       daily operating policy of the company.


     PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT SIGNS - (PPE)

 TYPICAL SHARPS CONTAINERS, PPE AND (MANDATORY) SIGNS USED IN
 OUR WORK AREAS.




CLAUSE G 012 PPE & SIGNS                             PAGE 4 OF 7
                           SAFETY POLICY PROCEDURES
                              AND ARRANGEMENTS



             EXAMPLES OF PROPER PPE USED BY OUR COMPANY




CLAUSE G 012 PPE & SIGNS                PAGE 5 OF 7
                               SAFETY POLICY PROCEDURES
                                  AND ARRANGEMENTS



     SITE SPECIFIC CHECKLIST AND PPE RISK ASSESSMENT TEMPLATE
ADDRESS OF                                    NAME OF RISK ASSESSOR
DATE OF ASSESSMENT                            DATE OF REVIEW
HAZARD LIKELY TO BE ENCOUNTERED ON THE        TYPE OF INJURY LIKELY TYPE OF PPE ISSUED
WORK SITE                                     SUSTAINED
MATERIALS OR OBJECTS FALLING FROM HEIGHT      HEAD INJURIES           Issue safety helmets to
                                                                      conform to the BS EN 397
                                                                      standard
CUTS AND INJURIES TO HANDS FROM SHARP         CUTS     LACERATIONS, Issue gloves that are
OBJECTS                                       MUSCLE INJURY AND appropriate for the job in
                                              INFECTION               hand.
MATERIALS, OBJECTS OR COMPONENTS FALLING      CRUSHED BONES AND Issue boots or shoes with
ON FEET. NAILS PENETRATING SOLES              TOES. SEPTIC CUTS       foot and toe protection.
                                                                      Steel or compound toe
                                                                      caps with steel plate
                                                                      protection within insole.
DEBRIS, METAL SHARDS, DUST AND POINTED        SIGHT     LOSS,     EYE Issue goggles and or safety
OBJECTS PENETRATING EYE AND SURROUNDING       INJURIES, CUMULATIVE spectacles when working
AREA                                          INJURY PROBLEMS         on work task that are likely
                                                                      to injure the eye. or
                                                                      declare the work site an
                                                                      eyewear only zone in high
                                                                      risk circumstances.
INJURIES AS A RESULT OF TRAFFIC AND PLANT     DEATH,          INJURY, All work persons to be
MOVING IN THE WORKPLACE                       BROKEN LIMBS AND issued with high visibility
                                              MINOR INJURIES          work       wear      when
                                                             working on site where
                                                             moving traffic or plant is
                                                             not totally segregated
                                                             from the workplace.
                                                             yellow/lime green normal
                                                             orange when working
                                                             near railways.
FALLS FROM HEIGHT WHEN USING TOWER OF DEATH,         INJURY, When working at height
CHERRY PICKER                         BROKEN LIMBS AND in a tower or using a
                                      MINOR INJURIES         cherry      picker     all
                                                             operatives will wear a
                                                             harness       of      the
                                                             appropriate type. the
                                                             length of the restraint
                                                             and type of restraint will
                                                             be appropriate for the
                                                             job consult manufactures
                                                             instruction for detailed
                                                             guidance.
NOISE FROM PLANT THAT EXCEEDS THE 80DB        INNER EAR INJURIES         All technicians, visitors or
THRESHOLD                                     AND      CUMULATIVE        sub contractors will be
                                              HEARING LOSS               issued with ear defenders
                                                                         when any noise exceeds
                                                                         the    80dba      threshold
                                                                         continuously.
ANY OTHER RISKS IDENTIFIED AS THE JOB
PROCEEDS WILL ADDRESSED BY THE SITE MANAGER
AND SUITABLE EQUIPMENT WILL BE ISSUED




CLAUSE G 012 PPE & SIGNS                       PAGE 6 OF 7
                           SAFETY POLICY PROCEDURES
                              AND ARRANGEMENTS



              LIST OF PPE ISSUED TO THE WORKFORCE.
          DATE, TYPE OF PPE AND NAME OF THE OPERATIVE
  NAME OF THE                                        NAME OF THE
                                    TRAINING GIVEN ISSUING PERSON
   EMPLOYEE      TYPE OF PPE ISSUED
                                        YES/NO




CLAUSE G 012 PPE & SIGNS                PAGE 7 OF 7

				
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