The Little Mermaid - PDF - PDF

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					                                                                           418 West Short Street
                                                                            Lexington, KY 40507
                                                                                   859.254.4546
                                                                                  FAX.254.9512
                                                                             www.lctonstage.org

Dear Educator,                              2009-10 Season Play Guide

                                                    The Little
        Imagine.     Explore.    Create.
These words drive everything we do
at Lexington Children’s Theatre. We
are excited about our 71st year of
producing plays for young people and
their families. As an organization that
values the arts and education, we have
created this resource for teachers called
the Play Guide.
                                                     Mermaid  2:00 PM
        Our Play Guides are designed                 December 13, 19 and 20, 2009
to be a valuable tool for teachers in
                                                              7:00 PM
two ways: it helps you prepare your
students for the enriching performance
                                                          December 19, 2009
LCT provides, as well as it serves                      10:00 and 11:45 AM
as an educational tool for extending                 December 8-11 and 14-17, 2009
                                                                                                  !
                                                             all 2009
the production experience into your
classroom.
        We designed each activity            On       TOur F
to assist in achieving the Kentucky
Core Content (KCC) standards and            Our MissiOn tO schOOls, teachers and students
                                            The mission of Lexington Children’s Theatre Education
to integrate the arts with your core
                                            Department is to provide students of all ages with the
curricular subjects.
                                            means to actively explore the beauty, diversity, complexity
        Teachers are important voices at    and challenges of the world around them through the
LCT and we rely heavily on your input.      dramatic process. We strive for young people to develop
If you have comments or suggestions         their own creative voice, their imagination, and their
about our Play Guides, show selections           understanding of drama and its role in society.
or any of our programming, your
thoughts are greatly appreciated.
Please read and complete the Teacher
                                                       Free Teacher Previews
                                                      Want to be more fully prepared to share
Response form that you will receive
                                              the theatrical experience with your students? LCT
following the performance.                    offers teachers the opportunity to preview many of
        We are thrilled that you rely on      our Main Stage productions.
LCT to provide your students with a                   Each Preview lasts about two hours and
quality theatrical experience and we          include a free performance of the play. Don’t miss
hope this resource aids you in extending      this chance to bring some drama into your classroom!
our production into your classroom.           Call Jeremy (859-254-4546 x226) to reserve your
                                              spot today!
                                  Play Synopsis
        Flotsam and Jetsam (words for ocean debris) are here to tell you the
story of The Little Mermaid. The Sea King has six beautiful daughters, all
of whom are mermaids; the most beautiful of all is the youngest known
as the Little Mermaid. She is fascinated with humans and their world that
lies above the ocean. You see, she has a statue of a handsome boy in
her garden and has always dreamed of life above the water. However,
she is not allowed to visit the surface until her fifteenth birthday, so
she must wait. All of her sisters take their turn above the surface and
share the marvelous wonders they see, which only makes the Little
Mermaid more impatient. On the day of her fifteenth birthday, she
eagerly swims to the surface and sees a young prince celebrating
his birthday. The Little Mermaid is instantly smitten and when the Prince falls
victim to a storm, she saves his life and returns him safely home. Just as the Prince wakes
up, their eyes meet, but the townspeople are too close and the Little Mermaid has to leave. From that
moment on, she vows to return to her Prince. Her Grandmother tries to convince her to forget the Prince: “He can’t
live under the sea,” “They live for a much shorter time,” but to no avail.
        The Little Mermaid is determined to reunite with her prince, so she visits the Sea Witch and trades her voice
for legs. But the magic will only be permanent if the Prince loves the Mermaid above all others. She agrees and
begins her quest to win the Prince’s affections. But without her voice, she cannot fully express her love and one
day, the Prince announces he is to marry another. The Mermaid realizes her quest is over, but her sisters bargain
for her life with the Sea Witch. They are given a knife. If the Little Mermaid can kill the Prince she will allowed to
live. It is a request she cannot complete. She sacrifices herself for the one she love and returns to the sea as
foam.




                 Your Role in Our Play
                                                     You may wish to have a discussion with your class about
                                                 your upcoming LCT experience and their role as audience
                                                 members. Remind your students that theatre can only exist
                                                 with an audience. Your students’ energy and responses
                                                 directly affect the actors onstage. The quality of the
                                                 performance depends as much on the audience as it does
                                                 on each of the theatre professionals behind the scenes and
                                                 onstage.
                                                     Young audiences should know that watching live theatre
                                                 is not like watching more familiar forms of entertainment:
                                                 they cannot pause or rewind us like a videotape, there are
                                                 no commercials for bathroom breaks, nor can they turn up
the volume to hear us if someone else is talking. Your students are encouraged to listen and watch the play
intently, so that they may laugh and cheer for their favorite characters when it is appropriate.
      At the end of the play, applause is an opportunity for your students to thank the actors, while the
actors are thanking you for the role you played as an audience.
                      Prepare for the Play
Narrative Pantomime
       Read the following narrative to your class and have the students “act out” the story as you read it. As
you read the narrative, please make sure you allow the students plenty of time to complete the actions. After
the pantomime have the students talk about the various sea creatures and fish that they envisioned in their
story. Extend this activity by displaying books or posters of the many types of sea creatures that live in the
ocean.

      	       Close	your	eyes	and	imagine	that	you	are	under	the	ocean’s	surface.	You	can	breathe	as	
      easily as if the water were air. Feel your self float. Your arms and legs are no longer heavy and
      you can move about quite easily. You look up and see the sun above the surface, but that world is
      no match for your life underwater. Look around and see the many fish that swim about. Oh look!
      There’s your best friend! Decide what type of sea creature he or she is, wave and say “Hi.” Now
      look down at the ocean floor and see all the wonderful creatures that live on the ocean bed. How
      many different types of creatures do you see? What colors are they? Where do they like to rest
      or hide? Are any of them dangerous? You hear a someone calling. You realize it is time to go.
      You go to run, but then you realize you’re a mermaid or a merman and you do not run, but swim!
      And boy, are you a fast swimmer! Swimming is fun and much easier than running! You dart left
      and then right. You swim upside down and twirl in the water. It is glorious being a merperson! You
      hear your name and stop. You open your eyes and realize it has all been a dream and once again
      you’re	human.	


Create your own Mythical Sea Creature
       Often, mythological creatures are created through combinations
of humans and animals. We consider some creatures friendly, like
mermaids. Or sometimes these creatures are terrifying monsters, like
sirens. Use this activity to have your students carry on this folk traditions
in your classroom!
       1. Assemble two index cards per student in your class.
       2. On half of the cards, write down one part of the human body
       (like head, arms, legs, ears, etc. You may repeat.) .
       3. On the other half, write down one common sea animal
       (like shark, dolphin, lobster, etc. You may repeat.) .
       4. Have all students draw one card from each set.
       5. Now have the students create and draw a new sea monster based on
       their cards. The new creature should integrate their given human body part and sea
       animal.
Encourage your students to imagine a fantastical creature. but use the cards only as a means to get them
started. Is their creature good or evil? What special powers might their creature have? In which ocean, lake
or climate would that creature live? What is the creature’s name?

      You can expand this activity by having the students move and create sounds like their sea creature.
                     Sea Creature Craze
       How well do you know your imaginary sea creatures? If all of these creature existed, imagine
how wonderful (or even scary) our oceans would be! Match each creature’s name to its picture. The
first one is done for you.

                                              Mermaid
                               Creature with the head and torso of a
                                    woman and the tail of a fish



                                                Siren
                               A sea nymph, part woman and part
                               bird, who lure mariners to doom by their
                                          seductive singing.



                                               Kraken
                               A sea monster shaped like a squid. It
                               causes large whirlpools and was greatly
                                          feared by sailors.



                                 Loch Ness Monster (Nessie)
                               Nessie is a large aquatic serpent or a
                               dinosaur seen in the waters of Loch
                                          Ness, Scotland.



                                               Nereid
                               A daughter of the sea god. The Nereids
                               were as young girls who inhabited any
                                        water, salt or fresh.



                                     Kelpie or Water horse
                               A shape-shifting water spirit with
                               backward hooves and could change
                                    between horse and water.



                                               Selkies
                               Seal who are able to transform to human
                               form by shedding their seal skins, and
                               can return to seal form by putting it back
                                                   on.
             Hans Christian Andersen
                                     H     ans Christian Andersen was Danish. He was
                                    born in Odense, Denmark, almost 2 centuries ago on
                                    April 2, 1805. In fact, the year 2005 marked his 200th
                                    birthday!
                                     His father was a shoemaker, and his mother was a
                                    washerwoman for rich people in large homes. In his
                                    stories you will find many themes of the differences
                                    between the poor and wealthy classes. You will also
                                    find the occasional shoemaker.
                                       Even as a child he always loved the arts, and he left
                                      home at age 14 to make his fortune. He was an artist,
                                      and a singer, and an actor, but he was not a success at
                                     first. He grew even poorer and almost died of hunger.
He received some money and could afford to continue his education thanks to the help of
a patron of the arts, the director of the Royal Theatre. He went to university in the capital
city of Copenhagen and began his writing.
     Andersen was first known as a poet, and his poetry won him many patrons and paid
his way to travel throughout Europe.
      His first book of fairy tales was published in 1835. The book was a success, and he
followed it with many other volumes of children’s stories, almost one a year, right up until
1872! Because of his wonderful fairy tales, Andersen became known as the greatest writer
in Denmark, and one of the most beloved children’s authors in the world. In his lifetime,
he wrote more than one hundred and fifty fairy tales, and his
stories have been translated into over 100 languages!
     One of the highest prizes in children’s literature is the
Hans Christian Andersen Award, presented to only one
author and one illustrator every two years. It is presided over
by Queen Margrethe II of Denmark.
     Hans Christian Andersen was tall and skinny with a big
nose; he always thought that he was very ugly. His stories
show compassion for those who are outcast and suffering.
They also make fun of the spoiled and conceited.
     His stories teach us that appearances can be deceiving,
and that there is a magical beauty even within the most
unlikely characters.
                                           What Happened?
      Even though we may not have seen all of the action, we know a LOT happened in the play The Little Mermaid. Following your
teacher’s instruction, draw a scene from the play. This can be either a scene your teacher gives you, or just your most favorite event
from the show.
   Name :______________________________
                         Extending the Show
What Happened?
      Copy the What Happened? page for all the students in your class. You may use the worksheet in one
of two ways. First, have your students simply draw their favorite moment or scene from The Little Mermaid.
This can be as simple as “My favorite moment was when the mermaid danced with the prince” to “My favorite
scene was when she sold her voice to the sea witch”. Secondly, you may choose to have the students work
in teams to draw a specific scene from the play which you assign. When finished you can have the students
arrange their drawings in the proper sequence of events in the play. In both cases, you can create a “Castle
of Scenes” using each student’s drawing as a brick in a castle. You can enhance the castle with a door, flags,
moats, or whatever you can think to create!

EXTEND IT FURTHER

       When students have finished their drawing, have them recreate the same scene using frozen pantomime,
or tableau. Explain to the students that this is like taking a picture with a camera, that they are freezing a
moment of live action. Count down from three and call “freeze”! Then have the other students in the class
guess which scene is being presented. Was it difficult to just do that one scene? What must have it been like
for the actor and actress in the play?

Take the Ocean Pledge

                                                    Right now, a mass of trash twice the size of Texas is floating
                                                in the Pacific Ocean. It has accumulated in an area known as
                                                the “North Pacific gyre” and it includes everything from tires
                                                to fishing nets, but the most common ingredient, by far, is
                                                plastic.
                                                    The average American uses between 300 and 700 plastic
                                                bags every year. Those that end up in the ocean are often
                                                mistaken for food by hungry sea turtles. Plastics also absorb
                                                toxic chemicals, which can be dangerous to fish and other sea
                                                life that often swallow plastic pellets and other materials.
                                                Help reduce your mark on ocean pollution by limiting your
                                                plastic consumption. Pledge to take the steps below.

        Take a pledge not to pollute the oceans:

        I (state your name) pledge not to pollute the oceans by:

        1. Using a reusable tote or other bag at the grocery store
        2. Drinking water out of glass or other non-plastic container
        3. Recycling plastics whenever possible
        4. Never littering and always disposing of trash properly
        5. Encouraging my friends and family to reduce their plastics consumption

After you students have taken the pledge. Have them design a poster that help to prevent water and/or ocean
pollution.
                               Suggested Reading
 The Sea King’s Daughter: A Russian Legend
  by Aaron Shepard (Author), Gennady Spirin (Illustrator)
  A poor but gifted musician draws the attention of the King of the Sea, who invites him to visit his palace under the sea.
  The Sea Queen, however, whispers to Sadko that if he kisses or embraces his sea-wife, he will never be able to return
  home again.

 Hans Christian Andersen’s Fairytales
  by Hans Christian Andersen (Author), Lisbeth Zwerger (Illustrator)
  This anthology includes eleven favorite stories, such as “The Princess and the Pea” and
  “The Emperor’s New Clothes,” as well as lesser-known but equally wonderful stories, all
  featuring distinctively elegant illustrations.

 Dear Mermaid
  by Alan Durant (Author), Vanessa Cabban (Illustrator)
  On her first day of vacation, Holly finds a mermaid’s purse on the beach. She wants to
  give it back, but has a few questions for the mermaid first.

 The Book of Mermaids
  by Patricia Saxton
  This book draws from many cultures to create a fanciful picture book on merfolk arts,
  language and family life. Students will have a great time learning about mermaids’
  mystical tools (pearls and blue stones) and weaving their own mermaid tales.

 The Ugly Duckling
  by Hans Christian Andersen and Jerry Pinkney
  One day, he heard a sound of whirring wings, and up in the air he saw a flock of birds flying high. They were as bright
  as the snow that had fallen during the night, and their long necks were stretched southward. Oh, if only he could go with
  them! But what sort of companion could he be to those beautiful beings?




                           LCT Comes to You!
        Let LCT’s professional artists bring their extensive experience into your classroom. An LCT residency program is
designed to offer young people the opportunity to learn in a dynamic, fun and challenging way. LCT tailors a residency to
the needs of your students, curriculum and budget. We offer residencies that range from a one time visit to a month long
intensive program.

•      Performance Workshops - Two week intensive unit culminating in a performance. LCT provides all scripts,
costumes, props and scenery.

•         Kentucky Core Content - Elements of Drama - This residency is a one time
visit to assist students in preparation for the KCC testing.

•      Spotlight on Reading - Students will explore popular literature through
drama, creative writing, art and movement.

•        Science and Art - Students can explore a variety of scientific concepts using
drama. Experience the wonders of nature, animals, bugs, weather, plants, recycling,
or the rain forest through the use of role-play, movement and pantomime.

                   Call 254-4546 x233 or x226 TODAY!

				
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