Railway Crossing Safety Challenges and Opportunities Wendy A Tadros Chair Transportation Safety Board of Canada Operation Lifesaver 20 th Annual Seminar September 16 20

Document Sample
Railway Crossing Safety Challenges and Opportunities Wendy A Tadros Chair Transportation Safety Board of Canada Operation Lifesaver 20 th Annual Seminar September 16 20 Powered By Docstoc
					  Railway Crossing Safety:
Challenges and Opportunities

       Wendy A. Tadros, Chair
Transportation Safety Board of Canada

Operation Lifesaver 20 th Annual Seminar
          September 16, 2008
            Aylmer, Quebec
    Operation Lifesaver and the TSB
            Common Goals

• Improve railway safety

• Finding deficiencies in the system

• Raising public awareness of risks and what to
  do to mitigate them




                                                  2
              Presentation Outline

• Overview of statistics

• Look at railway crossing accident investigations in
  progress

• Progress on recommendations from previous crossing
  and trespassing accidents




                                                        3
            Ongoing Investigations

• Pincourt, Quebec, December 17, 2007
  Collision with tractor trailer at crossing

• St-Arsène, Quebec, January 19, 2008
  Collision with passenger minivan at crossing

• Mallorytown, Ontario, July 15, 2008
  Collision with tractor trailer at crossing




                                                 4
Pincourt, Quebec




                   5
               Pincourt, Quebec
        Questions Asked by the Board

• Is emergency contact information at crossings
  adequate?

• Should driver training manuals contain information on
  contacting railways in an emergency?

• Should roadway vehicle presence detectors be fitted
  at high-risk crossings?

• How should emergencies be broadcast?

                                                          6
St-Arsène, Quebec




                    7
              St-Arsène, Quebec
          Issues Under Consideration

• Deficiencies found with warning systems at this
  crossing

• Transport Canada’s process to upgrade crossing
  warning systems




                                                    8
Mallorytown, Ontario




                       9
          Kingston, Ontario, May 2002
        TSB Lowboy Crossing Simulation




Figure 1. Simu lation of truck crossin g th e tracks at p oin t of grou nd in g ou t



                                                                                       10
            Mallorytown, Ontario
          Issues Under Consideration

• Construction standards for high-speed main line
  crossings

• Lowboy trailer design

• Driver awareness

• Emergency and roadway signage



                                                    11
     Progress on Recommendations

• Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, May 1990
  Pedestrian trespassing onto railway bridge

• Bowmanville, Ontario, November 1999
  Collision with tractor-trailer at farm crossing

• Brockville, Ontario, February 2005
  Fatal pedestrian collision at crossing



                                                    12
Carleton University
   May 24, 1990




                      13
           Carleton University
Recommendations
• Minimum standards for barriers to prevent
  trespassing

• Better regulation to enable law enforcement
  deterrent action against railway trespassing

Action taken
• Contraventions Act allows for law enforcement to
  issue fines for trespassing
                                                 14
            Carleton University
            Action Still Pending

• Access Control Regulations drafted by TC, but
  are not yet in force

 Regulatory Changes Moving at a Glacial Pace

• Measures to mitigate the risk not put in place
• Regulatory process too slow



                                                   15
Bowmanville, Ontario
  November 23, 1999




                       16
Bowmanville, Ontario
Example of Farm Crossing




                           17
           Bowmanville, Ontario

Recommendations
• That TC enact regulations for higher farm/private
  crossing standards as soon as possible
• TC and CN close or improve private/farm
  crossings along the Kingston Subdivision

Action taken
• Improvements were made to crossings and
  some crossings were closed

                                                 18
           Bowmanville, Ontario
              Action Still Pending


• Regulations on horizontal alignment not yet in
  force

• New grade crossing regulations in drafting stage
  for 19 years

• Slow pace of regulatory change is a safety issue
  in and of itself

                                                   19
Brockville, Ontario
 February 17, 2005




                      20
             Brockville, Ontario

• Classic second-train accident

• Pedestrians not as well-protected as vehicles

• Similar accident not far from this one in 1995

• Many other communities with busy multi-track
  main lines


                                                   21
                Brockville, Ontario
Recommendations
• That TC assess and make public risks to pedestrians for
  second-train accidents at all multi-track crossings

• That TC work with railways and communities to develop
  solutions to prevent pedestrian/train accidents

Action taken
• TC will improve high-risk pedestrian crossings as resources
  permit

• TC developed Pedestrian Safety at Crossing Guide to help
  educate Canadians of risks

                                                                22
                    Conclusion
• Railway crossing accidents involve many factors

• More work needs to be done:
  – Technological solutions
  – Further public education
  – Development and enactment of improved regulations

• Operation Lifesaver is an important avenue for education
  about risk prevention near railway crossings


               www.tsb.gc.ca
                                                         23
24