TRAFFIC CRASHES IN VIETNAM – EXPERIENCES and LESSONS by jbw10297

VIEWS: 6 PAGES: 39

									 Bangkok – May 2006




TRAFFIC CRASHES IN VIETNAM –
  EXPERIENCES and LESSONS

                                         Le Minh Chau
                                              General Director
           Traffic Safety Projects Management Unit (TSPMU)
                    National Traffic Safety Committee (NTSC)

                                                 Vietnam

                          Development of the Asian Highway Network
   Traffic crashes in Vietnam
    Experiences from traffic
   safety efforts
   Lessons leant

    Goals in coming years

    Suggestions for ESCAP
   framework

        Development of the Asian Highway Network
   Traffic crashes in Vietnam
    Experiences from traffic
   safety efforts
   Lessons leant

   Goals in coming years

    Suggestions for ESCAP
   framework

        Development of the Asian Highway Network
                              Traffic crashes in Vietnam

Vietnam:

 Progresses in Economic Development.
 Transport Sector: Better and better
  Infrastructure
                      But
Traffic Accidents still at a very high level !



                    Development of the Asian Highway Network
                              Traffic crashes in Vietnam



Rates of
accidents and
injuries have
been increasing
with highest
rates since 1997,
reaching a peak
in 2002, then
decreased step
by step up to
now



                    Development of the Asian Highway Network
                                Traffic crashes in Vietnam


With great efforts,
the number of
traffic accidents
(TA) have
decreased.
In 2005 there were
over 14,000 TAs
with over 11,000
Fatalities and
11,760 Injuries:
about 31 people
dead by road
crashes everyday!
                      Development of the Asian Highway Network
                            Traffic crashes in Vietnam



Remark 1:          Remark 2:
 From 2002, the     Number of
 number of          Fatalities is still
 vehicles have      very high at an
 increased but the
 Rate of accidents  unacceptable
 have decreased     level !


                  Development of the Asian Highway Network
          Traffic crashes in Vietnam
             Still Accidents
            March 12, 2005
           Train E1 accident
            (11 fatalities &
              78 injuries)




Development of the Asian Highway Network
             Traffic crashes in Vietnam
                  Still Accidents




Development of the Asian Highway Network
                                Traffic crashes in Vietnam
                                      Still Accidents
      Reasons
   A high rate of motorization with about 8-
    10% even 12 % annual growth of cars
    and motorcycles.
   Urbanization
   Infrastructure network management
   People‟s limited awareness on TS
   Lack of Traffic accidents MIS
   And other…
                      Development of the Asian Highway Network
                                 Traffic crashes in Vietnam

                                 Still Accidents




Need more
and more
Activities !
               Development of the Asian Highway Network
                                   Traffic crashes in Vietnam


          NTSC and TS PMU
   In 1997, National Traffic Safety Committee
    (NTSC) - an Inter-Ministerial Organization –
    was established by the Government to
    coordinate all Traffic Safety activities.
   On November, 2004: the Traffic Safety
    Projects Management Unit (TS PMU) was
    established under NTSC to seek, prepare and
    implement traffic safety projects in order to
    reduce traffic accidents, fatalities and injuries.
                         Development of the Asian Highway Network
                                 Traffic crashes in Vietnam


                TS Projects
    Since establishment, TSPMU has been
    implementing several projects:
   The on-going World Bank-funded „Vietnam Road
    Safety Project‟ –USD 36 million.
   The completed JBIC Pilot Study for Knowledge
    Assistance – Stakeholders Traffic Safety
    Program on Interurban National Roads of
    Vietnam.
   The JBIC-funded project on Traffic Safety
    Improvement for Highways no. 3, 5, 10 and 18,
    which is now under preparation.
                       Development of the Asian Highway Network
   Traffic crashes in Vietnam
    Experiences from traffic
   safety efforts
   Lessons leant

   Goals in coming years
    Suggestions for ESCAP
   framework

        Development of the Asian Highway Network
                                      Experiences
The most important experience is

       “All people”       “All-sided ”


           Approach

  “Any problem of traffic safety
  must be treated in all sides by
       every stakeholder”.
                      Development of the Asian Highway Network
                                           Experiences
            “All people”         “All-sided”



                Approach

   Expressed by the concept “Traffic Safety
    Stakeholder” (stakeholder).
   The stakeholders of the traffic safety can be
    understood as anyone, any organization/agency
    who can contribute at every level and aspect of
    traffic safety.
   the participation of every related stakeholder in
    any traffic safety solution.
                           Development of the Asian Highway Network
                                       Experiences
Three conclusions on the stakeholders:

                     Article 4 of the Road Code
                      clearly points out: “The
 Conclusion 1:        guarantee of the road
 All People are       transport safety is the
 Stakeholders.        responsibility of all
                      institutions, organizations,
                      individuals and of the whole
                      society”.
                     Direction No. 22-CT/TW : “All
                      people should take care
                      transport safety order”.
                       Development of the Asian Highway Network
                                            Experiences
Three conclusions on the stakeholders:
                          Community groups, associations,
    Conclusion 2:          unions and other organizations
   Stakeholders in         for the implementation of the
  Vietnam can meet         traffic safety programs are
 the requirements of       basically well organized in
     traffic safety        Vietnam. Therefore, there is a
        projects           great potential to enhance the
                           stakeholder traffic safety
                           programs.
                          In each project, there are various
                           stakeholders. The important thing
                           is to have one Key-player who
                           has enough power to lead all
                           other stakeholders to fulfil all
                           tasks.
                            Development of the Asian Highway Network
                                      Experiences
Three conclusions on the stakeholders:

                   It is helpful to clarify role of
Conclusion 3:       Stakeholders in each phase
 Role of the       During the identification
Stakeholders        phase of road safety
                    program
                   During the Implementation
                    Phase
                   During Evaluation and
                    Completion Phase

                      Development of the Asian Highway Network
“All people”   “All-sided”                     Experiences
    Approach


     All-sided Efforts with 4 “E”
                    •Engineering
                    •Enforcement
                    •Education
                    •Emergency
                             Development of the Asian Highway Network
 “All people”   “All-sided”
                                              Experiences

        Approach

All-sided Efforts: on 4 Components

   1.    Transport Structure (roads, bridges etc.)
   2.    Vehicles
   3.    Road-users
   4.    Environment (social and natural)

                              Development of the Asian Highway Network
   Traffic crashes in Vietnam
    Experiences from traffic
   safety efforts
   Lessons from complete
    and on-going projects
   Goals in coming years
    Suggestions for ESCAP
   framework

        Development of the Asian Highway Network
                                        Lessons learnt

                     Traffic Safety
     Safety            problems                 Emergency
   Awareness         identification
  improvement                                    response


             Stakeholders
               Capacity                   “Traffic safety”
             Development                       Month
Assistance for
 low-income                 Network and
   people                   coordination




                            Development of the Asian Highway Network
   Safety
                                       Lessons learnt
 Awareness
improvement




      Lesson 1:                     This idea plays
      To Improve the                 the dominant role.
      Awareness of
      people on Traffic             It deals not only
      Safety and                     with the road
      Knowledge on Safe
      Traffic Regulations            users but also
      is the Most                    with all
      Important among
      All Solutions.
                                     stakeholders.


                            Development of the Asian Highway Network
                                   Lessons learnt
Traffic Safety
  problems
identification          The Government always
                         encourages the people to
                         participate in traffic safety.
                        The related agencies, such as
                         transport units and traffic police,
                         also pay attention to these
Lesson 2:                problems.
Necessity for           But these enforcers may not be
                         able to identify all the problems
Better Collection        as thoroughly as the local people
of Opinions on           can.
Traffic Safety          Therefore, there is a necessity to
Problems from            collect stakeholders‟ opinions on
the Local                traffic safety problems.
Stakeholders


                        Development of the Asian Highway Network
Emergency
                              Lessons learnt
 response
                      As mentioned before, the
                       “Emergency” approach
                       includes not only the medical
                       first-aid, medical treatment of
                       but also the participation of all
     Lesson 3:         local people. In most cases,
  Improvement of       they are the first to learn
      People’s         about the traffic accidents.
   Knowledge on
  How to Respond      The problem is that when
                       traffic accident occurs, they
   to Emergency        do not know how to respond
                       so they usually call or wait for
                       the police to come.

                   Development of the Asian Highway Network
Assistance for
 low-income
                                   Lessons learnt
   people


                               Most of the highways run
                                through agricultural areas
                                where most of the road users
       Lesson 4:                are poor. Moreover, they have
                                very limited knowledge on
    On Traffic Safety           Traffic Safety regulations.
      Knowledge                The number of the poor who
    Improvement for             are involved in traffic
    the Low-Income              accidents are 6 times higher
         people                 than other groups.
                               The injuries and fatalities to
                                the poor are 10 times higher
                                than other groups.
                               Necessity of improving TS
                                knowledge

                        Development of the Asian Highway Network
Stakeholders
                               Lessons learnt
  Capacity
Development

                            Human Resources
                             Development
                            Improvement of the working
                             conditions (materials as well as
     Lesson 5:               a more effective working
                             manner).
      Capacity              The idea that “every
  Development for            Stakeholder should be a
                             Beneficiary” encourages people
   Traffic Safety            to take part in any traffic
   Stakeholders              safety project. Special
                             attention should be given to
                             the question: “What will the
                             participants get from being
                             involved in the project?”

                    Development of the Asian Highway Network
“Traffic safety”
                                 Lessons leant
     Month



                           In Vietnam, September
     Lesson 6:              is a Traffic Safety Month
  “Traffic Safety”          emphasizing on more
     month: an              TS activities.
    occasion for           During this month, the
    keeping and             low-income people have
 developing traffic         chances to raise their
  safety activities         awareness on traffic
                            safety.


                      Development of the Asian Highway Network
   Traffic crashes in Vietnam
    Experiences from traffic
   safety efforts
   Lessons leant

    Goals in coming years

    Suggestions for ESCAP
   framework

        Development of the Asian Highway Network
                  Goals in coming years
   Vietnam will try its best in order to keep
    the traffic accidents under control. That
    would be first steps toward a sustainable
    and safe transport system.
   A TRAFFIC SAFETY FRAMEWORK which
    has been formulated and consists of
    number of measures/projects to be and
    on-going implemented


                    Development of the Asian Highway Network
                                        Goals in coming years
Measures . projects
                         Institutional
                         strengthening             Legislation
                                                   accomplishment
                      Establishment
                                      Safety
                      TA databaseTraffic
                                            Upgrading
                                 Framework infrastr. system

                         Educational
                         Interactive               Emergency
                         programs                  strengthening
                                       Development of the Asian Highway Network
   Traffic crashes in Vietnam
    Experiences from traffic
   safety efforts
   Lessons from done and
    on-going projects
   Goals in coming years
    Suggestions for ESCAP
   framework

        Development of the Asian Highway Network
                                            Suggestions

                    Suggestion 1:
         To enhance the exchange on related
      information, knowledge, experiences and
        lessons among countries in the region


   It is proposed that the Website of ESCAP
    could be a forum and/or an information
    exchange center on the traffic safety among
    the region countries.
   On the other hand the bi-lateral and/or
    multi-lateral information exchange could be
    enhanced under ESCAP promotion.
                      Development of the Asian Highway Network
                                             Suggestions

                  Suggestion 2:
          Towards a harmony on traffic
         regulations/policies as much as
            possible among countries


   The difference between traffic regulations/policies
    of different countries is one of hindering factors
    for a safe transport system in the Asian and
    ASEAN regions.
   ESCAP would play the role towards this harmony
    so that the transport network between different
    countries in the region would be facilitated.


                       Development of the Asian Highway Network
                                            Suggestions

                   Suggestion 3:
       Traffic Safety System to link among
          ESCAP and member countries



   It would be good if a system on Traffic
    Safety among ESCAP and its member
    countries could be established.
   In this system, ESCAP could play the
    coordination role whereas each member
    country would assign an agency as the
    Focal Point.
                      Development of the Asian Highway Network
                                          Suggestions

                 Suggestion 4:
       “Traffic Safety” Month/Year



   Based on the lesson 6, it would be
    helpful if ESCAP can launch regular or
    irregular traffic safety events such as
    Traffic Safety Month (or Year) in the
    Region. This activity would contribute to
    mobilize all efforts for ensuring traffic
    safety.
                    Development of the Asian Highway Network
              Suggestion 1:
   To enhance the exchange on related
                                                             Suggestions
information, knowledge, experiences and
  lessons among countries in the region



                   Suggestion 2:
           Towards a harmony on traffic
          regulations/policies as much as
             possible among countries


                               Suggestion 3:
                   Traffic Safety System to link among
                      ESCAP and member countries




                                          Suggestion 4:
                         “Traffic Safety” Month/Year/events




                                     Development of the Asian Highway Network
 Thank you for
Your attention !




       Development of the Asian Highway Network

								
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