The April 2007 City of Cape Coral Downtown Traffic

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					  The April 2007 City of Cape Coral Downtown
Traffic Study Report is a Preliminary Final Report
 Subject to Client Review and City of Cape Coral
              Council’s APROVAL
             CITY OF CAPE CORAL DOWNTOWN
 COMMUNITY REDEVELOPMENT AGENCY (CRA) AND
                 SURROUNDING TRAFFIC STUDY
  CITY OF CAPE CORAL




                               APRIL 2007
1015 Cultural park Boulevard                4350 West Cypress Street Suite 340
Cape Coral, Florida 33915                               Tampa, Florida 33607
     CITY OF CAPE CORAL DOWNTOWN
COMMUNITY REDEVELOPMENT AGENCY (CRA) AND
       SURROUNDING TRAFFIC STUDY




                 Prepared For

           CITY OF CAPE CORAL
          1015 Cultural Park Boulevard
           Cape Coral, Florida 33915




                  Prepared By

                 VANUS, INC.
            4350 West Cypress Street
                   Suite 340
             Tampa, Florida 33607




                  April 2007



                                  ______________________________
                                  Professional Engineer: Jay H.L. Calhoun, PE
                                                            Florida PE# 33796
                                                                           City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                             Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                              Surrounding Traffic Study


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The City of Cape Coral is experiencing new development to the west and north of the downtown.
This development has caused increasing traffic through the study area, particularly during the
peak hours. Revitalization is occurring in the downtown area as the Community Redevelopment
Plan is in place and the Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) is making progress towards
fulfilling their mission statement to “facilitate the emergence of a vibrant urban village where
people of all ages will live work, shop, and be entertained.” The success of this community is
directly tied to the transportation system serving it.

The purpose of this project is to examine the downtown and develop recommended
improvements that will enhance traffic flows through the area and also allow the downtown to
develop into a pedestrian friendly area. The study area, shown in Figure 1, is bordered by the
Cape Coral Bridge to the east, Santa Barbara Boulevard to the west, SE 40th Terrace/Coronado
Parkway to the north, and the Bimini Canal to the south.

The field review, the operational analyses, and the public input all concur that the downtown
CRA traffic conditions during peak periods are problematic along the major arterials. The
specific area of concern is the high volume intersection of Del Prado Boulevard/Cape Coral
Parkway which feeds traffic to and from the tolled Cape Coral Bridge over the Caloosahatchee
River to Fort Myers.

In 1997, when the Mid-Point Bridge opened to the north of the study area, the traffic volumes
over the Cape Coral Bridge initially decreased to 35,100 vehicles per day (vpd), but they have
since increased to 50,400 vpd. Based on the traffic projections, these volumes are planned to
double by 2030.

The Del Prado Boulevard and Cape Coral Parkway corridors within the study area are presently
operating at poor levels of service (E and F) during the peak hours. Six of the 15 intersections
studied are currently operating at level of service F (forced or breakdown flow). There are
numerous canals surrounding and within the study that have limited the construction of
continuous streets, thereby affecting the circulation of the study area. Del Prado Boulevard and


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                                                                       City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                         Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                          Surrounding Traffic Study


Cape Coral Parkway are multi-lane roadways and provide the most direct connection to the
Bridge. The severe congestion along the arterials during peak periods is spilling over to several
of the cross streets at the signalized intersections, at times creating a gridlock situation where
motorists are trapped in the middle of the intersection while waiting for long queues to clear.

Although adding travel lanes and improving signal timing to provide efficient traffic progression
oftentimes runs contrary to the goals for a pedestrian friendly environment, real solutions need to
be developed to deal with the traffic issues at hand. The short-term improvements developed
focus on providing relief to the vehicle congestion, particularly at the Del Prado Boulevard/Cape
Coral Parkway intersection and along Cape Coral Parkway. The intersection is proposed for
triple left-turn lanes southbound to accommodate the high turning volume. With the existing
roadway cross section, Cape Coral Parkway between Coronado Parkway and Del Prado
Boulevard has the available pavement to provide a six-lane roadway to connect to the six-lane
section west of Coronado Parkway. The existing continuous right-turn lanes and parking lanes
can be converted to through travel lanes to increase the capacity.

Area-wide pedestrian upgrades to crosswalks, signal heads, and signal timing, along with a mid-
block crosswalk, are included in the short-term improvements, since the shorter timeframe does
not allow for implementation of the major pedestrian improvements included in the mid-term
phase.

The mid-term improvements include adding capacity to the study area by widening SE 46th Lane
from two lanes to a four-lane divided roadway and extending it to Santa Barbara Boulevard. SE
46th Lane was chosen because it connects to the east side of Del Prado Boulevard and it is
located outside the core area of the existing business development, which oftentimes has the
higher concentration of pedestrian traffic.


The mid-term improvements also include the provision of a free-flow northbound right-turn lane
from Waikiki Avenue to Cape Coral Parkway. This lane will provide a significant reduction in
AM peak hour delays for motorists traveling east across the Bridge.




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                                                                       City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                         Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                          Surrounding Traffic Study


Roundabouts are proposed for several intersections in the study area.             The benefits of
roundabouts include a reduction in crashes, a reduction in vehicle delay, safer crossings for
pedestrians, and aesthetic improvements to the downtown area.


The mid-term improvements include a focus on developing the downtown street network. This
includes extending existing streets and building new ones to create shorter blocks.          These
improvements serve the needs of the vehicular traffic by providing alternate routes of travel, and
also serve pedestrians by providing additional sidewalks and shorter distances between blocks.
The new streets will also be designed to maximize the on-street parking. New typical sections
were developed for the streets in the study area to maximize on-street parking and to add curb
extensions at the intersections to minimize pedestrian crossing distances. The goal should be to
begin implementing the mid-term improvements as soon as funds are available.


The long-term improvements include widening the Cape Coral Bridge from four lanes to eight
lanes. Based on the projected 2030 volumes of 98,400 vpd across the Cape Coral Bridge, the
existing capacity will be surpassed by 2010. The traffic delays at the intersection of Del Prado
Boulevard and Cape Coral Parkway are expected to continue to increase despite the
implementation of the short- and mid-term improvements.            A two-lane left-turn flyover is
recommended to eliminate the southbound left-turn movement from the congested intersection.
The flyover location is proposed to begin just south of SE 46th Lane on Del Prado Boulevard and
terminate west of the Bridge.

The transportation infrastructure in the study area has not kept pace with the population growth
in Cape Coral to accommodate the peak hour traffic flows. Proactive measures are needed to
begin the process of implementing the phased improvements provided in this study.                 In
conjunction with the phased improvements, the City needs to support an effective growth
management plan that will allow the City to grow but not further deteriorate travel conditions.
This can be done by attracting development to the downtown that provides the jobs and services
that residents currently travel to Ft. Myers for. In addition, the City must develop an increased
level of transit service. These actions will allow the City of Cape Coral to continue to be a place
where people want to live and work.

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                                                                                             City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                                               Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                                Surrounding Traffic Study


                                                   TABLE OF CONTENTS


Description                                                                                                                          Page


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ........................................................................................................... I
INTRODUCTION..........................................................................................................................1
EXISTING CONDITIONS ...........................................................................................................4
     INTERSECTION FIELD INVENTORY AND QUALITATIVE ASSESSMENT ..................4
     CORRIDOR FIELD INVENTORY AND QUALITATIVE ASSESSMENT ........................39
     ACCESS POINTS ...................................................................................................................47
     CRASH DATA ........................................................................................................................54
     PARKING DISTRIBUTION...................................................................................................77
     PEDESTRIAN FACILITIES...................................................................................................82
     INTERSECTION ANALYSIS (EXISTING CONDITIONS).................................................95
     CORRIDOR ANALYSIS (EXISTING CONDITIONS).......................................................108
ALTERNATIVES ANALYSIS.................................................................................................113
     SHORT-TERM IMPROVEMENTS .....................................................................................118
     MID-TERM IMPROVEMENTS (2015) ...............................................................................151
     LONG-TERM IMPROVEMENTS (2030)............................................................................193
PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT.......................................................................................................218
     WEBSITE ..............................................................................................................................220
     TRAFFIC SURVEY ..............................................................................................................220
     PUBLIC INFORMATION SESSION ...................................................................................223
SUMMARY ................................................................................................................................223




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                                                                                         City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                                           Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                            Surrounding Traffic Study


                                                            TABLES


Table             Description                                                                                                     Page


    1             Roadways in the Study Area....................................................................................3
    2             TMC Peak Hours .....................................................................................................4
    3             Corridor Inventory .................................................................................................40
    4             Rule 14-97: Interim Standards for Access Management Classification ................48
    5             Existing Spacing for Openings in the Study Area .................................................49
    6             Existing vs. Calculated Yellow and All-red Clearance Intervals ..........................56
    7             Pedestrian Intersection Inventory ..........................................................................88
    8             Annual Growth Factors..........................................................................................96
    9             Del Prado Boulevard at Cape Coral Parkway – Existing (2006) LOS ..................99
    10            Existing (2006) Intersection Analysis LOS .........................................................101
    11            K100 Values...........................................................................................................109
    12            2006 Roadway Segment LOS..............................................................................110
    13            2006 Existing Geometry – Arterial LOS (Transyt-7F)........................................112
    14            Short-term Improvements ...................................................................................119
    15            2006 Volumes - Short-term Improvements Analysis ..........................................134
    16            2006 Intersection Analysis LOS with Short-term Improvements........................140
    17            2006 Intersection Analysis LOS Existing vs. Short-term Improvements............143
    18            2006 Arterial LOS with Short-term Improvements .............................................146
    19            Analysis With and Without Traffic Signal at Cape Coral Parkway
                       SE 17th Place – 2006 Analysis with Improvements.......................................147
    20            System-wide Performance Measures Existing Conditions vs. Short-term
                        Improvements ...............................................................................................148
    21            Projected 2015 Volumes for Roadway Segments................................................152
    22            2015 Intersection Analysis LOS (Existing Geometry) .......................................155
    23            2015 Existing Geometry – Arterial LOS .............................................................159
    24            Mid-term Improvements .....................................................................................162
    25            SE 46th Lane Signalized Intersection Geometry ..................................................168

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                                                                                         City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                                           Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                            Surrounding Traffic Study


                                                    TABLES (CONT.)


Table             Description                                                                                                   Page

    26            2015 Intersection Analysis LOS with Mid-term Improvements..........................173
    27            2015 Alternative Control – Intersection Analysis ..............................................185
    28            2015 Intersection Analysis – With Existing Geometry and Mid-term
                  Improvements ......................................................................................................187
    29            2015 Arterial LOS with Mid-term Improvements ...............................................188
    30            System-wide Performance Measures – Comparison of Existing Conditions and
                  Mid-term Improvements ......................................................................................189
    31            Projected 2030 Volumes for Roadway Segments (Existing Geometry)..............194
    32            2030 Intersection Analysis LOS with Existing Geometry...................................197
    33            2030 Existing Geometry – Arterial LOS ............................................................202
    34            Recommended Long-term Improvements ...........................................................201
    35            2030 Intersection Analysis LOS with Long-term Improvements........................207
    36            2030 Alternative Control – Intersection Analysis ...............................................212
    37            2030 Intersection Analysis: Existing Conditions vs. Long-term Improvements.214
    38            2030 Arterial LOS with Long-term Improvements .............................................215
    39            System-wide Performance Measures – Comparison of Existing Conditions and
                        Long-term Improvements .............................................................................217


                                                          FIGURES


Figure


    1             Traffic Study Area ...................................................................................................2
    2             Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard..........................................................6
    3             Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard – Northbound Approach..................7
    4             Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard – Southbound Approach..................7
    5             Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard – Eastbound Approach ....................7

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                                                                                City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                                  Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                   Surrounding Traffic Study


                                             FIGURES (CONT.)


Figure            Description                                                                                 Page


    6             Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard – Westbound Approach...................7
    7             Cape Coral Parkway at Santa Barbara Boulevard ...................................................8
    8             Cape Coral Parkway at Santa Barbara Boulevard – Southbound Approach .........10
    9             Cape Coral Parkway at Santa Barbara Boulevard – Eastbound Approach............10
    10            Cape Coral Parkway at Santa Barbara Boulevard – Westbound Approach ..........10
    11            Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree Boulevard .......................................................11
    12            Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree Boulevard – Northbound Approach ...............12
    13            Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree Boulevard – Eastbound Approach..................12
    14            Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree Boulevard – Westbound Approach ................12
    15            Cape Coral Parkway at SE 6th Avenue/Tarpon Court............................................13
    16            Cape Coral Parkway at Tarpon Court – Northbound Approach............................14
    17            Cape Coral Parkway at SE 6th Avenue – Southbound Approach ..........................14
    18            Cape Coral Parkway at Tarpon Court – Eastbound Approach ..............................14
    19            Cape Coral Parkway at SE 6th Avenue – Westbound Approach ...........................14
    20            Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway...........................................................15
    21            Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway – Northbound Approach...................16
    22            Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway – Southbound Approach...................16
    23            Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway – Eastbound Approach .....................17
    24            Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10th Place/Leonard Street ...........................................17
    25            Cape Coral Parkway at Leonard Street – Northbound Approach..........................18
    26            Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10th Place – Southbound Approach ............................18
    27            Cape Coral Parkway at Leonard Street – Eastbound Approach ............................19
    28            Cape Coral Parkway at Leonard Street – Westbound Approach...........................19
    29            Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes Boulevard .......................................................19
    30            Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes Boulevard – Northbound Approach...............20
    31            Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes Boulevard – Southbound Approach...............20
    32            Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes Boulevard – Eastbound Approach .................21

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                                                                                    City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                                      Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                       Surrounding Traffic Study


                                               FIGURES (CONT.)


Figure            Description                                                                                        Page


    33            Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes Boulevard – Westbound Approach ................21
    34            Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace................................................................21
    35            Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace – Northbound Approach........................23
    36            Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace – Southbound Approach........................23
    37            Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace – Eastbound Approach ..........................23
    38            Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace – Westbound Approach .........................23
    39            Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Street...................................................................24
    40            Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Street – Northbound Approach...........................25
    41            Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Street – Southbound Approach...........................25
    42            Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Street – Eastbound Approach .............................25
    43            Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Street – Westbound Approach............................25
    44            Coronado Parkway at SE 47th Terrace...................................................................26
    45            Coronado Parkway at SE 47th Terrace – Northbound Approach...........................27
    46            Coronado Parkway at SE 47th Terrace – Southbound Approach...........................27
    47            Coronado Parkway at SE 47th Terrace – Eastbound Approach .............................27
    48            Coronado Parkway at SE 47th Terrace – Westbound Approach ............................27
    49            Del Prado Boulevard at Coronado Parkway/SE 40th Terrace ................................28
    50            Del Prado Boulevard at Coronado Parkway – Northbound Approach ..................29
    51            Del Prado Boulevard at Coronado Parkway – Eastbound Approach ....................29
    52            Del Prado Boulevard at SE 40th Terrace – Westbound Approach .........................29
    53            Del Prado Boulevard at Beach Parkway................................................................30
    54            Del Prado Boulevard at Beach Parkway – Southbound Approach........................31
    55            Del Prado Boulevard at Beach Parkway – Eastbound Approach ..........................31
    56            Del Prado Boulevard at Beach Parkway – Westbound Approach.........................31
    57            SE 47th Terrace and Palm Tree Boulevard.............................................................32
    58            SE 47th Terrace at Palm Tree Boulevard – Northbound Approach .......................33
    59            SE 47th Terrace at Palm Tree Boulevard – Southbound Approach .......................33

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                                                                                     City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                                       Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                        Surrounding Traffic Study


                                                FIGURES (CONT.)


Figure            Description                                                                                            Page


    60            SE 47th Terrace at Palm Tree Boulevard – Eastbound Approach..........................33
    61            SE 47th Terrace at Palm Tree Boulevard – Westbound Approach ........................33
    62            SE 47th Terrace at Vincennes Boulevard ...............................................................34
    63            SE 47th Terrace at Vincennes Boulevard – Northbound Approach .......................35
    64            SE 47th Terrace at Vincennes Boulevard – Southbound Approach .......................35
    65            SE 47th Terrace at Vincennes Boulevard – Eastbound Approach .........................35
    66            SE 47th Terrace at Vincennes Boulevard – Westbound Approach ........................35
    67            Cape Coral Street at Miramar Street......................................................................36
    68            Cape Coral Street at Miramar Street – Northbound Approach..............................37
    69            Cape Coral Street at Miramar Street – Southbound Approach..............................37
    70            Cape Coral Street at Miramar Street – Eastbound Approach ................................37
    71            Cape Coral Street at Miramar Street – Westbound Approach...............................37
    72            Vincennes Boulevard at SE 46th Lane ...................................................................38
    73            Vincennes Boulevard at SE 46th Lane – Northbound Approach ...........................39
    74            Vincennes Boulevard at SE 46th Lane – Southbound Approach ...........................39
    75            Vincennes Boulevard at SE 46th Lane – Eastbound Approach..............................39
    76            Vincennes Boulevard at SE 46th Lane – Westbound Approach ............................39
    77            City of Cape Coral CRA Parking Lots ..................................................................78
    78            Existing Parking Distribution and Occupancy.......................................................79
    79            Proposed Parking Distribution...............................................................................81
    80            Brick Pavers on Cape Coral Parkway....................................................................83
    81            Brick Pavers – Crosswalk in Treasure Island ........................................................84
    82            Sketches of Options for Accessible Driveways .....................................................87
    83            Miramar Street – Good Driveway Design .............................................................87
    84            Miramar Street – Poor Driveway Design...............................................................87
    85            2006 Peak Hour Traffic Volumes ..........................................................................97



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                                                                                     City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                                       Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                        Surrounding Traffic Study


                                                 FIGURES (CONT.)


Figure            Description                                                                                             Page


    86            Roadway Traffic Volumes vs. Capacity ..............................................................115
    87            Short-term Improvements in the Study Area (Back of Report)
    88            2006 Peak Hour Adjusted Traffic Volumes.........................................................121
    89            Alternatives Analyzed for Short-term Improvements..........................................133
    90            Short-term Level of Service (LOS)......................................................................150
    91            2015 Peak Hour Traffic Volumes ........................................................................154
    92            Mid-term Improvements in the Study Area (Back of Report)
    93            2015 Peak Hour Adjusted Traffic Volumes.........................................................183
    94            Mid-term Level of Service (LOS)........................................................................190
    95            2030 Peak Hour Traffic Volumes ........................................................................196
    96            Long-term Improvements in the Study Area (Back of Report)
    97            2030 Peak Hour Adjusted Traffic Volumes.........................................................206
    98            Long-term Level of Service .................................................................................216
    99            Roadway Link Volumes vs. LOS E Capacity with Improvements .....................219


                                                      APPENDIX


Appendix


    A             FHWA REVIEW CHECKLIST AND INVENTORY TABLE
    B             CITY OF CAPE CORAL SPEED STUDIES
    C             DRIVEWAY CORNER CLEARANCE
    D             COUNTERMEASURE ANALYSIS TOOL USERS MANUAL BY OREGON
                       DOT
    E             2003 COLLISION DIAGRAMS
    F             2004 COLLISION DIAGRAMS
    G             FLORIDA AVERAGE CRASH RATES

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                                                                        City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                          Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                           Surrounding Traffic Study


                                            APPENDIX (CONT.)


Appendix          Description


    H             FHWA TOOLBOX OF COUNTERMEASURES FOR REDUCING CRASHES
    I             PARKING DISTRIBUTION
    J             2006 TURNING MOVEMENT COUNTS
    K             2006 HCS INTERSECTION ANALYSIS (EXISTING CONDITIONS)
    L             2006 SYNCHRO ANALYSIS (DEL PRADO BOULEVARD AT
                      CAPE CORAL PARKWAY)
    M             2006 NETWORK ANALYSIS (EXISTING CONDITIONS)
    N             PREVIOUS STUDIES ANALYSIS
    O             MUTCD SIGNS AND MAINTENANCE FOR BIKE LANES
    P             2006 SYNCHRO ANALYSIS (DEL PRADO BOULEVARD AT CAPE CORAL
                      WITH SHORT-TERM IMPROVEMENTS
    Q             2006 HCS ANALYSIS WITH SHORT-TERM IMPROVEMENTS
    R             2006 NETWORK ANALYSIS WITH SHORT-TERM IMPROVEMENTS
    S             2015 HCS INTERSECTION ANALYSIS (EXISTING GEOMETRY)
    T             2015 NETWORK ANALYSIS (EXISTING GEOMETRY)
    U             2015 TYPICAL SECTIONS
    V             2015 HCS ANALYSIS WITH MID-TERM IMPROVEMENTS
    W             2015 ROUNDABOUT ANALYSIS
    X             2015 NETWORK ANALYSIS WITH MID-TERM IMPROVEMENTS
    Y             2030 HCS INTERSECTION ANALYSIS (EXISTING GEOMETRY)
    Z             2030 NETWORK ANALYSIS (EXISTING GEOMETRY)
    AA            2030 HCS ANALYSIS WITH LONG-TERM IMPROVEMENTS
    BB            2030 ROUNDABOUT ANALYSIS
    CC            2030 NETWORK ANALYSIS WITH LONG-TERM IMPROVEMENTS
    DD            COST ESTIMATE
    EE            TRAFFIC SURVEY
    FF            PUBLIC INFORMATION SESSION – COMMENTS AND RESPONSES
    GG            SYNCHRO NETWORK ANALYSIS



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                                                                       City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                         Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                          Surrounding Traffic Study


INTRODUCTION


The City of Cape Coral is the fifth fastest growing city in the United States with a population of
over 150,000 and an anticipated build-out population forecasted at more than 400,000. During
the last several years, Cape Coral’s growth is evidenced in the significant increase in single
family homes. In 2005, there were 7,694 single-family homes permitted, which is 43 percent
greater than 2004, and twice the number of new homes in 2003.


This traffic study focuses on the downtown Community Redevelopment Area (CRA), which has
over 1,000 businesses with 3,500 employees. Figure 1 contains the location map of the study
area. The study limits include Miramar Street to the south, Coronado Parkway to the north, SE
17th Place to the east, and Santa Barbara Boulevard to the west. Cape Coral Parkway and Del
Prado Boulevard are the two primary roadways carrying traffic into and out of Cape Coral within
the study area. Due to the extensive size of the study area, specific roadway segments were
selected for evaluation and they are included in Table 1.


Cape Coral Parkway extends east-west through Cape Coral. It is a six-lane divided roadway on
the west end carrying 47,200 vehicles per day (vpd) and changes to a four-lane divided roadway
from Coronado Parkway eastward, carrying 34,200 vpd. At the east end of the study area, Cape
Coral Parkway connects to the two-span, four-lane Cape Coral Bridge that extends over the
Caloosahatchee River. Del Prado Boulevard is a north-south, six-lane divided roadway with a
daily traffic volume of 34,100 vehicles in the study area.


Like any growing city, downtown Cape Coral can serve as a hub to provide a thriving economy
and can also provide a place for community activity. In March 2002, the “Design Downtown
Community Redevelopment Area Master Plan" was published as a guide to fulfill these goals.


The Cape Coral Downtown CRA Traffic Study is one of the first steps to incorporate the
redevelopment process. The goal of the study is to develop alternatives that will enhance:




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4350 WEST CYPRESS STREET
SUITE 340                  Project Title                                                   Page
TAMPA, FLORIDA 33607                       City of Cape Coral Downtown CRA Traffic Study
PHONE (813) 831-8870
FAX (813) 831-9375
          831 9375                                                                          2
WWW.VANUSINC.COM
                           Drawing Title            Figure 1: Traffic Study Area
                                                                             City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                               Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                Surrounding Traffic Study



                                      Table 1: Roadways in the Study Area
                                               East-West Roadways
              Roadway                           From                         To             Miles
      Cape Coral Parkway           Santa Barbara Boulevard      Cape Coral Bridge           2.100
      Lafayette Street             Coronado Parkway             Candia Street               0.300
      Lafayette Street             Vincennes Boulevard          Del Prado Boulevard         0.450
      Miramar Street               Coronado Parkway             Del Prado Boulevard         0.800
      SE 47th Terrace              SE 1st Place                 SE 17th Place               2.000
      SE 47th Street               Vincennes Boulevard          SE 17th Place               0.700
      SE 47th Street                   th
                                   SE 6 Avenue                  SE 9th Place                0.500
      SE 46th Lane                     th
                                   SE 6 Avenue                  SE 17th Place               1.300
      SE 46th Street               Coronado Parkway             Orchid Parkway              1.000
      SE 44th Street               Coronado Parkway             Orchid Parkway              0.600
      Victoria Court               Tarpon Court                 Coronado Parkway            0.500

      Total Miles of East-West Roadways                                                     10.250
                                             North-South Roadways
                   Roadway                            From                      To           Miles
      Del Prado Boulevard                   Coronado Parkway          Cape Coral Street      1.500
      Vincennes Boulevard                   Coronado Parkway          Miramar Street         0.600
      SE 10th Place / Leonard Street        SE 46th Lane              Miramar Street         0.300
      Coronado Parkway                      Del Prado Boulevard       Victoria Drive         1.400
      SE 6th Avenue / Tarpon Court          SE 46th Lane              Victoria Drive         0.500
      Palm Tree Boulevard                   Country Club Boulevard    Cape Coral Parkway     0.250
      SE 16th Place                         SE 44th Street            SE 46th Street         0.250
      SE 17th Avenue / Waikiki Avenue       SE 47th Terrace           Del Prado Boulevard    0.070
      Orchid Boulevard                      Del Prado Boulevard       SE 46th Street         0.500
      SE 17th Place                         SE 46th Lane              Cape Coral Parkway     0.200
      SE 15th Avenue / Cape Coral St.       SE 46th Lane              Del Prado Boulevard    0.400
      SE 15th Avenue                        SE 44th Street            SE 46th Street         0.250
      SE 11th Place                         SE 46th Lane              SE 47th Terrace        0.130
      SE 9th Place / Candia Street          SE 46th Lane              Miramar Street         0.300
      SE 8th Court / Chester Street         SE 47th Street            Lafayette Street       0.200
      SE 4th Place / SEth Avenue            Country Club Boulevard    SE 47th Terrace        0.400
      Palm Tree Drive                       Cape Coral Parkway        Tudor Drive            0.250
      SE 1st Place                          SE 47th Terrace           Cape Coral Parkway     0.070
      SE 2nd Court                          SE 47th Terrace           Cape Coral Parkway     0.065
      SE 5th Place                          SE 47th Terrace           Cape Coral Parkway     0.065

      Total Miles of North-South Roadways                                                    7.700



•   Traffic circulation and flow in the area to reduce overall vehicle delays, stops, and emissions
•   Traffic safety and mobility of pedestrians, bicyclists, transit users, and motorists
•   Access points
•   Intersection control
•   Parking distribution

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                                                              Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                               Surrounding Traffic Study


•   Walk-able streets
•   Economic growth and development
•   Complement current and future plans related to the city-wide and regional movement of
    people, goods, and services.


EXISTING CONDITIONS


Intersection Field Inventory and Qualitative Assessment
A field inventory was conducted at each of the 12 signalized intersections and the 4, four-way
stop intersections in the study area to determine the existing lane widths, turn lane lengths, signal
phasing, taper lengths, posted speed limit, available lighting, and other features as needed to
conduct the intersection operations analysis.


A qualitative assessment of each intersection was conducted during the AM and PM peak hours
to observe any safety concerns, operational issues, obstructions, deficient signs or markings,
right-of-way constraints, etc. that may be affecting the overall intersection and corridor
operations. The hours in which each intersection was observed was determined from the turning
movement counts (TMCs) provided by the City of Cape Coral. The TMCs were conducted
during two hours in the AM peak and two hours in the PM peak period. Based on the TMCs
provided, the hours during which the intersections were analyzed are shown in Table 2.


                                            Table 2: TMC Peak Hours
                                               AM Peak Hour
    7:00 – 8:00                                        8:00 – 9:00
    Del Prado Boulevard at Beach Parkway               Cape Coral Street at Miramar Street
                                th
    Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47 Terrace               Del Prado Boulevard at Coronado Parkway
    Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Street              Palm Tree Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace
    Del Prado Boulevard at Cape Coral Parkway          Vincennes Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace
    Cape Coral Parkway at Santa Barbara Boulevard      Cape Coral Parkway at SE 6th Avenue/Tarpon Court
    Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree Boulevard          Vincennes Boulevard at SE 46th Lane
    Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway
    Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes Boulevard
    Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10th Place/Leonard Street
    Coronado Parkway at SE 47th Terrace




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                                                                              City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                                Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                 Surrounding Traffic Study


                                            Table 2: TMC Peak Hours
                                                  PM Peak Hour
    4:00 – 5:00                                          5:00 – 6:00
    Cape Coral Street at Miramar Street                  Del Prado Boulevard at Beach Parkway
    Palm Tree Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace               Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace
    Vincennes Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace               Del Prado Boulevard at Coronado Parkway
    Vincennes Boulevard at SE 46th Lane                  Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Street
    Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes Boulevard            Del Prado Boulevard at Cape Coral Parkway
    Coronado Parkway at SE 47th Terrace                  Cape Coral Parkway at Santa Barbara Boulevard
                                                         Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree Boulevard
                                                         Cape Coral Parkway at SE 6th Ave/Tarpon Court
                                                         Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway
                                                         Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10th Street/Leonard
                                                         Street


A synopsis of the lane geometry, speed limit, and qualitative assessment is provided below by
intersection.


Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard
At the signalized intersection of Cape Coral Parkway and Del Prado Boulevard there are one
left-turn lane, two through lanes, and one right-turn lane for the eastbound, westbound, and
northbound approaches. The southbound approach has two left-turn lanes, one through lane, and
one right-turn lane. The speed limits are 35 miles per hour (mph) for the eastbound and
westbound approaches, 40 mph for the southbound approach, and 30 mph for the northbound
approach. Figure 2 shows an aerial view of the intersection. The aerials were flown in 2005 and
were obtained from the City’s website. These represent existing conditions.


The following conditions were observed during the field review:


AM Peak
•   A high emphasis crosswalk is located on the west leg of the intersection. The remaining
    crosswalks are the transverse type.
•   U-turns are restricted for the eastbound, westbound, and northbound approaches.
•   Long queues were observed for the southbound left-turn, northbound right-turn, and
    eastbound through movements, resulting in motorists waiting more than one cycle to clear
    the intersection.

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                                                                                City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                                  Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                   Surrounding Traffic Study




                                                  Boulevard
                                                  Del Prado
                 Cape Coral Parkway




                             Figure 2: Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard


•   The queue for the southbound left-turn movement extended as far north as SE 46th Street.
•   The queue for the eastbound through movement extended west of Palm Tree Boulevard.
•   The northbound right-turn queue extended as far south as Miramar Street.
•   The median opening at Del Prado Boulevard and SE 47th Street was blocked due to the long
    southbound left-turn queue at Cape Coral Parkway.
•   The northbound green time is so short that very few northbound right-turns clear the
    intersection.
•   To the east, at the intersection of Cape Coral Parkway and Waikiki Avenue, the northbound
    right-turn movement was delayed due to the steady eastbound volume on Cape Coral
    Parkway. Motorists were observed cutting through the Whitney Education Group building
    parking lot located west of Waikiki Avenue.


PM Peak
•   At times, the westbound queue extended as far east as the Cape Coral Bridge.
•   The westbound right-turn volume was a steady flow throughout the study period.
•   The westbound right-turn stacked onto Cape Coral Parkway due to the traffic signal at Del
    Prado Boulevard and SE 47th Terrace.

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                                                                        City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                          Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                           Surrounding Traffic Study


•    Westbound motorists on Cape Coral Parkway were observed utilizing SE 17th Place to
     bypass the congestion at Del Prado Boulevard and Cape Coral Parkway.
•    Land uses at the intersection include commercial banks and hotels.
•    The eastbound left-turn volume overflowed the left-turn lane and blocked the inside through
     lane at times.
•    East of the intersection, the eastbound left-turns waiting in the two-way left-turn-lane did not
     have adequate gaps to turn north across Cape Coral Parkway.


Figures 3 through 6 show pictures of the intersection.




    Figure 3: Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado               Figure 4: Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado
        Boulevard – Northbound Approach                         Boulevard – Southbound Approach




    Figure 5: Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado               Figure 6: Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado
        Boulevard – Eastbound Approach                          Boulevard – Westbound Approach




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                                                                                                City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                                                  Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                                   Surrounding Traffic Study


Cape Coral Parkway at Santa Barbara Boulevard
At the signalized T-intersection of Cape Coral Parkway and Santa Barbara Boulevard, the
eastbound approach has one left-turn lane and three through lanes. The westbound approach has
three through lanes and one right-turn lane. The southbound approach has two left-turn lanes
and one right-turn lane. The speed limit for the eastbound and westbound approaches is 40 mph
and the southbound speed limit is 45 mph. Figure 7 shows an aerial view of the intersection.




                                                    Santa Barbara Boulevard




              Cape Coral Parkway




                          Figure 7: Cape Coral Parkway at Santa Barbara Boulevard



The following conditions were observed during the field review:


AM Peak
•   The intersection is a three-legged intersection with no northbound approach.
•   East of the intersection, there is a bridge over the San Carlos Canal (See Figure 10).
•   High emphasis crosswalks are located across the north and west legs of the intersection.
•   A school bus was observed having difficulty negotiating the westbound right-turn movement
    adjacent to the concrete island.



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                                                                      City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                        Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                         Surrounding Traffic Study


•   At times, the eastbound through movement stacked to the median opening that serves the
    Albertson’s shopping center.
•   The bridge over the canal creates a sight distance restriction for the southbound right-turn
    movement. The crash data provided by the County did not indicate a pattern of crashes
    associated with this condition.
•   At times, the southbound right-turn lane was blocked due to the southbound left-turn queue.
•   A pedestrian signal pedestal is located in the small island in the northeast quadrant (See
    Figure 8).
•   All movements cleared the intersection during a single cycle.
•   The driveway serving the apartments in the northeast quadrant is in an unsafe location due to
    conflicts with the westbound right-turn movement.
•   The westbound and southbound right-turn movements have right-turn overlap signal phases.
•   The eastbound left-turn movement operates as a protected-only left turn.
•   One pedestrian was observed during the study period, but he did not cross in the crosswalk.
    He crossed the west leg while traveling to a school bus stop.


PM Peak
•   A steady westbound right-turn volume was observed during the peak hour.
•   The southbound left-turn movement was heavier in the inside lane of the dual-left turn lanes.
•   The southbound left-turn motorists queued at the signal typically did not block the
    Albertson’s driveway located north of the intersection.
•   All movements cleared during a single cycle.
•   Land uses at the intersection include apartments and the Albertson’s grocery store.


Figures 8 through 10 show pictures of the intersection.




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                                                                         City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                           Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                            Surrounding Traffic Study




    Figure 8: Cape Coral Parkway at Santa                      Figure 9: Cape Coral Parkway at Santa
  Barbara Boulevard – Southbound Approach                     Barbara Boulevard – Eastbound Approach




                                    Figure 10: Cape Coral Parkway at Santa
                                   Barbara Boulevard – Westbound Approach


Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree Boulevard
At the signalized intersection of Cape Coral Parkway and Palm Tree Boulevard, the eastbound
and westbound approaches have one left-turn lane and two through lanes and one shared
through/right-turn lane. The southbound approach has two left-turn lanes, one through lane and
one right-turn lane. The northbound approach has one left-turn lane and a shared through/right-
turn lane. The speed limit for the eastbound and westbound approaches is 40 mph, for the
southbound approach it is 35 mph, and there was no posted speed limit for the northbound
approach. Local streets are 30 mph per Florida statute. Figure 11 shows an aerial view of the
intersection.




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                                                                           City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                             Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                              Surrounding Traffic Study




                                                      Boulevard
                                                      Palm Tree
                     Cape Coral Parkway




                            Figure 11: Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree Boulevard




The following conditions were observed during the field review:

AM Peak
•   The east-west left-turn movements are protected/permitted signal operation.
•   The north-south left turns are protected-only signal operation.
•   The crosswalk across the west leg is angled. High emphasis crosswalks are located across all
    legs of the intersection.
•   The eastbound left-turn vehicles typically made a right turn onto SE 47th Terrace, which is
    located just north of the intersection. These vehicles at one time stacked through the Cape
    Coral Parkway/Palm Tree Boulevard intersection.
•   The eastbound left-turns were observed clearing during the green ball due to adequate gaps in
    the westbound traffic.
•   The eastbound queue stacked through the intersection from the signal at SE 6th
    Avenue/Tarpon Court.
•   There is no “Do Not Block Intersection” sign for the eastbound approach.

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                                                                         City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                           Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                            Surrounding Traffic Study


•    The northbound approach volume was minimal.
•    Eastbound U-turns were observed turning into the gas station located on the northwest
     corner.


PM Peak
•    The southbound right-turn lane sometimes backs up to SE 47th Terrace, resulting in motorists
     using the residential section of SE 47th Terrace, west of Palm Tree Boulevard, to connect to
     Cape Coral Parkway via SE 1st Place.
•    The northbound approach volume was minimal.
•    Land uses at the intersection are commercial in the northeast and northwest quadrants and the
     southern quadrants are vacant.


Figures 12 and 14 show pictures of the intersection.




    Figure 12: Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree                 Figure 13: Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree
        Boulevard – Northbound Approach                             Boulevard – Eastbound Approach




                                  Figure 14: Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree
                                       Boulevard – Westbound Approach

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                                                                                         City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                                           Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                            Surrounding Traffic Study


Cape Coral Parkway at SE 6th Avenue/Tarpon Court
At the signalized intersection of Cape Coral Parkway and SE 6th Avenue/Tarpon Court, the
eastbound and westbound approaches have one left-turn lane, two through lanes and one shared
through/right-turn lane. The southbound approach has one shared left/through lane and one
right-turn lane. The northbound approach has one lane for all movements. The speed limit for
the eastbound and westbound approaches is 40 mph. There was no posted speed limit for the
northbound and southbound approaches. Figure 15 shows an aerial view of the intersection.




                                                  SE 6th Avenue




                    Cape Coral Parkway
                                                           Tarpon Court




                        Figure 15: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 6th Avenue/Tarpon Court


The following conditions were observed during the field review:


AM Peak
•   The text for the overhead street signs is too small for drivers to see clearly. It does not
    appear to comply with the MUTCD standard of 12 inches for capital letters and 9 inches for
    lower case letters.
•   The east-west left turns are protected/permitted signal operation.
•   The northbound and southbound approaches operate as a single signal phase.




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                                                                     City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                       Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                        Surrounding Traffic Study


•    The eastbound queue was stacked to Palm Tree Boulevard and cleared out at 8:20 AM.
•    The northbound approach is wide enough for two lanes but is striped as one lane (See Figure
     16).

PM Peak
•    No problems were observed during the PM peak hour.                All movements cleared the
     intersection.
•    The land uses in three of the quadrants are commercial. A residence is located in the
     southeast quadrant.
•    High emphasis crosswalks exist on all legs of the intersection.

Figures 16 through 19 show pictures of the intersection.




    Figure 16: Cape Coral Parkway at Tarpon                Figure 17: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 6th
         Court – Northbound Approach                           Avenue – Southbound Approach




    Figure 18: Cape Coral Parkway at Tarpon                Figure 19: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 6th
          Court – Eastbound Approach                           Avenue – Westbound Approach

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                                                                            City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                              Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                               Surrounding Traffic Study


Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway
At the signalized intersection of Cape Coral Parkway and Coronado Parkway, the eastbound
approach has two left-turn lanes, two through lanes, and one right-turn lane.                The inside
eastbound through lane from the six-lane section of Cape Coral Parkway becomes a “trap” left-
turn lane at this intersection as the geometry changes to a four-lane divided arterial. The
westbound approach has one left-turn lane, two through lanes, and one shared through/right-turn
lane. The northbound approach has two left-turn lanes, one through lane, and one shared
through/right-turn lane. The southbound approach has two left-turn lanes, two through lanes,
and one right-turn lane. The speed limit for the eastbound and westbound approaches is 40 mph.
The speed limit for the northbound and southbound approaches is 35 mph. Figure 20 shows an
aerial view of the intersection.
                                                  Coronado
                                                  Parkway




                      Cape Coral Parkway




                             Figure 20: Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway


The following conditions were observed during the field review:


AM Peak
•   The left-turns are protected only on all approaches.
•   The eastbound queue stacked as far west as the Palm Tree Boulevard intersection.

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                                                                        City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                          Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                           Surrounding Traffic Study


•     There are no “Do Not Block Intersection” signs for the eastbound and westbound
      approaches.
•     There is no southbound right-turn overlap phase.
•     There was a missing backplate for the eastbound left-turn signal.
•     Two pedestrians were observed during the peak hour.
•     The eastbound yellow guidelines were being run over by the vehicles’ tracking path.
•     The driveway located on the south leg (west side of Coronado Parkway) to George’s Auto
      Repair is located too close to the intersection.
•     Northbound U-turns are prohibited.


PM Peak
•     All vehicles cleared during a single cycle of the observation period.
•     Commercial land uses are located in all four quadrants.
•     High emphasis crosswalks are located across all legs of the intersection.
•     Bike lanes are located on both sides of Coronado Parkway, south of Cape Coral Parkway.


Figures 21 through 23 show pictures of the intersection.




        Figure 21: Cape Coral Parkway at                          Figure 22: Cape Coral Parkway at
    Coronado Parkway – Northbound Approach                    Coronado Parkway – Southbound Approach




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                                                                                       City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                                         Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                          Surrounding Traffic Study




                                  Figure 23: Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado
                                        Parkway – Eastbound Approach


Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10th Place/Leonard Street
At the signalized intersection of Cape Coral Parkway and SE 10th Place/Leonard Street, the
eastbound and westbound approaches have one left-turn lane, two through lanes, and one right-
turn lane. The northbound and southbound approaches have one left-turn lane and one shared
through/right-turn lane. The speed limit for the eastbound and westbound approaches is 35 mph.
There was no posted speed limit for the northbound and southbound approaches. Figure 24
shows an aerial view of the intersection.
                                                                      SE 10th Place




                     Cape Coral Parkway
                                                    Leonard Street




                        Figure 24: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10th Place/Leonard Street

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                                                                     City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                       Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                        Surrounding Traffic Study


The following conditions were observed during the field review:


AM Peak
•    The eastbound queue on Cape Coral Parkway backed up past Coronado Parkway and did not
     clear the intersection during a single cycle.
•    There are no “Do Not Block Intersection” signs for the eastbound and westbound
     approaches.
•    There was minimal north-south volume on SE 10th Place/Leonard Street.
•    The left-turns are protected/permitted on all approaches.
•    Vehicles were observed running over the northbound left-turn guidelines.


PM Peak
•    The westbound queue stacked to Vincennes Boulevard, but cleared during a single cycle.
•    Nine northbound left-turns were observed clearing on the permissive green phase.
•    High emphasis crosswalks exist across all legs of the intersection.
•    Commercial land uses are located on all four quadrants of the intersection.


Figures 25 through 28 show pictures of the intersection




    Figure 25: Cape Coral Parkway at Leonard               Figure 26: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10th
          Street – Northbound Approach                          Place – Southbound Approach




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                                                                                       City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                                         Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                          Surrounding Traffic Study




   Figure 27: Cape Coral Parkway at Leonard                                  Figure 28: Cape Coral Parkway at Leonard
          Street – Eastbound Approach                                              Street – Westbound Approach


Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes Boulevard
At the signalized intersection of Cape Coral Parkway and Vincennes Boulevard, the eastbound
and westbound approaches have one left-turn lane, two through lanes, and one right-turn lane.
The northbound and southbound approaches have one left-turn lane, one through lane, and one
right-turn lane.     The speed limit for the eastbound and westbound approaches is 35 mph.
Although there was no posted speed limit for the northbound and southbound approaches, it is 30
mph unless otherwise posted. Figure 29 shows an aerial view of the intersection.
                                                  Vincennes Boulevard




                       Cape Coral Parkway




                            Figure 29: Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes Boulevard


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                                                                     City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                       Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                        Surrounding Traffic Study


The following conditions were observed during the field review:


AM Peak
•    The north-south left-turns are protected/permitted. The east-west left-turns are protected
     only.
•    The eastbound through queues backed through the Coronado Parkway intersection.
•    The southbound left-turn vehicles could not access Cape Coral Parkway due to the eastbound
     queue stacking through the intersection. This resulted in the southbound left turns taking
     several cycles to clear the intersection.
•    One pedestrian was observed during the observation period.
•    A school crossing guard was located on the southeast corner.


PM Peak
•    The westbound left-turn lane was inaccessible at times due to the westbound through queue
     blocking it.
•    The long drop curbs at the radius of the intersection are bordered by concrete posts to protect
     pedestrians on the corners.
•    High emphasis crosswalks are provided across all legs of the intersection.
•    Commercial land uses exist on all four quadrants.


Figures 30 through 33 show pictures of the intersection.




    Figure 30 Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes              Figure 31 Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes
        Boulevard – Northbound Approach                        Boulevard – Southbound Approach

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                                                                                          City of Cape Coral Downtown
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                                                                                             Surrounding Traffic Study




    Figure 32: Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes                                  Figure 33: Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes
         Boulevard – Eastbound Approach                                              Boulevard – Westbound Approach


Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace
At the signalized intersection of Del Prado Boulevard and SE 47th Terrace, the eastbound and
westbound approaches have one left-turn lane, one through lane, and one right-turn lane. The
northbound approach has two through lanes and a shared through/right-turn lane.                                         The
southbound approach has one left-turn lane, two through lanes, and a shared through/right-turn
lane. The speed limit for the eastbound and westbound approaches is 35 mph. The speed limit
for the northbound and southbound approaches is 40 mph. Figure 34 shows an aerial view of the
intersection.
                                                     Del Prado Boulevard




                          SE 47th Terrace




                               Figure 34: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace


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                                                                     City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                       Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                        Surrounding Traffic Study


The following conditions were observed during the field review:


AM Peak
•   A northbound left-turn lane does not exist and the movement is prohibited. The southbound
    and westbound left-turn movements are permitted only and the eastbound left-turn movement
    is protected/permitted.
•   The eastbound right turns were delayed due to the southbound queue that blocked access to
    the intersection.
•   The majority of the eastbound right turns were making a southbound left turn at the Cape
    Coral Parkway intersection.
•   The sign to the Cape Coral Bridge is ground mounted with small text size which does not
    appear to meet the MUTCD standards of 6 inches for upper case letters and 4.5 inches for
    lower-case letters.
•   The eastbound right turns and westbound left turns began blocking the intersection at
    approximately 7:25 AM.
•   At 7:30 AM, a rear-end crash occurred involving three cars. It occurred in the southbound
    left-turn queue on Del Prado Boulevard at Cape Coral Parkway, causing additional delay.
•   The southbound queue stacked as far north as SE 43rd Street during the observation period.
•   The crosswalk markings are worn. The crosswalks are of the transverse type and are located
    across the side streets only, although there are pedestrian signals all around the intersection.
•   The east-west legs of SE 47th Terrace do not align exactly.


PM Peak
•   The westbound volume was steady but cleared during each cycle.
•   “Do Not Block Intersection” signs are located on all approaches.
•   Commercial businesses are located on all four quadrants of the intersection.
•   The northbound through movement, which is primarily traffic from the bridge, stacked
    eastward onto Cape Coral Parkway.
•   Two motorists were observed attempting to make a prohibited northbound left turn. Trailing
    motorists honked their horns due to the resulting lane blockage.


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                                                                   City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                     Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                      Surrounding Traffic Study


Figures 35 through 38 show pictures of the intersection.




   Figure 35: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th               Figure 36: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th
       Terrace – Northbound Approach                           Terrace – Southbound Approach




    Figure 37: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th              Figure 38: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th
         Terrace – Eastbound Approach                          Terrace – Westbound Approach


Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Street
At the signalized intersection of Del Prado Boulevard and SE 46th Street, the eastbound and
westbound approaches have one shared left/through lane and one right-turn lane.                    The
northbound and southbound approaches have one left-turn lane, two through lanes, and a shared
through/right-turn lane. The speed limit for the eastbound and westbound approaches is 30 mph.
The speed limit for the northbound and southbound approaches is 40 mph. Figure 39 shows an
aerial view of the intersection.




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                                                                                           City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                                             Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                              Surrounding Traffic Study




                      SE 46th Street




                                                      Del Prado Boulevard




                               Figure 39: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Street


The following conditions were observed during the field review:


AM Peak
•   The northbound left-turn movement is protected/permitted and the southbound left-turn
    movement is protected only due to sight restrictions created by the vertical elevation of the
    bridge over the canal to the south.
•   The eastbound and westbound approaches operate as a single phase.
•   At 8:00 AM, the southbound through queue stacked north to SE 44th Street.
•   The crosswalks are of the transverse type and there is no crosswalk or pedestrian signal to
    cross the north leg of the intersection.
•   There are school crossing signs on the Del Prado Boulevard northbound and southbound
    approaches, but there are no high emphasis crosswalks or supplemental pavement markings
    (See Figures 40 and 41).


PM Peak
•   No problems were observed.
•   Commercial land uses are located at this intersection.

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                                                                   City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                     Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                      Surrounding Traffic Study


Figures 40 through 43 show pictures of the intersection.




   Figure 40: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th            Figure 41: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th
        Street – Northbound Approach                         Street – Southbound Approach




    Figure 42: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th              Figure 43: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th
          Street – Eastbound Approach                           Street – Westbound Approach


Coronado Parkway at SE 47th Terrace
At the signalized intersection of Coronado Parkway and SE 47th Terrace, the eastbound and
westbound approaches have one left-turn lane and one shared through/right-turn lane. The
northbound and southbound approaches have one left turn-lane, two through lanes, and one
right-turn lane. The speed limit for the eastbound and westbound approaches is 30 mph. The
speed limit for the northbound and southbound approaches is 35 mph. Figure 44 shows an aerial
view of the intersection.




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                                                                                      City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                                        Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                         Surrounding Traffic Study




                                                    Coronado Parkway
                  SE 47th Terrace




                                Figure 44: Coronado Parkway at SE 47th Terrace


The following conditions were observed during the field review:

AM Peak
•   The northbound and southbound left-turn movements are protected/permitted.                                The
    eastbound and westbound left-turn movements are protected only.
•   At 7:35 AM, the eastbound through queue did not clear. The vehicles typically required two
    cycles to clear the intersection. A 15-car eastbound queue was observed at 8:00 AM.
•    The queues cleared the intersection.
•   Transverse crosswalks are provided around the intersection.

PM Peak
•   Vehicle delays were observed when a westbound vehicle attempted to turn into the CVS
    pharmacy located on the southwest corner. The driveway meets the corner clearance criteria.
•   Vehicle delays were observed due to a bus stopped on SE 47th Terrace east of Coronado
    Parkway.
•   Typically, all movements cleared the intersection during the observation period.
•   The northwest quadrant is vacant, with commercial development located in the other
    quadrants.

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                                                                   City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                     Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                      Surrounding Traffic Study


Figures 45 through 48 show pictures of the intersection.




     Figure 45: Coronado Parkway at SE 47th                Figure 46: Coronado Parkway at SE 47th
        Terrace – Northbound Approach                         Terrace – Southbound Approach




    Figure 47: Coronado Parkway at SE 47th                 Figure 48: Coronado Parkway at SE 47th
        Terrace – Eastbound Approach                           Terrace – Westbound Approach


Del Prado Boulevard at Coronado Parkway/SE 40th Terrace
At the signalized intersection of Del Prado Boulevard and Coronado Parkway/SE 40th Terrace,
the eastbound approach has one left-turn lane, one shared left/through lane and one right-turn
lane. The westbound approach has a single lane for all movements. The northbound and
southbound approaches have one left-turn lane, two through lanes, and a shared through/right
turn lane. The speed limit for the eastbound approach is 35 mph. The speed limit for the
northbound and southbound approaches is 40 mph. Figure 49 shows an aerial view of the
intersection.



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                                                                                     City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                                       Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                        Surrounding Traffic Study


The following conditions were observed during the field review:




                    Coronado Parkway




                                                             v a rd
                                                      o Boule
                                                          d
                                                  Del Pra




                    Figure 49: Del Prado Boulevard at Coronado Parkway/SE 40th Terrace


AM Peak
•   The eastbound and westbound approaches have a split phase signal operation due to the
    skewed alignment.
•   The northbound left-turn movement is protected only and the southbound left-turn movement
    is protected/permitted.
•   There are no crosswalks across the north and east legs. The crosswalks across the south and
    west legs are worn.
•   An eastbound left-turn queue of 11 vehicles was observed but it cleared the intersection
    during a single signal phase.
•   The southbound right-turn volume onto Coronado Parkway was high.
•   The pavement conditions are poor, with visible cracks.
•   The street name signs and text are too small.
•   There is a bike lane on both sides of the west leg of Coronado Parkway.



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                                                                           City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                             Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                              Surrounding Traffic Study


PM Peak
•    No problems were observed.
•    There was a disabled car in the shared eastbound left/through lane but motorists were able to
     go around.
•    Commercial land uses are located at the intersection.


Figures 50 through 52 show pictures of the intersection.




    Figure 50: Del Prado Boulevard at Coronado                  Figure 51: Del Prado Boulevard at Coronado
         Parkway – Northbound Approach                                Parkway – Eastbound Approach




                                    Figure 52: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 40th
                                        Terrace – Westbound Approach


Del Prado Boulevard at Beach Parkway
At the signalized intersection of Del Prado Boulevard and Beach Parkway, the westbound
approach has one left-turn lane and one right-turn lane. The northbound approach has two
through lanes and a shared through/right-turn lane. The southbound approach has one left-turn
lane and three through lanes. The eastbound approach is unsignalized and offset with a right turn

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                                                                                      City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                                        Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                         Surrounding Traffic Study


only lane (See Figure 55). The speed limit for the northbound and southbound approach is 40
mph. The speed limit on Beach Parkway is 35 mph. Figure 53 shows an aerial view of the
intersection.




                                                            rd
                                                           o Bouleva
                                                   Del Prad



                                                                               Beach Parkway




                               Figure 53: Del Prado Boulevard at Beach Parkway


The following conditions were observed during the field review:


AM Peak
•   No problems were observed during the observation period.
•   The southbound left-turn movement is protected/permitted.
•   The westbound right-turn pavement arrow is missing.
•   There are no crosswalks across Del Prado Boulevard.
•   There are no backplates for the westbound signals.
•   The northbound “No Left Turn” (R 3-2) symbol sign should be replaced with the RS-18 sign
    to prohibit U-turns also since a storage lane is not provided.
•   A bike lane is provided along the south side of Beach Parkway.



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                                                                          City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                            Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                             Surrounding Traffic Study


PM Peak
•   No queuing problems were observed.
•   A few vehicles were observed traveling westbound across Del Prado Boulevard to the
    unsignalized right-in, right-out west leg of the intersection which is SE 42nd Street. This is an
    illegal movement and could be controlled with police enforcement.


Figures 54 through 56 show pictures of the intersection.




    Figure 54: Del Prado Boulevard at Beach                       Figure 55: Del Prado Boulevard at Beach
       Parkway – Southbound Approach                                  Parkway – Eastbound Approach




                                    Figure 56: Del Prado Boulevard at Beach
                                        Parkway – Westbound Approach


SE 47th Terrace and Palm Tree Boulevard
SE 47th Terrace and Palm Tree Boulevard is a four-way stop intersection at which the eastbound
and westbound approaches are offset. The westbound and eastbound approaches have one
shared left/through lane and one short right-turn lane. The northbound approach has a shared


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                                                                                       City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                                         Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                          Surrounding Traffic Study


left/through lane and a shared through/right-turn lane. The southbound approach has one left-
turn lane and one shared through/right-turn lane. The speed limit for the northbound and
southbound approaches is 35 mph and it is 30 mph for the eastbound and westbound approaches.
Figure 57 shows an aerial view of the intersection.




                                                                              SE 47th Terrace
                                                  Palm Tree Boulevard




                               Figure 57: SE 47th Terrace and Palm Tree Boulevard



The following conditions were observed during the field review:


AM Peak
•   No operational problems were observed.
•   The eastbound stop sign is located in a painted island without any barrier to protect the sign
    and/or motorists (See Figure 60).


PM Peak
•   Both a stop sign and yield sign are posted in the eastbound approach. A stopbar exists along
    with the yield sign (See Figure 60).
•   Motorists were observed rolling through the intersection without coming to a complete stop.
•   There are no crosswalk markings at the intersection.


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                                                                    City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                      Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                       Surrounding Traffic Study


•   The westbound left-turn volume was high, with 12 cars in the queue during the observation
    period.
•   Most of the westbound left-turn vehicles were observed performing a subsequent southbound
    right turn onto Cape Coral Parkway.
•   At times, the westbound left-turn vehicles blocked the intersection.
•   Several northbound U-turns were observed turning into the 7-11 driveway located on the
    southwest corner.


Figures 58 through 61 show pictures of the intersection.




     Figure 58: SE 47th Terrace at Palm Tree               Figure 59: SE 47th Terrace at Palm Tree
       Boulevard – Northbound Approach                       Boulevard – Southbound Approach




     Figure 60: SE 47th Terrace at Palm Tree               Figure 61: SE 47th Terrace at Palm Tree
        Boulevard – Eastbound Approach                        Boulevard – Westbound Approach




SE 47th Terrace and Vincennes Boulevard
The four-way stop intersection of SE 47th Terrace at Vincennes Boulevard has single lane
approaches in the eastbound, westbound, and northbound directions.               In the southbound

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                                                                                       City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                                         Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                          Surrounding Traffic Study


direction, there is one left-turn lane, one through lane, and one right-turn lane. The speed limit
for all approaches is 30 mph. Figure 62 shows an aerial view of the intersection.




                       SE 47th Terrace

                                                  Vincennes Boulevard




                               Figure 62: SE 47th Terrace at Vincennes Boulevard


The following conditions were observed during the field review:


AM Peak
•   At 8:00 AM there were 11 cars observed in the eastbound queue.
•   A school crossing guard was observed in the northeast corner.
•   The northbound stop bar is set too far back for adequate sight distance visibility.
•   Pavement markings are used on the single lane approaches to channelize vehicles into one
    lane.


PM Peak
•   No operational problems were observed during the field review.
•   Transverse crosswalks are located across three legs of the intersection.




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                                                                   City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                     Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                      Surrounding Traffic Study


Figures 63 through 66 show pictures of the intersection.




      Figure 63: SE 47th Terrace at Vincennes              Figure 64: SE 47th Terrace at Vincennes
        Boulevard – Northbound Approach                      Boulevard – Southbound Approach




    Figure 65: SE 47th Terrace at Vincennes                 Figure 66: SE 47th Terrace at Vincennes
       Boulevard – Eastbound Approach                         Boulevard – Westbound Approach


Cape Coral Street at Miramar Street
Cape Coral Street at Miramar Street is a four-way stop intersection with one lane on each
approach. The speed limit for the eastbound and westbound approaches is 30 mph. There are no
speed limit signs for the northbound and southbound approaches. Figure 67 shows an aerial
view of the intersection.




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                                                                                       City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                                         Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                          Surrounding Traffic Study




                                                    Cape Coral Street
                                                                                Miramar Street




                                Figure 67: Cape Coral Street at Miramar Street

The following conditions were observed during the field review:


AM Peak
•   No operational problems were observed.
•   There are no crosswalks at the intersection.
•   The eastbound through movement is the primary volume.
•   The school pavement markings on the eastbound approach of Miramar Street are faded and
    there is no school crossing sign to supplement the markings.


PM Peak
•   No operational problems were observed.
•   The land uses in the vicinity of the intersection are primarily residential.


Figures 68 through 71 show pictures of the intersection.




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                                                                    City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                      Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                       Surrounding Traffic Study




    Figure 68: Cape Coral Street at Miramar              Figure 69: Cape Coral Street at Miramar
        Street – Northbound Approach                          Street – Southbound Approach




    Figure 70: Cape Coral Street at Miramar              Figure 71: Cape Coral Street at Miramar
         Street – Eastbound Approach                          Street – Westbound Approach




Vincennes Boulevard at SE 46th Lane
Vincennes Boulevard at SE 46th Lane is a four-way stop intersection with single lanes on the
eastbound and westbound approaches. In the northbound direction, there is one left-turn lane,
one through lane, and one right-turn lane. In the southbound direction, there is one left-turn lane
and one shared through/right-turn lane. The speed limit for all approaches is 30 mph. Figure 72
shows an aerial picture of the intersection.




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                                                                                       City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                                         Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                          Surrounding Traffic Study




                                                                                   SE 46th Lane




                                                  Vincennes Boulevard




                               Figure 72: Vincennes Boulevard at SE 46th Lane


The following conditions were observed during the field review:


AM Peak
•   No operational problems were observed.
•   The stop sign for the northbound approach is located in the roadway creating a potential
    hazard (See Figure 73).
•   There is no crosswalk across the north leg of the intersection.
•   Cape Coral Elementary School is located to the north and east of the intersection.


PM Peak
•   No operational problems were observed during the field review.


Figures 73 through 76 show pictures of the intersection.




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                                                                      City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                        Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                         Surrounding Traffic Study




 Figure 73: Vincennes Boulevard at SE 46th Lane             Figure 74: Vincennes Boulevard at SE 46th Lane
            – Northbound Approach                                      – Southbound Approach




 Figure 75: Vincennes Boulevard at SE 46th Lane             Figure 76: Vincennes Boulevard at SE 46th Lane
             – Eastbound Approach                                       – Westbound Approach



Corridor Field Inventory and Qualitative Assessment
A field inventory and qualitative assessment were conducted on the corridors listed in Table 1.
The corridors were reviewed regarding the typical type of development, on-street parking,
sidewalks, lighting, pedestrian facilities, pavement markings, signage, sight distance restrictions,
and bicycle facilities. The following sections discuss the findings of the field review. Appendix
A includes the FHWA (Florida Highway Administration) Corridor Review Checklist and
Inventory Table. Table 3 provides a summary of the corridor inventory by roadway segment
utilizing both checklists contained in the Appendix.




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                                                                                                                                                                                                            Table 3: Corridor Inventory
                                          Corridor                    Number of                                             Speed          Striping/                                                 Curb/                                                                                          Pedestrian                  Bicycle             Sight                                              Additional
                                                                        Lanes                      Development              Limit          Marking                    Lighting                      Shoulder                    Sidewalk                        Parking                              Facilities                 Lanes              Distance                    Signs                   Comments
                                     Victoria Drive from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Sidewalk on both sides of
                                    Coronado Parkway to                Two-lane                     Residential             30 mph        No Striping             On the south side                    No                                                          No                             No Crosswalk                    No                                                                Angled Roadway
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                the road
                                        Tarpon Court
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. Pedestrian sign going eastbound
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       between Viceroy Court and Viceroy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Street but no crosswalk is provided.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             2. Pedestrian signs west of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Vincennes Boulevard (located on                    Eastbound on Miramar       STOP sign at the
                                    Miramar Street from                                                                                                        Lighting provided at SE
                                                                                           Businesses on the north side,             Striping on the center                                  Curb and gutter on the    Sidewalk on the north side                                          both sides of the road) but no                 Street crossing Del Prado,    intersection of
                                  Coronado Parkway to Del              Two-lane                                             30 mph                              corner of Vincennes                                                                                No                                                             No
                                                                                           Residential on the south side                   of the road                                             north side                 of the road                                                crosswalk is provided. 3. School                 sight distance to the south Cape Coral Street is
                                      Prado Boulevard                                                                                                                 Boulevard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        crossing markings on the pavement                          is limited                faded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       west of Cape Coral Street but there is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             no sign indicating it. 4. The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           pavement markings are faded.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            5. Pedestrian signs are worn.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1. STOP sign at
                                                                                                                                                              Two mid-block; one at the
                                    Lafayette Street from                                                                                                                                                                                            On-street parking is permitted,                                                                                       Candia Street is
                                                                                           Businesses on both sides of               Striping on the center    intersection of Chester       Curb and gutter on both    Sidewalk on both sides of
                                    Coronado Parkway to                Two-lane                                             30 mph                                                                                                                    but there is no striping for                No Crosswalks                   No                                       faded. 2. Street
                                                                                                    the road                               of the road        (north); one on south just              sides                     the road
                                       Candia Street                                                                                                                                                                                                            parking.                                                                                                  names don't meet
                                                                                                                                                                  before Coronado
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              standards.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. On-street parking is
                                                                                                                                                               Two on both sides of the                                                                                                                                                    Sight distance problem
                                    Lafayette Street from                                                                                                                                                                                               permitted, but there is no                                                                                                            1. Long drop curb in front of
                                                                                           Businesses on both sides of                                        road to Cape Coral Street;     Curb and gutter on both    Sidewalk on both sides of                                                                                         westbound going through
                                 Vincennes Boulevard to Del            Two-lane                                             30 mph        No Striping                                                                                                  striping for parking. 2. No                No Crosswalks                   No                                                           Metz Chapel. 2. Numerous
                                                                                                    the road                                                  none between Cape Coral                 sides                     the road                                                                                                    Del Prado Boulevard
                                      Prado Boulevard                                                                                                                                                                                                parking of commercial vehicle                                                                                                                     driveways
                                                                                                                                                                    and Del Prado                                                                                                                                                                intersection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        signs along the corridor.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               1. The 4-way intersection at
                                                                                                                                                                                         1. No curb from SE 1st    1. No sidewalk from SE                                                                                                                          1. The signs at the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Palm Tree Boulevard is an
                                                                                           1. Residential on both sides                                                                    Place to Palm Tree       1st Place to Palm Tree                                                                                                                         intersection of SE
                                                                                                                                       1. No striping from                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    offset intersection. 2. Transit
                                                                                              of the road from SE 1st                                                                   Boulevard. 2. Curb and Boulevard. 2. Sidewalk on                                  1. East of Vincennes Boulevard -                                                           17th Place are
                                                                                                                                      SE1st Place to Palm                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Center located at the south
                                                                                                Place to Palm Tree                                                                     gutter on the south side of the south side between                                 School Crossing but no pavement                                                           faded. 2. Street
                                                              Two-lane, narrow street (18                                               Tree Boulevard.                                                                                     On-street parking permitted                                                                   At Vincennes Boulevard,                             side of SE 8th Court. 3. New
                                 SE 47th Terrace from SE 1st                               Boulevard with some vacant                                      Lighting on the north side the road between Palm Tree Palm Tree Boulevard and                                markings. 2. School signs need to be                                                         name signs are
                                                             ft wide) from SE 1st Place to                                  30 mph      2. Striping on the                                                                                 and striped between Coronado                                                           No       sight distance problem                                construction on the north
                                   Place to SE 17th Place                                   lots. 2. East of Palm Tree                                            of the road           Boulevard and Coronado     Coronado Parkway. 3.                                 upgraded 3. Three crosswalks at the                                                       small at Del Prado
                                                                 Palm Tree Boulevard                                                 center from Palm Tree                                                                                  Parkway and SE 17th Place                                                                         going northbound                                 side of SE 6th Ave. 4. Bus
                                                                                           Boulevard changes to more                                                                     Parkway. 3. Curb and      Sidewalk on both sides                               intersection of Vincennes Boulevard                                                            Boulevard
                                                                                                                                     Boulevard to SE 17th                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Stops. 5. No eastbound right
                                                                                              commercial with some                                                                     gutter on both sides of the    between Coronado                                                are faded.                                                                      intersection.
                                                                                                                                              Place.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              turn allowed at SE 17th
                                                                                                    vacant lots.                                                                        road between Coronado       Parkway and SE 17th                                                                                                                           3. Speed limit signs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Place.     6. Numerous
                                                                                                                                                                                      Parkway and SE 17th Place.            Place.                                                                                                                                      are worn.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         driveways.
                                                                                                                                       1. Striping on the
                                                                                           1. Businesses on both sides
                                                                                                                                     center between SE 9th
                                                                                           of the road between SE 9th
                                                                                                                                      Place and Coronado Lighting on the north side Curb and gutter between SE Sidewalk on both sides
                                 SE 47th Street from SE 9th                                    Place and Coronado                                                                                                                                     Parking on both sides of the
                                                                       Two-lane                                             30 mph      Parkway. 2. No     mid-block between SE 8th 9th Place and Coronado     between SE 9th Place and                                                           No Crosswalks                   No
                                  Place to SE 6th Avenue                                     Parkway. 2. Residential                                                                                                                                             road
                                                                                                                                        striping between    Court and SE 9th Place           Parkway.             Coronado Parkway.
                                                                                           between Coronado Parkway
                                                                                                                                     Coronado Parkway and
                                                                                               and SE 6th Avenue
                                                                                                                                         SE 6th Avenue
                                     SE 47th Street from
                                                                                           Businesses on both sides of               Striping on the center     One in front of Urban        Curb and gutter on both    Sidewalk on both sides of On-street parking permitted on
                                 Vincennes Boulevard to Del            Two- lane                                            30 mph                                                                                                                                                                No Crosswalks                   No                                                                Some vacant lots.
                                                                                                    the road                               of the road                Surveys                         sides                     the road                    both sides
                                      Prado Boulevard

                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1. No sidewalk between           1. On-street parking is                                                           1. The sight distance is
                                                                                            1. Residential on both sides                                                                                                    SE 6th Avenue and         permitted on the south side.                                                        limited at the intersection
                                                                                                                                     1. No striping between
                                                                                            of the road between SE 6th                                                                        1. No curb and gutter       Coronado Parkway. 2.       On the street parking is being                                                         of Coronado Parkway.
                                                                                                                                       SE 6th Avenue and
                                                                                               Avenue and Coronado                                                                         between SE 6th Avenue and Sidewalk on the south side        utilized but not the parking                                                             This is an offset
                                                                                                                                      Coronado Parkway.
                                  SE 46th Lane from SE 6th                                     Parkway. 2. Between                                              SW Corner at SE 10th       Coronado Parkway. 2. Curb        between Coronado         provided by the businesses. 2. Missing crosswalk on north leg at SE                       intersection. 2. At                              4-way stop at Vincennes
                                                                       Two- lane                                            30 mph      2. Striping on the                                                                                                                                                                        No
                                   Avenue to SE 17th Place                                  Coronado Parkway and SE                                                   Place                and gutter on the south side   Parkway and SE 17th         The on-street parking on the 46th Lane and Vincennes Boulevard                         Vincennes Boulevard                                      Boulevard
                                                                                                                                         center between
                                                                                           17th Place, residential on the                                                                  between Coronado Parkway Place. 3. Sidewalk on the        south side between Del Prado                                                            intersection, there is
                                                                                                                                     Coronado and SE 17th
                                                                                           north side and businesses on                                                                        and SE 17th Place.       north side from west of SE    Boulevard and SE 17th Place                                                          limited sight distance to
                                                                                                                                               Place
                                                                                                   the south side.                                                                                                      15th Avenue to Del Prado      is not being used because of                                                           the north because of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Boulevard.            vacant lots on the south side.                                                             vertical curve.

                                                                                                                                                                                        1. No curb and gutter on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. Sidewalk on the north
                                                                                                                                                                                           either side between
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    side between Coronado
                                                                                                                                                                                        Coronado Parkway and                                                                    1. Crosswalk provided at the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Parkway and east of Del On-street parking permitted on                                                                 At Vincennes Boulevard,
                                     SE 46th Street from                                                                                                      Lightning from Vincennes west of SE 15th Avenue.                                                             intersection of Vincennes Boulevard.
                                                                                           Residential on both sides of              Striping on the center                                                             Prado Boulevard.      both sides of the road from                                                                 sight distance restriction to                        Single signal phase on the
                                    Coronado Parkway to                Two-lane                                             30 mph                             Boulevard to Coronado    2. From west of SE 15th                                                             2. North, south and west crosswalks                   No
                                                                                                    the road                               of the road                                                              2. Sidewalk on the south Orchid Boulevard to SE 14th                                                                   the south side because of                                   side street
                                      Orchid Boulevard                                                                                                                Parkway         Avenue to east of Del Prado                                                           at Del Prado Boulevard intersection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   side from west of SE 15th             Place.                                                                                    small trees
                                                                                                                                                                                      Boulevard, there is curb and                                                                        are worn.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Avenue to east of Del
                                                                                                                                                                                       gutter on both sides of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Prado Boulevard.
                                                                                                                                                                                                   road

                                                                                            1. Between Orchid
                                                                                          Boulevard and SE 15th                                                                                                                                  1. At Del Prado Boulevard,
                                                                                                                                                              1. Lighting in the median at
                                                                                         Avenue, residential on the                                                                          Curb and gutter on the                              parking lot on the north side
                                 SE 44th Street from Orchid   Two-lane road. Very wide                                                                         the intersection of Orchid                            Sidewalk on the south side
                                                                                       north side and businesses on                                                                        south side between Orchid                               that is not being utilized. Crosswalk on the east and west legs
                                  Boulevard to Coronado       between Orchid Boulevard                                      30 mph        No striping            Boulevard.           2.                             between Orchid Boulevard                                                                                     No
                                                                                        the south side. 2. From SE                                                                           Boulevard and SE 15th                                2. On-street parking on the      of Del Prado intersection.
                                          Parkway                 and SE 16th Place.                                                                            Lighting from Coronado                                  and SE 14th Avenue
                                                                                         15th Avenue to Coronado                                                                                     Avenue                                     south side from SE14th Place
                                                                                                                                                               Parkway to SE 14th Place
                                                                                       Parkway, residential on both                                                                                                                                  to Orchid Boulevard.
                                                                                             sides of the road.




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Table 3: Corridor Inventory
                                          Corridor                     Number of                                                Speed                Striping/                                                   Curb/                                                                                    Pedestrian                   Bicycle                  Sight                                            Additional
                                                                         Lanes                     Development                  Limit                Marking                     Lighting                       Shoulder                    Sidewalk                     Parking                           Facilities                  Lanes                   Distance                   Signs                  Comments

                                                               Five-lane road with a                                         Posted 35 mph
                                                             double left-turn lane from     1. From Cape Coral Bridge      east of Del Prado
                                                            east of SE 17th Place to SE     to Del Prado, there is a mix   Boulevard. Posted
                                                            17th Avenue. From SE 17th      of apartments and offices. 2.    35 mph between                                                                                                                                                       1. Crosswalks provided on the
                                                                                                                                                                        1. Decorative lighting from
                                                            Avenue to east of Coronado      From Del Prado Boulevard           Del Prado                                                                                                                                                          majority of approaches of all                                                                           East of SE 5th Pl on Cape
                                 Cape Coral Parkway from                                                                                                                  Del Prado Boulevard to                                                                 On-street parking from SE
                                                            Parkway, four-lane divided        to Palm Tree Boulevard,        Boulevard and      Striping is provided                                    Curb and gutter on both     Sidewalk on both sides of                                       signalized intersections.                                                                             Coral Parkway, speed limit
                                 Cape Coral Bridge to Santa                                                                                                                Palm Tree Boulevard.                                                                  15th Avenue to Coronado                                                 No
                                                            roadway with a continuous       mostly commercial on both          Coronado         along the corridor.                                        sides of the road                the road                                          2. Crosswalks provided on the north                                                                         sign of 40 mph blocked by
                                    Barbara Boulevard                                                                                                                   2. Lighting provided along                                                                       Parkway.
                                                              right-turn/parking lane.       sides of the road. 3. From     Parkway. Posted                                                                                                                                                       and south approaches of the                                                                                 landscaped median
                                                                                                                                                                               the corridor
                                                              From east of Coronado           Palm Tree Boulevard to        40 mph between                                                                                                                                                         unsignalized intersections.
                                                             Parkway to Santa Barbara        Santa Barbara Boulevard,      SE 5th Place and
                                                            Boulevard, six-lane divided          mostly residential.         Santa Barbara
                                                                       facility.                                               Boulevard.

                                 Palm Tree Drive from Tutor                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   High emphasis crosswalk provided at                                                    Tutor Drive/Palm
                                                                                           Apartments on the west side,
                                    Drive to Cape Coral               Two-lane road                                             30 mph         Striping on the center               No                     No curb and gutter             No sidewalk                       No                   the intersection of Cape Coral          No                                          Tree Street signs
                                                                                             vacant on the east side
                                          Parkway                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Parkway.                                                                     are tilted.
                                                                                                                                                                         1. Lighting in the median
                                                                Four lane road from Cape                                                                                 between SE 47th Terrace
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. From Cape Coral
                                                                Coral Parkway to SE 47th                                                                                     and Country Club        1. From Cape Coral                                                                                                           Bike lane on the
                                                                                          1. Commercial on both sides                                                                                                           Parkway to SE 47th
                                                                  Terrace. From SE 47th                                                                                  Boulevard. 2. Mid-block     Parkway to SE 47th                                                                                                             east and west
                                                                                          from Cape Coral Parkway to                                                                                                           Terrace - sidewalk both
                                 Palm Tree Boulevard from        Terrace to Country Club                                                                                  east side between Cape   Terrace, curb and gutter                                                                   High emphasis crosswalk provided at sides of the road
                                                                                                SE 47th Terrace.                                Striping is provided                                                         sides of the road. 2. From                                                                                                                                                   Signed as an Evacuation
                                  Cape Coral Parkway to            Boulevard, one lane                                          35 mph                                  Coral Parkway and SE 47th both sides of the road. 2.                                                No                   the intersection of Cape Coral       from SE
                                                                                            2. Residential both sides                            along the corridor                                                              SE 47th Terrace to                                                                                                                                                      Route. Landscaped median
                                  Country Club Boulevard        southbound and two lanes                                                                                Terrace. 3. On the corners From SE 47th Terrace to                                                                                  Parkway.               47thTerrace to
                                                                                             from SE 47th Terrace to                                                                                                          Country Club Boulevard,
                                                                northbound. Second lane                                                                                 of Cape Coral Parkway. 4. Country Club Boulevard, no                                                                                                        Country Club
                                                                                            Country Club Boulevard.                                                                                                          no sidewalk on both sides
                                                                NB becomes a drop lane at                                                                               One on each side between       curb and gutter.                                                                                                              Boulevard.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     of the road.
                                                                 Country Club Boulevard.                                                                                 Cape Coral Parkway and
                                                                                                                                                                                Tutor Drive.

                                                                                              1. From Victoria Drive to                                               1. One on the corner (west
                                                                                                                                                                                                         1. From Beach Street to      1. From Beach Street to
                                                                                                Cape Coral Parkway -                                                   side) at Victoria Drive. 2.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Cape Coral Parkway, curb       Cape Coral Parkway,
                                                                                              residential on north side,                                              On the SE and SW corners
                                                                                                                                                                                                       and gutter on the east side. sidewalk on the south side.
                                                                                            commercial and a preschool                                                  of Cape Coral Parkway.                                                                   Parking provided on the west
                                   SE 6th Avenue/Tarpon                                                                                        Striping provided from                                      2. From Cape Coral           2. From Cape Coral                                     High emphasis crosswalk provided at                                                                        SW Corner of Beach Street,
                                                                                             on the south side. 2. From                                                 3. One on the west side                                                                 side between Victoria Drive to
                                 Court from Victoria Drive to         Two-lane road                                             30 mph           Beach Street to SE                                    Parkway to SE 47thTerrace,          Parkway to SE                                          the intersection of Cape Coral         No                                                              there is a Preschool and Park
                                                                                             Cape Coral Parkway to SE                                                     between Cape Coral                                                                       Beach Street to serve the
                                         SE 46th Lane                                                                                               47th Terrace                                        curb and gutter both sides. 47thTerrace, sidewalk both                                               Parkway.                                                                                           (Four Freedom)
                                                                                             47th Terrace - commercial                                                      Parkway and SE                                                                          preschool and the park.
                                                                                                                                                                                                       3. From SE 47th Terrace to sides. 3. From SE 47th
                                                                                            both sides. 3. From SE 47th                                               47thTerrace. 4. One on the
                                                                                                                                                                                                       SE 46th Lane, no curb and Terrace to SE 46th Lane,
                                                                                              Terrace to SE 46th Lane,                                                east side between SE 47th
                                                                                                                                                                                                             gutter either side.      no sidewalk either side.
                                                                                                residential both sides.                                               Terrace and SE 47th Street



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Bike lane on
                                                                  Four-lane road with                                                                                                                                                                                                             1. Crosswalks provided at the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   both sides from
                                                             landscaped median. At Cape Residential both sides of the                                                                                                                                                                         intersections of Cape Coral Parkway                                                                          1. Evacuation route sign
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Victoria Drive to
                                  Coronado Parkway from         Coral Parkway, turns to        road except for the                                                       Lighting provided along                                                                                               (high emphasis), SE 47th Terrace,                                                                              north of Cape Coral
                                                                                                                                                Striping is provided                                    Curb and gutter on both     Sidewalk on both sides of                                                                        Cape Coral
                                 Victoria Drive to Del Prado three lanes northbound until intersection of Cape Coral            35 mph                                  the corridor on both sides                                                                          No                      Vincennes, and Del Prado                                                                              Parkway. 2. Some median
                                                                                                                                                 along the corridor                                        sides of the road                the road                                                                                Parkway and
                                          Boulevard             SE 46th Lane where the     Parkway, commercial on all                                                          of the road.                                                                                                     Boulevard. 2. Overhead School                                                                              openings don't have turn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    from SE 47th
                                                               third lane ends as a right-          corners.                                                                                                                                                                                    Crossing flasher on both sides at                                                                                    lanes.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Terrace to Del
                                                                     turn only lane.                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Vincennes Boulevard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Prado Boulevard.



                                                                                                                                                                        1. One on the west side
                                                                                                                                                                       north of Miramar. 2. On                                                                    1. No on-street parking.
                                   SE 10th Place/Leonard                                                                                                              the NW and NE corners of                                                                   2. There is a lot of parking High emphasis crosswalk provided at
                                                                                           Commercial on both sides of                         Striping on the center                                   Curb and gutter on both     Sidewalk on both sides of
                                 Street from Miramar Street        Two-lane wide road                                           30 mph                                Cape Coral Parkway (plus                                                                  provided on the business lots    the intersection of Cape Coral          No
                                                                                                   the road                                          of the road                                           sides of the road                the road
                                      to SE 46th Lane                                                                                                                 decorative lighting). 3. On                                                                including the Club Square                  Parkway.
                                                                                                                                                                        NW corner of SE 47th                                                                            parking lot.
                                                                                                                                                                                Terrace.

                                                                Two-lane road. Terminates
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Sight restriction at SE 47th
                                 SE 11th Place from SE 46th     at SE 47th Terrace into the Commercial on both sides of                        Striping on the center                                   Curb and gutter on both     Sidewalk on both sides of   On-street parking permitted
                                                                                                                                30 mph                                              No                                                                                                                  No crosswalks                    No           Terrace due to parking on
                                  Lane to SE 47th Terrace         back side of a shopping           the road                                         of the road                                           sides of the road                the road                  but no striping
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              the east side
                                                                          center.
                                                                                                                                                                         1. One at Lafayette Street
                                                              Four-lane road from                                                                                                                                                                                                               1. Crosswalks provided at the
                                                                                       1. Residential on both sides                                                          (west side). 2. Two
                                                           Coronado Parkway to SE                                                                                                                                                                                                           intersections of Cape Coral Parkway
                                                                                       from Coronado Parkway to                                                         decorative and two regular
                                 Vincennes Boulevard from 46th Street. Lane drop at SE                                                                                                                                                                        Parking on both sides between (high emphasis), SE 47th Terrace,
                                                                                             SE 46th Lane. 2.                                   Striping is provided       on the corners of Cape       Curb and gutter on both     Sidewalk on both sides of
                                   Coronado Parkway to     46th Street due to bridge.                                           30 mph                                                                                                                           Cape Coral Parkway and      SE 46th Street, SE 45th Street, and         No
                                                                                        Commercial on both sides                                 along the corridor      Coral Parkway. 3. On SE           sides of the road                the road
                                      Miramar Street        Two-lane road between                                                                                                                                                                                    Miramar Street          Coronado Parkway. 2. Overhead
                                                                                          from SE 46th Lane to                                                          47th Terrace at all corners.
                                                           Cape Coral Parkway and                                                                                                                                                                                                             School Crossing sign at SE 46th
                                                                                             Miramar Street.                                                              4. Both sides at SE 47th
                                                                Miramar Street.                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Street.
                                                                                                                                                                         Street and SE 46th Lane.

                                                                                                                                                                         1. On the SE corner at
                                                                                                                                                                       Miramar Street. 2. On the
                                                                                                                                                                         SW corner at Lafayette
                                                                                             1. Residential from Del                                                   Street. 3. On the SW and                                     1. Sidewalk on the west
                                                                                               Prado Boulevard to                                                      SE corners at Cape Coral                                       side from Del Prado                                                                                              Sight distance restriction
                                 SE 15th Avenue/Cape Coral                                                                                                                                         Curb and gutter from                                          On-street parking permitted High emphasis crosswalk provided at
                                                                                                 Lafayette Street.                             Striping on the center Parkway. 4. One east side                                      Boulevard to Miramar                                                                                                 southbound due to                              Directional median at Cape
                                    Street from Del Prado             Two-lane road                                             30 mph                                                           Miramar Street to SE 46th                                      from Cape Coral Parkway to      the intersection of Cape Coral           No
                                                                                               2. Commercial from                                    of the road       at SE 47th Street. 5. Two                                     Street. 2. Sidewalk on                                                                                             curvature at Del Prado                                 Coral Parkway.
                                 Boulevard to SE 46th Lane                                                                                                                                                Lane                                                          SE 46th Lane           Parkway (north and south sides).
                                                                                            Lafayette Street to SE 46th                                               between SE 47th Street and                                    both sides from Miramar                                                                                                  intersection.
                                                                                                       Lane                                                             SE 47th Terrace.      6.                                     Street to SE 46th Lane
                                                                                                                                                                       One on east side between
                                                                                                                                                                       SE 47th Terrace and Cape
                                                                                                                                                                             Coral Parkway.




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                                                                                                                                                                                                               Table 3: Corridor Inventory
                                          Corridor                     Number of                                              Speed                Striping/                                              Curb/                                                                                     Pedestrian                     Bicycle                  Sight                                            Additional
                                                                         Lanes                      Development               Limit                Marking                   Lighting                    Shoulder                   Sidewalk                      Parking                            Facilities                    Lanes                   Distance                    Signs                 Comments

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Crosswalk provided at the
                                                                                                                           Posted 25 mph
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        intersections of Cape Coral Parkway
                                                                                                                          from Cape Coral
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        (high emphasis on the west side), SE                                                     1. School crossing
                                                                  Two-lane road from Cape      1. Residential from Cape     Street to Cape
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          47th Terrace, SE 46th Lane (north                                                       signs at SE 46th
                                 Del Prado Boulevard from          Coral Street to Miramar      Coral Street to Lafayette  Coral Parkway.                             Lighting provided along
                                                                                                                                             Striping is provided                                 Curb and gutter on both   Sidewalk on both sides of                                    and south sides), SE 46th Street, SE                                                   Street. 2.Pedestrian Missing street sign on mast
                                   Cape Coral Street to          Street. Widens to a six-lane Street. 2. Commercial from Posted 40 mph                               the corridor on both sides                                                                      No                                                               No
                                                                                                                                              along the corridor                                     sides of the road              the road                                             44th Street (north and south sides),                                                     sign is on wrong arm for Coronado Parkway.
                                    Coronado Parkway            roadway from Cape Coral to Lafayette Street to Coronado from Cape Coral                                     of the road.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Beach Parkway (south side), SE                                                         side on SE 46th
                                                                     Coronado Parkway.                  Parkway.             Parkway to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           42nd Street (north side), SE 41st                                                            Street
                                                                                                                              Coronado
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Terrace and SE 41st Street (north
                                                                                                                              Parkway.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            side), and Coronado Parkway


                                 Waikiki Avenue from Cape
                                                                                             Residential on the east side,                   Striping on the center Lightening provided on the Curb and gutter on the west Sidewalk on the west side                                    Crosswalk on the south side at Cape                       Sight distance problems to
                                 Coral Parkway to Del Prado           Two-lane road                                           30 mph                                                                                                                                 No                                                               No
                                                                                            commercial on the west side.                           of the road         east side of the road.       side of the road             of the road                                                      Coral Parkway                                            the south.
                                         Boulevard

                                                                                             Residential on north side of                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Sight distance problems to
                                 SE 5th Place from SE 47th
                                                                                                the road (at SE 47th                         Striping on the center Two on the west side of the   Curb and gutter on both   Sidewalk on both sides of                                                                                             make the right turn at Cape                        Right turn only onto Cape
                                   Terrace to Cape Coral              Two-lane road                                           30 mph                                                                                                                                 No                                  No                           No
                                                                                              Terrace); commercial on                              of the road                road.                  sides of the road              the road                                                                                                       Coral Parkway due to the                               Coral Parkway.
                                          Parkway
                                                                                                     both sides                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             bushes.
                                                                                            1. Residential, apartments on
                                 SE 1st Place from SE 47th
                                                                                             the west side. 2. Vacant lot                                           One on the west side at SE                                                                                                                                                                                                       Right turn only onto Cape
                                   Terrace to Cape Coral              Two-lane road                                           30 mph              No striping                                       No curb and gutter             No sidewalk                       No                                  No                           No
                                                                                              on the NE corner of Cape                                                    47th Terrace                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Coral Parkway.
                                          Parkway
                                                                                                   Coral Parkway
                                 SE 2nd Court from SE 47th
                                                                                            Residential on both sides of                                              Lighting at Cape Coral                                                                                                                                                                                                         Right turn only onto Cape
                                   Terrace to Cape Coral              Two-lane road                                           30 mph              No striping                                       No curb and gutter             No sidewalk           On-street parking permitted                     No                           No
                                                                                                     the road                                                                Parkway                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Coral Parkway.
                                         Parkway
                                                                                                                                                                     1. Two on the east side of
                                 SE 4th Place/SE 5th Avenue
                                                                                                                                                                    the road on SE 5th Avenue.
                                     from Country Club           One-way street (SB) - SE    Residential on both sides of                                                                                                                                                                                                       Bike lane on SE
                                                                                                                              30 mph                                   2. One at the west side      No curb and gutter             No sidewalk                       No                                  No
                                    Boulevard to SE 47th               4th Place                      the road                                                                                                                                                                                                                     4th Place
                                                                                                                                                                     corner of SE 4th Place and
                                           Terrace
                                                                                                                                                                          SE 47th Terrace

                                                                                                                                                                      1.One on east side at SE
                                                                                                                                                                     47th Terrace. 2. One mid-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     1.At Cape Coral Parkway,
                                   SE 8 Court/Chester Street                                Commercial on both sides of                                               block on west side from                                                                                           High emphasis crosswalk provided at
                                                                                                                                             Striping on the center                               Curb and gutter on both   Sidewalk on both sides of                                                                                                                                               directional median opening.
                                 from SE 47th St to Lafayette         Two-lane road          the road. Transit station at     30 mph                                Cape Coral Parkway to SE                                                             On-street parking permitted       the intersection of Cape Coral             No
                                                                                                                                                   of the road                                       sides of the road              the road                                                                                                                                                         2. Fire Station at Lafayette
                                            Street                                                SE 47th Terrace.                                                  47th Terrace. 3. Decorative                                                                                           Parkway (north and south sides).
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Street intersection.
                                                                                                                                                                       lighting at Cape Coral
                                                                                                                                                                              Parkway.

                                                                                                                                                                     1. On both sides between
                                                                                                                                                                    SE 47th Street and SE 47th
                                 SE 9th Place/Candia Street                                                                                                                                                                                                                             High emphasis crosswalk provided at
                                                                                             Businesses on both side of                      Striping on the center   Terrace. 2. Two on the      Curb and gutter on both   Sidewalk on both sides of On-street parking permitted on                                                                                                                 1.At Cape Coral Parkway,
                                 from Miramar Street to SE            Two-lane road                                           30 mph                                                                                                                                                       the intersection of Cape Coral             No
                                                                                                     the road                                      of the road           east side and two           sides of the road              the road              both sides of the road                                                                                                                    directional median opening.
                                         46th Lane                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Parkway (north and south sides).
                                                                                                                                                                    decorative lighting at Cape
                                                                                                                                                                          Coral Parkway.
                                                                                          1. Vacant lots along the
                                  SE 15th Avenue from SE    Two-lane road with a center                                                                                                           Curb and gutter on both   Sidewalk on both sides of    Parking on both sides of the
                                                                                        corridor. 2. Businesses and           30 mph                                           None                                                                                                                No Crosswalk                       No
                                 46th Street to SE 44 Street        turn lane                                                                                                                        sides of the road              the road                        road
                                                                                        residential at SE 44th Street
                                                                                           1. Commercial on both                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     "T" intersection at SE 44th
                                 SE 16th Place from SE 46th Two-lane road with a center                                                      Striping on the center Two on the west side of the   Curb and gutter on both   Sidewalk on both sides of    Parking on both sides of the
                                                                                          sides. 2. There are some            30 mph                                                                                                                                                                     No                           No                                                             Street does not have a stop
                                   Street to SE 44th Street         turn lane                                                                      of the road                road.                  sides of the road              the road                        road
                                                                                                 vacant lots.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    bar.
                                                                                                                                                                    1. One in the median at SE
                                                                                                                                                                    45th Street. 2. One on each
                                                                                                                                                                        side between SE 46th
                                                                                                                                                                     Street and SE 45th Street.
                                 Orchid Boulevard from SE
                                                                   Two-lane road with a                                                        Striping provided    3. Two at SE 44th Terrace.                                                                                                                                   Bike lane on
                                  46th Street to Del Prado                                        Mostly residential          30 mph                                                                 No curb and gutter           No sidewalk               No on-street parking           Pedestrian lane on both sides
                                                                    landscaped median.                                                         along the corridor   4. One in the median of SE                                                                                                                                    both sides
                                         Boulevard
                                                                                                                                                                      44th Street and SE 43rd
                                                                                                                                                                      Street. 5. One on the SE
                                                                                                                                                                         corner at Del Prado
                                                                                                                                                                              Boulevard.
                                  SE 17th Place from Cape    Two-lane road. One-way                                                                                  1. Four on the west side of
                                                                                       Residential on the east side                          Striping on the center                              Curb and gutter on the west Sidewalk on the west side                                    Crosswalk provided on the south
                                  Coral Parkway to SE 46th     road from Cape Coral                                           30 mph                                the road. 2. One on the east                                                         On-street parking permitted                                                  No
                                                                                              of the road                                          of the road                                        side of the road             of the road                                            approach at Cape Coral Parkway
                                            Lane            Parkway to SE 47th Terrace                                                                                 side at SE 47th Terrace
                                  SE 17th Avenue from SE                               Commercial. Post Office at
                                                                                                                                             Striping on the center One on the west side (mid- Curb and gutter on east side Sidewalk on the east side
                                 47th Terrace to Cape Coral       Two-lane road         SW 47th Terrace and SE                30 mph                                                                                                                     On-street parking permitted                     No                           No
                                                                                                                                                   of the road                block)                   of the road                of the road
                                          Parkway                                            17th Avenue




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                                                                   City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                     Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                      Surrounding Traffic Study


Roadway characteristics
As shown in Figure 1, Cape Coral Parkway is the only continuous east-west roadway in the
study area.     The average daily traffic (ADT) on Cape Coral Parkway ranges from 50,400
vehicles at the Bridge to 34,200 vehicles west of Del Prado Boulevard. The San Carlos and
Rubican Canals, although recreational and aesthetically pleasing to the community, are
“roadblocks”, restricting east-west travel through the study area to Cape Coral Parkway. This
situation accounts for the high southbound left-turn volume (approximately 900 vehicles during
the AM peak hour) on Santa Barbara Boulevard at Cape Coral Parkway. Northbound travel
through the study area is also restricted by the Malaga and Rubican Canals. Coronado Parkway
serves as a bypass around the most heavily congested areas leading to and from the Cape Coral
Bridge. Besides the waterways impeding circulation in the study area, the downtown street
system is missing several “links” to completing the street grid network which would serve to
help balance traffic flows on the collector streets. This was addressed in the Design Downtown
CRA Master Plan and will be discussed further in the mid-term improvements section.


Cape Coral Parkway is a five-lane roadway with a two-way left-turn lane from SE 17th Avenue
to west of the Cape Coral Bridge. The posted speed limit is 35 mph. From Coronado Parkway
to SE 17th Avenue, Cape Coral Parkway is a four-lane divided roadway with a speed limit of 35
mph and with a continuous right-turn/parking lane. In this section, the parking was observed to
be occupied primarily in the area between Vincennes Boulevard and SE 15th Avenue, but the
remainder of the on-street parking along this section was typically unoccupied. Businesses are
located along both sides of Cape Coral Parkway in the four-lane divided section.


From west of Coronado Parkway to Santa Barbara Boulevard, Cape Coral Parkway is a six-lane
divided roadway with a speed limit of 40 mph. Businesses are located along both sides of Cape
Coral Parkway, with an increase in the number of residential properties west of Palm Tree
Boulevard.


There are no unsignalized full median openings along Cape Coral Parkway in the study area.
There are several bi-directional median openings with painted striped islands to restrict the side
street movements. These are not as effective as raised islands since motorists were observed

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                                                                     City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                       Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                        Surrounding Traffic Study


crossing the painted islands to turn left or cross Cape Coral Parkway. The crash data also
confirmed that motorists did not adhere to the signs and markings restricting the cross street left-
turn and through movements.


There are numerous driveways along Cape Coral Parkway, Del Prado Boulevard, and SE 47th
Terrace that create conflict points along the roadways. The excessive number of driveways, the
width of the driveways, and the wide turning radii promote higher speeds for vehicles entering
and exiting them. These conditions also create larger areas of vehicle conflicts with pedestrians.
The driveways are often located right at the intersections, creating additional conflict points.


The eastbound queue on Cape Coral Parkway in the AM peak hour extends from west of Palm
Tree Boulevard to Del Prado Boulevard where the Cape Coral Parkway and Del Prado
Boulevard intersection becomes the choke point.           The congestion on Cape Coral Parkway
overflows to the side streets creating intersections that are oftentimes blocked; thus, the use of
“Do Not Block Intersection” signs and police enforcement to control unsafe situations. During
the PM peak hours, once again the Cape Coral Parkway and Del Prado Boulevard intersection
becomes the choke point due to the steady volume of westbound traffic from the Bridge
approaching the high volume cross street traffic on Del Prado Boulevard. The southbound left-
turn volume at the intersection is approximately 800 vehicles during the PM peak hour compared
with the 1200+ vehicles during the AM peak hour. The westbound back-up extends as far east as
the Bridge during the PM peak hour.


Del Prado Boulevard is a two-lane divided roadway south of Miramar Street. The ADT on Del
Prado Boulevard ranges from 5,100 vpd south of Cape Coral Parkway to 43,800 north of
Coronado Parkway. The speed limit is 30 mph south of Cape Coral Parkway. North of Miramar
Street, Del Prado Boulevard widens to a six-lane divided roadway. A northbound right-turn drop
lane exists at the intersection of Cape Coral Parkway and Del Prado Boulevard. North of the
intersection of Cape Coral Parkway, Del Prado Boulevard turns into a six-lane divided roadway
with a speed limit of 40 mph. Businesses are located along both sides of the roadway between
Coronado Parkway and Lafayette Street. Del Prado Boulevard is primarily residential in the area



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                                                                   City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                     Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                      Surrounding Traffic Study


south of Lafayette Street. The southbound queue during the AM peak hour extends from north
of SE 46th Street to the Cape Coral Parkway intersection.


Coronado Parkway is a four-lane divided roadway with a landscaped median and a speed limit of
35 mph from Victoria Drive to Del Prado Boulevard. The ADT on Coronado Parkway is 10,400
south of Cape Coral Parkway and 12,800 north of Cape Coral Parkway. There is residential
development along both sides of the roadway, except at the intersection of Cape Coral Parkway
where there are commercial land uses on all corners of the intersection. Several of the median
openings along Coronado Parkway between SE 47th Street and Del Prado Boulevard do not have
left-turn lanes. Coronado Parkway is used as an alternate route from Cape Coral Parkway to Del
Prado Boulevard and vice versa, to avoid the downtown Cape Coral area.


Palm Tree Boulevard extends from Cape Coral Parkway to approximately one and a half miles
north of Cape Coral Parkway where it turns and intersects with County Club Boulevard. Palm
Tree Boulevard is a four-lane road from Cape Coral Parkway to SE 47th Terrace, with a speed
limit of 35 mph. Between SE 47th Terrace and Country Club Boulevard there is one lane
southbound and two lanes northbound. The outside northbound lane terminates as a right-turn
lane onto Country Club Boulevard. There are businesses along both sides of the roadway
between Cape Coral Parkway and SE 47th Terrace. The development is residential north of SE
47th Terrace. Palm Tree Boulevard is an evacuation route. South of Cape Coral Parkway, Palm
Tree Drive is a two-lane roadway with residential land use.


Vincennes Boulevard is a continuous north-south street through the study area. It is a four-lane
roadway that transitions to a two-lane roadway at the bridge over the Malaga Canal. Vincennes
Boulevard is two lanes south of Cape Coral Parkway. The daily volumes range from 2,600
vehicles south of Cape Coral Parkway to 5,700 vehicles to the north. There are two four-way
stop controlled intersections along Vincennes Boulevard, one at SE 47th Terrace and one at SE
46th Lane. Vincennes Boulevard has a speed limit of 30 mph. There are residences along both
sides of the roadway between Coronado Parkway and SE 46th Street. There are businesses along
both sides of the roads from SE 46th Lane to Miramar Street.



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                                                                     City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                       Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                        Surrounding Traffic Study


Miramar Street is a two-lane facility that extends east-west from Coronado Parkway to Del Prado
Boulevard. Parking is not provided on Miramar Street. The ADT ranges from 4,100 east of
Vincennes Boulevard to 6,400 on the west side of Vincennes Boulevard. Businesses are located
along the north side of the road, while residential development is located on the south side of the
road. Miramar Street runs parallel to Cape Coral Parkway and is used as a bypass during the
morning and evening rush hours to avoid the traffic congestion on Cape Coral Parkway.


SE 47th Terrace is a two-lane facility with parking provided on both sides of the road from
Coronado Parkway to SE 17th Place. The ADT is 12,300 vehicles west of Coronado Parkway
and 4,600 vehicles east of Waikiki Avenue. Businesses are located along both sides of SE 47th
Terrace from Palm Tree Boulevard to SE 17th Avenue. West of Palm Tree Boulevard, the
development is residential on both sides of the road. SE 47th Terrace runs parallel to Cape Coral
Parkway and is used as an alternate east-west route during the peak hours.


Lighting
Cape Coral Parkway, Del Prado Boulevard, and Coronado Parkway have lighting along the
corridors on both sides of the roadways. Most of the other roadways in the study area have
lighting on one side of the road, at mid-block locations or just at the corners of the intersections.
Only five of the roadway segments studied have no lighting at all. Decorative lighting is
provided on Cape Coral Parkway from Del Prado Boulevard to Palm Tree Boulevard as part of
the streetscape program completed in 1997.


Signs and Markings
The overhead street name signs at the signalized intersections are substandard, lacking
reflectivity, and minimum letter sizes. Besides the poor visibility of the existing signs, there are
missing advance street name signs. Illuminated street name signs at all signalized intersections
would benefit the entire downtown area. Additional guide signs are needed to direct motorists to
the Cape Coral Bridge and to inform them that it is a toll facility. Additionally, there are
locations where there are school crossing signs but there are no pavement markings, or vice
versa. All pedestrian and school crossing signs need to be upgraded from the standard yellow to
the fluorescent yellow-green background for better visibility. The stop signs in some locations

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are faded; for example, at the intersection of Candia Street and Lafayette Street and at the
intersection of Cape Coral Street and Miramar Street.


Pavement markings were observed to be worn, particularly the crosswalks. On-street parking
spaces are striped in limited locations. Yellow curb is used to prohibit on-street parking. These
locations need to be supplemented by “No Parking” signs. The yellow two-four foot skip left-
turn guidelines at many of the signalized intersections are not needed for the interior lane but
only for in between the dual left-turn lanes. The inside guide lines are being run over in their
present location.


Traffic Speeds
During the peak hour observations, traffic speeds appeared to be at or below the speed limit due
to the severe traffic congestion. Although speed studies were not included as part of this study,
Appendix B includes speed studies conducted by the City of Cape Coral during the off peak hour
on Cape Coral Parkway east and west of Del Prado Boulevard and on SE 47th Terrace. The Cape
Coral Parkway speed study determined that the 85th percentile speeds in this 35 mph area are 39
mph and 42 mph for the eastbound and westbound traffic, respectively.


The spot speed studies conducted by the City along sections of SE 47th Terrace which are posted
at 30 mph resulted in average speeds between 27 and 35 mph. Average speeds within five mph
of the posted speed limit do not suggest a speeding problem at these study locations.


Access Points
Driveway Corner Clearance
The incidence of driveway crashes near intersections was significant. As part of the corridor
analysis, a determination was made of the driveways that do not meet the FDOT corner clearance
standard for access management. The FDOT standards and guidelines are referred to throughout
the study since they are typically used by local agencies. FDOT Rule 14-97 states that “corner
clearances shall meet or exceed the minimum connection spacing requirements for the interim
standards”. This spacing criterion is included in Table 4. FDOT’s Twelve Steps for Walkable
Communities states that “side street driveways should be at least 230 feet from intersections.”

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The City of Cape Coral driveway design standards (Sheet D-5) include a 150-foot corner
clearance on arterials and collectors and 50 feet on local streets.


                Table 4: Rule 14-97: Interim Standards for Access Management Classification
                         Posted Speed                    Minimum Connection Spacing
                             (mph)                                (feet)
                   35 or Less (Special Case)                       125
                           35 or less                              245
                            36 - 45                                440
                            Over 45                                660


Appendix C shows the driveways by corridor segment that do not meet the FDOT Rule 14-97
setbacks.     As detailed in the Appendix, there are numerous driveways along the studied
roadways, both approaching and departing intersections that do not meet the minimum FDOT
criteria. The City should consider revising their corner clearance requirements to meet the
FDOT’s minimums. These can be implemented with new driveway permits and in conjunction
with the redevelopment of parcels that have existing substandard setbacks.


Driveway Crossings
The minimization, consolidation, or elimination of driveways in core commercial areas is a basic
principle for designing walkable communities. Driveways should be kept to a minimum with the
ideal of one curb cut per block. The City’s connection spacing requirements are set at 150 feet.
Increasing driveway spacing to a range of 300 to 600 feet can reduce crashes by 44 percent in
urban areas and by 60 percent with a spacing of 600 to 1,000 feet as outlined in the
Countermeasure Analysis Tool Users Manual developed by the Oregon DOT and included in
Appendix D.


The widths of the driveways should not exceed 24 feet unless larger design vehicles are expected
to use the driveway on a frequent basis or the site requires additional ingress or egress lanes.
One-way driveways should be constructed to a maximum of 14 feet. The City’s standards
include a 24-foot minimum and 48-foot maximum driveway width. Excessively wide driveways
are located throughout the study area. These, combined with the large number of driveways,
contribute to reduced use of the downtown area by pedestrians and increased conflict points for


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those pedestrians which do walk in the downtown. The City should reassess their current
driveway connection standards to promote the design for walkable streets in the downtown area.


On-street Parking Setbacks
The City’s design standards include a 25-foot setback from driveways for on-street parking. The
FDOT Standard Index 346 (Sheet 10) provides guidance of 85 feet for upstream on-street
parking and 60 feet for downstream based on a 30 mph 2-lane roadway. The more restrictive
FDOT standard should be implemented in conjunction with new restrictions to minimize curb
cuts along the higher volume pedestrian streets.


Median Openings
Cape Coral Parkway, Del Prado Boulevard, Coronado Parkway, Palm Tree Boulevard,
Vincennes Boulevard, and Orchid Boulevard are the roadways in the study area that include
raised medians. There are no unsignalized full median openings along Cape Coral Parkway.
The City’s median opening spacing criteria is 660 feet, with reductions to 360 feet if justified by
a traffic study. The FDOT Rule 14-97 utilizes 660 feet for directional median opening spacing
and 1,320 feet for full median opening spacing. The median openings on the studied roadways
do not meet these criteria. Table 5 provides the current spacing by roadway.



                           Table 5: Existing Spacing for Openings in the Study Area
           Roadway                            Cross Street               Opening Type   Spacing (ft)
                                Santa Barbara Boulevard                Traffic Signal      Start
                                Driveway West of Sorrento Court (WB)   Directional          798
                                Sorrento Court (WB)                    Directional          225
                                Triton Court W (WB)                    Directional          377
                                Driveway East of Triton Court W (EB)   Directional          484
                                Palm Tree Boulevard                    Traffic Signal       758
                                Sunset Court (WB)                      Directional          651
                                SE 6th Avenue/Tarpon Court             Traffic Signal       780
      Cape Coral Parkway        Coronado Parkway                       Traffic Signal      1,223
                                SE 8th Court/Chester Street            Bi-directional       649
                                SE 9th Place/Candia Street             Bi-directional       634
                                SE 10th Place/Leonard Street           Traffic Signal       485
                                Milton Street (WB)                     Directional          472
                                Vincennes Boulevard                    Traffic Signal       313
                                SE 15th Avenue/Cape Coral Street       Bi-directional     1,469
                                Del Prado Boulevard                    Traffic Signal       563
                                SE 17th Place (EB)                     Directional        1,187

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                           Table 5: Existing Spacing for Openings in the Study Area
           Roadway                             Cross Street               Opening Type     Spacing (ft)
                                Coronado Parkway                        Traffic Signal        Start
                                SE 41st Street                          Full Opening (T)       484
                                SE 41st Terrace                         Bi-directional         151
                                Beach Parkway                           Traffic Signal         383
                                SE 42nd Terrace                         Full Opening (T)       230
                                Orchid Boulevard/SE 43rd St             Full Opening           321
                                SE 43rd Terrace                         Full Opening (T)       279
                                SE 44th Street                          Full Opening           308
      Del Prado Boulevard       SE 46th Street                          Traffic Signal        1,388
                                SE 46th Lane                            Bi-directional         468
                                SE 47th Street                          Full Opening           325
                                SE 47th Terrace                         Traffic Signal         338
                                Cape Coral Parkway                      Traffic Signal         396
                                Lafayette Street                        Full Opening           357
                                Miramar Street                          Full Opening           324
                                Normandy Court                          Full Opening           287
                                Cape Coral Street                       Full Opening           445
                                Del Prado Boulevard                     Traffic Signal        Start
                                SE 40th Terrace                         Full Opening (T)       570
                                Driveway                                Full Opening (T)       228
                                SE 41st Street                          Full Opening           108
                                SE 41st Terrace                         Full Opening           312
                                SE 42nd Street                          Full Opening           318
                                SE 42nd Terrace                         Full Opening (T)       291
                                SE 13th Place                           Full Opening (T)       110
                                SE 43rd Street                          Full Opening (T)       244
                                SE 13th Avenue                          Full Opening (T)       176
                                SE 43rd Terrace                         Full Opening (T)       194
                                SE 12th Place                           Full Opening (T)       183
                                SE 44th Street                          Full Opening (T)       246
                                SE 12th Avenue                          Full Opening (T)       197
                                Vincennes Boulevard                     Full Opening (T)       220
                                SE 11th Place                           Full Opening (T)       168
       Coronado Parkway         SE 11th Place                           Full Opening (T)       181
                                SE 11th Avenue                          Full Opening (T)       259
                                SE 10th Place                           Full Opening           351
                                SE 10th Avenue                          Full Opening (T)       297
                                SE 10th Avenue                          Full Opening (T)       102
                                SE 9th Place                            Full Opening           227
                                SE 9th Avenue                           Full Opening           347
                                SE 8th Place                            Full Opening           397
                                SE 46th Street                          Full Opening           568
                                SE 46th Terrace                         Full Opening (T)       261
                                SE 46th Lane                            Full Opening           264
                                SE 47th Street                          Full Opening           296
                                SE 47th Terrace                         Traffic Signal         319
                                Cape Coral Parkway                      Traffic Signal         379
                                Lafayette Street                        Full Opening (T)       348
                                Miramar Street                          Full Opening (T)       323
                                Victoria Drive                          Full Opening (T)       638

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                           Table 5: Existing Spacing for Openings in the Study Area
           Roadway                            Cross Street               Opening Type     Spacing (ft)
                                Country Club Boulevard                 Full Opening          Start
                                SE 46th Terrace                        Full Opening (T)      138
                                SE 46th Lane                           Full Opening (T)      296
      Palm Tree Boulevard
                                SE 47th Street                         Full Opening (T)      299
                                SE 47th Terrace                        Full Opening          292
                                Cape Coral Parkway                     Traffic Signal        341
                                Coronado Parkway                       Full Opening (T)      Start
                                SE 44th Terrace                        Full Opening (T)      252
                                SE 45th Street                         Full Opening (T)      288
                                School Driveway                        Full Opening (T)      569
                                SE 46th Street                         Full Opening          245
      Vincennes Boulevard       SE 46th Lane                           Full Opening          466
                                SE 47th Street                         Full Opening (T)      314
                                SE 47th Terrace                        Full Opening          332
                                Cape Coral Parkway                     Traffic Signal        393
                                Lafayette Street                       Full Opening (T)      350
                                Miramar Street                         Full Opening          312
                                Del Prado Boulevard                    Full Opening          Start
                                SE 43rd Street                         Full Opening (T)      537
                                SE 44th Street                         Full Opening (T)      449
       Orchid Boulevard         SE 44th Street                         Full Opening (T)      163
                                SE 44th Terrace                        Full Opening (T)      332
                                SE 45th Street                         Full Opening (T)      502
                                SE 46th Street                         Full Opening (T)      557


Access management plans and criteria have evolved long after the majority of municipalities
have built their roadways and approved development with little thought on the importance of
access issues. Retrofitting these roadway systems with safer and more controlled access can be a
difficult and costly process. The unsignalized median openings that are exhibiting a crash
pattern should be modified. Those locations are discussed in the crash data section. They are
Cape Coral Parkway/SE 15th Avenue and Del Prado Boulevard/SE 47th Street. The replacement
of the painted medians with concrete at the Cape Coral Parkway/SE 8th Court and Cape Coral
Parkway/SE 9th Place median openings are also recommended in the short-term improvements to
prohibit the left turns from the side streets. These are currently restricted by use of signs and
markings only.


Measures are underway to eliminate the full median openings on Del Prado Boulevard and
improve the spacing. Lee County currently has median improvement plans completed for the
section of Del Prado Boulevard from SE 44th Street to SE 41st Street, which is included in the


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traffic study area.       The construction of these median improvements is on-hold until the
completion of this traffic study. The plans include the following:


•   Del Prado Boulevard at SE 44th Street – modify from a full opening to a bi-directional
    opening
•   Del Prado Boulevard at SE 43rd Terrace – close opening
•   Del Prado Boulevard at SE 43rd Street – modify from a full opening to a southbound
    directional opening
•   Del Prado Boulevard at SE 42nd Terrace – modify from a full opening to a northbound
    directional opening
•   Del Prado Boulevard at SE 41st Terrace – modify from a bi-directional opening to a
    northbound directional opening.
•   Del Prado Boulevard at SE 41st Street (east leg) – modify from a full T-opening to a
    southbound directional median opening


These median modifications, like those that have been constructed along Cape Coral Parkway in
recent years, are necessary to reduce the crashes associated with vehicles crossing a high volume
multi-lane arterial. Studies have shown that a 26 percent reduction in overall crashes and 32
percent reduction for injury and fatal crashes can occur with the median modification that
provides for a side street right-turn followed by a U-turn movement as opposed to permitting a
through or left-turn movement from the side street. The median opening of Del Prado Boulevard
at SE 44th Street is recommended to be signalized in the mid-term phase (or sooner if possible) to
improve the signal spacing along Del Prado Boulevard.


Signal Spacing
There are 12 signalized intersections in the study area. The seven signals along Cape Coral
Parkway are spaced as follows:


•   Santa Barbara Boulevard to Palm Tree Boulevard          2,640 feet (0.50 miles)
•   Palm Tree Boulevard to Tarpon Court                     1,430 feet (0.27 miles)


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•   Tarpon Court to Coronado Parkway                        1,800 feet (0.34 miles)
•   Coronado Parkway to Leonard Street/SE 10th St           1,800 feet (0.34 miles)
•   Leonard Street to Vincennes Boulevard                   800 feet (0.15 miles)
•   Vincennes Boulevard to Del Prado Boulevard              2,060 feet (0.39 miles)


The spacing of the five signals along Del Prado Boulevard is:


•   Coronado Parkway to Beach Parkway                       1,000 feet (0.19 miles)
•   Beach Parkway to SE 46th Street                         2,530 feet (0.48 miles)
•   SE 46th Street to SE 47th Terrace                       1,110 feet (0.21 miles)
•   SE 47th Terrace to Cape Coral Parkway                   370 feet (0.07 miles)


The City’s signal spacing criteria states that “intersections along arterials (principal four-lane
parkways and boulevards) will normally be spaced no closer than every half mile unless a traffic
signal progression study has established alternate signal spacing.” The criteria for collectors
include “no closer than every quarter mile unless a traffic signal progression study has
established an alternate signal spacing.” The FDOT Rule 14-97 includes a minimum signal
spacing of one quarter mile for roadways similar to Cape Coral Parkway and Del Prado
Boulevard. As shown from the above information, the current spacing ranges from 0.07 miles to
0.50 miles. More evenly spaced signals assist in maintaining progression and benefit the traffic
flow operations for these roadways. The mid-term phase improvements include modifying the
signal spacing on Del Prado Boulevard to:


•   Coronado Parkway to Beach Parkway                       1,000 feet (0.19 miles)
•   Beach Parkway to SE 44th Street                         1,140 feet (0.22 miles)
•   SE 44th Street to SE 46th Lane                          1,845 feet (0.35 miles)
•   SE 46th Lane to Cape Coral Parkway                      1,065 feet (0.20 miles)


The new spacing ranges from 0.19 miles to 0.35 miles along this section of Del Prado Boulevard.



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The Cape Coral Parkway signal spacing is recommended to be revised to the following in the
mid-term phase:


•   Santa Barbara Boulevard to Palm Tree Boulevard         2,640 feet (0.50 miles)
•   Palm Tree Boulevard to Tarpon Court                    1,430 feet (0.27 miles)
•   Tarpon Court to Coronado Parkway                       1,800 feet (0.34 miles)
•   Coronado Parkway to SE 9th Place                       1,260 feet (0.24 miles)
•   SE 9th Place to Vincennes Boulevard                    1,290 feet (0.24 miles)
•   Vincennes Boulevard to Del Prado Boulevard             2,060 feet (0.39 miles)
•   Del Prado Boulevard to SE 17th Place                   1,205 feet (0.23 miles)


The spacing ranges from approximately one-fourth mile to one-half mile and provides more
evenly spaced intersections for improved signal progression.


Based on the timing information provided by the County, the intersections of Del Prado
Boulevard/Coronado Parkway and Del Prado Boulevard/Beach Parkway are running coordinated
with an AM peak cycle length of 130 seconds and 160 seconds during the PM peak hours. The
remainder of the signals on Del Prado Boulevard and Cape Coral Parkway are running
coordinated with a 170-second cycle length during the AM and PM peak hours. The intersection
of Coronado Parkway and SE 47th Terrace is signalized and running double cycle (two cycles are
completed within the same time period of one cycle for the other intersections in the system) or
with an 85-second cycle length to coordinate with the signal at Cape Coral Parkway and
Coronado Parkway.          The intersections run free from 11:00 PM to 6:15 AM.      The City’s
standards include a 120-second cycle length maximum for arterials with a progression speed of
40/45 mph.


Crash Data
Complete crash reports were provided by the Lee County Department of Transportation (Lee
DOT) for 2003 and 2004. Partial data were provided for 2005; therefore, only 2003 and 2004
were analyzed for this study. The collision diagrams and the summary forms for the crashes
occurring in the study area are contained in Appendix E and Appendix F for 2003 and 2004,
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respectively. The crashes have been drawn on the aerial photos provided by the City to show the
crash locations as accurately as possible.


The following discusses the crashes occurring at each signalized intersection and other key
locations in the study area.             Specific crash patterns have been identified, along with
recommendations to reduce these. Additional study has been recommended for some locations
based on the limited data and tasks per the scope of services. Further study is advised over
making modifications without sufficient data to substantiate the recommendations. Note that not
every crash at or near an intersection is considered a pattern requiring a recommended
improvement.


The following crash summaries at each location provide a comparison of the crash rate (based on
per million entering vehicles) to the Florida Average Crash Rates (Appendix G) developed based
on data collected from 2000-2004. Note that these averages do not distinguish between various
intersection control conditions.          For instance, a four-legged signalized intersection is not
distinguished from a four-legged unsignalized, intersection but experience has shown that
signalized intersections typically have a higher incidence of crashes.           Many agencies are
developing their own local crash rates based on historical data to have a comparable base to
analyze crashes within their locality. The City may want to consider developing a similar crash
database tool for prioritizing their safety improvements.


The FHWA has developed a Toolbox of Countermeasures for reducing crashes at signalized and
unsignalized intersections. The average crash reduction rates discussed in the following sections
were obtained from the FHWA document which is included in Appendix H. One specific low
cost measure that can reduce crashes is modification to signal clearance intervals. This can
provide a total reduction of crashes of 4 to 31 percent and between 1 and 30 percent for angle
crashes. Table 6 provides the existing yellow and all-red clearance intervals at the signalized
intersections in the study area and the calculated values using the ITE methodology. The table
also includes the FDOT standard intervals based on the posted speed limits of the roadways in
the study area.



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                    Table 6: Existing vs. Calculated Yellow and All-red Clearance Intervals

                                  Approach/       Speed        Existing       ITE Formula        FDOT
        Intersection
                                  Movement        Limit   Yellow     Red     Yellow     Red   Yellow    Red
                                     EBL           40       3.5       3.5     3.9       2.2    4.0      1.0
                                     EBT           40       4.5       2.5     3.9       2.2    4.0      1.0
Cape Coral Parkway at Santa
                                     WB            40       4.5       2.5     3.9       2.2    4.0      1.0
    Barbara Boulevard
                                     SBL           45       4.5       3.0     4.3       2.0    4.3      1.0
                                     SBR           45       4.5       3.0     4.3       2.0    4.3      1.0
                                     EBL           40       4.0       3.0     3.9       2.2    4.0      1.0
                                     EBT           40       4.5       2.0     3.9       2.2    4.0      1.0
                                     WBL           40       4.0       3.0     3.9       2.2    4.0      1.0
 Cape Coral Parkway at Palm          WBT           40       4.5       2.0     3.9       2.2    4.0      1.0
       Tree Boulevard                NBL           30       4.0       2.5     3.2       3.0    3.5      1.0
                                     NBT           30       4.0       2.5     3.2       3.0    3.5      1.0
                                     SBL           35       4.0       2.5     3.6       2.5    4.0      1.0
                                     SBT           35       4.0       2.5     3.6       2.5    4.0      1.0
                                     EBL           40       4.0       3.0     3.9       2.2    4.0      1.0
                                     EBT           40       4.5       1.5     3.9       2.2    4.0      1.0
Cape Coral Parkway at SE 6th         WBL           40       4.0       3.0     3.9       2.2    4.0      1.0
     Avenue/Tarpon Ct                WBT           40       4.5       1.5     3.9       2.2    4.0      1.0
                                     NBT           30       3.5       2.5     3.2       3.0    3.5      1.0
                                     SBT           30       3.5       2.5     3.2       3.0    3.5      1.0
                                     EBL           40       4.0       2.5     3.9       2.2    4.0      1.0
                                     EBT           40       4.5       2.2     3.9       2.2    4.0      1.0
                                     WBL           35       4.0       2.5     3.6       2.5    4.0      1.0
   Cape Coral Parkway at             WBT           35       4.5       2.2     3.6       2.5    4.0      1.0
    Coronado Parkway                 NBL           35       4.0       2.5     3.6       2.5    4.0      1.0
                                     NBT           35       4.0       3.0     3.6       2.5    4.0      1.0
                                     SBL           35       4.0       2.5     3.6       2.5    4.0      1.0
                                     SBT           35       4.0       3.0     3.6       2.5    4.0      1.0
                                     EBL           35       3.6       2.1     3.6       2.1    4.0      1.0
                                     EBT           35       3.6       2.1     3.6       2.1    4.0      1.0
                                     WBL           35       3.6       2.1     3.6       2.1    4.0      1.0
Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10th        WBT           35       3.6       2.1     3.6       2.1    4.0      1.0
    Place/Leonard Street             NBL           30       3.5       1.0     3.2       3.0    3.5      1.0
                                     NBT           30       3.5       2.9     3.2       3.0    3.5      1.0
                                     SBL           30       3.5       1.0     3.2       3.0    3.5      1.0
                                     SBT           30       3.5       2.9     3.2       3.0    3.5      1.0
                                     EBL           35       3.6       1.9     3.6       2.1    4.0      1.0
                                     EBT           35       3.6       1.9     3.6       2.1    4.0      1.0
                                     WBL           35       3.6       1.9     3.6       2.1    4.0      1.0
   Cape Coral Parkway at             WBT           35       3.6       1.9     3.6       2.1    4.0      1.0
   Vincennes Boulevard               NBL           30       3.5       1.0     3.2       2.6    3.5      1.0
                                     NBT           30       3.5       2.7     3.2       2.6    3.5      1.0
                                     SBL           30       3.5       1.0     3.2       2.6    3.5      1.0
                                     SBT           30       3.5       2.7     3.2       2.6    3.5      1.0

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                      Table 6: Existing vs. Calculated Yellow and All-red Clearance Intervals

                                    Approach/       Speed        Existing       ITE Formula        FDOT
          Intersection
                                    Movement        Limit   Yellow     Red     Yellow     Red   Yellow    Red
                                       EBL           35       4.0       1.5     3.6       2.7    4.0      1.0
                                       EBT           35       4.5       1.5     3.6       2.7    4.0      1.0
                                       WBL           35       4.0       1.5     3.6       2.7    4.0      1.0
Cape Coral Parkway at Del              WBT           35       4.5       1.5     3.6       2.7    4.0      1.0
Prado Boulevard                        NBL           30       4.0       2.0     3.2       2.8    3.5      1.0
                                       NBT           30       4.0       2.0     3.2       2.8    3.5      1.0
                                       SBL           40       4.0       2.0     3.9       2.1    4.0      1.0
                                       SBT           40       4.0       2.0     3.9       2.1    4.0      1.0
                                       EBL           30       3.7       1.0     3.2       3.0    3.5      1.0
                                       EBT           30       3.7       3.0     3.2       3.0    3.5      1.0
Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th
                                       WBT           30       3.7       3.0     3.2       3.0    3.5      1.0
Terrace
                                       NBT           40       4.2       2.5     3.9       2.0    3.5      1.0
                                       SBT           40       4.2       2.5     3.9       2.0    4.0      1.0
                                       EBT           30       4.0       2.8     3.2       3.1    3.5      1.0
                                       WBT           30       4.0       2.8     3.2       3.1    3.5      1.0
Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th         NBL           40       4.0       1.5     3.9       1.7    4.0      1.0
Street                                 NBT           40       4.5       1.5     3.9       1.7    4.0      1.0
                                       SBL           40       4.0       1.5     3.9       1.7    4.0      1.0
                                       SBT           40       4.5       1.5     3.9       1.7    4.0      1.0
                                       WB            30       4.0       2.0     3.2       2.8    3.5      1.0
Del Prado Boulevard at Beach           NBT           40       4.5       1.5     3.9       1.9    4.0      1.0
Parkway                                SBL           40       3.5       1.0     3.9       1.9    4.0      1.0
                                       SBT           40       4.5       1.5     3.9       1.9    4.0      1.0
                                       EB            35       4.0       2.0     3.6       2.5    4.0      1.0
                                       WB            30       4.0       2.0     3.2       3.0    3.5      1.0
Del Prado Boulevard at
                                       NBL           40       3.5       1.0     3.9       2.5    4.0      1.0
Coronado Parkway/SE 40th
Terrace                                NBT           40       4.5       1.5     3.9       2.5    4.0      1.0
                                       SBL           40       3.5       1.0     3.9       2.5    4.0      1.0
                                       SBT           40       4.5       1.5     3.9       2.5    4.0      1.0
                                       EBL           30       3.5       2.7     3.2       3.1    3.5      1.0
                                       EBT           30       3.5       2.7     3.2       3.1    3.5      1.0
                                       WBL           30       3.5       2.7     3.2       3.1    3.5      1.0
Coronado Parkway at SE 47th            WBT           30       3.5       2.7     3.2       3.1    3.5      1.0
Terrace                                NBL           35       3.6       2.5     3.6       1.8    4.0      1.0
                                       NBT           35       3.6       2.1     3.6       1.8    4.0      1.0
                                       SBL           35       3.6       2.5     3.6       1.8    4.0      1.0
                                       SBT           35       3.6       2.1     3.6       1.8    4.0      1.0




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                                                        Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                         Surrounding Traffic Study


As shown in Table 6, the yellow clearance intervals typically longer than the FDOT standards
and as long as the minimum ITE calculated values. Many of the all-red values are longer than
the FDOT values and less than the ITE calculated values. Typically, the total yellow and all-red
time equal the total for the ITE calculated clearance values. Existing values that are less than the
ITE calculated values are highlighted in Table 6.

Improving the signal timing at an intersection can result in a decrease of up to 15 percent of the
total crashes at an intersection.

The short-term improvements include proper timing of the signals in conjunction with the area-
wide improvements. Traffic data collection is required to accomplish this. The City may want
to consider adaptive timing with the mid-term phase improvements.


Cape Coral Parkway at Santa Barbara Boulevard (Signalized)
There were 15 crashes reported in 2003 and 13 in 2004 at this signalized T-intersection. The
angle crashes decreased from three in 2003 to one in 2004. There were five rear-end crashes
each year and two bicycle crashes occurred in 2003. In 2003, one of the 15 crashes involved a
misplaced manhole cover and another involved a construction vehicle in the roadway. There
were three sideswipe crashes in 2003 and two in 2004. There were two fixed object crashes in
2004 and two right-turn crashes in 2004. Alcohol was involved in two of the crashes in 2003
and one in 2004. Four of the crashes in 2003 and two in 2004 occurred during night-time
conditions. Both of the bicycle crashes occurred during daylight conditions. One of the bicycle
crashes involved a southbound right-turn motorist colliding with an eastbound bicyclist. The
bicyclist was cited for failing to yield the right-of-way yet the report states that the driver had the
red signal. The other bicycle crash in 2003 involved an eastbound motorist proceeding through
an intersection with the green signal and a southbound bicycle in the intersection during that
phase. Crosswalks and pedestrian signals are provided at this intersection.


The field review determined that the sight distance for the southbound right-turn movement is
limited to the east due to the overpass. There were two crashes in the two year period that
involved a southbound right-turn and a westbound through vehicle but the reports did not state


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                                                           Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                            Surrounding Traffic Study


that the right-turn motorists were unable to see. Although a pattern of crashes has not been
exhibited for this situation, it is recommended that a “No Right Turn On Red” (R10-11a) sign be
installed to reduce the potential for crashes.


There is a safety concern associated with the pedestrian pole located in the island in the northeast
quadrant. Based on information provided by the City, the pole has been struck several times.
The right-turn radius is currently 40 feet. The field observations and crashes into the island
indicate that some motorists, particularly larger vehicles, are having difficulty negotiating the
turn. Since this can contribute to unsafe conditions for pedestrians standing on the island, the
short-term improvement is to remove the island and add a blank out “No Turn On Red” (R10-
11a) sign to help protect the pedestrians crossing Santa Barbara Boulevard. In the mid-term, it is
recommended that additional right-of-way be purchased in the northeast quadrant to provide for
a larger turning radius and reconstruction of the island. Based on the 2003-2004 crash data, the
crash rate at this intersection is 0.637 crashes per million vehicles. The Florida average crash
rate for a six-lane divided, three-legged intersection with a raised median is 0.319.


Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree Boulevard (Signalized)
There were 21 crashes in 2003 and 15 in 2004 at this four-legged signalized intersection. The
significant crash type at this location was the six eastbound left-turn crashes occurring in 2003,
but this number dropped off to one in 2004. The 2005 and 2006 crash data should be reviewed
to see if a pattern of crashes exists. The one left-turn crash in 2004 involved a driver under the
influence of alcohol. There are presently protected/permissive left-turn signals on the east-west
approaches of Cape Coral Parkway.                 In 2003, there were two pedestrian crashes at the
intersection and in 2004; there was one bicycle crash at a driveway located west of the
intersection. There were six rear-end crashes in 2003 (29 percent of total crashes) and four in
2004 (27 percent of total crashes). There were three sideswipe crashes in 2003 and four in 2004.
One U-turn collision occurred in each of the study years. Six of the 21 crashes in 2003 occurred
during night-time conditions and two occurred in 2004. Alcohol was involved in one of the
crashes each year.




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                                                     Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                      Surrounding Traffic Study


One of the pedestrian crashes involved a pedestrian crossing Cape Coral Parkway, approximately
20 feet west of the crosswalk, who was struck by a southbound vehicle turning right on red. The
other pedestrian crash involved a pedestrian running southbound across Cape Coral Parkway
during the eastbound green signal phase. The crash occurred during night-time conditions with
street lights at the intersection. The bicycle crash occurred during daylight conditions and
involved a bicyclist traveling eastbound in the sidewalk on the north side of Cape Coral
Parkway. The bicyclist collided with a vehicle exiting the 7-11 driveway located west of Palm
Tree Boulevard. The contributing causes cited were the bicyclist’s failure to yield the right-of-
way and driving on the wrong side of the road. The average crash rate at the intersection
(including driveway crashes) is 0.857 compared to the Florida average crash rate of 0.566


Cape Coral Parkway at SE 6th Avenue/Tarpon Court (Signalized)
There were 10 crashes in 2003 and 14 in 2004 at this four-legged signalized intersection. Rear-
end crashes accounted for six of the ten crashes in 2003 and nine of the fourteen in 2004. The
one bicycle crash in 2003 involved a bicyclist under the influence of alcohol. Two of the 2004
crashes involved alcohol; both were rear-end crashes and one involved a motorcyclist. In 2004,
two crashes involved vehicles turning into adjacent driveways. Night-time conditions were
involved in the three alcohol related crashes and one other rear end crash. The crash rate is 0.80
(including driveway crashes) compared to the Florida average crash rate of 0.566.


The City may want to investigate if the signal at this location is warranted. The removal of
unwarranted traffic signals can reduce crashes by 50 to 53 percent. This will require the City to
collect 24-hour traffic count data to determine the highest eight hours of side street traffic in
addition to conducting eight hour TMCs. The peak hour count data provided for this study
showed that the side street volumes do not currently meet the volume criteria for Warrants 1 or 2
in the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD). The redevelopment of the
southwest quadrant of the intersection could increase the northbound volumes considerably.
Other factors to consider with the signal removal are the redesign of the intersection to a
directional median opening. The U-turn impacts to the adjacent signal at Coronado Parkway to
the east and at the median opening to the west will need to be assessed. Removal of the signal



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                                                     Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                      Surrounding Traffic Study


would alter the signal spacing from the current approximately ¼-mile spacing to 3,230 feet (0.61
miles) between Palm Tree Boulevard and Coronado Parkway.


Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway (Signalized)
Twenty-five crashes occurred at the signalized intersection in 2003, with 18 rear-ends, 3 angle
crashes, 2 bicycle crashes, and 2 sideswipe crashes. One angle crash, one bicycle crash, and one
of the rear-end crashes occurred at adjacent driveways. Five of the 25 crashes occurred during
night-time conditions.


In 2004, there were 39 crashes reported at the intersection, with 23 rear end crashes, 5 sideswipe
crashes, 2 left-turn, 2 angle, 1 right-turn, 1 head-on, 3 fixed object, 1 backing, and 1 head-on
crash. Two of the crashes involved motorists driving under the influence of alcohol. Eight of
the crashes occurred during night-time conditions. The increased incidence of crashes in 2004
over 2003 was primarily located on the eastbound approach, with an increase of six rear end
crashes to ten rear end crashes along with an increase from zero sideswipe crashes to three
sideswipe crashes.


Both of the bicycle crashes in 2003 occurred during daylight conditions. One involved a
bicyclist crossing Cape Coral Parkway southbound in the crosswalk against eastbound traffic that
had the green signal. The other occurred at the driveway at 737 Cape Coral Parkway and
resulted from the driver failing to yield the right-of-way to the bicyclist traveling westbound on
the sidewalk on the north side of Cape Coral Parkway.


The large number of rear end crashes would indicate that optimization of the traffic signal timing
on Cape Coral Parkway could reduce the crashes at this intersection between 15 and 17 percent
(based on the FHWA study). The crash rate for this intersection is 1.722 compared to the Florida
average rate of 0.566.


In 2003, there were four crashes (three rear-ends and one sideswipe) recorded on eastbound Cape
Coral Parkway, west of the intersection of Coronado Parkway. This section includes the left-turn
trap lane onto northbound Coronado Parkway. In 2004, the crashes increased to five rear-ends

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                                                            Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                             Surrounding Traffic Study


and two sideswipes. Some of these may be attributed to motorists performing lane changes as a
result of the trap lane condition.                The recommended short-term improvements include
eliminating the trap lane and lengthening the eastbound left-turn lane.             These actions are
expected to provide a reduction in the crashes related to the trap lane and improve operations
based on the current traffic volumes.


Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10th Place/Leonard Street (Signalized)
There were 10 crashes in 2003 and 14 crashes in 2004 at the signalized intersection. There were
five rear-end crashes in 2003 and seven in 2004. These typically occurred on the eastbound
approach. There were three sideswipe crashes in 2003 and two in 2004. Only one of the crashes
during both years occurred during dark conditions. There was one alcohol related angle crash in
2004. There was one angle crash at a driveway in 2003. There were two westbound left-turn
crashes and one westbound U-turn crash in 2004. There was one crash in 2004 that involved a
southbound right-turn vehicle and a northbound left-turn vehicle. The average crash rate at this
intersection is 0.764 compared to the State average of 0.566.


As with the signal at Cape Coral Parkway and SE 6th Avenue, the City may want to investigate if
the signal at this location is warranted. The removal of unwarranted traffic signals can reduce
crashes by 50 to 53 percent. To determine if it is warranted will require the City to collect 24
hour traffic count data to determine the highest eight hours of side street traffic in addition to
conducting an eight-hour turning movement count. The AM peak hour count data provided for
this study showed that the side street volumes do not currently meet the volume criteria for
Warrants 1 or 2 in the MUTCD, but the criteria of the warrant are met for the northbound
approach in the PM peak hour. Factors to consider with the signal removal are the U-turn
impacts at the adjacent signal of Vincennes Boulevard to the east, and at the median opening to
the west. Removal of the signal would alter the signal spacing from the current approximately
0.34 miles and 0.15 miles to approximately ½-mile spacing between Coronado Parkway and
Vincennes Boulevard.




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                                                                       Surrounding Traffic Study


Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes Boulevard (Signalized)
There were 14 crashes in 2003 and 18 in 2004 at this intersection. Nine of the 2003 crashes and
12 of the 2004 crashes were rear end. There were two angle crashes in 2003 and one left-turn
crash in 2004. In 2004, there was one pedestrian crash at a driveway and a left-turn crash at a
driveway. Only two of the crashes in 2003 occurred during night-time hours, and none in 2004.
The average crash rate at the intersection is 1.054 compared with the State’s average of 0.566.
The rate is reduced to 0.792 without the driveway crashes and the crashes that occurred on the
far side of the intersection.


Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard (Signalized)
There was a total of 30 crashes in 2003 with 20 rear-end crashes. There were eight rear end
crashes in the eastbound direction, nine in the westbound, and three in the southbound direction
during the 2003 study period. There was one pedestrian crash in 2003 and two left-turn crashes.
There were 22 crashes in 2004. There were fourteen rear-end crashes, four eastbound, eight
westbound, and two northbound. There were three northbound left-turn crashes in 2004. There
were five sideswipe crashes in each study year.


Four of the 2003 crashes and one of the 2004 crashes occurred during night-time conditions.
Two of the alcohol related crashes occurred during the night. Alcohol was involved in two of the
2003 crashes and none of the 2004 crashes. The pedestrian crash resulted when a southbound
right-turn motorist failed to yield the right-of-way to a pedestrian traveling southbound a in the
crosswalk cross Cape Coral Parkway.


The short-term improvements, which include increasing the intersection capacity and retiming
the signals, are expected to improve the traffic flow and reduce queues. This is expected to
reduce the incidence of rear end crashes. The average crash rate for the two-year study period
was 1.087 compared to the State average of 0.566.


Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace (Signalized)
In 2003 there were nine angle crashes, six rear ends, one sideswipe, and one backing crash, for a
total of 17 crashes. In 2004 there were 14 angle crashes, 4 left-turns (3 at driveways), 4

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                                                                       Surrounding Traffic Study


sideswipes (2 at driveways), 4 rear-ends, and 1 right-turn crash, for a total of 27 crashes. The
intersection exhibits a pattern of angle crashes. The angle crashes were typically caused by Del
Prado Boulevard motorists failing to yield the right-of-way. During the 2 years, there were 12
angle crashes that involved a northbound vehicle and 11 that involved a southbound vehicle.
Twenty of the 23 angle crashes involved an eastbound vehicle on SE 47th Terrace. There was
one night-time crash in 2003 and two in 2004. The clearance intervals were checked and
determined to be greater than the minimum requirements calculated based on the posted speed
limit and vehicle crossing distances. See Table 6.


Based on conversations with Lee County, in an effort to reduce the angle crashes, the County
added backplates to the north-south signals to improve the visibility of the traffic signals. The
County stated that based on the available data, this has not reduced the crashes.


The crash data reflects that the angle crashes are not restricted to a specific time period but are
occurring throughout the day. The qualitative assessment was conducted during the peak hours
but did not reveal a pattern of red light running on Del Prado Boulevard. However, east-west
motorists were observed to be trapped in the intersection due to congestion and turned during the
red phase


One cause may be that the motorists on Del Prado Boulevard are intentionally running the red
light due to the long green time on SE 47th Terrace. Motorists may be noticing that the
additional green time is not needed and may be intentionally running the red phase due to
frustration or to catch the left-turn green phase at the Cape Coral Parkway signal. The motorists
traveling south on Del Prado Boulevard through SE 47th Terrace may be inadvertently running
the red while viewing the left-turn green arrow at Cape Coral Parkway as their signal while
traveling through SE 47th Terrace. The northbound motorists arriving at SE 47th Terrace, from
westbound Cape Coral Parkway, may be inadvertently running the red signal due to its close
proximity to the Cape Coral Parkway signal.




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                                                                       Surrounding Traffic Study


It is recommended that a video camera be placed at this intersection for a minimum of 24 hours
to provide continued viewing of the intersection’s operation.        This should provide a clear
determination of the cause for the incidence of red light running on Del Prado Boulevard.


The signal coordination for the closely spaced intersections at SE 47th Terrace and Cape Coral
Parkway is proposed to be optimized in conjunction with the short-term improvements. It was
observed that the southbound through movement at SE 47th Terrace did not always have the
green phase at the same time as the southbound left-turn at Cape Coral Parkway.


There are various improvements that can be implemented depending on the reasons for the
crashes. Unfortunately the crash reports do not explain much more than who failed to yield the
right-of-way. Installing optically programmed signals for southbound Del Prado Boulevard at
Cape Coral Parkway would reduce the possible masked viewing of the signals for the
southbound motorists at SE 47th Terrace. Additionally, installing a “Signal Ahead” (W3-3) sign
for the westbound right turns at Cape Coral Parkway/Del Prado Boulevard would provide
motorists advance warning of the signal at SE 47th Terrace. Installing larger signal lenses for the
northbound and southbound signal heads on Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace would
provide further emphasis of the red signal indication. The short-term improvements include
providing double-cycle signal operation at this intersection since the cross street volumes are
considerably less than those at the adjacent signal at Cape Coral Parkway and Del Prado
Boulevard. The north-south through movements are expected to experience considerably less
delay with the double cycling, especially during the PM peak hour.


The mid-term recommendations include removing the signal at this location to improve the
signal spacing along Del Prado Boulevard and the conflicts that are associated with the close
spacing and high volumes. If the removal of this signal and the new signal locations on Del
Prado Boulevard can be accomplished in a shorter time period, the City should proceed as funds
become available.


The crash rate for the intersection is 1.533 and 1.359 without the driveway crashes. The Florida
State average is 0.566.

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Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Street (Signalized)
Of the 11 crashes in 2003, there were 4 rear-ends, 4 northbound left-turn crashes, 1 westbound
left-turn crash, 1 angle crash, and 1 sideswipe crash. Three of the rear end crashes were in the
southbound direction. In 2004, there were 12 crashes, with 7 rear ends, 3 left-turns, and 2 angle
crashes. One of the angle crashes occurred at a nearby driveway. Six of the seven rear-end
crashes occurred in the southbound direction. One of the 2003 crashes occurred during night-
time hours and all of the 2004 crashes occurred during daylight conditions. The higher incidence
of southbound rear-end crashes can be attributed to the long queues for this movement.


The northbound left-turn crashes dropped from four to two during the two-year study period. All
the northbound left-turn crashes occurred during the AM peak hours, with one occurring during
the PM peak hour. The intersection should be monitored to determine if the crashes increase,
again, and if so, consideration of modification of the protected/permitted left-turns to protected
only.    The intersection is included in the mid-term improvements for signal removal and
relocation to SE 46th Lane for improved signal spacing.


The crash rate at the intersection is 0.861 as compared to the statewide average of 0.566.


Del Prado Boulevard at Beach Parkway (Signalized)
There were only two crashes reported at this intersection in 2003: a southbound left-turn crash
and a fixed object crash. In 2004, only two crashes were reported: a southbound left-turn crash
and a northbound rear end crash.


The crash rate at this location is 0.153 compared to the statewide average of 0.319.


Del Prado Boulevard at Coronado Parkway (Signalized)
In 2003, there were 10 crashes: 9 rear-ends and 1 sideswipe. Two of the rear end crashes
involved alcohol, with one resulting in a fatality.       Five rear-end crashes occurred in the
southbound direction, three in the northbound and one in the eastbound. In 2004, there were a
total of 14 crashes with 10 rear end types, 2 sideswipes, and 2 fixed-object crashes, of which 1
involved alcohol. Seven of the rear end crashes occurred in the southbound direction. Two of

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the 2003 crashes and two of the 2004 crashes were during night-time hours.            The higher
incidence of southbound rear end crashes can be attributed to the longer queues that are
occurring on that approach. The short-term capacity and timing improvements are expected to
reduce the queues that are contributing to the crashes.


The crash rate for the intersection is 0.586 compared to the statewide average of 0.566.


Coronado Parkway at SE 47th Terrace (Signalized)
There were 13 crashes in 2003, 6 were angle crashes, 3 sideswipe, 2 left-turn, 1 rear end, and 1
backing. In 2004, there were 11 crashes, with 5 angles, 2 left-turn, 1 backing, 1 rear-end, and 2
unknowns. Two of the angle crashes in 2004 and the one rear end crash occurred at adjacent
driveways. Three of the 2003 and two of the 2004 crashes occurred during night-time hours.
The angle crashes at the intersection decreased from six to three during the two-year study
period. They occurred at various times of the day.


The clearance timing intervals were checked to see if they are adequate. They are longer than
the calculated values required as shown in Table 6. Despite the drop in crashes, the crash data
for 2005 and 2006 should be evaluated to determine if a pattern of angle crashes has developed.
Backplates are missing from five of the six east-west traffic signals. Backplates can reduce right
angle crashes between 7 and 93 percent. Since the signal at this location is the only signal along
SE 47th Terrace west of Del Prado Boulevard, and the first one on Coronado Parkway for
motorists approaching from the north, some of the motorists may not be aware of it. Signal
ahead warning signs installed on the east, west, and north approaches could provide up to a 35
percent reduction in angle crashes if the motorists are not aware of it.


The crash rate for the intersection is 1.146 compared to the statewide average of 0.566


SE 47th Terrace at Palm Tree Boulevard (Four-way Stop)
At the four-way stop intersection, there were five crashes in 2003 and five in 2004. There were
four angle crashes in 2003 (one at a driveway), and one fixed object crash. There were three
angle crashes, one sideswipe, and one rear end crash in 2004. Two of the crashes each year were

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                                                                       Surrounding Traffic Study


during night-time hours. Although the intersection is skewed due to the offset legs on SE 47th
Terrace, the qualitative assessment and the crash data did not indicate a safety issue at this
location. The mid-term improvements recommend installing a roundabout at this location.
Besides the operational and aesthetic benefits, a roundabout can reduce the intersection’s total
crashes by up to 38 percent.


The average crash rate is 0.630 compared to the statewide average of 0.443.


SE 47th Terrace at Vincennes Boulevard (Four-way Stop)
There were four crashes in 2003, with three angles and one fixed object crash. One angle crash
occurred at a driveway and another angle crash location was recorded as unknown due to the
lack of information on the crash report. In 2004, there were five crashes, with three angles, a
left-turn into a driveway, and a collision with a parked car. Two of the 2004 crashes occurred
under night-time conditions, with one of those involving a driver under the influence of alcohol.
The current location of the northbound stop bar on Vincennes Boulevard is set too far back from
the intersection restricting a clear line of sight. The short-term improvements include moving it
closer to Se 47th Terrace. Although the incidence of crashes does not reflect a safety problem,
this intersection is included in the mid-term improvements as a location for a roundabout due to
the operational and aesthetic benefits. Besides the elimination of the angle crashes, roundabouts
typically reduce all crashes by up to 38 percent at unsignalized locations.


The crash rate for the intersection is 0.700 as compared to the statewide average of 0.443.


Vincennes Boulevard at SE 46th Lane (Four-Way Stop)
There were eight crashes in 2003, with five angles, one left-turn, one backing, and one pedestrian
crash in a nearby parking lot. In 2004, there were six crashes with four angles, one rear end, and
one collision with a parked car east of the intersection. There was one night-time crash in 2004.
This four-way stop intersection was modified from a two-way stop to a four-way stop on
September 21, 2004. It is recommended that the 2005 and 2006 crash data be analyzed to
determine if there was a reduction in crashes with this improvement.            A roundabout is



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recommended for this location with the mid-term improvements. It can reduce crashes up to 38
percent.


The crash rate for the two-year study period was 2.919 as compared to the statewide average of
0.443.


Cape Coral Parkway at SE 17th Avenue/Waikiki Avenue (Raised Median)
In 2003, there were eight crashes in the vicinity of SE 17th Avenue and seven during the 2004
study period. The 2003 crashes were comprised of four rear ends, one angle, one sideswipe, and
two fixed object. One of the fixed object crashes involved a driver under the influence of drugs.
In 2004, there were two right-turn crashes, two rear end crashes, one angle, one pedestrian, and,
one sideswipe crash. The pedestrian crash occurred at the marked crosswalk. All but one of the
crashes occurred during the daytime hours. The pedestrian crash occurred during the PM peak
hour under dusk conditions. The short-term improvements include removing this uncontrolled
crosswalk due to its location that provides very few gaps for pedestrians to cross Cape Coral
Parkway.


The crash rate is 0.388. The statewide averages do not include averages for right-in, right-out
type locations.


Cape Coral Parkway at SE 17th Place (Two-way Left-turn Lane)
There were a total of five crashes at this location, with three eastbound left-turn crashes and one
eastbound U-turn crash during the 2003 study period. SE 17th Place is one-way northbound at
Cape Coral Parkway. There was also one westbound rear end crash. In 2004, there were 16
crashes, with 11 rear-end crashes, two left-turn, one angle, one sideswipe, and one fixed object
crash. The fixed object crash involved a driver under the influence of alcohol. Night-time
conditions were involved in two of the 2004 crashes, including the DUI crash.


As with similar congested locations in the study area, rear end crashes are more frequent with
longer queues and stop and go traffic conditions. The two-way left-turn lane through this section
can also increase the incidence of rear end crashes due to motorists entering and exiting the lane.

S:\2051601\REPORTS\FINAL Cape Coral REVISED.doc     69                                      April 2007
                                                                     City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                       Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                        Surrounding Traffic Study


The short-term improvements include signalizing this intersection to improve circulation in the
study area. The two-way left-turn lane is to be removed and the eastbound left-turn movement
will not be permitted at this location. The removal of the two-way left-turn lane can reduce all
crashes by 30 to 40 percent.


The crash rate for this location is 0.549. There are no statewide averages for a similar type
location.


Cape Coral Parkway at SE 15th Ave/Cape Coral Street (Painted Median)
In 2003, there were 14 crashes at the side street stop controlled intersection. There were four
rear end crashes, four angles, two sideswipes, one U-turn, two right turn, and one fixed object
crash. The fixed object crash occurred during night-time conditions. In 2004, there were 12
crashes, with four sideswipes, four rear ends, two angles, one left-turn, and one overturned
vehicle crash. Alcohol was involved in one of the angle crashes and four of the crashes occurred
during night-time hours. Although right-turns are only permitted on the side street, the incidence
of angle crashes indicates that the painted island is not prohibiting vehicles from crossing Cape
Coral Parkway.


The short-term improvements include installing a raised island to restrict the cross street lefts and
through movements. This is expected to reduce the angle crashes by 100 percent. The average
crash rate for this location is 0.984 as compared to the statewide average of 0.566.


SE 47th Terrace at SE 15th Avenue (Two-way Stop)
In 2003, there were six angle crashes, three left-turns, and one U-turn crash for a total of 10
crashes. All 10 crashes occurred during daylight hours. One of the angle crashes was at an
unknown location and one left-turn crash occurred at a driveway. The U-turn crash involved a
vehicle exiting a parking space. There were four angle crashes and one rear end crash in 2004.
The incidence of angle crashes during the study years is of concern. There are currently signs
posted below the SE 15th Avenue STOP signs stating “Caution Cross Street Traffic Does Not
Stop”. These were evidently installed due to the City’s knowledge of a problem with angle
crashes at this location based on the premise that cross street traffic is expecting a four-way stop

S:\2051601\REPORTS\FINAL Cape Coral REVISED.doc      70                                      April 2007
                                                                      City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                        Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                         Surrounding Traffic Study


at this location. If the City has not already done so, additional review of the site would need to
be conducted to substantiate this as the cause of the crashes. The City could install a temporary
camera as a means to collect data on the operations of the intersection.


Our field review determined that when a vehicle is stopped at either the northbound or
southbound stop bars on SE 15th Avenue, visibility of traffic on SE 47th Terrace is restricted.
The building on the southwest corner is located eight feet south of the edge of pavement on SE
47th Terrace and poses a sight restriction for northbound motorists. The landscaping in the
southeast quadrant is also blocking visibility for northbound motorists. Visibility is improved as
motorists advance closer to the intersection.


For southbound motorists, the on-street parking along the north side of SE 47th Terrace, west of
the intersection, restricts visibility of intersecting traffic. The on-street parking is offset 125 feet
from SE 15th Avenue at this location and this meets the standard criteria. The southbound view
is also blocked by vehicles parked in the parking lot located in the northeast quadrant. Visibility
is improved as motorists move closer to the intersection.


A roundabout is recommended for this location with the mid-term improvements. This is in
conjunction with the removal of the signal at the intersection of SE 47th Terrace and Del Prado
Boulevard. If funding is available sooner, these improvements are recommended to be advanced
to the short-term phase. Roundabouts can reduce all crashes up to 38 percent and eliminate
angle crashes.


In the interim, a delay study should be conducted at this intersection to determine if the angle
crashes are occurring due to inadequate gaps in the SE 47th Terrace traffic or due to motorists’
inability to see clearly, or possibly a combination of both factors. If a delay study determines
there are not sufficient gaps for the side street left-turn and through traffic, one option is to
consider a four-way stop (based on an engineering study with current eight-hour traffic
volumes). Conversion of a two-way stop to a four-way stop intersection can reduce all crashes
by 53 to 74 percent. Another option is to restrict the side street to right-turns only (with a study



S:\2051601\REPORTS\FINAL Cape Coral REVISED.doc        71                                       April 2007
                                                                     City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                       Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                        Surrounding Traffic Study


of the impacts of the diverted traffic). Restriction of SE 15th Avenue to right-turns only will
eliminate the right angle crashes.


A full study of the intersection to include traffic counts, a delay study, video monitoring, and
additional crash analysis of the 2005 and 2006 crash data will prove beneficial in determining the
best improvement for this location.


Based on an estimate of the SE 15th Avenue traffic volumes, the crash rate at this intersection is
3.425 as compared to the statewide average of 0.445.


Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Street (Two-way Stop)
The intersection of Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Street is a full access intersection with 12
crashes occurring in 2003 and 17 crashes occurring in 2004.           In 2003, there were seven
northbound left-turn crashes, one angle, two sideswipes, and two rear end crashes. All seven of
the left-turn crashes occurred during the AM or PM peak hours, with six during the AM peak
hours. The crashes occurred when a southbound through vehicle in the inside lane stopped to
allow a northbound left-turn vehicle to turn onto SE 47th Street and subsequently was struck by a
vehicle in the outside through lane on Del Prado Boulevard. Although the traffic counts depict
only 14 northbound left-turn vehicles onto SE 47th Street during the AM peak hour, there is a
high incidence of crashes. All 12 of the 2003 crashes occurred during daylight hours. In 2004,
there were nine northbound left turns, one northbound U-turn, four angles, one rear end, one
sideswipe, and one backing crash. As with 2003, the majority of the left-turn crashes are
occurring during the AM peak hours and three of the four angle crashes occurred during the AM
peak hour also. The U-turn crash also occurred during this time period.


Since the majority of the left-turn crashes are isolated to the AM peak hour when the queues are
the longest, it is recommended that the northbound left-turn movement be restricted during this
time period only. The restricted northbound left-turn vehicles can use the next opening to the
north at SE 46th Lane at which there were approximately 24 northbound left-turns during the AM
peak hour. The diverted traffic can still access SE 47th Street via several north-south streets such
as SE 15th Avenue and Vincennes Boulevard. There have been only two northbound left-turn

S:\2051601\REPORTS\FINAL Cape Coral REVISED.doc      72                                     April 2007
                                                                    City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                      Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                       Surrounding Traffic Study


crashes at the SE 46th Lane intersection during the two-year study period. If the short-term
improvements at the Del Prado Boulevard/Cape Coral Parkway intersection result in a decrease
in the queues such that they are no longer stacking as far north as SE 47th Street, the left-turn
restriction would not be needed. This is not known until the actual traffic patterns are in place
with the improvements.


Due to the steady volume of traffic along this section of Del Prado Boulevard, it is recommended
that the median opening be modified to a bi-directional opening to eliminate the angle crashes.


The average crash rate for the intersection is 1.193 as compared to the statewide average of
0.566.


SE 47th Terrace at SE 10th Place (Two-way Stop)
There was only one crash reported at the intersection during 2003; an angle crash. There were
four additional crashes occurring at driveways in the vicinity. A pedestrian crash occurred west
of the intersection at a driveway, along with an angle crash and a collision with a parked car. A
backing crash occurred at a driveway south of the intersection.        The incidence of crashes
increased considerably in 2004, with six angle crashes and four left-turn crashes at the
intersection. There was also one collision with a pole involving a driver under the influence.
The crash data for 2005 and 2006 should be evaluated to see if the 2004 increase in crashes is the
development of a pattern or the result of an unusually high year.


The field review determined that the sight distance along SE 47th Terrace is restricted for SE 10th
Avenue motorists stopped at the stop bar. The southbound sight distance is restricted due to the
Vineyard Community Church sign located in the northwest quadrant.               Additionally, the
landscaping in the northeast quadrant blocks motorists’ view unless they move past the stop bar.
The sight distance from the northbound approach is also restricted due to landscaping. Visibility
is improved as motorists move closer to SE 47th Terrace. As with the intersection of SE 47th
Terrace at SE 15th Avenue, the cause of the increased crashes is not known. Currently, many
motorists on SE 10th Place view the main street traffic from behind the on-street parking lane on
SE 47th Terrace, limiting the sight triangle. This intersection, along with several others with on-

S:\2051601\REPORTS\FINAL Cape Coral REVISED.doc     73                                     April 2007
                                                                     City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                       Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                        Surrounding Traffic Study


street parking, is recommended for construction of curb extensions to reduce the pedestrian
crossing distance. The volume of truck traffic at this location will need to be considered with the
curb extensions. This improvement should also benefit the side street motorists in that they will
creep closer to the intersection with the resultant reduced crossing distance. A temporary option
to the curb extensions is the use of pavement markings to stripe out the pavement located
adjacent to the east-west through lane within the no parking area to narrow the roadway. This is
currently being used at the four-way stop intersection of SE 47th Terrace and Vincennes
Boulevard.


The relocation of the signal at Cape Coral Parkway and SE 10th Place to SE 9th Place is included
in the mid-term phased improvements. The relocation of the signal is expected to decrease the
volume of traffic on SE 10th Place, thereby reducing the potential for conflicts. In the interim, a
delay study should be conducted at this intersection to determine if the angle crashes are
occurring due to inadequate gaps in the SE 47th Terrace traffic or due to the motorists’ inability
to see clearly, or possibly a combination of both factors. If a delay study determines that there
are not sufficient gaps for the side street left-turn and through traffic, one option is to consider a
four-way stop (based on an engineering study with current eight-hour traffic volumes).
Conversion of a two-way stop intersection to a four-way stop intersection can reduce all crashes
by 53 to 74 percent. Another option is to restrict the side street movements to right-turns only
(with a study of the impacts of the diverted traffic). Restriction of SE 10th Place to right-turns
only will eliminate the right angle crashes.


Prior to any modifications to the intersection, additional studies are needed to collect traffic
counts, analyze more recent crash data, conduct a delay study, and conduct a speed study.
During the field review, the SE 47th Terrace motorists appeared to be typically traveling in
excess of the 30 mph posted speed limit. This could have an impact on the severity of crashes.


The average crash rate at the intersection is 1.412 as compared to the statewide average of 0.445.




S:\2051601\REPORTS\FINAL Cape Coral REVISED.doc       74                                      April 2007
                                                                     City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                       Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                        Surrounding Traffic Study


SE 47th Terrace at SE 6th Avenue (Two-way Stop)
During 2003, there were six crashes at the intersection, with two rear ends, two left-turns, one
angle, and one sideswipe type crash. All occurred in daylight conditions and three occurred on a
weekday during the AM peak hour. In 2004, there were seven crashes, of which six were angle
crashes and one was a left-turn crash. One of the seven crashes occurred during night-time
hours. Two of the crashes occurred during a weekday PM peak hour.


The intersection’s geometry has been modified since this traffic study began. The westbound
approach has been widened to add a long westbound right-turn lane. This was added per the
City’s requirements in conjunction with the construction of the Hampton Inn which is located in
the northeast quadrant of the intersection.


The addition of the right-turn lane at this location is in opposition to the pedestrian friendly goals
in this section of the study area. The widening of the roadway increases the pedestrian crossing
distance and provides an additional potential conflict point for both motorists and pedestrians.
Additionally, vehicle speeds may increase on this approach due to the additional pavement.
Based on the land uses in the vicinity, it does not appear that a right-turn lane is needed at this
location.


The mid-term improvements include construction of a single lane roundabout at this intersection.
The angle and left turn crashes will be eliminated with a roundabout and the overall crashes are
expected to be reduced significantly. In the short-term, the City should perform traffic counts,
vehicle delay studies, additional crash analysis, and field observations of the intersection to
determine the cause of the increase in crashes.


In the entire study area, rear-end crashes were the predominant type of crash, with 37 percent of
the crashes that occurred during the two-year study period. Rear end crashes are the predominant
type of crash in Florida and account for approximately 30 percent of all crashes. Rear end
crashes are typically caused by driver error due to following too closely in congested areas, bad
weather, last minute lane changes, and unexpected stops by motorists traveling at high speeds.



S:\2051601\REPORTS\FINAL Cape Coral REVISED.doc       75                                      April 2007
                                                                      City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                        Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                         Surrounding Traffic Study


As discussed previously, improved timing and coordination can reduce rear end crashes, as will
the additional capacity improvements that will relieve the excessively long queuing. Advanced
loops can minimize the unexpected stops created during the vehicle change interval. Rear end
crashes in the study area can be reduced with fewer access points. Besides the rear end crashes
that oftentimes occurred at driveways, left-turn and angle crashes at driveways were a common
occurrence throughout the study area. As discussed previously, there are an excessive number of
driveways in the study area, and they create additional conflict points and the potential for
crashes. The reduction of driveway spacing to a range of 300 to 600 feet can reduce crashes by
44 to 60 percent with a spacing of 600 to 1,000 feet.


The area wide short-term improvements include adding the missing advanced street name signs
at the following locations to reduce the incidence of lane changing:


•   Cape Coral Parkway/SE 10th Place/Leonard Street – eastbound
•   Cape Coral Parkway/Coronado Parkway – westbound
•   Cape Coral Parkway/Vincennes Boulevard – eastbound and westbound
•   Coronado Parkway/SE 47th Terrace – eastbound and westbound
•   Del Prado Boulevard/SE 47th Terrace – northbound


Night-time crashes accounted for 16 percent of all crashes. This is lower than the State’s
average of 34 percent for all roadways (includes rural and dusk and dawn conditions). The crash
data and the availability of light poles in the study area do not indicate a problem with night-time
crashes. Specific recommendations are not included for this lower than average rate. The scope
of the study did not include a night-time analysis of the roadways. Despite the high volume of
vehicles utilizing Del Prado Boulevard and Cape Coral Parkway, two fatal crashes in the entire
study area over the two-year study period is low. Angle crashes oftentimes result in injuries,
therefore the locations with a higher incidence (four or more per year) should be studied further
as indicated in the respective intersection discussions. The mid-term improvements, discussed in
the alternatives analysis section, include the recommendation for roundabouts, which eliminate
angles crashes.


S:\2051601\REPORTS\FINAL Cape Coral REVISED.doc      76                                     April 2007
                                                                   City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                     Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                      Surrounding Traffic Study


Although alcohol and drug related crashes occurred at virtually every intersection, and alcohol
use was involved in one of the two fatal crashes the State’s average for alcohol related fatal
crashes is 15 percent which is much higher than the 0.13 percent for the study area. The State’s
average for alcohol related crashes is 9 percent and the study area was 2.9 percent. Specific
recommendations are not included for this lower than average rate.


Wet pavement was involved in three percent of the 2003 crashes and five percent of the 2004
crashes. This is considerably lower than the statewide average of 12.5 percent. Therefore, no
specific recommendations are included to reduce wet pavement crashes.


Parking Distribution
The existing on-street parking in the study area was inventoried, and an assessment of parking
utilization was made during the field inventory. There are approximately 1,077 on-street parking
spaces in the study area. Of the 1,077 parking spaces, 359 (33 percent) were observed to be
occupied during the field inventory. Parking along SE 47th Terrace and along the majority of the
two-lane roadways in the study area is limited due to the numerous driveways. The driveways
prohibit parking at the street connections and adjacent to them on either side due to sight
obstructions created by parked vehicles. As discussed earlier, the elimination and consolidation
of driveways will provide safety benefits to motorists and pedestrians, as well as provide
additional parking. There are also several streets that are wide enough for on-street parking
where it is not currently provided.


The City provided a map of the parking lots (Figure 77) in the CRA and their respective number
of spaces. The occupancy of these lots was counted on a weekday between 10:00 AM and 2:00
PM. The City-owned lots front several blocks along the south side of SE 47th Terrace, thereby
limiting the pedestrian friendly qualities of this area. Utilization of these surface lots for new
businesses with the parking shifted to the rear and into parking structures would accommodate
the pedestrian-oriented goals of the area. Of the total 1,276 parking spaces available in the CRA
parking lots, 586 (46 percent) were observed to be occupied during the field inventory.
Appendix I shows the parking distribution by roadway segment. Figure 78 shows the parking



S:\2051601\REPORTS\FINAL Cape Coral REVISED.doc    77                                     April 2007
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   19
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           SE 11TH PL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          SE 11TH AVE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        SE 45TH ST
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    SE 10TH AVE
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             SE 9TH PL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          SE 9TH AVE
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                  SE 45TH TERR




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     393 Standeard




                                                                                                                                                                    SE 6T
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              54 Standard

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     20 Handicapped                                                                            Big John's




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                                                                                                                                                                                                          SE 46TH ST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2 Handicapped                                                                                                                                                                                                                             SE 46TH ST

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              56 Total                                                               413 Total                                                                                 Spaces:




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                SE 46TH TERR                                                                                                                                                                 SE 46TH TERR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               331 Standard




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                                                                                                                                                      SE 6TH AVE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               9 Handicapped




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    LN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               20
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        PL
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                                                                               SE 4TH PL




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             46
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Unpaved Spaces




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              SE 47TH ST                                                                                                                                                                                                                      SE 47TH ST                                                                                                                                 SE 47 TH ST
                    SE 47TH ST




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           SE 17TH PL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             SE 10TH PL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              SE 9TH PL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      SE 8TH CT




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            SE 15TH AVE
 SE 2ND CT




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                         SE 47TH TERR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              SE 17TH AVE
                                                                                                                SE 5TH PL
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                                                                                                                                                         62 Standard                                                                                                    LAFAYETTE ST                                                                                                          Iguana Mia




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                                                                                                                                                                                                       MANOR CT


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                                                 DR                                                                                                      65 Total                                                                                                                                                                                                                             177 Standard                                                                                                                              AI
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                            PA                                                                                                                                                        VIC                                                                                                              Kash N Karry                                                                           184 Total
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                                     N                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        VENDOME CT




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        NASSAU CT
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       191 Standard                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     EDITH ESPLANADE




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Figure 77: City of Cape Coral
                             Legend                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ITS ArcGIS Development Team
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 June 21, 2005




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              µ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 p:\projects\crat\....
                                        CRA Boundary


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Community Redevelopment Area
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 City of Cape Coral Data
                                        Parcel Boundary                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Created in ArcGIS 9 using ArcMap
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    NAD 1983 StatePlane Florida West FIPS 0902 Feet



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Parking Lots
                                        Parking Lots                                                                                            This map is not a survey and should not be used in place of a survey.
                                                                                                                                               While every effort is made to accurately depict the mapped area, errors
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Transverse_Mercator
                                                                                                                                               and omissions may occur. Therefore, the City of Cape Coral cannot be
                                                                                                                                                held liable for incidents that may result due to the improper use of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            False Easting: 656166.666667
                                          Feet                                                                                                  information presented on this map. This map is not intended for con-
                                                                                                                                                 struction, navigation or engineering calculations. Please contact the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               False Northing: 0.000000
                    0                     500                          1,000                                                                  Department of Community Development with any questions regarding this                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Central Meridian: -82.000000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Scale Factor: 0.999941
                                                                                                                                                                               map product.
                                                                                                                                                                 Prepared by: The City of CAPE CORAL
                                                                                                                                                                  Information and Technology Services
                                                                                                                                                                 Geographic Information Systems (GIS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Latitude Of Origin: 24.333333
                                                                   City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                     Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                      Surrounding Traffic Study


distribution on the roads in the study area and a comparison with the occupancy noted during the
field review.     The highest occupancy was in the Iguana Mia parking lot, with 71 percent
occupancy.


There is ample parking in the downtown Cape Coral area, although this may change as
redevelopment continues. There are safety concerns associated with the on-street parking on
Cape Coral Parkway. Cape Coral Parkway is a major arterial with 34,000+ vpd and based on the
City’s projected growth rate, the volumes are expected to double by 2030. Due to safety
concerns, on-street parking should be installed on lower volume, collector type roadways; not
multi-lane high volume arterials. The short-term improvements include removing the on-street
parking on Cape Coral Parkway.


The mid-term improvements include significant modifications to the typical sections of the
existing streets, and recommendations for new streets and street connections in the study area.
Figure 79 details the estimated parking distribution with the recommendations. New parking
structures are proposed in Club Square and on SE 47th Terrace, east of Vincennes Boulevard.
The overall goal is to maximize the on-street parking and minimize the large surface lots that
front the streets by consolidating and replacing them with parking structures behind businesses.
Figure 79 does not take into account the planned parking structures to be provided by private
developers that will include a mix of public and private parking spaces.


Kent Robertson, Ph.D, professor of community development at St. Cloud University (Minnesota)
provides the following insight in regards to downtown parking issues. “Many downtowns focus
too much attention on their perceived parking problems. Parking will not itself, lead to a
revitalized downtown. Parking should be viewed as a supportive tool to help make downtown
attractions easier to access. Increasing public awareness of the location of public parking
facilities should be a high priority. Improved directional signage to parking facilities is one
helpful technique, as is publicizing parking locations on websites, brochures, and newspaper
advertisements. On-street parking is usually the preferred parking location for drivers, because
the spots are very visible, as are their ultimate destinations after parking. On-street parking
provides a security buffer between moving vehicles and pedestrians on the sidewalk. Moreover,

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                                                                        City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                          Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                           Surrounding Traffic Study


the presence of parked cars along a street slows down traffic, not only making walking safer but
also allowing drivers more time to see downtown storefronts.” Patrons in Cape Coral also prefer
on-street parking. This was observed on several streets. For example, on Lafayette Street
vehicles were often observed parked on the street but not in the businesses’ parking lots.


“Generally speaking, off-street parking lots and structures should not be located on major
downtown commercial streets, in the middle of clusters of storefronts, at peak land value
intersections, or along primary pedestrian corridors.           These locations disrupt continuous
pedestrian flow, decreasing the potential volume of pedestrians passing in front of businesses.
Moreover, they can reduce densities and render the downtown less walkable. It is always
preferable to place these facilities behind main street commercial buildings, along streets with
less commercial activity that run parallel or perpendicular to the main street, or at the edges of
downtown.”


Pedestrian Facilities
Some pedestrian issues are general in nature and apply to all streets, regardless of width, traffic
volume, traffic speeds, etc. These are primarily related to accessibility standards and sidewalk
surfaces. The Code of Federal Regulations of ADA Standards for Accessible Design states the
following: “All areas of newly designed or newly constructed buildings and facilities required to
be accessible, and altered portions of existing buildings and facilities required to be accessible
shall comply with these guidelines.”              Therefore, the City should incorporate the ADA
requirements in conjunction with the new and altered facilities recommended in this study.


Sidewalk Surfacing
Sidewalk surfaces must be smooth, unobstructed by obstacles, and absent of any changes in level
that can be a tripping hazard or barrier to accessibility. Most of the sidewalks in the study area
are made of concrete, providing a smooth, level surface with good friction for traction.


There are a few places throughout the study area where sidewalks have settled or are buckled,
resulting in unacceptable changes in level. Current accessibility standards require that vertical
changes in level can be no higher than ¼-inch. Changes in level between ¼-inch and ½-inch are

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                                                                         City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                           Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                            Surrounding Traffic Study


allowed, but they must be beveled at a 1:2 slope (rise over run). Any change in level greater than
½-inch must be treated like a ramp – so the maximum allowable slope is 1:12 or 8.3 percent.


In some portions of the study area, particularly the downtown portions of Cape Coral Parkway,
brick pavers have been used to enhance the aesthetics of the area. Pavers must be used with care,
as it is often difficult to install and maintain them in a way that complies with accessibility
standards. The brick pavers along most of the downtown area are fairly small with only a small
amount of beveling at the edges. In most places, these pavers have a reasonably smooth surface
that complies with accessibility standards, although even this surface can create some difficulty
for wheelchair and cane users. At a few locations, the pavers have settled or buckled, making the
sidewalk surface out of compliance with standards for changes in level. One example is the
driveway that serves the McDonalds and the Exxon Station as shown in Figure 80.




                                Figure 80: Brick Pavers on Cape Coral Parkway


In order to maintain an accessible public right-of-way to meet the requirements of the Americans
with Disabilities Act (ADA), it is recommended that the City include a regular inspection of all
sidewalks as part of their maintenance program. Any sections of concrete sidewalk that are
found to not meet the standards outlined above should be replaced, ground down, or filled with
concrete to meet these standards. Any sections of brick paver sidewalk that are found to have
broken or uneven pavers must be repaired to ensure that the above standards are met.



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                                                                         City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                           Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                            Surrounding Traffic Study


Brick pavers with a large beveled edge should not be used on future projects. The beveled edge
is too large if it results in a typical wheelchair wheel dropping ¼-inch or more. Although the
small pavers used on Cape Coral Parkway meet accessibility standards, it is recommended that
these pavers not be used on future projects. One alternative method of providing an accessible
aesthetic sidewalk treatment is to use colored, fine-aggregate concrete, score the concrete in a
grid pattern, and expose the aggregate on every other square in the grid. Figure 81 shows where
this treatment was used for a crosswalk in Treasure Island, Florida.




                            Figure 81: Brick Pavers – Crosswalk in Treasure Island



At most of the corners along Cape Coral Parkway in the core area, larger pavers have been used.
While the larger pavers highlight the intersection areas, hopefully alerting drivers to the presence
of pedestrians, these large pavers with beveled edges might cause some of the smallest
wheelchair wheels to drop more than ¼-inch, resulting in what could be interpreted as an
unacceptable change in level. In addition, using the large, rough pavers at the ramps puts the
roughest sidewalk surface precisely at the location where pedestrians are turning and crossing the
street.




S:\2051601\REPORTS\FINAL Cape Coral REVISED.doc           84                                 April 2007
                                                                    City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                      Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                       Surrounding Traffic Study


Sidewalk Ramps
Many of the pedestrian ramps on the major streets do not comply with current accessibility
guidelines. None of the ramps in the study area include truncated domes as detectable warnings.
Since 2002, these have been required to let pedestrians with visual impairments know that they
are leaving the sidewalk area and entering the street. Any future ramp replacements must
include this feature.


Throughout most of the corridor, many of the older sidewalk ramps have grades steeper than the
8.3 percent maximum. In addition, accessibility standards require a landing at the top of all
ramps with a slope no greater than 1:48 (about two percent). This allows users to turn to use the
ramp or to bypass the ramp and continue along the sidewalk. Many of the old ramps do not have
this required landing or accessible route at the top of the ramp. Accessibility guidelines also
state that the use of two ramps per corner is preferred – but many of the corners in the study area
have only one ramp. There are some corners and mid-block crossings that do not have ramps at
all. One example is the mid-block crossing on Vincennes Boulevard north of 46th Street. In
constrained areas, unusual or custom ramp designs may be necessary to meet all of the ADA
requirements for sidewalk ramps. At most corners, reconfiguring the ramps to meet ADA
requirements will not require additional right-of-way. However, there may be a few extremely
constrained corners where right-of-way will be necessary, even with detailed custom ramp
design.


Along several streets in the study area (for example, Coronado Parkway and SE 47th Terrace),
many of the cross streets do not have sidewalks, so instead of wrapping the sidewalk around the
corner, the sidewalk ramps are built straight to the curb radius. The result is a warped ramp
slope and more cross-slope than the two percent maximum. In addition, the design of the
sidewalk ramps gives the impression that crossings of the major streets are not intended at these
intersections. At the T-intersections, there are no sidewalk ramps along the top of the T.


In the core area of Cape Coral Parkway where the recent streetscape project was installed, most
of the corners are “blended transitions”, where the sidewalk drops to the street level in a fairly
flat, almost imperceptible change of grade. These blended transitions are good for achieving

S:\2051601\REPORTS\FINAL Cape Coral REVISED.doc     85                                       April 2007
                                                                     City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                       Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                        Surrounding Traffic Study


appropriate slopes, but they make it especially important to add detectable warnings at the
corners, since the slight slope can be even more confusing for pedestrians with visual
impairments. There are some corners where a blended transition was planned, but existing
obstructions like buildings and poles made it impossible to install properly. For example, at the
northeast corner of the intersection of Cape Coral Parkway and Vincennes Boulevard, the ramp
results in a 16 percent cross slope for someone continuing around the corner, 8 times steeper than
the 2 percent maximum cross-slope. Instead of using a blended transition, a different type of
ramp design could be built to attain the appropriate slopes.


As is the case in most cities, many curb ramps in the study area are built with a lip or change in
level at the bottom. At ramp-street interfaces, accessibility guidelines indicate that the transition
must be flush; not even a ¼-inch lip is allowed.


Driveway Aprons
After sidewalk ramps, driveway aprons are typically the second most common area for
inconsistencies with accessibility standards.      The maximum allowable cross slope on the
accessible portion of all sidewalks is two percent. Driveway aprons are often been built with a
continuous slope up from the face of curb to the back of the sidewalk, especially in areas with
narrow curb-tight sidewalks. The City of Cape Coral is no exception. Many of the driveways on
streets throughout the study area have slopes that are much steeper than the maximum of two
percent allowed by accessibility standards.


Providing accessibility at driveways can be achieved using several methods as shown in Figure
82. Providing the required level area is easiest on sidewalks that are set back from the roadway
with a planting strip or on wide curb-tight sidewalks. In these areas, the necessary slope of the
driveway apron can take place in the planting strip or in the front part of the wide sidewalk,
allowing for a preferred width of five feet having no more than two percent cross slope.




S:\2051601\REPORTS\FINAL Cape Coral REVISED.doc      86                                      April 2007
                                                                          City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                            Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                             Surrounding Traffic Study




               Preferred                  Conditionally Acceptable              Not Acceptable
                            Figure 82: Sketches of Options for Accessible Driveways


There are some examples of this design in the study area, including one at the driveway for Team
Title, on the north side of Cape Coral Parkway just east of Vincennes Boulevard. At this
particular driveway, the actual cross slope at the rear portion of the sidewalk is three percent, just
slightly steeper than the maximum slope. On other streets like SE 46th Lane and Miramar Street
that have planting strips, most of the driveways are built with a continuous slope that is out of
compliance with accessibility standards. However, some of the driveways in these areas are built
with the appropriate slope in the planting strip and “level” sidewalk through the driveway.
Examples of a good and a poor driveway are shown in Figures 83 and 84, respectively.




            Figure 83: Miramar Street –                                Figure 84: Miramar Street –
               Good Driveway Design                                       Poor Driveway Design

Major Arterial Streets
The signalized intersections and four-way stop intersections were inventoried with respect to
pedestrian use and are described in Table 7.             In order to assess and report other existing
conditions for pedestrian travel in the Cape Coral Downtown CRA, streets were grouped by
combining those with similar cross sections, traffic conditions, and pedestrian activity. The first
group of streets consists of the major arterial streets.

S:\2051601\REPORTS\FINAL Cape Coral REVISED.doc           87                                         April 2007
                                                                                                                        Table 7: Pedestrian Intersection Inventory
                Index      Major Street    Minor Street         Intersection Geometry            Crosswalk Geometry         Crosswalk Markings              Pedestrian Signals              Sidewalk Ramp Placement              Sidewalk Ramp Design           Detectable Warning on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Ramps

                                                           Corner Radii1: SE=25'; NE=30';         Due to the large corner
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              All sidewalk ramps are
                                                                                                                                                                                           On the NW and NE corners, a
                                                             SW=30'; NW=35'. D=30. The          radii, the crosswalk on the
                                                                                                                                                     The pedestrian signals across         single sidewalk ramp is placed  perpendicular ramps with no
                                                           especially large corner radius on     west minor leg is 119 feet   The crosswalks are
                                                                                                                                                         the minor legs require            where it aims toward the center   landing at the top of the
                                                             the NW corner allows drivers           long. The north leg      marked with only two
                                                                                                                                                       pushbutton actuation.4 The          of the intersection even though ramp.6 In addition, the ramp
                                                            making a southbound right turn     crosswalk is closed entirely. transverse lines3, and
                             Del Prado       Coronado                                                                                               pedestrian pushbuttons are the            the north leg crosswalk is      on the NE corner has a
                   1                                          to do so at fairly high speed,    This was done to eliminate    the markings on all                       5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        None
                             Boulevard       Parkway                                                                                                                                       closed. This places pedestrians running slope of 12%, and
                                                            concurrent with the walk signal    conflicts with the eastbound crosswalks are very older, small variety. During the
                                                                                                                                                    field survey on October 20, the          very close to the conflicting  one of the ramps on the SE
                                                           across Coronado. This results in       left turn, but crosswalk    worn so they are not
                                                                                                                                                     pedestrian signal head on the             traffic on Del Prado and       corner has a very steep
                                                           a potentially hazardous situation    removal has other negative     visible to drivers.
                                                                                                                                                     SE corner was knocked down.             contributes to the excessive    portion at the base of the
                                                              where drivers do not readily           consequences for
                                                                                                                                                                                                   crosswalk length.                  ramp.7
                                                                  yield to pedestrians.                 pedestrians.2

                                                         This signalized intersection is                                                                                                                                        One of the sidewalk ramps
                                                              slightly offset from an           The crosswalk across the                             The pedestrian signals across
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                on the NE corner is placed
                                                         unsignalized intersection at SE       south leg is closed, but this                             the minor leg require             The sidewalk ramps on the NE
                                                                                                                              The crosswalks are                                                                                so the sloped portion of the
                                                        42nd Street. This might result in      is reasonable since this is a                          pushbutton actuation.4 The            corner are placed in awkward       ramp meets the curb at a 75°
                                                                                                                             marked with only two
                                                        drivers not stopping at the signal          T-intersection. The                             pedestrian pushbuttons are the           positions, complicating the
                                                                                                                             transverse lines3, and                                                                             angle.9 The other sidewalk
                             Del Prado                  after making right turns from SE       crosswalk across the north                              older, small variety.5 The           missing sidewalk problem. On
                   2                      Beach Parkway                                                                       the markings on all                                                                                 ramps are perpendicular               None
                             Boulevard                      42nd Street, endangering           leg has a bend in it. This is                        pushbutton on the NE corner is         the SE corner of Del Prado and
                                                                                                                              crosswalks are very                                                                              ramps with no landing at the
                                                         pedestrians crossing Del Prado        not recommended because                               placed very poorly, making it         SE 42nd Street, a single ramp is
                                                                                                                              worn so they are not                                              intended to serve both          top of the ramp.6 The ramp
                                                         Boulevard, On the NE corner,             it can be confusing for                           extremely hard for pedestrians
                                                                                                                               visible to drivers.                                                                             on the SW corner has an out-
                                                          the sidewalk along Del Prado           visually and cognitively                             with disabilities to find it or                crosswalks.8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   of-compliance slope of
                                                          Blvd. does not connect to the            impaired pedestrians.                                       activate it.
                                                        sidewalk along Beach Parkway.                                                                                                                                                      10%.7

                                                                                                The north leg crosswalk is
                                                                                                                                                        The pedestrian signals across
                                                         Corner Radii: NE= 30'; SE=30';           closed.2 In this case, the                                                                                                    The sidewalk ramps on the
                                                                                                                                                            the minor legs require         The sidewalk ramps on the NW
                                                         NW=20' with taper; SW=25' with        crosswalk closure cannot be                                                                                                     NW, SW, and SE corner are
                                                                                                                                                        pushbutton actuation.4 On the         and NE corners are placed        perpendicular ramps without
                                                         taper.1 The tapers on 46th Street      justified because of a high                                                                  outside of the crosswalks. On
                                                                                                                                                       other hand, if there is time left
                                                               widen the street at the              number of conflicting                                                                                                       landings.6 These ramps are
                                                                                                                             The crosswalks are       in the concurrent green interval,    the SW and SE corners, a single
                             Del Prado                     intersection and increase the        vehicular movements; the marked with only two                                                                                  also sloped at 10% to 11%. 7
                   3                      SE 46th Street                                                                                                  the walk signal comes up          ramp serves both crosswalks.8                                               None
                             Boulevard                     effective turning radius. This        turning movement counts                                                                                                       The ramp on the NW corner
                                                                                                                              transverse lines.3       immediately on actuation. The        On the SE corner, a signal box
                                                            close to the core area, it is        indicate that the north leg                                                                                                     also has a severe lip at the
                                                                                                                                                      pushbuttons are too small.5 The       and pedestal blocks all but 1.5
                                                           especially important to keep         has about half the number                                                                                                       joint between the sidewalk
                                                                                                                                                      pushbuttons on the NE and NW         feet of the sidewalk near the top
                                                          effective turning radii small to       of potentially conflicting                                                                                                    and the curb and a lip in the
                                                                                                                                                        corner are placed very poorly                 of the ramp.
                                                               slow turning vehicles.             turning vehicles than the                                                                                                         middle of the ramp.10
                                                                                                                                                      and set back from the sidewalk.
                                                                                                         south leg.
                                                                                                                                                       The pedestrian signals across
                                                             Corner Radii: NW=25' with                                                                the minor leg require actuation
                                                          taper; NE=25' with taper; SE=25'                                    The crosswalks are
                                                                                                                                                        by pushbutton,4 although the
                                                           with taper; SW=30' with taper.1                                  marked with only two
                                                                                                                                                            walk signal comes up
                                                            The tapers on SE 47th Terrace                                    transverse lines.3 In        immediately. One of the                                             All sidewalk ramps are
                                                                 widen the street at the                                    addition, the markings    pedestrian signal heads for the        On all four corners, a single perpendicular ramps with no
                             Del Prado
                   4                      SE 47th Terrace    intersection and increase the                Good              on the north and south                                                                                                                      None
                             Boulevard                                                                                                                    north crosswalk is poorly         ramp serves both crosswalks.8    landing at the top of the
                                                             effective turning radius. This                                  leg crosswalks have
                                                                                                                                                       located.11 The pushbuttons on                                                  ramp.6
                                                              close to the core area, it is                                 been entirely worn off
                                                                                                                                                       the NW, SE, and SW corners
                                                              espcially important to keep                                   so they are not visible
                                                            effective turning radii small to                                      to drivers.           are too small5 and are placed
                                                                 slow turning vehicles.                                                                 poorly and set back from the
                                                                                                                                                                  sidewalk.




S:\2051601\REPORTS\Table7 .xls                                                                                                               88                                                                                                                                         April 2007
                                                                                                                           Table 7: Pedestrian Intersection Inventory
                Index      Major Street   Minor Street         Intersection Geometry               Crosswalk Geometry            Crosswalk Markings         Pedestrian Signals           Sidewalk Ramp Placement           Sidewalk Ramp Design            Detectable Warning on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Ramps

                                                                                                                                                       The pedestrian signals across
                                                                                                                              The crosswalks on the                                                                       The ramps on the SE corner
                                                                Corner Radii: NW=35'                                                                        the minor leg require
                                                                                                                               north, east and south                                                                     only have a 2' landing;6 One
                                                            (truncated); SE=27'; SW=34'. 1                                     legs and the slip lane
                                                                                                                                                      pushbutton actuation, but this is
                                                                                                  The crosswalk across the
                                                          The NE corner has a channelized                                                              practical for an intersection of                                    has a 4% cross slope6 and
                                                                                                  south leg has a bend in it. crosswalk are marked
                                                           right turn slip lane with about a                                       with only two
                                                                                                                                                           two major streets. The       The NW and SW corners have a     the other has a vertical lip.10
                             Del Prado     Cape Coral                                             This is not recommended
                   5                                      80' radius that allows high speed                                                           pushbuttons are too small.5 The "blended transition", a large       These two ramps also have                None
                             Boulevard      Parkway                                              because it can be confusing transverse lines.3 It is
                                                          turns. Interestingly, although it is                                                          buttons on the SE corner are        single ramp per corner.8        steep slopes (15% and
                                                                                                 for visually and cognitively especially important to
                                                             designed as a free-flow lane,
                                                                                                    impaired pedestrians.     include high-visibility
                                                                                                                                                       placed 4 feet away behind the                                     12%).7 The ramp on the NW
                                                             many drivers were observed                                                                back of the sidewalk. Median                                         corner has a very steep
                                                                                                                               crosswalks at the slip
                                                           yielding to traffic on Del Prado.                                                           pushbuttons would be helpful                                                  curb.7
                                                                                                                                        lane
                                                                                                                                                         on the west and south legs

                                                                                                  The crosswalks across the                                                                                              All four ramps are built with
                                                          Corner Radii: NW=35'; NE= 34';
                                                                                                   west and east legs of the                           All pushbuttons are too small.5
                                                                 SE=34'; SW=35'.1 This                                                                                                                                    concrete pavers.12 On the
                                                                                                 intersection are set back too                         The buttons on the SW corner
                                                            intersection is the center of the                                                                                               All four corners have a        NE corner, the ramp is a
                            Cape Coral      Vincennes                                              far from the intersection,                              are placed poorly. The
                   6                                       downtown area, so these overly                                              Good                                              "blended transition", a large    perpendicular ramp with a                None
                             Parkway        Boulevard                                            resulting in poor sight lines                          pedestrian signal heads have
                                                               large radii are particularly                                                                                                single ramp per corner.8       16% running slope7 and a
                                                                                                      for southbound and                              "WALK" and "DON'T WALK"
                                                          inappropriate, allowing drivers to                                                                                                                                5% cross-slope6 on the
                                                                                                   northbound right-turning                                   word messages.13
                                                          turn too fast for pedestrian safety.                                                                                                                                landing at the top.
                                                                                                            drivers.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         All four ramps are built with
                                                                                                  The crosswalks across the
                                                        Corner Radii: NW=33'; NE= 33';                                                                                                                                   concrete pavers.12 On the SE
                                                                                                   west and east legs of the
                                                              SE=36'; SW=33'.1 This                                                                                                                                           corner, the ramp is a
                                                                                                 intersection are set back too
                                             SE 10th     intersection is near the center of                                                           All pushbuttons are too small.5       All four corners have a        perpendicular ramp with a
                            Cape Coral                                                             far from the intersection,
                   7                      Place/Leonard    the downtown area, so these                                                 Good           The buttons on the NE corner       "blended transition", a large    10% running slope.7 On the               None
                             Parkway                                                             resulting in poor sight lines
                                              Street    overly large radii are particularly                                                                 are placed poorly.             single ramp per corner.8       NW corner, the gutter dips
                                                                                                      for southbound and
                                                        inappropriate, allowing drivers to                                                                                                                                  sharply at the base of the
                                                                                                   northbound right-turning
                                                        turn too fast for pedestrian safety.                                                                                                                             ramp, creating too steep of a
                                                                                                            drivers.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     slope.7
                                                                                           The crosswalks across the
                                                                                         north leg of the intersection
                                                                                                                                                       The pedestrian signals across   On all four corners, a single
                                                                                          is set back too far from the
                                                                                                                                                      the minor leg require actuation ramp serves both crosswalks,
                                                                                            intersection, resulting in                                                                                                All four ramps are built with
                                                                                                                                                       by pushbutton,4 although the   although the ramps on the NE
                            Cape Coral      Coronado      Corner Radii: NW=30'; NE= 34';        poor sight lines for                                                                                                   concrete pavers.12 On the
                   8                                                             1                                                     Good                walk signal comes up        and SE corners are blended                                                  None
                             Parkway        Parkway              SE=40'; SW=35'.            westbound right-turning                                                                                                    SW corner, the curb has a
                                                                                                                                                      immediately. The pushbuttons transitions.8 On the NE and SE
                                                                                             drivers. The end of this                                                                                                         16% slope.7
                                                                                                                                                       on the SW corner are placed corners, there are drain grates at
                                                                                         crosswalk leads directly to a
                                                                                                                                                                  poorly.                the bottom of the ramps.
                                                                                              signal pole on the NE
                                                                                                      corner.
                                                                                                                                                        The pedestrian signals across
                                                        Corner Radii: NW=28'; NE= 28';
                                                                                                                                                      the minor legs require actuation                                All four ramps are built with
                                                         SE=30' with taper; SW=30'.1
                                             SE 6th                                                                                                                    4
                                                                                                                                                        by pushbutton, although the                                       concrete pavers.12 The
                            Cape Coral                    The taper on Tarpon Court                                                                                                     On all four corners, a single
                   9                      Avenue/Tarpon                                                     Good                       Good                 walk signal comes up                                      ramps are parallel ramps and                 None
                             Parkway                         widens the street at the                                                                                                  ramp serves both crosswalks.8
                                              Court                                                                                                    immediately. The pushbuttons                                     the bottom landings have
                                                         intersection and increases the
                                                                                                                                                         on the SE corner are placed                                   cross slopes of 3% to 5.5% 7
                                                            effective turning radius.
                                                                                                                                                                   poorly.




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                                                                                                                          Table 7: Pedestrian Intersection Inventory
                Index      Major Street      Minor Street        Intersection Geometry             Crosswalk Geometry           Crosswalk Markings               Pedestrian Signals           Sidewalk Ramp Placement            Sidewalk Ramp Design        Detectable Warning on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ramps
                                                                                                                                                            The pedestrian signals across
                                                                                                                                                           the minor legs require actuation
                                                                                                                                                             by pushbutton,4 although the                                  All four ramps are built with
                                                                                                                                                                walk signal comes up                                       concrete pavers.12 The ramp
                            Cape Coral        Palm Tree      Corner Radii: NW=33'; NE= 28';                                                                                                  On all four corners, a single
                  10                                                                                       Good                          Good              immediately. The buttons on the                                    on the SW corner is a                    None
                             Parkway          Boulevard             SE=31'; SW=27'.1                                                                                                        ramp serves both crosswalks.8
                                                                                                                                                             NE corner are placed poorly                                   perpendicular ramp with no
                                                                                                                                                              and the buttons on the SE                                         landing at the top.7
                                                                                                                                                             corner are set back from the
                                                                                                                                                                      sidewalk.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                The ramp on the NW corner
                                                             Corner radius: NW=31'. The NE                                                                  The pedestrian signals across
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   has a 12% slope and no
                                                               corner has a channelized free-                                                              the minor leg require actuation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   landing at the top.7 The Most ramps have none. The
                                                                flow right turn slip lane with   The crosswalk across the                                   by pushbutton,4 although the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ramp on the SW corner has a ramp on the NW corner has
                            Cape Coral       Santa Barbara     about a 40' radius that allows east leg is closed, but this is                                   walk signal comes up          On the NW corner, a single
                  11                                                                                                                     Good                                                                                   10% slope and the landing is   a tactile warning that
                             Parkway          Boulevard       fairly high speed turns. Drivers reasonable since this is a T-                                   immediately when the          ramp serves both crosswalks.8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 not continuous (i.e. there is doesn't meet current
                                                              making this turn were observed           intersection.                                         pushbutton is pushed. The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                not an accessible route along        standards.
                                                             driving aggressively, intimidating                                                            pushbuttons on the NW corner
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                the sidewalk at the top of the
                                                             pedestrians crossing the slip lane.                                                                   are too small.5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ramp).7
                                                                                                                                                The pedestrian signals across
                                                                                                                                              the minor legs require actuation                On the NW and NE corners, a
                                                                                            The crosswalk across the                                                                                                              Ramps on the NE and SE The ramps on the NW, NE,
                                                                                                                                                                                                 single ramp serves both
                                                                                           east leg has a bend in it due                       by pushbutton.4 All but two of                                                   corners have slopes ranging and SE corners have none.
                                                                                                                                                the eight pushbuttons are too                   crosswalks.8 The ramp for
                                                                                           to a poor location of one of                                                                                                            from 10% to 15% and
                                                                                                                                                                                             crossing Coronado Parkway on                                      The ramps on the SW
                                                            Corner Radii: NW=29'; NE= 33';
                                                                                           the ramps in the SE corner. The crosswalks are          small.5 Five of the eight                                                    landing slopes ranging from corner have an old style
                             Coronado                                                                                                                                                        the SW corner is placed too far
                  12                        SE 47th Terrace                                  Bent crosswalks are not     marked with only two pushbuttons are placed away
                             Parkway                               SE=34'; SW=35'.1                                                                                                            south, resulting in poor sight   5% to 7%.7 The ramp on the    truncated dome design
                                                                                           recommended because they       transverse lines.3    from the crosswalk that they                                                    NW corner hits the curb at a pressed into the concrete,
                                                                                                                                                                                             lines for pedestrians. Ramps on
                                                                                               can be confusing for                            control. The pedestrian signal
                                                                                                                                                                                               the NE and SE corners have        60° angle9 and has an 11%     but the domes are not
                                                                                             visually and cognitively                             heads have "WALK" and
                                                                                                                                                                                               landings that are blocked by            cross-slope. 7            properly formed.
                                                                                              impaired pedestrians.                                "DON'T WALK" word
                                                                                                                                                                                                           poles.
                                                                                                                                                         messages.13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               All sidewalk ramps are
                                                                  Vincennes Boulevard is
                                              Vincennes                                                                          The crosswalk on the                                         On all four corners, a single perpendicular ramps with no
                  13      SE 47th Terrace                        unnecessarily wide in this                Good                                                         N/A                                                                                            None
                                              Boulevard                                                                         north leg is not marked.                                     ramp serves both crosswalks.8    landing at the top of the
                                                                        location.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ramp.6




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                                                                                                                        Table 7: Pedestrian Intersection Inventory
                Index      Major Street     Minor Street         Intersection Geometry           Crosswalk Geometry         Crosswalk Markings            Pedestrian Signals          Sidewalk Ramp Placement           Sidewalk Ramp Design          Detectable Warning on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Ramps

                                                                                                                                                                                                                       The ramps on the SW and
                                                               Offset intersection results in
                                             Palm Tree                                                                      The crosswalks are not                                                                    SE corners are perpendicular
                  14      SE 47th Terrace                         unusual conditions for                  N/A                                                    N/A                              Good                                                        None
                                             Boulevard                                                                             marked.                                                                            ramps with no landing at the
                                                                pedestrians and motorists.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           top of the ramp.6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         All sidewalk ramps are
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      perpendicular ramps with no
                                                                 Vincennes Boulevard is                                                                                                 On the NE, SE, and SW
                             Vincennes                                                                                      The crosswalk on the                                                                        landing at the top of the
                  15                        SE 46th Lane        unnecessarily wide in this                Good                                                   N/A                  corners, a single ramp serves                                           None
                             Boulevard                                                                                     north leg is not marked.                                                                   ramp.6 The ramp on the NE
                                                                       location.                                                                                                           both crosswalks.8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      corner hits the curb at a 45°
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 angle.9
                            Cape Coral                                                                                        The crosswalks are not
                  16                         Miramar Street                 Good                             N/A                                                       N/A                             Good                             Good                         None
                               Street                                                                                                   marked.
                         Notes:
                         1. Corner radii: Large corner radii create two problems. First, they increase the crosswalk length and exposure time for pedestrians. Second, the larger the corner radius, the faster drivers can turn, resulting in hazardous conditions.
                         2. Crosswalk Closure: Crosswalk closures can put pedestrians in greater danger by requiring them to cross 3 legs of the intersection or encouraging them to cross without the pedestrian signal.
                         3. High-visibility markings: Longitudinal ("ladder" or "continental" markings improve the visibility of the crosswalks for drivers). In addition, if longitudinal markings are placed to avoid the wheel paths of vehicles, maintenance costs can be
                         reduced significantly.
                         4. Pedestrian signal actuation: Proactive pedestrian accommodation includes placing the walk signals on recall whenever the concurrent green signal is on recall. This is standard FDOT practice.
                         5. Pushbutton Size: Current accessibility guidelines require buttons with a 2-inch diameter; these are readily available from many manufacturers.
                         6. Ramp landings: Accessibility guidelines require that all ramps have a 4' wide landing with a slope of no more than 2% at the top and the bottom to allow disabled pedestrians to stop, rest, and turn safely.
                         7. Ramp running slope: Accessibility standards require that ramps be no steeper than 8.3% (1:12).
                         8. Number of ramps: Accessibility guidelines recommend two ramps per corner whenever possible. At some corners, this is impossible due to the geometry, but generally 2 ramps should be used whenever possible. A "blended transition" ramp is a
                         single ramp that is larger than a normal ramp, so it is a reasonable solution. However, two ramps are still preferred, and the blended transition can encourage motorists to drive on the sidewalk when making right turns.
                         9. Grade changes on ramps: Current accessibility guidelines require that grade changes take place at right angles. This means that the sloped portion of a perpendicular ramp must meet the curb at 90°.
                         10. Lips on ramps: Current accessibility guidelines require that there be no vertical change in level at all transitions from ramps to landings and to the street.
                         11. Pedestrian signal head placement: Pedestrian signal heads should be placed where pedestrians expect them - in line with the crosswalk markings or at least fairly close.
                         12. Pavers on Ramps: For all pedestrian areas, concrete pavers create a slightly uneven surface that is more difficult for some disabled pedestrians. On ramps it is even more important to maintain a smooth surface due to the fact that pedestrians
                         are climbing and descending and trying to get into and out of the street.
                         13. Pedestrian Signal Display: The MUTCD currently requires symbolized walk and don't walk messages on pedestrian signals. Existing word messages are allowed to be left in place for the rest of their useful life.


               Legend: NE - northeast
                       SE - southeast
                       NW - northwest
                       SW - southwest
                       FDOT - Florida Department of Transportation
                       MUTCD - Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices




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                                                                      City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                        Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                         Surrounding Traffic Study


Cape Coral Parkway and Del Prado Boulevard from Cape Coral Parkway to Coronado Parkway
function quite differently than the other streets in the study area. They are the primary east-west
and north-south routes in the downtown area. These are the only four- and six-lane streets that
are fronted primarily by commercial land uses. Thus, they have the common suburban arterial
combination of high traffic volumes and demand for commercial access that makes it difficult to
provide safe and convenient pedestrian access along and, in particular, across these streets.


The following general issues related to pedestrian travel have been identified for these major
arterial streets:


•   There are long blocks throughout Cape Coral Parkway and Del Prado Boulevard, even in the
    downtown area. Like most suburban arterials, only some of the intersections are signalized.
    Away from signalized intersections, there are few marked or enhanced crosswalks to help
    provide guidance to pedestrians and inform motorists of the frequent pedestrian activity that
    occurs in downtown. The one existing marked crosswalk at the monument on Cape Coral
    Parkway provides no enhancement over the most basic of crosswalk markings and signs.
    Street crossing enhancements away from signalized intersections are critical in creating a
    walkable downtown core and fringe.


•   In the core area on Cape Coral Parkway, traffic speeds are fairly low due to congestion and a
    fair amount of friction. Traffic speeds are higher on Del Prado Boulevard, on Cape Coral
    Parkway east of Del Prado Boulevard and on the west end of Cape Coral Parkway.


•   At many of the intersections of the major arterial streets with less traveled streets, fairly large
    corner radii have been constructed. For example, at the intersection of Cape Coral Parkway
    and SE 15th Avenue, the corner radii on the north side of Cape Coral Parkway are 35 feet.
    Large radii increase the crossing distance for pedestrians and allow drivers to make higher
    speed right-turning movements. In the core area of Cape Coral Parkway, the large radii are
    compounded by the fact that the parking lane allows for cars to turn at a much larger
    effective radius, further increasing the speeds that drivers can turn, endangering pedestrians
    and discouraging the required yielding behavior. Table 7 (Pedestrian Intersection Inventory)

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                                                        Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                         Surrounding Traffic Study


    identifies existing corner radii at signalized intersections that are larger than 25 feet. If these
    intersections are reconstructed in the future, all corner radii that are larger than 25 feet should
    be reduced during the design. This design process should include an evaluation of the size
    and frequency of trucks making right turns or anticipated to make right turns, and an
    appropriate design vehicle should be chosen for each corner. Each corner should then be
    designed while considering that the design vehicle will turn from the right lane into all
    receiving lanes on the roadway onto which the vehicle is turning.


•   For the most part, sidewalks are in place along both sides of these major streets. In addition,
    on Cape Coral Parkway, the sidewalks abut either a planting strip or a line of trees that act as
    a buffer between pedestrians and traffic. On Del Prado Boulevard, there is no buffer. On the
    higher volume streets with higher speeds, this buffer is very important and must be
    maintained whenever possible.


Minor Arterial Streets
Minor arterial or major collector streets still carry a significant amount of traffic, but they have
lower traffic volumes and typically less commercial frontage than the major arterial streets. The
streets in this category include Coronado Parkway, Del Prado Boulevard (south of Cape Coral
Parkway), SE 47th Terrace, Vincennes Boulevard, Miramar Street, and Beach Parkway. The
character of the streets in this group varies from street to street; some are primarily residential in
nature (e.g., Coronado Parkway) and others have more commercial land uses (e.g., SE 47th
Terrace).


The following general pedestrian issues have been identified on the minor arterial streets:


•   One important factor about several of these streets is that they provide an alternative to the
    major arterial streets. Coronado Parkway provides a good connection from the west to the
    north through the study area, and SE 47th Terrace and Miramar Street provide an alternative
    to Cape Coral Parkway. Because of this role, these streets carry significantly more traffic
    during peak hours than other parts of the day, and the volumes are projected to increase as
    the City continues to grow.

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                                                                     City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                       Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                        Surrounding Traffic Study


•   With a few exceptions, the blocks are fairly short on the minor arterial streets. Traffic signals
    are typically only located where these streets cross major arterial streets or other minor
    arterial streets. However, due to the nature of these streets, signals are not as important in
    providing quality pedestrian crossings. Additional marked and enhanced crossings will be
    helpful in improving the walkability of the area. For example, there are no crosswalks
    marked across Miramar Street except at its termini at Coronado Parkway and Del Prado
    Boulevard. On Vincennes Boulevard, there are several marked crosswalks, but they do not
    have any pedestrian safety enhancements.


•   Most of the minor arterial streets have sidewalks on at least one side of the street, and the
    sidewalks are separated by planting strips. For this classification of street, it is important to
    have sidewalks and planter strips on both sides of the street. Miramar Street is a good
    example of a major collector street with sidewalks on only one side of the street, requiring
    pedestrians on the south side to walk along the edge of the road or cross the street twice.
    Miramar Street is on the City of Cape Coral five-year sidewalk plan for sidewalk installation
    on the south side in 2006/2007.


•   Traffic speeds vary on the minor collector streets. The wider streets like Coronado Parkway
    regularly experience higher traffic speeds, while others like SE 47th Terrace have somewhat
    lower speeds. Minor arterial and major collector streets can sometimes be retrofitted with
    traffic calming measures, but this can be difficult due to emergency response needs.


Minor Collector Streets
The next classification of streets are the minor collectors – streets that serve very little through
traffic, but are used by motorists to get from arterial streets to local streets. The streets in this
group include SE 44th Street, SE 46th Street, SE 46th Lane, Palm Tree Boulevard, Cape Coral
Street/SE 15th Avenue, Orchid Boulevard, and SE 45th Street east of Orchid Boulevard. The
minor collector streets typically have residential land uses, but a few have some commercial land
use as well.




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                                                                     City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                       Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                        Surrounding Traffic Study


The following general pedestrian issues have been identified on the minor collector streets:


•   Marked crosswalks are generally not needed for minor collector streets. The main concern
    for pedestrian crossing safety is ensuring that speeds are low. Most of these streets have
    fairly long, uninterrupted street segments, which results in some drivers going faster than the
    preferred speeds for pedestrian safety. The use of traffic calming measures can maintain a
    more appropriate and consistent speed profile along these streets. The City of Cape Coral is
    in the process of defining a policy regarding a traffic calming program.


•   Sidewalks should generally be built on both sides of minor collector streets. The minor
    collector streets in the study area generally have sidewalks on only one side of the street or
    no sidewalks at all.


Local Streets
The remaining streets in the study area can be classified as local streets. The local streets are
typically residential streets, but a few have commercial land use as well. Like the minor
collector streets, marked crosswalks are typically not necessary and traffic calming used
judiciously in areas with speeding problems can greatly improve pedestrian safety. On local
streets, it is usually best to have sidewalks on at least one side of the street, although short dead
end streets can be adequate without sidewalks. Most of the local streets in the study area do not
have sidewalks at all, although a few have sidewalks on one side. Retrofitting sidewalks onto
these streets would generally be a lower priority than adding sidewalks on streets with higher
classifications. Table 7 shows a detailed analysis of the pedestrian facilities by intersection.


Intersection Analysis (Existing Conditions)
The 2005 intersection TMCs were provided by Lee County for the intersection of Del Prado
Boulevard and Cape Coral Parkway and by the City of Cape Coral for the remaining 11
signalized intersections and the four, four-way stop locations in the study area.


The TMCs for the intersections were counted during different times of the day and month;
therefore, the volumes were adjusted using the monthly factors from permanent count stations #2

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                                                             Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                              Surrounding Traffic Study


(Del Prado Boulevard south of Cornwallis) and #56 (Cape Coral Parkway west of Palm Tree
Boulevard) from the 2004 Lee County Traffic Count Report. The 2005 TMCs were converted to
2006 volumes using growth factors provided by the City (shown in Table 8) to be used in the
study area as the existing conditions.


                                        Table 8: Annual Growth Factors
                Roadway                       2005 to 2020 Growth Rate       2020 to 2030 Growth Rate
Cape Coral Parkway                                       5%                             3%
Del Prado Boulevard                                      5%                             3%
Streets South of Cape Coral Parkway                      3%                            1.5%
Coronado Parkway                                         5%                             3%
SE 47th Terrace                                          5%                             3%
Vincennes Boulevard                                      5%                             3%
Palm Tree Boulevard                                      5%                             3%
All Streets East of Del Prado Boulevard                  3%                            1.5%
Between Coronado Parkway and Del
                                                        3%                            1.5%
Prado Boulevard (all other streets)


Existing peak hour factors were calculated by movement and used for the existing conditions
analysis. Appendix J shows the 2006 TMCs in tabular format and the peak hour factors used for
the 2006 existing conditions analysis for the intersections in the study area. Figure 85 shows the
2006 TMCs. The traffic counts provided by the County for the intersection of Del Prado
Boulevard at Cape Coral Parkway were not adjusted since the adjustment factor was 0.98 for the
time period counted. Therefore a factor of 1.0 was assumed for the intersection.


As shown in Figure 85, the highest volume intersections are at Cape Coral Parkway/Del Prado
Boulevard, Cape Coral Parkway/Coronado Parkway, Cape Coral Parkway/Santa Barbara
Boulevard and Del Prado Boulevard/Coronado Parkway. At the intersection of Cape Coral
Parkway and Del Prado Boulevard, there are 4,700 and 5,700 vehicles per hour (vph) during the
AM and PM peak hours, respectively.


During the PM peak hour the westbound right turn onto SE 17th Place from Cape Coral Parkway
is 550 vehicles. These motorists are choosing to bypass the Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado
Boulevard intersection where there are 1,200+ westbound right-turn vph.




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                                                                   City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                     Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                      Surrounding Traffic Study


The southbound left-turn on Del Prado Boulevard to Cape Coral Parkway ranges from 590 to
1,226 vph throughout the highest eight hours of the day.


The most significant eastbound left-turn volume on Cape Coral Parkway is at Palm Tree
Boulevard, with 400+ vehicles during the AM peak hour and 239 vehicles during the PM peak
hour. Palm Tree Boulevard provides a connection to SE 47th Terrace and continues north one
and a half miles to connect to Country Club Boulevard.


The southbound left-turn volume from Santa Barbara Boulevard to Cape Coral Parkway is 879
vph during the AM peak hour and 529 vph during the PM peak hour. Since this is a T-
intersection, the three-phase signal operation helps maintain the flow of vehicles with acceptable
delays. Right-turn overlap phases are also provided to maintain a steady flow of vehicles.


The intersection of Cape Coral Parkway and Coronado Parkway has 250+ eastbound left turns
during each of the AM and PM peak hours, and 367 eastbound right turns during the AM peak
hour. The majority of the eastbound right turns are using Miramar Street to avoid Cape Coral
Parkway and the eastbound left-turns are using Coronado Parkway to connect to Del Prado
Boulevard to the north. The northbound left-turn volume is 360 vph during the PM peak hour.


The eastbound left-turn volumes from Coronado Parkway onto Del Prado Boulevard is 468 and
442 vph for the AM and PM peak hours, respectively. The southbound right turn from Del
Prado Boulevard to Coronado Parkway are 398 and 517 vph for the AM and PM peak hours,
respectively. There is no southbound right-turn lane from Del Prado Boulevard to Coronado
Parkway. The Plato Canal is located 300 feet north of the intersection. There are no signalized
intersections along Coronado Parkway between SE 47th Terrace and Del Prado Boulevard. This,
along with the residential land uses, contributes to the free flow of traffic along Coronado
Parkway with minimal friction.


As outlined in the scope of services, at the request of the County, the intersection of Del Prado
Boulevard and Cape Coral Parkway was analyzed for eight hours using Synchro Version 6.0, and
the remaining intersections were analyzed during the AM and PM peak hours with the Highway

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                                                                         City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                           Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                            Surrounding Traffic Study


Capacity Software (HCS), Release 4.1e. The signalized intersections were analyzed using the
timings provided by Lee County. Although the isolated signalized intersection analysis was
included in the scope of services, specifically for analyzing geometric and phasing options, the
analysis does not consider the effects of the signal coordination. Therefore, the delay and LOS
results for the signalized intersections are discussed in more detail with the network analysis.


A heavy truck factor of 3.5 percent was provided by the City. Since the Synchro and HCS
software only allow whole integers to be entered in the software, four percent was used as the
truck factor.


Table 9 shows the isolated existing intersection analysis level of service (LOS) results for the
intersection of Del Prado Boulevard and Cape Coral Parkway for the eight highest hours of the
day.


                            Table 9: Del Prado Boulevard at Cape Coral Parkway –
                                             Existing (2006) LOS
                                                               Existing Conditions
                                               Cycle
                        Time Analyzed                           (170 second cycle)
                                            Length* (sec)
                                                               Delay          LOS
                         7:00 - 8:00 AM         170            151.9            F
                         8:00 - 9:00 AM         130            127.5            F
                         1:00 - 2:00 PM         130            110.7            F
                         2:00 - 3:00 PM         130            59.0             E
                         3:00 - 4:00 PM         150            57.0             E
                         4:00 - 5:00 PM         170            70.7             E
                         5:00 - 6:00 PM         170            87.3             F
                         6:00 - 7:00 PM         130            67.4             E
                         Total 8 Hours                         731.5
                       * Provided by Lee County


As shown in Table 9, the intersection of Del Prado Boulevard at Cape Coral Parkway is
operating at LOS E or F throughout the day. Excessively long delays are occurring in the AM
peak hours as was observed during the field reviews.                 The eastbound, northbound, and
southbound approaches are operating at LOS F. The eastbound and southbound approaches are
carrying significant volumes and the northbound approach is operating with minimal green time
that is creating excessively long delays on that approach. This can be attributed to the high


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                                                                    City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                      Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                       Surrounding Traffic Study


volume of vehicles converging at the intersection to access the Cape Coral Bridge. The PM peak
hour delays are not as long as the AM peak hour but are still long due to the heavy westbound
and southbound traffic volumes.


Table 10 shows the isolated existing intersection LOS results by movement for the 16
intersections in the study area.


Based on the HCS analysis, the signalized intersection of Cape Coral Parkway at Santa Barbara
Boulevard is operating at LOS D and LOS C during the AM and PM peak hours, respectively.
The eastbound left-turn movement is experiencing the longest delays, which is expected since
this movement receives minimal green time due to its relatively low volume compared to the
other phases.


The intersection of Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree Boulevard is operating at LOS F during
the AM peak hour and LOS D during the PM peak hour. The eastbound through volume and
left-turn volumes are very high during the AM peak with 2,761 and 413 vph, respectively. The
PM peak hour analysis also indicates a LOS F for the eastbound left-turn movement. The
protected/permitted left-turn volume is 239 vph and is opposed by 2,605 through vehicles. The
steady volume of opposing traffic and long cycle length contribute to the longer delays
experienced by this movement. The short-term improvements include adding a southbound
right-turn overlap phase to minimize delays associated with the right-turn volume that is 143 vph
in the AM peak hour and 318 vph in the PM peak hour.


The HCS analysis for the intersection of Cape Coral Parkway at SE 6th Avenue/Tarpon Court
provided a LOS D for the AM peak hour and LOS E for the PM peak hour. The analysis
indicates that the westbound through movement, which includes 2,630 vph, is operating at LOS
F during the PM peak hour with a v/c of 1.10. The field review indicated that the AM eastbound
through movement was operating at LOS F due to the queuing from the east. The PM peak hour
volumes were observed to all clear the intersection during a single cycle.




S:\2051601\REPORTS\FINAL Cape Coral REVISED.doc     100                                  April 2007
                                                                          City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                            Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                             Surrounding Traffic Study


                              Table 10: Existing (2006) Intersection Analysis LOS
                                         AM Peak Hour                          PM Peak Hour
                                 Lane       Lane                      Lane          Lane
        Movement                                     Approach                               Approach
                                Group       Group                    Group          Group
                                                     Delay and                              Delay and
                                 Delay       LOS                      Delay          LOS
                                                       (LOS)                                  (LOS)
                               (sec/veh)                            (sec/veh)
       Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Santa Barbara Boulevard (170 second cycle)
   EB Left                       102.2        F                       103.4           F
                                                      38.8 (D)                               18.1 (B)
   EB Through                     36.0        D                        11.6           B
   WB Through                     32.1        C                        32.0           C
                                                      23.5 (C)                               25.7 (C)
   WB Right                        3.1        A                        12.0           B
   SB Left                        54.3        D                        68.4           E
                                                      52.3 (D)                               62.0 (E)
   SB Right                       24.2        C                        41.1           D
                     Intersection                     38.0 (D)           Intersection        28.7 (C)
          Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree Boulevard (170 second cycle)
   EB Left                       194.7        F                       125.7           F
                                                      101.6 (F)                              33.5 (C)
   EB Through/Right               84.8        F                        18.0           B
   WB Left                        37.4        D                        12.3           B
                                                      25.4 (C)                               64.0 (E)
   WB Through/Right               25.2        C                        64.3           E
   NB Left                        74.6        E                        77.5           E
                                                      77.7 (E)                               79.0 (E)
   NB Through/Right               78.7        E                        79.6           E
   SB Left                        60.4        E                        64.5           E
   SB Through                     62.1        E       37.8 (D)         68.6           E      29.4 (C)
   SB Right                       10.5        B                        10.1           B
                     Intersection                     79.4 (E)           Intersection        49.8 (D)
      Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 6th Avenue/Tarpon Court (170 second cycle)
   EB Left                        10.3        B                        49.9           D
                                                      45.4 (D)                               27.3 (C)
   EB Through/Right               48.1        D                        26.1           C
   WB Left                        32.8        C                        14.8           B
                                                      20.4 (C)                               87.6 (F)
   WB Through/Right               19.8        B                        88.9           F
   NB Left/Through/Right          54.9        D       54.9 (D)         55.3           E      55.3 (E)
   SB Left/Through                52.2        D                        52.2           D
                                                      52.2 (D)                               53.2 (D)
   SB Right                       52.2        D                        53.6           D
                     Intersection                     39.9 (D)           Intersection        64.3 (E)
           Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway (170 second cycle)
   EB Left                        74.9        E                       127.3           F
   EB Through                    200.0        F       156.4 (F)        30.5           C      46.0 (D)
   EB Right                       41.7        D                        24.7           C
   WB Left                        74.2        E                        87.6           F
                                                      30.4 (C)                               44.6 (D)
   WB Through/Right               28.3        C                        42.6           D
   NB Left                        60.4        E                        77.1           E
                                                      67.7 (E)                               77.8 (E)
   NB Through/Right               72.7        E                        78.5           E
   SB Left                        82.9        F                        90.4           F
   SB Through                     75.2        E       58.8 (E)         79.1           E      53.1 (D)
   SB Right                       16.9        B                        14.0           B
                     Intersection                     117.5 (F)          Intersection        50.5 (D)
      Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10th Place/Leonard Street (170 second cycle)
   EB Left                        11.6        B                       138.7           F
   EB Through                    116.8        F       112.9 (F)        21.6           C      37.5 (D)
   EB Right                       18.1        B                        15.5           B



S:\2051601\REPORTS\FINAL Cape Coral REVISED.doc           101                                    April 2007
                                                                          City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                            Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                             Surrounding Traffic Study


                              Table 10: Existing (2006) Intersection Analysis LOS
                                          AM Peak Hour                            PM Peak Hour
                                  Lane        Lane                       Lane          Lane
                                                       Approach                                Approach
        Movement                 Group       Group                      Group          Group
                                                       Delay and                               Delay and
                                  Delay       LOS                        Delay          LOS
                                                         (LOS)                                    (LOS)
                                (sec/veh)                              (sec/veh)
                                                             th
      Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10 Place/Leonard Street (170 second cycle)
   WB Left                         38.3        D                          11.7           B
   WB Through                      22.3        C        23.1 (C)          97.1           F       93.4 (F)
   WB Right                        17.9        B                          14.8           B
   NB Left                         45.9        D                          65.8           E
                                                        55.7 (E)                                 67.9 (E)
   NB Through/Right                58.9        E                          71.2           E
   SB Left                         46.6        D                          53.5           D
                                                        52.0 (D)                                 71.3 (E)
   SB Through/Right                57.3        E                          78.1           E
                      Intersection                      87.3 (F)            Intersection         72.5 (E)
           Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes Boulevard (170 second cycle)
   EB Left                         73.5        E                          74.1           E
   EB Through                     127.5        F       124.8 (F)          21.2           C       25.5 (C)
   EB Right                        19.5        B                          15.1           B
   WB Left                         74.7        E                          71.2           E
   WB Through                      23.6        C        26.9 (C)         188.7           F      181.1 (F)
   WB Right                        19.6        B                          15.2           B
   NB Left                         50.7        D                          59.9           E
   NB Through                      60.6        E        58.7(E)           70.4           E       65.4 (E)
   NB Right                        60.1        E                          68.3           E
   SB Left                         48.8        D                          57.5           E
   SB Through                      58.8        E        53.9 (D)         80.0+           F       76.8 (E)
   SB Right                        55.9        E                          81.2           F
                      Intersection                      93.0 (F)            Intersection        127.9 (F)
     Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard (Synchro 170 second cycle)
   EB Left                         88.8        F                         121.6           F
   EB Through                     205.4        F       198.0 (F)          32.3           C       48.2 (D)
   EB Right                        23.5        C                          10.1           B
   WB Left                         87.4        F                          89.3           F
   WB Through                      37.7        D        30.5 (C)         147.1           F       96.5 (F)
   WB Right                         4.5        A                           2.4           A
   NB Left                         78.6        E                          83.1           F
   NB Through                      83.3        F       242.9 (F)         139.2           F      100.6 (F)
   NB Right                       294.6        F                          20.7           C
   SB Left                        186.6        F                         135.6           F
   SB Through                      40.9        D       149.4 (F)          70.4           E       96.8 (F)
   SB Right                         6.4        A                          11.0           B
                      Intersection                     151.9 (F)            Intersection         87.3 (F)
              Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace (170 second cycle)
   EB Left                         22.4        C                          26.0           C
   EB Through                      21.4        C        23.0 (C)          20.2           C       23.7 (C)
   EB Right                        23.9        C                          21.7           C
   WB Left                         40.2        D                          39.4           D
   WB Through                      39.3        D        39.6 (D)          50.4           D       55.1 (E)
   WB Right                        38.6        D                          62.5           E



S:\2051601\REPORTS\FINAL Cape Coral REVISED.doc           102                                        April 2007
                                                                          City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                            Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                             Surrounding Traffic Study


                              Table 10: Existing (2006) Intersection Analysis LOS

                                         AM Peak Hour                            PM Peak Hour
                                 Lane        Lane                       Lane          Lane
                                                       Approach                                 Approach
        Movement                Group       Group                      Group          Group
                                                       Delay and                                Delay and
                                 Delay       LOS                        Delay          LOS
                                                         (LOS)                                    (LOS)
                               (sec/veh)                              (sec/veh)
                                                                  th
             Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47 Terrace (170 second cycle)
   NB Through/Right               34.2         C        34.2 (C)        120.2           F       120.2 (F)
   SB Left                        30.3         C                        235.0           F
                                                        46.7 (D)                                 51.6 (D)
   SB Through/Right               46.9         D                         45.0           D
                     Intersection                       40.0 (D)           Intersection          81.1 (F)
              Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Street (170 second cycle)
   EB Left/Through               112.5         F                        198.6           F
                                                        86.0 (F)                                154.2 (F)
   EB Right                       47.3         D                         45.6           D
   WB Left/Through               110.9         F                        201.8           F
                                                        98.2 (F)                                181.6 (F)
   WB Right                       45.3         D                         45.3           D
   NB Left                        71.5         E                         82.8           F
                                                        14.9 (B)                                 20.5 (C)
   NB Through/Right               12.1         B                         16.9           B
   SB Left                        71.1         E                         78.4           E
                                                        16.3 (B)                                 18.4 (B)
   SB Through/Right               15.1         B                         14.1           B
                     Intersection                       25.9 (C)           Intersection          34.3 (C)
             Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at Beach Parkway (130 second cycle)
   WB Left                        39.1         D                         54.9           D
                                                        39.2 (D)                                 54.4 (D)
   WB Right                       39.4         D                         53.4           D
   NB Through/Right               18.9         B        18.9 (B)         25.3           C        25.3 (C)
   SB Left                         8.5         A                         17.7           B
                                                        11.5 (B)                                  8.7 (A)
   SB Through                     11.6         B                          8.2           A
                     Intersection                       15.2 (B)           Intersection          20.2 (C)
           Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at Coronado Parkway (130 second cycle)
   EB Left                        47.1         D                         72.5           E
   EB Left/Through                44.2         D        44.3 (D)         61.3           E        65.9 (E)
   EB Right                       26.7         C                         35.1           D
   WB Left/Through/Right          63.0         E        63.0 (E)         77.7           E        77.7 (E)
   NB Left                        51.8         D                         66.5           E
                                                        28.6 (C)                                 39.9 (D)
   NB Through/Right               28.0         C                         39.4           D
   SB Left                        14.0         B                         21.9           C
                                                        77.4 (E)                                 59.6 (E)
   SB Through/Right               77.9         E                         59.8           E
                     Intersection                       59.9 (E)           Intersection          52.9 (D)
              Signalized Intersection: SE 47th Terrace at Coronado Parkway (85 second cycle)
   EB Left                        35.7         D                         43.0           D
                                                       154.8 (F)                                 46.2 (D)
   EB Through/Right              197.1         F                         47.4           D
   WB Left                        38.6         D                         37.3           D
                                                        35.2 (D)                                 76.2 (E)
   WB Through/Right               34.2         C                         86.5           F
   NB Left                        14.7         B                         19.7           B
   NB Through                     26.1         C        26.1 (C)         29.4           C        26.7 (C)
   NB Right                       29.5         C                         28.9           C
   SB Left                        14.4         B                         22.6           C
   SB Through                     24.5         C        24.5 (C)         33.1           C        40.2 (D)
   SB Right                       26.1         C                         53.0           D
                     Intersection                       73.1 (E)           Intersection          46.5 (D)


S:\2051601\REPORTS\FINAL Cape Coral REVISED.doc           103                                        April 2007
                                                                          City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                            Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                             Surrounding Traffic Study


                              Table 10: Existing (2006) Intersection Analysis LOS

                                        AM Peak Hour                          PM Peak Hour
                                Lane       Lane                      Lane          Lane
                                                    Approach                               Approach
        Movement               Group       Group                    Group          Group
                                                    Delay and                              Delay and
                                Delay       LOS                      Delay          LOS
                                                       (LOS)                                 (LOS)
                              (sec/veh)                            (sec/veh)
                                             th
                           4-Way Stop: SE 47 Terrace at Palm Tree Boulevard
   EB Left/Through/Right        10.55        B       10.55 (B)       10.50           B     10.50 (B)
   WB Left/Through              14.68        B                       19.73           C
                                                     13.36 (B)                             16.63 (C)
   WB Right                      9.88        A                       11.57           B
   NB Left/Through              13.76        B                       22.29           C
                                                     13.03 (B)                             19.39 (C)
   NB Right                     12.39        B                       10.10           B
   SB Left                      13.12        B                       12.25           B
                                                     13.82 (B)                             14.28 (B)
   SB Through/Right             14.30        B                       15.21           C
                    Intersection                     13.31 (B)          Intersection       16.92 (C)
                           4-Way Stop: SE 47th Terrace at Vincennes Boulevard
   EB Left/Through/Right       141.56        F       141.56 (F)      72.04           F     72.04 (F)
   WB Left/Through/Right        18.26        C       18.26 (C)       83.70           F     83.70 (F)
   NB Left/Through/Right        16.85        C       16.85 (C)       24.72           C     24.72 (C)
   SB Left                      13.11        B                       13.31           B
                                                     32.31 (D)                             26.39 (D)
   SB Through/Right             36.43        E                       27.97           D
                    Intersection                     74.15 (F)          Intersection       58.48 (F)
                             4-Way Stop: Vincennes Boulevard at SE 46th Lane
   EB Left/Through/Right        11.48        B       11.48 (B)       10.30           B     10.30 (B)
   WB Left/Through/Right        10.30        B       10.30 (B)        9.86           A      9.86 (A)
   NB Left                       9.85        A                        9.52           A
                                                     10.41 (B)                             10.62 (B)
   NB Through/Right             10.57        B                       10.88           A
   SB Left                       9.13        A                        9.04           A
                                                     21.12 (C)                             11.79 (B)
   SB Through/Right             21.56        C                       11.86           B
                    Intersection                     16.06 (C)          Intersection       10.80 (B)
                           4-Way Stop: Cape Coral Parkway at Miramar Street
   EB Left/Through/Right        11.62        B       11.62 (B)        8.40           A      8.40 (A)
   WB Left/Through/Right         8.00        A        8.00 (A)        8.40           A      8.40 (A)
   NB Left/Through/Right         8.46        A        8.46 (A)        8.28           A      8.28 (A)
   SB Left/Through/Right         8.16        A        8.16 (A)        8.17           A      8.17 (A)
                    Intersection                     10.82 (B)          Intersection        8.33 (A)




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                                                                     City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                       Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                        Surrounding Traffic Study


The HCS analysis for Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway determined that the intersection
is operating at LOS F during the AM peak period and LOS D during the PM peak period. The
eastbound through movement was determined to be operating at LOS F in the AM peak hour
with a v/c of 1.34. This was consistent with the field review. The PM peak hour analysis
indicates that the eastbound left, westbound left and southbound left-turn movements are
operating at LOS F during the PM peak hour. The LOS Fs are the result of shorter green times
for these movements and the longer main street phase to accommodate the high volume of
westbound through vehicles (2,009 vph).           The v/c for these movements are 0.99 for the
eastbound left-turn, 0.69 for the westbound left-turn and 0.72 for the southbound left-turn.


The short-term improvements include changing the eastbound geometry from two left-turn lanes
and two through lanes to one left-turn lane and three through lanes with protected/permitted left-
turn phasing on the east-west approaches. The westbound approach will be changed from two
through lanes and a right-turn lane to two throughs and a shared through-right turn lane. The
westbound right-turn volumes are 29 vph in the AM peak and 92 vph in the PM peak hour.
Additionally, a southbound right-turn overlap phase is proposed to reduce intersection delays due
to the right-turn volumes that range from 89 vph in the AM peak to 258 vph in the PM peak
hour.    The modification from two to three through lanes on Cape Coral Parkway is in
conjunction with the recommendation to utilize the existing parking and continuous right-turn
lanes on Cape Coral Parkway to provide for a six-lane section from Coronado Parkway to Del
Prado Boulevard. This is discussed in more detail in the Alternatives Analysis section.


The intersection of Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10th Place/Leonard Street is operating at LOS F
during the AM peak hour and LOS E during the PM peak hour based on the HCS analysis. The
eastbound through vehicles are experiencing LOS F conditions during the AM peak hour which
was also observed during the field review. During the PM peak hour, the analysis indicates that
the westbound through vehicles are experiencing LOS F conditions. These results are also
consistent with the significant through volumes and the limited capacity through the intersection.
The proposed isolated intersection operations will improve to LOS C during both peak hours
with the short-term improvement. This includes increasing the through movement capacity by
changing the outside east-west right-turn lanes to shared through-right turn lanes.

S:\2051601\REPORTS\FINAL Cape Coral REVISED.doc      105                                   April 2007
                                                                         City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                           Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                            Surrounding Traffic Study


Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes Boulevard is operating at LOS F during both the AM and PM
peak periods. The analysis indicates that the eastbound through movement is experiencing the
longest delays during the AM peak hour. The field review also indicated excessive delays for
the southbound left-turn movement due to the queuing on Cape Coral Parkway which blocked
access for the southbound left turns. The analysis indicates that the PM peak hour delays are
excessively long for the westbound through movement and the southbound through movement.
The intersection operations are planned to improve to LOS C during both peak hours with the
short-term improvement to change the outside east-west right-turn lanes to shared through-right
turn lanes. The east-west left-turn lanes are also proposed to be changed to protected/permitted
to maximize the efficiency of the intersection.


Although the isolated intersection analysis indicates LOS D in the AM peak hour for the
intersection of Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace, the field review indicated significant
delays at the intersection due to the back-ups created at the adjacent intersection of Cape Coral
Parkway and Del Prado Boulevard.                  The PM peak hour analysis shows LOS F for the
northbound through movement and the southbound left-turn movements.                    Although the
southbound left-turn volume is low at 24 vph, the steady northbound through volume creates
difficulty for the southbound left-turn vehicles to find a gap with the permitted only left-turn
phasing. Due to the high volumes combined with the close proximity of the intersection to Cape
Coral Parkway, a protected left-turn phase can not be added at this location. The crash data
indicated only one southbound left-turn crash at this intersection.


Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Street is signalized, with a cycle length of 170 seconds. The
analysis indicated that the intersection is operating at LOS C during both the AM and PM peak
hours, with LOS F for the side street shared left-through movement. This can be improved with
a lane use change to an exclusive left-turn lane with a shared through-right-turn lane on each
approach. The field visit indicated the longest delays were for the southbound through vehicles
during the AM peak hour. These were caused by the delays from the queuing effects at the
intersection of Del Prado Boulevard and Cape Coral Parkway.




S:\2051601\REPORTS\FINAL Cape Coral REVISED.doc          106                                 April 2007
                                                                  City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                    Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                     Surrounding Traffic Study


Del Prado Boulevard at Beach Parkway is operating as a 3-phase signal with a 130-second cycle
length. The HCS analysis confirmed the field review of acceptable levels of service with LOS B
in the AM peak hour and LOS C in the PM peak hour.


The analysis for the Del Prado Boulevard at Coronado Parkway intersection determined that the
intersection is operating at LOS E during the AM peak hour and LOS D during the PM peak
hour.    The intersection is operating with a cycle length of 130 seconds.       The east-west
approaches are split phase due to the offset alignment. The intersection field review indicated
adequate operation during the peak hours.


Coronado Parkway at SE 47th Terrace is operating with an 85-second cycle length. This is
double cycling with the adjacent 170-second cycle length at Cape Coral Parkway and Coronado
Parkway. The intersection is operating at LOS E and LOS D for the AM and PM peak hours,
respectively. The eastbound through movement was determined to operate at LOS F during the
AM peak hour, which is consistent with the field review. Several of the eastbound through
vehicles were delayed for two signal cycles to clear the intersection. The combined eastbound
through-right turn volume is 407 vehicles during the AM peak hour.              The short-term
improvements include changing the east-west protected only left-turn to protected/permitted to
reduce delays and improve the v/c ratio. The LOS F for the westbound through movement
during the PM peak hour will also be improved with the protected/permitted east-west phasing.


At the four-way stop intersection of SE 47th Terrace at Palm Tree Boulevard, the east-west legs
on SE 47th Terrace are slightly offset. The intersection was analyzed using HCS and is operating
at LOS B and LOS C during the AM and PM peak hours, respectively. The PM peak hour
delays were observed to be longer due to the westbound left turns, which were at times delayed
due to the subsequent southbound right-turn movement at the signalized intersection of Cape
Coral Parkway/Palm Tree Boulevard. This will be minimized with the proposed right-turn
overlap phase on Palm Tree Boulevard. The intersection of Palm Tree Boulevard at SE 47th
Terrace is recommended as a roundabout in the mid-term phase or sooner, if possible.




S:\2051601\REPORTS\FINAL Cape Coral REVISED.doc   107                                   April 2007
                                                                        City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                          Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                           Surrounding Traffic Study


Based on the HCS analysis, the four-way stop intersection of SE 47th Terrace at Vincennes
Boulevard is currently operating at LOS F during the AM and PM peak hours. The longest
delays are occurring on the eastbound approach in the AM peak hour and on the westbound
approach in the PM peak hour. These approaches are both single lane and the delays are
occurring due to the peak direction of traffic flows since SE 47th Terrace is used as an alternate
east-west route due to the congestion on Cape Coral Parkway. The intersection may experience
reduced east-west volumes with the provision of the third through lane on Cape Coral Parkway.
The intersection of Vincennes Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace is recommended as a roundabout in
the mid-term phase or sooner, if possible.


The four-way stop intersection of Vincennes Boulevard at SE 46th Lane is operating at LOS C
and LOS B during the AM and PM peak hours, respectively. The analysis delays are consistent
with the minimal delays observed during the field review.            The intersection of Vincennes
Boulevard at SE 46th Lane is recommended as a roundabout in the mid-term phase or sooner, if
possible.


The four-way stop intersection of Cape Coral Street at Miramar Street is operating with minimal
delays and LOS B during the AM and PM peak hours. This is consistent with the field review.
The intersection is recommended as a roundabout in the mid-term phase or sooner, if possible


Appendices K and L contain the complete HCS and Synchro intersection analyses, respectively,
for the existing conditions.


Corridor Analysis (Existing Conditions)
The design hour volumes (DHV) were calculated for the roadway segments in the study area to
determine the roadway level of service. K is the proportion of the average annual daily traffic
(AADT) occurring in an hour.               To calculate the design hourly volumes, the K100 values
(conservative) shown in Table 11, were provided by the City. K100 represents the percent of the
AADT occurring during the 100th highest hour of the year. The City’s acceptable LOS for the
respective roadway segments is included in Table 11.


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                                                                               City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                                 Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                  Surrounding Traffic Study


                                                  Table 11: K100 Values
                              Roadway Segment                                  K100        Critical LOS
     Cape Coral Parkway - west of Del Prado Boulevard                          0.094             E
     Cape Coral Parkway - east of Del Prado Boulevard                          0.103             E
     Coronado Parkway - south of Cape Coral Parkway                            0.090             D
     Coronado Parkway - west of Del Prado Boulevard                            0.091             D
     Del Prado Boulevard - north of Cape Coral Parkway                         0.094             E
     Del Prado Boulevard - south of Cape Coral Parkway                         0.091             E
     Palm Tree Boulevard - north of Cape Coral Parkway                         0.091             D
     SE 47th Terrace - east of Del Prado Boulevard                             0.091             D
     SE 47th Terrace - west of Del Prado Boulevard                             0.091             D
     Vincennes Boulevard - north of Cape Coral Parkway                         0.091             D
     Vincennes Boulevard - south of Cape Coral Parkway                         0.091             D
     Other roads in the CRA                                                    0.091             D


Cape Coral Parkway and Del Prado Boulevard have a critical LOS of E while the other roadways
in the study area have a LOS D. Table 12 shows the operating roadway segment level of service
for the 100th highest hour for the roadway segments in the study area. The results are consistent
with the field observations and intersection analyses. Cape Coral Parkway and Del Prado
Boulevard operate at LOS F, along with the section of SE 47th Terrace west of Coronado
Parkway. SE 47th Terrace, between Coronado Parkway and Del Prado Boulevard, is operating at
LOS F and the section south of Coronado Parkway is operating at LOS E.


A network analysis was performed using the Transyt-7F software and the existing conditions and
timings. Since the network analysis includes the effects of adjacent intersections, the results
differ from the HCS isolated intersection analyses. Table 13 shows the existing arterial level of
service by direction for Cape Coral Parkway and Del Prado Boulevard. According to these
results, the Cape Coral Parkway through movement is operating at an average LOS D in the
eastbound direction in the AM peak and LOS E in the westbound direction during the PM peak.
Del Prado Boulevard has an average LOS of D in the southbound direction in the AM peak hour
and a LOS C in the northbound direction in the PM peak hour. The Transyt-7F analysis
indicates that the average speed in the AM peak for the eastbound Cape Coral Parkway motorists
is 11.1 mph. In the PM peak, the westbound Cape Coral Parkway motorists are estimated to be
traveling an average of 10.6 mph. Southbound Del Prado Boulevard is operating at an average


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                                                       Table 12: 2006 Roadway Segment LOS
                                                                Rounded                 DHV (Two-                     Peak Dir
                      Roadway Segment                  AADT                     K100                      D-factor                 LOS
                                                                 AADT                   way peak)                    Peak Hour
  Miramar Street - East of Vincennes Boulevard         4,120     4,100          0.091     375               0.52        195         C
  Miramar Street - East of Coronado Parkway            6,386      6,400         0.091       582             0.62         361        D


  Lafayette Street - East of Vincennes Boulevard       1,957      2,000         0.091       182             0.61         111        C


  SE 47th Terrace - West of Coronado Parkway           11,970    12,000         0.091       1,089           0.57         621         F
  SE 47th Terrace - West of Del Prado Boulevard        7,980      8,000         0.091       726             0.60         436        E


  SE 47th Terrace - East of Coronado Parkway           10,290    10,300         0.091       936             0.57         534        E
          th
  SE 47        Terrace - East of Del Prado Boulevard   4,620      4,600         0.091       420             0.60         252        C


  Cape Coral Parkway -West of Palm Tree Boulevard      47,250    47,200         0.094       4,442           0.60        2,665        F
  Cape Coral Parkway -West of Del Prado Boulevard      34,230    34,200         0.094       3,218           0.60        1,931        F
                                         th
  Cape Coral Parkway -West of SE 6 Avenue              38,640    38,600         0.094       3,632           0.60        2,179       F
  Cape Coral Parkway -West of Leonard Street           35,805    35,800         0.094       3,365           0.60        2,019        F
  Cape Coral Parkway -West of Vincennes Boulevard      34,650    34,600         0.094       3,257           0.60        1,954        F


  Coronado Parkway - West of Del Prado Boulevard       12,285    12,300         0.091       1,119           0.55         616        C


  SE 46th Street - West of Del Prado Boulevard         2,472      2,500         0.091       228             0.59         134        C
          th
  SE 46 Street - East of Del Prado Boulevard           3,502      3,500         0.091       319             0.52         166        C


  Legend: AADT – Average Annual Daily Traffic
                DHV – Directional Hourly Volume
                D-factor – Directional Distribution
                LOS – Level of Service



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                                                    Table 12: 2006 Roadway Segment LOS
                                                              Rounded                DHV (Two-                   Peak Dir
                  Roadway Segment                   AADT                     K100                   D-factor                  LOS
                                                               AADT                  way peak)                  Peak Hour
  Beach Parkway - East of Del Prado Boulevard       4,326      4,300         0.091     391            0.52         203         C


  Del Prado Boulevard South of Cape Coral Parkway   5,150      5,100         0.091       469          0.58         272         C


  Palm Tree Boulevard South of Country Boulevard    9,240      9,200         0.091       841          0.58         488         C
  Palm Tree Boulevard North of Country Boulevard    6,300      6,300         0.091       573          0.58         333         C


  Coronado Parkway South of Cape Coral Parkway      10,403     10,400        0.090       936          0.55         515         B
                                     th
  Coronado Parkway North of SE 47 Terrace           13,440     13,400        0.091       1,223        0.55         673         C


  Vincennes Boulevard South of Cape Coral Parkway   2,575      2,600         0.091       237          0.55         130         C
  Vincennes Boulevard North of SE 47th Terrace      5,670      5,700         0.091       516          0.59         304         D
  Vincennes Boulevard South of Coronado Parkway     3,570      3,600         0.091       325          0.59         192         C


  Del Prado Boulevard North of Coronado Parkway     43,785     43,800        0.094       4,117        0.58        2,388        F
                                          th
  Del Prado Boulevard North of SE 46 Street         34,125     34,100        0.094       3,205        0.58        1,859        E
                                          th
  Del Prado Boulevard North of SE 47 Terrace        31,290     31,300        0.094       2,941        0.58        1,706        E

  Legend: AADT – Average Annual Daily Traffic
          DHV – Directional Hourly Volume
          D-factor – Directional Distribution
          LOS – Level of Service




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                                               Table 13: 2006 Existing Geometry – Arterial LOS (Transyt-7F)
                     Eastbound Cape Coral Parkway                                              Westbound Cape Coral Parkway
                                 AM Peak              PM Peak                                            AM Peak                PM Peak
           Link             Average             Average                             Link            Average               Average
                                                                                                                                      Arterial
                              Delay    LOS        Delay      LOS                                     Delay      LOS         Delay
                                                                                                                                        LOS
                            (sec/veh)           (sec/veh)                                          (sec/veh)              (sec/veh)
      Santa Barbara                                                             Santa Barbara
                                29.6           C        11.0          B                               22.8           C        14.7          B
        Boulevard                                                                 Boulevard
  Palm Tree Boulevard            39.5          D        10.9          B     Palm Tree Boulevard       47.4           D        65.5          E
  SE 6th Ave/Tarpon Ct          42.2           D        27.2          C     SE 6th Ave/Tarpon Ct      15.3           B       35.3           D
    Coronado Parkway            145.7          F        66.6          E       Coronado Parkway        33.0           C       35.5           D
    SE 10th Pl/Leonard          22.3           C         9.4          A       SE 10th Pl/Leonard      34.5           C       43.5           D
  Vincennes Boulevard            9.7           A        34.1          C     Vincennes Boulevard       16.6           B       102.6          F
   Del Prado Boulevard          117.1          F        53.4          D      Del Prado Boulevard      32.5           C       256.3          F
         Average                42.2           D        21.5          C            Average            22.1           C       62.1           E
  Average Speed (mph)                   13.2                   20.0         Average Speed (mph)               19.1                   10.9

                   Northbound Del Prado Boulevard                                              Southbound Del Prado Boulevard
                                AM Peak              PM Peak                                               AM Peak                PM Peak
         Link             Average              Average                             Link             Average                 Average
                                                                                                                                        Arterial
                            Delay      LOS       Delay      LOS                                       Delay       LOS        Delay
                                                                                                                                          LOS
                          (sec/veh)            (sec/veh)                                            (sec/veh)              (sec/veh)
   Coronado Parkway          27.3       C         36.7       D               Coronado Parkway         106.7        F          37.5         D
     Beach Parkway           44.6       D         15.8       B                 Beach Parkway           29.7        C           1.8         A
       SE 46th St             3.5       A          4.7       A                   SE 46th St            18.4        B          25.7         C
     SE 47th Terrace         21.9       C         64.1       E                 SE 47th Terrace         42.2        D          18.6         B
   Cape Coral Parkway        82.2       F         95.9       F               Cape Coral Parkway        94.6        F          59.7         E
        Average              21.2       C         24.2       C                    Average              42.6        D          18.7         B
  Average Speed (mph)             17.5                 15.5                 Average Speed (mph)              12.7                  20.1




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speed of 11.7 mph in the AM peak hour and northbound is operating at 15.4 mph during the PM
peak hour. During the AM peak hour, the network analysis indicates the longest arterial delays
(LOS F) are occurring at the intersections of Cape Coral Parkway/SE 6th Avenue, Cape Coral
Parkway/Coronado Parkway, and Cape Coral Parkway/Del Prado Boulevard.


During the PM peak hour, the longest delays are at Cape Coral Parkway/Del Prado Boulevard
and Cape Coral Parkway/Vincennes Boulevard. The arterial LOS F on Del Prado Boulevard
area occurring in the AM peak hours at Del Prado Boulevard/Coronado Parkway and Del Prado
Boulevard/Cape Coral Parkway. These intersections have the highest overall volumes. During
the PM peak hours, the intersection of Del Prado Boulevard/Cape Coral Parkway is operating at
LOS F. Appendix M includes the Transyt-7F results for the network analysis with the existing
conditions.


VANUS also utilized the Synchro software to analyze the links because of Transyt’s limited
capabilities.    Synchro has the capability to analyze roundabouts and flyovers, which are
alternatives analyzed in this study. Synchro also provides a simulation which enables the analyst
to readily see any queuing problems. Based on this visual information, additional improvements
can be developed where necessary. Since Synchro was used to analyze the alternatives, it was
also used in the existing network analyses.       Appendix GG includes the complete Synchro
analysis for the existing conditions.


ALTERNATIVES ANALYSIS


Appendix N includes the analysis of previous studies. Alternative roadway improvements to
improve traffic flow in the study area have been investigated over the past 20 years. These
alternatives included the following: do-nothing, various one-way pair options, six-laning of Cape
Coral Parkway, and triple southbound left turns on Del Prado Boulevard at Cape Coral Parkway.
Since the completion of the earlier studies (1989), the traffic volumes on Cape Coral Parkway
have increased by 77 percent and the volumes on Del Prado Boulevard have increased by 62
percent. Also, a second span has been constructed for the Cape Coral Bridge, the Midpoint
Bridge was constructed, and the west section of Cape Coral Parkway was widened from four

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lanes to six lanes. Traffic growth has occurred beyond that which was projected by these studies
and despite these improvements, the level of service for some of the roadways is below
acceptable standards.


Several alternatives were developed for the corridors in the study area to improve their capacity
and safe operation. Figure 86 depicts the projected traffic volumes for each of the study periods
(2006, 2015, and 2030) for the roadway segments in the study area. The figure also includes a
comparison to the roadway’s LOS E capacity and the projected year in which this capacity will
be surpassed. As shown in Figure 85, the roadways of SE 47th Terrace, Cape Coral Parkway and
Del Prado Boulevard have insufficient capacity either currently or within the next 25 years. The
AADT on Cape Coral Parkway, between Coronado Parkway and Del Prado Boulevard has
already surpassed the LOS E capacity. A section of Del Prado Boulevard will be over capacity
by 2016. Many of the roadways in the study area, those not highlighted in red, will operate at an
acceptable LOS in 2030. These roadways were not analyzed for widening but new typical
sections were developed, where appropriate, to maximize the on-street parking and the
pedestrian facilities along these roadways.       These are discussed further in the mid-term
improvements section. The capacity improvement alternatives for the study area focused on
providing relief to the main congested corridors of Cape Coral Parkway and Del Prado
Boulevard.


Due to the insufficient capacity on Cape Coral Parkway during the peak hours, many motorists
are utilizing SE 47th Terrace as an alternate route to and from the Cape Coral Bridge. These peak
hour motorists are contributing to the poor level of service that is expected to occur by 2013
along the west end of the SE 47th Terrace corridor. The peak hour delays are anticipated to be
reduced with the implementation of the improvements outlined in the short-, mid- and long-term
improvements section. Due to the surrounding land uses along the SE 47th Terrace corridor and
the planned mixed use development, the goal is to provide improvements along this roadway that
will contribute to a pedestrian friendly environment. These improvements are discussed in more
detail in the short-term and mid-term improvements sections.




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Several alternatives were identified but quickly eliminated from further study. These include:


•   In prior studies, one-way pairs were recommended as an alternative to reduce vehicle delays
    in the downtown area. This alternative has not been selected by the City for implementation.
    Although one-way pairs could provide a reduction in the vehicle delays in the study area,
    they do not promote two of the goals of the study area, walkable streets, and economic
    growth.


•   To provide additional capacity for the peak directional traffic flows, the option of modifying
    the typical section of Miramar Street to two through lanes eastbound and one lane westbound
    was analyzed. This would increase the capacity for the eastbound AM peak hour traffic
    patterns. This alternative would be supplemented with the provision of two westbound lanes
    and one eastbound lane on SE 46th Lane to accommodate the higher westbound PM peak
    hour traffic flows. The two-lane eastbound Miramar Street seemed feasible as far east as Del
    Prado Boulevard. At that point, the two lanes would need to merge into one creating a
    bottleneck similar to what already exists in the Del Prado Boulevard/Miramar Street vicinity
    of the study area. It was determined that the additional capacity would provide a limited
    benefit since the two through lanes could not be carried all the way through to Cape Coral
    Parkway. However, the mid-term alternative includes an alternate concept to reduce the AM
    peak hour back-ups by providing a single free-flow right-turn lane onto Cape Coral Parkway
    from Waikiki Avenue to west of the Cape Coral Bridge.


•   Another alternative investigated for this study included providing connections along El
    Dorado Parkway to create an alternate parallel route to Cape Coral Parkway. Upon meeting
    with the City, it was determined that due to the sailboats permitted in this area, high level
    bridges would be required over two canals to make this connection.            Therefore, the
    alternative was determined to be cost-prohibitive and eliminated from the study.


•   The existing Cape Coral Bridge spans were investigated as an option to increase capacity.
    This would be accomplished by reducing the lane widths and shoulders to accommodate
    three lanes of traffic as opposed to the existing two lanes in each direction. The westbound

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    bridge is too narrow for three lanes and the eastbound lanes would need to be reduced to ten
    feet with only two-foot shoulders.            Two-foot shoulders would not be adequate to
    accommodate breakdown vehicles and the accessibility for emergency vehicles to assist in
    the event of a crash on the bridge. Therefore, this alternative was eliminated.


•   A Parisian Boulevard concept was recommended in the Master Plan. The cross section
    included eight-foot travel lanes along the service roads adjacent to the eight-foot parking
    lanes. Although narrower lanes are recommended for traffic calming, eight feet is too narrow
    to safely accommodate traffic, particularly adjacent to a parking lane. Additionally, the
    cross-section would require removing the streetscaping along Cape Coral Parkway that was
    completed in 1997. Therefore, this alternative was not examined.


•   The option of building an interchange at the intersection of Cape Coral Parkway and Del
    Prado Boulevard was analyzed. The Synchro results determined that the LOS would be F
    with 137 sec/veh and 154 sec/veh average delay for the AM and PM peak hours,
    respectively. The excessive delays are due to the high volume of AM peak hour southbound
    left-turns which the interchange would not address. The right-of-way costs would also be
    significant.


Several recommended short-term, mid-term, and long-term improvements were developed based
on the projected growth of the area. Short-term improvements are defined as those that could be
installed within a two-year timeframe with no right-of-way acquisition.                The mid-term
improvements are expected to be in place by 2015 and typically require right-of-way acquisition.
The long-term improvements are those that would be in place by 2030. Each of the alternatives
identified in the report was reviewed to determine its constructability. Some of the alternatives
may be difficult to build because of environmental and political issues.              Also, the costs
associated with constructing some of them, especially right-of-way costs, may be prohibitive.
However, there are no technical reasons why any of them could not be built and therefore, all
recommended alternatives were deemed to be constructible.


The following sections explain the recommended improvements in more detail.

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Short-term Improvements
As shown in the results for the existing conditions and based on the field observations, the
majority of the AM peak hour vehicles traveling south on Del Prado Boulevard and east on Cape
Coral Parkway converge at the intersection of Del Prado Boulevard and Cape Coral Parkway to
access the Cape Coral Bridge. The saturated conditions at this intersection overflow and impact
the operations of several of the roadways in the study area. Likewise during the PM peak hour,
the combination of the steady flow of vehicles westbound from the Cape Coral Bridge and the
high volume of southbound left-turns traveling to the Bridge create oversaturated conditions at
the intersection of Cape Coral Parkway and Del Prado Boulevard. Therefore, the focus of the
short-term improvements is related to improving this intersection’s operation.         Figure 87
(included at the end of this document) depicts the proposed short-term improvements in the study
area. Table 14 provides a listing of those improvements along with the qualitative benefits
associated with each one. The quantitative safety benefits were included in the crash data section
which provided the estimated percent crash reduction by improvement. The operational benefits
are included in the network analysis section which includes the reduction in delay anticipated
with the short-term improvements. Figure 88 includes the adjusted 2006 TMCs that were used
as the basis for the analyses in developing the short-term improvements. The following explains
these improvements in detail.


Area-Wide Improvements
Signs
Area-wide improvements for the study area include adding advance street name signs at all
signalized intersections. There are currently a few in place but advance street name signs are
missing at the following locations:


•   Cape Coral Parkway/SE 10th Place
•   Cape Coral Parkway/Coronado Parkway
•   Cape Coral Parkway/Vincennes Boulevard
•   Coronado Parkway/SE 47th Terrace
•   Del Prado Boulevard/SE 47th Terrace



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                                                                                                                 Table 14: Short-term Improvements
Item
          Location                                          Improvement                                                                                                                              Benefit
No.
                                                            Add missing advance street name signs at signalized intersections: Cape Coral Parkway/SE 10th Place, Cape Coral
                                                            Parkway/Coronado Parkway, Cape Coral Parkway/Vincennes, Coronado Parkway/SE 47th Terrace and Del Prado Boulevard/SE                      Reduce lane changing at intersection
                                                            47th Terrace
                                                            Upgrade all street name signs to Federal standards                                                                                       Safety – Improved visibility
                                                                                                                                                                                                th
                                                            Provide illuminated street name signs at all signalized intersections along Del Prado Boulevard and at Cape Coral Parkway/SE 10
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Safety – Improved visibility at night
                                                            Place, Cape Coral Parkway/Vincennes and Coronado Parkway/SE 47th Terrace
                                                            Add missing traffic signal backplates for east-west signals (where structurally acceptable): Cape Coral Parkway/Coronado
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Safety – Reduce glare from sun
                                                            Parkway, Coronado Parkway/SE 47th Terrace, Del Prado Boulevard/Beach Parkway
          Area Wide Improvements                            Install missing pavement markings on side streets: SE 6th Avenue, Beach Parkway, SE 47th Terrace (Palm Tree Boulevard)                   Safety – Provide clear lane designations
                                                            Retime entire signal system to include off-peak timing patterns                                                                          Reduce delays and crashes
                                                            Upgrade all marked crosswalks (except at stop controlled approaches) to high visibility markings by placing longitudinal markings
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Safety – Greater visibility, reduced maintenance on major roads
                                                            outside of wheel paths
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Safety – Encourages pedestrians to finish crossing before conflicting
                                                            Install countdown pedestrian signals at all signalized pedestrian crosswalks
                                                                                                                                                                                                     traffic starts
                                                            Place walk signals for all minor street crossings on recall along with the concurrent green traffic signal                               Safety – Reduces pedestrian delay, encouraging safe crossing behavior.
                                                            Install a 2-second leading pedestrian interval (LPI) across major streets                                                                Safety – Reduces conflicts with vehicles
                                                            Install truncated domes on handicap ramps on all future ramp replacements                                                                Safety – Visually Impaired
1         Cape Coral Parkway                                Change four-lane section of Cape Coral Parkway to six-lane by using the outside parking lane/right-turn lane                             Increase capacity – Reduce delays
2         Cape Coral Parkway at Santa Barbara Blvd          Remove the “ONLY” pavement markings in the inside westbound through lane on Cape Coral Parkway                                           Safety – Eliminate driver confusion
3         Cape Coral Parkway at Santa Barbara Blvd          Add a ““No Turn On Red” (R10-11a) sign for the southbound right-turn lane.                                                               Safety – Sight distance blocked
                                                            Add a pedestal mounted traffic signal with a pedestrian signal in the NE corner. Remove the pedestrian signal pole in the island.
4         Cape Coral Parkway at Santa Barbara Blvd                                                                                                                                                   Safety – Reduce pedestrian/vehicle conflicts
                                                            Add a blank out "“No Turn On Red” (R10-11a) sign for the westbound right turn
5         Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree Blvd              Add a southbound right-turn overlap signal phase                                                                                         Reduce delays on Palm Tree Blvd
6         Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree Blvd              Add a "Right Turns Must Yield to U-turns" sign on southbound Palm Tree Boulevard                                                         Safety – Reduce conflicts
7         Cape Coral Parkway at SE 6th Avenue/Tarpon Ct     Perform signal warrant study                                                                                                             To be determined
8         Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway            Change the two eastbound left-turn lanes to one. Remove the left-turn only markings and signs in conjunction.                            Increase through capacity
9         Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway            Lengthen the single eastbound left-turn lane                                                                                             Safety and reduce delays
                                                            Change the Cape Coral Parkway left-turn signals from protected only to protected/permissive. Add southbound and eastbound
10        Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway                                                                                                                                                     Reduce delays
                                                            right-turn overlap phase
11        Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway            Add a blank-out "“No Turn On Red” (R10-11a) sign facing southbound and eastbound traffic                                                 Safety – Reduce pedestrian/vehicle conflicts
                                          th
          Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10 Place/Leonard
12                                                          Perform signal warrant study                                                                                                             To be determined
          Street
13        Cape Coral Parkway at SE 8th Place                Install raised concrete island on Cape Coral Parkway                                                                                     Safety – Reduce angle crashes
                                        th
14        Cape Coral Parkway at SE 9 Place                  Install raised concrete island on Cape Coral Parkway                                                                                     Safety – Reduce angle crashes
15        Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes Boulevard         Change the Cape Coral Parkway left-turn signals from protected only to protected/permissive                                              Reduce delays
16        Cape Coral Parkway, east of Vincennes Boulevard   Install illuminated mid-block crossing with advance yield lines                                                                          Design provides for pedestrian refuge in the median
                                          th
17        Cape Coral Parkway at SE 15 Ave                   Install raised concrete island on Cape Coral Parkway                                                                                     Safety – Reduce angle crashes




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                                                                                                           Table 14: Short-term Improvements
Item
          Location                                     Improvement                                                                                                                         Benefit
No.
18        Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard    Change the eastbound right-turn lane to a shared through right-turn lane to provide three through lanes                             Increase through capacity and reduce delays
                                                       Change the existing southbound through lane on Del Prado Boulevard to a shared left-through lane and change to a split phase
19        Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard                                                                                                                                        Reduce delays
                                                       signal operation on Del Prado Boulevard
20        Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard    Permit the westbound left-turn phase during the AM peak hour                                                                        Improve circulation
21        Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard    Install signs and markings for southbound lane usage (L, L, LT, and R)                                                              Safety
22        Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard    Add a westbound through lane by reducing the median width                                                                           Increase capacity and reduce delays
23        Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard    Remove the “No U-turn” sign for the westbound approach                                                                              Improve circulation
24        Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard    Add a “Right Turns Must Yield to U-turns” sign for the northbound approach                                                          Reduce potential vehicle conflicts
                                                                                                                                                                                           Safety – Counter measures to reduce red light running at Del Prado
25        Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard    Install optically programmed signals for southbound Del Prado Boulevard
                                                                                                                                                                                           Boulevard/SE 47th Terrace intersection
26        Cape Coral Parkway at SE 17th Avenue         Remove the pedestrian crosswalk and signs                                                                                           Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                           Improve traffic circulation. Reduce delays at Del Prado Boulevard/SE
27        Cape Coral Parkway at SE 17th Place          Remove one-way operation and install a traffic signal
                                                                                                                                                                                           47th Terrace and at Cape Coral Parkway/Del Prado Boulevard
                                                                                                                                                                                           Improve circulation and provide additional capacity for motorists
28        Cape Coral Parkway at SE 17th Place          Provide for two southbound left-turn lanes
                                                                                                                                                                                           traveling to the Cape Coral Bridge
                                                       Install a pedestrian signal for crossing Cape Coral Parkway concurrent with double left turn from SE 17th Place. Add a leading      Safety and pedestrian friendliness – Provide a signalized crossing where
29        Cape Coral Parkway at SE 17th Place
                                                       pedestrian interval                                                                                                                 none exists
30        Cape Coral Parkway, east of SE 17th Avenue   Replace the two-way left-turn lane with a raised median with a U-turn at the Welcome Center                                         Safety – Reduce vehicle conflicts
31        Cape Coral Parkway at Welcome Center         Add a right-turn deceleration lane into the Welcome Center                                                                          Safety – Reduce vehicle conflicts
32        SE 47th Terrace at SE 6th Avenue             Further study to include traffic counts, delay study, video monitoring, and crash analysis                                          To be determined
33        SE 47th Terrace at SE 10th Place             Further study to include traffic counts, delay study, video monitoring, speed study, and crash analysis                             To be determined
34        SE 47th Terrace at SE 15th Avenue            Further study to include traffic counts, delay study, video monitoring, and crash analysis                                          To be determined
                                                                                                            th
35        Coronado Parkway at SE 47th Terrace          Install protected/permitted left-turn signals on SE 47 Terrace. (Further study of crash data)                                       Reduce delays
                                                       Install raised concrete island on Del Prado Boulevard for a bi-directional opening. Restrict northbound left-turn movement during
36        Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Street                                                                                                                                            Safety – Reduce angle crashes, reduce left-turn crashes
                                                       AM peak hour.
37        Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace       Retime signal to run on double cycle to reduce long red times on Del Prado Boulevard. (Further study to include video monitoring)   Safety – Reduce red light runners on Del Prado Boulevard.
                                                                th
                                                       On SE 46 Street approaches, change the lane usage from a shared left-through lane to a left-turn lane with a shared through-right
38        Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Street                                                                                                                                            Reduce delays
                                                       turn lane. (Further study of crash data)
39        Miramar Street at Del Prado Boulevard        Change the eastbound single lane approach to a separate left-turn and shared through right-turn lane                                Reduce delays




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These are needed at all signalized locations to reduce the potential for crashes involving new
drivers in the area. Advanced street name signs have become a standard practice on state roads
due to their benefit to the motoring public. Also, as discussed earlier, the street name signs at the
intersections should be upgraded to meet reflectivity and text size standards. The addition of
illuminated street name signs at all signalized intersections will increase safety and improve
night-time visibility. The intersections currently missing these signs are:


•   Del Prado Boulevard/Cape Coral Parkway
•   Del Prado Boulevard/Se 47th Terrace
•   Del Prado Boulevard/SE 46th Street
•   Del Prado Boulevard/Beach Parkway
•   Del Prado Boulevard/Coronado Parkway
•   Cape Coral Parkway/SE 10th Place
•   Cape Coral Parkway/Vincennes Boulevard
•   Coronado Parkway/SE 47th Terrace


Bicycle Lanes
Bicycle lanes are located on Coronado Parkway and Beach Parkway. The bike lanes should be
signed according to the guidelines outlined in the MUTCD, the (AASHTO) Guide for the
Development of Bicycle Facilities, and the Florida Bicycle Facilities Planning and Design
Handbook. Appendix O includes a sample from the MUTCD of the signs and markings required
for a bike lane at an intersection. Lanes that are terminated at intersections should be signed
using the Bike Lane Ends signs (R3-17 and R3-17b).


Median Openings
There are several intersections along Cape Coral Parkway that require raised concrete islands to
prohibit side street left-turn and through movements.        Additionally, there is a full median
opening access at Del Prado Boulevard and SE 47th Street that is proposed for side street right-
turns only to eliminate cross street traffic and reduce crashes that are associated with these




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movements. The following Cape Coral Parkway locations have been selected for raised medians
to replace the existing painted medians:


•   SE 15th Avenue
•   SE 9th Place
•   SE 8th Court


These are recommended along with the County’s planned median modifications on Del Prado
Boulevard as previously discussed in the existing conditions section.


Leading Pedestrian Intervals
Leading Pedestrian Intervals (LPIs) provide the WALK indication two to five seconds prior to
the concurrent green indication. This allows pedestrians to enter the crosswalk before the
turning drivers, thereby increasing the visibility of pedestrians and reducing conflicts with
turning vehicles.


LPIs are particularly effective at urban and suburban intersections of a minor street with a wide
major street. At these locations, it is typical for the majority of traffic from the minor street
approaches to make right or left turns onto the major street. These approaches rarely have
enough turning traffic to warrant protected left-turn phases, so all the turning vehicles from the
minor street conflict with the concurrent pedestrian movements crossing the major street. In
addition, when the major street is wide, the pedestrian clearance interval is generally fairly long,
resulting in minor street green times of 30 seconds or more whenever the pedestrian signal is
actuated. Even during peak hours, that amount of green time is often not needed to serve the
traffic on the minor street. Therefore, at the intersections of wide arterial streets with collector
streets and local streets, LPIs can be installed where they are beneficial for pedestrians, but
where they have little effect on vehicle capacity and level of service. Several existing and
proposed signalized intersections on Cape Coral Parkway and Del Prado Boulevard fit the
description above. In general, a two-second LPI is proposed at the following intersections (the
LPI should be used for crossing the major street and not the minor street unless otherwise
indicated):

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•   Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes Boulevard
•   Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10th Place/Leonard Street
•   Cape Coral Parkway at SE 6th Avenue/Tarpon Court
•   Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree Boulevard
•   Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace
•   Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Street
•   Del Prado Boulevard at Beach Parkway


Countdown Signals
Studies have generally shown that countdown pedestrian signals provide additional information
to pedestrians, therefore encouraging them to be out of the street when conflicting traffic
receives a green signal. These signals should be used at all new signals and whenever pedestrian
signal heads are replaced excluding replacement for hurricane damage.


Blank Out “No Turn On Red” (R10-11a)
For this application, when a pedestrian pushes the button, a blank-out “No Turn On Red” (R10-
11a) sign comes up. This protects pedestrians crossing in front of the vehicle facing the sign. As
an additional option, the sign can read “Right Turn Yield to Pedestrians” whenever a pedestrian
pushes the button for the walk signal that is concurrent with the green interval for vehicles facing
the sign. These signs are best used at locations where there are high volumes of turning traffic
that conflict with pedestrian movements. The following locations are recommended for these
signs:


•   Cape Coral Parkway and Coronado Parkway facing southbound and eastbound traffic
•   Cape Coral Parkway and Santa Barbara Boulevard facing westbound traffic (“No Turn On
    Red” (R10-11a))


Minor Street Pedestrian Crossing Signals on Recall
At all approaches where there are green intervals placed on recall, the concurrent Walk signals
for crossing the minor street should be placed on recall as well. This is proactive design for


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pedestrians, which reduces the need for pedestrians to push buttons. It provides better service to
pedestrians, reducing the likelihood that they will make unsafe and illegal crossings.


Pedestrian Mid-Block Crosswalks
There is presently only one mid-block pedestrian crossing on Cape Coral Parkway. It is located
east of Del Prado Boulevard. This location is potentially unsafe due to the steady free flow of
traffic westbound from the Cape Coral Bridge. A mid-block crosswalk is proposed on Cape
Coral Parkway between SE 15th Avenue/Cape Coral Street and Vincennes Boulevard. These 2
intersections are spaced nearly 1,500 feet apart. Generally in downtown areas, pedestrians
should be provided crossing opportunities no more than about 600 feet apart. The crossing is
recommended to be placed so that it is located just east of the proposed new street to the north
shown in the mid-term improvements. The placement of a crosswalk at this location reduces the
spacing to about 650 to 750 feet, which is close to the necessary spacing for crossing
opportunities. There is already some demand for pedestrian crossings in this area, and as the
downtown redevelops, the demand will increase.                                   Due primarily to the existing lack of
adequately-spaced pedestrian crossings in the downtown, additional analysis (e.g., gap analysis,
existing pedestrian volumes, anticipated pedestrian volumes, etc.) are not necessary to conclude
that a crosswalk should be placed at this location.


The most comprehensive study of marked crosswalks, Safety Effects of Marked versus
Unmarked Crosswalks at Uncontrolled Locations1 recommends that marked crosswalks alone
should not be installed on high-volume multi-lane roadways. There are several alternatives for
crosswalk treatments and traffic control to provide an effective designated pedestrian crossing
location.

1
    Zegeer ET. Al., Safety Effects of Marked versus Unmarked Crosswalks at Uncontrolled Locations: Final Report and Recommended Guidelines,
FHWA–HRT–04–100, Federal Highway Administration, McLean, VA, 2005.




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One option is an unsignalized crosswalk that should have the following features:


•   Overhead illumination
•   Advance pedestrian crossing warning signs
•   High-visibility markings
•   A staggered cut-through in the median
•   Advanced yield lines with “Yield Here to Pedestrians” signs on both sides of each direction
    of the roadway


Another option is a pedestrian signal built as a two-step crossing, where each direction of Cape
Coral Parkway is stopped independently to let pedestrians cross. This two-step crossing reduces
the delay to motor vehicles, making it possible to provide a “hot” response for pedestrians since
motorists will only be delayed for a short time.


A third option that will further reduce motorists delay is to use a HAWK beacon or similar
solution. The HAWK beacon uses a different signal display for motorists. The signal head
includes a single yellow face and a double red face (side by side). The signal will be dark most
of the time. When a pedestrian pushes the button, the signal changes to flashing yellow, then
solid yellow, then solid red, at which time the pedestrian signal shows a walk indication. When
the pedestrian signal changes to flashing “Don’t Walk”, the vehicle signal displays flashing red
in a “wigwag” pattern. Flashing red allows drivers to stop and then go if the pedestrians have
cleared the intersection. This “HAWK” signal configuration has been approved by the full
National Committee on Uniform Traffic Control Devices, which effectively means that it will be
placed in the draft of the next version of the MUTCD. The HAWK signal has been used in
Tucson, Arizona without any threshold of existing or anticipated pedestrian volumes.


The choice of traffic control and other treatments as described above is at the discretion of the
City of Cape Coral staff. The use of a pedestrian signal would preferably be supported by a
signal warrant study. New pedestrian volume signal warrants have been approved for inclusion
in the MUTCD; any warrant study should use these new warrants. Given the physical difficulty


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of crossing at the proposed crosswalk location, it is not reasonable to conduct a signal warrant
analysis based on actual pedestrian counts.


Cape Coral Parkway
Due to the saturated conditions on Cape Coral Parkway during the peak hours, additional
capacity is necessary. It can be obtained with a six-lane section on Cape Coral Parkway from
Coronado Parkway to Del Prado Boulevard, which can be accomplished by utilizing the existing
on-street parking and exclusive right-turn lanes. The long right-turn lanes through this section
can be utilized more effectively for the significant through volumes than for the right-turn
volumes that range from 15 to 71 vph during the peak hours. The heavy eastbound right-turn
volume onto Coronado Parkway would continue to be serviced with the existing right-turn lane.
The existing eastbound outside left-turn lane will be converted to a third through lane. The
analysis determined that greater efficiency can be achieved with a third through lane than the
existing dual left-turn lanes.


The quantitative operational benefits of the six-lane versus four-lane Cape Coral Parkway are
discussed further in subsequent sections of the report.


Utilization of the outside parking/right-turn lane for through vehicles will result in stop and go
movements at times due to the excessive number of driveways along Cape Coral Parkway. The
City is encouraged to begin implementing the access standards previously discussed in the
Access Points section to reduce vehicle/vehicle conflicts, vehicle/pedestrian conflicts and to
reduce the overall delays on the roadway. Preliminary measures could include working with
business owners to form joint accesses, increased driveway spacing, and reduced driveway
widths.


Some cities use the parking lanes as an additional through lane only during the peak hours. This
allows the businesses to continue to have the on-street parking during most of their normal
business hours. The City would need to provide the signs and markings to incorporate this
operation along with regular enforcement patrols to ensure that vehicles are not parked in the
parking lanes prior to the peak hour six-lane operation. Additionally, the transition from three

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through lanes back to two through lanes with the parking would require the use of lane drops.
Coordination with a towing service would need to be in place for effective operation. Violators
could initially receive warnings during a grace period to transition into the parking restrictions.
Although the shared use of the parking lane is an option, it would seem more reasonable to
eliminate the on-street parking on Cape Coral Parkway based on the following: 1) the existing
low usage of on-street parking; 2) availability of off-street parking; 3) the high volume of traffic
on Cape Coral Parkway; 4) projected volumes; and 5) the wide typical section of Cape Coral
Parkway. The City should work with those businesses that do not have adequate off-street
parking to determine alternate parking locations to ensure these businesses can operate.


Since the eastbound AM peak hour directional delays were determined to be worse than the PM
peak hour delays, the eastbound direction of flow was weighted as the higher priority for
congestion relief. The transition from three lanes eastbound on Cape Coral Parkway to two lanes
on the Cape Coral Bridge is proposed to occur as a merge 500 feet east of SE 17th Place. To
accommodate the increased through capacity in the eastbound direction, the centerline of the
roadway will shift to the north. This reduces the existing three westbound lanes to two just west
of the Bridge. The outside westbound lane currently functions as a free flow right-turn lane onto
Del Prado Boulevard which serves approximately 1,200 vph during the PM peak hour. This lane
will be shortened with the shift to increase the eastbound capacity. The westbound right-turn
lane is proposed to begin 300 feet west of SE 17th Place. Although 550 PM peak motorists are
already using SE 17th Place as an alternate route to connect to Del Prado Boulevard, it is
expected that even more may do so with the proposed lane uses in this area.


The proposed third westbound through lane on Cape Coral Parkway will begin 500 feet east of
the proposed SE 17th Place signal. Three receiving lanes are available on Cape Coral Parkway
west of Del Prado Boulevard by use of the outside parking/right-turn lane as a through lane.


The section of Cape Coral Parkway east of Del Prado Boulevard includes a two-way left-turn
lane. Due to the steady flow of traffic to and from the Cape Coral Bridge, left-turn movements
in this area are very difficult. Based on a study contacted at Iowa State University, the following
is provided concerning utilization of two-way left-turn lanes. “Two-way left-turn lanes begin to

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lose their effectiveness when traffic volumes on a roadway are high. A Georgia Tech University
study indicates operating degradation occurs between an AADT of 24,000 to 28,000 vehicles per
day. Two-way left-turn lanes are not recommended in situations where there are more than four
through traffic lanes (e.g., two through lanes in each direction).         Several states in the
southeastern United States have constructed seven lane urban arterials where one lane is a two-
way left-turn lane. These roadways have accident rates as high as 11 accidents per hundred
million vehicle miles. Many of the accidents on these roads occur because drivers may have to
cross as many as six or seven lanes (with traffic moving in several directions) to enter or exit a
business. This represents too complex a situation for drivers to manage. When there are six or
more through traffic lanes, a raised median is essential.”


The Cape Coral Parkway volumes are twice the 28,000 vehicles per day threshold noted in the
study. In addition, there are currently five through lanes in this section of Cape Coral Parkway
and six proposed from east of SE 17th Place to the west.


Replacing the two-way left-turn lane with a raised median would not make the movement easier
but would reduce the potential for vehicle conflicts. A median opening is proposed at the
Welcome Center for eastbound left-turns into the Center and for U-turns from the properties
located on the south side of Cape Coral Parkway. Although there are safety concerns with an
eastbound left-turn or U-turn movement at this location due to the steady westbound volume
from the Bridge, there is no other means to access the Welcome Center driveway except across
Cape Coral Parkway. Ideally, eastbound left turns and U-turns are not desirable in this section of
Cape Coral Parkway.


The City should collect turning movement counts to determine the number of vehicles that are
currently utilizing the two-way left turn lane from the south side of Cape Coral Parkway. If the
count data reflects that the one eastbound median opening is not the best option for the volume
of traffic, the City should work with the property owners located along the south side of Cape
Coral Parkway to create a frontage road that connects the existing driveways to the bank
driveway located on Waikiki Avenue. Access to Waikiki Avenue would allow the motorists
desiring to travel to the west from the south side of Cape Coral Parkway to bypass turning onto

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Cape Coral Parkway. The mid-term improvements include a frontage road that connects both
sides of Cape Coral Parkway via access under the Bridge and would eliminate the current need
for direct access across Cape Coral Parkway. A westbound right-turn lane into the Welcome
Center is also proposed in the short-term to minimize delays and the potential for rear end
crashes associated with vehicles slowing down to turn into the Welcome Center.


The replacement of the two-way left-turn lane with the median will restrict southbound left-turns
from two properties which are located on the north side of Cape Coral Parkway. Since there is
presently a “No U-turn” sign for the westbound approach of Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado
Boulevard, these motorists would be required to make a right-turn onto Cape Coral Parkway,
then a left-turn onto Del Prado Boulevard, followed by a left-turn onto Waikiki Avenue and then
lastly a right-turn onto Cape Coral Parkway to access the Bridge. It would be much easier for
the motorists from the properties on the north side, east of SE 17th Place, to U-turn at the Cape
Coral Parkway/Del Prado Boulevard intersection to travel east across the Bridge. The turning
radius for the westbound U-turn on Cape Coral Parkway was checked with the proposed short-
term improvements and was determined to be adequate. Therefore, it is recommended that the
“No U-turn” sign be removed and a “Right Turns Must Yield to U-Turns” sign be installed for
the northbound right-turn lane to minimize potential conflicts with the U-turns on Cape Coral
Parkway.


Cape Coral Parkway at Santa Barbara Boulevard
Due to the sight distance restrictions created by the bridge to the east, a “No Right Turn on Red”
sign is recommended for the southbound right-turn motorists. There are also safety concerns
associated with the “ONLY” pavement markings located on the inside westbound through lane.
Motorists are swerving into the center through lane, thinking the “ONLY” is for warning of a
left-turn only lane, not that it is a designated through lane. The pavement messages should be
removed.


The pedestrian signal pole in the island has been hit and pedestrians have a difficult time
crossing the unsignalized crossing of the high volume right-turn lane. In the short-term, the
phasing needs to be adjusted as follows:

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•   Southbound left- and right-turn movements with a right-turn overlap for the westbound right-
    turn movement. Provide a LPI for the west leg crosswalk whenever a pedestrian pushes the
    button.
•   Eastbound left-turn movement. The westbound right turn will face a red arrow during this
    time, but right turns on red will be allowed.
•   When the north leg crosswalk pushbutton is actuated, the eastbound/westbound through
    movements move with the north leg crosswalk. The westbound right-turn movement will
    face a red arrow during this time, and a blank-out “No Turn On Red” (R10-11a) sign will be
    lit.
•   Eastbound and westbound through movements move with the westbound right-turn
    movement.


Signal hardware changes:


•   The five-section signal head for the westbound movement needs to be changed to two three-
    section heads, one with red, yellow, and green circular indications and the other with red,
    yellow, and green right arrow indications.
•   A supplemental three-section signal head with red, yellow, and green right arrows for the
    westbound traffic should be placed on a pedestal on the northeast corner, along with the
    pedestrian signal head.


Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree Boulevard
In addition to the implementation of pedestrian recall and LPIs at the intersection of Cape Coral
Parkway and Palm Tree Boulevard, the capacity could be improved with the use of a southbound
right-turn overlap phase. The volumes are especially high in the PM peak hour with 318 vph that
could flow simultaneously with the protected phase of the 239 eastbound left turns. Since
eastbound U-turns are permitted, a sign for the southbound right-turn motorists should be
installed stating “Right Turns Must Yield to U-Turns”.




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Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway
The conversion of the outside eastbound left-turn lane to a through lane will require additional
green time for the left-turn phase. Besides the retiming of the signal system in conjunction with
the improvements, the intersection can operate more efficiently with the modification of the east-
west protected only phasing to protected/permitted. The intersection of Cape Coral Parkway at
Palm Tree Boulevard is currently operating as protected/permitted on Cape Coral Parkway.
Therefore, this less restrictive control is an acceptable practice on six-lane roadways in the City.
Additionally, the southbound right-turn movement and the eastbound right-turn movement could
experience fewer delays with the provision of right-turn overlap phases. The peak hour volumes
are 258 vehicles for the southbound right turn and 367 vehicles for the eastbound right turn.
These improvements are in addition to the previously discussed pedestrian recommendations.


Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes Boulevard
Besides the retiming of the signal system in conjunction with the improvements, the intersection
can operate more efficiently with the modification of the east-west protected only phasing to
protected/permitted.


Del Prado Boulevard at Cape Coral Parkway
Since significant delays in the study area stem from the intersection of Del Prado Boulevard at
Cape Coral Parkway, the most significant changes are proposed at this location. Using the
existing conditions and several alternate lane configurations, this intersection was analyzed using
the highest eight hours of traffic volumes to determine the best option. The 10 alternatives are
shown in Figure 89. Table 15 provides a summary of ten alternatives that would be feasible
within the existing right-of-way.            All of the alternatives include the westbound left-turn
movement although it is temporarily restricted in the AM peak hour. As shown in Table 15, the
triple left-turns southbound with the six-laned Cape Coral Parkway provide the least overall
delay during the eight hours analyzed. The analysis indicates the greatest improvement during
the AM peak hour (90 sec/veh reduction) and a low of 11 sec/veh intersection delay reduction
between 3:00 and 4:00 PM. The recommended improvements include:




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                                                       Table 15: 2006 Volumes- Short-term Improvements Analysis
Intersection Analysis - Del Prado Boulevard @ Cape Coral Parkway - Synchro Results
                                                                             (1) 3 EBT; 3 SBL & SB Shared TR with
                                Cycle Length        Existing Conditions                                              (2) 3 EBT with Merge Area; Timing Split Changes
       Time Analyzed                                                             Merge Area; Timing Split Changes
                                    (sec)
                                                 Delay        v/c    LOS       Delay          v/c           LOS          Delay              v/c              LOS
          7:00 - 8:00                170         151.9       1.56       F        85.6        1.11            F           116.7             1.27               F
          8:00 - 9:00                130         127.5       1.51       F        59.0        1.05            E            79.9             1.19               E
        13:00 - 14:00                130         110.7       1.74       F        60.9        1.09            E            71.0             1.18               E
        14:00 - 15:00                130          59.0       1.28       E        55.3        1.05            E            46.5             1.03               D
        15:00 - 16:00                150          57.0       1.15       E        55.4        1.03            E            56.4             1.06               E
        16:00 - 17:00                170          70.7       1.12       E        81.4        1.21            F            67.0             1.13               E
        17:00 - 18:00                170          87.3       1.23       F        88.2        1.22            F            78.9             1.20               E
        18:00 - 19:00                130          67.4        1.2       E        57.1        1.08            E            49.6             1.04               D
       Total 8 Hours                             731.5                          542.9                                    566.0
                                               (3) 3 SBL & Shared SB TR
                                                                                                                     (5) Free-Flow NBR & Merge Area; Timing Split
                                Cycle Length   with Merge Area; Timing           (4) 3 WBT; Timing Split Changes
       Time Analyzed                                                                                                 Changes
                                    (sec)      Split Changes
                                                 Delay        v/c    LOS       Delay          v/c           LOS          Delay              v/c              LOS
          7:00 - 8:00                170         132.6       1.33       F       168.6        1.50            F           109.9             1.30               F
          8:00 - 9:00                130          95.5       1.22       F       119.1        1.39            F            72.8             1.18               E
        13:00 - 14:00                130          61.4       1.09       E        50.7        1.00            D            71.2             1.18               E
        14:00 - 15:00                130          56.9       1.05       E        39.5        0.89            D            47.7             1.03               D
        15:00 - 16:00                150          56.2       1.03       E        44.8        0.92            D            56.8             1.06               E
        16:00 - 17:00                170          82.1       1.21       F        47.7        0.92            D            67.2             1.13               E
        17:00 - 18:00                170          88.8       1.22       F        51.5        0.97            D            79.0             1.20               E
        18:00 - 19:00                130          57.5       1.08       E        35.2        0.85            D            49.7             1.04               D
       Total 8 Hours                             631.0                          557.1                                    554.3
                                               (6) 3 EBT & WBT with
                                                                           (7) 3 EBT; 3 WBT; 3 SBL & Shared SB TR    (8) Split Phases NB & SB; NB First; Timing Split
                                Cycle Length   Merge Area; Timing Split
       Time Analyzed                                                       with Merge Area; Timing Split Changes     Changes
                                    (sec)      Changes
                                                 Delay        v/c    LOS       Delay          v/c           LOS          Delay              v/c              LOS
          7:00 - 8:00                170         115.8       1.27       F        84.9        1.11            F           163.1             1.43               F
          8:00 - 9:00                130          78.9       1.18       E        58.4        1.05            E           111.3             1.33               F
        13:00 - 14:00                130          50.1       1.00      D         46.1        0.95            D            61.0             1.07               E
        14:00 - 15:00                130          37.9       0.89      D         44.2        0.97            D            46.7             0.98               D
        15:00 - 16:00                150          43.8       0.92      D         45.7        0.91            D            55.3             1.02               E
         16:00-17:00                 170          47.0       0.92      D         58.7        1.01            E            72.0             1.14               E
        17:00 – 18:00                170          50.9       0.97      D         57.5        1.01            E            82.3             1.16               F
        18:00 - 19:00                130          34.7       0.85       C        39.6        0.92            D            49.1             1.01               D
       Total 8 Hours                             459.1                          435.1                                    640.8



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                                                       Table 15: 2006 Volumes- Short-term Improvements Analysis
Intersection Analysis - Del Prado Boulevard @ Cape Coral Parkway - Synchro Results
                                               (9) Split Phases NB & SB;
                                                                          (10) NB SB Split Phases w/ SB First; 3 EBT,
                                Cycle Length     SB First; Timing Split
       Time Analyzed                                                      3WBT and 2 SBL w/ Shared SB LT
                                    (sec)                Changes
                                                Delay        v/c    LOS        Delay           v/c           LOS
         7:00 - 8:00                 170         111.9      1.28       F       61.8           1.01             E
         8:00 - 9:00                 130          73.5      1.17       E       43.4           0.93             D
        13:00 - 14:00                130          70.6      1.13       E       51.3           0.99             D
        14:00 - 15:00                130          50.9      1.02      D        40.8           0.88             D
        15:00 - 16:00                150          60.6      1.05       E       46.6           0.90             D
        16:00 - 17:00                170          78.7      1.17       E       52.7           0.95             D
        17:00 - 18:00                170          89.0      1.19       F       53.5           1.08             D
        18:00 - 19:00                130          54.6      1.07      D        36.9           0.85             D
                                                 589.8                         387.0
Comparison
                                                                             (10) NB SB Split Phases with SB First; 3                Improvement Summary
                                Cycle Length       Existing Conditions
       Time Analyzed                                                      EBT, 3WBT and 2 SBL with a Shared SB LT                          Delay with     Reduction
                                    (sec)                                                                               Existing Delay
                                                Delay        v/c    LOS        Delay           v/c           LOS                         Alternative (10)  in Delay
         7:00 - 8:00                 170         151.6      1.56       F       61.8           1.01             E            151.9              61.8          90.1
         8:00 - 9:00                 130         127.1      1.51       F       43.4           0.93             D            127.3              43.4          83.9
        13:00 - 14:00                130         110.3      1.74       F       51.3           0.99             D            110.7              51.3          59.4
        14:00 - 15:00                130          58.4      1.28       E       40.8           0.88             D             59.0              40.8          18.2
        15:00 - 16:00                150          56.8      1.15       E       46.6           0.90             D             57.0              46.6          10.4
        16:00 - 17:00                170          70.5      1.12       E       52.7           0.95             D             70.7              52.7          18.0
        17:00 - 18:00                170          87.1      1.23       F       53.5           1.08             D             87.3              53.5          33.8
        18:00 - 19:00                130          66.8       1.2       E       36.9           0.85             D             67.4              36.9          30.5
                                                 728.6                         387.0                                        731.5             387.0          344.5




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                                                                      City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                        Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                         Surrounding Traffic Study


•   Increase capacity by adding a westbound through lane by widening into the median and
    shifting the left-turn lane. The three receiving lanes exist on Cape Coral Parkway. Lengthen
    the westbound left-turn lane to improve accessibility to this turn lane.
•   Increase capacity by adding an eastbound through lane. This is accomplished by converting
    the eastbound right-turn lane to a shared through right-turn lane and widening into the
    median on the departure side of the intersection.
•   Change the existing southbound through lane on Del Prado Boulevard to a shared
    left/through lane to provide additional capacity for the heavy southbound left-turn movement.
•   Install split phase signal operation on the northbound and southbound approaches to
    accommodate the new lane uses.
•   Permit the westbound left-turn movement which was temporarily restricted in the AM peak
    hour to reduce delays.
•   Remove the “No U-turn” (R3-4) sign on the westbound approach.
•   Install a “Right Turns Must Yield to U-turns” sign on the northbound approach.
•   Install optically programmed signals on the southbound approach due to the close proximity
    to the SE 47th Terrace intersection and possible masked viewing of the signals.
•   Install a “Signal Ahead” (W3-3) warning sign on the northeast corner of the intersection
    facing the westbound right-turn lane.


Based on requests from the City and County, the option of removing the crosswalk on the east
leg of the intersection was investigated. The removal is not recommended since this goes
against good pedestrian oriented design and pedestrian safety. If it were removed, pedestrians
would be required to travel across possibly 20 lanes of traffic instead of the seven lanes of traffic
proposed on the east side of Cape Coral Parkway. The pedestrians will have to cross the
northbound, right-turn lane whether they travel across the east crosswalk or the south crosswalk.
The pedestrian signal will be activated to operate concurrently with the proposed northbound
split phase movements.           From a capacity perspective, it is important that this pedestrian
movement be actuated so that it only increases the length of the northbound green phase when
pedestrians are actually using the crosswalk. Requiring pedestrians on the east side of Del Prado




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                                                                     City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                       Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                        Surrounding Traffic Study


Boulevard to cross all other three legs could hinder the capacity since they will then actuate all
three other pedestrian signals during their journey across the intersection.


Lee County requested the investigation of operating the intersection with variable lane use by
time of day to maximize the efficiency of the intersection. Montgomery County, Maryland is
experiencing success using this technique. This operation at the intersection of Del Prado
Boulevard and Cape Coral Parkway would require the addition of variable lane use signs at the
intersection, as well as in advance of the intersection. This can create problems due to the close
proximity of the signalized intersection of SE 47th Terrace. (The signal is recommended to be
removed in the mid-term or sooner if possible.) The recommendation to install a signal at the
intersection of Cape Coral Parkway and SE 17th Place will reduce the left-turn volume at the
Cape Coral Parkway/Del Prado Boulevard intersection, which may support the use of dual left-
turns during the off peak hours. Since a modeling analysis was not included in this study, it is
recommended that the traffic volumes be reassessed after the SE 17th Place signal is installed and
after construction of the new development which is planned between SE 46th Lane and SE 47th
Street east of Del Prado Boulevard. This will determine if the variable lane use operation will
provide adequate benefit in comparison to the split phase triple-left operation.


As shown in Table 15, the total delay at the intersection of Del Prado Boulevard and Cape Coral
Parkway is expected to be reduced by approximately 50 percent from the existing conditions
with the short-term improvements. This reduction in delay will improve the overall network
operations during the AM and PM peak hours. Appendix P contains the Synchro analysis for
this intersection.


Cape Coral Parkway at SE 17th Place
A new traffic signal is proposed at the intersection of Cape Coral Parkway and SE 17th Place.
The existing northbound one-way operation on SE 17th Place would be modified to two-way
operation. The intersection would include two southbound left-turn lanes to improve circulation
in the study area. The AM peak hour delays would be reduced and the vehicle conflicts at the
intersection of Del Prado Boulevard and SE 47th Terrace would be reduced with fewer
westbound left-turn vehicles. Presently, all traffic east of Del Prado Boulevard and north of

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                                                                      City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                        Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                         Surrounding Traffic Study


Cape Coral Parkway (south of the Malaga Canal) must utilize Del Prado Boulevard to travel east
across the Cape Coral Bridge. Converting SE 17th Place from one-way northbound to two-way
will provide more direct access to the Cape Coral Bridge. It is anticipated that the side street
volumes on SE 17th Place will meet the minimum criteria outlined in the MUTS signal warrant
forms when signalized. It is not recommended that this intersection be converted to two-way
operation without signalization due to the safety concerns associated with motorists trying to turn
left onto Cape Coral Parkway with insufficient gaps in the traffic.


A two-phase traffic signal is recommended to control this intersection. The existing right-of-way
on SE 17th Place is sufficient to provide two southbound left-turn lanes to maximize capacity and
minimize the red phase on Cape Coral Parkway. The existing eastbound left-turn movement at
this location would be eliminated. The traffic counts provided by the City show that there are 9
and 20 eastbound left-turn vehicles during the AM and PM peak hours, respectively. The
diverted vehicles could U-turn at the proposed median opening at the Welcome Center or utilize
alternate routes via Del Prado Boulevard and SE 47th Terrace.


The removal of the existing pedestrian crossing east of SE 17th Avenue is proposed due to its
potentially unsafe location.          A pedestrian signal is recommended at the new signalized
intersection of Cape Coral Parkway and SE 17th Place to create a safer place for pedestrians to
cross this busy section of Cape Coral Parkway. The pedestrian signal would run concurrent with
the dual left turns from SE 17th Place. The estimated pedestrian intervals are anticipated to be
longer than the necessary green interval for the double left turn from SE 17th Place. Therefore,
the signal would likely be taken out of coordination whenever a pedestrian pushes the button.


Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace
The intersection currently has excess green time on SE 47th Terrace due to its close proximity to
the signalized intersection of Del Prado Boulevard at Cape Coral Parkway. The excess green
time reduces the southbound queues that stack through SE 47th Terrace from Cape Coral
Parkway. The longer green time on SE 47th Terrace may be a contributing cause to motorists on
Del Prado Boulevard intentionally running the red phase which results in angle crashes. Due to
the low volume of traffic on SE 47th Terrace, the intersection was analyzed with double cycle

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                                                                    City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                      Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                       Surrounding Traffic Study


operation, which proved to reduce the delays at the intersection and may reduce the angle
crashes.


Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Street
With the current shared left-through lane assignment on SE 46th Street, the movement is
operating at LOS F on both the east and west approaches. By changing the lane assignment to a
left turn only with a shared through right-turn lane, the LOS on both approaches is improved to
LOS C. The intersection is currently operating with a 170-second cycle length and is proposed
to operate double cycle in coordination with the entire signal system.


Del Prado Boulevard at Beach Parkway, Del Prado Boulevard at Coronado Parkway
These 2 intersections are currently operating coordinated with a 130-second cycle length. The
short-term improvements include running these double cycled with the entire system. Once the
short-term geometric and signal improvements are in place, the entire signal system will need to
be retimed based on the updated traffic volumes.


Coronado Parkway at SE 47th Terrace
The intersection is currently operating with protected only left-turn phases on SE 47th Terrace
and protected/permitted on Coronado Parkway. The intersection will operate more efficiently
with protected/permitted phasing on SE 47th Terrace also. The isolated intersection analysis
determined that the LOS is improved from E to C in the AM peak hour and from LOS D to C in
the PM peak hour with the adjusted timings and modified left-turn phasing.


Table 16 shows the intersection LOS by movement with the implementation of the short-term
improvements. Table 17 shows a comparison of the HCS analyses for the existing intersection
conditions and the short-term improvements. As shown in Table 17, most of the intersections
will experience significantly improved operations with the short-term improvements. All are
estimated to operate at LOS D or better.




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                                                                       City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                         Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                          Surrounding Traffic Study


                   Table 16: 2006 Intersection Analysis LOS with Short-term Improvements
                                         AM Peak Hour                          PM Peak Hour
                                 Lane        Lane                     Lane          Lane
                                                      Approach                              Approach
        Movement                Group       Group                    Group          Group
                                                      Delay and                             Delay and
                                 Delay       LOS                      Delay          LOS
                                                        (LOS)                                 (LOS)
                               (sec/veh)                            (sec/veh)
                 Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Santa Barbara Boulevard
   EB Left                        70.9        E                        76.1           E
                                                       32.6 (C)                              16.8 (B)
   EB Through                     30.9        C                        12.3           B
   WB Through                     34.6        C                        39.7           D
                                                       25.8 (C)                              32.4 (C)
   WB Right                        5.1        A                        16.5           B
   SB Left                        62.8        E                        65.3           E
                                                       60.0 (E)                              58.5 (E)
   SB Right                       22.3        C                        36.3           D
                     Intersection                      36.9 (D)          Intersection        31.9 (C)
                   Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree Boulevard
   EB Left                        52.4        D                       109.6           F
                                                       51.4 (D)                              28.8 (C)
   EB Through/Right               51.2        D                        15.2           B
   WB Left                        35.5        D                        10.9           B
                                                       40.7 (D)                              52.2 (D)
   WB Through/Right               40.7        D                        52.4           D
   NB Left                        78.5        E                        77.3           E
                                                       78.3 (E)                              78.7 (E)
   NB Through/Right               78.3        E                        79.3           E
   SB Left                        67.1        E                        69.2           E
   SB Through                     65.0        E        36.5 (D)        73.6           E      24.6 (C)
   SB Right                       0.0+        A                         0.1           A
                     Intersection                      48.2 (D)          Intersection        41.3 (D)
               Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 6th Avenue/Tarpon Court
   EB Left                         5.6        A                        66.8           E
                                                       18.2 (B)                              16.2 (B)
   EB Through/Right               19.1        B                        13.3           B
   WB Left                        23.9        C                         8.0           A
                                                       10.5 (B)                              25.8 (C)
   WB Through/Right                9.8        A                        26.1           C
   NB Left/Through/Right          68.3        E        68.3 (E)        68.8           E      68.8 (E)
   SB Left/Through                64.2        E                        64.2           E
                                                       64.2 (E)                              65.6 (E)
   SB Right                       51.5        D                        66.2           E
                     Intersection                      18.2 (B)          Intersection        23.8 (C)
                    Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway
   EB Left                        23.7        C                       122.0           F
   EB Through                     41.3        D        33.3 (C)        28.7           C      40.7 (D)
   EB Right                        8.7        A                         5.6           B
   WB Left                        29.7        C                        12.4           B
                                                       30.8 (C)                              50.0 (D)
   WB Through/Right               30.9        C                        51.8           D
   NB Left                        59.3        E                        88.8           F
                                                       66.5 (E)                              89.7 (F)
   NB Through/Right               71.4        E                        90.8           F
   SB Left                        79.2        E                       114.7           F
   SB Through                     74.3        E        53.9 (D)        88.9           F      56.4 (E)
   SB Right                        5.4        A                         3.2           A
                     Intersection                      38.7 (D)          Intersection        53.1 (D)
               Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10th Place/Leonard Street
   EB Left                        12.7        B                        33.8           C
                                                      35.0- (C)                              24.5 (B)
   EB Through/Right               35.4        D                        24.0           C
   WB Left                        28.8        C                        13.7           B
                                                       21.7 (C)                              36.3 (D)
   WB Through/Right               21.2        C                        36.9           D


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                                                                       City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                         Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                          Surrounding Traffic Study


                  Table 16: 2006 Intersection Analysis LOS with Short-Term Improvements
                                         AM Peak Hour                           PM Peak Hour
                                 Lane        Lane                      Lane          Lane
                                                        Approach                             Approach
        Movement                Group        Group                    Group          Group
                                                        Delay and                            Delay and
                                 Delay        LOS                      Delay          LOS
                                                          (LOS)                               (LOS)
                               (sec/veh)                             (sec/veh)
               Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10th Place/Leonard Street
   NB Left                         42.6        D                        51.5           D
                                                        51.5 (D)                             54.1 (D)
   NB Through/Right               54.4         D                        58.2           E
   SB Left                         43.2        D                        44.7           D
                                                        48.2 (D)                             55.7 (E)
   SB Through/Right               53.0         D                        59.8           E
                      Intersection                      32.6 (C)          Intersection       34.6 (C)
                    Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes Boulevard
   EB Left                          9.3        A                        54.7           D
                                                        31.9 (C)                             23.4 (C)
   EB Through/Right               32.3          C                       20.4           C
   WB Left                        24.1          C                       10.3           B
                                                        20.2 (C)                             49.6 (D)
   WB Through/Right               19.9          B                       50.4           D
   NB Left                        55.3          E                       52.1           D
   NB Through                     68.6          E       66.0 (E)        61.8           E     57.2 (E)
   NB Right                       67.9          E                       60.2           E
   SB Left                         54.2        D                        50.6           D
   SB Through                      67.1         E       60.8 (E)        64.9           E     62.6 (E)
   SB Right                       63.5          E                       65.1           E
                      Intersection                      34.1 (C)          Intersection       43.6 (D)
           Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard (Synchro Results)
   EB Left                        92.3          F                       108.5          F
                                                        68.6 (E)                             46.4 (D)
   EB Through/Right               67.4          E                       32.1           C
   WB Left                        115.9         F                       90.6           F
   WB Through                     38.7         D        31.9 (C)        57.7           E     40.8 (D)
   WB Right                        0.4         A                         2.4           A
   NB Left                        71.8          E                       93.0           F
   NB Through                     80.6          E       33.8 (C)        107.6          F     81.1 (F)
   NB Right                       18.9          B                       18.7           C
   SB Left                        79.7          E                       92.2           F
   SB Through                     94.9          F       83.2 (F)        106.2          F     81.0 (F)
   SB Right                       58.5          E                       12.8           B
                      Intersection                      61.8 (E)          Intersection       53.5 (D)
                       Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace
   EB Left                        19.1          B                       27.2           C
   EB Through                     20.4          C       19.6 (B)        17.0           B     22.2 (C)
   EB Right                       17.9          B                       16.1           B
   WB Left                        27.8          C                       27.0           C
   WB Through                     27.8          C       27.7 (C)        76.0           E     48.5 (D)
   WB Right                       27.3          C                       25.8           C
   NB Through/Right               13.6          B       13.6 (B)        48.2           D     48.2 (D)
   SB Left                        23.4          C                       57.9           E
                                                        17.7 (B)                             20.1 (C)
   SB Through/Right               16.6          B                       18.0           B
                      Intersection                      17.4 (B)          Intersection       38.4 (D)




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                                                                         City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                           Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                            Surrounding Traffic Study


                  Table 16: 2006 Intersection Analysis LOS with Short-Term Improvements
                                         AM Peak Hour                             PM Peak Hour
                                 Lane        Lane                       Lane          Lane
                                                       Approach                               Approach
        Movement                Group       Group                      Group          Group
                                                       Delay and                              Delay and
                                 Delay       LOS                        Delay          LOS
                                                          (LOS)                                  (LOS)
                               (sec/veh)                              (sec/veh)
                                                                               th
                       Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46 Street
   EB Left                        27.6         C                         28.1           C
                                                         27.6 (C)                               28.1 (C)
   EB Through/Right               27.7         C                         28.1           C
   WB Left                        27.7         C                         30.8           C
                                                         27.1 (C)                               29.9 (C)
   WB Through/Right               26.3         C                         28.1           C
   NB Left                       10.0 -       A                           8.7           A
                                                         17.0 (B)                               27.1 (C)
   NB Through/Right               17.4         B                         28.1           C
   SB Left                        32.5         C                         33.6           C
                                                         23.8 (C)                               19.3 (B)
   SB Through/Right               23.6         C                         18.7           B
                     Intersection                        22.3 (C)          Intersection         24.4 (C)
                      Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at Beach Parkway
   WB Left                        28.8         C                         28.5           C
                                                         28.9 (C)                               28.2 (C)
   WB Right                       29.0         C                         27.7           C
   NB Through/Right               14.1         B        13.4 (B)         26.0           C      26.0 (C)
   SB Left                         5.9        A                          12.2           B
                                                         7.8 (A)                                7.5 (A)
   SB Through                      7.9        A                           7.2           A
                     Intersection                        10.9 (B)          Intersection         19.0 (B)
                    Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at Coronado Parkway
   EB Left                        72.6         E                         59.1           E
                                                                                                60.2 (E)
   EB Left/Through                50.4        D          59.8 (E)        64.3           E
   EB Right                       30.0         C                         27.5           C
   WB Left/Through/Right          41.2        D         41.2 (D)         46.3           D      46.3 (D)
   NB Left                        36.3        D                          40.6           D
                                                         18.3 (B)                               28.0 (C)
   NB Through/Right               17.8         B                         27.8           C
   SB Left                         9.2        A                          14.4           B
                                                         56.6 (E)                               70.5 (E)
   SB Through/Right               57.0         E                         70.9           E
                     Intersection                       47.7 (D)           Intersection        52.0 (D)
                       Signalized Intersection: SE 47th Terrace at Coronado Parkway
   EB Left                       10.0 -       A                          14.8           B
                                                         25.0 (C)                               22.3 (C)
   EB Through/Right               30.3         C                         25.3           C
   WB Left                        17.9         B                         12.6           B
                                                         22.1 (C)                               26.8 (C)
   WB Through/Right               23.5         C                         30.6           C
   NB Left                        22.6         C                         23.3           C
   NB Through                     36.5        D          31.5 (C)        30.8           C       26.5 (C)
   NB Right                       25.4         C                         19.0           B
   SB Left                        22.2         C                         25.7           C
   SB Through                     31.4         C         33.1 (C)        35.6           D      48.8 (D)
   SB Right                       37.1        D                          71.1           E
                     Intersection                        28.5 (C)          Intersection         31.8 (C)
                                               th
                            4-Way Stop: SE 47 Terrace at Palm Tree Boulevard
   EB Left/Through/Right         10.55         B        10.55 (B)       10.50           B      10.50 (B)
   WB Left/Through               14.68         B                        19.73           C
                                                        13.36 (B)                              16.63 (C)
   WB Right                       9.88        A                         11.57           B
   NB Left/Through               13.76         B                        22.29           C
                                                        13.03 (B)                              19.39 (C)
   NB Right                      12.39         B                        10.10           B

S:\2051601\REPORTS\FINAL Cape Coral REVISED.doc         142                                         April 2007
                                                                            City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                              Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                               Surrounding Traffic Study


                  Table 16: 2006 Intersection Analysis LOS with Short-Term Improvements
                                        AM Peak Hour                          PM Peak Hour
                                Lane       Lane                      Lane          Lane
                                                    Approach                              Approach
        Movement               Group       Group                    Group          Group
                                                    Delay and                             Delay and
                                Delay       LOS                      Delay          LOS
                                                       (LOS)                                 (LOS)
                              (sec/veh)                            (sec/veh)
                                             th
                           4-Way Stop: SE 47 Terrace at Palm Tree Boulevard
   SB Left                      13.12        B                       12.25           B
                                                     13.82 (B)                             14.28 (B)
   SB Through/Right             14.30        B                       15.21           C
                    Intersection                     13.31 (B)          Intersection       16.92 (C)
                           4-Way Stop: SE 47th Terrace at Vincennes Boulevard
   EB Left/Through/Right       141.56        F       141.56 (F)      72.04           F     72.04 (F)
   WB Left/Through/Right        18.26        C       18.26 (C)       83.70           F     83.70 (F)
   NB Left/Through/Right        16.85        C       16.85 (C)       24.72           C     24.72 (C)
   SB Left                      13.11        B                       13.31           B
                                                     32.31 (D)                             26.39 (D)
   SB Through/Right             36.43        E                       27.97           D
                    Intersection                     74.15 (F)          Intersection       58.48 (F)
                             4-Way Stop: Vincennes Boulevard at SE 46th Lane
   EB Left/Through/Right        11.48        B       11.48 (B)       10.30           B     10.30 (B)
   WB Left/Through/Right        10.30        B       10.30 (B)        9.86           A      9.86 (A)
   NB Left                       9.85        A                        9.52           A
                                                     10.41 (B)                             10.62 (B)
   NB Through/Right             10.57        B                       10.88           A
   SB Left                       9.13        A                        9.04           A
                                                     21.12 (C)                             11.79 (B)
   SB Through/Right             21.56        C                       11.86           B
                    Intersection                     16.06 (C)          Intersection       10.80 (B)
                           4-Way Stop: Cape Coral Parkway at Miramar Street
   EB Left/Through/Right        11.62        B       11.62 (B)        8.40           A      8.40 (A)
   WB Left/Through/Right         8.00        A        8.00 (A)        8.40           A     8.40 (A)
   NB Left/Through/Right         8.46        A        8.46 (A)        8.28           A     8.28 (A)
   SB Left/Through/Right         8.16        A        8.16 (A)        8.17           A      8.17 (A)
                    Intersection                     10.82 (B)          Intersection        8.33 (A)


               Table 17: 2006 Intersection Analysis LOS Existing vs. Short-term Improvements
                                       Existing Conditions                With Short-term Improvements
        Intersection             AM Peak Hour      PM Peak Hour          AM Peak Hour      PM Peak Hour
                                 Delay              Delay                Delay              Delay
                               (sec/veh)
                                            LOS   (sec/veh)
                                                                 LOS   (sec/veh)
                                                                                   LOS    (sec/veh)
                                                                                                        LOS
Cape Coral Parkway at
                                 38.0        D      28.7         C       36.9      D        31.9          C
Santa Barbara Boulevard
Cape Coral Parkway at
                                 79.4         E     49.8         D       48.2      D        41.3          D
Palm Tree Boulevard
Cape Coral Parkway at SE
                                 39.9        D      64.3          E      18.2      B        23.8          C
6th Ave/Tarpon Court
Cape Coral Parkway at
                                117.5         F     50.5         D       38.7      D        53.1          D
Coronado Parkway
Cape Coral Parkway at SE
                                 87.3         F     72.5          E      32.6      C        34.6          C
10th Pl/Leonard Street
Cape Coral Parkway at
                                 93.0         F    127.9          F      34.1      C        43.6          D
Vincennes Boulevard
Del Prado Boulevard at SE
                                 40.0        D      81.1          F      17.4      B        38.4          D
47th Terrace

S:\2051601\REPORTS\FINAL Cape Coral REVISED.doc            143                                        April 2007
                                                                            City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                              Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                               Surrounding Traffic Study


               Table 17: 2006 Intersection Analysis LOS Existing vs. Short-term Improvements
                                       Existing Conditions                With Short-term Improvements
        Intersection             AM Peak Hour      PM Peak Hour          AM Peak Hour      PM Peak Hour
                                 Delay              Delay                Delay             Delay
                               (sec/veh)
                                            LOS   (sec/veh)
                                                                 LOS   (sec/veh)
                                                                                   LOS   (sec/veh)
                                                                                                       LOS
Del Prado Boulevard at SE
                                 25.9         C     34.3         C       22.3      C       24.4          C
46th Street
Del Prado Boulevard at
                                 15.2         B     20.2         C       10.9      B       19.0          B
Beach Parkway
Del Prado Boulevard at
                                 59.9         E     52.9         D       47.7      D       52.0          D
Coronado Parkway
SE 47th Terrace at
                                 73.1         E     46.5         D       28.5      C       31.8          C
Coronado Parkway
SE 47th Terrace at Palm
Tree Boulevard                  13.31         B    16.92         C      13.31      B      16.92          C
 (4-way Stop)
SE 47th Terrace at
Vincennes Boulevard             74.15         F    58.48          F     74.15       F     58.48          F
(4-way Stop)
Vincennes Boulevard at SE
                                16.06         C    10.80         B      16.06      C      10.80          B
46th Lane (4-way Stop)
Cape Coral Street at
Miramar Street                  10.82         B     8.33         A      10.82      B       8.33          A
(4-way Stop)



The four-way stop intersection of SE 47th Terrace at Vincennes Boulevard is expected to
continue to operate at LOS F until the proposed roundabout is installed which will improve the
intersection LOS to A. Although the roundabout is included in the mid-term improvements, this
improvement should be considered for implementation as soon as feasible.


Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree Boulevard shows a LOS F for the eastbound left-turn
movement in the PM peak hour. Dual left-turn lanes would be needed to improve the left-turn
LOS F.       Since the additional left-turn lane can not fit in the existing right-of-way, this
improvement was included in the mid-term phase improvements.


The intersection of Cape Coal Parkway at Coronado Parkway includes several movements
expected to operate at LOS F in the PM peak hour with the short-term improvements. The
proposed use of the outside eastbound left-turn lane as a through lane will have a negative impact
on the left-turn delay but this was determined to be less than the overall benefit to the
intersection and the entire study area. Additional right-of-way would be required to improve the


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LOS of specific movements at this intersection. The mid-term improvements include widening
the intersection to provide two eastbound left-turn lanes.


Appendix Q contains the HCS analysis for the 11 signalized intersections and the four 4-way
stop intersections.


A network analysis of the short-term improvements was performed using Transyt-7F. Table 18
shows the arterial level of service by direction for the Cape Coral Parkway and Del Prado
Boulevard roadways. The system was optimized using a cycle length range from 90-seconds to
180-seconds as requested by the City. A 120-second cycle length was chosen as the optimal
cycle length by the Transyt-7F software. Based on the results, Cape Coral Parkway’s LOS will
improve from D to B in the eastbound direction in the AM peak hour. The arterial speed will
increase approximately 7 mph from 13.2 to 20.4 mph with the short-term improvements.
Westbound Cape Coral Parkway will improve from LOS E to B in the PM peak. The arterial
speed will increase approximately 6 mph from 10.9 to 17.5 mph.             Southbound Del Prado
Boulevard is expected to improve from LOS D to LOS A in the AM peak hour. The arterial
speed is expected to increase from 12.7 to 24.3 mph. Del Prado Boulevard is expected to
improve from a LOS C to B in the northbound direction during the PM peak hour. The speed is
estimated to increase by approximately 3 mph from 15.5 mph to 18.2 mph. Appendix R includes
the Transyt-7F results for the short-term improvements network analysis.


The installation of a signal at Cape Coral Parkway/SE 17th Place was evaluated to improve the
circulation in the study area. To determine the impacts of a proposed traffic signal at this
location, AM and PM peak hour analyses were conducted using Synchro with the existing 170
second cycle length and the 2006 volumes.          SE 17th Place is currently a one-way street
northbound at the intersection with Cape Coral Parkway. Table 19 provides a comparison of the
peak hour intersection delays at Del Prado Boulevard/Cape Coal Parkway and at Cape Coral
Parkway/SE 17th Place with and without a signal at SE 17th Place. Both scenarios include the
other proposed short-term improvements at Del Prado Boulevard/Cape Coral Parkway as
previously discussed and outlined in Table 14.



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                                                  Table 18: 2006 Arterial LOS with Short-term Improvements
                     Eastbound Cape Coral Parkway                                                 Westbound Cape Coral Parkway
                                AM Peak                PM Peak                                              AM Peak                PM Peak
          Link             Average               Average                               Link            Average               Average
                                                                                                                                         Arterial
                             Delay     LOS         Delay       LOS                                      Delay      LOS         Delay
                                                                                                                                           LOS
                           (sec/veh)             (sec/veh)                                            (sec/veh)              (sec/veh)
                                                                                   Santa Barbara
Santa Barbara Boulevard         20.9          C            5.2           A                               21.5          C        10.9           B
                                                                                     Boulevard
 Palm Tree Boulevard            16.3          B            21.5          C     Palm Tree Boulevard       10.1          B        46.9           D
 SE 6th Ave/Tarpon Ct            4.1          A             6.6          A     SE 6th Ave/Tarpon Ct       6.2          A        14.9           B
   Coronado Parkway              9.4          B            5.8           A       Coronado Parkway        25.5          C        46.0           D
   SE 10th Pl/Leonard            3.8          A             6.1          A       SE 10th Pl/Leonard       4.1          A         8.6           A
 Vincennes Boulevard             4.2          A             2.3          A     Vincennes Boulevard        1.0          A         3.0           A
  Del Prado Boulevard           49.8          D            20.5          C      Del Prado Boulevard      41.1          D        35.1           D
     SE 17th Place              10.3          B             5.2          A         SE 17th Place          8.3          A        13.5           B
        Average                 10.8          B            7.2           A            Average            10.5          B        17.4           B
 Average Speed (mph)                   20.4                       27.7         Average Speed (mph)              24.5                   17.5

                  Northbound Del Prado Boulevard                                                 Southbound Del Prado Boulevard
                               AM Peak                PM Peak                                                 AM Peak               PM Peak
        Link             Average              Average                                 Link            Average                 Average
                                                            Arterial                                                                      Arterial
                           Delay      LOS       Delay                                                   Delay       LOS        Delay
                                                             LOS                                                                            LOS
                         (sec/veh)            (sec/veh)                                               (sec/veh)              (sec/veh)
  Coronado Parkway          16.2       B         30.0          C                Coronado Parkway         22.1         C         20.1         C
    Beach Parkway            7.4       A         13.3          B                  Beach Parkway           0.3         A          0.6         A
      SE 46th St            1.9        A         16.3          B                    SE 46th St           3.1          A         3.5          A
         th                                                                            th
    SE 47 Terrace            4.9       A          9.4          A                  SE 47 Terrace           2.5         A          5.5         A
  Cape Coral Parkway        62.2       E         60.1          E                Cape Coral Parkway       67.7         E         57.3         E
       Average               8.3       A         14.3          B                     Average              9.5         A         8.3          A
 Average Speed (mph)             25.9                  18.2                    Average Speed (mph)             24.3                  26.7




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         Table 19: Analysis With and Without Traffic Signal at Cape Coral Parkway/SE 17th Place –
                                     2006 Analysis with Improvements
                      Without SE 17th Place       With SE 17th Place Traffic
                                                                                          Change
                           Traffic Signal                    Signal
                    Intersection Intersection     Intersection Intersection    Intersection   Intersection
     Intersection
                       Delay          Delay          Delay          Delay         Delay          Delay
                        (sec)          (sec)          (sec)          (sec)         (sec)          (sec)
                        AM              PM            AM             PM            AM             PM
     Cape Coral
      Parkway/
                       93.6 (F)       57.3 (E)      61.1 (E)       46.2 (D)
     Del Prado
     Boulevard
                                                                                  -19.2            -1.2
     Cape Coral
      Parkway/
                          -               -         13.3 (B)       9.9 (A)
       SE 17th
        Place



As shown in Table 19, although the signal introduces new delays on Cape Coral Parkway, these
delays are outweighed by the benefit at the Del Prado Boulevard intersection. The average
intersection delay at Del Prado Boulevard will be reduced by approximately 32 seconds (32
percent) during the AM peak hour and by 11 seconds (19 percent) during the PM peak hour with
the signal installation. Additionally, the intersection of Del Prado Boulevard/SE 47th Terrace
will experience improved operation with the reduced westbound left-turn volumes that will
utilize SE 17th Place to travel across the Cape Coral Bridge.


Table 20 provides a comparison of the measures of effectiveness (MOEs) as determined from the
Transyt analysis for the total network with the existing conditions and with the short-term
improvements. Total delay is the delay per vehicle multiplied by the number of vehicles in the
network during the peak hour analyzed. System speed is determined by dividing the link
distance by the travel time, including delays. Total travel time is an hourly summary of delays
and travel time. Appendix R includes the Transyt-7F results for the network analysis. These
comparisons do not include the unpredictable delays that occur when pedestrian actuation affects
signal coordination.

As shown in Table 20, the short-term improvements are expected to provide significant relief to
the current congested conditions in the study area. The system speed is expected to almost
double from 11.4 mph in the AM peak hour to 19.4 mph. Likewise, the PM peak hour system


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       speed could improve from 10.9 mph to 18.6 mph with implementation of the short-term
       improvements. The overall system delay is expected to be reduced by 64 percent during the AM
       peak hour and by 61.1 percent during the PM peak hour.


                                       Table 20: System-wide: Performance Measures
                                      Existing Conditions vs. Short-term Improvements
                                         AM Peak                                               PM Peak
                                                                                          With Short-
 Performance                         With Short-
                     Existing                                     Percent    Existing        term                 Percent
Measures (units)                        term             Change                                        Change
                    Conditions                                    Change    Conditions   Improvement              Change
                                    Improvements
                                                                                               s
Total Delay (veh-
                        658               237             -421    64.0%        899           350        -549          61.1%
      hr/hr)
 Average Delay
                        61.7              18.9            -42.8   69.4%        67.8         21.4       -46.4          68.4%
    (sec/veh)
 System Speed
                        11.4              19.5            +8.1    71.0%        10.9         18.6        +7.7          70.6%
      (mph)
Total Travel Time
                       1,056              676             -380    36.0%       1,363          873        -490          35.9%
   (veh-hr/hr)




       Figure 90 provides the LOS for several of the key movements in the study area, with and without
       the short-term improvements.


       A preliminary cost estimate of $1.6 million was developed for the short-term improvements and
       is included in Appendix DD. The cost estimates were derived using historical sales data from
       Lee County Property Appraiser for similar properties in the area, taking into account the nature
       of the right-of-way take (ie. partial or full). As part of the design process that will be required
       for the implementation of any of the alternatives, an updated detained cost estimate must be
       prepared.


       The short-term improvements listed in Table 14 and shown in Figure 87 were prioritized for
       implementation. The improvements at the intersection of Cape Coral Parkway and Del Prado
       Boulevard should be the first priority since these will provide the most significant operational
       benefits. These improvements include the following:




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•   Resurface, restripe, and add signs for southbound triple left-turns (19, 21)
•   Add east-west through lane (18, 22)
•   Permit westbound left-turn phase in AM peak hour (20)
•   Remove the “No U-turn” sign on the westbound approach and add a northbound “Right Turn
    Must Yield to U-Turns” sign (23, 24)
•   Install optically programmed signals (25)
•   Reconstruct median, install median to replace two way left-turn lane and modify lane
    geometry on Cape Coral Parkway, east of Del Prado Boulevard (30)
•   Install right-turn lane into Welcome Center (31)


The six-laning of Cape Coral Parkway can be implemented once the improvements on the east
end of the study area are constructed. The six-laning includes the following items:


•   Convert the outside eastbound left-turn lane at Coronado Parkway to a through lane (8, 9, 10)
•   Resurface and restripe Cape Coral Parkway as a six-lane section (1,2)
•   Install mid-block crossing on Cape Coral Parkway east of Vincennes Boulevard (16)
•   Area wide improvements (upgrade to high visibility crosswalks and install missing pavement
    markings)


Many of the short-term improvements have a minimal cost and can be implemented quickly.
These include the following items:


•   Signal phasing modifications (5, 15, 35, 37)
•   Install concrete islands for restricted movements, (13, 14, 17, 36)
•   Add signs and/or pavement markings (3, 6, 11, 32, 38, 39)
•   Area-wide improvements (place pedestrian signals on pedestrian recall and install LPIs)




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The remaining short-term improvements include:


•   Cape Coral Parkway at SE 17th Place – install a traffic signal and relocate crosswalk (26, 27,
    28, 29)
•   Cape Coral Parkway at Santa Barbra Boulevard – Remove the pedestrian island and pole and
    replace with pedestal mounted signal in the northeast corner (4)
•   Area wide improvements (add missing advance street name signs, upgrade signs to standards,
    install illuminated street name signs, add missing backplates, install count down pedestrian
    signals, retime signal system, and install truncated domes on handicap ramps when replaced)
•   Perform additional studies (12, 32, 33, 34)


Mid-term Improvements (2015)
2015 Projected Traffic Volumes
The traffic projections for 2015 were calculated based on the growth rates previously established.
By 2015, the traffic is expected to grow by 50 percent from the existing volumes. Based on
these projections, Del Prado Boulevard will carry a daily volume of 62,600 vehicles      north of
Coronado Parkway and 48,800 vehicles north of SE 46th Street for an arterial LOS F and LOS E,
respectively. Cape Coral Parkway is projected to carry a daily volume of 67,500 vehicles west
of Palm Tree Boulevard and 51,200 vehicles west of Vincennes Boulevard, for an arterial LOS F
with the existing geometry. SE 47th Terrace is expected to operate at LOS F west of Coronado
Parkway with the increase in daily volume to 17,100 vehicles. Table 21 summarizes the 2015
projected roadway segment volumes and their respective LOS. The AM and PM peak hour
TMCs were projected to 2015 and are shown in Figure 91.


An analysis of the existing geometry with the 2015 projected traffic volumes was performed to
provide a comparison with the proposed mid-term improvements. Table 22 shows the results of
the HCS intersection analysis with the projected traffic volumes.         All of the signalized
intersections except Del Prado Boulevard/Beach Parkway and Del Prado Boulevard/SE 46th
Street are expected to operate at LOS E or F in 2015 with the existing geometric conditions. The




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                                                   Table 21: Projected 2015 Volumes for Roadway Segments
                     Road Segment                          AADT       Rounded       K100      DHV (Two-     D-factor    Peak Dir     LOS
                                                                       AADT                   way peak)                Peak Hour
  Miramar Street - East of Vincennes Boulevard              5,200                  0.091        473           0.52        246         C
  Miramar Street - East of Coronado Parkway                 8,060       8,100      0.091         737          0.62        457         D


  Lafayette Street - East of Vincennes Boulevard            2,470       2,500      0.091         228          0.61        139         C


  SE 47th Terrace - West of Coronado Parkway               17,100                  0.091         1,556        0.57        887         F
        th                                                 11,400                  0.091         1,037        0.60        622         E
  SE 47 Terrace - West of Del Prado Boulevard


  SE 47th Terrace - East of Coronado Parkway               14,700                  0.091         1,338        0.57        762         E
        th                                                  6,600                  0.091         601          0.60        360         C
  SE 47 Terrace - East of Del Prado Boulevard


  Cape Coral Parkway - West of Palm Tree Boulevard         67,500                  0.094         6,345        0.60        3,807       F
  Cape Coral Parkway - West of Del Prado Boulevard         48,900                  0.094         4,597        0.60        2,758       F
                                      th                   55,200                  0.094         5,189        0.60        3,113       F
  Cape Coral Parkway - West of SE 6 Avenue
  Cape Coral Parkway - West of Leonard Street              51,150      51,200      0.094         4,813        0.60        2,888       F
  Cape Coral Parkway - West of Vincennes Blvd              49,500                  0.094         4,653        0.60        2,792       F


  Coronado Parkway - West of Del Prado Boulevard           17,550      17,600       0.091        1,602        0.55        881         C

  SE 46th Street -West of Del Prado Boulevard               3,120       3,100      0.091         282          0.59        166         C
        th                                                  4,420       4,400      0.091         400          0.52        208         C
  SE 46 Street - East of Del Prado Boulevard
  Legend: AADT – Average Annual Daily Traffic
             DHV – Directional Hourly Volume
             D-factor – Directional Distribution
             LOS – Level of Service




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                                                  Table 21: Projected 2015 Volumes for Roadway Segments
                   Road Segment                           AADT       Rounded        K100        DHV        D-factor     Peak Dir         LOS
                                                                      AADT                                             Peak Hour
 Beach Parkway - East of Del Prado Boulevard               5,460      5,500         0.091       501          0.52         260              C


 Del Prado Boulevard - South of Cape Coral                 6,500                    0.091       592          0.58        343              C
 Parkway

 Palm Tree Boulevard - South of Country Boulevard         13,200                    0.091      1,201         0.58        697              C
 Palm Tree Boulevard - North of Country Boulevard          9,000                    0.091       819          0.58        475              C

 Coronado Parkway - South of Cape Coral Parkway           13,130      13,100        0.090      1,179         0.55        648              B
                                     th
 Coronado Parkway - North of SE 47 Terrace                19,200                    0.091      1,747         0.55        961              C

 Vincennes Boulevard - South of Cape Coral                 3,250      3,300         0.091       300          0.55        165              C
 Parkway
 Vincennes Boulevard - North of SE 47th Terrace            8,100                    0.091       737          0.59        435              D
 Vincennes Boulevard - South of Coronado Parkway           5,100                    0.091       464          0.59        274              C

 Del Prado Boulevard - North of Coronado Parkway          62,550      62,600        0.094      5,884         0.58        3,413             F
                                          th
 Del Prado Boulevard - North of SE 46 Street              48,750      48,800        0.094      4,587         0.58        2,661             E
 Del Prado Boulevard - North of SE 47th Terrace           44,700                    0.094      4,202         0.58        2,437             E

 Legend: AADT – Average Annual Daily Traffic
          DHV – Directional Hourly Volume
          D-factor – Directional Distribution
          LOS – Level of Service




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                         Table 22: 2015 Intersection Analysis LOS (Existing Geometry)
                                         AM Peak Hour                          PM Peak Hour
                                 Lane        Lane                     Lane          Lane
                                                      Approach                              Approach
        Movement                Group       Group                    Group          Group
                                                      Delay and                             Delay and
                                 Delay       LOS                      Delay          LOS
                                                        (LOS)                                 (LOS)
                               (sec/veh)                            (sec/veh)
                 Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Santa Barbara Boulevard
   EB Left                       171.5        F                       144.5           F
                                                      126.4 (F)                              22.0 (C)
   EB Through                    124.5        F                        13.5           B
   WB Through                     34.2        C                       126.9           F
                                                       25.1 (C)                             119.1 (F)
   WB Right                        3.4        A                       101.8           F
   SB Left                       143.6        F                       135.4           F
                                                      137.1 (F)                             114.6 (F)
   SB Right                       24.4        C                        43.2           D
                     Intersection                     105.0 (F)          Intersection        93.9 (F)
                   Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree Boulevard
   EB Left                       359.2        F                       312.3           F
                                                      299.2 (F)                              63.1 (E)
   EB Through/Right              290.2        F                        26.3           C
   WB Left                        37.3        D                        19.0           B
                                                       26.2 (C)                             283.3 (F)
   WB Through/Right               26.1        C                       284.4           F
   NB Left                        74.4        E                        77.5           E
                                                       75.9 (E)                              78.3 (E)
   NB Through/Right               76.6        E                        78.7           E
   SB Left                        61.2        E                        65.5           E
   SB Through                     62.1        E        54.2 (D)        68.2           E     113.3 (F)
   SB Right                       44.6        D                       133.2           F
                     Intersection                     229.0 (F)          Intersection       187.2 (F)
               Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 6th Avenue/Tarpon Court
   EB Left                        30.4        C                        57.5           E
                                                      228.1 (F)                              36.1 (D)
   EB Through/Right              241.5        F                        34.9           C
   WB Left                        37.8        D                        26.0           C
                                                       22.7 (C)                             271.7 (F)
   WB Through/Right               22.1        C                       274.5           F
   NB Left/Through/Right          54.2        D        54.2 (D)        54.3           D      54.3 (E)
   SB Left/Through                52.1        D                        52.4           D
                                                       43.6 (D)                              41.5 (D)
   SB Right                       35.6        D                        37.1           D
                     Intersection                     175.7 (F)          Intersection       180.1 (F)
                    Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway
   EB Left                        79.1        E                       257.1           F
   EB Through                    381.8        F       297.2 (F)        51.4           D      78.7 (E)
   EB Right                       10.5        B                         9.8           A
   WB Left                        74.6        E                        99.6           F
                                                       31.2 (C)                             180.9 (F)
   WB Through/Right               29.1        C                       183.9           F
   NB Left                        60.5        E                       116.1           F
                                                       68.4 (E)                             144.7 (F)
   NB Through/Right               73.7        E                       171.9           F
   SB Left                        89.3        F                       109.8           F
   SB Through                     75.4        E        71.1 (E)       139.0           F     130.1 (F)
   SB Right                       46.3        D                       126.9           F
                     Intersection                     214.9 (F)          Intersection       137.8 (F)
               Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10th Place/Leonard Street
   EB Left                        12.4        B                        54.2           D
   EB Through                    271.8        F       264.5 (F)        29.9           C      29.9 (C)
   EB Right                       11.7        B                         8.7           A



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                         Table 22: 2015 Intersection Analysis LOS (Existing Geometry)
                                          AM Peak Hour                            PM Peak Hour
                                  Lane        Lane                       Lane          Lane
                                                        Approach                               Approach
   Movement                      Group       Group                      Group          Group
                                                        Delay and                              Delay and
                                  Delay       LOS                        Delay          LOS
                                                          (LOS)                                  (LOS)
                                (sec/veh)                              (sec/veh)
               Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10th Place/Leonard Street
   WB Left                         38.0         D                         26.4           B
   WB Through                      23.4         C        23.7 (C)        308.2           F     297.4 (F)
   WB Right                        11.7         B                          8.1           A
   NB Left                         45.7         D                         86.4           F
                                                        55.0- (E)                               81.2 (F)
   NB Through/Right                57.8         E                         71.3           E
   SB Left                         46.3         D                         53.9           D
                                                         51.4 (D)                               74.7 (E)
   SB Through/Right                56.8         E                         83.0           F
                      Intersection                      201.1 (F)           Intersection       192.7 (F)
                    Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes Boulevard
   EB Left                         72.3         E                        119.3           F
   EB Through                     269.2         F       264.0 (F)         18.8           B      26.1 (C)
   EB Right                        13.0         B                          6.4           A
   WB Left                         73.6         E                         89.8           F
   WB Through                      25.6         C        26.7 (C)        195.4           F     188.3 (F)
   WB Right                        10.2         B                          6.4           A
   NB Left                         50.7         D                         63.9           E
   NB Through                      60.3         E        53.5 (D)         74.5           E      66.9 (E)
   NB Right                        42.1         D                         53.3           D
   SB Left                         49.3         D                         62.1           E
   SB Through                      58.1         E        50.5 (D)         86.8           F      69.9 (E)
   SB Right                        40.3         D                         57.6           E
                      Intersection                      184.9 (F)           Intersection       128.3 (F)
           Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard (Synchro Results)
   EB Left                         95.4         F                        249.7           F
   EB Through                     491.4         F       467.6 (F)         45.9           D      83.1 (F)
   EB Right                        26.5         C                         13.9           B
   WB Left                         91.4         F                         98.8           F
   WB Through                      46.6         D        34.9 (C)        371.1           F     242.3 (F)
   WB Right                         0.6         A                         18.9           B
   NB Left                         79.3         E                         85.3           F
   NB Through                      89.1         F       376.8 (F)        220.4           F     152.0 (F)
   NB Right                       470.5         F                         20.6           C
   SB Left                        419.2         F                        326.2           F
   SB Through                      49.5         D       328.2 (F)        114.6           E     220.5 (F)
   SB Right                        10.9         B                         27.9           C
                      Intersection                      322.7 (F)           Intersection       200.4 (F)
                       Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace
   EB Left                         22.8         C                         29.8           C
   EB Through                      21.3         C        23.5 (C)         20.6           C      25.8 (C)
   EB Right                        24.6         C                         22.3           C
   WB Left                         39.5         D                         39.3           D
   WB Through                      39.0         D        39.2 (D)         48.9           D      46.3 (D)
   WB Right                        38.5         D                         45.0           D



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                         Table 22: 2015 Intersection Analysis LOS (Existing Geometry)
                                         AM Peak Hour                            PM Peak Hour
                                 Lane        Lane                       Lane          Lane
                                                       Approach                               Approach
   Movement                     Group        Group                     Group          Group
                                                       Delay and                              Delay and
                                 Delay        LOS                       Delay          LOS
                                                          (LOS)                                 (LOS)
                               (sec/veh)                              (sec/veh)
                      Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace
   NB Through/Right               35.9         C        35.9 (D)        176.1           F     176.1 (F)
   SB Left                        30.4         C                        268.1           F
                                                         98.4 (F)                              69.0 (E)
   SB Through/Right               98.7         F                         63.3           E
                     Intersection                       72.3 (E)           Intersection       108.8 (F)
                       Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Street
   EB Left                        76.3         E                        191.2           F
                                                        62.8 (E)                              144.6 (F)
   EB Through/Right               47.7         D                         45.8           D
   WB Left                        75.1         E                        203.3           F
                                                        68.8 (E)                              185.5 (F)
   WB Through/Right               45.2         D                         45.2           D
   NB Left                        15.1         B                        104.9           F
                                                        12.8 (B)                               29.6 (C)
   NB Through/Right               12.7         B                         25.7           C
   SB Left                        70.1         E                         75.8           E
                                                        19.8 (B)                               19.3 (B)
   SB Through/Right               19.5         B                         16.7           B
                     Intersection                       22.0 (C)           Intersection        35.7 (C)
                      Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at Beach Parkway
   WB Left                        39.2         D                         55.5           D
                                                        39.5 (D)                               54.9 (D)
   WB Right                       39.8         D                         53.8           D
   NB Through/Right               19.5         B        19.5 (B)         33.2           C      33.2 (C)
   SB Left                         8.9         A                         31.5           C
                                                        15.2 (B)                               10.4 (B)
   SB Through                     15.3         B                          9.3           A
                     Intersection                       17.4 (B)           Intersection        24.9 (C)
                    Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at Coronado Parkway
   EB Left                        75.7         E                         86.8           F
   EB Left/Through                55.5         E        64.3 (E)         65.0           E      75.1 (E)
   EB Right                       26.7         C                         35.2           D
   WB Left/Through/Right          61.3         E        61.3 (E)         75.2           E      75.2 (E)
   NB Left                        51.6         D                         66.4           E
                                                        31.0 (C)                              113.0 (F)
   NB Through/Right               30.7         C                        113.6           F
   SB Left                        15.4         B                         31.1           C
                                                        256.8 (F)                             162.0 (F)
   SB Through/Right              258.7         F                        162.8           F
                     Intersection                       169.6 (F)          Intersection       130.2 (F)
                       Signalized Intersection: SE 47th Terrace at Coronado Parkway
   EB Left                        35.5         D                         54.1           D
                                                        294.5 (F)                             127.8 (F)
   EB Through/Right              365.2         F                        152.6           F
   WB Left                        38.0         D                         42.7           D
                                                        37.3 (D)                              188.9 (E)
   WB Through/Right               37.2         D                        223.9           F
   NB Left                        14.9         B                         20.8           B
   NB Through                     26.3         C        22.1 (C)         33.8           C      27.4 (C)
   NB Right                       16.7         B                         16.0           B
   SB Left                        14.5         B                         22.7           C
   SB Through                     24.7         C        18.6 (B)         43.6           D      33.9 (C)
   SB Right                       10.3         B                         21.1           C
                     Intersection                       131.1 (F)          Intersection        88.9 (F)


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                                                                            Surrounding Traffic Study



                         Table 22: 2015 Intersection Analysis LOS (Existing Geometry)
                                        AM Peak Hour                          PM Peak Hour
                                Lane       Lane                      Lane          Lane
                                                    Approach                               Approach
   Movement                    Group       Group                    Group          Group
                                                    Delay and                              Delay and
                                Delay       LOS                      Delay          LOS
                                                       (LOS)                                 (LOS)
                              (sec/veh)                            (sec/veh)
                           4-Way Stop: SE 47th Terrace at Palm Tree Boulevard
   EB Left/Through/Right        12.05        B       12.05 (B)       12.39           B     12.39 (B)
   WB Left/Through              22.09        C                       73.06           F
                                                     19.51 (C)                             55.29 (F)
   WB Right                     11.19        B                       13.91           B
   NB Left/Through              23.99        C                       68.12           F
                                                     22.37 (C)                             55.64 (F)
   NB Right                     20.88        C                       12.35           B
   SB Left                      19.56        C                       15.59           C
                                                     21.23 (C)                             29.85 (D)
   SB Through/Right             22.54        C                       35.56           E
                    Intersection                     21.14 (C)          Intersection       47.59 (E)
                           4-Way Stop: SE 47th Terrace at Vincennes Boulevard
   EB Left/Through/Right       345.67        F       345.67 (F)     285.76           F     285.76 (F)
   WB Left/Through/Right        22.08        C       22.08 (C)      353.83           F     353.83 (F)
   NB Left/Through/Right        18.31        C       18.31 (C)       38.41           E     38.41 (E)
   SB Left                      13.09        B                       14.36           B
                                                     25.97 (D)                             64.24 (E)
   SB Through/Right             28.63        D                       70.76           F
                    Intersection                     182.95 (F)         Intersection       225.81 (F)
                            4-Way Stop: Vincennes Boulevard at SE 46th Lane
   EB Left/Through/Right        11.25        B       11.25 (B)       12.67           B     12.67 (B)
   WB Left/Through/Right        10.39        B       10.39 (B)       11.81           B     11.81 (B)
   NB Left                       9.82        A                       10.53           B
                                                     11.16 (B)                             13.72 (B)
   NB Through/Right             11.47        B                       14.47           B
   SB Left                       9.15        A                        9.65           A
                                                     19.05 (C)                             17.50 (C)
   SB Through/Right             19.42        C                       17.68           C
                    Intersection                     14.79 (B)          Intersection       14.48 (B)
                             4-Way Stop: Cape Coral Street at Miramar Street
   EB Left/Through/Right        11.60        B       11.60 (B)        8.62           A      8.62 (A)
   WB Left/Through/Right         8.08        A        8.08 (A)        8.54           A      8.54 (A)
   NB Left/Through/Right         8.56        A        8.56 (A)        8.32           A      8.32 (A)
   SB Left/Through/Right         8.23        A        8.23 (A)        8.32           A      8.32 (A)
                    Intersection                     10.70 (B)          Intersection        8.50 (A)


four-way stop intersection of Vincennes Boulevard/SE 47th Terrace is expected to operate at
LOS F in the year 2015. Appendix S contains the complete HCS analyses for the 2015 projected
volumes with the existing conditions.


A network analysis was performed using Transyt-7F with the 2015 projected traffic volumes and
the existing conditions. Appendix T includes the complete analysis. Table 23 shows the
projected 2015 arterial level of service by direction for Cape Coral Parkway and Del Prado
Boulevard assuming no improvements. As shown in Table 23, the peak directions of flow in the

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                                                  Table 23: 2015 Existing Geometry – Arterial LOS
                     Eastbound Cape Coral Parkway                                          Westbound Cape Coral Parkway
                                 AM Peak              PM Peak                                        AM Peak                PM Peak
           Link             Average             Average                          Link           Average               Average
                                                                                                                                  Arterial
                              Delay    LOS        Delay      LOS                                 Delay      LOS         Delay
                                                                                                                                    LOS
                            (sec/veh)           (sec/veh)                                      (sec/veh)              (sec/veh)
      Santa Barbara                                                          Santa Barbara
                                368.0         F      12.7          B                                27.1          B        19.9             B
        Boulevard                                                              Boulevard
  Palm Tree Boulevard           214.7         F      16.9          B     Palm Tree Boulevard        47.2          D         54.3            D
  SE 6th Ave/Tarpon Ct           43.0         D      19.7          B     SE 6th Ave/Tarpon Ct       17.6          B         49.4            D
    Coronado Parkway            154.9         F      36.4          C       Coronado Parkway         34.4          C         45.1            D
    SE 10th Pl/Leonard          17.1          B      27.6          C       SE 10th Pl/Leonard       31.9          C         30.5            D
  Vincennes Boulevard           14.7          B      15.6          B     Vincennes Boulevard        21.3          C         11.7            B
   Del Prado Boulevard          225.4         F      66.5          E      Del Prado Boulevard       40.3          D        636.3            F
         Average                129.3         F      19.6          B            Average             24.0          C        121.0            F
  Average Speed (mph)                   7.3                 20.9         Average Speed (mph)               18.2                    8.3

                   Northbound Del Prado Boulevard                                           Southbound Del Prado Boulevard
                               AM Peak               PM Peak                                            AM Peak                PM Peak
         Link             Average              Average                          Link             Average                 Average
                                                                                                                                      Arterial
                            Delay      LOS       Delay      LOS                                    Delay       LOS        Delay
                                                                                                                                       LOS
                          (sec/veh)            (sec/veh)                                         (sec/veh)              (sec/veh)
   Coronado Parkway          37.9       D         39.2       D            Coronado Parkway         399.6        F         182.2          F
     Beach Parkway           37.8       D         20.6       D              Beach Parkway           24.3        C           4.2          A
       SE 46th St            3.4        A          8.1       A                SE 46th St            21.4        C          61.5          E
     SE 47th Terrace         24.7       C         63.7       E              SE 47th Terrace        122.3        F         572.0          F
   Cape Coral Parkway        92.9       F        139.1       F            Cape Coral Parkway       188.7        F          56.7          E
        Average              22.8       C         27.1       C                 Average             143.8        F         133.8          F
  Average Speed (mph)             16.9                 17.0              Average Speed (mph)               6.1                    6.3




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                                                                          Surrounding Traffic Study


AM peak hour will experience LOS F eastbound on Cape Coral Parkway and southbound on Del
Prado Boulevard with arterial speeds in the range of 6 to 7 mph. During the PM peak hour, the
westbound Cape Coral Parkway LOS is F with an arterial speed of 8 mph. Northbound Del
Prado Boulevard will operate at LOS C with an arterial speed of 17 mph in the PM peak hour.


The short-term improvements focused on maximizing the capacity within the existing right-of-
way. The mid-term phase includes significant capacity improvements to redistribute traffic in
the study area, particularly during the congested peak hours. Figure 92 (included at the end of
this document) depicts the proposed mid-term improvements for the entire study area, and Table
24 provides a summary of the improvements by location and the benefits associated with each
improvement. The following provides a detailed discussion of these improvements which are
designed to mitigate the anticipated saturated traffic conditions in the study area while
accommodating the pedestrian activity that is anticipated as the downtown area redevelops.


Area-wide Improvements
Each of the roadways located in the study area and listed in Table 1 were assessed for possible
modifications to the existing typical roadway sections. To limit right-of-way costs and to
promote a pedestrian-friendly environment, many of the recommended typical sections include
wider sidewalks and on-street parking within the existing right-of-way. The additions of curb
extensions are recommended at those intersections having on-street parking. At mid-block
locations that have on-street parking, curb extensions are beneficial to reduce the crossing
distances for pedestrians and to increase the visibility of pedestrians to the on-coming traffic.
The curb extensions along the streets should be landscaped to provide for the added benefit of
downtown beautification and shading. Appendix U contains the typical sections developed for
the roadways in the study area. The typicals depict several locations utilizing the asphalt surface
for runoff as opposed to curb and gutter. The asphalt road surface will convey the surface runoff
adequately and will alleviate the constructability issues associated with drainage inlets that
require the transition of the concrete gutter to the throat of the inlet.




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                                                        Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                         Surrounding Traffic Study


As shown in Typical Section No. 1 in Appendix U, the existing 60-foot right-of-way includes
10-foot travel lanes, 8-foot on-street parking lanes, and the proposed modifications of wider
sidewalks (11.5 feet), curb extensions, and driveway closures. The roadways in the study area
that are recommended for this typical are as follows:

•   SE 8th Court/Chester Street from SE 47th Street to Lafayette Street
•   SE 9th Place/Candia Street from SE 46th Lane to Miramar Street
•   SE 11th Place from SE 46th Lane to SE 47th Terrace
•   SE 15th Avenue/Cape Coral Street from SE 46th Lane to Cape Coral Parkway

Typical Section No. 2 depicts the existing 70-foot right-of-way on SE 15th Avenue from SE 44th
Street to SE 46th Street. The existing two-way left-turn lane is proposed to be replaced with a
16-foot landscaped median with construction of curb extensions at the intersections and at mid-
block locations.

Typical Sections No. 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 include residential streets that have been rezoned for mixed-
use development. The typicals propose maintaining the existing right-of-way and adding wider
sidewalks on both sides of the roadway. This option can be revised to include on-street parking
as the mixed-use development occurs on these streets. These typicals include the following
roadways in the study area:
•   Typical Section No. 3 – Orchid Boulevard from Del Prado Boulevard to SE 46th Street (100-
    foot right-of-way) includes four 11-foot lanes, 6-foot bike lanes, and 10-foot sidewalks
•   Typical Section No. 4 – SE 6th Avenue from SE 47th Terrace to SE 46th Lane (50-foot right-
    of-way) includes 10-foot travel lanes with 15-foot sidewalks
•   Typical Section No. 5 – Vincennes Boulevard from Coronado Parkway to SE 46th Street
    (100-foot right-of-way) includes four 11-foot travel lanes, 6-foot bike lanes, and 12-foot
    sidewalks
•   Typical Section No. 6 - Tarpon Court from Victoria Drive to Cape Coral Parkway (50-foot
    right-of-way) includes two 10-foot travel lanes, and 13-foot sidewalks
•   Typical Section No. 7 – Waikiki Avenue from Del Prado Boulevard to Cape Coral Parkway
    (50-foot right-of-way includes two 11-foot travel lanes and 11.5-foot sidewalks


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                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Surrounding Traffic Study


                                                                                                           Table 24: Mid-term Improvements
Item No.                              Location                                                                               Improvement                                                                                          Benefit
                                                                    Typical sections proposed to provide wider sidewalks and on-street parking where possible within existing right-of-way              Provide a pedestrian friendly downtown
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Safety - Reduce crossing distance for pedestrians and
                                                                    Add curb extensions at intersections with on-street parking
                                                                                                                                                                                                        increase visibility of pedestrians
                             Area-wide Improvements
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Safety - Reduce crossing distance for pedestrians and
                                                                    Add curb extensions with landscaping intermittent along streets with on-street parking                                              increase motorists' visibility of pedestrians. Provide
                                                                                                                                                                                                        downtown beautification and shading.
                                                                    Widen from a two-lane roadway to a four-lane divided roadway with turn lanes at significant intersections. Extend SE 46th Lane to   Provide additional traffic capacity for improved
    1       SE 46th Lane, Coronado Parkway to SE 17th Place
                                                                    Santa Barbara Boulevard.                                                                                                            circulation
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Alternative traffic control needed with increased
    2       Coronado Parkway at SE 46th Lane                        Install a traffic signal in conjunction with the SE 46th Lane widening (option of installing roundabout)
                                                                                                                                                                                                        volume
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Alternative traffic control needed with increased
    3       Vincennes Boulevard at SE 46th Lane                     Install a traffic signal in conjunction with the SE 46th Lane widening (option of installing a roundabout)
                                                                                                                                                                                                        volume
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Provide additional traffic capacity for improved
    4       Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Lane                     Widen intersection to provide 1 left-turn lane, 2 through lanes, and 1 right-turn lane on SE 46th Lane
                                                                                                                                                                                                        circulation
    5       Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Lane                     Install traffic signal in conjunction with removal of the traffic signal at SE 47th Terrace                                         Increased traffic control needed with increased volume
    6       Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Lane                     Lengthen southbound left-turn lane                                                                                                  Longer lane needed for increased volume
    7       Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree Boulevard               Add a second eastbound left-turn lane to provide for traffic growth                                                                 Reduce delays
    8       Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway                  Provide for two eastbound left-turn lanes and lengthen the eastbound right-turn lane                                                Provide additional traffic capacity for growth
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Reduce vehicle movements to provide for safer
    9       Cape Coral Parkway at SE 8th Court/Chester Street       Modify intersection for a directional westbound left-turn only
                                                                                                                                                                                                        pedestrian crossing
   10       Cape Coral Parkway at SE 8th Court/Chester Street       Install a marked pedestrian crosswalk with advance yield lines                                                                      Provide mid-block crossing
   11       Cape Coral Parkway at SE 9th Place                      Install traffic signal to improve traffic flow on Cape Coral Parkway                                                                Improve traffic flow with signal spacing
   12       Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10th Place                     Remove traffic signal and install at SE 9th Place                                                                                   Improve traffic flow with signal spacing
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Reduce vehicle movements to provide for safer
   13       Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10th Place                     Modify intersection for a directional eastbound left-turn only
                                                                                                                                                                                                        pedestrian crossing
   14       Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10th Place                     Install a marked pedestrian crosswalk with advance yield lines                                                                      Provide mid-block crossing
   15       Cape Coral Parkway at Waikiki Avenue                    Provide for a free flow northbound right-turn lane onto Cape Coral Parkway                                                          Reduce delays and improve traffic circulation
   16       Cape Coral Parkway at SE 17th Place                     Lengthen westbound right-turn lane onto SE 17th Place                                                                               Reduce delays
   17       Cape Coral Parkway at SE 17th Place                     Add a southbound right-turn lane                                                                                                    Reduce delays
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Safety - Eliminate unsafe maneuvers across Cape Coral
   18       New Frontage Road                                       Add frontage road that extends under the bridge to provide cross-access on Cape Coral Parkway
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Parkway and improve circulation
   19       Welcome Center                                          Close median opening from short-term improvements. Access is via new frontage road                                                  Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Provide additional traffic capacity for improved
   20       SE 17th Place from SE 46th Lane to Cape Coral Parkway   Widen from two lanes to three lanes to provide for continuation of the widening along SE 46th Lane
                                                                                                                                                                                                        circulation
            Miramar Street from Coronado Parkway to Vincennes
   21                                                               Add eastbound left-turn lanes at intersections of Candia Street, Leonard Street and Vincennes Boulevard                             Improve access and reduce delays
            Boulevard
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Improve traffic flow on Del Prado Blvd and reduce
   22       Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace                  Remove traffic signal - modify intersection to a southbound directional median opening                                              vehicle conflicts associated with close proximity of
                                                                                                                                                                                                        signals
   23       Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Street                   Remove traffic signal and install concrete island for a northbound directional left-turn median opening                             Provide improved traffic flow on Del Prado Boulevard
   24       Del Prado Boulevard at SE 44th Street                   Install traffic signal for improved signal spacing                                                                                  Provide improved traffic flow on Del Prado Boulevard
   25       Del Prado Boulevard at Coronado Parkway                 Add southbound right-turn lane                                                                                                      Reduce delays
            Lafayette Street from Candia Street to Vincennes
   26                                                               Extend Lafayette Street to provide east-west connection                                                                             Improve circulation
            Boulevard
            New north-south streets between Vincennes Boulevard     Add Street “A” that extends north to SE 46th Lane. Add two north-south streets (“B” and “C”) that extend south from Cape Coral
   27                                                                                                                                                                                                   Improve circulation
            and Del Prado Boulevard                                 Parkway to Miramar Street
   28       SE 8th Court Extension                                  Extend SE 8th Court north to SE 46th Lane and south to Miramar Street                                                               Improve circulation
   29       Club Square                                             Add parking structure (500+ spaces) to replace parking lot spaces. Utilize Square for shops and pedestrian use only.                Provide for a Downtown Center
   30       SE 47th Terrace at Vincennes Boulevard                  Construct parking garage (425 spaces)                                                                                               Reduce surface lots. Create downtown environment



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                                                                                                     Table 24: Mid-term Improvements
Item No.                            Location                                                                             Improvement                                     Benefit
   31       SE 11th Place                                       Extend SE 11th Place to connect between SE 47th Terrace and Cape Coral Parkway   Improve circulation
   32       Milton Street                                       Extend Milton Street south to Miramar Street                                     Improve circulation
            SE 44th Street from Orchid Boulevard to Del Prado
   33                                                           Install sidewalk along north side                                                Pedestrian safety
            Boulevard
                                                                                                                                                 Pedestrian safety
                                                                                                                                                 Safety - Refuge for pedestrians and larger island slows
   35       Cape Coral Parkway at Santa Barbara Boulevard       Modify the westbound right turn lane radius and enlarge the concrete island      motorists down in advance of the intersection. Reduce
                                                                                                                                                 collisions with island
            Palm Tree Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace
            SE 6th Avenue at SE 47th Terrace
            SE 9th Place at SE 47thTerrace
            Vincennes Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace              Install a roundabout
   36                                                                                                                                            Reduce delays, crashes and improve circulation
            SE 15th Avenue at SE 47th Terrace
            Coronado Parkway at Miramar Street
            Miramar Street at Cape Coral Street
            Miramar Street at Del Prado Boulevard




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                                                                        Surrounding Traffic Study


Typical Section No. 8 depicts the 70-foot right-of-way on Vincennes Boulevard from SE 47th
Terrace to Miramar Street with proposed wider sidewalks (16.5 feet), curb extensions, and
driveway closures to increase the on-street parking.


Typical Section No. 9 shows the proposed six-lane typical section for Cape Coral Parkway
maintaining the existing median and curb locations with 11-foot travel lanes. Shade trees exist
along sections of the two-foot utility strip where there are no driveways. This creates a buffer for
the pedestrians. Consolidation of driveways will aid in reducing the conflict points between the
pedestrians and the turning vehicles. This will also reduce the vehicle delays associated with
motorists slowing down to enter the driveways.


Typical Section Nos. 10-A and 10-B depict the existing 100-foot right-of-way for Vincennes
Boulevard from SE 47th Lane to SE 47th Terrace with proposed wider sidewalks (12.5 feet) and
on-street parking. The on-street parking is proposed as angled for this short section, but the City
can provide the alternate typical section 10-B with parallel parking if preferred.


Typical Section No. 11 represents the option of widening SE 46th Lane from SE 6th Avenue to
SE 17th Place from a two-lane roadway to a four-lane undivided roadway with 11-foot travel
lanes and 8-foot sidewalks. The existing intermittent parking would be removed and missing
sidewalks would be added. The widening would typically occur within the existing 60-foot
right-of-way. Additional right-of-way is required at the intersections to accommodate left-turn
lanes.


Typical Section No. 12 includes providing the preferred four-lane divided typical section on SE
46th Lane with an 80-foot right-of-way, a 16-foot median, 6-foot sidewalks, and turn lanes where
needed. The lane widths are shown as 10 feet for the inside lane and 14 feet for the outside lane
to accommodate bikes.


Typical Section No. 13 shows the existing 60-foot right-of-way on SE 46th Street and the
addition of a 6-foot sidewalk on the south side of SE 46th Street from Coronado Parkway to Del
Prado Boulevard. The land use along SE 46th Street is residential. Typical Section 15 provides

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                                                      Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                       Surrounding Traffic Study


an alternate schematic of adding 7-foot on-street parking lanes and 9-foot sidewalks as
redevelopment occurs along this stretch of roadway.


Typical Section No. 14 includes the 100-foot right-of-way on Palm Tree Boulevard from SE 47th
Terrace to Country Club Boulevard with proposed four 11-foot travel lanes, 5-foot bike lanes,
and 9-foot sidewalks. Sidewalks are currently only provided between Cape Coral Parkway and
SE 47th Terrace.


Typical Section No. 15 includes the following two-lane roadways which have 60-foot right-of-
ways and are recommended to be modified to include 7-foot on-street parking and 9-foot
sidewalks on both sides of the roadway.


•   Lafayette Street from Coronado Parkway to Del Prado Boulevard
•   SE 47th Terrace from Palm Tree Boulevard to SE 17th Place
•   SE 47th Street from Coronado Parkway to SE 17th Place
•   SE 44th Street from Del Prado Boulevard to Orchid Boulevard


Typical Section No. 16 represents two-lane Miramar Street from Coronado Parkway to Del
Prado Boulevard with 10-foot travel lanes and wider 13-foot sidewalks. There are currently no
sidewalks on the south side of Miramar Street. Typical Section No. 19 shows the three-lane
section to accommodate the turn lanes required at the intersections of Candia Street, Leonard
Street, and Vincennes Boulevard.


Typical Section No. 17 represents the 60-foot right-of-way on SE 47th Terrace from Palm Tree
Boulevard to SE 6th Avenue with two 10-foot travel lanes and a 11.5-foot proposed sidewalk on
the north side. On the south side, the sidewalk is proposed to be widened to 13.5 feet, with a 7.5-
foot parking lane.


Typical Section No. 18 was developed based on the existing 50-foot right-of-way and residential
land use along the following streets. The two travel lanes are shown as 10 feet with 6-foot


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                                                                      Surrounding Traffic Study


sidewalks on both sides of the streets. On-street parking can be added in the grass areas as these
streets transition into a mixed land use.


•   SE 44th Street from Coronado Parkway to Del Prado Boulevard
•   SE 47th Terrace from SE 1st Place to Palm Tree Boulevard
•   SE 47th Street from SE 6th Avenue to Coronado Parkway
•   SE 1st Place from SE 47th Terrace to Cape Coral Parkway
•   SE 2nd Place from SE 47th Terrace to Cape Coral Parkway
•   Palm Tree Boulevard from Tudor Drive to Cape Coral Parkway
•   SE 4th Place from Country Club Boulevard to SE 47th Terrace
•   SE 5th Place from SE 47th Terrace to Cape Coral Parkway


The existing six-lane typical section on Del Prado Boulevard is recommended to remain. In
addition, it is proposed that sidewalks be added on the north side of SE 44th Street from Orchid
Boulevard to Del Prado Boulevard and on the east side of SE 6th Avenue from Victoria Drive to
Cape Coral Parkway.


To improve the signal spacing and the progression on Del Prado Boulevard and Cape Coral
Parkway, the traffic signals at Del Prado Boulevard/SE 47th Terrace, Del Prado Boulevard/SE
46th Street and Cape Coral Parkway/SE 10th Place/Leonard Street are proposed to be removed
and new signals installed at Del Prado Boulevard/SE 46th Lane, Del Prado Boulevard/SE 44th
Street and Cape Coral Parkway/SE 9th Place/Candia Street.


The signal at Del Prado Boulevard and SE 47th Terrace is located too close to the intersection of
Del Prado Boulevard and Cape Coral Parkway. The new signal spacing along Del Prado
Boulevard will be 1,060 feet between Cape Coral Parkway and SE 46th Lane and 1,860 feet
between SE 46th Lane and SE 44th Street. The existing signal at Del Prado Boulevard/SE 47th
Terrace is approximately 400 feet from the Del Prado Boulevard/Cape Coral Parkway signal.
The intersection of Del Prado Boulevard/SE 47th Terrace would be designed as a directional
southbound median opening since a northbound left-turn lane does not exist. The Del Prado


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Boulevard/SE 46th Street intersection will be modified to a directional northbound median
opening due to the sight distance restrictions for the southbound movement. If funding and
scheduling permit, the removal of the signals at Del Prado Boulevard/SE 47th Terrace and at Del
Prado Boulevard/SE 46th Street should be advanced to the short-term phase along with the
installation of the signals on Del Prado Boulevard/SE 46th Lane and Del Prado Boulevard/SE
44th Street.


The short-term improvements included performing a signal warrant study at the intersection of
Cape Coral Parkway/SE 10th Place. If it is determined that the signal is warranted, the signal
should be relocated to Cape Coral Parkway/SE 9th Place in the mid-term improvements, or
sooner if funding is available. The new signal spacing between the adjacent signals will be
closer to ¼-mile in each direction.


At these new traffic signal locations, LPIs for crossing Del Prado Boulevard and Cape Coral
Parkway should be included. Countdown pedestrian signals should also be included with these
new signals.


SE 46th Lane
SE 46th Lane was chosen as an alternate east-west route for the study area due to the existing
land uses along the corridor, its location with regard to the core area of the downtown, and its
relative location to the Malaga Canal on the north side of SE 46th Lane. SE 46th Lane is
proposed to be widened from a two-lane facility to a four-lane divided roadway from Coronado
Parkway to SE 17th Place, with turn lanes provided at significant intersections. Additionally, SE
46th Lane is proposed to be extended west through the study area to Santa Barbara Boulevard.
Extending SE 46th Lane will require bridging the two canals of Rubican and San Carlos, and
acquiring the necessary right-of-way. This connection will serve the southbound Santa Barbara
Boulevard traffic that is currently turning left at the signalized intersection of Cape Coral
Parkway and Santa Barbara Boulevard. The extension was originally included in the long-term
phase but has been advanced to the mid-term phase based on a request from the City. Although
it is shown on Figure 92 as a mid-term improvement, the analysis was performed based on the
long-term 2030 projections.

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                                                                                Surrounding Traffic Study


The SE 46th Lane connection to Santa Barbara Boulevard is expected to divert approximately 85
percent of the southbound left-turn volume to SE 46th Lane. This is an estimated 1400+ vehicles
during the AM peak hour. Besides diverting traffic from Santa Barbara Boulevard to SE 46th
Lane, traffic from the intersecting north-south streets of Palm Tree Boulevard, Coronado
Parkway and Vincennes Boulevard can utilize SE 46th Lane as an alternate route to Cape Coral
Parkway.


With the SE 46th Lane widening and extension, new traffic signals are anticipated at the
intersections of SE 46th Lane/Santa Barbara Boulevard, SE 46th Lane/Palm Tree Boulevard, SE
46th Lane/Coronado Parkway, SE 46th Lane/Vincennes Boulevard, and SE 46th Lane/Del Prado
Boulevard. The proposed signalized intersection of SE 46th Lane/Del Prado Boulevard will need
to be widened to accommodate one left-turn lane, two through lanes, and one right-turn lane on
both approaches of SE 46th Lane. The widening on the east side of Del Prado Boulevard is
proposed along the south side of SE 46th Lane in conjunction with the proposed Cape Villagio
development which extends as far east as SE 17th Place. Table 25 lists the proposed geometry at
the signalized intersections along SE 46th Lane.


                                     Table 25: SE 46th Lane Signalized Intersection Geometry
                            Eastbound                 Westbound           Northbound           Southbound
Cross Street
                        L    T TR R               L    T TR R        L      T TR R        L      T TR R
Del Prado
                        1     2     -     1       1    2   -     1    1    2    1    -    1     2   1      -
Boulevard
Vincennes
                        1     1     1     -       1    1   1     -    1    1    1    -    1     -   1      -
Boulevard
Coronado Parkway        1     1     1     -       1    1   1     -    1    2         1    1     1   1      -
Palm Tree
                        1     1     1     -       1    1   1     -    1    1    1    -    1     -   1      -
Bouelvard
Santa Barbara
                        -           -     -       1        1     -         1    1    -    2     2    -     -
Boulevard


At the intersection of Del Prado Boulevard and SE 46th Lane, the southbound left-turn lane will
need to be lengthened due to the proposed increase in volume.


A LPI should be included at the traffic signals for pedestrians crossing SE 46th Lane.
Countdown pedestrian signals should also be provided. Between the signalized intersections, it


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                                                                        Surrounding Traffic Study


is recommended that the final road design include marked pedestrian crossings that use the
median to split the crossing into two steps for pedestrians. Staggered or offset crossings are
preferred to further improve safety. Additional features like advanced yield lines or other
treatments should also be used to enhance these crossings. Designated crosswalks should be
considered at:


•   SE 46th Lane at SE 15th Avenue – located on the west side of the intersection
•   SE 46th Lane at the proposed new street between SE 15th Avenue and Vincennes Boulevard –
    located on the west side of the intersection
•   SE 46th Lane at a mid-block location approximately 200 feet east of where SE 10th Place
    connects today (at Club Square)
•   SE 46th Lane at SE 9th Place – located on the west side of the intersections
•   SE 46th Lane at the extension of SE 8th Court/Chester Street – located on the west side of the
    intersection


The design of SE 46th Lane should include an engineering study of each of these locations before
a crosswalk is included in the plan. At unsignalized intersections where marked crosswalks are
not included, accessible ramps and median cut-throughs will typically still be necessary, since a
crosswalk exists at every intersection, marked or unmarked.


The four-lane undivided alternative for SE 46th Lane would not provide the safety and capacity
benefits as compared to the four-lane divided alternative. Based on the FDOT Generalized Level
of Service Table for Urbanized Areas, a multi-lane undivided roadway without turn lanes
provides 25 percent less capacity than a four-lane divided roadway with turn lanes.


Similarly, the option of providing a three-lane roadway within the study area was considered.
Although a three-lane roadway could provide the necessary channelization for the left-turning
movements along the corridor, the LOS E capacity is estimated at 32,900 vpd for a four-lane
divided roadway versus 16,380 vpd for three lanes.




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                                                                        Surrounding Traffic Study


SE 17th Place
To maintain the eastbound flow of traffic on SE 46th Lane during the AM peak hour, SE 17th
Place is proposed to be widened from two lanes to three for a typical section of two southbound
lanes and one northbound lane. The two southbound lanes will connect to the dual left-turn lanes
at the intersection of Cape Coral Parkway and SE 17th Place that were proposed in the short-term
improvements. A southbound right-turn lane is proposed for this intersection in the mid-term
improvements phase.           Right-of-way is required for the southbound right-turn lane.   The
westbound right-turn lane is also recommended to be lengthened to 800 feet due to the proposed
heavy turning volumes (700) at this location.


Cape Coral Parkway at Waikiki Avenue
At the intersection of Cape Coral Parkway and Waikiki Avenue, a free-flow northbound right-
turn lane onto Cape Coral Parkway is proposed to reduce the delays related to the northbound
right-turn volume at the intersection of Del Prado Boulevard and Cape Coral Parkway. The
northbound right-turn lane will continue through the proposed signalized intersection of Cape
Coral Parkway/SE 17th Place as a free-flow movement. This movement will be separated from
the eastbound through lane by a raised median. This will prohibit motorists traveling in the
outside eastbound through lane from swerving into the free-flow lane to bypass the proposed
signal at Cape Coral Parkway/SE 17th Place. Right-of-way is required to add the free-flow lane.


Miramar Street
Miramar Street is currently used as an alternate east-west route due to congestion on Cape Coral
Parkway. Three roundabouts are proposed along Miramar Street in conjunction with the free-
flow right-turn lane from Waikiki Avenue to Cape Coral Parkway. The proposed design will
reduce the backups that are occurring at the signalized intersection of Cape Coral Parkway/Del
Prado Boulevard and observed at the unsignalized intersections of Cape Coral Parkway/Waikiki
Avenue, Del Prado Boulevard/Waikiki Avenue and Del Prado Boulevard/Miramar Street. To
maintain the traffic flow along Miramar Street, the mid-term improvements include adding
eastbound left-turn lanes at Candia Street, Leonard Street, and Vincennes Boulevard.




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Frontage Road
A new frontage road is proposed along the south side of Cape Coral Parkway. It is planned to
connect to Waikiki Avenue and extend under the Cape Coral Bridge where it will connect to the
Welcome Center driveway. The frontage road will eliminate the traffic movements across Cape
Coral Parkway which conflict with the steady volume of traffic in this area. The median opening
proposed in the short-term phase at the Welcome Center is recommended to be closed with the
frontage road construction. Right-in, right-out driveways are proposed to the frontage road in
addition to full access on Waikiki Avenue. With the right-of-way for the frontage road and the
adjacent sidewalk, it is recommended that the property on the entire south side of Cape Coral
Parkway east of Waikiki Avenue be acquired for this improvement. The frontage road impacts
would result in limited use for commercial or residential development. New developments along
the frontage road are encouraged that would focus on community type activities with the benefit
of the adjacent water ways.


Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway
Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway is proposed to be widened to include a second
eastbound left-turn lane from the single lane proposed in the short-term improvements. The left-
turn volumes are projected to grow to 370 vehicles during the peak hour. In addition, the
eastbound right-turn lane is proposed to be lengthened to accommodate a high volume of right
turns onto Coronado Parkway during the AM peak hour that will utilize Miramar Street to travel
east. This right-turn volume is projected to grow to 500+ vehicles during the AM peak hour.
Right-of-way will need to be acquired along the south side of Cape Coral Parkway for the
proposed turn lanes.


Coronado Parkway at Miramar Street
In conjunction with the improvements on Miramar Street, a roundabout is proposed at the
intersection of Coronado Parkway and Miramar Street.        The intersection is currently stop
controlled on Miramar Street. The roundabout is projected to operate at LOS A, with two
entrance lanes from Coronado Parkway and one entrance lane from Miramar Street. Right-of-
way on the west side of Coronado Parkway and corner clips in the northeast and southeast
quadrants are required with the roundabout design.      Appendix W contains the roundabout

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                                                                      Surrounding Traffic Study


justification reports and the SIDRA roundabout analysis, which includes the input and output
data for the intersection. A summary of the results are contained in Table 26.


Cape Coral Parkway at SE 15th Avenue
A directional eastbound left turn median opening is proposed at the existing bi-directional
median opening at Cape Coral Parkway and SE 15th Avenue. This will permit the construction
of a longer 400-foot eastbound left-turn lane at the signalized intersection of Cape Coral
Parkway and Del Prado Boulevard. The eastbound left-turn lane at the signalized intersection is
at times blocked due to the long eastbound through queues. This results in motorists missing the
eastbound protected left-turn phase because they can not access the blocked turn lane. Although
the short-term improvements will reduce these queues, the 2015 through traffic volumes are
projected to stack past the left-turn lane, therefore limiting its accessibility. The restricted
westbound left-turn movement onto SE 15th Avenue can turn at the proposed “C” street located
west of SE 15th Avenue or at Vincennes Boulevard.


Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10th Place
The signalized intersection of Cape Coral Parkway/SE 10th Place is 1,800 feet east of the Cape
Coral Parkway/Coronado Parkway signalized intersection and 800 feet west of the Cape Coral
Parkway/Vincennes Boulevard signalized intersection. Relocation of the signal to SE 9th Place/
Candia Street will equalize the signal spacing to approximately 1,300 feet (approximately ¼
mile) between intersections. This is the preferred spacing for signal progression. An eastbound
directional median opening with a mid-block pedestrian crosswalk is proposed at the intersection
of Cape Coral Parkway/SE 10th Place.


Cape Coral Parkway at Santa Barbara Boulevard
The short-term improvements included removing the concrete island on the westbound approach
since it has been struck repeatedly by motorists. The mid-term improvements include increasing
the westbound right-turn radius and adding a larger concrete island for pedestrian refuge. The
radius improvements will require right-of-way on the northeast quadrant.




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                                                                          Surrounding Traffic Study



                   Table 26: 2015 Intersection Analysis LOS with Mid-Term Improvements
                                         AM Peak Hour                          PM Peak Hour
                                 Lane        Lane                     Lane          Lane
                                                      Approach                              Approach
        Movement                Group       Group                    Group          Group
                                                      Delay and                             Delay and
                                 Delay       LOS                      Delay          LOS
                                                        (LOS)                                 (LOS)
                               (sec/veh)                            (sec/veh)
                 Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Santa Barbara Boulevard
   EB Left                        60.9        E                       216.9           F
                                                       86.6 (F)                              24.0 (C)
   EB Through                     87.7        E                        10.7           B
   WB Through                     35.5        D                        82.6           F
                                                       26.9 (C)                              85.7 (F)
   WB Right                        6.8        A                        92.5           F
   SB Left                       216.1        F                       222.9           F
                                                      205.3 (F)                             183.8 (F)
   SB Right                       18.8        B                        50.3           D
                     Intersection                     100.0 (F)          Intersection        83.5 (F)
                   Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree Boulevard
   EB Left                        52.1        D                       162.4           F
                                                      133.2 (F)                              34.6 (C)
   EB Through/Right              145.4        F                        15.7           B
   WB Left                        35.2        D                        12.4           B
                                                       28.5 (C)                             197.5 (F)
   WB Through/Right               28.4        C                       198.2           F
   NB Left                        78.1        E                        88.9           F
                                                      113.2 (F)                              92.0 (F)
   NB Through/Right              127.4        F                        93.6           F
   SB Left                       162.0        F                        81.8           F
   SB Through                     65.3        E       102.4 (F)        73.0           E     111.5 (F)
   SB Right                       32.2        C                       124.4           F
                     Intersection                     111.8 (F)          Intersection       130.1 (F)
               Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 6th Avenue/Tarpon Court
   EB Left                        14.5        B                       152.6           F
                                                       72.9 (E)                              19.1 (B)
   EB Through/Right               76.9        E                        12.2           B
   WB Left                        46.9        D                        12.9           B
                                                        8.7 (A)                             101.4 (F)
   WB Through/Right                7.3        A                       102.5           F
   NB Left/Through/Right          79.6        E        79.6 (E)        75.1           E      75.1 (E)
   SB Left/Through                65.7        E                        70.3           E
                                                       58.4 (D)                              62.8 (E)
   SB Right                       51.5        D                        59.8           E
                     Intersection                      57.8 (E)          Intersection        70.7 (E)
                    Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway
   EB Left                        52.3        D                       257.1           F
   EB Through                     46.3        D        42.1 (D)        21.7           C      58.1 (E)
   EB Right                       26.8        C                        13.6           B
   WB Left                        42.4        D                        80.1           F
                                                       40.8 (D)                             125.8 (F)
   WB Through/Right               40.7        D                       127.1           F
   NB Left                        62.9        E                       244.7           F
                                                       68.8 (E)                             189.2 (F)
   NB Through/Right               72.8        E                       122.3           F
   SB Left                        68.6        E                       314.2           F
   SB Through                     61.3        E        54.5 (D)       201.2           F     195.7 (F)
   SB Right                       29.6        C                       152.6           F
                     Intersection                      45.6 (D)          Intersection       120.2 (F)
                Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 9th Place/Candia Street
   EB Left                         9.5        A                        76.7           E
                                                       20.2 (C)                              22.3 (C)
   EB Through/Right               20.4        C                        18.5           B
   WB Left                        41.6        D                        11.6           B
                                                       12.7 (B)                              77.6 (E)
   WB Through/Right               11.3        B                        79.2           E

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                                                          Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                           Surrounding Traffic Study


                   Table 26: 2015 Intersection Analysis LOS with Mid-Term Improvements
                                          AM Peak Hour                            PM Peak Hour
                                  Lane        Lane                       Lane          Lane
                                                        Approach                               Approach
        Movement                 Group       Group                      Group          Group
                                                        Delay and                              Delay and
                                  Delay       LOS                        Delay          LOS
                                                           (LOS)                                 (LOS)
                                (sec/veh)                             (sec/veh)
                                                                      th
                 Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 9 Place/Candia Street
   NB Left                         45.9         D                        85.7            F
                                                         53.4 (D)                               78.6 (E)
   NB Through/Right                55.7         E                        65.4            E
   SB Left                         46.6         D                        65.4            E
                                                         50.5 (D)                               64.5 (E)
   SB Through/Right                54.6         D                        69.3            E
                      Intersection                       19.6 (B)           Intersection        61.5 (E)
                    Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes Boulevard
   EB Left                          9.9         A                        66.8            E
                                                         25.9 (C)                               21.5 (C)
   EB Through/Right                26.1         C                        16.7            B
   WB Left                         26.3         C                         8.1            A
                                                         15.6 (B)                               53.7 (D)
   WB Through/Right                15.1         B                        54.8            D
   NB Left                         50.9         D                        58.8            E
   NB Through                      54.8         D        51.5 (D)        66.0            E      60.2 (E)
   NB Right                        45.3         D                        47.1            D
   SB Left                         48.1         D                        57.6            E
   SB Through                      49.3         D        47.0 (D)         68.6           E      59.1 (E)
   SB Right                        40.5         D                        50.7            D
                      Intersection                       26.3 (C)           Intersection        45.7 (D)
           Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard (Synchro Results)
   EB Left                         80.3         F                        207.1           F
                                                         104.5 (F)                              73.9 (E)
   EB Through/Right               105.9         F                        34.8            C
   WB Left                        128.1         F                        92.3            F
   WB Through                      34.4         C        30.4 (C)        164.4           F     113.0 (F)
   WB Right                         0.6         A                        18.8            B
   NB Left                         61.9         E                        81.1            F
   NB Through                      70.8         E        65.2 (E)        151.2           F     114.8 (F)
   NB Right                        51.8         D                        44.2            D
   SB Left                        130.4         F                        178.3           F
   SB Through                     154.9         F        125.1 (F)       204.3           F     150.2 (F)
   SB Right                         4.0         A                        26.4            C
                      Intersection                        87.9 (F)          Intersection       113.6 (F)
                         Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Lane
   EB Left                         45.6         D                        266.7           F
   EB Through                      53.2         D        50.3 (D)        63.8            E     161.1 (F)
   EB Right                        49.5         D                        62.6            E
   WB Left                         39.3         D                        49.7            D
   WB Through                      48.6         D        45.4 (D)        71.5            E      57.0 (E)
   WB Right                        49.5         D                        41.1            D
   NB Left                         24.0         C                        109.1           F
                                                         31.9 (C)                               70.5 (E)
   NB Through/Right                32.5         C                        66.3            E
   SB Left                         49.0         D                        176.1           F
                                                         34.6 (C)                               58.6 (E)
   SB Through/Right                30.9         C                        30.1            C
                      Intersection                       36.4 (D)           Intersection        73.0 (E)




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                                                          Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                           Surrounding Traffic Study


                   Table 26: 2015 Intersection Analysis LOS with Mid-Term Improvements
                                         AM Peak Hour                             PM Peak Hour
                                 Lane        Lane                       Lane          Lane
                                                       Approach                               Approach
        Movement                Group       Group                      Group          Group
                                                       Delay and                              Delay and
                                 Delay       LOS                        Delay          LOS
                                                          (LOS)                                 (LOS)
                               (sec/veh)                              (sec/veh)
                                                                               th
                       Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 44 Street
   EB Left                        30.0         C                         29.3           C
                                                        29.3 (C)                               29.1 (C)
   EB Through/Right               28.1         C                         28.8           C
   WB Left                        29.6         C                         35.1           D
                                                        29.6 (C)                               33.2 (C)
   WB Through/Right               29.5         C                         29.2           C
   NB Left                        12.3         B                         15.0           B
                                                        11.2 (A)                               48.4 (D)
   NB Through/Right               11.1         B                         50.3           D
   SB Left                         4.5        A                          20.5           C
                                                        26.9 (C)                               17.2 (B)
   SB Through/Right               27.5         C                         17.0           B
                     Intersection                       23.2 (C)           Intersection        35.5 (D)
                      Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at Beach Parkway
   WB Left                        34.9        D                          31.7           C
                                                        38.0 (D)                               31.3 (E)
   WB Right                       40.8        D                          30.6           C
   NB Through/Right               7.9         A          7.9 (A)         25.8           C      25.8 (C)
   SB Left                         3.1        A                          15.2           B
                                                         5.1 (A)                                7.1 (A)
   SB Through                      5.2        A                           6.7           A
                     Intersection                        7.3 (A)           Intersection        18.5 (B)
                    Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at Coronado Parkway
   EB Left                        63.2         E                         81.7           E
                                                                                               72.9 (E)
   EB Left/Through                53.4        D          57.7 (E)        64.8           E
   EB Right                       39.7        D                          48.6           D
   WB Left/Through/Right          79.6         E         79.6 (E)        79.6           E      79.6 (E)
   NB Left                        70.3         E                         78.2           E
                                                        26.7 (C)                               78.4 (E)
   NB Through/Right               26.0         C                         78.4           E
   SB Left                        16.6         B                         36.6           D
   SB Through                     42.9        D         34.3 (C)         36.4           D      28.3 (C)
   SB Right                        4.8        A                           9.2           A
                     Intersection                        36.6(D)           Intersection        55.4 (E)
                       Signalized Intersection: SE 47th Terrace at Coronado Parkway
   EB Left                        10.4         B                         52.1           D
   EB Through                     34.3         C        26.0 (C)         20.6           C      27.8 (C)
   EB Right                       15.6         B                         17.7           B
   WB Left                        16.8         B                         11.9           B
                                                        20.6 (C)                               39.6 (D)
   WB Through/Right               21.5         C                         46.2           D
   NB Left                        21.1         C                         28.0           C
   NB Through                     31.4         C        27.2 (C)         37.8           D      32.4 (C)
   NB Right                       21.1         C                         21.3           C
   SB Left                        19.0         B                         26.5           C
   SB Through                     27.2         C        21.3 (C)         52.5           D      42.7 (D)
   SB Right                       12.9         B                         30.2           C
                     Intersection                       24.9 (C)           Intersection        36.0 (D)




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                                                                       City of Cape Coral Downtown
                                                         Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                          Surrounding Traffic Study



                   Table 26: 2015 Intersection Analysis LOS with Mid-Term Improvements
                                        AM Peak Hour                            PM Peak Hour
                                Lane        Lane                       Lane          Lane
                                                       Approach                             Approach
        Movement               Group        Group                     Group          Group
                                                       Delay and                            Delay and
                                Delay        LOS                       Delay          LOS
                                                         (LOS)                                (LOS)
                              (sec/veh)                              (sec/veh)
                       Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 17th Place
   EB Through                    23.1         C         23.1 (C)         3.3           A      3.1 (A)
   WB Through                     6.9         A                         79.9           E
                                                        6.6 (A)                              69.6 (E)
   WB Right                      0.0+         A                          0.2           A
   SB Left                       76.9         E                        236.5           F
                                                        75.9 (E)                             225.6 (F)
   SB Right                      51.2         D                         73.6           E
                    Intersection                        24.3 (C)          Intersection       61.5 (E)
                           Roundabout: SE 47th Terrace at Palm Tree Boulevard
   EB Left/Through/Right         10.2         B         10.2 (B)        10.9           B     10.9 (B)
   WB Left/Through/Right          9.2         A         9.2 (A)         14.4           B     14.4 (C)
   NB Left                       10.5         B                          9.6           A
   NB Through                     5.2         A         5.7 (A)          4.7           A      5.0 (C)
   NB Right                       5.5         A                          4.7           A
   SB Left/Through/Right          8.0         A         8.0 (A)         11.2           B     11.2 (B)
                    Intersection                        7.3 (A)           Intersection       10.3 (B)
                           Roundabout: SE 47th Terrace at Vincennes Boulevard
   EB Left/Through/Right          9.8         A         9.8 (A)          9.6           A      9.6 (A)
   WB Left/Through/Right          7.8         A         7.8 (A)         10.2           B     10.2 (B)
   NB Left/Through/Right         10.4         B         10.4 (B)         7.6           A      7.6 (A)
   SB Left/Through/Right          6.4         A         6.4 (A)          7.0           A      7.0 (A)
                    Intersection                        8.6 (A)           Intersection        8.2 (A)
                       Signalized Intersection: SE 46th Lane at Vincennes Boulevard
   EB Left                       18.9         B                         18.0           B
                                                        19.1 (B)                             18.3 (B)
   EB Through/Right              19.1         B                         18.0           B
   WB Left                       18.1         B                         32.4           C
                                                        18.1 (B)                             24.4 (C)
   WB Through/Right              18.1         B                         17.9           B
   NB Left                        9.3         A                         12.9           B
                                                        9.9 (A)                              13.6 (B)
   NB Through/Right               9.7         A                         14.1           B
   SB Left                        9.2         A                         12.5           B
                                                        11.7 (B)                             14.9 (B)
   SB Through/Right              12.0         B                         15.2           B
                    Intersection                        13.7 (B)          Intersection       18.6 (B)
                            Roundabout: Cape Coral Street at Miramar Street
   EB Left/Through/Right          4.1         A         4.1 (A)          4.0           A      4.0 (A)
   WB Left/Through/Right          5.9         A         5.9 (A)          5.3           A      5.3 (A)
   NB Left/Through/Right          5.7         A         5.7 (A)         4.6            A      4.6 (A)
   SB Left/Through/Right          7.7         A         7.7 (A)          3.7           A      3.7 (A)
                    Intersection                        5.5 (A)           Intersection        5.6 (A)
                            Roundabout: Coronado Parkway at Miramar Street
   WB Left/Right                  7.8         A         7.8 (A)         11.3           B     11.3 (B)
   NB Through                    10.7         B                          6.6           A
                                                        10.9 (B)                              6.8 (A)
   NB Right                      11.3         B                          7.7           A
   SB Left                        9.0         A                          9.8           A
                                                        7.8 (A)                               7.0 (A)
   SB Through                     3.9         A                          4.4           A
                    Intersection                        8.8 (A)           Intersection        7.8 (A)


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                   Table 26: 2015 Intersection Analysis LOS with Mid-Term Improvements
                                        AM Peak Hour                            PM Peak Hour
                                Lane       Lane                        Lane          Lane
                                                     Approach                               Approach
        Movement               Group       Group                      Group          Group
                                                     Delay and                              Delay and
                                Delay       LOS                        Delay          LOS
                                                       (LOS)                                  (LOS)
                              (sec/veh)                              (sec/veh)
                  Roundabout: Del Prado Boulevard at Miramar Street/Waikiki Avenue
   EB Left/Through/Right          4.1        A        4.1 (A)            9.1           A     9.1 (A)
   WB Left/Through/Right          5.4        A        5.4 (A)            7.9           A     7.9 (A)
   NB Left                       11.6        B                           8.3           A
   NB Through                    11.6        B        11.6 (B)           8.3           A     8.3 (A)
   NB Right                      11.6        B                           8.3           A
   SB Left                       10.5        B                          10.9           B
   SB Through                     5.4        A        6.4 (A)            5.8           A     7.0 (A)
   SB Right                       6.6        A                           7.2           A
                    Intersection                      8.2 (A)             Intersection       8.0 (A)
                                Roundabout: SE 47th Terrace at SE 9th Place
   EB Left/Through/Right          5.2        A        7.3 (A)            7.3           A     7.3 (A)
   WB Left/Through/Right          5.9        A        5.9 (A)           11.7           B     11.7 (B)
   NB Left/Through/Right         11.6        B        11.6 (B)          10.5           B     10.5 (B)
   SB Left/Through/Right          9.3        A        9.3 (A)            9.0           A     9.0 (A)
                    Intersection                      5.9 (A)             Intersection       9.4 (A)
                               Roundabout: SE 47th Terrace at SE 6th Avenue
   EB Left/Through/Right          4.7        A        4.7 (A)            4.8           A     4.8 (A)
   WB Left/Through/Right          5.2        A        5.2 (A)            7.7           A     7.7 (A)
   NB Left/Through/Right         12.1        B        12.1 (B)          10.7           B     10.7 (B)
   SB Left/Through/Right          8.2        A        8.2 (A)           20.0           B     20.0 (B)
                    Intersection                      6.5 (A)             Intersection       7.4 (A)


Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree Boulevard
The mid-term improvements include adding an eastbound left-turn lane at the intersection of
Cape Coral Parkway and Palm Tree Boulevard due to the projected left-turn volume of 590
vehicles during the AM peak hour. In the AM peak hour, the eastbound left-turn LOS improves
from F to D with the additional turn lane. Right-of-way along the south side of Cape Coral
Parkway will be required for the additional left-turn lane.


Del Prado Boulevard at Coronado Parkway
The southbound right-turn volume at the intersection of Del Prado Boulevard/Coronado Parkway
is currently 517 vehicles during the PM peak hour and is projected to increase to 738 vehicles in
the PM peak hour in 2015. Although the bridge over the Plato Canal (located approximately 300
feet north of the intersection) restricts the desired right-turn storage and deceleration lane, a short
turn lane is recommended to provide a reduction in vehicle delays. Right-of-way is required

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                                                                      Surrounding Traffic Study


with the additional right-turn lane. The intersection LOS improves from F to D in the AM peak
hour and from F to E in the PM peak hour with the turn lane and adjusted timings.


Street Connections
New streets are proposed in the mid-term phase to provide an enhanced downtown street
network for improved circulation and walkability. Additional streets provide redistribution of
traffic and a benefit to the overall transportation system. The distance between the north-south
streets of Vincennes Boulevard and SE 15th Avenue is 1,470 feet. Since long street blocks do not
encourage pedestrian activity, a new street (“A” Street) is proposed to run north between Cape
Coral Parkway and SE 46th Lane 700 feet east of Vincennes Boulevard. Businesses would be
impacted to acquire the right-of-way. A mid-block pedestrian crosswalk was proposed at this
street in the short-term improvements. A directional eastbound left-turn lane is proposed onto
“A” Street from Cape Coral Parkway.


Additionally, two new streets are proposed (“B” and “C” Streets) to the south of Cape Coral
Parkway on the east and west side of the new “A” Street. These are proposed to extend south to
Miramar Street. A directional westbound left-turn lane is proposed on Cape Coral Parkway at
“C” Street.


SE 8th Court/Chester Street currently extends north to SE 47th Street from Cape Coral Parkway
and south to Lafayette Street. It is recommended that SE 8th Court be connected north to SE 46th
Lane and south to Miramar Street to help fill in the gaps of the downtown street system.


Likewise, SE 11th Place and Milton Street should be connected to the north and south to provide
a continuous connection between SE 46th Lane and Miramar Street. Lafayette Street currently
extends east-west from Coronado Parkway to Candia Street, and then picks up at Vincennes
Boulevard to connect eastward to Del Prado Boulevard. Lafayette Street is recommended to be
connected as a key component with the redevelopment occurring south of Cape Coral Parkway.


Due to the significant right-of-way impacts with the proposed street connections, these are
anticipated to be implemented in conjunction with redevelopment within the respective corridors.

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                                                                           Surrounding Traffic Study


Roundabouts
Roundabouts are proposed at two-way and four-way stop-sign control intersections in the study
area. The roundabouts on SE 47th Terrace and Miramar Street will improve circulation and
safety for both pedestrians and motorists. Right-of-way is required for all the roundabouts
except for Cape Coral Street at Miramar Street and Vincennes Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace.
Although it is not anticipated that these could be designed and constructed within the short-term
improvements schedule, it is recommended that these two locations be considered for
implementation as soon as funding is available.


The proposed eight roundabout locations and their respective lane geometry are:


•   Miramar Street (1 lane) at Coronado Parkway (2 lanes)
•   Miramar Street (1 lane) at Cape Coral Street (1 lane)
•   Miramar Street (1 lanes) at Del Prado Boulevard (2 lanes)
•   SE 47th Terrace (1 lane) at Palm Tree Boulevard (1 lane)
•   SE 47th Terrace (1 lane) at SE 6th Avenue (1 lane)
•   SE 47th Terrace (1 lane) at SE 9th Place (1 lane)
•   SE 47th Terrace (1 lane) at Vincennes Boulevard (1 lane)
•   SE 47th Terrace (1 lane) at SE 15th Avenue (1 lane)


The inside lane of the eastbound dual left-turn lanes on Cape Coral Parkway/Palm Tree
Boulevard will be utilized by traffic heading north through the roundabout on Palm Tree
Boulevard/SE 47th Terrace. The motorists in the outside lane will travel east on SE 47th Terrace
at the proposed roundabout. The traffic volumes are currently evenly split in the AM peak hour
between the northbound to eastbound right-turn movement onto SE 47th Terrace and the
northbound left-turn and through movement which will use the inside left-turn lane on Cape
Coral Parkway to travel through the roundabout.


The benefits of roundabouts have been included in the FHWA publication, Roundabouts: An
Informational Guide, FHWA-RD-00-67, June 2000.                   Roundabouts provide an overall


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                                                                       Surrounding Traffic Study


improvement in safety performance due to fewer conflict points, low absolute speeds, low
relative speeds, and pedestrians are required to cross one direction of traffic at a time.
Roundabouts also typically operate with lower vehicle delays than other types of control.
Environmental benefits are realized with reduced noise, air-quality impact, and fuel consumption
due to the reduction in acceleration/deceleration and stops. Roundabouts provide the added
benefit of improving the overall aesthetics of an intersection with the central island and splitter
island opportunities for landscaping. This can further spur redevelopment in the CRA.


The keys to providing good pedestrian access and safety at roundabouts are:


•   Well-defined crosswalks – Crosswalks should generally be placed at least one car length
    back from the circulatory roadway of a roundabout. At multi-lane roundabouts, the setback
    may be two or three car lengths. This crosswalk placement allows approaching drivers to
    deal with the yield to pedestrians prior to the yield to vehicles on the circulatory roadway.
    For exiting drivers, it allows them to yield to pedestrians in an area that is outside the
    circulatory roadway.
•   Splitter islands – The splitter (channelization) island at a roundabout doubles in use as a
    pedestrian refuge, converting the crossing into two fairly simple crossings of one-way
    roadways. This allows pedestrians to focus on one direction of traffic at a time in order to
    cross safely.
•   Fewer lanes are better – Single-lane roundabouts are preferred for pedestrians because
    pedestrians have to cross only one lane at a time, eliminating the possibility of a “multiple
    threat” type of crash.
•   Slow design speeds throughout – Slow speeds at roundabouts improve vehicle operation and
    safety as well as pedestrian safety. Drivers traveling at slow speeds are more likely to yield
    to pedestrians.      Care should be taken to design the roundabout exit in a manner that
    discourages significant acceleration by drivers before they reach the crosswalk in the exist
    lane. At small roundabouts, the use of a truck apron is important to provide trucks access
    while ensuring that passenger vehicles travel at appropriate speeds.




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•   Separated sidewalks – Sidewalks at and near roundabouts should be separated by planter
    strips in order to direct pedestrians to the crosswalks and discourage entry onto the
    circulatory roadway.


Pedestrian Crosswalks
In downtown areas and urban business districts, pedestrians should be provided crossing
opportunities no more than about 600 feet apart.         As downtown Cape Coral expands and
becomes more dense, it is likely that pedestrian activity will grow enough to justify frequent
opportunity for crossing. Therefore, in addition to the crosswalks provided at the signalized
intersections on Cape Coral Parkway, additional designated crossings are recommended. Based
on the spacing to nearby signalized intersections, the following three locations should be
evaluated for placement of designated pedestrian crosswalks:


•   Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10th Place/Leonard Street
•   Cape Coral Parkway east of Vincennes Boulevard. This crosswalk location is also included
    in the short-term recommendations. In the mid-term scenario, this crosswalk will fit in just
    east of the proposed new street to the north
•   Cape Coral Parkway at SE 8th Court/Chester Street


Before these designated crosswalks are included as part of the redesign of Cape Coral Parkway,
engineering studies should be done to evaluate the need, design, and traffic control for these
crosswalks.     These studies must consider the vehicular and pedestrian traffic volumes and
patterns as well as the land use in existence at the time the mid-term recommendations are
implemented. There are several alternatives for crosswalk treatments and traffic control to
provide an effective designated pedestrian crossing location:


•   An unsignalized crosswalk with overhead illumination, advance pedestrian crossing warning
    signs, high-visibility markings, a staggered cut-through in the median, and advanced yield
    lines with “Yield Here to Pedestrians” signs on both sides of each direction of the roadway.




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                                                                      Surrounding Traffic Study


•   A two-step pedestrian signal where each direction of Cape Coral Parkway is stopped
    independently to let pedestrians cross.
•   A “HAWK” beacon or similar solution.


Each of these treatments is described in further detail in the short-term recommendations section.


Club Square
Club Square currently is a large parking lot (413 spaces) with businesses along the perimeter.
The Square is bordered by SE 46th Lane to the north, SE 47th Street to the south, SE 11th Place to
the east and SE 9th Place to the west. SE 10th Place runs through the center of the Square.
Although there are numerous options for utilizing the Square, this study proposes the
replacement of the surface parking lot with the use of parking garages and the construction of a
circulatory one-way street around the Square which could access the parking structures and
connect to the bordering streets. New development could be constructed inside the Square with
an open-air area in the center of the Square with a fountain to provide a focal point for outdoor
community activity. The circulatory roadway would be designed to provide parking along both
sides of the roadway.


The 2015 traffic volumes were redistributed to the intersections in the study area based on the
mid-term improvements. The adjusted TMCs at each location are shown in Figure 93. Utilizing
these adjusted volumes, the HCS intersection analysis was completed with the proposed mid
term improvements. The delay and LOS for each location, by movement, are included in Table
26. Appendix V contains the 2015 HCS intersection LOS results. The HCS results indicate that
some movements will still operate at LOS F. At the intersection of Cape Coral Parkway and
Palm Tree Boulevard, the eastbound through movement and the westbound through movement
will operate at LOS F during the AM and PM peak hours, respectively. The intersection of Cape
Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway is expected to operate at LOS F during the PM peak hour.


This can be attributed to the high volume of left turns for the eastbound and northbound
movements opposed by a high volume of westbound and southbound vehicles.


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                                                                       Surrounding Traffic Study


Widening Cape Coral Parkway to eight lanes would improve the LOS at the intersection of Cape
Coral Parkway and Coronado Parkway. The eight-laning would result in a two-lane merge for
the four eastbound lanes to converge to two prior to the Cape Coral Bridge. At the intersection
of Cape Coral Parkway and Palm Tree Boulevard, the LOS could be improved to D with the
eight-laning of Cape Coral Parkway and the addition of an exclusive westbound right-turn lane
on Cape Coral Parkway.


To determine the most efficient intersection operation, alternate intersection controls were
evaluated for the existing four-way stop intersections and several of the two-way stop control
intersections. Table 27 includes the delay and LOS for these intersections. As shown in the
table, the roundabout typically operates more efficiently than the signalized intersection except at
the intersection of SE 46th Lane at Vincennes Boulevard, where the roundabout will operate at
LOS F during the AM and PM peak hours and the signal will operate at LOS B and C,
respectively. Appendix W includes the SIDRA analysis for the proposed roundabouts.


Table 28 provides a comparison between the intersection LOS with and without the proposed
mid-term improvements. As shown in Table 28, a total intersection delay reduction of 70
percent is estimated for the AM peak hour and a reduction of 49 percent in the PM peak hour
based on the reassignment of traffic and the proposed mid-term improvements.


A network analysis was performed using Transyt-7F with the mid-term improvements and Table
29 shows the arterial level of service by direction for Cape Coral Parkway and for Del Prado
Boulevard. The results show the delay on Cape Coral Parkway will reduce significantly in the
eastbound direction in the AM peak hours and in the westbound direction in the PM peak hours,
compared to the 2015 volumes with the existing geometry. The Cape Coral Parkway eastbound
and westbound directional AM and PM peak hour LOS is expected to operate at LOS C and LOS
D with the mid-term improvements. This is compared to the LOS F which is expected if no
improvements are made over the next 10 years. Based on the analysis, the Del Prado Boulevard
southbound directional LOS is expected to improve from LOS F to A during the AM peak hour
with the cumulative short-term and mid-term improvements. Northbound Del Prado Boulevard
will improve from LOS C to B with the recommendations for the study area.

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                                                                                Surrounding Traffic Study


                          Table 27: 2015 Alternative Control – Intersection Analysis

                                       AM Peak Hour                         PM Peak Hour
                               Lane         Lane                    Lane        Lane
        Movement                                     Approach                            Approach
                              Group        Group                   Group       Group
                                                     Delay and                           Delay and
                               Delay        LOS                     Delay       LOS
                                                       (LOS)                               (LOS)
                             (sec/veh)                            (sec/veh)
                                                  th
                    Signalized Intersection: SE 47 Terrace and Palm Tree Boulevard
   EB Left/Through/Right        25.0          C       25.0 (C)       15.5        B        15.5 (B)
   WB Left/Through                 44.1           D                       32.2             C
                                                        39.8 (D)                                27.8 (C)
   WB Right                        25.7           C                       17.7             B
   NB Left                            6.7         A                       12.9             B
                                                        12.7 (B)                                21.0 (C)
   NB Through/Right               13.1            B                       21.4             C
   SB Left                         27.4           C                       22.7             C
                                                        16.6 (B)                                18.0 (B)
   SB Through/Right                   8.0         A                       16.1             B
                       Intersection                     19.8 (B)            Intersection        22.6 (C)
                     Signalized Intersection: SE 47th Terrace at Vincennes Boulevard
   EB Left/Through/Right       20.9           C        20.9 (C)        26.7         C           26.7 (C)
   WB Left/Through/Right              7.5         A      7.5 (A)          17.2             B    17.2 (B)
   NB Left/Through/Right          27.9            C     27.9 (B)          17.7             B    17.7 (B)
   SB Left                         25.6           C                       14.4             B
   SB Through                      28.5           C     28.3 (C)          15.7             B    20.5 (C)
   SB Right                       28.4            C                       22.6             C
                       Intersection                     21.0 (C)            Intersection        21.0 (C)
                                                        th                 th
                         Signalized Intersection: SE 47 Terrace at SE 6 Avenue
   EB Left/Through/Right       10.8           B        10.8 (B)        8.0                 A    8.0 (A)
   WB Left/Through/Right        7.6           A        7.6 (A)        24.9                 C    24.9 (C)
   NB Left/Through/Right          28.9            C     28.9 (C)          39.0             D   39.0 (D)
   SB Left/Through/Right           27.3           C     27.3 (C)          30.5             C    30.5 (C)
                       Intersection                     11.7 (B)            Intersection        20.9 (C)
                                 4-Way Stop: SE 47th Terrace at SE 6th Avenue
   EB Left/Through/Right         154.74       F        154.74 (F)       90.40              F   90.40 (F)
   WB Left/Through/Right          46.80           E    46.80 (E)         419.68            F   419.68 (F)
   NB Left/Through/Right          20.39           C    20.39 (C)         14.46             B   14.46 (B)
   SB Left/Through/Right          12.18           B    12.18 (B)         12.03             B   12.03 (B)
                       Intersection                     88.60 (F)           Intersection       264.00 (F)
                         Signalized Intersection: SE 47th Terrace at SE 9th Place
   EB Left/Through/Right      20.6           C        20.6 (C)         28.1                C    28.1 (C)
   WB Left/Through/Right       6.8          A         6.8 (A)          7.2                 A    7.2 (A)
   NB Left/Through/Right          28.3            C     28.3 (C)          38.2             D    38.2 (C)
   SB Left/Through/Right           26.6           C     26.6 (C)          31.9             C    31.9 (C)
                       Intersection                     17.2 (B)            Intersection        21.7 (C)




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                                                                             Surrounding Traffic Study


                          Table 27: 2015 Alternative Control – Intersection Analysis

                                          AM Peak Hour                          PM Peak Hour
                                  Lane       Lane                       Lane        Lane
         Movement                                      Approach                              Approach
                                 Group       Group                     Group       Group
                                                       Delay and                             Delay and
                                  Delay       LOS                       Delay       LOS
                                                        (LOS)                                  (LOS)
                                (sec/veh)                             (sec/veh)
                                                    th              th
                                   4-Way Stop: SE 47 Terrace at SE 9 Place
   EB Left/Through/Right          95.13         F      95.13 (F)       135.30        F       135.30 (F)
   WB Left/Through/Right          14.22         B      14.22 (B)        66.85        F        66.85 (F)
   NB Left/Through/Right          10.49         B      10.49 (B)        15.23        C       15.23 (C)
   SB Left/Through/Right          10.12         B      10.12 (B)        13.54        B       13.54 (B)
                    Intersection                   65.87 (F)        Intersection              87.54 (F)
                            4-Way Stop: Coronado Parkway at Miramar Street
   WB Left/Right               15.13        C      15.13 (C)     32.06           D           32.06 (D)
   NB Through                     18.03           C                    17.21             C
                                                       22.19 (C)                             21.09 (C)
   NB Through/Right               25.34           D                    23.78             C
   SB Left                       303.29           F                    128.36            F
                                                       234.48 (F)                            135.99 (F)
   SB Through                     14.95           B                    142.85            F
                       Intersection                    133.23 (F)         Intersection        85.56 (F)
                  4-Way Stop: Del Prado Boulevard at Miramar Street/Waikiki Avenue
   EB Left                   10.43        B                       11.12        B
                                                  143.74 (F)                                 31.80 (D)
   EB Through/Right         152.03        F                       34.07        D
   WB Left/Through/Right          11.24           B    11.24 (B)       13.93             B   13.93 (B)
   NB Left/Through                10.83           B                    11.76             B
                                                       20.96 (C)                             13.22 (B)
   NB Through/Right               22.58           C                    13.78             B
   SB Left/Through                11.94           B                    15.75             C
                                                       11.83 (B)                             16.37 (C)
   SB Through/Right               11.75           B                    16.85             C
                       Intersection                     83.38 (F)         Intersection       20.87 (C)
                               Roundabout: SE 46th Lane at Vincennes Boulevard
   EB Left/Through/Right          8.2         A         8.2 (A)        14.1              B    14.1 (B)
   WB Left/Through/Right              6.8         A      6.8 (A)        13.0             B    13.0 (B)
   NB Left/Through/Right          10.4            B     10.4 (B)        13.6             B    13.6 (B)
   SB Left/Through/Right              6.5         A      6.5 (A)        14.2             B    14.2 (B)
                       Intersection                      8.1 (A)          Intersection        13.7 (B)




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                                                                               Surrounding Traffic Study



        Table 28: 2015 Intersection Analysis – With Existing Geometry and Mid-term Improvements
                             Existing Geometry with 2015 Volume             With Mid-term Improvements
                              AM Peak Hour       PM Peak Hour           AM Peak Hour        PM Peak Hour
      Intersection
                               Delay              Delay                  Delay              Delay
                                         LOS                LOS                   LOS                LOS
                             (sec/veh)          (sec/veh)              (sec/veh)          (sec/veh)
Cape Coral Parkway at
                              105.0         F      93.9           F     100.0     F       83.5         F
Santa Barbara Boulevard
Cape Coral Parkway at
                              229.0         F      187.2          F     111.8     F       130.1        F
Palm Tree Boulevard
Cape Coral Parkway at
SE 6th Ave/Tarpon             175.7         F      180.1          F     57.8      E       70.7         E
Court
Cape Coral Parkway at
                              214.9         F      137.8          F     45.6      D       120.2        F
Coronado Parkway
Cape Coral Parkway at
SE 9th Place/Candia           201.1         F      192.7          F     19.6      B       61.5         E
Street
Cape Coral Parkway at
                              184.9         F      128.3          F     26.3      C       45.7        D
Vincennes Boulevard
Del Prado Boulevard at
                               72.3         E      108.8          F       --      --       --         --
SE 47th Terrace
Del Prado Boulevard at
                                --          --      --            --    36.4      D       73.0         E
SE 46th Lane
Del Prado Boulevard at
                               22.0         C      35.7           D       --      --       --         --
SE 46th Street
Del Prado Boulevard at
                                --          --      --            --    23.2      C       35.5        D
SE 44th Street
Del Prado Boulevard at
                               17.4         B      24.9           C      7.3      A       18.5        B
Beach Parkway
Del Prado Boulevard at
                              169.6         F      130.2          F     36.6      D       55.4         E
Coronado Parkway
SE 47th Terrace at
                              131.1         F      88.9           F     24.9      C       36.0        D
Coronado Parkway
Cape Coral Parkway at
                                --          --      --            --    24.3      C       61.5         E
SE 17th Place
SE 47th Terrace at Palm
                              21.14         C      47.59          E      7.3      A       10.3        B
Tree Boulevard
SE 47th Terrace at
                              182.95        F     225.81          F      8.6      A        8.2        A
Vincennes Boulevard
Vincennes Boulevard at
                              14.79         B      14.48          B     13.7      B       18.6        B
SE 46th Lane
Cape Coral Street at
                              10.70         A      8.50           A      5.5      A        5.6        A
Miramar Street
         Total                                    1604.88                                 819.7
                             1752.58                                    512.1
  (percent reduction)                              (70%)                                 (49%)




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                                                      Table 29: 2015 Arterial LOS with Mid-term Improvements
                       Eastbound Cape Coral Parkway                                                        Westbound Cape Coral Parkway
                                  AM Peak                PM Peak                                                     AM Peak                PM Peak
           Link              Average               Average                                    Link              Average               Average
                                                                                                                                                  Arterial
                               Delay     LOS         Delay       LOS                                             Delay      LOS         Delay
                                                                                                                                                    LOS
                             (sec/veh)             (sec/veh)                                                   (sec/veh)              (sec/veh)
                                                                                          Santa Barbara
 Santa Barbara Boulevard         36.3             C           12.7          B                                      17.4          C       48.0           D
                                                                                            Boulevard
   Palm Tree Boulevard           131.1            F           16.6          B          Palm Tree Boulevard         15.7          B       45.4           D
  SE 6th Ave/Tarpon Ct           18.5             B           21.5          C         SE 6th Ave/Tarpon Ct          8.4          A        6.2           A
    Coronado Parkway             16.0             B           31.0          C           Coronado Parkway           20.8          C      62.8            E
  SE 9th Pl/Candia Street        10.1             B           27.4          C         SE 9th Pl/Candia Street       1.6          A        9.1           A
   Vincennes Boulevard           16.2             B            1.7          A          Vincennes Boulevard          1.7          A        2.8           A
   Del Prado Boulevard           74.8             E           14.7          B          Del Prado Boulevard         49.7          D       74.5           E
      SE 17th Place               3.7             A            7.7          A             SE 17th Place             7.0          A      128.7           F
         Average                 30.8             C           12.9          B                Average               10.7          B      41.5            D
  Average Speed (mph)                    14.3                        22.4             Average Speed (mph)                 22.4                  12.1

                   Northbound Del Prado Boulevard                                                       Southbound Del Prado Boulevard
                                AM Peak                PM Peak                                                       AM Peak               PM Peak
         Link             Average              Average                                       Link            Average                 Average
                                                             Arterial                                                                            Arterial
                            Delay      LOS       Delay                                                         Delay       LOS        Delay
                                                              LOS                                                                                  LOS
                          (sec/veh)            (sec/veh)                                                     (sec/veh)              (sec/veh)
   Coronado Parkway          22.5       C         19.0          B                      Coronado Parkway         30.7         C         23.7         C
     Beach Parkway            2.5       A         10.9          B                        Beach Parkway           0.5         A          0.2         A
       SE 44th St            4.2        B          3.4          A                          SE 44th St           1.1          A          0.9         A
           th                                                                                  th
      SE 46 Lane             11.0       B         17.5          B                         SE 46 Lane             2.6         A         19.7         B
   Cape Coral Parkway        78.8       E        129.4          F                      Cape Coral Parkway       68.0         E        118.3         F
        Average              10.6       A         14.4          B                           Average             9.4          A         13.3         B
  Average Speed (mph)             20.9                  18.0                          Average Speed (mph)             21.0                  20.9




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                                                       Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                        Surrounding Traffic Study


Table 30 shows a comparison of the measures of effectiveness for the total network with the
2015 volumes with and without the mid-term improvements. The Transyt analysis estimates that
the AM peak hour system delay will be reduced by 75 percent, with an increase in the system
speed from 6.6 mph to 15.2 mph. The PM peak hour delay will be reduced by 86 percent with
an increase in the system speed from 3 mph to approximately 13 mph. Figure 94 contains the
LOS comparison for several of the key movements in the study area, with and without the mid-
term improvements. Appendix X includes the Transyt results for the 2015 network analysis.

                    Table 30: 2015 System-wide: Performance Measures – Comparison of
                              Existing Conditions and Mid-term Improvements
                                    AM Peak                                  PM Peak
 Performance                         With Mid-                                With Mid-
                     Existing                                    Existing
Measures (units)                       term         Change                      term       Change
                    Conditions                                  Conditions
                                  Improvements                              Improvements
Total Delay (veh-                                    -1,497                                 -5,519
                      2,004             507                       6,446          927
      hr/hr)                                         (75%)                                   (86%)
 Average Delay                                       -120.7                                 -356.4
                      152.6            31.9                       402.4         46.0
    (sec/veh)                                        (80%)                                  (89%)
 System Speed                                         +8.6                                    +9.9
                       6.6             15.2                        3.0          12.9
      (mph)                                         (130%)                                 (330%)
  Total Travel                                       -1,384                                 -5,261
                      2,594            1,210                      7,106         1,845
Time (veh-hr/hr)                                     (53%)                                  (74%)


The cost estimate for the mid-term improvements is $121.1 million. The complete estimate is
included in Appendix DD. Short-term improvements that could not be constructed during the
short-term phase were added to the mid-term phase. If funding becomes available prior to 2015,
the mid-term improvements should not be delayed. The majority of the mid-term improvements
are needed sooner due to the current capacity conditions and the projected growth in the area.
The following provides the prioritization of the mid-term improvements. Conditions may arise
that would necessitate revising these priorities. The signal relocations, the two roundabouts that
do not require right-of-way and several of the pedestrian improvements are listed as the first
priority.


•   Del Prado Boulevard/SE 46th Lane – widen intersection for additional lanes (4, 6)
•   Remove traffic signals at:
    - Del Prado Boulevard/SE 47th Terrace



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                                                                      Surrounding Traffic Study


    - Del Prado Boulevard/SE 46th Street
    - Cape Coral Parkway/SE 10th Place (12, 22, 23)
    - Install traffic signals at:
    - Del Prado Boulevard/SE 46th Lane
    - Del Prado Boulevard/SE 44th Street
    - Cape Coral Parkway/SE 9th Place (5, 11, 13, 14, 24)
•   Cape Coral Parkway/SE 8th Court pedestrian improvements (9,10)
•   Cape Coral Parkway/Santa Barbara Boulevard pedestrian refuge island (35)
•   Add sidewalk on SE 44th Street and on SE 6th Avenue (33, 34)
•   Install roundabout at Vincennes Boulevard/SE 47th Terrace (36)
•   Install roundabout at Cape Coral Street at Miramar Street (36)


The saturated conditions on Cape Coral Parkway require additional capacity which can be
provided with the increased use of Miramar Street, particularly during the AM peak hour. The
improvements associated with Miramar Street as an alternate east-west route include:


•   Install roundabout at Coronado Parkway/Miramar Street and Miramar Street/Del Prado
    Boulevard (36)
•   Add left-turn lanes on Miramar Street at SE 9th Place, SE 10th Place, and Vincennes
    Boulevard (21)
•   Install the northbound free-flow right-turn lane from Waikiki Avenue to Cape Coral Parkway
    (15)


The widening of SE 46th Lane will provide an alternate east-west route north of Cape Coral
Parkway. These improvements include:


•   SE 17th Place – widen and improve roadway at SE 17th Place/Cape Coral Parkway
    intersection (16, 17, 20)
•   Widen SE 46th Lane from two lanes to four lanes and extend to Santa Barbra Boulevard (1, 2,
    and 3)


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                                                     Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                      Surrounding Traffic Study


The operational and safety improvements are expected to be significant with the installation of
the roundabouts at the following locations:


•   Palm Tree Boulevard/SE 47th Terrace (36)
•   SE 6th Avenue/SE 47th Terrace (36)
•   SE 9th Place/SE 47th Terrace(36)
•   SE 15th Avenue/SE 47th Terrace (36)


The following locations require additional turn lanes based on the projected growth in the study
area:


•   Cape Coral Parkway/Palm Tree Boulevard (7)
•   Cape Coral Parkway/Coronado Parkway (8)
•   Del Prado Boulevard/Coronado Parkway (25)


The proposed frontage road (18, 19) will eliminate any unprotected turns across Cape Coral
Parkway, east of Waikiki Avenue.


The area-wide improvements focus on creating a pedestrian-friendly environment by improved
access management, installing curb extensions, wider sidewalks, and adding on-street parking
where possible.       These improvements should begin in the blocks where redevelopment is
occurring.


The remaining improvements include creating a downtown center and a street network for
improved circulation in the downtown area.         These are anticipated to be constructed as
redevelopment occurs within these sections of downtown:


•   Club Square (29)
•   New parking structure (30)




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                                                                       Surrounding Traffic Study


•   Street connections for Lafayette Street, SE 8th Court, SE 11th Place, and Milton Street (26,
    28, 31, 32)
•   New Streets - “A”, “B”, and “C” (27)


Long-term Improvements (2030)
2030 Projected Traffic Volumes
The traffic projections for 2030 were calculated based on the growth rate shown in Table 8. By
2030, the traffic volumes are expected to grow by 105 percent from the existing volumes. Based
on this growth, Del Prado Boulevard will carry a daily traffic volume of 85,500 vehicles north of
Coronado Parkway and 66,600 vehicles north of SE 46th Street. Cape Coral Parkway’s projected
daily traffic volume is 92,300 vehicles west of Palm Tree Boulevard and 67,700 vehicles west of
Vincennes Boulevard. Table 31 shows the projected volumes for the roadway segments in the
study area and the respective segment LOS based on the 100th highest hour volume. The
roadways in the study area that are expected to operate at an acceptable level of service with no
improvements are Lafayette Street, sections of Miramar Street, SE 47th Terrace (east of Del
Prado Boulevard), Coronado Parkway, SE 46th Street, Beach Parkway, Del Prado Boulevard
(south of Cape Coral Parkway), Palm Tree Boulevard, and Vincennes Boulevard. SE 47th
Terrace, Cape Coral Parkway and Del Prado Boulevard will operate at LOS F with the projected
volumes and no improvements.


The TMCs were also projected for 2030. Figure 95 contains the projected 2030 TMCs for the
AM and PM peak hours for the intersections included in the study area.


As with the 2006 and 2015 volumes, the intersections were analyzed with the existing geometry
and with the projected traffic volumes to provide a basis for comparison with the proposed long-
term improvements. Table 32 shows the results of the 2030 HCS intersection analyses with the
projected traffic volumes.




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                                                                                                      Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                                                       Surrounding Traffic Study


                                      Table 31: Projected 2030 Volumes for Roadway Segments (Existing Geometry)
                    Road Segment                        AADT       Rounded       K100      DHV (Two-         D-factor     Peak Dir        LOS
                                                                    AADT                   way peak)                     Peak Hour
  Miramar Street - East of Vincennes Boulevard           6,400                   0.091         582             0.52         303             C
  Miramar Street - East of Coronado Parkway              9,920       9,900       0.091         903             0.62         560             E

  Lafayette Street - East of Vincennes Boulevard         3,040       3,000       0.091         277             0.61         169             C

  SE 47th Terrace - West of Coronado Parkway            23,370      23,400       0.091        2,127            0.57        1,212            F
  SE 47th Terrace - West of Del Prado Boulevard         15,580      15,600       0.091        1,418            0.60         851             E

  SE 47th Terrace - East of Coronado Parkway            20,090      20,100       0.091        1,828            0.57        1,042            F
        th
  SE 47 Terrace - East of Del Prado Boulevard            9,020       9,000       0.091         821             0.60         492             D

  Cape Coral Parkway - West of Palm Tree Boulevard      92,250      92,300       0.091        8,395            0.60        5,037            F
  Cape Coral Parkway - West of Del Prado Boulevard      66,830      66,800       0.094        6,282            0.60        3,769            F
  Cape Coral Parkway - West of SE 6th Avenue            75,440      75,400       0.091        6,865            0.60        4,119            F
  Cape Coral Parkway - West of Leonard Street           69,905      69,900       0.091        6,361            0.60        3,817            F
  Cape Coral Parkway - West of Vincennes
  Boulevard                                             67,650      67,700       0.091        6,156            0.60        3,694            F

  Coronado Parkway - West of Del Prado Boulevard        23,985      24,000       0.091        2,183            0.55        1,200            C

  SE 46th Street -West of Del Prado Boulevard            3,840       3,800       0.091         349             0.59         206             C
  SE 46th Street - East of Del Prado Boulevard           5,440       5,400       0.091         495             0.52         257             C


  Beach Parkway - East of Del Prado Boulevard            6,720       6,700       0.091         612             0.52         318             C




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                                                                                                                       Surrounding Traffic Study


                                                  Table 31: Projected 2030 Volumes for Roadway Segments
                    Road Segment                        ADDT       Rounded         K100       DHV          D-factor     Peak Dir       LOS
                                                                    AADT                                               Peak Hour
    Del Prado Boulevard - South of Cape Coral
    Parkway                                              8,000       8,000         0.091      728            0.58         422            C

    Palm Tree Boulevard - South of Country Club
    Boulevard                                           18,040      18000          0.091      1,642          0.58         952            C
    Palm Tree Boulevard - North of Country Club
    Boulevard                                           12,300      12300          0.091      1,119          0.58         649            C

    Coronado Parkway - South of Cape Coral
    Parkway                                             16,160      16,200         0.09       1,454          0.55         800            C
    Coronado Parkway - North of SE 47th Terrace         26,240      26,200         0.091      2,388          0.55        1,313           C

    Vincennes Boulevard - South of Cape Coral
    Parkway                                              4,000       4,000         0.091      364            0.55         200            C
    Vincennes Boulevard - North of SE 47th
    Terrace                                             11,070      11,100         0.091      1,007          0.59         594            E
    Vincennes Boulevard - South of Coronado
    Parkway                                              6,970       7,000         0.091      634            0.59         374            C

    Del Prado Boulevard - North of Coronado
    Parkway                                       85,485            85,500         0.091      7,779          0.58        4,512           F
    Del Prado Boulevard - North of SE 46th Street 66,625            66,600         0.091      6,063          0.58        3,516           F
    Del Prado Boulevard - North of SE 47th
    Terrace                                       61,090            61,100         0.091      5,559          0.58        3,224           F
    Legend: AADT – Average Annual Daily Traffic
              DHV – Directional Hourly Volume
              D-factor – Directional Distribution
              LOS – Level of Service




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                                                                            Surrounding Traffic Study



                       Table 32: 2030 Intersection Analysis LOS with Existing Geometry
                                         AM Peak Hour                          PM Peak Hour
                                 Lane        Lane                     Lane          Lane
                                                      Approach                              Approach
        Movement                Group       Group                    Group          Group
                                                      Delay and                             Delay and
                                 Delay       LOS                      Delay          LOS
                                                        (LOS)                                 (LOS)
                               (sec/veh)                            (sec/veh)
                 Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Santa Barbara Boulevard
   EB Left                       313.6        F                       264.8           F
                                                      317.3 (F)                              34.2 (C)
   EB Through                    317.5        F                        18.3           B
   WB Through                     38.7        D                       321.3           F
                                                       28.4 (C)                             311.8 (F)
   WB Right                        4.1        A                       290.9           F
   SB Left                       332.9        F                       308.7           F
                                                      316.0 (F)                             249.7 (F)
   SB Right                       24.9        C                        47.6           D
                     Intersection                     249.0 (F)          Intersection       233.1 (F)
                   Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree Boulevard
   EB Left                       907.7        F                       609.8           F
                                                      594.0 (F)                             162.4 (F)
   EB Through/Right              547.2        F                        96.5           F
   WB Left                        78.7        E                        39.5           D
                                                       30.8 (C)                             537.1 (F)
   WB Through/Right               30.3        C                       539.2           F
   NB Left                        74.7        E                        77.6           E
                                                       76.7 (E)                              78.9 (E)
   NB Through/Right               77.6        E                        79.5           E
   SB Left                        64.2        E                        67.2           E
   SB Through                     62.4        E        57.2 (E)        68.6           E     199.4 (F)
   SB Right                       47.9        D                       255.3           F
                     Intersection                     446.7 (F)          Intersection       368.9 (F)
               Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 6th Avenue/Tarpon Court
   EB Left                       632.6        F                       146.5           F
                                                      489.6 (F)                             120.5 (F)
   EB Through/Right              479.9        F                       119.1           F
   WB Left                        73.3        E                        73.3           E
                                                       27.6 (C)                             520.0 (F)
   WB Through/Right               25.9        C                       525.1           F
   NB Left/Through/Right          55.1        E        55.1 (E)        55.3           E      55.3 (E)
   SB Left/Through                52.5        D                        53.0           D
                                                       44.0 (D)                              42.2 (D)
   SB Right                       35.9        D                        38.0           D
                     Intersection                     371.3 (F)          Intersection       363.5 (F)
                    Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway
   EB Left                       141.7        F                       473.6           F
   EB Through                    670.0        F       521.3 (F)       182.0           F     203.2 (F)
   EB Right                       15.1        B                        11.4           B
   WB Left                        75.9        E                       172.0           F
                                                       33.7 (C)                             390.9 (F)
   WB Through/Right               31.7        C                       399.1           F
   NB Left                        61.8        E                       199.0           F
                                                       76.8 (E)                             175.8 (F)
   NB Through/Right               87.0        F                       147.9           F
   SB Left                       149.8        F                       200.8           F
   SB Through                     90.0        F        94.8 (F)       295.3           F     276.5 (F)
   SB Right                       48.3        D                       280.3           F
                     Intersection                     369.9 (F)          Intersection       292.8 (F)
               Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10th Place/Leonard Street
   EB Left                        15.9        B                       140.2           F
   EB Through                    520.3        F       506.2 (F)        86.6           F      84.7 (F)
   EB Right                       11.8        B                         9.0           A


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                                                           Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                            Surrounding Traffic Study


                       Table 32: 2030 Intersection Analysis LOS with Existing Geometry
                                          AM Peak Hour                            PM Peak Hour
                                  Lane        Lane                       Lane          Lane
                                                        Approach                               Approach
        Movement                 Group       Group                      Group          Group
                                                        Delay and                              Delay and
                                  Delay       LOS                        Delay          LOS
                                                          (LOS)                                  (LOS)
                                (sec/veh)                              (sec/veh)
               Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 10th Place/Leonard Street
   WB Left                         77.8         E                         76.3           E
   WB Through                      27.1         C        28.9 (C)        571.7           F     552.3 (F)
   WB Right                        11.8         B                          8.2           A
   NB Left                         45.8         D                        176.9           F
                                                         55.4 (E)                              141.6 (F)
   NB Through/Right                58.4         E                         74.8           E
   SB Left                         46.5         D                         54.7           D
                                                         51.6 (D)                               90.9 (F)
   SB Through/Right                57.0         E                        105.5           F
                      Intersection                      380.6 (F)           Intersection       367.3 (F)
                    Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes Boulevard
   EB Left                         74.2         E                        104.9           F
   EB Through                     516.2         F       503.8 (F)         43.0           D      46.4 (D)
   EB Right                        13.2         B                          9.7           A
   WB Left                         74.8         E                         82.2           F
   WB Through                      29.9         C        30.6 (C)        503.7           F     480.5 (F)
   WB Right                        10.4         B                          9.7           A
   NB Left                         51.1         D                         65.2           E
   NB Through                      61.2         E        54.2 (D)         71.5           E      65.3 (E)
   NB Right                        42.4         D                         46.5           D
   SB Left                         57.7         E                         59.7           E
   SB Through                      59.8         E        55.0 (E)         91.7           F      69.0 (E)
   SB Right                        41.1         D                         51.7           D
                      Intersection                      344.7 (F)           Intersection       312.7 (F)
           Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard (Synchro Results)
   EB Left                         90.7         F                        403.7           F
   EB Through                     773.9         F       746.3 (F)        182.7           F     182.7 (E)
   EB Right                        27.1         C                         16.7           B
   WB Left                         90.4         F                        129.0           F
   WB Through                      50.4         D        34.9 (C)        652.6           F     471.5 (F)
   WB Right                         1.1         A                        183.2           F
   NB Left                         78.9         E                         81.5           F
   NB Through                      93.5         F       403.8 (F)        202.1           F     140.0 (F)
   NB Right                       509.5         F                         20.7           C
   SB Left                        594.6         F                        633.8           F
   SB Through                      50.2         D       478.8 (F)        111.7           F     427.4 (F)
   SB Right                        11.7         B                         33.2           C
                      Intersection                      487.0 (F)           Intersection       389.2 (F)
                       Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace
   EB Left                         23.9         C                         82.7           F
   EB Through                      21.7         C        25.0 (C)         21.0           C      52.7 (D)
   EB Right                        26.7         C                         23.6           C
   WB Left                         40.0         D                         40.4           D
   WB Through                      39.3         D        39.5 (D)         57.3           E      52.3 (D)
   WB Right                        38.7         D                         49.3           D
   NB Through/Right                39.1         D        39.1 (D)        383.4           F     383.4 (F)


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                                                           Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                            Surrounding Traffic Study


                       Table 32: 2030 Intersection Analysis LOS with Existing Geometry
                                         AM Peak Hour                            PM Peak Hour
                                 Lane        Lane                       Lane          Lane
                                                       Approach                               Approach
        Movement                Group        Group                     Group          Group
                                                       Delay and                              Delay and
                                 Delay        LOS                       Delay          LOS
                                                          (LOS)                                 (LOS)
                               (sec/veh)                              (sec/veh)
                      Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace
   SB Left                        31.6         C                        454.3           F
                                                        270.8 (F)                             206.1 (F)
   SB Through/Right              271.9         F                        198.9           F
                     Intersection                       178.1 (F)          Intersection       251.4 (F)
                       Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Street
   EB Left                       110.9         F                        746.3           F
                                                         81.6 (F)                             517.2 (F)
   EB Through/Right               48.5         D                         46.1           D
   WB Left                       109.2         F                        386.9           F
                                                         95.8 (F)                             348.4 (F)
   WB Through/Right               45.4         D                         45.4           D
   NB Left                        39.7         D                        189.7           F
                                                        15.2 (B)                              114.3 (C)
   NB Through/Right               14.0         B                        110.5           F
   SB Left                        70.4         E                         86.9           F
                                                        35.8 (D)                               25.6 (C)
   SB Through/Right               35.6         D                         22.8           C
                     Intersection                       34.3 (C)           Intersection        99.9 (F)
                      Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at Beach Parkway
   WB Left                        39.7         D                         56.6           E
                                                        40.1 (D)                               55.8 (E)
   WB Right                       40.4         D                         54.5           D
   NB Through/Right               21.8         C        21.8 (C)        131.5           F     131.5 (F)
   SB Left                        11.0         B                         46.2           D
                                                        38.8 (D)                               13.6 (B)
   SB Through                     39.5         D                         11.9           B
                     Intersection                       34.1 (C)           Intersection        81.3 (F)
                    Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at Coronado Parkway
   EB Left                       192.2         F                        199.3           F
   EB Left/Through               118.1         F        151.0 (F)       120.1           F     157.8 (F)
   EB Right                       27.0         C                         35.4           D
   WB Left/Through/Right          62.3         E        62.3 (E)         76.6           E      76.6 (E)
   NB Left                        51.9         D                         67.3           E
                                                        36.7 (C)                              295.9 (F)
   NB Through/Right               36.5         D                        299.0           F
   SB Left                        18.8         B                         65.8           E
                                                        498.8 (F)                             366.4 (F)
   SB Through/Right              502.6         F                        368.4           F
                     Intersection                       327.8 (F)          Intersection       309.9 (F)
                       Signalized Intersection: SE 47th Terrace at Coronado Parkway
   EB Left                        56.2         D                        125.1           F
                                                        519.4 (F)                             290.2 (F)
   EB Through/Right              646.5         F                        345.7           F
   WB Left                        39.4         D                         75.8           E
                                                        57.5 (E)                              377.3 (F)
   WB Through/Right               61.7         E                        449.6           F
   NB Left                        15.7         B                         26.7           C
   NB Through                     29.3         C        24.4 (C)         58.8           E      43.5 (D)
   NB Right                       18.0         B                         16.9           B
   SB Left                        15.3         B                         23.3           C
   SB Through                     25.7         C        19.4 (B)        123.4           F      82.1 (F)
   SB Right                       10.9         B                         28.1           C
                     Intersection                       223.3 (F)          Intersection       186.1 (F)




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                       Table 32: 2030 Intersection Analysis LOS with Existing Geometry
                                        AM Peak Hour                          PM Peak Hour
                                Lane       Lane                      Lane          Lane
                                                    Approach                               Approach
        Movement               Group       Group                    Group          Group
                                                    Delay and                              Delay and
                                Delay       LOS                      Delay          LOS
                                                       (LOS)                                 (LOS)
                              (sec/veh)                            (sec/veh)
                           4-Way Stop: SE 47th Terrace at Palm Tree Boulevard
   EB Left/Through/Right        14.16        B       14.16 (B)       12.93           B     12.93 (B)
   WB Left/Through              60.69        F                      233.38           F
                                                     49.72 (E)                             169.02 (F)
   WB Right                     13.85        B                       18.37           C
   NB Left/Through             101.89        F                      227.35           F
                                                     97.72 (F)                             179.80 (F)
   NB Right                     93.90        F                       14.70           B
   SB Left                      49.36        E                       19.18           C
                                                     68.83 (F)                              81.89 (F)
   SB Through/Right             84.26        F                      107.02           F
                    Intersection                      75.90 (F)         Intersection       145.76 (F)
                           4-Way Stop: SE 47th Terrace at Vincennes Boulevard
   EB Left/Through/Right       852.75        F       852.75 (F)     611.36           F     611.36 (F)
   WB Left/Through/Right        59.00        F       59.00 (F)      712.53           F     712.53 (F)
   NB Left/Through/Right        32.95        D       32.95 (D)       92.73           F      92.73 (E)
   SB Left                      15.84        C                       15.94           C
                                                     39.37 (E)                             205.11 (E)
   SB Through/Right             45.78        E                      229.91           F
                    Intersection                     464.06 (F)         Intersection       484.31 (F)
                            4-Way Stop: Vincennes Boulevard at SE 46th Lane
   EB Left/Through/Right        14.47        B       14.47 (B)       19.64           C     19.64 (C)
   WB Left/Through/Right        12.67        B       12.67 (B)       17.05           C     17.05 (C)
   NB Left                      11.13        B                       12.76           B
                                                     15.23 (C)                             27.55 (D)
   NB Through/Right             16.19        C                       31.00           D
   SB Left                       9.91        A                       10.89           B
                                                     68.69 (F)                              57.40 (F)
   SB Through/Right             70.87        F                       58.49           F
                    Intersection                     40.54 (E)          Intersection       34.93 (D)
                           4-Way Stop: Cape Coral Parkway at Miramar Street
   EB Left/Through/Right        14.88        B       14.88 (B)        9.36           A      9.36 (A)
   WB Left/Through/Right         8.48        A        8.48 (A)        9.15           A      9.15 (A)
   NB Left/Through/Right         9.06        A        9.06 (A)        8.77           A      8.77 (A)
   SB Left/Through/Right         8.67        A        8.67 (A)        8.86           A      8.86 (A)
                    Intersection                     13.22 (B)          Intersection        9.12 (A)



As shown in the table, the LOS at the seven signalized intersections on Cape Coral Parkway are
expected to operate at LOS F during the AM and PM peak hours if no improvements are made in
the study area. The HCS analysis for the signalized intersections at Del Prado Boulevard/SE 4th
Street and Del Prado Boulevard/Beach Parkway indicates that they are expected to operate at
LOS C and LOS F during the respective peak hours. The signalized intersections at Del Prado
Boulevard/Coronado Parkway and SE 4th Terrace/Coronado Parkway will operate at LOS F
during the AM and PM peak hours based on the projected 2030 volumes and existing geometric
conditions. The four-way stop intersections of SE 47th Terrace/Palm Tree Boulevard and SE 47th

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Terrace/Vincennes Boulevard will operate at LOS F in 2030 in both the AM and PM peak hours.
The four-way stop intersection of Vincennes Boulevard/SE 46th Lane will operate at LOS E
during the AM peak hour and LOS D during the PM peak hour.                              At the four-way stop
intersection of Cape Coral Street/Miramar Street the 2030 AM peak hour LOS was calculated as
B and as LOS A during the PM peak hour. Appendix Y contains the HCS results for the 2030
projected volumes with the existing geometry.


Table 33 shows the 2030 arterial level of service with the projected traffic volumes and existing
conditions. Based on the City’s direction, Cape Coral Parkway was analyzed utilizing Transyt
for the arterial analysis. As shown in Table 33, eastbound Cape Coral Parkway will operate at
LOS F during the AM peak hour and LOS F in the PM peak hour in the westbound direction
Appendix Z contains the Transyt-7F analysis with the 2030 volumes and existing geometry.


The following section discusses the long-term improvements proposed for the study area. These
improvements are shown in Figure 96 (included at the end of this document). The improvements
are summarized in Table 34, with a description of the benefit associated with each one.


                               Table 34: Recommended Long-term Improvements
     Location                                 Improvement                        Benefit
                                              Widen Cape Coral Bridge from       Provide additional traffic capacity
1    Cape Coral Bridge
                                              four lanes to eight lanes          due to traffic growth
                                              Add a two-lane left-turn flyover   Reduce traffic delays and crashes
     Del Prado Boulevard, between SE
                                              bridge that begins south of SE     at Del Prado Blvd and Cape Coral
2    46th Lane and Cape Coral
                                              46th Lane and terminates west of   Parkway intersection. Reduce
     Parkway
                                              the Cape Coral Bridge              delays in study area.
                                              Provide for two eastbound right
     Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th                                              Provide additional capacity for
3                                             turn lanes onto Del Prado
     Lane                                                                        increased right- turn volume
                                              Boulevard
                                              Reinstall signal in conjunction
     Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th           with reduced volumes on Del        Improve circulation for downtown
4
     Terrace                                  Prado Blvd due to left-turn        traffic
                                              flyover
     Del Prado Boulevard at Cape              Remove northbound left-turn
5                                                                                Improve intersection operation
     Coral Parkway                            lane




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                                                  Table 33: 2030 Existing Geometry – Arterial LOS

                   Eastbound Cape Coral Parkway                                            Westbound Cape Coral Parkway
                               AM Peak              PM Peak                                          AM Peak                PM Peak
      Cross Street        Average             Average                       Cross Street        Average               Average
                                                                                                                                  Arterial
                            Delay     LOS       Delay      LOS                                   Delay      LOS         Delay
                                                                                                                                    LOS
                          (sec/veh)           (sec/veh)                                        (sec/veh)              (sec/veh)
Santa Barbara                                                          Santa Barbara
                            979.1      F         16.2       B                                       25.4          C      32.4         C
Boulevard                                                              Boulevard
Palm Tree Boulevard         245.7      F         50.1       D          Palm Tree Boulevard          50.8          D      81.2         F
SE 6th Ave/Tarpon Ct        110.0      F         21.4       C          SE 6th Ave/Tarpon Ct         26.8          C      70.6         E
Coronado Parkway            159.7      F        102.3       F          Coronado Parkway             47.0          D      47.3         D
SE 10th Pl/Leonard           22.3      C         26.9       C          SE 10th Pl/Leonard           26.7          C      37.7         D
Vincennes Boulevard          20.7      C         18.9       B          Vincennes Boulevard          36.3          D      27.7         C
Del Prado Boulevard         229.9      F         75.5       E          Del Prado Boulevard          49.9          D     905.6         F
        Average             275.6      F         32.6       C                  Average              28.5          C     175.7         F
 Average Speed (mph)              5.6                 16.9             Average Speed (mph)                 16.4                 6.1




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                                                                      Surrounding Traffic Study



Cape Coral Bridge
If traffic volumes continue to grow at the rate expected by the City, the daily volumes across the
Cape Coral Bridge will be 98,400 vehicles in 2030. Widening the Cape Coral Bridge from four
lanes to eight lanes would increase the capacity from 58,200 to 113,500 vehicles per day. With
the bridge widening is the need for shared use paths on both sides of the roadway to provide safe
access for pedestrians and bicyclists. The cost estimate provided in Appendix DD does not
include the cost of roadway improvements required on the Ft. Myers side related to the Bridge
widening. Additionally, the cost estimate is based on widening one of the existing spans and
adding a parallel span. Based on discussions with Lee County, widening the Bridge is not
currently included in the County’s 2030 cost feasible plan.


Left-turn Flyover – Southbound Del Prado Boulevard to Eastbound Cape Coral Parkway
In conjunction with the Bridge widening is the need to add capacity to the intersection of Cape
Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard. Despite the short- and mid-term improvements, the
projected traffic volumes are expected to create gridlock at this intersection. The southbound
left-turn queue on Del Prado Boulevard currently stacks as far north as SE 46th Street, and by
2030, the 2400+ left turns are estimated to stack over a mile north with the existing conditions.
Since widening Del Prado Boulevard and Cape Coral Parkway would require more right-of-way
and deteriorate the downtown atmosphere, the alternative of a southbound left-turn flyover was
investigated to meet the needs of the expanding community. A flyover was selected over a
diamond interchange alternative due to the significant right-of-way impacts and the poor level of
service (F) calculated at the ramps.


The flyover is proposed as a two-lane bridge that will begin south of SE 46th Lane and will
terminate west of the Cape Coral Bridge. The flyover bridge will span over SE 47th Street and
SE 47th Terrace to maintain cross access from the west side of Del Prado Boulevard to the east
side. The flyover bridge is also proposed to span over the Cape Coral Parkway/SE 17th Place
proposed signalized intersection to maintain the connection from SE 17th Place. Right-of-way
will need to be acquired on Del Prado Boulevard at the north end of the flyover.




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With the flyover, the southbound left-turn movement will be eliminated at the at-grade
intersection of Cape Coral Parkway/Del Prado Boulevard. A single through lane and a single
right-turn lane are proposed. The northbound left-turn movement on Del Prado Boulevard is
recommended to be eliminated to provide for a four phase signal operation with a single phase
on Del Prado Boulevard. The northbound left-turn volume is presently 7 vehicles and 23
vehicles during the AM and PM peak hours, respectively. Although these volumes are expected
to double by 2030, the peak projected volumes are still low enough to restrict this movement.
The diverted vehicles can utilize the street network of Lafayette Street and Miramar Street to
connect to a north-south street such as Vincennes Boulevard or Coronado Parkway to travel west
on Cape Coral Parkway.


As shown in Figure 96, the four-lane eastbound bridge is planned to align with the two
southbound to eastbound left-turn lanes from the flyover. The three eastbound through lanes on
Cape Coral Parkway would merge to two prior to the Bridge. This is consistent with the short-
term and mid-term phased design.


Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Lane
Dual right-turn lanes will be needed at the intersection of Del Prado Boulevard and SE 46th Lane
to accommodate the traffic expected to turn right onto Del Prado Boulevard into the flyover
lanes. With the proposed dual right-turn lane is the need for special treatments to improve
pedestrian access and safety. A right-turn channelization island should be used to separate the
right-turn lanes from the through lanes. These turn lanes should be signalized in order to provide
a signalized pedestrian crossing and to handle the conflict between drivers who want to turn right
onto the left-turn flyover and southbound drivers on Del Prado Boulevard. The right-turn signals
should be green during the eastbound/westbound through movement green interval and during
the northbound left-turn movement green interval. In order to safely allow eastbound right turns,
the westbound left-turn movement would need to be protected only. To maximize the walk time
for pedestrians across the right-turn lanes, this pedestrian signal should recall to walk during the
Del Prado Boulevard green interval (along with the pedestrian signals across SE 46th Lane).




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Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace
The long-term improvements include the option of reinstalling the traffic signal at the
intersection of Del Prado Boulevard and SE 47th Terrace. With the southbound left-turn flyover,
the southbound traffic volume on Del Prado Boulevard will be significantly reduced. SE 46th
Lane will be used as a bypass and the vehicle conflicts on Del Prado Boulevard are expected to
be lessened. The signal will provide cross-access at SE 47th Terrace and aid in the traffic
circulation in the downtown redevelopment area. The side street SE 47th Terrace movements are
proposed for a single phase operation with through and right turns permitted only.              The
established traffic patterns will need to be reassessed prior to considering this option.


The intersection analyses were conducted for each intersection with the projected 2030 volumes
and the proposed long-term improvements. The traffic volumes were reassigned in the study
area to accommodate these improvements. The adjusted TMCs at each location are shown in
Figure 97.       Table 35 shows the intersection analysis LOS results with the long-term
improvements. Despite the shifting of some traffic from Cape Coral Parkway to SE 46th Lane
with the proposed improvements, the majority of the signalized intersections on Cape Coral
Parkway are expected to continue to operate at poor levels of service, E or F, in 2030. The
intersection of Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard is expected to operate at LOS B in
the AM peak hour with the long-term improvements and at LOS F in the PM peak hour. The PM
peak hour delays are excessively long due to the westbound right-turn volume, which is
projected to be 2,375 vehicles during the PM peak hour. Widening Del Prado Boulevard and
Cape Coral Parkway to provide dual right-turn lanes would improve the right-turn LOS to A, but
the intersection LOS would remain at F. Right-of-way would be required on the north side of
Cape Coral Parkway and on the east side of Del Prado Boulevard.

The signalized intersection analysis conducted for Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace
determined that the intersection will operate at LOS B during the AM peak hour and LOS E
during the PM peak hour with the long-term improvements.




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                                                                          Surrounding Traffic Study



                 Table 35: 2030 Intersection Analysis LOS with Long-term Improvements
                                        AM Peak Hour                          PM Peak Hour
                                Lane        Lane                     Lane          Lane
                                                     Approach                              Approach
       Movement                Group       Group                    Group          Group
                                                     Delay and                             Delay and
                                Delay       LOS                      Delay          LOS
                                                       (LOS)                                 (LOS)
                              (sec/veh)                            (sec/veh)
                Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Santa Barbara Boulevard
  EB Left                        72.1        E                       240.8           F
                                                      64.5 (E)                              23.0 (C)
  EB Through                     64.2        E                         8.0           A
  WB Through                     15.3        B                       137.4           F
                                                      13.2 (B)                             122.5 (F)
  WB Right                        8.2        A                        80.1           F
  SB Left                       257.5        F                        72.6           E
                                                     209.0 (F)                              75.8 (E)
  SB Right                       41.5        D                        77.9           E
                    Intersection                      59.7 (E)          Intersection        88.6 (F)
                  Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Palm Tree Boulevard
  EB Left                        39.3        D                        91.7           F
                                                     155.7 (F)                              29.7 (C)
  EB Through/Right              173.7        F                        20.3           C
  WB Left                        44.5        D                        17.7           B
                                                      67.9 (E)                             353.3 (F)
  WB Through/Right               68.1        E                       354.9           F
  NB Left                       102.7        F                        87.4           F
                                                      93.2 (F)                              79.7 (E)
  NB Through/Right               89.2        F                        76.0           E
  SB Left                        71.0        E                        71.3           E
  SB Through                     69.1        E        42.4 (D)        68.1           E     100.8 (F)
  SB Right                       21.7        C                       110.6           F
                    Intersection                     127.3 (F)          Intersection       222.4 (F)
              Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 6th Avenue/Tarpon Court
  EB Left                        38.8        D                       245.5           F
                                                     100.8 (F)                              26.1 (C)
  EB Through/Right              105.0        F                        14.8           B
  WB Left                        38.9        D                        19.5           B
                                                      13.7 (B)                             214.0 (F)
  WB Through/Right               12.8        B                       216.5           F
  NB Left/Through/Right          83.1        F        83.1 (E)        77.1           E      77.1 (E)
  SB Left/Through                64.5        E                        68.8           E
                                                      56.4 (E)                              60.4 (E)
  SB Right                       48.6        D                        55.8           E
                    Intersection                      74.7 (E)          Intersection       148.4 (F)
                   Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Coronado Parkway
  EB Left                        64.2        E                       167.8           F
  EB Through                     72.1        E        71.7 (E)        36.0           D      54.6 (D
  EB Right                       73.3        E                        17.1           B
  WB Left                        33.9        C                        21.8           C
                                                      34.8 (C)                             365.2 (F)
  WB Through/Right               34.9        C                       375.7           F
  NB Left                        67.7        E                       205.7           F
                                                      80.6 (F)                             144.2 (F)
  NB Through/Right               89.4        F                        70.0           E
  SB Left                       100.6        F                       312.9           F
  SB Through                     64.2        E        66.7 (E)       125.6           F     139.2 (F)
  SB Right                       37.4        D                        91.1           F
                    Intersection                      65.3 (E)          Intersection       219.2 (F)
               Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 9th Place/Candia Street
  EB Left                         6.9        A                       222.9           E
                                                      22.1 (C)                              32.3 (C)
  EB Through/Right               22.5        C                        15.0           B
  WB Left                        23.8        C                        11.1           B
                                                      13.8 (B)                             110.8 (F)
  WB Through/Right               13.3        B                       113.5           F


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                 Table 35: 2030 Intersection Analysis LOS with Long-term Improvements
                                         AM Peak Hour                           PM Peak Hour
                                 Lane        Lane                       Lane         Lane
                                                       Approach                              Approach
       Movement                 Group       Group                      Group         Group
                                                       Delay and                             Delay and
                                 Delay       LOS                        Delay         LOS
                                                         (LOS)                                 (LOS)
                               (sec/veh)                             (sec/veh)
                                                                     th
                Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at SE 9 Place/Candia Street
  NB Left                         51.0         D                        138.8          F
                                                        63.5 (E)                             115.8 (F)
  NB Through/Right                67.5         E                        72.2           E
  SB Left                         51.9         D                        69.6           E
                                                        58.0 (E)                             209.6 (F)
  SB Through/Right                64.5         E                        266.1          F
                     Intersection                       21.2 (C)          Intersection        93.8 (F)
                   Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Vincennes Boulevard
  EB Left                          9.4         A                        123.9          F
                                                        27.2 (C)                              28.3 (C)
  EB Through/Right                27.6         C                        14.9           B
  WB Left                         24.4         C                         7.5           A
                                                        17.5 (B)                              96.5 (F)
  WB Through/Right                17.2         B                        98.9           F
  NB Left                         54.6         D                        73.1           E
  NB Through                      63.3         E        57.1 (E)        73.3           E      70.4 (E)
  NB Right                        46.4         D                        52.7           D
  SB Left                         70.5         E                        61.9           E
  SB Through                      58.8         E        60.9 (E)        104.0          F      77.2 (E)
  SB Right                        42.8         D                        59.0           E
                     Intersection                       29.2 (C)          Intersection        77.6 (E)
          Signalized Intersection: Cape Coral Parkway at Del Prado Boulevard (Synchro Results)
  EB Left                         76.9         E                        257.5          F
                                                        20.6 (C)                              72.9 (E)
  EB Through/Right                18.0         B                        33.6           C
  WB Left                         76.3         D                        86.2           F
  WB Through                      10.5         B        11.0 (B)        153.6          F     161.5 (F)
  WB Right                         1.1         A                        183.2          F
  NB Through                      66.4         E                        62.0           E
                                                        54.9 (D)                              52.2 (D)
  NB Right                        16.6         B                        31.8           C
  SB Through                      74.3         E                        218.0          F
                                                        39.9 (D)                             109.0 (F)
  SB Right                        13.7         B                        49.6           D
                     Intersection                       19.4 (B)          Intersection       131.8 (F)
                      Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 47th Terrace
  EB Through                      19.2         B                        47.3           D
                                                        18.9 (B)                              46.0 (D)
  EB Right                        15.7         B                        41.1           D
  WB Through                      16.0         B                        48.7           D
                                                        15.9 (B)                              64.1 (E)
  WB Right                        15.7         B                        75.4           E
  NB Through/Right                13.5         B        13.5 (B)        50.2           D      50.2 (D)
  SB Through/Right                11.0         B        11.0 (B)        17.1           B      17.1 (B)
                     Intersection                       14.1 (B)          Intersection        45.2 (D)
                        Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 46th Lane
  EB Left                         35.2         D                        169.5          F
  EB Through                      33.1         C        152.9 (F)       50.0           D      87.3 (F)
  EB Right                       170.8         F                        80.8           F
  WB Left                         57.5         E                        42.2           D
  WB Through                      56.4         E        58.3 (E)        307.7          F     255.0 (F)
  WB Right                        58.8         E                        134.0          F



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                                                          Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                           Surrounding Traffic Study



                 Table 35: 2030 Intersection Analysis LOS with Long-term Improvements
                                        AM Peak Hour                            PM Peak Hour
                                Lane        Lane                       Lane          Lane
                                                      Approach                               Approach
       Movement                Group       Group                      Group          Group
                                                      Delay and                              Delay and
                                Delay       LOS                        Delay          LOS
                                                         (LOS)                                 (LOS)
                              (sec/veh)                              (sec/veh)
  NBLeft                         32.2         C           31.7          33.4           C     158.0 (F)
  NB Through/Right               31.6         C                        159.0           F
  SB Left                        46.0        D                         120.1           F
                                                       211.2 (F)                              60.9 (D)
  SB Through/Right              220.5         F                         56.4           E
                    Intersection                       153.6 (F)          Intersection       136.3 (F)
                      Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at SE 44th Street
  EB Left                        68.7         E                         90.2           F
                                                        64.8 (E)                              80.3 (F)
  EB Through/Right               49.7        D                          61.9           E
  WB Left                        52.0        D                         103.6           F
                                                       51.3 (D)                               89.7 (F)
  WB Through/Right               50.4        D                          61.7           E
  NB Left                        42.3        D                         170.3           F
                                                       14.9 (B)                              114.8 (F)
  NB Through/Right               13.3         B                        111.9           F
  SB Left                         7.7        A                          71.3           E
                                                        55.7 (E)                              25.2(C)
  SB Through/Right               56.9         E                         23.1           C
                    Intersection                       45.9 (D)           Intersection        79.0 (E)
                     Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at Beach Parkway
  WB Left                        61.0         E                         68.6           E
                                                        62.2 (E)                              67.4 (E)
  WB Right                       63.3         E                         65.2           E
  NB Through/Right               9.1         A          9.1 (A)         61.8           E      61.8 (C)
  SB Left                         4.2        A                          61.1           E
                                                        8.9 (A)                               11.0 (B)
  SB Through                      9.1        A                           8.3           A
                    Intersection                       11.1 (B)           Intersection        41.5 (D)
                   Signalized Intersection: Del Prado Boulevard at Coronado Parkway
  EB Left                       268.7         F                        362.4           F
  EB Left/Through               291.6         F        267.9 (F)       369.0           F     352.7 (F)
  EB Right                       49.4        D                          60.0           E
  WB Left/Through/Right          69.9         E         69.9 (E)        86.9           F      86.9 (F)
  NB Left                        66.7         E                         77.8           E
                                                       27.3 (C)                              146.5 (F)
  NB Through/Right               26.7         C                        147.5           F
  SB Left                        16.0         B                         38.8           D
  SB Through                    130.2         F        103.1 (E)        36.7           D      32.1 (C)
  SB Right                       11.6         B                         21.2           C
                    Intersection                       111.7 (F)          Intersection       119.9 (F)
                      Signalized Intersection: SE 47th Terrace at Coronado Parkway
  EB Left                        11.5         B                         58.9           E
  EB Through                     26.7         C        20.1 (C)         27.3           C      31.4 (C)
  EB Right                       13.1         B                         14.8           B
  WB Left                        16.9         B                         14.4           B
                                                       26.4 (C)                               93.9 (F)
  WB Through/Right               28.6         C                        108.6           F
  NB Left                        21.5         C                         47.4           D
  NB Through                     30.5         C        25.7 (C)         33.1           C      34.2 (C)
  NB Right                       18.0         B                         18.3           B




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                                                          Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                           Surrounding Traffic Study



                 Table 35: 2030 Intersection Analysis LOS with Long-term Improvements
                                       AM Peak Hour                            PM Peak Hour
                               Lane        Lane                       Lane          Lane
                                                       Approach                             Approach
       Movement               Group        Group                     Group          Group
                                                       Delay and                            Delay and
                               Delay        LOS                       Delay          LOS
                                                         (LOS)                                (LOS)
                             (sec/veh)                              (sec/veh)
                                                    th
                     Signalized Intersection: SE 47 Terrace at Coronado Parkway
  SB Left                       17.7         B                         23.9           C
  SB Through                    27.3         C          21.0 (C)       66.5           E      51.0 (D)
  SB Right                      12.2         B                         22.9           C
                   Intersection                         23.0 (C)         Intersection        50.7 (D)
                                              th
                          Roundabout: SE 47 Terrace at Palm Tree Boulevard
  EB Left/Through/Right          8.1         A           8.1 (A)        8.1           A       8.1 (A)
  WB Left/Through/Right         11.1         B          11.1 (B)       18.3           B      18.3 (B)
  NB Left                        9.7         A                          9.1           A
  NB Through                     4.5         A           5.3 (A)        3.8           A       4.2 (A)
  NB Right                       5.6         A                          5.0           A
  SB Left                       10.4         B                         11.2           B
  SB Through                     5.3         A           7.4 (A)        5.8           A       6.8 (A)
  SB Right                       6.5         A                          6.9           A
                   Intersection                          7.4 (A)         Intersection         9.9 (A)
                          Roundabout: SE 47th Terrace at Vincennes Boulevard
  EB Left/Through/Right         16.4         B          16.4 (B)       17.0           B      17.0 (B)
  WB Left/Through/Right          7.9         A           7.9 (A)       14.5           B      14.5 (B)
  NB Left/Through/Right         11.0         B          11.0 (B)       16.6           B      16.6 (B)
  SB Left/Through/Right         10.6         B          10.6 (B)       37.9           D      37.9 (D)
                   Intersection                         12.2 (B)         Intersection        21.8 (C)
                      Signalized Intersection: SE 46th Lane at Vincennes Boulevard
  EB Left                       10.9         B                         14.5           B
                                                        28.2 (C)                             17.0 (B)
  EB Through/Right              29.5         C                         17.3           B
  WB Left                       16.1         B                         14.5           B
                                                        11.7 (B)                             13.7 (B)
  WB Through/Right              10.1         B                         13.6           B
  NB Left                       69.4         E                         27.5           C
  NB Through                    23.6         C          32.0 (C)       24.8           C      25.0 (C)
  NB Right                      20.5         C                         19.6           B
  SB Left                       20.6         C                         19.6           B
                                                        76.3 (E)                             33.1 (C)
  SB Through/Right              78.5         E                         33.5           C
                   Intersection                         38.3 (D)         Intersection        19.8 (B)
                     Signalized Intersection: SE 46th Lane at Palm Tree Boulevard
  EB Left                        9.9         A                         17.1           B
                                                        54.3 (D)                             44.5 (D)
  EB Through/Right             55.0-         D                         45.2           D
  WB Left                       19.3         B                         18.8           B
                                                        16.1 (B)                             30.4 (C)
  WB Through/Right              15.7         B                         30.8           C
  NB Left                       32.7         C                         23.7           C
  NB Through                    65.1         E          63.8 (E)       38.2           D      37.6 (D)
  NB Right                      32.4         C                         23.6           C
  SB Left                       95.3         F                         46.8           D
  SB Through                    23.5         C          55.7 (E)       15.8           B      25.7 (C)
  SB Right                      20.5         C                         13.8           B
                   Intersection                         53.7 (D)         Intersection        35.4 (D)



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                                                            Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                             Surrounding Traffic Study



                 Table 35: 2030 Intersection Analysis LOS with Long-term Improvements
                                           AM Peak Hour                         PM Peak Hour
                                 Lane         Lane                    Lane          Lane
                                                       Approach                              Approach
        Movement                Group         Group                  Group         Group
                                                       Delay and                             Delay and
                                 Delay         LOS                    Delay         LOS
                                                        (LOS)                                 (LOS)
                               (sec/veh)                            (sec/veh)

                       Signalized Intersection: SE 46th Lane at Coronado Parkway
  EB Left                      21.4          C                       15.2           B
                                                       35.7 (D)                               40.2 (D)
  EB Through/Right             38.2          D                       41.6           D
  WB Left                      85.0          F                       26.6           C
                                                       36.8 (D)                               26.8 (C)
  WB Through/Right             20.4          C                       26.8           C
  NB Left                      51.7          D                       27.6           C
  NB Through                   66.4          E         66.0 (E)      37.8           D         36.1 (D)
  NB Right                     52.0          D                       28.9           C
  SB Left                      45.4          D                       30.8           C
                                                       50.6 (D)                               31.9 (C)
  SB Through/Right             50.8          D                       32.1           C
                   Intersection                        43.9 (D)         Intersection          33.9 (C)
                           Roundabout: Cape Coral Street at Miramar Street
  EB Left/Through/Right         5.2          A          5.2 (A)        5.8           A        5.8 (A)
  WB Left/Through/Right         5.5          A          5.5 (A)        5.2           A        5.2 (A)
  NB Left/Through/Right        16.4          B         16.4 (B)        7.8           B        7.8 (A)
  SB Left/Through/Right         6.6          A          6.6 (A)        7.1           A        7.1 (A)
                   Intersection                         5.8 (A)         Intersection          6.1 (A)
                          Roundabout: Coronado Parkway at Miramar Street
  WB Left/Right                 8.6          A          8.6 (A)       18.9           B        18.9 (B)
  NB Through                   13.2          B                         4.8           A
                                                       13.3 (B)                               5.0 (A)
  NB Right                     13.6          B                         6.0           A
  SB Left                       9.1          A                        10.3           B
                                                        7.7 (A)                               6.5 (A)
  SB Through                    4.0          A                         5.0           A
                   Intersection                         9.8 (A)         Intersection          9.0 (A)
                 Roundabout: Del Prado Boulevard at Miramar Street/Waikiki Avenue
  EB Left/Through/Right        11.5          B         11.5 (B)       10.2           B        10.2 (B)
  WB Left/Through/Right         6.9          A          6.9 (A)        8.1           A        8.1 (A)
  NB Left/Through              52.9          D                         6.7           A
                                                       52.9 (D)                               6.7 (A)
  NB Right                     52.9          D                         6.7           A
  SB Left                      10.5          B                        13.6           B
                                                        8.4 (A)                               8.8 (A)
  SB Through/Right              5.4          A                         7.5           A
                   Intersection                        25.5 (C)         Intersection          8.3 (A)
                               Roundabout: SE 47th Terrace at SE 9th Place
  EB Left/Through/Right         4.2          A          4.2 (A)        6.5           A        7.3 (A)
  WB Left/Through/Right         4.4          A          4.4 (A)        9.4           A        9.4 (A)
  NB Left/Through/Right         9.8          A          9.8 (A)       11.7           B        11.7 (B)
  SB Left/Through/Right        10.0          B         10.0 (B)       11.4           B        11.4 (B)
                   Intersection                         4.8 (A)         Intersection          8.6 (A)
                              Roundabout: SE 47th Terrace at SE 6th Avenue
  EB Left/Through/Right         4.1          A          4.1 (A)        4.4           A        4.4 (A)
  WB Left/Through/Right         4.3          A          4.3 (A)        5.8           A        5.8 (A)
  NB Left/Through/Right         8.0          A          8.0 (A)       11.0           B        11.0 (B)
  SB Left/Through/Right         8.4          A          8.4 (A)       66.1           E        66.1 (E)
                   Intersection                         5.2 (A)         Intersection          12.1 (B)


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                                                            Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                             Surrounding Traffic Study



                 Table 35: 2030 Intersection Analysis LOS with Long-term Improvements
                                       AM Peak Hour                         PM Peak Hour
                               Lane       Lane                     Lane          Lane
                                                   Approach                              Approach
       Movement               Group       Group                   Group          Group
                                                   Delay and                             Delay and
                               Delay       LOS                     Delay          LOS
                                                    (LOS)                                 (LOS)
                             (sec/veh)                           (sec/veh)
                                               th              th
                             Roundabout: SE 47 Terrace at SE 15 Avenue
  EB Left/Through/Right         5.2         A       5.2 (A)         5.1            A      5.1 (A)
  WB Left/Through/Right         5.1         A       5.1 (A)         5.5            A      5.5 (A)
  NB Left/Through/Right         7.8         A       7.8 (A)         9.7            A      9.7 (A)
  SB Left/Through/Right         7.1         A       7.1 (A)         9.8            A      9.8 (A)
                   Intersection                     5.8 (A)           Intersection        6.3 (A)



The intersection of Del Prado Boulevard at Coronado Parkway will operate at LOS F during the
AM and PM peak hours in the long-term phase. The construction of a third left-turn lane on
eastbound Coronado Parkway would reduce the delay, but the LOS will remain at F in the peak
hours. This could be accomplished within the existing right-of-way by changing the existing
right-turn lane to a shared left-through lane and adding a right-turn lane.


The eight proposed roundabouts included in the mid-term improvements are expected to operate
at acceptable levels of service in the long-term phase.


Several of the intersections were analyzed with alternate control devices. Table 36 shows the
LOS comparison between the proposed design and alternate controls. As shown in Table 36, the
proposed roundabouts at the following intersections will operate more effectively than
signalization or four-way stop control:

                          Table 36: 2030 - Alternative Control Intersection Analysis
                           Traffic Signal Analysis       Roundabout Analysis           4-Way Stop Analysis
     Intersection
                          AM Peak       PM Peak         AM Peak          PM Peak
 SE 46th Lane at Santa
                              D               E             B               F            -            -
  Barbara Boulevard
 SE 46th Lane at Palm
                              D               D             C               B            -            -
   Tree Boulevard
   SE 46th Lane at
                              D               D             C               D            -            -
  Coronado Parkway
   SE 46th Lane at
                              C               B             B               C            -            -
 Vincennes Boulevard
SE 47th Terrace at Pam
                              C               C             A               A            -            -
   Tree Boulevard
  SE 47th Terrace at
                              C               D             B               C            -            -
 Vincennes Boulevard

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                                                            Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                             Surrounding Traffic Study




                           Table 36: 2030 - Alternative Control Intersection Analysis
                           Traffic Signal Analysis        Roundabout Analysis           4-Way Stop Analysis
     Intersection
                          AM Peak       PM Peak          AM Peak      PM Peak
 SE 47th Terrace at
                              B               C              A               B            F           F
   SE 6th Avenue
 SE 47th Terrace at
                              B               C              A               A            D           F
    SE 9th Place
 SE 47th Terrace at
                               -              -              A               A            B           F
  SE 15th Avenue
Coronado Parkway at
                               -              -              A               A            F           F
  Miramar Street
Del Prado Boulevard
                               -              -              A               A            A           B
 at Miramar Street


•   SE 47th Terrace/Palm Tree Boulevard
•   SE 47th Terrace/Vincennes Boulevard
•   SE 47th Terrace/SE 6th Avenue
•    SE 47th Terrace/SE 9th Place
•   Coronado Parkway/Miramar Street
•   Del Prado Boulevard/Miramar Street


The intersection of SE 46th Lane at Vincennes Boulevard is currently a four-way stop. It is
proposed to be signalized with the SE 46th Lane widening. The intersection will operate at LOS
D or better signalized but will operate at LOS F if a roundabout was installed at this location.


Table 37 shows a comparison of the intersection 2030 LOSs with and without proposed long-
term improvements. Appendix AA and BB include the HCS and SIDRA results, respectively,
for the 2030 projected volumes with the long-term improvements.


A network analysis was performed using Transyt 7-F with the long-term improvements. Table
38 shows the arterial level of service by direction for Cape Coral Parkway. Figure 98 provides
the LOS for several of the key traffic movements in the study area with and without the long-
term improvements.




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                                                               Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                Surrounding Traffic Study



            Table 37: 2030 Intersection Analysis: Existing Geometry vs. Long-term Improvements
                             Existing Geometry with 2030 Volume              With Long-term Improvements
                              AM Peak Hour       PM Peak Hour            AM Peak Hour        PM Peak Hour
     Intersection
                               Delay              Delay                   Delay              Delay
                                         LOS                LOS                     LOS                LOS
                             (sec/veh)          (sec/veh)               (sec/veh)          (sec/veh)
Cape Coral Parkway at
                              249.0         F      233.1           F     59.7       E       88.6         F
Santa Barbara Boulevard
Cape Coral Parkway at
                              446.7         F      368.9           F     127.3      F      222.4         F
Palm Tree Boulevard
Cape Coral Parkway at
                              371.3         F      363.5           F     76.9       E      148.4         F
SE 6th Ave/Tarpon Ct
Cape Coral Parkway at
                              369.9         F      292.8           F     55.6       E      219.2         F
Coronado Parkway
Cape Coral Parkway at
                              380.6         F      367.3           F       -        -        -           -
SE 10th Pl/Leonard St
Cape Coral Parkway at
                                 -          -        -             -     21.2       C       93.8         F
SE 9th Pl/Candia Street
Cape Coral Parkway at
                              344.7         F      312.7           F     29.2       C       77.6         E
Vincennes Boulevard
Cape Coral Parkway at
                              487.0         F      389.2           F     19.4       B      131.8         F
Del Prado Boulevard
Del Prado Boulevard at
                              178.1         F      251.4           F     14.1       B       45.2        D
SE 47th Terrace
Del Prado Boulevard at
                                 -          -        -             -     153.6      F      136.3         F
SE 46th Lane
Del Prado Boulevard at
                               34.3         C      99.9            F       --       --       --         --
SE 46th Street
Del Prado Boulevard at
                                --          --       --            --    45.9       D       79.0         E
SE 44th Street
Del Prado Boulevard at
                               34.1         C      81.3            F     11.1       B       41.5        D
Beach Parkway
Del Prado Boulevard at
                              327.8         F      309.9           F     111.7      F      119.9         F
Coronado Parkway
SE 47th Terrace at
                              223.3         F      186.1           F     23.0       C       50.7        D
Coronado Parkway
SE 47th Terrace at Palm
                              75.90         F     145.76           F      7.4       A       9.9         A
Tree Boulevard
SE 47th Terrace at
                              464.06        F     484.31           F     12.2       B       21.8        C
Vincennes Boulevard
Vincennes Boulevard at
                              40.54         E      34.93           D     38.3       D       19.8        B
SE 46th Lane
Cape Coral Parkway at
                              13.22         B      9.12            A      5.7       A       6.1         A
Miramar St
          Total              4,040.52             3,904.82               822.3            1,512.0




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                                                                                                    Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                                                                     Surrounding Traffic Study


                                                  Table 38: 2030 Arterial LOS with Long-term Improvements
                     Eastbound Cape Coral Parkway                                                  Westbound Cape Coral Parkway
                                 AM Peak              PM Peak                                                   AM Peak               PM Peak
           Links            Average             Average                                Links             Average                Average
                                                                                                                                            Arterial
                              Delay      LOS      Delay       LOS                                         Delay       LOS        Delay
                                                                                                                                              LOS
                            (sec/veh)           (sec/veh)                                               (sec/veh)              (sec/veh)
 Santa Barbara Boulevard       40.5       D         3.7        A             Santa Barbara Boulevard       28.7         C          8.2         A
   Palm Tree Boulevard         35.0       D         9.2        A               Palm Tree Boulevard          6.5         A         17.9         B
  SE 6th Ave/Tarpon Ct          8.7       A         4.5        A              SE 6th Ave/Tarpon Ct          1.8         A          2.3         A
    Coronado Parkway           32.0       C        26.3        C                Coronado Parkway           35.6         D         98.0         F
  SE 9th Pl/Candia Street       1.0       A        12.4        B              SE 9th Pl/Candia Street       0.9         A         24.1         C
   Vincennes Boulevard          3.5       A         4.8        A               Vincennes Boulevard          4.1         A         16.0         B
   Del Prado Boulevard         18.9       B        37.6        D               Del Prado Boulevard         17.4         B         76.2         E
       SE 17th Place            8.7       A        15.0        B                  SE 17th Place             7.4         A        121.5         F
         Average               15.8       B         8.9        A                     Average                9.1         A         41.0         D
  Average Speed (mph)               18.5                25.3                  Average Speed (mph)                25.0                  11.8




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                                                         Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                          Surrounding Traffic Study



The results show the delay on Cape Coral Parkway will improve significantly in the eastbound
direction in the AM peak hours and in the westbound direction in the PM peak hours, compared
to the existing conditions. The LOS in the AM peak hour will improve from F to C and from F
to B along segments in the eastbound direction. In the westbound direction, the overall LOS will
improve from F to D in the PM peak hour with segments improving from F to B and from F to E
at Del Prado Boulevard. The study area improvements are limited by the fact that the majority of
the traffic is expected to travel to and from the four-lane Cape Coral Bridge. Table 39 shows a
comparison of the system-wide performance measures for the total network with the existing
conditions and the long-term improvements.


                        Table 39: System-wide Performance Measures - Comparison of
                               Existing Conditions and Long-term Improvements
                                      AM Peak                                   PM Peak
 Performance                           With Long-                                            Change
                       Existing                                   Existing  With Long-Term
Measures (units)                         Term          Change
                       Geometry                                  Geometry     Improvements
                                     Improvements
Total Delay (veh-                                       -3,170                                -4,339
                         3,492            322                      5,461         1,122
      hr/hr)                                            (91%)                                 (79%)
 Average Delay                                          -331.5                                -303.6
                         317.3            25.1                     372.4          68.8
    (sec/veh)                                           (92%)                                 (81%)
 System Speed                                           +13.2                                  +7.0
                          4.2             17.4                      3.3           10.3
      (mph)                                            (314%)                                (212%)
Total Travel Time                                       3,246                                 -4,421
                         4,121            875                      6,292         1,871
   (veh-hr/hr)                                          (79%)                                 (70%)


As shown in Table 39, a reduction in delay of 91 percent in the AM peak hour and a reduction of
79 percent in the PM peak hour can be achieved with the proposed long-term improvements at
the intersections when compared with the existing conditions.            The eastbound Cape Coral
Parkway AM peak hours arterial speed is estimated as 18.5 mph while the westbound PM peak
speed is 11.8 mph. The network analysis with the long-term improvements is included in
Appendix CC. Signal retiming is proposed for all phases of the improvements (short-, mid- and
long-term) in conjunction with the new traffic patterns. The timings included in this study are
preliminary and are used primarily for comparison purposes in the development of alternatives
since there are many variables that will affect the future timings. After the implementation of the
improvements, traffic counts should be collected once the traffic patterns have been established
to provide the most effective timings.


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                                                         Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                          Surrounding Traffic Study


Figure 99 includes the 2006, 2015, and 2030 average daily traffic as compared to the proposed
LOS E capacity for the roadways in the study area. Del Prado Boulevard is shown at over
capacity north of Coronado Parkway in the mid- and long-term phase with the current six-lane
configuration. North of the proposed flyover, Del Prado Boulevard will be over capacity by the
year 2016. Cape Coral Parkway west of Coronado Parkway is estimated to be over capacity in
2007 with the current six-lane geometry and east of Coronado Parkway in 2016 with the
proposed six-lane section.          The widening and expansion of SE 46th Lane will provide an
additional 17,300 vehicle capacity to the study area. The extension to Santa Barbara Boulevard
is needed to ensure utilization of the capacity. In the entire study area, an additional 97,700 daily
vehicle capacity is proposed with the improvements to the roadways of Cape Coral Parkway, SE
17th Place, SE 46th Plane, and the Cape Coral Bridge. The free flow northbound right-turn lane
on Waikiki Avenue to Cape Coral Parkway is also expected to add capacity that will encourage
increased use of Miramar Street as an alternate route.


The cost estimate for the long-term improvements was determined to be $122.2 million. These
estimates are based on existing prices and are approximate given the unknowns associated with
property values and specific design requirements at each location. The complete estimate is
included in Appendix DD.               If funding becomes available prior to 2030, the long-term
improvements should not be delayed. The long-term improvements are needed sooner due to the
current capacity conditions and the projected growth in the area. The long-term improvements
should be prioritized as listed in Table 34.


PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT


The public involvement role of the traffic study included the development of a newsletter, a
website, a traffic survey, and preparation and facilitation of the public information session.




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                                                     Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                      Surrounding Traffic Study


Website
A website was created to inform the public of the goals of the traffic study, the progress of the
traffic study, and to encourage involvement in the process. The website included information
about the project, the project location map, the newsletter, upcoming public meetings, results of
the traffic survey and a question/comments section was made available. The website address is
www.capecoraltrafficstudy.net


Traffic Survey
On September 30, 2005, traffic surveys were distributed in the mail to randomly selected
businesses and residents within the Cape Coral Downtown CRA. The surveys were created to
receive feedback on existing trip characteristics, the roadways residents use most frequently, and
the desired changes to traffic patterns in downtown Cape Coral. The surveys were also handed
out to motorists at the intersection of Cape Coral Parkway and Del Prado Boulevard during the
peak hour. The traffic survey was also posted on the website.


Over 5,000 surveys were distributed, and 1,355 responses were received. Of the respondents,
26.0 percent live in downtown Cape Coral, 11.65 percent work in downtown Cape Coral, 3.34
percent live and work in downtown Cape Coral and 58.98 percent neither live nor work in
downtown Cape Coral. The destinations of the respondents were: 62.7 percent cross the Cape
Coral Bridge, 23.99 percent travel to downtown Cape Coral and 14.74 percent travel to other
areas in Cape Coral outside the downtown area.


When questioned on the bridge most traveled, 74.21 percent of the respondents use the Cape
Coral Bridge and 6.28 percent use the Mid-Point Bridge. The commercial business owners and
the CRA residents had a lower use of the Cape Coral Bridge, 50 and 56 percent respectively,
than the commuters, which use the Cape Coral Bridge 83 percent of the time.


The majority of the respondents (76.62 percent) travel through downtown as a single occupant in
the vehicle, with 19.21 percent having two people. The resident respondents had the highest
percent of two or more occupants, with 40 percent. The commercial and commuter respondents
were 80 percent single occupant vehicles.

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                                                     Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) and
                                                                      Surrounding Traffic Study


Seventy-three percent of the respondents use either Cape Coral Parkway (42 percent) or Del
Prado Boulevard (31 percent) to travel through the downtown area. Another 10 percent use
Coronado Parkway to travel through the downtown area.


The survey question regarding the desired use of Cape Coral Parkway as a mixed use roadway, a
traffic thoroughfare, or primarily a main street for downtown activity was 44 percent, 31 percent,
and 23 percent, respectively. The business respondents preferred a mixed-use roadway (55
percent). The commuters had the least interest for Cape Coral Parkway as a main street (19
percent) while the commercial, resident, and website respondents each had 31 percent approval
for Cape Coral Parkway as a main street. The thoroughfare option was ranked highest by the
commuters with 38 percent, followed by the website respondents with 33 percent. Only 12
percent of the businesses and 16 percent of the residents were interested in Cape Coral Parkway
as a thoroughfare.


Based on the responses, the majority of the respondents would never or rarely (77 percent) use
bike paths if they were available downtown. There was minimal variation in interest dependent
upon the responder. Twenty six percent of the residents said they would use the bike paths daily
or weekly if they were provided downtown.


In regard to the existing traffic conditions and future growth in downtown Cape Coral,
respondents would like to see:


•   Roadway changes to move traffic faster (33 percent)
•   Pedestrian friendly areas (18 percent)
•   Improved additional parking (18 percent)
•   Improved/additional bike paths (6 percent)
•   Improved bus service (5 percent)
•   Roadway changes to slow down traffic (5 percent)
•   Balance between above (10 percent)




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As shown from the results of the survey, bike paths and bus service improvements were not
priorities for the majority of the respondents. Improved parking and the creation of a pedestrian
friendly environment carried the same weight to the respondents. The desire to move traffic
faster was a significantly higher priority for the respondents of the survey.


The respondents ranked their priorities for the desired type of major developments in the
downtown area. Based on the choices of shopping, business, dining, leisure, or school, 55
percent of the respondents ranked school as their number one choice of development. Shopping
was ranked number 1 by 10 percent of the respondents, business as number 1 for 21 percent,
leisure/entertainment for 11 percent and dining was number one for 5 percent of the respondents.
The school choice was predominant for each group of respondents also.


The results of the survey indicate that the commuters are typically traveling across the Cape
Coral Bridge in single occupant vehicles, do not live or work downtown (with only 16 percent
living downtown), utilize Cape Coral Parkway or Del Prado Boulevard to travel through
downtown, would prefer Cape Coral as a mixed-use roadway (marginally over a thoroughfare),
are not interested in bike paths downtown, are primarily proponents of moving traffic faster but
would like to have pedestrian friendly areas and improved parking downtown, and would like to
see schools in the downtown area.


Eight percent of the residents responding both live and work downtown. The residents in the
downtown area travel to downtown 42 percent of the time and travel east of the Cape Coral
Bridge 22 percent of the time. Although they typically travel as single occupants, 42 percent
travel with two or more occupants in the vehicle. Fifty-six percent of the responding residents
use the Cape Coral Bridge, while 27 percent use the Cape Coral Bridge and Mid-Point Bridge
about the same frequency. The residents use either Cape Coral Parkway or Del Prado Boulevard
31 percent of the time, while 17 percent use Coronado Parkway to enter downtown. Fifty-two
percent of the residents would like to see Cape Coral Parkway remain as a mixed-use roadway,
while 31 percent would like it to be primarily a main street.


Appendix EE contains the complete traffic survey and the results.

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Public Information Session
A Public Information Session was held on Thursday, February 16, 2006 at the La Venezia
Ballroom in Club Square to provide the public an opportunity to view the short-, mid-, and long-
term improvements, ask questions and provide comments. Comment forms were available and
those received are included in Appendix FF with the respective responses.

SUMMARY

Cape Coral is no different than many growing cities in that infrastructure has not keep pace with
the rapidly-growing traffic demands. The traffic study provides phased improvements that focus
on providing relief to the peak hour traffic delays in the short-term. These can be constructed
within the existing right-of-way. These improvements are primarily at the Cape Coral Parkway
and Del Prado Boulevard intersection. The improvements are anticipated to reduce crashes since
there is a direct correlation between certain crashes and saturated roadways. The City and their
partners should proceed with obtaining the funding to initiate the short-term Improvements listed
in Table 14.


The mid-term improvements should not be delayed since the roadway traffic conditions are
anticipated to only worsen as development continues. The mid-term improvements include
providing additional capacity to SE 46th Lane and Miramar Street as alternate east-west routes.
The mid-term improvements also include adding streets to provide a downtown grid system.
The grid promotes improved traffic circulation while also providing shorter blocks for
pedestrians to walk to and from the downtown businesses.         With these new streets is the
provision for additional on-street parking, curb extensions and mid-block crosswalks.


Although the long-term improvements include the costly projects of adding a left-turn flyover
and widening the Cape Coral Bridge, the traffic analysis (based on the projections) determined
that even these improvements are not complete “fixes”. The City’s goal to attract businesses to
the downtown area may alter the current traffic patterns, but the extent and timeframe remain an
unknown. In conjunction with all phases of the improvements is the City’s need for a realistic
growth management plan. Besides the recommendations in the study to increase capacity to


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manage the transportation system in the study area, the County has implemented variable pricing
programs on the toll bridges, including the Cape Coral Bridge, to reduce vehicle demand during
the peak hours. The utilization of alternative modes of transportation can also reduce the vehicle
demand on the roadways in the study area. Alternative modes include the use of carpooling,
vanpooling, bus pools and non-motorized transportation. Additionally, vehicle demand during
the peak hours can be reduced with the use of flextime, alternative work hours and
telecommuting. All of these strategies require regional cooperation to realize significant results,
but they need to become a part of the City’s development plan to ensure that the City of Cape
Coral becomes a vibrant place to live, work, and play.




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