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					         Atlantic Ocean

Guyana                             French
            Water                  Guyana


The freshwater resources can be
divided into:
   Natural freshwater resources, including rivers,
    creeks, swamps and marsh covering 12,000
    square km, discharging 4,975 cubic meters per
    second into the Atlantic Ocean
   Manmade Brokopondo Lake, a hydropower
    facility, covering 1,560 square km.
The main source of public water
   Coastal Zone; Groundwater
   Hinterland; Groundwater and a minor portion use
    surface water (the extend of groundwater in the
    hinterland is not known)
Mineral Water in Suriname is
extracted from the following aquifers:
   The “A-Sands” Aquifer (for Capital City) and
   Zanderij aquifer
   Coesewijne Aquifer
Water is supply by:

   Suriname Water Company (SWM); this company
    is since 1933 responsible for the water
    distribution is coastal areas (state own)
   Department of Water Supply Services of the
    Ministry of Natural Resources
   The ministry of Regional Development
Current information available on
   Water consumption
   Production
   Number of connection
   Imports/ exports of bottle-water
Water legislation

Suriname has no general law on water. The only
  important legislation is the Nature Protection law
  of 1954
System of Environmental-Economic
   Suriname has no experience with the SEEA
   There are no plans right now for an Environmental-Economic
Programs and Projects on water
   Interwat; the Institutional Development project aims at
    strengthening the organization and structure of the
    Suriname Water Company in order to render it more self-
   The Strategic Plan, which aims at improving 15 systems
    in the rural area and 27 "Water Supply systems" in the
    hinterland during the period of 1994 to 2015.
   The Mid Term Plan for the coastal area is a plan of action
    aiming at integrating the activities included in the
    Strategic Plan, the Five Year Plan and the Institutional
    Development project. The is to transfer the rural systems
    to SWM (up to 2010).
Policies and Strategies
   Full autonomy of the Suriname Water Company; community-based
    water supply management approach; and legal statement of recognition
    for the village water committees.
   Sanitation must be given national priority; a Drainage Authority for
    capital city is recommended; ultimately Suriname should organize
    under at a National Water Authority.
   Inter-institutional collaboration and inter-sector
    coordination/cooperation; private participation in the sector and
    development of Human Resources for the sector.
   Water saving and protection; norms for planning, design and
    construction of water supply systems; water protection against bacterial
    contamination; and water quality monitoring.
   Technical and institutional measures should be taken on behalf of
    sanitation; the Master Plan for Greater Paramaribo should be executed
    and the waste from the airport must be treated
Special focus is on the following

   Replacement and rehabilitation of production-
    and distribution facilities
   A large degree of community participation
   Continuous health and environmental education
    programs should be undertaken
   The Ministry of Health and Environment
    Authority should provide leadership in ensuring
    that appropriate water quality is achieved
Water consumption SWM Service Area (in cubic meters), 2002-2004

          2002          2003         2004

         16,145,271   15,899,586   16,452,753

Water Production Operated by SWM (in cubic meters)

            2002         2003          2004
      28,664,983 31,594,071 33,267,600
 Number of connection

Kind of connection    2000    2001    2002    2003    2004    2005
Yard Connection       3,057   2,868   2,851   2,823   2,737   3,074
House Connection      48,904 49,318 50,016 50,454 51,567 53,679

House with Swimming   48      50      57      59      68      69
Industrial &          4,611   4,748   4,995   4,997   5,593   5,816
Institution           1,018   1,017   1,030   1,043   1,053   1,069
Total                 57,638 58,001 58,949 59,376 61,018 63,707
SWOT Analysis of the Water sector in
This SWOT Analysis is to divided into:
 Economic part

 Social/ Cultural

 Environmental

 Institutional organization
Strengths                            Weaknesses
 Excellent quality water (low        Insufficient funds for expansion
   chloride contents)                  of drinking water network
 Large per capita resource in        No split of sewerage and
   aquifers                            drinking water supply and use
 Close technical cooperation with    Slow salination beaches
   similar industries in the           consumption is higher than rate
   Netherlands                         of replenishment by aquifer
                                      Inadequate legislation (Drilling
                                       Act. Of 1952 still applies)
                                      Mining Rights areas not yet
                                       renewed despite timely

Opportunities                  Threats
 Export of bottle water        Depletion of resources for

 Establishment of Water         Greater Paramaribo (A
  Authority                      Sands)
 Establishment of              Depletion of shells for

  groundwater protection         filtration
 Replacement of old
  stations, establishment of
  larger pumping stations
Social/ Cultural

Strengths                        Weaknesses
 90% of population linked to
                                  Potable water not
   drinking water company; 10%
   in very sparsely populated
                                   available everywhere
   areas                          Wastage due to inefficient
 Low population density and       use, and no reporting of
   growth                          leakage
 Relatively high literacy and
   environmental awareness
Social/ Cultural

Opportunities                      Threats
   Raise awareness to reduce      None
    waste and inefficient use of
    mineral water

Strengths                          Weaknesses
 No contamination by industrial    Too many potentially

  or agricultural activities         contamination activities in
 Low possibility of well
                                     Savanna Zone; e.g. sand
                                     excavation, waste dumping
Contamination (artesian well and
  aquifer contamination

Opportunities                  Threats
   Legislation to prevent      Contamination of
    contamination of Savanna     catchments area of
                                 Zanderij aquifer (Savanna
Institutional organization

Strengths         Weaknesses
 None
                   Outdated and inadequate
                    legal instruments/
                   The GMD (Geological
                    Mining Department)
                    needs institutional
Institutional organization

Opportunities                    Threats
   Establishment of the Water      Budget constraints to fund
    Authority, if necessary,         vital public institutions
    imbedded in the Minerals        Continued weakness of
    Institute                        institutional and legal