Standing Commission for Pollination and Bee Flora

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					   Standing Commission for Pollination and
                  Bee Flora
                      Dr. Marinus J. Sommeijer, president
                     Email address:


During the congress in Dublin (August 2006) the collaboration with the international experts who regularly cooperated with
organizational aspects of the commission was further confirmed. At this moment, the experts committed to work as members
of the commission are: Prof. Dan Eisikowitch, Israel, Dr. Juliet Osborne, UK, Dr. Chris O’ Toole, UK, Drs. Jaap Kerkvliet,
Netherlands, Dr. Bernard Vaissiére, France. The objectives of the commission and possible future activities were discussed
in Dublin.


All activities at the Dublin congress were organised in close cooperation with the local scientific coordinator of the Dublin
congress, Prof. Brendean O’Cochlain.

    a.   Scientific sessions organised in Dublin 2006

Organisation and vision concerning the programming of sessions

In the report of May 2005 was already indicated the plan to follow a new approach for the organisation of the scientific
sessions of the commission. As explained there, for the objective to obtain consistent and coherent sessions with good
lectures that are attractive to a wide public, we decided to recruit all, or nearly all, speakers for these sessions by personal
invitation. In some cases, we still have made use of papers that were submitted through the regular APIMONDIA congress
submiission procedure. Nearly all other submitted papers were accepted as posters. Posters that were of relevance to topics
of the sessions of the commission were shortly mentioned during the sessions of oral papers. The chairpersons for these
three sessions were also invited prior to the congres. These persons were, in a few cases, involved in the selection of
speakers, but the communication with speakers etc. was handled by the president of the commission.

The result of this new procedure was that the sessions were indeed attractive and interesting and unexpected gaps, resulting
from speakers that did not turn up, did not occur. This procedure required quite some communication with potential and final
speakers in advance. Based on this positive experience, it is now felt that this procedure could be implemented as well for
other sessions in the APIMONDIA congresses in the future. The quality of the sessions may in general be improved by this,
but a disadvantage of this procedure is the work for organising (recruiting) the lectures and communication with potential
speakers. The important benefit of this procedure may be that at the congress itself, everything can run smoothly.

The commission organised three sessions:

In the May 2005 report the plans for these were already indicated. The following sessions were implemented:
1. The competition between Apis honeybees and non-Apis bees, aspects concerning biodiversity and conservation
This session was chaired by Chris O’Toole.
2. Pollination in Greenhouses, session chaired by Bernard Vaissiére.
3. Genetically Modified Crops and Bees, session chaired by Juliet Osborne.

    b.   Workshop on POLLEN ANALISIS in Dublin

The plan for this workshop has also been extensively explained in the previous report. With the collaboration of Jaap
Kerkvliet, a complete programme was developed for the workshop on pollen analysis for botanical origin and quality of
honey. A number of authorities in relevant fields participated in the presentations. Werner von der Ohe, Katharina von der
Ohe, Liva Persano Odo and Peter Martin gave very interesting lectures and demonstrations. Most demonstrations were
given by Jaap Kerkvliet. About 70 persons, more than expected, participated as listeners of the presentations. One original
idea for this workshop was to offer something of particular interest to people of developing countries. However, deviating
from the registrations, most participants were not originating from such countries. A number of participants were, as experts,
involved in development activities in the tropics.


Based on the succesful presentation of the APIMONDIA workshop in Dublin, it was decided that this programme would be
repeated for interested beekeepers in the Netherlands. This was implemented on Saturday 21 January 2006 in a new
audiovisual room of the botanic gardens of Utrecht University.


During the congress in Dublin, the first discussions were held with the Scientific Director of that congress: Keith McIlvride and
some of his collaborators.
Provisionally, we are considering the organisation of three sessions including 1 plenary session (translated)
-beekeeping flora in Australia
-beekeeping and forestry
-indigenous bees for pollination

The commission would like to organise in collaboration with the Australian local organising team a workshop on Pollination.

Programme of the APIMONDIA pollination workshop at the Melbourne congress (proposed):

- lecturers and demonstrators: members of the Apimondia Standing Commission for Pollination and Bee Flora and some
invited specialists (preferably from Australia)
- duration: (half day + excursion)
- only with at least 30 participants, paying extra? (for transportation to field site)? Maximum capacity 60
          -intro general flower biology and pollination process
          -intro bee biology and morphology related to foraging (pollen collecting features in bees)
          -details of pollination process
          -beekeeping for pollination

Excursion about pollination
It may be possible to organise this in close cooperation with some people of the local pollination field in Australia. C.J.
Coleman has already given his commitment to be available for assisting with this activity.

From 5 – 8 December 2005 we organised a seminar on Tropical Forests and Stingless Bees in La Palma, San Salvador. This
seminar was the concluding activity of a project of the same name (“Proyecto de Manejo de Abejas y del Bosque” –
PROMABOS, Support for reforestation and forest management by the traditional keeping of non-stinging bees in NW El
Salvador, Central America (website:

Although the project was finished for more than one year ago, it was felt that a concluding activity like this seminar was highly
desirable. The objective was to focus on the relation between the stingless bees that are kept by the people of this region in
buffer zones around the forests, and particularly on the trees of the forest that may serve as important food sources for bees.

The activity was held as a low budget seminar, since no project funds were left for this. In addition, to make it possible for the
local keepers of stingless bees, and for those from neighbouring countries like Guatemala, Honduras etc., the registration fee
and charges for facilities were set at low price: 50 EURO for workshop (including meals, drinks etc.) and 40 Euro for the
seminar (including meals, drinks etc.). For some groups of poor farmers, free sleeping accommodation could be obtained at
low costs. The OIRSA organisation supplied support for a local cultural evening and the printing of the programme; the
Ministry of Agriculture supplied the transportation of participants to and from airport and also locally in La Palma (for
workshop practical sessions etc.).

The workshop had about 45 paying participants and the seminar about 40. Many people presented papers with their
experiences, mainly on the domestication of stingless bees. Some papers dealt with the floral resources of the forests of this
region for stingless bees and Honeybees. At this moment we have texts of a number of papers presented at the meeting
(about 30) and a number of PowerPoint presentations (12) that could possibly be distributed through APIMONDIA on CD (t
be discussed).


Together with Dr. Dorothea Brueckner, Bremen, Germany, the president of this APIMONDIA commission will organise a
session with invited lecturers at the EURBEE conference in Prague September 2006. Dorothea Brueckner is the secretary of
EURBEE. The topic of our session will be Foraging and Pollination by non-Apis bees and relations with Honeybees.
The programme (see below) is already completed and the invited speakers have accepted. The EURBEE conference will be
from Sunday 10 - Thursday 14 September 2006 (please see the website for further details). Our session will
be on Thursday afternoon 14 SEPT 2006.

Programme (confirmed):

1400-1405 Marinus Sommeijer, Introduction
1405-1440 Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter, Bee diversity and crop pollination services in fragmented landscapes
1440-1500 Thomas C. Ings and Lars Chittka, Global trade of commercial bumble bees- risks for pollinator diversity?
1500-1520 Jacobus Biesmeijer, Foraging and communication in Stingless bees, a comparison with Apis mellifera and
1520-1540 Dieter Wittmann, Mating in bees: Means of males to apply pheromones on females´antennae
1540-1600 Michael Kuhlmann, The evolution of Colletes succinctus and relatives including latest results
1600-1620 Dorothea Brueckner, Concluding remarks

               IV Taller Mesoamericano sobre El Bosque y las Abejas sin Aguijón
                                    La Palma, El Salvador
                                     5-6 Diciembre 2005

5 de Diciembre, Lunes, 2006

9.00-9.30:        Historia Natural de Abejas sin Aguijón
                  Marinus Sommeijer
                           -evolucion de avispas, abejas y plantas

9.30-10.00        Cajas para Abejas sin Aguijón, Caja Simple – Utob otros
                          -Maricio y Harriet: características de cajas

10.00 – 10.45 Reproducción natural en Abejas sin Aguijón
                Marinus Sommeijer
                        -reproduccion dentro de la colmena
                        -pop, oviposicion, y otros tareas dentro de la colonia
                        -reproduccion de colonias (enjambre, produccion de sexuales)
                        -vida y actividades de machos, obreras, reinas

10.45– 11.00      Refrigerio

11.00 – 11.30    Práctica:
                 Cómo reconocer reinas vírgenes y machos en Melipona?
                 Marinus Sommeijer NB: colmena tiene que estar presente en Entre Pinos

11.30 – 12.00    Alimentación: cuándo, que y cómo alimentar?
                 Mauricio Díaz y Aura Rodriguez

12.00 – 12.30    Sesión abierto: problemas y observaciones de los productores.
                        sobre almacenamiento o escasez de polen
                        humedad en los nidos
                        pleitos entre las mismas especies

12.30 – 13.30    Almuerzo

13.30-14.00      Teoría: como pasar la colmena de tronco a caja
                 Harriet de Jong
14.00-14.45      Control de plagas: Pseudohypocera kerteszi
                 Harriet de Jong

14.45 – 15.00    Refrigerio

15.00 – fin      Práctica:
                 Pasar la colmena de tronco a caja
                 Trini Rodriguez y Adrian Lopez

6 de Diciembre

9.00 – 9.30               Multiplicación de la colmena
                          Harriet de Jong

9.30 – 10.00              Multiplicación alternativo
                          Productor de Honduras y Ing. Díaz

10.00-10.30               Marinus Sommeijer, Foraje, comunicacion, y almacenamiento de alimentos

10.30 –10.45              Refrigerio

10.45- 11.15              Árboles para reforestar para aumentar la producción
                          Vilma Landaverde

11.15 - 11.30             Características, cosecha y envasado de miel de Meliponini

11.30 – 12.00             Sesión abierta: Tema: comercialización y cooperativas de productores

12.00 – 13.00             Almuerzo

13.00 – fin               Excursión y Práctica
                          Cómo evaluar problemas en la colmena? Visita a los meliponarios de productores para
                          Viveros de árboles y plantaciones de prueba
                          Visita a punto de venta de miel de Abejas sin Aguijón

    Programa IV Seminario Mesoamericano sobre El Bosque y las Abejas sin Aguijón
                               7-8 de Diciembre 2005

Miércoles 7 de Diciembre

9.00    Apertura por el señor Ministro de Agricultura y Ganadería, Lic. Mario Ernesto Salavarría

Meliponicultura tradicional
9.15 – 9.40      U Hanli Kab a prayer for the gods of the bees, Quintana Roo, Mexico. Video de Jong, H. Sommeijer, M.
9.40 – 10.05     Forma tradicional de multiplicar un Jicote (Melipona beecheii)
                 VENTURA Luis Antonio; productor de Honduras en colaboración con AESMO

Meliponicultura moderna
10.05 – 10.30   La meliponicultura y la tradición de uso de la abejas sin aguijón (hymenoptera: meliponinae) en el
                estado Táchira. MORENO ELCURE, Félix
10.30- 10.45    Pausa
10.45 – 11.10   Extracción Conservacionista: Primer Escalón de la Meliponicultura moderna. GONZÁLEZ
                ACERETO, Jorge A.
11.10 – 11.35   Problemática actual y perspectivas de la meliponicultura en Guatemala, Centro América.
                ENRÍQUEZ, Eunice
11.35 – 12.00   Establecimiento de un meliponario en la Vereda San José de Acacías, Meta (Colombia). BAQUERO
                ZAMBRANO, Pedro Leonardo

12.00 – 13.00    Almuerzo

Composición de miel
13.00 – 13.25  Iniciando una base de datos para proponer estándares de mieles de Meliponini. Presentado por
               ENRIQUEZ, Eunice
13.25 – 13.50  Análisis fisicoquímico y antibacteriano de miel de Melipona beecheii de Guatemala. DARDÓN
               PERALTA, María José
13.50 – 14.15  The composition and properties of honeys of stingless bees (Melipona)
               SOMMEIJER, Marinus Jan
14.15 – 14.35  Caracterización bioquimica y propiedades antibacteriales de mieles de las abejas sin aguijón.
               ZAMORA, Luis Gabriel

14.35 – 14.50    Pausa

14.50 – 15.15    Mieles de Meliponíneos: situación actual y desafíos. CORTOPASSI-LAURINO, Marilda

Reproducción y desarrollo
15.15 – 15.40  Multiplicación de colonias y producción de reinas en abejas sin aguijón, VAN VEEN, Johan
15.40- 16.05   La Bioarquitectura y Fases del Desarrollo Biológico de la Abeja Melipona indescisa, nativa de la
               Bioregión del Chocó, en el Noroccidente Ecuatoriano.ALVARADO, Oscar Mejía
16.05-16.30    División y desarrollo de nidos de Melipona fasciculata.
               BAQUERO, Pedro Leonardo

16.30            Presentación de carteles

9.00 - 9.25      Influencia de la densidad y distribución de Scaptotrigona mexicana Guérin-Meneville (Apidae:
                 Meliponini) en la producción de frutos de rambután (Nephelium lappaceum L.) en la región del
                 Soconusco, Chiapas, México, GUZMÁN DÍAZ, Miguel A.
9.25 – 9.50      Efecto de la densidad de abejas s. mexicana en la producción de rambután (Nephelium lappaceum)
                 en el soconusco Chiapas. ESPONDA-MUÑOZ, Julio
9.50 – 10.15     Estudio del forrajeo de polen por obreras de Melipona fasciata (HYMENOPTERA, APIDAE,
                 MELIPONINI) en el piedemonte llanero colombiano, (ACACÍAS-META-COLOMBIA). RODRÍGUEZ-
                 CALDERÓN, Ángela
10.15 – 10.40    Influencia de la comunicación de recursos en la experiencia (aprendizaje) en tres especies de abejas sin
                 aguijón (hymenoptera, apidae, meliponini).

                LEÓN-GUTIÉRREZ, Adolfo

10.40 – 11.00   Pausa

11.00 – 11.25  Precisión tridimensional del sistema de comunicación de recursos de la abeja sin aguijón
               Scaptotrigona mexicana (Apidae, Meliponini).
               SÁNCHEZ, Daniel
11.25 – 11.50  Conducta de apareamiento de machos de melipona beecheii (Apidae:Meliponini), bajo condiciones
               controladas en Yucatán, México. CAMPOSECO SILVESTRE, Fredy B.
11.50 – 12.15  Resultados Preliminares del Efecto Toxicológico del Malatión, Diazinón y Metomilo en Abejas
               nativas sin aguijón (Hymenoptera: Meliponini) de la Península de Yucatán, México.
               VALDOVINOS-NÚÑEZ, Gustavo Rafael

12.15- 13.00    Almuerzo

Arboles alimenticias del bosque
13.00-13.25     Reforestar con árboles melíferos para aumentar la diversidad y abundancia de abejas. SANDKER,
                Marieke, presentado por Landaverde, Vilma
13.25- 13.50    The relative importance of indigenous forest trees as food plants for Melipona beecheii in la Palma,
                Chalatenango, El Salvador – research proposal. ALANEN, Eeva.-Liisa
13.50 – 14.15 Temporary dominance of pollen of nectiferous and polliniferous plants collected by melipona beecheii
                in El Salvador LANDAVERDE PARADA, Vilma.
14.15-14.40     Conservación de los árboles nativos y las abejas sin aguijón en Costa
                Rica: fuentes de polen y establecimiento de nidos. VAN VEEN, Johan

14.40-15.00     Pausa

15.00 – 15.25   Molecular differences suggest the existence of subspecies in Melipona beecheii B. (Apidae:Meliponini).
                QUEZADA-EUÁN, José Javier

15.25-15.50    Atracción de obreras huérfanas de Scaptotrigona mexicana a reinas fisiogástricas.
               GRAJALES-CONESA, Julieta

15.50-16.15     Distribución de abejas sin aguijón en Guatemala.
                YURRITA, Carmen Lucía
16.15- 16.40    Biodiversidad y meliponicultura en el piedemonte llanero, Meta, Colombia. NATES-PARRA,


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