Document Sample

                           Project Contact Details

                               Project Manager

                              Mr Trevor Ranford
                   Apple and Pear Growers Association of SA
                              6 Frederick Street
                               CAVAN SA 50
                               Ph 08 8349 4556
                              Fax 08 8349 5316

                               Project Officers

           Mr Paul James                           Ms Megan Howard
          Ph 08 8389 8805                           Ph 08 8389 8819
 Email        Email

                         Lenswood Horticultural Centre
                                Swamp Road
                            LENSWOOD SA 5240
                              Ph 08 8389 8800
                              Fax 08 8389 8899
                                        Mount Lofty Ranges Watershed EMS Project

                                              TABLE OF CONTENTS
1   Introduction .................................................................................................................... 1
2   Welcome and Introduction of New Participants .............................................................. 2
3   Specific Training in Broad Principles of EMS .................................................................. 2
  3.1    Environmental Policy ............................................................................................... 2
  3.2    Overview of „Planning‟ Steps ................................................................................... 3
  3.3    Initial Environmental Review ................................................................................... 3
  3.4    Identifying Activities, Aspects and Impacts .............................................................. 7
  3.5    Determining Priority Environmental Issues .............................................................. 8
  3.6    Developing Actions Plans ........................................................................................ 9
4 „Take Home‟ Activities .................................................................................................... 9
5 Presentation from Irrigated Crop Management Services, Rural Solutions SA ................. 9
6 Conclusion ....................................................................................................................10
Appendix A        Workshop 2 Materials ..................................................................................11

                                                   LIST OF TABLES
Table 1 – Summary of Local Context within which Participants‟ Businesses Operate ............ 6
Table 2 – Summary of Orchard & Vineyard Activities that Impact on the Environment .......... 7

Workshop 2 Summary Report                              4/02/2010                                                    Page i
                            Mount Lofty Ranges Watershed EMS Project

1 Introduction

This report outlines the issues covered and outcomes of the second workshop of the Mount
Lofty Ranges Watershed EMS Pilot Project. The workshop was held on 28 August 2003 at
the Lenswood Horticultural Centre in Lenswood, South Australia.

As per the project proposal, the workshop aimed to include:

      Training on broad aspects of EMS principles
      Discussion of the specific environmental issues (aspects and impacts) that will be
       addressed by growers in their different EMS‟s
      Detail of how these will be addressed through planning and implementation, i.e.
       through practical/feasible actions and NRM changes
      Discussion of how these will be monitored and evaluated over the coming phase

Thirty participants from 28 different enterprises were in attendance throughout the day. Each
of the industry groups (i.e. apples, pears, cherries and winegrapes) was well represented.
Also, present at the workshop were:

      Megan Howard, Project Officer
      Paul James, Project Officer
      Jacqueline Frizenschaf, Watershed Protection Office
      Tony Wilson, Rural Solutions SA Irrigated Crop Management Services (Guest

The following sections outline the type of activities conducted on the day and how they
related to the aims given above. Discussion is also provided on the implications of the
workshop outcomes for future project activities.

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                            Mount Lofty Ranges Watershed EMS Project

2 Welcome and Introduction of New Participants

Those participants who had not been present at the first workshop were asked to introduce
themselves to the rest of the group, answering the questions:

       Who are you?
       What do you grow?
       Where do you grow it?
       Why are you participating in this project?

To set the overall scene for the day, an activity was undertaken using decks of playing cards.
The activity was introduced as an exercise in observation and memory. Each group had a
deck of cards spread on the table in front of them and was directed to observe the cards for
3-5 minutes. After this time they were asked a series of 13 questions (eg “How many
queens face to the left?” or “How many jacks have two eyes showing?”). As expected, the
group performed relatively poorly at answering the detailed questions. The aim was to
demonstrate that although they may think they are entirely familiar with an object (eg deck of
cards), they do not necessarily always see the finer detail because they are “looking without
noticing”. Discussion followed and it was shown that the same could likely be said about
their businesses, and that in the process of developing their EMS they would need to take a
fresh look and evaluate the way they manage their property and carry out day-to-day farm
procedures. The activity not only proved entertaining for the group, but the underlying
message was also well received.

3 Specific Training in Broad Principles of EMS

Following the ice-breaker activities, there was a brief session on „Setting the Scene‟ for the
day, which basically re-capped the outcomes of the first workshop, summarised the project
officers‟ activities since that time, and gave an overview for the rest of the day.

The workshop was designed to give participants a detailed introduction to the steps involved
in the „Planning‟ phase of their EMS, from compiling an environmental policy through to
developing actions plans. The intention was to provide enough direction and examples so
that participants could work through the planning steps in their own time, with the support of
upcoming individual site visits by the project officers.

   3.1 Environmental Policy

Prior to the second workshop, none of the participating businesses had a specific
environmental policy although some had other policies relating to quality assurance or
occupational health and safety. A generic environmental policy template was prepared for
the workshop, with participants receiving a hardcopy on the day (see Appendix A). An
electronic version will be emailed to the group to assist them in developing their own site-
specific policies.

The generic template highlighted each of the essential ISO 14001 requirements in relation to
environmental policies. Not surprisingly, some participants initially struggled to see the
necessity of an environmental policy for their businesses, given that most are owner-
operated enterprises. There were concerns amongst some that the ISO-structured policy
appeared to be overly technical and formal. Following further explanation and discussion,

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                            Mount Lofty Ranges Watershed EMS Project

many accepted the view that the policy formed the basis and over-arching direction for their
EMS and had potential benefits associated with interaction with the community as well as
suppliers, contractors etc.

The group was then provided with the example „Berri Creek Environmental Policy‟ from the
‘Introduction to Environmental Management Systems in Agriculture – Case Study Notes’. In
general, the participants related far more easily to the perceived „real-life‟ example and
seemed confident that they could find a compromise between the two examples when
developing their first environmental policy. It was reinforced that the two policy examples
distributed were representative of „mature‟ EMSs and their own environmental policies would
evolve over time, as their EMSs do.

   3.2 Overview of ‘Planning’ Steps

At this point, the second part (7.00-11.36 minutes) of the video presentation „Introduction to
Environmental Management Systems in Agriculture, Australian Farmers’ Experiences with
EMS’ was presented. This again proved to be a useful workshop tool to add variety to the
day‟s proceedings and allow our participants to hear about EMS directly from others that
have trialled it. This section of the video outlined the steps involved in the planning stage,
and the main points were then elaborated on in a subsequent explanation session. At this
point, participants had a general idea of the distinct steps involved in planning an EMS, so
the rest of the day was devoted to a series of activities and group work to develop their
knowledge further, and provide them with appropriate tools and templates.

   3.3 Initial Environmental Review

Participants had done some preparation for their “Initial Environmental Review” prior to the
workshop. When the workshop flyer was distributed two week‟s before the workshop, each
participant was also asked to complete a simple questionnaire about their property. A copy
of this is provided in Appendix A. The questionnaire contained 21 questions aimed at getting
the participant to think about:

          current management practices (including irrigation, soil, fertiliser, pest control,
           waste products, energy use)
          other land uses on their property
          prior or existing environmental issues
          past complaints
          reference documents used
          training courses/workshops attended
          licences/permits/certificates held
          records currently kept

During the workshop, feedback and queries regarding the questionnaire was invited. The
main points of discussion are outlined below.

          Scope of EMS – For several participants, completing the review raised questions
           regarding which of their business components (eg orchard vs grazing vs packing
           sheds) would be included in their EMS.
          Chemical Use Efficiency – The question “Do you think you use chemicals on
           your property as efficiently as possible?” caused considerable debate within the
           group. In preparing the questions, this one had deliberately been left „open‟. It did
           not define what was meant by „efficiently‟. As expected, some participants
           understood it to mean „efficient application of chemicals to the target area‟,
           whereas others interpreted it to mean „careful selection of the most effective

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                              Mount Lofty Ranges Watershed EMS Project

           chemicals for the given task‟. Despite the individual‟s interpretation, the most
           common answer to the question appeared to be „not sure‟.
          Energy Use Efficiency – Similarly, the response to the question “Do you think
           you use your energy source/s as efficiently as possible?” was typically „not sure‟.
           Discussion on this point highlighted uncertainty regarding the alternate energy
           options (if any) that are available in the region, as well as the “lifecycle” aspects of
           various power generation options.
          Monitoring – The Initial Environmental Review also prompted discussion on the
           monitoring techniques currently being used, the reasons for undertaking the
           current measurements and monitoring, and the options/alternatives to current
           methods. Several of the participants informed the group on specific techniques
           available such as soil biology monitoring through “food web” analyses. The level
           of interest in this topic reinforced the benefits of group interaction and information
          Benchmarks – Discussion in this area highlighted the need for participants to
           know how to use the information they are collecting from their monitoring activities
           and when they needed to act on that information. It also highlighted the benefits of
           integrating this information into their management practices.
          Self Assurance – Many commented that by going through the review they
           realised that they were actually already doing a lot to address environmental
           issues (albeit in an ad hoc manner). They found it encouraging that they weren‟t
           in a position of having to completely „start from scratch‟ and that they could use
           their existing practices as a starting point and build that into their EMSs. Many
           also agreed that it was the first time they had gone through a process of formally
           documenting their current management status.
          Easy to Comprehend – There was comment that the review was not overly
           difficult to complete. Participants found that the questions were phrased simply
           and the examples provided helped to direct their thinking. This direct,
           unsolicited feedback reinforced the need for ‘plain English’ in any
           documents/tools produced for the project.

It was encouraging to observe that the Initial Environmental Review had started participants
thinking ahead to other stages of the EMS process (even though they were probably not
aware of it at the time). Although their terminology was somewhat different, the discussion
showed that the review questions about their current practices had led them to consider how
they might substantiate what they currently do (ie recording, measuring and monitoring) and
then how they could find out how they were performing relative to others in the group (ie

To follow on from their „Initial Environmental Review‟, which was focussed solely on their own
property, participants at the workshop were presented with a second brief questionnaire.
This activity – “Putting Your Property in Perspective” - posed questions regarding
surrounding land users, other local industries, significant environmental areas, local
environmental action groups and any existing community concerns regarding horticulture‟s
impact on the environment. This questionnaire was taken directly from the ‘Viticare
Environmental Risk Assessment Tool – Instructions for Use’ which, although prepared
specifically for viticulture, is equally applicable to the other participating industries within the
group. The responses to this questionnaire are summarised in Table 1.

This activity highlighted the imperative to look beyond individual property boundaries
and take a more holistic view of business impacts to ensure a more successful
approach to environmental management.

At the completion of this activity, it was concluded that a very simple version of an Initial
Environment Review had been performed and that it could become more detailed and
focussed when they re-visit this step next time around in the EMS cycle. The group in

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                            Mount Lofty Ranges Watershed EMS Project

general saw the benefit of working out „Where am I now?‟ before embarking on the next big
question of „Where do I head next?‟.

NB At this stage, the topic of „Identification of Legal Requirements‟ was also discussed.
Generally speaking, participants are currently unaware of the full spectrum of legal
requirements with which they are required to comply. It was highlighted that the project team
are currently considering several options for developing a Legal Register tool, which will be
provided to the group and kept up-to-date. To avoid delaying the Planning phase indefinitely
while this is developed, it was decided that detailed legal information would be incorporated
into the project as it becomes available. This tool is considered a high priority requirement
for the project and will be the focus of significant efforts over the coming months.

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                                                           Mount Lofty Ranges Watershed EMS Project

                                Table 1 – Summary of Local Context within which Participants’ Businesses Operate

                                                                                               Active           Significant            Existing
    Adjoining Land                                                          Local Water    Environmental            Local             Community
                                Local Industries         Local Env.
         Uses                                                               Resources       Community          Environmental         Concerns re
                                                                                              Groups               Issues         Vineyards/Orchards
   Urban/residential           Dairy                    Conservation       Numerous  Catchment            Phytophthora       Bird control
   Grazing                     Vineyards/orchards        parks               creeks        groups    (eg       in    National    Spray drift
   Cemetery                    Vegetables               Water               and rivers    4th Creek, 6th      Parks             Water quality and
   Lifestyle                   Woodlots                  catchment          Some          Creek)            Pest birds           quantity
   Golf course                 Forestry                  areas               ground-     Landcare           Noise              Burning
   Floriculture                Wineries                 Native              water         groups              pollution
   Native vegetation           Quarries                  flowers             bores       Soil               Tree clearing     NB Discussion   on
   Roads                       Tourism                  Remnant                           conservation      Spray drift       ‘perceptions’   vs
   Packing sheds               Grazing                   vegetation                        boards            Water quality     ‘reality’
   Dairy                       Lifestyle farmers         areas                           Friends of the       and quantity
   Horse agistment             Water Extraction                                            parks             Cattle       in
   Quarry                                                                                 Bushcare             creeks
   Forestry SA                                                                            Ornithologists     Endangered
   Schools                                                                                                      species
   Shops/commercial
   Sporting grounds

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                            Mount Lofty Ranges Watershed EMS Project

   3.4 Identifying Activities, Aspects and Impacts

During an earlier session, participants had been introduced to the concept of “activities,
aspects and impacts” and provided with a few examples. This later session was essentially
a more specific group brainstorm in response to the question “What activities do you perform
that impact on the environment?”. After the participants had exhausted their own ideas, they
were given a copy of the activities identified in the impacts register of the Viticare
Environmental Risk Assessment (VERA) Tool (see Appendix A). Upon reviewing the VERA
list, the group then identified any areas they had missed, and suggested areas that VERA
had not included. The finalised list of activities is shown in Table 2.

 Table 2 – Summary of Orchard & Vineyard Activities that Impact on the Environment

                            Tractor use
                            Storage of fuels
                            Fuel usage
                            Chemical storage
                            Waste disposal
                            Water use
                            Foliage management
                            Bird control/netting
                            Bird control/use of guns
                            Dam building
                            Herbicide use
                            Road maintenance/building
                            Tree/vine training (tree guards etc)
                            New orchard/vineyard development
                            Manure storage
                            Pesticide handling
                            Vermin control
                            Orchard/vineyard decommissioning
                            (drippers and submains remaining in
                            Use of posts
                            Air conditioning
                            Water use for climate control
                            Machinery servicing

VERA is a risk assessment tool developed by the Cooperative Research Centre for
Viticulture (CRCV). It consists of a comprehensive yet generic environmental impacts

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                             Mount Lofty Ranges Watershed EMS Project

register for vineyards, along with a suggesting risk rating methodology. The impacts register
is subdivided into the following sections:

          Chemical & Pest Management
          Water Use Management
          Soil & Fertiliser Management
          Equipment, Machinery & Vehicle Management
          Waste Management
          Vineyard Establishment
          General/Other

This tool has been identified as a potentially valuable resource for this project, as it could
significantly reduce the development time of a risk assessment methodology. While VERA
was developed for vineyards it is obvious that there are substantial similarities between the
activities in a vineyard and the activities in an orchard. Once the „non-vineyard‟ participants
were introduced to the VERA tool they very quickly realised its applicability to their orchards
and the group is enthusiastic about assisting in fine-tuning the tool so that it will be relevant
across the four industries. An electronic version of VERA is soon to be released and this will
contain enough functionality to tailor the impacts register to the project‟s requirements.

Thanks go to the CRCV for making this tool available to the project at short notice,
and especially to David Baker (now of Lapwing Consulting) for his advice and
assistance in preparing for the workshop.

Access to the VERA tool meant that minimal time had to be spent in identifying the aspects
and impacts of each activity, however these were discussed and defined to ensure the
participants saw their applicability to the overall process. Rather than „aspects‟ and „impacts‟
the group related better to the terminology/analogy of „cause‟ and „effect‟.

   3.5 Determining Priority Environmental Issues

Following identification and discussion of the activities, aspects and impacts, an activity to
introduce environmental risk assessment was conducted. Some participants had been
exposed to risk assessment methodologies previously through quality assurance and
occupational health and safety and this familiarity assisted them in understanding this stage
of the planning.

Using the VERA Tool, each potential impact is assigned a risk rating based on the product of
a „probability‟ rating (0-10) and a „consequence‟ rating (0-10). VERA also provides for
identification of whether or not each impact has any associated legal requirements.
Participants were provided with an abridged version of two of the VERA impacts register
modules – „Chemical & Pest Management‟ and „Water Use Management‟. These modules
were selected because they relate to 4 of the top 5 environmental priorities identified by the
group at the first workshop. The participants worked through the example modules
individually to practice using the rating methodology and one-on-one assistance was
provided as necessary.

Given the amount of information delivered to the participants up to this point in the day, their
grasp of the concept of activities, aspects, impacts and risk assessment was pleasing. Once
the risk assessment activity was completed the group was generally comfortable that they
understood the process well enough to undertake the full modules in their own time. During
the upcoming site visits, time will be spent going through each of the planning steps in more

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                             Mount Lofty Ranges Watershed EMS Project

detail on an individual, „as-required‟ basis to ensure the participants feel confident with the
entire process.

   3.6 Developing Actions Plans

In the last session of the day, the group was taken through the process of developing action
plans based on their priority environmental issues. The use of the „Berri Creek‟ examples
given in ‘Introduction to Environmental Management Systems in Agriculture – Case Study
Notes’ again worked well. Following detailed discussion on the components of actions plans,
blank templates were provided to the participants (see Appendix A) and they worked on
developing a simple plan in small groups.

By way of summarising the day, the final part (24.45-33.57 minutes) of the video presentation
„Introduction to Environmental Management Systems in Agriculture, Australian Farmers’
Experiences with EMS’ was presented. This was a valuable activity because by this stage of
the workshop the group had been exposed to a wide range of new concepts, processes and
tools and there was a need to tie the day together and maintain enthusiasm amongst the
participants. It was timely because this section of the video (commencing with the question
“Hmmm…it is really worth it?”) details the initial fears of some farmers, balanced by
discussion of the benefits they have experienced.

4 ‘Take Home’ Activities

Following the workshop, each participant was asked to:

          complete the full versions of the two VERA modules they had previewed during
           the workshop („Chemical & Pest Management‟ and „Water Use Management‟)
          identify their top environmental priorities in these management areas
          develop 3 separate action plans that they are able to implement in the coming
           growing season (one based on water, one based on chemicals and one on a topic
           of their own choice)

Individual site visits are scheduled for the coming months to review participants‟ progress,
assist them with their initial planning phase and encourage them to move into the
implementation phase.

5 Presentation from Irrigated Crop Management Services, Rural Solutions SA

Prior to the lunch break, Tony Wilson, Senior Irrigation Consultant with Irrigated Crop
Management Services (ICMS) Rural Solutions SA, made a presentation to the group
regarding a current ICMS project to develop a consistent irrigation recording and evaluation
tool suitable for use by growers of any irrigated crop. The tool has been developed and
extensively trialled on 20 sites near Barmera, South Australia and is currently being rolled out
in other regions and states for further testing.

ICMS has offered to trial the irrigation recording tool on three sites involved in the Mount
Lofty Ranges EMS Pilot project for this coming growing season, with the potential to extend
this to all sites in the following season. At present, the tool is in Microsoft Excel® format, but
is being upgraded, and will soon comprise a simple user-friendly data entry interface. Like
the VERA tool, the availability of this software could be of significant value to the project in
terms of time and cost savings on the development and refinement of recording tools and the

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                            Mount Lofty Ranges Watershed EMS Project

actual recording practices of the participants. Three growers have been selected for the
initial local trial, based on their crop type and location in relation to existing ICMS

6 Conclusion

This second workshop contained a far greater amount of technical EMS information than the
first workshop, and participants now have a better understanding of the processes involved
in the „Planning‟ phase of EMS development. Despite the increased knowledge it will be
essential to follow up with the growers as soon as possible, in a one-on-one situation or in
small groups, to further consolidate their understanding.

In terms of general feedback, the group felt that the concepts would come together better if
they had an example of a real EMS to examine. Prior to the workshop it was decided that an
information session should be held with an existing agricultural (preferably horticultural) EMS
user invited to attend to allow the participants time to ask questions of someone who has
actually „been there, done that‟. When this option was canvassed at the workshop, there
was strong support.

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                            Mount Lofty Ranges Watershed EMS Project

Appendix A Workshop 2 Materials

This appendix includes examples of materials distributed for Workshop 2. These include:

              Environmental Policy Template
              Initial Environmental Review Questionnaire
              Summary of Vineyard Activities Identified in VERA
              Action Plan Template

Workshop 2 Summary Report             31/10/2003                             Page 11
                         Environmental Policy of

  The purpose of ……………….. Environmental policy is to define a vision for the future of the
 ……………………. business and to set its environmental priorities and goals. This policy covers all
                      aspects of our production operations.

        This policy is a publicly available document outlining our environmental management

                                    This policy is the responsibility of


                            and will be reviewed ………………….(annually)

Our business produces ……………………………………………………………. for
………………………………. We are committed to managing key environmental issues on our
properties, particularly ……………………………………. We will maintain environmental standards
that are consistent with ………………………………, industry codes of practice, industry best
management practices and all relevant legislation and regulations.

Through continual improvement of our farm and its management (described in our environmental
management system) we are committed to achieve these objectives by:

       Preventing pollution of land by conforming to government regulations and industry codes of
        best practice and continually improving our farming operations using realistic and achievable
       Responsibly managing our impact on native fauna and flora in our farm operations,
       Dedicating human and financial resources to fulfil our environmental goals
       Minimising the amount of waste we produce on the farm and using recycling wherever
        possible and practical.
       Using the most appropriate indicators available to monitor our business operations and record
        our environmental progress
       Inform all business members, employees and contractors of their environmental
        responsibilities through training and communication

We aim to produce quality products and to achieve environmentally sustainable production of
………………… on …………………………….. by minimising direct and indirect environmental and
social impacts and by conserving our natural resources.


Date ……………………….

Bold text indicates minimum requirements of the ISO 14001 standard for an environmental policy

       Workshop 2 Summary Report             31/10/2003                             Page 12
Initial Environmental Review                                        August 2003

Business Name: _____________________________________________________
Form completed by:

Name: ____________________________________________ Date:                   /      /2003

1 Where do you source your water for irrigation? (Circle appropriate answer/s)

          Bore / Creek or River / Farm Dam / Other (please specify) _____________

2 What method of irrigation do you use? (Circle appropriate answer/s)

   Overhead Sprinkler / Below Canopy Sprinkler / Surface Drip / Sub-surface Drip /

    Other (please specify) ________________________________________________

3 What method/s do you use for deciding when to irrigate and how much to irrigate
  (eg soil moisture sensors, plant observations, past experience, scheduling,





4 What soils information do you have for your property (eg maps, surveys)?




5 What strategies do you currently use to maintain or improve the soil on your





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6 What type of fertilisers do you use on your property? (Circle appropriate answer/s)

                            Manures etc (organic) / Chemical (inorganic) / Compost /

                            Other (please specify) _____________________________

7 Describe what method/s you use for deciding when to fertilise and how much to





8 Describe what method/s you use for pest and disease management (eg chemical
  applications, biological control, pheromones, IPM).





9 Do you think you use chemicals on your property as efficiently as possible?

                                                                 Yes / No / Not sure

10 List the types of waste products that are generated by your business (eg green
   waste, chemical drums, unsaleable fruit).





11 How do you dispose of the waste products generated by your business?




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12 What energy source/s do you use on your property? (Circle appropriate answers)

Electricity / Gas / Diesel / Solar / Other (please specify) _____________________

13 Do you think you use your energy source/s as efficiently as possible?

                                                                  Yes / No / Not sure

14 List any issues that you feel you need to address to improve the productivity of your
   property (crop or variety selection, pest management, area under production).





15 List any land uses (other than orchard/vineyard) that exist on your property (eg
   house, grazing, vegetation reserve). Include current and past land uses (if known).





16 List any environmental issues that have occurred on your property in the past, or
   are currently present (eg soil erosion, salinity, waterlogging, contamination).





17 If you‟ve ever received complaints about the management of your property,
   describe the main subjects of the complaints (eg noise, spray drift, visual issues).





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18 List any documents you refer to for the latest advice on farm management (eg
   magazines, industry codes of practice, best management practices (BMPs)).





19 List any training courses or workshops you have attended to learn about farm
   management and/or environmental issues.





20 List any licences/permits/certificates you require to operate your business (eg
   vehicle, machinery, chemical).





21 List any records you currently keep in relation to your property/business (eg rainfall,
   cash flow, labour, irrigation).





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        Summary of Vineyard Activities Identified in VERA

Chemical & Pest Management                     Equipment, machinery & vehicle
 Application of pesticides                    management
 Storage of pesticides                         Use of tractors, harvesters,
 Transport of pesticides                        trucks, cars, etc.
 Handling of pesticides                        Storage of Fuel
 Bird control-Use of guns                      Transport & Handling of Fuel
 Bird Control-Use of bird scarers              Servicing/cleaning of vehicles
 Bird Control- Use of netting                   etc.
 Vermin Control-Use of baiting                 Frost protection -use of fans /
Water Use Management                            Frost protection -use of frost
 Irrigation                                     pots / smoke
 Storage of Water in Dams                      Use of own generator
 Disposal of excess water (inc.                Use of Refrigeration unit
  stormwater) via drainage/pumps                Airconditioners in vehicles
 Driplines and submain in soil                 Airconditioners in buildings
                                                Operation of various other
Soil & Fertiliser Management                     equipment & machinery
   Application       of     fertilisers,
    manures and composts                       Waste Management
   Storage of fertilisers, manures             Empty / disused Chemical
    and composts                                 containers
   Transport of fertilisers, manures           Green waste
    and composts                                Oil & Grease from machinery &
   Cultivation of vineyard                      Vehicle servicing
   Grape marc                                  Toxic solid waste
                                                Non-toxic solid waste
Vineyard Establishment                          Non-toxic liquid waste
 Land clearing for establishment               Toxic liquid waste
   of vines                                     Sewage waste
 Establishment of vines                        Washdown water
                                                Disused Treated Posts (Green
General / Other                                  posts:      copper     chromium
 Growing grapes                                 (arsenic)
 Buildings                                     Disused Treated Posts (Black :

Workshop 2 Summary Report              31/10/2003                         Page 17
Action Plan:

(What to do)



When to do it      Target Date   Responsibility   Performance Indicators




Monitoring     &


Workshop 2 Summary Report            31/10/2003                            Page 18

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