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abeokuta was founded in 1830 by warriors like

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abeokuta was founded in 1830 by warriors like Powered By Docstoc
					Abeokuta was founded in 1830 by warriors like:
LAMODI-Who initiated the move to ABEOKUTA was then the BALOGUN of EGBA,he died on the way and
  never made it to the promised land ABEOKUTA.
SODEKE-Who was then the SERIKI of EGBA led the fleeing EGBAs to ABEOKUTA in 1830 after the death
  of LAMODI.
SODEKE’s father was from Iporo but his mother,EFUWON,was from Gbagura.
ABEOKUTA was founded in 1830 by the refugees from Egba forest.The name of the town was derived
  from the protection which the fleeing settlers sought under the ROCK known as OLUMO.Olumo which
  interprets in YORUBA as OLU fi mo, or OLUWA fi mo.OLU or OLUWA meaning GOD has put a stop to their
  suffering after fleeing from the inter-tribal war of between 1817 and 1830. They the EGBAs now settle under
  the OLUMO ROCK ,now call the Town - ABEOKUTA meaning under the ROCK. OLUMO ROCK is now a
  world class tourist centre in ABEOKUTA, Ogun State capital.OLUMO offered a significant protection for the
  EGBAs from the possible attacks from their enemies.
ABEOKUTA founded 1830 was as a result of the inter-tribal war which broke out due to an incident at
  APOMU Market now in the Irewolede Local Government area of Osun State.
LAMODI, a warrior of note was credited with the initiative for the migration to ABEOKUTA,although he never
  saw the promised land because he died on the way.He was at the time the BALOGUN of the EGBA people.
SODEKE,who was then the SERIKI of the EGBA,took over after LAMODI’s death and led the first wave of
  migration to ABEOKUTA in 1830.Bringing up the rear of the migrants to Abeokuta were the Owu people in
  about the year 1834.Some other settlers also came later.
On settling in Abeokuta,each community continued its main occupation of farming,cultivating mainly food
  crops and a few cash crops, notably cotton, palm-trees,and kola-nuts.
Between 1830 and the turn of the century, the settlers in Abeokuta were forced into fighting several wars,
  they creditably proved their mettle.In 1832,the Ijebu Remo people provoked the new settlers into taking arms
  against several Ijebu Remo towns in a war called OWIWI WAR.
In 1834, the Ibadan people also challenged the Egbas to a war which resulted in the defeat of the Ibadan
  army in what was known as the battle of ARAKANGA.




                      The rulers of EGBALAND
                     THE CROWNING of EGBA OBAs

8th August,1854 -OKUKENU who held the title of Sagbua,the post of headship of the Ogbonis,was crowned
  the ALAKE of AKE.Losii,an Ake man was the first choice but he died before he could be installed.
In 1855 - the Owu followed suit by crowning PAWU as OLOWU of OWU
1870 - The AGURA was crowned
1897 - OLOKO (now OSILE) was crowned
14th April,1952 - OLUBARA, Oba Samuel Adetola Adesina Lalubu the 2nd was the first to be crowned in
  Abeokuta Town.
    ( history revealed that there had been seven OLUBARAs who were crowned at Ibara Orile)




                           Egba United Government
On January 18,1893, a treaty of Friendship and Commerce was signed between the Egba people,represented by Alake
Sokalu, and the British Government represented by Sir Gilbert Thomas Carter.This treaty automatically conferred a
measure of self government on the Egba people.
1895 marked the Yoruba Mission Jubilee year in Abeokuta when they celebrated 50years of planting Christianity in the
town,Abeokuta.
A special Anthem was composed by the Reverend Israel Oludotun Ransome-Kuti.He was the first registered student of
Abeokuta Grammar School.The first grammar school in Abeokuta founded on the 8th July,1908. Up AGSOBA. He also
composed the famous Egba Anthem,Lori Oke Ati Petele.
A tradition that existed in Yoruba land whereby it was forbidden for two kings to set eyes on any other king unless one is
captured as a prisoner of war. It is worth to note that it was on the 26th Jan.1898 that the Alake,Osile,Agura,and the
Olowu first ever set eyes on each other when Sir MacCullum (an English man) the Governor of Lagos paid a courtesy
visit to Abeokuta.
This incident has further strengthened the unity between the Egba kings and thus led to the formation of Egba United
Government in 1902.




                POLITICAL and ADMINISTRATIVE SET-UP
The convention which the Egba people operated since 1830 was never codified until 1897 when the EGBA UNITED
GOVERNMENT became structured. Under the convention,the quarters were broadly grouped under four natural rulers
namely:
The ALAKE of AKE ,the OSILE of OKE-ONA, the AGURA of GBAGURA, and the OLOWU of OWU
The ALAKE who was accepted as the paramount leader assume the title : THE ALAKE OF EGBALAND who being the
chairman of the other Egba kings,represent the interest of all the Egbas in all aspects that concern the Kingdom.
The amalgamation of the Egba people in Abeokuta shared political powers in varying degrees under the following broad
classifications:
The OGBONIs - the SENATE
The War Chiefs - the OLOGUNs who prosecuted wars
The PARAKOYIs - the Commercial Chiefs who dominated the Economic sector
The OLODEs - the Hunting Chiefs whose role was minor but nevertheless significant
Next to the natural rulers, the OGBONI chiefs constituted the Executive Council in the administration of the State. Their
advice was highly valued by the natural rulers who invariably consulted them in confidence before taking any major
decisions. The Ogbonis adjudicated over cases involving murder,adultery,divorce,recovery of debts,etc.They constituted
The Court,their word was law right from the settlement of the Egba in Abeokuta,until much later after the Adubi War.
They meet regularly to deliberate over the affairs of their communities.For a citizen to discountenance a summons from
Ogbonis was considered outright treason.They earned their income through fines and gifts or tributes in the form of food
or produce.
The amalgamation of the Egba people in Abeokuta shared political powers in varying degrees under the following broad
classifications:
The OGBONIs - the SENATE
The War Chiefs - the OLOGUNs who prosecuted wars
The PARAKOYIs - the Commercial Chiefs who dominated the Economic sector
The OLODEs - the Hunting Chiefs whose role was minor but nevertheless significant
The War Chiefs - the OLOGUNs -were responsible for executing wars declared by the natural ruler or considered
necessary at their own discretions. They were expected to be militarily prepared all the time,either to wage the Obas war
or to ward off attacks from invaders.Sometimes,the War Chiefs wielded much power which could constitute a threat to the
security of tenure of Oba himself.
The PARAKOYIs - the Commercial Chiefs superintended over matters of commerce and trade in general. They were
responsible for the smooth running of the commercial life of the community and offered economic advice to the state.
The OLODEs - the Hunters’ Chiefs looked after the affairs of farming and hunting in peace time.During wars,they
performed para-military duties.
Generally,the Egbas had great respect for their Chiefs and each of the four groupings commanded great respect from the
entire citizenry.This was why any person with the right means and inclination aspired to obtain a chieftaincy title by any
means possible. A woman was usually included as a Chief in each groupings to represent the interest of the womenfolk.




         Wars fought and won by the Egbas

Owiwi war- Between the Egbas and the Remos in 1832
Oluyole war- This war was between the Egbas and Oyo in 1834-1835
Iperu war- This was fought in 1836
1st Dahomey war- Between the Egbas and the Dahomey in 1844-1845
2nd Dahomey war- in 1851
3rd Dahomey war- in 1853
4th Dahomey war- in 1864


    Olu of Ilaro Yewa (Egbado)         Ilaro town, western Ogun state, southwestern Nigeria. Located on the former trade
route from the towns of the empire of Oyo to the port of Porto-Novo (now the capital of Benin), 40 miles (64 km)
southwest, it was established by the late 18th century as the capital and chief trade centre of the Egbado people (a
subgroup of the Yoruba). With the decline of Oyo in the early 19th century, the Egbado kingdom was raided for slaves by
the Dahomeyans until it was absorbed in the 1840s and '50s by the more powerful Egba kingdom at Abeokuta (29 miles
[47 km] northeast). As a subject town, Ilaro served the Egba as a trading post on the western route from Lagos to Ibadan.
In the 1860s European missionaries arrived and established the Yoruba Anglican Mission in Ilaro. Following the 1890
delineation of colonial boundaries by the French and the British, the Egbado, who felt oppressed by Egba rule, asked for
British protection and control of their territory. A British military garrison was built in Ilaro in the same year. Modern Ilaro is
a collecting point for cocoa, palm oil and kernels, kola nuts, vegetables (especially rice and okra), and fruits grown in the
surrounding area. Yams, cassava, and corn (maize) are also cultivated by the town's farmers. Cotton weaving and dyeing
(with locally grown indigo) are traditional industries. There are deposits of limestone (used by a cement plant at Ewekoro,
13 miles [21 km] east-northeast) and phosphate in the vicinity. Ilaro is the site of a federal polytechnic college. It is located
at the end of a spur on the Lagos-Nguru railway and lies at a junction of local roads. Pop. (1992 est.) 42,410.




   Egba, Abeokuta town, capital of Ogun state, southwestern Nigeria. It is situated on the east bank of the Ogun River,
around a group of rocky outcroppings that rise above the surrounding wooded savanna. It lies on the main railway (1899)
from Lagos, 48 miles (78 km) south, and on the older trunk road from Lagos to Ibadan; it also has road connections to
Ilaro, Shagamu, Iseyin, and Kétou (Benin). Abeokuta ("refuge among rocks") was founded in about 1830 by Sodeke
(Shodeke), a hunter and leader of the Egba refugees who fled from the disintegrating Oyo empire. The town was also
settled by missionaries (in the 1840s) and by Sierra Leone Creoles, who later became prominent as missionaries and as
businessmen. Abeokuta's success as the capital of the Egbas and as a link in the Lagos-Ibadan oil-palm trade led to wars
with Dahomey (now Benin). In the battle at Abeokuta in 1851, the Egba, aided by the missionaries and armed by the
British, defeated King Gezo's Dahomeyan army (unique in the history of western Africa for its common practice of using
women warriors). Another Dahomeyan attack was repulsed in 1864. Troubles in the 1860s with the British in Lagos led
the Egba to close the trade routes to the coast and to expel (1867) its missionaries and European traders.                 more
| enlarge Osile of Oke-Ona         After the Yoruba civil wars (1877-93), in which Abeokuta opposed Ibadan, the Egba alake
("king") signed an alliance with the British governor, Sir Gilbert Carter, that recognized the independence of the Egba
United Government (1893-1914). In 1914 the kingdom was incorporated into the newly amalgamated British Colony and
Protectorate of Nigeria. The Abeokuta riots of 1918 protested both the levying of taxes and the "indirect rule" policy of
Lord Frederick Lugard, the British governor-general, which made the alake, formerly primus inter pares ("first among
equals"), the supreme traditional leader to the detriment of the other quarter chiefs. Modern Abeokuta is an agricultural
trade centre (rice, yams, cassava, corn [maize], palm oil and kernels, cotton, fruits, vegetables) and an exporting point for
cocoa, palm produce, fruits, and kola nuts.                more | enlarge Agura of Gbagura       Abeokuta was a walled town,
and relics of the old wall still exist. Notable buildings include the Ake (the residence of the alake), Centenary Hall (1930),
and several churches and mosques. Secondary schools and primary teachers' colleges at Abeokuta are supplemented by
the University of Agriculture (formerly the University of Lagos Abeokuta campus), which specializes in science,
agriculture, and technology, and the Ogun State Polytechnic (1979; a college). Pop. (1996 est.) 427,400.. Rice and cotton
were introduced by the missionaries in the 1850s, and cotton weaving and dyeing (with locally grown indigo) are now
traditional crafts of the town.             more | enlarge Olubara of Ibara     Abeokuta is the headquarters for the Federal
Ogun-Oshin River Basin Authority with programs to harness land and water resources for Lagos, Ogun, and Oyo states
for rural development. Irrigation, food-processing, and electrification projects are included. Local industry is limited but
now includes fruit-canning plants, a plastics factory, a brewery, sawmills, and an aluminum-products factory. South of the
town are the Aro granite quarries, which provide building materials for much of southern Nigeria, and a huge, modern
cement plant at Ewekoro (18 miles [29 km] south).




              Traditional Council Members
1. His Royal Majesty     Oba Adedotun Aremu Gbadebo The Alalake of Egbaland President
2. His Royal Majesty     (Dr) Adedapo Adewale Tejuoso The Oshile of Oke-Ona Egba
3. His Royal Majesty     Oba Halidu Laloko Sobekun The Agura of Gbagura
4. His Royal Majesty     Oba Olusanya Adegboyega Dosunmu The Olowu of Owu
5. His Royal Majesty     Oba Moshood A. Oyede The Olota of Ota
6. His Royal Majesty     Oba (Dr) J. O. Omolade Olubara of Ibara
7. His Royal Majesty     Oba N. A. Adekanbi The Olofin of Isheri
8. His Royal Majesty     Oba (Apostle) M. A. A. Olabode The Omola of Imala
9. His Royal Majesty     Oba A. O. Oyero The Oniro of Iro
10. His Royal Majesty    Oba Michael A. Fatona The Elewo Ilewo
11. His Royal majesty     Oba J. O. O. Tella The Onisaga of Isaga
12. His Royal Majesty    Oba S. A. Oloyede The Onijale of Ijale
13. His Royal Majesty    Oba S. O. Fasina Onikooko of Kooko
14. His Royal Majesty    Oba S. A. Ojugbele The Onilogbo of Ilogbo
15. His Royal Majesty    Oba S. A. Oladipupo The Olu of Ifo
16. His Royal Majesty Oba A. K. Akamo The Olu of Itori
17. His Royal Majesty Oba F. O. Makinde The Olu of Igbein
18. His Royal Majesty Oba Onitele of Itele - (Vacant)

				
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