Slide 1 - Welcome SASANET by gabyion

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									    Social Accountability
Framework and Expectations
    from the Workshop
        13th March, 2007
               by
         Parmesh Shah
        The World Bank
 Accountability Relationships:
        A Framework        Social
                                      Accountability
                                       Mechanisms
                  Policymakers


Voice                                     Service
                                         Compact

    Poor people                   Providers

                   Client Power
SHORT AND LONG ROUTES OF ACCOUNTABILITY
  MEASURES TO ENFORCE ACCOUNTABILITY
1. Rules and Regulations
   administrative procedures, audits
                                                      Varying
                                                    degrees of
2. Bring in Market Principles                        success
    privatization or contracting out to private   achieved so far.
    sector and NGOs                                 Most often
                                                     success
3. Independent Agencies                            depends on
                                                       Direct
    ombudsman, vigilance commissions              Participation of
                                                    the people
4. Social Accountability
  What is Social Accountability?
SAc is an approach towards building accountability
   – that relies on civic engagement,
   – where ordinary citizens and/or their organizations participate
     directly or indirectly in exacting accountability

SAc mechanisms can be initiated and supported by the
  state, citizens or both, but very often they are demand-
  driven and operate from the bottom up.
SAc mechanisms include many actions and tools that
  citizens, NGOs and media can use to hold public
  authorities accountable.
               HOW TO MAKE A CHANGE

 From Coping to „VOICES‟ by Citizens
 From „Shouting‟ to „Counting‟ –
 need to quantify voice and feedback
 From Reaction to Informed Action
 From Episodic Responses to
 Organized Action
 From Confrontational to “Win-Win”
 situations
     SAc Mechanisms Include….
   Social audits
   Citizen Report Cards
   Community Score Cards
   Independent budget analysis
   Public Expenditure Tracking Surveys
   Citizen juries
   Participatory Budgeting
   Investigative journalism
   Right to Information Movements
 Why is SAc important ?

                Social
             Accountability


  Good                        Empower-
Governance                      ment

             Development
             Effectiveness
        SOCIAL ACCOUNTABILITY THROUGH
PARTICIPATORY PUBLIC EXPENDITURE MANAGEMENT

                       Budget Formulation




                  Kerala,
                                                  Budget
 Performance
                Chattisgarh,                      Analysis
  Monitoring      Andhra,
               Maharashtra, Sri
                   Lanka
                  CIVIC ENGAGEMENT
                              Rajasthan Mid Day
                               Meals, NREGS


                               Budget
                             Expenditure
                              Tracking
         BUILDING BLOCKS OF
 SOCIAL ACCOUNTABILITY MECHANISMS

                               Negotiating change
                         Building public support
                   Disseminating information
             Analyzing information

      Obtaining information

Mobilizing around a priority problem
       CHANGING INFORMATION FLOWS
Supply-side
                              Bureaucratic
                                 Action
  Accessed
                                              Efficient and effective
  Unpacked                                    public service delivery
 Demystified                                   Responsive Governments
 Institutions                                    and Public Services
                Re-arranges and re-supplies
 Mechanisms          INFORMATION                     Accountable public
 Processes                                           expenditure systems
  Capacity
                                                        Effective Civil
                                                        Society Institutions

                   Political                         Citizen
                    Action                           Action
Demand-side
         Workshop Objectives
• To introduce and orient key decision makers and
  practitioners to the SAc framework, trends and
  tools regionally
• Disseminate results of six pilot projects on SAc
  mechanisms
• Facilitate learning of existing and potential SAc
  practitioners and promote peer learning
  including supporting resource centers to develop
  core curriculum and training materials
• To develop project proposals that intend to
  introduce, strengthen or deepen SAc
  mechanisms in identified countries and projects
            Pilot Projects: Summary
   Project         Tool                            Services

Sri Lanka        CAP (CSC)   Village Organizations, Savings and Credit,


Rajasthan        PETS/CRC    Mid-Day Meal Scheme


Andhra Pradesh   CSC         Health
                             Health, Education, Water Supply and Panchayat
Maharashtra      CSC            Services
                             Health, Education, Water Supply and Panchayat
Kerala           CRC            Services


Chhattisgarh     CSC/CRC     Rating Methodology for GPs (Multiple Services)
          Workshop Design
• 6 result dissemination sessions on 6 pilots
• Taking SAc forward in SAR:
  – Round table
  – Breakout sessions for refining new proposals
    under experts
  – Session on “overview of existing resources”
  – Presentation of new proposals for more
    feedback
  – Submit draft project proposals
     Post-Workshop Follow Up
•   Select ideas, proposals and institutions
    for piloting and scaling up
•   Discuss submitted proposals and concept
    notes with short listed institutions
•   Submit Final Proposals by 15th April 2007
•   Implement the project proposal in your
    Project/Program as per the proposal.

								
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