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Noise and UV Radiation in Riyadh

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					                           ‫انًًهكت انؼشبٍت انغؼىدٌت‬
                                  ‫خايؼت انًهك عؼىد‬
                            ‫كهٍت انؼهىو - لغى انفٍضٌاء وانفهك‬




                           PROGRESS REPORT

  The Distribution of Infrared Radiation and
Acoustic Doses in Riyadh: An Analytical Study*

  :‫حوزع األشعت ححج الحوراء والجرعاث الظوحيت في هذيٌت الرياع‬
                        ‫دراست ححليليت‬
                                             by

                                ٟ‫د. ِحّذ بٓ صبٌح اٌصبٌح‬
                                        ‫الباحث الرئيس‬
    ‫د. أساهت أحوذ العاًي‬                                       ‫د. عبذ الرحوي بي علي فلوباى‬

                    A. A. Fleimban (PI), M. S. Al-Slalhi and U. A. Elani
Department of Physics & Astronomy, College of Science, King Saud University
          P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia




* This project is supported by SABIC under Research     Grant No. 26/23,1423/1424H (2003/2004)


  Jumada II, 1425H                                                                 July, 2004


                                       -1-
            ‫بغى اهلل انشحًٍ انشحٍى‬
            ‫ا‬                        ‫ال‬
 ‫"واهلل خؼم نكى يًا خهك ظال ً وخؼم نكى يٍ اندبال أكُاَ ً وخؼم نكى‬
‫عشابٍم حمٍكى انحش و عشابٍم حمٍكى بأعكى كزنك ٌخى َؼًخه ػهٍكى نؼهكى‬
                              ‫‪‬حغهًىٌ"‬
‫طذق اهلل انؼظٍى‬
 ‫(اٌَت ‪‬‬
                              ‫عىسة انُحم)‬




                            ‫-2-‬
   ‫شكر إلي سابك‬




Project Contents

    -3-
Abstract
Abstract in Arabic
                                                            Page
1. Introduction…………………………………………………………                         7
2. Main objectives……………………………………………………                         7
3. Project layout……………………………………………………..                       8
4. Noise Doses and Considerations……………………………..                9
Basic concepts……………………………………………………                        9
Environmental Noise and Issues……………………………….               9
5. Principles of Infrared IR Radiation……………………………..            11
  5.1 Basic Concepts………………………………………………….                       11
 5.2 Atmospheric Absorption of Infrared Radiation……………….     12
 5.3 Detection of Infrared Radiation…………………………………               13
6. Instrumentation for Doses and Infrared IR Measurements.. 13
  6.1 Noise Doses and Measurement..………………………………              13
  6.2 Infrared Radiation IR Measurement.………………….……….. 15
7. Sites Selection in Riyadh Area…………………………………               15
8. Private and Governmental Sectors……………………………               15
9. Budget Details…………………………………………………….. 16
10. Current Problems………………………………………………….. 16
11. Concluding Remarks……………………………………………… 16
12. References…………………………………………………………... 17
13. New and interested Textbooks…………………………………... 18

Acknowledgements…………………………………………………….. 18

Appendix(1): Project Management and Administration…………. 19

Appendix(2): Instruments and Technical Specifications………… 43




                            -4-
    The Distribution of Infrared Radiation and
  Acoustic Doses in Riyadh: An Analytical Study


                      A. A. Fleimban, M. S. Al-Slalhi and U. A. Elani
       Department of Physics & Astronomy, College of Science, King Saud University
                P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia




                                      Summary

       The growing infrastructure and the strength of the industrial sector in the
kingdom of Saudi Arabia are showing a huge expansion at all levels such as
industrial activities, roads and highways. This creates an interest in the
environmental issue at both private and governmental bodies. The present
research project will concentrate on the effect of two important parameters, the
noise doses and infrared IR radiation intensity, on the environment in Riyadh
area. Several sites and locations were chosen carefully for measuring the noise
and IR radiation levels by using new instruments already calibrated under
international standard conditions.

        This progress report includes details of a full description of project
methodology, layout and current achievements. The final results will be given
later in a final report. However, the experimental measurement is still needed in
order to have enough data for noise doses and infrared IR radiation. Thus, a
number of suggestions will be made to understand the behavior of any excess in
these two parameters. It is expected that analytical expressions will be
established for Riyadh city based on the present analysis of the field
measurements in the near future.




                                      -5-
     ‫حوزع األشعت ححج الحوراء والجرعاث الظوحيت في هذيٌت الرياع:‬
                           ‫دراست ححليليت‬

                  ‫عبذ الرحوي بي علي فلوباى، هحوذ بي طالح الظالحي، أساهت أحوذ العاًي‬
                       ‫قسن الفيسياء والفلك – كليت العلوم – جاهعت الولك سعود‬
                    ‫ص.ب 5542 – الرياع 15411 – الوولكت العربيت السعوديت‬



                                           ‫هلخض البحث‬

 ‫إْ ّٔٛ اٌبٕ١ت اٌخحخ١ت ٚ اٌخٛسغ اٌّخضا٠ذ فٟ لغبع اٌصٕبػت ٚاٌّٛاصالث ٚاٌغشق اٌسش٠ؼت‬
                                                  ‫ج‬
  ‫ٚ اٌزٞ حشٙذٖ اٌٍّّىت اٌؼشب١ت اٌسؼٛد٠ت لذ ٚ ّٗ االٔخببٖ إٌٝ لض١ت اٌب١ئت ػٍٝ اٌّسخٛ٠١ٓ اٌحىِٟٛ‬
                                                                              ‫و‬
     ‫ٚاألٍٟ٘ ِؼبً. ٠ش ّض اٌّششٚ ع اٌحبٌٟ ػٍٝ دساست حأث١ش ػبٍِ١ٓ ب١ئ١١ٓ ٘بِ١ٓ األٚي ٠ؼشف‬
       ‫ببٌجشػبث اٌصٛح١ت ٚاٌثبٟٔ بّسخٜٛ األشؼت ححج اٌحّشاء ٚحغ١شاحٗ ٚرٌه ػٍٝ ب١ئت ِٕغمت‬
‫اٌش٠بض. ٌمذ حُ اخخ١بس ِٛالغ ػذة ِٛصػت فٟ ِذ٠ٕت اٌش٠بض بح١ث س١جشٞ اٌم١بط ا٢ٟٔ اٌّشخشن‬
‫ٌٍجشػبث اٌصٛح١ت ٚاألشؼت ححج اٌحّشاء ببسخخذاَ أجٙضة ل١بط جذ٠ذة س١خُ ِؼب٠شحٙب ححج ششٚط‬
                                                                                 ‫ل١بس١ت ػبٌّ١ت.‬

  ‫٠خضّٓ اٌخمش٠ش اٌحبٌٟ ٚصف شبًِ ٌّخغظ اٌّششٚع ٚخغٛاحٗ إٌظش٠ت ٚاٌؼٍّ١ت ِٚب حُ‬
   ‫إٔجبصٖ حخٝ ا٢ْ. أِب إٌخبئج إٌٙبئ١ت ٌٍّششٚع فسٛف حٛضغ فٟ حمش٠ش ِٕفصً، ٚبصٛسة ػبِت‬
‫فئٔٗ ٠خٛلغ حسج١ً أسلبَ ِخضا٠ذة ٌىً ِٓ جشػبث اٌصٛث أٚ اٌضج١ج ٚاألشؼت ححج اٌحّشاء حخغ١ش‬
       ‫شذحٙب حسب حٛصع إٌّبعك ٚاٌغشق اٌسش٠ؼت فٟ اٌش٠بض، ٚ٘زا ِؤشش ٘بَ ٌضشٚسة حجّ١غ‬
 ‫اٌب١بٔبث اٌّ١ذأ١ت بصٛسة ِسخّشة ٌ١خُ ٚضغ اٌؼاللبث اٌش٠بض١ت اٌالصِت ٌفُٙ اٌسٍٛن ب١ٓ اٌضج١ج‬
‫ٚاألشؼت ححج اٌحّشاء ٚحأث١شاحٙب اٌب١ئ١ت اٌّشافمت فٟ ِذ٠ٕت اٌش٠بض. ٘زا ٚ٠خٛلغ أْ ٠خُ االٔخٙبء ِٓ‬
                      ‫رٌه بؼذ ححٍ١ً اٌب١بٔبث اٌّ١ذأ١ت ٚاٌخبصت بّذ٠ٕت اٌش٠بض فٟ اٌمش٠ب اٌؼبجً.‬




‫.1‬      ‫‪Introduction‬‬



                                           ‫-6-‬
        The environmental issue is becoming a hot topic in the industrial world.
Due to the implication of the triple E's equation between energy, environment and
economics had brought about a considerable interest in recent years in civilian,
military and industrial sectors in the developing countries as well as in the
developed world. Moreover, it is realized that new parameters could also
contribute to environmental problems such as noises, air pollution and others [1].
Energy consumption is also accelerated due to a huge electrical energy demand
in most countries, and thus energy conservation and its regulations are needed
to support the 3 E's equation under stable conditions [2]. Some industrial
countries are taking the environmental issue very seriously. For example,
ultraviolet UV data and ozone levels in the atmosphere are measured
continuously; and similarly noise levels are also monitored. Recent research
work and international reports indicate that the UV levels are increased in big
cities. This UV increase will affect seriously the environment (air, water, materials
and earth). On the other hand the transport sector is also becoming a large
contributor in damaging the environment in populated cities, and apart from the
sun, the infrared IR radiation level and the associated noise are also increased
due to the uncontrolled number of scattered cars. Accordingly, it is very important
to determine the infrared IR radiation and noise doses simultaneously. This is
essential for accumulating IR and noise measured data in order to understand
the behavior between these two environmental parameters and to establish
proper mathematical expressions suitable for researchers and decision makers.

       The present project is aimed to measure the total infrared IR radiation and
noise doses in Riyadh city. A number of selected locations/sites is already
chosen by considering the industrial and crowded areas in Riyadh. Then, a
number of suggestions will be made to draw the scope for future development in
the industrial sector together with the status of the environmental issue in Riyadh
city.

2.     Main objectives:

       The main steps in this project aimed to:

          -   Measuring and assessing the industrial/natural noise doses
               in certain areas in Riyadh city.

          -   Measuring and analyzing the infrared IR radiation.

          -   Making a simplified approach to obtain interaction between
               noise doses and infrared IR radiation in Riyadh.




3.     Project layout:


                                    -7-
        An illustrative flowchart of the present research work could be shown in
     Figure 1.


          Literature             Noise Doses
         Review and             and Detectors
         References



          Infrared                   Data               Mathematical
        Radiation IR            Collection and          Expressions
           Sensors                Analysis




                                 Results and
                                  Progress
                                  Reports



                                 Conclusions
                                      and
                                 Suggestions
                                  for Future
                                    Work




                                   Expected
                                 Publications
                                 in Technical
                                   Journals




             Fig. 1. A Schematic representation of the present
                            research project




4.   Noise Doses and Considerations:


                                 -8-
4.1 Basic concepts:

       The rapid development of the infrastructure in the Kingdom of
Saudi Arabia over the last three decades had reflected considerable
environmental issues such as air and noise pollution. Research work in
this area had several important objectives, and these are differ from
country to country. For example, noise protection programs have similar
shape at national and international levels. But legal requirements are not
identical when noise regulations are adopted in the traffic system.
Techniques and methods differ and political-social focus varies. However,
there are common aspects covering all environmental issues. Saudi
Arabia has become an urbanized and mobile society in a short period of
time. The population is also increased in major cities such as Riyadh
together with an increased traffic volume capacity. For instance, it is
estimated that the average daily traffic volume (ADT) in excess of 150x103
vehicles per day in the central area of the city [3-5].

        The construction of hundreds of kilometers of highways, arterials,
flyover bridges, road and spaghetti junctions etc.. has complimented the
intense development of the socio-economic sectors. For example, in the
long-run, the noise levels may damage the hearing and, thus, the daily
activities will be worth due to degradation in the quality of urban life. It is
also believed that the unexpected increase in the temperature of the
environment may be caused by climate as well as by the huge amount of
running cars and other vehicles. Research work is also required to find out
factors and techniques could be adopted to reduce traffic noise in major
areas in the big cities.

4.2 Environmental Noise and Issues:

        The world noise usually carries the implication of undesirability. It
means a continuous spectrum covering a range of frequencies.
Environmental noise is also distinguished between indoor (office/factory)
and outdoor (highways) environments. The most complete description of
any particular noise could provide a history of how its frequency spectrum
changed with time. There are a number of environmental issues could be
classified as:


       -         New planning should be considered for residential areas,
                 industrial sites, highways and airports.
       -         Handling complaints from citizens either during the
                 planning phase or afterward.
       -         Assessing the compliance/non-compliance of noise
                 sources(e.g. industrial plants, fairgrounds, airports,
                 highways and roads).




                             -9-
Accordingly, analyzing environmental issues could contribute in the following
areas:

              -        Making field measurements
              -        Assessing noise from specific sources
              -        Calculating expected noise doses or levels
              -        Mapping and noise distribution
              -        Preparing reports for citizens or decision makers
              -        Documenting and retrieving data

        These tasks or issues are demanding at all levels in order to find the noise
pollution ratio in big cities. All average noise figures will be based on a simple
arithmetic mean of energy or intensity:


                                              T
                                     1
                                I   I( t )dt              …[1]
                                     T0

This equation says that the total amount of energy was delivered by the
fluctuating sound as if it had been a perfectly steady sound of intensity I
continuing throughout the time T. Since, I , is proportional to p2 (where p is the
pressure), this means that whenever we want to characterize the sound by its
pressure we must deal with rms averages, or:

                                          T
                                      1 2
                                      T
                     p 2  p 2  
                       rms               p ( t )dt            …[2]
                                       0


So, if data are recorded in terms of sound pressure levels in decibels (dB), the
proper way to combine them is with an exponential average:

                                     1  T SPL( t ) 
                     SPL  10 log    10 10 dt          …[3]
                                     T  0          

For example, if the sound level is 80 dB when a machine is running and the
background noise is 60 dB with the machine off. The average sound level is
given by:

                                     1  T    T  
                     SPL  10 log   108   10 6   …[4]
                                     T  2    2  

                                                 
                     SPL   10 log 50 .5x10 6  77 dB

 It is better to take extensive series of SPL readings and calculate their averages.
This task is easy to carry by special equipment, e.g. micro-computer . Time
interval could be 1s and each reading is used to update a running average, and
after the desired period (24 hrs) the sampling rate will stop automatically and the



                                      - 10 -
final results will be printed on command, and this will be altered slightly
depending on the equipment 's manufacturer.

5. Principles of Infrared IR Radiation:

5.1 Basic Concepts:

       The purpose of this section is to present a simple description for IR
radiation. Infrared radiation has a variety of aspects and shapes started from IR1
(1st waveband) to IR2 (2nd waveband) or totally from 0.75  m to 1000  m. The
original significance of it as a form of heat radiation is perhaps less prominent
today than it was at the time of its discovery. This was discovered by Sir William
Hershel(1800) who actually repeated Newton's prism experiment but looked for
the heating effect rather than the visual distribution of intensity in the spectrum
[6-9].

       The importance of IR as a vehicle of information by "invisible" rays was
also recognized quite early back to world war one and world war two, when the
research efforts produced substantial progress in IR technology.

      Studies of lattice vibrations in ionic crystals by observing their "residual
ray" reflectivity in the far-IR or the determination of energy gaps in
semiconductors are typical examples of using IR solid state physics devices.

      In 1900, M. Plank made a great step in the electromagnetic radiation. He
found that the proper distribution of energy among the elementary oscillators
thermally excited based on:

                                     hC
                          E  h                              …[5]
                                      
             C
where,        , is the wavelength, C  3x108 m / s is the velocity of light, and
             
 h  6.624x10 34 J. sec is known as Plank's constant. For the blackbody the total
emissive power of radiant emittance is exactly proportional to the fourth power of
its absolute temperature(Stefan-Boltzmann law).

       The theoretical idea of the infrared radiation is based on Plank's law. The
spectral dependence of radiative properties of a blackbody on temperature is
normally described by Plank's law. The spectral energy density u  is the amount
of radiant energy per unit volume per unit frequency interval or:


                                 8h 3
                       u                                     …[6]
                            C 3  e kT  1
                                   h
                                         
                                         

Where, k  1.38x10 23 J / K is known as Boltzmann constant.




                                   - 11 -
       Accordingly, any hot object emits electromagnetic radiation in the form of
infrared photons, and the amount and spectral distribution depends on the
absolute temperature of the object. A blackbody is a theoretical concept of an
object that absorbs all incident radiation with no reflection or transmission. At an
absolute temperature T, and thus based on the previous equation [7] the
blackbody emits radiation whose, spectral shape is given by:


                                   2hC 2      1  
                         I( )          . hC                …[7]
                                    5  e kT  1
                                                 

where, I is the intensity of radiation, and the total power radiated by a blackbody
is given by the Stefan-Boltzmann law:

                             P(T )  .T 4                     …[8]

where,  is the Stefan-Boltzmann constant and is given by:


                    2 5 .k 4
                      2    3
                                5.67 x10 8 J / m 2 .K 4      …[9]
                   15 C .h

        Thus, the radiative heat transfer between two black bodies is proportional
to the difference between the fourth power of the temperatures of the bodies.
Although, no physical object behaves as a true blackbody, most objects of
interest in atmospheric infrared measurements, including the sun, atmosphere
(clouds, seas, air, etc), ground, cars, aircrafts and other radiation receiving
surfaces, behave in a manner similar to black bodies. Real objects transmit and
reflect some of the incident radiation and can have some strong absorption and
transmission lines. The surface of the sun is approximately 6000K, while the
earth's atmosphere has a mean temperature of 250K. The sun's spectrum peaks
in intensity in the visible region (0.5  m), the cloud's spectra peaks at 10 to 15
  m), and has virtually no strength in the region of the atmospheric long-term
infrared (4 to 30  m). Unfortunately, the temperature of most terrestrial objects is
not significantly different from the mean temperature of the atmosphere.
Consequently, any detector sensitive to atmospheric radiation will also be
sensitive to the thermal radiation from objects nearby, or from parts of the
detector itself.

5.2 Atmospheric Absorption of Infrared Radiation:

        It is well-known that the main sources of infrared radiation are the sun, hot
bodies, solid radiators, cavity radiators, ruby laser, gas laser and pn junction
laser. Radiometers are often used for detection of weak and distant sources over
a great expanse of atmosphere. The atmosphere is a complex mixture of
nitrogen, oxygen and rare gases. It contains variable amounts of water (vapor,
liquid), carbon dioxide, suspended particles (e.g. haze, smog, dust etc).
Radiation passing through such as turbid medium is partly absorbed and partly


                                      - 12 -
scattered. Solar radiation illuminating this medium is being scattered, and some
of it reaches the radiometer together with thermally emitted atmospheric
radiation. Thus, the radiation from the source is attenuated and the unwanted
background radiation is superimposed on it. Knowledge of these process is of
great importance to missile detectors, radars, climate, communication systems
and biomedical applications.

5.3 Detection of Infrared Radiation:

      There are a number of IR detectors and are classified into two categories:

             a) Thermal detectors: pneumatic cells, thermocouples and
                bolometers (resistivity).

             b) Non-thermal detectors: quantum detectors, photo-detectors,
                photo-electromagnetic detectors.


6. Instrumentation for Noise and Infrared IR Radiation:

       This section deals with the arrangement for both noise doses and IR
radiation. Project management and administration involved continuous
correspondences with local and foreign companies in order to have proper
instruments suitable for this project. However, most of the documents and
correspondences are given in appendix (1), whereas, a number of technical
specifications of the instruments is kept in appendix (2).

6.1 Noise Doses Measurements:

       The noise doses will be measured by using the Noise Dosimetry Q-300
Model bought recently through a local company [10]. Before taking
measurements with this instrument, there is a series of quick checks that should
be performed. Turn the unit on, the display will indicate that a brief warm up is
taking place. Check for LOBAT indicator in the display, if needed to be replaced.
Function keys include different features, such as LEVELS, DOSE, AVG or
TIMES. Also, the functions keys may be used to review the results. This
compact, portable and computerized equipment has many technical terms and
these could be listed as follows:


             -        Criterion Level: is the maximum allowable exposure to
                      accumulated noise, it gives the conditions that result in
                      100% dose. The criterion level is typically set by a
                      regulating agency such as OSHA and usually for
                      community noise monitoring. For example, OSHA
                      mandates the criterion level(i.e. the maximum allowable
                      accumulated noise exposure) to be 90 dB for 8 hours. For
                      an 8 hrs samples, an average level (LAVG) of 90 dB will
                      result in 100% dose. For OSHA hearing conversation
                      amendment , the "action level" is 85 dB for 8 hrs. This will


                                 - 13 -
    result in a 50% dose reading. Note the criterion level has
    not changed. If the criterion level is changed to 85 dB then
    an 8 hrs average of 85 dB would result in 100% dose.
-   Dose: is expressed in percent, it is the percentage % of
    the maximum exposure that has accumulated in the run
    time. 100% is the maximum allowable exposure. For
    OSHA and MSHA, 100% dose occurs for an average
    sound level of 90 dB over an 8 hrs period.
-   Exchange Rate( Doubling Rate): is the decibel level that
    would double or halve the sound exposure. For instance,
    with a 3 dB exchange rate the sound exposure doubles
    with every 3 dB increase, and the sound exposure is
    halved every 3 dB decrease. OSHA & MSHA regulations
    require a 5 dB exchange rate.
-   Lavg: stands for level average, and is the average sound
    level measured over the run time.
-   Leq: stands for level equivalent and is the average sound
    level measured over the run time but is calculated with a 3
    dB exchange rate.
-   Max Level: is the highest weighted sound level that
    occurred, also allowing for the response time that the
    meter is set too. If the meter is set for "A" weighting with
    slow response then the Max Level is the highest "A"
    weighted sound that occurred applying the slow response
    time.
-   Peak Level: is the highest instantaneous and non-
    weighted level that occurred during the run time. The peak
    level does not apply the "A" or "C" weighting, or the fast or
    slow response time. OSHA does not allow any peak level
    over 140 dB.
-   Response Time (Fast, Slow): is the time which responds
    to changing noise levels.
-   Threshold Level (Cut Off): noise levels below the
    threshold are integrated as zero dB. This will affect L avg,
    TWA, and Dose values. OSHA & MSHA use an 80 dB
    threshold for hearing conservation.
-   TWA (Time Weighted Average): takes the noise
    exposure accumulated in the run time and applies an 8
    hrs time period. If the meter was in run for 5 minutes, the
    TWA takes that 5 minutes of noise input and averages it
    into an 8 hrs run time. The TWA in this case would be
    much lower than the Lavg.
-   Power Requirement: +11 to +14 VDC, 160 mA dc
    including ventilation for current; an additional lamp is
    required for the heaters AC/DC power supply 110 – 220
    VAC main supply.




              - 14 -
6.2 Infrared IR Measurements:

       The infrared IR radiation intensity will measured by TIR–550 Model. This
instrument is intended to measure the total Infrared Radiation, and will be
obtained later from YES (Yankee Environmental System) Company, USA. This
equipment was chosen already due to its advanced technical specifications. The
TIR radiometer can measure the total infrared atmospheric radiation in the range
mid-to-far infrared. Spectral response in the range 4 to 50  m, cosine response
9% to 25%. The TIR-550 is sensitive to radiation with wavelengths between 4 to
30  m, making it an ideal instrument for the measurement of incident
atmospheric radiation [11].

        This instrument is required with a ventilator to minimize the effects of
changes in atmospheric temperature and to eliminate dew/moisture formation on
the dome. If required, heating is provided for dew removal depending on
installation requirements. The instrument could be used in many applications
such as:

      - Meteorological and climate measurements

      - Global warming and surface albedo studies

      - Verification of global circulation models

      - Remote sensing ground truth experiments.


7. Sites Selection in Riyadh Area:

       Based on previous research work, there are many locations could be
selected. However, it was decided to select twelve sites scattered in Riyadh area
similar to those listed in the other project No. 27/23. Power stations, Industrial
areas, crowded and high traffic roads are the main targets in this project.

8. Private and Governmental Sectors:

       The present data and method of analysis in this project are very useful for
a number of private and governmental bodies, and these could be listed as
follows:
       1. Ministry of Defense and Aviation (Meteorology and Environmental
Protection Establishment).
       2. The Higher Commission for Riyadh City Development.
         3. Ministry of Commerce & Industry
         4. Ministry of Water & Electricity
         5. Ministry of Agriculture
         6. Ministry of Health
         7. Ministry of Education
         8. King Abdulaziz City for Science & Technology
         9. Young People Care and Sport Centers
         10. Tourism & other entwinement centers


                                  - 15 -
9. Budget Details:

The Total Infrared TIR-550 Model: The computerized instrument will be bought
soon after getting the requested financial support. All correspondence together
with the quotation price list is already arranged with the company.

Total cost: 38,000 SR

Noise Doses QUEST Q-300 Model: This computerized instrument is already
bought from the company through a local firm in Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Total cost: 24,000 SR

Technical reports, stationary and others:

       Current cost: 3000 SR for stationary and typing, 5000 SR for research
assistants and final year students research projects (transport and taking
measurement).

10. Current Problems:

        The experimental measurements will be started soon for noise doses, but
for infrared IR radiation will be started later when the requested equipment is
delivered.

       Due the delay in receiving the instruments from abroad, the final results
are also expected to be submitted later, and so the need to extend the project at
least eight months more started from June 2004. This will help to record the
experimental data for noise and IR radiation intensities. Accordingly, the
mathematical expressions will be verified for theoretical and experimental data.

      Financial budget of 20,000 SR is needed to extend the current budget for
TIR-550 instrument.

11. Concluding Remarks:

       A number of concluding remarks could be listed as follows:

          -   The noise doses and infrared IR radiation measurements are vital
              to understand the environmental situation in Riyadh area.

          -   Several sites and locations will be selected in Riyadh region
              similar to those reported in the other report for project No. 27/23.
              Power stations, Highways and industrial areas will be included in
              the present selection.

          -   The noise analysis and IR radiation theoretical calculations are
              also useful to support the behavior and our claims about the
              present recorded data.



                                 - 16 -
      -   A number of suggestions will be reported later to help decision
          makers in the fields of environment , energy and industry.

12. References:

1)    Johansson T. B, Kelly H., Reddy A. K. N. and Willimas R. H. (1993): A
      Renewables-Intensive Global Energy Scenario, Renewable Energy:
      Sources for Fuels and Electricity, Edited by Johansson T. B et al.,
      Island Press, USA, pp. 1071-1142.

2)    Elani U. A., Alawaji S. H. and Hasnain S. M. (1996): The Role of
      Renewable Energy in Energy Management and Conservation,
      Renewable Energy, Vol. 9, Nos. 1-4, pp. 1203-762.

3)    Felimban A. A., Koushki P. A(1989): Traffic-generated noise pollution
      in Riyadh: its magnitude and perceived health hazards, Final Research
      Report, Research Project No. AT-9-32, KACST, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

4)    Koushki P. A., Cohn L. F. and Fleimban A. A. (1993): Urban Noise in
      Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Perceptions and Attitudes, J. Transportation
      Eng., ASCE, pp. 751-762.

5)    Koushki P. A, Fleimban A. A. and El-Rekhaimi T. A. (1993): Reference
      Energy Mean Noise Levels for Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Transportation
      Research Record, No. 1416, Energy and Environment, pp. 65-68.

6)    Spencer J. W. (1972): Computer estimation of direct solar radiation on
      clear days, Solar Energy, 13, 437-438.

7)    Nijegorodov N., Luhanga P.V.C. (1998): A new model to predict normal
      instantaneous Solar Radiation based on laws of spectroscopy, Kinetic
      theory and thermodynamics, Renewable Energy, Vol.13, No.4, pp.
      523-530.

8)    Simson I (1975): Infrared Radiation, A textbook by Van Nostrand
      Momentum Book.

9)    Al-Salhi, M.S., Al-Ayed, M.S., Elani, U.A. (2001): Dimensionless
      Parameters for Infrared and Ultraviolet Solar Radiation in Riyadh Area,
      Presented at the Sharjah .Solar Energy Conference, Paper No. 172-
      STOI10.

10)   QUEST Technologies (2004): Noise Dosimetry: Common Terms with
      Examples, A Catalogue 98-248 from Quest Company, www.quest-
      technologies.com.

11)   TIR-550(2004): Total Infrared IR Radiometer: Installation and User
      Guide, Yankee Environmental System Inc, USA. www.yesinc.com, e-
      mail: info@yesinc.com.



                             - 17 -
13. New and Interested Textbooks:

   1) Radiation Detection and Measurement, 3rd Edition, Knoll G. F., 2000.
   2) Environmental Physics, 2nd Edition, Boeker E., Van Grondelle, Solition
      Manual, www.nat.vu.n1/envphys .
   3) Noise Pollution, Walker J., Flindell I., 2003.
   4) Handbook of Weather, Climate and Water, Fundamental and Principles,
      Ed. Potter, T. D., Colman B. R., 2003.
   5) Chemical Concepts in Pollutant Behavior, 2nd Edition, Tinsley I. J., 2003.

Acknowledgments:

   The financial support of SABIC under the Grant No. 26/23 is gratefully
acknowledged. Thanks are also due to Research Centre at the College of
Science of King Saud University. Special thanks to the Deanship of Scientific
Research at King Saud University for their continuous support and
encouragement.




                                - 18 -
            Appendix(1)
Project Management and Administration




          - 19 -
                                      ‫32 3 3002‬             ‫02 1 4241‬

                            ‫ٔشعٛ ا روش أسلبَ اٌٙٛارف اٌخبطخ ثبٌغذٚي اٌزبٌٟ:‬

‫2‬           ‫1‬



 ‫5736764‬     ‫6736764‬      ‫0266764/0836764‬            ‫هاحف انًكخب- انًؼًم‬



‫712591450‬   ‫578584550‬         ‫518401550‬                  ‫هاحف اندىال‬



 ‫0836764‬     ‫0836764‬      ‫0836764/9736764‬                ‫هاحف انمغى‬



 ‫6563764‬     ‫6563764‬           ‫6563764‬                    ‫سلى انفاكظ‬




                 ‫- 02 -‬
                                                                         ‫62 32‬




                 ‫ِحّذ ثٓ طبٌح اٌظبٌحٟ ، عجذ اٌشحّٓ ثٓ عٍٟ فٍّجبْ،أعبِخ أحّذ اٌعبٟٔ‬
                               ‫لغُ اٌف١ض٠بء ، وٍ١خ اٌعٍَٛ ، عبِعخ اٌٍّه ععٛد‬
                                    ‫ص.ة 5542 ، اٌش٠بع 15411‬

                                            ‫يهخض انبحذ‬
                                                    ‫ب‬
‫رضداد أّ٘١خ اٌّإصشاد اٌج١ئ١خ فٟ اٌّذْ اٌىج١شح ٠ًِٛ ثعذ ٠َٛ ٚرٌه ثغجت حشوخ اٌّشٚس اٌٙبئٍخ ِٚزـٍجبد‬
‫ب‬      ‫ب‬
‫اٌّشبس٠ع اٌظٕبع١خ اٌؼخّخ. ٠عزجش اٌؼغ١ظ ٚاإلشعبع اٌحشاسٞ (ٔـبق األشعخ رحذ اٌحّشاء) ِٛػٛعً عبخًٕ‬
   ‫فٟ ِغبي ف١ض٠بء اٌج١ئخ. فعٍٝ عج١ً اٌّضبي فاْ ل١بط ِغزٜٛ اٌغشعبد اٌظٛر١خ ٚاألشعخ رحذ اٌحّشاء إٌبرغخ‬
  ‫عٓ إٌشبؽ اٌظٕبعٟ ٚاإلشعبع اٌشّغٟ ٚاٌحشوخ اٌّشٚس٠خ ٚغ١ش٘ب ع١غبعذ عٍٝ فُٙ ٘زٖ اٌم١بعبد ٚرأص١شارٙب‬
‫اٌج١ئ١خ. ٌمذ لبِذ دٚي طٕبع١خ وج١شح ثأخز ثعغ اإلعشاءاد اٌخبطخ ثبٌزٍٛس ٚاالصدحبَ اٌّشٚسٞ ح١ش أطذسد‬
                              ‫لشاساد عذح فٟ ِغبي اٌؼٛاثؾ اٌج١ئ١خ ٌزشًّ لـبعبد اٌزعٍ١ُ ٚاٌظٕبعخ ٚاٌـبلخ.‬

                                                                       ‫ب‬
     ‫رجزي فٟ ِخزٍف دٚي اٌعبٌُ حبٌ١ً عٙٛد عٍّ١خ رذسط اٌعاللخ ث١ٓ اسرفبع ِغزٜٛ اٌزٍٛس اإلشعبعٟ ِع‬
‫إٌشبؽ اٌحؼبسٞ ٚاٌظٕبعٟ ٚاٌزٞ ٔزظ عٕٗ اسرفبع ٍِحٛف فٟ اٌؼغ١ظ اٌظٕبعٟ ٚحشوخ اٌّشٚس اٌّعمذح ٚرغ١ش‬
                                                       ‫ب‬
 ‫اٌىزٍخ اٌٙٛائ١خ فٟ اٌغالف اٌغٛٞ. وّب اسرجؾ رٌه أ٠ؼً ثزحذ٠ذ ٍِٛصبد عذ٠ذح أصشد ثشىً وج١ش عٍٝ ٔغجخ األشعخ‬
     ‫رحذ اٌحّشاء – اٌشّغ١خ (ِٓ اإلشعبع اٌشّغٟ) ٚغ١ش اٌشّغ١خ إٌبرغخ عٓ اسرفبع فٟ دسعخ حشاسح اٌغٛ‬
  ‫ٚإٌشبؽ اٌظٕبعٟ اٌّشافك. فعٍٝ اٌّغزٜٛ اٌّحٍٟ فاْ اصد٠بد اٌحشوخ اٌعّشأ١خ ٚاٌزّٕ١خ اٌظٕبع١خ فٟ اٌغٕٛاد‬
    ‫األخ١شح لذ أدٜ ئٌٝ ا٘زّبَ ث١ئٟ ٍِحٛف ِٓ لجً اٌمـبع١ٓ اٌحىِٟٛ ٚاألٍٟ٘ ، ح١ش شًّ اٌجذء ثزـٛ٠ش لٛاعذ‬
  ‫ِعٍِٛبد ث١ئ١خ ، ٚٚػع ثعغ اٌحٍٛي ٚاٌّمزشحبد ٚاٌؼٛاثؾ اٌج١ئ١خ اٌخبطخ ثأشبء اٌّظبٔع ٚاٌّشافك اٌىج١شح‬
                                                       ‫ِّب ع١غبُ٘ فٟ رـٛ٠ش اٌٛػع اٌج١ئٟ اٌعبَ ئْ شبء اهلل.‬

‫٠ٙذف اٌّششٚع ئٌٝ ل١بط ٚرحٍ١ً ِغزٜٛ اٌغشعبد اٌظٛر١خ فٟ ِٕبؿك ِحذدح فٟ ِذ٠ٕخ اٌش٠بع،ٚوزٌه‬
   ‫رع١١ٓ ِغزٛ٠بد األشعخ رحذ اٌحّشاء . وّب ع١زُ ئعذاد ّٔٛرط س٠بػٟ ِجغؾ ثٙذف ئ٠غبد عاللخ رمش٠ج١خ رشثؾ‬
                 ‫ٔغجخ رأص١ش اٌغشعبد اٌظٛر١خ ٚاألشعخ رحذ اٌحّشاء عٍٝ اٌّٛلف اٌج١ئٟ اٌعبَ ٌّذ٠ٕخ اٌش٠بع.‬

  ‫رعزّذ خـخ عًّ اٌّششٚع عٍٝ رٛف١ش اٌّعٍِٛبد اٌّشرجـخ ثبٌؼغ١ظ اٌظٕبعٟ ٚرٛصع األشعخ رحذ‬
 ‫اٌحّشاء ، ح١ش ع١زُ اعزخذاَ أعٙضح ل١بط حذ٠ضخ ، ِٚٓ صُ رخض٠ٓ اٌج١بٔبد اٌّغغٍخ ٌ١زُ ئعزّبد ّٔٛرط س٠بػٟ‬
                                        ‫ب‬
     ‫٠شثؾ اٌزأص١شاد اٌظٛر١خ (اٌؼغ١ظ) ٚاإلشعبع١خ (رحذ اٌحّشاء) ِعً فٟ ِذ٠ٕخ اٌش٠بع، ٚ٘زا ع١غبعذ عٍٝ‬
 ‫ئعشاء اٌزحٍ١ً إٌّبعت ٌٍٛطٛي ئٌٝ فُٙ رأص١ش ٘ز٠ٓ اٌّإصش٠ٓ اٌج١ئ١١ٓ عٍٝ ِذ٠ٕخ اٌش٠بع ٚئِىبٔ١خ رعّ١ّٙب فٟ‬
   ‫ا‬
‫ِٕبؿك ِخزٍفخ فٟ اٌٍّّىخ اٌعشث١خ اٌغعٛد٠خ. ٠ٛػح شىً( 1) اٌخـخ اٌضِٕ١خ ٌٍّششٚع ِٚشاحٍٗ اٌغذ ثذءً ِٓ‬
                                               ‫وبْٔٛ اٌضبٟٔ (٠ٕب٠ش) 3002َ ٚحزٝ حض٠شاْ( ٠ٛٔ١خ) 4002َ.‬




                                         ‫- 12 -‬
    ‫حأيٍٍ انًؼهىياث‬         ‫أخهضة انمٍاط‬            ‫إػذاد انًُىرج‬
   ‫وانًشاخغ وانخماسٌش‬     ‫اندشػاث انظىحٍت‬              ‫انشٌاضً‬
      ‫ٌُاٌش- ياسط‬             ‫وأشؼت‪IR‬‬              ‫ياسط – عبخًبش‬
         ‫3002و‬           ‫ٌُاٌش – ٌىٍَت 3002و‬           ‫3002و‬




       ‫إػذاد انخمشٌش‬         ‫ححهٍم انُخائح‬         ‫حغدٍم انبٍاَاث‬
      ‫انُهائً وانُشش‬         ‫ٌُاٌش – ٌىٍَت‬        ‫فً يىالغ يخخهفت‬
          ‫انؼهًً‬                ‫4002و‬              ‫ٌىٍَت 3002و-‬
       ‫ياٌى – ٌىٍَت‬                                ‫ياسط 4002و‬
          ‫4002و‬




        ‫شكم(1): انًخطط انظُذولً نًشاحم يششوع لٍاعاث اندشػاث‬
         ‫انظىحٍت ويغخىٌاث األشؼت ححج انحًشاء فً يذٌُت انشٌاع‬




                                                                    ‫انباحذ انشئٍظ:‬
                                                     ‫د. يحًذ بٍ طانح انظانحً‬
‫‪E-mail :malsalhi@ksu.edu.sa‬‬                                ‫انباحثىٌ انًشاسكىٌ:‬
‫‪E-mail:felimban@ksu.edu.sa‬‬                          ‫د.ػبذ انشحًٍ بٍ ػهً فهًباٌ‬
‫‪E-mail:uaelani@ksu.edu.sa‬‬                                   ‫د.أعايت أحًذ انؼاًَ‬




                            ‫- 22 -‬
Project No : 26/23
Research title: The Distribution of Infrared and Acoustic Doses
(Infra-sound) in Riyadh: An Analytical Study




                     M.S. Al-Salhi, A.A. Felimban,and U.A. Elani
             Department of Physics, College of Science, King Saud University
                      P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia



                                       Abstract

     The environmental affects in large cities are increased in recent years due to a
huge crowded traffic and industrial projects requirements. Noise and thermal radiation
(infrared region) become a hot topic in the field of environmental physics. For
instance, the measurement of acoustic doses (noise region) and infrared radiation
levels will help to understand their effects on environment. A number of industrialized
countries is already considered some rules and restrictions for transport sector and air
pollution, especially in education, industry and energy.

     Scientific research efforts are progressing in several countries to study the
interaction between the industrial activity, thermal radiation level, and air mass. This
work aimed to determine the fraction of new pollutants as well as the solar infrared
and non-solar infrared levels. At local level, the governmental and private sectors are
both took the environmental affects into consideration in their policy. For example,
databases and special regulations are already adopted for almost new industries. This
will assist to establish a better understanding for environment in Saudi Arabia.

    This research project is intended to measure the acoustic doses and infrared
radiation levels in certain areas in Riyadh City. Then, an analytical model will be
developed to see the effects of these two factors, (i.e. acoustic and infrared levels).

     A work plan will include several steps. Technical Information and databases
related to industrial noise and infrared levels are required. Modern equipments are also
needed to store experimental data in order to develop a mathematical model to find the
variation of such factors. This work could be adopted for other region in Saudi Arabia.
Figure 1 illustrates the main six steps started from January 2003 till June 2004.




                                  - 23 -
    Information,             Equipment            Mathematical
     Reference             Sensors, etc.             Model
    and Reports             for acoustic          Mar-Sept 2003
    Jan-Mar 2003               and IR
                             Radiation
                           Jan-June 2003


      Final Report          Results and          Data recording
          And                Analysis            at several sites
      Publication            Jan-Jun              Jun 2003-Mar
        May-Jun                2004                   2004
          2004




        Fig. 1 A block diagram for acoustic and infrared
               radiation measurement in Riyadh.




Principal Investigator :
                                       E-Mail:malsalhi@ksu.edu.sa
Dr. M. S. Al-Salhi

Co-Investigators:

Dr.A.A. Felimban                       E-mail: felimban@ksu.edu.sa,

Dr. U. A. Elani                        E-mail:uaelani@ksu.edu.sa




                              - 24 -
                                  ‫بسن اهلل الرحوي الرحين‬

                                                           ‫الوولكت العربيت السعوديت‬
     Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


  Ministry of Higher Education
                                                           ‫جاهعت الولك سعود‬
                                                              ‫عوادة البحث العلوي‬
     King Saud University

Deanship of Scientific Research

  Research Center - College of
           Science




                                     ‫اسخوارة هشروع بحث‬


                         RESEARCH PROJECT APPLICATION FORM




                                    - 25 -
Department:

                                                                                 ‫اٌف١ض٠بء ٚاٌفٍه‬
Title of the Proposed Research:
The Distribution of Infrared and Acoustic Doses
                                                  ٟ‫رٛصع األشعخ رحذ اٌحّشاء ٚاألِٛاط اٌظٛر١خ ف‬
(Infra-sound) in Riyadh - An Analytical Study                        ‫ِذ٠ٕخ اٌش٠بع-دساعخ رحٍ١ٍ١خ‬


Principal Investigator:
Dr. M.S. Al-Salhi

Co-Investigators:

Dr. U. A. Elani
Dr. A. A. Fleimban

Research Assistants:



Approximate Duration of Research:
                                                                                     ‫ا‬
                                                                                     ً‫81 شٙش‬
Total Budget:
50.000 S.R.                                                                          50.000
Summary:
(not exceeding 200 words)
                                                                             200




                                     - 26 -
Scientific Background and
Review of Literature:




                                        [1]
                            [4]


                                                    [5,6]



                      [2,3]


                                              [5]




                                  [6]




                      - 27 -
Justification of the Research:




Objectives of the Research:


                                          
                                          
                                          




                                 - 28 -
Methodology:


                        1
                        2
                        3




               - 29 -
Work Plan: (including time Scheduling)
  2004                2003
                                                        18
               2003                                          1
                                                             2
                                                    2003
                                                             3
                                          2003
                                                             4
                  2004          2003
              2004       2004                                5


                                                 2004




                                 - 30 -
References:

1- Koushki P. A., Fleimban A. A. and El-Rekhaimi T. A. (1993): Reference
   Energy Mean Noise Emission Levels for Riyadh, Saudi Arabia,
   Transportation Research Record, No. 1416, Energy and Environment, PP.
   65-68, USA.
2- Koushki P. A., Cohn L. F. and Fleimban A. A. (1993): Urban Noise in
   Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Perceptions and Attitudes, J. Transportation Eng.,
   ASCE, PP.751-762, USA.
3- Elani U. A., Alawaji S. H. and Hasnain S. M. (1996): The Role of
   Renewable Energy in Energy Management and Conservation, Renewable
   Energy, Vol.9, Nos.1-4, PP.1203-1206, UK.
4- Khonkar H. I., Elani U. A. (1999): The Role of Solar -Thermal Energy
   Systems in Energy Conservation for Industrial Sector, Proced. Of the 5th
   Saudi Eng. Conf., Vol.4, PP.103-112, (In Arabic), Univ. of Omm Alqura,
   Makkah Al-Mukarramah, Saudi Arabia.
5- Al-Shibani K., Elani U. A. (2001): An Investigation on the Long-Term
   Performance of a Silicon Solar Car. To Be Published in the Int. J. of
   Renewable Energy Eng. Vol.2, No.2, Aug.2001, Australia.
6- Al-Salhi M.S., Al-Ayed and Elani U. A. (2001): Dimensionless
   Parameters for Infrared and Ultraviolet Solar Radiation Analyses in
   Riyadh Area, Presented at the Sharjah Solar Energy Conference, Feb 19-
   22, 2001, Paper No. 172-STOI10.




                              - 31 -
                            ‫هيساًيت البحث‬
                 BUDGET OF THE PROJECT
Total Approx. Budget (SAR):
50.000 S.R                                              50,000

                             ‫حفاطيل الويساًيت‬
                           Detailed Budget

First: Necessary Equipment: (not available in dept. or college)
Total budget:                                   35,000
Description & Approximate Values:
1. Noise Exposure Meter                         20,000 SR
2. Infrared Detectors                           15,000 SR

  TOTAL :                                       35,000 SR




                           - 32 -
                         )‫حفاطيل الويساًيت (حابع‬
                   Detailed Budget (continued)

Second: Other Materials & Expenses (wages, traveling, &
sundries):
Total budget:
                                                          15000
Descriptions & Approximate Values:

 1. Data recording at certain locations in Riyadh :    8,000 SR
 2. Visits to local factories                     :    5,000 SR
 3. Printing & others                              :   2,000 SR

    TOTAL:                                             15,000 SR




                        - 33 -
                                                 )‫حفاطيل الويساًيت (حابع‬
                                      Detailed Budget (continued)

Third: Distribution of the Budget:
                                                       6

The budget should be distributed equally into 6 periods depending on the project’s duration. In the case where some periods need
more budgets, justifications should be stated.



          ‫هيساًيت الوواد‬                      ‫يٍضاٍَت األخهضة‬                    ‫العام الجاهعي‬
    ‫والوظروفاث األخرى‬
 Materials & Other                  Cost of Equipment                  Academic Year                Semester Period
     Expenses
       8,000                                  35,000                        1422/1423                   First             1
                                                                            2002-2003
           7,000                                  -                         1422/1423                 Second              2
                                                                            2002-2003
                                                  -                           1423                      First             3
                                                                              2003
               -                                  -                             -                         -               4

               -                                  -                                -                      -               5

               -                                  -                                -                      -               6


Justifications for unequal budgets of
the periods:
               3                                      UV


                                                                                                                      9




                                                 - 34 -
Comments & Approval of the
Chairman of the Department:

                                                ‫انًىافمت ػهى دػى انًششوع‬
                                                            :‫ِجشساد عذَ اٌّٛافمخ‬




Signature of the Department’s Chairman:



Date:

Decision of the Director (or the
Council) of the Research Center:
Date of Submission of Application to
the Research Center:


Decision of the Director (or Council):

                                                ‫انًىافمت ػهى دػى انًششوع‬




Signature of the Director of Research Center:

Date:

                                                           ‫إػذاد يشكض انبحىد‬



                              - 35 -
                                             ‫ػاخم‬



     ‫انًحخشو‬                              ‫عؼادة األعخار انذكخىس يذٌش يشكض انبحىد - كهٍت انؼهىو‬

‫انًىضىع: طهب عهفت يانٍت نششاء خهاص اندشػاث انظىحٍت ووحذة انبٍاَاث وأخهضة لٍاط األشؼت‬
                                ‫فىق انبُفغدٍت انخشابهٍت انخاطت بًششوع عابك سلى 72/32‬

                                                      ‫اٌغالَ عٍ١ىُ ٚسحّخ اهلل ٚثشوبرٗ ٚثعذ..‬
    ‫ئشبسح ئٌٝ ِششٚع سلُ 72/32 اٌّذعُ ِٓ لجً ِٕحخ عبثه، ح١ش عجك ٚأْ رُ اعزالَ ِجٍغ‬ ‫ً‬
                                         ‫ء‬
‫خّظ ٚعششْٚ أٌف س٠بي ععٛدٞ وغٍفخ أٌٚٝ . ٚثٕب ً عٍٝ خـبثٕب اٌغبثك ربس٠خ 8/4/4241٘ـ (‬
‫8/6/3002َ) ، آًِ اٌزىشَ بانًىافمت ػهى طشف عهفت يانٍت عذ٠ذح ٚلذس٘ب 02 (عششْٚ) أٌف‬
‫س٠بي ععٛدٞ ٌ١زُ ئػبفزٙب ئٌٝ اٌغٍفخ اٌغبثمخ ٚرٌه ٌزغذ٠ذ رىبٌ١ف األعٙضح اٌخبطخ ثبٌّششٚع ٚاٌزٟ‬
                                                                   ‫ُ‬
        ‫ٚسدرٕب حزٝ ا٢ْ ثعذ أْ ر ّ اعزىّبي ثعغ اٌّشاعالد اٌّحٍ١خ ٚاألعٕج١خ اٌّخزظخ فٟ ِغبي‬
                                            ‫اٌم١بعبد اٌج١ئ١خ ٚاعزالَ عشٚع األععبس اٌّالئّخ.‬

                                                          ‫ا‬
                                                         ‫األخهضة انخً عٍخى طهبها حانًٍ:‬
            ‫ً‬       ‫ال‬
            ‫عٙبص ل١بط اٌغشعبد اٌظٛر١خ اٌّجشِظ ثّب ٠عبدي 05931 س٠ب ً ععٛد٠ب‬         ‫1-‬
               ‫ِٚظذسٖ ششوخ ‪ٚٚ QUEST‬و١ٍٙب فٟ اٌٍّّىخ ِإعغخ طبٌح عضّبْ‬
            ‫اٌغبِذٞ ٌالٌىزشٚٔ١بد(عِٛبن) – اٌذِبَ ، ٚعٙبص ٚحذح اٌحبعت ٚاٌـبثعخ‬
            ‫ٚثشٔبِظ اٌزشغ١ً ثّب ٠عبدي 3514 س٠بي ٚ 344 س٠بي ٚ 0292 س٠بي أٞ‬
                                           ‫ب‬       ‫ال‬
                                          ‫ثزىٍفخ ئعّبٌ١خ : 56412 س٠ب ً ععٛد٠ً.‬

               ‫أعٙضح ل١بط األشعخ فٛق اٌجٕفغغ١خ 2341 عٕ١ٗ اعزشٌ١ٕٟ أٞ ثّب ٠عبدي‬        ‫2-‬
               ‫‪ ،UVP‬ئػبفخ ئٌٝ‬                                      ‫ً‬     ‫ال‬
                                         ‫2958 س٠ب ً ععٛد٠ب ِٚظذسٖ ششوخ ثش٠ـبٔ١خ‬
                                    ‫ً‬
                 ‫034 س٠بي رمش٠جب ) ،ٌٚزظجح اٌزىٍفخ‬         ‫رخٍ١ض اٌغّبسن ( ِب ٠عبدي‬
                                                 ‫ب‬      ‫ال‬
                                                ‫اإلعّبٌ١خ حٛاٌٟ: 2209 س٠ب ً ععٛد٠ً.‬
                               ‫ب‬      ‫ً‬
                              ‫ئعّبٌٟ اٌّجٍغ اٌّـٍٛة رغذ٠ذٖ ٘ٛ 09403 س٠بال رمش٠جً.‬     ‫3-‬

                                                               ‫ٚرمجٍٛا خبٌض اٌزح١خ ٚاٌزمذ٠ش …‬




‫د. ػبذ انشحًٍ بٍ ػهً فهًباٌ‬




                                       ‫- 63 -‬
                                                                             ‫هحرم /4241 هـ‬
       ‫انًحخشو‬                                ‫عؼادة األعخار انذكخىس ػًٍذ كهٍت انؼهىو‬

     ‫انًىضىع: طهب بماء انًخؼالذ يشكىس انحك ػبذ انحك ححج كفانت اندايؼت نهخؼاوٌ يؼه فً‬
                                                                          ‫يشاسٌغ بحثٍت‬

                                                      ‫اٌغالَ عٍ١ىُ ٚسحّخ اهلل ٚثشوبرٗ ٚثعذ..‬
         ‫ئشبسح ئٌٝ خـبة ععبدح ِذ٠ش عبَ شٛؤْ ٘١ئخ اٌزذس٠ظ ٚاٌّٛظف١ٓ ثبٌغبِعخ سلُ‬ ‫ً‬
‫7215006142 ربس٠خ 21/2/4241٘ـ ٚاٌّزؼّٓ اٌّٛافمخ عٍٝ اعزّشاس ثمبء اٌّزعبلذ ِشىٛس اٌحك‬
                             ‫عجذ اٌحك رحذ وفبٌخ اٌغبِعخ ٌٍّشبسوخ فٟ ِشبس٠ع ثحض١خ فٟ اٌمغُ .‬

‫3241٘ـ‬      ‫ٔف١ذ ععبدرىُ ثأْ اٌّذح اٌمش٠ج١خ اٌالصِخ ٌٍزعبْٚ ِعٗ ٟ٘ عٕزبْ رجذأ ِٓ رٞ اٌحغخ‬
                   ‫ٚحزٝ ٔٙب٠خ رٚ اٌمعذح 5241 ٘ـ ٚاٌّٛافك (٠ٕب٠ش 3002َ – د٠غّجش 4002َ) .‬

                                                             ‫ٚرمجٍٛا خبٌض اٌزح١خ ٚاٌزمذ٠ش …‬




         ‫د. يحًذ بٍ طانح انظانحً‬




                                     ‫- 73 -‬
                                                          ‫8/4/4241 هـ ( 8/6/3002 و)‬

       ‫انًحخشو‬                   ‫عؼادة األعخار انذكخىس يذٌش يشكض انبحىد- كهٍت انؼهىو‬

   ‫انًىضىع: طهب عهفت يانٍت خذٌذة نششاء خهاصي لٍاط اإلشؼاع انحشاسي وانشًغً انخاطت‬
                                               ‫بًششوع عابك سلى 62/32‬

                                                      ‫اٌغالَ عٍ١ىُ ٚسحّخ اهلل ٚثشوبرٗ ٚثعذ..‬
   ‫ئشبسح ئٌٝ ِششٚع سلُ 62/32 اٌّذعُ ِٓ لجً ِٕحخ عبثه، ح١ش عجك ٚأْ رُ اعزالَ ِجٍغ‬ ‫ً‬
‫ٚلذسٖ خّظ ٚعششْٚ أٌف س٠بي ععٛدٞ وغٍفخ أٌٚٝ. آًِ اٌزىشَ ثبٌّٛافمخ عٍٝ طشف عٍفخ ِبٌ١خ‬
     ‫أخشٜ ٚلذس٘ب 02 (عششْٚ) أٌف س٠بي ععٛدٞ ٚرٌه ٌششاء عٙبصٞ ل١بط اإلشعبع اٌحشاسٞ‬
     ‫ٚاٌشّغٟ ِٓ ششوخ ‪ YES‬األِش٠ى١خ، ٌٚ١زُ اعزىّبي رحٛ٠ً اٌّجٍغ اٌّـٍٛة ِٓ لجً اٌششوخ‬
                                                                                    ‫اٌّعزّذح.‬
‫٘زا ٚلذ رُ ئعشاء عذد ِٓ اٌّشاعالد اٌّحٍ١خ ٚاألعٕج١خ ِع ششوبد ِخزظخ فٟ ِغبي اٌم١بعبد‬
                                                       ‫اٌج١ئ١خ، ٚاعزالَ عشٚع أععبس ِالئّخ.‬
                                                             ‫ٚرمجٍٛا خبٌض اٌزح١خ ٚاٌزمذ٠ش …‬




    ‫د. يحًذ بٍ طانح انظانحً‬




                                     ‫- 83 -‬
                                                         ‫8/4/4241 هـ ( 8/6/3002 و)‬

       ‫انًحخشو‬                   ‫عؼادة األعخار انذكخىس يذٌش يشكض انبحىد بكهٍت انؼهىو‬

    ‫انًىضىع: يشاسٌغ بحثٍت يذػًت يٍ انششكت انغؼىدٌت األعاعٍت(عابك) سلى 62/32:‬
                                                                    ‫ص‬
 ‫حى ّع األشؼت ححج انحًشاء واندشػاث انظىحٍت فً يذٌُت انشٌاع-دساعت ححهٍهٍت‬

                                                     ‫اٌغالَ عٍ١ىُ ٚسحّخ اهلل ٚثشوبرٗ ٚثعذ..‬
‫9480009132 ربس٠خ‬                        ‫ئشبسح ئٌٝ خـبة عّبدح اٌجحش اٌعٍّٟ ثبٌغبِعخ سلُ‬
                   ‫62/01/3241٘ـ ٚئٌٝ خـبة ععبدرىُ سلُ 622/َ ثزبس٠خ 03/8/3241 ٘ـ.‬
                      ‫ص‬
 ‫حى ّع األشؼت ححج انحًشاء‬                                  ‫ً‬                          ‫ش‬
                              ‫٠غ ّٟٔ أْ أسفع ٌغعبدرىُ ٍِخظب ثبالٔغٍ١ض٠خ ٚاٌعشث١خ ٌّششٚع:‬
‫ٚرٌه ٌٍضِالء اٌذوبرشح: يحًذ طانح‬        ‫واندشػاث انظىحٍت فً يذٌُت انشٌاع-دساعت ححهٍهٍت‬
                         ‫انظانحً (اٌجبحش اٌشئ١ظ) ٚ عجذ اٌشحّٓ فٍّجبْ ٚأعبِخ أحّذ اٌعبٟٔ.‬


                                                           ‫ٚرمجٍٛا خبٌض اٌزح١خ ٚاٌزمذ٠ش …‬




       ‫د. يحًذ بٍ طانح انظانحً‬




                                    ‫- 93 -‬
                                                          ‫8/4/4241 هـ ( 8/6/3002 و)‬

       ‫انًحخشو‬                          ‫عؼادة األعخار انذكخىس يذٌش يشكض انبحىد- كهٍت انؼهىو‬


                            ‫انًىضىع: طهب عهفت يانٍت نششاء خهاص اندشػاث انظىحٍت ووحذة انبٍاَاث‬
‫)‪ (Noise logging Dosimeter‬انخاص بًششوع عابك سلى 72/32(خاص بانًششوع سلى 62/ 32)‬
                                                              ‫د. يحًذ بٍ طانح انظانحً‬


                                                  ‫اٌغالَ عٍ١ىُ ٚسحّخ اهلل ٚثشوبرٗ ٚثعذ..‬
                                                                             ‫ً‬
‫ئشبسح ئٌٝ ِششٚع سلُ 72/32 اٌّذعُ ِٓ لجً ِٕحخ عبثه. آًِ اٌزىشَ ثبٌّٛافمخ عٍٝ طشف‬
 ‫عٍفخ ِبٌ١خ لذس٘ب 02 (عششْٚ) أٌف س٠بي ععٛدٞ ٚرٌه ٌششاء عٙبص اٌغشعبد اٌظٛر١خ ٚٚحذح‬
                                                                 ‫اٌج١بٔبد ٚاٌحبعت ا٢ٌٟ.‬

‫٘زا ٚلذ رُ ئعشاء عذد ِٓ اٌّشاعالد اٌّحٍ١خ ٚاألعٕج١خ ِع ششوبد ِخزظخ فٟ ِغبي اٌم١بعبد‬
                                                                                 ‫اٌج١ئ١خ.‬

                                                             ‫ٚرمجٍٛا خبٌض اٌزح١خ ٚاٌزمذ٠ش …‬




    ‫د. ػبذ انشحًٍ بٍ ػهً فهًباٌ‬




                                     ‫- 04 -‬
   ‫انًحخشو‬                                 ‫عؼادة األعخار انذكخىس يذٌش يشكض انبحىد بكهٍت انؼهىو‬


                                                         ‫اٌغالَ عٍ١ىُ ٚسحّخ اهلل ٚثشوبرٗ ٚثعذ..‬
                                                                                     ‫ح‬
       ‫ئشبس ً ئٌٝ اٌّشبس٠ع اٌجحض١خ اٌّذعّخ ِٓ اٌششوخ اٌغعٛد٠خ األعبع١خ(عبثه) فٟ اٌّغبالد‬
                       ‫اٌظٕبع١خ ٚاٌزـج١م١خ ٚاٌزٟ رخض اٌّششٚع١ٓ اٌجحض١١ٓ اٌّزىبٍِ١ٓ اٌزبٌ١١ٓ:‬

‫1 - حىصع األشؼت ححج انحًشاء واأليىاج انظىحٍت فً يذٌُت انشٌاع – دساعت ححهٍهٍت ٚرٌه‬
 ‫ٌٍضِالء اٌذوبرشح: يحًذ طانح انظانحً (اٌجبحش اٌشئ١ظ) ٚعجذ اٌشحّٓ فٍّجبْ ٚأعبِخ‬
                                                         ‫أحّذ اٌعبٟٔ سلُ 62/32‬
 ‫2 - لٍاط وححهٍم يغخىٌاث انضدٍح واألشؼت فىق انبُفغدٍت - انشًغٍت فً يذٌُت انشٌاع‬
  ‫ٚرٌه ٌٍضِالء اٌذوبرشح: ػبذ انشحًٍ فهًباٌ (اٌجبحش اٌشئ١ظ) ِحّذ طبٌح اٌظبٌحٟ‬
                                                 ‫ٚأعبِخ أحّذ اٌعبٟٔ سلُ 72/32‬

                   ‫ً‬
  ‫٠شًّ اٌّششٚعبْ اٌّزوٛساْ اٌم١بعبد اٌف١ض٠بئ١خ ٚاٌّ١ذأ١خ الصٕزٟ عشش ِٛلعب رُ اخز١بس٘ب فٟ‬
 ‫ِذ٠ٕخ اٌش٠بع ٚاٌزٟ رح١ؾ ثّظبدس طٕبع١خ ٚعىٕ١خ ِٚشٚس٠خ ِخزٍفخ ٚرٌه ثٙذف ئ٠غبد ِعبدٌخ أٚ‬
                                                              ‫ٍ‬
     ‫ّٔٛرط س٠بػٟ رحٍ١ٍٟ ِجغؾ ٌّب رخّفٗ اٌظٕبعخ ٚحشوخ اٌّشوجبد ِٓ ِإصشاد عٍٝ اٌج١ئخ. وّب‬
      ‫ُزٛ ّع ٌٕزبئظ اٌّششٚع١ٓ أْ رف١ذ أغشاع اٌجحش اٌزـج١مٟ فٟ ِغبالد اٌج١ئخ ٚاٌـبلخ ٚاإلشعبع‬   ‫٠ ل‬
  ‫اٌىٙشِٚغٕبؿ١غٟ. أِب أُ٘ اٌغٙبد ٚاٌّإعغبد اٌحىِٛ١خ ٚاألٍ٘١خ اٌزٟ عزغزف١ذ ِٓ ٘ز٠ٓ اٌجحض١ٓ‬
                                                                                    ‫فززّضً ثّب ٠ٍٟ:‬
                      ‫1 - ِظٍحخ األسطبد اٌغٛ٠خ ٚحّب٠خ اٌج١ئخ – ٚصاسح اٌذفبع ٚاٌـ١شاْ‬
                                                   ‫2 - اٌٙ١ئخ اٌعٍ١ب ٌزـٛ٠ش ِذ٠ٕخ اٌش٠بع‬
                                                            ‫3 - ٚصاسح اٌزغبسح ٚاٌظٕبعخ‬
                                                                ‫4 - ٚصاسح اٌّ١بٖ ٚاٌىٙشثبء‬
                                                                       ‫5 - ٚصاسح اٌضساعخ‬
                                                                        ‫6 - ٚصاسح اٌظحخ‬
                                               ‫7 - ِذ٠ٕخ اٌٍّه عجذ اٌعض٠ض ٌٍعٍَٛ ٚاٌزمٕ١خ‬
                                                        ‫8 - اٌشئبعخ اٌعبِخ ٌشعب٠خ اٌشجبة‬
                         ‫9 - عٙبد اٌمـبع اٌخبص ِّضٍخ ثبٌظٕبعبد اٌزحٛ٠ٍ١خ ٚاٌّزٛعـخ‬
                                         ‫01 - لـبعبد اٌغ١بحخ اٌّخزٍفخ اٌحىِٟٛ ٚاألٍٟ٘‬

                    ‫وّب ٔف١ذ ععبدرىُ أْ اٌزمش٠ش األٚي ٌىً ِششٚع ع١زُ ئعذادٖ فٟ اٌمش٠ت اٌعبعً.‬

                                                                 ‫ٚرمجٍٛا خبٌض اٌزح١خ ٚاٌزمذ٠ش …‬
                                                                                          ‫انباحثىٌ‬


    ‫د. أعـايت أحًذ انؼـاًَ‬       ‫د. ػبذ انشحًٍ بٍ ػهً فهًباٌ‬         ‫د. يحًذ بٍ طانح انظانحً‬
      ‫لغى انفٍضٌاء وانفهك‬                ‫لغى انفٍضٌاء وانفهك‬            ‫لغى انفٍضٌاء وانفهك‬


                                        ‫- 14 -‬
Dear Dr. Elani,

Thank you for your email and we are pleased to comment on your queries.

The UVPS-1 is not absolutely essential for the TIR-550 as long as you have your own power
supply running at +11 to 14VDC, 160mAdc inc ventilation fan current plus an additional 1 amp
required for the heaters. However, we very strongly recommend that you use the UVPS-1 as it is
fully compatible with the instrument. A point that you must consider is that if any product failure
should occur caused through using an alternative power supply unit the product warranty would
be invalidated. Accordingly, our firm advice is that you use the UVPS-1 and we have continued
to include this in our Pro Forma.

Regarding discount, we are pleased to grant a 5% (US$467.50) educational discount to you.

Please see our revised Quotation/Pro Forma Q20445/A on the attachment. If you decide you
definitely do not wish to purchase the UVPS-1, please advise us and we will amend the Pro
Forma accordingly.

Many thanks

Best regards,

Brian Child

Egerton Mercantile Ltd.
Egerton House
302 Kings Drive
Eastbourne
East Sussex, BN21 2YB
United Kingdom
Tel. +44 1323 508 900
Fax. +44 1323 507 119
Website: www.egerton-uk.com




     First stop for Environmental, Meteorological, Safety, Testing & Measurement
                               equipment & instruments




                                        - 42 -
            Appendix (2)
Instruments and Technical Specifications




           - 43 -
- 44 -

				
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