第四册第五课单项选择题 by gabyion

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									                                           Unit Five
Part One       Words and Patterns
1. The results were a fitting reward for many _______ hours of study.
A) lonely                 B) alone                 C) single               D) sole
2. Poets and artists often draw their _________ from nature.
A) encouragement B) pleasure                       C) inspiration          D) happiness
3. Though he did not ______, he went at a pace slow enough for the listeners to take
down a lot of what he said.
A) accelerate             B) dictate               C) talk                 D) slow down
4. Convenience foods which are already prepared for cooking are ______ in grocery
stores.
A) ready                  B) approachable          C) probable             D) available
5. The president made a ______ speech at the opening ceremony of the sports
meeting, which encouraged the sportsmen greatly.
A) vigorous               B) tedious              C) flat                  D) harsh
6. In order to show his boss what a careful worker he was, he took _______ trouble
over the figures.
A) extra                  B) extensive             C) spare                D) supreme
7. He will first give you a summary of the situation and then discuss it _________.
A) in pieces              B) in parts              C) at length            D) at last
8. The electric lamps went out so she had to ________ candles to light the room.
A) lead to                B) result in             C) resort to            D) result from
9. I knew he would try to _______ awkward questions about his past.
A) head to                B) head for              C) head off             D) head up
10. They ______ the cracks in the window to stop the icy wind from blowing in.
A) covered                B) blocked               C) choked               D) sealed up
Part Two       Reading Comprehension
Passage 1
     In 1963 an American psychotherapist (理疗家) Glenn Doman wrote a best-selling book
called How to Teach Your Baby to Read. Now translated into 17 languages, this book arose from
his work with brain-damaged children in Pennsylvania. Doman and his team of specialists had
wondered why brain-injured children didn't improve with treatment. Then they realized that
orthodox(传统的) methods of treatment only relieved the symptoms, not the problem, which of
course was the brain itself. So they develop a new approach. "All we do for all the children here is
to give them visual, auditory (听觉的) and tactile (触觉的) stimulation with increased frequency,
intensity and duration, in recognition of the orderly way in which the brain grows," says Doman.
"The result was that by 1960 we had hundreds of severely brain-injured two-year-olds who could
read and understand." The team had discovered that even children who had half their brains
removed could, by stimulation, achieve higher IQs than the average normal child.
     Then the team began to think if such amazing results could be achieved with brain-damaged
children, what would happen if the same treatment were given to normal children? So eight years
ago the Better Baby Institute was opened for the benefit of normal children. The same stimulating
environment was provided, and by the time the children left, around seven years old, they could


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generally speak and read three foreign languages, play a musical instrument, read three full-length
(标准长度的) books a week and do all the other things that a so-called "normal" child could do.
     In Doman's view, the child's passion to learn during the years up to six must be fed. He
believes that, like muscles, the brain develops with use, especially so in those first few years.
     Nowadays, parents come from all over the world to Pennsylvania to see and learn from the
work of Doman and his team; they want to discover how they can fulfill their roles as nature's
teachers, by using their love, understanding and instincts for the benefit of the children. For in the
words of Doman, "every child born has a greater potential intelligence than Leonardo da Vinci
used".
1. Glenn Doman discovered in his research that brain-damaged children improved then they ____.
   A) got the right treatment
   B) were taught to read and understand
   C) could speak several languages
   D) got relief of their symptoms
2. The passage suggested that Doman's new approach was to _____.
   A) give shorter periods of decreased stimulation
   B) increase the number of types of stimulation
   C) decrease the time between the periods of stimulation
   D) intensify the shorter periods of stimulation
3. From the information given in the text, we can assume that _____ .
   A) brain-damaged children generally have high IQs
   B) children with only half a brain are more intelligent
   C) brain-damaged children can overcome their disability
   D) most normal two-year old children can read
4. At the Better Baby Institute ______.
   A) unnatural development of children was achieved
   B) children developed at a normal standard rate
   C) the idea of "normal" achievement was challenged
   D) children needed seven years to develop normality
5. Parents come to the Institute because they want _____.
   A) their children to become as intelligent as Leonardo da Vinci
   B) to learn how to teach their children about nature
   C) to develop their own abilities to help their children
   D) their children to develop instincts of love and understanding

Passage 2
     In an amazing three-year experiment, Pat Moore, a young product designer, lived as an
elderly woman on the streets of New York. As 'Old Pat' she roamed(闲逛)around trying to find
out what it was like to be old. During the experiment, Pat, now 36, was short-changed by
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shopkeepers, verbally(口头上) abused when she got in the way and assaulted 受袭击) left for and
dead by a gang of youths out for drugs money. By going into disguise, she had intended to find out
hard architectural design and engineering data. But soon her strict design aims were lost in the
welter(一堆)of new and shocking experience.
     One of the most alarming discoveries was the difference in attitude the same people had to


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the old and the young Pat. Typically, a shop assistant in a Manhattan stationery store ignored the
old Pat. He barked at her when she asked if he sold typewriter ribbons and when she genuinely
misheard his question about what kind of typewriter she owned, he yelled out her mistake to
humiliate(侮辱)her. To ensure she wasn't encountering people's off-days, Pat would return to the
same store the next day as her young self, with shoulder length blond hair, young tanned skin and
often the same cheap print dress as the Old Pat--- not that anyone ever noticed. In the stationery
shop the next day the exchange followed the exact same format, right down to her making the
same mistake. This time, however, it results in laughter and friendly response.
      Despite the success of the disguise, Pat continually felt guilty that she could change back to
being Young Pat. "I was always painfully aware the disguise was just a shell for me." To her
surprise, however, when she voiced this guilt to her elderly friends, they confirmed the feeling.
They too felt they were in a shell--- young minds trapped behind old faces. This discovery was a
turning point for her. It confirmed her in the growing knowledge that the elderly weren't
handicapped by their own physical disabilities so much as by the set up by others. A fear of aging
is even built into the English language. We ask "How old are you?" whereas other languages ask
"How many years?" or, "What age?"
1. Pat Moore carried out the experiment to ______.
   A) live as an elderly woman on the streets of New York.
   B) gather data for her product design
   C) find out what it was like to be old
   D) find out hard architectural, design and engineering data
2. Which of the following was NOT TRUE in Pat's experiment?
   A) The shopkeepers over-charged Old Pat.
   B) People scolded Old Pat instead of helping her when she got in the way.
   C) A gang of youths robbed her and nearly killed her.
   D) Her original aims were lost in the experiment because they were strictly designed.
3. Which of the following was TRUE in her experiment in a Manhattan stationery?
   A) The shop assistant was rude to Old Pat because it was his off-day.
   B) Old Pat misheard the assistant's question on purpose.
   C) The assistant was polite to Young Pat even though she made the same mistake Old Pat made
the day before.
   D) The assistant was polite to Young Pat because she had blond hair, young skin and dressed
well.
4. What does Pat mean by saying "I was always painfully aware the disguise was just a shell for
me"?
   A) She could change back to being Yong Pat while the other elderly people could not.
   B) The disguise was so successful that she felt guilty to change back.
   C) She felt painful because the disguise was like a heavy shell for her.
   D) She enjoyed her disguise so much that she was reluctant to change back.
5. Why did her elderly friends fell that they too, were in a shell?
   A) They joined in the experiment with her.
   B) The young minds were often trapped behind old faces.
   C) They were not as handicapped and disable as people thought they were.
   D) They were afraid of getting old and wanted to break the shell to be young again.


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Passage 3
      An animal rights group is pulling an ad campaign urging sympathy for sharks following two
fatal shark attacks along the U-SA) Atlantic Coast this weekend.
      The campaign was to feature a billboard which read "Would You Give Your Right Arm to
Know Why Sharks Attack? Could It Be Revenge? Go Vegetarian, PETA."
      PETA (People for the Ethical4Treatment of Animals) said in a statement on Tuesday it had
planned to unveil the billboard next week in Pensacola, the Florida Gulf Coast city near where a
shark ripped off the arm of an 8-year-old boy last month.
      The boy, Jessie Arbogast, was injured as he played in the sea in the first of a series attacks
this summer. His arm was later retrieved from the shark 's mouth and reattached but the boy, who
nearly died, remains in a delicate condition.
      This weekend 10-year-old David Peltier was killed by a shark at a beach close to PETA's
headquarters in Nodolk, Virginia. A 27-year-old man was killed swimming off North Carolina 's
Outer Banks barrier islands and his companion was severely injured.
      PETA had also planned to stage with airplane banners to be flown over Galveston, Texas,
Miami, and the Massachusetts island of Martha 's Vineyard.
      "Our message is that humans kill billions of fish, including sharks, each year, in the most
hideous ways, and sharks aren't really to blame for doing what comes naturally, because, unlike us,
they don't have choices when it comes to what to eat," PETA spokesman Dan Shannon said.
      "But right now people would just shoot the messenger without hearing the message."
      A series of shark attacks in what has been called "The Summer of the Shark" has alarmed the
public and generated huge interest in the marine predator. But shark experts say the number of
attacks is no greater than usual.
1. According to PETA, what's the reason for the shark attacks?
   A) Humans have killed sharks, and they taking revenge.
   B) Those attacked have irritated the sharks.
   C) It's natural for sharks to eat whatever food they find to eat.
   D) Those attacked have invaded sharks territory.
2. According to the media, who is the first one to be attacked by sharks this summer?
   A) 8-yez-old Jessie Arbogast.         B) 10-year-old David Peltier.
   C) A 27-year-old young man.           D) Not mentioned.
3. Why does the PETA start such a campaign?
   A) Because it wants to show their concern for those attacked.
   B) Because it wants to warn people of the danger of sharks.
   C) Because it wants to persuade people to understand sharks.
   D) Because it wants to feature their billboard and attract attention.
4. What does Dan Shannon mean by saying "…people would just shoot the messenger without
hearing the message"?
   A) People wouldn't listen to PETA's explanation at al1.
   B) People would kill sharks in revenge.
   C) People wouldn't take part in PETA's campaign.
   D) People would shoot the sharks without giving them a chance.
5. The PETA has several plans for the campaign, which of the following is among them?


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  A) Visiting the shark victims.
  B) Persuading people to go vegetarian.
  C) Flying plane banners.
  D) Amusing people's interest in sharks.

Passage 4
      In Belgium, only one man in ten is still in the labor market at the age of 65, the official
retirement age. On average, men retire before their 58th birthday. Back in 1960, Belgian men
typically worked until they were 63. Yet in the interim(期间), elderly Belgians have become
healthier and live longer.
      Belgium is an extreme example of a trend occurring all over the rich world. The average age
of retirement has been falling for both men and women in almost every OECD(Organization for
economic cooperation and Development) country, from around 66 for men in 1960 to 62 by 1995.
When OECD social-security ministers meet in Paris on June 23rd, one of the main items on their
agenda will be the need to reverse this trend.
      Why should ministers care if people choose, as they grow richer, to take some of their
increased wealth in the form of more years of leisure? Many people doubtless love their jobs, but
plenty of others would clearly prefer to grow dahlias(大丽花) or take up golf. The problem is that
early retirement compounds the increasing imbalance between the numbers in and out of work.
Moreover, unlike increases in longevity, it has a double impact: it both cuts the number of
productive, tax-paying workers and raises the number of retired people. The rough rule of thumb
is that if all employees retired one year earlier, GDP would decline by 2% and the pension
contributions made by those still working to pay-as-you-go schemes would increase by 7%.
1. What percentage of Belgians is still working when they reach the official retirement age?
   A) 10%               B) 20%              C) 15%         D) Not mentioned.
2. What is the main idea of the first paragraph?
   A) Belgians have become healthier and live longer since 1960.
   B) Belgians now retire earlier than they did.
   C) Time is flying.
   D) The official age of retirement is 65.
3. What is the main item that the OECD social-security ministers will discuss?
   A) How to make people work for more years.
   B) How to prevent GDP from declining.
   C) How to deal with longevity.
   D) How to make people love their jobs.
4. What may be the reason that people now prefer to retire earlier?
   A) People are now lazier than in the past.
   B) People now have more money and they needn't work until the official retirement age if they
don't like to.
   C) If they retire earlier, they can get more pensions.
   D) Earlier retirement has gradually become a fashion.
5. What result may early retirement cause?
   A) It may be harmful to their health.
   B) Young people may be influenced by them and don't like to work hard any more.


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   C) It may increase the burden of those who are working.
   D) People will live longer and longer.
Fast Reading
      There are a number of phrases built on the word “ put” , such as put by, put for, put out, put
across, put over and so on and so forth. The expression “putting one on” is among them. You tell a
person something that he finds difficult to believe, and he may look at you more closely and ask:
“ Are you putting me on?” He doesn’t think you are serious. Perhaps, you are joking with him,
teasing him, trying to test his reaction.
      The expression putting one on is closest to the phrase to put one over a person, meaning to
trick, to deceive him. However, in certain light situations, many will not say : “ Stop trying to put
one over me on”. They will say : “Stop putting me on.” In other words, stop trying to set him up
for one of your jokes or little tricks. And when one accuses you of putting him on, he is generally
not as serious as he might be if he accuses you of trying to put one over on him.
      People who try to put you on are more often just joking, having some pleasant friendly fun.
But one who is trying to put something over on you is not to be taken so lightly and usually is not.
There are people who like to play practical jokes on friends, to put them on in strange ways, some
funny, some not. This is especially true on April Fool’s Day. Year after year, numbers of people let
themselves be fooled by the same joke. They just forget what had happened to them the year
before. One of these often repeated jokes is a telephone call. The caller changes his voice and says
to his friend: “ Hello, is this Mr. Jones? I have an important message for you from Mr. Fox. It is
urgent. Please call him at this number.” The caller then gives his friends the telephone number of
the National Zoo.
      Unthinkingly, the friend quickly makes his call and says: “Hello, I must speak to it is urgent.”
      The man on the other end says: “ Who?”
      “Mr. Fox. I don’t know his first name, please hurry.”
      The man at the other end answers:”We have no Mr. Fox here.” Then he realizes it is a joke
and one he has heard before. And he begins to laugh and says: “Look, friend, this is the zoo.
Somebody is pulling your leg, putting you on.”
      “Good God!” you said to yourself: “What an idiot I am!” but you think about it and you can
not help getting a laugh out of the whole episode.
                                                                                         (453 words)
Decide whether the following statements are true     (T) false
                                                           or     (F) Write your answers in the
                                                                        .
corresponding brackets.
  ( )1.The phrase “put one over on a person” is much stronger than “ put one on”.
  ( )2. “put something over on a person” is often used among close friends.
  ( )3. One of these often repeated jokes is a telephone call. The Caller is someone at the zoo.
  ( )4. Mr. Jones was not able to speak to Mr. Fox because this Mr. Fox turned out to be an
animal.
  ( )5. this article is mainly about the difference between “ put one on” and “put one over on a
person”.
Part Three Cloze
      Most children with healthy appetites are ready to eat almost anything that is
offered them and a child rarely dislikes food 1                it is badly cooked. The 2 a
meal is cooked and served is most important and an                   3     served meal will often


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improve a child’s appetite. Never ask a child        4     he likes or dislikes a food and
never 5         like and dislikes in front of him or allow      6    else to do so. If the
father says he hates fat meat or the mother        7     vegetables in the child’s hearing
he is 8 to copy this procedure. Take it              9 granted that he likes everything
and he probably 10 . Nothing healthful should be omitted from the meal because of
a 11 dislike. At meal times it is good 12 to give a child a small portion and let
him 13         back for a second helping rather than give him as 14 as he is likely
to eat all at once. Do not talk too much to the child     15 meal times, but let him get
on with his food, and do not 16 him to leave the table immediately after a meal or
he will 17 learn to swallow his food 18 he can hurry back to his toys. Under
19      circumstances must a child be coaxed (哄骗) 20 forced to eat.
1. A) if                B) until               C) that                D) unless
2. A) procedure         B) process             C) way                 D) method
3. A) adequately        B) attractively        C) urgently            D) eagerly
4. A) whether           B) what                C) that                D) which
5. A) remark            B) tell                C) discuss             D) argue
6. A) everybody         B) anybody             C) somebody            D) nobody
7. A) opposes           B) denies              C) refuses             D) offends
8. A) willing           B) possible            C) obliged             D) likely
9. A) with              B) as                  C) over                D) for
10. A) should           B) may                 C) will                D) must
11. A) suppose          B) proved              C) considered          D) related
12. A) point            B) custom              C) idea                D) plan
13. A) ask              B) come                C) return              D) take
14. A) much             B) little              C) few                 D) many
15. A) on               B) over                C) by                  D) during
16. A) agree            B) allow               C) force               D) persuade
17. A) hurriedly        B) soon                C) fast                D) slowly
18. A) so               B) until               C) lest                D) although
19. A) some             B) any                 C) such                D) no
20. A) or               B) nor                 C) but                 D) neither
Part Four      Completing the Reading Passage

                            Looking into the Future
     Bertrand Russell, a famous philosopher, said in 1944, “The one thing the study of
the past teaches us is that the future is never how people imagine it will be.”
     In 1951, physicists predicted that within twenty years, most of the world’s energy
would be supplied by nuclear power. __________(1). In 1951, a famous surgeon said
that he and his colleagues were confident that “by the end of the 1950s, a cure for
most if not all cancers will have been found.” In 1954, an American economist
predicted Americans would go on getting richer and richer. ___________(2).
     In the year 1969, an automation engineer working for Max Factor Cosmetics in
Britain said that “within twenty or twenty-five years factories that today employ
hundreds of workers will need only five or ten computer technicians to run them.”


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_____________(3).
     In the early 1970s, there were many predictions that before the end of the century
most homes in the United States, Europe and Japan would have computers in them.
___________(4).
     Long before 1980, it was predicted that instead of letting nature and luck choose
their children’s characteristics, people would have to decide which characteristics
they wanted their children to inherit from them and previous generations in their
families. ____________(5). We may be able to have “undesirable” characteristics
changed or destroyed through genetic therapy. Perhaps we may even begin to wish
that Bertrand Russell was right when he said that history teaches us that the future is
never like that future we imagine.
A. “By the end of the century,” he said, “there will be no poverty anywhere in the
country.”
B. If this prediction comes true, we will be faced with a much greater responsibility
than ever before.
C. According to the same predictions, this would result in “an information explosion”
as well as “radical and revolutionary changes in the way we work, learn, and do
business.”
D. When this prediction came true, more people would be killed than ever before.
E. They were certain that this would not only be “far cleaner than coal and other fossil
fuels but far safer and much cheaper.”
F. He added that this “will lead to enormous social problems for unskilled manual
workers in particular, who will be unable to find work.”
Part Five     Translation
1. Displaced from power, he had to toil in a humble farmhouse outside Florence.
2. But when you live alone, the temporary absence of your friends and acquaintances
leaves a vacuum; they may never come back.
3. Learning to tolerate a stranger’s habits may teach undergraduates flexibility and the
art of compromise, but the learning process is often painful.
4. Most roommate conflicts spring form such small, irritating differences rather than
form grand disputes over abstract philosophical principles.
5. We have been told that under no circumstance may we use the telephone in the
office for personal affairs.

单项选择答案

1-5:ACBDA        6-10: ACCCD

阅读理解答案

Passage 1
ADCCC
Passage 2
CDCAC
Passage 3
CACAC


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Passage 4
ABABC

快速阅读答案

1.T 2.F 3.F 4.T 5.T

完形填空答案

1-5: DCBAC    6-10: BCDDC   11-15: ACBAD 16-20: BBADA

补全短文答案

1-5: EAFCB
翻译参考答案
1. 他被解雇下台后,不得不在佛罗伦萨城为的一个简陋的农舍做苦工。
2. 但是如果你单独居住,那么朋友或熟人的暂时离去会使你感到空虚,也许他们永远也不
会回来。
3. 学会容忍陌生人的习惯,可使大学生学会灵活应变和妥协的艺术,但是这往往是一个十
分痛苦的过程。
4. 大多数室友的冲突都起因于小小的另人不快的分歧,而不是由抽象的哲学原理上的重大
争执引起的。
5. 我们被告知,任何情况下我们都不能为自己的私事使用办公室的电话。




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