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STUDY GUIDE for PIRATE PROBLEMS

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					Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                                 1


                      STUDY GUIDE for PIRATE PROBLEMS

About the Author:
        Faith Reese Martin grew up in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania; an area rich
in colonial American History. She taught fifth graders in public school for thirty
years and enjoyed sharing the fascinating and mysterious stories of people from the
past with her students.
        Reading, writing, nature‟s beauty, and music have always played a big role
in her life. Combining these interests, Faith has written three books in the JMP
History Mystery Detective Agency series: Book 1-Lost and Found Colony, Book 2-
Conestoga Courage, and Book 3- Pirate Problems.

About the Inspiration:
        Pirates! Just the word brings a smile to the lips and glint of excitement into
one‟s eyes. Having traveled many times to the Outer Banks of North Carolina, Faith
always felt the strong pull of mystery surrounding the tales of Blackbeard the
Pirate. What a perfect topic for an exciting children‟s novel.
        Then while visiting Sebastian, Florida, Faith stumbled upon the true story of
the Great Spanish Plate Fleet Disaster of 1715. During a terrible hurricane, a raging
Mother Nature sank 11 Spanish galleons loaded with gold, silver and jewels to the
bottom of the sea. A French ship sailing with the squadron was also lost. The
survivors who struggled to the shore had to set up a salvage camp and learn to
survive a hostile environment until they were rescued.
        Although Blackbeard isn‟t officially listed among the pirates who invaded
the camp, he was sailing the Atlantic coastline approximately the same time. Using a
bit of artistic license and combining the two historical events, the rollicking story of
Pirate Problems was created.




Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                                  2



About the Story:
        In the swashbuckling adventure story, Pirate Problems, teenage friends Max
Myers and Jinx MacKenzie each have their private nightmares to deal with. Max is
repeatedly drawn back in time, against his will, to a beach in the middle of a raging
hurricane. There he witnesses Spanish treasure galleons being dashed into jagged
rocks and hundreds of people struggling to swim ashore in the crashing waves. Jinx
has to hide from two fierce pirates who are discussing a nasty surprise attack
against British treasure ships. Neither of them is able to connect the nightmares
until they meet during Spring break in Sebastian, Florida.
        As the clues unfold, the children and their four-legged sleuth friends, Petey
the terrier and Poppy the cat, are trapped back in time, struggling for survival
along with 1,500 hurricane victims. As if life isn‟t already difficult enough, one
morning the bloody skull and crossbones flag of the most feared pirate of all times
appears on the horizon. The camp must ready themselves for an outright attack and
takeover by Blackbeard, the Pirate. He steals all of the treasure they‟ve scavenged,
including a magnificent gold cup desperately needed by Max if he is ever to be able
to return back home again.

The Characters:
        Max Myers: Fourteen-year-old Max Myers struggles to control his evolving
psychic powers. Failing to read the fine print of the “Guided Time Travel” article
causes him to become trapped in time with the daunting prospect of never being
able to return home again.

       Jinx MacKenzie: Teen Jinx MacKenzie can control her own psychic powers
very well, but not her headstrong friend Max. She and Petey the terrier travel back
in time to try and aide a trapped Max. When she causes Blackbeard to become
personally interested in her as a ship cabin boy, she also fears for her own life.

        Petey: Petey is Jinx‟s best friend, her Jack Russell terrier, who accompanies
the children on the mystery adventures. Petey is able to communicate his thoughts
with the teens, often showing more common sense than both the children.

       Poppy: Popsicle the cat is a personal friend of Max. She‟s a feisty orange cat
who always finds herself dragged into danger despite her better wishes. Although
gruffly complaining, she lovingly comes to the rescue time after time.

        Maxwell Mickiele Meier: Mickiele Meier is a strange boy from the past who
is the spitting image of Max. After Max rescues him from the storm-tossed waves, he
and Jinx find a strange connection to the boy that transcends through the centuries.




Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                                                  3



                                 PIRATE PROBLEMS
                               By Faith Reese Martin
                       Every good story must have these major parts so the
                       story flows in a concise and clear way for the reader:
                           Main Characters, Setting, Problem/Problems,
                       High Point/Climax, Solution/Resolution to the Problem

                              As you read the story, fill in the plot chart.



         MAIN CHARACTERS:                                            SETTING: Where and when does the
                                                                               story takes place




                                            PROBLEMS




                                     HIGH POINT/CLIMAX:
                            Exciting event that solves the main problem




                            RESOLUTION: How the problem is solved-
                                    Ending to the story




Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                                  4


Chapters 1: Storm Winds

Vocabulary Study: Using the Glossary and a dictionary, match each word with its
                   definition.

1. galleon                 A. a sense of what is right and wrong that governs
                           someone‟s thoughts and actions, urging him to do right

2. mainmast                B. a system or way of doing something


3. flotsam                 C. claiming to have extraordinary perception and
                           sensitivity to supernatural forces

4. briny                   D. person from whom someone is directly related,
                           especially from long ago

5. psychic                 E. a large three-masted sailing ship used especially by
                           the Spanish between the 15th and 18th centuries

6. conscience              F. the principal mast on a sailing ship with more than
                           one mast, either the foremost mast or the second

7. methodically            G. containing or tasting like salty sea water


8. misadventure            H. wreckage, refuse, or debris from a ship, found
                           floating in the water

9. ancestor                I. so fascinated by something that it takes up all of that
                           person‟s attention

10. mesmerized             J. an unlucky accident or adventure




Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                               5


Talk It Over

1. Why is Max‟s father disturbed and troubled by his son‟s actions and words? How
do you think your parents would react if you had the same abilities that Max and
his friend Jinx have?

2. Who do you think the boy is in Max‟s time travel experience? Do you think it is
safe for Max to go back in time to try and find the boy in the hurricane? Predict
what could happen if Max makes it back to the same beach during the hurricane.

3. Would you want to have the psychic abilities that Max has? Why or why not? List
the pros and cons of having such abilities.

Write On!
       Max and his dad go down to the kitchen to build “Dagwood sandwiches.” A
Dagwood sandwich is named after the famous cartoon character in Blondie and
Dagwood, where Dagwood loves to build towering sandwiches with layers of meats,
cheeses, and vegetables. Build yourself a Dagwood sandwich. Write about the foods
you would put in your sandwich. How big will it be? What will you rename your
“Dagwood” sandwich?




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Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                                  6


Chapter 2: The Man With the Black Beard

Vocabulary Study: Technical vocabulary terms are words used in a special area. In
the book Pirate Problems many pirate language phrases and words dealing with the
nautical life are used. In chapter two many of these words are introduced.
       Choose words from the word box to replace the underlined words in the
sentences below. Use the glossary to help you.
           scurvy dogs    sloop privateers galleon flagship scabbord

                 avast starboard portside swing guns cannons

                     Davy Jones‟ Locker booty rigging sails

                          stowaway cabin boy galley boy


1. “The cook needs a new boy to work in the kitchen on board the Queen Anne‟s
Revenge when she leaves port,” said Blackboard.

2. The pirate jammed his sword into its holder attached to his belt before he climbed
the rope ladder on the mast.

3. “Prepare to fire the small cannons on wheels as soon as I give the command,”
ordered the Captain.

4. The boy who hid and didn’t pay for his passage wasn‟t discovered until the ship
was two days out into the ocean.

5. The smaller one-masted sailing boat could far outrun the large, cumbersome three-
masted Spanish sailing ship in the race.

6. The pirates divided all of the treasure equally among themselves according to the
Pirates‟ Creed of Ethics rules.

7. The sloop fired its cannon and hit the right side of the pirate ship, causing a large,
jagged hole.

8. The ropes and pulleys and chains attached to the main mast were checked
constantly and kept in good repair.




Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                               7


Talk It Over

1. Jinx is a teenager with special psychic abilities. What problems do you think they
cause for her? How different would your school life and home life be if you had to
deal with these types of abilities? Would you keep them hidden from your friends?

2. Do you think Jinx‟s vision has anything to do with Max‟s vision? How could they
be related?

3. Who is the man in the black beard? Do you think he is dangerous and will be a
problem for Jinx in the future?

4. What do you already know about pirates in our history? Were they real? Do you
think pirates were overall harmless and fun? Are there any pirates today?

Literary Tool: Similes and Metaphors

        A simile is a figure of speech that compares one thing to another because of
some similar trait. Clue words in a simile might include the words „like‟ or „as.‟
Ex: The clouds were like piles of cotton balls drifting in a blue ocean.
        A metaphor is a figure of speech in which one object is said to be another
object because of some similar trait. Clue words in a metaphor might include the
words „is, was, am, are, etc.‟
Ex: Ronny‟s mother is an angry bear as she charges forward to rescue her son from
the evil clutches of the bank robber.
        Writers use similes and metaphors to paint brighter, more vivid pictures
with their words. Check through the first two chapters and find examples of similies
and metaphors.
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Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                                8


Write On!
      Talk like a Pirate! Pretend you are a pirate on board a sailing ship. Write a
short story using the phrases and terms from the vocabulary word box. Try to use
as many terms as possible.




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Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                           9


Chapters 3 and 4: A Frightening Connection and First Clues
Vocabulary Study: Research the definition of each vocabulary word, and then use it
in a sentence.
1. buoys
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2. eelgrass
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3. allude
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4. Triangular Trade Route
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5. banshees
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Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                             10


6. beachcombing
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7. nautical
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8. ferocity
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Talk It Over!
       1. How did Jinx and Max connect their previous visions? What background
information from history did they have that helped them begin to connect their
separate experiences?
       2. Think about the children‟s personal characteristics. Why do you think
they are such good friends? What characteristics do they share in common and
what characteristics do they have independently?
       3. In chapter 4 Petey does not warm up to Rick, the Park Naturalist. What
could have bothered Petey about the man? Discuss a time when you didn‟t care for
someone when you first met him or her and then later changed your mind. Do you
think Petey will change his mind about Rick?
       4. What supernatural events take place in Chapter 4, First Clues?
       5. What new information do the children learn that continues to support
their theories about what is going on?




Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                              11


Write On!
       The children stumbled into a State Park Museum that had artifacts from a
disastrous shipwreck in 1715. Write about a historical museum that you have
visited. What artifacts did you see? From what era in history did the artifacts
come? What did you learn on that museum trip?
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Art/History Connection
       Find pictures of a Spanish Galleon. Draw a galleon and label the important
parts using nautical vocabulary words.




Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                                   12


Chapters 5 and 6: Hurricane Catastrophe and Friend or Foe?


Vocabulary Study: Using the context of the sentence, determine the meaning of
each vocabulary word. Circle the correct answer.
1. spyglass- Captain Zubiza scans the horizon using his spyglass.
       a. drinking cup       b. antique eyeglasses           c. small telescope
2. squadron- His flagship sailed first in the squadron of sailing vessels.
       a. naval unit of ships        b. squats        c. group of animals
3. ominous- The gathering storm clouds looked black, ugly and ominous.
       a. a game      b. feeling that something bad will happen c. very large
4. fleet- The whole fleet of galleons went down in the hurricane.
       a. all the ships in a nation‟s navy     b. run fast   c. not captured
5. shoals- The wicked shoals scraped and tore at the ship‟s bottom.
       a. hot coals   b. high tide   c. underwater sandbank
6. velocity- The winds increased in velocity until the speed measured at hurricane
              strength.
       a. strength                   b. high                 c. speed
7. disintegrate- The galleons disintegrated into small jagged pieces of board.
       a. put together               b. huge                 c. break up
8. inhospitable- The environment was extremely inhospitable with its swarms of
              mosquitoes bearing disease.
       a. not welcoming              b. hospital             c. angry
9. premonition- The old lady had a premonition of bad things to come when she
              predicted the earthquake.
       a. prepare            b. strong feeling               c. hunger
10. heirloom- Max handled the family heirloom with care, because it was a valuable
              golden cup handed down from his ancestors.
       a. hair net           b. weaving loom                 c. family treasure handed
                                                             down from generations




Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                                13


Talk It Over
       1. Which Spanish captain would you be- Captain Zubiza who did not want to
set sail for Spain during tropical storm season, or Captain Ubilla who was anxious
to set sail with badly needed treasure for his King of Spain? Try to convince others
to follow your advice.
       2. What does Lolly the gull tell the children? What ominous happenings have
occurred so far that have the children worried?
       3. Make a prediction - who do you think the mysterious hidden person is that
watched the children at the campfire?
       4. Should Max attempt the time travel by himself? What hazards could occur
to endanger him?


Literary Link: Realistic Fiction or Magical Realism?
       Realistic fiction is a made up story that mimics the real world. Magical
Realism is a story that includes realism, but also incorporates elements of fantasy
and the supernatural. Choose which category best fits the story Pirate Problems.
Write down some facts from the story that support your choice.
_____________Realistic__________________________Magical__________________
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Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                           14


Write On!
      Think about Petey and Poppy and their roles in the story so far. If you could
have either animal for your pet, which would you choose? Write about some
adventures you imagine would be fun to have with your new pet.
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Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                             15


Chapters 7 and 8: A Hitch In the Plans and Aboard the Blue Sea Devil
Vocabulary Study: Synonyms
       Synonyms are words that are similar, or close in meaning to other words.
Draw lines to match each vocabulary word with its synonym.
1. dwindles                                      a. fat
2. astute                                        b. diminishes
3. radiate                                       c. uproarious
4. imprinted                                     d. strong smelling
5. rotund                                        e. keen-minded
6. boisterous                                    f. spread out
7. odoriferous                                   g. stamped


Talk It Over
       1. Did you suspect Rick was a bad character? What were the clues that he
may not be as nice and helpful as he pretended to be?
       2. Do you think Rick is an evil character or only a nice guy making a bad
decision. What drives good people to make bad decisions? Have you ever been
tempted to make a bad decision even though you knew better?
       3. Picture yourself as Max, imprisoned on board the Blue Sea Devil. What
would be going through your mind? Would you do or say anything differently than
Max?




Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                               16


Literary Link- Humor
      Authors often use comic relief to keep the story from being too frightening.
So far in the story, what are some humorous words or events that helped to break a
tense situation? What have the characters said or done that was humorous to help
keep themselves from being too frightened?
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Write On
      Think about the scene where Rick takes Max on board the Blue Sea Devil.
Write a new scene when he introduces Max to the gang and insert some humorous
things that the characters could say or some humorous events that could occur, even
though Max is basically being kidnapped.
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Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                                    17


Chapters 9and 10 A New Friend and Scavenger Camp
French Vocabulary Study
          The author uses some French vocabulary to make the French boy more
believable. Use the glossary to help match the French words with their meanings.
1. Sacre bleu                                 a. uncle
2. ange                                       b. twin
3. bon jour                                   c. ocean
4. mademoiselle                               d. cry of astonishment (sacred/blue)
5. chat                                       e. yes
6. chien                                      f. angel
7. jumeau                                     g. good morning or good afternoon
8. oncle                                      h. a griffon- mythical lion/eagle animal
9. griffon                                    i. Miss
10. océan                                     j. dog
11. oui                                       k. cat


Talk It Over
          1. Poppy tells Max: “Life is a personal journey. No one can take charge but
you. Many self-discoveries must be experienced to move you along to brighter places
and higher understanding.” What does this mean? Why is it important for you to
take charge of your life?
          2. How are negative experiences able to help you, along with the positive
things that happen to you?
          3. What bad news does Max find out about the lost golden cup? If you were
Max, would you be able to survive having to live in the past? How would your life
change?
          4. Why was Max so relieved when Jinx appeared?
          5. What are the first things the leader of the survivors orders the people to
do?




Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                                   18


       6. If you were the leader, what would you think are the first most important
tasks to accomplish to bring safety and order for the survivors?


Literary Link: Historical Fiction
       Historical Fiction is realistic fiction that is set in the past. Pirate Problems also
has the element of magical realism. What are the historical events and setting
included in Pirate Problems? Why do you suppose the author chose those historical
events to base the story on?
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Write On!
       If you were the author of a historical fiction novel for children, what
historical events would you choose to include in your book? Why? Tell what you
have learned about that period in history.
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Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                                 19


Chapters 11 and 12 A Side Trip and The Treasure Heist
Vocabulary Study: Antonyms
       Antonyms are words with opposite meanings. Match each word with its
opposite. Use a word from the first list to complete the sentences.
1. scurry                                  understanding
2. ornate                                  obeying
3. compensated                             mild
4. bewilderment                            plain
5. defiance                                weak
6. imminent                                owed
7. outrageous                              delayed
8. potent                                  walk slowly


1. The poison was so _______________that one ounce could kill you.
2. Each pirate was ________________ with gold doubloons and rum for his hard
work on board ship.
3. The heavy black clouds and increasing swells in the ocean told the sailors that a
storm was ___________________. drop his weapon
4. The captured captain showed angry _____________________ when told to drop
his weapons and raise his hands.
5. The government thought the pirates‟ demand for two million dollars in ransom
for safe release of the ship was __________________.
6. The old ring was _______________with its diamonds and rubies.
7. When the boy ended up in a strange city instead of his hometown, he looked
around in _________________________.
8. They could see the rats ________________________around the bottom of the ship
when they lit the lanterns.




Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                                20


Talk It Over
       1. Jinx has a very strange experience in Chapter 11. Was she dreaming,
hallucinating, having one of her visions, or imagining all of the scenes that she
witnessed? Do you think she really saw her Grandfather who had passed away?
       2. The people felt helpless under Blackbeard‟s threats. Have you ever felt
helpless in a situation; that there was nothing that you could do to change things?
Discuss how you felt then and share advice to each other to be used if such situations
occur again.


Literary Link: Anthropomorphism
       Anthropomorphism is a writing technique of giving human characteristics to
non-human things such as animals, plants, natural objects, etc.
Ex: the wind shrieked and screamed at us as we hustled down the street.
       Look back in Chapter One and other chapters to find examples of
anthropomorphism.
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Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                             21


Write On!
      Pretend that you are Blackbeard and you are about to attack the scavenger
camp. Rewrite the scene as you talk to your men, fire upon the camp, then load
boats to go ashore. What will you say to the leaders of the camp? What treasures
will you find? How will you divide up the treasure among the crew?
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Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                              22


Chapters 13 and 14: Give It Back and A Feathered Friend
Vocabulary Study- Choose words from the word box to replace the underlined
words in each sentence.

        resemblance       grizzled    tormentor     scoundrel      honorary

           porthole    tropical      shackled     foreign         decorum




1. The pirate‟s dirty beard was streaked with gray.
2. The stowaway crawled through the small round window in the side of the ship.
3. We should show some dignity and respect at the presidential election ceremony.
4. A dishonorable person stole the fundraiser money to buy himself a car.
5. Max was secured to the rail in the Blue Sea Devil with a metal band and chain.
6. Many boxes of bananas arrived from a faraway country‟s port.
7. The air was so hot and humid that the hikers tired very quickly.
8. Sailors on board the British ship were terrified of being caught by the person who
was sure to cause great physical pain on board the pirate ship.
9. Mickey became an automatic member of the JMP History Mystery Detective
Agency when Max and Jinx bestowed that honor upon him.
10. Oncle Robert and Mickey bore a strong look alike to Max with their blond hair
and blue eyes.


Talk It Over
       1. How many negative things happened to Max before he totally lost his self
control? How did he react when the pirate grabbed the gold cup from him? Did this
surprise you, given Maxes‟ usual ability to remain calm in emergencies?
       2. What did you think about the plan to get the gold cup back? Why did Max
allow everyone to accompany him? Do you have any friends who would stick by
your side no matter what?




Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                              23


      3. Who was luckier, the children or the parrot, when they discovered the
parrot shackled to the perch?
      4. Do you think Blackbeard will let the children alone in the future or come
after them? Why?
      5. What would it be like to meet your great, great grandfather when he was a
boy and then have to say goodbye to him?


Music Connection: Sea Chanteys
      Sea Chanteys are traditional songs sung and chanted by sailors aboard ship
to help pass the time. They expressed many emotions. In Chapter 14 Old Paulie
sang one such song: „Oh blow ye winds, I long to hear you, Blow boys, Bully boys,
blow!‟ Research Sea Chanteys and write the lyrics to one below.
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Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                              24


Write On!
       Now that you have found some traditional Sea Chanteys, try your hand at
writing your own! Think about life on board a sailing ship in the 1700‟s. Think
about the perils and the joys, and missing those close to you in heart but far away at
home. Decide what emotion you would like to display in your song.
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Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                        25


Chapters 15 and 16: Queen Anne’s Revenge and The Last Gold Doubloon
Vocabulary Study: Write the definitions to the words and then use each in a
paragraph. Two or more words may be used in a sentence at a time.
1. throttle (boat)
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2. electrodes
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3. materialize
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4. fantastical
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5. ghastly
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6. writhing
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7. fiendishly
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8. contemplating
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Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                                26


Vocabulary – paragraph:
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Talk It Over
       1. Jinx has had time to think about her strange experience when she was ill.
What does she tell Max about each part of the „dream?‟ What parts do you think
were real and what parts were dreamed?
       2. What do you think of Blackbeard by the end of the story? Does he have
any moral values at all?
       3. Were you surprised in the end when Mickey‟s Oncle Robert came time-
traveling to the future? Was there a clue in the story that he was capable of this?
       4. Do you think the children have considered traveling into the future?
Would this be a good idea? What might they find?




WRAP UP


Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                           27


      Check out news resources to read about modern day pirates. Consider how
they are like the pirates from the Eighteenth Century. How are they different? Use
the Venn Diagram to compare the likenesses and differences.




         MODERN DAY PIRATES                         18th CENTURY PIRATES
                                        BOTH




Art Connection: Draw your idea of a modern day pirate.




Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA
Martin/PIRATE PROBLEMS                                                              28


Choose one of the following project ideas to complete and share with your
classmates. You may choose to work alone or work with a partner or small group
for your presentation.

        1. Write a “Blurb.” A blurb is a brief, exciting description of the plot of a
story that publisher prints inside a book cover jacket or on the back cover of the
book. It tries to grab the reader‟s attention and make them want to read the book. It
also tells a brief biography about the author. Look at some book covers and their
blurbs. Then use Pirate Problems and create a book cover that includes an outside
picture and title and a “blurb.”

       2. Draw a cartoon. Think about your favorite cartoon in the newspaper. The
cartoonist tells a simple story in five or six boxes, using simple drawings and short
word balloons that contain the characters‟ thoughts. Try to tell your favorite part of
Pirate Problems in cartoon style, using five or six boxes.

        3. Perform a “Readers’ Theater.” In a Readers‟ Theater, a small group of
actors sit in chairs or stools in front of their audience. They read the story using
their voices, gestures, and facial expressions to relay the story to their audience.
They do not get up and move around, or use scenery or props. Choose a scene from
Pirate problems and decide who will read certain parts. Your group might want to
write your own script. Remember, you are an actor in a chair. Make your voice and
expressions very animated and dramatic.

Notes and Ideas:
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                             The End
Orchard House Press
Port Orchard, WA

				
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