CULTURE AND ENTERTAINMENT

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					  9            CULTURE, ENTERTAINMENT AND SPORT

 NATIONAL EXPENDITURE ON                                          radio and television sets.
                                                                  Socio-cultural activities: Community
 CULTURE, ENTERTAINMENT                                           centres and other socio-cultural
        AND SPORT                                                 activities.
                (Tables 9.1- 9.2)                                 Sports and games: Sport clubs,
                                                                  swimming pools, purchase of sports
DEFINITIONS          AND        CALCULATION                       equipment etc; organization of games
METHODS                                                           and sports competitions and using the
The definition of the field and its classification                Internet.
were based on a combination of two                                Nature and the environment:
definitions:                                                 Recreational activities connected with
(1) UNESCO recommendations (UNESCO:                          nature       and    preservation      of     the
   Recommendation Concerning the International               environment.
   Standardization of Statistics on the Public               Gambling: National Lottery and "Sport-
   Financing of Cultural Activities, adopted on the               Toto".
   report of Programme Commission V at the                   General         administration       and       non-
   thirty-seventh plenary meeting, on October 27,            apportionable miscellaneous activities:
   1980).                                                    Administration of cultural, youth and sports
(2) The definitions of private consumption and               activities; non-profit institutions n.e.s.
    its classification in the national accounts.             The main national expenditure on culture,
    (System of National Accounts 1993,                       entertainment and sport is the expenditure of
    Commission of the European Communities,                  households on goods and services supplied
    International Monetary Fund, Organization for            by business enterprises. In addition, the
    Economic Co-operation and Development,                   expenditure on culture, entertainment and
    United Nations, World Bank, 1993).                       sport includes the value of the services to
    According to this definition, the following              households supplied by the government,
   items are included in national expenditure                national institutions, local authorities and
   on culture, entertainment and sport:                      non-profit institutions. As these services have
   Cultural       heritage:       Museums,                   no market price, they are estimated at the
   archives, preservation of historical                      value of costs of manufacturing - labour
   monuments         and       archeological                 costs, other current purchases of goods and
   excavations.                                              services, and estimated depreciation.
   Literature and printed matter:                            The remainder is the expenditure on
   Libraries, books, newspapers and                          construction of buildings and purchase of
   other periodicals (excluding textbooks                    equipment for culture, entertainment and
   and school libraries).                                    sport.
   Music and performing arts: Theatre,                       The national expenditure on culture,
   dance and concerts; night clubs and                       entertainment and sport is classified by the
   other entertainment performances;                         following sectors:
   purchase of musical instruments and                        (1) Government offices and national
   equipment for playing and listening to                         institutions     Government         offices
   music.                                                         expenditures and expenditures of the
   Visual arts: Painting, sculpture and                           Jewish Agency and the World Zionist
   other arts; art galleries.                                     Organization in the sphere of culture,
   Cinema          and        photography:                        entertainment and sport.
   Production and screening of films,                        (2) Local authorities: expenditures of
   purchase of photographic and filming                           municipalities, local councils and
   equipment.                                                     regional councils on celebrations,
   Radio and television: Radio and                                performers,      parks      and       other
   television broadcasts, purchase of
                                                      (72)
    expenditures in the field of culture,                 local authorities.
    entertainment and sport.                              Expenditures of non-profit institutions were
(3) Non-profit institutions.                              obtained from a survey which included about
     (a) Non-profit institutions, where the               330 institutions. The survey is based on
         government, the Jewish Agency or                 financial    reports of    the    institutions
         the local authorities finance most               summarizing their expenditure and its
         of the expenditure (e.g. community               components according to type of institution.
         centres).
                                                          REVISED ESTIMATES
    (b) Private non-profit institutions.
(4) Business         sector:       household              Compared with the data published in the
    expenditure on purchases of cultural                  previous Statistical Abstract, estimates were
    goods and services such as: purchase                  revised following reevaluation of calculations
    of tickets for cinema, theatre, etc.;                 of depreciation from 1995 to 1999, and
    purchase of durable commodities,                      following current revisions of data for 2000-
    such as television sets, home video                   2002, based on detailed financial reports or
    machines, and radios; purchase of                     on other information.
    entertainment products and other
    hobbies, such as toys, games,                           BOOKS, NEWSPAPERS AND
    flowers, pets, etc.                                          PERIODICALS
Classification by operating sector is similar to                            (Tables 9.3-9.4)
that of the National Expenditure on Education             (Detailed data appeared in "Books Published in
(see Chapter 8 - Education).                              Israel - 1996", in Current Briefings in Statistics, No.
In classification by financing sector, financing          22, 2000.
by the sector is defined as the total of direct           as well as in “Daily Newspapers and Periodicals
expenditure on goods and services along                   Published in Israel 1995”, Current Briefings in
with subsidies, grants, transfers and other net           Statistics, No. 4, 1998.
payments to other sectors (excluding loans).              Data on books published are based on a
In government financing, the component of                 survey of publishing houses conducted by
support through unlinked, low-interest                    the Central Bureau of Statistics. Surveys of
government loans is not included.                         this nature have been conducted every few
                                                          years since 1965. The surveys are based on
ESTIMATES AT CONSTANT PRICES                              questionnaires filled out by publishers, with
The annual changes in the national                        items about each book published during the
expenditure on culture, entertainment and                 survey year: subject, number of copies,
sport at constant prices were calculated                  language of origin, language of printing and
separately for each sector (government, local             more. The last survey in the series refers to
authorities, non-profit institutions and the              January-December 1996.
business sector), and for each type of
expenditure (wages, current purchases,                    DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS
depreciation, construction and equipment).                Book: all printed matter comprising 49 or
See details in National Expenditure on                    more pages, printed in Israel and distributed
Education, Chapter 8 - Education.                         to the public. Multi-volume books are counted
                                                          as one unit. Magazines are not included.
SOURCES                                                   First Edition: Books published for the first
Estimates of expenditures by households are               time in Israel in the survey year (incl.
based on the findings of surveys on                       translations).
household expenditure as well as on current               Revised edition: An edition which differs from
data on purchase of goods and services,                   the previous one in content and/or type of
collected while preparing the estimates of                printing (update, expansion, abridgment, etc.)
private consumption.                                      Reprint: an additional printing, with no
The estimates of expenditure by the                       changes in the original publication.
government, the national institutions and the             Data on periodicals and newspapers were
local authorities were prepared on the basis              processed from information culled from the
of a detailed analysis of the expenditure                 card-file of the National Library.
items in the government’s financial reports
(which are prepared by the Accountant
General), the national institutions and the
                                                   (73)
        SURVEY OF PUBLIC                                    (branches).
                                                            Branch: a library associated with a main
         LIBRARIES 1998                                     library.
                    (Table 9.5)                             Volume: a physical unit of writings bound in a
The data are based on the results of a survey               single binding. In counting volumes, a book of
of public libraries which the Central Bureau of             several volumes is counted as the number of
Statistics conducted in July 1998 - May 1999.               volumes of which it consists.
The survey covered all the localities in the                Borrower: a person registered in the library’s
country.                                                    borrower card index.
Library. An organized collection of volumes,
periodicals, graphic, musical or audio-visual
materials intended for public use, free of
                                                                             CINEMA
                                                                             (Table 9.6)
charge or for a fee.
Public libraries were classified into the                   Data were supplied by the Ministry of the
following administrative units:                             Interior.
Independent library: a library that is an
independent administrative unit.
Main library: a library that serves, inter alia as
the administrative center for other libraries

                                SELECTED PUBLICATIONS
SPECIAL SERIES
946   Extracurricular Activities of                         1187    Reading, Leisure and Sports
      9th-12th     Grade      Pupils,                               Activities, 1999
      Hebrew         and         Arab                       1214    National      Expenditure  on
      Education, 1990/91, Part I                                    Culture,      Recreation  and
962   Extracurricular Activities of                                 Sports, 1984/85-2002
      9th-12th     Grade      Pupils,
      Hebrew         and         Arab                       CURRENT           BRIEFINGS        IN
      Education, 1990/91, Part II                                  STATISTICS
996   Time Use in Israel, Time                              4, 1998 Daily Newspapers and
      Budget Survey, 1991/92                                        Periodicals Published in
1029  Time Use in Israel, Additional                                Israel, 1995
      Findings from the Time                                2, 2000 Books Published in Israel,
      Budget                Survey,                                 1996
         1991/92
1166     Public Libraries, 1998




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