Why we work for nuclear abolition

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					Why we work for
nuclear abolition
WILPF Policy
      ●   From 1915 to the present,
          WILPF has worked for
      “The International Congress of Women,
         advocating universal disarmament and
         realizing that it can only be secured by
         international agreement, urges, as a step to
         this end, that all countries should, by such
         an international agreement, take over the
         manufacture of arms and munitions of war
         and should control all international traffic
         in the same. It sees in the private profits
         accruing from the great armament factories
         a powerful hindrance to the abolition of

                -WILPF Resolution, 1915
       Power and
●   Nuclear weapons are the ultimate
    representation of destructive
    military power, and the crown
    jewel of the military-industrial
●   The five permanent, veto-wielding
    members of the Security Council
    are also the five recognized nuclear
    weapon states.
●   Nuclear weapons are used to
    maintain the power status quo
    coming out of World War II, or to
    elevate less powerful countries to
    the so-called “nuclear club”.
          Justification for new wars
  “America must not ignore the threats gathering against us. Facing clear
evidence of peril, we cannot wait for the final proof – the smoking gun – that
                could come in the form of a mushroom cloud.”
           - US President Bush making the case for war on Iraq, October 7, 2002

                                  ●The Bush Administration’s January 2002
                                  Nuclear Posture Review plans for the first use
                                  of nuclear weapons in response to non-nuclear
                                  attacks or threats involving biological or
                                  chemical weapons or “surprising military
                                  developments,” and targets countries
                                  including Iran, North Korea and Syria.
                                  ●Following the 9-11 attacks, the Bush
                                  Administration openly declared the potential
                                  first use of nuclear weapons – even against
                                  those countries that don’t have them.
    Nuclear Threat
● A single modern warhead can
  destroy a city in an instant,
  killing hundreds of thousands
  – or even millions of people.
● There are still enough
  (approximately 30,000) in the
  world’s arsenal to destroy
  human civilization in a day.
• Delayed effects included
  cancer, chromosomal
  aberrations (birth defects),
  immunologic disorders,
  orphans, destruction of
  traditional society, devastation
  of community life and social
  system, and lasting
  psychological traumas.
Risk of Non-State or Accidental Use
Health and the Environment
             Indigenous and minority people have
               born the brunt of health and
               environmental damage caused by
               uranium mining, nuclear weapons
               testing and production wherever it
               has taken place, from the Western
               Shoshone lands in Nevada to the
               Marshall Islands.

             Radiological and non-radiological
               waste will last for tens and
               hundreds of thousands of years, and
               there is no way to get rid of it.
    Monetary Costs: US nuclear
   weapons spending & the world
–This year the U.S. will spend nearly $7 billion to
maintain and modernize nuclear warheads, useable for
decades to come, and many billions more to modernize
their means of delivery (ground-based missiles,
submarines, and bombers).
Altogether the U.S. is spending about $40 billion
             a year on its nuclear forces.
Economic justice
         The additional cost of
         achieving and maintaining
         universal access to basic
         education for all, basic
         health care for all,
         reproductive health care
         for all women, adequate
         food for all and clean
         water and safe sewers for
         all is roughly $40 billion a
         year – roughly equal to the
         U.S. nuclear weapons
                    – United Nations
          Development Report 1998
Our Vision
                What we do
●   Collect, package and
●   Empower civil society
    to act by providing
    access to information,
    primary documents
    and analysis
●   Connect civil society,
    governments and the