Schoolhouse Brook WHIP Monitoring

Document Sample
Schoolhouse Brook WHIP Monitoring Powered By Docstoc
					            Report of the Mansfield Plant Monitors, Spring – Fall 2008


   Establishment and Description of Permanent Monitoring Plots in
Schoolhouse Brook Park and Their Potential Use in Assessing Impact of
                  Invasive Species Control Efforts


    Pat Bresnahan, Roberta Coughlin, Jean Haskell, Becky Lehman, Charlotte Pyle


                                                   March 19, 2009
    Correspondence can be directed to: Jennifer Kaufman, Parks Coordinator, Town of
    Mansfield Parks and Recreation Department, address, email address? Or Charlotte?
                        Who exactly will be reading this report?



1      Executive Summary .................................................................................................... 2

2      Origins and Purpose of the Project ............................................................................. 3

3      Monitoring Sites and Protocol .................................................................................... 3

    3.1       The WHIP Fields ................................................................................................ 3
    3.2       The Monitoring Sites .......................................................................................... 5
    3.3       Plant Data Collection .......................................................................................... 6

4      Invasive Removal Operations ..................................................................................... 9

5      Observations and Discussion ...................................................................................... 9

    5.1       Updated Schoolhouse Brook Park Species List .................................................. 9
    5.2       Species Counts and Nativity ............................................................................. 10
    5.3       Optimum Sampling Dates and Plant Phenology............................................... 12

6      Future Work .............................................................................................................. 19

    APPENDICES .............................................................................................................. 20
1 Executive Summary
TODO: Anyone want to take a shot at this? I can help with this after Charlotte/Jennifer
contribute with the Invasives Removal Operation section 4. This missing information will
be important for the title part “Their Potential Use in Assessing Impact of Invasive
Species Control Efforts “.

 You have already mentioned some trends in the data that could be included here…great!
Including some 2008 finding about each of the three purposes listed in Section 2, along
with suggestions for 2009 work would also be good in the summary.
 Perhaps it should also be established here (and maybe you have already talked about
this) how to report the data each year. For instance, will this document be the base for
all future annual reports about this project?
2 Origins and Purpose of the Project

The Mansfield Plant Monitors (MPM) are a group of volunteers interested in observing
and chronicling plant biodiversity in the Town of Mansfield. Members conduct hikes in
town parks and maintain records of their observations in a central database. They are a
self-organized group of trained amateur botanists serving within the Parks and Preserves
department of the Town of Mansfield, CT, Natural Areas Volunteer program. In 2008,
the group focused its efforts on a set of permanent plots established in Schoolhouse
Brook Park. This work was motivated by an interest in monitoring the impact of an
invasive species removal project funded by a grant to the town from the Natural
Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) Wildlife Habitat Improvement Program
(WHIP). By focusing on these plots and the surrounding areas, the MPM work will:

   Update the park’s plant species checklist
   Provide a set of baseline information about the park that can be used by future
    observers to assess long-term environmental change
   Help assess the impact of the invasive control efforts, and the degree to which
    assessment can be conducted by trained volunteers



3 Monitoring Sites and Protocol
The 2008 work focused on three of the ten fields designated as work areas under the
WHIP grant. One of the first tasks of the group was to develop a sampling protocol for
the fields that could easily be implemented by volunteers. After much discussion and
trial-and-error, it was decided to establish several pairs of permanent 1 x 1 meter
quadrant plots in each field. Each quad pair consisted of two plots: a “Heavy” plot
dominated by one or more invasive species, and a “Light” plot, located nearby with a
similar physical environment, but few or no invasives. Plots were visited periodically
throughout the growing season and on each visit, the number and phenological stage of
each species in the plot were recorded. In addition, a general reconnaissance of the
parent “field” was conducted and its species information recorded.


3.1 The WHIP Fields

In XXXX the town of Mansfield received a $XXXX “Wildlife Habitat Incentives
Program” (WHIP) grant from the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) for
invasive species control in Schoolhouse Brook Park. Because the invasive removal work
would be conducted over a ten year period, a series of ten fields were identified to help
define the scope of work for each year (see Figure 1). These fields lie along the riparian
corridor in the park. Because invasive removal work was scheduled to begin in Fields 8,
9 and 10, the MPM survey began with these fields in 2008. The locations and
descriptions of the three fields are provided in Table 1 below.




Figure 1. Map of Schoolhouse Brook WHIP Fields.


TODO: Clean up the map or get a better one. Should we include maps of the individual
fields we worked on with approximate locations of witness trees and plots? I think it
would be great to include individual maps of each Field, perhaps in the Appendix. Each
Field should have text descriptions (Charlotte’s locations) and why they were chosen for
invasives removal. The three Fields sampled in 2008 (8,9,10) should have plots and
witness trees located if possible. This would be great for future work.
Also a “vicinity map” is always useful to the reader…Mansfield CT location (and
landscape and historical land use description), SHPB location (watershed info).


Table 1. Description of WHIP Fields 8, 9 and 10
Field          Location                                           Habitat
Field 8           South of Clover Mill Road                      Dry, high, open woods,
                  East of Barrows Pond, east of old foundation   maples, Barberry infestation
                   on hillcrest
                  North of Barrows Trail
Field 9           South of Clover Mill Road                      North bank of stream, shaded,
                  East of #120 Clover Mill Road, between         rich soil, Japanese Knotweed
                   road and stream, near stream                   infestation
Field 10          North of Clover Mill Road                      Damp meadow in abandoned
                  North of main parking lot.                     orchard, with blueberries.
                  Field to Right of beginning of Roadrunner      Various invasives, including
                   Trail                                          large Autumn Olive.




3.2 The Monitoring Sites

In Field 8 and Field 10, two pairs of permanent 1x1 meter quadrant plots were set up. In
Field 9, three pairs of quadrant plot were set up. Each pair was given a quad ID (i.e.,
“Q1”), with the heavily and lightly invaded plots designated with “H” or “L” as in Q1H,
Q1L. Plots were anchored at their due north and south corners by approx 2’ long sections
of rebar, pounded into the ground. In order to be able to locate these sites in the future,
the positions (angles and distances) of the north corners were measured relative to two
witness trees, and the trees were marked with numbered, metal tags. The descriptions
and locations of the witness trees are listed in Table 2. In some cases, the same witness
tree was used for more than one plot. The distances and angles of each plot’s north
corner from the witness trees are listed in Table 3. The plot/quadrat location information
provided in Tables 2 and 3, are very important for training new volunteers and continuing
the data collection for the next nine years. Also providing Field maps with quadrat
locations and witness trees would make this even more user-friendly, although this could
end up being a lot of work for us!


Table 2. Site Witness Trees: Location and Description
Field       Witness     Witness               Witness Tree Notes
Number Tree Tag Tree Species
            Number
Field 8     37          Red Maple             1' diameter next to dead tree
Field 8     41          Red Maple             Near where slope breaks downward. Flanked by 2
                                              small beech saplings; with 3: branch, 4' from base.
                                              One of two medium sized maples located E of
                                              stone wall, running E-W, about 13 m apart
Field 8     42          Red Maple             N most red maple in clump of 5 live + 1 dead. Just
                                              outside of foundation wall S of opening. Medium
                                              sized maples located E of stone wall, running E-W,
                                              about 13 m apart
Field 8     45          Red Maple?            10" diameter, with 5" diameter branch 10' up trunk
Field 9     40          Medium sized ?        20 ft S of Clover Mill Rd
Field 9     43          Sugar Maple           Medium sized, 10 ft N of brook
Field 9     44          Medium sized          10 feet N of brook
Field 9     46          Oak?                  6" diameter, 5' west of stream edge
Field 9     47          Oak?                  10" diameter, 10' N of stream
Field 9     100         Sugar Maple           10" diameter, between large boulder and stream, 3'
                                              N of stream
Field 10    38          Unknown               No notes
Field 10    39          Pignut Hickory        70 cm circumference
Field 10   729        Old Apple
Field 10   763        Eastern Red Cedar


TODO: Clean up the tree species and descriptions Good goal for 2009 work! Double-
checking Table 3 information would be great, too.


Table 3. Quad Plot Locations Relative to Witness Trees
Field     Plot ID Witness Meters              Degrees
                    Tree       From Tree From Tree
                    Number
Field 8   Q1_H            41            6.84           252
Field 8   Q1_H            42            6.33           100
Field 8   Q1_L            41            3.05           256
Field 8   Q1_L            42            9.73            86
Field 8   Q2_H            37            7.45            32
Field 8   Q2_H            45            0.81            68
Field 8   Q2_L            37            1.15           156
Field 8   Q2_L            45            7.02            42
Field 9   Q1_H            40            4.65            82
Field 9   Q1_H            44            10.3           354
Field 9   Q1_L            40            6.90           162
Field 9   Q1_L            44            4.95           304
Field 9   Q2_H            43            0.37             0
Field 9   Q2_H            46            3.58             0
Field 9   Q2_L            43            3.09             2
Field 9   Q2_L            46            1.30           136
Field 9   Q3_H            47            8.10           267
Field 9   Q3_H           100            2.40            85
Field 9   Q3_L            47            6.35           267
Field 9   Q3_L           100            4.10            85
Field 10 Q1_H             38          36.50            108
Field 10 Q1_H             39          26.75              9
Field 10 Q1_L            729          24.20            246
Field 10 Q1_L            763          36.95            278
Field 10 Q2_H            729          11.04            177
Field 10 Q2_H            763          15.82            283
Field 10 Q2_L            729            7.96           206
Field 10 Q2_L            763          20.60            292




3.3 Plant Data Collection

Volunteer monitors conducted field work on seventeen days during the 2008 growing
season: three in April, two in May, three in June, four in July, two in August and three in
September (see Table 4). Most of the initial work focused on setting up the permanent
plots. Once the plots were set up, the group’s goal was to visit each field at least once per
month. The trips normally lasted 2-3 hours, and normally 2 or 3 people participated per
trip. Has anyone set up a data collection schedule for 2009?
In the field, a quad plot was located and a plastic PVC 1x1 meter frame was aligned with
the north and south corners’ permanent rebar stakes. Each species in the plot was
identified to the extent possible. Initial identifications of the more common species were
made in the field using Newcomb’s Guide1. Gleason and Cronquist2 and the associated
Illustrated Guide3 were used for more difficult IDs. Gleason was also followed for the
scientific names for plant family, genus and species. An attempt was also made to cross
reference these names with the USDA’s plant ID codes.4 In addition to recording
quadrant plot species, a general reconnaissance of the plant species in the area
surrounding the plots was also made.




1
  Newcomb’s Guide to Wildflowers. TODO: Get reference
2
  Gleason and Cronquist. TODO: Get reference
3
  Illustrated Britton and Brown: TODO: Get reference
4
  Reference the USDA plant ID code system.
Table 4. Plot Monitoring Schedule, 2008. Numbers indicate days visited.
Date                       Field 8                                   Field 9                            Field 10
               Q1_H Q1_L Q2_H Q2_L Q1_H Q1_L Q2_H Q2_L                           Q3_H   Q3_L   Q1_H   Q1_L Q2_H    Q2_L
   09-Apr-08        1       1
   12-Apr-08                                        1       1
   26-Apr-08        1       1        1     1                          1      1
  03-May-08                                         1       1         1      1      1      1
  26-May-08                                                                                       1      1     1      1
   01-Jun-08                                        1       1         1      1      1      1
   14-Jun-08                                                                                      1      1
   25-Jun-08                                                                                      1      1     1      1
    06-Jul-08       1       1        1     1
    13-Jul-08
    20-Jul-08                                       1       1         1      1      1      1
    26-Jul-08       1       1        1     1
  10-Aug-08                                                                                       1      1     1
  16-Aug-08                                         1       1         1      1      1      1                          1
  01-Sep-08         1       1        1     1                          1
  13-Sep-08                                                                                       1      1     1      1
  21-Sep-08                                         1       1         1      1      1      1
TOTAL
VISITS              5       5        4     4        6       6         7      6      5      5      5      5     4      4
4 Invasive Removal Operations
Invasive control operations were begun during the growing season. A description of the
work undertaken is provided in Table 5. Jennifer? Charlotte? A list of invasive species
“targeted” for removal, along with their observed location would be great here. Also the
invasives landscape condition outside the control fields in the park and its vicinity should
be described. Other invasives control operations within Mansfield? Education efforts?
The Town’s Invasive Policy?

Table 5. Invasive Control Operations, Summer 2008
Field        Date              Control      Invasive     Description
                                            Species
                               Method
Field 8
Field 9
Field 10




TODO: Complete this table Jennifer? Charlotte?




5 Observations and Discussion

5.1 Updated Schoolhouse Brook Park Species List

An updated list of the plant taxa reported from Schoolhouse Brook Park is provided in
Appendix A. This list was compiled by merging the observations made in 2008 with
those reported by others in previous years. The previous list for the park had 126 taxa
and the new list has over 300, so roughly 175 new species were added to the list as a
result of this year’s field work. The identifications should be taken as tentative, since
voucher specimens were not collected and identities were not confirmed. An analysis of
the nativity of the park’s species is shown in Figure 2. Roughly 70% of the reported
species are native, 10% are non-native and with 20% nativity is unknown, either because
identification was only to genus or because nativity information was unavailable at the
time the species was entered into the database. Where nativity is known, then, about 85%
of the species are native and 15% non-native. Are we willing to note any “interesting”
species? Target ID vouchers to be collected this year (2009)?
                   350

                   300

                   250
  Species Counts




                   200                                                                    Unknown
                                                                                          NonNative
                   150                                                                    Native

                   100

                    50

                     0
                          SHBP                     F08           F09          F10



                   100%
                   95%
                   90%
                   85%
                   80%
                                                                                          NonNative
                   75%
                                                                                          Native
                   70%
                   65%
                   60%
                   55%
                   50%
                          SHBP                     F08           F09          F10


Figure 2. Park and study field species counts and percentages. Note higher percentage of non-
native species in Field 10.
              I’m not sure I understand Figure 2 and the label coordination; perhaps my
              downloaded version got the shading wrong?


5.2 Species Counts and Nativity


Species counts and percentages for the three study fields are also shown in Figure 2.
Field 10, the abandoned orchard, had the most species with a count of 127, Field 8 the
least with a count of 79, and Field 9 had 100 species. The abandoned orchard also had
the highest percent of identifiably non-native species at about 25% while Fields 8 and 9,
the forested areas, had about 10%.
TODO: Get acreages for park and estimated for fields Do we have any biodiversity
information of numbers of species expected in “healthy” similar habitats? Non-native
frequency in “healthy” habitats? Some comparative qualitative statement about the
health of this park and our working plots would be great.



As might be expected, the 1x1 meter plots had far fewer species than their surrounding,
several-acre fields (see Figure 3). There is some indication that plots “heavily” infested
with invasives had fewer species than “lightly” infested plots. Of the seven quad pairs,
six had more species in the “Light” plot than the “Heavy” plots, which were often
dominated by one or two large individuals of an invasive species such as barberry or
Autumn Olive.
With so many species with “unknown” nativity, comparison of the percentages of native
vs. non-native species in the plots may not be meaningful. Nevertheless, of the seven
quad pairs, five seemed to have a higher percent non-native in the “Heavy” plot, one had
a lower percent, and in one the percent was about the same.


                   140

                   120

                   100
  Species Counts




                   80                                                             Unknown
                                                                                  NonNative
                   60                                                             Native

                   40

                   20

                    0
                          Q H
                              L

                       8_ 2_H

                              L




                                     9_ 1_H

                                             L


                                        Q H
                                             L

                                     9_ 3_H

                                             L




                                                              0_ 1_H

                                                                     L


                                                                 Q H
                                                                     L
                              8




                                            9




                                                                     0
                           1_



                           2_




                                          1_



                                          2_



                                          3_




                                                                  1_



                                                                  2_
                           F0




                                         F0




                                                                  F1
                       8_ 1_




                                     9_ 2_




                                                              0_ 2_
                          Q




                                        Q




                                        Q




                                                                 Q
                    F0 Q



                    F0 Q




                                        Q



                                  F0 Q



                                  F0 Q




                                                           F1 Q



                                                           F1 Q
                       8_



                       8_




                                     9_



                                     9_



                                     9_




                                                              0_



                                                              0_
                                  F0
                    F0



                    F0




                                  F0



                                  F0



                                  F0




                                                           F1



                                                           F1
    100%


    90%


    80%
                                                                                  NonNative
                                                                                  Native
    70%


    60%


    50%
            Q H
                L

         8_ 2_H

                L




                                    Q H
                                         L

                                 9_ 2_H

                                         L


                                    Q H
                                         L




                                                                0_ 1_H

                                                                       L


                                                                   Q H
                                                                       L
                8




                                        9




                                                                       0
             1_



             2_




                                      1_



                                      2_



                                      3_




                                                                    1_



                                                                    2_
             F0




                                     F0




                                                                    F1
         8_ 1_




                                 9_ 1_




                                 9_ 3_




                                                                0_ 2_
            Q




                                    Q




                                                                   Q
      F0 _Q



      F0 Q




                              F0 Q



                                    Q



                              F0 Q




                                                             F1 Q



                                                             F1 Q
         8_




                                 9_



                                 9_



                                 9_




                                                                0_



                                                                0_
         8




                              F0
      F0



      F0




                              F0



                              F0



                              F0




                                                             F1



                                                             F1
Figure 3. Field and permanent monitoring quad species counts and percentages
Again, the shading choices need to be standardized in my version.


5.3 Optimum Sampling Dates and Plant Phenology


The MPM group managed to get teams in the field for at least three weekends per month
during the growing season, and one Field (2 or 3 quad pairs) could usually be monitored
in a 2 or 3 hour period, usually a Saturday or Sunday morning. The number of species
that are present and identifiable changes throughout the growing season. In the forested
areas, the spring ephemerals such as Rue Anemone are seen and identified only in early
spring, while the meadow, the various species of asters and goldenrods are only
identifiable in late summer to early fall. Note optimum date ranges for habitats (maybe
forest and field would be enough at this point), based on collected phonological data so
far. Part of the work last year was to establish when the data collection should start and
end.

Species Numbers, By Date. Figure 4 shows the total number of taxa that were observed
in a sampling location by sampling week. Historical data for the entire Schoolhouse
Brook Park are provided as reference. While a few species are identifiable in early – mid
April, large numbers are not usually seen until late April or early May. Within a Field,
species numbers then held relatively steady from May through July, and in the forested
areas (but not the meadow) the number of species observed declined in August. For the
park as a whole, based on historical anecdotal reports combined with the 2008 data,
species numbers seem to peak in July. (For Field 10 the July data are incomplete because
the quads could not all be located, and plots were not set up until the week of May 24).

Species Composition, By Date. Figures 5, 6 and 7 show the actual species that were
seen in Fields 8, 9 and 10. These figures would be even more valuable to the reader (or
plant monitor) if they incorporated an optimum time for identification (flower or fruit
time), say an “x” on the week(s) when identification parts can usually be seen on the
plant. The figures also show the weeks of the year that these species have been reported
by MPM on hikes in Mansfield over the past 20 years or so. These observed date ranges
do not necessarily correspond to the true phenological range of a species, however in
many cases, especially for the more common and easily identifiable species, they give a
good indication of what that phenological range might be. Similar lists for each quad are
shown in Appendix B.

The database developed by the Mansfield Plant Monitors contains records of plant
species seen in the Town of Mansfield. Most of the observations were made on hikes
taken since about 1988. Other species lists have been contributed over the years that
were not associated with particular hikes, so observation dates are not associated with
those records. Mention these sources by name, where available on website? By pooling
the records for a particular species and retrieving the earliest and latest dates in the year
that these plants were reported, some sense of that plant’s phenology can be determined.
However, this is most reliable for the most common and easily identifiable species. The
rarer species are not often seen, so their date ranges are less likely to represent their true
phenology. Also, in many cases a species can only be identified to genus early or late in
the season. So species with narrow ranges on the following graphs may either be rarer,
or perhaps misidentified.
                                                    PARK AND FIELDS                                                                                              FIELD 8 ONLY



                 91                                                                                                              91
                 81                                                                                                              81
                 71                                                                                                              71
 Species Count




                                                                                                                 Species Count
                                                                                                                                                                                                   SHBP_F08
                 61                                                                                   SHBP                       61                                                                SHBP_F08_Q1_H
                                                                                                      SHBP_F08
                 51                                                                                                              51                                                                SHBP_F08_Q1_L
                                                                                                      SHBP_F09
                 41                                                                                                              41                                                                SHBP_F08_Q2_H
                                                                                                      SHBP_F10
                                                                                                                                                                                                   SHBP_F08_Q2_L
                 31                                                                                                              31
                 21                                                                                                              21
                 11                                                                                                              11
                 1                                                                                                               1
                  29-   12-   26-   10- 24-    7-   21- 5-Jul 19-    2-   16-   30- 13-   27-   11-                               29- 12-   26- 10- 24- 7- 21- 5-Jul 19- 2- 16- 30- 13- 27- 11-
                  Mar   Apr   Apr   May May   Jun   Jun       Jul   Aug   Aug   Aug Sep   Sep   Oct                               Mar Apr   Apr May May Jun Jun      Jul Aug Aug Aug Sep Sep Oct




                                                     FIELD 9 ONLY                                                                                               FIELD 10 ONLY



                 91                                                                                                              91
                 81                                                                                                              81
                 71                                                                                                              71
 Species Count




                                                                                                                 Species Count
                                                                                                 SHBP_F09                                                                                          SHBP_F10
                 61                                                                              SHBP_F09_Q1_H                   61                                                                SHBP_F10_Q1_H
                 51                                                                              SHBP_F09_Q1_L                   51                                                                SHBP_F10_Q1_L
                 41                                                                              SHBP_F09_Q2_H                   41                                                                SHBP_F10_Q2_H
                                                                                                 SHBP_F09_Q2_L                                                                                     SHBP_F10_Q2_L
                 31                                                                                                              31
                                                                                                 SHBP_F09_Q3_H
                 21                                                                              SHBP_F09_Q3_L                   21
                 11                                                                                                              11
                 1                                                                                                               1
                  29- 12-     26- 10- 24- 7- 21- 5-Jul 19- 2- 16- 30- 13- 27- 11-                                                 29- 12-   26- 10- 24- 7- 21- 5-Jul 19- 2- 16- 30- 13- 27- 11-
                  Mar Apr     Apr May May Jun Jun      Jul Aug Aug Aug Sep Sep Oct                                                Mar Apr   Apr May May Jun Jun      Jul Aug Aug Aug Sep Sep Oct




Figure 4. Species Count By Observation Week
                                   Field 08 Species: Historical Identification Periods


      Hamamelis virginiana
                 Fraxinus sp.
           Circaea lutetiana
      Osmunda claytoniana
           Acer platanoides
      Viburnum acerifolium
Thelypteris noveboracensis
    Osmunda cinnamomea
                  Lamium sp.
 Dennstaedtia punctilobula
         Medeola virginiana
              Thalictrum sp.
  Cardamine pensylvanica
                     Alnus sp.
        Osmorhiza claytonii
           Aster divaricatus
             Prenanthes sp.
             Parthenocissus
                Oxalis stricta
       Smilacina racemosa
             Ranunculus sp.
        Pteridium aquilinum
   Polygonatum pubescens
          Fagus grandifolia
             Clethra alnifolia
             Chelone glabra
            Amelanchier sp.
                     Acer sp.
               Iris versicolor
        Unknown Unknown1
      Geranium maculatum
           Polygonatum sp.
               Osmunda sp.
                      Fern sp.
              Viola cucullata
                    Urtica sp.
                    Oxalis sp.
             Cardamine sp.                                                                              PreID
           Viola macloskeyi
                 Viola blanda                                                                           TotWeeks
   Euonymus atropurpurea
                  Vinca minor                                                                           PostID
                    Taxus sp.
   Toxicodendron radicans
              Vaccinium sp.
            Trillium erectum
             Rosa multiflora
      Ranunculus abortivus
 Maianthemum canadense
            Lindera benzoin
              Euonymus sp.
           Acer saccharum
       Ranunculus hispidus
                Acer rubrum
              Quercus rubra
   Anemonella thalictroides
     Anemone quinquefolia
              Panax trifolius
Polystichum acrostichoides
            Mitchella repens
                     Aster sp.
                     Viola sp.
                  Uvularia sp.
    Polygonum cuspidatum
            Lycopodium sp.
     Lycopodium lucidulum
                    Geum sp.
            Euonymus alata
       Celastrus orbiculatus
                    Carex sp.
                     Moss sp.
                    Grass sp.
         Berberis thunbergii
          Onoclea sensibilis
        Arisaema triphyllum
             Veratrum viride
  Erythronium americanum
                   Trillium sp.
    Symplocarpus foetidus
                                  12       16       20       24        28       32       36        40
                                       Week of Year Species Was Reported (Mansfield, Historical Data)
Figure 5. Field 8 Species: reported date range in historical MPM database
                                   Field 09 Species: Historical Identification Periods


                Unknown sp.
    Sporobolis vaginiflorus
       Laportea canadensis
           Leersia virginica
               Vitis labrusca
       Oryzopsis racemosa
          Geum virginianum
                    Betula sp.
             Polygonum sp.
  Cryptotaenia canadensis
          Danthonia spicata
                Liverwort sp.
  Amphicarpaea bracteata
                    Smilax sp.
              Mushroom sp.
          Ulmus americana
           Osmunda regalis
       Osmorhiza longistylis
             Botrychium sp.
       Athyrium filix-femina
           Smilax herbacea
      Hamamelis virginiana
                 Fraxinus sp.
           Circaea lutetiana
      Osmunda claytoniana
           Acer platanoides
      Viburnum acerifolium
Thelypteris noveboracensis
    Osmunda cinnamomea
                  Lamium sp.
 Dennstaedtia punctilobula
         Medeola virginiana
              Thalictrum sp.
  Cardamine pensylvanica
                     Alnus sp.
        Osmorhiza claytonii
           Aster divaricatus
             Prenanthes sp.
             Parthenocissus
                Oxalis stricta
       Smilacina racemosa
             Ranunculus sp.
        Pteridium aquilinum
   Polygonatum pubescens
          Fagus grandifolia
             Clethra alnifolia
             Chelone glabra
            Amelanchier sp.                                                                             PreID
                     Acer sp.
               Iris versicolor                                                                          TotWeeks
        Unknown Unknown1
      Geranium maculatum                                                                                PostID
           Polygonatum sp.
               Osmunda sp.
                      Fern sp.
              Viola cucullata
                    Urtica sp.
                    Oxalis sp.
             Cardamine sp.
           Viola macloskeyi
                 Viola blanda
   Euonymus atropurpurea
                  Vinca minor
                    Taxus sp.
   Toxicodendron radicans
              Vaccinium sp.
            Trillium erectum
             Rosa multiflora
      Ranunculus abortivus
 Maianthemum canadense
            Lindera benzoin
              Euonymus sp.
           Acer saccharum
       Ranunculus hispidus
                Acer rubrum
              Quercus rubra
   Anemonella thalictroides
     Anemone quinquefolia
              Panax trifolius
Polystichum acrostichoides
            Mitchella repens
                     Aster sp.
                     Viola sp.
                  Uvularia sp.
    Polygonum cuspidatum
            Lycopodium sp.
     Lycopodium lucidulum
                    Geum sp.
            Euonymus alata
       Celastrus orbiculatus
                    Carex sp.
                     Moss sp.
                    Grass sp.
         Berberis thunbergii
          Onoclea sensibilis
        Arisaema triphyllum
             Veratrum viride
  Erythronium americanum
                   Trillium sp.
    Symplocarpus foetidus
                                  12       16       20       24        28       32       36        40
                                       Week of Year Species Was Reported (Mansfield, Historical Data)
Figure 6. Field 9 Species: reported date range in historical MPM database

                                    Field 10 Species: Historical Identification Periods


                     Tridens flavus
                 Aster lateriflorus
                  Gentiana clausa
            Solidago canadensis
             Eupatorium dubium
                         Populus sp.
           Panicum dichotomum
               Solidago gigantea
                      Vitis labrusca
             Agrostis perennans
                        Cuscuta sp.
                Habenaria lacera
                     Lobelia inflata
           Euthamia graminifolia
                Lilium canadense
                 Cuscuta gronovii
          Hypericum punctatum
                        Erigeron sp.
                       Rhamnus sp.
        Polygonum caespitosum
                 Solidago rugosa
     Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
               Erigeron strigosus
                 Lyonia ligustrina
                    Fragaria vesca
                    Unknown Moss
                 Phleum pratense
                    Lobelia spicata
                       Carex swanii
                     Juncus tenuis
                  Unknown Grass
                 Prunella vulgaris
          Hypericum perforatum
                 Erigeron annuus
                  Rudbeckia hirta
                   Rubus hispidus
                       Spiraea alba
             Oenothera perennis
               Carex vulpinoidea
                  Gaylussacia sp.
                  Galium triflorum
                   Galium mollugo
             Thelypteris palustris
                    Potentilla recta
                 Mentha arvensis
          Liriodendron tulipifera
               Calystegia sepium
        Apocynum cannabinum
                 Trifolium aureum
               Smilax rotundifolia
                        Carex rosea
             Rhamnus cathartica
    Narcissus pseudonarcissus
         Pedicularis canadensis
         Hieracium caespitosum
 Chrysanthemum leucanthemum
              Linaria canadensis
                             Vitis sp.
                        Solidago sp.
                        Fraxinus sp.
          Vaccinium myrtilloides
                         Spiraea sp.
          Panicum clandestinum                                                                                 PreID
                Circaea lutetiana                                                                              TotWeeks
              Orobanche uniflora
                          Sedum sp.                                                                            PostID
              Erigeron pulchellus
             Viburnum dentatum
                     Hieracium sp.
           Eleagnus angustifolia
                  Senecio aureus
         Osmunda cinnamomea
      Dennstaedtia punctilobula
                         Zizia aurea
                Potentilla simplex
              Eleagnus umbellata
                    Daucus carota
                 Aster divaricatus
              Achillea millefolium
                   Prenanthes sp.
    Parthenocissus quinquefolia
                       Oxalis stricta
               Trifolium pratense
            Smilacina racemosa
             Pteridium aquilinum
                       Potentilla sp.
                            Acer sp.
                      Iris versicolor
             Vaccinium pallidum
             Unknown Unknown1
                            Rosa sp.
           Geranium maculatum
              Uvularia sessilifolia
              Monotropa uniflora
        Toxicodendron radicans
                     Vaccinium sp.
                  Trillium erectum
                    Rosa multiflora
      Maianthemum canadense
              Fragaria virginiana
                 Acer saccharum
                  Viola conspersa
            Ranunculus hispidus
                       Acer rubrum
               Hedyotis caerulea
                      Viburnum sp.
     Polystichum acrostichoides
                            Aster sp.
                            Viola sp.
                          Galium sp.
            Celastrus orbiculatus
                           Carex sp.
                            Moss sp.
                           Grass sp.
                     Cerastium sp.
               Pyrola rotundifolia
           Glechoma hederacea
           Ranunculus bulbosus
                              Iris sp.
              Berberis thunbergii
            Taraxacum officinale
            Potentilla canadensis
               Onoclea sensibilis
             Arisaema triphyllum
        Vaccinium corymbosum
                 Rubus flagellaris
                         Juncus sp.
                     SpeciesName
                                         10     14     18    22    26     30    34     38    42     46    50
                                              Week of Year Species Was Reported (Mansfield, Historical Data)


Figure 7. Field 10 Species: reported date range in historical MPM database
6 Future Work
In March 2009, the MPM group met to discuss plans for the upcoming season. The
group discussed setting up additional monitoring plots, modifying the sampling protocol,
refinement of the observation database and recruitment of new members.

      Monitoring Additional Whip Fields. In 2009 additional plots will be set up in
       WHIP Fields 5, 6 and 7. A preliminary reconnaissance hike took place, and some
       potential sites identified. Establish data collection schedule for Fields 8,9,10 and
       Fields 5,6,7.
      Sampling Protocol Development. The group discussed problems related to the
       spatial patterns of the plants and their associated habitats, and debated the
       potential merits of using transects. However due to limited volunteer time, the
       group decided to continue with the paired-quadrat plot approach. Additional
       information may be collected at each plot, such as percent cover. The protocols
       recommended by the New England Wildflower Society and others are being
       considered. Target cleaning up plot/quadrat/witness tree info about Fields 8,9,10.
      Database Management. The current database scientific plant names are based
       on Gleason and Cronquist. The group recognizes the value of using a nationally
       recognized nomenclature, and will attempt to add the USDA plant codes. Include
       in Appendix? Other means of cross referencing will be considered. Can we
       move into using a website for data collection this year?
      Volunteer Recruitment and Training. The MPM welcome any and all people
       interested in helping out. This is intended to be a long-term effort, so some
       continuity of membership is needed, but new members are also needed, especially
       as the number of monitoring plots increases. Knowledge of plants is helpful, but
       we are willing to share what we know. While we hope the monitoring has some
       value to the town, we also value the opportunity to get to know each other, the
       parks, and just have fun.
APPENDICES


Appendix A Schoolhouse Brook Plant Species List (Rev. 2008)

NOTE: The following are plants believed to have been observed in the park.
Identifications are not guaranteed to be correct!

                         CHECKLIST SCHOOLHOUSE BROOK PARK
  LatinFamily           Genus          Species              CommonName             Native
Aceraceae         Acer           platanoides    Norway maple                      Invasive
Aceraceae         Acer           rubrum         Red maple                         Native
Aceraceae         Acer           saccharum      Sugar maple                       Native
Aceraceae         Acer           sp.
Anacardiaceae     Rhus           sp.            Sumac
Anacardiaceae     Toxicodendron radicans        Poison ivy                        Native
Anacardiaceae     Toxicodendron vernix          Poison sumac                      Native
Apiaceae          Cryptotaenia   canadensis     Honewort                          Native
Apiaceae          Daucus         carota         Queen Anne's Lace                 Alien
Apiaceae          Osmorhiza      claytonii      Sweet Cicely                      Native
Apiaceae          Osmorhiza      longistylis    Long-styled sweet cicely          Native
Apiaceae          Zizia          aurea          Common Golden alexanders          Native
Apocynaceae       Apocynum       cannabinum     Indian Hemp                       Native
Apocynaceae       Vinca          minor          Periwinkle                        Alien
Aquifoliaceae     Ilex           verticillata   Winterberry                       Native
Araceae           Arisaema       triphyllum     Jack-in-the-pulpit                Native
Araceae           Symplocarpus foetidus         Skunk-cabbage                     Native
Araliaceae        Aralia         nudicaulis     Wild sarsaparilla                 Native
Araliaceae        Panax          trifolius      Dwarf Ginseng                     Native
Aspleniaceae      Athyrium       filix-femina   Lady-fern                         Native
Aspleniaceae      Polystichum    acrostichoides Christmas Fern                    Native
Aspleniaceae      Thelypteris    noveboracensis New York fern                     Native
Aspleniaceae      Thelypteris    palustris      Marsh-fern                        Native
Asteraceae        Achillea       millefolium    Yarrow                            Alien
Asteraceae        Ambrosia       artemesiifolia Common Ragweed                    Native
Asteraceae        Aster          cordifolius    Common blue heart-leaved aster    Native
Asteraceae        Aster          divaricatus    Common white heart-leaved aster   Native
Asteraceae        Aster          lanceolatus    Eastern lined or Panicled Aster   Native
Asteraceae        Aster          lateriflorus   Goblet aster or Calico aster      Native
Asteraceae        Aster          novi-belgii    New York aster                    Native
Asteraceae        Aster          pilosus        Awl-aster or Heath aster          Native
Asteraceae        Aster          racemosus      Small-headed aster                Native
Asteraceae        Aster          sp.
Asteraceae        Aster          umbellatus     Tall flat-topped white aster      Native
                      CHECKLIST SCHOOLHOUSE BROOK PARK
  LatinFamily        Genus          Species            CommonName             Native
Asteraceae      Aster         undulatus      Clasping heart-leaved or Wavy-   Native
                                             leaved aster
Asteraceae      Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Ox-eye daisy                       Alien
Asteraceae      Erigeron      annuus         Daisy Fleabane                   Native
Asteraceae      Erigeron      pulchellus     Robin's Plantain                 Native
Asteraceae      Erigeron      sp.            Fleabane
Asteraceae      Erigeron      strigosus      Lesser Daisy Fleabane            Native
Asteraceae      Eupatorium    dubium         Eastern Joe-Pye Weed; Three-     Native
                                             nerved JPW
Asteraceae      Eupatorium    perfoliatum    Boneset                          Native
Asteraceae      Euthamia      graminifolia   Lance-leaved Goldenrod           Native
Asteraceae      Gnaphalium    obtusifolium   Fragrant Cudweed                 Native
Asteraceae      Hieracium     caespitosum    Yellow king-devil                Alien
Asteraceae      Hieracium     gronovii       Beaked hawkweed                  Native
Asteraceae      Hieracium     paniculatum    Panicled hawkweed                Native
Asteraceae      Hieracium     scabrum        Sticky hawkweed                  Native
Asteraceae      Hieracium     sp.            Hawkweed
Asteraceae      Lactuca       sp.
Asteraceae      Mikania       scandens       Climbing Boneset                 Native
Asteraceae      Prenanthes    sp.
Asteraceae      Prenanthes    trifoliata     Gall-of-the-Earth                Native
Asteraceae      Rudbeckia     hirta          Black-eyed Susan                 Native
Asteraceae      Senecio       aureus         Heart-leaved groundsel           Native
Asteraceae      Solidago      bicolor        Silver-rod                       Native
Asteraceae      Solidago      caesia         Axillary or Blue-stemmed         Native
                                             goldenrod
Asteraceae      Solidago      canadensis     Common goldenrod                 Native
Asteraceae      Solidago      gigantea       Smooth goldenrod                 Native
Asteraceae      Solidago      juncea         Early goldenrod                  Native
Asteraceae      Solidago      nemoralis      Gray goldenrod                   Native
Asteraceae      Solidago      rugosa         Wrinkle-leaved or Rough-         Native
                                             stemmed goldenrod
Asteraceae      Solidago      sp.
Asteraceae      Taraxacum     officinale     Dandelion                        Alien
Balsaminaceae   Impatiens     capensis       Touch-me-not                     Native
Berberidaceae   Berberis      thunbergii     Japanese barberry                Alien
Betulaceae      Alnus         sp.
Betulaceae      Betula        alleghaniensis Yellow Birch                     Native
Betulaceae      Betula        lenta          Sweet Birch                      Native
Betulaceae      Betula        nigra          River Birch                      Native
Betulaceae      Betula        populifolia    Gray Birch                       Native
Betulaceae      Betula        sp.            Unknown
Betulaceae      Carpinus      caroliniana    Musclewood                       Native
                           CHECKLIST SCHOOLHOUSE BROOK PARK
   LatinFamily           Genus          Species             CommonName          Native
Betulaceae         Ostrya          virginiana    Hop Hornbeam                  Native
Brassicaceae       Alliaria        petiolata     Garlic Mustard                Alien
Brassicaceae       Cardamine       pensylvanica  Pennsylvania bitter-cress     Native
Brassicaceae       Cardamine       sp.
Campanulaceae      Campanula       aparinoides   Marsh-bellflower              Native
Campanulaceae      Lobelia         inflata       Indian tobacco                Native
Campanulaceae      Lobelia         spicata       Spiked lobelia                Native
Caprifoliaceae     Viburnum        acerifolium   Flowering maple               Native
Caprifoliaceae     Viburnum        dentatum      Arrowwood                     Native
Caprifoliaceae     Viburnum        sp.
Caryophyllaceae    Cerastium       sp.
Caryophyllaceae    Dianthus        armeria       Deptford Pink                 Alien
Celastraceae       Celastrus       orbiculatus   Oriental Bittersweet          Alien
Celastraceae       Euonymus        alata         Winged Burning Bush           Alien
Celastraceae       Euonymus        atropurpurea
Celastraceae       Euonymus        sp.
Clethraceae        Clethra         alnifolia     Sweet Pepperbush              Native
Clusiaceae         Hypericum       canadense     Canada St. John's -wort       Native
Clusiaceae         Hypericum       mutilum       Dwarf St. John's-wort         Native
Clusiaceae         Hypericum       perforatum    Common                        Alien
Clusiaceae         Hypericum       punctatum     Spotted St. John's-wort       Native
Convolvulaceae     Calystegia      sepium        Hedge-bindweed                A and N
Cornaceae          Cornus          alternifolia  Alternate-Leaved Dogwood      Native
Cornaceae          Nyssa           sylvatica     Black Gum                     Native
Crassulaceae       Sedum           sp.
Cupressaceae       Juniperus       communis      Common Juniper                Native
Cupressaceae       Juniperus       virginiana    Eastern Red Cedar             Native
Cuscutaceae        Cuscuta         gronovii      Common Dodder                 Native
Cuscutaceae        Cuscuta         sp.           Dodder
Cyperaceae         Carex           gracillima    "Dinky Drooping Sedge"        Native
Cyperaceae         Carex           intumescens   "Giant Cluster Sedge"         Native
Cyperaceae         Carex           laevivaginata "Smooth Sheath Sedge"         Native
Cyperaceae         Carex           lurida                                      Native
Cyperaceae         Carex           rosea         "Little Starry Sedge"         Native
Cyperaceae         Carex           sp.
Cyperaceae         Carex           swanii        "Hairy Hard Cylindar Sedge"   Native
Cyperaceae         Carex           vulpinoidea   Foxtail Sedge                 Native
Cyperaceae         Scirpus         cyperinus     Wool Grass                    Native
Dennstaedtiaceae   Dennstaedtia    punctilobula  Hay-scented Fern              Native
Dennstaedtiaceae   Pteridium       aquilinum     Bracken fern                  Native
Eleagnaceae        Eleagnus        angustifolia  Russian Olive                 Alien
Eleagnaceae        Eleagnus        umbellata     Autumn Olive                  Alien
                        CHECKLIST SCHOOLHOUSE BROOK PARK
    LatinFamily       Genus          Species            CommonName              Native
Equisetaceae    Equisetum       sp.           Horsetail
Ericaceae       Gaultheria      procumbens    Wintergreen                       Native
Ericaceae       Gaylussacia     sp.
Ericaceae       Lyonia          ligustrina    Male-berry                        native
Ericaceae       Rhododendron periclymenoides Pinkster-flower                    Native
Ericaceae       Vaccinium       angustifolium Common lowbush-blueberry          Native
Ericaceae       Vaccinium       corymbosum    Highbush-blueberry                Native
Ericaceae       Vaccinium       myrtilloides  Velvetleaf Blueberry              Native
Ericaceae       Vaccinium       pallidum      Hillside Blueberry                Native
Ericaceae       Vaccinium       sp.
Euphorbiaceae   Acalypha        rhomboidea    Rhombic Copperleaf                Native
Euphorbiaceae   Euphorbia       cyparissias   Cypress Spurge                    Alien
Fabaceae        Amphicarpaea bracteata        Hog peanut                        Native
Fabaceae        Apios           americana     Ground Nut                        Native
Fabaceae        Trifolium       aureum        Palmate hop-clover                Alien
Fabaceae        Trifolium       pratense      Red clover                        Alien
Fabaceae        Trifolium       repens        White clover                      Alien
Fagaceae        Castanea        dentata       American Chestnut                 Native
Fagaceae        Fagus           grandifolia   Beech                             Native
Fagaceae        Quercus         alba          White Oak                         Native
Fagaceae        Quercus         rubra         Northern Red Oak                  Native
Fagaceae        Quercus         velutina      Black Oak                         Native
Fern            Fern            sp.           Unknown
Gentianaceae    Gentiana        clausa        Meadow closed or Bottle gentian   Native
Geraniaceae     Geranium        maculatum     Wild geranium                     Native
Hamamelidaceae Hamamelis        virginiana    Witch Hazel                       Native
Iridaceae       Iris            sp.           Iris
Iridaceae       Iris            versicolor    Northern Blue Flag                Native
Iridaceae       Sisyrinchium    sp.           Blue-eyed Grass
Juglandaceae    Carya           cordiformis   Butternut Hickory                 Native
Juglandaceae    Carya           ovata         Shagbark Hickory                  Native
Juglandaceae    Carya           tomentosa     Mockernut Hickory                 Native
Juncaceae       Juncus          sp.
Juncaceae       Juncus          tenuis        Path-rush                         Native
Lamiaceae       Glechoma        hederacea     Gill-over-the-ground              Alien
Lamiaceae       Lamium          sp.
Lamiaceae       Lycopus         uniflorus     Northern water-horehound          Native
Lamiaceae       Mentha          arvensis      Wild Mint                         Native
Lamiaceae       Prunella        vulgaris      Self-heal                         Native
Lamiaceae       Pycnanthemum tenuifolium      Narrow-leaved Mountain Mint       Native
Lamiaceae       Scutellaria     lateriflora   Mad-dog skullcap                  Native
Lauraceae       Lindera         benzoin       Spice-bush                        Native
                         CHECKLIST SCHOOLHOUSE BROOK PARK
    LatinFamily         Genus         Species               CommonName            Native
Lentibulariaceae Utricularia     vulgaris        Common bladderwort              Native
Liliaceae        Allium          tricoccum       Ramps; Wild leek                Native
Liliaceae        Erythronium     americanum      Trout Lily                      Native
Liliaceae        Hypoxis         hirsuta         Common star-grass               Native
Liliaceae        Lilium          canadense       Wild yellow lily                Native
Liliaceae        Maianthemum canadense           Wild lily of the valley         Native
Liliaceae        Medeola         virginiana      Indian cucumber-root            Native
Liliaceae        Narcissus       pseudonarcissus Daffodil                        Escape
Liliaceae        Polygonatum     pubescens       Hairy Solomon's seal            Native
Liliaceae        Polygonatum     sp.             Solomon's seal                  Native
Liliaceae        Smilacina       racemosa        False solomon's seal            Native
Liliaceae        Trillium        erectum         Purple trillium                 Native
Liliaceae        Trillium        sp.             Trillium
Liliaceae        Uvularia        sessilifolia    Sessile-leaved bellwort         Native
Liliaceae        Uvularia        sp.
Liliaceae        Veratrum        viride          False hellebore                 Native
Liverwort        Liverwort       sp.             Unknown
Lycopodiaceae    Lycopodium      lucidulum       Shining clubmoss                Native
Lycopodiaceae    Lycopodium      sp.             Clubmoss                        Native
Magnoliaceae     Liriodendron    tulipifera      Tulip Tree                      Native
Monotropaceae Monotropa          uniflora        Indian Pipe                     Native
Moss             Moss            sp.             Unknown
Mushroom         Mushroom        sp.             Unknown
Myricaceae       Comptonia       peregrina       Sweet Fern                      Native
Nymphaeaceae Nuphar              sp.
Nymphaeaceae Nuphar              variegata       Spatterdock                     Native
Oleaceae         Fraxinus        americana       White Ash                       Native
Oleaceae         Fraxinus        sp.
Onagraceae       Circaea         lutetiana       Common Enchanter's Nightshade   Native
Onagraceae       Epilobium       coloratum       Purple-leaved Willow-herb       Native
Onagraceae       Oenothera       biennis         Common evening-primrose         Native
Onagraceae       Oenothera       perennis        Little sundrops                 Native
Onocleaceae      Onoclea         sensibilis      Sensitive fern                  Native
Ophioglossaceae Botrychium       sp.             Grape fern                      Native
Orchidaceae      Cypripedium     acaule          Pink Lady's Slipper             Native
Orchidaceae      Goodyera        pubescens       Downy Rattlesnake Plantain      Native
Orchidaceae      Habenaria       lacera          Ragged fringed orchid           Native
Orchidaceae      Habenaria       sp.
Orobancaceae     Epifagus        virginiana      Beechdrops                      Native
Orobancaceae     Orobanche       uniflora        Cancer-root
Osmundaceae      Osmunda         cinnamomea      Cinnamon fern                   Native
Osmundaceae      Osmunda         claytoniana     Interrupted fern                Native
                       CHECKLIST SCHOOLHOUSE BROOK PARK
   LatinFamily        Genus         Species               CommonName         Native
Osmundaceae      Osmunda       regalis         Royal fern                    Native
Osmundaceae      Osmunda       sp.
Oxalidaceae      Oxalis        sp.
Oxalidaceae      Oxalis        stricta         Common yellow wood-sorrel     Native
Papaveraceae     Chelidonium   majus           Celandine                     Alien
Pinaceae         Abies         balsamea        Balsam Fir                    Native
Pinaceae         Larix         laricina        Tamarack                      Native
Pinaceae         Picea         glauca          White Spruce                  Native
Pinaceae         Pinus         resinosa        Red Pine                      Native
Pinaceae         Pinus         strobus         White Pine                    Native
Pinaceae         Tsuga         canadensis      Eastern Hemlock               Native
Plantaginaceae   Plantago      major           Common plantain               Alien
Poaceae          Agrostis      hymalis         Ticklegrass
Poaceae          Agrostis      perennans       Autumn Bent Grass
Poaceae          Andropogon    gerardii        Big Bluestem                  Native
Poaceae          Danthonia     spicata         Poverty Oatgrass              Native
Poaceae          Grass         sp.             Unknown
Poaceae          Leersia       virginica       White Grass                   Native
Poaceae          Muhlenbergia  frondosa        Muhlenbergia                  Native
Poaceae          Oryzopsis     racemosa        Blackseed-ricegrass           Native
Poaceae          Panicum       clandestinum    Deer-tongue grass             Native
Poaceae          Panicum       dichotomum      Woodland Panic Grass
Poaceae          Phleum        pratense        Timothy                       Alien
Poaceae          Sporobolis    vaginiflorus    Poverty Grass                 Native
Poaceae          Tridens       flavus          Purple-top                    Native
Polygonaceae     Polygonum     caespitosum     Long-bristled smartweed       Alien
Polygonaceae     Polygonum     cuspidatum      Japanese Knotweed             Alien
Polygonaceae     Polygonum     hydropiperoides Mild Water Pepper             Native
Polygonaceae     Polygonum     scandens        Climbing False Buckwheat      Native
Polygonaceae     Polygonum     sp.
Polygonaceae     Rumex         acetosella      Red sorrel                    Alien
Pontederiaceae   Pontederia    cordata         Pickerelweed                  Native
Pontederiaceae   Pontederia    sp.
Primulaceae      Lysimachia    quadrifolia     Whorled loosestrife           Native
Primulaceae      Lysimachia    terrestris      Swamp candles or Bulbil-      Native
                                               loosestrife
Primulaceae      Trientalis    borealis        Starflower                    Native
Pyrolaceae       Chimaphila    maculata        Spotted wintergreen           Native
Pyrolaceae       Chimaphila    umbellata       Prince's pine or Pipsissewa   Native
Pyrolaceae       Pyrola        elliptica       Elliptic shinleaf             Native
Pyrolaceae       Pyrola        rotundifolia    Round-leaved Pyrola           Native
Pyrolaceae       Pyrola        sp.
                      CHECKLIST SCHOOLHOUSE BROOK PARK
  LatinFamily        Genus          Species           CommonName        Native
Ranunculaceae   Actaea        alba          Doll's Eyes                Native
Ranunculaceae   Anemone       quinquefolia  Wood-anemone               Native
Ranunculaceae   Anemonella    thalictroides Rue-anemone                Native
Ranunculaceae   Caltha        palustris     Marsh-marigold             Native
Ranunculaceae   Ranunculus    abortivus     Small-flowered crowfoot    Native
Ranunculaceae   Ranunculus    bulbosus      Bulbous buttercup          Alien
Ranunculaceae   Ranunculus    hispidus      Hispid buttercup           Native
Ranunculaceae   Ranunculus    recurvatus    Hooked crowfoot            Native
Ranunculaceae   Ranunculus    sp.           Buttercup
Ranunculaceae   Thalictrum    pubescens     Tall meadow-rue            Native
Ranunculaceae   Thalictrum    sp.           Meadow rue                 Native
Rhamnaceae      Rhamnus       cathartica    Common Buckthorn           Alien
Rhamnaceae      Rhamnus       sp.           Unknown Buckthorn
Rosaceae        Amelanchier   sp.           Shadbush
Rosaceae        Fragaria      sp.
Rosaceae        Fragaria      vesca         Wood Strawberry            Native
Rosaceae        Fragaria      virginiana    Wild Strawberry            Native
Rosaceae        Geum          canadense     White avens                Native
Rosaceae        Geum          sp.           Avens
Rosaceae        Geum          virginianum   Cream-colored avens        Native
Rosaceae        Potentilla    canadensis    Dwarf cinquefoil           Native
Rosaceae        Potentilla    recta         Rough-fruited cinquefoil   Alien
Rosaceae        Potentilla    simplex       Old-field                  Native
Rosaceae        Potentilla    sp.           Cinquefoil
Rosaceae        Prunus        serotina      Wild black cherry          Native
Rosaceae        Prunus        sp.           Cherry, unknown
Rosaceae        Prunus        virginiana    Choke-cherry               Native
Rosaceae        Rosa          multiflora    Multiflowered rose         Alien
Rosaceae        Rosa          sp.
Rosaceae        Rubus         flagellaris   Northern dewberry          Native
Rosaceae        Rubus         hispidus      Dewberry                   Native
Rosaceae        Rubus         sp.
Rosaceae        Spiraea       alba          Meadowsweet                Native
Rosaceae        Spiraea       sp.
Rosaceae        Spiraea       tomentosa     Hardhack                   Native
Rubiaceae       Galium        circaezans    Wild licorice              Native
Rubiaceae       Galium        mollugo       Wild Madder                Alien
Rubiaceae       Galium        sp.           Bedstraw
Rubiaceae       Galium        triflorum     Sweet-scented bedstraw     Native
Rubiaceae       Hedyotis      caerulea      Bluets                     Native
Rubiaceae       Mitchella     repens        Partridgeberry             Native
Salicaceae      Populus       sp.
                          CHECKLIST SCHOOLHOUSE BROOK PARK
   LatinFamily           Genus         Species           CommonName   Native
Salicaceae         Populus        tremuloides  Quaking aspen          Native
Saxifragaceae      Saxifraga      pensylvanica Swamp-saxifrage        Native
Scrophulariaceae   Chelone        glabra       White turtlehead       Native
Scrophulariaceae   Linaria        canadensis   Toadflax               Native
Scrophulariaceae   Melampyrum     lineare      Cow-wheat              Native
Scrophulariaceae   Mimulus        ringens      Monkey Flower          Native
Scrophulariaceae   Pedicularis    canadensis   Wood-betony            Native
Smilacaceae        Smilax         herbacea     Carrion Flower         Native
Smilacaceae        Smilax         rotundifolia Catbrier               Native
Smilacaceae        Smilax         sp.
Sparganiaceae      Sparganium     sp.
Taxaceae           Taxus          sp.
Ulmaceae           Ulmus          americana    American Elm           Native
Unknown            Unknown        Grass
Unknown            Unknown        Moss
Unknown            Unknown        sp.
Unknown            Unknown        Unknown1
Urticaceae         Boehmeria      cylindrica   False nettle           Native
Urticaceae         Laportea       canadensis   Wood nettle            Native
Urticaceae         Pilea          pumila       Clearweed              Native
Urticaceae         Urtica         dioica       Stinging nettle        Alien
Urticaceae         Urtica         sp.
Verbenaceae        Verbena        hastata      Common vervain         Native
Violaceae          Viola          blanda       Sweet white            Native
Violaceae          Viola          conspersa    American dog-violet    Native
Violaceae          Viola          cucullata    Blue marsh-violet      Native
Violaceae          Viola          macloskeyi   Wild white violet      Native
Violaceae          Viola          pubescens    Yellow forest-violet   Native
Violaceae          Viola          sp.
Vitaceae           Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia-creeper       Native
Vitaceae           Vitis          labrusca     Fox Grape              Native
Vitaceae           Vitis          sp.          Grape
Appendix B. Quad species and their historical reported date ranges in the MPM database
                                      FIELD 8 QUAD 1: Species: Historical Identification Periods


                       LIGHT
            Aster lateriflorus
                 Prunus sp.
        Carex laevivaginata
                   Betula sp.
                Carex rosea
                Solidago sp.
           Circaea lutetiana
            Carex gracillima
               Oxalis stricta
           Fagus grandifolia
            Amelanchier sp.
                     Acer sp.
    Toxicodendron radicans
            Lindera benzoin
           Acer saccharum
            Viola conspersa
           Quercus velutina
                    Aster sp.
                    Viola sp.                                                                                                                         PreID
                  Galium sp.                                                                                                                          ID Period
      Celastrus orbiculatus                                                                                                                           PostID
                   Carex sp.
                    Moss sp.
                   Grass sp.
              Cerastium sp.
       Taraxacum officinale
        Arisaema triphyllum
                      HEAVY
           Circaea lutetiana
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
    Toxicodendron radicans
            Lindera benzoin
           Acer saccharum
                  Galium sp.
                   Carex sp.
                    Moss sp.
                   Grass sp.
              Cerastium sp.
         Berberis thunbergii


                                 12        16             20                  24                 28                  32                  36      40
                                                We e k o f Y e a r S pe c ie s Wa s R e po rt e d ( M a ns f ie ld, H is t o ric a l D a t a )
                                     FIELD 8 QUAD 2: Species: Historical Identification Periods



                     LIGHT
       Athyrium filix-femina
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
            Clethra alnifolia
       Unknown Unknown1
             Vaccinium sp.
           Lindera benzoin
     Anemone quinquefolia
      Celastrus orbiculatus
        Arisaema triphyllum
     Symplocarpus foetidus
                    HEAVY                                                                                                                            PreID
            Unknown Moss                                                                                                                             ID Period
     Thalictrum pubescens                                                                                                                            PostID
            Clethra alnifolia
            Chelone glabra
   Toxicodendron radicans
           Lindera benzoin
                   Viola sp.
                Galium sp.
                  Carex sp.
                  Moss sp.
        Berberis thunbergii
        Arisaema triphyllum
     Symplocarpus foetidus

                                12        16             20                  24                  28                 32                  36      40
                                               We e k o f Y e a r S pe c ie s Wa s R e po rt e d ( M a ns f ie ld, H is t o ric a l D a t a )
                                   FIELD 9 QUAD 1: Species: Historical Identification Periods


                     LIGHT
         Mushroom sp.
       Osmunda regalis
       Smilax herbacea
             Fraxinus sp.
       Acer platanoides
 Osmunda cinnamomea
          Thalictrum sp.
           Polygonatum
        Amelanchier sp.
                  Acer sp.
       Polygonatum sp.
Toxicodendron radicans
         Vaccinium sp.
       Acer saccharum
   Ranunculus hispidus
              Polystichum                                                                                                                             PreID
                Carex sp.
                                                                                                                                                      ID Period
                Moss sp.
    Arisaema triphyllum                                                                                                                               PostID
                   HEAVY
          Vitis labrusca
       Smilax herbacea
   Smilacina racemosa
           Polygonatum
                  Acer sp.
       Polygonatum sp.
Toxicodendron radicans
        Trillium erectum
       Acer saccharum
             Acer rubrum
 Polygonum cuspidatum
        Euonymus alata
     Onoclea sensibilis
    Arisaema triphyllum
               Trillium sp.

                              12   16           20                    24                     28                    32                       36   40
                                           We e k o f Y e a r S pe c ie s Wa s R e po rt e d ( M a ns f ie ld, H is t o ric a l D a t a )
                            FIELD 9 QUAD 2: Species: Historical Identification Periods


                        LIGHT
               Unknown sp.
           Leersia virginica
          Danthonia spicata
  Amphicarpaea bracteata
                  Smilax sp.
          Ulmus americana
        Athyrium filix-femina
           Smilax herbacea
                Fraxinus sp.
      Osmunda claytoniana
Thelypteris noveboracensis
         Medeola virginiana
           Aster divaricatus
             Ranunculus sp.
  Polygonatum pubescens
            Clethra alnifolia
                     Acer sp.
                     Fern sp.
              Vaccinium sp.
 Maianthemum canadense
            Lindera benzoin
           Acer saccharum
     Anemone quinquefolia
Polystichum acrostichoides
                    Aster sp.
                     Viola sp.
                Uvularia sp.
    Polygonum cuspidatum
            Lycopodium sp.
                   Carex sp.
                    Moss sp.
                   Grass sp.                                                                                PreID
         Berberis thunbergii
        Arisaema triphyllum                                                                                 ID Period
             Veratrum viride                                                                                PostID
  Erythronium americanum
    Symplocarpus foetidus
                      HEAVY
    Sporobolis vaginiflorus
               Liverwort sp.
             Botrychium sp.
     Hamamelis virginiana
           Aster divaricatus
       Smilacina racemosa
  Polygonatum pubescens
             Chelone glabra
            Amelanchier sp.
                     Fern sp.
              Viola cucullata
           Viola macloskeyi
   Toxicodendron radicans
 Maianthemum canadense
            Lindera benzoin
       Ranunculus hispidus
                    Aster sp.
                     Viola sp.
    Polygonum cuspidatum
            Lycopodium sp.
     Lycopodium lucidulum
                   Geum sp.
            Euonymus alata
                   Grass sp.
         Berberis thunbergii
        Arisaema triphyllum
             Veratrum viride
  Erythronium americanum
    Symplocarpus foetidus
                                 12    16         20        24        28        32        36           40
                                      Week of Year Species Was Reported (Mansfield, Historical Data)
                           FIELD 9 QUAD 3: Species: Historical Identification Periods


                     LIGHT
     Oryzopsis racemosa
           Polygonum sp.
                 Smilax sp.
        Ulmus americana
               Fraxinus sp.
                 Thelypteris
Dennstaedtia punctilobula
         Aster divaricatus
           Prenanthes sp.
              Oxalis stricta
     Smilacina racemosa
 Polygonatum pubescens
      Unknown Unknown1
             Osmunda sp.
                   Fern sp.
 Toxicodendron radicans
          Trillium erectum
          Lindera benzoin
          Acer saccharum
      Ranunculus hispidus
                   Aster sp.
                   Viola sp.
  Polygonum cuspidatum
   Lycopodium lucidulum
                  Geum sp.
                  Carex sp.
                  Moss sp.                                                                                PreID
                  Grass sp.
                                                                                                          ID Period
       Berberis thunbergii
      Arisaema triphyllum                                                                                 PostID
           Veratrum viride
   Symplocarpus foetidus
                    HEAVY
              Liverwort sp.
           Botrychium sp.
    Hamamelis virginiana
         Aster divaricatus
     Smilacina racemosa
 Polygonatum pubescens
          Amelanchier sp.
      Unknown Unknown1
         Polygonatum sp.
Maianthemum canadense
          Lindera benzoin
               Acer rubrum
            Panax trifolius
                   Aster sp.
                   Viola sp.
                Uvularia sp.
  Polygonum cuspidatum
   Lycopodium lucidulum
                  Grass sp.
       Berberis thunbergii
      Arisaema triphyllum
           Veratrum viride
 Erythronium americanum
   Symplocarpus foetidus

                               12    16        20        24         28        32         36          40
                                    Week of Year Species Was Reported (Mansfield, Historical Data)
                           FIELD 10 QUAD 1: Species: Historical Identification Periods


                       LIGHT
      Panicum dichotomum
               Vitis labrusca
            Cuscuta gronovii
                Rhamnus sp.
            Solidago rugosa
             Fragaria vesca
             Unknown Moss
             Unknown Grass
          Calystegia sepium
        Rhamnus cathartica
    Hieracium caespitosum
                      Vitis sp.
                Solidago sp.
                 Fraxinus sp.
     Panicum clandestinum
         Viburnum dentatum
               Hieracium sp.
           Potentilla simplex
        Eleagnus umbellata
                Oxalis stricta
                     Acer sp.
         Vaccinium pallidum
                    Rosa sp.
      Geranium maculatum
    Toxicodendron radicans
              Vaccinium sp.
              Rosa multiflora
          Fragaria virginiana
            Acer saccharum
                Acer rubrum
           Hedyotis caerulea
                    Aster sp.
       Celastrus orbiculatus
                    Carex sp.                                                                                PreID
                    Moss sp.
                    Grass sp.                                                                                ID Period
       Taraxacum officinale
          Onoclea sensibilis                                                                                 PostID
    Vaccinium corymbosum
            Rubus flagellaris
                   Juncus sp.
                      HEAVY
                 Populus sp.
               Lobelia inflata
            Solidago rugosa
             Fragaria vesca
             Rubus hispidus
                Spiraea alba
      Liriodendron tulipifera
Narcissus pseudonarcissus
                Solidago sp.
     Vaccinium myrtilloides
                 Spiraea sp.
           Potentilla simplex
         Achillea millefolium
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
                Oxalis stricta
                Potentilla sp.
                    Rosa sp.
    Toxicodendron radicans
              Vaccinium sp.
              Rosa multiflora
  Maianthemum canadense
          Fragaria virginiana
            Acer saccharum
                    Aster sp.
       Celastrus orbiculatus
                    Carex sp.
                    Grass sp.
         Berberis thunbergii
          Onoclea sensibilis
            Rubus flagellaris
                                  12     16        20        24        28        32        36           40
                                       Week of Year Species Was Reported (Mansfield, Historical Data)
                          FIELD 10 QUAD 2: Species: Historical Identification Periods


                    LIGHT
         Lyonia ligustrina
          Fragaria vesca
          Rubus hispidus
             Spiraea alba
     Thelypteris palustris
      Calystegia sepium
              Carex rosea
              Solidago sp.
               Spiraea sp.
Dennstaedtia punctilobula
       Potentilla simplex
             Oxalis stricta
       Trifolium pratense
    Smilacina racemosa
             Potentilla sp.
     Vaccinium pallidum
     Unknown Unknown1
   Geranium maculatum
 Toxicodendron radicans
           Vaccinium sp.
      Fragaria virginiana
                  Aster sp.
                 Carex sp.
                 Grass sp.
      Berberis thunbergii                                                                                PreID
      Onoclea sensibilis                                                                                 ID Period
 Vaccinium corymbosum                                                                                    PostID
        Rubus flagellaris
                   HEAVY
         Aster lateriflorus
        Solidago rugosa
          Fragaria vesca
        Mentha arvensis
      Calystegia sepium
  Apocynum cannabinum
      Smilax rotundifolia
              Solidago sp.
   Eleagnus angustifolia
       Potentilla simplex
     Eleagnus umbellata
             Oxalis stricta
             Potentilla sp.
 Toxicodendron radicans
           Rosa multiflora
      Fragaria virginiana
             Viburnum sp.
                Galium sp.
    Celastrus orbiculatus
                 Carex sp.
                 Grass sp.
      Berberis thunbergii
     Arisaema triphyllum

                              12    16        20        24         28        32         36          40
                                   Week of Year Species Was Reported (Mansfield, Historical Data)

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Stats:
views:7
posted:2/3/2010
language:English
pages:35