TAKLIMAT PELAKSANAAN PROGRAM ICTL DAN MATA PELAJARAN ICT - PDF

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					ICT Literacy (ICTL) Programme:
THE MALAYSIAN EXPERIENCE

             A paper for the 13th UNESCO-APEID International Conference
 World Bank-KERIS High Level Seminar on ICT in Education: ICT Transforming Education
                       15-17 November 2009, Hangzhou, China




                                         by
                               Hajar Mohd Nor, Ph.D
                         Curriculum Development Division
                          Ministry of Education, Malaysia




                                                                                1
               Introduction
• Malaysia is still a developing country and the
  national vision is to achieve the fully-developed
  nation status by 2020.
                    • Malaysia - 329,758 sq. km with a
                      population of 27 million.
                    • It is a multi-racial country with
                      Malays, Chinese and Indians as the
                      major races.
                    • The country is divided into
                      Peninsular Malaysia and the States
                      of Sabah and Sarawak on the Island
                      of Borneo.
                    • It has a tropical climate and is warm
                      all year around (21o C to 31o C) 2
 Schools
• There are 9,658 schools.
• The schooling system is
  divided into Primary (6 - 12
  years old) and Secondary
  (13 - 17 years old).
• Primary Schools pupils
  3,112,901
• Secondary Schools pupils
  2,303,645
                                 3
SK Ulu Satap, Miri
                                            Schools
                                        • Types of Primary Schools
                                                –   National
http://www.gajahmas.com/skti/gambars
kti.html Sg. Petani, downloaded 6 Nov
                                                –   National Type (Chinese)
06
                                                –   National Type (Tamil)
                                                –   Special Education


                                        • Types of Secondary Schools
                                                –   Regular (Day School)
                                                –   Fully Residential
                                                –   Religious
                                                –   Special Education
                                                –   Vocational, Technical
                                                –   Special Model
                                                –   Sports School

                                                                              4
 ICT in Education Policies
3 main policies for ICT in education
  I.   ICT is for all
  II.  ICT as a subject and as enabler (learning
       tool)
  III. ICT to increase productivity, efficiency and
       effectiveness of the management system




                                                 5
           The Programme
• The ICT Literacy programme for Primary
  Schools has been implemented for Year
  1 in 2005.
• ICT Literacy (ICTL) for Primary Schools is a
  programme designed to lay the foundation for
  all students to develop their ICT capabilities
• ICTL programme contains ICT skills that are
  fundamental and necessary in order to use
  computer hardware and software applications



                                                   6
    ICTL for Primary Schools
IMPLEMENTATION IN SCHOOL
• The programme is implemented from Year 1
  to Year 6, for 760 minutes per year in a
  continuous three month
• It progresses in stages until the pupils reach
  Year 6 in 2010.
• In Year 1, the programme is introduced after
  the Year 1 Transition Programme
• Two periods or 60 minutes of the timetable
  are allocated for this programme
• This programme is to be carried out during
  the English period for SK and the Pupil’s Own
  Language (mother tongue) period for SJK

                                                   7
       ICTL for Primary Schools
           Teaching Guide
 Provides teachers information on the scope
  and depth of ICTL content to be learned for
  a particular primary school year
 The content specifications are described in
  detail according to learning areas, learning
  outcomes and suggested learning activities
 The teaching guide also contains all relevant
  teaching and learning modules to assist the
  teacher in implementing the programme
 The modules are comprehensive for all
  students.

                                                  8
  ICTL for Primary Schools
• ASSESSMENT
 – In assessing the pupils, both
   formative and summative assessment
   methodologies are used.
 – The assessment takes into
   consideration teacher’s capabilities
   and availability of time.
 – Teachers can use either pupil’s
   portfolios or simple project for
   assessment.

                                          9
             Achivements
The Study
   – The ICTL for Primary Schools programme for
     Year 1 (7 year old) started in January 2005.
   – A study has been conducted at the end of
     2005 jointly executed by Curriculum
     Development       Division     and    Microsoft
     (Malaysia) under Partners in Learning
     Programme (PIL).
   – 1,647 Year 1 pupils, 269 ICTL teachers and
     172 school administrators.
   – This study was carried out after almost all
     schools had implemented the program in their
     schools.


                                                       10
                    Objectives
• One of the objectives of the study was to
  measure the pupils learning outcomes of ICT
  Literacy Programme based on the literacy skills
  stated in the curriculum specifications.
• There were 5 areas of study which involved
  pupils learning outcomes. They are as follows:
     •   Understanding Lab Management
     •   Recognise hardware and software Operating System (OS)
     •   Typing Activities
     •   Voice Recording Activities
     •   Graphic Drawing Activities


                                                                 11
            The Findings
i. Understanding Lab Management
• 95% of pupils have been to the computer
    lab. About 79.7% pupils (n=1,312) know
    the computer lab rules while 53.4%
    (n=879) pupils inform that they record
    their name in the log book found in the
    computer lab.



                                          12
                          The Findings (cont.)
ii. Recognise hardware and                        iii. Typing activities
   software Operating System
   (OS)
                                                       Activity                      Results
Ranking         Item        n      Percentage   Pupils are expected to     Observation shows that
   1      Mouse            1,487      90.3      type “English is fun”      5.5% completed the task.
                                                and number “2005” on       They are able to On the
   2      OS logo          1,323      80.3
                                                the next line. There are   computer, type the words,
   3      Monitor          1,170      71.1      12 steps observed.         save, print and close the
   4      Speakers         1,123      68.2
                                                                           program. Only 37.3% able
                                                                           to type the words in first
   5      CD-ROM Drive     1,111      67.5                                 and second line and 3.8%
   6      Mouse pointer    1,093      66.4                                 couldn’t do anything.
   7      Printer          1,073      65.1
   8      Floppy drive     1010       61.3
   9      AVR               961       58.3
   9      CPU               960       58.3
  11      Microphone        885       53.7
  12      Headphone         867       52.6

                                                                                                    13
                    The Findings (cont.)
 iv. Voice Recording Activities                   v. Graphic Drawing activities

     Activity                Results
                                                     Activity               Results
There are 7 steps   Observation shows that
observed.           76% unable to complete       Pupils are           Observation shows
                    the task due to              required to draw     that 30.4% completed
                    unavailability of facility   a round, triangle    all the 9 steps
                    or the skills has never      and rectangle        whereas 23.4%
                    been taught whereas          object. Each         couldn’t draw at all
                    2.5% able to complete        object has to be     because the skills
                    the task. They are able      coloured by a        have never been
                    to open the program,
                                                 specific colour      taught.
                    record, replay, save and
                    exit the program.            involving 9 steps.
                    However, only 18.2%
                    are able to record,
                    replay and save their
                    voice.


                                                                                       14
             Moving Forward
• ICT Literacy for Primary Schools Teaching Guide Year 2
  to Year 4.
• The content specifications and relevant teaching and
  learning modules differ for every level.
• The topics are repeated with different levels of
  complexity. In addition, for Year 5 (11 year old) and
  Year 6 (12 year old) a topic on Programming is
  introduced.




                                                       15
          Moving Forward (cont.)
• Report on the status of implementation of ICT Literacy
  Programme for Primary and Secondary Schools in 2008
• shows that more than 90% of schools implemented these
  programme.
• There are 4,215 of primary schools in Malaysia implement this
  programme in 2008.

             Programme                No. of Schools       Percentage
   ICT Literacy for Primary Schools       4,215                 92.19




                                                  SK Patau Patau Labuan   16
    Challenges in implementing ICT
           Literacy Program

•    Remote schools and electricity supply
•    Infrastructure – building and internet
     connection
•    Training




                                              17
                Conclusion
• The ICT Literacy programme is ongoing and by
  2010, all primary schools pupils should be able
  to use basic computer applications and devices.
• There is no doubt that there are challenges
  encountered in making this effort a success.
• However, a concerted effort from all
  stakeholders can spearhead towards realising
  the aspiration.




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Terima kasih
  Thank you
  Email: hajarmn@moe.gov.my

     Website: www.moe.gov.my/bpk




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