ACCESS TO THE INTERNET

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					ACCESS TO THE INTERNET

   Rotary Centennial Convention
              ICUFR
          27th June 2005
                  Agenda
•   Developing Countries
•   Fixed Lines
•   Mobile phones
•   WiFi
•   I-Burst
•   Wi Max
•   PDA’s
•   Where Next?
       Developing Countries
• Tanzania - 120 café’s in Dar es Salaam
• Mozambique - Invaruba smart facility
• Cuba - pay phones with internet access in
  year 2000
• Nepal – Wifi hotspot in year 2005 –
  internet cafés cost $0.50 per hour!
                Fixed Lines
              Europe and S Africa (1)

• Basic Service 38kbps / 56kbps dial up
• Isdn not much faster but phone and data
  available simultaneously
• ADSL shared at Isp level.
  Cap of 3 gigs, then differential pricing local
  and international
• Broadband 1 meg per sec
              Fixed Lines
            Europe and S Africa (2)

• Cable TV, lots of spare capacity
• Utility wires – experiment in UK
• Fibre optics in disused gas lines
• Wraparound High Voltage power lines
  experiment in Australia and New Zealand
• Problem is the last mile
         Mobile Phones (1)
• Initially used as a modem on time basis
• Connection via cable, infrared, and
  bluetooth
• Now GPRS or 3G charged on data
  transferred
• Cheap in S Africa US $0.30 per meg
• UK US$ 3.60 per meg
• Europe on UK roaming US$ 16.00 per
  meg
         Mobile phones (2)
• Edge enhanced GPRS up to 200kps
  change between GPRS and Edge
  transparent to user
• Main use WAP or light web browsing
• Teething problems when crossing cells
• Main use – vehicle tracking
• APN in GPRS settings link to private
  network or VPN
         Mobile phones (3)
• 3G hi speed data link. The high cost was
  the purchase of frequency bands
• Much faster than GPRS can use for video
  conference calls
• These use proprietary ISP’s, e.g.
  Vodafone in UK
• New phones can multitask data and voice
Our Hut on the
mountain top




                 Excellent mobile
                 phone and GPRS
                 reception
               PDA’S (1)
• Phone merges with PDA and Digital
  Camera
• Blackberry good example
• Operating systems Symbian, Windows
  CE, Palm, support for Java
• Push email client, informs you of mail
  waiting – “Always on”
               PDA’S (2)
• Nokia 9500 full email and web browser
  with Excel and Word
• If this technology expands it will take
  business from independent ISP’s
                WIFI (1)
• Hot spot driven
• A gateway or router with multichannel
  capability
• Distance 30 to 300 metres
• With antenna can go to 25kms
                  WIFI (2)
• Initially free, e.g. drive near to a large
  corporation and tap in
• Starbucks known as promoter for
  marketing purposes
• Extensive coverage at airports
• Quite expensive for casual use.
• Free to contract holders
               WIFI (3)
• T-mobile has Heathrow contract, Mweb
  Cape Town contract
• Heathrow US$ 9.00 per hour US$ 14 per
  3 hours
• Bangkok US$ 6.00 per hour
• Some places are cheap – Munich
  downtown café US$ 4.00 all day
• Available through BT on UK motorway
  stops
              WI MAX
• Same application as WIFI
   distances > 40kms
• Needs masts and modems speed superior
  to WIFI
• WiMax Intel embedding into new
  motherboard chipsets
• One solution to the last mile problem
                 I Burst
• Wireless modem using data cellular
  technology
• Optimised for data speeds up to 1 meg per
  second
• Speed depends on no. of users online
• Installed in major cities in S Africa
• Threat to fixed line and mobile phone
  companies
               Inmarsat
• Satellite data services
• Twice GPRS data rates
• Global coverage
• Spot beam to high usage areas
• Very expensive
• Mainly used at sea and remote geological
  sites
• Also journalists in war areas
WHERE NEXT ?