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Chapter 3—Present Value MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Which of the following cannot be calculated? a. Present value of an annuity. b. Future value of an annuity. c. Present value of a perpetuity. d. Future value of a perpetuity. ANS: D DIF: E REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 2. You have the choice between two investments that have the same maturity and the same nominal return. Investment A pays simple interest, investment B pays compounded interest. Which one should you pick? a. A, because it has a higher effective annual return. b. A and B offer the same return, thus they are equally as good. c. B, because it has higher effective annual return. d. Not enough information. ANS: C DIF: M REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 3. For a positive r, a. future value will always exceed present value. b. future and present will always be the same. c. present value will always exceed future value. d. None of the above is true. ANS: A DIF: M REF: 3.2 Present Value of a Lump Sum 4. Which of the following statements is true? a. In an annuity due payments occur at the end of the period. b. In an ordinary annuity payments occur at the end of the period. c. A perpetuity will mature at some point in the future. d. One cannot calculate the present value of a perpetuity. ANS: B DIF: E REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 5. The Springfield Crusaders just signed their quarterback to a 10 year $50 million contract. Is this contract really worth $50 million? (assume r >0) a. Yes, because the payments over time add up to $50 million. b. No, it is worth more because he can invest the money. c. No, it would only be worth $50 million if it were all paid out today. d. Yes, because his agent told him so. ANS: C DIF: M REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 6. Last national bank offers a CD paying 7% interest (compounded annually). If you invest $1,000 how much will you have at the end of year 5. a. $712.99 b. $1,402.55 c. $1,350.00 d. $1,000 ANS: B PV: 1000 PMT:0 I/Y:7 N:5 FV:1402.55 DIF: E REF: 3.1 Future Value of a Lump Sum 7. You want to buy a house in 4 years and expect to need $25,000 for a down payment. If you have $15,000 to invest, how much interest do you have to earn (compounded annually) to reach your goal? a. 16.67% b. 13.62% c. 25.74% d. 21.53% ANS: B FV:25000 PV:15000 N:4 PMT:0 I/Y: DIF: E REF: 3.1 Future Value of a Lump Sum 8. You want to buy your dream car, but you are $5,000 short. If you could invest your entire savings of $2,350 at an annual interest of 12%, how long would you have to wait until you have accumulated enough money to buy the car? a. 9.40 years b. 3.48 years c. 7.24 years d. 6.66 years ANS: D FV:5000 PMT:0 PV:2350 I/Y:12 N:6.66 DIF: E REF: 3.1 Future Value of a Lump Sum 9. How much do you have to invest today at an annual rate of 8%, if you need to have $5,000 6 years from today? a. $3,150.85 b. $4,236.75 c. $7,934.37 d. $2,938.48 ANS: A FV: 5000 PMT: 0 I/Y:8 N:6 PV: 3150.85 DIF: E REF: 3.2 Present Value of a Lump Sum 10. If you can earn 5% (compounded annually) on an investment, how long does it take for your money to triple? a. 14.40 years b. 22.52 years c. 19.48 years d. 29.29 years ANS: B PV: 1 FV: 3 PMT: 0 I/Y: 5 N: 22.52 DIF: M REF: 3.2 Present Value of a Lump Sum 11. As a result of an injury settlement with your insurance you have the choice between (1) receiving $5,000 today or (2) $6,500 in three years. If you could invest your money at 8% compounded annually, which option should you pick? a. (1), because it has a higher PV. b. You are indifferent between the two choices. c. (2), because it has a higher PV. d. You do not have enough information to make that decision. ANS: C FV: 6500 PMT: 0 I/Y: 8 N: 3 PV: 5159.91 DIF: E REF: 3.2 Present Value of a Lump Sum NARRBEGIN: Multiple Cash Flows End of year Cash flow 1 $2,500 2 3,000 3 1,250 4 3,500 5 1,250 6 4,530 7 2,350 NARREND 12. What is the future value of cash flows 1-5 at the end of year 5, assuming a 6% interest rate (compounded annually)? a. $13,879.36 b. $13,093.74 c. $9,7844.40 d. $11,548.48 ANS: B 2500(1.06)^4+3000(1.06)^3+1250(1.06)^2+3500(1.06)+1250 = 13093.74 DIF: E REF: 3.3 Future Value of Cash Flow Streams NAR: Multiple Cash Flows 13. What is the present value of these cash flows, if the discount rate is 10% annually? a. $18,380.00 b. $12,620.90 c. $22,358.69 d. $14,765.52 ANS: B CF0:0 CF1:2500 CF2:3000 CF3:1250 CF4:3500 CF5:1250 CF6:4530 CF7:2350 I/Y:10 NPV: 12620.90 DIF: E REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams NAR: Multiple Cash Flows 14. You are planning your retirement and you come to the conclusion that you need to have saved $1,250,000 in 30 years. You can invest into an retirement account that guarantees you a 5% annual return. How much do you have to put into your account at the end of each year to reach your retirement goal? a. $81,314.29 b. $18,814.30 c. $23,346.59 d. $12,382.37 ANS: B FV:1250000 PV:0 I/Y:5 N: 30 PMT: 18814.30 DIF: E REF: 3.3 Future Value of Cash Flow Streams 15. You set up a college fund in which you pay $2,000 each year at the end of the year. How much money will you have accumulated in the fund after 18 years, if your fund earns 7% compounded annually? a. $72,757.93 b. $67,998.07 c. $20,118.17 d. $28,339.25 ANS: B PV:0 PMT: 2000 I/Y: 7 N: 18 FV: 67998.07 DIF: E REF: 3.3 Future Value of Cash Flow Streams 16. You set up a college fund in which you pay $2,000 each year at the beginning of the year. How much money will you have accumulated in the fund after 18 years, if your fund earns 7% compounded annually? a. $72,757.93 b. $67,998.07 c. $20,118.17 d. $28,339.25 ANS: A PV: 0 PMT(beg): 2000 I/Y:7 N:18 FV: 72757.93 DIF: E REF: 3.3 Future Value of Cash Flow Streams 17. When you retire you expect to live for another 30 years. During those 30 years you want to be able to withdraw $45,000 at the beginning of each year for living expenses. How much money do you have to have in your retirement account to make this happen. Assume that you can earn 8% on your investments. a. $1,350,000.00 b. $506,600.25 c. $547,128.27 d. $723,745.49 ANS: C FV:0 PMT:45000 I/Y:8 N:30 PV: 547128.27 DIF: M REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 18. You are offered a security that will pay you $2,500 at the end of the year forever. If your discount rate is 8%, what is the most you are willing to pay for this security? a. $26,686 b. $62,500 c. $50,000 d. $31,250 ANS: D 2500/.08 = 31250 DIF: E REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 19. What is the effective annual rate of 12% compounded monthly? a. 12% b. 11.45% c. 12.68% d. 12.25% ANS: C NOM: 12 C/Y: 12 EFF: 12.68 DIF: E REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 20. If you invested $2,000 in an account that pays 12% interest, compounded continuously, how much would be in the account in 5 years? a. $3,524.68 b. $3,644.24 c. $3,581.70 d. $3,200.00 ANS: B 2000e^(.125) = 3644.24 DIF: E REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 21. You want to buy a new plasma television in 3 years, when you think prices will have gone down to a more reasonable level. You anticipate that the television will cost you $2,500. If you can invest your money at 8% compounded monthly, how much do you need to put aside today? a. $1,895.37 b. $1,968.14 c. $1,984.58 d. $2,158.42 ANS: B FV: 2500 PMT: 0 I/Y: 8/12 N:3*12 PV: 1968.14 DIF: E REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 22. You found your dream house. It will cost you $175,000 and you will put down $35,000 as a down payment. For the rest you get a 30 year 6.25% mortgage. What will be your monthly mortgage payment (assume no early repayment)? a. $729 b. $862 c. $389 d. $605 ANS: B PV: 175000-35000 FV: 0 I/Y: 6.25/12 N: 30*12 PMT: 862 DIF: E REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 23. You want to buy a new car. The car you picked will cost you $32,000 and you decide to go with the dealer’s financing offer of 5.9% compounded monthly for 60 months. Unfortunately, you can only afford monthly loan payments of $300. However, the dealer allows you to pay off the rest of the loan in a one time lump sum payment at the end of the loan. How much do you have to pay to the dealer when the lump sum is due? a. $14,000.00 b. $21,890.43 c. $25,455.37 d. $22,071.75 ANS: D PMT: 300 FV:0 I/Y: 5.9/12 N: 60 PV: 15555 lump sum: (32000-15555)(1+.059/12)^60 = 22071.75 DIF: H REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 24. You are planning your retirement and you come to the conclusion that you need to have saved $1,250,000 in 30 years. You can invest into an retirement account that guarantees you a 5% return. How much do you have to put into your account at the end of every month to reach your retirement goal? a. $1567.86 b. $1,501.94 c. $3,472.22 d. $2,526.27 ANS: B FV: 1250000 PV: 0 I/Y: 5/12 N: 12*30 PMT: 1501.94 DIF: M REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 25. When you retire you expect to live for another 30 years. During those 30 years you want to be able to withdraw $4,000 at the beginning of every month for living expenses. How much money do you have to have in your retirement account to make this happen. Assume that you can earn 8% on your investments. a. $545,133.98 b. $1,440,000.00 c. $548,768.20 d. $673,625.34 ANS: C FV: 0 PMT: 4000 I/Y: 8/12 N: 30*12 PV: 548768.2 DIF: M REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 26. If you were to invest $120 for two years, while earning 8% compound interest, what is the total amount of interest that you will earn? a. $139.97 b. $139.20 c. $19.20 d. $19.97 ANS: D {[(1.08)^2] 120}- 120 = 19.97 DIF: M REF: 3.1 The Concept of Future Value 27. If you were to invest $120 for two years, while earning 8% simple interest, what is the total amount of interest that you will earn? a. $139.97 b. $139.20 c. $19.20 d. $19.97 ANS: C 120 [.08 2] = 19.20 DIF: M REF: 3.1 The Concept of Future Value 28. If the rate of interest that investors can earn on a 2 year investment is zero then a. you will repay the same amount of money at the conclusion of a loan that you borrowed at the beginning of the 2 year loan. b. the “cost” of using money for 2 years is zero. c. you will receive the same amount of money at maturity that you invested at the beginning of a 2 year investment. d. all of the above. ANS: D DIF: H REF: 3.1 The Concept of Future Value 29. In the equation below, the exponent “3” represents $133.10 = $100 (1 + .1)3 a. the future value of an investment. b. the present value of an investment. c. the annual rate of interest paid. d. the number of periods that the present value is left on deposit. ANS: D DIF: E REF: 3.1 The Concept of Future Value 30. You are asked to choose between a 4 year investment that pays 10% compound interest and a similar investment that pays 11.5% simple interest. Which investment will you choose? a. the 10% compound interest investment b. the 11.5% simple interest investment c. you are indifferent between the investement choices d. there is not enough information to answer the question ANS: A Assume a $10 investment: compound interest value is: $10 (1.1)4= $14.64 simple interest value is: $10 * (1 + [.115 4]) = $14.60 ====> select the compound interest investment. DIF: M REF: 3.1 The Concept of Future Value 31. The amount that someone is willing to pay today, for a single cash flow in the future is a. the future value of the cash flow. b. the future value of the stream of cash flows. c. the present value of the cash flow. d. the present value of the annuity of cash flows ANS: C DIF: E REF: 3.2 Present Value of a Lump Sum 32. Pam is in need of cash right now and wants to sell the rights to a $1,000 cash flow that she will receive 5 years from today. If the discount rate for such a cash flow is 9.5%, then what is the fair price that someone should be willing to pay Pam today for rights to that future cash flow? a. $1,574.24 b. $635.23 c. $260.44 d. $913.24 ANS: B 1,000/(1.095)5 = 635.23 DIF: M REF: 3.2 The Concept of Present Value 33. Your father’s pension recently vested and he is told that if he never works another day in his life, he will recieve a lump sum of $1,500,000 on his 65th birtday (exactly 15 years from today). Assume that your father needs to permanently retire today. What could he sell the rights to his lump sum for, today, if the correct discount rate for such a calcuation is 6%? a. $625,897.59 b. $1,415,094.34 c. $154,444.15 d. none of the above ANS: A 1,500,000/[1.06]15 = 625,897.59 DIF: M REF: 3.2 The Concept of Present Value 34. Your parents set up a trust for you that you will not have access to until your 30th birthday, which is exactly 9 years from today. By prior arrangement, the trust will be worth exactly $200,000 on your 30th birthday. You need cash today and are willing to sell the rights to that trust today for a set amount. If the discount rate for such a cash flow is 12%, what is the maximum amount that someone should be willing to pay you today for the rights to the trust on your 30th birthday? a. $72,122.01 b. $178,571.43 c. $224,000.00 d. $225,000.00 ANS: A 200,000/(1.12)9 = 72,122.00 DIF: M REF: 3.2 The Concept of Present Value 35. In the equation below, the number “100” represents $75.13 = $100 / (1 + .1)3 a. the present value a cash flow to be received at a later date. b. the future value a cash flow to be received at a later date. c. the discount rate for the future cash flow. d. the number of periods before the cash flow is to be received. ANS: B DIF: E REF: 3.2 The Concept of Present Value 36. You will recieve a stream of payments beginning at the end of year 1 and the amount will increase by $10 each year until the final payment at the end of year 5. If the first payment is $50, what amount will you have at the end of year 5 if you can invest all amounts at a 7% interest rate? a. $350.00 b. $374.50 c. $394.79 d. $422.43 ANS: C 50 (1.07)4 + 60 (1.07)3 +70 (1.07)2 +80 (1.07)1 +90 (1.07)0 = 394.79 DIF: H REF: 3.3 Finding the Value of a Mixed Stream 37. You will recieve a stream of $50 payments beginning at the end of year 1 until the final payment at the end of year 5. What amount will you have at the end of year 5 if you can invest all amounts at a 9% interest rate? a. $194.48 b. $200.00 c. $228.67 d. $299.24 ANS: D 50 [{(1.09)5 - 1}/.09] = 299.24 DIF: M REF: 3.3 Types of Annuities 38. You will recieve a stream of annual $70 payments to begin at the end of year 0 until the final payment at the end of year 5. What amount will you have at the end of year 5 if you can invest all amounts at a 11% interest rate? a. $350.00 b. $420.00 c. $553.90 d. $614.83 ANS: C 70 {[{[(1.11)5 - 1]/.11} 1.11]+1} = 553.90 DIF: H REF: 3.3 Types of Annuities 39. You will recieve a stream of annual $70 payments to begin at the end of year 0 until the final payment at the beginning of year 5. What amount will you have at the end of year 5 if you can invest all amounts at an 11% interest rate? a. $350.00 b. $435.95 c. $483.90 d. $614.83 ANS: C 70 [{[(1.11)5 - 1]/.11} 1.11] = 483.90 DIF: M REF: 3.3 Types of Annuities 40. You are trying to prepare a budget based upon the amount of cash flow that you will have available 5 years from now. You are initially promised a regular annuity of $50 with the first payment to be made 1 year from now and the last payment 5 years from now. However, you are actually going to receive an annuity due with the same number of payments but where the first payment is to begin immediately. How much (or less) cash will you have 5 years from now based upon that error if the rate to invest funds is 10%? a. $50.00 b. $38.58 c. $30.52 d. ($30.52) ANS: C 50 { [(1.1)5 - 1]/.1} - (50 { [(1.1)5 - 1]/.1} 1.1) DIF: H REF: 3.3 Types of Annuities 41. An annuity can best be described as a. a set of payments to be received during a period of time. b. a stream of payments to be recieved at a common interval over the life of the payments. c. an even stream of payments to be recieved at a common interval over the life of the payments. d. the present value of a set of payments to be received during a future period of time. ANS: C DIF: M REF: 3.3 Types of Annuities 42. Which of the following should have the greatest value if the discount rate applying to the cash flows is a positive value? a. the present value of a $5 payment of to be received one year from today. b. the future value of a $5 payment received today but invested for one year. c. the present value of a stream of $5 payments to be received at the end of the next two years. d. the future value of a stream of $5 payments to be received at the end of the next two years. ANS: D DIF: E REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 43. What is the present value of $25 to be received at the end of each year for the next 6 years if the discount rate is 12%? a. $125.00 b. $113.06 c. $102.79 d. none of the above ANS: C (25/.12) (1 - (1.12)-6) = 102.79 DIF: E REF: 3.4 Finding the Present Value of an Ordinary Annuity 44. What is the present value of $25 to be received at the beginning of each year for the next 6 years if the discount rate is 12%? a. $125.00 b. $126.63 c. $115.12 d. none of the above ANS: C ((25/.12) (1 - (1.12)-6)) 1.12 = 115.12 DIF: E REF: 3.4 Finding the Present Value of an Annuity Due 45. Forever Insurance Company has offered to pay you or your heirs $100 per year at the end of each year forever. If the correct discount rate for such a cash flow is 13%, what the the amount that you would be willing to pay Forever Insurance for this set of cash flows? a. $1,000.00 b. $869.23 c. $769.23 d. $100 ANS: C 100/.13 = 769.23 DIF: E REF: 3.4 Finding the Present Value of a Growing Perpetuity 46. You would like to have $1,000 one year (365 days) from now and you find that the bank is paying 7% compounded daily. How much will you have to deposit with the bank today to be able to have the $1,000? a. $934.58 b. $933.51 c. $932.40 d. none of the above ANS: C 1,000 / [1 + (.07/365)]365 = 932.40 DIF: M REF: 3.4 State Versus Effective Annual Interest Rates 47. By increasing the number of compounding periods in a year, while holding the annual percentage rate constant, you will a. decrease the annual percentage yield. b. increase the annual percentage yield. c. not effect the annual percentage yield. d. increase the dollar return on an investment but will decrease the annual percentage yield. ANS: B DIF: M REF: 3.5 Stated Versus Effective Annual Interest Rates 48. The ratio of interest to principal repayment on an amortizing loan a. increases as the loan gets older. b. decreases as the loan gets older. c. remains constant over the life of the loan. d. changes according to the level of market interest rates during the life of the loan. ANS: B DIF: M REF: 3.5 Loan Amortization 49. You are trying to accumulate $2,000 at the end of 5 years by contributing a fixed amount at the end of each year. You initially decide to contribute $300 per year but find that you are coming up short of the $2,000 goal. What could you do to increase the value of the investment at the end of year 5? a. invest in an investment that has a lower rate of return. b. invest in an investment that has a higher rate of return. c. make a sixth year contribution. d. contribute a smaller amount each year. ANS: B DIF: M REF: 3.6 Annuities 50. If you hold the annual percentage rate constant while increasing the number of compounding periods per year, then a. the effective interest rate will increase. b. the effective interest rate will decrese. c. the effective interest rate will not change. d. none of the above. ANS: A DIF: M REF: 3.6 Stated Versus Effective Annual Interest Rates 51. A young couple buys their dream house. After paying their down payment and closing costs, the couple has borrowed $400,000 from the bank. The terms of the mortgage are 30 years of monthly payments at an APR of 6% with monthly compounding. What is the monthly payment for the couple? a. $2,398.20 b. $2,421.63 c. $2,697.98 d. $2,700.00 ANS: A n=360, r=.5%, PV=$400,000, FV=0, PMT=?=$2,398.20 DIF: M REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 52. A young couple buys their dream house. After paying their down payment and closing costs, the couple has borrowed $400,000 from the bank. The terms of the mortgage are 30 years of monthly payments at an APR of 6% with monthly compounding. Suppose the couple wants to pay off their mortgage early, and will make extra payments to accomplish this goal. Specifically, the couple will pay an EXTRA $2,000 every 12 months (this extra amount is in ADDITION to the regular scheduled mortgage payment). The first extra $2,000 will be paid after month 12. What will be the balance of the loan after the first year of the mortgage? a. $392,940.44 b. $393,087.95 c. $394,090.84 d. $397,601.80 ANS: B n=360, r=.5%, PV=$400,000, FV=0, PMT=?=$2,398.20 Balance after 12 payments = use AMORT Table For TI BA II Plus, P1=1, P2=12, BALANCE = $395,087.95 New Balance = $395,087.95-$2,000=$393,087.95 DIF: H REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 53. Uncle Fester puts $50,000 into a bank account earning 6%. You can't withdraw the money until the balance has doubled. How long will you have to leave the money in the account? a. 9 years b. 10 years c. 11 years d. 12 years ANS: D PV=-$50,0000, FV=$100,000, r=6%, PMT=$0, n=?=11.99 years DIF: E REF: 3.6 Additional Applications of Time Value Techniques 54. Which of the following statements are TRUE? Statement I: As you increase the interest rate, the future value of an investment increases. Statement II: As you increase the length of the investment (to receive some lump sum), the present value of the investment increases. Statement III: The present value of an ordinary annuity is larger than the present value of an annuity due. (all else equal) a. Statement I only b. Statements I and II c. Statement II only d. Statements I and III only ANS: A DIF: M REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 55. Consider the following set of cashflows to be received over the next 3 years: Year 1 2 3 Cashflow $100 $225 $300 If the discount rate is 10%, how would we write the formula to find the Future Value of this set of cash flows at year 3? a. b. $100 (1.10) + $225 (1.10) + $300 (1.10) c. $100 (1.10)3 + $225 (1.10)2 + $300 (1.10) d. $100 (1.10)2 + $225 (1.10) + $300 ANS: D DIF: E REF: 3.3 Future Value of Cash Flow Streams 56. Which is NOT correct regarding an ordinary annuity and annuity due? a. An annuity is a series of equal payments. b. The present value of an ordinary annuity is less than the present value of an annuity due (assuming interest rate is positive). c. As the interest rate increases, the present value of an annuity decreases. d. As the length of the annuity increases, the future value of the annuity decreases. ANS: D DIF: H REF: 3.3 Future Value of Cash Flow Streams 57. After graduating from college with a finance degree, you begin an ambitious plan to retire in 25 years. To build up your retirement fund, you will make quarterly payments into a mutual fund that on average will pay 12% APR compounded quarterly. To get you started, a relative gives you a graduation gift of $5,000. Once retired, you plan on moving your investment to a money market fund that will pay 6% APR with monthly compounding. As a young retiree, you believe you will live for 30 more years and will make monthly withdrawals of $10,000. To meet your retirement needs, what quarterly payment should you make? a. $2,221.45 b. $2,588.27 c. $2,746.50 d. $2,904.73 ANS: B PV of RETIREMENT WITHDRAWALS = FV of RETIREMENT SAVINGS PV of RETIREMENT WITHDRAWALS: n=360, r=.5%, PV=?, PMT=$10,000, FV=$0 PV = $1,667,916.14 = FV of savings PAYMENT: n=100, r=3%, PV= -$5,000, PMT=?, FV=$1,667,916.14 PMT = $2588.26 DIF: H REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 58. A bank account has a rate of 12% APR with quarterly compounding. What is the EAR for the account? a. 3.00% b. 12.00% c. 12.36% d. 12.55% ANS: D =(1+.12/4)^4-1 DIF: H REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 59. An investor puts $200 in a money market account TODAY that returns 3% per year with monthly compounding. The investor plans to keep his money in the account for 2 years. What is the future value of his investment when he closes the account two years from today? a. $215.00 b. $212.35 c. $206.08 d. $188.37 ANS: B n=2, r=3%, PV= -$200, PMT = 0, FV = $212.35 DIF: E REF: 3.1 Future Value of a Lump Sum 60. Suppose you take out a loan from the local mob boss for $10,000. Being a generous banker, the mob boss offers you an APR of 60% with monthly compounding. The length of the loan is 3 years with monthly payments. However, you want to get out of this arrangement as quickly as possible. You decide to pay off whatever balance remains after the first year of payments. What is your remaining balance after one year? a. $8,124.46 b. $8,339.13 c. $9,233.06 d. $9,342.47 ANS: B n=36, r=60%/12=5%, PV=$10,000, FV=0, PMT=$604.34 Use AMORT: P1=1, P2=12, BALANCE = $8339.13 DIF: H REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 61. Suppose you are ready to buy your first house. To buy the house, you will take out a $140,000 mortgage from the bank. The bank offers you the mortgage for 30 years at an APR of 6.0% with interest compounded monthly. For your tenth monthly payment, what is the reduction in principal? a. $145.77 b. $156.18 c. $327.24 d. $359.64 ANS: A n=360, r=0.5%, PV= $140,000, PMT=?, FV=0 PMT = $839.37 Use AMORT: P1=10, P2=10....Principal reduction=$145.77 DIF: H REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 62. What is the future value of a 5-year ordinary annuity with annual payments of $250, evaluated at a 15 percent interest rate? a. $670.44 b. $838.04 c. $1,250 d. $1,685.60 ANS: D n=5, r=15%, PV=0, PMT= $250, FV=?=$1685.60 DIF: M REF: 3.3 Future Value of Cash Flow Streams 63. The present value of an ordinary annuity is $2,000. The annuity features monthly payments from an account that pays 12% APR (with monthly compounding). If this was an annuity due, what would be the present value? (assume that same interest rate and same payments) a. $1,785.71 b. $1,980.20 c. $2,020.00 d. $2,080.00 ANS: C PV of annuity due = PV of ordinary annuity * (1+r’) DIF: H REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 64. Suppose that Hoosier Farms offers an investment that will pay $10 per year forever. How much is this offer worth if you need a 8% return on your investment? a. $8 b. $80 c. $100 d. $125 ANS: D PV = $10/.08 = $125 DIF: E REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 65. Suppose a professional sports team convinces a former player to come out of retirement and play for three seasons. They offer the player $2 million in year 1, $3 million in year 2, and $4 million in year 3. Assuming end of year payments of the salary, how would we find the value of his contract today if the player has a discount rate of 12%? a. PV b. PV c. PV d. PV ANS: C DIF: E REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 66. Which statement is FALSE concerning the time value of money? a. The greater the compound frequency, the greater the EAR. b. The EAR is always greater than the APR. c. An account that pays simple interest will have a lower FV than an account that pays compound interest. d. The stated interest rate is also referred to as the APR. ANS: B DIF: M REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 67. Suppose you made a $10,000 investment ten years ago in a speculative stock fund. Your investment today is worth $100,000. What annual compounded return did you earn over the ten year period? a. 10% b. 15% c. 25.89% d. 27.54% ANS: C n=10, r=?, PV= -$10,000, PMT = $0, FV = $100,000 r=25.89% DIF: E REF: 3.6 Additional Applications of Time Value Techniques 68. An athlete was offered the following contract for the next three years: Year 1 2 3 Cashflow $5 million $7 million $9 million The athlete would rather have his salary in equal amounts at the END of each of the three years. If the discount rate for the athlete is 10%, what yearly amount would she consider EQUIVALENT to the offered contract? a. $5.37 million per year b. $5.70 million per year c. $6.71 million per year d. $6.87 million per year ANS: D PV = $5/(1.10)+$7/(1.10)^2+$9/(1.10)^3 = $17.09 Annuity: n=3, r=10%, PV=$17.09, PMT=?, FV=0 PMT = $6.87 DIF: M REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 69. Which of the following investment opportunities has the highest present value if the discount rate is 10%? Investment A Investment B Investment C Year 0 $200 $300 $400 Year 1 $300 $350 $350 Year 2 $400 $400 $300 Year 3 $400 $350 $250 Year 4 $400 $300 $200 a. Investment A b. Investment B c. Investment C d. The present value of Investments A and C are equal and higher than the present value of Investment B. ANS: B INV A: $200 + $300/1.10 + $400/(1.10)^2 + $400/(1.10)^3 + $400/(1.10)^4= $1377 INV B: $300 + $350/1.10 + $400/(1.10)^2 + $350/(1.10)^3 + $300/(1.10)^4= $1416 INV C: $400 + $350/1.10 + $300/(1.10)^2 + $250/(1.10)^3 + $200/(1.10)^4=$1291 DIF: E REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 70. A bank is offering a new savings account that pays 8% per year. Which formula below shows the calculation for determining how long it will take a $100 investment to double? a. n b. n = 1.08ln(2) c. n = 2ln(1.08) d. n ANS: D $200 = $100 * (1.08)^n ln 2 = n ln (1.08) n = ln 2/ ln (1.08) DIF: M REF: 3.6 Additional Applications of Time Value Techniques 71. In five years, you plan on starting graduate school to earn your MBA. You know that graduate school can be expensive and you expect you will need $15,000 per year for tuition and other school expenses. These payments will be made at the BEGINNING of the school year. To have enough money to attend graduate school, you decide to start saving TODAY by investing in a money market fund that pays 4% APR with monthly compounding. You will make monthly deposits into the account starting TODAY for the next five years. How much will you need to deposit each month to have enough savings for graduate school? (Assume that money that is not withdrawn remains in the account during graduate school and the MBA will take two years to complete.) a. $438.15 b. $440.26 c. $442.16 d. $443.64 ANS: C VALUE OF TUITION PAYMENTS: PV = $15,000 + $15,000/(1+.040742)= $29,412.80 SAVINGS: (set calculator to BEGIN) n=60, r=4%/12, PV = 0, PMT = ?, FV = $29,412.80 DIF: H REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 72. As a young graduate, you have plans on buying your dream car in three years. You believe the car will cost $50,000. You have two sources of money to reach your goal of $50,000. First, you will save money for the next three years in a money market fund that will return 8% annually. You plan on making $5,000 annual payments to this fund. You will make yearly investments at the BEGINNING of the year. The second source of money will be a car loan that you will take out on the day you buy the car. You anticipate the car dealer to offer you a 6% APR loan with monthly compounding for a term of 60 months. To buy your dream car, what monthly car payment will you anticipate? a. $483.99 b. $540.15 c. $627.73 d. $652.83 ANS: C VALUE OF CAR = FV of SAVINGS + PV of LOAN SAVINGS: Set calculator to begin n = 3, r = 8%, PV = $0, PMT = $5,000, FV = $17,530.56 Car loan = $50,000 - $17,530.56 = $32,469.44 LOAN: n= 60, r=.5%, PV= $32,469.44, FV = $0, PMT = $627.73 DIF: H REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 73. Which of the following investments would have the highest future value (in year 5) if the discount rate is 12%? a. A five year ordinary annuity of $100 per year. b. A five year annuity due of $100 per year. c. $700 to be received at year 5 d. $500 to be received TODAY (year 0) ANS: D Choice B > Choice A FV of B: (set calc to begin), n=5, r=12%, PV=$0, PMT = $100, FV=$711.52 Choice B> Choice C FV of D: n=5, r=12%, PV=$500, PMT = $0, FV=$881.17 DIF: E REF: 3.1 Future Value of a Lump Sum 74. Cozmo Costanza just took out a $24,000 bank loan to help purchase his dream car. The bank offered a 5-year loan at a 6% APR. The loan will feature monthly payments and monthly compounding of interest. What is the monthly payment for this car loan? a. $400.00 b. $463.99 c. $470.25 d. $474.79 ANS: B n= 60, r=.5%, PV = $24,000, FV = $0, PMT = $463.99 DIF: M REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 75. A young graduate invests $10,000 in a mutual fund that pays 8% interest per year. What is the future value of this investment in 12 years? a. $12,000 b. $19,600 c. $22,000 d. $25,182 ANS: D n=12, r=8%, PV = -$10,000, PMT = $0, FV = $25182 DIF: E REF: 3.1 Future Value of a Lump Sum 76. An electric company has offered the following perpetuity to investors to raise capital for the firm. The perpetuity will pay $1 next year, and it is promised to grow at 5% per year thereafter. If you can earn 10% on invested money, how much would you pay today for this perpetuity? a. $100 b. $50 c. $40 d. $20 ANS: D = $1/(.1-.05) = $20 DIF: E REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 77. Cozmo Costanza just took out a $24,000 bank loan to help purchase his dream car. The bank offered a 5-year loan at a 6% APR. The loan will feature monthly payments and monthly compounding of interest. Suppose that Cozmo would like to pay off the remaining balance on his car loan at the end of the second year (24 payments). What is the remaining balance on the car loan after the second year? a. $10,469 b. $12,171 c. $14,400 d. $15,252 ANS: D n= 60, r=.5%, PV = $24,000, FV = $0, PMT = $463.99 Balance after 2 years: Use AMORT P1= 1, P2 = 24, BALANCE = $15,251.73 DIF: M REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 78. A $100 investment yields $112.55 in one year. The interest on the investment was compounded quarterly. From this information, what was the stated rate or APR of the investment? a. 12.55% b. 12.25% c. 12.15% d. 12.00% ANS: D n= 4, r= ?, PV = -$100, PMT = 0, FV= $112.55 r=3%, APR = 4*3% = 12% DIF: M REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 79. What is the future value at year 3 of the following set of cash flows if the discount rate is 11%? Year 0 1 2 3 Cash flow $100 $125 $200 $225 a. $738 b. $761 c. $789 d. $812 ANS: A = $100 * (1.11)^3+ $125*(1.11)^2 + $200*(1.11)^1 +$225 DIF: E REF: 3.3 Future Value of Cash Flow Streams 80. A $200 investment in an account that pays 7% continuous interest would be worth how much in twenty years? a. $774 b. $792 c. $811 d. $819 ANS: C = $200 *e^(.07*20) DIF: M REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 81. If you invest $5,000 in a mutual fund with a total annual return (interest rate) of 8% and you re-invest the proceeds each year, what will be the value of your investment after five years? a. $3,402.92 b. $6,597.08 c. $7,000.00 d. $7,346.64 ANS: D PV = 5,000 N=5 I/YR = 8 FV = ? = 7,346.64 DIF: E REF: 3.1 Future Value of a Lump Sum 82. You buy a house for $220,000 in a neighborhood where home prices have risen 5% annually on average. You suspect that growth in home prices will slow to an average of 3.5% per year over the next five years. If your growth estimate of 3.5% growth is correct, how much less will your house be worth in five years compared with 5% growth? a. $3,300.00 b. $16,500.00 c. $19,490.95 d. $13,870.51 ANS: C PV = 220,000 N=5 I/YR = 5 FV = 280,781.94 PV = 220,000 N=5 I/YR = 3.5 FV = 261,290.99 $280,781.94 - $261,290.99 = $19,490.95 DIF: M REF: 3.1 Future Value of a Lump Sum 83. You inherit $15,000 from your aunt. You decide to invest the money in a three-year CD that pays 4% interest to use as a down payment on a house. How much money will you have when the CD matures? a. $13,334.95 b. $15,600.00 c. $16,800.00 d. $16,872.96 ANS: D PV = 15,000 N=3 I/YR = 4 FV = ? = 16,872.96 DIF: E REF: 3.1 Future Value of a Lump Sum 84. If you need $35,000 for a down payment on a house in six years, how much money must you invest today at 7% interest compounded annually to achieve your goal? a. $14,700.00 b. $20,300.00 c. $23,321.98 d. $24,954.52 ANS: C FV = 35,000 N-6 I/YR = 7 PV = ? = $23,321.98 DIF: E REF: 3.2 Present Value of a Lump Sum 85. Your firm is evaluating a project that should generate revenue of $4,600 in year 1, $5,200 in year two, $5,900 in year three, and $5,700 in year four. The firm receives each cash flow at the end of each year. If your firm's required return is 12%, what is the future value of these cash flows at the end of year four? a. $16,074.51 b. $22,583.53 c. $25,293.55 d. $28,328.77 ANS: C CF0 = 0 CF1 = 4,600 CF2 = 5,200 CF3 = 5,900 CF4 = 5,700 I/YR = 12 NPV = ? = 16,074.51 PV = 16,074.51 N=4 I = 12 FV = ? = 25,293.55 DIF: M REF: 3.3 Future Value of Cash Flow Streams 86. If you deposit $9,000 at the end of each year in an account earning 8% interest, what will be the value of the account in 25 years? a. $600,882.83 b. $657,953.46 c. $710,589.74 d. $719,589.74 ANS: B PMT = 9,000 N = 25 I/YR = 8 FV = ? = 710,589.74 DIF: E REF: 3.3 Future Value of Cash Flow Streams 87. You would like to retire with $1 million on your 60th birthday. If you start saving equal annual amounts on your 26th birthday, make your last deposit on your 60th birthday, and earn 10% interest on your money, how much must you invest each year to achieve your goal? a. $3,343.06 b. $3,436.14 c. $3,558.41 d. $3,689.71 ANS: D FV = 1,000,000 I/YR = 10 N = 35 PMT = ? = 3,689.71 DIF: M REF: 3.3 Future Value of Cash Flow Streams 88. If you deposit $9,000 at the beginning of each year in an account earning 8% interest, what will be the value of the account in 25 years? a. $609,216.17 b. $657,953.46 c. $710,589.74 d. $774,823.46 ANS: C BEG Mode PV = 9,000 I/YR = 10 N = 25 FV = ? = 710,589.74 DIF: E REF: 3.3 Future Value of Cash Flow Streams 89. A report from the marketing department indicates that a new product will generate the following revenue stream: $62,500 in the first year, $89,400 in year two, $136,200 in year three, $128,300 in year four, and $112,000 in year five. If your firm's discount rate is 11% and the cash flows are received at the end of each year, what is the present value of this cash flow stream? a. $379,435.35 b. $421,173.24 c. $476,036.04 d. $528,400.00 ANS: A CF0 = 0 CF1 = 62,500 CF2 = 89,400 CF3 = 136,200 CF4 = 128,300 CF5 = 112,000 I/YR = 11 NPV = ? = 379,435.35 DIF: E REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 90. Your firm rents office space for $250,000 per year, due at the beginning of each year. If your firm's hurdle rate is 10%, what is the present value of five years' worth of rent? a. $871,713.00 b. $947,696.69 c. $1,042,466.36 d. $1,250,000.00 ANS: C BEG Mode PMT = 250,000 I/YR = 10 N=5 PV = ? = 1,042,466.36 DIF: E REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 91. Great Lakes Christmas Tree Co. expects to pay an annual dividend of $2 per share in perpetuity on its preferred shares starting one year from now. The firm is committed solely to its steady North American Christmas tree business (as opposed to, say, diversifying into landscape shrubbery). This profile warrants a required return of 6%. What is the present value of this dividend stream for investors? a. $12.00 b. $1.89 c. $33.33 d. $2.12 ANS: C PV = CF/r PV = 2/.06 = 33.33 DIF: E REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 92. Having acquired great fortune based on your mastery of finance, you decide to set up a charity. You'd like to give the finance department of your alma mater $100,000 next year, and you want to make an annual contribution in perpetuity, with each year’s contribution growing by 4%. The university can generate an 8% return on invested capital. What is the value of a lump-sum donation needed today to accomplish this? a. $3,561 b. $833,333 c. $1,250,000 d. $2,500,000 ANS: D PV = CF1/(r - g) PV = 100,000/(.08 - .04) = 2,500,000 DIF: M REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 93. If you invest $2,500 in a bank account that pays 6% interest compounded quarterly, how much will you have in five years? a. $2,546.96 b. $3,367.14 c. $8,017.84 d. $13,267.04 ANS: B P/YR = 4 PV = 2,500 I/YR = 6 N = 20 FV = ? = 3,367.14 DIF: M REF: 3.6 Additional Applications of Time Value Techniques 94. Your credit card carries a 9.9% annual percentage rate, compounded daily. What is the effective annual rate, or annual percentage yield? a. 0.03% b. 9.90% c. 10.41% d. 18.00% ANS: C (1 + .099/365)365 - 1 = 10.41% DIF: M REF: 3.6 Additional Applications of Time Value Techniques 95. Calculate the annual payment for a 20-year mortgage on a $3.5 million building at a 7.5% interest rate. Assume that the entire building is financed and that payments are made at the end of each year, starting at the end of the first year and ending at the end of the 20th year. a. $175,000.00 b. $343,322.67 c. $186,293.52 d. $340,815.32 ANS: B PV = 3,500,000 I/YR = 7.5 N = 20 PMT = ? = 343,322.67 DIF: E REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 96. Calculate the monthly payment for a 20-year mortgage on a $3.5 million building at a 7.5% interest rate. Assume that the entire building is financed and that payments are made at the end of each month, starting at the end of the first month and ending at the end of the last month. a. $28,020.63 b. $28,195.76 c. $36,458.33 d. $61,947.83 ANS: B P/YR = 12 PV = 3,500,000 I/YR = 7.5 N = 240 PMT = ? = 28,195.76 DIF: M REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 97. You decide that your family would be comfortable living on an annual income of $150,000, growing at 4% per year. You’d also like to continue generating this cash flow for your descendents, forever. With investment returns of 8%, how much wealth would you need today to provide this income starting with $150,000 one year from now? a. $1,250,000 b. $1,875,000 c. $1,904,218 d. $3,750,000 ANS: D PV = CF!/(r - g) PV = 150,000/(.08 - .04) = 3,750,000 DIF: E REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 98. Atlas Map Co. has purchased a new building for $45 million. If the value of the building increases at a rate of 5% per year, how much will the building be worth in 20 years? a. $119,398,397 b. $113,712,759 c. $16,960,027 d. $16,131,867 ANS: A PV = 45,000,000 I/YR = 5 N = 20 FV = ? = 119,398,397 DIF: E REF: 3.1 Future Value of a Lump Sum 99. A stainless steel products manufacturer with an 8.5% cost of capital receives a $3,000,000 order, payable at the end of three years. What is the annual payment amount made at the end of each year with the equivalent present value? a. $660,864 b. $919,618 c. $949,473 d. $997,785 ANS: B FV = 3,000,000 I/YR = 8.5 N=3 PMT = ? = 919,618 DIF: H REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 100. Hamilton Industries needs a bulldozer. The purchasing manager has her eye on a new model that will be available in three years at a price of $75,000. If Hamilton's discount rate is 11%, how much money does she need now to pay for the bulldozer when it’s available? a. $49,405 b. $50,250 c. $54,839 d. $60,872 ANS: C FV = 75,000 N=3 I/YR = 11 PV = ? =54,589 DIF: E REF: 3.2 Present Value of a Lump Sum 101. If you deposit $10,000 today in an account that pays 5% interest compounded annually for five years, how much interest will you earn? a. $2,500.00 b. $2,762.82 c. $3,400.96 d. $12,762.82 ANS: B PV = 10,000 I/YR = 5 N=5 FV = ? = 12,762.82 12,762.82 - 10,000 = 2,762.82 DIF: E REF: 3.1 Future Value of a Lump Sum 102. Mendelson Implements records the following cash flows at the end of each year for a project. If the firm's discount rate is 11%, what is the value of the project at the end of the last year? Year Cash flow 1 $794,633 2 $542,149 3 $836,200 4 $716,080 5 $520,354 a. $2,547,837 b. $4,200,696 c. $4,293,253 d. $4,657,524 ANS: C CF0 = 0 CF1 = $794,633 CF2 = $542,149 CF3 = $836,200 CF4 = $716,080 CF5 = $520,354 I/YR = 11 NPV = ? = 2,547,837 DIF: M REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 103. Herbilux Botanicals forecasts the following cash flows at the end of each year for a project. If the firm's discount rate is 9%, what is the present value of the project? Year Cash flow 1 $ 697,000 2 $ 631,000 3 $ 574,000 4 $ 898,000 5 $9,981,000 a. $7,634,980 b. $8,015,517 c. $8,736,914 d. $12,268,998 ANS: C CF0 = - CF1 = $697,000 CF2 = $631,000 CF3 = $574,000 CF4 = $898,000 CF5 = $9,981,000 I/YR = 9 NPV = ? = 8,736,914 DIF: M REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 104. Mendez Implements records the following cash flows at the beginning of each year for a project. If the firm's discount rate is 11%, what is the value of the project at the end of the last year? Year Cash flow 1 $794,633 2 $542,149 3 $836,200 4 $716,080 5 $520,354 a. $4,293,253 b. $2,547,837 c. $4,657,524 d. $4,765,511 ANS: D CF0 = $794,633 CF1 = $542,149 CF2 = $836,200 CF3 = $716,080 CF4 = $520,354 I/YR = 11 NPV = $4,765,511 DIF: M REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 105. Mayfield Development, LLC forecasts the following cash flows at the beginning of each year for a project. If the firm's discount rate is 9%, what is the present value of the project? Year Cash flow 1 $ 697,000 2 $ 631,000 3 $ 574,000 4 $ 898,000 5 $9,981,000 a. $7,634,980 b. $8,736,914 c. $9,523,236 d. $12,268,998 ANS: C CF0 = $697,000 CF1 = $631,000 CF2 = $574,000 CF3 = $898,000 CF4 = $9,981,000 I/YR = 9 NPV = ? = $9,523,236 DIF: M REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 106. You’ve just won $1 million dollars in a lottery. For your prize, you may except a $1 million lump sum paid immediately, a constant perpetuity of $80,000 per year (with the first payment arriving in one year), or a stream of cash flows that starts at $45,000 next year and grows at 3.5% per year in perpetuity. If the interest rate is 8%, wish of these choices has a higher present value? a. a $1 million lump sum b. a constant stream of $80,000 per year in perpetuity c. a stream that begins at $45,000 and grows at 3.5% in perpetuity d. all three choices have the same present value ANS: D Option 1 PV = $1,000,000 Option 2 PV = CF1/r = 80,000/.08 = 1,000,000 Option 3 PV = CF1/(r-g) = 45,000/(.08 - .035) = 1,000,00 DIF: M REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 107. A financial advisor recommends saving $1,000,000 for a comfortable retirement. With investment returns of 8%, what is the annual year-end cash flow generated by the $1 million for 25 years, assuming you spend all of the principal and interest? a. $80,000 b. $86,740 c. $93,679 d. $94,978 ANS: C PV = 1,000,000 N = 25 I/YR = 8 PMT = ? = 93,678 DIF: H REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 108. If you invest $2,500 in a bank account that pays 6% interest compounded monthly, how much will you have in five years? a. $1,853.43 b. $3,345.56 c. $2,505.20 d. $3,372.13 ANS: D P/YR = 12 I/YR = 6 N = 60 PV = 2,500 FV = ? = 3,372.13 DIF: E REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 109. A few years after graduating from college, you decide to get an MBA. This endeavor sets you back $100,000 in loans. Luckily, you have the option to consolidate these loans at 5%. You opt for a 30-year payback period with monthly installments due at the end of each month.. What is the monthly payment on the consolidated loan? a. $536.82 b. $542.10 c. $544.86 d. $3,552.94 ANS: A P/YR = 12 N = 360 I=5 PV = 100,000 PMT = ? = 536.82 DIF: E REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 110. Your aunt is evaluating her retirement pension. She can retire at age 65 and collect $1,000 per month for the rest of her life. Assume that payments begin one month after her 65th birthday. If your aunt lives to be exactly 80 years old and can earn 7% interest (compounded monthly), what is the equivalent lump sum she would need at retirement to equal the value of the pension? a. $106,906 b. $111,256 c. $115,313 d. $215,027 ANS: B DIF: M REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 111. Prudent Policy Life Insurance Co. offers a 10-year term life insurance policy with a $250,000 benefit and annual premiums of $200, paid at the beginning of each year. If Prudent can earn 8% on invested capital, what is the present value to the firm of the premiums from one policy, assuming the policy holder outlives the policy term? a. $1,120 b. $1,342 c. $1,449 d. $1,852 ANS: C BEG Mode N = 10 I/YR = 8 PMT = 200 PV = ? = 1,449 DIF: M REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 112. Prudent Policy Life Insurance Co. offers a 10-year term life insurance policy with a $250,000 benefit and annual premiums of $200, paid at the beginning of each year. If Prudent can earn 8% on invested capital, what is the future value to the firm of the premiums from one policy, assuming the policy holder outlives the policy term? a. $3,129 b. $2,897 c. $2,720 d. $1,342 ANS: A BEG Mode N = 10 I/YR = 8 PMT = 200 FV = ? = 3,129 DIF: M REF: 3.3 Future Value of Cash Flow Streams 113. You are evaluating a perpetuity. The first payment is $100, and it arrives in one year. Each subsequent annual payment will increase by 10%. If the discount rate is 8%, what is the present value of this perpetuity? a. $5,500 b. $1,000 c. $1,250 d. The present value is infinite ANS: D The PV is infiinte since the growth rate exceeds the discount rate. DIF: H REF: 3.4 Present Value of Cash Flow Streams 114. You invest $10,000 in August 2004. In August 2009, the investment is worth $12,000. What was your compound annual rate of return over the period? a. 3.09% b. 3.71% c. 4.00% d. 4.21% ANS: B N=5 PV = 10,000 FV = 12,000 I/YR = ? = 3.71 DIF: E REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value 115. If a bank lends you $10,000 and requires that you make payments of $2,500 at the end of each of the next five years, what interest rate is the bank charging? a. 4.56% b. 5.61% c. 7.93% d. 11.18% ANS: C PV = 10,000 PMT - 2,500 N=5 I?YR = ? = 7.93 DIF: M REF: 3.5 Special Applications of Time Value