Beach's Secret Subway by jdo13922


enGine                                                                                                                                                                                   Audio-Datei

                                                                 Beach’s Secret Subway
                                                                 New Yorks allererste U-Bahn wurde heim-                                        accused     cartoonist, Thomas Nast. He was indicted for
                                                                 lich gebaut, war nur 100 Meter lang und                          corruption ... restored   graft, and Beach’s charter was reinstated. But
                                                                 wurde per Druckluft angetrieben. Obwohl                                                    then a stock-market collapse put Beach out of
                                                                 eine Sensation geriet Alfred Beachs Rie-                                                   business for good. His subway was sealed up
              ENGLISCH     FÜR   INGENIEURE                      sen-Rohrpost bald in Vergessenheit.                                                        and forgotten.
                                                                                                                                                               Then, in 1912, a remarkable event: Workers
                                                                 Alfred Ely Beach was upper-crust. He was              upper-class                          digging an extension of the BMT subway line
                                                  Februar 2008   educated at Yale and given management of the                                               suddenly broke through into the old tunnel.
                                                                 New York Sun newspaper by his father in 1848.                                     grave    It could’ve been King Tut’s tomb with all that
                                                                 He was only 22 when he took over the Sun’s of-                                             sealed-up elegance – the old rail car, the décor,
                                                                 fices in the Wall Street area. By then, Manhattan                                          and Beach‘s hydraulic shield.
                                                                 was just becoming a high-population-density                                                   Today Beach‘s tube is a part of the BMT line.
     HISTORY AUDIO-DATEI                                         nightmare. But Beach was a young man with
                                                                 ideas. Already, two years before, he’d bought
                                                                                                                       bad dream                  effect    Of course, his legacy is much larger than a frag-
                                                                                                                                                            ment of the BMT. He pioneered the art of tun-

                                                                 the one-year-old Scientific American magazine.                                             nelling. He helped establish the century-and-
                                                                 He also opened a major patent agency that                                                  a-half-year-old Scientific American magazine.
                                                                 would deal with clients like Morse, Edison, Bell,                                          But, primarily, he was a dreamer ahead of his
                                                                 and Ericcson.                                                                              time. And no great technology has ever been

     Secret Subway
                                                                    All the while, Beach watched Manhattan’s                                                established without dreamers like Alfred Ely
                                                                 streets growing hopelessly dirty and danger-                                               Beach pointing the way. n
                                                                 ous as four or five horse-drawn omnibuses
                                                                 rattled by each minute. He turned his attention       clacked                              Prof. Dr. John Lienhard, University of Houston
                                                                 to urban rail service. The British had just built a
                                                                 small experimental subway line in London, but                                              charter                      Frachtvertrag, Urkunde
                                                                 it’d be another thirty years before regular sub-                                           dispatch                     Auslieferung, Abfertigung
                                                                 way service was finally established in America.       started                              enrage, to                   erzürnen
                                                                    In 1866, Beach petitioned the City for some-       asked                                establish, to                aufbauen, eröffnen
                                                                 thing called a postal dispatch charter. That was      mailing authorisation                extort, to                   erpressen, abnötigen
                                                                 actually a smokescreen – a way to get authoriza-      disguise                             flabbergast, to              verblüffen
                                                                 tion to build a subway system without letting                                              graft                        Bestechung
                                                                 the city of New York know what he was doing.                                               improve, to                  verbessern
                                                                 He meant to start with a small 300-foot demon-                                             indict, to
     ... mehr in der PRINTAUSGABE:                               stration line under Broadway. He had to keep it                                            legacy
                                                                 secret from the corrupt Boss Tweed because he                                              muffle, to                   dämpfen
                                                                 knew Tweed would extort extra money before                                                 nightmare
     FEATURE Englische Artikel mit Vokabelhilfe                  he’d let him dig.

                                                                                                                                                            petition, to
                                                                                                                                                                                         beantragen, ersuchen
                                                                    To cut the tunnel, Beach improved on Marc          upgraded                             rattle, to                   klappern, scheppern
                                                                 Brunel’s hydraulic shield design. (Later, the
     TECHNOLOGY Fachwissen auf Englisch                          English turned around and used Beach’s design
                                                                                                                                                            reinstate, to
                                                                                                                                                            shuttle, to
                                                                                                                                                                                         wieder in Kraft setzen
                                                                                                                                                                                         hin- und herfahren
                                                                 in their tunneling.) Brunel had begun the first                                            smokescreen                  Vorwand, Deckmantel
     LANGUAGE Vokabel- und Grammatikübungen                      tunnel under the Thames River in London, and
                                                                 his son Isambard finished it. Like Brunel, Beach
                                                                                                                                                                                         opulent, prächtig
                                                                 put his own son in charge of cutting their nine-                                           upper-crust                  z. Oberschicht gehörend
     WELTWEIT Interkulturelle Kommunikation

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                                                                 foot-diameter hole. Father and son worked in

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                                                                 secret at night, trucking dirt off in wagons with

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                                                                 muffled wheels.

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                                                                                                                       dampened                             Radioserie „Engines of
     RUBRIKEN Neues aus Technik und Business

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                                                                    The finished system had a single pneumati-                                              Our Ingenuity“ und wird

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                                                                                                                                                                                          .d 51 ft
                                                                 cally-driven car that shuttled people between                                              hier mit freundlicher

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                                                                                                                                                            Genehmigung des Autors
                                                                 two sumptuous stations with paintings, frescoes,

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     ... mehr unter
                                                                                                                                                            und der Radiostation KUHF
                                                                 and fine furniture. It cost Beach $350,000.

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                                                                    When the subway opened, Boss Tweed was                                                  Originaltext und weitere

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                                                                 first flabbergasted, then enraged. Tweed managed      surprised ... provoced
                                                                                                                                                            die Geschichte der Technik

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                                                                 to close Beach down within a year, but, not long

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                                                                 after that, he fell victim to the great political

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