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CHAPTER 15 TRANSFORMING FIRE THE CIVIL WAR 1861–1865

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CHAPTER 15 TRANSFORMING FIRE THE CIVIL WAR 1861–1865 Powered By Docstoc
					CHAPTER 15: TRANSFORMING FIRE: THE CIVIL WAR, 1861–1865
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
1. Explain the strategy of the combatants during the first two years of the Civil War; identify their strengths and weaknesses; and indicate the relative position of each in early 1863. Examine the social, political, and economic impact of the Civil War on the South, its values, and its people. Examine the social, political, and economic impact of the Civil War on the North, its values, and its people. Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the North and the South, and explain the factors that led to northern victory and southern defeat. Discuss Abraham Lincoln’s and Congress’s approach to the slavery question during the course of the Civil War; examine their decisions on this issue; and explain the impact of those decisions on the Union and its war effort. Discuss Jefferson Davis’s and the Confederate Congress’s approach to the slavery question; examine their decisions on this issue; and explain the impact of those decisions on the Confederacy and its war effort. Discuss the impact of military life and wartime experiences on Confederate and Union soldiers during the Civil War. Explain Grant’s strategy in the final years of the Civil War, and describe the battles that enabled him to achieve northern victory. Examine the emergence of dissent and disorder in the Confederacy and the Union in the final two years of the Civil War, and explain the impact of these forces on the two combatants.

2. 3. 4. 5.

6.

7. 8. 9.

10. Discuss the efforts of both North and South to achieve their diplomatic objectives, and indicate the outcome of those efforts. 11. Examine the impact of the Civil War on the Indian peoples of the American West and on relations between Indians and Anglo-Americans. 12. Discuss the financial and human costs of the Civil War, and indicate what issues were resolved and what issues were left unresolved at war’s end.

Identification and Significance Items
Identify each item. Give an explanation or description of the item. Answer the questions who, what, where, and when. Explain the historical significance of each item. Establish the historical context in which the item exists. Establish the item as the result of or as the cause of other factors existing in the society under study. Answer this question: What were the political, social, economic, and/or cultural consequences of this item? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Wallage Turnage The first Battle of Bull Run General George McClellan The Anaconda plan The Union naval campaign The battles of Elkhorn Tavern, Arkansas, and Honey Springs, Arkansas The battles at Glorieta Pass Ulysses S. Grant Grant's Tennessee campaign The Battle of Shiloh McClellan's Peninsula campaign General Robert E. Lee President Jefferson Davis's southern offensive The second Battle of Bull Run The Battle of Antietam Jefferson Davis The Confederate conscription law The Confederate tax-inkind Confederate nationalism Josiah Gorgas Janie Smith The "twenty-Negro" law 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. The "Free State of Jones" Jay Cooke The development of heavy industry in the North The mechanization of northern agriculture Northern labor activism The Union Pacific and Central Pacific Railroads The Morrill Land Grant Act The Homestead Act of 1862 Establishment of a national banking system The United States Sanitary Commission Clara Barton, Dorothea Dix, and Mary Ann Bickerdyke Hospital Sketches Walt Whitman Lincoln's plan for gradual emancipation The Radicals The confiscation acts “The Prayer of Twenty Millions” The Emancipation Proclamation The Thirteenth Amendment Davis's emancipation plan 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. The “minie ball” African American soldiers in the Union army The Battle of Chancellorsville The Battle of Vicksburg The Battle of Gettysburg Pickett's Charge The southern class system Southern food riots Desertions from the Confederate army Southern peace movements The Peace Democrats Clement L. Vallandigham Copperheads New York City draft riots The Sand Creek Massacre The Long Walk The presidential election of 1864 Northern diplomatic strategy The Trent affair The Alabama Sherman's southern campaign The fall of Atlanta Appomattox Court House The assassination of President Abraham Lincoln

7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22.

34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42.

CHAPTER 16: RECONSTRUCTION: AN UNFINISHED REVOLUTION, 1865–1877

LEARNING OBJECTIVES
1. Examine the clash between the executive and legislative branches of government over the issue of Reconstruction, and discuss the events and forces that affected the development of the congressional Reconstruction plans. Examine and evaluate the Reconstruction experience for freed men and women. Explain the divergence between the provisions of President Johnson’s Reconstruction plan and its actual operation. Cite the major provisions of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments; indicate the reasons for their passage by Congress; and explain the compromises embodied in each. Cite the major provisions of the First Reconstruction Act of 1867; indicate the reasons for its enactment by Congress; and explain how and why it diverged from the proposals of the Radical Republicans. Discuss the political, social, and economic impact of the Reconstruction governments on southern society. Examine and evaluate the means by which white southern Conservatives attempted to regain control in the South, and indicate the outcome of their efforts. Examine the events and forces that brought a weakening of the northern commitment to Reconstruction and an end to the Reconstruction era.

2. 3. 4.

5.

6. 7. 8.

Identification and Significance Items
Identify each item. Give an explanation or description of the item. Answer the questions who, what, where, and when. Explain the historical significance of each item. Establish the historical context in which the item exists. Establish the item as the result of or as the cause of other factors existing in the society under study. Answer this question: What were the political, social, economic, and/or cultural consequences of this item? 21. The Fourteenth 36. Public schools in the 1. “Decoration Day” Amendment former Confederate states 2. Lincoln's “10 percent” plan 22. Johnson's “swing around 37. The southern conservatives 3. Thaddeus Stevens and the circle” 38. The charge of “Negro rule” Charles Sumner 23. The congressional elections 39. Carpetbagger 4. The Wade-Davis Bill of 1866 40. Scalawag 5. The Wade-Davis Manifesto 24. The First Reconstruction 41. Republican tax policies in 6. The Thirteenth Amendment Act the former Confederate 7. The Freedmen's Bureau 25. Thaddeus Stevens' plan for states 8. Reunification of African land redistribution in the 42. The Ku Klux Klan American families South 43. Klan violence in Alamance 9. Special Field Order 26. The Tenure of Office Act and Caswell counties of Number 15 27. Johnson's impeachment North Carolina 10. Freedmen's Bureau schools trial 44. “Redeemer” Democrats 11. The founding of African 28. The presidential election of 45. The Enforcement Acts and American colleges 1868 the anti-Klan law 12. Francis Cardozo, P. B. S. 29. Ulysses S. Grant 46. The Panic of 1873 Pinchback, Blanche K. 30. The myth of military rule in 47. The Liberal Republican Bruce, and Hiram Revels the South revolt 13. The growth of African 31. The Fifteenth Amendment 48. The Amnesty Act of 1872 American churches 32. The southern Republican 49. The Civil Rights Act of 14. The sharecropping system Party 1875 15. Cotton and the southern 33. The constitutional 50. The Panic of 1873 economy conventions in the former 51. Race relations in the 16. Johnson's Reconstruction Confederate states American West plan 34. Republican governments in 52. William H. Seward 17. The black codes the former Confederate 53. Ex parte Milligan 18. Radical Republicans states 54. The Slaughter-House cases 19. Civil Rights Bill of 1866 35. Industrialization in the 55. Bradwell v. Illinois 20. The Memphis and New former Confederate states 56. United States v. Cruikshank Orleans riots 57. The presidential election of 1876


				
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