Historical Strasbourg (Alsace, France),
full day guided tour
The spire of Strasbourg Cathedral (then under restoration) towering
above the Old Town
Location ca 85 km from Karlsruhe, travel
time approx 1 hr.
Strasbourg (French: Strasbourg, pronounced [stʀasbuʀ]; Alsatian: Strossburi,
[ˈ rɔːsb̥uri]; German: Straßburg [ˈ ʃtʁaːsbʊʁk] or [ˈ ʃtʁaːsbʊʁç], Swiss spelling:
Strassburg) is the capital and principal city of the Alsace region in northeastern France,
with 702,412 inhabitants in the metropolitan area in 2007. Located close to the border
with Germany, it is the préfecture (capital) of the Bas-Rhin département.
Strasbourg is the seat of several European institutions such as the Council of Europe with
its European Court of Human Rights, its European Directorate for the Quality of
Medicines and its European Audiovisual Observatory, the Eurocorps as well as the
European Parliament and the European Ombudsman of the European Union. Strasbourg
is an important center of manufacturing and engineering, as well as of road, rail, and river
communications. The port of Strasbourg is the second largest on the Rhine after
Duisburg, Germany. The city is the seat of the Central Commission for Navigation on
Strasbourg's historic center, the Grande Île ("Grand Island"), was classified a World
Heritage site by UNESCO in 1988, the first time such an honor was placed on an entire
city center. Strasbourg is beautifully fused into the Franco-German culture (Alemannic),
and is regarded as the bridge of unity between modern France and Germany.
Strasbourg is also a bridge for Germanic and Latin culture.
At the site of Strasbourg, the Romans established a military outpost and named it
Argentoratum. (Hence the town is commonly called Argentina in medieval Latin.) It
belonged to the Germania Superior Roman province. The name was first mentioned in
the year 12 BC; the city celebrated its 2,000th birthday of continuous settlement in 1988.
While the center of Argentoratum proper was situated on the Grande Île (Cardo : current
Rue du Dôme, Decumanus : current Rue des Hallebardes) most Roman artifacts have
been found along the current Route des Romains in the suburb of Koenigshoffen, on the
road that lead to it. From the 4th century, Strasbourg was the seat of the
View of the city and the Strasbourg Cathedral from 1493.
Strasbourg Cathedral which began undergoing construction in the 12th century, was
completed in 1439 ..
The city is chiefly known for its sandstone Gothic Cathedral with its famous astronomical
clock, and for its medieval cityscape of Rhineland black and white timber-framed
buildings, particularly in the Petite-France district alongside the Ill and in the streets and
squares surrounding the cathedral, where the renowned Maison Kammerzell stands out.
Notable distinctly medieval streets: Rue Mercière, Rue des Dentelles, Rue du Bain aux
Plantes, Rue des Juifs, Rue des Frères, Rue des Tonneliers, Rue du Maroquin, Rue des
Half-timbered houses Medieval bridge
Place des Tripiers on Place de la
in Petite-France Ponts Couverts
Strasbourg Cathedral Église Saint-Thomas Église Saint-Jean
seen through Rue Église Saint-Guillaume
Église Saint-Pierre le
Église Saint- Jeune catholique, Église Saint-Nicolas
Temple Saint-Paul, largest dome in Alsace, with a tram passing
former Protestantische with monument to
Garnisonskirche Charles de Foucauld
The Monument to
General Leclerc on The Théâtre national
The Palais du Rhin,
Place Broglie, with the former imperial de Strasbourg, former
neo-classical Opera regional parliament
House right behind (Landtag)