XML Web Services Architecture

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XML Web Services Architecture Powered By Docstoc
					XML Web Services
Architecture
Siddharth Ruchandani
CS 6362 – SW Architecture & Design
Summer 2005
07/11/05
Current Business Situation
                   Systems “built to task,
                    built to last” work well
                    independently
                   Accomplish what they
                    were designed for
                   But what if these
                    systems want to
                    connect together?
The Problem
                 Most systems aren’t
                  designed to work with
                  each other
                 Connecting the
                  Accounting with Sales
                  system is expensive,
                  time-consuming, and
                  unreliable
The Solution
                  A standard way for
                   systems to
                   communicate with
                   each other
The Solution
                  A standard way for
                   systems to
                   communicate with
                   each other
                  XML Web Services
                  No need to re-
                   design existing
                   components
The Solution
                  A standard way for
                   systems to
                   communicate with
                   each other
                  XML Web Services
                  No need to re-design
                   existing components
                  Not only connect
                   systems, connect
                   people
Web Services
                  Provide a way for
                   systems to
                   interoperate across
                   different platforms &
                   operating systems
                  Structured way to
                   format data, describe
                   service capability and
                   availability
Web Service Principles
   Message Orientation – Web services communicate using messages
   Protocol Composability – Web services avoid monolithic design by
    the use of modular building blocks that can be re-used
   Autonomous Services – Can be designed, implemented, managed,
    versioned, and deployed independently
   Managed transparency – can manage which functionalities we want
    to make available to the end-service and which to hide
   Protocol-based integration – can be implemented using simple
    protocols
Web Services Architecture
                               HTTP – Hyper Text
Discovery (UDDI)                Transfer Protocol
Description (WSDL)             XML – Extensible Markup
                                Language
Standard structure (SOAP)      SOAP – Simple Object
Encoding (XML)
                                Access Protocol
                               WSDL – Web Service
Transport (HTTP)                Description Language
                               UDDI – Universal
    Web Service layers          Description, Discovery &
                                Integration
XML – eXtensible Markup Language
                    Unit of Information
                     transfer
                    Simple, text-based
                    Message – an XML
                     document information
                     item as defined by the
                     XML Infoset
                    Infoset – Abstract data
                     model, foundation of XML
                     Specifications (XML
                     Schema, XML Query,
                     XSLT)
XML – eXtensible Markup Language

 <m:GetContactInfo
  xmlns:m="http://example.org/CompanyInfo">
  <ContactName>Sidd R.</ContactName>
  <CompanyName>SARK</CompanyName>
  <StreetName>W. Las Colinas</StreetName>
</m:GetContactInfo>
XSD
   XML Schema Definition
   Schema - an abstract representation of an object's
    characteristics and relationship to other objects
   XML schema represents the interrelationship between the
    attributes and elements of an XML object (for example, a
    document or a portion of a document)
   Provides a universal type system, allowing data types to be
    defined and passed across platforms.
   For an XML Web service, XSD defines the structure and data
    types for the XML encapsulated within a SOAP message sent
    to and from an XML Web service.
   For example, within a schema for a document describing a
    Web site, you would define a Web site element, a Web page
    element, and other elements that describe possible content
    divisions within any page on that site.
SOAP
          SOAP(Simple Object Access
           Protocol) is a lightweight protocol
           intended for exchanging structured
           information in a decentralized,
           distributed environment.
          SOAP uses XML technologies to
           define an extensible messaging
           framework, which provides a
           message construct that can be
           exchanged over a variety of
           underlying protocols.
          The framework has been designed
           to be independent of any particular
           programming model and other
           implementation specific semantics.
          SOAP 1.2 Specification definition
          XML document containing 3
           elements: <Envelope>, <Header>,
           <Body>
SOAP
          SOAP Over HTTP
SOAP Processing Model




   Identify the header block intended for the current SOAP node
   If header block cannot be processed, message is discarded and
    fault message generated
   Process message
   If current node not the ultimate receiver, then message is relayed to
    the next SOAP node
WSDL
          Web Service Definition
           Language
          Describes
              What a request message
               must contain
              What the response
               message might look like
              Where the service is
               available
              What protocol required to
               talk to the service
WSDL
          WSDL documents can
           maintain information like
           method signatures, data
           returned, etc. about a
           web service
          Applications can maintain
           a pointer to the required
           web service’s WSDL
           docs
          Applications can then call
           the various methods of
           the web service
WSDL (Example)
 WSDL (Example)




http://www.xmethods.com/ve2/ViewListing.po;(QHyMHiRM)?key=uuid:D784C184-99B2-DA25-ED45-3665D11A12E5
UDDI
          Universal Description
           Discovery &
           Integration
          Analogous to a
           phonebook
          Specifies protocol for
           querying a directory
           of web services
UDDI
          A UDDI director entry has
           3 primary parts
              Service provider – to
               contact someone
               responsible for the service
              Web services offered –
               organized by application
               area, geography, etc.
              Bindings to implementation
               – associates web service
               entry to the exact URI,
               protocol to use for access
XML Web Service Lifetime




   The client creates a new instance of an XML Web service proxy
    class. This object resides on the same computer as the client.
   The client invokes a method on the proxy class.
   The infrastructure on the client computer serializes the arguments
    of the XML Web service method into a SOAP message and sends
    it over the network to the XML Web service.
XML Web Service Lifetime (contd.)
   The infrastructure receives the SOAP message and deserializes the
    XML. It creates an instance of the class implementing the XML Web
    service and invokes the XML Web service method, passing in the
    deserialized XML as arguments.
   The XML Web service method executes its code, eventually setting
    the return value and any out parameters.
   The infrastructure on the Web server serializes the return value and
    out parameters into a SOAP message and sends it over the network
    back to the client.
   The XML Web service infrastructure, on the client computer,
    receives the SOAP message, deserializes the XML into the return
    value and any out parameters, and passes them to the instance of
    the proxy class.
   The client receives the return value and any out parameters.
Other Features
                    Security - Organizations building
                     and managing secure XML Web
                     services need to ensure that only
                     authorized parties are allowed to
                     use the XML Web services and
                     that the SOAP messages sent and
                     received by the XML Web
                     services can only be modified or
                     viewed by appropriate parties.
                    WS-Security is a simple, stateless,
                     SOAP specification that describes
                     how digital credentials should be
                     placed within SOAP messages,
                     and how these credentials should
                     be associated with a message to
                     ensure message integrity and
                     confidentiality.
Other Features
                    Reliable Messaging
                    WS-ReliableMessaging
                     Specification
                    The specification defines three
                     different assurances that may
                     be used in combination:
                       At-Least-Once Delivery:
                         Each message is delivered
                         at least one time.
                       At-Most-Once Delivery:
                         Duplicate messages will
                         not be delivered.
                       In-Order Delivery:
                         Messages are delivered in
                         the same order they were
                         sent.
Case Studies


   OSS (Operations                Currency
   Support System)   GetRate()    Exchange
                                    Web
    Localization                   Service
      Manager        SendRate()
Case Studies
                                    Web Service
                                  to authenticate
            SCAUTHENTICATION
                                applications against
                SERVICE         Active Directory (AD)




     SDMS        SPARTA        OTHER
Case Studies
                                 Web Service
                                   to locate
                                  stores by
            STORE LOCATOR       Store number,
             WEB SERVICE           division,
                                  market, or
                             geographical location




     SDMS      SPARTA       OTHER
Conclusion
                Web Services
                     Loosely coupled
                     Ubiquitous Communication
                     Universal Data Format
                Discussed Important components
                 of Web Services Architecture
                     XML
                     XSD
                     SOAP
                     WSDL
                     UDDI
                Secure, Reliable Messaging
                Application Integration
                Platform independence
                Transport independence
References
 http://msdn.microsoft.com/webservices
 http://www.gotdotnet.com/team/XMLwebs
  ervices/
 http://searchwebservices.techtarget.com