Workshop 13 - Reason Adapted – Sequencing Basics This workshop introduces you to basic sequencing within Reason Adapted – a scaled down version of Propellerhead’s Reason software. First you will be introduced to the components that make up the Reason Adapted virtual studio and a demonstration of the sequencing process will be provided for you. Reason’s sequencing capabilities are simple to learn and, although the number of tracks you can have has been limited, the sounds themselves are excellent. The instruments included with Reason Adapted are as follows: Redrum, featured in Workshop 11 is a step input drum machine. The Dr.Rex Loop Player is capable of playing back and editing files (Rex files) created in ReCycle, another product created by Propellerhead Software. ReCycle is a program designed especially for working with sampled loops. Subtractor 1 and 2 are analog-type polyphonic synthesizers based on subtractive synthesis, the method used in analog synthesizers. The NN-19 is a sample player, capable of reproducing, but not recording or editing sound files. The program comes with more than a hundred ready-made sample patches (refills), covering all kinds of instrument types. In addition to this there are plenty of single samples that can be used for creating your own patches. Task Your task is to create a simple arrangement (minimum 32 bars) in Reason Adapted using all the instruments that come loaded in a new song. Sequencing is more straight forward than in Pro Tools and can be guessed to a large extent, proving just how intuitive this software really is. To play a particular instrument just click to the left of the instrument name so that a MIDI icon appears. The window above jumps to whichever instrument you have chosen. You can audition sounds, then turn on the click on the transport and record in parts, along with your Redrum and Dr Rex patterns…these too can be changed in real time during recording if you wish. Notes can be highlighted, copied and pasted in the conventional way and quantised. To save the audio as a wave file simply go to the edit window and choose save as audio and save into your workshop 12 folder. Save your arrangement as a Reason file too, also into your workshop 12 folder. Reason is a powerful piece of software and we only have time to scrape the surface of its capabilities. On the following pages are a set of Transport shortcuts that may make using Reason easier and faster: The main transport controls function just like standard controls on tape recorders etc. There are also fixed computer keyboard combinations for the most important transport functions: Function Key command Comments Stop  on the Pressing Stop during playback stops the sequencer. numeric Pressing stop again, sets the position to the left locator (if keypad or this is located before the current position). Pressing stop a [Return] third time sets the position to the start of Bar 1. The Stop button also sends out a "Reset" message, in case of stuck notes or other related problems. Play [Enter] on the Starts playback of the sequencer. numeric keypad Rewind  on the Clicking once moves the position backward one Bar. If numeric you press and hold this button on the transport (not using keypad key command) it will start scrolling faster after about 2 seconds. Fast  on the Clicking once moves the position forward one Bar. If you Forward numeric press and hold this button on the transport (not using key keypad command) it will start scrolling faster after about 2 seconds. Record [*] on the Activates "Record ready" mode if sequencer is stopped. If numeric activated during playback it will start recording keypad, or immediately ("punch in"). [Ctrl]-[Return] You can also use the following transport related key commands: Function Key command Comments Toggle Stop/Play Space bar Switches between stop and play mode. Go to Left Locator (Loop  on the numeric Sets the position to the left Start) keypad locator. Go to Right Locator (Loop  on the numeric Sets the position to the right End) keypad locator. Tempo and Time Signature The tempo and time signature settings can be adjusted on the transport panel. The left tempo field sets the tempo in bpm, and the tempo field to the right allows you to fine tune the tempo, in steps of 1/1000 bpm. You can specify any tempo between 1 and 999.999 bpm (beats per minute). You can also adjust the tempo (in bpm steps) by using the [+] and [-] keys on the numeric keypad. You set the time signature by specifying a numerator (left value field) and a denominator (right value field). The numerator is the number of beats per bar, and the denominator governs the length of a beat. Song Position The song position in Bars, Beats and 16th notes is shown (in that order) in the three fields below the transport controls. You can set the positions by using the spin controls. You can also set the position by double clicking on a Pos value box, typing in a new position (in the format "Bars.Beats.16th notes") and pressing [Return]. If you only type one or two numbers, the remaining numbers will be set to their lowest values (e.g. type "5" to set the position to "5.1.1") Left and Right Locator Positions The left and right locators are used for several things, like setting the boundaries of a loop or inserting/removing bars. You can set the positions for both locators by using the spin controls on the transport panel or by double clicking and typing a position value. Loop On/Off In loop mode, the sequencer will repeat a section over and over again, during playback or recording. You specify the section to be looped by setting the left and right locator. Overdub/Replace Switch When recording over a previously recorded section, this switch governs the following: In Overdub mode, the new recording is added to whatever was on the Track before. In Replace mode, the new recording replaces any previously recorded notes. Note that controllers and pattern changes aren't affected by this - recording controllers will always replace any previously recorded controller values. However, you may still want to set the switch to Overdub mode, to avoid accidentally removing some recorded notes in the area.
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