"Students blitz the competition in the 2008 Ethical Hacking"
COHESION MAGAZINE FACULTY OF COMPUTING, HEALTH AND SCIENCE QUARTERLY MAGAZINE OCTOBER 2008 Studen t compe s blitz the 2008 E tition in the th Univer ical Hacking sity Ch alleng e Welcome to COHESION With our Executive Dean taking a October saw the formal launch of SECAU, the Security Research well-earned break in India, it is my Centre, by the former Chief Scientist, Prof Lynn Beazley. This very real pleasure to introduce the culminates many years of patient work in building security research latest CoHeSion. It’s a great read and through strong links with external partners, including State and excellent demonstration of ECU’s focus Federal Police, British Telecom, ASIO and Emerites Airlines. on engagement with our communities. Underscoring this expertise and it nexus with teaching and learning Without conscious design, the issue was the excellent outcome of our students in the Ethical Hacking spotlights the passion of our staff University Challenge – well done to Phil, Kyle Daniel & Glenn on to contribute to our society and comprehensively winning the competition; I assume the strong ethical environment across a wide range of streak will protect our own academic records systems? discipline areas. Labrats ran in the mid-semester break, again proving extremely In Health, it was wonderful to see Healthway recognise the excellent popular with many of the secondary schools in our region. This is just work by the Child Health Promotion Research Centre on the link one of several efforts staff make to take science out to the community, between extra-curricular activity and pro-social behaviour in school with the Triple S Fair and Mary Boyce’s ‘Follow the Dream’ show, children. Couple this with the Centre’s work to help secondary schools pitched at indigenous students, other shining examples. Elsewhere reduce bullying, and you have compelling reading for any parent. in the Sciences & Engineering it is pleasing to see the range of new initiatives broadening the Faculty’s expertise in non-mechanical These are just two of numerous examples of Health & Wellness material engineering. There are many exciting opportunities in related activities in the Faculty that are making an impact: the launch this area and it is wonderful to ECU placing itself in a position to of the Community Toolbox partnership to help community nurses meet contribute. the increased expectations placed on them; the excellent research demonstrating the positive benefits of exercise on mental health; and The breadth of activity being undertaken in Faculty and the strident research on embedding wellness approaches in policies and practice efforts of our staff to ensure its relevance and uptake are not only to benefit children with disabilities and their families. commendable but something we should all be proud of. Of particular interest to me was the article on the health benefits of I finally take the opportunity to welcome all those new staff members eating fruit & vegetable. Those vegetarians out there may feel an to Faculty, some of whom are profiled in this issue. Welcome to a inner glow on reading the summary of this review project. They are vibrant and engaged Faculty! not only doing themselves good, but are also helping the economy through these turbulent times – Viva la vege! Professor Paul Lavery Associate Dean (Research and Higher Degrees) Healthway recognition for capacity building efforts The Child Health Promotion Research in Year 10, students who had participated Centre (CHPRC) is a training ground for in extra-curricular activities every year new researcher capacity with 1 Honours, for their first three years of secondary 6 Masters and 4 PhD students currently schooling were significantly less likely to working on Centre projects. In addition, 20 be absent from school on four or more days volunteers and 2 practicum students have in the previous term, more likely to wish to worked with the CHPRC in 2008. Several complete post-secondary schooling, scored of the Centre’s research projects are funded higher on the prosocial behaviour scale and by the Health Promotion Foundation of were more connected to their school. Western Australia (Healthway) who recently held their biannual Awards night. Professor In addition, the project provided Donna Cross, Child Health Promotion experience for seventeen undergraduate Research Centre Director, was nominated as health promotion students in 2004, eight a finalist in the category, ‘Health Promotion undergraduate students in 2005 and eleven Research Grants focusing on capacity undergraduate students in 2006. Further, building’, as Chief Investigator on the Extra- in 2007 two PhD students commenced curricular Project. research utilising data collected as part of this project. The research team would like to thank the schools The Extra-curricular Project was a three-year longitudinal natural and students who participated in the project, all the volunteers and observation study tracking over 2,600 Year 8 students from 18 Perth university students who assisted with key phases of the project and metropolitan schools over three years. The study found a relationship Healthway for funding the research. between participation in extra-curricular activities in Year 8 and 9 and less cigarette use, marijuana use and absenteeism, and higher prosocial behaviour scores than those who did not participate. When 2 ECU outshines other university hacks Students from ECU’s School of Computer and Information Science The ECU students are among a rare group referred to as “White Hats”, are celebrating their superiority after winning the Ethical Hacking symbolising their good intentions while testing the defences of a University Challenge at a function hosted by Ernst and Young on given computer system. Friday, 3 October 2008. ECU’s success in the Ethical Hacking competition comes after the The team comprising Phil Rosati, Kyle Tedeschi, Daniel Meakins and recent opening of the Security Research Centre: SECAU. Head of Glenn Mitton won the competition in 43 minutes, twice as fast as the School and Director of SECAU, Associate Professor Craig Valli, second placed team from the University of Western Australia with a pointed out that the success in winning Ethical Hacking competitions time of one hour and 27 minutes. The teams from Murdoch University is indicative of the very strong emphasis now placed on the areas of and Curtin University did not finish within the allotted time. network vulnerability, digital forensics and network intrusion: With great teamwork, ECU was able to identify and exploit a number “At the teaching level and at the research level, ECU’s digital and of security vulnerabilities, moving quickly through each phase of computer-systems efforts have never before had such a sharp focus the challenge and ultimately infiltrating the internal intranet of a within the information and network security arena,” he said. simulated company. “It’s comforting to know that in a corporate world that is rife with The four-member ECU team (as compared with their mostly eight- cyber crime, ECU students are graduating with both the skills and the member-team competitors), did an outstanding job of working together business maturity to directly engage with commercial enterprises to and combining their different skill sets. create real-world solutions.” Ethical hacking is conducted with the knowledge and understanding of the system owner, for the purpose of seeking vulnerable areas where a malicious hacker could potentially attack. 3 4 ambassadors talk about making future study decisions as a high school student and about their experiences at university. Thanks to William Phelps, Laura Finlay, Nicole Sabatino, Ben Nattriss and Marie May Jeremie for a superb effort. The workshops this year were; The always popular ‘Kangaroo Paw Tissue Culture’ - thank you to Dr Ian Bennett and Mr Clay Millar for running every session. A new ‘Forensic Chemistry’ workshop, analysing pen inks to determine the authenticity of a will. Well done to Chelsie Marie Marshall for fine tuning the activity and to Dr Mary Boyce, Dr Janette Head and Iris Lee for their work in the laboratories. A new ‘Aquatic Health Monitoring Techniques’ environmental LabRats management activity which had school students wading into the campus lake collecting samples and testing out various meters and equipment. Thank you to Dr Clint McCullough for the activity design and Simon Blane, Lisa Edward, Simone Brown and William Phelps for running the sessions. LabRats 2008 gave 260 very enthusiastic year 10 and 11 students an opportunity to try out some of the laboratories on ECU’s Joondalup “Games Programming”, brought to us by Dr Martin Masek from School Campus and be a university student for a day. LabRats is very popular of Computer and Information Sciences, involved using some designing with schools in the northern corridor as a way of inspiring their tools and then engaging in a mass medieval fighting game. The students to continue study in science subjects. Through the program students loved it! Thanks to assistants Heha Shah and Rohan Anchan. we aim to offer groups of high school students from many different schools a taste of ECU. Unfortunately due to the timing of the mid The success of LabRats relies on the goodwill of staff who put in their semester break in 2008 the program had to be shortened to 3 sessions time, effort and enthusiasm to ensure that the students’ experience per day. is enjoyable and that they leave with a positive impression of a welcoming, friendly and professional university at ECU. A sincere LabRats is a joint initiative with the Office of Marketing and thank you to all Faculty staff and students who contributed in any way Development and runs for 4 days in semester 2. Each school group is to another successful LabRats event in 2008. escorted around the campus by a current ECU student. These student 5 Australia’s first collaborative Security Research Centre launched Former WA Chief Scientist, Professor Lyn Beazley, officially opened “The inclusion of cutting edge technological advancements alongside the SECAU Security Research Centre on Wednesday, 1 October 2008. the incorporation of human factors as well as global environmental The opening ceremony was held in the new Business and Law building concerns is a remarkable achievement, and reflects the quality and on the Mount Lawley Campus. maturity of the Centre’s research endeavours,” Professor Beazley said. Over 100 people attended the opening including academia, Head of the School of Computer and Information Science, government representatives, security agencies and business Associate Professor Craig Valli, spoke of a research “continuum” leaders from the wider security community. The Centre, known as that developed digital and computer orientated security research SECAU, draws collaborative research contributions from across the alongside physical security and critical infrastructure. He noted that University, including fields such as Computer and Information Science, SECAU is the only Research Centre of its kind in the world. Engineering, Psychology and Law and Justice. “While there is certainly some high quality security research being At the opening, ECU’s Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research), undertaken in other parts of the globe, ECU is the only university to Professor John Finlay-Jones, stressed the importance of cross- have made a research commitment to incorporating the digital with disciplinary research in the security industry. He explained that the physical elements, whilst overlaying the crucial importance of “Collaborative and cross-disciplinary research creates a much richer human factors in all security areas,” he said. environment from which to develop our future involvement in the key security questions that lie ahead.” The Centre is already working on significant projects with a number of key partners, including British Telecom, WA Police, the Australian Dean of the Faculty, Professor Tony Watson, paid credit to the years Federal Police, ASIO and Emirates Airlines. of forethought, planning and dedication to security research that had paved the way for such a security centre. He was joined by Professor Lyn Beazley who remarked that ECU had made tremendous inroads into the security discourse and was to be congratulated for creating a Research Centre that incorporated such a broad range of security considerations. 6 7 CHS engagement helps a small miner to operate more sustainably It would be hard to find someone who hasn’t the project as “an important scientific exercise heard of the importance of sustainability in in a drying climate when seasonal wetlands are today’s business climate. However, when people under increased threat to loss of biodiversity”. think of sustainability they rarely think of mining, Surrounded by seasonal wetlands of important which by its very nature is not sustainable! Some ecological value, the mining company has also mining companies are choosing to think outside of supported other research into understanding that box and are funding research at ECU with the wetland ecology and function, with a view intention of not only minimising environmental to using this information to help rehabilitate damage resulting from their operations, but also mined areas as well as for the intrinsic scientific of maximising benefits to local communities. conservation value. More than ever before, the natural environment forms a part of the equation. General Manager Mark Gell says: “I feel that there is more value in such novel studies Dr. Clint McCullough, a Research Fellow and conducted by pure research scientists starting Lecturer in the Faculty’s Centre for Ecosystem at a grass roots level than with consultant- Management (CEM) explains. “Because of the directed work which may just be based on large amount of land they manage, the intensity previous experience.” He also feels that, “it is with which it is managed is coming under Assoc. Prof. Mark Lund collecting important that the information learned not just increasing public pressure, and more and more an aquatic macroinvertebrate (small be confined to a consultancy report, but rather mining companies are being very proactive about insects and crustaceans) from a as an opportunity to distribute new findings to their environmental management. In many cases, strongly tannin-stained wetland on other scientists; including academics and their this pro-activity goes beyond normal regulatory the KSS project area. students.” compliance; partially because of an inability by regulators to inform mining companies as to With the mining boom showing no signs of environmental closure requirements, but largely slowing and with environmental sustainability and due to an internalised responsibility on behalf business responsibility increasingly on the agenda of the companies and their shareholders.” of companies,l, such collaborations sound like Dr. McCullough cites current projects which he good sustainable management for both forward- and his colleague Assoc. Prof. Mark Lund are thinking industry and university research providers engaged in, including significant research projects as well. with some smaller operators who have smaller economies-of-scale and resources available than More information on the research group’s recent the big multi-national players. and current activities is on their web site: http://www.ecu.edu.au/chs/cem/CSML-ECU/ In one of these cases, the research group has engaged with a smaller local, mining company Kemerton Silica Sand (KSS) through a sponsored CEM MSc research student project, to study the ecological requirements of the threatened black stripe minnow, (Galaxiidae: Galaxiella MSc student Dave Galeotti nigrostriata), found on their project area just north with a catch of gilgies (Cherax of Bunbury. MSc student, Dave Galeotti, describes quinquecarinatus). 8 Next Generation Internet The Internet of Things There have been many developments in the field of Information Technology that have impacted on the way we work, live and play. Can you imagine a world without spreadsheets, email and the Internet? What next? To answer this question, the US based National Science Foundation (NSF) funded the Computer Research Association (CRA) to investigate. CRA is an association of more than 200 North American academic departments of computer science, computer engineering and related fields; laboratories and centres of industry and government. With NSF funding, the CRA established the Computing Community Consortium Last year Sun Microsystems held an international competition for (CCC) as the basis of a major long term and strategic worldwide SPOT devices - ECU was one of only three successful Australian initiative to determine the future of computer science and its impact Universities. Grant applicants were SCIS staff members Dr Paul Maj, on society. The CCC has identified a number of promising new areas Dr David Veal, Dr Leisa Armstrong and Dr Alfred Tan. As part of including Big Data and also Cyber Physical Systems (CPS). According an extensive community engagement program, this team has been to CCC the importance of CPS is that, whether we recognize it or not, investigating how SPOT devices may be used within high schools to we are in the midst of a pervasive, profound shift in the way humans teach physics. Professor Bernat, Chief Executive Officer of CRA and engineer physical systems and manage their physical environment. ex-officio head of CCC gave a public lecture on Computing Futures during which he explained not only how IT underscores economic CPS technologies are variously referred to as: The next generation growth but also how future prosperity depends upon future of the Internet, The Internet of Things. Sun Microsystems developed developments in computer science – such as big data, cyber physical their ‘proof of concept’ CPS device – Small Programmable Object systems. Dr Bernat is an adjunct Professor at ECU. Technology (SPOT). According to Sun, one day everything of value will be part of the Internet. This vision of an Internet of Things includes not Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research), Professor John Finlay-Jones, just computers that talk to each other and exchange data, but virtually opened the proceedings. Associate Professor Dr Paul Maj gave everything-all connected, all-communicating and sharing data, all the an overview of SPOT devices followed by Dr David Veal (ECU) who time. Cars, bicycles, refrigerators, astronauts, toys, even trees will introduced the work done with Carmel and Armadale High schools. collect and deliver diverse data to equally diverse devices (yes, trees Four students from Carmel received certificates in recognition of their - embedded with sensors that detect climate changes and animal creative and technical solutions to this new technology. movements). 9 Professor Cobie Rudd launches the Community Partnerships Tool Box The Community Partnerships Tool Box (CPTB) is the inspiration of (CACH) Showcase. The CACH Showcase day highlighted future Professor Cobie Rudd, who in 2005 saw the need for a response to the directions for community health and immediately preceded the evolving needs and challenges of nurses working in community health. Community Health Nurses National Conference at The Vines in the Swan Valley. The Tool Box is a collaborative project between the School of Nursing, Midwifery and Postgraduate Medicine at Edith Cowan University At the launch, Professor Cobie Rudd acknowledged the pivotal role (ECU), the Systems and Intervention Research Centre for Health community health nurses play in influencing health-related action and (SIRCH), the Office of the Chief Nurse and the Child and Adolescent behaviour in the community, and discussed how today, community Community Health Division, Department of Health, Western Australia. health nurses are being encouraged to embrace a broader context of Funding for the project was granted by the Department of Health, health promotion that is socially orientated and extensive, expanding Western Australia. upon their traditional role of health education. This is recognised The aim of the CPTB is to develop a nursing workforce that is focused in the Competency Standards for the community Health Nurse on health promotion and community development. . The resource (Community Nurses Special Interest Group, 2001) which states is the ‘how to’ of health promotion and encompasses skills in that ‘the advanced community health nurse utilises a high level of communication, leadership and a capacity to build partnerships. While professional skills and knowledge in partnership with individuals, many of the CPTB tools are generic to any community health setting, families and communities, designed to increase clients’ capacity to it was decided to develop this version for community health nurses take responsibility for their own health’. working in the school setting. Professor Cobie Rudd thanked the Department of Health, Western In 2007, four workshops at ECU were conducted to engage in close Australia, and in particular, the community health nurses and health consultation with experienced community health nurses and health promotion practitioners in the field who provided guidance for the promotion practitioners working in the school setting, in order to project and added a depth and richness to the content of the resource. guide and review the content. Through this active participation, ‘real Their involvement has ensured that the CPTB resource is applicable life’ illustrations, tips, scenarios and case studies of health promotion and realistic and resonates with the current practice of community initiatives have been gathered and incorporated into the CPTB health nurses working in schools. resource. On the 28th August, Professor Cobie Rudd launched the Community Partnerships Tool Box at the Child & Adolescent Community Health 10 ECU research highlights Information Security Breaches ECU research has revealed that at least one in five second-hand • Business plans, customer details and the state of customer mobile devices still contain sensitive information, leaving individuals relationships and their organisations at risk of identity fraud, theft, blackmail and • Details of the individual’s personal life, including information forgery. about their children and their occupations, movements, marital status and addresses The research was conducted in collaboration with the University of • Bank account numbers Glamorgan (Wales) and UK communications provider, British Telecom, • Car make and registration details and involved analysis of over 160 used hand-held mobile phones and • Appointments and addresses for dental and medical care personal digital assistants (PDAs). providers Information including salary details, financial company data, bank Adjunct Professor at ECU, Dr Andy Jones, led the survey with ECU account details, sensitive business plans and personal medical details Head of the School of Computer and Information Science, Professor were found on the devices and forty-three per cent of PDA devices Craig Valli. examined, contained information from which individuals or their organisation could be identified. Dr Jones says that there are tools available to ensure the safe disposal of information and it’s difficult to understand why The use of PDAs by organisations has increased significantly in recent organisations aren’t taking the necessary precautions. years, prompting warnings for these organisations to ensure that sensitive information is erased before disposing of hand-held devices. “These everyday items now contain sophisticated digital memory capable of storing huge amounts of sensitive data,” he says. In cases where information is not effectively removed from hand- held devices, individuals and organisations are exposed to a “Organisations must ensure that adequate procedures are in place to range of potential crimes including identity fraud and theft. These destroy any data and to check that these procedures are effective.” organisations had also failed to meet their statutory, regulatory and legal obligations. Dr Jones is also a member of SECAU, the Security Research Group based at ECU’s School of Computer and Information Science. Current In one example, a PDA was examined that had previously been used projects include mobile device forensics and investigation of remnant by the sales director for Europe, the Middle East and Africa of a major data on second-hand hard disks. Japanese corporation. It was possible to recover the call history, address book, diary and messages from the device. Information recovered included: 11 ABC’s Stateline program features clinical facilities On Friday 29 August 2008, ECU nursing students and the state-of- system and what it would hold for them in the future. The program the-art clinical facilities on Level 3 of the new Health and Wellness concluded with the students doing a simulation – resuscitating one of Building were featured on the ABC in a Stateline segment on health, the high- fidelity mannequins. in the lead up to the State election. “The segment was a wonderful opportunity for our students to shine Normally, such a feature would simply be an opportunity for political and showcase the state-of-the-art facilities and scenario-based and industry leaders to have their say, so it was a unique opportunity learning conducted at ECU; and to demonstrate our students’ excellent for those coming into the workforce to give their perspectives. Final skills and broad knowledge of health” said the Head of School, year nursing students were filmed in the demonstration wards Professor Cobie Rudd. performing clinical roles, to open the segment. This was followed by interviews about their concerns regarding working in the health care Australian Institute of Occupational Hygienists Conference Scholarship In December 2008 the AIOH will hold its annual The ECU nominee for this scholarship is Sonja Jovovic. Sonja is a full Conference at Burswood. The organising committee time 2nd year ECU student completing a major in OSH and minor in decided to offer a conference scholarship to each of Psychology. She is currently enrolled in Occupational Hygiene and the four WA universities for worthy candidates who Environmental Diseases and is a dedicated student who achieved showed a strong commitment to occupational hygiene 86% for the undergraduate Risk Management unit last semester. To and excelled in the academic program. The scholarships fund her studies, Sonja works part time at a local garden nursery and are being offered to OHS full-time or part-time students and do not also tutors children in mathematics, science, Italian, English and social include Occupational Hygienists in fulltime, paid employment. studies. Each package is valued at just over $1200 and includes social Sonja is absolutely delighted to have been awarded a conference functions. The objective is to introduce students to the AIOH to scholarship and is keenly looking forward to attending the raise the profile of the profession via a presentation ceremony and to Conference. publicise the award and the profession via the attendee’s university and local community newspapers. 12 Centre for Marine Ecosystem Research gets two new post-docs Dr Pippa Moore returns to Australia from and bottom-up controls on stability in seagrass ecosystems and how Plymouth, UK and for the next 2 and-a half this is affected by abiotic factors. She will be working with Prof Paul years, will be working on a project funded Lavery and others in CMER. by Western Australia Marine Science Institute (WAMSI), investigating the effects World-wide eutrophication has a serious impacton coastal of western rock lobsters, Panuliris Cygnus, ecosystems. Light and nutrient availability were thought to be the on benthic, shallow water assemblages. key controls in aquatic ecosystems, however, despite a reduction of nutrient inputs, there is still an alarmingly high loss of coastal Much is known about the relationship habitats. Meanwhile, growing evidence has emerged that eutrophied between the number of recruits and the ecosystems are also severely degraded due to the effects of reduced number of legally sized individuals 4 years abundance and diversity of herbivores through overfishing. Britta’s later, however, much less is known about research both in Western Australia and Germany, will examine the effects of lobster removal on benthic communities. Such an the influence of altered food webs (reduced diversity) combined understanding is becoming increasingly important for the fishery in with multiple abiotic factors (salinity, exposure) on ecosystem order to maintain its Marine Stewardship Council accreditation. Using stability. This research will use manipulative experiments in the a combination of field surveys, manipulative experiments, acoustic field to alter nutrient enrichment and consumer pressure and will telemetry, stable isotope and fatty acid analyses, this project will be complemented by food choice experiments, field surveys and investigate the effects of lobster behaviour and trophodynamics on the ecological modelling. Such research will improve our understanding of community structure and functioning of shallow water ecosystems of factors influencing susceptibility to nutrient enrichment and improve temperate Western Australia. Such research is vital for understanding management efforts for sustainable ecosystems. the effects of lobster removal, through fishing, on the sustainability of shallow water ecosystems, and will feed into the Ecologically Britta obtained her PhD from the Leibniz Sustainable Development processes for the fishery. Assoc. Prof. Glenn Institute for Marine Sciences, in Kiel, Hyndes, Prof. Paul Lavery (CMER) and Dr Lynda Bellchambers (Dept Germany and has recently worked at Fisheries) are also involved in this research project. the University of Bremen as a scientific advisor and lecturer. Britta’s research has Pippa’s previous research at the Marine Biological Association of the focused on benthic marine ecology and UK, focused on the effects of climate change on marine assemblages the environmental controls on ecosystem and in particular the role of biotic interactions in mediating species’ condition. In her previous work she responses to climate change. More recently she has undertaken examined the stability of seagrass systems a post-doc at the University of Plymouth investigating methods for in relation to anthropogenic impacts and enhancing biological habitat within marine engineering developments investigated the interacting effects of such as coastal defence schemes and offshore renewable energy herbivorous grazers, epiphytes and drift devices (e.g. wind turbines & wave energy devices). algae mats on the persistence of seagrass meadows in strongly eutrophic waters. Another part of her work was a study about Dr Britta Munkes will also be working at CMER for the next two years, ecosystem resilience and the potential factors leading to a phase funded by a Marie Curie Fellowship from the European Union. Britta shift. will be conducting research on the relative importance of top-down Chemistry at “Follow the Dream” “Rusty” Skills for Indigenous School Visit Academic Extension Students Indigenous high school students from the Pilbara were treated to a Being rusty was no problem for a group of Year 10 Academic fun-filled chemistry show during their “Follow the Dream” programme Extension students who recently visited the Chemistry labs. As part at Mount Lawley on August 7. Chemistry Lecturer, Dr Mary Boyce, of an AE programme in conjunction with Maths Education Lecturer Dr wowed the crowd with a series of activities involving dry ice, pH Christine Ormond, the high achievers spent two afternoons on campus. changes and homemade indicators. Mary was impressed with their During their first visit they examined the concentration of commercial enthusiasm and knowledge of chemistry, and one of the visiting vitamin C tablets using spectrophotometry (learning much about serial teachers commented that it was the best session of their entire visit – dilutions along the way). Their second session involved a tour of the well done, Mary! Thanks also to Belinda Delaney and Nardia Bordas instrument rooms plus a very successful activity studying corrosion. for technical assistance and planning advice. Many thanks to Dr Magda Wajrak for conducting the sessions, Jason Tranter and Nardia Bordas for lab preparation and Mark Bannister for tour assistance. 13 TripleS Science Fair The Faculty and ECU were represented by several enthusiastic stall holders including 2 new stalls, Mathematics and Psychology. Special thanks go to: • ECU Mathematicians, Dr Ute Mueller and Dr Miccal Matthews for their slide rule and classic calculator display . • PhD student, Claire Rookley for her ageing simulation activities at the ECU Psychology stall • Dr Amanda Devine and Nutrition students Sian Pulham, Emily Hewitt, Moona Heyratipour and Rulan Whitefoot for their dietary Staff and students from the Faculty of Computing, Health and Science analysis and nutrition displays. presented stalls at the Triple S (Science for School Students) Science • Cesar Meylan and Travis McMaster for the return of Exercise Fair held on Wednesday 24th September at Newman College in and Sports Science measurement activities coordinated by Kylie Churchlands. Cormack. • Student Nick Virgona for the DEVO inspired safety jumpsuit and Many interactive stalls filled the sports hall and gymnasium floor, very entertaining chemistry demonstrations on the ECU Chemistry keeping the public visitors and the stallholders busy all night. Beautiful stall. weather ensured a large attendance and a wonderful opportunity for Astronomy related stalls to offer viewings of the night sky. The Triple S organising committee are always looking for new interactive displays to raise awareness of science and showcase Stallholders came from all Western Australian universities and many our science staff and students. Planning is underway for the Triple S other interested groups including the Gravity Discovery Centre and Science Fairs in 2009 with one centrally located and another in the Engineers without Borders. Ribbons of Blue and Phosphorus Action Kwinana/Rockingham region. If you are interested in participating Group again made their very popular ice-cream spiders which simulate or would like more information about Triple S please contact John a contaminated groundwater aquifer and The Scitech Roadshow team Poland on 6304 3451 or firstname.lastname@example.org. kept everyone entertained with hands-on exhibits and slick science presentations. 14 World leading research unlocks the answers to secondary school bullying In Australia bullying tends to peak twice. Firstly, among students intervention, students were less likely to report they bullied others, between the ages of 10 to 12 years and again, following their felt less lonely and safer at school. After two years of intervention, transition to secondary school. Hence, the transition to secondary the students reported higher levels of school connectedness as school phase is considered a critical intervention period to prevent and compared with students who received the Supportive Schools reduce bullying. Intervention. The Child Health Promotion Research Centre (CHPRC) secured funding This study is one of the first in the world to test a wide array of whole- from Healthway in 2005 to conduct the Supportive Schools Project in of-school strategies to enhance secondary school staff’s capacity to response to the expressed needs of Australian secondary schools for reduce student bullying. It is also the first randomised comparison evidence-based interventions to reduce bullying and other aggressive trial in the world to provide evidence for successful strategies to behaviour among their students. reduce aggressive behaviour among secondary school students. The aim of the Supportive Schools Project was to enhance the For school health promotion researchers, this research provides an capacity of secondary schools to implement a school bullying improved understanding of the dissemination, implementation and reduction intervention (including strategies to enhance student evaluation of secondary school bullying prevention strategies as transition to secondary school). The intervention was compared well as evidence of critical success factors for conducting these with the standard behaviour management practices currently used in interventions. The successful resources will be made available to all Western Australian Catholic Education schools, using a randomised Australian schools by mid 2009. (cluster) control trial. It involved tracking a cohort of Year 7 students from 21 schools over a three year period from October 2005 to September 2007. The Supportive Schools intervention comprised four key areas of whole staff capacity building and training, classroom curriculum, whole-school policy and awareness raising and parent involvement in strategies to reduce and manage bullying. After one year of 15 Vegetables and Fruit for Health and Healing Estimates suggest that increasing consumption of fruit and vegetables by just one serve per day would save between $8.6million and $24.4 million in health care costs associated with breast, colo-rectal, prostate and lung cancer in Australia (Marks, Pang, Coyne, & Picton, 2001). 16 The WA vegetable industry funded by the Polyphenols and antioxidants such as vitamin C, Commonwealth Department of Agriculture, carotenoids and flavonoids are likely to have a Fisheries and Forestry, commissioned a report modest effect on risk by preventing cholesterol on Vegetables and Fruit for Health and Healing and other lipid oxidation. Antioxidants scavenge to bring all of the available research together. destructive free radicals and reduce damage Edith Cowan University’s nutrition program to the blood vessels and the likelihood of researchers, Dr Amanda Devine and Ms blood vessel inflammation. Vitamin E, another Stephanie McFaull, have undertaken a thorough antioxidant vitamin, was also reported to have review of existing research in Australia and other blood-thinning properties that helps prevent the developed countries on the effects of vegetables formation of clots. and fruit on health and healing. The research supported little evidence of Chronic diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular fruit and vegetables reducing the risk of type disease, diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease are 2 diabetes. However, high vegetable and fruit a major health concern in Australia and are consumption was likely to result in a reduced unfortunately all too common. According to the risk of type 2 diabetes via an effect on weight Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 77% of Australians had at management, but more research is needed to investigate the effects least one long- term health condition in 2004-5 which lasted or was of fruit and vegetables on diabetes management and prevention. expected to last for at least 6 months (Australian Institute of Health There was conflicting evidence of the association between vegetables and Welfare, 2006). These diseases also vary considerably in nature, and fruit and the prevention of Alzheimers Diseaese (AD). Few studies cause and impact, some resulting in premature death, while others that were reviewed have included research regarding whole foods contribute to disability. The cost is high, not only for the individuals and AD; many have researched components of vegetables and fruit. affected but also for the country. Over $50 billion was allocated for There were a number of suggestions that the antioxidant vitamins various diseases and conditions in 2000 to 2001, accounting for 87.5% C and E may have a protective effect on the pathogenesis of the of the total health expenditure set to cover costs incurred to prevent, disease (Engelhart et al., 2002; Engelhart et al., 2005), however others diagnose, treat and manage disease (Australian Bureau of Statistics, report no association (Luchsinger, Tang, Shea, & Mayeux, 2003). 1998). Studies attempting to link folate and vitamin B6 to AD have also been reviewed (Luchsinger, Tang, Miller, Green, & Mayeux, 2007) with the The research findings suggest that there is considerable evidence of outcome indicating that the risk of AD decreased with increasing avourable effects from an increased intake of fruit and vegetables folate intakes and that intake of vitamin B6 was not related to AD on diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular disease (CVD), metabolic risk., There is currently therefore no consensus about the effects of syndrome and bone disease. . fruit and vegetables on the development of AD. It may also be said that nutrition in early life is important in the prevention of AD and that A recently published report by the World Cancer Research Fund/ there is a genetic nature to AD. Many of the studies available did not American Institute for Cancer Research, which had reviewed all factor in these possibilities. . AD is a priority in the health system, available literature prior to 2007, highlighted that there is probable but with growing numbers of ageing individuals more research is evidence of non-starchy vegetables, fruits and carotenoid-containing required to determine if simple interventions such as increased fruit foods reducing the risk of certain cancers. One of the main and vegetables can improve outcomes or delay the progression of the recommendations of this report was to consume more plant-based disease. foods, including non starchy vegetables and fruit and other forms of dietary fibre from unprocessed plant sources to reduce the risk of The full report is available at http://www.sebhs.ecu.edu.au/nutrition/ several cancers. (World Cancer Research Fund. & Research, 2007). research/documents/VFHH-Report-2008.pdf. This document includes recommendations for health professionals as well as industry groups. Generally studies were able to show that vegetable and fruit consumption was inversely proportionate to the occurrence of A summary version of the full report is available on the ECU website in coronary heart disease, and there was roughly a 4-7% reduction in risk a brochure format. associated with each additional portion of fruit and vegetables above an average consumption of 4 serves a day (Joshipura et al., 2001). http://www.sebhs.ecu.edu.au/nutrition/research/documents/ Similar benefits were seen for metabolic syndrome where disease ECUFruitVegBrochure.pdf risk was reduced particularly in cases where a diet rich in fruit and vegetables was consumed. The nutrients in fruit and vegetables, This version highlights the main points of the report and provides tips including polyphenols, antioxidant vitamins, folate and fibre, are to increase fruit and vegetables in the diet. chiefly responsible for this result. 17 CATSIN Dreaming Congress of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Nurses 10th Annual Conference Adelaide –10 – 12 September 2008 Recently, two members of the School of Nursing attended the 10th Health and Ageing, the Hon Nicola Roxon, opening the conference Annual CATSIN (Congress of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and acknowledging CATSIN’s role in the Federal government’s Nurses) conference held in Adelaide. The Congress aims to increase commitment to closing the gap in the disparity between Indigenous the recruitment and retention of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non indigenous Australians’ health. people to the nursing profession. In addition to this, CATSIN offers ATSI students access to nurses with similar backgrounds and provides them with support and mentorship Stacey Child, researcher and project officer for the School of Nursing, to encourage a sense of belonging. Midwifery and Postgraduate Medicine’s “Recruitment and Retention of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders students’ project” and Kate A favourite presentation was the keynote delivery by Dr Jane Mills of Lambert, a 6th semester Bachelor of Nursing student, both said Monash University, addressing the issues in rural and remote nursing how much they enjoyed and valued the conference’s many diverse retention. speakers and presenters. Miss Lambert said of the presentation: “Dr Mills presented an “CATSIN is a fantastic organisation, led by an incredibly dedicated informative and accurate account of the issues surrounding the executive, who, every year, draw on the expertise and experience of retention of nurses in rural and remote areas, especially ATSI nurses. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander nurses and other professionals She demonstrated a depth of understanding of and advocacy for from all over Australia, to provide knowledge and understanding of the outlining the inefficiencies and inadequacies in the system identified issues facing ATSI nurses and the broader health care system.” previously. This has resulted in recommendations regarding staffing, qualifications of nurses and ongoing curriculum review and reforms to “The importance of CATSIN as a reforming organisation within the nursing education.” Health Care System cannot be downplayed, with the Minister for On 13 August 2008 a senior delegation of HR managers and principal engineers from industry visited ECU to attend a consultation forum on Senior industry delegation graduate attributes and skills essential for engineering graduates. The delegation included representatives from BHP-Billiton, Rio-Tinto, GHD, SKM, Water Corporation, BEC Engineering, KBR, Calibre Controls, visits ECU Engineering Woodside, and Moonadelphous. The forum was chaired by Mr Robert Broadway, who is the Chair of the Engineering Consultative Committee at ECU. The visit included a presentation by Associate Professor Daryoush Habibi, Head of School of Engineering, who outlined the recent expansion of ECU’s engineering programmes, and the vision for further expansion in close collaboration and engagement with industry. He explained the strong emphasis at ECU on the job-readiness of its engineering graduates based on the use of industry standard hardware facilities for the delivery of its engineering courses. This was seen by the visitors as a needed deviation from the current trend at many tertiary institutions towards over-use of simulation packages in engineering education at the cost of almost no experience with real systems and a lack of understanding of real engineering practice. The introduction of new undergraduate courses in Civil, Mechanical and Electrical Power was also received well by the visitors. Industry delegates were pleased to know about the planned courses in Maintenance Engineering which have been designed in collaboration with BHP-Billiton. The forum concluded with a tour of engineering teaching and research facilities. 18 Bio-inspired materials design for mechanical defence Did you know that the simple seashell i.e., titanium nitride (TiN, a hard is potentially a magical resource ceramic) that alternates with titanium for scientists who are searching for (a relatively soft metal). . To reflect materials that are light, strong and a general design principle, in this tough? study the weak components that are composed of shell are replaced with Highly mineralised and hard, seashells more advanced engineering materials, have a remarkable ability to resist with the goal of producing composite fracture and catastrophic damage. materials with mechanical properties According to a report in the scientific that exceed both those of shell and journal, Nature, the toughness those of state-of-the-art coating of a seashell exceeds that of its materials. pure mineral component by two to three orders of magnitude. Electron Using nanoindentation, a method that microscopy studies and mechanical measures the resistance of the layers experiments show that the resistance to contact deformation with high depth of a seashell to mechanical failure resolution, Xie and his colleagues show is intimately associated with its that this novel multilayered system has multilayered structural architecture.. doubled its resistance to mechanical Multiple energy-dissipating deformation as compared with mechanisms have been observed in the conventional monolithic TiN coating, shell under mechanical loading which which is widely used on the surface significantly increase the toughness of of engineering steels for protection the material. purposes. Furthermore, using state- of-the-art electron microscopes, the Although substantial progress has been deformation mechanism and the role of made to understand the structure and interfacial metal layers in maintaining mechanical properties of seashells, the structural integrity have been revealed, manufacture of artificial composites which will guide the fine-tuning of that mimic nature’s design, remains a the coating structure for optimising challenge. mechanical properties. Dr Zonghan Xie from the School of Engineering, in collaboration with More recently, Dr Xie was awarded an ECU Early Career Research researchers at CSIRO and UNSW, have performed the deliberate grant to continue his work on the research and development of microstructural design of a multilayered composite material, inspired advanced coating materials with potential applications in wear and by the inner nacreous layer of seashells. impact protection systems. Zonghan Xie, a new academic in the School of Engineering, is grateful for the strong support provided by In a recent paper in the prestigious journal, Acta Materialia, Xie and the School and Associate Professor Daryoush Habibi, in establishing his colleagues report a novel multi-layered surface coating system, first-class research infrastructure. How Heavy Is It? School students are giving adults a run for their money, using their estimating skills to win several recent rounds of the “How Heavy Is It?” SoNS chemistry competition. Run at public events like ECU We Know! Open Days or expos, the contest involves guessing the mass of a jar of copper(II) sulphate for the chance to win a prize – and all but one of this year’s winners have been high school students. Entries vary from less than a gram to several kilos, but these recent winners have guessed the correct value to within a few grams: Cassie Stefanetti of Irene McCormack Catholic College, Hannah Sanders of Mount Lawley High School, Zoe Kalimeris of Morley Senior High School and Rob Lilley. Chemistry Lecturer Dr Mary Boyce presented Cassie with her music voucher during an assembly at her school. 19 Exercise may help improve memory problems Adults with memory problems who participated in a home-based scores than those in the usual-care control group. Participants in the physical activity program experienced a modest improvement in physical activity group also had lower dementia rating scores than cognitive function as compared with those who did not participate those in the usual-care group. in the program, according to a study in the September 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). JAMA is one of “To our knowledge, this trial is the first to demonstrate that exercise the most prestigious clinical medical journals in the world. improves cognitive function in older adults with subjective and objective mild cognitive impairment. The benefits of physical activity Jonathan Foster from the ECU School of Exercise, Biomedical and were apparent after 6 months and persisted for at least another 12 Health Sciences was a co-author of the study. months after the intervention had been discontinued. The average improvement of 0.69 points on the ADAS-Cog score compared with As the world population ages, the number of older adults living with the usual-care control group at 18 months is small but potentially Alzheimer disease (AD) is estimated to increase from the current 26.6 important when one considers the relatively modest amount of million to 106.2 million by 2050. “If illness onset could be delayed by physical activity undertaken by participants in the study,” the authors 12 months, 9.2 million fewer cases of AD would occur worldwide. For write. this reason, attempts have been made to identify individuals who are at increased risk of AD and to test interventions that might delay the “Unlike medication, which was found to have no significant effect progression of prodromal symptoms [early non-specific symptom, or on mild cognitive impairment at 36 months, physical activity has set of symptoms] to full-blown dementia,” the authors write. the advantage of health benefits that are not confined to cognitive function alone, as suggested by findings on depression, quality of life, Foster and colleagues conducted a randomized controlled trial to test falls, cardiovascular function and disability.” whether a physical activity intervention would reduce the rate of cognitive decline among 138 adults aged 50 years and older who were Jonathan Foster is conducting related research with Professors Ralph at increased risk of dementia. The participants, who reported memory Martins and Rob Newton at ECU with a view to extending the findings problems but did not meet the criteria for dementia were randomly reported in JAMA. allocated to an education and usual-care group or to a 24-week home- based program of physical activity. (JAMA. 2008;300:1027-1037.) The aim of the intervention was to encourage participants to perform at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity per week, which participants were asked to complete in three 50-minute sessions each week. The most frequently recommended type of activity was walking. The intervention resulted in 142 minutes more physical activity per week or 20 minutes per day more than with usual care. Cognitive function was assessed over 18 months. The researchers found that by study’s end, participants in the exercise group had better cognitive and memory 20 School of Nursing Midwifery and Postgraduate Medicine enters the Virtual world!! Following the successful application for a Learning and Teaching The development of these patient case scenarios are contextually rich grant, staff in the SNMPM developed the Virtual Health and Wellness and focus on the central aim of engaging students in self-directed Centre (VHWC). Named in recognition of the move to the purpose-built learning. This discovery-type learning leads to higher comprehension nursing education facility, the virtual hospital website was developed and transferability of knowledge. Students will be able to practice within Blackboard v7. A portion of the grant was used to employ a the skills and theory in practical laboratory sessions which adds Project Manager; Melanie Zilembo, to take over the planning and a functional dimension to the online material, ensuring that the construction for a pilot test. By building the site within an existing meanings derived from the combination of theory and practice are framework that students regularly visit, ease of access and evaluation more profound and ‘real”.. was assured. The Blackboard platform allowed the extrapolation of statistics, Initially developed to support one virtual paediatric patient including the number of hits to the site and access by time and scenariowith learning objectives applicable to students from stage day for recording and analysis. Feedback from students was four to stage six, the content was re-designed to include core overwhelmingly positive, indicating that they found the site easy to components of the undergraduate curriculum, such as aspects use and relevant to their learning styles. They were enthusiastic about of anatomy and physiology, pathophysiology, pharmacology, the format of the site and were keen to see more patients added. psychosocial and communication issues, research and professional One student stated issues and skills.. Students progress through a patient scenario which is formulated around a set of learning outcomes and is evaluated at “What a handy resource this will be. It provided a good revision the completion of the case study. During practical laboratory sessions, for otitis media - just a shame there isn’t more ready this year. students are able to contextualise their learning and seek informal The links to other sources is also great - provides a motivation to peer feedback. further research the topic without having to go to the library link. It’s greatthat there are some forward thinkers out there who want The sections were arranged logically and students were encouraged students to do as well as they can.” to navigate their way through the patient scenario by a series of steps. At each step , options to go back or return to home were available, Staff from the Joondalup Police Academy recently visited the school as were various resource links related to the content of the relevant to view the site and are keen to develop their own virtual “Police section the student was browsing through. Academy”, d emonstrating a capability to apply the virtual world to any teaching environment . 21 Researcher awarded beam time at the Australian Synchrotron Facility Dr Magda Wajrak from the School of Natural resolution, rapid, in-situ, real-time imaging and Sciences has been successful in obtaining beam time analysis techniques. These can generate elemental, on the Australian Synchrotron in Melbourne. structural and chemical information from diverse sample types ranging from biological to industrial The Synchrotron facility which opened in July 2007, materials and minerals. is a ‘machine’ (the size of football field, Figure1) designed to Magda will travel to Melbourne in December this produce very intense beams of ‘light’ ranging from year to use soft X-ray beams, in particular the infrared to hard x-rays. This “synchrotron light” is the technique of Near Edge X-ray Absorption Fine electromagnetic radiation emitted when electrons, Structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy, to obtain high- moving at velocities close to the speed of light, resolution maps of elemental distributions and are forced to change direction under the action of oxidation states at the surface of gold electrode a magnetic field (Figure 2). The electromagnetic after subjecting it to various electrochemical radiation is capable of penetrating deep inside matter conditions in order to improve the sensitivity and and allows scientists to investigate matter at molecular and atomic reliability of the voltametric detection of arsenic. scale. The main objective of this project is to understand the surface The main advantage of this instrument is that individual beam lines chemistry of the gold electrode, in particular its reactions with are filtered with particular wavelengths and directed into customised different species of arsenic (As-III and As-V) and relate this to experimental facilities, enabling an array of non-destructive, high- electrode performance. Visiting Professorship for John Drury John Drury from the SNMPM delivered a series of lectures during The audience in Beijing was comprised of leading nursing scholars at July 2008 on “conducting research using Husserlian phenomenology undergraduate and postgraduate level from all parts of China, who and Collaizzi’s method of data analysis” as a Visiting Professor had been invited to attend the university’s summer school. John at universities in China and the Philippines. With the support of said, that many of the participants spoke little English and a key factor Professor Cobie Rudd he was able to accept invitations from Professor in the success of the presentation was attributable to the skilled Zheng LI at the Peking Union Medical College School of Nursing in translator who spent over an hour with John prior to the presentation, Beijing and from Professor Teresita Sy-Sinda at the College of Nursing to ensure that key words translated accurately into Mandarin. at Silliman University in Dumaguete city. In Dumaguete, John met with his new Master by Research and The invitations were primarily motivated by a number of recently Doctoral students who proved to be intelligent and highly motivated to published qualitative research articles that lacked scientific rigour achieve high quality dissertations. While in Dumaguete, Professors with regard to their method of data analysis. John’s approach to Sy-Sinda and David Arthur presented their strategic plan, which achieve rigour in phenomenology is guided by the knowledge that involves collaborative research with the Schools of Nursing at the Husserl is the father of phenomenology and that Colaizzi designed his National University of Singapore and at Edith Cowan University. structured data analysis procedure to fit with Husserl’s philosophy and method of data collection. There is a strong congruence between The photo of John shows him holding Certificates of Appreciation from them that enables the researcher to achieve a rigorous standard that the universities in China and the Philippines which are indicative of stands up well to international scrutiny. the achievement of this international strategic alliance. 22 ECU research team to investigate Environmental Pollution in the South West Edith Cowan University (ECU) Environmental Management researcher, The four-year study is a collaboration between ECU, the Artic Dr Andrea Hinwood is looking for pregnant women in the south Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) and the University west to participate in a study investigating whether environmental of Western Australia. The AMAP has developed a highly successful pollutants in the South West region are significant enough to affect approach to measuring levels of pollutants and assessing the health the health of unborn babies. effects in eight artic countries for several years. Current research indicates that a number of persistent toxic Dr Hinwood says that although research has been carried out in substances such as heavy metals and chemicals used in industry and a number of other countries, only a few studies have investigated insecticides, can impact on a child’s health if the levels are significant. persistent environmental pollutants and their health effects in Australia. Many toxic substances are considered ‘persistent’ as they can increase in concentration over time, are transported through air, water “We are hoping to determine the levels of persistent toxic chemicals and soil. in pregnant women in WA and in particular, if there are any regional differences or differences caused by diet and environmental factors,” Dr Hinwood has been awarded $115,000 from the Australian Research she said. Council (ARC) to study the toxic effects of pollutant and metals found in the environment on the unborn child through monitoring blood “Urbanisation, industrial development, agriculture and environmental samples taken from expecting mothers. change has seen an increase in the levels of toxic substances and heavy metals in our environment and we need to determine if these The research team are looking for 160 non-smoking first-time pregnant levels are high enough to cause ill-health effects.” mums living in Bunbury, Busselton, Collie, Albany, Mount Barker or Esperance. Participants will be required to answer a questionnaire Anyone interested in taking part in the study should contact about lifestyle and diet, keep a diet diary and provide a blood, urine Caroline Barton on 1800 655 398 for more information. and drinking water samples. Photo by: Simona Balint 23 2008 Mental Health Good Outcomes Awards The Mental Health Good Outcomes Awards were implemented The category winner, the Rural Community Support Service, aims in 2003 to recognise individuals, groups and organisations across to find effective ways to raise mental health awareness, decrease government, private and community sectors that have made an stigma and increase mental health literacy within the Great Southern outstanding contribution to mental health in Western Australia. region. In running the first Mental Health First Aid training program The Awards promote and inspire innovation and excellence in in the Great Southern, the service has sought to enhance the skills of initiatives that lead to better mental health outcomes for the regional mental health staff and to help participants recognise the key Western Australian community. signs of mental health problems and crisis situations. The program has expanded to include Youth Mental Health First Aid courses and The Minister for Mental Health, Dr Graham Jacobs, announced the hopes to include specialised indigenous courses. finalists and winners of the 2008 Mental Health Good Outcomes Awards at a gala breakfast on Tuesday, 7 October 2008 at the The other finalists in the category were: Parmelia Hilton during Mental Health Week. • The Healthright Project that promotes the physical health of Professor Rudd said “the awards are important to Edith Cowan people with a mental illness; and University because they are aligned to our approach to mental • Music to Open Your Mind, South Metropolitan Area Health health leadership and reform”. She stated that in “our research Service, Mental Health that conducts a free family concert and and academic work, we incorporate a critical focus on prevention of market day to promote public awareness of mental health and problems through early interventions aimed at positively influencing celebrates the work done by mental health services. individual, community or whole of population behaviours”. Professor Rudd presented the Edith Cowan University Award for Mental Health Promotion and Mental Illness Prevention to the winner - Rural Community Support Service, WA Country Health Services. School of Engineering Strives for a spot in the Nano-world As the burgeoning field of nanotechnology moves ever forward onto Dr Anthony Fischer-Cripps, head of Fischer-Cripps Laboratories Pty Ltd the world stage, a quiet but crucial move is taking place at ECU’s and a former chief scientist of CSIRO responsible for the development School of Engineering where work is under way to install a world- of nanomechanical testing systems, says that the establishment class machine that will be able to probe the mechanical properties of of these nanomechanical measurement capabilities will bring ECU materials at a scale thousands of times smaller than a human hair. scientists in thin films, mechanics and health to the forefront of nano- and bio-technology research. It may surprise you to learn that the mechanical function and performance of engineering and biological structural materials are Anyone interested in using this nanomechanical testing system should very closely related to their properties and behaviour at extremely contact Dr Zonghan Xie on 6304 5062 for more information. small scales. As high-tech devices become ever smaller and more sophisticated, the ability to probe the nanoscale properties of materials becomes crucial to enable the design and development of a new generation of engineering materials that are lighter, stronger and tougher. This new facility, expected to be fully installed by October, will put ECU at the forefront of research in Australia into the nanomechanical properties of materials. Head of School, Associate Professor Daryoush Habibi, who oversees the launch of the new Mechanical Engineering course in 2009 says that the installation of this piece of world- class equipment is a crucial part of ensuring that the Mechanical Engineering program will have proper infrastructure for research support in that discipline. “New research projects will be initiated with a high potential of attracting funding from ARC and industry. Research staff and postgraduate students will conduct research in our newly established state-of-the-art Materials Research Laboratory”, he says. 24 This brought together four industry partners – Association for the Blind of WA, Queensland Health, Novita Children’s Services and Therapy Focus – from three Australian states. Collectively, the partners employ five allied health professionals in the areas of speech pathology, occupational therapy, physiotherapy, social work and psychology to provide the necessary services. The research team consisted of Professor Sherry Saggers (formerly Centre for Social Research and now National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology), Associate Professor Helen Wildy Wellness (Murdoch University), Associate Professor Jeannine Millsteed (School of Exercise, Biomedical and Health Sciences), Ms Lynn Roarty (Centre for Social Research), Dr Lauren Breen (Centre for Social Research), Ms Marina Re and Dr Margaret Crowley (Association for the Blind of WA), Ms Vicki Larkins (Therapy Focus), Dr Parimala Raghavendra and Ms Sonya Murchland (Novita Children’s Services) and Ms Andrea The art and science Hurwood (Queensland Health). The project was funded through the ECU Industry Collaboration Scheme in partnership with the four of holistic health organisations listed above. The research included an analysis of the websites, annual reports and strategic plans of 10 childhood disability services across Australia to uncover the indicators of wellness. These were: holistic definitions of health; shared control between client and allied health practitioner; individualised support, therapy and intervention; multidisciplinary teams; community-based service provision and advocacy for health., The indicators were more likely to be evident in non-government than government services but more importantly, it was not clear how each indicator was embedded in and enacted by the services in practice. Case studies, comprising site visits and interviews with allied health professionals and management staff within the four partner organisations explored the practice of wellness and the factors that facilitate or impede its implementation in childhood disability services. While the definitions of wellness differed somewhat according to each allied health professional and organisation involved, it can be said that, on the whole, they encompassed the six key characteristics previously identified. All four organisations encountered difficulties with embedding wellness approaches, mainly related to funding models, the role of families in the care of their children, allied health practitioner education/training and the need for empirical evidence supporting the efficacy of allied health service delivery. To date, the project has resulted in one report, one published article in the Journal of Allied Health, one book chapter (in press) and presentations at four conferences across Australia. Notably, the research led to useful, applicable and relevant research outcomes Throughout Australia, there is increasing demand for disability concerning the implementation of wellness with the result that the services to be delivered in ways that are empowering and that capacity of service providers to implement a wellness approach was address client wellbeing, individual choice, independence and the strengthened. ,It was recognized that the adoption of a wellness right to a meaningful and productive life. Despite the shift towards approach and the alignment of policy with practice will enhance the wellness in Australian health services and the recognition of independence, empowerment, and overall wellbeing of children and wellness within allied health disciplines, the rhetoric supporting their families receiving health and disability services. wellness approaches remains misaligned with practice in the health and disability sectors. For more information, please contact: Dr Lauren Breen The aim of this new research was to determine how wellness Centre for Social Research approaches to health and disability can be embedded in the visions, School of Psychology and Social Science policies and practices of allied health providers, to improve delivery and better meet the needs of children with disabilities and their Tel: (08) 6304 5162 families. Email: email@example.com 25 Nurse leadership: Creating change in hospitals International awareness of the need The processes and stages of change to improve safety and quality of health implementation in policy and practice at service delivery has led to a growing Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital are being body of research around strategies for mapped. These include the consultation, managing change in tertiary hospital piloting and implementation of settings. the alcohol withdrawal chart, an engagement and ratification process and The System and Intervention Research concurrent strategies such as updating Centre for Health (SIRCH) formed a patient pamphlets, internal newsletters partnership with Sir Charles Gairdner and journal articles supporting the Hospital) to undertake an audit of the change. processes and critical success factors of a nurse-initiated project designed to This partnership will provide Sir improve the management of patients Charles Gairdner Hospital and the undergoing alcohol withdrawal. School of Nursing, Midwifery and Post Graduate Medicine with evidence of Organisational facilitators and barriers personal and organisational attributes for successful change identified in the for facilitating change in a hospital literature are being examined in this setting, the importance of key alliances particular hospital.., These include and role placement for system change the role of Clinical Nurse Consultants , and effective methods to enhance and the type of input from team members, support nurses to take a leadership stakeholders and other alliances involved role in change management. Lessons in the change process, the catalysts of change, the institutional learned through changing practice in alcohol and drug treatment, and culture/organisational attributes that facilitate or impede change and how these can be translated to other areas of health care and quality the presence of existing means of measuring patient outcomes. improvement, will also be considered. A survey has been conducted with a sample of 250 registered nurses Photo caption: Sue Davis (SCGH) and Etza Peers (SCGH) draw the at Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital with a 91% response rate. Semi- winning Gold Class movie tickets. Ten Gold Class movie tickets were structured interviews with key health professionals in the hospital provided as an incentive for staff participation in the SIRCH survey. system including CNCs, psychiatrists, toxicologists and other change managers, have also been undertaken to identify factors that facilitate and support change. Physics Day at Adventure World The 2008 Physics Day at Adventure World was held on a rain sodden held laser radars. The top speed recorded on the day was 52 km/hr Thursday on 25 September. The constant drizzle did little to dampen for boys and 46 km/hr for girls. One of the teachers even managed the enthusiasm of about 1000 mostly year 11 high school physics 56 km/hr! students from around the state who, on this occasion, mixed physics with lots of fun! The event is held every year and is run by the Science Teachers Association of Western Australia. , Thanks to Brad Steilberger and Geoff Swan organised a speed slide competition with the Western Mike Buba from the Radar Branch for cheerfully measuring speeds, Australian police who were kept busy clocking speeds with their hand and Suzanne, Mark and Jamie for helping on the day. 26 TEE Physics and Applicable Mathematics Revision Sessions Over two hundred Year 12 students and their teachers attended Robin Dunn is a Senior Teacher in the Mathematics Department of TEE Physics and Applicable Mathematics Revision Sessions on the Christ Church Grammar School, where he has taught for the past 18 Joondalup Campus on 29 and 30 September. Sponsored by the years. He has taught mathematics at high schools for 23 years and School of Engineering and organised by Dr Steven Hinckley (Physics more recently at ECU as a sessional staff member in the School of Coordinator) with the assistance of Associate Professor Ute Mueller Engineering. He was the coordinator of Applicable Mathematics (Maths Coordinator) and John Poland (Faculty Community Officer), for the past 6 years at Christ Church and is currently completing a these sessions proved to be a great success. The students who Masters in Mathematics at ECU in Geostatistics. participated will all be seeking enrolment at a tertiary institution in 2009, so this also represents a highly targeted PR and engagement Over morning tea, ECU students and staff mingled with our guests, exercise. providing advice on career prospects and relevant courses in science, mathematics and engineering. Each student also received an ECU bag The enrolments exceeded those for the Physics session held in 2007 containing course and career brochures as well as a copy of the TEE and were most pleasing considering that they were held during the revision notes for the sessions. School Holidays. The Physics session attracted over 130 students. which was most rewarding for the organisers, especially because The sessions were held in the new lecture theatre in Building 32, they were competing with good weather, the Royal Show and the which enabled us to impress the students and teachers with our beach! extensive state-of-the-art teaching facilities. Feedback from students and teachers who attended the function was highly complimentary After a welcome address by Associate Professor Daryoush Habibi and appreciative of the University taking this initiative. (Head of the School of Engineering), Wayne Keady and Robin Dunn provided stimulating and highly professional revision sessions. The Plans are already under way to expand these sessions to include sessions covered the TEE Physics and Applicable Maths contents, Calculus, Chemistry and Human Biology as part of a TEE Week @ ECU problem solving skills, handy exam hints and relevant demonstrations. program. Steven, Ute and John would like to thank those staff and students who supported and participated in this activity, including Wayne Keady, Head of Science at Mater Dei College in Joondalup, Student Recruitment, Marketing and Campus Management. We look has been teaching Physics in Western Australia for 15 years. He forward to other areas of the Faculty joining us next year. has been marking TEE Physics for the past 10 years and has been a member of the examination panel. He is also a sessional staff member with the School of Education. 27 2008 SECAU Security Congress The 1st Australian Security and Intelligence Conference The 6th Australian Digital Forensics Conference The 6th Australian Information Security Management Conference The 9th Australian Information Warfare and Security Conference The Congress takes place from 1-3 December surveillance, critical infrastructure, environmental on the Mount Lawley campus of Edith Cowan security and medical security and incorporates risk University. It will draw a number of high management themes that include both physical profile international speakers on a broad range assets and human factors. of security topics. Dr Craig Donald, from the University of South Africa and Dr Andy Jones, For further information regarding the 2008 SECAU Head of Information Security Research at British Security Congress please visit the conference Telecommunications in the UK are just some of website the keynote speakers that will present on a range http://scissec.scis.ecu.edu.au/conferences2008/ of issues as part of SECAU’s dedicated push for a continuum of Security Research. or email David Cook on firstname.lastname@example.org The Congress brings together research on digital as well as physical security and crosses over areas such as counter-terrorism, intelligence, For more information about SECAU please go to http://www.secau.org/ To get a glimpse of the future directions of the research centre the SECAU “youtube” clip explains everything in 3 minutes. http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=FDHp8FYxU7o