1909_slang_and_its_analogues_vol_1_revised by silly21

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									SLANG                  AND ITS

             PAST AND PRESENT


                  ITALIAN, ETC.

                COMPILED AND EDITED BY



                  VOL. I.-A.-B.


                             Dfictftorllary of
                            and its Anallotues.
  vp,             A PER SE, phr.                       1602. SHAKSPEARE,   TrO. and Cress.,
                  (old colloquial).—           i. 2.They say he is a very MAN PER SE,
                                               And stands alone.
                  The best ; first.
                                                   1603. H. PETOWE, Eliza's Funeral
          1       class; Ai (q.v.) :           [BizvDc;Es, Restituta, iii. 26]. And sing-
  r        14,    see TIP-TOP. The             ing mourne Eliza's funerall, The E PER SE
       fi         usage      became            of all that ere hath beetle.
                popular and was                    161o. Mirr.for Mag., 371. Beholde
                  extended to other            me, Baldwine, A PER SE of my age.
  vocables ; ci: quots. 1602 and                   1699. KING, Furnzetary, ii. AND
  1603. As subs. = a paragon.                  PER SE AND alone, as poets use.

  C. 1470. BLIND    HARRY,   IVallaCC              1797. INcHBALD, Wives, etc., ii. I.
[JAMIESON (1869), 20]. The APERSE Of           She is willing to part and divide her love,
Scotland [Wallace].                            share and share alike ; but B will have all
                                               or none ; so poor A must remain A BY
      1475.   HENRYSON (Or HENDERSON),         HERSELF A.
Test. Cresseide [SpEGHT, Chaucer, v.
78]. The floure and A PER SE of Troie and            Ai, phi-. (common). Prime ;
                                                  first-class ; of the best (see quot.
 C. 1488. Crying of Ane Playe [LAING,             1903). Also FIRST CLASS, LETTER
Early Pot. Poet, Scotland, ii. 16]. The
lampe, and A PER SE of this regioun, in           A; Ai COPPER-BOTTOMED; and
al degre, Of welefair, and of honestie,           Ai AND NO MISTAKE: Fr.
Renowne, and riche aray.                          inarqmc a A (money coined in
  C. 1500.    MS. Cantab, Ff. ii. 38, f. 51.      Paris was formerly stamped with
[ HAZLITT,     Early Po15. Poet., i. '451.        an A). Cf. A PER SE.
Thow schalt be an APERSEY, my sone, In
mylys ij or thre.
                                                    1369. CHAUCER, Troilus and Cre-
    1501. DUNBAR, Poems, Suppt. (1865),        seide, 171. Right as our first LETTER is
277. London, thowe arte of townes A PER        now an A, In beautie first so stood she
SE.                                            makeles.
     1567. DRANT, Horace Efiist., ii. T.          1833. MARRvAT, Peter Sinzfile,
If they make them A PER SE AES that none       Broached molasses, cask No. 1, LETTER
are like to them.                              A.
    1568. ALEX. SCOT, Poems (1821), 34.            1837. DICKENS,     Pickwick      (1847),
That bird of bliss in beauty is In erd the     341. 'He must be a first-rater,' said Sam.
only A PER SE.                                  AI,' replied Mr. Roker.
                  A per se.                      2                      Aaron.
   1851. STOWE, Dred., i. 313. An A                       1609.  DEKKER, Gul's Horne Booke,
NUMBER ONE cook, AND NO MISTAKE.                     3.  You shall not neede to buy bookes,
                                                     no, scorne to DISTINGUISH A B FROM A
    1855. TAYLOR, Still Waters, ii. In
short, you're Ax, and I'm nobody.
                                                          1630. TAYLOR, On Coryat. 'To the
    1857. HUGHES, TOM Brown's School-                gentlemen readers that UNDERSTAND A B
days, ii. vi .I want to be Ai at cricket,
                                                     FROM A BATTLEDORE!'
and football, and all the other games.
                                                           1660. HOWELL,         Eng. Prov., 16. He
   1861. Reynolds's,    24 Nov. The
                                                     KNOWETH NOT            A   B FROM A BATTLE-
Chinese police are certainly Ax at such
work.                                                DOOR.

  1869. TROLLOPE,    Phineas Finn,                         1846.     BRACKENBRIDGE,     Mod. Chiv.,
AM. I never heard such a word before                 43. There were members who scarcely
from the lips of a young lady. Not as                KNEW B FROM A BULL'S-FOOT.
Ar? I thought it simply meant very good.
. . . Ai is a ship—a ship that is very                     WHAT WITH A, AND WHAT
good.                                                     WITII B. See WHAT.
     1876. HINDLEv, Cheap Jack, 229.
She's a prime girl, she is ; she is A NUMBER                 To GET ONE'S A, verb. phr.
ONE, COPPER-BOTTONIED, and Can sail as                    (Harrow). — To pass a certain
well in her stays as out of her stays.
                                                          standard in the gymnasium : the
     1882. Punch, lxxxii. 18z, i. I give                  next step is to the Gymnasium
him a first-rate bottle of claret, a cup of AI
coffee, a glass of old cognac, and the best
cigar money can buy, and then I . . . find
that his candid opinion coincides with my                    To GET A, verb. phr. (Felsted
own.                                                      School).—To be (practically) free
     1897. MARSHALL, Ponies, 46. She                      of all restriction as to bounds :
sported her NUMBER ONE gloss on her hair,                 nominally the other bounds were,
And her very best blush on her cheek.
                                                          B=the ordinary limit, the roads
     1900.  NISBET, Sheep's Clothing-, 88.                about a mile from the school ; C
How proud he was of his sweetheart as he
listened ! She was At at Lloyd's, AND NO
                                                           = punishment bounds, confine-
MISTAKE about it.                                         ment to the cricket field and
     1903. Lloyd's Register, 'Key.'     The               playground ; and D = confine-
character A denotes New Ships, or Ships                   ment to the old school-house
Renewed or Restored. The Stores of                        playground, one of the common-
Vessels are denoted by the figures I and 2 ;
x signifying that the Vessel is well and
                                                          est forms of punishment till 1876,
sufficiently found.                                       when the present school-house
                                                          was opened. C and D were also
     2. (Fenian : obsolete). — See                        known respectively as MONGREL
   quot. Sometimes (erroneously)                          and QUOD.
   No. 1.
  c. 1866. H. J.         BYRON,    MS.   note        AARON, subs.        (Old Cant). —I. A
[HOTTEN'S        Slang. Diet.,    in Brit.
Musl, s.v. Ax. A title for the commander
                                                          CADGER            (q.v.);
                                                                                a beggar
of coo men.                                               mountain-guide. [GEsENius
                                                            prob. Heb. AARON is a deriva-
      NOT KNOWING GREAT A (or                             tive of I I aron=a mountaineer.']
   A 13) FROM A BULL'S•FOOT               (or
   A BATTLEDORE),       phr. (old).—                        2. (thieves').—The leader of a
   Ignorant ; illiterate. See 13.                         gang : always with THE' as a
  c. 1401. M.S. Digby, 41, f. 5. I KNOW                   prefix.
a B FROM A BOLE-FOOT, I trowe, no                           3.     (old).   — A leader of the
thiself nother.                                           elm' ch.
            Aaron's-rod.                       3                    Abbey.
     1607. TOPSELL, Four-footed Beasts,                1829. Lamb, Corr. with Procter, 29
 Ep. Dedic.' AARONS and such as sit                Jan.  I thought . . . the ABACTOR Or
at the Helme of the Church . . . I mean            ABACTOR'S wife (vide Ainsworth) would
both Bishops and Doctors.                          suppose she had heard something ; and I
                                                   have delicacy for a sheep-stealer.
AARON'S-ROD,        subs. phi-. (venery).
   —The penis : see     PRICK.
                                                   ABADDON,      subs. (thieves'). — A
                                                     thief turned informer ; a SNITCH-
AA RS.    See   ARSE.
                                                     ER (q.v.).     [Obviously a Jew
                                                     fence's punning reference to
A.B.,  subs. pill-. (nautical).     —   ` An         Abaddon = the 'angel of the
   A[ble]-b[odied]' seaman.                          bottomless pit ' : Rev. ix. ii.]
    1875. Chambers' Jo., 627. Of all the           ABAN DAN N A D    (or   ABAN DAN -
European sailors by far the most reliable            N AA D), subs. (thieves'). —I. A
were five stalwart A.B.'s.
                                                     handkerchief (or bandanna) thief.
ABAA,   subs, and adj. (common). —                   Hence (2) a petty thief.
   A term of contempt : generic.                     [BREWER : A contraction (sic)
   As subs. , a non-unionist : as adj.               of a bandanna lad.']
   =vile, silly.
                                                   ABANDONED HABIT,             subs. phr.
ABACK.     To TAKE ABACK, verb.                      (obsolete). — In pl.=spec. the
   i5hr. (colloquial).—To surprise ;                 riding demi-monde in Rotten
   to check : suddenly and forcibly.                  Row.
   [Orig. nautical : in which sense
   (O. E. D. ) dating from 1754.]                  ABB ER,   subs. (Harrow).—I. An
                                                     abstract ; (2) an ABSIT (q.v.).-
    1840. HOOD, UA the Rhine, 21.
The boy, in sea phrase, was TAKEN ALL              ABBESS (Or      LADY ABBESS),        subs.
ABACK.                                               (old). —A bawd ; a stewardess of
     1842. DICKENS, Amer. IVotes, 52. I              the STEWS (q.v.): cf ABBOT ;
don't think I was ever SO TAKEN ABACK in             NUN; SACRISTAN, etc. (GROSE).
all my life.
                                                       1770. FOOTE, Lame Lover, i. Who
     1878. BOSWORTH SMITH, Carthage,               should trip by but an ABBESS, well known
95. For the moment TAKEN ABACK by the              about town, with a smart little nun.
strange appearance.
                                                       1782. WOLCOT [P. Pindar], Odes to
A BACTER  (or ABACTOR), subs. (old).               the Poe, Ode ii. [Works (Dublin, 1795),
                                                      492]. SO an old ABBESS, for the ratt-
   — See quot. 1691.                               ling rakes, A tempting dish of human
    1659. HAMMOND, On Psalms, cxliv.               nature makes, And dresses up a luscious
   696. Invaders and ABACTORS, whose
1 4.
breaking in . . is attended with the cattels           1821. EGAN, Life in London, II. 1.
passing through or going out.                      Those three nymphs . . . are three nuns ;
    1691. BLOUNT, Law Dict. ABACTORS               and the plump female is of great notoriety,
(abactores) were stealers of Cattle or             and generally designated the ABBESS.
Beasts, by Herds, or great numbers ; and                1840. W. KIDD, London and all Its
were distinguished from Fures.                     Dangers.     Wretches who traffic in the
    18 I 8. Annual Register. [Abridged.            souls and bodies of their helpless victims
One of the tricks of the ABACTERS of old           are called LADY ABBESSES.
Smithfield was the driving a bullock into a
jeweller's or other shop, and during the           ABBEY.  To BRING AN ABBEY TO
confusion the ABACTER'S confederates                 A GRANGE, verb. phr. (old).—To
would help themselves to any valuables
handy. . . one shop was so served three              squander. Also ABLE TO BUY
times in the year.]                                  AN ABBEY (RAY: we speak it
               Abbey-laird.                     4                    Abbot.

   of an unthrift '). Among kindred                        1589. NASHE,    Anat. A bsur.,     7.
   expressions are : To bring a noble               Those exiled ABBIE-LUBBERS, from whose
                                                    idle pens, proceded those worne out im-
   to ninepence ; to make of a lance                pressions of the feyned no where acts, of
   a thorn ; to make of a pair of                   Arthur of the rounde table.
   breeches a purse ; to thwite a                      161i. CoTGRAvE, Did., s.v. Archi-
   mill-post to a pudding-prick ;                   martniton-erastique, an ABBEY-LUBBER,
   ' His windmill is dwindled into a                or Arch-frequenter of the Cloyster beefe-
                                                    pot or beefe-boyler.
   nut - cracker ' ; from abbess to
                                                        1648. HERRICK, Hesfierides,     The
   lay-sister.                                      Temple,' i. 128. Of Cloyster-Monks they
                                                    have enow, I, and their ABBY-LUBBERS,
A B B EY- LAIR D,     subs. phr.        (old        WO.
   Scots).  An insolvent debtor :
               —                                           1655. FULLER,   Church History, 1. V.
                                                    28.   Abbey labourers, not ABBEY-LUBBERS
  spec. of one sheltered in the                     like their Successours in after-Ages.
  sanctuary of Holyrood Abbey.
                                                        p680. DRYDEN, Sfianish Friar, iii.
    1709. FOUNTAINHALL, Decisions, 11.              3.   This is . . . no huge, overgrown
518.  If he offered to go back to the               ABBEY LUBBER; this is but a diminutive
Abbey, and was enticed to stay, and                 SUCKING friar.
hindered to go.
                                                        1693. ROBERTSON, Phrtzs. Gen., 446,
  C. 1776. Cock Laird (HERD, Ballads,               A porridge-belly Friar, an ABBEY LUBBER.
   361. When broken, frae care The fools
are set free, When we make them COCK                     1705. HICKERINGILL, Priest-Cr., H.
LAIRDS IN THE ABBEY, quoth she.                      V. 45. The Dissolution of Monasteries
                           Dom. Ann. Scot.,         that fed ABBY-LUBBERS and wanton Nuns.
       x861.   CHAMBERS,
in. 349.  The ABBEY LAIRDS . . 'were
enabled to come forth on that day [Sun-             ABBOT,      subs. (old). —A bawd's
day], and mingle in their wonted society.
                                                          man ; a PONCE (q.v.): see
                                                          ABBESS.    Whence ABBOT ON
ABBEY-LUBBER          (or LOON), subs.                    THE CROSS (or CROZIERED
   (old). —An idler ; a vagabond :                        ARRoT)= the BULLY (q.v.) of a
   orig. (prior to the Reformation)                       brothel.
   a lazy monk or hanger-on to a
   religious house. Hence ABBEY-                             ABBOT (or LORD) OF MIS-
   LUBBER-LIKE = lazy, thriftless,                        RULE, subs. phr. (old). — The
   ne'er-do-well.        See LUBBER.                      leader of the Christmas revels :
                                                          see (pots. Also (Scots) ABBOT
    1509. BARCLAY ,  POCMS [Percy Soc.,
xxii. p. xxxvi). [An] ABBEY LOWNE or
                                                          OF UNREASON, and Fr. Abbi de
limnier of a monke.                                       Liesse (=Abbot of Joy).
       1538. STARKF:Y,   En.clantiO 870, 131.           1591. LYLY, EmdintiOn, V. 2. No
The nuryschyng also of a grete sorte of             Epi, love is a LORD OF MISRULE, and
idul ABBEV-LUBBARYs wycli are apte to no            keepeth the Christmas in my corps.
thyng but . . . to ete and drynke.
                                                        1603. STowE, London, 72. First, at
   1563.  The Burnynge of Paules                    Christmasse, there was in the kinge's
Church [11A1.1.1wEt.1.). The most of that           house, wheresoever lice was lodged, a
which they did bestow was on the riche,             Low) (w MISRULE, or mayster of merie dis-
and not the poore indede . . . but lither           porters, and the like had ye in the house
txmly.tis that might worke and would not.           of every noble man, of honor or good
In so much that it came into a commen               worshippe, were he spirituall or temporal'.
proverbe to call him an A IslIA V-I.0 liIiEu,       —These lordes, beginning their rule on
that was idle, wel fed, a long lewd lither          Alhollon eve, continued the same till the
loiterer, that might worke and would not.           morrow after the feast of the Purification,
       1570.   BARNABE GoOGE,    POPisk             commonly called Candlemas day. In all
KingdOmf, j. 23.    So ABBY LUBBER LYRE             which space there were fine and subtile
they hue & Lordes they called bee.                  disguisings, maskes, and mummeries, etc.
         Abbotts' Priory.                     5
     1822.  NARES, Glossary, s.v.. MIS-              dialects ; in London reckoned as
RULE. There is little doubt that all these           a vulgarism.' Quots. are given
contrivances for encouraging and enliven-
ing the sports of Christmas, were derived            dated 885, 1175, and 1230, with
from the more ancient feast of the Boy-              a gap to 1836-7 infra.]
Bishofi, which being found superstitious,
and liable to various abuses, was put                 1836. DICKENS, Sketches (185o), 151.
down by proclamation, in 1542.                    2. The young lady denied having formed
                                                  any such engagements at all—she couldn't
                                                  ABEAR the men, they were such deceivers.
A BBOTTS' PRIORY,        subs. phr.                    1855. ATKINSON, Whitby Glossary,
   (obsolete). — The King's Bench                 s.v. She cannot ABEAR that man, very
   prison : ABBOT'S PARK = the                    much dislikes him.
   rules thereof (GRosE, 1823, BEE).                   1864. TENNYSON, Northern Farmer,
   [Sir Charles Abbott, afterwards                64. I couldn ABF,AR to see it.
   Lord Tenterden, was Lord C.-J.
   of the King's Bench, 1818.]                    ABEL.      See   INDORSE.

A, B, C (THE),           subs. phr.               ABELWHACKETS.          See ABLEWHAC-
   (common).—I. The A, B, C
   ( = Alphabetical) Railway Guide.               ABERDEEN CUTLET,     subs. phr.
                                                     (common). —A dried haddock :
     2. (London). — An establish-                    cf.   BILLINGSGATE PHEASANT.
   ment of the Aerated Bread Com-
   pany: orig. bakers, now refresh-               ABIGAIL,    subs. (old).—A waiting-
   ment caterers.    Hence A. B. C. -                woman ; a lady's maid. [Abi-
   GIRL = a waitress therein.
                                                     gail, a waiting gentlewoman in
     3. (Christ's Hospital). — Ale,                   The Scornful Lady (1616) by
   Bread and Cheese on 'going                        Beaumont and Fletcher : also
   home night.'                                      see I Sam. xxv. 24-31.] Hence
                                                     ABIGAILSHIP       (GROSE).   Cf.
     4. (old). —Generic for begin-                   ANDREW, ACRES, etc.
  nings. Thus, LIKE (or AS EASY                       1663.    KILLIGREW, Parson's Wed-
  AS) A B C = facile, as simple as                ding, ii. 6 [DoDsLEv, Old Plays (1780),
  learning the alphabet ; DOWN TO                 xi. 3901. The welcomest thing to Mrs.
                                                  Abigail [a waiting woman], except Tib
  THE A B C = down to first prin-                 and Tom in the stock.
  ciples, or the simplest rudiments.                  /666. PEIWS, Diary, iv. 195. By
    1595. SHAKSPEARE, King- John,i. i.            coach to the King's play-house, and there
196. And then comes answer LIKE AN                saw 'The Scornful Lady' well acted ; Doll
ABSEY BOOK.                                       Common doing ABIGAIL most excellently,
                                                  and Knipp the widow, very well.
    1899.    WHITEING, jam Street, iv.
He lacks everything—clothing, flesh to                 1693. CONGREVE, Old Bachelor, iii.
hang it on, all the amenities presumptively       6. I begin to smoke ye : thou art some
down to the A B C.                                forsaken ABIGAIL we have dallied with.
                                                  Ibid. (17oo), Way of the World, v. I. A
                                                  botcher of second-hand marriages between
    5. (venery).—The female pu-                   ABIGAILS and Andrews.
  dendum: see MONOSYLLABLE.                           1694.   Reply to Lad. and Bach.
                                                  Petit. [Harl. Misc., iv. 440]. Whereas
ABEAR,  verb. (colloquial or vulgar).             they [the chaplains] petition to be freed
  —To endure ; to suffer. [O. E. D. :             from any obligation to marry the chamber
                                                  maid, we can by no means assent to it ;
  'A word of honourable an-                       the ABIGAIL, by immemorial custom, being
  tiquity ; widely diffused in the                a deodand, and belonging to holy Church.
            Abingdon-lazu.                     6                   Abracadabra.
  d. 1704. BROWN, Works, i. 6. It is                  Stephen Hawkins in 1644, and
ten to one but there is an ABIGAIL . .
that must be married.
                                                      by prince Rupert in 1645. On
                                                      these occasions the defenders put
    1709. WARD, Terrer:fii/US, Vi. II.
ABIGAIL . . . was Aminidab's servant till             every Irish prisoner to death with-
happening to uncover her Nakedness . . .              out trial.]
he thought it best . . . to take the Damsel
to Wife.
                                                   ABLEWHACKETS (or ABELWHAC-
                 DrUMMer, ii.
       1715. ADDISON,              i.
                                                     KETS), subs. (nautical : obsolete).
Here comes Abigail, I must tease the
baggage.                                              —See quot. (GRosE).
    1727. SOMERVILLE, Fables,' Officious                  1867.    SMYTH,   Sailor's Word Book,
Messenger.' Her ladyship began to call,            s.v.     ABLE-wHAcKETs.   A popular sea
For hartshorn and her ABIGAIL.                     game with cards, wherein the loser is
                                                   beaten over the palms of the hands with a
     1749. SMOLLETT, Gil Blas (1812) 1
                                                   handkerchief tightly twisted like a rope.
IV. I know well enough how to behave
                                                   Very popular with horny-fisted sailors.
with ABIGAILS and actresses.
     1750. FIELDING, Tom Jones, XI. ii.
The mistress was no sooner in bed than             ABOARD,         adv. (old).—See quot.
the maid prepared to follow her example.
                                                               DYCHE, Dict., S.V. ABOARD. In
She began to make many apologies to her
                                                   sports and games this phrase signifies that
sister ABIGAIL for leaving her alone.
                                                   the person or side in the game that was
     1771. SMOLLFTT, flumAhry Clinker              either none, or but few, has now got to be
(1815), 57. An antiquated ABIGAIL dressed          as many as the other.
in her lady's cast clothes.
    1803.  JANE PORTER,         Thaddeus           ABOUT.           See      EAST (Suppt.) ;
(W ARNE], 72. The appellation ' Mistress '                RIGHT; SIZE.
put her in mind of her . . . AEIGAILSHIP.
   1809.    MALKIN, Gil Bias [ROUT.
LEDGE], iii. This precious ABIGAIL . . .           ABOVE.      See BEND; PAR (Suppt.) ;
was just as young, just as pretty, and                    HOOKS; HUCKLEBERRY; PER-
just as loose as her mistress.
     1827. LYTToN, Pethanz, xxiii. At
the end of that time the ABIGAIL released
                                                   ABRACADABRA, Subs.          (old).—I. A
                                                          cabalistic word, formerly used as
     1837. CARLYLE, Diamond Necklace.
Mantua-maker, soubrette, court-beggar,
                                                          a charm. Hence (2), any word-
fine lady ABIGAIL, and scion of royalty.                  charm, verbal jingle, gibberish,
     1858. ELIOT, Mr.          Love-Story,                nonsense, or extravagancy.
iii. Mrs. Sharp, then a blooming ABIGAIL                . . . . Additional     MSS.      [Brit.
of three-and-thirty, entered her lady's pri-       Mus.], oo8. Mr. Banester sayth that he
vate room.                                         healed 200 in one yer of an ague, by hang-
     goo. LYNCH, High Stakes, viii.                ing ABRACADABRA about ther necks, and
Van Duyn turned to the ABIGAIL. May                wold stanch blood, or heal the toothake,
we open the window?" If the gentleman              althogh the partyes wer 10 myle of.
pleases,' the woman returned stiffly.                         AUBREY'S Remaines of Genii/.
                                                   isme,      0880. [In this work ABRACA-
ABINGDON-LAW,         subs. phr. (old).—           DABRA is given arranged trianglewise, as a
                                                   spell.] Ibid. (1696), Misc., 105. ABRACA-
       Summary punishment : cf: STAF-              DA BRA, a mysterious word, to which the
       FORD-LAW ;       LYDFORD-LAW ;              superstitious in former times attributed a
       SCARBOROUGII-WARNING,         etc.          magical power to expel Diseases.
       [In 1645, lord Essex and Waller                  1711. Sfiectator, No. 221. I would
       held Abingdon, in Berks, against            not have my reader surprised, if hereafter
                                                   he sees any of my papers marked with a Q,
       Charles I. The town was un-                 a Z, a Y, an Szc., Or with the word ABRACA-
       successfully attacked by Sir                DABRA.
               Abraham.                               7                 Abraham-man.

    1722. DEFOE, Journal of the Plague                        1607. SHAKSPEARE,      Coriolanus,
[BRAYLEV (1835), 56]. This mysterious                     3. 21.Some brown, some black, some
word [ABRACADABRA], which, written in                     ABRAm [folio 2683 AUBURN '], some bald.
the form of a triangle or a pyramid, was
                                                               1627. PEACHAM, COI/Oleic Gent., 155.
regarded as a talisman or charm of wonder-
ful power. It originated in the supersti-
                                                          I shall pass to the exposition of certain
                                                          colours—ABRAM-COLOUR, i.e. brown, AU-
tions of a very remote period, and was
                                                          BURNE or ABBORNE, i.e., brown or brown.
recommended as an antidote by Serenus
Sammonicus, a Roman physician, who
lived in the early part of the third century,                      1656. LAU. PRICE,  Jack in a Box
in the reigns of the emperors Severus and                 [..A. ,,FIToN, Humour, etc., 200]. Browne,
Caracalla. Its efficacy was reputed to be                 or ABRAHAM COLOUR, thats halfe Nits and
most powerful in agues and other disorders                half Lice.
of a febrile kind, and particularly against
the fever called by the physicians Herni-                          2.   See   ABRAHAM-MAN.
      1829. COLERIDGE,         Aids to Refl.              ABRAHAM GRAINS,    subs. (thieves' :
(1848), 1. 130. Leave him . . . to retaliate
the nonsense of blasphemy with the ABRA-                     obsolete). —A publican brewing
CADABRA Of presumption.                                      his own beer.
      1837. BARHAM,        Ingola'sby Legends,            ABRAHAM-MAN (ABRAM, ABRAM-
'Lay of St. Dunstan.' The words of
power ! . . . I know there are three,                        MAN or ABRANI-COVE), subs. phi-.
And ABRACADABRA . . . is one of them.                        (Old Cant). —See quots. : also
      1879. Literary World, 5 Dec.,            358,          BEDLAM BEGGAR (q.v.) and Tom
2.  The new ABRACADABRA of science,                          OF BEDLAM. [These sturdy
'organic evolution.'                                         beggars roamed the country, beg-
                                                             ging and stealing, down to the
ABRAHAM,        subs. (venery).—I. The                       period of the Civil Wars.] Hence
     penis : see PRICK and cf. ABRA-                         TO SHAM (or Do) ABRAM (or To
     HAM'S BOSOM = the female puden-                         ABRAHAM SHAM) =- (I) to feign
     dum.                                                    madness ; and (2) to sham sick
                                                             (nautical). Also ABRAM, adj.=
        2. (East End).—A cheap                               ( ) naked (GRosE), (2) = mad, and
     clothier's ; a SLOP (q.v.), or HAND-                    (3), shamming sick ; ABRAHAM-
     ME-DOWN shop (q.v.). Hence,                             WORK =shams of all kinds, false
     ABRAHAM WORK =ill-paid work ;                           pretences : whence TO GO ON
     sweated labour (see ABRAHAM-                            THE ABRAHAM SUIT=I0 resort
     MAN).                                                   to trick or artifice. See ABRA-
                                                             HAM, subs. 2. [The Mad Tom
       Aa'j    (old).—I. 1 Auburn ' :                        of Kin;,, Lear is an Abram-man :
     formerly written abern and abron.                       see Edgar's description, iii. 4.]
     Also ABRAM and ABRAHAM-                                   1567. AWDELEY, Frat. of Vaca-
     COLOURED.                                            bondes.    An ABRAHAM-MAN is he that
                                                          walketh bare-armed, and bare-legged, and
      1592.      Soliman and Perseda
              KYD [?],                                    fayneth hymselfe mad, and caryeth a packe
[DonsLEv, Old Plays (HAzurr), V. 363].                    of wool, or a styck with baken on it, or
Where is the eldest son of Priam, That                    such lyke toy, and nameth himself poore
ABRAHAM-COI,OURED Trojan?                                 Tom.
      1599.   HALL,      Satires,   III. V.   7. A             1575. HARMAN, Caveat (1814), 29.
lustie courtier whose curled head, With                   These ABRAHAM MEN be those that fayn
ABRON locks was fairely furnished.                        themselves to have bene mad, and have
                                                          bene kept either in Bethlehem, or in some
   1602. MIDDLETON, Blurt, Nast. r                        other pryson a good time, and not one
Constable. Over all A goodly, long, thick,                amongst twenty that ever came in prison
ABRAHAM-COLOUR'D beard.                                   for any such cause.
               Abraham-man                                         Abroad.

    16 to. R 0Vb"LAN Ds, Martin Mark-all,             1887. HENLEY, Villon's Good Night.
36 (H. Club's Repr., 1874)        ABEAM            YOU cadgers on the ABRAM-SHAM.
madde. He maunds ABRAM, he begs as
                                                      1899. BESANT, Orange Girl, 148.
a madde man.
                                                   Your Cousin Mathew is as mad as an
     1622. FLETCHER, Beggar's Bush, ii.            ABRAM-MAN.
i.    Jarkman, or Patrico, Cranke, or
Clapper-dudgeon, Frater, or ABRAM-MAN ;            ABRAHAM      N EWLAN D, subs. — A
I speak to all That stand in fair election            bank note (GROSE, BEE). [Abra-
for the title Of king of beggars.
                                                      ham Newland was chief cashier
    1625. MASSINGER, New Way to Pay
Old Debts, ii. x. Are they padders or
                                                      to the Bank of England, from
ABRAM-MEN that are your consorts?                     1778 to 1807.] Hence TO SHAM
   1632. DEKKER, Eng. Villanies. The                  ABRAHAM = to forge bank paper
ABRAHAM COVE is a lustie strong rogue                 (see ABRAHAM-MAN).
who walketh with a slate about his                   C. 1778-1807. DIBDIN, Song.   I have
                                                   heard people say that SHAM ABRAHAM
     1671. R. HEAD, English Rogue, 1.              you may ; ah, every day ; But you must
v. 47 (1874). ABRAM, naked.                        not SHAM ABRAHAM Newland.
     C. 1696. B. E., Dict. Cant. Crew, s.v.             1829. SCOTT, Letter[Croker Palters,
ABRAM-MEN, c. the seventeenth Orde of              II. 36). A bank note seems to terrify
the Canting-crew. Beggers antickly                 everybody out of their wits, and they will
trick'd up with Ribbands, Red Tape,                rather give up their constitution to Hunt
Foxtails, Rags, etc., pretending Madness           and Cobbett than part with an ABRAHAM
to palliate their Thefts of Poultrey, Linnen,      NEWLAND to preserve it.
   1724. E. COLES, Eng.          Diet.   ABRAM     A B RA HA M'S - BA L M ,   subs. phr. (old).
COVE, naked or poor man.                              —Hanging : see      LADDER.
   1759.   GOLDSMITH, Citizen of the
World, cxix. He swore that I understood
                                                   ABRAHAM'S-BOSOM,      subs. phr.
my business perfectly well, but that           I     (common). — 1. Dead and gone
SHAMMED ABRAHAM merely to be idle.                   to heaven : ef. quot. and Luke
   1785.  GROSE, Vulg. Tongue, S.V.                  xvi. 22.
ABRAM COVE. A cant word among thieves,                 1599. SHAKSPEARE, Henry V., ii. 3.
signifying a naked or poor man ; also a            Nay, sure [Falstaff's] not in hell : he's in
lusty strong rogue. Ibid. ABRAM SHAM.              Arthur's bosom, if ever man went to
To pretend sickness.                               Arthur's bosom.
       1822.   NARES,   Glossary,     S.V. ABRA-
HAM-MEN.      A set of vagabonds, who                   2. (venery).—The female pu-
wandered about the country, soon after the           dendum: see      MONOSYLLABLE.
dissolution of the religious houses ; the
provision for the poor in those places being
cut off, and no other substituted.                 ABRAHAM'S EYE,         subs. phr. (old).
    1825. SCOTT, St. Ronan's IVell, xxi.
                                                     — See quot.
There is a trick for you to find an ABRAM-              151?). MS. on Magic.     [Here given
MAN, and save sixpence when he begs as a           as a magical charm, the application of
disbanded seaman.                                  which was supposed to deprive a thief,
    1839. Hoot), Ode to Rae Wilson. I              who refused to confess his crime, of eye-
own I shake my sides at ranters, And treat         sight.]
SHAM A1312'AM saints with wicked banters.
    1849.      BRiltql-A, Shirley, xxxiii.         ABRAHAM'S WILLING,     subs. phr.
Matthew, sceptic and scoffer, . . . mut-             (rhyming). — A shilling : see
tered some words, amongst which the
phrase SHAMMING ABRAHAM had been
very distinctly audible.
                                                   ABROAD,    adv. (colloquial). — 1.
      1859.     MATSIELL,   VocaGulum,      S.V.
                                                     \Vide of the mark ; out of one's
ABRAHAM COVE. A          naked   OS   poor man ;
a beggar in rags.                                    reckoning ; perplexed.
                  Abroaded.                     9                       Absit.
    1821.   Fancy, 1. 255. In the fourth              whether lighted or unlighted :
round he came in ALL ABROAD, and got
a doubler in the bread-basket.
                                                      the modern NoTtoN (q.v.) for
                                                      putting it out being to ' dump '
          1837. BARHAM,     Ingolds. Legends,
  Legend of Dover.' To be ALL ABROAD—                 it.
to be stumped,' not to know where To                      2. To get (or put) away ;
go—so disgraced.
                                                      generally in the imperative : e.g.
   1838. DICKENS, Nick. Nickleby, vi.                   ABS ! ' Hence, TO ABS quickly
33. I'm only a little ABROAD.    !bid.                 =TO STIR ONE'S STUMPS (q.v.) or
(1840), Old Curiosity Shop, lxi. `My
friend ! ' repeated Kit, you're    ALL                to put things away with speed.
ABROAD, seemingly,' returned the other                To HAVE ONE'S WIND ABSED =
man.                                                  to get a BREATHER (q.v.) in the
    1846. THACKERAV, Vanity Fair, v.                  stomach.
At the twelfth round the latter champion
was ALL ABROAD . . . had lost all presence          A BSCOTCHALATER,    subs. (thieves').
of mind, and power of attack or defence.              — 'One in hiding from the
          1876. M. ARNOLD,   Lit. and Dogma,          police' : cf. ABSQUATULATE.
2   44. The first deals successfully with
nearly the whole of life, while the second          ABSENCE,      subs. (Eton). — Names-
is all ABROAD in it.
       To COME ABROAD, verb. phr.
                                                        1856.    LETTSOM,        Floggawaya, 6.
     (Winchester Coll.).—To return                  So the Lord of Puggawaugin Laid on
     to school work after sickness.                 them an extra ABSENCE.
     When on the sick list he is                        1865. Pall Mall Gaz., 8 June,
     CONTINENT (q.v.): cf. Old Eng.                 ABSENCE, as it is called at Eton, requiring
                                                    the presence of the boys to answer their
     usage = out of one's house or                  names.
     abode    (LANGLAND, UDALL,
                                                        1867. COLLINS,     Public Schools, 174.
     SHAKSPEARE).       Also TO BE                  The elevens were made up, as they best
     FURKED ABROAD= to        be sent               might, out of such adventurous spirits as
                                                    dared to skip ' and ABSENCE for
     back to school after going ' Con-              the purpose.
     tinent ' : an implication of
     shamming.                                      ABSENT.             ABSENT WITHOUT
                                                      LEAVE,    ac/v. phr. (thieves').—
ABROADED,        adj. and adv. (old). —               Said of one who has broken
      See quot. and cf. ABROAD.                       prison ; or (common) absconded.
          1876.   MANTON,     Slangiana,            ABSENTEE,       subs. (Australian).--A
Fashionable slang for a noble defaulter on            convict.
the Continent (sic) to avoid creditors.
It was police slang for convicts sent to
                                                        1837. JAS. MUDIE,        Felonry of New
                                                    South Wales,     vii. The ludicrous and
a colonial or penal settlement, but it is
                                                    affected philanthropy . . . advertising run-
also applied by thieves to imprisonment
                                                    away convicts under the soft and gentle
merely.                                             name of AI3SENTEES.

ABS,      intj. (Winchester Coll.)—i.               ABSENT-MINDED BEGGAR,          subs.
      ' Absent ' : placed against the                 phr. (common).—TomMY ATK INS
      name of a boy when absent from                  (q.v.): popularised by Kipling's
      school.                                         verses in aid of the wives and
                                                      children of soldiers serving in
         Verb. — r. To take away.                     South Africa during the Boer War.
      Formerly, circa 1840, TO ABS a
      tolly (candle), meant to put it               ABSIT,      subs.    (Cambridge). — See
      out ; now it = to take it away,                  quot.
               Abskize.                       10                  Accident.
   1886. DICKENS'S Dictionary of the                 seducer, a ravisher ;  (2) a
University of Cambridge, p. 3. Every                 MUTTON MONGER (v.v.); and (3)
undergraduate wishing to leave Cambridge
for a whole day, not including a night,              a masturbator.
must obtain an ABSIT from his tutor.                         LYNDESAY, elfOnartskie, 1. 1236.
Permission to go away for a longer period          Quhow men and wemen schamefullye
. . . is called an exeat.'                         ABUSIT thame selfis vnnaturallye.
                                                       1580. SIDNEY, Arc., II. Was it not
ABSKIZE       (or          verb
                    ABSCHIZE),                     enough for him to have deceived me, and
   (American).—To decamp :   see                   through the deceit ABUSED me, and after
   BUNK. [Said to be of Western                    the ABUSE forsaken me?
   origin, circa 1833.]                                I608. FLETCHER, Faith/WS/10h., I.
                                                   230. Retire awhile Behind this Bush, till
                                                   we have known that vile ABUSER of young
ABSQUATULATE           (or     ABSQUOTI-           Maidens.
  LATE), verb.    (American).—To                       1611.   Bible, Judges xix. 25. And
   decamp ; to SKEDADDLE (q.v.).                   ABUSED her all the night until the morn-
   See BUNK.                                       ing. Ibid., i Cor. vi. 9. Nor adulterers
                                                   . . . nor ABUSERS of themselves with man-
    1833. BERNARD, The Kentuckian.                 kind.
[It is stated that ABSQUATULATE was                      1751. Chambers' Cycl., S.V. ABUSE.
first used in this play. The 'book,' how-          Self-ABUSE is a phrase used by some late
ever, is 'un-get-at-able' this side of the         writers for the crime of self-pollution.
                                                      1767. FORDYCE, Sermons to Young
    1840.   HALIBURTON,      Clocknzaker,
                                     3             IVomen, 1. i. 9. He that ABUSES you
S. xiv. What's the use of legs but to              dishonours his mother.
ABSQUOTILATE with . . . when traps are
sot for you?
      1847. New York Herald [BART-                 ACADEMY,      subs. (old). — 1. A gang
LETT].    W. was surrendered by his bail             of thieves ; (2) a rendezvous for
. . . fearing he was about to ABSQUATU-              thieves, harlots, or gamesters ; and
                                                     (3)a prison. Hence ACADEMICIAN
     1856. Dow, Sermons, I. 247. Hope's               = ( 1 ) a thief; and (2) a harlot. Also
brightest visions ABSQUATULATE with their
golden promises . . . and leave not a shin-          BUZZING-ACADEMY = a training
plaster behind.                                      school for pickpockets ; CANTING-
   1861. LAMONT, SeaherSCS, Xi. 179                  ACADEMY = (1) a common
He . . . heard us . . . and prepared to              lodging-house, a DOSSING-KEN
ABSQUATULATE.                                        (q.v.), or house of call for beg-
    1867.   BROUGHTON, COMCM U44 as a                gars, and (2) a likely house for
Plower. You'd thank me to  ABSQUATU-                 WORKING (q.v.) ;            FLOATING-
LATE, as the Yankees say. . . . I will in a
                                                     ACADEMY= the hulks ; CHARAC-
                                                     TER-ACADEMY = a resort of ser-
     1879. Punch, 18 Jan., 23. T. I hope
I may be occasionally permitted to enjoy             vants without characters, which
it again. Bows, and ABSQUATULATES.                   are there concocted ; and
    1884. D. Telegrafih, zo August, 6. 1.
                                                     GAMMON I NG - ACADEMY =a re-
In Rabelaisian phrase, absquashed and                formatory (B. E., GROSE, BEE,
ABSQUATULATED.'                                      MATSELL).

ABUSE,      subs.(old : now mainly                 1668. LESTRANGE, QUeVed0 (1678),
                                               143. Gaming Ordinaries are called ACA-
  conventional). —I.— Defloration ;            DEMIES.
  (2) copulation ; and (3) mastur-
  bation. As verb .(1) to violate ;            ACCIDENT,        subs. (conventional). —
  (2) to copulate ; and (3) To FRIG                  I. Seduction ; and (2) = a
  (q.v.).   Hence ABUSER = (I) a                     bastard : see BY-BLOW.
             Acconimodate.                     ii                    Account.

ACCOMMODATE,       verb. (old collo-                     3. (venery). -To SERVE (q.v.)
   quial: now recognised).-t. To                       a woman : see GREENS and RIDE.
   equip ; to supply ; to provide.                     Also LADY OF ACCOMMODATING
   UoNsoN, Discoveries : one of                        MORALS = a prostitute : see TART;
   'the perfumed terms of the time.'                   ACCOMMODATION HOUSE = a
   HALIA WELL : the indefinite use                     BED-HOUSE (V.V.).
   is well ridiculed by Bardolph's                       1823. BEE, Diet. Turf S.V. AUNT
   vain attempt to define it (see quot.             . . . an ACCOMMODATION-HOUSE, where
   1597) : cf. (modern) TO ACCOM-                   half-modest women resort, as to a relative
                                                    or aunt's. Ibid. TUBBS (Mrs.)-any lady
   MODATE with a loan, or with cash                 who's home is 'an ACCOMMODATION' to
   for a cheque.]                                   persons whose desire of seclusion is
     1597. SHAKSPEARE, 2 Hen. IV., iii.
2. 77. Shal. ACCOMMODATED! it comes of
 accommodo ' : very good : a good phrase.           ACCOMPANY,           verb.    (euphemis-
Bard. Pardon me, sir : I have heard the                tic).-To cohabit :        see GREENS
word . . . ACCOMMODATED; that is, when                 and RIDE.
a man is, as they say, ACCOMMODATED;
or when a man is, being, whereby a' may               C .1500.  Remedie of Lone [CHALMERS,
be thought to be ACCOMMODATED; which                i. 542].If she be not ACCOMPANIDE, How
is an excellent thing.                              ACCOMPANIED, not with yong men, But
     1598. Jots:sort, Every Man, i. 4.              with maidens, I meane or women.
Hostess, ACCOMMODATE us with another                     1634. SIR T. HERBERT, Travels, 374.
bed-staff here quickly. Lend us another             The phasma . . . ACCOMPANIES her, at
bed-staffe-the woman does not under-                least as she imagines.
stand the words of action. Ibid. (16o1),
                                                         1660. COKE, Power and Subj., 161.
Poetaster, iii. r. Here's all I have, Cap-
tain, some five nd twenty ; pray, sir, will         We teach, that upon Festival and Fasting
you present and ACCOMMODATE it unto the             times every man forbear to ACCOMPANY his
     1627. Lisamier and Calister,iii. 43.               1670. MILTON, Hist. Eng., v. [He]
To goe unto Paris to ACCOMMODATE him                loved her and ACCOMPANIED with her
there of such things as were most necessary.        only, till he married Elfrida.
     1672. JORDAN, LOnd. Tri/l/7/jih.
[HEATH, Grocers' Comp. (186o), 489.]                ACCOUNT.              To
                                                                           CAST UP
Three score and six poor men, pensioners,              ACCOUNTS (ONE'S GORGE,         or
ACCOMMODATED with Gowns and Caps.
                                                       RECKONING), verb. _Mr.      (Old
     1725.   DEFOE,   Voy. Round World
(1840, 269. We had wax candles brought                 Cant).- 1. To vomit ; TO CAT
in to ACCOMMODATE US with light.                       (or SHOOT THE CAT) (q.v.) : Orig.
      ITN. WILLIAMS, Hist. Vermont,                    TO CAST, thence by punning
94. His hind feet are ACCOMMODATED                     extension (RAY, GRosE). Also
with webs.
                                                                TO AUDIT ONE'S
      1847. HALLIWELL, Archaic Words,
etc., S.V. ACCOMMODATE. A very fashion-                ACCOUNTS AT THE COURT OF
able word in Shakspeare's time, ridiculed              NEPTUNE.
both by him and Ben Jonson.
                                                        1484. CAxToN, Curial, 6. We ete so
      2. (old). -See quot.                          gredyly . . . that otherwhyle we CASTE IT
                                                    vp AGAVN.
      2785. GROSE, Vulg. Tongue, S.V.
                                                        2594. LYLV, MOiller BOMble, ii. I.
                                                    I carouse to Prisius . . . wee shall CAST
the Sporting World it is to part a bet, or
                                                    UP OUR ACCOUNTS, and discharge our
to let a person go halves (that is to ACCOM-
                                                    stomackes, like men that can digest any-
MODATE him) in a bet that is likely to
come off successful. It is also, in an
ironical manner, to believe a person when                  2597. SHARSPEARE, 2 Hen. IV., i. 3.
you are well assured he is uttering a lie ;         96. Thou beastly feeder, art so full of him
by observing you believe what he is say-            That thou provokst thyself to CAST him
ing, merely to ACCOMMODATE him.                     UP ?
              Account.                      12                 Accustom.
     1607. DEKKER, IVestward Hoe, V. I.              1684. Scanderbeg- Rediviznes, iv. 81.
I would not have 'em CAST UP THEIR               Offering that with an Army of 6o,000 . . .
ACCOUNTS here, for more than they mean           he did not doubt but to GIVE A GOOD
to be drunk this twelvemonth.                    ACCOUNT OF this Summers Campaign.
     1629.   EARLE, Micro., 56.      'A              1809. MALI.: IN, Gil Bias [ROUT'
Meere Emptie Wit ' [ARBER], So. A                LEDGE], 92. I will GIVE yOU A GOOD
nauseating stomacke . . . where there is         ACCOUNT OF her. . . . I long to have a
nothing to CAST VP.                              grapple with a beauty.
     1633. ROGERS, Treat. Sacr., i. 12.
Searches himselfe and CASTS UP HIS GORGE.        AccouPLE,      verb. (venery).—To
    1674. Hog-an-illoganides, 49. She,             copulate : see GREENS and RIDE.
whilst in Womb the Hogan mounts, Began             Hence ACCOUPLEMENT =cohabi-
/0 CAST UP her ACCOUNTS . . . With gulps           tation.
and gripes spewing her guts out.
     169o. MorrEux, Rabelais, v. xxii.                 1483. CAXTON, Gold Leg., 347- 4-
Poor Panulfe fairly CAST UP HIS ACCOUNTS,        This excellence that virgynyte had as to
and gave up his halfpenny.                       the respect of THACCOUPLEMENT of manage
                                                 appiereth by manyfold comparacion.
    18o8. R. ANDERSON, Cumb. Ball, 26.
The breyde she NEST UP HER ACCOUNTS                   1525. MORE,     Rich. 171. [Works
In Rachel's lap.                                 (1557), 63. 2]. Lawful! ACCOUPLING
                                                 . . . other things, which the doctor . . .
     2.(thieves' ). —To turn Queen's             rather signified than fully explaned.
  evidence.                                          1576. LAMI3ARDE, Peranz.,    Kent'
                                                 (1826), 339. The lawe of God maketh the
     To GO ON THE ACCOUNT, verb.                 ACCOUPLENI ENT honorable amongst all
  phr. (old nautical).—To join a                 men.
  filibustering or buccaneering ex-                   1594. R. CAREW, Men's Wits (i616),
  pedition ; to turn pirate.                     318. If the father . . . take to wife a
  [Oott.viE 'probably from the                   woman cold and moist in the third degree,
                                                 the sonne borne cf such an Accourt.EmENT,
  parties sharing, as in a com-                  shalbe most vntoward.
  mercial venture.']                                 1613. FINCH,  Law  (1636), 369.
     1812. SCOTT, Letter to a Friend. I          They were never ACCOUPLED in lawful'
hope it is no new thing for gentlemen of         matrimonie.
fortune who are GOING ON THE ACCOUNT
to change a captain now and then.
                                                 ACCOUTREMENT,        subs. (Old Cant.
    To ACCOUNT FOR (sporting).—                    —B. E. ).—In p/.=' fine rigging
  To kill ; literally to be answerable             (now) for Men or Women, (for-
  for bringing down one's share of                 merly) only Trappings for Horses.
  the shooting : to make away with.                Well accoutred, c. gentilly dress'd.'
                                                   [A recognised usage from the
     1846-48. THACKERAV, Vanity Fair,
xx. The persecuted animals [rats] bolted           middle of the ifith century.]
above ground : the terrier ACCOUNTED FOR
one, the keeper for another.                     ACCUMULATIVE,    subs. (American).
    1858. Times, 19 Nov., Letter from              —A sort of journalistic sparring
Lahore.' In the course of one week they
were hunted up and ACCOUNTED von; and              match ; a CODICIL (9.7).).
you know that in Punjab phraseology
ACCOUNTING FOR means the extreme fate        ACCUMULATOR,         subs, (racing).—A
due to mutineers.
                                                   backer, successful with one horse,
     To GIVE A GOOD ACCOUNT OF,                    carrying forward the stakes to
  verb. thr. (sporting).     To be                 another event.
  successful ; to do one's duty by :
  e.g. 'The stable GAVE A GOOD               ACCUSTOM,         verb. (euphemistic).—
  ACCOUNT of their trainer.'                       "fo cohabit : see RIDE.
                  Ace.                       13                    Ackman.

    1670. MILTON, hriSi. Eng., iii. Much             1698.   VANBRUGH,      ./ESOfi, V. I.
better do we Britons fulfil the work of           [ROUTLEDGE, 383].       Reduced within
nature than you Romans ; we, with the             AMBS-ACE of hanging or drowning.
best men, ACCUSTOM openly ; you, with
the basest, commit private adultery.
                                                    d. 1704.    BROWN,     Works, i. 184.     I
                                                  was within an ACE of being talked to
ACE,  subs. (old).-I. The smallest                     1733.     NORTH,    Lives of Norths
  standard of value : also AMBS-                  (i826),   III. 323. BATINGhim that ACE he
                                                  was truly a great man. Ibid., Examen,
  ACE :   see RAP, STRAW, etc.                    t. iii. 158. His Lordship was within AMS-
  Hence TO BATE AN ACE= tO                        ACE of being put in the plot.
  make a slight reduction : also                      1737.  Aquar. Naturalist, ' Dragon
  'BATE ME AN ACE, quoth Bolton'                  of Wantley ' (1858), 355. The Corporation
  =a derisive retort ; WITHIN AN                  worshipful He valued not an ACE.
  ACE    (or Ams's-ACE)= nearly,                      1800. EDGE WORTH,        Castle Rackrent,
  within a shade ; see AMES ACE.                  28. Within AMES-ACE of getting quit . . .
                                                  of all his enemies.
     1528. MORE, HereSieS[ Works (i557),               1824. IRVING, Tales of Travel,
170. 2]. I will not muche sticke with you         43. I came within an ACE of making my
for one ACE better.                               fortune.
   1570. EnwARns, Damon and Pit/limy                  1880. Manchester Guard., 30 Oct.
[DoosLEv , Old Plays (HAzLITT), iv. 77].          Within an ACE of being carried into
Nay, there BATE AN ACE (quod Bolton) ; I          execution.
can wear a horn and blow it not.
    1579. TOMSON, Calvin's Serm., Tim.
13. 2. Such as did their best to be an ACE
                                                      2. (venery). - The female
above Timothie.                                     pudendum: also ACE OF SPADES
   1587. GASCOIGNE,        Steele    Glas.          (q.v.): see    MONOSYLLABLE.
[CHALmERs, Eng. Poet., ii. 559. 2]. Better          Hence TO PLAY ONE'S ACE AND
loke of, than loke an ACE to farre.                 TAKE THE JACK (q.v.)= to receive
    1592.    SHAKSPEARE,    Mid. Night's            a man : see GREENS.
Dream, v.     314. Less than an ACE man ;
for he is dead : he is nothing.                         See    AMES-ACE.
  c. 1600.  CAMDEN,    Remains, ' Pro-
verbs' [SMITH (1870), 319]. BATE ME AN
ACE of that, QUOTH BOLTON.                        ACE OF SPADES,          subs. phr. (old).-
    1615. H. P[ARROT].       Mastive.    A           i. A widow      (GROSE, MATSELL).
pamphlet was of proverbs penn'd by Polton,
Wherein he thought all sorts included                2. (common).-A black-haired
were ; Until one told him BATE MAN ACE,
QUOTH BOLTON: Indeed (said he) that                 woman.
proverb is not there.
   1616. HAUGHTON, Engl. for my
                                                       3. See ACE, sense 2.
Money, ii. 2. Yet a man may want of his
will, and BATE AN ACE of his wish.
                                                  ACK,  intj. (Christ's Hospital).-
    1621. BURTON, Anat. Melan., Dem.
(1893), 25. I may be peradventure an ACE
                                                    No ! refusal of a request, e.g.,
before thee.                                        'Lend me your book.' ' ACK !
    1633. JoNsoN, Tale of a Tub, ii. 1.
GO to, I Will not BATE him AN ACE on't.           ACKMAN (ACKPIRATE          or ACK-
     1676. MARVELL, Mr. Smirke (1875),              RUFF), subs. (old).    - A fresh-
iv. 6o. The exposer has not BATED him
                                                    water thief or pirate (GRosE and
                                                    CLARK RUSSELL). [Cf. dialectic
     1679. Trial of Lang/torn, 18. His
Wife was but AUMES ACE turned from a
                                                    AcRER=flood-tide, a bore, and
devil.                                              ARK.]
               Acknowledge.                      14                   Across.

AC KNOWLEDGE.         To ACKNOW-                      ACORN.  HORSE FOALED OF AN
  LEDGE THE CORN, verb. phr.                            ACORN, subs. phr. (Old Cant).
  (American). — To confess ; to                         —The gallows : see LADDER and
  make an admission : as to a                           NuBBING-CHEAT (GROSE).
  charge, failure, etc.
                                                          1694. MOTTEUX, Rabelais, Y. xxViii.
       1846.   Nezu York Herald, 27 June.             May I ride on a HORSE that was FOALED
The Evening Mirror very naïvely comes                 OF AN ACORN, if this be not as honest a
out and ACKNOWLEDGES THE CORN.                        cod as ever the ground went upon.
       1848.   Pickings from the Picayune,             176o-61. SmOLLETT, Sir L. Greaz,es,
80.   Enough, said the Captain. I'm . . .         viii. I believe as how 'tis . . . a devil
gloriously hoaxed. I ACKNOWLEDGE THE              incarnate. . . . I'd like to have rid A
CORN.                                             HORSE THAT WAS FOALED OF AN ACORN
       /860.    HALIBURTON (SAM SLICK),           (i.e., he had nearly met with the fate of
The Season Ticket, No. 9. 'He had a               Absalom).
beard that wouldn't ACKNOWLEDGE THE                   1827. Lv-rrolsr, Pelham, lxxxii. The
CORN to no man's.'                                cove . . . is as pretty a Tyburn blossom
     1865. BACON, Handbook of America,            as ever was brought up to ride A HORSE
fess a charge or imputation.                           1839. AINSWORTH, Jack SheAssard
           DE VERE, Americanisms, 47.
       1871.                                      [18891, 8. . • . As to this little fellow . . .
In 1828 . . . Congress discussing the             he shall never mount A HORSE FOALED BY
principle of Protection . . . Mr. Wickliffe       AN ACORN, if I can help it.
jumped up and said : Mr. Speaker, I
                                                  ACQUISITIVE,       subs. (nonce ?).
       1883. SALA, Living London, 97.                   Plunder ; booty ; pickings.
regards his fourteen days' imprisonment,                  18[?]. LEMAN REDE, Man in Posses-
and is forgiven by his loving consort.            sion [Sunday Times].         The officers sur-
                                                      prised them packing up the AcQuismvE.
ACOCK-HORSE        (or AcocK), adv.
   (colloquial).—!. See quot. 1847 ;              Ac R EOCRACY, subs. (common). —
   also (2) defiantly.                              The landed interest : cf. SNOB-
   16t1. COTGRAVE, Diet., s.v. II est                   OCRACY, SQUATTOCRACY, MOB-
  Chcval, hee is set ON COCK-HORSE; hee                 OCRACY, COTTONOCRACY, SLAV-
is all a hoight, hee now begins to flaunt it.
                                                        OCRACY, etc.
     1658. T. WALL, God's Rev. Eno's.
Ch., 41.   There is no tyrannie like to that           1878. Hallberger's Illustrated Maga-
of a slave, whom vilany bath set A COCK-          zine, 622. A plutocracy among the aris-
HORSE.                                            tocracy and the ACREOCRACY.
     1683. E. HOOKER [PORDAGE, Myst.
Div., 22, Pref.]. Welth that rideth up            AC RES,   subs.   (theatrical). —A
A-COCK - H ORS (pass by the term) while
Worth holdeth but the stirrup.                      coward : see quot.
      1829. THOMPSON, EXC .?". ( 1842), I. to.         1775. SHERIDAN,     Rivals, v. 13.
The outbreak of an oppressed party, and           ACRES . . . My valour is certainly going !
setting it A-COCK-HORSE on the oppressing         —it is sneaking off !—I feel it oozing out
one.                                              as it were at the pahns of my hands.
   1846. J Eattoup,    Chron.   Clover's
[Works (1864), iv. 3791. A man, who, on
his outstart in life, sets his hat ACOCK—a        ACROBAT,        subs. (music-hall). —A
man who defies Hymen and all his wicked                 glass [I.e. 'tumbler '].
    1847. HALLIWELL,  Arc/i. Words,               ACROSS.         ACROSS LOTS, adv. phr.
S.V. A-COCK-HORSE.Triumphant . . . A
somewhat slang expression, not quite
                                                        (American).-1. By the shortest
obsolete.                                               way ; ( 2) = completely.
                   A cteon.                       '5                       Ad.
    1848. LOWELL, Biglow Papers. Joe                   ACTING DICKY,   subs. thr. (nautical).
looked roun' And see (ACROST LOTS in a
pond) . . . A goose that on the water sot
                                                         —T. A temporary appointment
Ez ef awaitin' to be shot.                               which may, or may not, be con-
     1854. NEAL, Charcoal Sketches, i.                   firmed by the Admiralty ; an
35   [to a grumbler]:—` You would cut                     acting-order.'
ACROSS THE LOT, like a streak of lightning,
if you had a chance.'                                      2. (legal). —A man acting in
         BRIGHAM     YOUNG,   S.fiCeCh                   the name of an enrolled solicitor.
[BARTLETT]. I swore in Nauvoo, when
my enemies were looking me in the face,
that I would send them to hell ACROSS                  ACTIVE CITIZEN, subs.       (common).—
LOTS if they meddled with me.                            A louse : see     CHATES (GROSE         and
       1887.    Scribner's Magazine.'1                   BEE).
didn't see Crossby go by.' 'He'd have
had to foot it by the path CROSS-LOTS,'                ACT (THE),  subs. (conventional).—
replied Ezra, gravely.
                                                         Copulation : see GREENS and
   1902. LYNCH, High Stakes, xxxii.                      RIDE.   Also THE ACT (or DEED)
A person leaving . . . by this footway
 ACROSS LOTS,' so to speak, can only reach               OF DARKNESS, KIND, LOVE,               etc.
the other street by going through Madame
C. 's house.                                                1598.    SHAKSPEARE,    Merchant of
                                                       Venice, i. 3. 84.    When the work of
                                                       generation was Between these woolly
ACTEON,      subs. (old).—A cuckold.                   breeders in THE ACT. Ibid. (1605), Lear,
      As verb =to cuckold, whence                          4. 87. A serving man . . . that . . .
      ACTEON'S BADGE=Ihe stigma of                     served the lust of my mistress's heart, and
                                                       did the ACT OF DARKNESS with her. Ibid.
      cuckoldom (B. E., GROSE, BEE).                   (1609), Pericles, iv. 6.   Bawd. If she
                                                       would— . . . Lys. If she'd do the DEED
       1596.     SHAKSPEARE,     Merry Wives,          OF DARKNESS, thou wouldst say.
      I.    122. Fist. Like Sir ACTIEON he
...        0, odious is the name !    Ford.                1611. Bible, John viii. 4.           This
What name, sir ?       Pist.    The horn.              woman was taken in adultery,        in    THE
                                                       very ACT.
    1615. NicHoLs, Disc. Mary. [Hari.
Misc., in. 274]. There is, in marriage, an               d. 1638.    CAREW,   Poems,     Rapture.'
inevitable destiny . . . which is either to            And knows as well as Lais how to move
be ACT,EONED, or not to be.                            her pliant body in THE ACT OF LOVE.
     1621.  BURTON, Anat. Me/an., III.
In. iv. 1. Husband and Cuckold in that                 ACT OF PARLIAMENT,        subs. (old).
age, it seems, were reciprocal terms ; the               —Small beer, five pints of which,
Emperors themselves did wear ACT/EON'S                   by an Act of Parliament, a
                                                         landlord was formerly obliged to
    1633. MARMION, Fine Companion, V.
2. I turn'd him into an ACT/FON at home,
                                                         give gratis to each soldier billetted
set a fair pair of horns on his head, and                upon him.
made him a tame beast.
 C. 1658. CLEVELAND, Vii. Uxoris, x.                   ACTUAL,      subs. (common).—Money ;
And thou'lt ACT/EON'D be.                                generic : see     RHINO.      Also     THE
       1694     Mo.rrEux, Rabelais, v. xxxvii.           ACTUAL.
I already see him, like another AcivEorg,
horned, horny, hornified.                                    1856. Dow, Sermons.     As for happi-
       1699.    FARQUHAR,      Constant Conple,        ness in this world without   the rhino, the
i. x.   Smug. We'll maintain you no                    chink, or THE ACTUAL, you    might as S00/1
longer.  Stand. Then your wives shall,                 think of winning a woman's   affections in a
Old ACT/FON.                                           raffle.
       1823.    BEE, Did. 7.1471; S.V. ACTVEON
. .        There sits my ACTEON, ignorant and          AD (or ADVER), subs. (printers').
hornified.                                               An advertisement.'
              Adam.                           16                Adam's-ale.
    1854. DICKENS,    Household Wards,                 ENGLISH SYNONYMS.     Aqua
xin. 9. The really interesting ADS are in            pura ; aqua pompaginis ; fish
the body of the paper.
                                                     broth ; pure element.
    1874. Si&act, 200. ADS as numer-
ous as ocean sands.
                                                        FRENCH SYNONYMS. Agout ;
    1888. New York Times, 6 Ap. [The
country editor's wife—] . . . reads the              anisette de barbillon ; bouillon de
ADS with the editor, Just to find what each          canard; essence de parapluie;
has paid.                                            lance ; limonade ; Si rop (or rata-
   1901. Free Lance, 27 Ap. 79. I.                  fia) de grenouilles (de l'aigniere or
Some big Sheffield firm ought to be able to          de barometre).
make a roaring AD Out of this.

                                                          GERMAN SYNONYM.              Ganse-
ADAM,    subs. (old).—I. See quot. :                 wein.
  apparently a punning nonce-
  word. [Sergeants wore BUFF                            1643. PRVNNE, Soy. Power of Parl.,
  (q.v.) livery.]                                  11. 32.    They have been . . . allowed
                                                   onely a poore pittance of ADAM'S ALE, and
    1593. SHAKSPEARE,         Comedy of            scarce a penny bread a day.
Errors, iv. 3. Not that Adam that kept                  1685. BROWN, IVorks, iv. ii. Your
the Paradise, but that ADAM that keeps             claret's too hot. Sirrah, drawer, go bring
the prison.                                        Pi cup of cold ADAM from the next purling
     2. See ADAM TILER.
                                                        1694. MoTTEux, Rabelais, V. xlii.
                                                   Good, harmless, sober ADAM'S LIQUOR,
     3. (common).—A master man;                    • . . in a word mere element.
  a foreman.
                                                       1706. WARD, Wooden World, 72.
                                                   There's no bringing him to his true
     See ADAM'S ALE.                               Temperament again but by . . • the
                                                   Bilboes, with a Week's Dieting upon
    TIIE OLD ADAM, subs. phr.                      ADAM'S ALE and dry Bisket.
  (venery). —The penis : see PRICK.                  C. 1712. PRIOR, IVandering
  Hence ADAM'S-ARSENAL =penis                      A Rechabite poor Will must live, And
  and testes ; ADAM'S OWN=the                      drink of ADAM'S ALE.
  female pudendum : see MONO-                           1786-9. WOLCOT [P.Pinclar], Lousiad,
   SYLLABLE; TO PLAY AT ADAM                       ii. 453. Old ADAM'S BEVERAGE flows
  AND EVE (TO DANCE ADAM'S                         with pride.
  JIG, TO ADAMISE, or TO ADAM                             1838. BECKET,   Paradise Lost,     54.
                                                   On which, and sloes, they'd oft regale,
  AND EVE IT)=to copulate : see                    And wash 'em down with ADAM'S ALE.
   married.                                          C. 1845. HOOD, Drinking Song, iv.
                                                   Will drink ADAM'S ALE, and we'll get it
  C. 1709. WARD,     Merry Observations.           pool measure.
Jan. Much Drinking, Kissing . . . and                  1864. BIOT [DAVIES, Ste"". Gloss., s.v.
Merriment till Twelve at Night ; and               ADAM'S ALE'. Prof. De Morgan men-
great dancing of Father ADAM'S JIGG,               tioned this as illustrating China ale or beer
both in London and the Country all Night           as applied to tea. The expression was
after.                                             quite new to M. Riot and other French-
    1781. PARKER, Varitgated C haraC.              men. He wrote back, L 'A DAM'S ALE
       What, are Moll and you A DAM ED ?           qui charme taus ceux tie nos ishilologites
                                                   qui je la raconte.'
ADAM'S-ALE     (-WINE, or ADAM),                          1869. BLACK NIORE,   Lorna Doane,
   subs. thr. (old).--Water (B. L.                 lxv.   Even at the door of death he could
                                                   not drink ‘VIIAT ADAM DRANK, SO I gave
   and GausE).                                     him a little more eau-de-vie.
               Adam' s-apple                      17                  Addle-brain.
    1884. Daily Telegrafih, i April, 5.                ADDITION,        subs. (old colloquial).—
2. The spectral banquet graced by
ADAM'S ALE, or sick-room toast and
                                                            See quot.
water.                                                        1704. CENTLIVRE, Platonick Love,
    1886. JOHN COLEMAN, Elyie, I. ii.                  iii. 1. Milliner. Be pleased to put on the
For my part, I stuck to ADAM'S ALE,                    ADDITION,       madam . . . Peefie r. Amm-
which Elfie brought from the spring.                   T tots: is only paint, madam.

ADAM'S-APPLE,             subs.    phi-.
                                  (old                 ADDITION,                  DIVISION,        AND
  colloquial).—See quots. Also                              SILENCE!        phr. (American). —A
  ADAM'S-MORSEL.                                         Philadelphia catch phrase :
                                                         properly MULTIPLICATION, DIVI-
   1586. BEARD, La Primanclaye's FP.
Acad. 0594), H. 94. The knot or joynte                   SION, AND SILENCE ! a reply
of the necke, or   ADAM'S MORSEL.                        given by William (Boss) Tweed
       1755.   JOHNSON,   Did.,    S.V. ADAM'S           when asked the proper qualifica-
APPLE,    a prominent part of the throat.                tion for a ring or trust.
       1847.   CRAIG,   Did.,     S.V. ADAM'S.             1872. W. H. KENIBLE, Letter
APPLE,   so called from a superstitious                [W ALsn, Lit. Curios., 16]. He under-
notion that a piece of the forbidden fruit             stands ADDITION, DIVISION AND SILENCE.
stuck in Adam's throat and occasioned                  [The Nezu Fork Sun . . . interpreted the
this prominence.                                       words as meaning the arts of the lobbyist
                                                       joined to that kind of honour practised
     1865. D. Tcleg., zo July. Having                  even by thieves.]
the noose adjusted and secured by tighten-
ing above his ADAM'S APPLE.                -
                                                       ADDLE.    To ADDLE THE SHOON,
       1872.   HUXLEY,    Physiol.,   VII. 178.
The thyroid cartilage . . . constitutes
                                                            verb.   phr.
                                                                    (colloquial—North). —
what is commonly known as AnAm's
                                                         To roll on the back from side to
APPLE.                                                   side : of horses. [In the South a
                                                         horse is then said to 'earn a
ADAM'S-ARMS,         subs. phr. (corn-                   gallon of oats.']
      mon).—A spade ; cf. old saw :
      'When Adam delved and Eve                        ADDLE-EGG,  ADDLE EGG AND IDLE
      span, Who was then the gentle-                     HEAD, subs. phr. (old colloquial).
      man ? ' Hence ADAM'S PROFES-                       —Anything worthless ; an
      SION =Spade work (i.e., garden-                    abortion.
      ing).                                               1589. PaMe zulth an Hatchet ( 18 44),
                                                        1. These Martins were hatcht of ADDLE
        1602. Handel, v. 1. There is no                EGGES, els could they not have such IDLE
ancient gentlemen but gardeners, ditchers,             HEADS.
and grave-makers : They hold up ADAM'S
                                                           /606.      SHAKSPEARE, Troilus and
PROFESSION.   He was the first that ever
bore ARMS.                                             Cress., i. 2. 145. Pan. He esteems her no
                                                       more than I esteem an addle egg. Cre.
                                                       If you love an ADDLE EGG as well as you
ADAM    TI LER (or ADAM), subs. phr.                   love an IDLE HEAD, you would eat
  (thieves'). — See quots. (B. E. and                  chickens in the shell.
  GROSE).                                                   16/7.   MINSHEW, Did. ,            Ductor.
                                                       An   A'DLE EGGE q. IDLE EGGE,          because it
  C.1696. B. E., Dict. Cant. Crew.                     is good for nothing.
ADAM-TILER, C.  a Pickpocket's Camerade,
who receives Stolen Money or Goods,
and scowers off with them.
                                                       ADDLE-BRAIN    (-COVE, -HEAD, or
                                                            -PATE),        subs. phi-.
       1848.   Sinks of London Laid Ofien,               stupid bungler ; a dullard ; 'one
96.    ADAM,    a henchman, an accomplice.
                                                         full of Whimsies and Projects, and
ADD. To ADD TO THE LIST                                  as empty of Wit' (B. E. : also
 (racing).—To geld ; 'to add to                          GRosE). Hence as adj., ADDLE-
 the list of geldings in training.'                         BRAINED,       etc.
             Addle-plot.                     18                    Admiral.
    1580.     LYLY, EuAhues [ARBER].                  1888.   Globe Democrat [St Louis},
[OLIPHANT,   New English, i. 6o6. Adjec-          29 April. A three-line letter, which she
tives are applied in new senses . . . a           sent to an ADJECTIVE JERKER On a society
broad jest, ADLE BRAINES].                        weekly.
    1601.  Death Huntingdon[DoDsLEv,
Old Plays (HAnATT), viii. 219]. I and             ADJUTANT'S GIG, subs. phr. (mili-
my mates Like ADDLE-PATES.
                                                    tary). — The barrack roller :
    1630. TAYLOR,     Works, II. 252. 2.
Let every idle ADDLE-PATED gull, With
                                                    usually drawn by men under
stinking sweet Tobacco stuffe his skull.            punishment.
     1641. SmECTVAINUS, Vindic., etc.,
16,205. Call them if you will, Popish             ADMIRAL.     ADMIRAL OF THE BLUE,
fooles and ADDLEHEADS.                              subs. ph r. (old).—A tapster ; from
    1670. HACKET, Williams, II. 166.                the colour of his apron (GRosE).
Coachman - preachers . . . barber.
preachers, and such ADDLE-HEADED-                       1731. R. HERRICK, Poor Robin's
companions.                                       Almanac.     As soon as customers begin to
    1694. MorrEux, Rabelais, V. X1Vi.             stir, THE ADMIRAL OF THE BLUE, cries,
Will the ADDLE-PATED wight have the                Coming, sir !'
grace to sheer off?
                                                      ADMIRAL OF THE NARROW
     1705. VANBRUGH, Confederacy, V. 2.
OMIS !   if you with your ADDLE-HEAD                SEAS, subs. phr. (nautical).—A
don't know your own jewels, I, with my              man vomiting into the lap of his
solid one, do.                                      neighbour or vis a vis (GRosE).
                                                                       -   -

    1830. WARREN, Diary Physician,
v. I know it was every word composed                   ADMIRAL OF THE RED,            subs.
by that abominable Old ADDLEHEAD, . . .
a doodle that he is.                                .t hr.    (common).—A sot :         see
    1835. THOMPSON, EXCre., In. 435.
Calculate the ADDLE-HEADEDNESS Of such
inveterate old women, as should go about             ADMIRAL OF THE RED,
recommending to try Juno for dry nurse.             WHITE, AND BLUE, subs. phi-.
    1848. DICKENS, Letters(188o), I. 202.           (old).—A beadle ; a hall-porter ;
I was quite ADDLE-HEADED for the time               and similar functionaries when
                                                    sporting the livery of office.
    1849. CRAIK, Ogi/VieS, XViii. It is
quite too overpowering for such ADDLE-
PATES as this gentleman and myself.
                                                       ADMIRAL OF THE WHITE,
                                                    subs. phi . (colloquial). —A white-

     1866. MOTLEY, Dutch Refiub., iv. v.            faced person ; a coward ; a
633. The ADDLE-GRAINED Oberstein had
confessed . . . the enormous blunder which          woman in a faint.
he had committed.
   x880. DISRAELI, F,miymiOn, I. viii.                 YELLOW ADMIRAL, subs. phr.
Never mind Lord Waverly and such                    (naval).—A rear-admiral retired
ADDLEGRAINS.                                        without service afloat after pro-
                                                    motion. [AHNIIRALS OF THE
          subs. phr. (common).
ADDLE-PLOT,                                         RED, THE wHITE, or THE BLUE
  —A marplot ; a spoil-sport ; a                    were grades in naval rank prior
  Martin-mar-all ' (B. E. and                       to 1864, according to the colour
  GRosE).                                           of the ensign displayed : all
                                                    admirals now fly the white
ADJECTIVE JERKER,           subs. ph , .-           ensign, and they rank as Admiral
  (literary). —A writer for the                     of the Fleet, Admiral, Vice-
  press ; INK-SLINGER (q.v.).                       Admiral, and Rear-Admiral.]
     Admiral's Regiment.                          19                      A dsum.
    To TAP THE ADMIRAL, verb.                               1818. S. E. FERRIER, Marriage, X.
  phr. (nautical).-r. To SUCK                          Venus and the Graces, by Jove ! . . . now
                                                       I inust go and ADONISE a little myself.
  THE MONKEY :           see quots.
                                                           180. SMEDLEY, Frank Fairleigh,
  Germ. Den Affen saugen. Also                         ‘1. He positively refused to face the
  (2) to drink on the sly.                             ladies till he had changed . . . so I left
    1834. MARRYArF,         Peter Simfile,             him up at the hall to ADONIZE.
xxx. Mr. Simple, . . . I'll let you into a                 1865. Pall Mall Gas., ii Aug., 9. 2.
secret. Do you know what SUCKING THE                   They may be ADONIZING at Truefit's.
MONKEY means? No! . . . Well . . . it
is a term used among seamen for drinking                        2.   (obsolete). -A wig.
rum out of cocoa nuts, the milk having
been poured out, and the liquor substituted.              1760. WAI.POI.E, Letters, ii. 206. He
Now do you comprehend why your men                     [Duke of Cumberland] had a dark brown
are tipsy?                                             ADONIS, and a cloak of black cloth.
     1837. BARHAM, Ingoldsby Legends.                          1772. GRAVES,    SiSiritual Quixote,
'The Black Mosquetaire.' What the vulgar               III.xix. A fine flowing ADONIS or white
call SUCKING THE MONKEY, Has much less                 periwig.
effect on a man when he's funky.
    1864. HOTTEN,       Slang DICE., s.V.
                                                       ADRIFT,        adv. (B. E. and GROSE :
ADMIRAL (TO TAP THE).     To suck liquor                      now accepted).-` Loose-I'll
from a cask by a straw . . . it was first                     turn ye ADRIFT, a Tar phrase ; I'll
done with the rum-cask in which the body                      prevent ye doing me any harm
of Admiral Lord Nelson was brought to
England, and when the cask arrived the                        (B. E., c. 1696) ; also (GRosE)
admiral was found 'high and dry.'                               ADRIFT, discharged.' Hence=
    1883.   CLARK RUSSELL, Sailors'                           astray, puzzled, distracted.
Language, S.V.   TAP THE ADMIRAL.                               1690. LocKE, Human Underst., II.
Said of a man who would drink anything.                vii. 3. And so we should . . . let our
                                                       Thoughts run ADRIFT without any Direc-
ADMIRAL'S REGIMENT (THE),      subs.                   tion or Design (The earliest quot. in
  phr. (military). - The Royal                         0. E. D. for the figurative sense : the sea-
                                                       phrase dates from 1624].
  Marines ; also nicknamed 'The
  Little Grenadiers,' 'The Jollies,'                   Aosum, subs. (old : spec. Charter-
  and 'The Globe Rangers.'                              house). -A response in answer to
                                                        a summons or names-calling.
ADONIS,    subs. (old).-r. A dandy ;
   an exquisite. hence TO ADONIZE                          1821. SCOTT, Pirate, v. Advancing
                                                       to the door, he exclaimed, Heus tibi
   = to dandify ; to 'dress to kill ' :                Dave!' ' Ansum,' answered the youth.
   of men only.                                             1855. THACKERAY, NeWC07//CS7 774-
    [161i. COTGRAVE, Dict.,                            A sweet smile shone over his face, and he
Adoniser, TO ADONISE it ; to resemble                  lifted up his head a little and quickly said
Adonis, to imitate or counterfeit the graces,          ADSUM, and fell back ; . . . lo, he whose
or beautie of Adonis.]                                 heart was as that of a little child had
                                                       answered to his name, and stood in the
    1623. MABBE, Sit,anish Rogue,     ii.   21.        presence of the Master.
[A man becomes] an ADONIS.
                                                            19oo. D. Teleg., 23 March, 8. 7. As
     1668. LESTRANGE, Queveclo (1678),                 in the old days of Colonel Newcome,
12. Whatever you may think of a Devil,                  ADSUM,' or 'Always ready,' is still the
he passes . . . for a very ADONIS or                   watchword of the Charterhouse.
                                                           1900. TOD, Charterhouse, p. 97.
     1761. SMOLLETT, Gil Bias (1802),
                                                       ADSUNI is the name of a new institution.
III. 418. Three good hours, at least, in
                                                       . . . There was no occasion for it when
adjusting and AnoxisiNG myself.
                                                       the school was in London, and none could
    1765. TUCKER, Light of 1Vature, 1.                 pass beyond the school precincts. Colonel
457. TWO such ADONISES talking 50                      Newcome must have answered ADS= at
sweetly of our reciprocal passion !                    prayers only.
          A a'ullamites.                    20                22Egrotat.
A DU LLAMITES, subs. (parliamen-                      1592. WARNER, Albion's England,
  tary). - I. A nickname for seced-              vii. xxxvi. Howbeit, ON ADVANTAGE
                                                 PLAI'D Gynetta all this while.
  ing Liberals who in 1866 voted
                                                      1668. SEDLEY, Mulberry Garden, ii.
  Tory because dissatisfied with a               2. Your only way is to turn rook and
   Liberal measure for the extension             PLAY UPON ADVANTAGE.
   of the Franchise.    [See I Sam.
   xxii. I.] The political party in              IEGROT AT      (or        GER),     subs.
  question were also known collec-                 (University).-I. An excuse for
   tively as 'The Cave.' Hence (2)                 absence on account of sickness ;
   see quot. 1870; and ADULLANIY                   (2) a medical or other certifi-
   = ratting.                                      cate of indisposition (GRosE).
     1866. BRIGHT, SfiCeCheS (1876), 349.          [zEGRITUDE (old) = sickness ; an
The right honourable gentleman . . . is               GRoTANT =an invalid.] Hence
the first of the new party who has retired         READI NG-ZEGROTAT = leave taken
into what may be called his political CAVE
OF ADULLAM.                                        to read for a degree ; zEGER-ROOM
     1870. Notes 6)4 Queries, 5 March,             (Felsted School) , the sick room.
241. The . . . CAVE OF ADULLAM has                 [Lat. = 'he is sick.']-Gradits ad
become an adopted byword for a small                Cantab.,18o3.
clique who . . . obstruct the party with
which they usually associate.                          1532. Henry VIII. [BuRNET, Hist.
     1878-80. M'CAR -rnv, Hist. of Our           Ref., ii. 1681. We have augmented our
Own Times, 142. The little third party           iEGRITUDE and distress.
were at once christened the ADULLAMITES,               1610. HEALEY, City of God (1620),
and the name still survives and is likely        478. That sorrow which Tully had rather
long to survive its old political history.
                                                 call EGRITUDE, and Virgil dolour.
     1884. New York Times, 19 July.
The Conservative party . . . received                  1647. BARON, Cyfirian Academy, 4.
besides a large reinforcement of ADULLAM-        We symbolize in EGRITUDE And simpathize
 ITE.S from the Liberal side.                    in Cupid's malady.
                                                       1794. Gent. Mag., 1085. They !at
ADVANTAGE,       subs. (old colloquial).         Cambridge] sported an IEGROTAT, and they
                                                 sported a new coat !
   -I. A thirteenth : added to a
                                                       1853. BRADLEY, Verdant Green. A
   dozen of anything ; (2) something
                                                 deep-laid scheme of yours to post a heap
   in addition : also VANTAGE. See               of lEGERS while you're a Freshman, . . .
   BAKER'S DOZEN and LAGNIAPPE.                  get better and better every term, and make
                                                  the )ons think that you are improving the
   C. 1641.  MILTON, Reform. [Works, i.          shining hours by doing chapels and lectures
 1847), 10.] If the Scripture be for reforma-     more regularly, artful Giglamps !
tion, and Antiquity to boot, it is but an
ADVANTAGE 10 the dozen, it is no winning               1864. BABLAGE, Life of a Philos-
cast.                                             ofiher, 37. I sent my servant to the •
      1648-55. FULLER, Ch. History, III.          apothecary for a thing called an iEGROTAT,
IX.    27. When his Holinesse created             which I understood . . . meant a certifi-
twelve Cardinals at the request of the            cate that I was indisposed.
King of France, he denied to make one at                1865. Cornhill JIJaç. Feb., 2 27. A

the desire of this King of England. Surely        very common method of escaping the
. . . his Holinesse giving the whole dozen        tedium of this duty . . . is 'to send in an
to the King of France might allow the             dEGER ; in other words to improvise an
ADVANTAGE 10 the King of England.                 attack of illness.
       1692.  HACK ET, Williams, ii. 9i.                1865. Temfile Bar, Sept., 262. There
Three dozen of articles (yet none to the          is a large class of iEGROTANTS in this
VANTAGE).                                         country.
                                                        1870. Chambers's Journal, 18 June,
     To    PLAY UPON ADVANTAGE,                    395. I'll get the receipt from him. I
   verb. fihr. (old).-To cheat.                   often want a good thing for an ALGER.
                  Affair.                         21               After-clap.
     1888. H. SMART, in TenqSle Bar,                   AFRAID.     Among colloquial and
Feb. 213. Instead of applying for leave to              proverbial sayings are: He that's
my tutor, I had resorted to the old device
of pricking ...EGER.                                    AFRAID of grass must not piss in
    1890. Fe/sled/an, Feb. 2. What's up
                                                        a meadow' (Ital., Chi ha paw-a
with Smith? . . . He's not the fellow to                d'ogni urtica non pisci in herba=
go ;EGER for nothing. I do hate that                      He that's afraid of every nettle
,EGER-ROONI.                                            must not piss in the grass ') ; He
                                                        that's AFRAID of leaves must not
AFFAIR,     subs. (venery).—i. The                      come in a wood (French, Qui a
    penis : see PRICK; (2) the female                   peur des feuilles ne doit pas aller
    pudendum ; see MONOSYLLABLE.                        au bois' : Ital., Non entri Ira
                                                        rOcca e fuso chi IZOIZ vuol esser
AFFIDAVIT-MAN,      subs. phr. (old).                           ) ; ' He that's AFRAID of
    See quots. and STRAW.                               the wagging of feathers must
    c. 1696. B. E., Dia. Cant. Crew,       S.V.         keep from among wild fowl' ;
AFFIDAVIT MEN,      Knights of the Post,                 'He that's AFRAID of wounds
Mercenary Sweaters for Hire, Inhabitants                 must not come near a battle ;
(formerly) of White Friers, now dispersed.
                                                           He's never likely to have a good
    1785. GROSE,      Vulg. Ten ,ue,
                                                         thing cheap that's AFRAID to ask
AFFIDAVIT-MEN. Knights of the post, or
false witnesses, said to attend Westminster              the price ' ; AFRAID of far
Hall, and other courts of justice, ready to              enough ' ( =fearful of what is not
swear anything for hire.                                 likely to happen) ; AFRAID of
                                                         him that died last year' ( =fearful
AFFLICKE,      subs. (old).—See quot.                    of a shadow) ; AFRAID of the
    1610. ROWLAND's Martin Mark-all,                     hatchet lest the helve stick in his
38 [H. Club's Repr., 1874]. AFFLICKE,                    arse ' ; AFRAID of his shadow ' ;
a   theefe.
                                                           More AFRAID than hurt.'
AFFLICTED,         adj.     (common). —
     Drunk : see   SCREWED (RAY).                      AFTER.     A LONG WAY AFTER, Phr.
                                                         (artists' and journalists'). —Said
AFFLICTIONS,    subs. (drapers'). —                      of a sketch, cartoon, or burlesque
    Mourning goods : e.g., AFFLIC-                       of a classic picture, book, etc.
    TIONS are quiet = there is little
    demand for mourning. MITI-                         AFTER-CLAP,   subs. phr. (old : now
    GATED AFFLICTIONS = half                             chiefly American).—(I) Anything
    mourning.                                            unexpected (spec. disagreeable),
                                                         after the conclusion of a matter.
AFFYGRAPHY.         To AN AFFY-                          Hence, 2 (modern) a demand
     GRAPHY, phr. (common).—To a                         made over and above a stipulated
     nicety ; to a T. IN AN AFFY-                        price, or for an amount already
     GRAPHY = in a moment ; directly.                    paid (GRosE).
AFLOAT,       adj. (common).—Drunk                         [?]. JIS. Lansa'., 762, f. roo. To
     see                                               thy frende thowe lovest moste, Loke
           SCREWED: also WITH BACK-
                                                       thowe telle not alle thy worste, Whateso-
     TEETH WELL AFLOAT.                                ever behappes ; . . . Beware of AFTER-
                                                       CLAPPES !
       1888. Missouri Rt,:publican,
His honor once more drank until, as an                     [fl. 111S. Douce, 236, f. 14. So
onlooker put it, his BACK TEETH WERE                   that hit was a sory happe, And he was
WELL AFLOAT.                                           a-gast of AFTER-CLAPPE.
        After-dinner Nan.                    22                     Against.
  C. 1420.  OCCLEVE, De Reg. Pri11C., 855.             1830. Dublin Sketch Bk.       The good
That AFTER-CLAP in my mynde !so depe              Baronet (Sir Francis Burdett) was not only
Ifycched is.                                      a foxhunter, but a celebrated AFTER-DINNER
                                                  MAN. It must have been a good bout
     1515. LATIMER, Sermons, I. 27. He
                                                  indeed in which he was worsted.
can give us an AFTER-CLAP when we least
ween.                                                    1877. SMYTHE-PALMER       [Notes and
    1573. MORE, Richard III. (1641),
                                                  Queries, 5 S. viii. 112].
                                                                       AFTERNOONES MEN,
                                                  equivalent YO AFTER-DINNER MEN. It was
404. To provide for AFTER CLAPPES that
                                                  the custom, formerly, to dine in the halls
might happen and chance.
                                                  of our Inns of Court about noon, and
    1591. SPENSER, Mother Hubberd's               those who returned after dinner to work
Tale.    For the next morrow's meed they          must have been much devoted to business,
closely went, For fear of AFTERCLAPS to           or obliged to work at unusual hours by an
prevent.                                          excess of it.
     161x. SPEED, Hist. Gt. Britain, ix.
Hi. 31. Who fearing AFTERCLAPS, had               AFTERNOON-BUYER,      subs. phr.
strongly fortified the Castle.                       (provincial). - One who buys
     1624. MASSINGER, Renegaclo, i. 3.               not until after the market
To spare a little for an AFTERCLAP Were              dinner, thereby hoping to buy
not improvidence.
    1663. BUTLER, Hudibras, 1. iii. 4.
What plaguy Mischiefs and Mishaps, Do
dog him still with AFTERCLAPS.                    AFTERNOON - FARMER,      subs. phr.
    1678. COTTON,     Virgil Travestie,              (common).-A laggard ; spec.
91. Not minding Mischiefs, or Mishaps,               a farmer late in preparing his
Nor fearing Dido's AFTERCLAPS.                       land, in sowing or harvesting his
    1715. SOUTH,    Sermons, vi. 227.                crops ; hence one who loses his
Those dreadful AFTERCLAPS which usually              opportunities.
bring up the rear.
   1772. BRIDGES, Burlesque Homer, 3.
And when you've stormed the Trojan gaps
                                                  AFTERNOON-TEA, Ribs.    phr. (Roy.
May you escape all AFTER-CLAPS.                      High Sch., Edin.).-Detention
  c. 1852. Traits of Amer. Humour, 1.                after three o'clock.
226. I'm for no rues and AFTER-CLAPS.
    1862. LUCAS, Secularia, 12. The
                                                  AFTER TWELVE.               See TWELVE.
mitigated AFTERCLAP of this [the French]
Revolution in 1848.                               AGAINST.    AGAINST THE GRAIN
                                                     (COLLAR, Or HAIR), phi-. (collo-
AFTER-DINNER MAN         (or AFTER-                  quial).-Contrary to inclination ;
      NOON'S-MAN),   subs. phr. (old).               unpleasant ; unwillingly done
      -A man who drinks long into                    (GRosE).
      the afternoon : but see quot.                   1589. NASHE,     Martin's Months
      1877.                                       .Minde [GRosART, i. 188]. For bee cuer
                         A Wife, etc.             went AGAINST THE HAIRE.
     1614. OVERBURV,
(1638), 196. Make him an AFTERNOONES                   1596. SHARSPEARE, Merry 1171.7'eS,
MAN.                                              3. If you should fight, you go AGAINST
                                                  THE HAIR of your profession.
    1621. BURTON, Anat. Mel. Democr.
to Reader ( 16 57), 44. Beraldus will have             1621. MONTAGUE, Diatribe,    168.
drunkards, AFTERNOON MEN, and such as             This translation cannot passe by you,
more than ordinarily delight in drink, to be      being somewhat AGAINST THE HAIRE for
mad.                                              you.
    1628. EA R E, MiCrOCOS. (A Player).                661. MIDDLEToN, 0mo/borough, xi.
Innes of Court men were undone but for            122.  Books in women's hands are as much
him, bee . . . makes them AFTERN000NES            AGAINST THE HAIR to see men
MEN.                                              wear stomachers.
                     Agaze.                       23                 Agitator.
   1673. DRYDEN, Amboyna, i.          This             AGGRAVATOR (AGG E RAWATOR         or  ,
whoresome cutting of throats, . . . goes a
little    AGAINST THE GRAIN.      /W. (1693),            HAGGERAWATOR), subs. (corn-
Juvenal,   1. 202. Though much AGAINST                   mon).—A lock of hair brought
THE GRAIN forc'd to retire.                              down from the forehead, well
      1709. STEELE, Tatkr, No. 2. No-                    greased, and twisted in a spiral
thing in nature is so ungrateful as story-
                                                         on the temple, either toward
      1809. MALKIN, Gil Bias [ROUT.
                                                         the ear, or conversely toward the
LEDGE], 81. My present occupation is                     outer corner of the eye. Usually
much AGAINST THE GRAIN.                                  in pl., once an aid to beauty :
      1868. COLLINS, Moonstone, I. xi.                   now rare.
The other servants followed my lead,
sorely AGAINST THE GRAIN, of course, but
all taking the view that I took.
                                                            ENGLISH SYNONYMS.         Bell-
      1875. H. ROGERS, Super/i. Orig.                    ropes ; beau-catchers ; cobbler's-
Bible, i. A system of ethics, so much                    knots ;    cowlicks ; love-locks ;
AGAINST THE GRAIN as that of the Gospel.                 Newgate knockers ;         number
    1876. HINDLEY, Cheafi lath, 114. If                  sixes ; spit-curls.
they owe their governors a few pounds,
they are working an uphill game, or                        FRENCH SYNONYMS. Act-roam-
AGAINST COLLAR.                                          ca'ztrs ; gulches ; rouflaquettes.
     1884.       CLARK RUSSELL,   Jack's Cour/-
ski/3, xxiii.It went AGAINST MY GRAIN to                   1836. DICKENS, Sketches by Boz, 132.
leave the poor little chap alone.                      His hair carefully twisted . . . till it
                                                       formed a variety of . . . semi-curls,
      To RUN AGAINST, verb phr.                        usually known as AGGERAWATORS.'
    (colloquial).—To meet by acci-                         1859.   FOWLER,   Southern Lights and
    dent: e.g., I RAN AGAINST him                      Shadows,     38. The ladies are addicted to
    the other day in Brighton.                         . . . hair, embellished with two or three
                                                       C'S—AGGRAVATORS they call them—run.
                                                       fling over the temple.
AGAZE,      adv. (old, and long obso-                      1885.   BURTON,   Thousand Nights, i.
    lete : now American thieves').—                    168. Note 3.—In other copies the fourth
    Astonished ; open - eyed (MAT-                     couplet swears by the scorpions of his
    SELL,  I'ocabzilum).   [Century                    brow, i.e., the accroche-coeurs, or AGGRA-
    Dia.: The examples cited (infra)
    are the only ones found.]                          AGILITY,     subs.     (common).—The
   C. 1400.      Chester Plays,;; 85. The were
                               ...                       female privity :      see   MONOSYL-
so sore AGASED.                                           LABLE.
     1557. SURREY, Song-es and Sonnet/es.
As ankered faste my spretes doe all resorte            AGITATOR,     subs. (obsolete).-1.
To stande AGAZED.                                        'In Eng. Hist. An agent, one
         1591.   SHAKSPEARE, 1     Henry VI.             who acts for others ; a name
The devil was in armes : All the whole
army stood AGAZ'D on him.                                given to the agents or delegates
      1600. [FARE, Select Poet (1845), II.               of the private soldiers in the
43 8 . Of understanding rob'd I stand                    Parliamentary Army, 1647-9 ; in
AGAZD.                                                   which use it varied with ADJU-
      16m. Percy Folio MSS. [FuRNivALL].                 TATOR (0. E. D.). [J. A. H.
Whereatt this dreadful conqueror Thereatt
was sore AGAZED.
                                                         MURRAY : Careful investigation
                                                         satisfies me that AGITATOR was
—A GG E R     insep. suffix (Charter-                    the actual title, and ADJUTATOR
    house).—As in r....0MBINAGGERS=                      originally only a bad spelling of
    a combination suit : esp. of foot-                   soldiers familiar with Adjutants
    ball attire.                                         and the Adjutors of 1641.]
                Agogare                     24                  Algiers.
    2. (common).—A bell-rope, or                     1870. L. OLIPHANT,   Piccadilly,   11. 78.
                                                 The advertisement of the committee, . . .
  knocker. To AGITATE THE                        appeared in the AGONY COLUMN of the
  COMMUNICATOR= to ring the                      Times.
                                                     1873. BLACK,    Princess of Thule.
                                                 And how does she propose to succeed?
AG OG A R E, intj. (American thieves').          Pollaky? The AGONY COLUMN? Placards,
  —Be quick ! a warning signal                   or a Bell-man? Ibid. OHO, Beautiful
  [from AGOG].—New York Slang                    IVretch, xxiii. There were anonymous
  Dictionary.                                    appeals to the runaways in AGONY

AGONY. TO PILE UP        (or ON) THE                 1880. Times, 28 Dec., so. 1. A crypt-
  AGONY, verbal phr. (common).                   ogram in the AGONY-COLUMN.
  —To exaggerate ; to use the
  tallest terms in lieu of the                   AGREE.    To AGREE LIKE PICK-
  simplest ; to cry Hell !' when                   POCKETS IN A FAIR, verb. phi-.
  all you mean is 'Goodness                        (common).—To agree not at all.
  gracious !' : as a newspaper when                Other similes of the kind are 'To
  'writing up' murder, divorce,                    AGREE LIKE BELLS, they want
  and other sensations. Also TO                    nothing but hanging ' ; and 'To
  AGONIZE. Hence AGONY-PILER                       AGREE LIKE CATS AND DOGS' (or
  (theatrical). a player in sensa-                   LIKE HARP AND HARROW 7 ).
  tional parts.        See    AGONY-
  COLUMN.                                        AGRICULTURAL-IMPLEMENT,    subs.
    1857. C. BRONTt [GASKELL'S      Life,          ph;-. (common).—A spade ; 'call
xxv.]. I doubt whether the regular novel-          a spade a spade and not AN AGRI-
reader will consider the AGONY PILED               CULTURAL IMPLEMENT' = adirect
sufficiently high' . . . or the colours
dashed on to the canvas with the proper            call to very plain speech.
amount of daring.
    1865. Athenceum, 1966, 26. 2. Every-         AGROUND,      adv. (GR0SE). -6 Stuck
one who has no real fancy seems AGONIZ-             fast ; stopped ; at a loss ; ruined ;
ING after originality.                              like a boat or vessel AGROUND.'
    1871. MACDONALD, WilfredComber-                 [This accepted figurative use of
meade, i. xv. I might AGONIZE in words
                                                    the nautical phrase was rare prior
for a day and I should not express the
delight . . .                                       to the nineteenth century.]
     1881. BLACK, Beautiful Wretch, vi.
Sooner or later that organ will shake the        AGREEABLE RUTS OF LIFE (THE),
Cathedral to bits . . . there was a great           subs. !kr. (venery). —The female
deal too much noise. You lose effect when
you l'ILE U1' THE AGONY like that.                  pudendum : see MONOSYLLABLE.
     1903. Pall 1all Gaz., 20 April, 6. 3.
Mirbeau has made the one mistake he              AIGLERS (THE),     subs. phr. (mili-
always makes, that—in the language of               tary).—The 1st battalion of The
the gallery gods—of PILING UP THE AGONY
WO much.                                            Royal Irish Fusiliers, late The
                                                    87th Foot. [At Barrosa they
AGONY-COLUMN,     subs. phr. (popu-                 captured the Eagle of The 8th
   lar).—A special column in news-                  French Light Infantry, a fact now
   papers devoted to harrowing                      commemorated in one of the dis-
   advertisements of missing friends                tinctive badges of the regiment,
   and private business : orig. the                 viz., An Eagle with the figure 8
   second column of the Times.                      below.]
                Aim.                         25                 Air.

Aim, subs. (B. E., c. 1696).—                     anticipated (in men's minds) as
  ' Endeavour or Design' . . .                    likely ; AIR-BUILT = chimerical ;
   'he has missed his Aim or end.'                AIR-CASTLE= the land of dreams
                                                  and fancies ; AIR-MONGER = a
AIN'T (HAIN'T       or    AN'T),    verb.         dreamer. [For many additional
  (vulgar).—That is, 'are not,' 'am               and some earlier quots., see
  not," is not," have not,' [0. E. D.,            SPAIN.]
   in the popular dialect of London,
   Cockney speech in Dickens,'                       ANALOGOUS PHRASES [Avow-
  etc.]. See A'NT.                                edly generic, and inserted in this
                                                  place because as convenient as
    1701. FARQUHAR,        Sir     Harry          any other : the senses, too, must
           i. 1. Why,  I HAN'T tasted a           obviously sometimes overlap].
bit this year and a half.
                                                  I = the impossible). To square
    t7o6. WARD, Hud. Redly., 1. i• 2 4.
But if your Eyes A'N'T quick of Motion.
                                                  the circle ; to wash a blackamore
                                                  white ; to skin a flint ; to make a
       1734. FIELDING, Old Man, 1007, I.
Ha, ha, ha! AN'T we? no ! How ignorant
                                                  silk purse out of a sow's ear ; to
it is.                                            make bricks without straw ; to
   1763. FOOTE, Mayor of Garnet, i.               weave a rope of sand ; to extract
Ye HA'N'T been married a year. Ibid. ii.          sunbeams from cucumbers ; to set
May be 'tis, and may be 'TAN'T.                   the Thames on fire ; to milk a
    1778. BURNEY, EVethla,     I. XXi.            he-goat into a sieve ; to catch a
Those you are engaged to AIN'T half so            weasel asleep ; to be in two places
near related to you as we are.
                                                  at once ; to plough the air ; to
 c. 1800. DIBDIN, Song, `Poor Jack.'
A tight little boat and good sea-room give
                                                  wash the Ethiopian ; to measure
me, And TAINT for a little I'll strike.           a twig ; to demand a tribute of
    1812. H. and J. SMITH, Ref. Add.,             the dead ; to teach a pig to play
69. No, that A'NT it, says he.                    on a flute ; to catch the wind in
    1828. LYTTON, PeThant, lxii.    A'N'T         a net ; to change a fly into an
we behind hand?                                   elephant ; to take the spring from
    1829. LAMB, Life and Letters -,1. 348.        the year ; to put a rope in the
ANT  you glad about Burk's case ?                 eye of a needle ; to draw water
      1864. TENNYSON, Northern Farmer,            with a sieve ; to number the waves.
xiii. Joanes, as 'ANT a 'aapoth o' sense.         Also (FRENCH) prendre la lune
   1865. DICKENS, Mutual Friend, ill.             avec les dents; roVre l'arguille
'You seem to have a good sister.' 'She            an genou.
AIN'T half bad.'
                                                     2 ( = imagination). To HAVE
AIR.   CASTLES IN THE AIR (THE                    maggots, or whimseys ; TO SEE an
  SKIES, IN SPAIN, etc.), subs. pia-.             air-drawn dagger, the flying Dutch-
  (colloquial). Generic for ( r) the              man, the great sea-serpent, the man
  impossible, (2) imagination ; and               in the moon ; TO DREAM of Utopia,
  (3) hope :        see ANALOGOUS                 Atlantis, the happy valley, the
  PHRASES.      To BUILD CASTLES,                 isles of the West, the millennium,
  etc. = ( r) to attempt the impos-               of fairy land, the land of Prester
  sible; (2) to dream of visionary                John, the kingdom of Micomicon ;
  projects ; to indulge in idle                   to set one's wits to work ; to strain
  dreams ; and (3) to be sanguine                 (or crack) one's invention ; to
  of success. Hence IN THE AIR =                  rack (ransack, or cudgel) one's
  ( r) uncertain, in doubt ; and (2)              brains.
                     Air.                            26                     Ajax.

         3 ( = hope). To seek the pot of                       'AIR OF A FACE Or PICTURE'
      gold (Fr. pot an lait); to dream of                   (B. E., c. 1696), 'the Configura-
      Alnaschar ; to live in a fool's para-                 tion and Consent of Parts in each.'
      dise; TO SEE a bit of blue sky,                       [For thi i8th century quots. are
      the silver lining of the cloud, the                   given in 0.E. D. ].
      bottom of Pandora's box ; to catch
      at a straw ; to hope against hope ;                     To AIR ONE'S VOCABULARY,
      to reckon one's chickens before                       verb. phl-    (old).-To talk for
      they are hatched.                                     phrasing's sake ; TO FLASH THE
                                                            GAB (q. v.). [One of the wits of the
          1575.   GASCOIGNE,     Steel Glass                time of George IV., asked what
[CHALmEus, Eng. Poets,              Things
                               ii. 58].                     was going on in the House of
are thought, which never yet were wrought,
And CASTELS buylt aboue IN lofty SKIES.                     Commons, answered that Lord
                                                            Castlereagh was AIRING HIS
          1580. NORTH,   Plutarch (1696), 171.
They built CASTLES IN THE                 AIR and           VOCABULARY.]
thought to do great wonders.
                                                              To AIR CNE'S IIEELS, verb. phi%
       1590. GREENE, Orl. Fur. (1599), 16.
                                                            (popular).-To loiter ; to hang
                                                            about : see COOL and HEELS.
      1594. SHAKSPEARE, Richard III.,
iii. 4. too. Who BUILDS his hopes IN AIR                  AIR-AND-EXERCISE,            subs. phi-.
of his good looks.
                                                            (old). - 1. A whipping at the
    16o1. inzfi. Consici. (1675), 6o. Mr.                   cart's tail ; SHOVING THE
Saunders (BUILDING CASTLES IN THE AIR                       TUMBLER (q.v.). Also (2) the
amongst his Books).
                                                            revolving pillory ; and 3 (thieves')
      162x. BURTON, Anat. Aldan., I.                         = penal servitude (in America=
1. 2. (1651), 187. That CASTLE IN THE AYR,                  a short term of imprisonment)
that crochet, that whimsie.
    1627.    FELTHAM, Resolves, I.      xv.
Thou AIR-MONGER that, with a madding                      AIRING.     See   OUT.
thought, thus chaseth fleeting shadows.
    1630. DRUM MOND of Hawth., Poems,
     C.                                                   AIR-LINE.      See   BEE-LINE.
SKIES.                                                    AIRY,   adj. (old [B. E.] : now
     1727. POPE, Thenciad, 111. to. The                      recognised). - Light, brisk,
AI R-BUILT CASTLE and the golden Dream.                      pleasant. . . . Ile is an AIRY
    1757. WESLEY, Works (1872), IX.                          Fellow.'
304. A mere CASTLE IN THE AIR.
                                                          AJAX  (or WAKES), subs. (old).-A
  C. 1763. SHENSTONE, Odes (1765),           237.
To plan frail CASTLES IN THE SKIES.                         privy ; a JAKES (q.v.): popular-
                                                            ised by Sir John Harrington (see
     1797. JEFFRESON, 1Vrit. (1859), IV.
186. I consider the future character of our
                                                            quot. 1822). Also a term of
republic as IN THE AIR ; indeed its future                  abuse.     See JAKES and JAKES-
fortune will be IN THE AIR, if war is made                   FARMER.
on us by France.
                                                                1551.   STILL,    Gammer Gurton's
          1831. CARLYLE, Sari. Res. (1858),               Needle, iii. 3. Thou wert as good kiss my
32.        High AIR-CASTLES cunningly built of            tail ; Thou slut, thou cut, thou rakes, thou
Words.                                                    JAR ES.
          1879.   FARRAR,   St. Paul,      I. 642.            1594.   SHAKSPEARE, Love's Labour
These ... points . . . were not peculiar                  Lost, v. 2. Your lion, that holds his poll-
to Philo. They were, so to speak, IN THE                  ax, sitting on a close stool, will be given
AIR.                                                      to AJAX.
           Akerman's Hotel.                      27                Alderman.
   1596. HARRINGTON,         The Metam. of            ALBERTOPOLIS,   subs. (obsolete). -
AJAX [Title].
                                                        The Kensington Gore district :
    1605.     CAMDEN,    Remains,     1 17.             out of compliment to the late
Inquire, if you understand it not, of
Cloacina's chaplains, or such as are well               Prince Consort, who was closely
read in AJAX.                                           identified with the Albert Hall
     1609. JONSON, EjliCcrne, iv. 5. A                  and the Exhibition buildings of
stool were better, sir, of Sir AJAX, his                1862.
invention. /bid. (1616), Famous Voyage,
Vi. 290. And I could wish for their
                                                          1864. YATES,     Broken to Harness,
eterniz'd sakes, My muse had plough'd                 xxxiii. A composition for the nutriment
                                                      of the hair, which . . . has an enormous
with his that sung A-JAX.
                                                      circulation over the infant heads of
  C. 1609. HEALEY, Disc. of New World,                ALISERTOPOLIS.
159. John Fisticankoes,      AJAX    his sonne
and heyre.                                                          adj. (pugilistic).-
                                                      A L BO N IZ ED,
        161x.    COTGRAVE,  Did.,      S.V.             Whitened [L. albus].
Rctraict. An mAx, priuie, house of Office.
    1665. J. COTGRAVE, Eng. Treasury,                 ALCOVE (THE),         subs. (venery).-
p. 16. Which (like the glorious AJAX of
Lincoln's Inne I saw in London) laps up
                                                        The female           putiena'unt : see
naught but filth and excrements.                        MONOSYLLABLE.
  1694. MoTTEux, Rabelais, V. vi.
Who of late years have stirred up the                 ALDERMAN,   subs. (obsolete). - 1.
JAR ES.                                                 A half-crown ; 2s. 6d. :      see
        1720.   Ho. of Incurab. Fooles, 6.              RIIINO (SNOWDEN,         Hag-. Assist.,
A patron and protector of      AJAX    and his           1857).
        1822. NARES,   Glossary,    S.V. AJAX.             2. (old).-A long clay pipe ;
. . . Sir John Harrington, in 1596, pub-                a CHURCHWARDEN (q.v.).
lished his celebrated tract, called 'The
Metamorphosis of AJAX,' by which he                       1859. FAIRHOLT, Tobacco (1876), 173.
meant the improvement of a jakes, or                  Such long pipes were reverently termed
necessary, by forming it into what we now             ALDERMAN ill the last age, and irreverently
call a water-closet, of which Sir John was            yards of clay in the present one.
clearly the inventor.
                                                           3. (old).-See quots. ALDER-
AKERMAN'S HOTEL,           subs. (obsolete).            MAN IN CHAINS =garnished with
   -Newgate prison. [The gover-                         sausages.
   nor's name was AKERMAN C.
                                                          1782. PARKER, Humorous       Sketches,
    787]. - See CAGE.
                                                      31. Nick often eat a roast fowl and
                                                      sausage with me, which in cant is called
AKEYBO,    subs. (HoTTEN). -‘ A                       an ALDERMAN, double slang'd.
   slang phrase used in the following                     1785.   GROSE,    Vulg. Tongue,    S.V.
   manner :-IIe beats        AKEYBO,                  ALDERMAN.     A roasted turkey garnished
   and AKEYBO beat the devil.'                        with sausages ; OhL. latter are supposed to
                                                      represent the gold chain worn by those
A-LA-MORT.           See AMORT.
                                                          4. (thieves').-A JEMMY (q.v.):
ALBANY BEEF,           subs. "dlr. (Ameri-
                                                        sometimes ALDERMAN JEMMY.
   can).-The flesh of the sturgeon.
                                                        A weightier tool is the LORD
   [Some parts of the fish have a
                                                        MAYOR (q. v.).
   resemblance, in colour, and
   taste, to beef. It was caught in                        1833. D. Telcc., 14 May, 3. 7. Safe-
                                                      breaking tools had been . . . left behind,
   large numbers as far up the                        including wedges, an ALDERMAN JEMMY,
   Hudson River as Albany.]                           a hammer weighing 14 lbs.
   Alderman Lushington.                    28                      Ale
    1888. Sat. Review,     15 Dec., 719.          (GROSE) ; ALE-PASSION =a head-
The iron shutters were prised open [by]
the ALDERMAN . . . it WCAlld never do to
                                                  ache ; ALE-POCK = an ulcered
be talking about crowbars in the street.          GROG - BLOSSOM (q.v.); ALE -
                                                  CRUMMED =grogshot in the face ;
    5. (Feistecl School : obsolete).              ALE - DAGGER (see quot. 1589) ;
  -A qualified swimmer. [The                      ALE-SWILLING = tippling, etc.
  Alders= a deep pool in the
  Chelmer.] See FARMER, Public                      I162. LANGLAND, Piers Plowman
                                                [WRIGHT], 83. Faiteden for hire foode,
  School Word Book.                             Foughten at the ALE.

     BLOOD AND GUTS ALDERMAN                        1383. CHAUCER, Cant. Tales,' Frere's
                                                Tale,' 49. And maken him gret festes at
  See BLOOD AND GUTS.                           the NALE.
                                                   1480. CAXTON,   DeSCr. Brit., 40.
ALDERMAN LUSHINGTON,               subs.        When they drynke atte ALE, They telle
  phr. (old). - See quot.                       many a lewd tale.
                                                 C. I5o0. [HALLIWELL, Mz -. Poet,' Carp.
   1785. GROSE,   Vulg. Tongue, S.V.            Tools,' 19]. When thei have wrought an
LUSH. To drink ; speaking of a person           owre or two, Anone to the ALE thei wylle
who is drunk, they say, ALDERMAN
LUSHINGTON is concerned, or that he has
been voting for the Alderman.                       1570. Discover& of the Knights of
                                                the Poste [HALLIWELL]. Nowe hee hath
                                                . . . become a draper. A draper, quoth
ALDERMAN'S PACE,       subs. phr. (old).        Freeman, what draper, of woollin or linnen ?
   See quot. 16qt.                              No, qd he, an ALE-DRAPER, wherein he
                                                hath more skil then in the other.
    7671. COTGRAVE, Diet., s.v. Pas
d'Abbe.   ALDERMAN'S PACE, a leasurely              1544.  Su1515. Henry VIII.,           4 r.
walking, slow gate.                             Keepinge of church ALES, in the whiche
                                                with leapynge, daunsynge, and kyssyng
   1629.  GAULE, Holy Madness, 94.              they maynteyne the profeit of their churche.
What an ALDERMAN'S PACE he comes.
                                                    1575. Ecci. PrOC., Chester. [The
    7672. RAY, Proverbs.    He is PACED         Vicar of Whalley, Lanc., is charged with
LIKE AN ALDERMAN.                               being a common dronker and ALE KNIGHT.]

              DRAUGHT ON THE
                                                      1583. GOLDING,   Calvin on Deut.,
                                                305. These tauernhaunters or ALEHOUSE-
   PUMP    AT ALDGATE, subs. phr.               KNIGHTES.
   (old).-A worthless bill of ex-                    1583. BABBINGTON,     IVorks,    166.
   change (GRosE).                              Gadding to this ALE or that. Ibid., 10 4.
                                                If he be a drunken ALE-STAKE, a tick-tack
ALE,   subs. (old colloquial.-t. A
   merry-making ; any occasion for                   1587. HAREtsom, Eng-1'am/, 1. ir. i.
                                                32 (1877). The superfluous numbers of
   drinking : see quots. 1587, 1776,            idle waks . . . church-ALES, helpe-ALES,
   and 1847, and cf. WI NE ; (2)                and soule-ALEs, called also dirge-ALEs
   an ale - house. Hence ALECIE                 with the heathenish rioting at bride-ALES
                                                are well diminished.
   (or ALECY) = drunkenness; ALE-
   BLOWN (ALE-WASHED          or                    1589. Pafific with Hatchet (1844), S.
                                                He that drinks with cutters must not be
   ALECIED) = drunk ; ALE-DRAPER                without his ALE-DAGGER.
   (whence ALE-DRAPERY) =an inn-                       7591. SHAKSPEARE,    Two Genllente/t
   keeper (GRosE : f ALE - YARD);               ii. 5. 61. Thou hast not so much charity
   ALE-SPINNER = a brewer ; ALE-                in thee as to go to the ALE with a
   KNIGHT (ALE-STAKE, or ALE-                   Christian. Ibid. (1599), Henry U., iii. 6.
                                                82.    ALE-WASHT Wits.      Ibid. (1609
   TOAST) = a tippler, a pot-com-               Pericles, i. Introd. On ember-eves and
   panion; ALE-POST = a maypole                 holy   ALES.
                  Ale.                              29           Alexandra Limp.

     1592. CHETTLE,Kinde-Harts Dreame,                         1691. SHADWEI.L, Scourers, I.     r.
15. One in a sweaking treble, the other in               Every night thou clearest the streets of
an ALE-BLOWEN base carowle out . . .                     . . . idle rascals, and of all ALE-TOASTS
ribaudry. Ibid. Two much maydens that                    and sops in brandy.
had set up a shoppe of ALE-DRAPERY. ibid.                      5747. In Parish Register of Scatter,
No other occupation have I but to be an                  Linc.      [Buried], July 8th, Thomas
ALE-DRAPER.                                              Broughton, Farmer and ALE DRAPER.
     1593. Bacchus Bountie [Han. Misc.                         1776. BRAND, PoA. Antig., i. 229.
(1809), II. 2711. A passing preseruatiue                 There were bride-ALEs, church-ALES,
against the ALE-PASSION, or paine in the                 clerk-ALES, give-ALEs, lamb-ALES, leet-
pate.                                                    ALES, Midsummer-ALES,            Scot-ALEs,
     1594. BYLY, Mother Bombie, Cc. 9.                   Whitsun-ALEs, and several more.
If he had arrested a mare instead of a                         1847. HALLIWELL, Archaic Words,
horse, it had beene a slight oversight, but              S.V.    ALE-FEAST.    A festival or merry-
to arrest a man, that hath no likenesse of a             making, at which ALE appears to have
horse, is flat lunasie, or ALEC1E.                       been the predominant liquor, often took
                                                         place after the representation of an old
     5598. FLoRio, Worlde of Wordes, s.v.                mystery, as in a curious prologue to one of
Beone.   An ALE-KNIGHT, a toss-pot                       the fifteenth century in MS. Tanner 407,
     1598. E. GILPIN, Skial. (1878), 55.                 f. 44.
There brauls an ALE-KNIGHT for his fat-                        1863-64. CHAMBERS' Bk. of Days, ii.
growl? score.                                            597. This man was a regularly dubbed
                                                         ALE-KNIGHT, loved barley wine to the
     5599. NASHE, Piers Pennilesse, Eij.
Elderton consumed his ALE-CRUMMED nose                   full.
to nothing.                                                    1870. D. News, 28 Sep. There was
                          Pliny (5634),                  a wining and dining, or better, a beerin
     1601. HOLLAND,                           IL
                                                         or ALE1NG and dining of the 'Southern
128. Sauce-fleame, ALE-POCKS, and such-                  brethren.'
like ulcers in the face.
     16o2. Thomas, Lord Cromwell,                            3. (Stock Exchange) -Inp/..
T.   0, Tom, that we were now at Putney,                   Messrs. S. Allsopp and Sons
at the ALE there.
                                                           Limited Shares.
     1611. COTGRAVE,      Dia.,    S.V.   Beste.
Our ALE-KNIGHTS often use this phrase.                        See ADAM'S ALE.
   1617. ASSHETON, Journal (1848),            1.
Besse, John, wyffe, self, at ALE.                        ALEXANDER,        verb.   (old). - 1.
                                                           To hang. [RoGERs, Roy. Hist.
     1633.   JONSON,   Tale of a    Tub, Prol.
And all the neighbourhood, from old records                Soc., viii. : 'From the harsh and
Of antique proverbs, draw from Whitsun                     merciless manner in which Sir
lords, And their authorities at wakes and                  Jerome Alexander, an Irish judge
                                                           (1660-1674) and founder of the
   1635. TAYLOR, T. Parr, Cij, b. T'a                      Alexander Library at Trinity
Whitson ALE, Wake, Wedding, or a Faire.
                                                           College, Dublin, carried out the
    1654. W='s Recreations. Come all                       duties of his office.]
you brave wights, That are dubbed ALE-
KNIGHTS.                                                      2. (old).-To extol as an
     1655. YOUNGE,        Charge against                    Alexander the Great.
Drunkenness, 13. These godlesse            ALE-
DRAPERS.                                                     1700. DRviDEN, Taksfrom Chaucer,
                                                         'The Cock and Fox,' 66o. Ye princes,
     1656. TRAP.,      Exfi. I Tim. iii.       3.        rais'd by poets to the gods, And ALEX-
No ALE-STAKE, tavern-hunter that sits                    ANDER'D up in lying odes.
close at it.
     1661. HEYLIN     Hist. Presb., 281.                 ALEXANDRA LIMP,   subs. (obsolete).
Nor do they speak any better of the                         -An affected lameness : cf.
Inferiour Clergy . . . of whom they tell
us . . . That they are Popish Priests, or                   GRECIAN BEND and ROMAN
Monks, or Friars, or ALE-HAUNTERS.                          FALL.
           Alfred David.                      30                     All.
     1876. Chambers' Journal, No. 629.             ALL, subs. (workmen's).—In
Your own advocacy of the Grecian bend                belongings : spec. tools : also
and the ALEXANDRA LIMP—both positive
and practical imitations of physical                 AWLS: see BENS. Hence TO
affliction.                                          PACK UP ONE'S ALLS = to be-
                                                     gone ; to desist.
ALFRED DAVID, subs. (common).—                        . . . Songs of the London Prentices,
  An affidavit : also AFFIDAVY ;                   62. I'll pack up my AWLS and begone.
  DAVY ; and (occasionally) AFTER-                     1674. COTTON, Voy. Ireland, III. TO.
  DAVY.                                            I then call to pay, And PACKING MY
                                                   NAWLS, whipt to horse, and away.
    1859. KINGSLEY,    Geoffrey Hamlyn.              d. 1704. BROWN, Works, ii. 84. I put
He is engaged in receiving the AFTER-              no confidence in the king . . . should he
DAVIT of a man who got his head broke by           pack up his AWLS for the other world I
a tinker.                                          would not trust him.
   1865. DICKENS,       Mutual Friend,                 1728. BAILEY,    Eng. Diet.,   S.V. PACK.
(C.D. ed.), 94. The visitor . • . doggedly         To PACK UP HIS AWLS . . . 10 march off,
muttered, ' ALFRED DAVID.'          IS that
                                                   to go away in haste.
your name ?'      . . 'My name ? . . .
No; I want to take an ALFRED DAVID.'                    1809. MALKIN, Gil Bias [ROUT.
                                                   LEDGE], 7o. The devil . . . whispered in
  C. 1880. HARRY ADAMS, Music Hall                 my ear that I should be a great fool to
Song, ' Blighted Love.' And I'll take my           PACK UP MY ALLS when the prize was
ALFRED DAVID hot, She don't catch me               falling into my hands.
there again.                                         a'. 1859. DE QUINCEY, 1-fer0C/0/US,
                                                   Old Boreas . . . was required to PACK UP
A LGERIN E, subs. (theatrical).—r.                 HIS ALLS and be off.
  A manager-baiter, espec. when                         2. See ALL-NATIONS.
  THE GHOST (q. z'.) will not WALK
  (q.v.). Also (2) a petty borrower.                    3. (old).—See quot.
                                                       1785.   GROSE,    Vulg. Tongue,      S.V.
                                                   ALLs. The five ALLS is a country sign,
ALIVE, adv. (colloquial).—Alive                    representing five human figures, each
  occurs as an intensive and ex-                   having a motto under him. The first is a
  pletive : e.s., ALIVE AND KICK-                  king in his regalia ; his motto, I govern
                                                   ALL: the second, a bishop in pontificals ;
  I NG = very sprightly, ALL THERE                 motto, I pray for ALL: third, a lawyer in
  (q.v.); also ALL ALIVE; MAN                      his gown ; motto, I plead for ALL: fourth,
  (HEART, or SAKES) ALIVE ! (an                    a soldier in his regimentals, fully
  emphatic address) ; TO LOOK                      accoutred ; motto, I fight for ALL: fifth, a
                                                   poor countryman with his scythe and
  ALIVE =to make haste ; ALL                       rake ; motto, I pay for ALL.
  ALIVE (tailors').slovenly made
  (of garments).                                          AT ALL! in/j. (old).—`The
                                                      cry of a gamester full of cash and
 c.1845.   Hoop, Agric.                 Vi.           spirit, meaning that he will play
Says he, No matter, MAN ALIVE!'
                                                      for any sums the company may
   1857. DICKENS, ChriSi. Carol, 43.                  choose to risk against him'
Why, bless my HEART ALIVE, my dear,                   ( II A LLI WELL).
how late you are !
   1858. HUGHES, Scouring of White                      ALL'S QUIET ON THE POTOMAC,
Horse, 29. The Squire . . . told the men             /kr. (American). —A period of
to LOOK ALIVE and get their job done.                 rest, enjoyment, peace. [The
    1889.   Globe, 4 Oct., 1. 3. His                  phrase dates from the Civil War ;
mother, the playwright's widow, as well               its frequent repetition in the
as another son, named Gordon, were—
to use a popular phrase—ALIVE AND
                                                      bulletins of the War Secretary
KICKING.                                              made it ridiculous to the public.]
                 All.                        31                        Alley.
     PHRASES AND COLLOQUIAL-                           1710. ST. LEGER [SOMER, Tracts
  ISMS. ALL ABOUT IN ONE'S                        (1751), III. 248]. Tho' the comparison
                                                  should not exactly run       UPON ALL FOUR
  HEAD =light-headed ; ALL ABOUT                  when examined.
  IT= the whole of the matter ;                        arr.    Lex. Balatr.      ALL HOLIDAY
  ALL - AROUND (American) =                       AT PECKHAM . . . signifying that it is all
  thorough, ALL-ROUND          (q. V. ) ;         over with the business or person spoken of.
  ALL AT SEA =uncertain, vague ;                      1834. SOUTHEY, Doctor,         xciv. No
  ALL FACE =naked ; ON ALL                        prophecy can be expected to go      UPON ALL
  FOURS= fairly, equally, exactly ;
  ALL HOLIDAY AT PECKHAM (see                         1857.    TROLLOPE,     Three Clerks, xiv.
                                                  'You're ALL    SERENE,     then, Mr Snape,'
  quot. 1811 and PECKHAM) ; ALL                   said Charley.
  IN (Stock Exchange) = slow,
                                                       874. Sillari, 130. To whom the
  FLAT (q.v.): of a market when                   emissary, 'ALL SERENE,' And took the
  there is a disposition to sell :                sovereign with a relish keen.
  whence ALL OUT =improving ;                         1877.    D. Tel.,     15 Mar. It must
  ALL OVER = thoroughly, en-                      stand   ON ALL FOURS    with that stipulation.
  tirely : exactly ; ALL ROUND                        1882. Punch, lxxxii. 177. I. I am
  MY HAT =queer, ALL-OVERISH                      nuts upon Criminal Cases, Perlice News,
  (q.v.): That's ALL ROUND my                     you know . . . And, thinks I, this will be
                                                  'tuppence coloured,' and SPICY AS ALL
  hat = Bosh ! SPICY AS ALL                       ROUND MY HAT.
  ROUND MY HAT = sensational ;
                                                      1333. D. News, S Feb., 3. 7. The
  ALL SERENE =all's well, O.K.,                   decision I have quoted is ON ALL FOURS
  'You know what I'm after ' ;                    with this case.
  ALL UP WITH= finished, done
  for ; ALL T. H. = of the best, very             A LLACOMPAIN,    subs. (rhyming).—
  good indeed (tailors'), ALL THERE                  Rain : also ALACOMPAIN, ALI-
  (q.v.). See also ALIVE; ALL-                       CUMPANE, ELECAMPAIN :         cf.
  NATIONS; ALONG; BEAT;                              FRANCE AND SPAIN.
  BETTY        MARTIN;         BLUE;
                                                  ALL-  (or I'M-) AFLOAT, subs. (rhym-
                                                     ing).—A coat.
  MON; GAY;           Go;     HEAP;               ALL-BONES,           subs. phr. (old).—A
  HOLLOW; HOUGH; JAW;                                thin bony person.
                                                      1602.    HEYWOOD,     How a Man may
  BROOMS; MOUTH; OUT;                             Choose, etc., s.v.
  SKITTLES ; SMASH ; SMOKE;                       ALLEVIATOR,      subs. (common).---A
  THERE; UP; WAY; WAY-                               drink ; refreshment : see Go.
  DOWN.                                               1846. MARK LEMON, Golden Fetters.
                                                  If any of you feel thirsty . . . I shall be
    1633.    MAumioN, Antiquary,      i.          happy to stand an ALLEVIATOR.
You'll hardly find Woman or beast that
trots sound of ALL FOUR ; There will be           ALLEY (ALLY       or ALAY), subs.
some defect.                                         (school). —I. A superior kind
  d. 1655.   ADAMS, Works, i. 498. All
                                                     of marble. [Supposed to=
similitudes run not, like coaches, ON FOUR           'alabaster,' of which they are
wheels.                                              sometimes made.] Also ALLY
                                                     TOR (or TAW): cf STONEY (q.v.),
    1704. Gentleman Instructed, 387. I
do not say this comparison runs on ALL               BLOOD-ALLEY, and com MONEY
FOUR;   there may be some disparity.                 (q.v.).
               All-fired.                     32          All-harbour-light.

     1720. DE FOE, Duncan Campbell,                      [Ins. World, 140. How arbitrary
iv. A large bag of marbles and ALLEYS.             . . . does mankind join words, that reason
                                                   has put asunder ! Thus we often hear of
    1748. Phil. Trans., xlv. 456. Pellets,         HELL-FIRE coup, of devilish handsome,
vulgarly called ALLEYS, which boys play            and the like.]
withal.                                                  1835. HALIBURTON, Clocknzaker, i.
     1807.    COLERIDGE, Own Times,                XXiV. 'Look at that 'ere Dives,' they
     953.     While he was playing at              say, 'what an ALL-FIRED scrape he got
marbles would quarrel with the taws and            into by his avarice with Lazarus.' Ibid.
ALAN'S in his mouth, because he had under-         I jumps up in an ALL-FIRED hurry.
stood it was the way Demosthenes had                     1844. Major Jones's CourtshiP, 87.
learned to splutter.                               The first thing I know'd, my trowsers
     1833. PARIS, Philos. in Sport, X. 171.        were plastered all over with hot molasses,
Why, your taw is a brown marble, and               which burnt ALL-FIRED bad.
your ALLY . . . a very white one, is it                 1845. Knickerbocker Mag. [BART-
not?                                               LETT]. I'm dying-I know I am ! The
    1837. DICKENS, Pickwick Papers,                doctor will charge an ALL-FIRED price to
358. Inquiring whether he had won any              cure me.
ALLEY TORS or commoneys lately.                         /850. PORTER, Tales of the South-
                                                   west, 58. Old Haines sweating like a
    1865. CRAIK, Christian's Mistake,              pitcher with ice-water in it, and looking
37.  An ALLY TAW, that is, a real alabaster        ALL-FIRED tired.
                                                     c. 186o.    MILNE, Farm Fence, 8.
    1876. CLEmEists, Tom Sawyer, 27.               Wonder if it is rum make potatoes rot SO
Jim, I'll give you a marble. I'll give you         ALL-FIREDLY.
a white ALLEY. White ALLEY, ! And                      1861.    HUGHES,    Tom Brown at
its a bully taw.                                   Oxford,        I knows I be SO ALL-FIRED
                                                   jealous ; I can't abear to hear o' her
        2. (venery).-THE ALLEY=                    talkin', let alone writin' to-'
      the female 'pudendum: see                       c. 1866. Pickings from the Picayune,
                                                   67. They had a mighty deal to say up in
                                                   our parts about Orleans, and how ALL-
                                                   FIRED easy it is to make money in it ; but
       THE ALLEY, subs. phr. (Stock                it's no ham and all hominy, I reckon.
      Exchange). -Change Alley : if                      1883. PAYN, Thicker than Water,
      HOUSE, LANE, STREET, etc.                    xvii. You've been an ALL-FIRED time, you
                                                   have, in selling those jars.
    1720. The Bubbler's Medley, Stock
Jobbing Cards, or Eke Humours of Change            ALL-FOURS.      To PLAY AT ALL
ALLEY [Title].                                       FOURS,  verb. phr. (venery).-To
    1775. ASH, Did., S.V. ALLEY . . .
                                                     copulate : see RIDE.
The place in the City of London where the              See ALL.
public funds are bought and sold.
     1819. MooRE, Tom Crib, 19. To                 ALL-GET-OUT.       THAT BEATS ALL-
office with all due despatch through the             GET-OUT, phr. (American). -A
air, To the Bulls of THE ALLEY, the fate             retort to any extravagant story or
of the Bear.
ALL-FIRED,      adj. phr. (orig. Ameri-            ALL-HARBOUR-LIGHT,         phr. (rhym-
      can). -A general intensive : e.g.,             ing). -See quot.
      ALL-FIRED (=violent) ABUSE ;                      1897. MARSHALL, POMeS, 46. Note.
      an ALL-FIRED (=tremendous)                   Learned Judges, worthy Magistrates and
      NOISE; an ALL-FIRED (=very                   other Innocents, are informed that ALL
      great) HURRY, etc. Also as                   HARBOUR LIGHT is cabby's favourite
                                                   rhyming slang for 'all right.' /bid. As
      adv.= unusually, excessively. For            westward she sailed, she remarked, This
      an apparent origin, see quot. 1755.          is ALL HARBOUR LIGHT.
                Allicholly.                    33                    Allow.
 ALLICHOLLY,    subs. (old).-Melan-                      1605.   VERSTEGAN,   Dec. In/ell.
                                                    (1634), 13. To say DRINK a Garaus . . .
    choly ; SOLEMNCHOLLY (q.v.).                    which is to say ALL-OUT.
      1595.    SHAKSPEARE,  Two Gent.                   1611.   COTGRAVE,   Did., s.v. A1144z,
 Verona, iv. 2. 27.Now, my young guest,             ALL-OUT; or a carouse fully drunk up.
 methinks you're ALLYCHOLLY.       Ibid.
 (1596), Merry Wives, i. 4. 164. She is
 given too much to ALLICHOLY and musing.            ALL-OVERISH,    adj. (colloquial). -
                                                      An indefinite feeling of appre-
        1736. WALPOLE, Letters (1861), i. 8.
 A disconsolate wood-pigeon in our grove              hension or satisfaction. Also TO
 . . . is so ALLICHOLLY as any thing.                 FEEL ALL OVER ALIKE, AND
                                                      TOUCII NowitERE = to feel con-
 ALL NATIONS,         subs. (old).--t.                fusedly happy. Also as subs.
    The tap-droppings of spirits and
    malt liquors : also ALLS, or ALL                    1841.   JOHN MILLS,     Old English
                                                    Gentleman, xxiv.   186.    Isn't it natural
    SORTS (GROSE).                                  for a body to feel a sort of a queer ALL-
                                                    OVERISHNESS on the eve of a wedding, I
      1859.   SALA,   Gaslight and Daylight,
                                                    should like to know?'
vi. A counter perforated . . . allowing
the drainings, overflowings, and out-spill-             1851. MAYHEW, London Lab., III.
ings . . . to drop through, which, being         52. When the mob began to gather round,
collected with sundry washings, and a            I felt ALL-OVERISH.
dash, perhaps, of fresh material, is . . .              1854. AINSWORTH, Flitch of Bacon,
dispensed under the title of ALL SORTS.          II. v. I feel a sort of shivering and ALL-
      2. A parti-coloured or patched
                                                    1864. CLARKE, Box for Season, II.
    garment ; a Joseph's coat.                  195. That indescribable ALL-OVERISH-
                                                NESS, resulting from too much drink.
ALL-NIGHT-MAN,            subs. phr. (ob-
                                                      1882. Society, II Jan., II.  What's
   solete). - A body-snatcher ;            a    the trouble?' asked the doctor. 'I feel a
    RESURRECTIONIST         (q.v.).             sort of dislocated ALL-OVERISHNESS.'
    1861. RAMSAY, Rentin., ii. 133. The
body lifters, or ALL-NIGHT-MEN, as they         ALL - OVER - PATTERN,            subs, phi-.
were wont to be called.                               (colloquial) -See quot.
                                                   1881. F. E. HULME, Suggestions in
ALLOT.        To   ALLOT UPON,         verb.    Floral Design. A term [ALL OVER
   phi-. (American colloquial). -To             PATTERN] used to denote a design in which
   count upon ; TO RECKON (q.v.);               the whole of a field is covered with orna-
                                                ment in contradistinction to such as have
   TO CALCULATE (q.v.).                         units only at intervals, leaving spaces of
    1816. PICI,ZERING, Vocab. U. S., 31.        the ground between them.
I ALLOT UPON going to such a place.
    1840. HALIBURTON,       Clod-maker          ALLOW,       subs. (Harrow School). -A
(1862), 93. And I ALLOT we must econo-                boy's weekly allowance.
mise, or we will be ruined.
                                                        Verb. (chiefly dialectical and
ALL-OUT,      subs. phr. (old colloquial).           colloquial American). -To admit,
   -A bumper ; a carouse. Hence                      declare, intend, think.
   TO DRINK ALL ou'r = to drain a
   bumper.                                         1580. BARET, A lvearie, A297. To
                                                ALOWE, CO make good or allowable, to
     15 3 0. PAI.SGRAVE, Lang-. Francoyse,      declare to be true.
676. 2.   I quaught, I DRINKE ALL OUT.                                      New Purchase
                                                       1843.    CARLTON,
     1542.    BOORDE,    Int. Know.,    151.    [BARTLETT]. The lady of the cabin
There be many good felowes, the wyche           seemed kind, and ALLOWED we had better
wyll DRYNKE ALL OUT.                            stop where we were.
              All-round.                    34              All-standing.
    1856.  FARNHAM, California [BART-            ALL-ROUN D ER, subs.phr.    (common).
LETT].    Gentlemen from Arkansas
ALLOWED that California was no better              -1. A shirt collar ; spec. one
than other countries.                              the same height ALL ROUND the
     [?]. Dialect Ballad,' Tom Cladpole's          neck, meeting in front, or (as in
Journey to Lunnun.' He 'LOWED he'd ge              clerical collars) at the back.
me half a crown, An treat me wud some
beer.                                                 1857. TROLLOPE, Three Clerks, xxii.
                                                 He had bestowed . . . the greatest amount
    1871. HOWELL, Suburban Sketches,
                                                 of personal attention on his collar. . . .
58. He said he ALLOWED 10 work it out.
                                                 Some people may think that an ALL-
    1872. KING, Sierra Nevada, V. 98.            ROUNDER is an ALL-ROUNDER, and that if
I ALLOW you have killed your coon in             one is careful to get an ALL-ROUNDER one
your day.                                        has done all that is necessary. But so
    1875. PARISH, Diet. Sussex Dialect,
                                                 thought not Macassar Jones.
13. Master Nappet, he ALLOWED that it                186o.    All Year Round, 42. 369.
was almost too bad.                              That particularly demonstrative type . . .
    1880. HARRIS, Uncle Remus, 48. I
                                                 known as the ALL ROUNDER.
'Low'D maybe dat I might ax yo' fur ter               1865. STRANGFORD, Selection (1869),
butt 'gin de tree. Ibid., 50. Brer Rabbit        II. 163. Dressed in full uniform, with high
he low he wuz on his way to Miss                 stand-up collar ; the modern ALL ROUNDER
Meadows.                                         not having got so far into Asia.
    1880. Scribner's lilac., June, 293. I            1875. Chambers' Journal, No. 586
'LOWED I'd make him sorry fur it, an' I          To present himself in an ALL ROUNDER hat
reckon I hey.                                    and coat of formal cut on Sunday.

ALL-ROUND    (Amer. ALL-AROUND),                      2.   See   ALL-ROUND.
  adj. phr. (colloquial).-Generally
                                                 ALL SAINTS.            See MOTHER OF
  capable, adaptable, or inclusive ;               ALL SAINTS,         adding quot.
  affecting all alike : e.g., an ALL-
  ROUND (=average) RENT; an                          1772. BRIDGES, Burlesque Homer,
  ALL-ROUND ( = thorough) SCAMP;                 400. He drinks THE MOTHER OF ALL
                                                 SAINTS: But tho' the toast's the very same,
  an ALL-ROUND CRICKETER=one                     In Greek it bears another name.
  good alike at batting, bowling,
  and fielding.         Hence    ALL-            ALLSLO PS,     subs. (common). -
   ROUNDER.                                         Allsopp and Sons' ale. [At one
       1869. Notes on N. W.   PrOZ).
                                                    time their brew, formerly of
98. An ALL ROUND rent of SO much per                the finest quality, had greatly
acre charged on the cultivation.                    deteriorated.]
     1881. PAYN, Graft from a      Thorn,
xl. He's a bad one ALL ROUND.                    ALL-SORTS.        See   ALL-NATIONS.
  c. i88. Angler's Souvenir, 230. Very
few anglers are ALL ROUND men-i.e.,              ALL SOULS.        See MOTHER OF ALL
devote themselves to . . . all branches of          SOULS.
angling alike.
    1883. Grafikie, it August, 138. 2.           ALLSPICE,     subs. (common). - A
Foremost still as an cricketer                      grocer : see TRADES.
stands W. G. Grace.
     1884. SHEPHERD, Prairie Rxjer.,                              adv. ',hr. (nautical).
                                                 A L L - STA N DING,
192.   One of the usual ALL-ROUND men,              -Fully dressed : hence TO TURN
who considered that he could do most                IN ALL-STANDING=to go to bed
                                                    in one's clothes. Also BROUGHT
    1886. LOWELL, Oration at Harvard,
8 Nov. Let our aim be . . . to give an              UP ALL-STANDING= taken un-
ALL-ROUND education.                                awares.
             Alma Mater.                      35        Almond-for-a-parrot.

ALMA MATER,          subs. thr. (collo-                1833.    MARRYAT,   Peter Sint,ble (1863),
      quial).-Originally (and properly)            328. An ALMIGHTY pretty French pri-
                                                   vateer lying in St. Pierre's.
      one's University ; now applied to
      any place of training : school,                    1853. LYTTON, My Novel.        The
                                                   child . . . is crumpling up and playing
      college, or University.                      Al MIGHTY SMASH with that flim-flam book.
     1701. FARQUHAR, Sir Harry Wild.               Ibid. Enough to destroy and drive into
air, it. i. Ay, there [Oxford] have I been
                                                     ALMIGHTY SHIVERS,' a decent fair-play
sucking my dear ALMA MATER these seven             Britisher like myself.  Ibid. Let us cut
years . . . in spite of the university, I'm        short a yarn of talk which . . . might
a pretty gentleman.                                last to ALMIGHTY CRACK.'
     1718. POPE, Dunciad, iii. 338. Till               1888. New York Mercury, 21 July.
Isis' elders reel . . . And ALMA MATER             I wonder whether the other boys gits as
lye dissolv'd in port.                             many customers to that place? . . . If
     1762.    FOOTE, Liar, i. 1.      Why,         they do it must be ALMIGHTY full some-
then adieu, ALMA MATER! . . . farewell             times.
to the schools, and welcome the theatres.
     1771. SMOLLETT, Hunzjhh. Clinker
(Iwo), 1. 34. Some good offices which you
                                                   ALMIGHTY - GOLD (-MONEY,         or
know he has done me since I left ALMA                 [American] -DOLLAR), subs. j5hr.
MATER.                                                (old).-The power or worship of
      1803. SCOTT [LOCKHART, Life (1839),             money ; Mammon.
H. 126]. The literary men of his ALMA
MATER.                                                1616. joNsoN, Eistle to Elizabeth,
      1833. PEIRCE, Hist. Harvard Univ.,           Countess of Rutland. Whilst that for
App. 57. Benjamin Woodbridge was the               which all virtue now is sold, And almost
eldest son of our ALMA MATER.                      every vice, ALMIGHTIE gold.
      1853. BRADLEY, Verdant Green, II.               1706. FARQUHAR, Recruiting Officer,
i. The man whose school was the Uni-                 2. In what shape was the ALMIGHTY
versity, whose ALMA MATER was Oxonia               GOLD transformed that has bribed you so
itself.                                            much in his favour ?
      1866. CARLYLE, Inaug. Address, 170.
 My dear old ALMA MATER.                               1839. WASHINGTON IRVING,             Wol-
                                                   Jeri's Roost : A Creole Village, 4o.  The
    1874.  The Blue,' Remin. of Christ's           ALMIGHTY DOLLAR, that great object of
Hospital.' Aug. The musical arrange-               universal devotion throughout our land,
ments of our ALMA MATER were some-                 seems to have no genuine devotee in these
thing exceedingly below par.                       peculiar villages.
                                                        1857. BORTHWICK, California, 165.
ALMANACK,             (venery) -The
                   subs.                           The ALMIGHTY DOLLAR exerted a more
      female pudendum : see MONO-                  powerful influence in California than in
      SYLLABLE and ZADKIEL.                        the old States ; for it overcame all pre-
                                                   existing false notions of dignity.
ALPAAN-COMB,         subs. )5hr. (old). -              1876. BESANT and RICE, Golden
      See quot. and WELSH-COMB.                    Butterfly, xxii. Genius . . . is apt to
                                                   be careless of the main chance. It don't
     1653. URQUHART, Rabelais, 1. xxi.
                                                   care for the ALMIGHTY DOLLAR; it lets
Afterwards he combed his hair with an
                                                   fellows like me heap up the stamps.
At MAN COMB, which is the four fingers and
the thumb.                                              1886. SUTHERLAND, Australia, 102.
                                                   The travelling Yankee, with an overwear-
ALMIGHTY,      adj. and adv. (common).             ing confidence in the ALMIGHTY DOLLAR.
      -An intensive : mighty, great,
      exceedingly.                                 ALMOND - FOR - A - PARROT,              phr.
     1824.    DE QUINCEY,   Works (1871),             (old).   -See quot. 1672.
xvi. 261.  Such rubbish, such ALMIGHTY
nonsense (to speak transatlantice) no eye            d. 1529. SKELTON, SiScake Parrot, 7.
has ever beheld. Ibid. [Century]. He is            Then PARROT must haue AN ALMON Or a
in an   ALMIGHTY   fix.                            date.
                 Aloft.                        36         Alpha and Omega.
    1581. RICHE, Farewell Mil. Prof.                     1489. CAXTON, Faytes of Armes, I.
[SHAKSPEARE SOC.], 63. Have you founde              Viii. 19. Whome it IS ALONGE or causeth.
your tongue, now pretie peate? then wee
most have AN ALMON FOR PARRAT.                        1530. PALSGRAVE,       Langzee Eran-
                                                 coyse, 427. 2. I am LONGE OF this stryfe :
     1590. NASH, ALMOND FOR A PARROT            je suis en cause de cest estrif.
     1607. DEKKER, Westward Hoe, v. 3.            C. 1570. THYNNE, Pride and Lowl.
Nab. We . . . lie laughing . . . to             (1841), 56. The villain sayth it is all LONG
remember how we sent you a bat-fowling.         OF me.
Wafer. AN ALMOND, PARROT; that's my                  158i. STAFFORD, Exam, Of Com-
Mab's voice.                                    tlaints, 16 (New Shaks. Soc.). Complain-
    1672. RAY [HAZLITT], ALMOND FOR                 mg of general poverty, he says : WHERE-
A PARROT . . . Some trifle to amuse a silly         OF it is LONGE, I cannot well tell.'
                                                       1601. HOLLAND, Pliny, 25 [MORRIS,
                                                    Elem. Hist. Eng. Gram., 1981. And that
ALOFT.   To GO ALOFT, verb. phi-.               is LONG OF contrarie causes.
  (nautical).-To die : see HOP THE
   TWIG.                                           1602.    Return from Parnassus
                                                [ARBER], Prol. 3. It's all LONG ON you.
      1692. E. WALKER, Morals. of Epic-
tetzes (1737), Intr. His rich soul ALOFT DID         1611. SNAKSPEARE, Cymbeline, v. 5.
SOAR.                                           271. Oh, she was naught ; and LONG OF
                                                her it was, That we meet here so
  C. 1800. DIBDIN, Tom Bowling.       No
more he'll hear the tempest howling, For
death has broached him to. . . . Faithful           1767. BROOKE, Fool ofcluality (1792),
below, Tom did his duty, And now he's              88. 'Tis all ALONG OF you that I am
GONE ALOFT.                                     thus haunted.
                                                        1805. SCOTT, Last Minstrel, V. XXIX.
    To COME ALOFT, verb. pill-.                     Dark Musgrave, it was LONG OF thee.
  (old colloquial).-I. To vault ; to
  play tricks : as a tumbler.                       1858. DICKENS, Christmas Stories,
                                                 Going into Society,' 65. Would he object,
    1624. MASSINGER, Bondman,                   to say why he left it Not at all ; why
Do you grumble ? you were ever A brainless      should he? He left it ALONG OF a dwarf.
ass ; but if this hold, I'll teach you To
COME ALOFT, and do tricks like an ape.               1881. BLACK, Beautiful Wretch,
                                                xviii. Mayhap the concert didn't conic
                                                off, ALONG OF the snow.
        2.    (venery). - To       MOUNT

   (V.V. ).
                                                ALONG-SHORE         (or LONGSHORE)
    1590. SP14;NSER,   Fairy Queen. . . .
That night nine times he CAME ALOFT.                  BOY    (or MAN), subs. phi.
                                                      (old).-A landsman (GRosE).
ALONG OF,    prep. phr. (colloquial
  or dialectical). - On account                 ALOUD,        adv. (colloquial).-An in-
  of ; owing to ; pertaining to ;                     tensive : e.g. TO TALK ALOUD=
  about : also (fol merly) ALONG                      to rave ; TO THINK ALOUD = to
  ON. [The 0.E.1). traces the                         talk ; TO WALK ALOUD = to run ;
  phrase back to Anglo-Saxon                          To STINK ALOUD = to             over-
  times : KING ALFRED (88o).                          power.
  1ELFRIC (c. I000)       ; Beket(c. 1300),
                                                     1872. D. News, 28 Feb. The stuff,
  from which period the history is              to quote the trenchant expression of an
  continued infra].                             onlooker, STANK ALOUD.
   1369. 0 I A UCER Trelyit4S, ii.     1001.
ON me IS not ALONG thin evil fare.    /bid.     ALPHA AND OMEGA (THE),          subs.
(1383), Cant. Tales, 16398. I can not tell
WHEREON it was ALONG, But wel I wot gret
                                                      phr.   (venery). - The female
strif is us among.                                    pudendum : see MONOSYLLABLE.
               Alphabet.                      37                   Alsatia.

ALPHABET, THROUGH THE AL-                               1704. SWIFT,      Tale of a Tub,
                                                   'Apology for Author.' The second
 PHABET,  phr.                                     instance to shew the author's wit is not his
     Completely ; first and last.                  own, is Peter's banter (as he calls it in his
                                                   ALSATIA PHRASE) upon transubstantiation.
                                                        1709. STEELE, Tatter, 66. Two of
ALSATIA, subs. (old).—I. White-                    [my] supposed dogs [i.e., gamblers or
  friars : a district adjoining the                sharpers] are said to be whelped in
  Temple, between the Thames                       ALSATIA, now in ruins ; but they, with
  and Fleet Street. [Formerly the                  the rest of the pack, are as pernicious as if
                                                   the old kennel had never been broken
  site of a Carmelite convent                      down.
  (founded 1241) and possessing                        1787. GROSE, PrOV. Glossary, etc.
  certain privileges of sanctuary.                 (1811), 82. A 'SQUIRE OF ALSATIA. A
  These were confirmed by a                        spendthrift or sharper, inhabiting places
  charter of James I. in 16oS,                     formerly privileged from arrests.
  whereafter the district speedily                     1822. SCOTT, Fortunes of Nigel,
  became a haunt of rascality in                   xvii. You shall sink a nobleman in the
                                                   Temple Gardens, and rise an ALSATIAN
  general, a Latinised form of                     at Whitefriars. . . . An extravagantly
  Alsace having been jocularly                     long rapier and poinard marked the true
  conferred on it as a 'debateable                 ALSATIAN bully.
  land.' Abuses, outrage, and riot
                                                        2. (common). — Hence any
  led to the abolition of its
                                                      rendezvous or asylum for loose
  right of sanctuary in 1697.]
                                                      characters or criminals, where
                                                      immunity from arrest is tolerably
                                                      certain ; a disreputable locality :
  the liberties of the Mint in
                                                      the term has sometimes been
  Southwark ; ALSATIAN = a
                                                      applied (venomously) to the
  rogue, debtor or debauchee ; a
                                                      Stock Exchange. ALSATIAN =
  resident in ALSATIA : and as
                                                      an adventurer ; a Bohemian.
  adj. = roguish, debauched ;
  ALSATIA - PHRASE =- a canting                         1834. LYTTON, Last Days of       Pam!.
  term (B. E. and GkosE). [See                     The haunt of gladiators and prizefighters—
  SCOTT, Fortunes of Nigel, chaps.                 of the vicious and penniless—of the savage
                                                   and the obscene—the ALSATIA of an
  xvi. and xvii.].                                 ancient city.
                                                         18[?]. GREENWOOD, Gambling Mil.
      1688. SHADWELL, ST.   of A LSATIA 1.         For this ruin the gambling house is
in wks. (1720), iv. 27. He came out of             responsible. Huntley is but one of the
White Fryers : he's some ALSATIAN                  thousands who are stripped annually of
bully.                                             all they possess in this modern ALSATIA.
     1691. LUTTRELL, Brief Rd. (185 7 ),                1861. BRADDON,      Trail of Seri5ent,
IL 259.      The benchers of the Inner             II. i. Blind Peter was the ALsATIA, of
Temple having given orders for bricking            Slopperton, a refuge for crime and
up their little gate leading into White-           destitution.
fryers . . . the ALSATIANS came and                     1865. D. Telegrafih, 22 Dec., 4. 6.
pulled it down.                                    The two countries are so closely allied
                                                   that one cannot possibly be turned into an
   1691-2. Gentlemen's Journal, Feb.,              ALSA.TIA for the criminals of the other.
5.  Knights of the post, ALSATIAN
BRAVES.                                                    1876. LORD   JUSTICE   JAMES     [Ex
                                                   „barte Saffery re Cooke, Law Times,       35,
      1704.   Gentleman Instructed,    491.        718].   The Stock Exchange is not an
He spurr'd to London, and left a thousand          ALSATIA the Queen's laws are paramount

curses behind him. Here he struck up               there, and the Queen's writ runs even into
with sharpers, scourers, and ALSATIANS.            the sacred precincts of Capel-court.

                                      Ai VD Jt 6„ , 4
                   Alt.                         38                 A ltitude.
    1882. BESANT, All Sorts and Cond.                    1859. MATsELL, Rogue's Lexicon,
of Men, vii. The road has come to be                 'On the Trail.' What was the ALTEMAL?
regarded as one of those ALSATIAN retreats,          It only raised fifteen cases. The dummy
growing every day rarer, which are                   raked a case and a half, and the thimble
beyond and above the law.                            was a first, but the slang and onions were
ALT.    IN ALT, adv. phr. (old
  colloquial). —In the clouds ; high-                ALTER.     To ALTER THE JEFF'S
  flying ; dignified. [Altissinzo=                     CLICK, verb. phr. (tailors'). —To
  a musical term]. Cf. ALTITUDE.                         make up' a garment without
                                                       regard to the cutter's chalkings or
    1748. RICHARDSON,     Clarissa, V.   145.          instructions.
The fair fugitive was all IN ALT.
   1784.   European Mag-., V. 425.       I           ALTHAM,      subs. (Old Cant).—See
know you to be IN ALT as to your religion.
    1796.    BURNEY,     Camilla, II. V.
Come . . . be a little less IN ALT . . .                 1563.   AWDELEV,      Fraternitye of
and answer a man when he speaks to you.              l'acabondes [E. E. T. S.], 4. A curtail is
                                                     much like to the Vpright man, but hys
     17[?].  COLMAN, Musical Lady, i.                authority is not fully so great. He vseth
Moderato . . . madam ! Your ladyship's               commonly to go with a short cloke, like
absolutely IN ALT . . . YOU have raised              to grey Friers, and his woman with him
your voice . . . since you came into the             in like liuery, which he calleth his ALTHAM
100111.                                              if she be hys.

ALTAR, subs. (venery).—The female                    ALTITUDE.     IN ONE'S ALTITUDES,
  pudendum: see MONOSYLLABLE.                          phi% (old). — Generic for high-
  Also ALTAR OF HYMEN (OF                              mindedness. ( I) , in lofty mood ;
  LOVE, OF PLEASURE).                                  (2)=in high spirits ; (3), hoity-
                                                       toity ' ; and (4) , drunk (B. E.
ALTEMAL       (or ALTUMAL), subs.,                     and GRosE) ; see SCREWED.
   adj., etc. (Old Cant.). — See quots.
   Also as intj. (American thieves')                     1616.    BEAUMONT    and   FLETCHER,
                                                     Laws of Candy, ii. This woman's IN THE
   = 'Cut it short,' STOW IT                         ALTITUDES.
   (q.v.),      STASH IT '       (q.v.).
                                                         1630. JONSON, New Inn, i.      I have
   [0.E. D. : Lat. a/tum, the deep,                  talked . . . above my share, . . . and
   i.e. the sea + AL.' DUTCH                         been IN THE AI.TITUDES, the extravagants.
   altermal.]                                            1668. DRYDEN, Evening's Love, iii.
                    Dia. Cant. Crew, S.V.            If we men could but learn to value our-
  C. 1696. B. E.
                                                     selves, we should soon take down our
ALTEMALL, altogether.
                                                     mistresses from all their ALTITUDES, and
    1711. Medleys, 29 Jan. (1712), i86.              make them dance after our pipes.
His ALTUMAL cant, a mark of his poor
Traffick and Tar-Education.                              1705. VANBRUGH, COnfeti. V. Ciar.
                                                      Who makes thee cry out thus, poor
   1753. CHAMBERS, Cycl. Sufi. ALTU-                 Brass?' Brass. 'Why, your husband,
MAL, a term used to denote the mercan-               madam ; he's IN HIS ALTITUDES here.'
tile style, or dialect. In this sense, we
meet with Aucuront. cant, to denote the                C. 1733. NORTH, Examen, 258. If we
language of petty traders and tars.                  would see him IN HIS ALTITUDES, we must
                                                     go back to the House of Commons . . .
    1785. GROSE, Vulg. Tongue, S.V.                  there he cuts and slashes at another rate.
ALTAMEL.     A verbal or lump account,
without particulars, such as is commonly                1748. RICHARDSON, Clarissa, I. 252.
produced at bawdy-houses, spunging-                   The girl has got INTO HER ALTITUDES,
houses, etc. Ibid.,s.v. DUTCH RECKONING              Aunt Hervey,' said my sister. You see,
Or ALLE-MAL.                                         Madam, she spares nobody.'
              Altocad.                      39               Ambassador.

      1782. JOHNSON, Letter 293 (1788),              1609. C. BULLER, Monarchia Fem.
II. 252. While you were IN YOUR ALTI-            inina (1673),  64. These AMAZONIAN
TUDES, at the Opera.                             dames begin to wax weary of their
      1783. Bu RGOVNE,    Lord of the            mates.
Manor, ii. 1. SoiShia. Sir, I have tried             1711. STEELE, Sfiectator, 104, 3.
. . . to treat you with respect ; . . re-        This AMAZONIAN Hunting Habit for
sentment and contempt are the only-              Ladies.
Contrast. Clarissa Harlow IN HER ALTI-                1758. JOHNSON, Idler, No. 6, 2. I
TUDES!                                           am far from wishing . . . the AMAZON
    1785. GROSE, DICE. Vulgar Tongue.            . . any diminution . . . of fame.
The man is IN HIS ALTITUDES, i.e., he IS
                                                     1762. GOLDSMITH,    Female War-
                                                 riors [British Mag., Jan.]. When I see
                                                 the avenues of the Strand beset every
ALTOCAD, subs. (Win. Coll.).-A                   night with fierce AMAZONS . . . I cannot
  paid member of the choir who                   help wishing that such martial talents
  takes ALTO.                                    were converted to the benefit of the
                                                   1767. FORDYCE, Sermons to Young
ALTOGETHER,   subs. (old colloquial).            Women, 1. iii. 105. To . . . men an
   - A whole ; a tout-ensemble.                  AMAZON never fails to be forbidding.
    1667. WATERHOUSE, Fire of London,                 1809. BYRON, Childc Harold, i. 57.
141. Her Congregations, Her Citizens,            Yet are Spain's maids no race of AMAZONS,
Her ALTOGETHER has been as orderly . . .         But form'd for all the 'witching arts of
     1674. FAIRFAX, Bulk and Selo, 33.
We only call . . . God's Allfillingness an           1837. HOWITT, Rural Life, III. vi .
ALTOGETHER, to loosen it from any thing          His AMAZONIAN lady, half the head taller
of sundership.                                   than himself.
     1865.  Pall AIall Gaz., 26 June, 9.               1837. CARLYLE, French Rev., I. vii.
American fingers . . . impart a finish and       5.   Him . . . they suspend there . . . a
an ALTOGETHER (this is much better than          horrible end ! Nay, the rope broke, as
to steal tout-ensemble from the wicked           French ropes often did ; or else an
Emperor) . . .                                   AMAZON cut it.
                                                      1839. AINSWORTH, Jack Shefiherd
     THE ALTOGETHER, subs. pkr.                  (1889), 69. Mistress Poll Maggot was a
   (artists'). Nudity ; 'in the AL-              beauty on a much larger scale-in fact, a
                                                 perfect AMAZON.
   TOGETHER nude ' : popularised
   by Du Maurier's novel and play,                    1844- Blackwoods Mag., lvi. 214.
                                                 Caps were dragged off, and nails shown
   Trilby.                                       with AMAZONIAN spirit.

ALYBBEG.       See LYBBEGE.                          1853. KANE, Grinnell EX/5., Xhil.
                                                 425. Extremes meet in the Esquimaux of
                                                 Greenland and the AMAZONS of Paris.
A LYCO M PA I N E.     See   ALLACOM -
   PAIN.                                                2.     (obsolete   chess). - The
 AMAZON,    subs. (colloquial). -1 A
                                                     1656. BEALE, Chesse-play, 2. The
   masculine woman ; a virago.                   Queen or AMAZON is placed in the fourth
   Also (the adjectival preceded the             house from the corner of the field by the
   figurative substantive      usage)            side of her King, and alwayes in her own
   AMAZONIAN = manlike, bold,                    colour.
   quarrelsome [in quot. 161(3=                  AMBASSADOR,          subs. (nautical).-
   beardless].                                        ' A trick to duck some ignorant
      1595. SHAKSPEARE, 3 Henry VI., i.               fellow or landsman, frequently
 4. How ill-beseeming is it in thy sex To             played on board ship in the warm
 triumph like an AMAZONIAN trull. /bid.
 (161o), Corwlanus, it. 2. His AMAZONIAN
                                                      latitudes. It is thus managed : a
 Chill.                                               large tub is filled with water, and
Ambassador of Commerce. 40                                   Ambrol.

  two stools placed on each side of              1589.  Golden Mirr0        [NAREs].
                                             An other sorte began to hyde their head,
  it. Over the whole is thrown a             And many other did AMBODEXTER play.
  tarpaulin, or old sail, which is
  kept tight by two persons seated                  1598. FLORIO,     Worlde of Wordes,
                                             s.v. Destreggiare.
  on the stools, who are to represent
  the king and queen of a foreign                   1599. PEELE,   Sir Clyomon [Works,
  country. The person intended               iii. 44]. Such shifting knaves as   I   am the
                                             ANIBODEXTER must play.
  to be ducked plays the ambassa-
  dor, and after repeating a ridicu-             1607.  COWELL, Law Diet. S.V.
                                             AM BIDEXTER . . . that juror that taketh
  lous speech dictated to him, is led        of both parties for the giving of his
  in great form up to the throne,            verdict.
  and seated between the king and                1613. FINCH, Law (1636), 186. To
  queen, who rise suddenly as soon           call . . . an Attornie AmBoDExTER, or to
  as he is seated, and the unfortu-          say that he dealeth corruptly.
  nate ambassador is of course                      1624. E. S. [Shaks„Oeare Cent.
  deluged in the tub' (GRosE).               Praise,   154].  These AMBI - DEXTER
AMBASSADOR OF COMMERCE,     subs.               1652. BEULOWE, Theop., xiii. xviii.
  (common).-A commercial tra-                238.   From costly bills of greedy
  veller; A BAGMAN (q. v.).                  Emp'ricks free From plea of AMBO-
                                             DEXTERS fee.
     1903. PeoAle, 29 Mar., 12. 5.
AMBASSADORS OF COMMERCE. London                     1691.   BLOUNT,    Law Dictionary.
Commercial Travellers' Benevolent Society    AMBIDEXTER . . . That   Juror Or Em-
[Title].                                     braceor who takes Money on both sides,
                                             for giving his Verdict.
AmBES-ACE.         See    AMES-ACE.
                                                c. 1696. B. E., Did. Cant. Crew, s.v.
                                             AM BIDEXTER,    one that goes snacks in
AMBIA,  subs. (American).-Chewed-            gaming with both Parties ; also a Lawyer
  tobacco juice (BARTLETT) : also            that takes Fees of Plaintif and Defendant
  see quot.                                  at once.

    1889. C. J. LELAND [Slang jargon             1703. DE FOE, Manners, 93. Those
and Cant, S. V. AM BIA.  The word AM BIA,    A M BODEXTERS in Religion, who Can any
as generally used at Princeton, which        thing dispute, yet any thing can do.
largely represents the solid South, is not        1705.    HICK ERINGILL, Priest-craft
applied to saliva, but to the intensely      (1721), i.44. Nor AMBODEXTER Lawyers
strong nicotine, or thick brown substance    take a Fee On both Sides.
which forms in pipes. I have always
supposed that it is merely a Southern           1841. DISRAELI, Amen. Lit. (1859),
variation of AMBER, which exactly repre-     1. 362.  Spun out of his own crafty
sents its colour.                            AMBIDEXTERITY.
AMBIDEXTER    (or AMBODEXTER).                    1856. DOVE, Logic, Chr. Faith, 1.
  subs. (old legal). -See quots.             Tortuous and A NI BIDEXTER sophistries.
  Hence (2) a double-dealer ; a                   1864. PALGR AVE, Norm. and Eng.
  VICAR OF BRAY (q.v.).    Also as           III. 278. An A M BIDEXTER, Owing fealty
                                             to both . . . and not faithful to either.
  adj.=deceitful, tricky.
   1532. Use of Dice Play (1850, 17.
Any affinity with our men of law? Never      AMBREE. MARY AMBREE,           subs.
with these that be honest. Marry ! with        phr. (old). -Generic for a woman
such as be AM BIDEXTERS, and used to           of strength and spirit [NAREs].
play in both the hands.
    1555. R DLEY, Works, 27. They
may be called neutrals, A MBI DE XTERS, or
                                             AmBROL,  subs. (B. E.). AMItROL,
rather such as can shift on both sides.        among the Tarrs for Admiral.'
              Ambush.                      41                 Ames-ace.

AMBUSH,   subs. (American thieves').                1613. DONNE, Elegy, xix. License
                                                my roving hands, and let them go . . .
  —Fraudulent weights and mea-                  Oh my AMERICA . . . safest when with
  sures. [A punning allusion : to               one man man'd.
  lie in wait, lying weight.] Cf.
  Fourbesque (Italian thieves' argot);          AMERICAN SHOULDERS,             subs. phr.
  giusta= a pair of scales, a balance,            (tailors'). =A particular cut' in
  which in Italian = correct.                     the shoulders of a coat : they are
                                                  shaped to give the wearer a broad
AMEN,  verb. (colloquial). —To finish             and burly appearance.
  a matter : as AMEN does a prayer ;                                            subs. phr.
                                                AMERICAN TWEEZERS,
  to approve ; to ratify. To SAY
  YES AND AMEN = tO agree to
                                                  (thieves').—An instrument to un-
  everything (GRosE) ; AMENER=                    lock a door from the outside,
                                                  NIPPERS (q.v.).
  a general conformist.
                                                AMES-ACE (AMBS-ACE, AMBES-
     1812. SOUTHEY, Letters,ii. 281. Yea
verily, this very evening have I AMEN'D           ACE, etc.), subs. phr. (old collo-
the volume.                                       quial). —I. Orig. and lit, the
     1854. THACKERAY, NEWCOMCS, lYil.             throw of two aces ; the lowest
Is there a bishop on the bench that has not       cast at dice. Hence (2) mis-
AMEN'D the humbug in his lawn sleeves,
and called a blessing over the kneeling pair
                                                  fortune; bad luck ; nothing.
of perjurers?                                     WITHIN AmEs-AcE = nearly, very
                                                  near (GRosE) : an emphasised
AMEN - BAWLER ( - CURLER         or               form of ACE, which see for other
   -SNORTER),         phr. (old).—
                   subs.                          quots.
   A parish clerk : also (military)                 1297. Robert of Glom-. 51. Ac he
   AMEN - WALLAH :          see   BLACK-        caste per of AMBES AS.
   COAT (GROSE).                                    [?[. MS. Laud, 108, f. 107. Ake
                                                i-hered beo swete Jhesu Crist, Huy casten
  d. 1704. BROWN, Works, ii. 16. Lower          AUMBES-AS.
sells penny prayer-books all the week, and          [?]. Harrowing of Hell, 21 [MS.
CURLS AN AMEN in a meeting-house on             Digby, 36, f. 119]. Stille be thou, Sathanas,
Sundays.                                        The ys fallen ANISES AAS.
      1858. MAYHEW, Paved with Gold,                  1383. CHAUCER, Cant. Tales, ' Man
ill. ix. He was nicknamed the 'AMEN             of Lawes Tale,' 25. 0 noble, 0 prudent
BAWLER,' and recommended to take to the         folk, as in this cas Your bagges ben not
 hum-box.'                                      filled with AMBES AS, But with sis cink,
    1888. Bulletin, 24 Nov. In Maori-           that renneth for your chance.
land it is impossible to swing [a] cat             C. 1430. LYDGATE, Minor Poems (1840),
without smiting some variety of AMEN-           166. Whos chaunce gothe neyther on synk
SNORTER. Still the saints are not happy.        nor sice, But withe AMBES ACE encresithe
                                                his dispence.
     1899. WHITEING, John St., xxi.      We
represents the Musselbry branch of the             d. 1529. SKELTON, Works, ii. 438.
Slay'ry Sersiety,' says a sort of AMEN-CUR-     This were a bevy case, A chaunce of
LER, as was at the 'ead on 'em.                 AMLESASE, To se youe broughte so base,
                                                To playe without a place.
                                                      1598. SHAKSPEARE, All's Well, etc.,
A MERACE, adv. (American thieves')              ii. 3. I had rather be in this choice, than
   —Near at hand ; within call.                 throw AmEs-AcE for my life.
                                                      1647. CARTWRIGHT, Ordinary [DODS-
AMERICA,    subs. (venery). — The               LEY, Old Plays (REED), 2381. May I At
                                                my last stake, when there is nothing else
   female pudendum : see MONO-                  To lose the game, throw AMES-ACE thrice
   SYLLABLE; if INDIA.                          together !
              Aminadab                            42                  Amoret.
    1709.   WARD,     TerrafithtS,     II. 13.              2. (common). - BUM-FODDER
'Tis a meer Scandal for a Man of your
Wealth and Reputation, WITHIN AMES
ACE of a Scarlet Gown, to shew yourself
concerned at such a Trifle.                                 3. (venery). - The seminal
    1721.   CENTLIVRE,     Gamester, i.      1.
                                                         fluid : see CREAM.
My evil genius flings AM's ACE before me.                d. 1704. BROWN, Works, i. 75. The
    1731. FIELDING, Lottery, 1, 249. If                lavish Hero fir'd too fast . . . That when
I can but nick this time, AN1E'S ACE, I                three poor attacks were past He wanted
defy thee.                                             AMMUNITION.
     1870. LOWELL, Among my Books, I.
192. A lucky throw of words which may                      MOUTH - AMMUNITION, subs.
come up the sices of hardy metaphor, or                  phr. (old).-Food : cf.
the AMBS-ACE of conceit.                                 TIMBER.

AMINADAB,      subs.     (old). - A                        1694. MOTTEUX, Rabelais, V. Vii. If
  Quaker : in contempt (GRosE).                        you would consume the MOUTH-ANIN1U-
                                                       NITION of this island, you must rise be-
   1709. WARD, Terreefilius, Vi. II.                   times.
Abigail . . . was AN1INIDAB'S servant till
happening to uncover her Nakedness . . .
he thought it best . . . to take the Damsel            AMORET      (or AMORETTE), subs.
to Wife.                                                 (old colloquial). - 1. Originally
                                                         a sweetheart : see quot. 1400 ;
AMMUNITION,        subs. (old). - r.                     spec. (2) a mistress. 0. E. D :
  Originally applied to every re-                          Eng. AMORET having become
  quisite for soldiers' use, as AMMU-                    obsolete the word has recently
  NITION bread, shoes, hat, etc. :                       been re-adopted from the
  now only of powder, shot, shell,                       French ' : see sense 4.] Whence
  and the like. Whence collo-                            (3) the concomitants of love: e.g.
  quialisms such as AMMUNITION                           a love-knot, a love-sonnet, love-
  FACE= a warlike face ; AMMUNI-                         looks (see quot. 1590), and
  TION WIFE (Or WHORE) = a                               (in pl.) 'love-tricks, dalliances '
  soldier's trull (GRosE) ; AMMU-                        (CoToRAvE)        [Cf. AMORE170
  NITION LEG=a wooden leg, etc.                          (from the Ital.) ,--- a lover, a
    C. 1658. CLEVELAND, Cleveland Vin-                   sonnet, a SHEEP'S EYE.]
dicated (1677), 97. So much for his war-
like or AMMUNITION FACE.                                  c.1400. Rom. of Rose, 4758. Eke as
                                                       well by A1V1ORETTES In mourning blacke
    1663.   BUTLER,    litaibra.S, I. I. 314.          as bright burnettes. Ibid. 892. Clad . . .
Link'd with many a piece of AMMUNITION                 alle in floures and in flourettes, Painted
BREAD AND CHEESE.                                      alle With AMORETTES.
    1693.   ROBERTSON, Phraseol. Gen.,                    1483. CAXTON, G. de la Tour, C. iv.
1320.       AMMUNITION WHORE, scortum                  Thought more to complaire and plese their
castrensc.                                             AMORETTES . . . than to plese God.
    1717. PRIOR, Alma, iii.   215. That                    1590. WATSON, Poems (1870), 171.
great Achilles might employ The strength               Bestow no wealth on wanton AntoRETs.
designed to ruin Troy, He dined on lion's
marrow, spread On toasts Of AMMUNITION-                    1590. LODGE, Eu,thues' Gold. Leg.
BREAD.                                                 Wryting AMORETS.
     1766. SMOLLP.:TT, Travels, V.       The             C. 1590. GREENE, Friar Bacon, xii. 8.
king . . . allows them soldiers' pay, that is,         Should . . . Phoebus scape those piercing
five sols or twopence halfpenny a day ; or             AmoRETs, That Daphne glanced at his
rather, three sols and AMMUNITION BREAD.               deity?
     1827. LYTTON, Pelham, vii.            The              1 590 . Never too Late, 82. Shee
one milliner's shop was full of fat squiresscs,        alluring him with such wilie AMORETTES
buying MUSLIN-AMMUNITION.                              of a curtizan.
                Ampersand.                      43                      Amuse.

     1594. DICKENSON, Arisbas (1878), 71.            AMPUTATE,     verb. (common).-To
Sweete AMORETS were chaunted.                          be off; 'To CUT (q.v.) and run' :
     1598. FLORIO, Worlde of IVordes.                  also to AMPUTATE ONE'S MA-
A morello, an AMORET, a little love, a
wanton, a paramour.                                    HOGANY (or TIMBER). See BUNK
     1646. HALL, Poems 35.         In each             and TIMBER-MERCHANT.
line lie More AMORETTOES then in Doris
eye.                                                 AMSTERDAM-WHORE,             subs. phr.
     165i. Sabi, 92. My AMORETS and                    (old). -See quot.
     1654. GAVTON, Fest. Notes, 47. The                  1709.    WARD,    Terrali lius, V.   28.
AMORETTO was wont to take his stand at               She has the face of an Angel, the Shape of
one place where sate his mistress.                   a Goddess . . . yet . . . she's as False
                       Sabih0. When                  and Perfidious as an AMSTERDAM WHORE.
   1794. WARTON,
AMOREIS no more can shine, And Stella
owns she's not divine.                               AMULET (THE),         subs. (venery).-
                                                       The female          pudendum ; see
      4. (modern).      AMOURETTE=                      MONOSYLLABLE.
   a love-affair ; an intrigue.
     1865. CARLYLE, Fred. Great, II. VII.            AMUSE,    verb. (Old Cant. and liter-
    16r. A curious story about one of                  ary).--To cheat, beguile, deceive,
Prince Fred's AMOURETTES.
                                                       [0. E. D. . . . 'Not in regular use
    1871. Pall Mall Gaz., 7 Feb., I T.                 before 1600. . . . 'the usual sense
Youthful AmouRETTEs more or less scan-
dalous.                                                in 1 7th and ISth centuries '] : spec.
                                                       (B. E. and GRosE), 'to throw
AMPERSAND,      subs. (American).-                     dust in one's eyes by diverting
   r. The posteriors : see Bum.                        one," to fling dust or snuff in the
                                                       eyes of the person intended to be
      2. (colloquial). - The sign
                                                       robbed ; also to invent some
     & ' ; ampersand. VARIANTS:
                                                       plausible tale to delude shop-
                                                       keepers and others, thereby to
                                                        put them off their guard.' Whence
   ANPARSE ; APERSIE (q.v.) ; PER-
                                                       AMUSER=a cheat, a snuff-throw-
                                                       ing thief ; 'one that deceives '
                                                       (Asx and GRosE).
   AMSIAM ; AMPUS - END; AP-                              1480. CAXTON, Ovid Metam.,x11
   PERSE - AND; EMPERSI - AND;                       I never AMUSED my husbonde.
   AMPERZED ; and ZUMZY-ZAN.                              1569. CECIL [STRVPE, Ann. Re.,f.,
                                                     liv. 5821. He was secretly employe( 1 to
     1764. MACKLIN, Man of the World.                AMUSE her.
 A shrivelled, cadaverous, neglected piece                1583.   WHITGIFT [FULLER, Church
 of deformity, i' the shape of an ezard or an        llist., X.   153]. I doubt not but your
 EMPERSI-AND, or in short anything.                  Lordship will judge those ANILISERS to
   d.   1843.   SOUTHEY,   Letters, 1.  The
                                         200.        deserve just punishment.
 pen commandeth only twenty-six . . .
                                                          1673. MARvELL, Re/i. Trans.,
 these are its limits-I had forgotten AND-
                                                     263. And all to AMUSE men from ob-
 PUSSEV-AND.                                         serving.
      1859. ELIOT, Adam Bede.         But he
 observed in apology, that it [the 'z'] was              1728. DE FOE, Magic, i. vii. r9o.
 a letter you never wanted hardly, and he            Tools of the Devil to cheat and AMUSE the
 thought it had only been put there 'to              world.
 finish off th alphabet, like, though                    1756. BuRRE, Sublime and Beautiful
 AMPUS-END ["&"[ would ha' done as                   [Works, i. 155b AMUSE and mislead us
 well,' for what he could see.                       by false lights.
             Anabaptist.                        44          Angel Altogether.

      1773.   ASH,   Dict., S.V. AMUSER                 1598. SHAKSPEARE, Merchant of
. . . one that deceives.                             Venice, i. i. 27. But I should think of
      1817. COBBETT, Year's Resia'. Amer.            shallows and of flats, And see my wealthy
(1822), 230. It becomes the people of                ANDREW dock'd in sand.
America to guard their minds against ever
being, in any case, AMUSED with names.                    See   MERRY-ANDREW.

ANABAPTIST,      subs. (old).—A thief                AN DROGYNATION (THE WORK OF),
    caught in the act and disciplined,                 subs. phr. (venery).—Copulation ;
    at the pump or in the horse-pond                    the BEAST with two backs' (q.v. ).
ANCHOR,      subs. (old).—See quot.                  ANGEL, subs. (nursery).     —See quot.
                         Vulg. Tongue, S.V.
                                                       also FLYING-ANGEL.
      1785. GROSE,
ANCHOR. Bring your a—se to an ANCHOR,
                                                        1880. GREENWOOD, Seaside Insanity
i.e., sit down. To let go an ANCHOR to the
                                                     [Odd Peo,ble in Odd Places, 451. With
windward of the law ; to keep within the
                                                     the youngest but one . . . bestriding his
letter of the law. Sea Wit.                          shoulder . . . his temper is not improved
      1853. BRADLEY, Verdant Green, II.              by the knowledge that the cherub to whom
         Hullo, Pet ! . .. BRING YOURSELF TO         he is giving a FLYING ANGEL is smearing
AN ANCHOR, my man.' The Pet according-               his Sunday hat with the seaweed with
ly ANCHORED himself by dropping on to the            which its little fists are full.
edge of a chair.
                                                          ANGEL ON HORSEBACK,             subs.
                                                       phr. (common).—See quot.
ANCIENT MARINER,              subs. phr.                 1905. GRAND,    Babs the Imfiossible,
    (Univ. Oxford). —A rowing don.                   xv. She would especially like a savoury
                                                     that evening . . . ANGELS ON HORSEBACK ,
ANDREW,      subs. (old).—i. A broad-                now — those delicious little morsels of
                                                     oysters rolled in bacon, and served on
    sword ; alsoANDREW FERRARA :                     crisp toast, very hot.
    if   GLADSTONE. [CoSmO, Andrea.
    and Gianantonio Ferara, three                    ANGEL ALTOGETHER,            subs.   phr.
    Italian cutlers of Belluno in                      (West Indian). — A toper. [A
    Venetia.]                                          ben - mot (c. 1876) of a sugar
     1618.    FLETCHER,     Chances,    viii.          planter on the East Coast, Deme-
Here's tough Old ANDREW.
                                                       rara. A negro, notorious for
      2. (old).—A body-servant ; a                     hard drinking, applied for leave ;
    valet : C ABIGAIL.
            ./                                         the manager, suspecting Quashie
                                                       wanted to go on the drink,'
    1698. CONGREVE, Way of the World,
v. 1. I am brought to fine uses, to become             bantered him. ' John ! you were
abotcher of second-hand marriages between              drunk on Sunday ? ' Yes
Abigails and ANDREWS.                                  massa !" Monday too? " Yes,
                                                       massa !' and the question, being
       3. (old). — A ship, whether
                                                       repeated for the rest of the week,
    trading or man - of - war : also
                                                       elicit ating similar responses, the
                                                        boss ' quietly but pointedly said,
                                                         But, John, you can't be an
    Among Australian smugglers= a
                                                       ANGEL A I. TOGE         II ER, you
    revenue cutter.
                                                       know ! ' The story got abroad,
    1591. HARINGTON, Orlando Purioso,                  caught on, and in a short time
xv. 23. Famous   ANDREW D'ORIE, That
to pyrats so much terror breeds [LITTLE-               the whole colony rang with the
DALE].                                                 expression.]
               Angelic.                       45                       Angle.
ANGELIC       (Or   ANGELICA),       subs.             1899.       WYNDHAM,     Queen's Service,
                                                   xxxv. Effective measures are taken to
  (old) — A young unmarried                        prevent defaulters leaving barracks. . . .
  woman.                                           All day long, the bugle sounds at unex-
                                                   pected moments the . . . ANGEL'S WHIS-
    1821.    MONCRIEFF,   Tom and Jerry            PER . . . when there is some extra fatigue
(Dtck 1, 5. This cover-me-decently was             to be performed.
all very well at Hawthorn Hall, I daresay ;
but here, among . . . the ANGELICS at
Almack's, . . . it would be . . . the index        ANGLE,      subs. (venery).—The penis :
of a complete flat.                                  see   PRICK (ROCHESTER).

                                                        Verb. (old colloquial).—To get
ANGELIFEROUS,       adj. (American).—                by stratagem ; TO FISH (q.v.);
  Angelic ; also super-excellent.                    and (in an absolute sense, see
    1837.    thin), Nick of the Woods                ANGLER) to cheat, to steal. As
[BARTLETT].    ANGELIFEROUS    madam !               subs. , (1) a lure or wile ; (2) a

                                                     victim : hence a simpleton, one
ANGEL'S-FOOD,       subs. phi-. (old).—              easily imposed on ; and (3) a
  Strong ale.                                        cunning or specious fellow, an
                                                     adventurer. To ANGLE ONE
    1577. HARRISON, England, II. XVIII.              ON= to lure.
(1877), 295. There is such headie ale and
beere . . . commonlie called huffe-capp,                 5535. COVERDALE, Bible, Eccles. vii.
the mad dog . . . ANGELS FOOD, dragons             26. A woman is bytterer than death . . .
milke.                                             for she is a very ANGLE, hir hert is a
ANGEL'S FOOTSTOOL,            subs. phi'.              1537.       TINDALE,   EU/5.   St. John, 45.
                                                   He can not . . . hyde the ANGLE of his
   (American). — An imaginary                      poysoned heresye vnder a bayte of true
   square sail, topping THE SKY-                   doctrine.
   SCRAPER (q.v.), THE MOON-SAIL                        1586.   SIDNEY [ JAMIESON].   If he
   (q.v.), and THE CLOUD-CLEANER                   shake courteously, he ANGLED the people's
   (q.v.).                                         hearts.
                                                       1589. Pafifie with Hatchet, Pref. 3.
                                                   I doo but yet ANGLE with a silken flye, to
ANGEL'S GEAR,        subs. ph-. (nauti-            see whether Martine will nibble.
   cal). —Female attire.
                                                       1598. SHAKSPEARE, i Henry IV., iv.
                                                   3. By this face, This seeming brow of
ANGEL'S OIL,     subs. /lir. (old).—A              justice did he win The hearts of all that
                                                   he did ANGLE for.     Ibid. (1601), All's
   bribe : also OIL OF ANGELS.                      Well, v. 3. 212. She did ANGLE for me,
   [ANGEL= a gold coin, value                      Madding my eagerness with my restraint.
   6s. Sd., first struck by Ed. IV.                    16or. JoNsoN, Poetaster, ii. 1. I'll
   in 1465.]                                       go presently and ENGHLE some broker for
                                                   a poet's gown.
                                                       1653. WALTON, Conzfileat Angler, i.
ANGEL'S SUIT, subs.  phr. (obsolete                You have ANGLED me on with much
   tailors ). — A combination'                     pleasure to the thatched house.
   garment for men : the trousers                    c. 1683. OLDHAM, Works,etc. (i686), 85.
   were buttoned to coat and waist-                Shooes which . . . ANGLED their Charity.
   coat made in one.                                  1750. CHESTERFIELD, Letters, 255.
                                                   Modesty is the only sure bait when you
                                                   ANGLE for praise.
ANGEL'S WHISPER,             subs. phr.
                                                       5799.       SOUTHEY,   Love           iii. II.
   (military). —The call to defaulter's            125. The subtile line Wherewith the
   drill : usually extra fatigue duty.             urchin ANGLED for my heart.
                Angler                         46                       Ankle.

   1867.  DISRAELI [Morn. Star, 12                      1785.      GROSE,      Vulg. Tongue, s.V.
Feb.]. We are not ANGLING for a policy.             ANGLERS.       Pilferers
                                                                          or petty thieves, who,
                                                    with a stick having a hook at the end, steal
                                                    goods out of shop windows, grates, etc. :
     To ANGLE FOR FARTHINGS,                        also those who draw in or entice unwary
   verb. phi-. (old). See quot. 1785.               persons to prick at the belt, or such like
    1700.   CoNGREvE,   IVay of the IVorlcl,
iii. 6. I hope to see him lodge in Ludgate                    Song of Me Young Prig
                                                        c. 1819.
first, and ANGLE into Blackfriars FOR brass         [FARMER, Musa Pedestris (1896), 83].
FARTHINGS with an old mitten.                   The cleanest ANGLER On the pad.
    1785. GROSE,      Vulg. Tongue, s.v.             1847. HALLIWELL, Arch. Words,
                                                S.V. ANGLER.   One who begs in the day-
Begging out of a prison-window with a           time, observing what he can steal at night.
cap, or box, let down at the end of a long
string.                                             ANGLOMANIACS,    subs. 15hr. (Ameri-
                                                      can). —A club in Boston ; its
     To     ANGLE NVITH A SILVER                      members are opposed to every-
   HOOK,   verb. plir. (common).—i.                   thing British.
   To bribe ; and (2) to buy one's
   catch in the market.                         ANGRY BOY.                  See BOY and   ROAR-
ANGLER,    subs. (Old Cant. ).—See
   quots. To ANGLE = to steal ;                 ANGULAR PARTY,         subs. phr. (corn-
   ANGLING-COVE=a FENCE (q.v.)                        mon). —A gathering of people
   (B. E. and GRosE).                                 where the number is odd ; say
                                                      three, seven, thirteen, etc.
    1567. HARMAN, Caveat, 35. These
hokers, or ANGGLERS be peryllous and            ANIMAL,        subs. (old).--i. A term of
most wicked Knaues . . they customably                contempt ; 'a fool—he is a meer
carry with them a staffe of v. or vi. foote
long, in which within one ynch of the tope            ANIMAL, he is a very silly Fellow'
thereof, ys a lytle hole . . . in which they          ( B. E., c. 1696).
putte an yron hoke, and with the same
they wyll plucke vnto them quickly any-                 1677. WYCHERLEV,            Plain Dealer,
thing that they may reche ther with.
   1592. NASH, Piers Pennilesse, 28 b.                  2. (American) —A new cadet
Noble Lord Warden [the devil] of the                  at the United States Military
Wenches and ANGLERS.
                                                      Academy, West Point ;       cf.
    x6xo. RowLAND, Marlin Mark all      -             SNOOKER.
[Hunt. Club], 8. They are sure to be
clyd in the night by the ANGLER, or                      See    WHOLE.
hooker, or such like pilferers that line
upon the spoyle of other poore people.          ANIMULE,          subs. (American). —A
    1632. DEKKER,       English 1, 711anies.          mule. [A PORTMANTEAU-WORD
An ANGLER for duds carries a short                    (q.v.): i.e. ANIMAL -I- MULE.]
staff in his hand, which is called a filch,
having in the nab or head of it a ferme            1834 (?) Centre Pole Bill [Over-
(that is to say a hole) into which, upon        land Monthly]. ' Ten miles to town !
any piece of service, when he goes a            Waal, stranger, I guess I'll stake out here
filching, he putteth a hooke of iron, with      to-night. Them AMMULES is WU beat to
which hook he angles at a window in the         do that.'
dead of night for shirts, smockes, or any
other linen or woollen.                         ANKLE.        To SPRAIN ONE'S ANKLE,
    1749. BAMFVLDE MOORE - CAREW,                     verb. phr. (old).—To be got with
Oath of Canting Crew. No climber
clamber, ANGLER, dancer, Prig of cackler,             child (GRosE). Fr., avoir mal
prig of prancer.                                      aux genoux.
            Ankle-Beater.                    47                  Anoint.

ANKLE-BEATER,   subs. phr. (old).      —          A NODYNE,subs. (American thieves').
  A boy-drover : they tended their                  —Death: as verb= to kill. Also
  animals with long wattles, and                    (Old Cant.), ANODYNE NECK-
  beat them on the legs to avoid                    LACE (or NECKLACE)=a halter
  spoiling or bruising the flesh.                   (GRosE).   See HORSE-COLLAR,
  Also PENNY-BOYS (q.v.): they                       LADDER, and NUBBING-CHEAT.
  received one penny per head as
  remuneration.                                       [1636. FLETCHER,    Bloody Brother,
                                                  iii. 2. Speaks of the hangman's halter as
                                                  a necklace.']
ANKLE-SPRING WAREHOUSE,             subs.
        (old).—The stocks.                             1766. GoLDsrorrx, Vicar of Wake-
                                                  field [Works (Globe), xx. 431. May I die
    1780. IRELAND,      Sixty reCtrS Ago,         by an ANODYNE NECKLACE, but I'd rather
96. Kilmainham Minit; Oh! boys, if                be an underturnkey in Newgate.
de mosey Was keeper of de ANCLE-SPRING
WAREHOUSE, you cud not help pitying him.          ANOINT,   verb. (old).—r. To flatter ;
                                                     TO BUTTER    (q.v.).
ANANIAS,   subs. (common). —A liar.
  Hence ANANIAS-BRAND=a11 im-                       c. 1400. Rom. Rose, 5057. These
                                                  losengeris hem preyse and smylen, And
  posture;    ANANIAS-CLUB = an                   thus the world with word ANOYNTEN.
  imaginary collection of liars ; TO                 1483. CAXTON, G. de la Tour, H v b.
  PLAY ANANIAS AND SAPPHIRA                       More worthe is the frend whiche prycketh
  (thieves') , to keep back part of               than the tlaterynge frend whiche
  the swag.                                       ENOYNTETH.

    1891. CAREW, Auto. of Gipsy, 4 1 4                 2. (old). — To bribe ; 'to
He 'cused me 0' playin' ANANIAS AND
SAPPHIRA —pinchin     the regulars as we
                                                     grease the palm' (q.v.); to
call it.                                              creesh the loof.'
     1896.   LILLARD,    Poker Stories.              1584. KNOX, Hist. of Rtformation,
'Stories told at the ANANIAS CLUB ' [Title        [Works (1846), 1. 102]. Yea, the handis
of chapter].                                      of our Lordis so liberallie were ANOYNTED.

ANNA MARIA,         subs. phr. (rhyming).               3. (old).—To beat ; to thrash
  —A fire.                                          soundly ; also, 'to ANOINT with
    1892. MARSHALL,    The Rusher                   the sap of a hazel rod' (North):
[Sysorting Times,
                29 Oct.] •My round-                 el: STRAP - OIL.           Whence
the-houses I tried to dry, By the ANNA              ANOINTED= well drubbed (see
MARIA'S heat.
                                                    next entry).
ANNE.       See   BACON, SIGHT,      and            C. 1500. Rom. of Part. (SKEAT), 5653.
   THUMB.                                         Then thay put hyrn hout, the kyng away
                                                  fly, Which SO well was ANovw -rEn [Fr.
                                                  Qui anoit este si bien oingti indede That
ANNEX,       verb.     (American).—To             no slene ne pane had he hole of brede
  steal ;   TO CONVEY    (q.v.).                       1563. R. B., 415,6i:a and Virginia
                                                  [DoDsLEv, Old Plays 11-1AzLiTil, iv. 121].
ANNO DOMINI SHIP,       subs. thr.                Have at you again : you shall have your
   (whaling). — An old - fashioned                ANOINTING.
   whaler (Century).                               c. i6[?]. Roxburgh.' Ballads, 'Dumb
                                                  Maid' [B. M., C. 20,f. 8, 112]. And take
ANNUAL,    subs. (colloquial). — A                you the Oyl of Hazel strong, With it
                                                  ANOINT her Body round.
   holiday taken once in twelve
   months : cf. ANNUAL (old) =a                       1703. FULLER, Bridewell, ASHTON,
                                                  Fleet, 211]. The whipper began to NOINT
   mass said, or rent paid, and                   me with his instrument, that had . . .
   (modern) a book issued, yearly.                about a dozen strings notted at end.
              Anointed.                       48                 Another.

      1748. SmoLLETT, Rod. Random, V.                 1864. SALA, Quite Alone, i. Is that
'I'll bring him to the gangway, and                ANONYNIA driving twin ponies . . . a
ANOINT him with a cat-and-nine-tails.'             parasol attached to her whip, and a groom
                                                   with folded arms behind her? Bah ! there
    1772. BRIDGES, Burlesque Homer,                are so many ANONYMAS nowadays. If it
139. Broomsticks . . . With which them-            isn't the Nameless One herself, it is
selves they us'd to switch, And call it            Synonyma.
'NOINTING for the itch.
                                                         1865. OUIDA, Strathmore, Vi. I'm
    1785. GROSE,      vulg.   Tongue, s.V.         getting tired of Mondes, one confounds
OIL OF 'GLADNESS.       I Will ANOINT you          . . . with Demi-monde, and aristocrats that
with the oil of gladness.                          are so near allied to ANONYMA.

     1824. IRVING, Tales of a Traveller,               1865. Public 0/Simian, 30 Sep. These
II. 287. Seize a trusty staff and ANOINT           demi-monde people, ANONYMAS, horse-
the back of the aggressor.                         breakers, hetair . . . are . . . pushing
                                                   their way into society.
                                                     d. 1868. H. J. BYRON [MSS. Additions
ANOINTED,      ppl.
                 adj. (old).-Pre-                  to Slang. Dicty. (HoTTEN) now in M.].
  eminent in rascality : see quot.                 Miss-, said to have been the real
                                                   ANONYMA, died at Paris.
  1866 and ANOINT, sense 3.
                                                        1873. LYTTON, Kenelm Chillingly.
   1769. ROBERTSON, Hist. of Reign of              The carefully sealed envelopes containing
Charles V. Their ANOINTED malefactors,             letters from fair ANONYIMAS.
as they called them, seldom suffered                  1881. DORAN, Drury Lane, II. 159.
capitally even for the most enormous               ANONYMAS, who dress with such exquisite
crimes.                                            propriety lest they should be mistaken for
    1820.   DUNCOMBE,    Flask Did.,   S.V.        modest women.
ANOINTED.    Knowing ; ripe for mischief.               1889. Modern Society, 13 July, 852.
                                                   Matters are . . . complicated when his
   1825. SCOTT, St. Ronan's IVell,                 mother-in-law mistakes his buxom laundress
xxxvi. ' But, not being Lord Etherington,          for a fair ANONYMA.
and an ANOINTED scoundrel into the
bargain, I will content myself with                     1900. SAVAGE, Brought to Bay, ii.
cudgelling him to death.                           Hawtrey piloted the innocent cow-boy out
                                                   of the evening crowd of ANONYNIAS.
    1866. SKEAT [Notes and Queries, 3.
S. ix. 422]. In a French MS. . . . is an
account of a man who had received a                ANOTHER.       YOU'RE ANOTHER,phr.
thorough and severe beating : Qui anoit              (old).      A  tu quoque :     i.e.
este si bien oignt. The English version              ANOTHER     liar, fool, thief-any
[Early English Text Society] translates
this, 'which SO well was ANOYNTED                     imaginable term of abuse.
indeed.' From this it is clear that to
ANOINT a man was to give him a sound                   1534.UDAL, Roister Doister,           5.
drubbing, and that the word was so used            Roister.If it were an other but thou, it
in the fifteenth century. Thus, an                 were a knaue.     M. Mery. YE ARE
ANOINTED rogue means either one who                AN OTHER your selfe, sir, the lorde us both
has been well thrashed or who has deserved         sane.
to be.                                                1561. PRESTON, Cambyses [DODSLEY,
                                                   Old Plays (HAzurr), iv. 220]. Thou
   1882. SMYTH PALMER, Folk Ety-
                                                   call'st Me knave, THOU ART ANOTHER.
mology, s.v.  ANOINTED . . . without
doubt, a corruption of the French anoiente               1749. FIELDING, Tom Jones, ix. vi .
(ROQUEFORT), another form of aneanti,                I did not mean to abuse the cloth ; I only
brought to nothing, worthless, good for            said your conclusion was a non sequitur.'
nothing.                                           'You ARE ANOTHER,' cries the sergeant,
                                                   'an' you come to that ; no more a sequitur
                                                   than yourself.'
ANONYMA,     subs. (popular : c. 186°-                  1836. DICKENS, Pickwick, xv. 'Sir,'
   6). - A fashionable whore : see                 said Mr. Tupman, 'you're a fellow." Sir,'
   TART.                                           said Mr. Pickwick, YOU'RE ANOTHER.'
            Anotherguess                     49                    Anser.
      1882. Boston Lit. World, 3 June 184.            1727. ARBUTHNOT, John Bull, 92
3. The argument of it is simply, You'             It used to go ANOTHER-GUISE manner in
ANOTHER,' a retort in dignified manner to         my time.
. . . British critics.                                   1762. FOOTE,   Orators,iii.(1767), 61
    1888.   SIR W. HARCoURT,    Speech at         This is ANOTHERGUESS matter.
Eighty Club, 21 Feb. Little urchins in                1764. WALpoLE, Otranto, ii. My
the street have a conclusive argument.            lady Isabella is of AN0THERGUESS mould
They say ' YOU'RE ANOTHER.'                       than you take her for.
     See NAIL.                                         1766. COLMAN, Clandestine Mar-
                                                  riage.   This is quite ANOTHER-GUESS sort
                                                  of a place than it was when I first took it,
ANOTH ERGUESS (ANOTH ERGETS,                      my lord.
                                                       1837. HOOK, Jack Bragg, 196. He
   GATES, ANOTH ERGUISE, AN-                      N'as, as they say, 'quite ANOTHER GUESS
   0TH ERKI NS), adj. (old colloquial).           SORT OF MAN' from what he had been.
  -That is another sort," kind,'                     1837. MRS. PALMER, Devonshire
  'manner,' fashion,' etc. [0. E.                 CourtslziA 12. Her's ANOTHER GESS
                                                  'OMAN than Dame.
  D. : A phonetic reduction from
  ANOTHERGETS (for ANOTHER-                          18 44. Tales by a Barrister, ii. 353.
                                                  You bean't given to walking of a morning
  GATES).] Hence ANOTHERGUESS                     -more's the pity-you would be ANOTHER
  SORT OF MAN (WOMAN, etc.)=                      GUESS SORT OF A MAN if you were.
  one 'up to SNUFF' (q.v.)                               1868. BROWNING, Ring and Book,
                                                  iv.    1498. ANoTHERGUESS tribunal than
     1580. SIDNEY, Arcadia (1622), 152.           ours here.
If my father had not plaid the hasty foole
I might have had ANOTHER-GAINES husband               1870. Argosy,  Dec.  447. Wolfe
than Dametas.                                     Barrington came. Quite ANOTHER GUESS
                                                  SORT OF PUPIL.
    /594. LYLY,   Mother Bombie,        i.
Bringing up ANOTHER-GATES marriage.
                                                  ANOTHER PLACE,       subs. phr. (Par-
    16o2. SHAKSPEARE,     Twelfth Night,                liamentary). - The House of
v. x. He would have tickled you OTHER
GATES than he did.
     1625. HOWELL, Letters, I. ix. 4. I                1883. LORD GRANVILLE, Speech, 18
wish you ANoTHERGETS wife than Socrates           June. I hear that question is to be asked
had.                                              in ANOTHER PLACE by Mr. Warton,
     1631. SAUNDERsON, 21 Sermons, i.
7. That, I ween, is ANOTHER-GATES                 ANSER.        ANSER IS LATIN FOR
matter.                                                 GOOSE (BRANDY, CANDLE,
     1655. Comical Hist. of Francion. I                 FISH, etc. ), phr. (old). -A
am constrained to make ANOTHER GUESSE                   punning catch or retort.
                                                      1612. CHApMAN, Widow's Tears, ii.
     1663. BUTLER, Hudibras, i. 3. 428.           4. Tha. I would make your lordship an
Hudibras about to enter Upon ANOTHER              ANSWER. Arg. ANSER'S LATIN FOR A
GATES adventure.                                  GOOSE, ant please your honour. Eu. Well
     1664.  FLECKNOE, Love's Kingdom.             noted, gander, and what of that ? Arg.
I co'd make OTHERGESS musick with them.           Nothing . . . but that he said he would
    1682. DURFEY,Madame Tickle. He                make his lordship an ANSWER.
has been a student in the temple these                1738. SWIFT, Polite Conversation, II.
three years ; ANOTHER GUESS SORT OF               Lord Sill. Tom, can you tell me WHAT'S-
MAN, I assure you.                                LATIN FOR A GOOSE? Nev. 0 my lord, I
    1690. SHADWELL, AVIOrOUS Bigot,               know that ; why, BRANDY IS LATIN FOR A
    268. She has made ANOTHER GUESS               GOOSE, and TACE IS LATIN FOR A CANDLE.
choice.                                               1785. GROsE,     Vulg. Tongue, s.v.
    1690. DRYDEN,     Am.phitryon,                TACE . . . TACE IS LATIN FOR A CANDLE;
The truth on't is, she's ANOTHERGHESS             a jocular admonition to be silent on any
Morsel than old Bromia.                           subject.
     Anshum-scranchum.                        so                 Anthony.

     1835. MARRYAT, Jacob Faithful,                ANT.    IN AN ANT'S FOOT, phr.
xi. 'Art thou forward in thy learning ?              (provincial).—In a short time.
Canst thou tell me LATIN FOR GOOSE?'
 TO be sure,' replied Tom, 'BRANDY.'
                                                   ANTAGONIZE,     verb.    (American
    1851. MAYHEW, London Lab., 1. 125.
The thirst and uneasy feeling . . . fre-             colloquial).—To oppose a ball,
quently experienced after . . . the richer           bill, measure, etc. [Properly,
species of fish, have led to the employment          only of contention or opposition
of spirit to this kind of food. Hence, says
Dr. Pereira, the vulgar proverb, BRANDY              between forces or things of the
IS LATIN FOR FISH.                                   same kind.]
     1868. BREWER, Phrase and Fable,                    1882.    Boston Evening Transcriy3t,
S.V. BRANDY. WHAT IS THE LATIN FOR                 4, 3. Windom did not hesitate openly to
GOOSE? (ANSWER) BRANDY. The pun is                 ANTAGONISE . . . SherMarl'S bill.   Ibid.
On the word ANSWER. ANSER IS THE                   A determination to ANTAGONISE this and
LATIN FOR GOOSE, which brandy follows              all other bills.
as surely and quickly as an ANSWER follows
a question.                                                      verb. (old).—To go to
                                                     the opposite extreme : cf.      to
ANSHUM-SCRANCHUM,      subs. phr.
                                                     lord," to tree,' etc.
  (provincial).—A scramble : e.g.
  when provision is scanty, and                         1647. WARD, Simi ,. Cobler, 47. If
  each one is almost obliged to                    it [Majestas Imiherii] extends itself beyond
                                                   its due Artique . . . Salus Populi must
  scramble for what he can get, it                 ANTARTIQUE IT, or else the world will be
  is said to be ansbum-scranchum                   Excentrick.
  work (HALLIWELL).
                                                   ANTECHAMBER       (or Room), subs.
AN'T (AUNT)   (colloquial or vulgar).                (B. E., c. 1696).—' Forerooms for
  —A contraction for are not ' ;                     receiving of Visits, as the back
   am not ' ; is not ; has not ; have                and Drawing-rooms are for Lodg-
  not (HAN'T) : chiefly Cockney ;                    ings, anciently called Dining-
  cf. shan't, won't, can't.        See               rooms.' [Not in use in this
  AIN'T. Also.' and may it.'                         sense until 18th century, the
                                                     earliest reference in O. E. D.
    1612. CHAPMAN, Widow's Tears, ii.
4. ANT please your honour.                           being 1767 : the orig. meaning
                                                      = the room admitting to the
    1706. WARD, Hucl. Redly. 1. i. 24.
But if your Eyes A'N'T quick of Motion.              royal bedchamber.]
    1734. FIELDING, Old Man, tow. I.
Ha, ha, ha ! AN'T we ? no !                        ANTEM.       See AUTEM.
    1778. BURNEY, Evelina, 1. xxi. 87.
Those you are engaged to AIN'T half so             ANTHONY.        To KNOCK ANTHONY,
near related.                                         verb. phr. (old).—t. To walk
    1812. SMITH, Rejected Addresses, 69.              knock-kneed ;      TO CUFF       JONAS
No, that A'NT it, says he.                            (q.v.). hence ANTHONY CU ['FIN
    1828. LYTTON, Pelham, xlii.      A'N'T             =a knock-kneed man. Also (2)
we behind-hand?                                       to keep warm by beating one's
     1829. [LAMB, Life and Letters (186o),            sides : see BEATING THE B0013Y
1. 348.] AN'T you glad about Burk's case ?            (G ROSE).
      1864. TENNYSON, Northern Farmer,
xiii. Joanes, as 'ANT a 'aapoth o' sense.               ANTHONY (or TANTONY PIG),
    1865. DICKENS, Mutual Friend, iii.               subs. (old). — See SAINT and
12. She AIN'T half bad.                               TANTONY, adding quots. infra.
              Antidote.                       5                        Any.
     1662. FULLER, Worthies, 'London,'            AN             subs. (venery).—The
ii. 56. He will follow him like a ST.
ANTHONY'S PIG. St. Anthonie is notori-                 female privity :  see MONO-
ously known for the Patron of hogs, having             SYLLABLE.
a Pig for his Page in all pictures. . . .
There was a fair Hospital built to the
honour of St. Anthony in Bennet's Fink            ANTRUMS.         See   TANTRUM.
in the City ; the Protectors and Proctors
whereof claimed a priviledge to them-
selves to garble the live Pigs in the
                                                  ANVIL.      ON THE ANVIL, phr. (old
Markets of the City ; and such as they                 colloquial).—In preparation ; in
found starved, or otherwise unwholesome                hand ; 'on the stocks ' ; and (the
for man's sustenance, they would slit in               usual modern equivalent) '[an
the ear, tie a bell about their necks, and
let them loose about the City. None durst              iron] in the fire.' Hence TO
hurt or take them up (having this Livery               ANVIL = to fashion, to prepare.
of St. Anthony upon them) ; but many
would give them bread, and feed them in               1607. DEKKER, Whore of Babylon,
their passage, whom they used to follow,          F. iii. Whilest our thunderbolts ARE
whining after them.                               ANVILING abroad.
     1787. GROSE, Dictionary of the                      1612. CHAPMAN,     Widow's Tears, ii.
 Vulgar Tongue. The favourite or small-           1. You know, brother, I have other irons
est pig in the litter ; to follow like a          ON THE ANVIL.
signified to follow close at one's heels.              C. 1623. FLETCHER,   Lover's Progress,
                                                  iv. Armour, ANVILLED in the shop Of
                                                  passive fortitude.
     ST. ANTHONY'S FIRE,              subs.
  phr. (old). — See quots.                            1623. HOWELL, Letters (1650), II.
                                                  29. Matters while they are in agitation
   1527. ANDREW, Brunswyck's Distyll.             and UPON THE ANVIL.
Waters, A ij. Sorell water slaketh ST.                 C. 1674. CLARENDON, Hist. Rebellion,
                                                  I.U. no. The Earl of Strafford . . .
    1607. TOPSELL, Serents, 815. The              whose destruction was then UPON THE
disease called Erisipelas, commonly called        ANVIL.
                                                   C. 1700.  Gentleman Instructed, 303.
    1834.   Penny Cycl., II. 96. 2. The           You are now ANVILLING out some Petty
cure of the distemper called the sacred fire,     Revenge.
since that time called ST. ANTHONY'S
                                                      1748. RICHARDSON, Clarissa, VIII.
                                                  267. A roguery . . . ready ANVILLED and
    1868. BREWER, Phrase and Fable,               hammered for execution.
s.v. From the tradition that those who
sought the intercession of ST. ANTHONY               1785. BURKE, Nabob of Arcot
recovered from the pestilential erysipelas        [Works (1842), I. 319]. He has now ON
called the sacred fire which proved ex-           THE ANVIL another scheme.
tremely fatal in 1089.
                                                  ANVIL - BEATER               (-THRESHER,
ANTIDOTE,     subs. (B. E. ).—` A very                  -WHACKER,   etc.),       subs. phr.
   homely Woman.'                                      (old).—A smith.
ANTIENT,   subs. (B. E. ).—` At sea,                   1677.  CLEVELAND, Poems,    Ded.'
   for Ensign or Flag.' [0.E.D. :                 Venus is again unequally yoaked with a
                                                  Sooty AN VILE-BEATER.
    a corruption of 'Ensign,' con-
   founded with ancien.1 Cf.
   ANCIENT Pistol, Othello's AN-                  ANY.         ANY OTHER MAN, phr.
   CIENT (i.e. standard-bearers).                       (American). —A call to order :
                                                        addressed to a prosy or a discursive
ANTIMONY,       subs. (printers'). —                    speaker, or when from lack of con-
   Type. [ANTIMONY is a con-                            tinuity in thought the same idea
   stituent part.]                                      is repeated in synonymous terms.
              Anybody.                               52                    Apartments.

     I'M NOT TAKING ANY, phr.                             ANYTHINGARIAN,      subs. (old collo-
   (colloquial). —A more or less                            quial).—An indifferentist ; a
   sarcastic refusal ; Not for Joe.'                        JACK - OF - BOTH - SIDES. Hence
                                                            ANYTHINGARIANISM = the creed
                                                            of all things to all men.'
ANYBODY,    subs. (colloquial).—An
  ordinary individual : in deprecia-                           d.i7o4.  BROWN, Works, iii. 97.
  tion; cf. NOBODY, SOMEBODY,                             Bifarious ANYTHINGARIANS, that always
  etc.                                                    make their interest the standard of their
    1826. DISRAELI,    Vivian Grey,        II. XV.
78. Everybody was there who is ANY-
                                                              1709. WARD,      Terra:nil:CS, I. 23.
                                                          Wonderful Benefit the Wavering Any-
                                                          thingarean has at last reap'd by his long
    1858. BRIGHT,     S'14eeCheS,   306.    Two           Inquiry.
or three ANYBODIES.
                                                              1717. Entertainer, 6 Nov. [Notes
                                                          and Queries, 7 S. vi. 66]. Nor, which is
ANYHOW.         ALL ANYHOW, adv.                          ten times worse, Free-thinkers, Atheists,
  phr.      Carelessly ; at random.
                                                                1718-10.    SWIFT,   Pol. Conv.,i. Lady
    1902.   Free Lance,   II Oct., 44. 2. I               Sm.  What religion is he of? Ld.
have seen these particular waistcoats made                Why, he is an ANYTH1NGARIAN. Lady
 ALL ANYHOW as regards the matching                       Ans. I believe he has his religion to chuse.
of the stripe line.
                                                               1850. KINGSLEY, Alton Locke, xxii.
    ANYHOW YOU CAN FIX IT, !hr.                           They made puir Robbie Burns an ANY-
                                                          THINGARIAN with their blethers.         ibid.
  (American).—A form of aquies-                           (1851), Life, i. 215. A tone of feeling very
  cence : I don't know if you'll                          common, and which finds its vent in modern
  succeed, but ANYHOW YOU CAN                             Ne0-Pla.1011iSM—ANYTHINGARIANISM.
                                                          ANYWHERE.      ANYWHERE DOWN
ANY-RACKET,       subs. phr. (rhyming)                      THERE ! (tailors'). A workroom
  —A penny faggot.                                           catch-phrase on the falling of
                                                             anything to the floor.
ANYTHING.      LIKE (or As) ANY-
  THING, adv. phr. (colloquial).—                         APART,   adv. (old colloquial [B. E.,
  An indefinite but comprehensive                           c. 1699] : now recognised). —
  standard of measurement or value ;                         Apart, severally, asunder.
  LIKE ONE O'CLOCK (OLD BOOTS,                              [Except for the anticipation by
  WINKING, HELL, etc.).                                     Langlancl (see quot. 1399) not in
                                                            use till long after B. E.'s time.]
      1542. UDAL, Erasmus' Atofih., 32.
The same maiden . . . daunced without                         1399. LANGLAND, Rich. Redeless, iv.
any feare . . emong Sweardes and Knives                   36. Comliche a clerk than pronouncid Fe
. . . as sharpe AS ANYTHING.                              poyntis APARTE to hem alle.
    1740. RICHARDSON, Pamela, ii. 57.                         1728. NEWTON, Chronol. Amend., I.
I fear your girl will grow as proud AS                    177. The spartans lived in villages Al'ART.
ANYTHING.                                                 [0. E. D. : the first quot. in this sense.]
    1837. BARHAM,      ingoldsby Leg-ends,
   135. His bosom throbb'd with agony,
he cried LIKE ANYTHING.                                   APARTMENTS.      APARTMENTS Tt)
                                                             LET, thr. (common).—I. Empty-
    1873. CARROLL, Through Looking.
Glass, iv. 73. They wept LIKE ANYTHING
                                                             headed ; foolish ; crazy : see
to see Such quantities of sand.                              BALMY.
                      Ape.                        53                        Ape.
     2. (old).-Said of a widow ;                           /600. SHAKSPEARE, Muck Ado, V. r.
                                                       Boys, APES, braggarts, Jacks, milksops.
  also of a woman given to prosti-                     Ibid. Cymb., iv. 2 194. Jollity for
  tution : e.g., 'She lets out her                     APES and grief for boys.
  fore room and lies backward '                           1634. WITHALS, Diet.    It is hard
  (RAY and GRosE).                                     MAKING A HORNE OF AN APES TAYLE.
    1809.         MALI-UN,    Gil Bias [RouT-              1648. Pet. Eastern Ass, 23. Them-
LEDGI,],   191. A theatrical lady . . . may            selves may . . . PLAY THE APES in
change her lover as often as her petti-                Pulpits.
coat . . . and . . . rivals came back in
crowds . . . ready to bargain on the mere                   1741. RICHARDSON, Pamela, I. 154.
report of my being TO LET.                             That she should instigate the titled APE
                                                       her husband to write to me.
APE, subs. (old).-I. An antic ; a                           1884.     HENLEY    and STEVENSON,
  gull. Hence GOD'S - APE = a                          Deacon Brodie,    II. 3. He was my APE,
                                                       my tool.
  natural fool ; TO PLAY THE
   APE=(I) to mimic ; and (2) to
   play the fool ; TO PUT AN APE                            2. (old). - An endearment
                                                          (MALoNE) : Cf. MONKEY.
   =to befool, to dupe : also TO                            1595. SHAKSPEARE,         Romeo and
   MAKE ONE HIS APE.       As adj. (or                 Juliet, ii. 1. 16.   The APE is dead, and I
                                                       must conjure him.
   APISH) = foolish : hence      APE-
   DRUNK =maudlin ; APE-WARE=
   counterfeit ware.                                         3. (Stock Exchange). - In
                                                          pl. = Atlantic and North-western
  C. 1230. A ncr. R., 248. Ne mei he                      First Mortgage Bonds.
buten scheawe Pe uorn sumwhat of his
                                                           1871. ATKIN, House Scraps. If any-
    1370.    WYCLIF,         Works (1879), 412.        thing tickles our fancy, We buy them-
Many sich APE resouns han             men herd         " Brums," "Coleys," or "APES."
a3cnus crist.
    1383.          CHAUCER,       Cant. Tales,
 Prioresses Prol.' Aha, felowes, beth ware
                                                             To LEAD APES IN HELL, verb.
of swiche a jape, The monk PUT IN TfIE                    phr. (old).-To die unmarried :
MANNES HODE AN APE.      Ibid., Miller's                  of both sekes. Hence APE-
Tale, 203. Thus she maketh Absolon hir                    LEADER=an old maid, or bache-
           Colyn Blowbol's Testament,
                                                          lor (GRosE).
 c. 1508.
280. Such as wilbe as DRoNGEN as all                       15797 LYLY, EzySkze es (ARBER), 87.
APE.                                                   Rather thou shouldest leade a lyfe to
     1509. BARCLAY, Ski,b of Fooles (157o),            thine owne lyking in earthe, than . . .
33. Some are APE DRONKE, full of laughter              LEADE APES IN HELL.
and of toyes, Some mery dronke.
                                                            1577. STAN1HURST,       Desc. Ireland,
     1513. DOUGLAS, zEneis, iv., Prol. 21.             ii. He seemed to stand in no better steede
3our trew seruandis silly Gornois arts.                than TO LEAD APES IN HELL.
    1532. MORE, COilfUE. Barnes, viii.                      1596.
Thys felowes folishe APISHNESSE and al hys
                                                                     SHAKSPEARE,      Taming of
                                                       Skrew,ii.    I. 34. She is your treasure . . .
asseheded exclamacions.
                                                       I must . . . for your love to her, LEAD
   1579. TOMSON, Calvin's Sernz.                       APES IN HELL.
343. 1. He PLAYETH THE APE,          and
counterfeteth what God bath ordeined for                    1598.   FLORIO,    TVOTICIC of Wordes,
our salvation.                                         s.v. Meimmola,       an old maide or sillie
                                                       virgin that will LEAD APES IN HELL.
     1596. SPENsER, Fairy Queen, III. ix.
31. Two eies him needeth for to watch                        1605. London Prodigal, i. 2.    But
and wake, Whom lovers will deceive.                    'tis an old proverb, and you know it well,
Thus was THE APE By their faire handling               That women, dying maids, LEAD APES IN
PUT INTO NIALBECCOES CAPE.                             HELL.
                 Ape.                         54                 Apostles.

    161i. CHArmAN, Mayday,        V. 2. I          A-PER-SE.     See A.
am beholding to her ; she was loth to have
                                                   APHRODISIAN - DAME,     subs. fihr.
    1648. BRATHWAVTE, Bessy Bell, iii.               (literary). — A courtesan : see
To LEAD APES IN HELL, it Will not do well,
'Tis an Enemy to Procreation.                        TART.
     1651. BROME, Jovial Crew, 11. 372.               1861. READE,     Cloister and Hearth,
I will rather hazard my being one of the           lvi. They showed me the state nursery
Devil's APE-LEADERS than to marry while            for the children of those APHRODISIAN
he is melancholly.                                 DAMES, their favourites.
    1708-10. SWIFT, Polite Conversation,
i. Col. Faith, you'll never LEAD APES IN           A-PIGGA-BACK        (or A-PISTY-POLL).
HELL.   Nev. No, no, I'll be sworn Miss              See   ANGEL     and PICK-A-BACK.
has not an inch of Nun's Flesh about her.
   1710. DUKE,       Poems [CHALMERS,              APOSTLES    (or   TWELVE APOSTLES),
Eng-. Poets, ix. 233]. Compar'd to all the
plagues in marriage dwell, It were pre-              subs. phr. (Cambridge Univ.).—
ferment to LEAD APES IN HELL.                        Formerly when the Poll, or
    1717. CENTLIVRE,    Bold Stroke, ii. 1.          ordinary B.A. degree list, was
Poor girl ; she must certainly LEAD APES,            arranged in order of merit, the
as the saying is.                                    last twelve were nicknamed THE
  C. 1727. RAMSAY,   Bonny Tweedmouth                TWELVE APOSTLES; also THE
[Works,  ii. 245]. To Edinburgh go,
Where she that is bonny May catch her a              CHOSEN TWELVE, and the last,
Johnny, And never LEAD APES BELOW.                   ST. POLL or ST. PAUL—a pun-
    1763. DODSLEY,      Poems,    Vi. 216.           ning allusion to I Cor. xv. 9,
Poor Gratia in her twentieth year, Fore-             'For I am the least of the
seeing future woe, Chose to ATTEND a
        future                                       Apostles, that am not meet to
monkey here Before AN APE BELOW.
                                                     be called an Apostle.' The list
 C. 1800. DIBDEN, Song-, 'Tack       and
Tack.' At length cried she, 'I'll marry ;
                                                     is now arranged alphabetically
what should I tarry for? I may LEAD                  and in classes. At Columbia
APES IN HELL for ever.'                              College, D.C., the last twelve
   1830. GENERAL P. THOMPSON EXerC.                  on the B.A. list actually re-
(1842), I. 198. Joining with othe old
                               r                     ceive the personal names of the
women, in LEADING their APES IN TAR-

     To SAY AN APE'S PATER-                           1785. GROSE,  Vulg. Tongue, s.v.
                                                   APOSTLES (Cambridge). Men who are
   NOSTER, verb. phr. (old). —To                   plucked, refused their degree.
   chatter with cold. Fr. dire des                      1795. Gent. Mag., Jan., 19. [The
   patendtres de singe.                            last twelve names on the Cambridge list
     1611. COTGRAvE,            s.v. G?-           are here called THE TWELVE APOSTLES.]
loiter. To shake, tremble, SAS, AN APE'S               823. Gradus ad Cantab.          The
PATERNOSTER.                                       APOSTLES are the clodhoppers of litera-
     1653. URQUIIART,     Rabelais, i. xi.         ture, who have at last scrambled through
 He would flay the Fox, SAN' THE APE'S             the Senate House without being plucked,
                                                   and have obtained the title of B.A. by a
                                                   miracle. The last twelve names on the
     PHRASES.      The APE claspeth                list of Bachelor of Arts—those a degree
                                                   lower than the oi 7roAAoi — are thus
   her young so long that at last she              designated.
   killeth them' ; An APE is an
   APE, a varlet's a varlet, Though                     To MANCEUV RE THE APOSTLES,
   they be clad in silk or scarlet' ;                 verb. phi-. (old).—To borrow of
   'The higher the APE goes, the                      one to pay another ; to rob Peter
   more he shows his tail.'                           to pay Paul (GRosE).
         Apostle's Grove.                     55                 Apple-pie Bed.
APOSTLE'S GROVE, subs. (common).                      like as an APPLE is like an oyster ' ;
  —St. John's Wood: also THE                          'There's small choice in rotten
  GROVE OF THE EVANGELIST.                            APPLES 9     Won with an APPLE,

                                                      lost with a nut ' •' 'How we
APOTHECARY,      subs. (old).—For-                    APPLES swim' (=' What a good
  merly a term of contempt : prior                    time we're having ' ; a reference to
  to 1617 the business of grocer and                  the fable of a posse of horse-turds
  chemist was combined, and it was                    floating down the river with a
  not till 1815 that the status of an                 company of apples).
  apothccary, as a medical practi-                      1340.     Ayenbite, 205. A roted EPPEL
  tioner, was legally held by licence              amang    Pe   holen, make l) rotie e yzounde.
  and examination of the APOTHE-                       1532. M ORE, COitfut. Tinarale[Works,
  CARIES Company. Hence TO                         689. r]. Let him take MINE VIE FOR AN
  TALK LIKE AN APOTHECARY,                         APPLE, if . . .
  verb. phr. (old).—To talk non-                       1579. FULKE, Heskizz's Pan., 241.
  sense ; 'to use (GRosE) hard or                  Your argument is AS LIKE, AS AN APPLE IS
  gallipot words : from the assumed                LIKE AN OYSTER.
  gravity and affectation of know-                      1596. SHAKSPEARE, Taming Shrew,
                                                   i. i. 139.  Faith, as you say, there's small
  ledge generally put on by the                    choice in rotten APPLES.
  gentlemen of this profession who
                                                      1623. SANDERSON, Sermons [Works
  are commonly as superficial in their             0680 1. 195]. Of a wavering and fickle
  learning as they are pedantic in                 mind ; as we say of children: WON WITII
  their language.' Also APOTHE-                    AN APPLE, and LOST WITH A NUT.
  CARIES' - LATIN = gibberish, DOG -                  1672. RAY, Proverbs. See HOW WE
  (KITCHEN-, or RAW-)Latin (q.v.);                 APPLES SWIM, quoth the horse-turd.
  APOTHECARIES'-BILL = a long                           1860.    Cornhill Mag., Dec. 737.
  undetailed account : cf. BAWDY-                  While tumbling down the turbid stream,
                                                   Lord, love US, HOW WE APPLES SWIM.
  HOUSE RECKONING.              Like-
                                                        1873. IRELAND          and    NICHOLS,
  wise PROVERBIAL SAYINGS: ' A                     Hog-art/z, III. 29. He assumes a conse-
  broken APOTHECARY, a new                         quential air, sets his arms akimbo, and
  doctor ' ; ' APOTHECARIES would                  strutting among the historical artists cries,
                                                     How WE APPLES SWIM.'
  not give pills in sugar unless they
  were bitter.'                                          See     ADAM'S APPLE.

APPII (THE),   subs. (Durham Uni-                  APPLE-CART,   subs. phr. (common).
  versity : obsolete)—The Three                       —The human body ; cf. BEER-
  Tuns : a celebrated Durham Inn.                     BARREL.     To UPSET ONE'S
  [A mis-reading of Acts xxviii. 15.]                 APPLE-CART= to floor a man ; to
                                                      thwart (GEosE). Also TO UPSET
APPLE,  subs. (venery).—In pl. =a                     THE OLD WOMAN'S APPLE-CART;
  woman's paps : also APPLE-                          TO UPSET THE APPLE-CART AND
  DUMPLING SHOP (GROSE)= the                          SPILL THE GOOSEBERRIES (or
  bosom : see DAIRIES.                                PEACHES).
 d. 1638. CAREW, The Rapure. The
warm firm APPLE, tipp'd with coral berries.        APPLE-PIE BED,     subs. phr. (old).—
                                                      ' A. bed made apple-pie fashion,
    PHRASES    and         PROVERBIAL                 like what is called a turnover
  EXPRESSIONS.       One rotten                       apple-pie, where the sheets are so
  APPLE decays a    bushel ' ; To                     doubled as to prevent any one
  take an eye for an APPLE ' ; As                     from getting at his length between
           Apple-pie Day.                     56               Apple Squire.
   them : a common trick played by                   C. 1500. COPLAND, Hye-way to Spittel-
   frolicsome country lasses on their              house [HAzurr, Early Poib. Poet., iv.
                                                   6o], 832. APPLE-SQUYERS, entycers, and
   sweethearts, male relations, or                 ravysshers, These to our place have dayly
   visiters ' (GRosE). Fr. lit en                  herbegers.
   portefeuille.                                        [?]. MS. Bode., 30. Such stuffe the
       1811. SHARPE[COrreS/5011denCe(I888),        divell did not tast, only one little hellhound,
                                                   a cronie of myne, and one of St. George's
i• 4661. After squeezing myself up, and
making a sort of APPLE-PYE BED With the            APPLE-SQUIRES.
beginning of my sheet.                                 15 [?].      .   .   .   .   [   DODSLEY,   Old Plays
     1883. Sat. Review, 3 Nov. 566, 2.             (REED), iX. 162]. Together with my lady's,
Some evil-disposed persons' have already           my fortune fell, and of her gentleman usher
visited his room, MADE HIS BED INTO AN             I became her APPLE SQUIRE, to hold the
APPLE-PIE, plentifully strewn with hair-           door and keep centinel at taverns.
brushes and razors.                                      1573. BULLIEN, Dialogue, 8. His
                                                   little lackey, a proper yong APPLE SQUIRE,
APPLE-PIE DAY,    subs.phr. (obsolete,             called Pandarus, whiche carrieth the keye
   Winchester Coll.)—The day on                    of his chamber with hym.
   which SIX-AND-SIX (q.v.) was                       1593. NAsx, Christ's Teares, 83 b.
   played. It was the Thursday after               They will . . . play the Brokers, Baudes,
   the first Tuesday in December.                  APRON-SQUIRES, Pandars, or anything.
   So called because hot APPLE-PIES                      1596.   JoNsor4, Every Man in
   were served on GOMERS (q.v.) in                 Humour, iv. lo. And you, young APPLE
   College for dinner.                             SQUIRE, and old cuckold maker. Ibid.
                                                   (1599), Every Man Out of His Humour,
APPLE-PIE ORDER,        subs. phr.                 iv. 6. Shift. As I am APPLE-JOHN, I am
                                                   to go before the cockatrice you saw this
   (colloquial).—The perfection of                 morning. Ibid.,' Characters—Shift. His
   neatness and exactness.                         chief exercises are . . . SQUIRING a cocka-
                                                   trice, and making privy searches for
    1813.  SCOTT [LOCKHART, Life, IV.              imparters.   Ibid. (1614), Bartholomew
(1839), 131. The children's garden is in           Fair, i.i. Lit. A fool-John, she calls me ;
APPLE PIE ORDER.                                   do you mark that, gentlemen ? . . . Quar.
       1835. MARRVAT,   J. Faithful, viii.         She may call you an APPLE-JOHN, if you
29. Put the craft a little into   APPLE PIE        use this.
ORDER.                                                 1598.     FLORIO,                Worlde of Wordcs,
    1837. BARHAM, Ingoldsby Legends,               s.v. Gualciro.
 Old Woman in Grey.' I am just in the                                               Each
                                                       1599. HALL, Satires, 1. 2.
ORDER which some folks—though why, I               bush, each bank, and each base APPLE-
am sure, I can't tell you—would call APPLE-        SQUIRE Can serve to sate their beastly
PIE.                                               lewd desire.
APPLES-AND-PEARS,      subs. phr.                     1599. 1Varning Fairc Women, ii.
  (rhyming).—A flight of stairs.                   1158. Trusty Roger, her base APPLE-

APPLE SQUIRE, subs. phr. (old).-                       1611. COTGRAVE,                    Diet., s.v. Cued-
  i. A harlot's convenience. Hence
  (2) a kept-gallant (see SQUIRE,                       1622. MARMION, Holland's Leaguer,
                                                   iv. 3. Is your niece a leaguer, a suttler,
  BULLY, and FANCY-MAN) ; (3) a                    Or laundress to this fort ? . . . You are an
  wirroL (q.v.); and (4) a PIMP                    APPLE-SQUIRE, a rat, and a ferret.
  (q.v.).   Also PIPPIN - SQUIRE,                   1623. TAYLOR, Discovery by Sea, II.
  SQUIRE OF THE BODY, APPLE-                   21. Are whoremasters decai'd, are bawds
  JOHN, APPLE-MONGER, APRON-                   all dead, Are panders, pimps, and APPLE-
                                               SQUIRES all fled ? Ibid. (Works, 1630),
  MAN, and AP RoN-sQu R E. APP
                                               Lord, who would take him for a PIPPIN
  W I FE = bawd. In quot. 1636                 SQUIRE, That's so bedaub'd with lace and
  A PRON -SQU IRE = groomsman.                 rich attire?
             Approach.                       57                    April.
    1636. DAVENANT,     Platonic Lovers,              1687. CONGREVE,     Old I3achelor,i. 4.
iv. A dozen APRON SQUIRES t'uncloath              That's one of Love's APRIL-FOOLS, is
the husband . . . and lay him on his              always upon some errand that's to no
pillow Tamely to expect the bride two             purpose.
hours before she came.                                 1694. MoTTEux, Rabelais, V. xxx.
     1675. COTTON, Burlesque on Bur-              In the days of yore, two sorts . . . used to
lesque, 218. And even of stocks and stones        abound in our courts of judicature, and
enquire Of Atys, her small APPLE-SQUIRE.          rotted the bodies and tormented the souls
     1738.   HERRICK, Poor Robin . . .            of those who were at law . . . your APRIL
Little truth will be found amongst . . .          FISH . . . your beneficial remoras.
pimps, pandars, and APPLE-SQUIRES ; only            C. 1710-12.    ADDISON,      Spectator
the pimp pretends to something more of            [WALsti]. The whole family . . . made
truth than the other, for if he promise to        APRIL FOOLS . . . my landlady herself did
help you to a whore, he will be sure that         not escape him.
she shall not be an honest woman.
                                                       [1713.    SWIFT, Jour. to Stella, 31
APPROACH, verb. (euphemistic).—                   Mar. Dr. Arbuthnot and Lady ISilasham
                                                  spent an amusing evening in contriving
  To possess a woman : see RIDE.                  a lie for the morrow.]
  Hence APPROACHABLE= willing,
                                                      1728. HERRICK, Poor Robin. No
  RIPE (q.v.), COMING (q.v.).                     sooner doth ST. ALL-FOOL'S morn approach
   1611. Bible, Lev. xviii. 6. None of            But waggs . . . assemble to employ their
you shall APPROACH to any that is near            sense In sending fools to get intelligence.
of kin to him.                                        1769. London Public Advertiser, 13
     1798.   COLEBROOKE, Digest Hind.             Mar. The Al'RIL FOOL custom arose from
Law (18o1), iii. 196. If either brother           the . . .
. . . APPROACH the wife he is degraded.
                                                      1772. BRIDGES,     Burlesque Homer,
APRIL. This month the poetical                    395. We're sent by our wise-looking owls
                                                  Only to make us APRIL FOOLS.
 type of verdure (see GREEN)
                                                      1777. BRAND, Pofi. Antiq., 400. We
 and inconstancy is frequently                    in the North call Persons who are thus
 found in contemptuous com-                       deceived APRIL-GOWKS.
 bination. Thus APRIL-FOOL                          C. 1830. THOMPSON, EXerC. (1842), IV.
 (or    Scots APRIL - GONVE =                     518. It will be difficult to make APRIL-
 cuckoo : Fr. poisson d' Avril)                   FOOLS of a whole people that can read and
 =one who is sent on a sleeve-
 less errand (for 'strap - oil,'                      1892. WALSH, PO. Customs, 59. In
                                                  character though not in point of time
 'pigeon's milk,' 'the squad um-                  ALL FOOLS' Day corresponds with the
 brella,' 'the diary of Eve's grand-              Roman Saturnalia . . . with the medixval
 mother,' etc.), or who is the                    Feast of Fools . . . and the Feast of Huhi
 victim of asinine sport on APRIL-                in Hindostan.
 FooLs' (or ALL FOOLS') DAY (1st                       To SMELL OF APRIL AND
 April). This has given rise to the                  MAY, verb. ph -. (old).—A simile
 sarcastic A PRIL-DAY =a wedding                     of youth and courtship.
 day ; and APRIL-GENTLEMAN =
 a newly-married husband. Also                       1596. SHAKSPEARE, Merry Wives,
                                                    2. 67. What say you to young Master
 APRIL - FISH = a pimp (Fr.                       Fenton? . . . he  SMELLS APRIL AND
 magnereau); APRIL-SQUIRE= a                      MAY.
 new-made or upstart squire.
   1592. GREENE, Uptart Courtier                       Also PROVERBIAL SAYINGS :
[Han. Misc., II. 247]. TWO pert APRIL                'A windy March and a rainy
ESQUIRES; the one had a murrey cloth                 APRIL make a beautiful May ' ;
gowne on. Ibid. (1871), i. That time                 'APRIL showers bring forth May
when the cuckold's chorister began to
beuray APRIL GENTLEMEN with his never-               flowers ' ; ' When APRIL blows
changed notes.                                       his horn it's good for hay and
                 Apron.                     58                     Apron.
  corn ' ; APRIL cling good for                             MALKIN, Gil Bias [ROUT-
                                                 LEDGE],  40. An old devotee, who . . .
  nothing ' ; ' APRIL - borrows                  always keeps her servant AT HER APRON-
  three days of March, and they                    RING.
  are ill' ; A cold APRIL the                           1834.   EDGEWORTH,    Helen,    viii.
  barn will fill' ; 'An APRIL flood              From the moment he           SLIPPED HIS
  carries away the frog and her                  MOTHER'S APRON-STRINGS, [he] had fallen
  brood' ; APRIL and May are                     into folly.
  the keys of the year.'                             1849.  MACAULAY, History of Eng-
                                                 land, It. 649. He could not submit to
                                                 be TIED TO THE APRON-STRINGS even of
APRON,      subs. (old).- I. A woman :           the best of wives.
  generic:      cf. MUSLIN; PETTI-
  COAT ; PLACKET, etc. Hence                              2. (old). - Generic for one
  TIED TO ONE'S APRON STRINGS                          wearing an APRON: e.g. a shop-
  (or APRON-LED)=(I) under petti-                      keeper, a waiter, a workman :
  coat-rule, hen-pecked ; and (2)                      also APRON-MAN, APRON-ROGUE,
  in close attendance : APRON-                         APRONEER.       [Spec. the Parlia-
  HOLD (or APRON-STRING HOLD,                          mentary party (many of whom
  or TENURE)=a life interest in a                      were of humble origin) during
  wife's estate (GRosE) ; APRON-                       the Civil War : by Cavaliers in
  SQUIRE       (see APPLE-SQUIRE) ;                    contempt]. Hence (3) = a cleric
  APRON-HUSBAND =     a domestic                       of rank, a bishop or dean (also
  meddler ; APRON-UP= pregnant,                        APRON-AND-GAITERS).       As verb.
  LUMPY (q.v.). Also (proverbial) :                    (colloquial) , to cover with (or as
   Wise as her mother's APRON-                         with) an APRON; and APRON ED
  STRINGS' -= dependent on a                            = of the working-class, mechanic.
  mother's bidding.                                    Hence CHECKERED-APRON = a
   1542. UDAL, Erasmus' A_Aofith., 118.
                                                       barber ; BLUE-APRON (q.v.);
We say in English, As wise as a gooce, or              GREEN-APRON = a lay-preacher ;
as WISE AS HER MOTHER'S APEREN                         WHITE-APRON =a whore.
    1611. DEKKER, Roaring Girl[lVorks                1592. LYLY, Mydas, iii. 2.  Caper
(1873), 177]. I cannot abide these APERNE
                                                 then, And cry up CHECKERD-APRON men.
HUSBANDS : such cotqueanes.                         1607. SHAKSPEARE, Coriol., iv. 6. 96.
   1647.   WARD, Simfi. Cobler,       67.        You have made good work, You and your
APRON-STRING TENURE is very weak.                Al'RON MEN.
                                                      1609.   ROWLEY, Search for Money
   1712. ADDISON, SiSectator, NO. 506.
                                                 [HALL1wELL]. We had the salute of
The fair .sex . . . heartily despise one,        welcome, gentlemen, presently : Wilt
who . . . IS always HANGING AT THEIR             please ye see a chamber? It was our
                                                 pleasure, as we answered the APRON-MAN,
    1744. Et.us, Modern Husbandman,              to see.
VI. ii. xi8. [He] being possessed of a                1611.  CHAPMAN, May-Day (1873),
house and large orchard by APRON-STRING-         II. 376. We have no wine here methinks,
HOLD, felled almost all his fruit trees,         where's this APERNER? Drawer. Here,
because he every day expected the death          sir.
of his sick wife.
                                                      1628. FELTHAM, ReS0/7/eS, XX. (1635),
    1753.  RICHARDSON, Grandison, iv.            73.   Hee prodigals a Mine of Excellenceie
23. He cursed the APRON-STRING TENURE,           that lavishes a terse Oration to an APRON'D
by which he said he held his peace.              Auditory.
    1804. MRS. BARBAULD, Richardson,                 1654.    WARREN,   Unbelievers, 145.
1. 160. All her fortune in her own power         It more befits a GREEN-A.I.RoN preacher,
- a very APRON-STRING TENURE.                    than such a Gamaliel.
          Apron-washings.                     59                 Aqua-vitee.

     1658.    CLEVELAND, Rustic Ramis                  1839. AINSWORTH, Jack SheAhezrd
[Works,   1687], 429.  APRON-MEN and               [1889], 15. We'll lather him with mud,
Plough-joggers.                                    shave him with a rusty razor, and drench
                                                   him with AQUA POMPAGINIS.
     1659. GAuDEN, Tears of the Church,
238. He is scared with the menaces of                   1883. Pall Mall Gas., 5 Feb., Ir. 2.
some prating sequestrator or some surly              Water-drinker '] might be known hence-
APRONEER.      Pia'. 244, The APRON anti-          forth as an AQUABIBIST,' or, if he prefers
pathy of a rustick, mechanick, and illiter-        three syllables, AQuABH3;
ate breeding.
     1663. KILLEGREW, Parson's Wed-                AQUADIENTE,        subs. (American). -
ding [DoDsLEY, Old Plays (1780),        xi.           Brandy.
382]. APRON-ROGUES with horn hands.
                                                       1835. DANA,     Before the Mast, xx.
     1688.   RANDLE HOLME,    Academy of           The AQUADIENTE and annison were pretty
Armoury. A barber is always known by               Nvell in their heads.
his citEcQuE party-coloured      APRON ;
neither can he be termed a barber till his         AQUATICS,   subs. (Eton College).-
apron be about him.
                                                      i. The WET-BOB (q.v.) cricket-
    1690. DUFFEY, Collins Walk, iii.
107. But every sturdy APRoNEER, arrn'd
                                                      team ; and (2) the playing-field
with battoon, did straight appear.                    used by them : see SIXPENNY.
   d. 1704. BROWN, Works, iii. 292. The
silly and trifling queries of the BLUE and         AQUA-VITA,    subs. (old).-Formerly
GREEN APRON-MEN.                                     an alchemic term ; but long
    1705. HICKERINGILL, Fries/craft, i.              popularly generic for ardent
(1721), 21.  Unbeneficed Noncons. (that              spirits : brandy, whiskey, etc.
live by Alms and no Paternoster, no                  [L. = water of life. Cf French
Penny, say the GREEN-APRONS).
                                                     eau-de-vie, and Irish usquebaugh.]
   I7[?]. POPE, !mit. of Horace.    And              Hence AQUA-VIT/E MAN(I) a
some to hunt WHITE-APRONS in the park.
                                                     quack, and (2) a dram-seller ; also
     [176,5. TUCKER, Lt. Nat., II. 451.
The gifted priestess amongst the Quakers
                                                     in various combinations (see
is known by her GREEN APRON.]                         quots.).
   1865. DICKENS, Mut. Friend, III. 11.7 .              1 54 2. BooRDE, Diet.,  X.    258.
289. I mean to APRON it and towel it.              [E.E.T.S.]. To speake of AQUA VIT,E, or
    1880. BLACKMORE, Mary Anerley,                 of Ipocras.
HI. XVi. 230. The bramble APRONED the                 1552. Chron. Grey Friars (1852), 74-
yellow dup of shale with brown.                    A woman . . . that made AQWAVYTE.
                                                       1596. SHAKSPEARE,     Merry Wives, ii.
APRON-WASHINGS,            subs. phr.              2. I will rather trust . . . an Irishman
  (common). -Porter.                               with my AQUA-VIT/E bottle. Ibid. (1602),
                                                   Twelfth Night, ii. 5. Does it work upon
AQUA,    subs. (common). -Water :                  him? Sir To. Like AQUA-VITiE upon a
                                                         1599. CHAPMAN, HU111014719US Day's
    Dog-Latin '). Hence, in jocose                 Afirth [SHEPHEARD (1874), 32. 2]. AS if
  combination, AQUAPOTE, AQUA-                     there were not ways enough to die by . . .
  BIB (BAILEY, 1731), and AQUATIC                  surfeits, brave carouses, old AQUA-VIT.-E,
  =a water-drinker ; AQUA-BOB=                     and too base wives. Ibid. (1611), May-Day,
                                                   iii. 4. Le. Methinks 'tis sack. Gi. Let
  an icicle.                                       us taste, sir ; 'tis claret, but it has been
                                                   fetched again with AQUA-VIT..
  d. 1704. BROWN, Works, ii. 186. But
all won't cool his leachery, tho' he be              c.1600. Merry Devil of Ednzonton,
turn'd a perfect AQUAPOTE.                         Induct., 64. Some       AQUA-VIT.€ !   The
                                                   Devil's very sick.
  C. 1790. FRANKLIN,      Au/oh.    The
'American AQUATIC,' as they used to call               1601. SHERLEY,     Tray. Persia (1863),
me, was stronger than those who drank              46. A crue of         AQUA-VIT/E-BELLYED
porter.                                            fellowes.
                  Arab.                                 6o                     A rc/i.
      1607. DEKKER,      Westward Hoe, 11. 2.                    1883. Pall Mall Gas., 27 Oct., 5.
Will you have some of my AQUA? .                             The hero and heroine began life as STREET
Come, come, drink this draught of cinna-                     ARABS Of Glasgow.
mon water, and pluck up your spirits.
     161o. JoNsoil, Alchemist, i. i.            Sell         ARABIAN-BIRD,    subs. phr. (old).-
the dole beer to AQUA-VIT/E MEN.                                Anything unique. [Properly = the
  d. 1632. WARD,          Sermons,     21.      An
                                                                phcenix.] Also ARABIAN-NIGHTS
ancient Hebrew . . . put himself into the                       =the fabulous, the marvellous.
habit of a mountebank or travelling AQUA-
VIT.E MAN, and made proclamation of a                            1605. SHAKSPEARE, Cymbeline, i. 7.
sovereign cordial water of life he had to                    She is alone the ARABIAN BIRD. Ibid.
sell.                                                        (16o8), Antony and C iii. 2. 12. Oh
                                                             Antony, oh thou ARABIAN BIRD.
    1634. HOWELL, Letters (I650), it. 76.
Sacks and Canaries . . . us'd to be                              I 8o8.   SMITH,       Plymley's Letters
drunk in AQUA-VIT/E MEASURES.                                [Works (1859),   II.   180.   2.   To cram him
                                                             With ARABIAN-NIGHT            stories about the
  C. 1650. BRATHWAYTE,           Barnaby's J1.               Catholics.
(1723), 77. Rivers streaming, Banks re-
sounding . . . Mightily did these delight                    ARBOR     VIT/E, subs. (old).-The
me ; 0, I wished them AQUA VIT/E.
                                                               penis : see PRICK. [Latin = the
      1678. BUTLER,        Hudibras      iii.    iii.          Tree of Life.].-GRosE.
298. Restor'd the fainting fligh and
Mighty With Brandy-Wine and AQUA-                                 1886.   BURTON, Thousand Nights,
VIT/E.                                                       etc., X. 239. Of the penis succea'aneus, that
                                                             imitation of the ARBOR-VIT/E . . . every
   1749.  WALPOLE, Letters,   1. 216.                        kind abounds.
Was glad 10 hear the AQUA VIT/E MAN
crying a dram.
                                                             ARBOUR (THE),      subs. (venery).-
     1785. BURNS, Earnest Cry, iii That
curst restriction On AQUA VIT/E.                                The female pudendum : see MONO-
      1818.   SCOTT,   Rob Roy, xviii. A tass
of brandy or AQUA      VIT/E.
                                                             ARCADIAN- NIGHTINGALE(Or BIRD),
   1899. JOHNSTON, Old Dominion, ii.
Much sack and AQUA VIT/E was drunk to
                                                               subs. phr. (common).-An ass:
king, church, and reigning beauties.                           see NIGHTINGALE.
                                                                 1694. MOTTEUX, Rabelais, v. vii.
A RAB, subs. (common).-I. A young                            Note. The country abounds with these
  street vagrant : also STREET ARAB                          ARCADIAN NIGHTINGALES. ibid., AS you
                                                             know, that ARCADIAN BIRD'S note is very
  and CITY ARAB. Whence (2) an                               harmonious.'
      1848. GUTHRIE,       Plea for Ragged                   ARCH,  adj. (old colloquial).-Pro-
Schools.   [In this work the homeless                          perly chief, pre-eminent : hence
wanderers and children of the streets were                     (1) = clever, crafty, roguish
spoken of as ARABS Or THE CITY, and                            (B. E.) ; and (2) , extreme, OUT-
                                                               AND-OUT (q.v.).    [0.E. I). : In
      1848. SHAFTESI3URY,       Speech in Parl.,
6 June. CITY ARABS . . . are like tribes
                                                               modern use chiefly prefixed in-
of lawless freebooters, bound by no obliga-                    tensively to words of bad or
tions and utterly ignorant or utterly re-                      odious sense.'] Thus, ARCII-
gardless of social duties.                                     BOTCHER = a clumsy patch-
    1859. KINGSLEY, Geof. Hamlyn,                              worker ; ARCH-FOOL (or DOLT) =
Tossed from workhouse to prison, from
prison to hulk-every man's hand against
                                                               an out-and-out duffer ; ARCH-
him-an ARAB of society.                                        KNAVE= a rascal of Parts; ARCII-
      1872.   CALVERLEY,    Fly Leaves [Title].                coNTE (or ROGUE) = spec. the ring-
The   ARAB.                                                    leader of a band of gypsies or
                    Arch.                        6r                    A rga 1.

      thieves : whence ARCH-DELL (or                  ARCHDEACON, subs.  (Oxford Univ.).
      DoxY) , 'the same in rank among                    -Merton strong ale.
      the female canters or gypsies '
      (GRosE) ;     ARCH - WHORE = a                  ARCHWIFE,   subs. (old).-A master-
      bilking harlot (B. E.), etc. Also                  ful woman ; a virago.
      =sharp, keen, splenetic : usually                    1383. CHAUCER, Cant. Tales,' Clerk's
      with at or upon.                                Tale,' 9071. Ye ARCHEWIVES, stondeth ay
        1551. ROBINSON,   More's Utoi3ict, 39.        at defence, Sin ye be strong as is a gret
                                                      camaille, Ne suffreth not that men do you
Thies wysefooles and verye ARCHEDOLTES.
     1594. Merry Knack [DonsLEv, Old
Plays (I-1Azi.1-r -r), vi. 528]. When I came            c. 1530. Pol. Rd. and Love Poems
to the Exchange, I espied . . . An ARCH-              [E.E.T.S.], 46. But ARCHWYFES eger in
                                                      ther violence, Ferse as a tigre for to make
   1635. CORBET. [FRENCH]. ARCH.
BOTCHER of a Psalm or Prayer.
                                                      ARD,   adj. (Old Cant). - Hot
 C. 1650. MAY, Satyr. Pub3y, 46. Some                    (GRosE) ; 'ardent.'
ARCH-ROGUE . . . hath done her wrong.
   1670. EACHARD, Contemfit Clergy.
Lads that are ARCH KNAVES at the                      ARDELIO,   subs. (old colloquial). -
nominative case.                                         See quots. Also ardelio.
   1678. BUNYAN, P. Prog., ii. 147.                      1598. FLORIO, IVorlde of IVordes, S.Nr.
Great/i. By-ends was the ARCH ONE.                    ARDELIO . . . one that hath an (Dale in
Hon. By-ends ; What was he? Great/i.                  others boates.
A very ARCH FELLOW,             a downright
Hypocrite.                                                1621. BURTON, Anat. Aldan., I. II. iv.
                                                      7. Striving to get that which we had
     1712. STEELE, Sfiectater, 432. 5. A
                                                      better be without, ARDELIOS, busybodies
Templar, who was very ARCH upon Par-
                                                      as we are.
                                                        1653. URQUHART, Rabelais, 111. 20.
    1741. RICHARDSON, Paine/a, I. 135.
                                                      What is it that this . . . ARDELIONE cloth
Sir Simon . . . you are very ARCH UPON                aim at?

         2. (old : now recognised).-                  AREA-SNEAK     (or SLUM), subs. phr.
      Saucy ; waggish. Thus ARCH                         (old).-A petty thief : spec. ore
      ( = witty) FELLOW (B. E.) ; ARCH                   working houses by means of an
      (=pleasant) WAG (B. E.) ; ARCH                     AREA-gate (GRosE) : see SNEAK,
      DU KE = a comical or eccentric                     SLUM, and THIEF.
      fellow' (GRosE).
                                                          1865. DICKENS, Mutual Friend (C.D.
    1662. MORE, An/id. At/i. 1.     viii.             ed.), 104.  Making me Guy Fawkes in the
That ARCH WAG . . . ridiculed that solid              vault, and a SNEAK IN THE AREA both at
argument.                                             once.
        1710. Taller, 193. I. So ARCH a leer.           1869. Eng. Mechanic, 14 May, 181. I.
        1775. WESLEY, Works, iv. 41. Some             Would infallibly become pickpockets or
ARCH BOYS gave him such a mouthful of                 AREA-SNEAKS.
        1810. CRABBE,   Borough, XV. ARCH             ARC,    verb. (vulgar).-To argue ;
was her look and she had pleasant ways.                  to grumble : ci: ARGLE.
    1872. BLACK, Adv. Phaeton, xxiii.
Her ARCH ways and her frank bearing.
                                                      ARGAL,       adv. (common). -- There-
   1877. ARNOLD, Poems, I. 27. The                       fore ; ergo : of which it         is a
ARCHEST chin Mockery ever ambush'd in.
                                                         corruption. As subs. =a clumsy
         See ARK.                                        argument. See ARGLE,
                Argent.                         62                      Argue.
     1602.   SHAKSPEARE, Hamlet, V. I.                         WILSON, Noct. Amb., 1. 336.
21. He drowns not himself: ARGAL, he                 But      I
                                                            hate a' ARGLING and BARGLE-
that is not guilty of his own death shortens         BARGLING.
not his own life.
                                                          1861. RAMSAY, Renzin., It. 99. And
 d. 1535.     SIR THOMAS MORE,             24        all ARGLE-BARGLING, as if at the end of a
[Works, folio 1557], s.v.                            fire.
   d. 1627. MIDDLETON, [Works (DycE),
i. 392], S.V.                                        ARGOT,   subs. (literary).-See quots.
    186i. Times, 23 Aug. Mr. Buckle's                   SLANG and CANT. Whence
argument . . . as absurd an ARGAL as                    ARGOTIC= slangy.
ever was invented.
    1871. MoRLEY, Crit. Misc., 152.                      1611. COTGRAVE, Diet., s.v. Nar-
We should not be beaten if we did not                quois [apparently for NARGUOIS]. An
deserve it, ARGAL, suffering is a merited            impostor, Counterfeit Rogue . . . also the
punishment.                                          gibbridge or barbarous language used
                                                     among them.
ARGENT,     subs. (old). - Money :                          843.   Quarterly Rev., clxii. 177.
   generic : spec. silver money                      Words or expressions in an ancient
                                                     language, if they happen to coincide with
   (BAILEY) : see GENT. Hence                        some modern ARGOT or vulgarism, take on
   ARGENTOCRACY = the power of                       a grotesque association which is not due at
   money ; MAMMON (Q.V.).                            all to the phrase itself.

  c. 1500. Partenay, 1119. Euery day                         1860. FARRAR, Origin of Language,
had ther money and ARGENT.                       vi. Leaves an uninviting ARGOT in the
                                                 place of warm and glowing speech. Ibid.
    1583.   STUBBES, Anat. Abuses, i.            ARGOT is formed . . . by the adoption of
52. Whether they haue .ARGENTE, to               foreign words, by the absolute suppression
mayntaine this geare.                            of grammar, by grotesque tropes, wild
      1630.    TAYLOR, Works, ii. x8. 2.         catachresis, and allegorical metonymy.
Some hound-like senting sergeant . . .                    1863.      Sat. Rev.,   149.   ARGOTIC
tires him out for ARGEANT.                           locutions.
   1864. Revue des Deux Mondes, 15                      1869.  Fain. Sfieech, ii. 78.       The
Sept., 470. Les voleurs anglais disent               ARGOTS of nearly every nation.
                                                     1882. SMYTHE-PALMER, Folk Ety-
    1868. Pall Mall Gaz., 23 May, xi.            mology, 573. ARGOT, the French word for
The disease Of ARGENTOCRACY.                     slang, cant, was probably at first un
                                                 nargot, denoting (r) a thief or robber, (2)
ARGLE,    verb. (old colloquial).-To                 thieves' language.
  argue disputatiously ; to haggle ;                  1888.     Oxford Eng. Diet., s. V.
  to bandy words : also ARGLE-                   ARGOT. [Of unknown origin.] The
  BARGLE, ARGOL-BARGOL,            or            jargon, slang, or peculiar phraseology of a
                                                 class, orig. that of thieves and rogues.
  A R GI E BARGI E.  Whence ARGOL-
  BA RG OLOUS = quarrelsome : cf.                    1888. BARR ,- 12E, Argot and Slang,
                                                 s.v. Narqztois   (old cant), formerly a
  A RG.                                          thievish or vagrant old soldier . . . Parlez-
     1589. Hay any Work ( 18 44),r. I            narquois . . . to talk the jargon of
will neuer stand Al2GLING the matter any         vagabonds.
more.                                                     1899.    Century Diet., s.v. ARGOT.
      1822.  GALT, PrOVOSi, 194.           No        The conventional slang of a class, origin-
doubt his ARGOL-BARGOLOUS disposition                ally that of thieves and vagabonds, devised
was an inheritance. Ibid. (I82),                     for purposes of disguise and concealment.
f • 53- ` Wed, weel,' said the laird, ` dinna
let us ARGOL-I3ARGOL about it.'
                                                     ARGUE.       To ARGUE OUT OF
     1827. MOIR, Illansie Wauch, 78.                    (AWAY, A DOG'S TAII. OFF, etc.),
Me and the minister were just ARGLE-
BARGLING some few words on the doctrine                 verb. phr. (colloquial).-To get
of the camel and the eye of the needle.                 rid of by argument : see TALK.
                Argufy.                           63                     Ark.
    1713.    Guardian, 6o. Which . . .                      1865.   Sat. Rev., 12 Aug., 197. 2.
have clearly ARGUED THAT ANIMAL OUT                    People who are always ARGUEFYING are
OF THE CREATION.                                       the . . . worst of bores.
     1719. YOUNG, Revenge, i.         1. We                1876. I3LAcK, Madcap Violet , vii.
call on Wit to ARGUE IT AWAY.                          I am thwarted, crushed, ARGUFIED at
                                                       every turn.
     1865. THOMPSON, Odds and Ends.
Men . . . would ARGUE A DOG'S TAIL                         r881.    CLARK RUSSELL,       Sailor's
OFF.                                                   Sweetheart, i.    I have noticed that your
                                                       people who are pretty well agreed are
                                                       always the fiercest ARGUFIERS.
ARGUFY,       verb. (colloquial).-r. To
      argue ; to worry ; to wrangle.                   A RISTIPPUS,     subs. (Old Cant).-
      Whence (2) to signify ; to prove                   i. Canary wine.
      of consequence ; to follow as a                    C. 1627. MIDDLETON [Works (HALLI-
      result of argument. ARGUFIER                     WELL), 11.    422]. Rich ARISTIPPUS,
      =a contentious talker. See ARG                   sparkling sherry.
      and ARGLE.                                           1703. DE FOE, True Born English-
                                                       man.    The Sages . . . Praise Epicurus
       1751.SMOLLETT, Per. Pickle, lxxviii.            rather than Lysander, and ARISTIPPUS
Howsomever, that don't ARGUFY in                       more than Alexander.
reverence of his being in a hurry.   Ibid.
(1771), Humfbh. Clinker, 797. Would you                    2. (old).-` A Diet-drink, or
go for to offer for to ARGUEFV me out of
my senses.
                                                         Decoction of Sarsa China, etc.
    1758.      MURPHY,
                                                         Sold at certain Coffee-houses, and
                            Zliihaisierer,   i.
Well, it does not signify ARGIFYING.                     drank as T (B. E. and
   d. 1763.   SHENSTONE, To a Friend.
I've done (she mutter'd), I was saying             ARK        (or ARCH), subs. (Old Cant).-
It did not ARGUFY my playing ; Some folks
will win, they can not choose, But, think
                                                         i. A boat ; a wherry : e.g. Let us
or not think, some must lose.                            take an ARK and winns = Let us
      1795. D'ARBLAY, Diary, 9 June, vi.
                                                         take a sculler (B. E. and GRosE).
41. But what ARGUFIES all this festivity?                Hence ARKMAN = a waterman :
'tis all vanity and exhalation of spirit.                see quot. 1785 and AcKmAN.
     1800. EDGEWORTH, Will,        ii.  I
                                                         Also (2), in Western America, a
can't stand ARGUFYING here about charity.                flat - bottomed market-produce
  C. 1800. DIBDIN,   Poor Jack, iii.
                                                         boat (BARTLETT) : rarely seen
What ARGUFIES sniv'ling and piping your                  since the introduction of steam.
eye.                                                       1 7 85. GROSE, VIdg. Tongue, S.V.
     1820.  COOMBE, Syntax, 11. Y.      I          ARK RUFFIANS. Rogues who, in con-
have no learning, no, not I, Nor do pre-           junction with watertnen, rob, and some-
tend to ARGUFY.                                    times murder, on the water, by picking a
                                                   quarrel with the passengers in a boat,
       1837. LYTTON, MaitraVerS, IV.               boarding it, plundering, stripping, and
I should like to have you on the roadside          throwing them overboard, etc. A species
instead of within these four gimcrack walls        of badger. Cant.
. . . the ARGUFYING would be all in my
favour then.                                           1799. Descr. Seth. Genesee Co.,
                                                   N.Y. [BARTLETT]. These boats were
       1855.  HALIBURTON, Nature and               invented by a Mr. Knyder, of Juniata
Human Nature. I listen to a preacher,              River, who first tried the experiment, and
and try to be better for his ARGUFYING.            reached Baltimore in safety. 'They are
                                                   made of plank, are broken up after dis-
       1862.  LOWELL, Biglow Paters,
                                                   charging their cargo, and sold for lumber,
15.  It ain't no use to ARGERFY nor try to
                                                   with little or no loss. They are navigated
cut up frisky.
                                                   by three or five men, and will float down
 d. 1864.   LEECH, Cartoon.       Do you           at the rate of eighty miles a day ; they
want to ARGIFY, you little beggar?                 are called ARKS.'
     Arkansas-toothpick.                      64           Arms-and-Legs.
     1884. H. EVANS, London Rambler,                 C. 1613. ROWLANDS, More Knaves, 28.
'Brighton Beach Loafer' [S. J. and C.].            I like a handfull of old loue and true,
I goes and sneaks a mikket and a lot of            Better than these whole ARMEFULS of your
lines of a pal's ARCH.                             new.
                                                      C. 1720. CENTLIVRE,   Wonder, i. 1.
    3. (military).—A barrack-room                  Thou shalt have an ARMFUL of flesh and
  chest : a lingering use of an old                blood.
  dialect word.
                                                   ARMINE,    subs. (old).—See quots.
ARKANSAS-TOOTHPICK,           subs. phr.
  (American). — A large sheath-                        2605. London Prodigal,     122.   Luce.
  knife : orig. a BOWIE-KNIFE                      0 here God, so young an ARMINE! Flow.
                                                   ARMINE, sweetheart, I know not what you
  (q.v.).                                          mean by that, but I am almost a beggar.
  1854. MARTIN and AVTOUN, Bon
                                                         1899. Century Did., S.V. ARMINE.
Gaultier Ballads. 'Straightway leaped
                                                   [Perhaps for ARMING (of which, however,
the valiant Slingsby Into armor of Seville,
                                                   no record is found for 400 years preceding)
                                                   . . . from A.S. earming, a wretched
Screwed in every joint of steel.'
    1881. GREENLEAF,        Ten Years in
Texas, 27.   All these [men] . . . could be
seen with a Navy six-shooter and an                ARMOUR.        IN ARMOUR, adv. phr.
ARKANSAS TOOTHPICK suspended to a                     (old). — Pot-valiant ; PRIMED
raw-hide belt tucked around their waists.                  ) ; full of DUTCH COURAGE
    1888. Detr. Fr. Pr., Aug. It is not               (q.v.): see SCREWED (B. E. and
good form to use a TOOTHPICK in
ARKANSAS now. A big revolver is the
                                                   ARMPITS.     To WORK UNDER THE
ARK-FLOATER,       subs. (theatrical).—               ARMPITS, verb. phr. (old). —To
   An actor well advanced in years.                   escape the halter by the skin of
                                                      one's teeth : see quot. [On the
                                                      passing of Sir Samuel Romilly's
   MAKE A LONG ARM = to exert
                                                      Act, capital punishment was
   oneself; AS LONG AS ONE'S ARM
                                                      abolished for highway robberies
   =very long ; TO WORK AT ARM'S
                                                      under 40s. in value.]
   LENGTH = to do awkwardly ; ONE
   UNDER THE ARM (tailors')= an                         1785. GROSE,     Vulg. Tongue, S.V.
   extra job ; IN THE ARMS OF                      ARMPITS . . . To practise only such kinds
                                                   of depredation, as will amount, upon con-
   MURPHY ( Or MORPHEUS ) =                        viction, to whatever the law calls single, or
   asleep : see MURPHY.                            petty, larceny ; the extent of punishment
                                                   for which is transportation for seven years.
    C. 1836. EDGEWORTH, Love and Law,              By following this system, a thief avoids the
 I. v. You're no witch if you don't see a          halter, which certainly is applied above the
 cobweb AS LONG AS MV ARM.                         armpits.
      1884. D. News, 26 Jan., 6. 2.
 Monkeys . . . MAKING LONG ARMS . . .               ARM-PROP,     subs. phr. (old). —A
 for stray beans or sweetmeats.
                                                      crutch ; a WOODEN-LEG (q.v.).
 ARMFUL,    subs. (colloquial). — A                     1825. MoNcRIEFF, Tom and Jerry,
    heap ; a large quantity ; spec.                 ii. 6. If any lady or gemman is inclined
    (modern), an endearment ; of a                  for a dance, I'll nash my ARM-PROPS in a
                                                    minute. (Throws down his crutches.)
    ' bouncing ' baby, a big 'cuddle-
    some' wench, etc.
                                                    ARMS-AND-LEGS,      subs. pMr. (com-
     1579. STUBBES, Gafiing Gulf, Cvij.
 By ARMEFULS lading [money] out of the                 mon). — Small beer : because
 exchequer.                                            there is no body in it ' (GRosE).
              Arm-slasher.                      65                    Arrow.
ARM-SLASHER          (or-   STABSER),sztbs.                 1470-85. MALORY,     Arthur (i816), ii.
     phr. (old).-A gallant who bled                  399. 'Aha ! what ARRAY is         this ?' said
                                                     Sir Launcelot.
     his arm to toast his mistress :
     hence TO DAGGER (or STAB)                           1481. Reynard the Fox, 8 5 ( 1844).
                                                     I am so sore ARAYED, and sore hurte.
     ARMS = to toast a lady-love.'
                                                       C. 2500. Lancelot, 3270.         Remembir
     1611. COTGRAVE, Did., s.v. Taille-              the, how yhow haith ben           ARAID . . .
bras, a hackster, Al:ME-SLASHER.                     With love.
  d. 1633. MARSTON, Works [NAREs].                          1509. HAWES,      Past. Pleas., xviii.
Have I not STABB'D ARMS, and done all                xxxix. Hath love suche myght for to
the offices of protested gallantry for your          ARAY you so In so short a space?
                                                       C. 1529. SKELTON, Eill/OUr RUMIttyltg,
ARMSTRONG.           See    CAPTAIN ARM-             163.  Some have no mony-For theyr ale
                                                     to pay ; That is a shreud ARAY.
                                                       C. 1530. BERNERS, Art/i. Lyt. Bryt.
ARRAH,          in/. (Irish). - 'An ex-              (1814), 131. A! syr . . . thus hath
                                                     ARAYED me two armed knightes.
     pletive, with no special meaning'
     (GRosE) ; an expletive express-                    1530. Calisto and Melib. [DoDsLEv,
                                                     Old Plays (HAnxi-r),i. 78]. Indeed age
     ing emotion or excitement,                      bath ARRAYED thee.
     common in Anglo-Irish speech
     0.E. D.).     [Farquhar was of                      2530. PALsGRAvE, Lang. Fran.,
                                                     435. 2. I ARAYE or fyle with myer.
     Irish birth.]                                   Jemboue. Ibid., 436. I. You have
      1705. FARQUHAR, Twin Rivals, iii.              ARRAYED your gowne agaynst the wall.
2.    Teague.  ARAH, you Fool, ish it not
                                                         1548.   UDAL, Erasmus, Par. Luke,
the saam ting.Ibid. (1707), Beaux Stral.,
V. 2. ARRA, Honeys, a clear Caase.                   xiii. it.  ARAIED with a disease both
                                                     incurable and peiteous to see.
     1753. SMOLLETT, C OU711 Fathom,
119. Upon which he bade me turn out,                     1568. Jacob and Esau [DonsLEv,
 ARRA, for what?' said I.                            Old Plays (HAzuTT), 11.252]. Where are
                                                     we now become? marry, sir, here is
   1820. COONIBE, Syntax, II. 11. 157                ARRAY.
ARRAII, my Dears, it does confound me.
                                                            1575.   STILL,    Gammer Gurton's
                                                     Needle, i.     2. See, SO cham ARRAYED
A RRAY, verb. (old colloquial). - 1.                 with dabbling in the dirt.
     To thrash ; TO DRESS DOWN
                                                      c. 1600. NOW Notbroune Mayd
     (q.v.); (2) to afflict ; to PUNISH              [HAzuTT, Early Po!. Poet., 111. 17].
     (q.v.); and (3) to defile. Hence                Vyce . . . Whiche bathe hym so Encom-
     as subs. =a drubbing ; a PICKLE                 bered and ARAYED.
     (q.v.); a plight ; a pretty state
     of affairs.'                                    A RROW (or A R R A), (vulgar).-A
 c.1380. Sir Ferumbras, 417. A man                     corruption of 'e'er, a,' or ever
he of mod : Sarasyn to yule [ = ill]                   a.'
                                                            1750. FIELDING,    Tom Jones, V. V111.
      1383. CHAUCER,       Cant. Tales, `Wife        I don't believe . . . ARROW a servant in
of Bath's Tale,' 46. Thow stondest yet               the house ever saw the colour of his
. • . in such ARRAY, That of thy lyf hastow          money. Ibid., VIII. 11.   I warrants me
no sewerte'.                                         there is NARROW a one of all those officer
  C. 1400. Beryn, 603. We wolde ARAv                 fellows but looks upon himself to be as
hym so That he [ne] shuld have legge tie             good as ARROW a squire of ,500 a year.
foot, to-morow on to go.                                  1771. SMOLLETT, Iltentfihrey Clin-
  C. 2420.    Palladius on Husbandry, i.             ker, i. 126. I now carries my head higher
320.   But uppon clay If thou wilt bilde             than ARROW       private gentlewoman of
an other is the ARRAY.                               Vales.
                'Arry.                        66                Arse.

'ARRY, subs. (common). —That is                    =a whore ; ARSE-WINNINGS (or
    Harry' : a popular embodiment                  EARNINGS)=- SOCKET-MONEY (q.v.
  of the vulgar, rollicking, yet on                3); ARSE-PIPES -= the bowels ;
  the whole good-tempered 'rough'                  ARSE-PUSH    (or [Scots] ARSLINS
  of the metropolis. Whence                        couP)= a back fall ; ARSE-GUTS
  'ARRIET ='Arry's 'young woman.'                  = the guts ; ARSE SMART (see quot.
  [Popularised by Milliken in a                    1617) ; ARSE-WISP = BUMFODDER
  series of ballads in Punch.]                     (q.v.); ARSE-WORM = a term of
  'ARRYISH =vulgarly jovial.                       contempt, 'a little diminutive
    1874. Punch's A lmanack, 'AEEv on              Fellow (B. E.) ; THE GUSSET OF
'Orseback. [TITLE.]                                THE ARSE = the inside edge of the
      1879. Sat. Rev., 9 Aug. When one             buttocks ; HEAVY-ARSE= a slug-
has listened to one van-load of 'ARRIES,           gard: as adj.= lumpish ; OPEN-
one has heard all of them. Ibid. 0880,             ARSE=(I) a medlar, and (2) a
No. 1318, 148. The local 'AERv has torn
down the famous tapestries of the great            girl ; THE BROAD ARSE-HOLE=
hall.                                              sodomy ; WHIP - ARSE ---= (1) a
      1880. WALLACE [Academy, 28 Feb.,             schoolmaster, and (2) a flogging
156. a He has a fair stock of somewhat             bawd ; TOTTER-ARSE = a see-saw :
'ARRYISH animal spirits, but no real
humour.                                            as adj. = unsteady ;       ARSED
      1889. Pall Nall Gaz., 27 Sept., 2. 2.        (DOUBLE-ARSED, LARGE-ARSED,
,‘750 which it abstracts every year from           BROAD-ARSED, or TRIPLE-ARSED)
the public funds to go a.-'ARRY-AND-               =big-bottomed ; TO ARSLE = ( I)
'ARRIETTING on the river.
                                                   to move backwards, and (2) to
ARSE, subs. (old literary : now vul-               fidget ; TO HANG AN ARSE= to
  gar). — 1. The posteriors ; the                  hold back, to hesitate ; TO GO
  Bum (q.v.): see HOLE. Hence                      ARSE OVER HEAD (or TIP) = to fall
  (2) the fag-end ; the TAIL (q.v.).               sprawling ; TO GREASE A FAT SOW
  As verb. = to JUT THE BUM                        ON THE ARSE= to be insensible
  (GROSE).      Whence numerous                    of a kindness (RAY); TO DANCE
  ALISMS: ARSE-BOARD(I) the                        ING = to copulate : also (of women
  tail-board of a cart (whence TO                  only) TO RUB ONE'S ARSE ON;
   FOLLOW A CART'S ARSE = to                       ARSLINGS = backwards ; ARSE-
   be whipped through the town),                   LONG (cf side-long) ; ARSE-UP-
   and (2) the back flap of a girl's               WARDS= in good luck ; ARSE-
   breeches (cf. TAIL-BOARD); ARSE-                WARDS (adj. and         adv.) = (i)
   CASE (or -RUG). breeches ; ARSE-                backwards, (2) contrariwise, and
   COOLER =a bustle (or dress-im-                  (3) perverse ; ARsY-vARsv = topsy-
   prover); ARSE-FIRKER =a flog-                   turvy, vice-versd; MERRY-ARSED
   ging pedagogue ; ARSE-FOOT (see                  = wanton, SHORT-HEELED (q.v.);
   quots. 1598 and 1774) ; ARSE-                   HOT - ARSED = salacious ; COLD-
   GUT = the iectum ; ARSE-HOLE =                  ARsED = (I) frigid, and (2) chaste :
   the sphincter am ; ARSE-HOLE                    also TIGHT-ARSED ; HARD-ARSED
   CREEPER = a parasite ; ARSE-HOLE                 = niggardly : also HARD-ARSE=
   PERISHER, a pea-jacket ; ARS-                   third-class as opposed to SOFT-
   MUSICA = crepitation ; ARSE-                    ARSE = first-class ; SIIITTEN-ARSE
   OPENER (-WEDGE, SPLIT-ARSE,                      =a contemptible fellow ; ARSE
   or ARSEOMETER)=the penis : see                  AND ARSE = side by side; ARSE TO
   PRICK; SPLIT-ARSED MECHANIC                     ARSE= back to back ; ARSE-FIRST
             Arse.                    67                      Arse.

(orFOREMOST) = backwards ; u p                eyes arein his ARSE    (I) to miss
TO THE ARsE = deeply engaged ;                the obvious ; and (2) to be keen
OVER THE ARSE IN (love, work,                 of observation with eyes every-
debt, etc. )= hopelessly entangled;           where; etc.
ARSE IN AIR =on her knees ; ARSE
ABOUT = face round ; ARSE BY                 C. 1000. JELFRIc, Glossary [WRIGHT,
                                           44. 2]. Nates, EARS-LYRE. ibid., 44. 2.
ARSE= one by one ; BEES (or                Anus vet verAus, EARS pERL. Ibid., 45. 2.
WORMS) IN THE ARSE=uneasy ;                Tergosus,    EARSODE.
'Ax (KISS, or SUCK) MY ARSE' !=              C. 1000.    Ags. Psalm xxxiv. 5. Syn
the most derisive of retorts : also        hi 55'ecyrde on EARsuNG.
                                                1377. LANGLAND, Piers Plowman,
 ANCHOR YOUR ARSE ' ! = sit                B. v. 175. Baleised on Pe bare ARS. Ibid.,
down! (GRosE) ; MY ARSE IN                 C. vii. 306. An bore of hure ERSWYNNINGE
A BANDBOX' != an  expression               may hardiloker tythe.      Ibid. (WRIGHT),
                                           5857. I wolde his eighe were in his ERS.
of extreme disgust (GRosE).
Also various PROVERBIAL AND                1382. WYCLIF, I Sam. V. 9. The
                                       ARSROPPIS of hem goynge out stonken.
OTHER SAYINGS; ' Such a hop-
o' - my - thumb that a pigeon                  1383. CHAUCER,      Cant. Tales, s.v.
sitting on her shoulder might pick        1398. TREVISA [Transl. BARTHOLO-
a pea out of her ARSE' (GROSE);        MJEUS ANGLICUS], De Profi. Rerum, vii.
  Afraid of the hatchet lest the       liv. (1495), 267. Emoroides ben fuyue
helve stick in his ARSE' (RAY);        veynes whyche stretche out atte the
  The kettle calls the pot BLACK-
                                         C. 1400. [WRIGHT, Vocetb., 183.] ARCE-
ARSE' (q.v.); ' A short horse is
                                       HOOLE, _fioa'ex. Ibid. (c. 1450), 186, 2.
soon wisp'd, and a bare ARSE           Cirbus, HARS-THARME.
soon kissed' (RAY)=' He that
                                         C. 1400.  Rom. Rose, 7580. Thou shalt
knows little soon repeats it'; 'You    for this sinne dwelle Right in the divels
would KISS MY ARSE before my           ARSE of hell.
breeches were down'; Kit Care-               1401. Pol. Poems, it 64. If 'ae taken
less, your ARSE hangs by trumps' ;        5
                                       as 7 e usen ARsEwoRDE this gospel.
  Like aWaterford merchant, up to              1440. Pron0. Parv., S.V.         ARS-
the ARSE in business'; He would        WYSPE,      Manifterium, anitergium.
lend his A-SE and sh-te through             1480. CAXTON, Chronicles of Eng-
his ribs' (GRosE : a saying of         land, ccxxvi. 233. They lete hange fox
anyone who lends his money incon-      tailles . . . to hele and hyde her ARSES.
siderately'); She would lose her            C. 1500.    Alnianack for 1386 (1812),     12.
A-SE if it was loose,' or were not     A crab es an      ARSWORD   best.
tied to her) (GRosE      said of a        r5[?]. How the Plowman Lerned his
careless person');     Not a six-      Pater Noster, 120. To cover their ARSES
pence to scratch his ARSE with' =      they had not a hole ragge.
utterly poor ;   He doesn't know           15[1. Jack Juggler MoDsLEv, Old
his ARSE from his elbow' = ( I ) He    Plays (Hazlitt), ii. 12a His ARSE maketh
                                       buttons now. Ibid., 137. Thou wouldest
is utterly stupid, and (2) abso-       LESE THINE ARSE, IF IT WERE LOOSE.
lutely ignorant; My ARSE hangs
                                           15[1. Treatise of Galaunt[HanAT T,
heavy', I've no pluck lett ; She       Early Pop. Poetry, in. 1571. With longe
has a heavy ARSE to drive home         taters downe to the     ARS   behynde.
a lazy prick' (said of a solid
                                           5[?]. Turnament of To/en/jam, 322.
woman); My ARSE to yours '=            They did but ran ERSWARD, And ilke a
' I'm as good as you are'; His         man went backward Toppe ouer tayle.
                  Arse.                        68                       Arse.
  C.1320.     Wyf of Auchtermuchty,      88.            1595.      SHAKSPEARE,   Romeo and
The fyre burnt aw the pat ARSS out.                 Juliet, ii. /. Oh, Romeo ! that she were,
                                                    oh, that she were an OPEN ARSE, thou a
       1530. PALSGRAVE, Lang. Francoyse,
                                                    poperin pear !
43 6 . 2.   What up, HEAVY-ARSE, cannest
thou flat aryse ? Ibid. , 829, 2. All ARSE-              1598. FLORIO, Worlde of Wordes,
WARDLY, all frowardly, tout a rebours.              s.v. Giuero . . . a bird called a diuer, a
                                                    didapper, or ARSEFOOTE.
    1539. TAVERNER,       Erasm. Pray.
(1552), 62. Ye set the cart before the                  1599. Gabelhouer's Bk. Physic, 130. 2.
horse . . . cleane contrarily, and ARSY-            For the comminge out of the ARSEGUTTE.
VERSY as they say.
                                                      C. x600. Tinzon i. 5 (1842), 20. This
    1540. RAYNALD, Byrth Man (1564),                man this daye rose with his ARSE UP-
54- [The fcetus] proceedeth . . . sidelong,         WARDS: To daye a fidler, and at night a
ARSELONG, or backlong.                              noble.
  C. 1541. Schole-house of Women [HAZ-                     16o1. JorstsoN, Poetaster, iv. 4. Vali-
LITT,   Early PoA. Poet., iv. 113]. He              ant? so is mine ARSE. Ibid., 16(39, Efii-
would not once turn me for to kisse ; Euery                  ii. t. Go out of the world like a
night he riseth for to pisse, And when he           . . . fly, as one said, with a straw in your
commeth again vnwarme Dooth turn his                ARSE.
ARSE into my barme.
                                                         1607. DEKKER, Northward Hoe, ii.
    1542. UDALL,     Erasmus [OLIPHANT,             1. They shall traw you very lustily, as if
New Eng., i. 489. Vice versa appears as             the devil were in their ARSES. Ibid., iv. 1.
ARSIE VERSEE, and this phrase may still             Jesu, are [w]imen so ARSY VARSY.
be heard].
                                                                  COTGRAVE, Did., S. V. CU/.
    1547. BOORDE, Breviary of Health,
                                                    An ARSE,       bumme, tayle, NOCKANDRO,
xxv. 156. The 25th chapitre dothe shewe             fundament. Ibid.. Fesse-cul. A Pedanti-
of a mannes ARS.                                    call WHIP-ARSE. Ibid., Cu/ant, giuing an
   1551. STILL,     Gammer Gurton's                 ARSE-POSSE vnto. Ibid.,            bauld-
Needle, i. 2. Fisking with her tail As              ARST.
though there had been IN HER ARSE a                     1612. Passenc.ofBenvenuto [NARES].
swarm of BEES.                                      Oh, but there's great difference betwixt
    1553. BALE [GARDENER, TrUe Obe-                 in deed and being so reputed. Dost thou
dience], Pref. Hij. Whence he can neuer             not know that from the beginning the
escape except he com out ARSEWARDE.                 world goes ARSIE-VERSIE?
     1556. Citron. Grey Friars (1852), 73.                  1613. WEBSTER,    Devil's Law-case,
Whyppyd . . . at the CARTTES ARSE . . .             IV. 2. I am but a young thing, And was
for vacobondes.                                     drawn ARSY VARSY into the business.
                                                    Ibid., V. 4. The Welshman in's play . . .
    1561. PRESTON, Cambyses[DoDsLEv,
                                                    Hung Still AN ARSE.
Old Plays (HAzLITT), iV. 179]. Let us
run his ARSE against the post.                           1616. FLETCHER, Knight       of Malta,
                                                    iv. 2. Hang ARSE-WARD.
    1562. HEY WOOD, Proverbs (1867), 16,
To beg a breeche of a bare ARST man.                  1617. MINSHEU, Ductor, 544. ARS-
                                                    MART . . . because if it [water pepper]
     1565.  GOLDING, Ovid's Met., vii.
                                                    touch the taile or other bare skinne, it
(1593), 164. Cerberus . . . dragging ARS-
                                                    maketh it smart, as often it (loth, being
WARD Still.
                                                    laid into the bed greene to kill fleas.
    1577. HOLINSHED,      Chron., II. 26. 2.
The estate of that flourishing towne was                    1622. MASSINGER, Virgin Martyr,
turned ARSIE VERSIE, topside the other                 1.     The ARSE, as it were, or fag end of
waie.                                               the world. Ibid. (1633), Guardian, v.
                                                    v. Nay, no HANGING AN ARSE.
    1579. TOMSON, Calvin's SC1111.
127. i.   How ARSEWARD a thing it is for                1632. CHAPMAN, Ball, V. 5. Kiss my
euery man to be giuen to his owne profiter.         hand ! KISS stv ARSE, noble ladies.
/bid., 8. 2. Behold how ARSEWARDLY we
goe alwayes when we pray to God.                          1639-61. Runtfi Songs, ii. 86. Nay,
                                                    if it HANG AN ARSE We'll pluck it from the
     1592. MARSTON, SatyreS, ' Ad Ryth-             stares, And roast it at hell for its grease.
MUM.'    But if you HANG AN ARSE like
Tabered When Chremes dragged him from                  1647-8. HERRICK, HCSACrideS, Upon
his brothel bed.                                    Skoles.' Cloy'd they are up with ARSE.
                  Arse.                           69                    Arse.

      1653. URQUHART, Rabelais, T. vi.                   d. 1691. BAXTER, Shove       to   HEAVY-
Her . . . ARSE-PIPES and conduits were                 ARSED Christians [Title].
. . . obstructed and contracted. Ibid., xi.
This little lecher was always groping his                   1692. DUNTON, Postboy Robb'd(1706),
nurses and governesses, upside down,                   173. Go to, let us not enter Rome, that
ARSIVERSY, topsiturvy. ibid. He would                  is, not into a Discourse Of ARSEV-VERSEV
sit down betwixt two stools, and his ARSE              Love.
to the ground. Ibid., xiii. Of all . . .
                                                            1694. MoTTEux, Rabelais, IV. Vi.
ARSEWISPS . . . none . . . comparable to
                                                       Your Leominster superfine wool is MINE
the neck of a goose.
                                                       ARSE to it ; mere flock in comparison.
     1659. BROME,    Eng-. 11100r,   iii. 2. It        Ibid., ix. A little SHITTEN-ARSED girl.
is the ARSIVARSIEST Aufe that ever crept
into the world.                                          d. 1704. BROWNE, Works, ii. if. That's
                                                       MINE A-- IN A BANDBOX.       ibid., 187.
     /66o. HOWELL, Lexicon-Tetr., s.V.                 Luscious words . . . so intelligibly ex-
ARSE-PUSH.                                             press'd that a girl of ten . . . may under-
    1663. BUTLER, Hudibras, 1. i. 456.                 stand the meaning . . . ; my lord Roches-
Could he stir To active trot one side                  ter's songs are MINE ARSE to it. Ibid.,
ors Horse The other would not IIANG AN                 204. The pious scoundrels of England rose
ARSE.   Ibid., I. iii. 964. Then mounted               with their ARSES UPPERMOST. Ibid., i. 68.
both upon their Horses, But with their                 May . . . Fistulas thy ARSE-HOLE seize
Faces to the ARSES.                                    by Dozens.
     1664. COTTON,     SCar70/lideS     (I770),             1704. SWIFT,       Tale of a Tub, xi.
9. Then (at his Ease) ARSING ABOUT.                    Honest friend, pray favour me with a hand-
Ibid., 89. A wandering Woman that had                  some kick on the ARSE. Ibid. (i704), Battle
scarce A Rag to hang upon her --.                      of the Books (171 . 1), 235. Do you think I
Ibid. (1677). Burlesque upon Burlesque,                have nothing else to do but to mend and
154. Never HANG AN ARSE for th' Matter.                repair after your ARSE. ibid. (C. 1733),
                                                       Ans. New Simile for the Ladies.        Who
    1668. LESTRANGE, Quevedo, 32(1678).                makes, you think, the clouds he pierces ?
Methought the old sluttish Proverb that                He pierce the clouds ! he KISS THEIR A-ES.
says There is a great distance between the             Ibid., Problem. Once on a time there was
Pulse and the ARSE was much to blame for               an A- GUT.
making such a difference in their Dignities.
Ibid., 66. 'Tis the very ARSE-GUT, the                     1705. W ARD,Hucl. Red., I.i. 19. His
Drain and Sink of Monarchies.                          Stings that issue from his ARSE and Mouth.
                                                       Ibid., 28. No Saucebox, sure, by way of
     1672. PHILLIPS,     Maronides,        120.        farce Will bid his Pastor KISS HIS ARSE.
Some in the next Woods refuge take, For                Ibid. (1706), Wooden World, 73. While
all their ARSES buttons make.                          he has a Rag to his ARSE, he scorns to make
    1672. RAY, Proverbs,         Joculatory            use of a Napkin. Ibid., 63. So. . . ill-bred
Proverbs.' He rose with his ARSE UP-                   a Pimp, as constantly to TURN HIS ARSE
WARDS.     A sign of good luck.       Ibid.,           upon that glorious Benefactor [the sun].
'Proverbial Phrases.'     ARSY-VERSV . . .             Ibid. (c. 1709), Terralilizes, iv. 34. If
a pretended spell written upon the door of             any . . . Foolish Wench [has] stumbled
a house to keep it from burning.                       ARSE foremost to the cracking of her Pip-
                                                       kin, . . . Ibid. (17[?]), Humours of a
    1679-80. RADCLIFFE, Ovid Travestie,                Coffee-house. Rightly taken by the Horse
96. Did I, when Flannel was both dear                  Whose Farrier sticks the Pipe into his
and scarce, Make you Trunk-hose to your                A--. Ibid., Lampoon on two Famous
ungrateful ARSE.                                       Strumpets. Why should their ARSES be
     1683.   HooKER,Pordag,,c's Myst. Div.,            idle? Ibid., Vulcan and Venus. I'll run
 Pref.,' 24. As if even i man went the                 a hot bar in your Goddeship's ARSE.
wrong waie to work ; All ARSI-VARSI.                     d. 1721. PRIOR, The Ladle.           What
    1686. DORSET, Faithful Catalogue                   should be great, you turn to farce ; I wish
[ROCHESTER, Works (1718), II. 321. Her                 the Ladle in your A-.
rapacious ARSE Is fitter for thy sceptre
than thy tarse.                                            1725. BAILEY,      Erasmus, i.      112.
                                                       [Letters.] . . . are good to wipe your
     x686. STUART, Joco-Ser. Disc., 30.                ARSE with.      Ibid. (1728), Dictionary.
Sae take some pity on your love And do                 ARSV-VERSEV, topsy-turvy, preposterously,
not still SO ARSEWARD prove.                           perversely, without order.
                   Arse.                             70                     Arthur.
    1726. VANBRUGH, Provoked Hus-                            'Ho. R. HOLLAND [Old Farming
band, ii. Your mayster may xtss My                        Words, 2]. In Cheshire the stalk-end of a
                                                          potato [is called] the ARSE-END of a tater.
       1747. JoNsoN,   Highw. and Pyrates,
254.  He came off with crying carrots and                 ARST,   verb. (vulgar).—` Asked.'
turnips, a term which rogues use for whip-
                                                          ARTER,       adv., prep., etc. (vulgar).—
       1748. SMOLLETT,    Roderick Random,                   ' After.'
vii. A canting scoundrel, who has crept
into business by his hypocrisy, and KISS-
ING THE A — SE of everybody.           Ibid.,             ARTESIAN,   subs. (Australian).—A
xxxiii. If I durst use such a vulgar idiom                  Gippsland (Victoria) brew of
. . . the nation did HANG AN ARSE at                        beer : manufactured with water
its disappointment.      Ibid. (1748), Rod.
Random, lxv. My lads, I'm told you                          obtained from an artesian well
HANG AN ARSE.        Ibid.    (1751),   Peregrine           at Sale — hence ARTESIAN
Pickle,   lxxxvii. She . . . applied her                    (generic) = colonial beer : see
hand to THAT PART which was the last of
her that disappeared, inviting the company
TO KISS it, by one of its coarsest denomina-
tions. Ibid., lii. That celebrated English                ARTFUL DODGER,          subs. (rhyming).
ditty, the burden of which begins with,                      —I. A lodger.
The filgs they lie with their A—ES bare.
    5750. W. ELLIS, Mod. Husb., V. I.                          2. (thieves'). — An expert
I   [Lay the sheaves] . . . close together,                  thief: also see quot. [The ART -
with their ARSES outwards.
                                                             FU L DODGER, a character in
     1768. Ross, Helenore, 43.      Then
Lindy to stand up began to try ; But—he
                                                             Dickens' Oliver Twist.)
fell ARSELINS back.                                           i88 j.     New York Slang Diet.
       1774.   BRIDGES,   Homer Burlesque,                ARTFUL dodgers, fellows who dare not
4.     And kick your — till kicking's good.               sleep twice in the same place for fear
Ibid., 6. For if you hang an A— the                       of arrest.
least. Ibid., 14. My resolution still is,
To bid you KISS MY —, Achilles.                           ARTHUR.        KING    (or PRINCE)
       1774. GOLDSMITH,      Nat. Hist.,II.   VII.           ARTHUR, subs. phr. (old). —See
Vii. 217. Our sailors . . . give these birds
[penguins] the very homely but expressive
                                                             quot. 1785 and cf AMBASSADOR.
name of ARSE-FEET.                                            1751. SNIOLLETT,     Peregrine Pickle,
   1780. TOMLINSON, Slang Pastoral, 2.                    xvi. Acting the comedy of PRINCE
My ARSE HANGS behind me as heavy as                       ARTHUR, and other pantomimes as they
lead.                                                     are commonly exhibited at sea.
     d. 1796. [BURNS, Merry Muses (c.                        7785. GRosE, Vu/g. Tongue, S.V.
i800), 15. 'Old Song revised.'] I be my                   KING ARTuoR. A sailor's game. When
Donald's tartans weel His naked ARSE and                  near the line, or in a hot latitude, a man
a' that. Ibid., 6. Gif you wad be strang,                 who is to represent King Arthur, is
and wish to live lang Dance less wi' your                 ridiculously dressed, having a large wig
AusE to the kipples, young man. Ibid.,                    made out of oakum, or some old swabs.
99-100. An' he grippit her fast by THE                    He is seated on the side, or over a large
GUSSET OF HER ARSE.                                       vessel of water, and every person in turn
                                                          is ceremoniously introduced to him, and
     1838. BEcRETT, Paradise Lost, ç.                     has to pour a bucket of water over him,
Just like so many pigs of lead, Away they
                                                          crying out, Hail, King Arthur !' If
went, A . . E overhead. /bid., 59. As to                  during the ceremony the person introduced
finding rags or clouts, To make A--
                                                          laughs or smiles (to which his majesty
CASES, I've my doubts. /bid., 82. And
                                                          endeavours to excite him by all sorts of
then he with a vacant stare, Cried out, By
                                                          ridiculous gesticulations), he changes
gum, my .. . . is bare !'                                 places with, and then becomes King
     1872. PEACOCK, Line. Gloss., A Rs ER o               Arthur, till relieved by some brother tar
. . . 6 00 ARSERDS, cousin Edward, go                     who has as little command over his
ARSERDS.'                                                 muscles as himself.
            Artichoke.                    7!                     Ask.

ARTICHOKE,     subs.    (old). —I. A           ARTIST, subs. (American thieves').
  term of contempt.                              —An adroit rogue ; a skilful
                                                 gamester.—N. Y.S.D.
   C.1600. DAY, Beggar Bednall Green,
iii. 2. Let him alone, you cross-legg'd
HARTICHOAE.                                    As.      See   MAKE.

    2. (American).—A foundered                 ASIA MINOR,     subs. thr. (popular).
  whore : see TART.                              —The Kensington and Bays-
                                                 water district.     [Many Anglo-
     3. (old). — A hanging : also                Indians reside in this locality.
  HEARTY CHOAK (GROSE); whence                   The nickname is double-barrelled,
  TO HAVE AN ARTICHOKE AND                       for the district is also the head-
  CAPER SAUCE FOR BREAKFAST=                     quarters of the Greek community
  to be hanged.                                  in the metropolis.]      Cf. NEIN
                                                 JERUSALEM, BLACK HOLE, etc.
ARTICLE,     subs. (old). — I. A                   1888.    Daily News, 9 Feb., 2. 5.
  woman : e.g. a prime article=                Notting - hill . . . is the centre of a
  (GRosE) a handsome girl, a                   district where Indians in the British
                                               metropolis mostly congregate, . . . ASIA
  hell of a goer' (Lex. Bal.).                 MINOR [as] it is sometimes called.
    1857. TROLLOPE, Three Clerks, xxxi.
'She'd never have done for you, you            ASIN EGO,   subs. (old).—i. A little
know ; and she's the very ARTICLE for            ass ' ; hence (2) a fool, DONKEY
such a man as Peppermint.'
                                                 (q.v.), DUFFER (q.v.).
    2. (common).—A mildly con-                     1606. SHAKSPEARE, Troilus and
  temptuous or sarcastic address :             Cressida, ii. I. 49. Thou hast no more
  usually with such adjectives as              brains than I have in my elbows ; an
                                               ASSINEGO may tutor thee.
   pretty," nice,' etc.       Thus,
   You're a pretty ARTICLE' =                        1616. BEAUMONT and FLETCHER,
  'You're a     BEAUTY'      (q. v.);          Scornful Lady, ii. x. All this would be
                                               forsworn, and I again an ASINEGO, as your
    What sort of an ARTICLE do                 sister left me.
  you think you are ?'. 'What's                     1635. JoNsoN, Exy5ost. with Inigo
  your name when out for a walk ? '            Jones, 19. Or are you so ambitious 'hove
  Also    (HALLIWELL)      ' of a              your peers, You'd be an ASS-INIGO by your
  wretched animal.'                            ears.
                                                   1714. MILBOURNE, Traitor's Rew.,
    1843. DicxENs, Martin Chiezzlewit,         Pref. These ASINEGOES are like those
xxvi. You're a nice ARTICLE, to turn           miserable comforters Job's friends.
sulky on first coming home !
                                               AsK,    verb. (old literary : now
     3. (old).—In pi. =a suit of                  colloquial). — To proclaim in
  clothes (GRosE).                                church : as a marriage ; literally
                                                  to ask for (or the) banns thereto.
ARTICLE OF VIRTUE,      subs. phr.                Formerly also of stray cattle, etc.
  (popular).—A virgin. [A play                    [0. E.D. : The recognised ex-
  upon virtue,' and virtu.)                       pression is now to " publish " the
                                                  banns ; but "ask "is the historical
ARTILLERYMAN,     subs. (common).                 word.'] Whence ASKING = an
  —A drunkard : ci: CANON -=                      announcement in church of in-
  drunk, and see Lushington.                      tended marriage.
                Askew.                         72                      Ass.

    1 461- 73. Pastan Letters, III. 46.   To           1892. FENNELL, Stanford Diet., S.V.
AXE [a couple] in chyrche.                          ASPASIA, name of one of the celebrated
     1523. FITZHERBERT, Surveying, 28b.
                                                    courtesans of Athens, called Hetrae
                                                    (Eraipat), many of whom were highly
They ought to ASKE them [stray cattle]
thre sondayes in thre or four next parysshe         accomplished and were faithful to one
churches and also crye them thre tymes                     . . . Representative of a fascinating
                                                    courtesan, and more rarely, of an accom-
in thre the next market townes.
                                                    plished woman.
    1606. Wily Beguild [DoosLEv, Old
Plays (1-1AzuTT), ix. 3041. We must be
ASKED in church next Sunday.                        ASPEN-LEAF,        subs. phr. (old).—
    2662.     FULLER,   Worthies, 'West-              The tongue.
minster' (ihl), ii. 105. His head was                  1532. MORE, Confut. Barnes, viii.
ASK'D but never married to the English              [Works, 769. r]. For if they myghte be
Crown.                                              suffred to begin ones in the congregacion
                                                    to fal in disputing, those ASPEN-LEAVES of
    1727-51.     Chambers' Ency., s.V.
                                                    theirs would never leave waggyng.
BANNS.      The publication of banns
(popularly called ASKING in the church).                1567. T. HOWELL, Poems (1879),150.
                                                    In womens mindes : are diuers winds,
     1824. BYRON, Juan, xvt. lxxxviii.              which stur their ASPIN TUNGE, to prate
At the third ASKING . . . he started.               and chat.
     1841. ORDERSON, Cre0/Cana, ii. 14.
The fair sex . . . preferring to be ' ASKED         ASPERSING-TOOL,      subs.            phi-.
in church.'
                                                      (venery).—The penis : see         PRICK
     1865. B. BRIERLY, Irkdale, 11. 187.              (URQUHART).
The ASKINGS had been called over three
consecutive Sundays.
                                                    Ass, subs. (common).—Generic for
     ASK ANOTHER,phr.      (common).                 stupidity, clumsiness, and ignor-
  —A jesting or contemptuous retort                  ance. Hence (I) a fool : see
  to a question that one cannot,                      BU FELE. [0.E. D. : now disused
  will not, or ought not, to answer :                in polite literature and speech.]
  also ASK BOGY (q.v.).                              Also ASSHEAD : whence ASS-
                                                      HEADED= stupid ; and ASSHEAD-
ASKEW,      subs. (Old Cant). —A cup :               EDNESS= folly. To MAKE AN
  see   SKEW (HARMAN, 1567).                         ASS OF= to stultify ; TO MAKE AN
                                                     ASS OF ONESELF=to play the
ASPASIA,       subs. (common). — A                   fool ; YOUR ASS-SHIP (a mock
   harlot :    see quot. 1892 and                    title :    lordship). Also PRO-
  TART.                                               VERBS AND PROVERBIAL SAY-
   1809.    MATV [RIESBECK'S Tray.
                                                      INGS :   When a fool is made a
Germ., xx.]. Many an ASPASIA capable                  bishop then a horned ASS is born
of being classed in the same line with her            therein ' (1400) ; Perhaps thy
immortal prototype.                                   ASS can    tell thee what thou
    1832.   LYTTON,     Goclolfikin, xxi.             knowest not ' (NASH)          To
Miss Vernon is another ASPASIA, I hear.               wrangle for an Ass's shadow'
     1834. THACKERAY, Newcomes, xxxi.                 (THYNNH) ; Go sell an ASS'
He ranged himself,' as the French is,
shortly before his marriage, just like any            (TOPSELI,     a charge of block-
other young bachelor ; took leave of                  ishness to a dull scholar ').
Phryne and ASPASIE in the coulisses, and                Angry as an Ass with a squib
proposed to devote himself henceforth to              in his breech ' (CoTGRAvE) ;
his charming young wife.
                                                        Honey is not for an ASS'S
    /886.      M'CARTHY     and     CAMPB.
                                                      mouth' (SHELTON) ; ' An ASS
PRAED., iii. Your really great    women—
the Sapplios, the ASPASIAS.                           laden with gold will go lightly
                   Ass.                          73             Asses' Bridge.

  uphill ' (SHELT0N); ASSES have                          1724. RAMSAY, Tea-table Misc., 14.
  ears as                                             The Wand is rul'd by ASSES, And the
               well as     pitchers '                 \Vise are sway'd by clink.
  (MIDDLEToN); He will act
                                                           1729. COOKE, Tales,     87. Ended
  the ASS'S part to get some bran'                    thus his ASS-SHIP'S Reign.
  (URQuHART); 'An ASS in a
                                                      1828. SCOTT, Fair Maid, I. 39. I
  lion's skin' (ADDisoN) ; An                     am but an ASS in the trick of bringing
  unlettered king is a crowned                    about such discourse.
  ASS' (FREEMAN) ;       to plough                        1843. LEVER,    Jack Hinton, iv.
  with ox and Ass=to use incon-                       Lord Dudley de Vere, the most con-
  gruous means ; 'The ASS waggeth                     founded puppy, and the emptiest ASS.
  his ears' (COOPER, 1563 : 'a                            1865. DICKENS, Our Mutual Friend
  proverbe applied to theim,                          (C. D. ed.), 6. As to Twemlow . . . he
                                                      considers the large man an offensive ASS.
  whiche, although they lacke
  learnynge, yet will they babble                        1865. TROLLOPE, Belton Estate, xx.
                                                      Don't make such an ASS of yourself.
  and make a countenaunce, as if
                                                          1866. Fraser's Mag-., 284. I. They
  they knewe somewhat ').                             could not be deprived of the common right
    1532. MORE, Confut. Barnes, viii.                 of Englishmen to MAKE ASSES OF THEM-
Thys felowes folishe apishenesse and al               SELVES if they liked it.
hys ASSEHEDED exclamacions.
                                                          2. (printers'). - A composi-
    1546. BECON,          Early Writings
[Parker Soc.]. [A fool is called] ASSHEAD.              tor : used by pressmen : the tit-
    1550. BALE, Aclogy, 61. 0 ab-                       for-tat = PIG (g. v. ) : also DON-
solute ASS-HEADS . . . and wytlesse                     KEY : Fr. mule/.
    1578. LYTE, Dodoens, 348. Land-                   ASSASSIN,      subs. (old).-See quot.
leapers, roges, and ignorant ASSES.                     [Century:      with allusion to its
    1589. Hay any Work, 36. As verye                     " killing" effect.']
an ASSEHEAD as John Catercap.
                                                           1694. Ladies' Diet. [Century].      A
   1590. SHAKSPEARE, Mid. Ilrigkt's
                                                      breast-knot, or similar decoration worn in
Dream, iii. I. 124. This is to make an                front.
Ass of me, to fright me if they could.
Ibid. (1598), Merry Wives, i. I. 176. I am
not altogether an ASS. Ibid.(1601), Twelfth           ASSAYES (THE),     subs. plzr. (mili-
Wig/it, V. I. 212. An ASSEHEAD and a                    tary).-The 2nd battalion (late
                                                        74th) Highland Light Infantry :
    1609. DOULAND, OrnitlioA. jZicro-
logus, 65. ASSE-HEADED ignorance.
                                                        for distinction at Assaye when
                                                        'every officer present, save one,
   161o. HEALEY, City of God, 694.
Yet had he his humane reason still, as                  was killed or wounded, and the
Apuleus had in his ASSE-SHIP.                           battalion was reduced to a mere
    1611. CHAPMAN, Mayday, iv. 4. I                     wreck' (FARMER, Mil. Forces of
shall imagine still I am DRIVING AN OX                   Gt. and Greater Britain).
AND AN ASS before me.
   1617. MINSHEW, DicE., S.V. ASSE-                   ASSES' BRIDGE (THE),          subs. phi-.
HEADDINESSE Or blockishnesse.                           (common).-The fifth proposition
     1621. BURTON, Anat. Malan., II. iii.               in the First Book of Euclid's
ii. A nobleman . . . a proud fool, an                    Elements;
arrant ASS.
                                                                      the   pans asinorunz.
     1633. FORD, Love's Sacrifice, ii. 2. If            C. 1780. EArram. If this be rightly
this be not a fit of some violent affection, I        called the BRIDGE OF ASSES, He's not the
am an ASS in understanding.                           fool that sticks, but he that passes.
   1717. POPE, Lett. to Hon. R. Digby.                    186o. All Year Round, 560. He
They think our Doctors ASSES to them.                 never crossed THE ASS'S BRIDGI..
                     ssig.                        74                     A tomy.

ASSIG.,  subs. (old).—An assigna-                         1883.   Good IVords, 378. Peas-
                                                       pudding, and hard-boiled eggs, rubbing
  tion' (B. E. and GRosE).                             shoulders, as it were, with ATLANTIC
 SH I P), subs. (colloquial).—The                      ATKINS.        See TOMMY       ATKINS.
  art of donkey - riding : on the
  model of horsemanshi p.                              ATOMY,        subs. (old). — 1.      An
    1800.   SOUTHEY,   Letters (1856) 7 1. 119.             anatomy ; a ' specimen ' ; a
Edith has made a great proficiency in     ASS-              skeleton ; also OTAMY : whence
WONIANSHI P.                                                (2) a very lean person ; a walking
    1882. Punch, 24 June. They witch the                    skeleton.
world with noble AssmAsrsniP.
                                                             1598. SHAKSPEARE, 2       Henry IV., v.
ASTE,  subs. (Old Cant). —Money :                      4.33. Host. Thou ATOMY, thou! Dot.
                                                       Come, you thin thing, come, you rascal.
  generic : see RHINO (NARES).
                                                             1681. KNOX,        His!. Ceylon,     124.
     1612.    Passenger of Benvenuto.                  Consumed to an ATOMY, having nothing
These companions, who . . . carry the im-              left but skin to cover his bones.
pression and marke of the pillerie galley,
and of the halter, they call the purse a                   1728. GAY, Beggar's Ofiera, ii. 1.
leafe, and a fleece ; money, cuckoes, and              He is among the OTANtvs at Surgeon's
As-rE, and crowns.                                     Hall.
                                                            1755. SNIOLLETT, Quixote (1803), IV.
ASTRONOMER,      subs. (old). — A                      148.    My bones . . . will be taken up
                                                       smooth, and white and bare as an ATOM.
  horse with a high carriage of the
  head ; a STAR-GAZER (q.v.).                                1822.   SCOTT,   The Fortunes of IVzgel,
                                                           'He was an ATOMY when he came up
                                                       from the North, and . . . died . . . at
AT. See ALL; BREECHES; HAND;                           twenty stone weight.'
  THAT; YOU.                                           1823. COOPER, Pioneer, xiii. His
                                                   sides . . . looked just like an ATOMY, ribs
                                                   and all.
ATHANASIAN WENCH,        subs. phr.
                                                             1848.     DICKENS,       Dombey,      86.
  (old). —'A forward girl, ready to                    Withered ATOMIES of teaspoons.
  oblige every man that shall ask
  her' (GRosE) ; a QUICUNQUE                           1864. MRS. LLOYD, Ladies Polcarrow,
                                                   149. We should have wasted to ATONIIES
  VU LT (q.v.): see TART.                          if we had stayed in that terrible bad place
                                                   any longer.
ATH EN/EU M     ,   subs. (venery). —The               1866. SALA, Gaslight and Daylight,
  penis : see   PRICK.                             ix. A miserable little ATOM Y, more de-
                                                   formed, more diminutive, more mutilated
                                                   than any beggar in a bowl.
  subs. phr. (literary).— 1. Edin-                      1884. Corn/till Magazine, May, 478.
  burgh; and (2) Boston, Mass.                     Scarecrow and ATOMY, what next will you
                                                   call me Yet you want to marry me !
  (also   THE       ATHENS      OF
  AMERICA).                                                 1886.   BRA DDON,   Mohawks, xxii.
                                                         How lovely his young wife looks to-night;
                                                       lovely enough to keep that poor old ATOMY
ATLANTIC-RANGER,    subs. phr.                         in torment.'
  (common). —A herring ; a SEA-
  ROVER (q.v.): see   GLASGOW                           2. (old). —A diminutive person ;
  MAGISTRATE.                                      a pigmy.
                  Atrocity.                        75                   Attic-Salt.
      1591. SHA KSPEA RE, Romeo and Juliet,             ATTEMPT,    verb. (euphemistic). -
iv. i. 57. Queen Mab . . . the fairies'                   To APPROACH (q.v.) a woman ;
midwife ; and she comes In shape no bigger
than an agate-stone On the forefinger of                  to attack the chastity ; TO TRY
an alderman, Drawn with a team of little                  (q.v.). Hence ATTEMPTER,
ATOM IES, Athwart men's noses as they                     ATTEMPTABLE, and other de-
fall asleep. /bid. (1600), As You Like It,
iii. 5. That eyes that are the frail'st and                rivatives.
softest things Who shut their coward gates                   1593. SH AK SPEARE, Lucrece, 491.
on ATOM IES Should be call'd tyrants,                   I see what crosses my ATTEMPT will bring.
butchers, murderers.                                    /bid. (1603), Meas. for Meas., iii. r. 267.
                                                        The maid will I frame and make fit for his
    1599. DAviEs, /yin/art. of Soul, 35.                ATTEMPT.     Ibid. (1611), i. 4. 65. This
Epicures make them swarmes of ATOM IES.                 gentleman . . . vouching his to be . . .
                                                        less ATTEMPTABLE than any of the rarest
       1625. DONNE,     Anat. of the World,   i.
                                                        of our ladies in France. Ibid., 122. I durst
209.   And freely men confess that this                 ATTEMPT . . . any lady in the world.
world's spent, When in the planets and the
firmament They seek so many new ; they                      1607. TOPSELL, Four-footed Beasts,
see that this Is crumbled out again t' his              3. Apes that ATTEMPT women.
                                                           1611. Gua.Ltm, Heraldry, Ht. vii.
                                                        (I66o), 136. The Judges . . . who
    3. (American thieves'). - An                        ATTEMPTED Susanna.
empty-headed person.                                         1642. MILTON, A/50/. Smec. [Works
                                                        (1851), 2711. To secure and protect the
                                                        weaknesse of any   ATTEMPTED    chastity.
ATROCITY,             (colloquial). -
                                                            1741. RICHARDSON,       Pamela (1824),
   Anybody or anything grievously                       i. xviii. 29. When one of our sex finds
   below the ordinary standard or                       she is ATTEMPTED. Ibid. (1748), Clarissa,
   out of the common : e.g. a bad                       III. 273. It would be a miracle if she stood
                                                        such an ATTF:MPTER.
   blunder, a flagrant violator of
   good taste, a very weak pun, etc.                    ATTIC,  subs. (common).-I. The
   Hence ATROCIOUS, adj. =shock-                           head ; the brain ; the UPPER
   ingly bad, execrable, and as adv.                       STOREY (q.v.).
                                                            1870.  [ALFoRD, L          (1873) , 467].
       1831.   ALFORD [Life (1873), 671. The            Tolerably well all day, but the noise in the
letter had     an ATROCIOUSLY long sentence             ATTIC unremoved.
in it.
     1878.   HATTON,    Corr. Pref., 4.
                                                             2.      (venery). - The female
Their diction and their spelling and the                  pudendum : see MONOSYLLABLE.
fearful ATROCITIES committed in the latter.
                                                        ATTIC-SALT (STYLE     or WIT), subs.
ATTACK,           (colloquial). - A
                subs.                                     phr.  (literary). - Well - turned
   commencement of operations : as                        phrases spiced with refined and
   (jocularly) upon dinner, a prob-                       delicate humour.
   lem, correspondence, etc. Also                           1633. Batt. Lutzen[Harl Misc., IV.
   as verb.                                             185]. Written in a STILE SO ATTICK. . .
                                                        that it may well be called the French
    1812. COMBE, Picturesque, xvii. 62.                 Tacitus.
The Doctor then . . . pronounced the                       1738. POPE, E./VI., Sat. IL 83. While
grace . . . The fierce ATTACK was soon                  Roman Spirit charms, and ATTIC WIT.
                                                            1748. DYCHE,     Dictionary (5 ed.). In
   1849. T H ACK ERAY, Pendennis, i. It                 Philology,   we say ATTIC-SALT, for a
was a double letter, and the Major com-                 delicate, poignant kind of wit and humour
menced perusing the envelope before he                  after the Athenian manner, who were
ATTACKED the inner epistle.                             particular in this way.
                  Attleborough.                          76                 Auld Reekie.
     1760. STERNE, Tristram Shandy,                           ATTORNEY-GENERAL'S DEVIL.                See
v. iii. Triumph swam in my father's eyes,
at the repartee : the ATTIC                                     DEVIL.
                                     SALT   brought
water into them.
     1779. SHERIDAN, Critic, 1. 2.      I                     AUCTIONEER.     To TIP (or GIVE)
. . . only add-characters strongly drawn                        THE AUCTIONEER, verb. phr.
-fund of genuine humour-mine of in-
vention-neat dialogue-ATTIC-SALT.
                                                                (pugilists').-To knock a man
                                                                down : Torn Sayers' right hand
     1848.        HANNAY,       King Dobbs, ix.
129 (1856).        'What? is it unlucky to spill                was nicknamed THE AUCTIONEER.
ATTIC-SALT,         as well as the ordinary kind V
                                                                   1863. SALA, Breakfast in Bed, I. 4
ATTLEBOROUGH,                subs. (American).                (1864). And who, in return for a craven
                                                              blow, can DELIVER THE AUCTIONEER well
     - Pinchbeck ; BRUMMAGEM                                  over the face and eyes.
     (q.v.).  [Attleborough is cele-
     brated for its manufacture of                            AUDIT-ALE    (or AUDIT), subs. Phr.
     trashy jewelry.]                                           (Univ. ). -A special brew of ale :
                                                                orig. for use on audit days.
ATTORNEY,      subs. (old colloquial).-
     i. A knave ; a swindler : an                                   1823.    BYRON, Age of Bronze,    xiv.
     ancient and still general reproach.                      But where     is now the goodly AUDIT-ALE.

     Whence ATTORNEYDOM and                                         1837.    BARHAM,   Mg. Legends (Lay of
                                                              S. Dunstan).    The Trinity AUDIT ALE
     ATTORNEYISM (in contempt or                              is not come-at-able, As I've found to my
     abuse).                                                  great grief when dining at that table.
          1732 POPE, Moral Essays, III.         274.                1872.    OUIDA,    Gen. Matchnz., 34.
Vile      ATTORNIES, now an useless race.                     Are you going to smoke and drink       AUDIT
                                                              on that sofa all day?
     1784. JOHNSON [BOSWELL, Life, I.
385]. Johnson observed that 'he did not                            1876. TREVELYAN, Lif;.' of Macaulay
care to speak ill of any man behind his                       (1884), iv. 127. A glass of the AUDIT ALE,
back, but he believed the gentleman was                       which reminded him that he was still a
an ATTORNEY.'                                                 fellow of Trinity.
          1837. CARLYLE, French Rev.,        itt. vii.
5.        ATTORNIES and Law-Beagles          which            AUDLEY.         See   JOHN AUDLEY.
hunt ravenous on this Earth. Ibid., 258.
Vanish, then, thou rat-eyed Incarnation of                    Au FE.        See OAF.
ATTORNEYISM.    Ibid. (1864), Fred. the
Great, IV. 2. Instinctively abhorrent of
ATTORNEYISM and the swindler element.                         AUGER,  subs. (American thieves').
    1881. Standard, 22 Aug., 5. 2. The                          - A prosy talker ; a BORE (q.v.).
narrow and captious argument of ATTOR-
NEYDOM.                                                       AUGHT,    subs. (vulgar).-A common
          1882.   Society, 7 Oct., 16. 2.
                                 A strong                       illiteracy for naught,' the cipher
element of what Mr. John Bright has been
pleased to call ATTORNEYDONI.
    1884. Sat. Rev., 28 June, 835. 2. The                     AULD HORNIE,            subs. phr. (Scots).
peculiarity, however, of that kind of
cleverness which . . . is called ATTORNEY-                      -           The Devil :     see BLACK-
Ism, is that it frequently overreaches itself.                  SPY.

       2. (common). -A drumstick of                               2. (venery).         -The penis : see
     goose, or turkey, grilled and                              PRICK.
     devilled : cf. DEVIL.
                                                              AU LD    R EEKIE,     Subs. /Mr.   (Scots). -
    1828. GRIFFIN, Collegians, xiii. ' I
love a plain beef steak before a grilled
                                                                The Old Town, ' Edinburgh :
ATTORNEY. '                                                     Old Smoky.'
             Auly-Auly.                       77                    Aunt.
    1806. PITMAN [SHARPE, Corres    2Oon-               [?]. [DODSLEY, Old Plays (REED),
dence (1888), i. 271]. We are within two           Vii. 410.]    Naming to him one of my
hours-and-a-half of AULD REEKY.                    AUNTS, a widow by Fleetditch, her name
     1816. SCOTT, Antiquary, vi. And               is Mistress Gray, and keeps divers gentle-
what news do you bring us from Edinburgh           women lodgers.
. . . how wags the world in AuLD                       1663.     KILLIGREW, Parson's Wed-
REEKIE?      Ibid. (i818), Heart Mid/at/i.,        ding, iii. 1. Yes, and follow her, like one
xl. My best service to all my old friends          of my AUNTS of the suburbs.
at and about AULD REEKIE.
                                                       1668. LESTRANGE, QUCVed0 (1778),
     1889. Colonies and India, 24 July,            133. They . . . gallant the Wife to the
so. 5. The Australasian Colony in ALa.D            Park . . . where forty to one . . . they
REEKIE is prospering apace.                        stumble upon an AUNT . . . or some such
                                                   Reverend Goer-between.
Au LY Au LY, subs. phr. (Win. Coll. :
                                                      5678. DRYDEN, Kind KeeAer, i. 1.
  obsolete). -A game played in                     The easiest Fool I ever knew, next my
  'Grass Court' on Saturday after-                 NAUNT of Fairies in the A lchymist.
  noons after chapel. An india-                      5785. GROSE, 1/21/g. TOngUe, S.V.
  rubber ball was thrown one                       AUNT . . . a title of eminence for the
  to another, and everybody was                    senior dells, who serve for instructresses,
  obliged to join in. The game,                    midwives, etc., for the dells.
  though in vogue in 1830, was
  not played as late as 1845.                            2. (old and still colloquial, esp.
                                                      in U.S.A. ).-An endearment or
Au M BES-ACE.        See AMES-ACE.                    familiar address ; also AUNTY:
                                                      spec. (I), in nursery talk, a female
AUNT,         subs. (Old Cant).-I. A                  'friend of the family ' ; and (2) a
      bawd ; a harlot (B. E. and                      matronly woman : hence AU NT-
      GRosE) : hence (old sayings) 'my                HOOD     cf. UNCLE.
      AUNT will feed me' =(B. E.) 'the
      bawd will find me in meat ' ; 'She               1592.   Mid. Night's Dream, ii. 1.
                                                   The wisest AUNT telling the saddest tale.
      is one of my AUNTS that made my
      uncle go a-begging (or that my                   1614. JONSON, Bartholomew Fair, ii.
      uncle never got any good of).'               r. Over. Let us drink, boy, with my
                                                   love, thy AUNT here . . . Ale for thine
        5604. SHAKSPEARE, Winter's Tale,           AUNT, boy.
iv. 2. Summer songs for me and my                      5861. STOWE, Pearl of Orr's Island,
AUNTS,    While we lie tumbling in the             21. These universally useful persons
hay.                                               receive among us the title of AUNT by
     1607. DEKKER, Northward Hoe, i.               sort of general consent . . . They are
3. Pren. May be she's gone to Brainford.           nobody's AUNTS in particular, but AUNTS
May. Inquire at one of mine AUNTS.                 to human nature generally.
Ibid., v. 1. Feat/i. Ye told me, sir, she
                                                       1862. CRAIK, Domestic Stories, 373.
was your kinswoman. May. Right, one
of mine AUNTS.                                     This sort of universal AUNT1100D to the
                                                   whole neighbourhood was by no means
       1607. MIDDLETON,    Illicit. Term,   Hi.    disagreeable to Miss Milly.
 i. She demanded of me whether I was
your worship's AUNT or no. Out, out, out !             5883.    Harfier's Mag., Oct., 72S. 2.
                                                   The negro no longer submits with grace to
     56o8. MIDDLETON, Trick to Catch
                                                   be called ' uncle ' and ' aunty ' as of yore.
the Old One, 11. 5. 'Was it not then better
bestowed upon his uncle than upon one of
his AUNTS?- I need not say bawd, for                    3. (Oxford and Cambridge :
everyone knows what AUNT stands for in                obsolete).-The sister university.
the last translation.
     [?]. [DoosLEv, Old Plays (REED),                   1655. FULLER,     Church Hist.,    II. i.
Hi. 260.] To call you one 0' mine AUNTS,           308. The Sons of our AUNT are loth to
sister, were as good as to call you arrant         consent that one who was taught
whore.                                             Cambridge, should teach in Oxford.
               Aunt Maria.                           78                  Au/em.
    1701. PEPYS, Corr., 403. An humble                       1644.    QuARLEs, Judgment and
present of mine, though a Cambridge man,                  Mercy,  86. Poverty . . . is a sickness
to my dear AUNT, the University of                        very catching . . . The best cordial is
Oxford.                                                   AURUM POTABILE.
                                                              1652. ASHMOLE,   Theat.Chem. Brit.,
          PHRASES.    If my AUNT had                      442. And then the golden oyle called
      been my uncle what would have                       AURUM-POTABILE, A medicine most mer-
      happened then ' ? (a retort on                      velous to preserve mans health.
      inconsequent talk); to go and see                        1653.  EVELYN, Diary, 27 June.
      one's AUNT=to go to the W.C.                        Monsr. Roupel sent me a small phial of
                                                          his AURUM POTABILE, with a letter shew-
      (see MRS. JONES).                                   ing the way of administering it and ye
       1834. THOMPSON,         Exert. (1842), III.        stupendous cures it hath done at Paris.
45,  note. What might have happened                          1678. PHILLIPS, Diet., S.V. AURUM
afterwards, is only known to those who                    POTABILE, a medicine made of the body of
can tell WHAT WOULD HAVE COME TO PASS                 gold itself, totally reduced, without corro-
                                                      sive, into a blood-red, gummie, or hony-
                                                      like substance.
AUNT MARIA,        subs. phr. (venery).                   1708. KERSEY, Did. AURUM POTA-
      —   The female pudendum : see                          Gold made liquid, or fit to be drunk ;
      MONOSYLLABLE.                                   or some rich Cordial Liquor, with pieces
                                                      of Leaf-gold in it.
AUNT SALLY,         subs. phr. (common).
      —A game common to race-courses                  AUSTRALIAN FLAG,           subs. phr.
      and fairs : a wooden head is                          (Australian). —A rucked-up shirt-
      mounted on a pole to form a                           tail.
      target ; in the mouth is placed a
      clay pipe, which the player,                    AUSTRALIAN GRIP,         subs. phr.
      standing at twenty or thirty yards,                   (Australian). —A hearty hand-
      tries to smash.                                       shake.
       [r86o. Notes and Queries, 2 S. X. 117.
AUNT SALLY is the heroine of a popular                AUTEM (AUTUM, AUTOM,        or
negro melody, in which the old lady meets
                                                       ANTEM), subs. (Ol(1 Cant).—A
with several ludicrous adventures.]
                                                            church (HARMAN, (B. E.,
   1861. Times,       Derby Day.' AUNT
                                                            GROSE, et passim).    As aay. =
SALLY . . . is rather overdone than other-
wise.                                                       married ; also in numerous com-
    1866. SALA, Gaslight and Daylight,                      binations, thus : AUTEM-BAWLER
i. They will . . . create disturbances on                   (-CACKLER, -JET or- PRICKEAR)
the course, and among the sticks ' and                       =a parson : spec. of Dissenters ;
                                                            AUTEM-CACKLE TUB=(I) a dis-
     1833. Punch, 2 June, 264. 1. The
average number of 'chucks' at cocoa-nuts
                                                            senting meeting-house, (2) a
before achieving success is six, and of                     pulpit ; AUTUM-COVE= a married
' hies' at AUNT SALLY, four.                                man ; AUTUM-DIPPER (or -DIVER)
       1884.   Pall Mall Gaz., 15 Aug., 4. /.                =( ) a Baptist, (2) a thief work-
AUNT SALLIES and skittles for those who                     ing churches or conventicles, and
prefer such attractions.                                    (3) an overseer or guardian of the
                   int ./                   phr.            poor ; AUTUM-GOGGLER= 'a pre-
Au    RESERVOIR            !

  (common). Au revoir.
                                                            tended French prophet ' (GRosE) ;
                                                            AUTUM-MORT (see (pots. 1567
AURUM POTAB1LE,      subs. phr. (Old                        and C. 1696); AUTUM-QUAVER=
  Cant). — That is, drinkable                               a Quaker ; AUTOM-QUAVER TUB
  gold' ; see quots.                                        =a Quaker's meeting-house.
                  Au/em.                        79            Avuncular.
      1567.   HARMAN, Caveat ( 181 4)7 49.            1876. HINDLEY, Cheetib Jack, 260.
These AUTEM MORTES be maried wernen,             A Jew was selling cocoa-nut, when the
. . . they be as chaste as a cowe I have,        AUTED,I-CACKLER . . . wanted to impart
that goeth to bull eury moone, with what         to the Israelite the sin he committed in
bull she careth not. These walke most            carrying on his vocation on such a day
times from their husbands companye a             [Sunday].
moneth and more to gether, being asociate             1901.     NISBET,     Hermes,   268.
with another as honest as her selfe.             AUTENI-DIVER.
These wyll pylfar clothes of hedges ;
some of them go with children of ten or          AUTHOR-BAITING,             subs.     thr.
xii years of age ; yf tyme and place               (theatrical). — Calling a play-
serue for their purpose, they will send
them into some house, at the window, to
                                                   wright before the curtain to sub-
steale and robbe, which they call in their         ject him to annoyance—yelling,
language, Milling of the ken ; and wil             hooting, bellowing, etc.
0-o with wallets on their shoulders, and
slates at their backes.                          AVAST, intj. (nautical). — Hold !
                                                   Stop ! Stay !
        1586.   HARRISON,   Desc. England,            1681. OTWAY, Soldiers' Fortune, iv.
18 4.                                            i. Hoa up, hoa up ; so AVAST there, sir.
     1592. GREENE, Quiy5, [Works, IX.                1748. SMOLLETT, Rod. Random, xli.
283]. The pedler as bad or rather worse,          AVAST there, friend : none of your tricks
walketh the country with his docksey at          upon travellers.' Ibid. (1751), Peregrine
the least, if he have not two, his mortes        Pickle, xcvii. 'And upon this scrap of
dels, and AUTEM MORTIS.                          paper—no, AVAST — that's my discharge
                                                 from the parish.'
     1610. ROWLANDS, Martin Mark-all,                1883. CLARK RUSSELL,           Sailor's
7 (H. Club's Reprint, 1874). They could          Language, S.V. AVAST. An order to stop
not quietly Lake their rest in the night, nor    hauling or heaving ; pronounced 'vast.
keepe his AUTEM, or doxie sole vnto              A word going out of fashion as used among
h imselfe.                                       seamen, who would formerly say 'Vast
                                                 there !' meaning, Stop that talking. It is
        1641. BROME,   Jovial Crew    [FAR-      now confined to ship's work. Ibid. (1884),
N1ER,     Musa Pedestris (1896), 25]. The        Jack's Courtskifi, xiv. But AvAsi- now !
AUTUM-MORT finds better sport In bowsing         we've had enough of philosopherising.
than in nigling.
                                                 AVERING,     subs. (old).—See quot.
  C. 1696. B. E., Diet. Cant. Crew, s.V.             1695. KENNETT, Lans. MS., 1033.
AUTEM MORT, c. a Married-woman, also             When a begging boy strips himself and
the Twenty fourth Order of the Canting           goes naked into a town with a fals story of
Tribe, Travelling, Begging (and often            being cold, and stript, to move compassion
Stealing) about the Country, with one            and get better cloaths, this is call'd AVER-
Child in Arms another on Back, and               ING, and to goe a AVERING.
(sometimes) leading a third in the Hand.
                                                 AVOIRDUPOIS,    subs. (colloquial).—
       1827.  LYTTON, Pelham.     Job ex-          Excess of flesh ; fat.
plained . . . his wish to pacify Dawson's
conscience by dressing up one of the pals        AVOIRDUPOIS- LAY, subs. thr. (Old
. . . as an AUTEM BAWLER, and so obtain-           Cant).—` Stealing brass weights
ing him the benefit of the clergy without          off the counters of shops'
endangering the gang by his confession.
     1834. AINSWORTH, Rockwood, III. V.          Avu N CU LA R, adj. (common). —
Morts, AUTENI-MORTS, walking morts, dells,         Humorously employed in various
doxies, with all the shades and grades of
the canting crew, were assembled.                  combinations : e.g. AVUNCULAR
                                                   RELATION=a pawnbroker ; an
      1859.   MATSELL,   Vocabulum, ' A              UNCLE   (q.v.);AVUNCULAR LIFE
Hundred Stretches Hence.' 'Oh ! where                = pawnbroking. Also         AVUN-
will be the culls of the bing A hundred
                                                     CULAR - GIG, TO AVUNCULIZE
stretches hence? The AUTUMN-CACKLERS,
AUTUMN-COVES. . .                                    (=to act as an uncle), etc., etc.
                Awake.                          80                      Away.
    1662. FULLER, Worthies, ' Hants,' i.               AWAY! =          Commence immedi-
414. Seeing he was sister's son to black-
mouth'd Sanders, it is much that he doth
                                                       ately!;SAY AWAY != Spit it out' ;
not more AVUNCULIZE in his bitterness                  PEG    AWAY! = Keep going ;
against Protestants.                                   RIGHT AWAY ! = at once; 'AWAY
    1831.     LANDOR, RIej5eri [ Works                 THE MARE ! ' = Adieu to care !
(1846), it. 571]. Love . . . paternal or               Begone ! FAR-AND - AWAY = al-
AVUNCULAR.                                             together ; 'WHO CAN HOLD THAT
     1854.   THACKERAY, Newcomes,        V.            WILL AWAY? '= ' Who can bind
Clive, in the AVUNCULAR gig, is driven                 an unwilling tongue ' ? TO
over the downs to Brighton, to his                     MISTAKE AWAY = to pilfer and
maternal aunt there. Ibid., xl. Clive had
passed the AVUNCULAR BANKING-HOUSE in                  pretend mistake ; AWAY BACK=
the city, without caring to face his rela-             (I) long ago ; and (2) see WAY-
tions there.                                           BACK.
      1859. SALA, Gaslight and Daylight,
iii. 37. If you enter one of these pawn-              d. 1529. DUNBAR [quoted by GIFFORD].
shops . . . you will observe these peculiari-        And Prudence in my eir says ay, QUHY
ties in the internal economy of the AVUN-            WAD YOU HALD THAT WILL AWAY?
CUI.AR LIFE.                                             1535. COVERDALE, J0/1/1, XVI. 12.
    1897.  MARSHALL, Pontes, 92. CA                  haue yet much to saye vnto you, but ye
Model Christmas.' (The poet detaches a               can not beare it AWAYE.
blanket from his bed and despatches it to
an AVUNCULAR RELATIVE).                                C.   2540.   Doctour Doubble Ale.    AWAY
                                                     THE MARE,    quod Walis, I set not          a
                                                     whitinge By all their writing.
AWAKE,    adv. (old).—On the alert ;
                                                         [?]. MS. Co. Christ. Coll. Cantab.,
   vigilant ; fully appreciative : see               168. Adew, sweteharte, Christe geve the
   FLY.                                              care ! Adew to the, dewll ! AWAY THE
  1785.    GROSE, Vulg. Tongue, S.V.
AWAKE . . . A thief will say to his ac-                     1614.   JONSON,   Bartholomew Fair,
complice on perceiving the person they               i. 1. Over.     You will not let him go,
are about to rob is aware of their intention,        brother, and lose him? Cokes. WHO CAN
and upon his guard, stow it, the cove's              HOLD THAT WILL AWAY?         ibid., ii. 1.
AWAKE. To be awake to any scheme,                    But your true trick, rascal, must be, to
deception or design, means generally to              be ever busy, and MISTAKE AWAY the
see through or comprehend it.                        bottles and cans.
    1813. AUSTEN, Pride and Prejudice,                    d.1631. DONNE, Satires, v. Would
xi. As much AWAKE to the novelty of                  it not anger a stoic . . . to see a pursuivant
attention in that quarter as Elizabeth               come in, and call all his clothes, copes,
herself.                                             books, primers ; and all his plate, chalices ;
     1821. NIONCRIEFF, Tom and Jerry                 and MISTAKE them AWAY, and ask a few
(DicKs), 6. Jerry. Yes, he's up, he's                for coining.
AWAKE, he'sjily—Ha! ha !                                1676.      SHADWELL, I       Vrtuoso,
                                                     Come . . . PULL AWAY!
     1838. DICKENS, N. Nickleby, xxxix.
If you hear the waiter coming, sir, shove               1842. DICKENS, Amer. Notes, ii. I
it in your pocket and look out of the                now saw that RIGHT AWAY and directly
window. . . . I'm AWAKE, father,' replied            meant the same thing.
the dutiful Wackford.
                                                          1856. STOWE, Dred., I.         Get the
  1879. FROUDE, Cersar, x. He was                    carriage out for me RIGIIT AWAY.
AWAKE to the dangers.
                                                          1876. MACAULAY, Life and Letters,
                                                     I. 235. I guess I must answer him RIGHT
AWAY,      adv.(colloquial).—AwAY                    slick AWAY.
    =forthwith, continuously) oc-                        1883.           Gaz., 27 Sep., to.
   curs in several colloquialisms,                   She told him 10 REPORT AWAY, that she
   mostly imperative. Thus : FIRE                    was not afraid.
               Awful.                        81                     Ax.

AwFUL, aa'j. (colloquial). -Mon-                      1878. BLACK, Green Pastures, ii. Is.
  strous : hence a generic intensive              You'll be AWFULLY glad to get rid of me.
  =great ; long ; exceedingly good,                   1878. BRADDON, Cloven Foot, vii.
                                                  'AWFULLY,' was Miss Clare's chief lauda-
  bad, pretty, etc. Thus an AWFUL                 tory adjective [sic); her superlative form
  (=very unpleasant) TIME; AW-                    of praise was 'quite too AWFULLY,' and
  FUL ( = side-splitting)      FUN ;              when enthusiasm carried her beyond her-
 AWFULLY( = uncommonly ) JoLLY,                   self she called things 'nice.' 'Quite too
                                                  AWFULLY nice,' was her maximum of
  etc. Also PENNY-AWFUL = a                       rapture.
 blood-curdling tale : ci: DREAD-                     [?]. PLANCHA, Good Woman in
  FUL SHOCKER, BLOOD-AND-GUTS                     the Wood.    A poor widow and her
  STORY, etc. As adv.= exceeding-                 orphan chicks Left without fixtures, in an
  ly, extremely.                                  AWFUL fix.'
                                                       1883. HAWLEY SMART, At Fault,
      1816. LAMBERT,   Canada and U.S.,           tit. V. I'm AWFUL glad you two have
etc. [BARTLETT]. The country people of            made acquaintance.'
the New England States make use of many
quaint expressions in their conversation.              1883. BRINSLEY RICHARDS, Seven
Every thing that creates surprise is AWFUL        Years at Eton.   The boy . . . was told
with them : 'What an AWFUL wind !                 that what he had done was an AWFUL
AWFUL hole ! AWFUL hill ! AWFUL mouth !           chouse.
AWFUL nose !' etc.                                    1889.   Illustrated Bits, 13 July.
   r8[?].   IVidow Bedott Pafiers                  The ham of the sandwich was AWFULLY
[BARTLETT]. I never thought she was SO            tough.'
AWFUL handsome as some folks does.                    1898. BOLDREWOOD, Robbery Under
    1830.    TiLomrsoN, Exer. (1842), 1.          Arms, xxiv. He was AWFUL shook on
338. He will have made an AWFULLY bad             Madg ; but she wouldn't look at him.
choice if he comes to be sentenced to be              1889. A nswers, 23 Feb., 205. 3.
hanged.                                           He's AWFULLY bad form-a regular cad,
                                                  you know.
   1843. CARLTON, New Purchase, 1.
182. Pot-pie is the favorite dish, and
woodsmen, sharp set, are AWFUL eaters.            AWKWARD,        adv. (conventional).-
    1834. LAMB, Gent. Giantess [Works                Pregnant :    LUMPY (q.v.).
(1870, 3631. She is indeed, as the Ameri-
cans would express it, somethimg AWFUL.           AWKWARD-SQUAD,       subs.  phi-
    1845. FORD, Handbook to Sain, i.                (military and naval).-Recruits
28. To what an AWFUL extent the Spanish             at drill.
peasant will consume garlic.
    1859. LANG, IVand. India, 154. In             AwLs. See ALLs.
the way of money-making . . . he is
AWFULLY clever.
                                                  Ax, verb. (old).-This archaic form
     1865. DOWNING, May-day in New
I -ork [BARTLETT]. The practice of moving
                                                    of ask, once and long literary,
on the first day of May, with one half the          survives in AX MY ARSE (see
New-Yorkers, is an AWFUL Custom.                    quot. 1785) and dialectically.
      1870. BRIDGMAN,   R. Lynne, II. X.            [O. E.D, : Ax, down to nearly
He writes an AWFUL scrawl.                          i600, was the regular literary
     1870. Figaro, 3 June. I like their             form : it was supplanted in
face, though, to come here ; it's AWFULLY           standard English by ask, origin-
                                                    ally the northern form]. Also
   3873. BROUGHTON, Nancy, I. 26.                   AX - MY - EYE (cheap -jacks') = a
What an AWFUL duffer I am.
                                                    cute fellow, a knowing blade.
   1877. Punch's Pocket Book for 1878,
165. You should have come with us.                  C. 1380. CHAUCER,     Tale of Melibeus.
It's 100 AWFULLY nice, as I told you I            Seint Jame eck saith : If eny fellow have
thought it would be.                              neede of sapiens, AXE it of God.
                   Ax.                          82                  Ayrshires.
   1461-73.   Pluton       Letters, III. 46.           C.   1450. Lonelich, Grail, xxvii.   Zit
To AXE in chyrche.                                   cowde he not PUTTEN THE EX IN          I/E
     1474. CAXTON, Game of the Chesse,
in. yin. He must nedes begge and AXE                     1547. HEYWOOD, PrOV. and Efiig.
his breed.                                           (1867), 80. Here I SENDE THAXE AFTER
     1758. MURPHY, U4hholsterer, i. An               THE HELUE awaie.
old crazy fool—AXING your pardon, ma'am,
for calling your father so.                              1815. C. MINER, Who'll turn Grind-
     1785.   GROSE, Vulg. Tongue,        S.V.        stones.  When I see a merchant over-polite
ASK. Ax MY A—SE. A common reply to                   to his customers . . . thinks I, that man
any question : still deemed wit at sea, and          has AN AXE TO GRIND.
formerly at Court, under the denomination
                                                          1865. HOLLAND, Plain Talk, v. 188.
of selling bargains.
                                                     Little cliques and cabals composed of men
     1763. FOOTE, Mayor of Garr., ii. 2.             who have AXES TO GRIND.
Mrs Sneak. Where is the puppy ! Sneak.
Yes, yes, she is AXING for me.                            1881.   D. Telegrafih, 8 June, 6. 2.
   1861. KINGSLEY, RaVenSh0C, VI.          I         The hands that . .. GRIND THE AXE,' and
AXED her would she like to live in the great         that 'pull the string.'
house, and she said no.'                                 1888. Detroit Free Press, 22 Sept.
     1876. HINDLEY, Cheal5 Jack, 232.                William Black says the only Ax a novelist
Stow your gab and gauffery, To every                 has TO GRIND is the climax.
fakement I'm a fly ; I never takes no
fluffery, For I'm a regular AXE-MY-EVE.                  1898. Pink 'Un and Pelican, 13.
                                                     The anecdotes and stories have no morals
    PHRASES:     To HAVE AN AX                       to point, no AXES TO GRIND.
  TO GRIND =     to have personal
  nterests to serve ; TO PUT THE                     AXEWADDLE,     verb. (provincial).—
  AX IN THE HELVE=to solve a                           To wallow. Hence AXEWADDLER
  doubt, to unriddle a puzzle ;                        (a term of contempt).
                                                     Axis, subs. (venery).—The female
  THE HATCHET) = to despair ;
                                                      pudendum : see MONOSYLLABLE.
  TO HANG UP ONE'S AX = to desist
  from fruitless labour, to abandon
  a useless project ; TO OPEN A                      AYRSHIRES,   subs. pl. (Stock Ex-
  DOOR WITH AN AX (said of barren                       change).—Glasgow and South-
  or unprofitable labour).                              Western Railway Stock.
                      B.                      83                         B flat.

                                                       1613.   KING,        .
                                                                       Haljefiennyworth of Wit,
                                                   'Dedication.' Simple honest dunce, as I
            —   .
                117   subs. (Fenian : oh-          am, that CANNOT SAY B TO A BATTLEDORE,
  ,                     solete).--I.   See         it is very presumptuously done of me to
                       quot.                       offer to hey-passe and repasse it in print so.
                                                        1621. MONTAGU, Diatribte, 1'8. The
                        d 1883   H J
                                                   clergy of this time were . . . NOT ABLE TO
                     BYRON [MS. note
                                                   SAY BO TO A BATTLEDORE.
                     to HOTTEN'S Slang
                          : now in B.                   1630. TAYLOR, Motto, 'Dedication.'
                     Museum]. The title            For in this age of criticks are such store,
of a captain in the 'army of the Irish             That OF A B WILL MAKE A BATTLEDOOR.
Republican Brotherhood.'                           Ibid.,' Dedication' to Odconzb' s Comfilaint.
                                                   To the gentlemen readers that UNDERSTAND
   2. (Harrow).—A standard in                      A B FROM A BATTI.EDOOR.
  Gymnasium the next below A                           1663. HOWELL, Eng. Proverbs, 16.
                                                   He KNOWETH NOT A B FROM A BATTLE-
  (q.v.).                                          DOOR.
                                                       1672.   RAY,    Proverb, s.v.
      3. (Felsted).--See A.
                                                       1677. MIEGE,      Diet. Fr. and Eng.,
                                                   128.  BATTLEDORE    . . . formerly a term
     NOT TO KNOW B FROM A                          for a hornbook, and hence no doubt arose
  BULL'S FOOT (A BATTLEDORE, A                     the phrase TO KNOW A B FROM A BATTLE-
  BROOMSTICK, or any alliterative                  DORE.
  jingle), phi-. (old).—To be illiter-                 1846. BRACKENRIDGE, Modern Chiv-
  ate or ignorant ; to be unable to                alry, 43. There were members who
                                                   SCARCELY KNEW B FROM A BULL'S-FOOT.
  distinguish 'which is which' :
  also affirmatively, see A, BATTLE-                  1877. PEACOCK, Manly (Linc.) Cis-
                                                   say, S.V. BATTLEDORE. He does NOT
  DORE, CHALK, etc.                                KNOW HIS A B C FRA A BATTLEDOOR.
    1401.  Pol. Poems, II. 57. I knOW                  1884.    BLACK,     Judith Shaksiseare,
not an A from the wynd-mylne, ne a B               xxi. Fools that SCARCE KNOW A B FROM
FROM A BOLE FOOT.                                  A BATTLEDORE.
   1553-87. FOXE, Acts and Monuments,
                                                        B FLAT (or B), subs. plzr.
BATTLEDORE nor ever a letter of the book.             (common).—A bed bug; a NOR-
      1592. NASHE, Pierce Penni lesse, 3ob.           FOLK HOWARD (V. V. ) : cf.
Now you TALKE OF A BEE. ILE TELL                      SHARP.
in prayse of vertue. Ibid. 0599), Lenten               1853. DICKENS, Household Words
S tzejfe (1885), V. 197. EVERY MAN CAN             xx. 326. A stout negro of the flat back
SAY BEE TO A BATTLEDORE and write in               tribe—known among comic writers as B
prayse of Vertue.                                  FLATS.
     1669. DEKKER, Guls-Hornebooke, 3.                   1867. Cornhill Mag., Ap., 45o. That
You shall not neede to buy bookes ; no,            little busy B which invariably improves
scorne to DISTINGUISH A B FROM A BATTLE-           the darkness at the expense of every
DORE.                                              offering traveller.
                   .8 a.                       84                 Babbler.
   I88I. HUGHES, Rugby Tenn., 58.                       1832. MARRYAT,     Newton Forster,
An insect suspiciously like a British B             xxxi. The BA-AING and bleating.
                                                         1854.     THACKERAY, NeWCOMCS,   2.
                                                    Silly little knock-kneed BAAH-LING.
 BA, verb. (old colloquial).-To kiss :
   also as subs. : cf. Buss. [0.E.D. :                  1862. MAX MULLER     [Macm.
                                                Nov., 57]. Can we admit . . . that those
   'probably a nursery or jocular               who imitate the BAAING of the sheep name
   word' ; Century,   perhaps the               the animal ?
   humorous imitation of a smack.']                  1870. D. News, ii Oct. We civic
                                                sheep have set up so loud a BA-BA that we
       1383. CHAUCER,   Cant. Tales, `Wife      have terrified the wolves.
of Bath's Prol.,' 433. How mekly loketh
Wilkyn our scheep ! Corn ner, my spouse,             1877. EDWARDS, L. Nile, vi. 138.
let me BA thy cheke.                            Our sacrifice sheep . . . comes BAAINC, in
                                                the rear.
  C. 1529. SKELTON, My Darling- e'en', 9.
With BA-BA-BA, and BAS, BAS, BAS, She                1877. BLACKIE, IVise Men, 264.
cheryshed hym both cheke and chyn.              The snow-white lamb . . . fills the solitude
Ibid., 148. BAs me, bultyng, praty Cis.         with tremulous BAA.

 BAA,  subs. (old).-A bleat ; also                  BAB,   subs. (old). - See quot. : also
   as verb : of a sheep. Hence
   BAALING (diminutive)=a lamb-                     1598. Ft.0R10, Worlde of Wordcs,
                                                s.v. Paiya . . . the first word children
   kin : also (nursery) BAA-LAMB ;              vse, as with vs dad or daddie or DAB.
   BAAING =noisy silliness, and as
                                                     1 863.  KINGSLEY, If 'aterbabies, 48.
   adj.                                         Sitting down and crying for his BABA
    1500. DUNBAR, Works [PATERSON               (though he never had any BABA to
(1860), 323]. BAN [stands for the cry of        cry for).
     1580. SIDNEY, Arcadia (1622), lxix.            BABBER-LIPPED.         See BLABBER-
77. Still for thy Dam with BEA-WAY-                   LIPS.
  C. 1586. SIDNEY [JAMIESON].       Like a          BABBLE,    subs. (B. E. and GROSE :
lamb, whose dam way is set, He treble                 now recognised).-` Confused un-
BAAS for help.
                                                      intelligible talk such as was used
     1589. Pa/5/5 e with Hatchet (1844), 37.
They haue no propertie of sheepe but BEA.             at the building of the tower of
                                                      Babel' (GRosli). BABBLER = a
   1594. SHAKSPEARE, Love's Labour
Lost, v. 1. Moth. What is a, b, spelt                 great talker' (B. E.). [0. E.D.
 backward, with the horn on his head                  Common to several languages :
 I/o!. BA, puerita, with a horn added.                'in none can its history be
 Moth. BA, most silly sheep with a horn.
        (1607), Cone/anus, ii. . 12. He's a           carried far back ; as yet it is
 Lambe indeed, that BANS like a Beare.                known as early in English as
       z600. Evergreen (1761), Ii. 58. With           anywhere else. . . . No direct
mony a BAN and Bleit.                                 connection with Babel can be
   c. 1649. DRUMMOND (of Hawthornden),                traced ; though association with
Poems (1711), 4. 2. There BEA-wailing                 that may have affected          the
strays A harmless lamb.                               senses.']
      1765. SMART, Phadrus [BonN],
xiv. 56.    You little fool, why, how you       BABBLER,       subs. (sporting)..-I. A
BAA ! This goat is not your own mamma.
                                                      hound giving too much tongue.
      '818. KEATS, Endymion, HI. 3.
There are . . . who upon Their BAAING                  1732.   BERKELEY,   IrOrkS (1732), 1.
vanities to browse away The comfortable         169. You shall often see among the Dogs
green and juicy hay from Human                  a loud BABLER with a bad Nose lead the
pastures.                                       unskilful.
                  Babe.                      85                   Baboon.

   1735.  SOMERVILLE, Chase [CHAL-                 C. 1879. ABERIGH-MACKAY, Twenty-one
MERS, XI. 167. I], IV. 66. The vain               Days in India, 49. However much we
BABBLER shun, Ever loquacious, ever in            may desire to diffuse BABOOISM over the
the wrong.                                        Empire.
     1880.    Encyclofi. Bril., xli. 315•             18[?].    Pall Mall Gas.
After a fox has been found, the BABBLER           BABOODOM is making ready for its great
announces the fact for the next ten               protest against education or any other cess.
minutes, and repeats his refrain whenever
the least opportunity presents itself.                1886.    YULE and BURNETT, Hobson-
                                              Jobson,      S.V. BABOO. In Bengal, and else-
     2.      See BABBLE.                      where, among Anglo-Indians, it is often
                                              used with a slight savour of disparagement
                                              as characterising a superficially cultivated,
BABE,    subs. (parliamentary). — I.          but too often effeminate Bengali ; and from
  The last elected member of the              the extensive employment of the class to
  House of Commons. Cf. FATHER                which the term was applied as a title in
  OF THE HOUSE= the oldest repre-             the capacity of clerks, in English offices the
                                              word has come often to signify a native
  sentative.                                  clerk who writes English.
    2. (American).—The youngest                    1886. OLIPHANT, New Eng., ii. 224.
                                              Text-books [Indian] are evidently English
  member of a class at the United             works crammed full of hard words such as
  States Military College, West               are found in the metaphysical treatises.
  Point.                                      This accounts for the wonderful BABOO'S
                                              ENGLISH that is sometimes printed for our
     3. (auctioneers').—An auction            amusement.
  SHARK (q.v.); a KNOCK-OUT                       1888. Oxford Eng. Did., S.V. BABOO.
  (q.v.) man : for a consideration            Orig. A Hindoo title of respect, answering
                                              to our Mr. or Esquire ; hence, a native
  these men agree not to oppose the           Hindu gentleman : also (in Anglo-Indian
  bidding of larger dealers, who              use) a native clerk or official who writes
  thus keep down the price of                 English.
                                                  BABOON,  subs. (common). —A term
    4. (American). —A Baltimore                     of abuse : see APE. Whence
  rowdy : also BLOOD TUB (q.v.),                    BABOONERY ; BABOONISH ; and
  PLUG-UGLY (q.v.).                                 BABOONIZE=TO MONKEY (q.v.).
     See BABY.                                    1380-5. WYCLIF, Works [E. E. T. S.],
                                              8.  [OLIPHANT, New Eng.,i. 148. There
                                              is the curious BABWVNRIE formed from
BABE IN THE WOOD,         subs. phr.          BABOON.]
  (old).—i. A culprit in the stocks
  or pillory (GRosE).                              C. 1500.    Robin Hood [RITsoN],   XI. 238.
                                              He then began to storm, Cries Fool,
                                              fanatick, BABOON !
     2. (old).—In /5/.. dice.
                                                   1592. NASHE, Piers Pennilesse, E. j.
                                              b. Is it anie discredit to me, thou great
BABOO     (or BA Bu), subs. (Anglo-           BABOUND . . . to be censured by thee?
  Indian).—See quots. 1886 and                        1598. SHAKSPEARE, 2 Henry IV.,
  1888. Hence BABOO-ENGLISH                   4.      He a good wit ? Hang him, BABOON!
  = superfine ; grandiloquent Eng-                His wit's as thick as Tewkesbury mustard.
  lish such as is written by a BABOO ;             161o. JoNsoN, A Ichenzist,i. 1. Why
  also BABOODOM and BABOOISM.                 so, my good BABOONS! Shall we go make
                                              A sort of sober, scurvy, precise neighbours?
  c. 1866. LYALL, Old Pindaree. But
I'd sooner be robbed by a tall man who                16ri.   COTGRAVE, Diet., s.v. Babou-
showed me a yard of steel, Than be fleeced        inner,   to BABOONIZE it ; to play the
by a sneaking BABOO with a peon and               monkey ; to use apish or foolish tricks,
badge at his heel.                                or knauish prankes.
                   Baby.                      86                    Baby.
    1628.    WITHER, Brit. Rememb., 1.                  1864. D. Tel., 14 Sept. The young
977. Such Apes, and such BABOONES As               foal or filly must be raced in its BABVDOM.
Parasites, and impudent Buffoones.
                                                       1865. WHITNEY, Gayworthys, I. 240.
    1678.   WVCHERLEY, Plain Dealer, ii.           I should like to be made much of, and
I. 25. No chattering, BABOONS, instantly           tended-yes BABIED.
be gone !
                                                        1868. DUFF, Pol. Survey (1868), 159.
    1848. MARRYAT, Rattan the Reefer,              Too BABYISH even to deserve the semblance
xix. The improvement . . . that BA-                of consideration.
BOONERY had made toward manhood.
     1857. Nat. Mag-., ii. 168. Oranges                  2. (old).-In pl.= pictures in
which he demolished in a style of the most            books. [O. E. D. : perh. orig. the
perfect BABOONERY.                                    ornamental tail-pieces and borders
BABY (or BABE),    subs. (nursery and                 with Cupids and grotesque figures
  colloquial).-I. A childish person :                 interworked.]
  e. g. ' a GREAT BABY,' a MERE                         1605. SYLVESTER, Du Bartas (1621),
  BABY,' etc. Hence, TO SMELL OF                   5. We gaze but on the BABIES and the
  THE BABY = tO be infantine or                    cover, The gaudy flowers and edges painted
  childish (in character or ability) :
                                                        1618. HALES, Gold. Rem. (1673), ii. 8.
  cf. BABY-ACT. Also as verb = to                  Provided that, in the Tables and Maps,
  act (or treat) childishly ; BABY-                there were no pictures and BABIES.
  HOOD (BABYDOM Or BABYism) =                          1655.   FULLER, Mist. Camb. (1840,
  childishness ; BABY-BUNTING=                     39. More pleased with BABIES in books
  an endearment.                                   than children are.

     1596. SHAKSPEARE, Hamlet, ii. 2.                   3.    (old colloquial). - The
That GREAT BABY you see there is not yet
out of his swaddling clothes.
                                                      minute reflection of one gazing
                                                      into another's eye.    Hence TO
    1603. Patient Grissil, 17. My brisk
spangled BABY will come into a stationer's            LOOK BABIES (or A BOY) IN THE
shop.                                                 EYES = to look amorously ; to
    161/. Bible, 'Translator's Preface,' i.           cast SHEEP'S-EYES (q.v.).
Hee was no BABE, but a great clearke.
                                                     d. 1586. SIDNEY, Astrofik. and Stella.
   16/8. BRETON, Courtier and Country-
                                                   So when thou saw'st in nature's cabinet
man, 19. There are some that in their
                                                   Stella thou straight LOOK'ST BABIES IN HEI:
childhood are so long in their borne booke
that, doe what they can, they will SMELL
OF THE BABY till they can not see to read.              1593. DONNE, The Ecstasy. • And
                                                    PICTURES IN OUR EYES to get Was all our
    1637. FLETCHER, Elder Brother, iii.             propogation.
5. Though he be grave with years, he's
a GREAT BABY.                                           1593.  Tell-trot/es New Year's Gift,
                                                    39. That BABIE which lodges IN women's
        1660.MILTON, Free Commonwealth
 [Works (1851), 430]. If we were aught
 els but Sluggards or BABIES.                            1594. DRAYTON, Idea, 2. But 0,
                                                    see, see we need enquire no further, Upon
        1667.      Martin Marr-all
                                                    your lips the scarlet drops are found, And
 [OLIPHANT, New English, 11. 113. A
                                                    IN YOUR EVE '1'11E BOY that did the murder.
 grown-up person is called a BABY].
                                                    Ibid. See where little Cupid lies Looking
        1742.   YOUNG, 14,Yht Thoughts,      Vi.    BABIES IN THE EYES.
 521.     It itAniEs us with endless toys.
                                                                       Sfiecimen Eng. Re-
       1837.  Blackwood, xli. 280.       The        mances,7]. IN each oilier two crystal EYES
 solemn littleness of Lord John Russell, and        Smiletli A NAKED BOY ; It would you all
 the I3ABYISMS Of Lord Morpeth.                     in heart suffice To see that lamp of joy.
      186o. THOMPSON, Audi. Alt.,                        1609. SHAKSPEARE, TiMOn of/4 thews,
 CAV.   45. All the malevolence and BABY-           1. 2. Joy had the like conception IN OUR
 HOOD of the country rush to display them-          EYES, And, at that instant, like A BALM
 selves.                                            sprung up.
                  Baby.                       87                    Baby.
  C. 1613. FLETCHER, Woman's Prize,                    5579.  SPENSER, Shej4. Cal., May,
V. 1. No more fool To LOOK GAY BABIES              240. Bearing a truss of trifles, As bells,
IN YOUR EYES, young Roland, And hang               and BABES, and glasses in hys packe.
about your pretty neck.          Ibid. (1618),
Loyal Subject.     LOOK BABIES IN YOUR                   1595. SHAKSPEARE, K. John, iii. iv.
EYES, my pretty sweet one.                         58.    I should forget my sonne Or madly
                                                   think a BABE of clowts were he.      Ibid.
    1619. PURCHAS, Microcos., 90. But              (16o6), Macbeth, iii. 4. zo6. If trembling
wee cannot so passe the centre of the Eye,         I inhabit then, protest me The BABY of a
which wee call Pupilla, quasi Puppa, THE           girl.
BABIE IN THE EYE, the Sight.
                                                       1611. COTGRAVE, Dict.,s.v. Muguet.
     1621.   BURTON, Anat. Malan., III.            A curiously dressed LIABLE of clowts.
II. V. 5. (1651), 576. They may kiss and
coll, lye and LOOK BABIES IN ONE AN-                     1613.   BEAUMONT   and   FLETCHER,
OTHER ' S EYES . .  satiate themselves with        Captain, i. 3. And now you cry for't, As
love's pleasures.                                  children do for BABIES, back again.
  d. 1635.      RANDOLPH,   Poems, 124.              d. 1631. DRAvToN, Poems, 243. For
When I       LOOK BABIES IN THINE EYES,            bells and BABYES, such as children small
Here Venus, there Adonis lies.                     Are ever us'd to solace them withall.
    1636. HEYWOOD, Love's Mistress, 3.
She clung about his neck, gave him ten                 5631. French Schoole-Maister, f. 98.
kisses, Toy'd with his locks, LOOKED               Shall we buy a BABIE or two for our
                                                   children for pastime

                      Hesperides (1897),
     1647 - 8. HERRICK,
                                                       1640. King and a Poore Northern
i. 12.   You blame me too, because I               Man.    What gares these babies and
                                                   BABIES all ?
cann't devise Some sport, to please those
BABIES IN YOUR EYES.    ibid. [NARES],                 5640. Two Lancashire Lovers, 113.
138. Or those BABIES IN YOUR EYES, In              And drawing neare the bed to put her
their christall nunneries.                         daughters armes, and higher part of her
     1668.    LESTRANGE, Quevedo (1778),           body too, within sheets, perceiving it not
57. Be sure when you come into company             to be her daughter, but a BABY-CLOUTS
that you do not stand staring the men in           only to delude her.
the face as if you were MAKING BABIES IN               1651. LILLY, Charles I. (i774), 219.
THEIR EYES.                                        Whose father sold BABIES and such pedlary
    1672. MARVELL, Re/i. Trans., I.                ware in Cheapside.
66. Only to speculate his own BABY IN                  1700. CONGREVE, Way of World, v.
THEIR EYES.                                        5. She was never suffered to play with a
    1682. BEHN, City Heiress, iii. 1.              male child, though but in coats. Nay, her
Sigh'd, and LOOKT BABIES IN HIS GLOAT-             very BABIES were of the feminine gender.
ING EYES.                                               1712.    STEELE, Spectator, 500. 3.
     1821. SHELLEY,          PrOMOtizeIeS   Un-    Little girls tutoring their BABIES. !bid.,
bound.    Think ye by gazing on each               478. These [boxes] are to have Folding
other's eyes To MULTIPLY YOUR LOVELY               Doors, which being open'd you are to be-
SELVES.                                            hold a BABY dress'd out.
                                                        1721. POPE, Letter to Blount, 3 Oct.
     4. (old).-A doll ; a puppet ;                 Sober over her Sampler, or gay over a
   a child's plaything : also BABY-                jointed BABY.
   CLOUTS = a rag-doll : see BAR-
                                                            Adj.    (colloquial). - Small ;
                                                         tiny : e.g. a BABY-glass, BABY-
     1530. PALSGRAVE, Lang. Franc.,                      engine, etc.
 596/I.  BABE that children play with,
"ozWee.                                                1859. JEPHSON, Brittany, vii. 88.
     1552. HULVET,   A bececlariunt. BABY          Turrets beside which the leaning tower of
or puppet for chyldren, Pupa.                      Pisa is a BABY.
    1563. HOMILIES, Idolatry, iii. (i844),               1864. Realm, 15 June, 5. Ravines
 238. Puppets and BABIES for old fools in           from which Jun-Inns, Indus. and Ganges,
 dotage.                                            yet BABY-streams, gush.
             Baby Act.                       88                  Bacca-pipes.

     To KISS THE BABY, verb. phr.                    1663. BUTLER, Huai., I. i. 93. A
                                                  BABYLONISH  Dialect, Which learned
   (American).—To take a drink ;                  Pedents much affect.
   TO SMILE (q.v.).
                                                         1677. GILPIN,   Dawionol. (1867), 192.
                                                  For from good bishops . . . they are
BABY ACT,     subs.phr. (colloquial). —           become incurable BABYLONIANS.
   The legal defence of ' infancy ' :                    1795.   SOUTHEY,   Letters from Stain
   hence TO PLEAD THE BABY ACT=                   (1799), 76.     Here the BABYLONIAN
   (I) to plead minority as voiding a             [= Romish Church] walks the street in full
   contract ; and (2) to excuse one-              dress scarlet.
   self on the ground of inexperience.                 1816. GILCHRIST, Philos. Etym., 128.
                                                  This is the kind of BABYLONISH lexico-
                                                  graphy of Johnson's Dictionary, which
BABY-FARMER,       subs. phr. (corn-              gives twenty-four meanings, or shadows
  mon).—A professional adopter of                 of meaning to the word from.
  infants ; a MINDER (q.v.): spec.                     1823. BYRON, Juan, xi. xxiii. The
  in an evil sense : frequently, once             approach . . . to mighty BABYLON
  the money is paid, the children
  are gradually done to death.                    BABYLON rri S H, subs. (Winchester
  Whence BABY-FARMING.                               College).—A dressing gown.
    1884. Christian World, io July, 513.             [That is BABYLONITISH garment.]
3.  BABY-FARMING Was vigorously de-
nounced.                                                         subs. pia-. (venery).
BABY-HERDER,       subs. phr. (Ameri-                —The penis : see PRICK.
  can). —A nurse.
                                                  BABY'S-PAP,         subs. phr. (rhyming).
BABYLON,        subs. (colloquial).—                 —A cap.
  Generic for luxury and magnifi-
                                                  BABY WEE-WEES,         subs. thr.
  cence Hence (I) the papal
                                                     (Stock Exchange).—Buenos Ayres
  power (formerly identified with
                                                     Water Works shares.
  the mystical Babylon of the
  Apocalypse) ; (2) any large city :                         ATIC INS, House Scrais. Oh!
  spec. London (also MODERN                       supposing our Cream-jugs    were broken,
                                                  Or Beetles were souring the BABIES.
  papist ; and (2) an astrologer                  BACCA,    subs. (colloquial). — To-
  (Chaldea was the ancient seat of                   bacco. Fr. per/ot (from per/e).
  the craft) ; BABYLONISH =popish.                   Also BACCO, BACCY, BACKER,
     1564. Brief Exam., iij. We dwell                and BACKEY.
not among the BABILONI ANS and Chaldies.
                                                         1833.   MARRYAT,    Peter Simile, ii.
     1590. BARRON [Confer., i. to]. The           You must lam n to chaw     BACCY.
Antichristian yoke of theis BABILONISH                   1860.   All / car Round, 57. 161. His
Bishopps.                                         wife has found his BAcco.box.
     1634. RAINBOW, Labour (1635), 41.
                                                         i86r. CONWAY,      Forays, 228. I lay
Thy great BABILONS which thou hast                on an Affghan goat-rti . . . with a pipe
built.                                            filled with good BACCY in my mouth.
  C. 1650. BRATHWAYTE, Barneay's Jour.
(1723), 61.   Whores Of BABYLON me                       t86. H. KINGSLEY, Austin Elliot,
impalled, And me their Adonis called.             xxi.    Bits of BACK ER pipe.
   1654. GAGE [Title]. A clear Vineli.            B ACC A -PIPES,subs. phr. (common).
cation of the . . . Parochial Ministers of           ----Whiskers curled in ringlets :
England, from the . . . injurious nick-
nam. of13Auvi-oNtsn.                                 obsolete. See MurroN-ctiors.
              Baccare.                         89             Bachelor's-fare.

BACCA RE (or BAKKARE), intj. (Old                        1747. Scheme Equifi. Men of War,
                                                    36. The more corpulent SONS OF BACCHUS
  Cant).—Go back ! give place !                     . . . might have Easy-Chairs.
  Away !
                                                       1823. BYRON, Island, ii. xi. The
    [1473. MARKWORTH,      Chronicle,1461-          palm . . . Within whose bosom infant
74 (CAMDEN), 22. And aflyre . . . it                BACCHUS broods.
aroose north-est, and so BAK KERE and
              UDAL,     Roister Doister                  2.   (Eton College).—See quot.
     1 553-
[DoDsLEv , Old Plays (HAzLITT), iii. 65.
Ah, sir ! BACKARE, quod Mortimer to his                 1865.      Etoniana, 27.  On Shrove
SOW.                                                Tuesday verses were written (c. 1561) in
                                                    honour or dispraise of Bacchus—' because
  d. 1565. HEYWOOD, Efiigrams. Shall                poets were considered the clients of
I consume myself, to restore him now ;              Bacchus.' . . . This custom was continued
Nay BACKARE, quoth Mortimer to his                  almost into modern days, and though the
sow. Ibid., El5ig7-ams. BACKARE, quoth              subject was changed, the copy of verses
Mortimer to his sow, see Mortimer's sow             was still called a BACCHUS.
speaketh as good Latyn as bee.       Ibid.
BACKARE, quoth Mortimer to his sow :
Went that sow backe at that bidding, trow           BACH   (or BATCH), verb. (Ameri-
you?                                                  can).—To live as a bachelor.
     1577.  Golden il.phroditus [HALL!.
WELL]. Both trumpe and drummesounded
nothing for their larum but BACCARE,                BACHELOR.     THEN THE TOWN
BACCARE.                                              BULL IS A BACHELOR, phr. (old).
     1592.   LYLY, Midas, V. 2.       The             —The retort incredulous on a
masculine gender is more worthy than the
feminine. Therefore, Licio, BACKARE.                  woman's chastity (RAY).
    1593. SHAKSPEARE, Taming of the
Shrew, ii. T. Saving your tale, Petruchio,          BACHELOR'S BABY,             subs. phr.
I pray Let us, that are poor petitioners,             (old).—A bastard : see BYE-BLOW
speak too ; BACCARE ! you are marvellous
                                                      and BACHELOR'S-WIFE.
    166o. HOWELL, Eng. Proverbs, s.v..                  1672.   RAY, Proverbs,  Joculatory
    1822.      NARES,       Glossary,  s. V.        Proverbs.' The SON OF A BACHELOR; i.C.
BACCARE . . . Used in allusion to a                 a bastard.
proverbial saying, BACKARE, quoth
Mortimer to his sow ' ; probably made in               1899.    WHITEING, John St., x.
ridicule of some man who affected a know-           Never 'ad no father to speak of. Kind 0'
ledge of Latin without having it, and who           BACHELOR'S BIBY, you know.
produced his Latinized English words on
the most trivial occasions.
                                                    BACHELOR'S  BUTTONS.    TO
                                                      WEAR BACHELOR'S BUTTONS,
BACCHUS,    subs. (old).—t. Wine ;                    verb. phr.  (old).—To be a
  intoxicating liquor. Whence
  SON OF BACCHUS =a tippler : see
                                                      bachelor. [GREY,    Notes on
  LUSHINGTON ; and Bacchi plenus
                                                      Shakspeare, i.       107   : 'Country
                                                      fellows carried the flowers of this
   =drunk : see SCREWED.      [In-                    plant in their pockets, to know
  numerable derivatives and com-
                                                      whether they should succeed with
  binations have been and are still
                                                      their sweethearts, and they
  in more or less regular and
                                                      judged of their good or bad
  literary use.]
                                                      success by their growing or not
 C. 1496. DUNBAR, Gold. Terge,          124.          growing there.'
BACUS, the gladder of the table.
  c. 1640. WALLER,    Batt. Summer
Isl., 17. The sweet palmettoes a new                BACHELOR'S-FARE,         subs. phr.
BAccHus yield.                                        (common).      See quot.
               Bachelor's-wife.                 90                          Pack.
    1738. SWIFT, Polite Conversation, i.               C. 1605. ROWLEY [?], Birth Merlin, iv.
Some ladies of your acquaintance have                2. 340. The Saxons which thou brought'st
promised to breakfast with you . . . what            To BACK thy usurpations.
will you give us ?    Col. Why, faith,                  1612. TAYLOR, Comm., Titus, i. 9.
madam, BACHELOR'S-FARE, bread and
                                                     Which godly course Augustine BACKETH.
cheese and kisses.
                                                          1684. BUNYAN, Pilg., ii. 70. One,
                                                     that . . . had taken upon him to BACK
BACHELOR'S-WIFE,            subs.    phr.            the Lions.
      (common).-I. An ideal wife ;
                                                          1692. RAY, Dissol. World,            Pref.
      and 2. (venery) , a harlot : whence            Well-BACKED by Divine Authority.
      BACHELOR'S-BABY =a bastard.
                                                            1697. DRYDEN,        Vire, irs Eclogues,
       1562.  HEYWOOD, Pray. and E   ibi-            iii. 44. Now BACK your Singing with an
grants   (1867), 61. 7. BACHELERS WIVES,             equal Stake.
and maides children be well tought.
                                                            1699.    LUTTRELL,    Brief Rel. State
       1726.    VANBRUGH, Provoked Hus-              Affairs,       iv. 503.
                                                                          The lord Wharton's
band, i. 1.     Ay! ay ! BACHELORS' WIVES,           horse Careless has beaten another BACKT
indeed, are finely governed.                         by the duke of Devon, etc., for ,1900.
       1854.    MILLER,   Schools and School-            1722. DE FOE, Moll Flanders (1840),
masters, 503.    The ' BACHELOR'S WIFE'              313.   He BACKED his discourses with
. . . occupies a large place in our litera-          proper quotations of scripture
ture, as the mistress of all the poets who
ever wrote on love without actually                       1774. BRIDGES, Burlesque Homer,
experiencing it.                                     1. ' Argument.' Apollo . . . did not fail
                                                     To BACK his parson tooth and nail.
BACK,        verb. (colloquial).-t. To                   1817.   BYRON, BeAbo, xxvii.    Most
      espouse, advocate, or support a                men (till by losing render'd sager) Will
                                                     BACK their own opinions with a wager.
      matter, by money, influence,
      authority, etc. : usually TO BACK                  1818.   SCOTT, Rob Roy, viii. A
                                                     quarter whence assuredly he expected no
      UP.     Hence (2), in racing to                BACKING.         Ibid. (1823), Quentin DU?".
      wager, or bet in support of one's              ward, vi.       I   had in case of the worst a
      opinion, judgment, or fancy ; TO               Stout BACK-FRIEND in this uncle of mine.
      BACK THE FIELD = to bet against                     1835.   MARRYAT, Jacob Faithful,
      all horses save one, usually 'the              xxiii. 80. Some one BACKED me against
      favourite' ; BACKED= betted on ;               another man in the ring for fifty pounds
      BACKER =( I)      a supporter, a
      BACK-FRIEND (q.v.), and (2) a                     1838. DICKENS, Nick. Nickleby,i. 1.
                                                     Likened to two principals in a sparring
      layer of odds : cf BOOKIE; BACK-               match who when fortune is low and
      ING =support.                                  BACKERS scarce.

       1548.    PATTEN,    ExA to Scotland              1850.  LYTTON, My Novel, Ix.     ix.
[ARBER, Garner, III. 98]. A troup of                 'Take any odds against him that his
Dcmi-lances to BACK them.                            BACKERS may give,' said L'Estrange.

    1583. BARRINGTON, Commandm.,                          1853.   RoGERs, Ed. Faith, 76.
380.  A BACKER to beare out my foule                 Authoritative teaching . . . BACKED by
expressions.                                         the performance of miracles?
     1589. Pa.Afic with Hatchet (1844), 15.          1865. ARNOLD, Ess. Crit., 1. 32. Let
Art thou so BACKT that none dare blade it        us all stick to each other and BACK each
with thee.                                       other up.
  d. 1592. GREENE, On. Fur. (1599), 30.                  1868. FREEMAN, Norm. Cong. (1876),
He nAcKT the Prince of Cuba for my                      x. Demands which had been BACKED
foe.                                                 by an armed force.
       159?.. NASHE, Lenten Stuffi. (1877),              1879. FRouvE, Ctrsar, xxi. He pro-
77.         ful
         Faith confederates and BACK-                longed Cxsar's command, and BACKED
FRIENDS.                                             him Ur in everything.
                 Back.                         91                    Back.

    T880. JEFFRIES, Hodge, 1. 79. The                 C. 1696. B.E., Dict. Cant. Crew, S.V.
old uncle who had 'BACKED' him at the               BACKT    . . . he longs to have his Father
bank.                                               upon six Mens shoulders' [GRosE (1785),
                                                    Ibid.: ' that is carrying to his grave '].
    28So. Times, 22 Dec., 9. It is pro-
moted by what appears to be a solid BACK-                PHRASES AND COLLOQUIAL-
ING of landowners.                                    ISMS: To GIVE ONE THE BACK=
    1883. BENSON [Standard, 28 June,                  to ignore ; BEHIND ONE'S BACK
2. 3. Varied appeals to strengthen and
                                                       =out of sight, hearing, or know-
 BACK UP ' their own long-continued efforts.
                                                      ledge ; TO GIVE BACK =to turn
      3.  (venery).—To copulate :                     tail ; TO TURN ONE'S (or THE)
   properly of animals. Also TO                       BACK ON = ( I) to go, (2) to
   LIE ON ONE'S BACK, TO MAKE                         abandon, and (3) to snub ; BACK
   THE BEAST WITH TWO BACKS                           AND SIDE (BACK AND BELLY, or
   (see BEAST), TO HAVE (or DO) A                     BACK AND EDGE)= all over,
   BACK-FALL (or BACK-SCUTTLE),                       completely, through thick and
   TO GO STAR-GAZING (or STUDYING                     thin : TO TAKE THE BACK ON
   ASTRONOMY) ON ONE'S BACK, etc.                     ONESELF= to run away ; WITH
   Also TO EARN MONEY ON ONE'S                        BACK TO THE WALL = hard-
   BACK = tO play the whore.   See                    pressed, struggling against odds ;
   BACKWARD.                                          TO HAVE BY THE BACK = to seize,
                                                      to lay hold of ; TO BREAK THE
     161T. CHAPMAN, May Day, iii. 3.
                                                      BACK=(I) to overburden, (2) to
Now hath my soul a thousand fancies in
an instant, as what wench dreams not on
                                                      all but finish (a task), and (3) to
when she LIES ON HER BACK.                            exhaust one's partner in the act
    2558. ROWLAND, Mouffet's Meal.                    of kind ; TO RIDE ON ONE'S
Ins., 927. When as the female or she Asse             BACK =to deceive ; TO GET THE
would be BACKT.                                       BACK OF = (I) to take in the rear,
     1705-7. WARD,     Hudib. Redly., II.             and (2) to have at an advantage ;
Hi. 6.                                                ON ONE'S BACK =(I) FLOORED
                                                      (q.v.), (2) at the end of one's
      4.  (colloquial).—To endorse ;
                                                      resources, (3) sick or indisposed,
   to Countersign: e.g. TO BACK a
                                                      and (4) SPREAD (q.v.) ; TO HAVE
   cheque ; also to BACK A BILL=
                                                      (PUT, GET, or SET) ONE'S BACK
   to become responsible for pay-
                                                      UP=(I) to resist, to rouse, and (2)
   ment: cf. ' to foot' an account.
                                                      to get (or be) angry (B. E. and
   BACKED = endorsed, 'accepted.'
                                                      GRosE): whence, 'DON'T GET
   Formerly to direct' or address a
                                                      YOUR BACK UP != Keep calm !'
   letter : prior to the general use
                                                      or 'YOUR BACK'S uP=a jeer at
   of envelopes, the address was
                                                      an angry hunchbacked man ' ; TO
   written on the back of the folded
                                                      BACK OUT= to retire cautiously,
                                                      to escape from a dilemma ; TO
      1768. BLACKSTONE, COMM., IV. 238.               GIVE (or MAKE) A BACK = (I) to
The warrant of a justice of the peace in              lend a hand, and (2) to bend the
one county . . . must be BACKED, that is,             body, as at leap-frog ; TO BACK
signed by a justice of the peace in another
. . . before it can be executed there.                DOWN = (I) to yield or retire from
                                                      a matter, and (2) to eat one's
     2874. Siliad, 256. And brought the
prestige of a lordly name To BACK a bill.             words : hence a BACK-DOWN
                                                      (Or SQUARE BACK-DOWN) = (r)
     To BE BACKED, verb. phr.                         utter collapse, and (2) a severe
   (old).—To be dead : see quot.                      rebuff ; TO BE ON A MAN'S BACK
                 Back.                        92                    Back.

  =to chide, to be severe upon ;                     C. 1624.   SMYTH,    Sernt.   (1632), 24.
  TO SEE THE BACK OF = to get rid                  They GAUE him THE BACK, and became
  of. Also 'His BACK is broad
  enough to bear jests' (RAY);                           1641.  HOTHAM    in Long Parl.
                                                   [SouTnEv, Commonplace Book, II. (1849),
  'What is got over the devil's                             Mr Speaker ; FALL BACK, FALL
                                                   1 47]•
  BACK is spent under his belly (see               EDGE I will go down and perform your
  quot. 1694).                                     commands.

   C. 1300.   Cursor ilfundi, 2499. Pe                   1653. HOLCROFT, Procopius. John
flue GAUE BAK to wine away. Ibid. 4390.            . . . compassed the Trachea, so that he
                                                   GOT THE BACKES Of the Enemy.
He drou t sco held, Pe tassel bra, Pe
mantel left, he GAFE PE BAK.                        c. 1655. GuRNALL, Christian in Comp 1.
  C. 1380. WYCLIF, Works (188o),       281.        Arm., v. 343. 1. They never look up to
Pou puttest pi self BEHINDE pi BAKE.               heaven, till God lays them ON        THEIR
  C. 1400. Dest. Troy, xxiii, 9474. Pai
were boun to GYFFE BAKE, & the bent                    1659. Lady Alimony, iii. They have
leue. !bid., iv. 1348. The Troiens . . .           engaged themselves ours, BACK AND EDGE.
TURNYT PE BAKE, fileddon in fere.                      1661. DAVENPORT,      City Night-cap,
  c. 1400.   Rom. Rose,    7318. Til he be         v. Catch'd at thy word, thou         GIV'ST
slayne, BACK AND SIDE.
                                                     C. 1680. BEVERIDGE,    Seri'''. (1729), 1.
  C. 1485.    Dig-by MS.    (1882), i. 340.        99. If you TURN YOUR BACKS and refuse
I shuld bete you BAR AND SIDE.                     to . . . hearken.
  C. 1500. Lancelot, 1488. It haith gart             1682. BUNYAN, Holy IVar, 236.
o thousand TAK At onys APONE THEM.                 Emmanuel, their Prince, has GIVEN them
SELF THE BAR.                                      THE BACK.
      1533. BELLENDENE, Livy, i.        50.
                                                      1694. MOTTEUX, Rabelais, V. xi.
Dredand . . . to be inclusit on every side
                                                   WHAT IS GOT OVER THE DEVIL'S BACK IS
. . . they GAIF BAKKIS.
                                                   SPENT UNDER HIS BELLY; or the goods
    1535.   STEWART, Chron. Scot., II.             which they unjustly get, perish with their
73. That we may haif thair BAKIS AT                prodigal heirs.
THE WALL, Without defend that ar oure
commoun fa.                                          C. 1709.  WARD, Terralilius, i. 1.
                                                   She never gets a man upon the Hug, but
  C. 1555.  RIDLEY, Works, 67. Else                she always BREAKS HIS BACK before she
thou must be HAD BY THE BACK.                      has done with him.
    1591. SHAKSPEARE, Two Gent., v.
                                                       1710. Dame Huddle's Letter.       That
4. 126. Thurio GIUE BACKE, or else
                                                   word SET MY BACK UP.
embrace thy death. Ibid. (1592), Romeo
and Jul., iv. I. 28. It will be of more                1711. AnDisoN, Spectator,        12. 2.
price, Being spoke BEHIND YOUR BACKE,              The Mistress . . . scolds at the Servants
then to your face. Ibid. (1597), 2 Hen.            as heartily before my Face as BEHIND MY
IV.,i. 1. 130. The shame Of those that             BACK. /bid., 108. 4. Sir Roger's BACK
TURN'D THEIR BACKS.       Ibid. (1605),            was no sooner TURNED but honest Will
Lear, i. I. 178. To TURNE THY hated                began.
BACKE Upon our kingdome. /bid. (1613),
Hen. VIII.,i. x. 84. Many Haue BROKE                     1716. BEIIN,           Lover, ii. 3.
THEIR BACKES with laying Mannors on                I'll have no more to do with you BACK NOR
'em For this great Journey.                        EDGE.

    1597.  MORLEY, In/rod. Mus., 146.                  1730.     VANBRUGH      and  CIBBER,
The brother I HAVE you BY THE BACKE.               Provoked Husband, v. 1.      0 Lud ! HOW
                                                   HER BACK WILL BE UI'      then when she
     1610. Wizard [NAREs]. Thy father              meets me.
made an asse off, wilt thou goe? And I in
triumph RIDING ON HIS BACK.                             1771. SMOI . LETT, I lumfihry Clinker,
                                                   66. My uncle's BACK WAS UP in a
     1611. Bible, I Sam. x. 9. When he             moment ; and he desired him to explain
had TURNED HIS BACKE to go from Samuel.            his pretensions.
                    Back.                     93               Back-and-belly.

      1774.     BRIDGES,   Homer Burlesque,          C. 1870. SPOFFORD [Casquet Lit. (1877),
45. And when you've fairly GOT HIS BACK            Iv. 9. The cat used to PUT UP HER
ur, You're always forc'd your deeds to             BACK at the three.
pack up.
                                                       1870. OLIPHANT, Piccadilly, IV. 152.
     1777. SHERIDAN, Schoolfor Scandal,            He had done his best to spread the report
i. 1.     I cannot bear to hear people             of my marriage with his sister for fear of
attacked BEHIND THEIR BACKS.                       my BACKING OUT.
      1783. AINSWORTH, Lat. Dict., S.V.
                                                       1874.     MAHAFFY, Greece,   iii. They
BACK.     To GIVE BACK, Pedem referre.
                                                   will censure her BEHIND BACKS.
   1817. SCOTT, Rob Roy, viii. Jobson
was determined that Morris should not                   2880. St James's Gaz., ix Oct. Un-
BACK OUT . . . SO easily.
                                                   less the Government BACK DOWN from
                                                   their preparations at this point.
    2830. MARavaT, King's Own, xxi.
'Sure your honour's in luck' . . . replied             1833. Statist, 21 July. While they
Barney, grinning, and BACKING OUT of the           were maturing their scheme, the Govern-
room.                                              ment went BEHIND THEIR BACKS and con-
                                                   cluded an agreement.
   1836. DICKENS, Pickwick, vii. 57.
Stooping . . . as if he were ' MAKING A                1883. GREENWOOD, Odd Pele, 2.
BACK' for some beginner at leap-frog.               Don't say it to me. It SETS MY BACK UP,
     1842. CATI.IN , IV. Amer. Indians,            and when my BACK'S SET UP I'm sometimes
It. xlv. Sick and very feeble, having been         orkard.'
for several weeks UPON MY BACK.                        1884. Ilar,her's Mag,-., June, 66. 2.
      1845.      DISRAELI,   Sybil (1863),
                                     14.           Be firm, don't BACK DOWN.
But the other great Whig families . . .
SET UP THEIR BACKS against this claim of                TO BACK UP,             verb. phr.
the Eg,remonts.                                       (Winchester).-To call out : e.g.
    2848. THACKERAY, Vanity Fair, iii.                'Why didn't you BACK UP? I
The Major was GIVING A BACK to Georgy.                would have come and helped you.'
    1848. LOWELL, Biglow Paters, 124.                 In College, times are BACKED UP
'Twould save some whole cart-loads of                 by Junior in Chambers : such as
fuss, an' three or four months o' jaw, If              Three quarters," Hour," Bells
some illustrious patriot should BACK OUT
and withdraw.                                         go single,' 'Bells down.'
     1848. BEDINGER, S15eech in H. of
ReiS., 25 Jan. Would gentlemen be willing
                                                        See BEYOND.
to BACK OUT, and forsake our rights ? No,
no. No turning back. This great country            BACK-AND-BELLY,        adv. phi-. (old).
must go ahead.
                                                      -All over ; completely : also
   1854. MILLER, Schools and School-                  BACK-AND-BED and cj: BACK-
masters, 5-16. I ill liked to see him with
his   BACK TO THE WALL.                               AND-EDGE (sWra, S.V. BACK,
     1855. TROLLOPE, Warden, xii. How                 PHRASES). Hence TO KEEP ONE
was he to BACK OUT [when] his name was                BACK AND BELLY= to provide
already so publicly concerned.                        everything, to feed and clothe ;
    1855. THACKERAV, /V8WCOMeS, XVi.                  TO BEAT ONE BACK-AND-BELLY
'I know she is flighty, and that ; and                =to thrash thoroughly ; TO GIVE
Brian's BACK IS UP a little.'
                                                      BACK-AND-BELLY (venery) to
    2863. CLARKE, ShaksiSear. Char., ix.              work both ends : said of a DOUBLE-
226. Octavius BACKS OUT; his caution
and reserve come to his rescue.                       BARRELLED (q.v.) harlot.
    1864. Sunday Mag., I. 79. He goes                [c. 1300. Cursor Muna'i, 5130. Clath ing
his own way . . . if you PUT HIS BACK UP.          bath for    BAC AND BEDD.]

        1866.   MACDONALD, Annals Quiet              [C. 2375.    WICLIF, Serm. [Works 0860,
Neigh.,    xxx.   I never TURNED MY BACK           1. 298.     CloPing boP for her BEDDE AND
ON    my leader yet.                               BAR.]
              Backare.                      94                   Backdoor.

     1549. LATIMER, Sermons before Ed.                 DOOR'S - MAN (BACKGAMMON
VI. [ARBER], 51. Borrow of thy two next                PLAYER, BACKGAMMONER
neighbours, that is to say, of thy BACKE
AND THI BELLY.                                         [BEE], or GENTLEMAN OF THE
      1603. SHAKSPEARE, Meas. for Meas.,
                                                       BACKDOOR) =      a sodomist.
iii. 2. 23. What 'tis to cram a MAW, OR
cloath a BACKE.                                       1694. MOTTEUX, Rahelais, IV. xliv.
                                                 Joan's BACK-DOOR was filthily puffing and
    1862.   TROLLOPE,   Orley Farm, I. 83        roaring : So, for spite he bepiss'd her.
(HorrE). It is from the BACKS AND
BELLIES of other people that savings are              1774. BRIDGES, Burlesque Homer,
made with the greatest constancy.                59. And Jove, for fear they should not
                                                 all attend . . . Bid Fame . . . sound
                                                 both her fore and BACK-DOOR TRUMPET.
BACKAR E.       See   BACCARE.

                                                         Adj. (old colloquial).-Clan-
BACKBITER,       subs. (GRosE).- I.                    destine ; speciously secret : also
  'One who slanders another be-                        BACKSTAIRS: e., 5 . BACKDOOR
  hind his BACK, i.e. in his absence.'                 COUNSELLOR, BACKSTAIRS IN-
  Also (2) His bosom friends are                       FLUENCE (or WORK), etc. ; orig.
  become his BACK-BITERS, said of                      and spec. of underhand intrigue at
  a lousy man.'                                        Court, i.e. when the Sovereign is
                                                       approached secretly by the pri-
BACK-BREAKER,      subs. phr. (collo-                  vate stairs of a palace instead of
  quial).-t. A hard taskmaster :                       by the State entrance.
  in quot. = the foreman of a gang
  of farm labourers ; and (2) any                    [1611. SHAKSPEARE, CyMbeilne, V. 3.
                                                 45. Hauing found the RACER DOORE open
  task that requires excessive exer-             Of the vnguarded hearts.]
  tion. Hence BACK-BREAKING
  (adj.) = arduous :       also   see                1618 - 21. HoRE, Hist. Newmarket,
                                                 i. 203. [A courtier] plies the BACK E-
  PHRASES, s.v. BACK.                            STAIRES.
   1867.  Peofile's Mag., May, 314. 2.
                                                     1641. DERING, S. on Relig., xi. 40.
He selects one of his gang as BACK-
                                                 I hope we are not going up the BACK-
                                                 STAIRS 10 SOCinianiSnle.

BACK-CAP,   verb. phr. (American).                   1697.   VANBRUGH,       Relafise, II. 1.
                                                 Like a BACKSTAIR minister at Court, who,
  -To depreciate ; to disparage :                while favourites are sauntering in the bed-
  also TO GIVE A BACK-CAP.                       chamber, is ruling in the closet.

     1883. CLEMENS, Life on the                         1700.   LAW,   PrOfi.fOr Counc. Trade
sippi, 462. I didn't fear no one   GIVING        in Scot!. (1751), 276. Their   BACK DOOR to
ME A BACK-CAP and running me off the             let in mischief.
                                                    1768.        GOLDSMITH,   Goodnatured
                      subs. phr.    (Old         Man, ii. Is he not a BACKSTAIRS FAVOUR-
                                                 ITE-one that can do what he pleases with
  Cant). -A cloak ; a     WRAP-RASCAL            those that do what they please.

                                                     1770. BURKE, Pres. Disc. (Works
                                                 (1842),I. 131]. A BACKSTAIRS INFLUENCE
BACKDOOR, subs. (venery). - The                  and clandestine government.
  fundament. Hence BACKDOOR-                            1805.  JEFFERSON, Writ. (1830),   IV.
  TRUMPET = ARS MUSICA   (see                    46.     OUT BACK-DOOR COUNSELLORS.
                                                    1809.   MALKIN, Gil Blas        ROUT-
  diarrhcea ;    BACKDOOR-WORK        (or        LEDGE], 291. You are no novice in BACK-
  BACKGAMMON) =         sodomy ;   BACK-         STAIRS INFLUENCE.
               Back-end.                         95               Back-friend.
   1877.  GRENVILLE MURRAY, Round                        1881. S'orisman's Year Book, 314.
about France, 77. These men are the                   Cowan scored with a very neat BACK-
most indefatigable retailers of BACKSTAIRS            HEEL.
small talk.
                                                          1883.   STANDARD, 24 Mar., 3. 7.
     1882. STEPHEN, Swift, no. The                    J. Hodgson BACK-HEELED J. Wilson.
BACK-STAIRS PLOTS by which the adminis-
tration of his friends was hampered.                       2. (venery).-The act of kind :
     1888. Truth, 26 Ap. There is no                    of women only : see GREENS and
rule of the service so strict that it will not          RIDE.
yield to BACKSTAIRS, or other INFLUENCE.

     1901. Referee, 7 Ap., i. 1. The Paul             BACK-FRIEND, subs. phr. (common).
Prys of the Press-who used to be in the                 -I. A secret-enemy ; one who
BACK-STAIRS LINE, . . . now are generally               holds back in time of need. Also
recruited from the carriage company.
                                                        (2)=an ally (see BACK, verb. 2).
BACK-END, subs. phr.     (racing).-                       1472. PASTON, Letters, III. 40. I
  The last two months of the                          harde somewhat by hym off a BAKKE
                                                      FFRENDE Of yowr.
  racing season, commencing with
                                                           1574. NEWTON, Health Mag., 75.
  Octobcr : also as aa% [Properly                     Corrupte and unpure Ayre is unto all age
  (Scots) = the latter part of                        a greate BACKEFR1ENDE and enimie.
  autumn.] Hence BACK-ENDER=                             1598. FLORIO, Worla'a of IVordes,s.v.
  a horse entered for a race late in                  Mimic° and Nenzico.
  the season.                                            1593.     SHAKSPEARE,     Comedy of
                                                      Errors, iv. 2. 36. A wolf, nay, worse, a
     1320.     Blackw. Mag., Oct., 3.                 fellow all in buff ; A BACK-FRIEND, a
When you did me the honour to stop a                  shoulder-clapper.
day or two at last BACK-END.
                                                           16o6. Sir G. Goosecafi [Old Plays
    1883.   HAWLEY SMART,       Hard Lines,           (1884), iii. 25]. I Will preferre thee BACK-
xxix. 'Most of what I got over that                   WARDS (as many FRIENDS do) and leave
steeplechase I dropped at the BACK-END                their friends worse than they found them.
over the October handicaps.'
                                                           1611. SPEEDE, Hist. Gt. Britain,
   1883. D. Telegraish, 30 April, 3. 6.                    xv. 772.    Westmorland thought it
And neither [horse] could beat Palermo on             safest to checke the Scots as the nearer
BACK-END form.                                        and continuall BACKFRIENDS.
                                                           1622. MASSINGER, Virgin Martyr,
  C. 1889. Sorting Times [S. J. 82 C.].               ii. 1. Let him take heed I prove not his
Lord Bradford's horse evidently likes the             BACK-FRIEND.
Doncaster course, and he is undoubtedly a
BACK-ENDER.                                                 1684. BURNET, Th. Earth, II. 180.
                                                      As S. Jerome was an open enemy to this
                                                      doctrine, SO Eusebius was a BACK FRIEND
BACKFALL, subs. phr.    (wrestlers').                 to it.
   -I. A trip or fall on the back,                        1725.    WODROW, Corr. (2843), III.
   as also BACKHEEL and BACK-                         ro8. My BACK FRIEND, Mr. Bruce, has
   LOCK. Also as verb.                                now another and heavier author to deal
                                                      with than I, Bishop Burnet.
    1713. PARKYNS, Inn-Play (1727), 53.                   1827. SOUTHEY, Lift (2350), V. 321.
Stand with that Toe out and Leg bent,                 But I have had BACK-FRIENDS . . . as
over which he intends to take the Buttock             well as enemies.
      1838 - 9. Hood's Own, 3. NO wrestler                 3. (common). - See quot.
. . . ever received half so many BACK-
                                                             1864. Notes and Queries, 3 S. v. 25.
                                                      I.     The troublesome splinters of skin
   1852. DICKENS, Bleak House, xxv.                   which are often formed near the roots of
He will throw him an argumentative                    the nails are called stepmother's blessings
BACK-FALL presently.                                  . . . BACK-FRIENDS.
              Back-gainmon.                      96              Back-scuttle.

BACK-GAMMON.              See   BACKDOOR.             BACKING AND FILLING,              adj. phr.
                                                        (colloquial). —Shifty ; irresolute ;
BACK-HANDED TURN      (Stock Ex-                        shilly-shally : orig. nautical.
     change).—An unprofitable bar-
                                                           1854. N. Y. Herald, Is June. There
                                                      has been SO much BACKING AND FILLING,
                                                      that no confidence can be placed in the
BACK- HAN DER,       subs. phr. (corn-                declaration which either General Pierce
     mon). —1. A glass of wine out                    or his cabinet may make.
     of turn, the bottle being passed                    1865. Major Downing [BARTLETT].
     back or retained for a second                    A BACKIN' AND FILLIN' and wrigglin'
     glass instead of following the sun'              policy will never fetch any thing about.
     round the table. Hence BACK-
     HAND (verb.) and BACKHANDING                     BACKING ON.         See   TURNING-ON.

                                                      BACKINGS UP,  subs. (Winchester
      1855. THACKERAV,Newcomes,                         College). — The unconsumed
Thank you, Mr. Binnie, I will take a
BACKHANDER,       as Clive don't seem to                ends of half-burned fagots :
drink.                                                  obsolete.
      1857. LAWRENCE,       Guy Livingstone,
viii. Livingstone, if you begin BACK-                 BACK JUMP,        subs.    (thieves').—A
HANDING already, you'll never be able to
hold that great raking chestnut.                        back window :             see      JUMP
      1873. Sat. Rev., 798. A kindly host
affects not to notice a valued guest, who
. . . helps himself to an innocent BACK-              BACKMARKED.       To BE BACK-
HANDER.                                                 MARKED, verb. (pedestrian). In
             (common). — A blow on                      handicapping to receive less start
     the face delivered with the back                   from ' scratch ' than previously
     of the hand ; hence an unexpected                  given.
     rebuff, a SET-DOWN (q.v.).                       BACK-PATERNOSTER.             See    BACK-
      1836. MARRVAT,      Midshrman Easy,               WARDS.
I/.  Go away,     Sarah,' said Johnny, with
                                                      BACK-SCRATCHER,           subs. phr. —I.
  C. 1840.       MANSFIELD,        School-Life
(1870).  The doctor . . . finds Tibbs                   A wooden toy on the principle
mopping the rosy . . . with a rueful                    of a watchman's rattle, which,
countenance, having just received a sharp               drawn down the back, sounds like
                                                        the ripping up of cloth : much in
      1856. WH. MELVILLE,       Kate Coventry,          favour at fairs and in crowds ; its
i. This was . . . a BACK HANDER at me,                  use (in London) is now (1903)
but I . . . only said . . . Ibid. (1862),
Inside Bar, x. This—was obviously a                     prohibited by police order.
      1862.     FARRAR,     St. 1Vinifred's,               2. (colloquial). —A   flatterer :
xxxiii. He administered a BACK BANDER                   hence       BACK - SCRATCHING =
to Elgood, . . and the next minute Charlie              flattery : cf. KA ME, KA THEE.
. . . had knocked him down.
      1880.   World, 21 Aug., 7.      The             BACK-SCUTTLE.     To HAVE (or DO)
Lieutenant-General got a prompt BACK-                    A BACK-SCUTTLE, verb. phr.
HANDER when he asked for a return of
the contributions.                                       (venery).—To possess a woman
      1881. WORBOISE,     Sissie, xxii. A                Do(;-FAsHioN (q.v.).
heavy BACKHANDER by way of punish-
ment.                                                      See   BACK-SLANG.
              Back-seam.                         97                  Back-slang.

BACK-SEAM.   To BE DOWN ON                            1705. WARD, Bud. Redly., I. V. 20-1.
  ONE'S BACK-SEAM, verb. phr.                     These wicked Papers . . . doom'd t' illumi-
                                                  nate our Pipes Or give our BACKSIDES
   (tailors').-To be down on one's                cleanly Wipes.
                                                       1713. ADDISON, Guardian, 156 (1756),
     1899. WHITEING, John St., ix. I              II. 288. A poor ant . . . with her head
. . . lost a shillin' . . . and couldn't go to    downwards, and her BACKSIDE upwards.
market for the stock. I tell yer I was
DOWN ON MY BACK SEAM then.                            1725. BAILEY, Erasmus, ' Scholastic
                                                  Studies.' Wo to OM BACK-SIDES, he's a
                                                  greater Whip-Master than Busby himself.
BACK SEAT.          To    TAKE A BACK
             phr.                                      1748.    SNIOLLETT,  Rod. Random,
  SEAT,           (American). - To
                                                  xxxiii. Between two stools the BACKSIDE
  retire into obscurity ; to confess              falls to the ground. Ibid. (1777), Humfik.
  failure ; to be left behind. [The               Clinker (1900), i. 67. Some clapped their
  colloquialism received an immense               hands and some their BACKSIDES. Bid., i.
                                                  105. Without a shirt to cover your BACK-
  'send off' by Andrew Johnson                    SIDE from the view of the ladies.
  in 1868 'in the works of Recon-
  struction traitors should TAKE                       1774. BRIDGES, Homer Burlesque, 92.
                                                  Not one. . . could know. . . on which side
  BACK SEATS.']                                   his BACKSIDE hung. Ibid., 543. A gap as
     1885. Society, 7 Feb., 9. This great         large and wide As lady. . . .'s broad
batting achievement must, however, TAKE           BACK-SIDE.
A BACK SEAT when compared with the                        1827.    Genii. Mag., xcvii. 522.   He
enormous total recently scored by Shaw's          shall fall on his BACKSIDE.
Eleven in Australia.
    1888. D. News, 24 Feb., 5. 2. Any                      1838. BECKETT, Paradise Lost, 58.
form of art which is barred by its very               What you found out I now discover, viz.,
nature from perfection must TAKE . . . A              that our BACKSIDES want a cover.
     5890. Sfiortsman, 6 Dec. The idea                BACK-SLANG,   subs. plir. (common).
has been worked to death, and . . . it will             --I. See quots. and TERMINAL
                                                        ESSAY. Also, as verb= to talk
                                                        in the BACK-SLANG lingo.
BACK-SET     (modern= SET- BACK).
  subs. phr.      (colloquial). - A                      1862. WHEATLEY, Anagrams, 141.
   rebuff ; any untoward circum-                      BACK SLANG . . . is formed by the coster-
   stance; a relapse. Hence TO                    mongers upon anagrammatical principles ;
                                                  thus look is cool.
                                                      1899. Century Dkt., S.V. BACK-SLANG.
                                                  A species of slang in which the words are
BACKSIDE,       subs. (vulgar). --The             pronounced or written backward, or as
   posteriors ; the BUM (q.v.).                   nearly so as the skill of the speaker or
                                                  writer, or the possibility of pronouncing
  C. 1500.   Robin Hood (RiTsoN),                 the word, will permit.
236. With an arrowe so broad, he shott
him into the BACK-SYDE.                                    2.     (old). -See quot. and SLUM.
   1651. H. MORE, Sec. Lash. A laz.
 To Reader.' As if his senses lay in his                  1875. GROSE, Vulg-. Tongue, S.V.
BACK-SIDE, and had left his brain destitute.          BACK-SLUM. A back-room ; also the back.
   1668. LESTRANGE, QUeVed0 (1678),                   entrance to any house or premises ; thus,
184. I have hardly allowed myself a Rag               we'll give it 'em on the back slum, means
                                                      we'll get in at the backdoor. Ibid., S.V.
                                                      BACK SLANG. To enter or come out of a
     1699. VANBRUGH,     False Friend                 house by the backdoor ; or to go a circuit-
[OLIPHANT, New Eng., ii. 139.] There are              ous or private way through the streets, in
the new substantives BACKSIDE.     (pars              order to avoid any particular place in the
posterior), backwardness. . . .                       direct road, is termed BACK-SLANGING it.
              Back-slum.                       98                Backward.

    Verb. (Australian).—I. To ask                   BACK TEETH. To HAVE ONE'S BACK
  for hospitality on the road : a                     TEETH AFLOAT, verb. phr. (com-
  common and recognised up -                          mon). — To be drunk :       see
  country practice.                                   SCREWED.
    1898.    MORRIS,   Austral-English. . .              1888. Missouri Refiublican, 25 Jan.
Where hotels are naturally scarce and               His honour . . . drank until, as an on-
inferior, the traveller asks for hospitality        looker put it, his BACK TEETH WERE WELL
[and] is always made welcome. There is              AFLOAT.
no idea of anything underhand on the part
of the traveller.                                   BACK-TIMBER,   subs. phr. (com-
                                                      mon).—Clothes : cf. BELLY-TIM-
BACK-SLUM,        subs. phr. (old).—See               BER.
   SLUM 2, adding quots.           infra.
   Also see BACK-SLANG.                               d. 1656. HALL, Works, V. 543.         Was
                                                    there ever more riot and excess in diet and
    1821.    MONCRIEFF'S     Tom and Jerry,         clothes, in belly-cheer and BACK-TIMBER,
   5. Let's have a dive among the cadgers           than we see at this day?
in the BACK SLUMS, in the Holy Land.
Jerry. BACK SI.UMS — Holy Land !— I'm               BACK TOMMY,  subs phi-. (tailors').
at fault again. Log. Why, among the
beggars in Dyot Street, St. Giles's.
                                                      —Cloth to cover the 'stays' at
                                                      the waist.
    1865.   Athenceum, 28 Jan., 124. 1.
Imprisoned in the BACK SLUMS of West-
minster.                                            BACKTRACK.      To TAKE THE BACK-
    1876.    BRADDON,     Joshua Hag-gard's           TRACK, verb. phr. (American).—
Daughter, xx. Not in fetid alleys and                 To retreat ; TO BACK OUT (q.v.).
festering London BACK-SLUMS only is man's
fight with difficulty a bitter and crushing             18 57. MI:" York Herald, 26 Dec.
battle.                                             Mr. Douglas . . . has gone as far in the
                                                    slavery concessions to the South as he can
BACKSTAIR.         See   BACKDOOR.                  possibly go, and that if he would save
                                                    himself at home he must take the BACK.
BACKSTAIRCASE,      subs. (common).
                                                       1887. MORI.F.V ROBERTS, Western
   —A bustle ; a ' dress improver                   Avernus. ' Come, Mac, what's the use of
   see   BIRDCAGE.                                  fooling ; come with me.' 'No BACK-
                                                    TRACKS, Texas, I'll stay here.'
BACK-STALL.            See STALE, subs. 5.
                                                    BACK-TRADE,       subs. phr. (old).—A
BACK-TALK,     subs. pill-. (common).                  backward course.
   —1. A rude answer ; (2) contra-                       1640. LAW, Exfi. into Engla nd, 4.
   diction ; (3) an insinuation ; and               He bath followed the BACK-TRADE of our
   (4) withdrawal from a promise or                 defection . . . The Lord therefore is still
   an accepted invitation (Lanc.):                  on the BACK-TRADE.
   also BACK-WORD and BACK -
   ANSWER. llence BACKWARD-                         BACK-TRICK,   subs. phr. (old).—A
   ANSWER = a perverse reply ; 'No                     caper backwards in dancing.
   BACK TALK ! '= Shut up !'                            1601.   SHAKSPEARE,   Twelfth Night,
                                                    i. 3. 133. I have the BACK-TRICK simply
  c. 1605.   MELVIL, MM.(1683), 5. Who              as strong as any man in Illyria.
was so glad as he, to return with this
                                                    BACKWARD.       A few PHRASES ' fall
    1884. Hull Herald, 28 Feb., 6. 6.
The boy was a civil boy, and never gave a              into alphabet ' here : To SAY (or
BACK ANSWER.                                           SING) THE TE DEum (the LORD'S
             Backward.                         99                  Backwardation.

   PRAYER    or TO SPELL) BACK-                     a BACKWARD PRAYER . . . Will be given
   WARDS =  to mutter, to curse : also              the brave and inobliviated Monk, for
                                                    bringing in his Royal Master, causing the
   as a charm : hence BACK-PATER-                   Rump to be roasted, and making the
   NOSTER (or -PRAYER)=an          im-              Oliverian Party PISS BACKWARDS.
   precation; TO GO BACKWARDS=                          1748. SMOLLETT, Rod. Random, xi.
   to go to the W.C. : see MRS.                     My companion's bowels being disordered
   JONES; TO PISS BACKWARDS=                        he got up in order TO GO BACKWARD.
   TO SHIT (q.v.); TO BLOW BACK-                           1771.    J. S., Le Dran's Obs. Surg.,
   WARDS =TO FART (q.v.);     TO                    164. The Patient being pressed        TO GO
   LIE (or FALL) BACKWARDS=t0                       BACKWARDS went behind his tent.
   play the whore : frequently ex-                      1809. MALKIN, Gil Blas [ROUT-
   tended as in quots. (RAY: 1694                   LEDGE], 113. Just as I was SINGING THE
   and 1823) ; TO DO A BACKWARD                     TE DEUM BACKWARDS for his campaigns I
                                                    heard the clock strike ten.
   FALL=(I) TO SPREAD              (q.v.).,
   and (2) to copulate : see GREENS                     1823. BEE, Diet Tuif, S.V. PARLOUR.
   and RIDE ; If I were to FALL                     Mrs Tubbs's front parlour is no part of
                                                    any building . . . she who is said to LET
   BACKWARDS, I should break my                     OUT HER PARLOUR AND LIE BACKWARD,
   nose ' (RAY: It. i.e. 'I am so                   cannot be supposed to repose with her
   foiled in everything I under-                    face downwards.
   take '). See BACK-TALK.                               18[1. NORTON,      Travel in Italy,
                                                    47.   The Gospel of Christ is READ BACK-
  C. 1575.     PARKER,    COrleCS.A.,  158.         WARDS, when that world which he came
Prayers for the Queen's Majesty's pros-             to save is regarded as a world which it is
perity and continuance ; where others SAY           a merit to abandon.
     1595.    SHAKSPEARE,   Romeo and
                                                    BACKWAR DATION,       sztbs. phr. (Stock
Juliet, i. 3.    Dost thou fall upon thy                  Exchange). -Sae quots. and el.
face ? Thou wilt FALL BACKWARD when                       CONTANGO.     Also BACKWARD-
thou has more wit' [Repetition . . .                      IZATION.
when thou comest to age.     Ibid. (1600),
Muck Ado, iii. 1. 6o. I never yet saw                      1850. KEYSER,     Law of the Stock
man . . . But she would SPELL him BACK-
                                                    Exchange.    The term BACKWARDATION is
WARD . . . SO turns she every man the
                                                    employed when stock is more in demand
wrong side out.
                                                    than money, and a premium is given to
    1678.    COTTON, Virgil Travestie               obtain the loan of stock against its value
(1770), 9.  Could BACKWARD BLOW . . .               in money.
And, by his Farting, make foul Weather.
                                                      c. 186o. FENN, Eng. and For. Funds
    1672.    PH I I.LI PS, fiktrOnideS, 120.        (1883), 127. BACKWARDATION is paid by
Seeing the jades prancks they had plaid,            the speculator for the fall, or the Bear, in
For Iris then they BACKWARD PRAVD.                  order to postpone delivery until the follow-
                                                    ing account.
     1694. MOTTEUX, Rabelais, IV. lxiv.
Are these . . . maids or married . . .               1865. Pub. 0,15inion, 18 Nov., 541. 2.
Will they LIE BACKWARDS AND LET OUT              BACKWARDIZATION expresses . . . the
THEIR FORE-ROOMS. Ibid., V. XXi. Yet            sum which a seller pays for not being
more apt TO FALL BACKWARDS whenever             obliged to deliver the shares at the time
any man happened to touch them.                 before agreed upon, but to carry them over
                                                to the following account.
  c. 1709.      WARD,     Terrep/47/US, VI.
 Divertisements.' A new safe-guard to a                 1880. Society, 3 Sep., 16. The Bear
Woman's Chastity, called Diana's Clogs :            a good contango loves, The Bull a BACK-
In which any Citizen's Wife may walk                WARDATION.
securely to a Beau's Chamber in the
Temple . . . and never FALL BACKWARDS                    1883. Pall Mall Gaz., ii Sep., 9. 2.
upon the joyful Bed of unlawful Love.               At the opening BACKWARDATION CO
Ibid., Merry Observations, May. Many                contango was charged.
              Back-word.                       100                 Bacon.

     1886. D. News, 14 Dec., 6. 1. The                1362. LANGLAND, Piers Plowman,
1873 loan is, on balance, about t lower, at      2859. As a letheren purs Lolled his chekes
94, after being 93i. The I3ACKWARDATI0N          • . . And as a bonde-man of his BACON his
on the stock went off at the close.              berd was bi-draveled.
                                                       1653.    URQUHART,     Rabelais,
BACK-WORD.         See BACK-TALK                 These two did oftentimes do the two-
                                                 backed beast together, joyfully RUBBING
BACKY,  subs. (tailors').-A shop-                and FROTTING THEIR BACON against one
  mate working behind another.                   another.    Ibid., n. xxi. How happy
                                                 shall that man be to whom you will grant
                                                 the favour to embrace her, to kiss her, and
BACON,       subs. (common). - I.                to RUB his BACON with hers.           /bid.,
  Generic for rusticity.        Thus             MoTTEux (1694), iv. ix. Those . . .
  BACON-SLICER (BACON-CHOPS or                   must needs stink damnably . . . when
                                                 they have RUBBED their BACON one with
  CHAW-BACON)= a rustic ; BACON-                 the other. Ibid., v. iv. Your gaol birds,
  B RA I NS = a stupid clodhopper :              who . . . warily scour off, and come here
  hence BACON-BRAINED (-FACED,                   TO SAVE THEIR BACON.
  or -FED)=clownish, dull (BEE                        1674.  Hogan-illog-anides, 31. A
  and GRosE) : also BACON-FACED                  Buxom Wench, and Jolly Pug, Who oft
                                                 together SCRAPING BACON At length they
  (or -sIDE)=fat-jowled, fat, sleek ;            found that she had taken.      Ibid. 89.
  BACON-PICKER =a glutton.                       Melting his BACON in the Sun.
   1596. SHAKSPEARE, I Hen. IV.,         ii.          1691. Weesils, i. . No, they'l con-
2. 89.    BACON-FED      knaves . . . down       clude I do't to SAVE MY BACON.
with them. Ibid.,  ii. 2. 93. On, BACONS,
                                                    1693.  England's Jests [Asii-roN,
on ! what ye knaves? Young men must
                                                 Humour, etc., 23]. She was resolved to go
live.                                            [to church] once a month to SAVE HER
   c.1600. DAY, Beggar Bednell Green             BACON.
0880, 37. I'de hang this BACON-FAC'D
slave orethwart his shanks.                            1693.    Catalogue of Books        [Harl.
                                                 Misc. (1745), V. 269. 2]. In dubiis tutior
  c. 1634. RANDOI.PH , Ans.   Ben Jonson         pars ; Or the broad Way TO SAVE A
[Poems (668), 56]. Their BACON-BRAINS            MAN'S BACON, and damn his soul.
have such a tast As more delights in
mast.                                              (1.1704. BROWN, Works, I. 150. E'en
    1653. URQUHART, Rabelais, 1. Prol.           get your Friends, the Jews, to SAVE YOUR
A certain gulligut Fryer and true BACON          BACON.
PICKER. Ibid., 1. xv. Account me a very                1705.    WARD,     Hied. Redly.,
clounch, and BACON-SLICER Of Brene.              12. For could their talent be forsaken,
     1684. OTWAY, Atheist, i. A broad            And they unite truth TO SAVE THEIR
shining, pufft BACON-FACE, like a Cheru-         BACON.
bim.                                                 1721.    CENTLIVRE, Artifice, v. ii.
     1711. WARD, Quixote, i. 81.      So         That pretence shan't SAVE YOUR BACON,
cocking by his BACON-SIDE An Elbow, thus         you old villain you.
the Host reply'd.
                                                      1751. SmoLLETT, Peregrine Pickle,
    1731.    Pol. Ballads (186o), II. 223.       xxv. The other, who refused any other
He opulent grew As BACON-FACE Jew.               satisfaction but that which an officer ought
                                                 to claim . . . asked if Perry was afraid of
     2.   (common).-The           human          his BACON.
  body. Whence         TO SAVE      ONE'S              1774.   BRIDGES,    Burlesque Homer,
  BACON= to save appearances,           to       20.  In haste I hither come, says Pallas,
  escape injury or loss (B. E.,                  To SAVE YOUR BACON from the gallows.
  GRosE, BEE) : Fr. sauver son                        1796. HOLMAN, Abroad and at
  lard ; to   SELL ONE'S BACON =( I )            Home, ii. 4.  'Tis Heaven's mercy I was
  to work for hire, and spec. (2) to             a likely lad. My beauty has SAV'D MY
  play the harlot for bread ; TO
  RUB, FROT, or SCRAPE BACON = to                      1812. COMBE,       Picturesque,    Vi. 22.
                                                 But as he ran to SAVE Ills BACON By hat
  copulate: see GREENS and RIDE.                 and wig he was forsaken.
                    Bad.                       101             Bad Crowd
    1823. BYRON, Don Juan, vu. xlii.                  BEAT= difficult to excel ; TO
But here I say the Turks were much mis-
taken, who, hating hogs, yet wished TO                WANT BADLY = the superlative of
SAVE THEIR BACON.                                     desire ; CRUEL BAD= very bad.
   1825. CARLYLE, Schiller, III. (1845),
                                                      Also 'Give a dog a BAD name and
163. To the Kaiser, therefore, I soup ;qv             you may hang him.'
BACON, And by him good charge of the
whole is taken.                                        1816. Quiz, Grand Master, viii. 25.
                                                 I've really TO THE BAD SO1Ile thousands of
    1836. SCOTT, Cringle's Log., V. You          rupees to add.
know I SAVED YOUR BACON in that awk-
ward affair.                                         1835. DANA, Before the Mast, xv.
     /856. READE, Never Too Late, lii.           The captain took a dislike to him, thought
Jem drew a long breath and said brutally         he was surly and lazy ; and, if you once
• • . 'You have SAVED YOUR BACON this            give a dog a BAD name '—as the sailor
time.'                                           phrase is—' he may as well jump over-
    To PULL BACON, verb. phr.                        1864. TROLLOPE, Lindisfarne Chase,
  (popular).—Described in the In-                1.   46.[He] went, as the common saying
  goldsby Legends : ' He put his                 expressively phrases it, TO THE BAD.
  thumb unto his nose and spread                     1864. BRADDON, Aurora Floyd, xi.
  his fingers out.' To TAKE A                    A reckless man, ready TO GO TO THE BAD
  SIGHT q.v.), TO MAKE QUEEN                     by any road that can take me there.
  ANNE'S FAN          (q.v.).                        1880. Sims, Ballads of Babylon
                                                 (Beauty and Beast). Let him GO TO THE
       1886.   Household Words, Oct.   2, p.     BAD at his own mad pace.
453- [This] action has been described
as taking a sight.' A solicitor, however,            1884. Pall Mall Gas., 6 Feb., 4. He
at Manchester, described it as PULLING           was between .470 and ,o TO THE BAD.
     1887. Leeds Ev. News, 15 Sep.,                  1884. HAWLEY SMART,        Post to
 Police Report.' The officers spoke to           Finish, xi. When they are in the mood,
him, when he put his fingers to his nose         their very temper makes them BAD TO
and PULLED BACON at them.                        BEAT.

                                                      1888. Daily Inter-Ocean, 9 March.
    PHRASES. A good voice to beg                 Myers' absence is seriously annoying
  BACON (` Said in jear of an ill                to the defense, [they] want Myers, and
  voice' (B. E. and GRosE) ;                     WANT HIM BAD.
  'When the devil is a hog, you
  shall eat BACON' (RAY).                        BAD BARGAIN,      subs. phr. (military).
                                                      — See Q. H.B., adding quot. infra.
BAD   (or BADLY), adj. and adv. (col-                   1899. WYNDHAM,    Queen's Service,
   loquial).—Very much ; greatly.                240.   Many of these BAD BARGAINS
   Also COLLOQUIAL PHRASES: TO                   promptly transfer their services elsewhere,
                                                 without . . . mentioning the cause which
  GO TO THE BAD = to go to ruin (tf.             led to their discharge.
  VIRGIL : in pejus ruere=to go
   to the worse) ; TO BE [anything]
                                                 BAD-BREAK,    subs. phr. (American).
  TO THE BAD= to show a deficit, to
                                                      —A corruption of 'bad outbreak.'
  be on the wrong side of an
  account ; TO COME BACK AGAIN
   LIKE A BAD PENNY = ( I ) of                   BAD CROWD GENERALLY,             subs.
  anything unwelcome, and (2) a                       phr. (Western American).—In
  jocular assurance of return ; NOT                   sins.= a mean wretch ; NO GREAT
  HALF BAD= fairly good ; BAD TO                      SHAKES (q .v.).
              Bad-egg.                         102              Badger.
BAD-EGG (-HALFPENNY, -HAT,                            /goo. BOOTHBY, Maker of Nations,
 -LOT, -PENNY, etc.), subs phr.                  L   That French chap is a BAD HAT.
  (common).—I. A ne'er-do-well ;                 BAD FORM,     subs. phr. (society).—
  a 'loose fish ' : in America more                  Conduct not in keeping with a
  indefinitely used than in England.                 conventional standard ; vulgarity.
  Also (old) .a bad or risky specu-
  lation, Fr. mauvais g-obet. [Cf.                    1882. Punch. ETON BOY. What an
                                                 awful lot of energy you've got, uncle !
  provincial (Cumb.) BAD = a strum-              UNCLE. Pretty well, my boy, for my
  pet.]                                          time of life, I think ! E. B. Yes ! but
                                                 energy's such awful BAD FORM, you know !
     2363. LANGLAND, Piers Plowman,                   1886.    N. Amer. Rev., cxlii. 62/.
C. xviii. 73. [Men may lykne letterid men
. . . to a BADDE PENY.]                          They are taught that to become emotional
                                                 or enthusiastic over anything is BAD FORM.
     1785. GROSE, 17u4Tar Tongue, S.V.
BAD HALFPENNY.        When a man has been            2889.   Answers, 23 Feb., 205. 3.
upon any errand, or attempting any object        He's awfully BAD FORM—a regular cad,
which has proved unsuccessful or impractic-      you know.
able, he will say on his return, It is A BAD
HALFPENNY, meaning that he has returned          BADGE,      subs. (Old Cant). — A
as he went.                                          mark of Distinction among poor
    1849. THAcKERAY, Pendennis, lx.                  People ; as Porters, Water-men,
'He's a bad'un, Mr. Lightfoot—a BAD                  Parish-Pensioners, and Hospital-
LOT, sir, and that you know.'                        boys, Blew - coats and Badges
       1866. SALA, Trip to Barbary, i3o-             being the ancient Liveries' (B. E. ).
The man in black baize with the felt kepi,           Hence BADGE-COVE (Or -MAN) =
. . . looked from head to heel a BAD EGG.
                                                     a parish pensioner (GRosE).
    1867. LELAND, Breitirlafin Ballati.S.
But one gray-haired old yeller shmiled                2809. CRABBE, Tales, 16. With
crimly und bet Dat Breitmann vould prove         thick-set coat of BADGE-MAN'S blue.
a PAD EGG for dem yet.
                                                       To HAVE ONE'S BADGE, verb.
      1868. BRADDON, Trail of the Serpent,
ii. I am a BAD LOT. I wonder they don't              phr. (old).—To be burned in the
hang such men as me. Ibid. (2872), Dead              hand : e.g. He has got his BADGE
Sea Fruit, i. SO BAD A LOT that he dare              and piked '= He has been burned
not give himself a decent character.
                                                     in the hand and set at liberty
    2877. BLACKMORE, EreMa. A very                   (GRosE).
handsome girl she may be, but a BAD LOT,
as her father was.
                                                 BADGER,      subs. (B. E.).—i. They
    2877. Five Years' Penal Servitude                that buy up a quantity of Corn
ii. Many of the officials of the convict
prisons . . . are what the Yankees call              and hoard it up in the same
BAD EGGS.                                            Market, till the price rises ; or
      1883. BESANT, Captain's Room, II.              carry it to another where it bears
ix.  There may be one or two BAD HATS                a better.' [0.E.D. : Origin un-
among eldest sons ; but . . . there cannot           known : Fuller derived it from L.
be one who would dare to take his wife's
salary and deprive her of her son.                   bajutare, to carry (as if a cant
    i885. STAVELEY HILL, From Home
                                                     contraction BAJ., cf. the modern
to Home. A considerable feeling . . . that           zoo, cab, etc.), but evidence is
he was a BAD EGG, and they even went so              required before this can be ad-
far as to suggest that the sooner he had a           mitted for the i5c. . . . By Act
bullet in him the better.
                                                     5 and 6 Ed. VI. C. 14. 7, BAD-
     2899. HyNE, Furth. Capt. Kettle,                GERS were required to be licensed
iii. We've a good deal in common : we're
all HAD EGGS, and were none of us fit for            by the Justices (the origin of the
our billets.                                         hawker's license.]
              Badger.                   103                   Badgerly.

     2. (Old Cant). -A river des-                1836.    DICKENS, Pickwick, xxxiv.
  perado; 'villains who rob near            Each was driven to the verge of despera-
                                            tion by excessive BADGERING. Ibid. 0840,
  rivers, into which they throw the         Barnaby Rudge (1866), 1. xii. 59. The
  bodies of those they murder'              constant BADGERING and worrying of his
  (GRosE) : see ARK-RUFFIAN.                venerable parent.
                                               1850.     THACKERAY,           Pedennis
     3.(American thieves'). - A             [Works (1869), iv. 591. I'm so pressed and
                                            BADGERED, I don't know where to turn.
  PANEL-THIEF  (q.v.):    hence
  BADGER-CRIB.                                    1855.     WOOD,   Anec. Animal Life,
                                            238. A 'brock' . . . led such a persecuted
                                            life, that TO BADGER a man came to be
    4. (schoolboy). -A red-haired           the strongest possible term for irritating,
  individual.                               persecuting, and injuring him in every

    5. (harlotry). - A common                   1862. Sat. Rev. 8 Feb., 154. The
                                            coarse expedients by which the Old Bailey
  prostitute : see TART.                    advocate BADGERS and confuses a nervous
    6. (nautical). -The imperson-                 1862.   TROLL OPE,     Orley Farm
  ator of Neptune in the festivities        [Century].   When one has to be BADGERED
  incident to' crossing the line' : also    like this one wants a drop of something
                                            more than ordinary.
  BADGER-BAG;         see   AMBASSADOR
  andARTHUR.                                    d. 1871.     CAROLINE FOX,         Journal,
                                            542. Inconsistent professors. . . BADGER-
                                            ED him out of Methodism into scepticism.
    9. (Wellington School). -A
  member of the 2nd XV. at foot-                  To OVERDRAW THE BADGER,
  ball. [A badge is worn by each                verb. phr. (popular). -To over-
  individual : see sense 1.]                    draw a banking account.
   8. (artists'). -A brush : spec.                1843-4-     HOOD,   Miss Kilmanseg-g.
                                              His cheeks no longer drew the cash,
  when made of badgers' hair.                 Because, as his comrades explain'd in flash,
                                              He had OVERDRAWN HIS BADGER.
     9. See   BADGER STATE.
                                              BADGER-BOX,      subs. phr. (Aus-
     Verb. (colloquial).-To worry               tralian). -See quot.
  unceasingly : as a badger when
  baited ; to pester : usually of a               1875.   Proceedings Royal Society
                                            Tasmania, Sept., 99. The dwellings . . .
  helpless victim (BEE). Hence              are . . . known as 'BADGER-BOXES,' in
  BADGERED = worried, teased ;              distinction from huts, which have per-
  BADGERING= 'heckling,' persecu-           pendicular walls, while the BADGER-BOX iS
                                            like an inverted V in section. They are
  tion. Fr. aguz:gner.                      covered with bark, with a thatch of grass
                                            along the ridge, and are on an average
   1794. WOLCOT, Road. for Oliver           about 14x ro feet at the ground, and 9 or
[Works, II. 1631. Therefore I tremble for   ro feet high.
his BADGER'D bacon.
    1796. BURKE, Letter to Lawrence,          BADGERLY,   adv. (old colloquial).-
16 Dec. He would rather be defeated on
the Rhine or Po than suffer a BADGERING         Elderly ; grey-haired : cf. 'Grey
every day in the House of Commons.              as a badger.'
    1798. 0. KEEFE, Wild Oats, I. 1.              1753. RICHARDSON,        GratIdisOn,    V.
At home, abroad, you will S1111 BADGER        X1111. BADGERLY virgins fond of a      parrot,
me.                                           a squirrel, a monkey, or a lapdog.
           Badger State.                        104                      Bag.
 BADGER STATE,   subs. phr. (Ameri-                   x868. OUIDA, Under Two Flags, ix.
   can).—The State of Wisconsin.                  A great silver flagon Of BADMINTON, with
                                                  which he was ending his breakfast.
   [BADGERS once abounded there.]
   Whence BADGER=aIl inhabitant                            2. (pugilistic). — Blood :           ef.
   of Wisconsin.                                         CLARET, ROSY,    etc..
      1856. EMERSON, Eng.. Traits, iv. 54.
 Our Hoosiers," Suckers ' and BADGERS             BAD SHOT.             See SHOT.
 of the American woods.

 BAD GIVE-AWAY.              See        GIVE      BAD SLANG, subs. /'hr. (circus        and
   AWAY.                                                 showmen's) — Faked up mon-
                                                         strosities ; spurious curiosities :
 BAD-HALFPENNY.           See BAD EGG.
                                   -                     see SLANG, subs. 7.
 BAD JOB,   subs. phr. (old : B. E.).                 1876.    HINDLEV, Chra,6 Jack, 206.
                                                  The best showman of a BAD SLANG that
   —` An ill bout, bargain, or                    ever travelled. He would get hold of any
   business.'                                     black girl . . . dress her up, and then
                                                  show her as one of the greatest novelties.
 BAD MAN,    subs. phr.         (Western
   American).—See quot.                           BAD WAY.             See WAY.
     1888. ROOSEVELT, Ranch Life. [A
 BAD MAN] is generally understood to mean         BAFF.          See   BUFF.
a professional fighter or man-killer, but
who is sometimes perfectly honest. These          BAG,     subs. (old).—r. The womb.
men who do most of the killing in frontier
Communities: yet the men who are killed               Hence as verb (or to BE BAGGED)
generally deserve their fate. They are                 = to become pregnant, to get big
used to brawling, are sure shots, and able            with child ; BAGGED = LUMPY
to 'draw' their weapon with marvellous
quickness. They think nothing of murder,              (q. V.): properly of animals ; BAG -
are the terror of their associates, yet are           PUDDING = pregnancy :
very chary of taking the life of a man of             'Sweet-heart and BAG - PUDDING
good standing, and will often 'weaken'
and back down' at once if confronted
fearlessly. Stockmen have united to put
down these dangerous characters, and                      1598. FLORIO,    Worlde of Wordes,
many localities once infested by BAD MEN         s .v.
are now perfectly law-abiding. [Abridged.]                r6o6. WARNER, Albion's England,
                                                 Vi. 148. Well, Venus shortly BAGGED, and
BAD MATCH TWIST,         subs. phr.              ere long was Cupid bred.
  (hairdressers').— Red (or carotty)                 1608. DAY, Hum, out of Br., ii. 1.
  hair and black whiskers.                       25. Farewell, sweet heart—God a mercy,
BADMINTON,     subs. (common).—I.                        1611.   COTGRAVE,     Diet , s.v.
  I. A kind of claret-cup : claret,                      1676.   ROCHESTER,     Hut. of Ins Weis,
  sugar, spice, soda-water, and ice.             14. 1-lad haughty Holms but call'd in
  [Invented at the Duke of                       Spragg, Hans had been PuT INTO A BAG.
  Beaufort's seat of the same name.]
                                                        2. (common).—The stomach :
   1845. DP,RAELI, Sybil, I. 1. Waiter,               hence as verb=to feed, to fill
bring me a tumbler of BADMINTON.        /bid.
(1870), Lothair, xxx. Soothed or stimu-               the stomach ; BAGGI NG = food :
lated by fragrant cheroots or beakers of              spec. (North) food eaten between
BADMINTON.                                            meals, or (Lam.) a substantial
   1853.   WHYTE. MELVILLE, Digby
                                                      afternoon repast, ' high tea ';
Grand, ix. An enormous measure of
13ADMINTON,   that grateful compound.                 hence BAGG I NG-TI ME.
                Bag.                      105                      Bag.
    1750. COLLIER [Lancashire Glossary         C. 1350. William of Palerne [OLIPHANT,
(E.D.S.)].   Hoo'l naw cum agen till          New Eng., i. 44. The curious word
BAGGIN' TIME.                                 BAKE:ES (vestes) appears 111 p. 72; it seems
                                              to be Salopian . . . we still have the slang
    1787. BURNS, Auld Mare Maggie.            term BAGS for an important part of our
A guild New-year I wish thee, Maggie !        raiment ; Lord Eldon was called [1801-27]
Hae, there's a ripp to thy auld BAGGIE.       'OLD BAGS '].
   1835.   URE, Philos. llfanuf., 387.            1598. FLORIO, IVorlde of Wordes,
Thurst must be quenched with tea at           s.v. Socchi, a kind of socke . . . or
BAGGING-TIME.                                 BAGGING shooe vsed in old time.
                                                   1824. IRVING, Tales of a Traveller,
    1863. WAUGH, Lane. Songs, 29.             I. 265. A coat which BAGGED loosely about
The BAGGIN' were ready, an' o' lookin'        him.
                                                   1853. BRADLEY, Verdant Green, 52.
     1870. Chambers's- Jour., Oct., p. 661.   Just jump into a pair of BAGS and Welling-
There are all the varieties of board and      tons. ibid., 5. His black GO-TO-MEETING
lodging, dinner of potatoes and bacon with    BAGS.
buttermilk, BAGGING in the forenoon and
                                                     1858.   HAWTHORN, Fr. and It. Jour.
afternoon, dinner and lunoh, and rations
allowed for women.
                                              nals (1872),    I. 22. Red BAGGY trousers.

                                                 1859. TAYLOR, Logic in Theol., 205.
     1879. Tentfile Bar, 4 Jan. BAGGIN'       Dingy embroidered trappings . . . seen
is not only lunch, but any accidental meal    BAGGING upon the wooden effigies.
coming between two regular ones.
                                                    186o. SMILES, Self-Hes,t, vii. He
     1899. WYNDHAM, Queen's Service, 14.      . . . only appears stout because he puts
Now, you youngsters, don't sit there blow-    himself into those BAGS.
ing your BAGS out any longer, like a couple
of blooming young pigs.
                                                    1862.    GRONOW, Rentin.,     I. 113.
                                                Black coats . . . BAGGILY made.

                               the                 1868. Lessons Mid.     Age,    123. A
     3. (common). - In
                                                BAGGY cotton umbrella.
   paps ; DUGS (q.v.): properly of
                                                     1870. Chanzbers's ournal(Christmas
   animals.                                     Number). Holloa ! Parsons don't wear
                                                light tweed BAGS! . . . Jack had to unpack
     1642. MORE, Pre-Existence Soul,            his portmanteau and get out his evening
xlvii. Those wicked hags . . . whose            inexpressibles.
writhled BAGS Foul fiends oft suck.
                                                    1874. COLLINS, Frances, xv.     His
                                                well-shapen hip and calf were hidden in
     4. (Stock Exchange).-Buenos                loose-fitting BAGS of corduroy.
   Ayres Great Southern Railway                     1878. BOSWORTH SMITH, Carthage,
   Bonds.                                       434. Jews with their BAGGING pantaloons.

     1903. IVestzninster Gazette, 28 Mar.,           1880. Punch, to Jan., 6. Just look
9. 3. BAGS Dividend [Title].                    at these BAGS you last built me, Snippe !
                                                J'ever see such beastly BAGS in your life?

      5. (common).-In pl.. loosely-                1882. Nat. Bafitist, xviii.      6. A
                                                BAGGINESS about the trousers.
   fitting clothes : spec. trousers :
                                                    1897. MARSHALL, Pontes, 40. For
   also BU MBAGS : whence HOWLING               he noticed that his BAGS had developed
   BAGS = breeches of ' loud ' pattern          into rags. Ibid., 109. His BAGS have
   or cut, and GO-TO-MEETING BAGS               faded at the knees.
   = Sunday clothes,' one's best                    1899. WHITEING, John St.,       xxi.
   wear : see KICKS. Hence BAGGY =              Chinymen . . . They're fly, and no mis-
                                                tike. Pretends to wear petticoats ; got
   stretched by wear ; BAGGILY=                 BAGS on underneath.
   loosely ; TO BAG =to sag ; BAG-
                                                    1900. KIPLING, Stalky & CO., 44.
   SLEEVE =a sleeve BAGGY above,                'Confound you ! You haven't been pop-
   and tight at, the wrist.                     ping my Sunday BAGS?'
                   Bag.                         106                     Bag.
      6. (Westminister School).-                     1740. Collect. Sir T. Scot [PECK,
                                                  Cromwell]. He spent, and lookt for no
    In sing.= milk.                               reward, He could not play the BAGGER.
      7. (sporting).-The contents                    1818. MOORE, Fudge Family in
                                                  Paris, vi. Who can help to BAG a few,
   of a game bag ; the result of                  When Sidmouth wants a death or two?
   sport : said of racing as of fishing,                 1824. BRYON,    Don Juan, xvi. lxii.
   shooting, etc., and alike of a big             The constable . . . Had    BAGGED       this
   game expedition as of a day in the             poacher upon Nature's manor.
   stubble. As verb (or TO BRING                         1857. HUGHES,    Tom Brown,
   TO BAG) , to shoot, to kill, to                268. The idea of being led up to the
   catch.                                         Doctor . . . for BAGGING fowls.
                                                     1861. MULLER, Chips (188o), ii. xxiv.
     1814. Month. Mag.,xxxvii. 238. To            243. A stray story may thus be BAGGED
allow the royal sportsman TO BAG more             in the West-End of London.
birds than himself.
                                                      1862. FARRAR, St. IVinifrears, xxxv.
     18 44. HAWKER, Instr. Young- Sports-         They would not call it stealing but
man, 148. To BAG a dozen head of game             BAGGING a thing, or, at the worst, 'crib-
without missing.                                  bing it '-concealing the villainy under a
                                                  new name.
   1859. JERI-NON, Brittany, ix.         150.
My friend, thus BAGGED two wolves.                     1878. Song IHINDLEY, Life Catnach].
                                                  Speak to the tattler, BAG the swag, And
    1863. SPEKE, Disc. Nile, 36. The              finely hunt the dummy.
BAGS we made counted two, brindled gnu,
four water-hoc, one pallah-boc, and one                1880. M. COLLINS, My Garden, I.
pig.                                              163. The word beggar itself is from BAG
                                                  -meaning a man who carries a bag ; and
     1864. LOWELL,     Fireside Travels,          the modern commercial slang reproduces the
245. The disputes of Italians are very            phrase, saying of a clever man of business
droll things, and I will accordingly BAG          that he has BAGGED a good thing.
the one which is now imminent as a
                                                         1887.  HENLEY, Villon's Straight
specimen. Ibid. (I870), Study Windows,
i. Stopping . . . to BAG a specimen.              Tip.     The merry little dibbs you'll BAG.
                                                     1888. BoLDREwooG, Robbery Under
    1867. FRANCIS, Angling, i. (188o),            Arms, xlv. I've BAGGED one of your lot,
29. The artist in roach-fishing alone will        and you've done your best to pot me.
make a fair BAG on an indifferent day.
    1881. SIR W. HARCoURT, Sfiecch at                    Int). (schoolboy).-BAGs ! or
Glasgow, 26 Oct. Lord Salisbury and Sir               BAGS I !  to assert a claim to
S. Northcote . . . had a rattling day at              some article or privilege. Cf.
Newcastle and Beverly-but I ask myself
what is their BAG.                                    PAINS OR FAIN IT (i.V.)=- a
   1880. Forest and Stream, xxi. 2.
                                                      demand for a truce during a
The BAG is not the sole aim of a day                  game, which is always granted :
afield.                                               PIKE I or PRIOR PIKE likewise
     1885. SMART, Tie and Trick, ii. A                serves to lay claim to anything,
Market . . . whose BAG consisted of a fox,            or to assert priority. Also BAR !
a boy, half a pheasant, and the fragments             e .6.  He wanted me to do so
of a rabbit.
                                                      and so, but I barred not.'
          Verb. (1). See subs. senses.
                                                         PHRASES. To TURN TO BAG
      2. (common).-To acquire ;                       AND WALLET= to turn beggar ;
   to secure : i.e. to seize, catch, or               TO GIVE ONE THE BAG TO HOLD
   steal : cf. NAB, CO!', BONE, etc.                  (RAY)=to slip off : also to leave
   Whence (ol(1) BAGGER=a miser ;                     in the lurch ; TO GIVE THE BAG
   BAGGED = (I) got, and (2)                           =(i) to leave without warning
   QUODDED       (q.v.).                              (GRosE), also (2) to dismiss, and
                   Bag.                        107 Bag-and-Baggage.

     (3) to cheat (WEBsTER) : see                         See BLUE-BAG; CARPET-BAG-
     CANVAS, SACK, and WALLET;                          GER; CAT; GREEN-BAG; NOSE-
     TO LET THE CAT OUT OF THE                          BAG; WIND-BAG.
     BAG = to disclose a trick or
     secret (see CAT); TO EMPTY                   BAG-AND-BAGGAGE,               subs. thr.
     THE BAG=to tell all : also to                  (colloquial).-One's belongings :
     close an argument (Fr. vider le                hence TO CLEAR (or TURN) OUT
     sac);    TO PUT ONE IN A BAG         (see      BAG-AND-BAGGAGE= to make a
     quot. 1662); TO PUT (or GET)                   good riddance : in depreciation.
     ONE'S HEAD IN A BAG (printers')                [0.E.D. : Originally a military
     =to drink : BAG= pot of beer ;                 phrase denoting all the property
     TO TAKE THE BAG= to play the                   of an army collectively, and of
     hare in 'Hare and Hounds ' ; TO                the soldiers individually ; hence
     IIAVE THE BAGS = ( I) to come of               the phrase, orig. said to the
     age. and (2)=to be flush of                    credit of an army or general,
     money ; TO BAG THE OVER (see                    To march out with BAG-AND-
     JOCKEY).                                       BAGGAGE' (Fr. vie et bacues
                                                    scmves); i.e. with all belongings
      1592.    GREENE,     QUij, [Works, ix.        saved . . . to make an honour-
2631. You shall be . . . lighte witted upon
every small occasion TO GEUE your maister
                                                    able retreat.] BAG-AND-BAGGAGE
THE BAGGE.      Ibid. (1592), Defince of            POLICY = wholesale surrender,
Conny Catching, xi. 86. If he meane to              general scuttling, peace at any
GLUE HER THE BAGGE, he selleth whatso-
ever he can, and so leaues hir spoild both
of hir wealth and honestie.                            [1600. SHAKSPEARE, As You Like
                                                  It, iii. 2. 170. Let us make an honourable
    1599. HAKLUYT, Voy., II. 1. 16i. The
                                                  retreit, though not with BAGGE AND
                                                  BAGGAGE, yet with scrip and scrippage.]
infinite number of the poore people
imploied in clothing.                               c. 1620.  MIDDLETON, Witch (1778),
     1607. DEK KER, li -estward Ho, iv.
                                                  35.   To kick this fellow . . . And send
                                                  him downe stayres with his BAG AND
2 [Works (1873), II. 3401. I fear our OaTCS
                                                         1632.   JONSON,   Magnetic Lady, iv.
      1647.    Sfieedy Hue and Crie,i. . . .      r. The doxy to march round the circuit
He being sometime an Apprentice on                With BAG AND BAGGAGE.
London Bridge . . . GAVE his master THE
BAG.                                                 1741. RICHARDSON, Pamela, II. 34.
                                                  BAG AND BAGGAGE, said she, I'm glad
      1662.    FULLER,   Worthies, Cardigan
                                                  you're going.
   579). They (the Welsh) had a kind of
play wherein the stronger who prevailed                1853. READE, Gold, i. Well, then,
put the weaker into a sack ; and hence we         next Lady-day you TURN OUT BAG-AND-
have borrowed our English by-word to              BAGGAGE.
express such, betwixt whom there is                    2870. SPURGEON, Treasury of David,
apparent odds of strength. 'He is able            Psalm cxix. 115. The king sent him
to PUT HIM UP IN A BAGGE.'                        packing BAG and BAGGAGE.
      1793.   JEFFERSON,   Writings (1859), iv.          T876.   GLADSTONE,    Bulg. Horrors,
7.    She Will LEAVE Spain THE BAG TO             61. The Turks . . . their Taptiehs and
HOLD.                                             their Mudirs . . . their Haimakams, and
     1823.   SCOTT,  Peveril, vii.   She          their Pashas, one and all, BAG AND
GAVE ME THE BAG to hold and was                   BAGGAGE, shall, I hope, clear out from the
smuggling in a corner with a rich old             province they have desolated and profaned.
Puritan.                                               1882. D. News, 28 May, 5. 6. Cites
     1887. Sat. Review, 14 May, p. 700.           the famous Bulgarian pamphlet, pre.
It is slang, and yet purely trade slang,          cognising the BAG-AND-BAGGAGE POLICY
when one printer says of another that he          as evidence that Mr. Gladstone will never
has GOT HIS HEAD IN THE BAG                       be a party to restoring Turkish authority.
        Bag and Bottle.                    108                 Baggage.

BAG AND BOTTLE,    subs.pkr. (old).                of an army. Hence BAG-AND -
  - Provisions ; food and drink :                  BAGGAGE (q. v. ). Whence (Ameri-
  cf:   BACK AND BELLY.                            can) BAGGAGE - CHECK = (t) a
                                                   luggage-ticket, (2) a cloak-room
     [... . Old Ballad, 'Robin Hood and
Shepherd' [NAREs]. Arise, arise, said
                                                   ticket ; BAGGAGE-MAN (or MAS-
jolly Robin, And now come let me see               TER) = a guard in charge of
What's in thy BAG AND BOTTLE, I say?               luggage ; BAGGAGE - ROOM = a
Come tell it unto me].                             parcels office or cloak - room ;
     1671. EACIDARD, Observations. An              BAGGAGE-SMASHER = ( I ) a porter,
ill-contriving rascal that in his younger
years should choose to lug the BAG AND
                                                   and (2) a station thief. (See quot.
THE BOTTLE a mile or two to school ; and           1861.)
to bring home only a small bit of Greek or
Latin most magisterially construed.               C. 1430. Pol. Rel. Poems [E. E. T.S.
                                               18. To gete hem BAGAGE, put hem sylffe
                                               in prees.
BAGATELLE,     subs. (old colloquial).
  -A trifle ; a matter of little worth           C.1450. CHAucER [?l, Drama [Works
                                               (BELL), tot]. Was left not one, Horse,
  or consequence. As adj. =                    male, trusse, ne BAGGAGE.
  trumpery, trifling. [0. E. D. :
  'Formerly quite naturalised ; now                 1530. RALSGRAVE, Lang. Franc.,
                                               196. 2. BAGGAGE, Bagniage.
  scarcely so.']
                                                  1578. T. N. [tr. Cong. W. India].
     1637. BASTWICK, Litany, i. 17. All        Indians . . . to serve and to cary
which they haue . . . overthrowne with         BAGGAGE.
their BAGATELLE invention.
                                                   1703. MAUNDRELL, Jour. Jerus.
  C. 1645. HOWELL, Fam. Letters,               (1732),/I. Arrived with all Our BAGGAGE
xxi. Your trifles and RAGATELEs are ill        on the other side of the River.
bestowed upon me, therfore heerafter I
pray let me have of your best. /bid. I              1740. SMOLLETT, Gil Blas (1812),
rummag'd all my stores, and search'd my        vii. xi. I sole study being . . . to escape
cells, Wher nought appear'd, God wot,          with my household goods, I mean my
but BAGATELLS.                                 BAGGAGE.
     1658.    ROBINSON, Eild0X/Z, i. 4.             2749. FIELDING, Tom Jones, vii. xi.
Every particular thing . . . even unto         The portmanteau . . . being put up into
the smallest BAGATELLo's.                      the BAGGAGE-CART.
    1659. GAUDEN, Tears of the Church,                  1766. GOLDSMITH, Vicar Wakefield,
102. To please themselves with toyes and         xx. Mrs. Arnold politely offered to send
BAGATELLOES.                                     . . . for my son's BAGGAGE.
    1679. BEEN, Feigned Court, 11. i.
                                                      1791. BOSWELL, Johnson (1831), III.
                                                 13.   Intrusted to a fellow to be delivered
                                                 to our BAGGAGE-MAN.
 C. 1733. NORTH, Examen, II.       v.   too.
He makes a mere BAGATEL Of it.                       1854. Twin OR, Lands of the Saracen,
                                                 18.  We were told to get OUT BAGGAGE in
     1786. JEFFERSON, Writ. (1859), 1.           order and embark for quarantine.
566. As to the satisfaction for slaves
carried off, it is a BAGATELLE.                      t8[?].      THACKERAY   [CCfli/Lry].
     1872. BARER, Nile Trib., iv. 53.            Mounting the baronet's BAGGAGE on the
The bona fide tax is a BAGATELLE to the          roof of the coach.
amounts squeezed from him by the                    18[?]. Supreme Court Reports, I. 52.
soldiery.                                        A passenger having lost her BAGGAGE
BAGGAGE,    subs. (once literary ; now
  American).-I. Luggage, portable                      1861. New York Tribune, 23 Nov.
                                                 Gamblers, . . . robbers, BAGGAGE -
  property ; BELONGINGS (q.v.) :                 SMASHERS, and all the worst classes of the
  spec. (still in use)= the equipment            city.
                  Baggage.                     109             Baggage.

    1871. DE VERE, Americanisms, 358.                1576. GASCOIGNE, Steele Glas, 79.
The BAGGAGE-SMASHER . . . handles his            When brewers put no BAGAGE in their
burdens with appalling recklessness, and         beere.
responsibility there is none.                          1579. FULK E,   Heskin's Part., 240.
     r880.     New Virginians, 1. 37. Called     To read such beastly BAGGAGE.
BAGGAGE-SMASHERS.                                      1580. NORTH, Plutarch (1676), 458.
     1883.     Pall1fallGaz., 14 June. The       Hyccara, a BAGGAGE Village of the
Saratoga trunks are hurled recklessly by         barbarous People.      Ibid. (1580), 1003.
the BAGGAGE SMASHERS • on to the deck.           This BAGGAGE fellow Burrus.
                                                       1583. GoLDING, Calvin on Deut. xcix.
    1883. CRANE [Leis. Hour, 282.
                                                 613. The things . . . are BAGGAGELY
The BAGGAGE-MASTERS leapt from their
                                                 trifles. Ibid. (1587), De Mornay, xviii.
wide doors.
                                                 Dust, Coales, Ashes and such other
    1883. Longman's Mag., July, 285.             BAGGAGE.
The wretched little booking-office, and the         1592. WYRLEY, A rMOrie, 147. His
BAGGAGE-ROOM.                                    BAGGAGE mind to craft was whole
     1883. PEMBER [Hart. Mag., Dec.,             disposd.
 '0. 11. Keep a sharp look out on your               1603.  CROSSE, Venues Conzmonw.
BAGGAGE.                                         (1878), 117. The very scum, rascallitie,
                                                 and BAGGAGE of the people.
    1888.      Texas Sifting-s, 3 Nov. The
BAGGAGE-SMASHER is indeed a terror.                   1610. BARROUGH, Physick, V. vi.
                                                 The abscession being already come to
      2. (old colloquial). - Generic             suppuration . . . if the matter or any
   for trash : encumbrances,                     other BAGGAGE therein contained, be not
                                                 discussed, etc.
   rubbish, dirt, pus. Whence (spec.                  1640. DYKE, Worthy Contnzun., 203.
   post-Reformation) , the rites and             Thistles, nettles, and such like BAGGAGE
   accessories of Catholic ritual : cf:          trash.
   sense 3. As adj. = trumpery                        1692. HAcKET, Life of Williams,
   (also BAGGAGELY), corrupt, vile.              ii. 128. For four cellars of wine, syder,
                                                 ale, beer, with wood, hay, corn, and the
                                                 like, stored up for a year or two, he
    1538.    BALE, Thre Lawes, 1716.             gave not account of sixpence, but spent
And shall thys BAGGAGE put by the word           it upon BAGGAGE, and loose franions.
of God ?                                         Ibid., p. 123. Booth himself confest, in
    1545. ASCHAM, Toxol5h.[ARBER], 83.           the hearing of those witnesses, that Pregion
A boke . . . wherein he . . . settes oute        had nothing to do with that BAGGAGE
much rifraffe, pelfery, trumpery, BAGGAGE,       woman.
and beggerie ware.                                    1757. SMOLLETT, Re.firisal 0777), 1.
                                                 viii. I6o. I never burden my brain with
      1548. UDALL, Erasm. Par. N. T.,
Pref. 10. The trashe and BAGGUAGE stuf           unnecessary BAGGAGE.
. . . this man hath sifted out.                        3. (old).-A good-for-nothing :
   1549.    OLDE, Erasnz. Par. Efilt.,               man or woman : spec. = strumpet
Prol. Ciiij. This popyshe BAGGAGE Of                 (B. E.: cf. Fr. bagasse, Sp.
dumme ceremonies.
                                                     bagaza, Port. bagasa, It. bagascia
     1566. KNOX, Hist. Ref. [Works                   =harlot). Also (4) a familiar
(1846), 1. 191]. Pilgremage, pardonis, and
otheris Sic BAGGAGE.                                 address to a woman, esp. a young
    1570.       ELDERTON,   Lenton Stujcz.
                                                     woman : usually qualified by
But he that seekest to set to sale, Suche            cunning, saucy, pretty, little, sly,
BAGGAGE as ys olde and stale Heys lyke to            etc. (GRosE) : cf. PUSS, ROGUE,
tell another tale.                                   WENCH, DRAB, etc. As adj..=
     1573. TUSSER, HUSb. (1878), 35. NO              worthless (see sense 2), vile ;
storing of pasture with BAGGEDLIE tit.               BAGGAGERY = the rabble, the
    1576. NEWTON,        Lemnie's ComAlex.           scum of society. HEAVY BAG-
(1633), 177. Affected with this BAGGAGE
phlegme and distilling humour. Ibid., 11 8.          GAGE =(GRosE and BEE) women
Naughty BAGGAGE and hurtful phlegme.                 and children,
                 Baggage.                        lio               Baggage.

       1582. STANYHURST, fEY/e1:1 [ARBER],            1625. SHIRLEY, Love Tricks, 1. T.
ICH.    Whilst the sun is shyning the BAGAGE       You are a BAGGAGE and not worthy of a
close lodgeth in houseroofs.                       man.   Ibid. (1626), Maid's Rev., iv. 2.
                                                   That BAGGAGE Ambitious girl, Berinthia
  d. 1586. SIDNEY [Century]. A spark of
indignation did rise in her not to suffer              2636. DAVENANT, Wits, iii. 3. Eld.
such a BAGGAGE to win away anything of             Pal. A concealed retirement, which her
hers.                                              wisdom safely chose To hide her loose love.
                                                    Thwack. Give me a BAGGAGE that has
    1589.    NAsHE, Martin's Month's               brains ! Ibid. (Revised at Revival, 1673),
Mind, 26. Men of the best sorte (an vnfit          ii. 2. The BAGGAGES About you are able
match for these of the basest BAGAGERIE).
                                                   to earn their own living . . . Too easily ;
     2593.     HARVEY, Pierees Sufier.             the more's the shame.
[GROSART, Works, II. 2731. Bibbing                     1678.    COTTON,  Virgil Travestie
Nash, BAGGAGE Nash, swaddish Nash,                 (1770), 69. Nan in her answer was not
rogish Nash, the bellweather of the                long, For nimble BAGGAGE of her Tongue
scribling flocke.                                  She was.
     1593. SHAKSPEARE, Taming Shrew,                    1687. CONGREVE,     Old Batchelor, I.
Induct. i. 3. Y'are a BAGGAGE, the Slies           3. I believe the BAGGAGE loves me. Ibid.
are no Rogues. Ibid. (1593), Comedy of             (1694), Double Dealer, iv. 3. You fib,
Errors, iii. i. Thou BAGGAGE; let Me in.           you BAGGAGE, you do understand. Ibid.
Ibid. (i595), Romeo and Juliet, iii. 5.            (2695), Love for Love, V. 2. Odd, you're
Out, you green-sickness carrion ! out you          cunning, a wary BAGGAGE!
BAGGAGE. .. Hang thee young BAGGAGE!
disobedient wretch. 'bid. (1596), Merry                 1693. ROBERTSON, Phraseol. Gen.,
Wives of Windsor, iv. 2. Out of my                 297. A    BAGGAGE, Or Souldier's Punk,
door, you witch, you hag, you BAGGAGE              Scar/urn Castrense.
. . . ! out, out. Ibid. (1609), Pericles, iv.
2. The poor Transylvanian is dead that               d. 1704. BROWN, Works, i. 257. A
lay with the little BAGGAGE. Ibid., iv. 6.         silly raw BAGGAGE that is . . . far from
We should have both lord and lown if               knowing how to perform her Part in the
the peevish BAGGAGE would but give way             Chorus of Love.
to customers.                                         C. 1709.     WARD, Terra'fiii/eS, ii. 20.
         LYLY, Mother Bombie,
       1594.                            V. 3.      Being a Docible Young BAGGAGE, she
The BAGGAGE begins to blush.                       had pick'd up as much fashionable gentility
                                                   . . . as if she had been Bred at a Boarding-
    1594-    CAREW,     fluarte's Exam.            School.
Wits (1616), 209. They might soundly
sleepc on his eyes, although by Nature he             1712. STEELE, Sfiectator 450. 5. That
were a BAGGAGE.                                    Wife dying, I took another, Cut both proved
                                                   to be idle BAGGAGES.
   1599. CHAPMAN, Humourous Day's
                                                        1732. FIELDING, Miser, i. 9. Here's
Mirth [SHEPHEARD, 34. 2]. Enter the
Maid. . . . Must you control us, you               a BAGGAGE of a daughter, who refuses the
proud BAGGAGE, you?                                most advantageous match that ever was
    160r.   HOLLAND, Pliny, i. i i,.
                                                        1749. SMOLLETT, Gil Bias (1812),
Catamites and shame-full BAGGAGES that             VII. vii. Ah,  BAGGAGE,  how many
king Alexander the Great left there.               cavaliers wilt thou charm, if thou turnest
    1601. R. JOHNSON, Kingdom and                  actress ! Ibid. (1750, Peregrine Pickle,
Commonw., 81. Every common soldier                  xxxvii. Adsooks ! you BAGGAGE . .
carrying with him his She-BAGGAGE.                 you shouldn't want a smock nor a petti-
                                                   coat neither, if you could have a kindness
       1605. JONSON,   Eastward I/o, iii.   2.     for a true-hearted sailor.
Now, out upon thee, BAGGAGE!
                                                         1766. GOLDSNIITH. Vicar Wakefield,
    26 r 1. COTGR AVE, Diet., s.v. . Bagasse,      xxviii. Tell them they are two arrant
a BAGGAGE, quean, jyll, punke, flirt.              little BAGGAGES.

     1613. WEBSTER, Devil's Law-Case,                 1796. HOLN1AN,     Abroad and at
IV. 2. Conti/. Where is our solicitor              Home, ii. 5. Don't hurry me, you young
With the waiting woman ?   An. Room                BAGGAGE . . . who are you with that
for the bag and BAGGAGE.                           pretty face ?
                  Baggy.                     i ii                  Bag-of-bones.
     1809. MALKIN, Gil Blas [ROUT-                      1840.      THACKERAY,      Paris Sketch
LEDGE], 37. Mark my spirit, I carried off        Book,       After a forty hours' coach-
the little BAGGAGE.                              journey, a BAGMAN appears as gay and
                                                 spruce as when he started.
       1822. IRVING,   Bracebridge Hall, iii.
24.   She has an orphan niece, a pretty,             1865. D. Telegrafik, 13 Dec., S. 4.
soft-hearted BAGGAGE.                            A traveller-I mean a BAGSMAN, not a
       1850. STOWE,    Uncle Tom's Cabin,        tourist-arriving with his samples at a
xii. He only swore the gal was a BAGGAGE,        provincial town.
and that he was devilish unlucky.                     1867. COLLINS, Public Schools, 363.
    1851. THACKERAY, Eng. Hum., ii.              Here a certain set of boys . . . used to
She was a disreputable, daring, laughing,        sit (c. 1793) and 'chaff' the passing BAGS-
painted French BAGGAGE, that comic               MEN, for the commercial travellers to
muse.                                            Rugby then rode with actual saddlebags.
       1863. SMITH,      DreaMtheri5e,     12.
And Beauty, who is something of a                   BAGNIO,   subs. (old).-A brothel ; a
coquette . . . goes off in a huff. Let the             STEW (q.v.). [Orig. a bathing-
                                                       house]. Also BAINES.
BAGGY,     adj. (colloquial).-Inflated;                 1541. ELvoT, Image Gov. (1540, 6.
      HIGH-FALUTIN' (q.v.).                         In common BAINES and bordell houses.
                                                        1599. HALL, Satires, VI. i. 27. As
    1866. Pall Mall Gas., 15 Dec. The               pure as olde Labulla from the BAYNES.
professor's diction was verbose, and-if we
may use a homely figure-BAGGY.                          1624. MASSINGER,      Parliament of
                                                    Love, It. 2. To be sold to a brothel or a
        See BAG, subs. 3.                           common BAGNIO.
                                                        1747.      HOADLEY,    Susfi. Husband, ii. 4
BAGLE,         subs.  (provincial).-A               (1756), 27.Carry her to BAGNIO, and there
                                                    you may lodge with her.
      whore : see TART (HALLIWELL).
                                                         1851.           THACK ERAY,       English
                                                    Humour,         V.
                                                                     (1858), 243. How the
BAGMAN,        subs. (sporting).-r. A               prodigal drinks and sports at the BAGNIO.
      bag-fox ; a fox caught and pre-
                                                       r86i. WRIGHT, Domestic Manners in
      served alive to be hunted another             England during the Middle Ages, 491.
      day, when it is brought in a bag              They were soon used to such an extent
      and turned out before the hounds.             for illicit intrigues, that the name of a
                                                    hothouse or BAGNIO became equivalent to
       1875. STONEHENGE,'      Brit. Si5orts,       that of a brothel.
I. ii. iv. 5. If . . . wild cubs cannot be
found, a BAGMAN or two must be                      BAG-OF-BONES,     subs. ,plzr. (corn-
                                                       mon).-An emaciated person or
         2. (trading).-A commercial                    animal ; a WALKING SKELETON
      traveller ; an AMBASSADOR OF                     (q.v.); SHAPES (q.v.). Also (old)
      COMMERCE (V.V.) : formerly the                   BEDFULL OF BONES ar,d BAG-
      usual epithet, but now in depre-                 FUL OF SKIN AND BONES: Fr.
      ciation.                                         sacdos (i.e. sac      a dos).
       1765.   GoLDsmiTur, Essays, I.     The           1621. BURTON, Anat. Me/an., III.
BAGMAN was telling a better story.                     i. 1. I have an old grim sire to my
                                                    husband . . . a BEDFULL OF BONES.
       1808.   WOLCOT,       Pee         round
Academy [Works      (1812), V. 3601. The               1809. MALKIN, Gil Bias        [ROUT-
BAG- MEN as they travel by.                         LEDGE], S.V.
       1815. PEACOCK,      Head/. Hall,     2.           1838. DICKENS,         Oliver Twist, iv.
In later days when commercial BAGSNIEN              64. There, get down stairs, little BAG 0'
began to scour the country.                         BONES.
          Bag of Nails.                     i 12                           Bah.
     1848.  KINGSLEY, Saints' Tragedy,              1603.    CROSSE, Vertues Commonw.
IV.iii. 204. I am almost ashamed to            (1878), 103. The Seruingman, the Image
punish a BAG OF SKIN AND BONES.                of sloath, the BAGGE-PIPE of vanitie, like
                                               a windie Instrument, soundeth nothing
     1902. LE QuEUX, Tell7PreSS,               but prophanenesse.
Drive on, cabby, as fast as you can make
that BAG OF BONES travel.                              1612. CHAPMAN, Widow's Tears, 1.
                                                   2. WhOreS011 BAGPIPE lords !

BAG OF NAILS,     subs. phr. (American              1884. Christian World, 19 June, 463.
                                                   Two fresh sermons a week . . . from
  thieves'). - Confusion ; topsy-              the one poor droning theological BAG-
  turveydom. [Qy. from'bac-                    PIPE.
  chanals.'] Also, He squints like                     1850. CARLYLE, Latterclay
  a BAG OF NAILS, i.e. his eyes are                V. 169. Such parliamentary BAGPIPES I
  directed as many ways as the                     myself have heard play tunes.
  points of a bag of nails (GkosE).
                                                   BAG-PUDDING,            subs. phi-. (old).
                                                        A clown : cf.      JACK-PUDDING.
BAG 0' MOONSHINE,            subs pill .-

  (common). - Nonsense :            see                   See     BAG,   subs. 1.
                                                   BAG-WIG,       subs. phr. (old).-An
BAG OF MYSTERY,       subs. phr. (com-                  eighteenth century wig : the back
  mon).-A sausage or saveloy : a                        hair was enclosed in an orna-
  CHAMBER OF HORRORS (q.v.).                            mental hag: hence BAG-WIGGED
                                                        = wearing a BAG-WIG.
    1899. WHITEING, John St., xi. The
words 'doorstep and sea-rover' . . . BAG              1760.  FOOTE, Minor [OLIPHANT,
0' MYSTERY.'                                       New Eng., ii. 179. There are the new
                                                   substantives), BAG WIG. . . .
BAG-OF-TRICKS,       subs. phr. (corn-                  1766. ANSTEY, Bath Guide, x. 6o.
                                                   BAG-WIG, and lac'd Ruffles, and black
  mon).-I. Usually THE WHOLE                       Solitaire.
  BAG-OF-TRICKS = every shift or
                                                         1775. SHERIDAN, St. Patrick's Day,
  expedient. [See fable of 'The                    ii. 4. (1883), 236. Pig tailed lawyers and

  Fox and the Cat.'] Hence TIIE                    BAG-WIGGED attorneys.
  BOTTOM OF THE BAG OF TRICKS                         1850.  IRVING, Goldsmith, XXV. 2 .52.
  (or THE BAG)=a last resource ;                   Walking the Strand in grand array with
   'a card up one's sleeve.'                       BAG-WIG and sword.
                                                        1866. HOWELLS, Venetian Lift, xxi.
    1659. REYNOLDS [BURTON, Diary                  Expect at every turn to come upon in-
(1828), iv. 4471. If this be done which is         triguing spectres in BAG-WIGS, immense
IN THE BOTTOM OF THE BAG, and must                 hoops and patches.
be done, we shall . . . be able to buoy
up our reputation.
                                                   BA-HA,          subs.     thr. (tailors').-
     2.     (vcnery). - The penis and
  testes.                                          BAH,     in/j, and verb. (colloquial).-
                                                        An exclamation of contempt or
BAGPIPE,     subs. (old).-A chatter-                    disgust : Fr. bah!
   box ; a WIND-BAG (q.v.): cf.
                                                         [1600.     DERKER,  Gentle Craft
     He's like a BAGPIPE, he never                 'Works, 1. 401.  Away she flung . . . nor
   talks till his belly's full.' As adj.           said bill nor BAH.'
   =empty-headed, GUTLESS (q.v.);                       1817. 13vRoN, Beisfio, xxxii. Dread-
   and as verb= TO GAS (q. v.).                    ing the deep damnation of his BAH.'
                 Bail up.                      II   3                  Bairn's-bed.
     1838.    DICKENS,   Old Curiosity Shofi              1862. LLOYD, Thirty-three Years, etc.,
(C.D. ed.), 33. Mr Richard . . . spends             192 : 'Come, sir, immediately, . . . BAIL
all his money on his friends and is BAH rn          UP in that corner, and prepare to meet the
for his pains.                                      death you have so long deserved.'
     1848.     KINGSLEY, Saints' Tragedy.                 1879. BARRY,          Ufi and Down, 112.
iii. 3.      BAH ! priest ! What can this           She BAILED ME UP and asked me if I was
 Marpurg-madness do for me?                         going to keep my promise and marry her.
     I859. DE QUINCEY,         Works (Cen-              1880. SENIOR, Travel and Trout,
tury).    Twenty-five years ago the vile
ejaculation BAN! was utterly unknown to             36. His troutship, having neglected to
the British public.                                 secure a line of retreat, was, in colonial
                                                    parlance, ' BAILED UP.'
                                                         1880. WALCH,             Victoria in z88o,
 BAIL.        STRAW-BAIL   (or STRAW-               133. The Kelly gang . . . BAILED ur
   SHOES), subs. phr. (old).                        some forty residents in the local public
   Professional bail : see STRAW.                   house.
   Also (2) insufficient bail (modern).                  1880. Blackwood's Mag., July, 91.
                                                    ' BAIL UP! BAIL up!' shout the two red-
      To GIVE (or TAKE) LEG-                        veiled attackers, revolvers in hand.
   BAIL, verb. phr. (common).-To                       1885.   FINCH - HATTON,     Advance
   escape ; to be indebted to one's                 Australia, ro5. A little further on the
   legs for safety : see BUNK. Also                 boar ' BAILED      UP'   on the top of a ridge.
   TO TAKE LEG-BAIL AND GIVE                           1888. BOLDREWOOD, Robbery under
   LAND-SECURI TV.                                  Arms, 368. A rum go . . . same talk for
                                                    cows and Christians. That's how things
   1775.   ADAIR, American Indians,                 get stuck into the talk in a new country.
277. I had concluded to use no chivalry,            Some old hand like father, . . . assigned
but GIVE THEM LEG-BAIL instead of it, by            to a dairy settler . . . had taken to the
. . . making for a deep swamp.                      bush and tried his hand at sticking up
                                                    people. When . . . he wanted 'em to
    1815. SCOTT, Guy Ilfannering,                   stop, Bail up, d- yer,' would come a deal
'I e'en GAE THEM LEG-BAIL, for there's              quicker and more natural-like to his tongue
nae ease in dealing wi' quarrelsome fowk.'          than 'Stand.' So BAIL UP' it was from
     1841.      MARRYAT,    Poacher, xxii.          that day to this.
GIVEN THEM LEG-BAIL, I swear.                            1890. NISBET,         Bail Ufi ! [Title].

BAIL UP     (or BALE UP), verb.                           1896. [ALLARD, Poker Stories, 210.
                                                    An ' agent ' entered the car with an order
   Australian).-See quots. 1898 and                 to ' BAIL UP.'
   1888.                                                1898. MORRIS, Austral-English, s.V.
                                                    BAIL UP! (I) To secure the head of a cow
    1844. MEREDITH,      Notes and Sketches         in a bail for milking. (2) By transference,
of New South Wales,       132. The bush-            to stop travellers in the bush, used of
rangers . .. walk quickly in, and ' BAIL            bushrangers. . . It means generally to
UP,' i.e. bind with cords, or otherwise
                                                    stop. Like stick ufi (q.v.), it is often used
secure, the male portion.                           humorously of a demand for subscriptions,
   1847.  MARJORIBANKS, Travels in                  etc.
New South Wales, 72. There were eight
or ten bullock-teams BALED yr by three
mounted bushrangers. Being BALED UP                 BAIN.        See   BAGNIO.
is colonial for those who are attacked, who
are afterwards all put together, and                BAIRN'S-BED,             subs. ph,- . (Scots). -
guarded by one of the party of the bush-
rangers when the others are plundering.                 The womb.
    1855.   HOWITT,   Two l'ears in                      1549.    Comfii. Scot., 67. And vomans
Victoria, ii. 3o9. So long as that is               BAYRNIS BED.
wrong, the whole community will be
wrong,-in colonial phrase, ' BAILED UP'                 1863. Provinc. Glos.,     Danby, s.v.
at the mercy of its own tenants.                    She's got a swelling on the BAIRN-BED.
                  Bait.                         I I4                           Bake.
BAIT,subs. (common).—I. Anger ;                             BAKE (spec. on a kind of sofa)
  a WAX (q.v.).                                             in a study in 'Commoners' or in a
                                                            SCOB-PLACE (q.v.) in College, and
    1882.     ANSTEY,     Vice-Versil,    V.    I           (2) leave to sit in another's TOYS
went calmly on . . . as if nothing was the
matter. That put the Proctor in a BAIT.                     (v.v.) ; BAKING - PLACE = any
                                                            place in which TO BAKE, or in
     2. (old legal). —A fee ; a re-                         connection with which BAKING
  fresher (q.v.).                                           LEAVE was given. [North. dial. :
                                                            beek (or beak)=to expose oneself
    1603.    FLORID,    Montaigne,       II. Xii.
Have you paid him [a Lawyer] well, have                     to the genial warmth of sun. fire,
you given him a good BAIT or fee?                           etc., to bask. JAMIESON bei k
      WELSH (or SCOTCH) BAIT,                               beke, beek= to bask].
   subs. ',hr.  (common). —A rest,                      C.       1230.    Wohunge [Cott How.,       269].
   given to a horse, at the top of a                Al Pat Pinende Pik ne walde ham punche
   hill ; a BREATHER (q.v.).                        bote a softe BEKINDE ba5.
                                                                 1375.    BARBOUR,    Bruce, xix.   552.
     1662.    FULLER, Worthies, iv. 7.              Ane ynglish man, that lay BERLAND Hym
BAITING-STOCK,          subs. phr. (old).—          by a lyre.
   A laughing-stock.                                   C. 1400. Bone Flor., 99. A gode fyre
                                                    . . . To BEYKE hys boones by.
    1630. TAYLOR, Works, [N ARES]. I
a common reproach, a scorne, a bye-word,                    C. 1400.       Ywaine and Gaw.,      145. 9.
and BAYTING-STOCKE to the poysonous                    That Knyght es nothing to set by That
teeth of envy and slander.                             . . . leggeS BEKEAND in his bed.
                                                                 1553.    BRENDE, Quintius Curt ins, II.
BAITLAND,         subs.     (nautical). —See                     Diogenes . . . was BERING Of hymself
   quots.                                              in ye sunne.
                                                          c. 1568. Wile Auclitcrinuchty [LAING,
    1725. DE FOE, Voy. Round World                     ii. 52], 12. And saw the wyf baith dry and
(1840), 122. A BAIT-LAND, or post of re-               clene, And sittand at ane fyre, BEIKAND
freshment.                                             bawld.
     1867.    SMYTH, . Sailors' Word Book,                  1577.    KENDALL [WRENCH].   At
S.V. BAITLAND.     An old word, formerly               home we take our ease AND BEARE our-
used to signify a port where refreshments              selves in rest.
could be procured.
                                                                 1648.    SYMMONS,    Vindication Chas.
 BAKE,       verb. (Winchester College).               I.        [WRENCH]. BEARING        himself in the
                                                       midst of his luxuries.
    —To rest ; to sit (or lie) at case.
    I Ience BAKER =(1) a cushion ;                        1652. BROME, Teeene'S EXek., it.
                                                       2. Our Masters grudge to give us wood
    and (2) anything to sit (or kneel)                 Enough to make a BEARING Bonfire.
    upon, as a blotting-book, etc.
                                                                 1730.      RAMSAY,    Gentle SIzefiherd
    [BAKERS were of two kinds ; that                   [IVorks,           n. 95]. She and    her cat sit
    used in 'College' was large,                       BE:EKING          in her yard.
    oblong and green : whilst the
      Commoners' BAKER was thin,                                PHRASES.     To BAKE ONE'S
    narrow, much smaller, and red.]                          BREAD= to PUNISH (q.v.), to DO
    Whence BAKER-LAYER (obs.)--= a                           FOR (q.v.); ' As they brew, so
    Junior who carried a Praleet's                           let them BAKE' (prov. saying).
    green BAKER in and out of Hall                             Let them go on as they have
    at meal-times. Also BAKESTER                             begun ; I must go and BAKE
    (obs.) = a sluggard ; BAKING-                            some bread ' (a jocular excuse for
     LEAVE (ohs.). (i) permission TO                         departure).
                 Baked.                         zi 5           Baker-kneed.
  C. 1380. Sir Ferumbras, 577. For                      1660. HOWELL, Proverbs, II. Ile
euere MY BRED HAD BE BAKE; myn lyf                 take no leave of you, quoth the BAKER to
dawes had be tynt.                                 the Pillory.
     1599. PORTER, Two Angry Women                      1675. RAY Proverbs,      Miscellane-
(1341), 82. Euen AS THEY BREW, SO LET              ous.' Three dear years will raise a
THEM BAKE.                                         BAKER'S DAUGHTER to a portion.'Tis
                                                   not the smallness of the bread, but the
    1675. COTTON, Scoffer Scofft, 150.
                                                   knavery of the BAKER. Ibid., ' Relating
I should do very imprudently . . . Either
to meddle or to make : But AS THEY BREW,           to . . . Trades.' Take all, and pay the
                                                        1357. Notes and Queries, 21 Mar.
BAKED,    pp/. adj. (common).-                     Pull Devil, Pull BAKER, in England's the
   Collapsed ; exhausted ; done up ;
   e.g.  toward the end of the                         1888. BOLDREWOOD, Robbery Under
                                                   Arms, xxxvii.    It's all fair pulling, PUI.L
   course the crew were regularly                  DEVIL, PULL BAKER ; someone has to
   BAKED.'                                         get the worst of it. Now it's us [bush-
                                                   rangers], now it's them [the police] that
    IIALF- (or DOUGH-) BAKED,                      gets . . . rubbed out.
  adj. phr. (colloquial).-i. In-
  conclusive ; imperfect. Also (2)                        2. (American). -A loafer. [The
  dull-witted, SOFT (q.v.): see                        word is generally attributed to
  HALF-BAKED, adding quots. 1864                       Baron de Ma.ndat Grancey, who,
  and 1866.                                            in Cowboys and Colonels, inno-
                                                       cently translated the word
    1592.   LILLY,   Midas, ii. 2.   A reason
                                                       ' loafer ' as BAKER.]
     1864. Notes and Queries, 3 S., vi.                  To SPELL BAKER (colloquial).
494. 2. He is only HALF-BAKED-put in
with the bread, and taken out with the                 -To attempt a difficult task.
cakes.                                                 [In old spelling books 'baker'
  d. 1866. FAIRHOLT [LILLY, Works, ii.                 was often the first word of two
264. Note]. The peasantry in the mid-                  syllables to which a child came
lands say of an idiotic person, 'he is only            when learning to spell.]
                                                       1869. LONGFELLOW, New England
BAKER,    subs. (old).       Bakers,                Tragedies. If an old man will marry a
  against whom severe penalties                    young wife, why then-why then-why
  for impurity of bread or shortness               then-he must SPELL BAKER.
  of weight were enacted from very
  early times, have been the subject               BAKER - KNEED,           (or  BAKER-
  of much colloquial sarcasm : see                     LEGGED),   adj. phi-. (common). -
  quots.                                               I. Knock-kneed ; bow-legged :
                                                       hence (2) effeminate (GRosE).
     1562. HEYWOOD, PrOVerbS (1867), 47.
I feare we parte not yeet, Quoth the BAKER             1607. DEKKER, Westward Hoe, ii.
to the pyloric.
                                                   2. Will women's tongues, like BAKERS'
     1598. STOW, Survey (1633), 208. A             LEGS, never go straight ?
Pillorte for the punishment of BAKERS,
offending in the assize of bread.                       161r. COTGRAVE, Did. , s.v. . farretier
                                                   . . . BAKER-LEGD, that goes in at the
    1602. SHAKSPEARE, Hamlet, iv. 5.               knees.
42. They say the owl Was a BAKER'S
DAUGHTER.                                               1652. GAULE,       Hagastrom,      186.
                                                   BAKER-KNEED signifies effeminate.
    1604.    DEKKER,     Honest Whore
[Works (1873), II. 122]. Are not BAKERS'               1656. Du GARD, Cate Lat. Unl.,
ARMES the skales of Justice? yet is not            292. He that is BAKER-LEGGED rubs his
their bread light.                                 knees against one another.
            Baker's Dozen.                       116            Bake Dozen.

    1656. Artif. Handsom. (1662), 79.                 1596      NASHE, Saffron Walden
The unhandsome warpings of bow Leggs               [Works, ill.     Conioyning with his
and BAKER FEET.                                    aforesaid Doctor Brother in eightie eight
    1659. Lady Alimony [Dons'.Ev, Old              browne BAKER'S DOZEN of Almanackes.
Plays (HazLITT), xiv. 361]. His puny                    1598. FLORIO, War/dc of IVordes,
BAKER-LEGS.                                        s.v. Serqua, a dozen, namely of egges, or
     1675. RAY, Proverbs, ' Relating . . .         as we say, a BAKER'S DOZEN, that IS thir-
to trades.' He should be a BAKER by his            teene to the dozen.
                                                      1599. COOKE, Tu Quoque [DoDst.Ev ,
     1692. L'ESTRANGE, Life of ./Esofi.            Old Plays (REED), VII. 49. Mine's a
i-Esop . . . was . . . flat-nosed, hunch-          BAKER'S DOZEN: Master Bubble, tell your
back'd, blabber-lipp'd, . . . big-belly'd,         money.
                                                        1610. HUDSON [naming a group of
    1754.    MARTIN,   Eng.    Did.   (2 ed.).
                                                   thirteen or fourteen islands on the east
BAKER-LEGG'D, straddling, with the legs
bowing outward.                                    shore of Hudson's Bay], LA DOUZAINE DU
    1784. BARRY, Lea. Art.,        II. (I848),
94. Knocked or BAKER KNEES.                            d. 1623. FLETCHER, Poems, 131. This
    1812. COLMAN,       Poetical Vagaries,         strings the BAKER'S DOZEN, christens all The
13. His voice had broken to a gruffish             cross-legd hours of time since Adam's
squeak. He had grown blear-eyed, BAKER-            fall.
KNEED, and gummy.                                        1651. CLEAVELAND, Poems [NAREs].
    1371. Figure Training, 39. BAKER'S             Pair-royall headed Cerberus his cozen ;
KNEE, as it is called, or an inclining in-         Hercules labours were a BAKER'S DOZEN.
wards of the right knee-joint until it closely        1694. MOTTEUX, Rabelais, V. xxii.
resembles the right side of a letter K, is         We saw a knot of others, about a BAKER'S
the almost certain penalty of habitually           DOZEN in number, tippling under an arbour.
bearing any burden of bulk in the right
hand.                                                   1706. WARD, Wooden World, 67.
                                                   The King . . . is the only Almanack-
BAKER'S DOZEN            (Or    BARGAIN),          maker for his Money, who honestly
   subs. phi-. (old). —I. Thirteen                 stretches them out to a BAKER'S DOZEN.
   counted as twelve : sometimes                      1733. FIELDING, Don Quixote, III. Vi.
   fourteen (GROSE and BEE). Hence                 I dare swear there were a good round
   (2) , good measure : e.g. TO GIVE               BAKER'S DOZEN, at least.
   A MAN A BAKER'S DOZEN = to                           1774.   BRIDGES,   Burlesque Homer,
   trounce him well. Also BROWN-                   444. The moment that this loving cousin
                                                   Awaled he saw a BAKER'S DOZEN Of
   DOZEN (q.v.); DEVIL'S-DOZEN (Cf.                Thracians kill'd.
   BAKER I, and Fr. boulanger=                        1822. NARES, Glossary, S.V. BAKER'S-
   devil) ; and ROUND-DOZEN (see                   DOZEN . . . originally devil's dozen . . .
   Rou ND). [Bakers were (and are)                 the number of witches at table together in
   liable to heavy penalties for de-               their sabbaths. Hence thirteen at table.
                                                   The baker . . . a very unpopular character
   ficiency in the weights of loaves :             in former times, seems to have been sub-
   these were fixed for every price                stituted for the devil. [Abridged.]
   from eighteenpence down to two-                     1825. SCOTT, St. Ronan's Well, xxviii.
   pence, but penny loaves or rolls                 As to your lawyer, you get just your
   were not specified in the statute.              guinea's worth from him—not even so much
   Bakers, therefore, to be on the                 as the BAKER'S BARGAIN, thirteen to the
   safe side, gave, for a dozen of
   bread, an additional loaf, known                     1859. RILEY, Siber Albus, Pref. 68.
                                                   These dealers . . . [Hucksters] on pur-
   as inbiead.' A similar custom                   chasing their bread from the bakers, were
   was formerly observed with regard               privileged by law to receive thirteen batches
   to coal, and publishers nowa-                   for twelve, and this would seem to have
                                                   been the extent of their profits. Hence the
   days reckon thirteen copies of a                expression, still in use, A BAKER'S
   book as twelve.                                 DOZEN.'
      Baker's Light Bobs.                         117                 Balbus.
     1902. D.    Mail,   6 Mar., 4. 3. Quite              1873. HALL, Modern English, 17.
a (IA K F.R'S DOZEN of would-be testifiers          An essay for the Edinburgh Review, in
. . . to the marvellous story of their 'cures.'     'the old unpolluted English language,'
                                                    would have been consigned by the editor
BAKER'S LIGHT BOBS             (military).--        to his BALAAM -BASK ET.
   The loth Hussars.                                   1877. Notes and Queries, 5 S. vii.
                                                    270. 2. At the risk of getting into your
BAKES,    subs. (American thieves').—               BALAAm-BOX, I venture to record the
   A schoolboy.                                     whole contents of my bundle.
      2. (American). — An original
   stake : chiefly schoolboys' : e.g.               BALACLAVA-DAY,       subs. (military).
   'When I get my BAKES back                             —A soldier's pay day. [Bala-
   I shall stop playing.' [BARTLETT :                    clava in 1854-6 was a base of
   in reference possibly to a baker                      supply for English troops : as
   not always getting his BAKE safely                    pay was drawn, the men went
   out of the oven.]                                     down to make their purchases.]

                                                    BALANCE,      subs. (commercial : orig.
 ING-PLACE, etc. See BAKE.
                                                         American, now general).—The
BALAAM,     subs. (printers').—Mis-                      remainder ; the rest :      'lave'
   cellaneous paragraphs for                             (Scots) and ' shank ' (as 'in the
   filling up a column of type :                         shank of the evening ').
   PADDING (q.v.): applied either                       1846.   Albany Jo., 7 Jan. The yawl
   to MS. copy or stereo. Hence                     returned to the wreck, took ten or eleven
   BALAAm-Box (or -BASKET) = ( I)                   persons and landed them, and then went
                                                    and got the BALANCE from the floating
   a receptacle for such matter ;                   cabin.
   and (2) a waste-paper basket.
   [WEBSTER : ' a cant term                              1861.   Boston Transcrip, 27 Dec.
                                                    We listened to Wendell Phillips, [but]
   popularised by Blackwood, in                     having an engagement elsewhere, we were
   which Nodes Ambrosiance ap-                      forced to leave, and so lost the BALANCE of
   peared. See Numbers xxii. 30.]                   his oration.

     1822-36.  WILSON, Nodes A mbrosi-                    1864. WEBSTER, Diet., s.v. [The
awe, ii.  xxvi. Bring in BALAAM, and                first dictionary to record the usage.]
place him on the table.
                                                         1875. Blackwoods Mag., April, 443.
    1826. SCOTT, Mal. Malagr., iii. 3.              BALANCE, long familiar to American ears,
How much BALAAM (speaking techni-                   is becoming so to ours. In an account of
cally) I have edged out of your valuable            a ship on fire we read, 'Those saved
paper.                                              remained the BALANCE of the night watch-
    1827.    Black2v. Mag., xxi.                    ing the burning wreck.'
Several dozen letters on the same subject
now in our BALAAM-BOX.                                   1883. FITZGERALD,      Beer. Liter.
                                                    Man,    170. Everyone is away shooting or
     1839. LOCI IART, Scott, lxx. (1842),           riding ; a BALANCE of the ladies is left.
622. BALAAM      is the cant name for
asinine paragraphs about monstrous
productions of nature and the like,                 BALBUS,        subs. (University). —A
kept standing in type to be used when-                    Latin prose composition. [From
ever the real news of the day leaves an
awkward space that must be filled up                      the tiLquency with which Balbus
somehow.                                                  is mentioned in Arnold's Latin
     1861. A.K . H. B , Recr. Country                     Prose Composition.]
Parson, 2. 59 S. Rubbishing articles
which are at present consigned to the                       1870. Quarterly    Review.   BALBUs
BALAAM-BOX.                                             was in constant use.
                  Baldcoot.                   118              Balderdash.
BALDCOOT,   subs. (old).-i. A term                      I6/I. CHAPMAN, Mayday, iii. 4.
                                                    S'fut winesucker, what have you fild us
   of contempt : cf. BALDHEAD.                      heere? BALDERDASH?
   [The frontal plate of the coot is
                                                         1629. JONSON, New Inn, i. 2. Beer,
   destitute of feathers.] Hence                    or butter-milk, mingled to-gether . . . To
   BALD AS A COOT =as bald as may                   drink Such BALDERDASH!
   be [TYNDALE, Works (1530),                             1637. TAYLOR, Drink and Wek.
         224, S.V.].                                [WORCESTER].       Beer, by a mixture of
                                                    %Nine bath lost both name and nature, and
        [1616. BEAUMONT          and FLETCHER,      is called BALDERDASH.
Kn. of Malta, i. i.    Unfledge them of                  1641. H EVWoon,     Reader, Here
their . . . perriwigs, And they appear              you'll, etc., 6. Where sope bath fayl'd
like BALD-COOTES in the nest.]                      without, BALDERDASH wines within Will
    1823. BYRON, Juan, my.              lxxxiii.    Nvorke no doubt.
The BALD-COOT bully, Alexander.                          1674. MARVELL, Re/i. Transfi., it.
    1848. KINGSLEY, Saints' Tragedy,                243. Did ever Divine rattle out such
III. iv. 176. Your princesses, that . . .           prophane BALDERDASH!
demean themselves to hob and nob with                   1674. DURFEY, Pills, iii. 304. When
these black BALDIcooTs [i.e. monks with             Thames was BALDERDASHED with Tweed.
shaven crowns] !
                                                         1694. MOTTEUX, Rabelais, V. xlVi.
                                                    Will he . . . go shite out his nasty rhym-
         2.   (old).   -   See quot.                ing BALDERDASH in some bog-house ?
     1823. BEE, Did. Tull., S.V. PIGEON.            Ibid. (1702) Prologue to FARQUHAR'S
A . . . [young man] who parts with his              Inconstant. Poets, like vintners, BALDER-
blunt freely at gambling, and is rooked ;           DASH and brew Your surly scenes.
older persons also stay and get plucked                 1714. MILBOURNE,      Traitor's flew.,
sometimes, until they have not a feather to         Pref. Was ever God's word so BALDER-
fly with. Such men, after the plucking,             DASH'D ?
become BALD-COOTS.                                       1766. SMOLLETT, Travels, xix. The
                                                    wine merchants of Nice brew and BALDER-
BALDERDASH,          subs. (old and still           DASH and even mix it with pigeon's dung
                                                    and quicklime.      Ibid. (1771), Hunti3h.
       colloquial).-( I) Froth or frothy            Clinker (1890), 1. 156. Wine . . . a vile,
       liquid ; (2) a jumble of liquors             unpalatable, and pernicious sophistication,
       (B. E. and GRosE) : e.g. brandy              BALDERDASHED with cider, corn-spirit, and
       (or milk) and beer, milk and rum,            the juice of sloes.
       etc. : also as verb=to ' dash'                   1777. HORNE TOOKE, Trial, 25. I
                                                    heard him charge this publication with
       with another liquid, and hence               ribaldry, scurrility, billingsgate, and
       to adulterate (GRosE) ; (3) a                BALDERDASH.
       jumble of words, nonsense, trash ;              1809. MALKIN, Gil Bias [Sn
       and (4) 'lewd conversation'                  LETT], 147. Nothing but flimsy BALI )ER-
       (GRosE), obscenity, scurrility.              DASH in their talk.  Ibid., 197. I was
                                                    a walking budget of BALDERDASH.
       [0.E.D. : From the evidence at
       present the inference is that the                1812.  Edin. Rev., xx. 419. The
                                                    BALDERDASH which men must talk : at
       current sense was transferred . . .          popular meetings.
       with the notion of frothy talk.'
                                                         1821. IRVING [WARNER, L1/4 (1882),
        Century : Of obscure origin,                1361. A fostered growth of poetry and
       apparently dial, or slang.]                  romance, and BALDERDASHED with false
     1598. NASHE, Saffron Walden.        To
                                                         1849. MACAULAY, Hist. Eng., I. 351.
 Reader.   Two blunderkins, hauing their
                                                    I   am almost ashamed to quote such
braines stuft with nought but IIALDEiiimsH.         nauseous BALDERnAsn.
Ibid. (1599), Lenten Stuffl,       8. They
would no more . . . have their heads                     1854. TuAcKERAv,    NOWC011teS,   I.   TO.
washed with his bubbly spume or barbers'            To defile the ears of young boys with this
BALDERDASH.                                         wicked BALDERDASH.
            Bald-face.                  119                 Balductum.
    1865. CARLYLE, Fred. Great, ii. vii.    BALDHEADED,      adj. (American).—
v. 287. No end florid inflated tautologic
ornamental BALDERDASH.
                                               Eagerly ; with might and main.
                                               [BARTLETT : as when one rushes
    Iwo. GRIFFITHS, Fast and Loose,            out without his hat.]
xxix. He had heard amidst much BALDER-
DASH something that might be useful.              1848. LOWELL, Big/ow Pafiers, 6. I
                                            scent which pays the best, an' then Go
                                            into it BALDHEADED.
BALD-FACE,    subs. phr. (American).
                                                 1869. Our Young- Folks- [DE VERE j.
  —New whiskey ; 'warranted to              Whenever he had made up his mind to do
  kill at forty rods.' BALDFACED            a thing he went at it BALDHEADED.
  = NEAT (q.v.).
                                               1888. Pall Mall Gaz., 22 June. The
                                            Chicago Republicans . . . have gone
BALD-FACED SHIRT,    subs. (Ameri-          BALDHEADED for protection.
  can).—A white shirt : cf. BOILED               To SNATCH BALDHEADED,Verb.
                                               phr. (American).—To defeat a
                                               person in a street fight.
BALD-FACED STAG,     subs. phr.
  (common). —A bald-headed man ;                  1871. GRANT WHITE, Words and
                                              Their Uses.  The crowd than gave a
                                            specimen of calumny broke loose, And
                                            said I'd SNATCHED HIM BALDHEADED, and
BALDHEAD     (or PATE), subs. (old).        likewise cooked his goose.
  —A term of contempt (cf. first
  section of quot. 1603) : also               BALDHEADED - HERMIT       subs.

  BALDY.      [Of Biblical origin.]            phr. (venery).—The penis : see
  Hence BALTITuDE=a state of                    PRICK.
  baldness ; HIS BALDITUDE = a
                                              BALDOBER     (or BALDOWER), subs.
  mock title ; and BALDHEADED-
                                                (thieves').—A leader ; a spokes-
  ROW = the first row of stalls at
                                                man [Ger.].
  theatres, especially at LEG-SHOPS
  (q.v.).                                     BALD-RIB,subs. phi-. (common). —
    1535. COVERDALE, Bible, 2 Kings ii.         A lean person ; a WALKING-
23. Come vp here thou BALDE HEADE               SKELETON (q.v.).
   1601. DENT, Pathway to Heaven,               1621. MIDDLETON, Mayor of Quin,
131. Mocked . . . Elisha calling him        iii. 3.Thou art such a spiny BALDRIB, all
BALD-HEAD, BALD-PATE.                       the mistresses in the town will never get
                                            thee up.
     1603. SHAKSPEARE, Meas. for Meas.,
V. 1. Come hither, good man BALDPATE.         BALDUCTUM,      subs. (old).—Non-
Ibid. You BALDPATED, lying rascal.
                                                sense ; rubbish : as ad,. = affected,
    1821. BYRON, Foscari, iii. I. 244.          trashy (in quot. 1595 =an affected
Held in the bondage of ten BALD-HEADS.
    1865. NOEL, Richter's Flower Pieces
(1871), I. V. 141. But had solicited the          1577. HOLINSHED, ChrOPt., 11. 29. 2.
BALD-PATES ill vain.                        The Irish doubtlesse repose a great affiance
                                            in this BALDUCKTUM dreame.
    1882. CLEMENS, Huck. Finn, 187.
Trouble has done it ; trouble has brung         1583. STANYHURST, .-Eneis, ' Ded.'
these gray hairs and this premature         [ARBER], ro. Their rude rythming and
BALDITUDE.                                    BALDUCKETOME ballads.

    1900. FLYNT, Tranzfi. with Tram/5s,         1593. HARVEY, Pierces ..SWerog., 139.
384. The BALDY 'e comes himself 'n' asted   The stalest dudgen or absurdest BAI.DUC-
what I wanted.                              TUM that they or their mates can invent.
        Balfour's Maiden.                      120                        Ball.
    1595.     Pain/ante      [NABEs]. Every           for service in looking after cricket
BALDucrum makes divine poetrie to be but              and foot-balls, is exempted from
base rime.
                                                      KICKING-IN (q.v.) and WATCH-
     1596.    HARRINGTON, Ulysses 11P021
Ajax. Besides, what BALDUCTUM play is                 ING OUT          (q.v.).
not full of them?
    1617. COLLINS, Def. BA Ely, IL viii.
                                                        PHRASES.      To CATCH (or
295. Will this BALDUCTUM neuer be left?               TAKE) THE BALL BEFORE THE
                                                      BOUND = tO anticipate ; TO HAVE
BALFOUR'S MAIDEN,       subs. (obsolete               THE BALL AT ONE'S FOOT (or
   Parliamentary). - A         covered                BEFORE oNE)=to have in one's
   battering-ram : used by the Royal                  power (or at one's finger-ends) ;
   Irish Constabulary in carrying out                 To OPEN THE BALL= to lead off,
   evictions in Ireland (1888-9).                     to make a start ; TO KEEP THE
                                                      BALL ROLLING (or KEEP UP THE
    1889. SIR WM. VERNON HARCOURT,                    BALL)= tO prevent a matter flag-
Speech [Daily News, II April). Now at
Letterkenny, Mr. Balfour has introduced               ging or hanging fire ; TO TAKE
a new invention . . . an iron-headed                  UP THE BALL= to take one's turn ;
spiked battering-ram to be used in carrying           whence 'the BALL'S with you
out the evictions. Why, really, gentlemen,
. . . you find instruments called 'The
                                                      you're next.
Scavenger's Daughter,' and 'The Maiden,'                  1589. PUTTENHAM,         Eng. Poesy, iii.
• . . I think this last pattern of ram of Mr.      xix. We do preuent them . . . and do
Balfour's might be called The Unionist's           CATCH THE BALL (as they are wont to say)
Daughter '-(loud laughter)-or it might be          BEFORE IT COME TO THE GROUND.
christened BALFOUR'S MAIDEN.'
                                                       1645. HOWELL, Letters, iv. 9. It
                                                   concerns you not to be over-hasty herein
BALL,        subs. (old).-I. The head :            not to TAKE THE ItALL BEFORE THE
   also  BALL IN THE HOOD;                         BOUND.
   BILLIARD-BALL, etc.                                 1661. Pa,6ers on d411. Prayer-Book,
                                                   24. You HAVE THE BALL BEFORE YOU,
  C. 1300. King- Ails, 6481. Mony of his           and have the wind and sun, and the power
knyghtisgode Loren theo BALLES IN HEORE            of contending without controll.
                                                      1781.   BENTHANI, TO G. Wilson
  C. 1325. CCM," de L., 4523.   Men of             UPOrks (1843), X. 1041. I put a word in
armes the swerdes outbreyde ; BALLES               now, and then to KEEP THE BALL         UP.
OUT OF HOODES, soone they pleyde.
                                                      C.1800.   AUCKLAND, Corresfi. (1862),
  C. 1460. Townley Myst., 17.          I shrew     III. 416. We HAVE THE BALI. AT OUR
thi BALLE UNDER Till BODE.                         FEET, and if the Government will allow us
                                                     . . the rebellion will be crushed.
  C. 1500.    Robin Hood (1.2.1 -rs0N), L 1 454.
He ne shall lese his hede, That is the best             1809.   WELLINGTON [Gurw. D is-
BALL IN HIS NODE.                                  fiatches, v. 365]. If the Spaniards had
                                                   not lost two armies lately, we should KEEP
      2. (prison).-A ration : food or              UP THE BALL for another year.

   drink.                                               1812.   BYRON,          xiii. Note.
                                                   Waltz and the battle of Austerlitz are . . .
      3. (vulgar). -See       BALLOCKS.            said to have OPENED THE BALL together.
                                                        1876. Eton Chronicle 20 July. He
      4. (Winchester).-In p1. =a                   who ()BENTE!) THE BALL and who saw them
   Junior in College : his duty is                 all fall, Scarce deserved that defeat in
                                                   one innings.
   to collect footballs from lockers                    1878. ELIOT, Coll. Breakfast P., 345.
   in school and take them through                 Louder Rosencranz TOOK UP THE BALL.
   to the Ball-keeper in Commoners                        1   887.   HAGGARD,    Allan Quaternt.,
   to be blown or repaired. The                    xi. Sir    Henry OPENED THE BALL by
   BALL-KEEPER is an Inferior who,                 firing at the threeparts grown young one.
               Ballad-basket.                 I2I               Ballock.
     CALL THE BALL, in/f. phr.                  BALLAST,      subs.   (common).—
   (Stonyhurst).—The ' Foul ! of                    Money : generic : see RHINO.
   Association football.                            I knee WELL-BALLASTED = rich.
     THREE BRASS (or GOLDEN)                    BALL FACE,    subs. (American negro).
   BALLS. See THREE BAI.LS.                            A white man [BARTLETT :
                                                    applied at Salem, Mass., 18m-
BALLAD-BASKET,    subs. phr. (old).                 1 820].
   —A street singer : see STREET
   PITCHER.  Fr. braillard.                     BALL-KEEPER.         See   BALL,   subs. 4.
BALLAD-MONGER,     subs. phr. (old              BALL-MY-NAG,     subs. phr. (venery).
  colloquial).—t. A ballad-maker :                  —The penis : see PRICK. [BALL
  in contempt : hence BALLAD-                       =a generic name for a horse.]
                                                  C. 5707.  Old Ballad, 'The Trooper
       1596.   SHAKSPEARE, I   Hen. 1"1".,      Watering His Nag' [FARMER, Merry
1. 130. 1 had rather be a Kitten, and cry       Songs and Ballads (1896), i. 192]. When
mew, Then one of these same Meeter              Night came on to Bed they went, .
BALLADMONGERS.                                  What is this so stiff and warm, . . .
     1756. WHARTON, Ess. Pope (1782), I.        BALL MY NAG—he will do you harm.
vii. 356. Villon was merely a pert and
insipid BALLAD-MONGER.                          BALLOCK,     subs. (once literary : not
   1778. SHERIDAN, Rivals, ii. I. TO                now in polite use). —A testicle :
make herself the pipe and BALLAD.                   also BALLOCK-STONE ; and (short)
MONGER of a circle !
                                                    BALL. Hence BALLOCK-COD =
    1809. BRYON, Bards and Rev., xii.               the scrotum ; BALLOCKS ! (or ALL
Behold the BALLAD-MONGER Southey rise !             BALLS !)= a derisive retort (cf.
Ibid., Argt. (MS.). The poet . . . revileth
Walter Scott for . . . BALLAD-MONGER.                Cojones=a Spanish oath). As
ING.                                                verb (TO GO BALLOCKING, or
BALLAHOU,     subs. (nautical).    A                DO A BALI.00KING)= to copulate :
  term of derision applied to an                    see RIDE: also (of women) TO
  ill-conditioned slovenly ship '                   GET A PAIR OF BALLS AGAINST
  (Century) ; ' a West Indian clipper               ONE'S BUTT. Also TO GET UP TO
  schooner : apparently she may                     ONE'S BALLS= to effect intro-
  also be a brig to judge from The                  mission. Whence TO MAKE
  Cruise of the lifidge' (CLARK                     BALLS OF = tO make a mistake ;
                                                    go to WRONG (q.v.), TO BUGGER
                                                    (or BITCH) UP (q.v.). BALLOCKS-
BALLAMBANGJANG—THE STRAITS                          STONES = a term of endearment
 OF BALLAMBANGJANG, subs. phr.                      (PALSGRAVE, Acolastius, 1540).
  (nautical).—' Though unnoticed                  c. moo. Glossary [Wright, Vocab., 265.
  by geographers, are frequently                Testiculi, BEALLUCAS. Ibid., 539. 011ient-
  mentioned in sailors' yarns as                bralla, BALLUC cod. Ibid., 677. Piga,
  being so narrow, and the rocks                BALLOKE CODE.

  on each side so crowded with                     [1 MS. Bib. Rec.,         17 A. iii.   1.
  trees inhabited by monkeys, that              149. For swellinge of        BALLOKIS     [a
                                                medical receipt].
  the ship's yards cannot be squared,
  on account of the monkeys' tails                  1382. WYCLIF, Bible, Levit. xxii. 24.
                                                Al beeste that . . . kilt and taken away
  getting jammed into, and choking              the BALLOKES is. [Auth. Ver.= that is
  up, the brace blocks. '—Ho/ten.                    cut.']
                    Ball of Fire.                      122                   Bally.
      c. 1460. Towneley Myst., 236. I have                  1882. Moonshine, V.    163. Another
    brysten both my BALOK STONES, So fast                BALLOONATIC attempt to cross the Channel.
    hyed I hedyr.
          1485. Bk. St. Albans, 'Hawking,'                BALLOT-BOX STUFFING,            subs. phi-.
     C. viii. Geue hir the BALOCKES of a                       (American). — Tampering with
                                                               election returns : a box is con-
            1579.     BAKER,    Guydon's Quest.
    Cyrurg, 33, S.V.
                                                               structed with false bottom and
                                                               compartments so as to permit
           1653. URQUHART, Rabelais, 1. xiii.
    Who his foul tail with paper wipes, Shall                  spurious ballots to be introduced
    at his BALLOCKS leave some chips. Ibid.,                   by the teller in charge. The
    II. i. True BALLOCKEERING blades.                          most outrageous frauds have been
            1721-1800.   BAILEY, Dict.,                        committed by this means'
       d. 5796.       [BuRNs, Merry Muses (c.
    I Boo), 151.   For a' that and a' that.' His             1876.  New Fork Tribune, Oct.
    hairy BALLS . . . hang like a beggar's               [BARTLETT]. Detectives sent on to look
    wallet. girl. 'As I looked o'er yon castle           after the Democratic roughs and BALLOT.
    wa' [quoted by Burns in a letter to George           BOX STUFFERS. Ibid. , 7 Nov. Several
    Thomson]. He plac'd his Jacob whare                  experts at BALLOT-BOX STUFFING were

I   she did piss, An' his BAL1.S where the wind
    did blaw.
                                                         spotted here to-day.

                                                         BALL'S-BULL.          LIKE BALL'S BULL,
     BALL OF FIRE,         subs. phi; (popular).               phr..  (provincial). — Said of a
        —A glass of cheap brandy                               person with no ' ear ' for music;
        (G ROSE.                                               BALL'S BULL had so little that he
                                                                 kicked the fiddler over the
     BALL OF HONOUR.              See BEGGAR'S                 bridge' (HALL! WELL).
                                                         BALLU M RANCU M,        subs. phr.. (old).
     BALL OF WAX,            subs., (common).                  —A BUFF-BALL (V.V. ): ' the
        —A snob, or shoe-maker.                                company dance in their birthday-
                                                               suits' (GRosE and BEE).
    BALLOON,      verb. (American).—To
       brag ; TO GAS (9%71.).        Also                BALLY, adj. (common).—A generic
       colloquial : e.g. BALLOONACY                       intensive : very ; great ; exces-
       (cf. lunacy). a mania for balloon-                 sive: cf. BLOODY; FUCKING, etc.
       ing; BALLOONATIC (cf. lunatic)                          [A comparatively recent coinage,
        = balloon-mad ; BALLOONING,                            it is said, of The Sporting Times
       subs. (Stock Exchange) inflating                        (see TERMINAL ESSAY) from
       prices by fictitious means, and as                        ballyhooly '.]
       aa'j.=high FALUTIN' (q.v.).                          1889. Sporting Times, 6 July (An-
      d.1826. JEFFRESON, Corresi.ond.,            I.     swers to Correspondents). H. G. Steele.
                                                         —Thanks. What a BALLY idiot you must
    323. BAI.LOONING indeed goes on.
         1864. D. Teleg., 19 Feb. We live in                 1889. Bird o' Freedom, 7 Aug., 5.
    an age of BALLOONACY. Ibid. (1865), 22               You can BALLY well take it yourself.
    Nov., 5. 3. That Nadar, the BALLOON-
    ATIC, has sold his balloon.                              1897. MARSHALL, Ponies, 19. They
                                                         lump the BALLY 101 in one. Ibid., 39. If
         1878. SINCLAIR, Mount., 33. Gas.                I meet the BALLY old bounder.
    brained, BALLOONING wandering men.
                                                                1901.   Troddles, 77. He . . . asked
            1882.   Western Daily Press,   27 Mar.,      Murray plaintively if we wanted all the
    3. I.     A sharp epidemic of isALLooNiAcv.          BALLY carriage to ourselves.
              Ballyhack.                  123                    Barn.

BALLYHACK.       Go TO     BALLYHACK,            tury : ' a slang word of no definite
 pin-. (American).—' Get along,'                  origin.'] Whence numerous
  'Go to hell ! '                                 BINATIONS, COLLOQUIALISMS and
                                                  PHRASES: e.g. TO BAMBOOZLE
     1870. Juno, Margaret, 55. Let                AwAY = to get rid of speciously ;
Obed GO TO BALLYHACK. Come along
out.                                              TO BAMBOOZLE I NTO = to persuade
                                                  artfully ; TO BAMBOOZLE OUT OF
BALLYRAG.       See   BULLYRAG.                    = to obtain by trick ;     BAM-
                                                  BOOZLED = mystified, tricked ;
BALM,      subs. (old). —A lie (DUN-              BAMBOOZLEMENT = tricky decep-
  comBE).                                         tion; BAMBOOZLER = a mystifier ;
                                                  BAMBOST= deceptive humbug ;
BALMY.        THE BALMY,      subs. phr.          TO BAMBLUSTERCATE = to bluster,
  (common). — Sleep : as adj. =                   embarrass, or confuse : cf. CON-
  sleepy : cf. ' balmy slumbers                   GLOMERATE and COMFLOGISTI-
  (SHAKSPEARE) and balmy sleep '                  CATE ; BAMSQUABBLED (or BUM-
  (YOUNG). To HAVE A DOSE (or                     SQUABBLED)= discomfited, defeat-
  WINK) OF THE BALMY = to go to                   ed, squelched. See BANTER.
  sleep. See BEDFORDSHIRE.                          1703. CIBBER, She Would and She
     1840. DICKENS, Old Curiosity Shofi,        Would Not,        ii. 1. Sham proofs, that
ch. viii. p. 42. 'As it's rather late, I'll     they propos'd to BAMBOOZLE me with.
try and get A WINK OR TWO OF THE                /bid., iv. 1. The old Rogue . . . knows
BALMY.                                          how to BAMBOOZLE . . . I'll have a touch
                                                of the BAMBOOZLE with him. Ibid.
                                                (1707), Double Gallant, i. 2. Pray, Sir,
     See   BARMY.
                                                what is't you do understand?' Sound.
                                                Bite, BAM, and the best of the Lay, old
BALSAM,   subs. (thieves'). Generic             Boy.'
  for money (GRosE and BEE). See                     1709. STEELE, Taller, NO. 31. I
   RH I NO.                                     perceive this is to you all BAMBOOZLING.

    1871. New York Slang Diet.         It            1710. SWIFT, Polite Cony., Introd.'
was no great quids, Jim—only six flimseys       The exquisite refinements . . . BAM for
and three beans. But I'm flush of the           BAMBOOZLE and BAMBOOZLE for, God
BALSAM now, and I ain't funked to flash         knows what. Ibid., i. Her ladyship was
It.                                             plaguily BAMB'D.
                                                       1712. ARBUTHNOT, JOhn Bull, III. vi .
BAM   (or BAMBOOZLE), subs. (old).              Fellows that they call banterers and
   —A hoax ; a cheat : as verb (BAM-            BAMBOOZLERS, that play such tricks ; but
   BOO, BOOZLE, or BAmBoozE)= to                . . . these fellows were in earnest !
                                                89. After Nic had BAMBOOZLED John a
   victimize, outwit, mystify, or               while about the 18,000 and the 28,000.
   deceive (GRosE) ; also (1 -1.AELI-
                                                     1715. ADDISON, Drummer, i. 1. All
   WELL) to threaten : ej: HUM from
                                                the people upon earth, excepting these
   HUMBUG.            [SW I FT (I 7 10),        . . . worthy gentlemen, are . . . cheated,
   Taller,   Refinements of Twenty              bubbled, abused, BAMBOOZLED.
   Years Past ' : 'Certain words                    1716. ROWE, Biter, i. i. You intend
   such as banter, BAMBOOZLE . . .              to BAMBOOZLE me out of a Beef Stake.
   now struggling for the vogue' ;                 1728.     EARBERY [tr. Burnet's St.
   JOHNSON (17 5 5):   a cant word ' ;          Dead, 1. 89]. The Gnosticks BAMBOOZLED
                                                away all the Corporeal resurrection.
   BoucHER (1833) : has long . . .
   had a place in the gypsy or                        1747. GARRICK, Miss in Teens, ii. I.
                                                I'll break a lamp, bully a constable, BAM
   canting dictionaries ' ; 0.E. D. :           a justice, or bilk a box-keeper with any
    'probably of cant origin ' ; Cen-           man.
                   Barn.                        124               Banbury.

     1762. FOOTE, Orators, ii. Why I              BANAGHAN.           HE BEATS        BANA
know that man, he is all upon his fun ;             GHAN, phr.     (old).-An Irish say-
he lecture-why 'tis all but a BAAL Ibid.
(1777), [W EBsTER]. Some conspiracy . . .             ing of one who tells travellers'
to BAM, to chouse me out of my money.                 tales. [BANAGHAN (GRosE) was
                                                      a minstrel famous for dealing in
    1774.    BRIDGES, Burlesque Homer,
104. My little girl, if folks don't BArg me,
                                                      the marvellous.]
Cries bitterly to see her mammy.
                                                  BANAGH ER,      verb. (old).-To bang.
  C. 1787. Kilmainhanz Minit [Ireland,
Sixty Years Ago, 86]. To BOOZLE the
bulldogs and pinners.                             BANANALAND, BANANALAN DER,
                                                      subs. (Australian).-Queensland ;
     1803. SHARPE [Correspndence (i888),
i. 17]. Billy BAMBOOZLE, a quizzer and                a native of Queensland. [A
wit.                                                  large portion of Queensland lies
     1815.   SCOTT, Guy Mannering,
                                                      within the tropics to which the
What were then called bites and BAMS,                 banana (Musa sapientum) is in-
since denominated hoaxes and quizzes.                 digenous.]
Ibid. (1817). Rob Roy, ix. 'It's all a BAM,
ma'am-all a BAMBOOZLE and a bite.                    1886. Chanzb. Journal, 20 Feb., 524.
                                                  Booted and spurred 'Cornstalks' and
     1327.     LYTTON,      Pelham, xxxvi.        BANANA-MEN.
One does not like to be BAMBOOZLED out                1887.  Melbourne (Victoria) Sfiorts-
of one's right of election.                       nzan, 23 March, 7. 2. Paddy Slavin came
    1830. MARRYAT, King's Own, xlix.              from Queensland with the reputation of
 Now, you're BAMMING me - don't put               having beaten all the BANANALANDERS.
such stories off on your old granny.'                 1887. Sydney (N.S.W.) Bulletin , 26
                                                  Feb., 6. His friends rallied up to con-
      1838.   HALIBURTON, Clocknzaker, 2
                                                  gratulate him, . . . after the custom of the
S. ii. If he didn't look BUMSQUABBLED it's
                                                  simple BANANALANDER.
a pity.
     1842. BARHAM, Ingolds. Leg., ' St.           BAN BURY.       The inhabitants of this
Cuthbert,' 217. It's supposed by this                 Oxfordshire town (now noted for
trick he BAMBOOZLED Old Nick.
                                                      its cakes) seem to have been the
    1855. Scot. Rev., 188. Washington                 subjects of ridicule and sarcasm
Irving . . . exercises . . . his rare powers          from very early times ; chiefly on
of BAMBOOZLEMENT and laughter-stirring.
                                                      account of their zeal for the
    1859. MASSEY [Sat. Rev., 5 Mar.].                 Puritan cause. Thus BANBURY-
Our greatest of men is Harlequin Pam,                 MAN (-BLOOD or -SAINT) = a hypo-
 The Times' says so, and the Times'
cannot BAm !                                          crite (cf. popular saying,       A
                                                      BANBURY MAN will hang his cat
     1861.    Sat. Rev., 16 Feb., 6. 2.               on Monday for catching mice on
Government by BAMBOOZLE always pre-
sents considerable advantages at first sight.         Sunday '); BANBURY-WIFE = a
                                                      whore ;    BANBURY-STORY        (or
    1865. Day of Rest., Oct., 585 v I was
deaf to all that BAM BOSH.                            BANBURY TALE OF A COCK-AND-
                                                      A-BuLL). an extremely improb-
    1874. LINTON,       Patricia Kemball,             able yarn (GRosE), silly chat'
xxxix. That tale of Gordon Frere was all
a BAM•                                                (B. E.) ; BANBURY-GLOSS = a
                                                      specious reading ;   BANBURY-
     1878. BLACK, Green Pastures, xli.
326. Who has BAMBOOZLED himself into                  VAPOURS=the stock-in-trade of
the erroneous belief that . . .                       a Puritan agitator ; BANBURY-
                                                      CHEESE= the thinnest of poor
    i886. Sat. Rev., No. 1587, 423.
The public is a great BAMBOOLABLE                     cheese (HEYwooD : I never saw
body.                                                 BANBURY CHEESE thick enough'):
              Banbury.                    125              Bandanna.

     hence a term of contempt. Also           BANCO,       subs.    (Charterhou se
     PROVERBS (HOWELL, 1660) :                  School).—Evening preparation
     'Like BANBURY TINKERS, who                 at 'house,' under the superinten-
     in stopping one hole make two ' ;          dence of a monitor ; the Win-
     'As wise as the mayor of BAN-              chester TOY-TIME (q.v.). [See
     BURY, who would prove that                 FARMER: Public School Word-
     Henry III. was before Henry IL'            Book.]
 C. 1535.   LATINIER,   Sermons and                 1900. Ton, Charterhouse, 81. The
Remains (1845), II. 200. In this your         visit of a house master to BANCO was
realm they have sore blinded your             intensely resented . . . The term BANCO
liege people and subjects with their laws,    was suggested by H. W. Phillot, after-
customs, ceremonies, and BANBURY              wards Canon of Hereford . . . in 1832, or
GLOSSES, and punished them with               a little later.
      1598. SHAKSPEARE, Merry Wives, i.
I. Jo. [To Slender.]       You BANBURY        BANCO-STEER ER.          See    BUNCO-
CHEESE!                                         STEERER.
    16ol. Pasquil and Katk., III. 178.
Put off your clothes, and you are like a      BAND.    OUR LADY'S BANDS, subs.
BANBERY CHEESE, Nothing but paring.
                                                phr. (old colloquial).—Accouche-
      1614. JoNsoN, Bartholomew Fair.           ment ; ' confinement ' (an old
'Dram. Pers.' Zeal-of-the-Land Busy             abstract meaning).
. . . a BANBURY MAN . . . [i. 3], I knew
divers of those BANBuRiaNs when I was           1495.       Festival [STRyPE, Eccles.
in Oxford . . . [i. 31 Rabbi Busy . . . a     Mem., 1. ii. , Appen. xxxvii. 99]. Pray
prophet . . . he was a baker, but he does     . . . for al women which be in OUR LADYES
dream now and see visions ; he has given      BAN DES.
over his trade. [Ibid., iii. r.] These are
BANBURY-BLOODS 0' the sincere stud,
come a pig-hunting. [Ibid., V. 3], Busy.           See BANDED.
I look for a bickering ere long, and then a
battle. Knock. Good BANBURY VAPOURS.
[Ibid.] Masque of Gyfisies.       From the    BANDANNA,      subs. (common).—
loud pure WIVE', Of BANBURY . . . Bless         Orig. a silk handkerchief with
the sov'reign and his hearing.                  white, yellow, or other coloured
     1636. DAVENANT, Wits, i. 1. She            spots on a dark ground. Also
is more devout Than a weaver of BANBURY,        (loosely) a handkerchief of any
that hopes To intice heaven, by singing,        kind : see WIPE.
to make him lord Of twenty looms.
     1647. CORBET [Hari. Misc., i. 274].           1752.       LONG, Bang-ai (1870), 31.
The malignants do compare this common-        Plain taffaties, ordinary BANDANNOES, and
wealth to an old kettle with here and there   chappas.
a crack or flaw ; and that we (in imitation
                                                 1824.  Annual Register,        140. 2.
of our worthy brethren of BANBURY), like
                                              BANDANA handkerchiefs.
deceitful and cheating KNAVES, have,
instead of stopping one hole, made three
                                                   1843. CARLYLE, Past and Present
or four score.
                                              (1858), 285. Beautiful BANDANNA webs.
     1648. BRAITHWAITE, Barnabys Jo.
Through BANBURY I passed, 0 profane                 1855. THACKERAY, NeZVCOMeS, iv.
one, And there I saw a PURITANE one           The Colonel was striding about the room
Hanging of his Cat on Monday For              . . . puffing his cigar fiercely anon, and
killing of a Rat on Sunday.                   then waving his yellow BANDANNA.

      1863. SALA, Capt. Dangler, i. I. 15.         1875. BIRD, Hawaii, 134. Many
I did ever hate your sanctimonious            had tied BANDANAS in a graceful knot over
BANBURY MAN,                                  the left shoulder.
                  Bandbox.                      126                  Bang.

BANDBOX (Or BAN DBOXICAL),               adj.         161o. Chester's Tn. Envie, 12.
                                                  Thou envious BANDOGGE, SPEAKE and doe
   (colloquial).—( I) Precisely neat ;            thy worst.
   fussy ; finical ; and (2) frail or
                                                      1839. AINSWORTH, Jack Sheppard,
   small (as is a bandbox) : e.g. A               [1889], 12. 'But where are the lurchers ? '
   BANDBOX      thing ; She's just                ' Who ?' asked Wood. 'The traps ! ' re-
   come out of a BANDBOX (or glass                sponded a bystander. The shoulder-
                                                  clappers ! ' added a lady. . . . 'The BAN -
   case) ' ; 'You ought to be put in              DOGS!' thundered a tall man.
   a BANDBOX       (of anyone over
   particular). See BANDOG.                             2.   (old).—A bandbox (GRosE).
     1774.      West.iIfag.,11. 454. The good
man . . . turned the eye of contempt upon         B. AND S.          (common). — Brandy
the BAND-BOX Thing, and . . . said, 'I                and soda.
believe 'tis a Doll.'
                                                        1868. WHYTE MELVILLE, White Rose,
  1787. BECK FORD, Italy (1834), II. 175.         xiii. Before the B. AND S. could make its
Cooped up in close, BANDBOXICAL apart-            appearance.
                                                      1881. BLACK, Beautifnl Wretch, v.
  C. 1852. AlooRE, Country Dance and              I will get you some tea, though what
Quad., xiii. 51. A BAND-BOX thing, all            would be better for you still, would be some
art and lace, Down from her nose-tip to           B. AND S.
her shoe-tie.                                         1882. Punch, lxxxii. 69. 1. He'll
       1873.     BRADDON,    Strangers and        nothing drink but B. AND s.' and big
Pilgrims, Iii. i. 240. Square BANDBOXI-           magnums of 'the boy.'
CAL rooms.                                             1900. SAVAGE, Brought to Bay, iv.
                                                  'How will you put in your time ? ' 'Whist,
        See    ARSE.                              the smoking-room, and B AND S.,' was
                                                  Julian's answer.
BANDED,    adj. (Old Cant). —
   Hungry : also TO WEAR THE                      BANDY.       See   BENDER.
   BANDS (GROSE and VAux).
                                                  BAN DY- LEGGED,     adj. phr. (B. E.,
BAN DERO,   subs. (American).—                        c. 1696: now recognised). —
  Widows' weeds. [Cf LITTRE                           'Crooked.' [The earliest quot. in
  bandeau, anciennenzent coiffure                     0.E.D. is dated 1787; but the
  des veuves; KENNETT : bandore=                      word did not come into general
  a widow's veil, and B. E., 'a                       use until the second quarter of
  widow's mourning Peak' ;                            the eighteenth century.]
  Eng. 'banderol' = a streamer
  carried on the shaft of a lance                 BANG,     subs. (old colloquial : now
  near the head.]                                     recognised in some senses). —
                                                      Generic for energy and dash :
BAN DOG,   subs. (Old Cant).—I. 'A                    a blow, thump, sudden noise,
  bailiff, or his Follower, a Ser-                    Go (q.v.).       As veib=to drub
  geant, or his Yeoman ' (B. E. and                   (B. E. and GRosE), strike,
  GRosE). [Properly a 'bound '-                       explode, or shut with violence.
  dog, because ferocious ; hence a                    Hence To BANG IT OUT (or ABOUT)
  mastiff or bloodhound.] To                          = to come to blows (or fisticuffs),
  SPEAK LIKE A BAN DOG (or BAN-                       to fight it out ; TO BANG ( = slam)
  DOG and BEDEAm)= to rave ; to                       A DOOR ; '1'0 BANG ( = fire) A GUN;
  bluster.                                            TO BANG ( = play loudly) A PIANO;
                                                      TO BANG INTO ONE'S HEAD = to
       T600.       Gentle Craft [Works
(1873), I. 191. 0 master, is it you that
                                                      convince by force ; TO BANG
SPEAK BANDOG AND BEDLAM this morning?                 AGAINST = tO bump (or thump) ;
                 Bang.                       127                  Bang.

BANG. To BANG AWAY AT = to make                     1644.   RADCLIFFE [Carte, Collect.
                                               (1735), 329]. After a shrewd BANG Prince
  a violent and continuous noise ;             Rupert is recruiting gallantly.
  TO BANG OUT = to go with a
  flourish; TO BANG UP = to throw                  1663. BUTLER, Hudibras, i. ii. 83z.
  oneself upon suddenly, to spring             With many a stiff thwack, many a BANG,
  Up; BANG (or BANG OFF) = at                  Hard crab-tree and old iron rang.
  once, abruptly: e g. BANG went                       675.   COTTON.   Scoffer Scofft,      44.
  saxpence ; IN A BANG, in a hurry;            With my Battoon Pie BANG his sconce.
  BANG OUT, completely ; BANGING =
  violent, noisy, and as subs. = a                  1709. STEELE, Taller, 70. So neither
  drubbing: see WIPE, (see also                is BANGING a Cushion Oratory.

  sense 2).                                         1719. CAREY, Sally in our Alley,
                                               St. 3. My master comes, like any Turk,
  C. 155o. Robin Hood (RiTsoN),     vi. 79.    And BANGS me most severely.
All the wood rang at every BANG. Ibid.,
ix. 95. Either yield to me the daie, Or               1768. Ross, Helenore, 143. (JAMIE.
I will BANG thy back and sides. Ibid.
                                               SON.)    Then I'll BANG out my beggar dish.
(c. 1600). xyii. 85. With a but of sack
we will BANG IT ABOUT, To see who wins             1784. COWPER, Works (1876), 183.
the day.                                       You are a clergyman, and I have BANGED
                                               your order.
    156o. Disob. Child [DonsLEY, Old
Plays (HAzurr), ii. 282]. What BANGING,          C. 1787. BECKFORD, Italy, 11. 136. A
what cursing, Long-tongue, is with thee.       most complicated sonata, BANGED OFF 011
                                               the chimes.
     1582. STANYHURST, tEneiS [ARBER],
68. Thow must with surges bee BANGED.              1794. BURNS, Works, 133. Oh aye
                                               my wife she dang me, And aft my wife did
    1588. Marprelate's Epistle [AnnEn],        BANG me.
4. His grace , was loth to have any
other SO BANGED as he himselfe was to his         1795. MACNEILL, Will and Yean, i.
                                               BANG! cam in Mat Smith and's brither.
                                                 1813. Examiner, 18 Jan., 43. z. The
    1592. DAY, Blind Beggar, ii. 2. I'll       mob called out, 'BANG UP lads, in
have it again, or I'll BANG IT OUT of the      with you.'
coxcombs of some of them.
                                                    1814. SCOTT, 1Vaverley, III. 238.
     1593.    NASHE,   Four Lett. Confut.,     Twa unlucky red-coats        BANGED OFF
37. A bigge fat lusty wench it is,             a gun at him. Ibid. (1816), Old Mortality,
will BANG thee abhominationly if euer she      80. It's not easy to BANG the soldier with
catch thee. Ibid. (1595), Saffron  alden,      his bandoleers.
X. ij. b. The BANGINEST things     which
I can pick out      are these.                     1816. AUSTEN, Emma, I. i. 5. She
                                               always turns the lock of the door the right
                                               way and never BANGS it.
     16o    S HAKSPEARE, 7UllUS CaSar,
iii. 3. 20. You'l bear me a BANG for that          1840. DANA, Bef. Mast, xxxvi. The
I feare. Ibid. (x6o2), Twelfth Night, iii.     watch on deck were BANGING away at the
2. Have BANGED the youth.     Mid. (1604),     guns every few minutes.
Othello, ii    21. The desperate tempest
hath so BANG'D the Turks, That their              1855. BROWNING, Works (1863), I. 53.
designment halts.                              BANG, whang, whang goes the drum.

     1616. HOLYDAY, 7uvenal, 185. Then                1870. KAYE, Sepoy War, rt.          vi. 4.
th' axe their chariot-wheels with BANGING      554.    An unwonted amount of confidence
stroak Splits out.                             and BANG.
               Bang.                      128                   Bang.

   1877. D. News, i Nov., 6. 1. This is             1883. Harper's Nag., Mar., 492. 2.
now being BANGED into the heads that          They wear their hair BANGED low
have planned this campaign.                   on their foreheads.

     1884.   Corn/till Mag., April, 442.          1888. Detroit Free Press. BANG,
'Davis,'    'you haven't had a BANGING        Sister, BANG with care; If your poker's
this term, and you're getting cocky.'         too hot you'll lose your hair.

     1897. MARSHALL, Pontes, 28. Having               Verb. (common).-I. To excel,
saved up enough siller to encourage him           surpass, beat : cf. (Irish) that
in BANGING just A SAXPENCE or twa.                BANGS Bannagher and Banuagher
                                                  BANGS the world. Hence (2) to out-
    2.   (orig. American). A fringe               wit, puzzle, deceive. Also BANGING
  of hair (usually curled or frizzled)            = great, large, THUMPING ('q.v.):
  cut squarely across the forehead.               e.g. a BANGING boy, wench, lie etc. ;
  As verb, to cut (or wear) the hair              BANGER = anything exceptioual ;
  in this fashion. Also BANG-TAIL,                BANG-UP = fine, first-rate, of the
                                                  best (the root idea is completeness
  (of horses): see quot. 1887.                    combined with energy and dash):
   1887. TYRWHITT, New C/turn in                  see subs., sense I and quot. 1785.
Queensland Bush, 62. Every third or               occasionally (as verb) = to
fourth year on a cattle station, they have        smarten up.
what is called a BANG TAIL MUSTER;
that is to say, all the cattle are brought           1731. FIELDING, Lottery,  2.   Ali,
into the yards, and have the long hairs         think, my lord ! how I should grieve to
at the end of the tail cut off square,          see your lordship BANG'D.
with knives or sheep-shears....        The
object of it is      to find out the actual         1785,   GROSE,   Vulg. Tongue, s.v.
number of cattle on the run, to compare         BANG-UP. ( Whip) Quite the thing. Well
with the number entered on the station          done. Complete. Dashing. In a hand-
books.                                          some stile. A BANG-UP COVE : a dashing
                                                fellow who spends his money freely. To
    186r. HUGHES, Tom Brown at                  BANG UP PRIME: to bring your horses up
Oxford, vi. 'These BANG-TAILED little           in a dashing or fine style: as the swell's
sinners any good?' said Drysdale, throw-        rattler and prads are BANG UP prime: the
ing some cock-a-bondies across the table.       gentleman sports an elegant carriage and
                                                fine horses. A man who has behaved
    1870 D. News, 59 July, 6. A good            with extraordinary spirit and resolution
mare with a BANG-TAIL.                          in any enterprise he has been engaged
                                                in is also said to have come BANG UP to
     z 880. HOWELL, Undiscovered Coun-          the mark; any article which is remarkably
try, viii. When one lifted his hat              good or elegant, or any fashion, act, or
he showed his hair cut in front like a          measure which is carried to the highest
young lady's BANG.                              pitch is likewise illustrated by the same
                                                emphatical phrase.
    1880. Ev. Standard, 3 Ap., 4. 4.
The present style of BANGED girl.                   18o8. Cum& Ball, iv. 13. Cocker
                                                Wully lap bawk-heet But Tamer in
    5882. Century Nag., xxv. 192. He            her stockin feet, She BANG'D him out
was bareheaded, his hair BANGED even            and out.
with his eyebrows in font.
                                                       812. SMIT/ r , Rejected Addresses
     1883. Pall Mall Gazette, 19 Dec.,          (1833), 163. Dance a BANG-UP theatrical
4. I. It was no doubt unfortunate that          cotillion.
when the Empress Eugenie cut her hair
across her forehead from sorrow of heart,            814. HANGER, Sporting 'Flyleaf.'
the women of five continents should imitate     A sportsman entire-who says nay, tells
her until the BANG became universal.            a BANGER.
               Bans-beggar.                   129                 Bansster.

    1821. COOMBE, Syntax, iii. 5. Thus                a constable or beadle. 3. (old) =
BANGED-UP, sweeten'd, and clean shav'd,               a vagabond : a term of reproach.
The sage the dinner-table braved.
                                                      1865. WAUGH, Barrel Organ, 29.
      1837.     DICKENS,   Life, II. 1. 34. The   Owd Pudge, th' BANG-BEGGAR, COOITI
next Pickwick will BANG all the others.           runnin' into th' pew.
     1842.   LEVER,    7ack Hinton, vii.
His hat set jauntily ... his spotted neck-        BANGER,    subs. (American).-A heavy
cloth knotted in BANG-UP mode.                        cane ; a bludgeon. [HALL: one of
     1844- WHATELEY [Quart. Rev.,
                                                      the Yale vocables.]
xxiv. 368]. We could not resist giving a
specimen of John Thorpe     altogether                is[?]. Yale Lit. Nag., xx. 75. A
the best portrait of    the BANG-UP               Sophomore gang        Who, with faces
Oxonian.                                          masked and BANGERS S1ODI, Had come
                                                  resolved to smoke him out.
       1346.      THAcKERAy,    Vanity Fair,
  xxxiv. In a tax cart, drawn by a                    THE BANGERS, subs.phr. (military).
BANG-UP pony his friends, the Sutbury
Pet and the Rottingdean Fibber.
                                                      -The First Life Guards.
                                                        See BANG, verb.
       1851-61.    MAYHEW,   London Lab., 47.
'It  was good stuff and good make at              BANG-PITCHER,        subs. phr. (old).-
first, and that's the reason why it always
BANGS a slop, because it was good to                  A tippler : see LUSHINGTON. Hence
begin with.'                                          TO BANG THE PITCHER = to
                                                      guzzle : see LUSH.
    1864. DENISON [D. Tel., 31 Aug.].
They could win it with a great BANGING                  1639.   CLARKE,   PaYa'772/07., 102.   A
                                                  notable BANG-PITCHER, Silent's alter.
     1882. Punch, Lxxxit. Ir5. 1. 'These
then are the dandies, the fols, the goes               1694. MoTTEux, Rabelais, V. xvii.
and the BANG-UPS, these the CORINTHIANS             He loved heartily TO BANG THE
of to-day.' These fellows are very 'good            PITCHER, and lick his dish.
form,' and as to being BANG-UP, a good
many poor old c1iai5pies are deuced                 BANGSTER.   subs. (old). x. A bully ;
hard-up.                                              a braggart: also as adj., = turbu-
    1899.    WHITEING, 707t/t St., Viii.              lent. Hence BANGSTRY = viol-
They earn halfpence by well-told BANGERS.             ence.
They are sent out to lie.
                                                      C. 1570. Leg. ByS. St. Andrews [Scot.
        3. (Stock Exchange).-To of-                 Poems 16th C. (1801); D. 326]. Proude
                                                    ambitious BANG STERS.
      fer stock loudly with the intention
      of lowering the price.                            1594. Acts 7antes VI. (r597), 217.
                                                    Persones wrangously intrusing themselves
     1884. MARTEN and CHRISTOPHERSON,               in the rowmes and possessiones vtheris be
Monthly Circ., 31 Mar.      Speculators for         BANGSTRIE and force.
the fall are as usual taking the opportun-
ity to BANG the market by heavy sales.                   1651. CALDERWOOD,     His!. Kirk
                                                    (1843), U. 516. My lord, mak us quite of
        PHRASES. To be banged up                    thir Matchiavelian and BANGEsTER lords.
      to the eyes = to be drunk : see                    1755. Ross, He/enore [JAmtEsox].
      SCREWED; TO BANG (or BEAT)                    That yet have BANGSTERS on their boddom
      THE HOOF: see HOOF.                           set.

BANG-BEGGAR,      subs. phr. (common).                   2. (Scots').-A victor; winner :
      -1. A stout cudgel. 2. (old) =                   cf. BANG, verb.
            Bangstrasei.                      130                Bank.

     1820.   SCOTT, Abbot, xix. If the          the ship's company had no allowance of
Pope's champions are to be BANGsTERs            meat,     these meagre days were called
in our very change houses, we shall soon        BANYAN-DAYS.
have the changelings back again. Ibid.
(1824), 51. Ronan's Well, xxiii. If you are           1820. LAMB,   Elia(Christ's Hospital).
so certain of being the BANGSTER—so very        We had three BANYAN 10 four meat DAYS
certain, I mean, of sweeping stakes ...         in the week.
                                                      2855. THACKERAY,     Newconzes,
     3. (common).—A wanton; a                   Knowing the excellence of the Colonel's
   harlot : see TART.                           claret and the splendour of his hospitality,
                                                he would prefer a cocoa-nut day at the
BANGSTRAW, subs. (common).—A                    Colonel's to a BANYAN-DAY anywhere else.
  thresher : also (GRosE) applied                   1876. HINDLEY, Cheat 7ack. [From
  to all the servants of a farmer.'             Strolling Players' bill.] Mr. Wooldridge,
                                                with all due respects to his brother Tars,
BANG-TAIL.      (See   BANG)   subs. 2.         hopes they may never have short allowance
                                                —BANYAN DAYS; or a southerly wind in
BANGY,    subs. (Winchester College).           the Bread Basket.
   —Brown sugar. Also as adj. =                      1885.   Household Words, 25 July,
   brown. Hence BANGY BAGS                      26o. There were often six upon four aboard
   (or BANGIES) = brown-coloured                ship, and two BANYAN DAYS in a week,
   trousers. [WRENCH: the strong                which being translated is, the rations of
                                                four men were served out amongst six, in
   objection to these in former times           addition to which, on two days in the week
   probably arose from Tony Lump-               no rations were served out at all.
   kin coming to school in corduroys.]
                                                BANISTER,   subs. (old : now recogn-
   Also 13ANGY-GATE = (I) a brown                 ised).—Usually banisters = a
   gate leading from Grass Court to
   Sick House Meads ; and (2) a                   balustrade. O. E. D.: a corrup-
   gate by Racquet Court into Kings.              tion of baluster' condemned by
   gate St.                                       Nicholson improper', by Stuart
                                                  and Gwilt (Dict. Archit. 1830) as
BANIAN   (or BANYAN) -DAY, subs.                   vulgar', the term had already
  phr. (old nautical).—One day                    taken literary rank, and has now
  (originally two, but see quot. x 748)           acquired general acceptance.
  in the week on which, in the                  BANJO, subs. (common).—A bedpan ;
  Royal Navy, meat was withheld                   a FIDDLE (q.v.); a SLIPPER (q.v.).
  from the crews ; hence, a bad
  day, a disagreeable day. [GRosE               BANK, subs. (thieves').—I. A lump
  and 0.E.D.: in reference to the                 sum ; the total amount possessed :
  Banian's abstinence from flesh.]                es. '1 low's the bank?' = Not
                                                  very strong, about one and a
    1690. OVINGTON [YULES,          Anglo-        buck.' As verb (a) = to steal,
Indian Glossary].     Of kitcheney (butter,
rice, and dai) the European sailors feed in       make sure of: e.g. 'Bank the rags'
these parts, and are forced at such times         = 'Take the notes' ; (b) = to
to a Pagan abstinence from flesh, which           place in safety ; and (c) = to
creates in them an utter detestation to           share the booty, to nap the RE-
those BANIAN-DAYS as they call them.
                                                  GULARS' (q.v.).
    1706. WARD, Wooden World, 42.
He gets more by one BANNIAN-DAY than                  2. (thieves' and obsolete).—
many others.                                        Spec. THE BANK ; i.e. Milbank
   1748. SMOLLETT, Rod. Random, xx,
                                                    prison : part of the site is now
On Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays                 (1905) occupied by an Art gallery.
                Banker.                 1 3I              Banquet-beagle.

    1889. Answers, 25 May, 412. We              1599. jONSON, Ev. Man out of
approached our destination, Millbank-      Humour, v. v. Some cunning woman
THE BANK in a convict's parlance.          here o' the BANK-SIDE. Ibid. (1614), Bar-
                                           tholomew Fair, v. 3. Leander I make a
    1900.  GRIFFITHS, Fast and LOOSE',     dyer's son about Puddle-wharf: and Hero
XXX11. 'The blokes from Dorchester were    a WENCH of the BANKSIDE.
seen coming out of the BANK—" What
bank ?' interrupted Meggit. 'Not one of        1633. MASSINGER, New Way, iv. 2.
your kind; MILLBANR, I mean.               You lodged upon the BANKSIDE.

BANKER,   subs. (sporting).—I. A               1638. RANDOLPH, Muses' Looking.
  horse, good at jumping on and            Glass, [Dodsley, Old Flays (REED), ix,
  off banks too high to be cleared.        204 Come, I will send for a whole
                                           coach or two of BANKSIDE LADIES, and
    2. (old).—In pl., clumsy boots         we will be jovial.
  and shoes ;   BEETLE-CRUSHERS                1721. STavrE, Eccl. Mem. 11. 17.
  (q.v.): see   TROTTER-CASES.             142.  The BANK-SIDE where the Stews
BANKRUPT-CART,     subs. phr. (old).—
  ' A one-horse chaise—of a Sunday'        BANK-SNEAK, subs.phr. (common).—
  (Bee); 'said to be so called by a          A bank THIEF (q.v.): see SNEAK.
  Lord Chief Justice through their
                                                1888. Daily Inter-Ocean, 16 Feb.
  being so frequently used on Sun-         Watt N. Jones, the notorious BANK-SNEAK
  day jaunts by extravagant shop-          and burglar so widely known profession-
  keepers and tradesmen' (GRosE).          ally in every city of the United States
                                           and Canada.
  THE BANKRUPTCY LIST, verb. phr.          BANNER,      subs. (American news-
  (old).—To be completely knocked              boys').—Money paid for board
  out of time (GRosE).                         and lodging : the origin of the
                                               term is unknown.
     1823. EGAN, 1?andall's Diary,'Fare-
well to the Prize-ring.' For Turner I've                  subs. (old).—A traveller
cleaned out; and Martin the baker, I'd
very near PUT ON THE BANKRUPTCY LIST.          in distress. [I-IAELiwELE : the
                                               term occurs in the ancient ac-
BANK-SHAVING,   subs. 1hr. (Ameri-             counts of the parish of Chudleigh,
  can).—Usury : before banks were              co. Devon.]
  regulated by Act of Congress, the
  least reputable purchased notes          BANQUET. RUNNING BANQUET,    subs.
  of hand and similar documents                phr. (old).—A snack, a slight
  at enormously usurious rates of              repast between
                                                           meals : RUNNING
  discount: he who thus raised the             BANQUET BETWEEN BEADLES, a
  wind was said to GET HIS PAPER               whipping.
                                                      SHAKSPEARE, Henry VIII, III.
BANKSIDE-LADY    (or WENCH), subs.         4. 69. Besides the RUNNING BANQUET Of
                                           two beadles which is to come.
  phr. (old).—A harlot : see TART.
  In old London the neighbourhood                1657. JORDAN,     Walks Islington.
  of the theatres was likewise the         Prologue, A Play of Walks, or you may
                                           please to rank it With that which Ladies
  quarter of the STEWS (q.v.)       —
                                           love, a RUNNING BANQUET.
  notably BANKSIDE, Southwark ;
  and in later days, Covent Garden         BANQUET-BEAGLE, subs.phr. (old).—
  and Drury Lane.                            A glutton, a SMELLFEAST
               Banter.                     132                    Banter.

   1599. JoNsorsi, Ev. Man Out of              a BANTER, to say, we did take up Arms,
Humour, Dram. Pers. A good feast-              but we did kill him; Bless us, kill our
hound Or BANQUET-BEAGLE, that will             King, we wou'd not have hurt a Hair on
scent you out a supper some three miles off.   his Head.

BANTER,    subs. (old: now recog-                 1705. WHATELY [PERRY, His!. Coll.
  nised).-Nonsense ; raillery ; plea-          Amer. Col. Ch. I. 172]. I know no better
  santry ; a jest or matter of jest.           way of answering bombast, than by
  As verb, with numerous deriva-
  tives: e.g. BANTERER, BANTEREE,                   1709. STEELE, Taller, 12. I. Game-
  BANTERING, BANTERY, etc. [SWIFT              sters, BANTERERS, biters are, in their
                                               several species, the modern men of wit.
  says the word was 'first borrowed
  from the bullies in White Friars,                 1710. SwIFT, Taller, 230. 7. I have
  then it fell among the footmen,              done my utmost for some years past to
  and at last retired to the pedants'          stop the Progress of Mobb and BANTER.
                                               Ibid. Tale of a Tub (Apology), it. Peter's
  (Tale of a Tub, 1710) ; 0. E. D.:            BANTER (as he calls it in his Alsatic
    of unknown etymology: it is                phrase) upon transubsto ntiatior. . . . If this
  doubtful whether the verb or the             BANTERING as they call it be so despicable.
  sb. was the earlier: existing evi-                 1722. WODROW, Corr. (1843), ii 659.  ,

  dence is in favour of the verb : the         Such plain raillery, that unless I should
  sb. was treated as slang in 1688].           learn BANTER and Billingsgate, which I
                                               still thought below a historian, there is
     1676. DURFEY,     Mad. Fickle, v. I.      no answering it.
(1677) 50. BANTER      him, BANTER him
Toby. 'Tis a conceited old Scarab, and             274z. RICHARDSON, Pamela (1824),
will yield us excellent sport.                 I, 112.   You delight to BANTER your poor
                                               servant,' said I.
    1678.    WOOD, Life, 6 Sep. The
BANTERERS of Oxford (a set of scholars               1754.    CHATHAM,     Lett. Nephew,
so called, some M. A.) who make it their       24.   If they BANTER your regularity,
employment to talk at a venture, lye and       order, and love of study, banter in return
prate what nonsense they please; if a          their neglect of them.
man talk seriously, they talk floridly
nonsense, and care not what he says.               1815. SCOTT, Guy Mannering,
                                               Somebody had been BANTERING him with
     1687. BROWN, Saints in Uproar             an imposition.
[Works, i. 74].TO BANTER folks out of
their senses.                                       1823. Elackwood's Mag., xitt, 269.
                                               Fixing the attention of the BANTEREE
    1688. SHADWELL, Sq. Alsatia,i. z. 15.      and amusing the company with his per-
He shall cut a sham, or BANTER with the        plexity.
best wit or poet of 'em all.
                                                      1844. DICKENS, Martin Chuzzlewit
    1690. Lockft, Hum. Unclerst., ill, ix.       (C. D.), 249. She took it for BANTER, and
7. He that first brought the word BANTER       giggled excessively.
in use, put together as he thought fit,
those Ideas he made it stand for                      1849. MACAULAY, Hist. Eng. Hi. 369.
                                                 An excellent subject for the operations
   c. 1696. B.E., Did. Cant. Crew, SA%           of swindlers and BANTERERS.
BANTER, a pleasant way of prating, which
seems in earnest, but is in jest, a sort               1865. CARLYLE, Fred. Great, Ix, xx.
of ridicule, What, do you BANTER me?             vi. ii6. POOr QUirallSWaS BANTERED ab011r
i.e. do you pretend to impose upon me,           it, all his life after, by this merciless King.
or to expose me to the Company, and
                                                      1865.   CARLYLE,    Fred. Great, iv,
I not know your meaning.
                                                    54. Its wit is very copious, but slashy,
   1700.     Ch. Eng. Loyalty [SOMERS,           BANTERY.    Mid. (1867), Remin. It. 51.
Tracts, it, 562]. 'Tis such a jest, such         Cooing BANTERY, lovingly, quizzical.
                Bant.                      ' 33                   Bar.

    1883. Harper's Mug. Oct. 702. I.              1756. Connoisseur, 123 (1774), IV, 142.
'Perhaps you intend to embark for             Their base-born BANTLINGS.
Australia?' she added BANTERINGLY.
                                                   1758. GOLDSMITH, Essays, x. Who
     2.  (American).—A challenge              follow the camp, and keep up with the
  to a race, shooting-match, etc.             line of march, though loaded with SANT-
                                              L1NGS and other baggage.
  [BARTLETT, (1848)]. Also as verb.
                                                  i8o9. IRVING, Knickerbocker, (186z),
BANT,   verb (common).—Orig. to               48. A tender virgin, accidentally and
  follow the dietary prescribed by            unaccountably enriched with a BANTLING.
  Dr. Banting for corpulence ; hence               1812. SMITH, Rejected Addresses.
  to diet oneself, train.                     It's a rickety sort of BANTLING, I'm told,
                                              That'll die of old age when it's seven
    1864. Times, 12 Aug., 4, The'classics     years old.
seemed to have undergone a successful
course of BANTING.                                 1822.  SCOTT, Fortunes of Nigel,
                                              xiji. Sell me to a gipsy, to carry pots,
     1865. Pall Mall Gas., 12 June G.         pans, and beggars BANTLINGS.
If he is gouty, obese, and nervous, we
strongly recommend him to 4 BANT              BANTY,    adj. (American thieves').--
    1868.  BRADDON, Only a Clod, 113.             Saucy ; impudent.
A parlour where all the furniture seemed
to have undergone a prolonged course of       BANYAN-DAY.         See BANIAN-DAY.
                                              BAPTISED,     adj. (old).—Mixed with
    1881. Echo, 24 June. There'are fewer          water, CHRISTENED (q.v.) (GROSE,
persons BANTINGISED in America than in            BEE): spec. of spirits when not
                                                  taken NEAT (q.v.): Fr. ehretien,
    5883.    Knowledge, 27 July, 49, 2.           baptise.
BANTINGISM    excludes beer, butter, and
sugar.                                              5636.     HEALEY,    Theohkrastu.., 46.
                                              He will give his best friends his BAPTIZED
BANTLING,   subs. (Old Cant : now             wine.
  colloquial or recognised).—A                BAPTIST,  subs. (old).—' A pickpocket
  bastard: cf. BRAT; hence (modern),            caught and ducked' (BEE).
  a child (B. E., GEosE): spec. a
  young or undersized child ; usually         BAR, subs. (old gaming: various).—
  in depreciation. [MAHN : with                 See quots.
  great probability, a corruption of              1545. ASCHANI, TO-YOAHUS [ARBER],
  Ger. &inkling, bastard, from bank,          55. Certayne termes ... appropriate to
                                              theyr playing ; whereby they wyl drawe
  bench, i.e. a child begotten on a           a mannes money, but paye none whiche
  bench and not in the marriage-              they cal BARRES.
                                                  1592. Nobody and Somebody, 4t0,
    1593. DRAYTON, Eclo7,.., Vii., 102,       G. 3. Those Demi-BARs Those BAR
Lovely Venus ... smiling to see her wanton    Sizeaces.
BANTL1NGS game.                                                         Cyclopedia   Suppt.'
                                                  1753.     CHAMBERS,
                                              BARR   Dice, a species of false dice, so
     1635. QUARLES, EMbieMS, II., viii.
                                              formed that they will not easily lie on
(1718), 93. See how the dancing bells
turn round ... to please my BANTLING.         certain sides.
                                                Verb, and prep., (of respectable lineage,
     174 SNIOLLETT, Rod. Random, xlvii.       but now more or less colloquial).--/. Ex-
That he may at once deliver himself from      cept, excluding, save, but for: mostly
the importunities of the mother and the       used in racing, e.g. Four to one bar one,
suspense of her BANTLING.                     Four to one on the field; that is, on all
                   Bar.                             134                Bartzbbas.
the horses entered except ing only the                 'Done,' replied Mr. Simmery. 'Stop ! I
favourite. As verb (2), to exclude from                BAR,' said Wilkins Flasher, Esquire.
consideration, take exception to.                      'Perhaps he may hang himself.'

      1598.    SHAKSPEARE,        11f. of Venice,          1870. Standard, 14 Dec. This sortie,
11., 2,207. Nay, but I BAR to-night: you               BAR miracles, has decided the fate of
shall not gauge me by what we do to-                   Paris.
                                                               3. (American thieves').-To
    ifir r. BEAUMONT AND FLETCHER,                          stop ; to cease. Obviously an
Philaster, I. 25. Good Prince, be not                       attributive meaning of the legit-
bawdy, nor do not brag; these two I BAR.                    imate word.
   1648. HERRICK, He.1,6erideS, I. 225.                       4. (American).-To frequent
When next thou do'st invite, BARRE state,
And give me meate.                                          drinking-bars ; to tipple. To BAR
                                                            TOO MUCH, to get drunk : see
   2672. WYCHERLEV, Love in a Wood                          SCREWED.
[Works (1712), iii 382]. That were as

hard as to BAR a young parson in the                   BARABBAS, subs. ( journalists').-A
pulpit, the fifth of November,-railing at                   publisher. [Usually, but erro-
the Church of Rome.
                                                            neously, attributed to Lord Byron,
    1697. VANBRUGH, /EWA ii. What                           who is said to have applied it to
I have in my mind, out it comes: but BAR                    John Murray the elder, having sent
that; I'se an honest lad as well as an-                     him a Bible in which the famous
                                                            passage in John xviii., 40, was
       1714. MANDEVILLE, Fab. Bees (1725),                  altered to 'Now Barabbas was a
I,   306. Charity boys ... that swear and                   publisher'. The reigning John
curse ... and, BAR the cloaths, are as                      Murray (1905) writes : 'I have it
much blackguard as ever Towerhill
produc'd.                                                   on the authority of my father,
                                                            who was alive during all the time
   1718. Freethinker, 95. 287.               I once         of his father's dealings with Byron,
more BAR all Widowers.                                      that there is not a word of truth
    1727. SWIFT, To Sheridan [IForks                        in any detail of the story'. The
(1745), viii, 348]. I intended to be with                   joke was in reality made by
you at Michaelmas, BAR impossibilities.                     Thomas Campbell in regard to
    1752. FOOTE, Taste, IL BARRING                          another publisher, the Mr. Long-
the nose, Roubillac could cut as good a                     man of his day].
head every whit.
                                                              1891.   SMILES,   701In IlfUrray, II, 336.
   z8o8. WOLCOT, Works, v. (1812), 355.
They call thee a fine China jar, But I
humbly beg to BAR.                                            1901.   Free Lance, 9 March, 553. T.
                                                          Occasionally, of course, BARABBAS catches
       1809.   SMITH,       Works (1859), 1. 176. i.      a Tartar, who threatens legal proceedings.
We BAR in this discussion, any objections                 and demands to inspect the publisher's
which proceed....                                         books.
     r818. SCOTT, Rob Roy, iii.      should                    1902. Pall Mall Ga.:7., TO May, I. 3.
like to try that daisy-cutter ... upon a.                 It is a capital time for the writers of
level road (BARRING canter) for a quart ...               histories, works of erudition, and other
at the next inn.'                                         books of the class to bring forward their
                                                          wares. BARABBAS will be enabled to give
       1836.   DICKENS,       Pickwick, Iv.               his whole mind to their production before
bet you ten guineas to five, he cuts his                  he leaves his splendid mansion in Park-
throat,' said Wilkins Flasher, Esquire,                   lane for his moor in Scotland.
           Baragan-tailor.                        135               Barber.

BARAGAN-TAILOR,    subs. phr. (tai-                 BARBAR,    subs. (Durham School).-
   lor's).-A rough-working tailor.                      A candidate for scholarship hail-
                                                        ing from another school : i.e.
BARATHRUM,  subs. (old colloquial).                     BARBAR-1211, stranger.
  -An extortioner ; a glutton.
   2609. Man in the Moon (2849), 27.                BARBER,     subs. (Winchester).-I. A
A bottomlesse BARATHRUM, a mercilesse                   thick fagot or bough : one was
monger.                                                 included in each bundle of fire-
    1633. MASSINGER, New Way etc.
                                                        wood. 2. Any large piece of timber.
    2. You BARATHRUM of the shambles!                      3. A generic reproach : thus,
                                                        BARBER'S-BLOCK (CLERK, or BAR-
BARB,  verb. (old).-To shave ; trim                     BER-MONGER) = a fop ; one who
  the beard : also TO BARBER: cf.                       spends much time in barbers'
  BUTCH.                                                shops ; spec. (mechanics) an over-
     1587. TURBERVILLE.        Tragical Tales           dressed shopman or clerk ; BAR-
(2837), 53.  Doe BARBE        that boysterous           BER'S CAT = a weak, sickly-look-
beard.                                                  ing person ; BARBER'S-CHAIR =
   1625. STAFFORD, Hear'. Dogge, 64.
                                                        a strumpet (because common to
I will stare my headsman in the face                    all corners); BARBER'S-MUSIC =
with as much confidence as if he came to                rough music. Also (proverbial)
BARBE mee.                                               Nostrils wider than BARBER'S
    2663. COWLEY, Cutter, Coleman St.                   BASINS.'
ii. 5.  Neat Gentlemen tho' never
wash'd nor BARB'D.                                       1598. SHAKsrEARE, All's Well,
                                                    2. A BARBER'S CHAIR that fits all buttocks;
     i665. PEPvs, Diary,        27. NOV.    Sat     the pin-buttock, the quatch-buttock, the
talking, and I   BARBING    against to-morrow.      brawn-buttock, or any buttock.     Ibid.
                                                    (1605). Lear, ii. 2. Draw, you whoreson
     2864. D. Tel. 25 Feb. Where you                cullionly BARBER-MONGER, draw.
can be shaved or 'BARBED', as the locution
is, shampooed, tittivated, curled.                      1621. BURTON, Anatomy of Melan-
                                                    choly, III.IV., i, 3. (1651), 665. A notor-
    2. (Old Cant.)-To clip gold,                    ious strumpet as common as a BARBER'S-
  SWEAT (q.v.): also applied to                     CHAIR.
  clipping wool, cloth, etc.
                                                         1643. RANDOLPH,      Muse's Looking
     1610. joNsoN,       Alchemist, i. r. Ay,       Glasse. Eyes as big as sawcers,   NOSTRILS
and perhaps thy neck within a noose, for            WIDER THAN BARBERS BASONS!
laundring gold, and BARBING it.
                                                         r66o. PEPYS, June 5. My lord called
     1863. SALA,       Cap. Dangerous, II, vii.     for the lieutenant's cittern, and with two
226. Gambling bullies throwing their                candlesticks with money in them for sym-
Highman, or BARBING gold.                           bols (cymbals) we made BARBERS MUSIC.
BARBADOES,     verb. (old colloquial).                   1708. MOTTEUX, Rabelais, Pantagr.,
   -To transport (as a convict):                    Prognost.  BARBER'S-CHAIRS, hedge whores.
   Barbadoes was formerly a penal
   settlement.                                         1785.  GROSE,      Vulg. Tongue, s.v.
                                                    BARBER'S CHAIR-as  common as a barber's
     1655.    GOUGE [THURLOE,     Ste? tePaierr     chair in which a whole parish sat to be
(1742),   ill. 495].
                   The prisoners of the             trimmed.
Tower shall, 'tis said ; be BARBADOZZD.
                                                         1835. DICKENS, .80e, 155. 'Tailor !'
     1845. CARLYLE, Cromwell (1872),        iv,     screamed a third. 'BARBER'S-CLERK!'
ii5.  Be BARBADOESED or worse.                      shouted a fourth.
             Barberize.                        136                  Bar' d.

      Verb (University).—To work                 musician or minstrel, into which the Celtic
   off an imposition by deputy ; also            bard had degenerated, and against whom
                                                 many laws were enacted; in r6th cent., a
   BARBERISE : tradition says that a             term of contempt, but idealised by Scott
   learned barber was at one time                to mean an epic poet, a singer.
   employed as a scapegoat in work-
   ing off this species of punishment.           BARDASH,      subs. (venery).—A cat-
                                                     amite ; an INGLE (q.v.). Also as
    1833. BRADLEY, Verdant Green, xii.               verb = TO BUGGER (q.v.).
As for impositions, why ... Ain't there
coves to BARBER1SE 'em for you?                         1548.   THOMAS,   Ital. Did. S.V. Zan-
                                                 zeri      BARDASSES.
     3. See BARB and BARBERIZE.
                                                       1598. FLORIO, IVOr/de of Wordes,
   THAT'S THE BARBER, phi'. (old).—              s.v. Cinedo    a BARDARSH a buggring boy,
    That's well done' ; 'It's all O.K.'          a wanton boy, an ing,le. Ibid. s.v. Cine-
   (q.v.): 'a street catch-phrase about          dulare, to bugger, to BARDARSH, to ingle.
   the year 1760' (GRosE).                            CAMER. Hist, Med. 171. Cato, among
                                                 other things, hit him in the teeth with a
BARBERIZE,    verb. (American).—To               certain BARDASH, whom he had enticed
   shave ; cut hair ; play the barber:           from Rome into France with promise of
   cf. BARB.                                     rich rewards. This womanly youth being
                                                 at a feast, etc.
BARBER'S-KNOCK, subs. phr. (old).—
                                                     1678. BUTLER, Hudibrcts III, i. 278.
   A double knock : the first hard,              Raptures of Platonick Lashing, And chast
   and the second soft as if by                  Contemplative BARDASH1NG.
                                                      1721.   CENTLIVRE, Platonic Lady,
BARBER'S-SIGN,  subs.phr. (venery).—             Essil. With your false Calves, BARDASH,
                                                 and Fav'rites.
   The penis and testes: i.e. (GRosE)
   'a standing pole and two wash-                BAR'D CATER TRA, /hr. (old).—
   bowls'.                                           False dice: so constructed that
BARD,   subs. (old).—A term of con-                  the quatre and trois were seldom
                                                     cast : cf. FULLAMS, HIGH-MEN,
  tempt: see quot. 1888.                             LOW-MEN, etc.
    144g. Act 6 7tInIeS II (1597), 22.               1602.   DEKKER, Honest IVIzore,
Gif there be onie that makes them fuilis
and are BA1RDES, or vthers sic like rin-         [Dousi.Ev , Old Plays (REED) iii, 437].
nares about. Ibid. (i457), 80. Sornares,         I have suffered your tongue, like a BAWD
BAIR1DES, moister-full beg,gers or feinziet      CATER TRA, to run all this while and have
fuiles.                                          not stopt it.

    C. 1500. KENNETH, Stat. [BALFouR,              C. I6o8. Row LAND, Rumors Ordinarie.
Practichs 68o]. All vagabundis, fulis,           He hath a stocke whereon his living stayes.
BARD'S, scudlaris, and siclike idill pepill,     And they are fullams and BARDQUARTER-
sal be brint on the cheek.                       TRAVES.

  C. 1505. DUNBAR, Flyting, 49. Irsche               1612. Art of yuggling, C4. Such
brybour BAIRD, wyle beggar with thy              be also cali'd bard cater trcas, because
brattis.                                         commonly the longer end will of his own
                                                 sway drawe downewards, and turne up to
    1609.   SKENE,  Ref% Ma'. 135. Fein-         the tie site, sincke, deuce, or ace. The
zied fooles, BA1RDES, rynners about ...          principal use of them is at Novum, for
after sundrie punishments, may be hanged.        so long a paire of bard cater trcas be
                                                 walking on the bourd, so long can ye not
     1888. Oxford Eng. Dict., S.V. BARD.         cast five nor nine unless it be by a great
In early Lowland Scotch used for a strolling     chance.
               Bare-hoard.                 137                 Bargain.
    1630. TAYLOR, Tray. of 12 AnCe, 72.          by a drink ; DUTCH-BARGAIN also
Where fullam high and low men bore
great sway With the quicke helpe of a
                                                 means a deal the advantage of
BARD CATER TREY.                                 which is all on one side. Also
                                                 in various proverbial phrases :
BARE-BOARD. To GO ON BARE-BOARD,                 thus, To make the best of a bad
  verb. phr. (gaming).—To play                   BARGAIN' (RAY); ' At a great BAR-
  without putting down the stake.                GAIN make a pause' ; More words
                                                 than one go to a BARGAIN'; A
     1648-55. PULLER, Church His!., 111,         good BARGAIN is a pick-purse'
Vii. 3. She was not onely able to lay
down her stake, but also to 'ye ready
                                                 (i.e.) tempts people to buy what
silver with the King of Spaine, when he,         they need not.
notwithstanding both his Indies, was fain
                                                  2   588.   SHAKSPEARE,   Love's Labour
                                             Lost, III. I. 102.    The boy bath SOLD HIM
                                             A BARGAINE.
BARE-BONES,                        A
                   subs. /Mr. (old).   —

   lean person ; a walking skeleton ;           1623. MABEE, Gunman [OLIPHANT,
                                             New English, ii. 83. Among the verbs
   a rack of bones: also (in Common-         we see MAKE THE BEST OF A BAD
   wealth times) a term of contempt.         BARGAIN.

       1596.   SHAKSPEARE,   I Henry IV,          1640.  BRAITHWAIT, Boulster Lec-
4. 358. Heere comes leane Jacke, heere       tures, 8s. You may suspect mee that I
comes BARE-BONES.                            relate these purposely to SELL YOU A
BARE-FOOTED, adj. (American).—                    1678. OTWAY, Frienclshi,h in F. 26.
  Variously applied : e.g. TO TAKE           I hate a DUTCH BARGAIN that's made in
  TEA BAREFOOTED = to dispense               heat of Wine.
  with sugar and milk ; TO TAKE               c. 1680. Earl of Dorset, Song [CHAL-
  A DRAM BAREFOOTED = to drink               MERS, Fag. Poets viii, 345. 1. If a lord
  spirits NEAT (q.v.), or NAKED              should but whisper his love in a crowd,
                                             She'd SELL HIM A BARGAIN, and laugh
                                             out aloud.
  OF THE HEAD = bald.
                                                 1690. DRYDEN, Prolsketess, Prologue.
BARGAIN, subs. (old).— A catch,              Then think on that bare bench my ser-
                                             vant sat. I see him ogle still, and hear
  SELL (q.v.). Hence, TO SELL A              him chat. Selling facetious BARGAINS,
  BARGAIN = to humbug, hoax,                 and propounding That witty recreation
  banter : a species of low wit, of          called dumbfounding.
  ancient usage, but much in vogue                1727. POPE, Bathos, iii. The prin-
  about the latter end of the reign          cipal branch the alamode in the Prurient
  of Queen Anne. Swift remarks               ... It consists ... of SELLING THE
  that, The maids of honour often            BARGAINS, and double entendre.
  amused themselves with it.' A                   1731. SWIFT, Stre.phon and Chloc.
  typical example is given by Grose :        No maid at Court is less asham'd. How.
  a person coming into a room full           e'er for SELLING BARGAIN fam'd.
  of company, apparently in a fright,             1790. BOSWELL, 707/7/SO/t (1812),
  cries out, It is white, and fol-           341. Mrs. Thrale was all for      accord-
                                             ing to the vulg,ur phrase, 'MAKING THE
  lows me !' On any of the com-              BEST OF A BAD BARGAIN.'
  pany asking what ? the bargain
                                                 1805. WINDHAM, Sj59eCheS (1812), II,
  was sold by the first speaker              272. The recruit took the condition of a
  retorting My arse.' DUTCH (or              soldier, with a guinea to make it a WET
  WET) BARGAIN = a deal clinched             BARGAIN.
                 Barge.                      1 38                   Bark.

   1809. MALKIN, Gil Bias [ROUT-                BARGE-POLE, subs. phr.  (Winchester).
BARGAIN, finding the luck ran against me.
                                                    A large stick or thick bough, of
                                                    which there was one in each
    1876. FREEMAN, Norman Conquest,                 fagot : also any large piece of
   xvii. 7.Men had made up their minds              wood: cf. BARBER.
to submit what they could not help, and
                                                      THE END OF A BARGE-POLE (A
BARGE    (or BARGE-ARSE), subs. (old).                PAIR OF TONGS, etc.), phr. (corn-
  it. A fat, heavy person ; one broad
                                                      mon).—Unapproachable through
  in the beam : in contempt. Hence,
                                                      filth, disease, prejudice, or the like.
  as adj. BROAD-ARSED.
     2. (printers) (a) A case unduly                   1663.    LESTRANGE.      Quevedo   (1678),
                                                22.  Your Beauties can never want gal-
  loaded with stamps' not in fre-               lants to lay their Appetites Whereas
  quent request, with a shortness of            NOBODY WILL TOUCH the ill-favoured
  those most in use. Also (b) a card            WITHOUT A PAIR OF TONGS.
  or small box for spaces ; used
  while correcting away from case.                 1884. GouLo, Dark Horse, xxtv.
                                                Such a respectable man WOULDN'T
     3. (Sherborne School). Small               TOUCH ANYTHING PITCHY WITH A TEN-
  cricket : played against a wall               FOOT POLE, EH?
  with a stump for bat.                            1903.  HYNE, Filibusters, XII. You
      Verb. (common).—To abuse ;                AREN'T FIT for any decent man TO TOUCH
                                                EXCEPT WITH AN EXECUTION AXE.
  to slang ; f. BULLYR AG. Also
  (Charterhouse and Uppingham)                  BARK,       subs. (common).—i. A na-
  to hustle; to MOB UP; IO BRICK.                     tive of Ireland: hence BARKSHIRE
    186i. ALBERT SMITH, Medical Stu-                  = Ireland.
dent, 102. ' Whereupon they all began to
BARGE the master at once; one saying                   1869. .Notes and Queries, 4 S., iii.,
"his coffee was all snuff and chickweed."'      406.     In Lancashire an Irishman is vul-
                                                garly called a BARK.
BARGEE, subs.  (old).—A barge-man
                                                      1876. C. HINDLEV, Cheat 7ack, 191.
  or barger (the dictionary terms).             Mike when asked by some of his country-
  [GRosE: Cambridge wit.]                       men why he called Fairbanks a
                                                i.e., an Irishman, said, 'If I had not put
     1666. PEPYS, Diary (1879), vi, 89.
                                                the 'bark' on him he would have put it
Spent the evening on the water, making
                                                on me, so I had the first pull.'
sport with the Westerne BARGEES.
                                                     1893. EMERSON, Lipp, xviii. Thin
    1703.     English Sly, 255. The town-       had scran to her. Is the 'onerable Mrs.
raff and the BARGEES.
                                                Putney in town ? The BARK again con-
    1831. HONE, Year Book,    672. A            sulted his book.
great sum is gained by the 'BARGEES
                                                        1891.   CARF.W,   Auto!', of Gilsy, 4 1 3.
(bargemen, Eton phraseology.)
                                                I slung my hook and joined some travel-
    1861. HUGHES, Tom Brown at Ox-              ling BARKS. Mid, 434. It ain't no man-
ford, xxxin. A country gentleman with           ner 'o use goin' to the expense of bringing
the tongue of a Thames I3ARGEE and the          a lust class cracksman hall the way from
heart of a Jew pawnbroker.                      Start to BARKsuinE,
    186r. KINGSLF.Y, Ravenshoe, xlii.
                                                        2. (old).—The skin. Hence,
The BARGEES nicknamed Lord Welter
"the sweep", and said he was a good                   as verb = to abrade (scrape, or
fellow, but a terrible blackguard.                    rub off) the skin ; to bruise.
                   Bark.                     139                  Bark.

  C.   1758.   RAMSAY, POEMS (1844),   88. And     er party has the advantage
dang BARK Aff's shin.
                                                   (HAELIWELL) ; TO BARK THROUGH
     1843. DICKENS, Martin Chuzzlewit,             THE FENCE = to take advantage
xx. To the great detriment of what is              of adventitious shelter or protec-
called by fancy gentlemen the BARK upon            tion to say or do that which
his shins, which were most unmercifully
bumped against the hard leather and the            would otherwise entail unpleas-
iron buckles.                                      ant consequences ; TO BARK Up
                                                   THE WRONG TREE = to blunder,
   1853. BRADLEY, Further Adv. of
Verdant Green, 31. That'll TAKE THE                to mistake one's object or the
BARK FROM your nozzle and distil the               right course to pursue, to get
Dutch pink for you, won't it ?                     the wrong sow by the ear' ; TO
    1856. HUGHES, Tom Brown's School-
                                                   GO BETWEEN BARK AND TREE =
days, 227. Down they came slithering to            to meddle : spec. in family mat-
the ground, BARKING their arms and faces.          ters; THE BARK IS WORSE THAN
                                                   THE BITE (of one who threatens
     1859. Macmillan's Magazine, Nov.,
r8. The knuckles of his right hand were            but fails to do as he vows).
                                                     15E2. HEYWOOD, Proverbs and Epi-
       1872.   CLEMENTS,   Roughing It, 16.      grams, 67. It were a foly for mee, To put
It BARKED the Secretary's elbow.                 my hande BETWEENE THE BARKE AND
                                                 TREE Betweene you.
    1876. Family Herald, 2 Dec., 8o, 1.
With the BARK all off his shins from a                160o. HOLLAND, LiVy, XXXVi. V. 021.
blow with a hockey stick.                        To deale roundly and simply with no side,
                                                 but to go BETWEEN THE BARK AND THE
       1884.   Harper's Mag., Jan. 305. 2. A     TREE.
BARKED shin.
                                                       1630. TAYLOR'S Workes. I have but
     3. (old).-A cough : spec. when              all this while BARK'D AT THE MOONE,
  persistent and hacking : persons               throwne feathers against the winde, built
  thus troubled are said to have                 upon the sands, wash'd a blackmore, and
  been to Barking Creek (or Bark-                laboured in vaine.
  shire) (GRosE). Also as verb =                     1642. ROGERS, Naaman, 303. So
  to cough incessantly. BARKER,                  audacious as to go BETWEENE BAKKE AND
  one with a CHURCHYARD COUGH                    TREE, breeding suspitions betweene
                                                 man and wife.
  (q.v.) or NOTICE TO QUIT (q.v.).
                                                    1804. EDGEWORTH, Mod. Griselda
       1813.   Examiner, Feb.    75.
                                  r. The
                                                 [Works (1832), V. 299]. An instigator of
play went on, amidst croaking, squeaking,        quarrels between man and wife, or accord-
                                                 ing to the plebeian but expressive apoph-
                                                 thegm, one who would come BETWEEN
        4. See    BARKER.                        THE BARK AND THE TREE.
                                                      1835. Richmond Enquirer, 8. Sep.
  (or AT) THE MOON (see
                      BARKER) ;                  'You didn't really go to old Bullion,'
   TO TAKE THE BARK OFF = to                     said a politician to an office-seeker, 'Why,
  reduce in value, to rub the gilt               he has no influence there, I can tell you.
  off ; THE WORD WITH THE BARK                   You BARKED UP THE WRONG TREE there,
                                                 my friend.
  ON IT = without circumlocution,
  no mincing matters, the STRAIGHT-                   1836. CRocKETT, Tour down East,
  TIP (v.v.); BETWEEN THE BARK                   205. When people try to hunt [office]
                                                 for themselves, and seem to be BARK-
  AND THE WOOD (or TREE) (of a                   ING UP THE WRONG SAPLING, I want to
  well-adjusted bargain where neith-             put them on the right trail.
                Barker.                    1 40                     Barker.

    1849. DICKENS,    David CoNerfield,        arrive at no more feasible conclusion than
p. 310. I rode my gallant grey so close        that a BARKER was a boy that attended
to the wheel, that I grazed his near fore-     a drover, and helped him to drive his
leg against it and TOOK THE BARK OFF,          sheep by means of imitating the bark of
as his owner told me, to the tune of three     a dog.
pun' sivin.
                                                          (common).-A noisy (or
    1855. HALisuRToN, Hunzan Nature,               assertive) disputant ; a spouting
124. If you think to run a rig on me,
you have made a mistake in the child,              demagogue ; a querulous fault-
and BARKED UP THE WRONG TREE.                      finder. As verb, to clamour: to
                                                   menace ; to abuse. Spec. (5) a
     1872. CLEAIENS, Roughing It, xv.
If ever another man gives a whistle to a           big swell (i.e. one asserting him-
child of mine, and I get my hand on him,           self or putting on SIDE (q.v.) ;
I will hang him higher than Haman!                 and (6) a noisy coward ; a blatant
That is THE WORD WITH THE BARK ON IT.              bully ; a LAMB (q.v.). Whence TO
     1888. Detroit Free Press, Oct. We             BARK AT (or AGAINST) THE MOON
ain't rich or pretty, but we are good, and         = to clamour uselessly ; to agitate
the Professor is BARKING UP THE WRONG              to no effect ; to labour in vain ; f.
                                                   proverb, BARKING dogs bite not.'
BARKER, subs. (old).-i. 'A Sales-                  1483. CAXTON, Golden Legend, 273.4.
  man's Servant that walks before              Whiche sometyme had ben a BARKER,
  the Shop, and cries, Cloaks, Coats,          bytter, and blynde, ayenst the lettres.
  or Gowns, what d'ye lack, sir ? '
                                                    1549- OLDE, Erasm. Par., i Tim.
  (B. E.). 2. A tout of any descrip-           iv. tr . Feare not any mens BARKINGES.
  tion ; a DOORSMAN (q.v.): Fr.
                                                   C.   1555.   LATIAIER,   Serve. and 1?entin.
  aboyeur.                                     (1845) 320.  It is the scripture and not
    1822. HAZLITT, Men and Manners,
                                               the translation, that ye BARK against.
IT, XI. (1869), 232. As shopmen and                1581. BELL, IlIaddon's Answ. Osor.,
BARKERS tease you to buy goods.                Sib. Neither Jerome Osorius nor any
                                               other braulyng BARKER can., molest him.
    1828. BEE, Picture of London, 109.
Mock-auctions and 'selling-off' shops are         1599.   GREENE,     George-a-Greene
not the only pests whei e BARKERS are          [DormsLEv], Old Rays (REED), iii. 43.
kept at the doors to invite unwary pas-        That I will try.       BARKING DOGS BITE NOT
sengers to 'walk in, walk in, sale just        the sorest.
                                                   1617. Cow NS, Def. B. Ely, Ep. Ded.
  1866. London Miscellany, 5 May, 201.         8. The aduersaries and BARKERS against
He said he had been in the habit of            Soueraignty.
frequenting mock auctions , They had
a barker to entice people in.                      1655. HEywoon, Foot. by Land, i. r.
                                               He bath such honourable friends to guard
     1888. Texas Siftings, 13 Oct. I am        him, We should in that but BARK AGAINST
a BARKER by profession. The pedestrian         THE MOON.
agility required to pace up and down
before the Half-dime Museum of Anatomy             1663. La        . Papers ( 18 44) 1 0 1 3 1 *
                                                     IS intended that that letter shall be
and Natural History,' soliciting passel s-by
to enter is of itself enormous; but where      a great BARK if not a byt.
it gets in its base hit is when it increases       1672. RAY, Proverb, 76. The great-
the appetite.                                  est BARKERS bite not sorest; or, dogs
                                               that BARK at a distance bite not at hand.
        3.   (old).-See quot.
                                                      1763. CHURCHILL, Apol.[Poems I, 68].
       1879. GREENNVOOD,   Outcasts of Lon-       Though Mimics BARK, and Envy split her
don.    But what was barking ? 1      could       cheek.
                 Barker.                       141                      Barley.

    1842. DE DUINCEY, Cicero [IVorks vi,             187r. Echo, 9 Jan. 5. r. The deep
184]. The BARK. of electioneering mobs            BARK of our monster war-dogs.
                                                            1884.    GOULD,    Dark Horse, xviii.
    1857.    RUSKIN,    Pol. Econ.
                              Art. 35.            'This little fellow will BARK to more pur-
To launch out into sudden BARKING at              pose next time' and he handled his
the first faults you see.                         revolver tenderly.

    1862.   HELPS,   Organ. Daily Life, 123.                1900.   GRIFFITHS,   Fast and Loose,
A review which I delight in ... because           xxxiii. The BARKERS may shoot, but
it always BARKS on the other side to the          they'll hardly hit me.
great BARKER.
                                                      1901. WALKER, In the Blood, 156.
        5. See   BARK   subs. 3.                  Never use a BARKER unless you're bailed
                                                  up and there's no other way out.
     6. (old).-Generic for firearms.                        1902. OPPENHEIM, False Evidence,
  Spec. (in navy), a duelling pistol ;            xv. 'Put your BARKER down, you fool,'
  also a lower deck gun. BARKING                  he shouted.
  IRON is, historically, the older
  term (GRosE).                                   BARKEY, subs. (nautical).-Any kind
     English synonyms, blue light-                  of vessel : an endearment. [CLARK
                                                    RUSSELL: Bark for vessel is never
  ning, dag, meat-in-the-pot, my un-
  converted friend, one-eyed scribe,                used by sailors.]
  pop, peacemaker, whistler.                          1847. BARHAM, Ingolds. Leg. (1877),
     FRENCH SYNONYMS. Aboyeur, ;                  87. Hookers ', BARKEYS and craft.
  bayafe ; burettes,- crucifix (or cru-                     1867. SMYTH, Sailors Word Book,s.v.
  cifix a ressort); mandolet ; petouze ,
  pied de cockon; pi/roux,- soufflant.            BARLA-FUMBLE!       intj. (old Scots).-
                                                       A call for truce or quarter : also
    1789.    GEO. PARKER,    Life's Painter,
173. Pistols, BARKING-IRONS.                           BARLEY.

    1815. SCOTT, Gig Man/tering, xxxiii.            C. 1550. Chris/is Kirk Green,     xvi.
'Had he no arms?' asked the Justice.              Quhile he cryed BARLAFUMMIL, I am slane.
 Ay, ay, they are never without BARKERS
                                                      1657. COLVIL, Whigs SU/Wie. (1751),
and slashers.'
                                                        When coach-men drink and horses
    1834.    AINSWORTH, ROOkWOOd, ii    ,   Vi.   stumble, It's hard to miss a BARLAFUMBLE.
'And look you, prick the touch-hole, or
                                                       1814. SCOTT, WaVer/ey, xlii. A
your BARKING-IRON will never bite for
                                                  proper lad o' his quarters, that will not
                                                  cry BARLEY in a brulzie.
    1837. DICKENS, Oliver Twist, XXii.
 BARKERS for me, Barney,' said Toby               BARLEY,    subs. (old).-In general col-
Crackit. Here they are,' replied Barney,               loquial use: thus, OIL OF BARLEY
producing a pair of pistols.                           (or BARLEY-BREE, -BROTH, -JUICE,
    1842. COOPER, 7aCk gLanthOlite, I.,                -WATER, or -WINE) = (I) strong
151. Four more carronades with two                     ale ; and       (2)   = whisky (GRosE) ;
BARKERS for'ard.                                       BARLEY-ISLAND = an alehouse ;
                                                       JOHN BARLEY (or BARLEYCORN)
     1847. LE FANU, T. O'Brien, 63. Put
up your BARKING-IRON and no more noise.                = the personification of malt
                                                       liquor : cf. proverb, 'Sir John
    /857. C. KINGSLEY, Two Years Ago,                  Barleycorn's the strongest knight' ;
xxiv.  I'll give you five for those pistols
    being rather a knowing one about                   BARLEY-CAP = a tippler ; BARLEY-
the pretty little BARKERS.                             MOOD         (or SICK) = (I) drunk ; and
                  Barley.                     142                  Barmecide.

     (2) = ill-humour caused by tip-                   1790. MORRISON,       Poems,   15r.
                                                  (JAmiEsoN). Haine the husband comes
     pling ; also TO HAVE (or WEAR)               just roarin'fu'; Nor can she please him
     A BARLEY-HAT (-CAP, or -HOOD).               IN HIS BARLIC MOOD.

 c.15oo. Blowbols Test. [HAzLiTT , Early               1805. A. SCOTT, Poems, 5r. When
Pap. Poet. 1, 105]. They that be manly            e'er they take their BARLEY-HOODS, And
in dronkenesse for to fyte, Whan one              heat of fancy fires their bludes.
ther hede is sett a BARLY-HATE.
                                                         1884.   BLACK,        7//ditlt Shakspeare,
     C. 1529. SKELTON,   Elinour Rumnzyng,        xxxi. A cupful of           BARLEY-BROTH   will do
372. And as she was drynkynge; She                thee no harm.
fyll in a wynkynge Wyth a BARLY-HOOD.
                                                  BARLEY-BUN GENTLEMAN,      subs. phr.
     1593. Bacchus Bonn tie [Hari. Misc.             (old).-` A gent. (although rich)
(1809) II, 273]. The BARLEY-BROATH aboue             yet lives with barley bread, and
all other, did beare away the bell, and
... neither grape nor berry might be                 otherwise barely and hardly.'
compared to the maiestie of the mault.               (Minsheu).
    1598. GILPIN, Skial. (1878), 67. Some         BARLEY-STRAW,               subs. phr. (old).-
weeuil, mault-worme, BARLY-CAP.                      A trifle.
       1611. COTGRAVE,     Diet. s.v. Forbezt.      C. 1721. PRIOR, Turtle and Sp. She
Forbeu         pot shotten, whose fudling or      could plead the law, And quarrel for a
BARLEY-CAP is 011.                                BARLEY-STRAW.

  c.16zo. Pe.pysiatt Library. A pleasant          BARMECIDE,subs.     (literary).-Usually
new ballad of the bloody murther of
SIR JOHN BARLEYCORN. [Title.]                        in the phrase a BARMECIDE FEAST
                                                     = short commons; lenten en-
     1625. Hart, Anat. Ur. I, V. 46. The             tertainment. [From the Arabian
women are not so busie ... with the
strong I3ARLEY-WATER as our British                  .Nights story of a prince of that
women.                                               name who put a series of empty
                                                     dishes before a beggar pretending
 C. 1640. DAY, Peregr. Schol. (1881), 72.            that they formed a sumptuous
Goeing to take in fresh water at the
BARLIE ILAND.                                        repast, the beggar facetiously as-
                                                     senting.] Also as adj.
  c. 165o. Bad Husband [COLLIER, Rox-
burghe Ballads (184), 300]. She'd tell me             1713. Guardian, 162. The BARME-
it was too early, Or else it was too late,        CIDE was sitting at his table that ready
Until by the OYLE OF BARLEY They had              covered for an entertainment.
gotten my whole estate.
                                                         1842. DICKENS, Amer. Notes (185o),
       1679.   HEYWOOD [   Yorkshire Diaries      8r. It is a   BARMECIDE FEAST; a pleasant
(Surtees) it, 262]. He never WORE A cap,          field for the imagination to rove in.
unlesse it was a BARLEY-CAP.
                                                    C. 1845. HOOD, Turtles, xiv. Having
       1725.   RAmsAv , Gentle Shelkerd,     1.   tho' one delighted sense, at least, Enjoyted
2.    In his I3ARLICKHOODS, neter stick, To       a sort of BARNIECIDAL FEAST.
lend his loving wife a loundering lick.
                                                      1854. MOZLEY,            Blanco White, .Ess.
    1786. BURNS, Scotch Drink, iii. John          (1878)   11., 115.       To reason simply on the
Barley-corn, Thou king o'grain. Ibid.             superficies is       a   BARMECIDAL proceeding.
xiii. How easy can the          BARLEY-BEER
Cement the quarrel.                                   1854. THACKERAY, Newcomes,
                                                  103. My dear BARMECIDE friend.
Reliques)     JOHN BARLEY-CORN has got a              1863. Reader, ii, o6. Sharing the
beard Like any other man.                         boundless hospitality of a BARMECIDE.
                  Barmy.                            143                   Barnaby.
BARMY     (or BALMY), adj. (common).                        2824.     SCOTT, St. ROnan'S   Well, xxxii.
   —Excited ; flighty ; empty-headed                    Corkheaded B.ARMY•BRAINED gowks!
   (i.e. full of nothing but froth) ;
                                                             185r. H. MAYHEW, London Lad. 1.,
                                                        231. List of patterers' words. BALMY —
   FROTH =-- a simpleton ; muddle-
            .-                                          Insane.
   STICK (prison) =. to feign madness.                      1877. HORSLEY,      7ottings from 7ai 1.
     English synonyms, to be dotty ;                    I had hardly got outside when he came
                                                        out like a man BALMY.
  touched ; wrong in the upper                            c. 1888. Music Hall Song 'Salvation
  story ; half-baked; have a screw                      Sally.' The people in our alley call me
  loose ; a bee in one's bonnet ; no                    Salvation Sally, They say I must be
  milk in the cocoanut ; rats in the                    BALMY to go and join the Army.
  upper storey (or cockloft) ; a tile
                                                            1897. MARSHALL, POMeS, 69. You're
  (screw or slate) loose.                               balmy, mater, off your nut. Hid. 73.
      FRENCH SYNONYMS. AVOIR                            Called the beak "a BALMY Kipper,"
  une ecrevisse dons la tourte (or                      dubbed him "soft about the shell."
  dons le vol-au-vent); la bottle (or
  le trognon &fragile e ; le coco fele ;                    1901. Free Lance, 2 Nov. 123. 2
                                                        They say, "The folk who made that toque
  un asticot dons la noisette; un                       Were ' BALMY on the crumpet.'"
  bauf gras dons le char; ten can-
  crelat dons la bottle; tin hanneton                   BARN.       See   PARSON'S BARN.
  a'ans le reservoir (or plafona'); un
  moustique dons la belle au sel ;                      BARNABY. To DANCE BARNABY,
  un voyageur dans l'omnibus ; tine                       verb phr. (old).—To move expe-
  araignee dims le plafond ; tine                         ditiously, irregularly (GRosE):
  grenouille dons l'aquarium ; une                        [An old dance to a quick move-
  hirondelle dons le soliveau ; tine                      ment was so named: but cf.
  Marsellaise dans le Kiosque; une                        Richard Braithwaite's Drunken
  punaise dans le souffiet ; tine sar-                    Barnaby's .7ournal, narrating a
  dine dons l'armoire a glee; tine                        frolicsome tour through England.]
  trichinne dons le jambonneau ;                          BARNABY-BRIGHT (or LONG BAR-
  sauterelle dons la gyeitare ; tine                      NABY) = St. Barnabas's Day, iith
  pomme de canne felle; tine fissure ;                    June, 0.S.: cf. old rhyme—BAR-
  un grain; and ETRE un peu toe.                          NABY BRIGHT! BARNABY BRIGHT:
                                                          The longest day and the shortest
    2599. MARsToN, Sco. Urnanie, x66.                     night.
Each odde puisne of the Lawyers Inne,
Each BARMY-FROTH, that last day did                         1595. SPENSER, EiSithal. 266. This
beginne To read his little.                             day the sunne is in his chiefest hight.
                                                        With BARNABY THE BRIGHT.
    1602. Ret. fr. Parnassas,i, ii [ARBER]
9. Such BARMY HEADS Wil akvaies be
                                                            1645. DANIEL, Poems (1878) II, 49.
                                                        This short December day, It would spin
  C. 1605. MONTGOMERIE, Poems (1821) 49.                out, to make my Readers say, Long
Hope puts that hast into zour hein, Quhilk              Barnabie was never halfe so gay.
boyl's zour BARMY-BRAIN.
                                                            /650. FULLER, Pisgah, II, X1. 255.
    1785. BURNS,        Works, III, 85.
                                Just                    Staying the Sun in Gibeon. This
now I've taen the fit o' rhyme, My                      was the BARNABY DAY of the whole
BARMIE NODDLE'S working prime.                          world.
              Barnacle.                       144                 Barnard.

    1664.    COTTON,   Virgil Trezvestie,   15.         4. (old).-A gratuity given to
Bounce cries the port-hole, out they fly,             grooms by the buyers and sellers
And make the world DANCE BARNABY.
                                                      of horses (B.E. and GRosE).
   1670. EACHARD, Cont. Clergy, 32.
BARNABY-BRIGHT would be much too short                  5. (old).-In pl. = spectacles ;
for him to tell you all that he could say.            RossERs (q.v.) GOGGLES (q .z.).
                                                      Fr. persiennes. [Formerly applied
    1714. Spectator, No. 623. The stew-
ard, after having perused their several               only to spectacles with side pieces
pleas, adjourned the court to BARNABY-                of coloured glass, and used more
BRIGHT, that they might have day enough               as protectors from wind, dust &c.
before them.                                          than as an aid to the sight.]
    1805. SCOTT, Last Minstrel, iv. 4.                      Epw ARDs, Damon and Pyth i as
It was but last St. BARNABRIGHT They              [DODSLEY  Old Plays (HAzLETT) iv., 8r].
seized him a whole summer night.                  These spectales put on. Grim. They be
                                                  gay BARNACLES, yet     I   see never the better.
BARNACLE,   subs. (old).-i. A close
   companion ; a follower that will                     1593 111uN'DAv, Def. Contraries, 39.
   not be dismissed, a leech ; spec.                Eye-glasses, otherwise called BERNACLES.
   = a decoy swindler cf. BARNARD.                      1693. MOTTEUX, Rabelais, V., xxvii.
                                                    They had BARNACLES on the handles of
    1591. GREENE, Notable Discovery of              their faces, or spectacles at most.
Coosnage (1859), 23. Thus doth the \Terser
and the Setter feign a kind friendship to               1822.   SCOTT,   Fortunes of Nigel, i.
the Coney ... As thus they sit tippling,            'Give me the BARNACLES, my good youth,
corns the BARNACKLE and thrusts open                and who can say what nose they may
the doore ... steps back again: and very            bestride in two years hence ?' Ibid. (1821),
mannerly saith cry you mercy, Gentle-               Peveril, viii. No woman above sixteen
men. I thoght a frend of mine had bin               ever did white-seam without BARNACLES.
                                                      1873. STEPHENSON, Inland Yoy, 6.
     1607. DEKKER,       Northward Hoe, tit.      A gleam of spectacles. For though hand-
Ile cashiere all my young BARNICLES.              some lads, they were all (in the Scotch
Ibid. ( r8o6) Belman of London [GRosART,          phrase) BARNACLED.
Works (1885) III, 131.] He that.., before
counterfetted the dronken Bernard is
now sober and called the BARNACLE.
                                                       6. (old).-'A Brake for unruly
                                                      Horses Noses' (B.E.).
    1868.     BRADDON,     Trail of the
Serpent, I. , i., 7. Slopper found him a                7. (Old Cant.).-'The Irons
species of BARNACLE rather difficult to
shake off.
                                                      Fellons wear in Gaol' (B.E.;
                                                       DYCHE, GROSE).
     d.   1870. LEMON,   Ley/on Hall.   The
man that stood beside thee is old Crook-            BARNARD,   subs. (old).-A sharper's
finger, the most notorious setter, BARNACLE            confederate ; a decoy : cf. BAR-
and foist in the city.
      2. (old).-See quot.                                1532. Dice Flay (185o), 37. Another
                                                    oily theft ... is the BARNARDS law : which,
     1591.    PERCIVALL, Sp. Dictionary,
                                                    to be exactly practised asketh four persons
 s.v. Gango, a BARNACLE, one that speaketh
                                                    at least, each of them to play a long
through the nose, Chenolopex. [Chenalo-
                                                    several part by himself.
pex in Pliny, a species of goose.]
                                                        1562. BeLLEYN [Babees Booke (x868),
     3. (old).-A good job, or snack                 242]. With a BARNARDs blowe lurkying
   easily got (B.E. and GRosE).                     in some lane, woode, or hill top.
           Barnburner.                   145                  Barney.
     1591. GREENE, Disc. Cozentzge (1859),        1887. HORSLEY, 7ottings from 7ail.
8. Foure persons were requited the           Come, cows-and-Kisses, put the battle-of-
Taker up, the Verser, the BARNARD, and       the Nile on your BARNET-FAIR.
Rutter. Ibid. [IVorks(1885), x, to]. Comes
in the BARNARD stumbli ng into your               1897. MARSHALL, Ponies, / TO. And
companie, like some aged Farmer of the       the start was all Sir Garnet, Jenny went
countrey ... and is so carelesse of his      for EI111111a'S BARNET.
money, that out he throweth some fortie
Angels on the boords end.                    BARNEY,     subs. (common).—i. Ge-
    /608. DEKKER, Belman Loud. [Works            neric for humbug or deceit : spec.
(1885) III, 126]. The BERNARD . . . count-       (sporting) an unfair competition
erfets many parts in one, and is now a           of any kind—a race, prize fight,
drunken man, anon in another humour ..
criely to blind the cozen., the more
                                                 or game; the term is never ap-
easily to beguile him. [See the whole            plied to a fair contest. Hence
passage.]                                        a free fight, or rough and tumble,
                                                 in which the 'rules of the game'
BARNBURNER, subs. (American pol-
                                                 are not too strictly observed.
  itical).—A member of the radical
  section of the Democratic party                  1865. B. BRIERLEV, Irkdale, IL, 19.
  (U.S.A.).                                    I won thee P fair powell one toss an' no
  c. 1848. New York Tribune [BART-
LETT]. This school of Democrats was               1882. Evening News, 2 Sept., r, 6.
termed BARNBURNERS, in allusion to the       Blackguardly BARNEYS called boxing com-
story of an old Dutchman, who relieved       petitions.
himself of rats by burning down his barns
which they infested,—just like extermi-           1884. Referee, 13 April, 7, 4. Who
nating all banks and corporations, to root   would believe that Mr. Gladstone sham-
out the abuses connected therewith.          med being ill, and that Sir Andrew Clark
                                             issued false bulletins, and that the whole
BARNDOOR. I. A target too large              thing was a BARNEY from beginning to end.
 to be easily missed : cf. quot.                 /885. Bell's Life, 3 Jan., 3, 4. Few
 1547. Hence BARNDOOR PRAC-                  genuine matches have taken place this
 TICE, a battue : the quarry is              season on the Transatlantic waters, though
 driven within a radius from which           exhibitions and BARNEY contests have
                                             been plentiful.
 it is impossible for it to escape.
   1547. HEYWOOD, Four P's[DoDsLEY],             1888.   BOLDREWOOD,     Squatter's
Old Plays (REED), I, 87. Bendynge his        Dream, ii. We had a sair BARNEY, well
browes as BRODE AS BARNE DURRES.               nigh a fight you might be sure.

   1679. Tom TICKLEFOOT,' Trials of                 1897. MARSHALL, Ponzes, 115. The
Wakeman, 9. My Old Master Clodpate             morning the Derby was run for, the
would have been hanged before he would         BARNEY was well understood, Old Feet
have missed such a BARN-DORE.                  gave the jockey the cough drop, which
                                               I'd fated for the animal's good.
     2. (cricket).—A player who
                                                    1901. WALKER, In the Blood, 20.
   blocks every ball.                          And now if I don't knock Poss Stevens
                                               out, there'll be a BARNEY an' a scrap
BARNDOOR-SAVAGE. A country                     between 'is push an' my push.
 yokel ; farm-labourer; clodhopper.
                                                    2.   (common).—A spree; a LARK
BARNET! int/. (Christ's Hospital :
                                                         ; a PICNIC (q.v.).
  obsolete). Nonsense! humbug !
                                                     1899. WHITEING, 70/12/ St., xxi. I
BARNET-FAIR (or BARNET),       subs.phr.       darkly hint at a BARNEY in the provinces.
   (rhyming).—The hair.                        It is enough for them, as it is for me.
            Earn-mouse.                      1 46              Barrack.

    3. Harvard College.—A bad                       186z. D. Tel. zo Oct. It is BARNUM-
  recitation (c. 181o) ; whence TO              Ism that prompts clergymen to tell their
                                                flocks that they must fight the Confede-
  BARNEY = to recite badly. (HALL,              rates till Hell freezes, and then fight
  CoMese Words and Customs.)                    them on the ice.

BARN-MOUSE.     BITTEN BY A BARN-               BARNWELL-AGUE,   subs. plir. (venery).
  MO USE, phr. (old).—Tipsy ; screw-                — Venereal disease: see LADIES-
  ed (q.v.): see BARLEY (GROSE).                    FEVER.

BARNSTORMER,       subs. (theatrical).—         BARONET,     subs. (old). — A sirloin
  A strolling player: spec. a mouth-                of beef: cf. BARON.
  ing actor (see quot. 1886): also                  1749. FIELDING, Tom 7ones, Iv., x.
  BARNSTORMING.                                 To say grace, and to declare he must
                                                pay his respects to the BARONET, for so
      1834. Pall Mall Gazette, 6 June, 5,       he called the sirloin.
x. If thi; be BARN-STORMING, Detterton
and Garrick were BARN-STORMERS.                 BARRACK,      verb. (Australian). — To
                                                    jeer at opponents, interrupt noisily,
     r836. Graphic, ro April, 3,99. Tra-            make a disturbance ; also, withfor,
velling players who acted short and highly
tragic pieces to audiences of clodpoles in          to support as a partisan, generally
any barn or shed they could get, used               with clamour: an Australian foot-
to be known as BARN-STORMERS, and a                 ball term dating from about t8S0 :
ranting, noisy style of acting and speak-           the verb has been ruled unpar-
ing is still called 'barn-storming.'                 liamentary by the Speaker in the
     1387. Referee, 21 August, 3, r. Mr.            Victorian Legislative Assembly,
Edward Terry has again been elected                 but it is in ye) y common collo-
at the head of the poll as trustee of the           quial use: it is from the aboriginal
charities of Barnes. He is not the first
clever actor who has been known as a                 word borak (q.v.), and the sense
BARNES-STORMER. Thid. (19or), c3 Ap. 5, 4.          of jeering is earlier than that of
The new drama at the A inbigu—" Le Petit             supporting, but jeering at one
Muet"—by Henri Krroul, is slightly of                side is akin to cheering for the
the BARN-STORMING order.
                                                    other (MoRRts). Hence BARRACK-
BARNUMESE,     subs. (journalist's).—               ING and BARRACKER.
  The It IG H-FALUTING (q.v.) lan-
                                                     r89o. llfelbollrne Pi,vch, 14 Aug.,
  guage so lavishly used by the                 ro6, 3. "To u, e a football phrase, they
  late P. T. Barnum in advertising              to a man BARRACK for the British Lion."
  the greatest show on earth ; ex-
                                                     1893. Age, 17 June, 15, 4. [The boy]
  aggeration of style: cf. TELE-                goes much to football matches, where he
  GRAPHEsE. Hence To BA RNUM IZE                BARRACKS, and in a general way makes
  = (I) to exhibit with a lavish                himself intolerable. /bid. a7 June, 6, 6.
  display of puffing advertisement ;            His worship remarked that the BARRACK-
                                                ING ... at football matches was a mean
  (2) = to talk of (or asert) one-              and contemptible system ... people were
  self bombastically in the style of            afraid to go to them oil account of the
  Barnum.                                       'harrackers.' It took all the interest out
                                                of the game to see young men acting like
    /851. HODGSON [Hie, (TC27), Vi, C7].        a gang of larrikirr.
BARNUMISED and pulled as Napoleon has
been, he is not popular.                             I89. Argus, 5 July, 9, 4. lie hoped
                                                this BARRACK ING would not be contintud.
    1852.   Blackwood's Meg. lX1Ii,   307.             99 Nov., 4, 9. The Pretwer, who
BARNUM IZING   the prodigy through Europe.      was Mr. Roger's principal     BAIMACKER
          Barrack-hack.                      147              Barrel-bellied.
during the elections, turned his back upon          1838. Florida Times Union, ii Feb.,
the prophet and did not deign to discuss       4.  Mr. Flower was the nominal candidate
his plan.                                      of the anti Cleveland men four years ago,
                                               and with the aid of his BARREL they
     1893. Herald (Melbourne), 9 Sept.         achieved some show of success.
r, 6. He not;ced with pleasure the de-
crease of disagreeable BARRACKING by                   NEVER (or THE DEVIL) A BARREL
spectators at matches during last season.            THE BETTER HERRING, phi-. (old).
                                                     —Much al ike, not a pin to choose
BARRACK- (or GARRISON)-HACK, subs.                   between them ; six of one and
 phr. (military).—I. A young                         half a dozen of the other. Also
  woman attending garrison balls                     NEITHER (or LIKE) BARREL NOR
  year after year. 2. A soldiers'                    HERRING = neither ; THE SAME
  trull : see HACKNEY.                               HERRING (or BRAN)AND BARREL =
                                                     identical; THE SAME KIDNEY (q.v.).
BARRED-GOWN, subs. phr. (old). —
  An officer of the law ; spec. a                  1542. UDAL, Erasmus APo1571. 187.
                                               Two feloes being like flagicious, and
  judge : broad stripes or bars of             NEITHER BARREL BETTER HERRING, ac-
  gold lace ran across the front of            cused either other.
  the gown.
                                                   1579. GossoN, School of Abuse, 32.
                                               Therefore of BOTH BARRELLES I judge
BARREL, subs. (common).—I. A con-              Cookes and Painters THE BETTER HEARING.
  firmed tippler : also BEER-BARREL.
  Whence BARREL-HOUSE (Ameri-                       1582. STANIHURST, Kneid, ii, 56. I
  can) = a low groggery ; BARREL-              lyk NOT BARREL OR HEARING.
  FEVER = drunkenness (or disease                   [1659. GANDEN, Tears of the Church,
  caused by tippling): see GALLON-             245. They disdain to pay any more civi-
  DISTEMPER; BARREL-BOARDER =                  lity or outward respect to their minister
                                               than they challenge to themselves, or than
  a bar loafer.                                they give to their meanest comrades,
                                               which are of the SAME BRAN AND BARRELL
    1888. Missouri ROublican, II Feb.          with themselves.]
The \Vest-Side police are still arresting
BARREL-HOUSE loafers in the hope of catch-            1725.   BAILEY,   Erasmus, 373, Simi-
ing an expert cracksman among them.            les habebant "THE        DEVIL A BARREL THE
                                               BETTER HERRING," (labra /aCtUCaS =     `like
     2.    (American    political).—           lips, like lettuce').
  Money used in a political cam-                       1749. FIELDING, TOM 7011eS, X, Y.
  paign ; spec. that expended for                  "NEVER A BARREL THE BETTER HERRING,"
  corrupt purposes : cf. BOODLE.               cries he ... the lady in the fine garments
                                               is the civiler of the two; but I suspect
  Hence BARREL-CAMPAIGN = an                   neither of them are a bit better than they
  election in which bribery is a               should be."
  leading feature. [A wealthy can-
  didate for office (c. 1876) is said               1789. WALPOLE, Letters, IV. 490.
                                               Vive la reine Billingsgate! the Thalestris
  to have remarked, Let the boys               who has succeeded Louis Quatorze. A
  know that there's a BAR'L 0'                 committee of those Amazons stopped the
  money ready for 'em,' or words               Duke of Orleans, who, to use their style,
  to that effect.]                             I believe is NOT A BARREL THE BEI TER
    1884. Boston (Mass.) 7ournal, I Nov.,          BARREL-BELLIED, aay.phr. (common).
1. We are accustomed to BARREL-CAM-
PAIGNS here ... the Dttmocrats depend                —Well-rounded in stomach ; cor-
upon carrying it with money.                         pulent (1694).
        Barrell' s Blues.                 1 48                Barter.
     1694-7. DxvDEs, Virgil. G. iii. Daunt-        1847. TENNYSON, Princess, Revolts,
less at empty noises, lofty neck'd, Sharp-    republics, revolutions, most, No graver
headed, BARREL- BELLY'D, broadly-back'd.      than a schoolboys' BARRING-OUT.

BARRELL'S BLUES, (military).—The              BARROW-BUNTER,     subs. (old).—A
  Fourth Foot, now The King's                      barrow-woman, a female coster-
  Own (Royal Lancashire Regi-                      monger.
  ment): from its facings and
                                                    1771. SMOLLETT,   Humplzry Clinker,
  Colonel's name from 1734 to                 L,       I saw a dirty BARROW-BUNTER
                                                   1 4 0.
  1 739.                                      in the street cleaning her dusty fruit
                                              with her own spittle.
BARRES,    subs. (gaming).—Money
  lost at play, But not paid: a cor-          BARROW-MAN,     subs. phi-. (old).—A
  ruption of barrace', an obsolete                 man under sentence of trans-
  plural of bar.                                   portation.

                                Where-        BARROW-TRAM,       subs. _pkr. (common).
    1 544. As c H Am, Taxoth
by they wyl drawe a mannes money but               — A raw-boned person: properly
pay none, which they call BARRES.                  the shaft of a wheelbarrow.
BARRIKIN,    subs. (common),—Gib-             BARTER,     subs. (Winchester College).
  berish ; jargon; jumble of words:                — A half volley: as verb, to hit
  e.g. Stash' (` stow ' or 'cheese')               hard. [From the Warden of that
  your BARRIKIN          =
                         Hold your                 name famous for disposing of
                                                   them.] HITTING BARTERS =
  jaw ! Do you 'tumble' to that
  barrikin ? = Do you understand ?                 practice catching, full pitches hit
  Do you 'twig'?                                   from the middle of Turf towards
                                                   Ball Court for catching practice
    2851-62. MRYHEW, Loudon Lab. 1.,               towards the end of Long Meads.
25. 'The high words in a tragedy we
call jaw-breakers, and say we can't tumble      C. 1840. MANSFIELD, School-Lift', 233.
to that BARRIKIN.' Ibid. 25. Can't tumble     What a noble game cricket must be when
to your BARRIKIN [i.e., can't understand      one loved it so much, notwithstanding
you]. Ibid. 27. The rich have all that        the previous training! What genuine ex-
BARRIKIN to themselves.                       citement when College and Commoners
                                              was played; what frantic shouting when
BARRING OUT,      subs. phr. (old).—          Rapid got well hold of a BARTER . . .
  A half serious but oftentimes               and sent the ball from 'Spanish Pop-
  jocular rebellion of schoolboys             lar,' right over Mead's wall by 'Log
  against their schoolmaster. [HAL-
  LiwELL: An ancient custom at                     2878.    ADAMS, 11 71,keltamica, 327.
  schools : the boys, a few days              Barter was the most popular boy of his
                                              day with his schoolfellows. Wonderful
  before the holidays, barricade              things are told of his scores at cricket at
  the school room from the master,            which he is supposed to have been the
  and stipulate for the discipline            hardest hitter of his own times, or of any
  of the next half year. According            near him.... He was so renowned for
                                              the tremendous force with which he was
  to Dr. Johnson, Addison, in 1683,           wont to swipe the ball, commonly known
  was the leader in an affair of              to cricketers as a 'half-volley,' that it
  this kind at Lichfield.]                    actually changed its name in the Wyke-
                                              hamical vocabulary, and for fully half a
    1728. SWIFT, Yinerna/ of a Modern         century afterwards—and, for all I know,
Lady. Not schoolboys at a BARRING•OUT,        to the present day—bore the name of a
Raised ever such incessant rout.              BARTER.
       Bartholomew-baby.                       1 49                   Bash.

BARTHOLOMEW-BABY            (or PUPPET),            BASH     (or PASH), verb. (popular).-
  subs. phr. (old.-i. A gaudily                         To beat ; thrash ; crush out of shape.
  dressed doll, such as appears to                      Also as subs. (or b) BASHING =
  have been commonly sold at                            a flogging, spec. with the ' cat' ;
  Bartholomew Fair. 2. A person                         BASHING-IN = a flogging just after
  gaudily dressed.                                      conviction, and BASHING OUT =
                                                        a flogging just before release from
    1670. BrzooKs, 1Vorks (1867) VI, 51, s.v            prison ; basher = (I) a rough ; and
     1682. IVit and Drollery, 343. Her                  (2) = a prize-fighter : see LAMB.
petticoat of sattin, Her gown of crimson
tabby, Lac'd up before, and spangl'd ore,                1592. NASHE, Strange Newes, in
Just like a BARTHOLOMEW BABY.                       wks. it., 272. A leane arme put out of
                                                    the bed shall grind and PASH euerie crum
                                                    of thy booke into pin-dust.
BARTHOLOMEW-PIG, subs. phr.       (old).
  -Roasted pigs were formerly                             1622. MASSINGER,    Virgin Martyr,
  among the chief attractions of                        ii. Jove's artillery shot down at once,
  Bartholomew Fair, West Smith-                     to PASH your gods in pieces.
  field, London : they were sold                          1790. A. WiLsoN, PACK, S.V. 1805.
  piping hot, in booths and on                      J. NICOL, Poems,s.v. c. 1817. HOGG, Tales,
  stalls, and ostentatiously displayed,             S.V. 1833. SCOTT, TOM Cringle, S.V.
  to excite the appetite of passeng -
                                                         1877. Five Years' Penal Servitude,
  ers ; pregnant women were sup-                         157. There were the evidences of
  posed to long violently for roast-                former floggings, or BASHINGS, as the
  pig. Hence a BARTHOLOMEW-                         prisoners call them.
  PIG became a common subject of                        1882. Daily TelegraA 9 Dec., 2. 6.
  allusion : the Puritan railed against             A man ... told witness that he would earn
  it. The fair was founded in 1133                  a sovereign if he cared to give a certain
  and abolished in 1854.                            woman-the complainant-a couple of
                                                    black eyes.... His instructions were to
    1598.   SHAKSPEARE, 2    Hen. IV., ii., 4.      follow the man he met in the public-
Thou whoreson little tidy   BARTHOLOMEW-            house in Bear Street, and to BASH the
boar-PIG.                                           woman he would point out to him in
                                                    Portland Street.
    1614. B. JoNs., Bart. Fair,i.,6. For                 1882. F. ANsTEv, Vice Versa, xii.
the very calling it a BARTHOLOMEW-PIG,              'If you have got BASHED about pretty
and to eat it so, is a spice of idolatry.           well since you came back, it's been all
                                                    your own fault, and you know it.'
    1630. GAYTON, Festivious Notes, 57.
Like BARTHOLOMEW Fair PIG-dressers,                      1882. Daily Telegrallt, 16 Dec. 2. 6.
who look like the dams, as well as the              According to the statement of the pro-
cooks of what they roasted.                         ecuting solicitor, this was the man who
                                                    undertook to point out to Leech, the
    1636. DAVENANT,       The Wits,     iii.   i.   professed BASHER, the woman whom he
  The gaping lies on every stall,                   was to assault in Portland Street.
  Till female with great belly call.
                                                        1883. Standard, 2 March, 6, 7. Mr.
BARTS, subs.(medical).-St. Bartho-                    Hannay reminded her that when the
   lomew Hospital.                                    summons was applied for, the boy's father
                                                      had said that the boy was BASHED on the
BAR-WIG, subs. phr. (B.E.).--'13e-                    floor, and received a black eye and a
                                                      bruised head.
  tween a bob and a long one.'
                                                          1896. GRIFFITHS,   Fast and Loose,
BAS.    See Buss.                                     143. i.v.
                  Bashaw.                   150                 Basket.

BASHAW,    subs. (common).—I. A                    increase the tumult, and call more
   pasha. 2. A great (or imperious)                spectators together. (MARES):
   man; a grandee.                                 See BRASS-BACON.
        1593. NASHE,   Christ's Tears (1613)         1578.    WHETSTONE,       Promos and
85, S.V.                                        Cassandra, It, iv. 2, S.V.

     C. 1670. HAcKET, Life of Williams,             1501. HARINGTON, AriOSiO, XVii. 89.
i, 82. In every society of men there will       With scornful sound of BASEN, pot, and pan,
be some BASHAWES, who presume that              They thought to drive him thence, like
there are many rules of law from which          bees in swarmes.
they should be exempted.
                                                     1 602.   DEKKER,        Honest Whore,
       2704. Gentleman Instructed, 203.
        C.                                      [DoosLEv], Old Plays    (REED), iii. Why
He desired my company to a minister of          before her does the BASON ring ?
state upon business, but the BASHAW was
indisposed, i.e. not to be accosted.                 1613. BROWNE, Brit. Past, i. 4. Then
                                                like a strumpet drove me from their cells,
     2749. WALPOLE, Letters, i. 213. The        With tinkling PANS, and with the noise
fair Mrs. Pitt has been mobbed in the           of bells.
park, and with difficulty rescued by some
gentlemen, only because this BASHAW                  I630. JoNsoN, New Inn, iv. 3. And
(Duke of Cumberland) is in love with her.       send her home Divested to her flannel in
                                                a cart. Lat. And let her footman beat
        2794.  GODWIN, Cal. 1Villianzs, 16,
                                                the BASON afore her.
s.v.     1872. ELIOT, Middlenzaz-ch,liii.s.v.
                                                       2. (American).—A schooner
BASHI BAZOUK, subs. (common).—                      (q.v.).
   A ruman: used loosely as a more              BASING. THAT'S BASING,       phr. (old
   or less mild term of opprobrium ;                gaming).—An expression used
   also applied to anything bizarre                 when clubs are turned up trumps.
   in character or composition: the                 [The siege of Basing House was
   expression came into vogue when                  one of the most memorable of the
   Bulgarian atrocities were elec-                  incidents of the Parliamentary
   trifying the world by their bar-                 'War, the usual explanation of
   barous cruelty.                                  the phrase being that "Clubs were
      1855.  WVNTER, Cur. Civiliz., zi,             trumps when Basing was taken."]
4 0 4. S.V. 1861. SALA, Twice Round
Clock, 33, s.v.                                   BASINITE, subs. (Charterhouse: nearly
                                                    obsolete).—A hot-water fag: he
BASH-RAG, subs, phr. (old).—A rag-                  has to get hot water and towels
       amuffin.  (c. i600. J. DAVIES,               ready for a monitor when he
       Extasie, 35 s.v.).                           descends to wash in COCKS (q.v.).
BASIL,     subs. (OLD CART).—A fetter :           BASKEFYSKE, subs. (venery).—Copu-
       usually fastened on the ankle of             lation: See GREENS; Col.-zooids
       one leg only, (1592, GREENE).                Daunee, 116 ; and HAZLITT'S
BASIN (or BAsoN),         subs. (old).—             Early Pop, Poetry i. 43.
       1. It was customary when bawds             BASKET, subs. (tailors').—Stale news.
       and other infamous persons were
       carted, for a mob to precede                    hit/. (cocking).—An exclama-
       them, beating metal basins, pots,            tion frequently made use of in
       and other sounding vessels, to               cockpits where persons, unable
                 Basket.                    151                           _Bass.

     to pay their losings, are adjudged                   1874. Bell's Life,      26 Dec. The
                                                  PICK OF THE BASKET,           a compact young
     to be put into a basket suspended          greyhound.
     over the pit, there to remain till
     the sport is concluded (Grose).            BASKET-JUSTICE,               subs. thr. (old).—
     PHRASES— To go to the basket =
     to go to prison: poor prisoners in
     public gaols were mainly dependen
     on the almsbasket for sustenance ;                1860. WVNTER,             Curios.
     to pin the basket = to conclude a            493, S.V.
     matter ; to be left in the basket =          BASKET-MAKING,          subs. thr. (old).    —

     to remain unchosen, to be rejected                 Copulation :  see Greens and RIDE.
     (or abandoned) ; left to the last ;                To HAVE A KID IN THE BAsKET
     the pick of the basket = the best,                 to be pregnant ; to be LUMPY (q.v.).
     choicest ; to bring to the brisket =
     (I) to reduce to poverty, (2) to             BASKET-MEETING,          subs. 1hr. (Ame-
     imprison ; to leave in the basket =                rican).—A camp meeting serving
     to leave in the lurch ; in the                     also as a picnic : each one or party
     basket = pregnant, LUMPY (q.v.).                   contributing their own basket.
                                                  BASKET-SCRAMBLER,        subs. thr.—
      1632.    MASSINGER AND FIELD,    Fatal            One living on charity, in receipt
Dowry, v., i. Pontalier [to Liladam, who
is in custody for debt]. Arrested! this
                                                        of alms: see BASKET.
is one of those whose base And abject                     1647.      STAPYLTON, 7UVenat, 40, S.V.
flattery help'd to dig his grave; He is
not worth your pity, nor my anger; Go             BASS,       subs. (common).—I. Bass'
TO THE BASKET, and repent.
                                                        ale : brewed at Burton-on-Trent.
  c. 1659 OSBORN, 06serv. Turks, S.N'.
1670. RAY, PrOVer5S [BoLIN], 149, S.V.                    1853.      BRADLEY (' Cuthbert Bede '),
                                                Adventures of Verdant Green, 23. The
    1700. Gentlemen Instructed [1732],          young gentleman exhibited great capacity
6. God be praised! I am not BROUGHT             for the beer of BASS, and the porter of
TO THE BASKET, though I had rather live         Guinness.
on charity than rapine.
                                                    1863. OUDIA, Held in Bondage, t., 65.
  d. 1841.    HOOK, Gerv. Skinner.       iii    Those idle lads in the Temple, who smoke
Skinner was quite enchanted with the            cavendish and drink BASS. Ibid. 126.
brilliancy of his guests, although now and      Discussing BASS and a cold luncheon.
then a little puzzled at their allusions;
their jokes were chiefly local or profes-             1868. BRADDON, Only a Clod, I., t38.
sional and very frequently my excellent           A lot of fellows drinking no end of BASS.
friend Gervase was, to use a modern
phrase of general acceptation, BASKETED.                  18(?).     THOMAS, A Passion in Tatters,
                                                  1.,   no.        BASS that was not worthy of its
     ISIS. EGAN, BOXialla, 1, 79. The             name.
fight was soon over after this circumstance,
and the sweaters and trainers were com-                     2. (old).—A kiss: also BUSS
pletely in the BASKET!
                                                         (q.v.). Also as verb.
       1840.   BARHAM,   Ingoldsby Lcg.(House
Warming).    Whatever he wants, he has                  C. 1450. Court LOZIC,CX1V.,S.V.; C.1500.
only to ask it, And all other suitors are         Bk. Mayd Emil.':, 26, s.v.; C. 1529. SKEL-
LEFT IN THE BASKET.                               TON, My darling dere, 9, s.v.

     /866. YATES, Land at Last.... And                1530. Calisto and Mel. [DonsLEv],
find you in his den, lighting it up like—like     Old Plays (HAzLITT), I., 74. Thus they
—like—I'm regularly BASICETED by jove !           kiss and BASS.
                    Basta.                           I52                   Bat.

        1562. HEYWOOD,      PrOV.     and Egg.             x66o. PEPYS, Diary, July 22. One
(1867), 57.      He must nedes      BASSE hir.         man was BASTED by the keeper, for
                                                       carrying some people over on his back,
    157o. Wit and Science, (1848), 13.                 through the water.
Wye. Ye, let hym bee, I doo not passe!
Cum now, a basse! Hon. Rec. Nay, syr,                      1720. SWIFT, Irish Feast,s.v.; 1726.
as for EAssys, From hence none passys,                 WAGSTAFFE, Misc. Works, s.v.;      1770.
But as in gage Of maryage.                             SMITH, Bk. Rainy Day (186r). 14.

BASTA ! int/. (old).-It is enough !                         1772. BRIDGES,   Burlesque Homer,   2.

  No more! No matter !                                 He daily, aye, and nightly, Took pains
                                                       to BASTE their jackets tightly.
        2596.     SHAKsPEARE, Taming of
                                                          1874. MRS. H. WOOD, 7ohnny Lud-
Shrew, i.       /. BASTA,   content thee, for I
have it full.                                          low, I S., xix., 328. 'Hold your row,
                                                       Davvy,' he roared out, wrathfully; you'd
        1632. BROME,      Court Beggar, iv. t,         not like me to come back and give you
s.v.;    1819. SCOTT,   Ivan/toe, II, iii 40, S.Y.
                                                       a BASTING.'

BASTARD-BRIG, subs.phr.(nautical).-                    BASTER, subs. (American).-I.             A
  A coasting vessel : also schoony-.                     house thief (q.v.).
  orgy and hermaphrodite brig.
                                                             2.     (old).-A stick; a cudgel.
BASTE, verb (common).-To thrash
  = beat soundly : I'll baste
                                                             3. See BASTE.
  your sides, Sirrah, He bang you                      BASTERLY-CULLION, subs. phr. (old).
  bastely' (B.E.): also TO BASTE                         -A bastard's bastard: Fr. couillon.
  BASTING = a cudgelling, TANNING                      BASTILE, subs. (old).-I. A work-
  (q.v.): also DRY-BASTING; BASTING                      house.
  = (I) a heavy blow, (2) a stick or                        1883. CUTHBERT BEDE, in GraFtic,
  cudged, and (3) one who thrashes                     2 June, 558, 2. Mister Corbyn had always
  or bastes.                                           called the workhouse by the opprobrious
                                                       epithet of THE BASTEEL.
    1533. BELLENDEN, LiVy, III. (1822),
223.  He departit veil BASIT and de-                          2. (old).-A prison: see CAGE;
fuleyeit of his clothing.                                  also STEEL (q.v.).
      1590. SHANSPEA RE,    Coin. Errors,
ii. 2. 64.   Ant. S. I pray you eat none
                                                       BAT, subs. (old).-I. A prostitute :
of it ... Lest it make you choleric, and                 cf. FLY-BY-NIGHT: Fr. hirondelle
purchase me another dry BASTING.                         de nuit: see TART. For full lists of
    1599. GREENE, George - a- Greene,
                                                         synonyms, see BARRACK-HACK.
[GRosAnT (Works) xtv. 174]. Ile BASTE                       1612.    SYLVESTER,   LaClynteE Lacry-
you both so well, you were neuer better                marum,       101. BATS,  Harpies, Syrens,
BASTED in your hues.                                   Centaurs, Bib-all-nights.
    1605. Tryall of Cheralry,                               [?] Old Ballad, 'Long Live the
[RuLLEN, Old Plays, Ill. 305.] But, had                King,' 52, S.V.
I knowne as much, I would have BASTED
him till his bones had rattled in his skin.                  2. (American).-A spree : a
        x6xx.   BEAUMONT,   Knight of Burning              frolic ; a drunken bout : see
Pestle, ii. 4. Look on my shoulders, they                  BATTER.
are black and blue; Whilst to and fro
fair Luce and I were winding, He came                      /88g. Bird o' Freedom, 7 Aug., r.
and BASTED me with a hedge-binding.                    Mr. Pete: If she had been bitten by the
                  Bat                       153                  Bate.

kind of BAT you went on when I was                   1884. Sat. Review, 8 March, 308. 2.
away last Saturday week, she would              Ile has in the most workmanlike manner,
probably have died of delirium tremens.         and OFF HIS OWN BAT, lost for the Govern-
                                                ment an important seat by a crushing
     3. (athletic).—Pace ; speed (in            majority.
  walking, rowing, etc.) ; rate ; man-               1899. WHITEING, yohn St., 123. I
  ner ; style : e.s. going off at a             mean to do this little bit OFF MY OWN
  lively BAT:                                   BAT.

     1880. D. Teleg. ii Mar. Going off              To CARRY OUT ONE'S BAT, phr.
at a lively BAT of 34 ... the boat travel-
led at a good pace.
                                                  (popular).—To carry through an
                                                  undertaking ; to outlast all op-
     1887. Daily News, 18 August, 6, 3.           ponents ; to secure the result
Here they come, a mixed flock of birds            aimed at.
full BAT overhead.
                                                    1874. M. COLLINS, Frances, xxviii.
     To BAT ONE'S EYEs, phr. (Ame-              The General defended his stumps as he
  rican and dialectical in England).            would have defended a fortress, and
  --1. To wink ; to blink ; a South-            CARRIED HIS BAT OUT with a score of a
                                                hundred and seven.
  western term.
    1846. Overland Monthly, 79. The             BATCH,    verb (common).— To live
Texans stood by and laughed to see him            single : of both sexes : a corruption
knock off his hat and BAT HIS EYES at             of batchelor'.
every twitch, to avoid cutting them out.

       1883. J. HARRIS [Century Mag. May,
                                                BATCHELOR'S SON, subs. phr. (old).
1 4 6 ]. You hol' your head high ; don't
                                                  —A bastard.
YOU BAT YOUR EYES to please none of 'em.
                                                BATE. BATE ME AN ACE, QUOTH
     2.  (American gaming).—To                   BOLTON! phr. (old).—An expres-
  look on ; watch : of a bystander               sion of credulity ; Excuse me!
  not playing.                                   You're going it too strong !'
                                                 Hence TO BATE AN ACE =- to     -
     To BAT ONE ON THE HEAD,                     hesitate ; to show reluctance.
   verb. phr. (American).—To strike
   one on the head.                               d. 1535. SIR THOMAS MORE, Works,
                                                18. liar. I use all to George Philpots
      OFF Or ON ONE'S OWN BAT, phr.             at Dowgate; bees the best backsworde-
                                                man in England. Kit. BATE Ms' AN ACE
   (popular).—By oneself ; through              OF THAT, QUOTH BOLTON. liar. Ile not
   one's own exertions ; unaided : a            bate ye a pinne on't, sir; for, by this
   figurative usage of a cricketing             cudgell, 'tis true.
                                                    1563. EDWARDS, Damon and Pythias
     1845. SYDNEY SMITH, Fragm. Irish           [DoosLEv, Old Plays (REED), i., 224].
Ch., wks. tr., 340, I. He had no revenues       Grimme. Nay there, BATE ME AN ACE,
but what he got OFF HIS OWN BAT.                QUOTE BOULTON.

      1855. LORD LONSDALE, [Croker Pa-              1578. WHETSTONE, Promos and Cas-
lers (1884), vol. iii. 325.] Derby ... would
                                                sandra, iV., 7. BATE ME AN 'CE, QUOTE
not make a ministry FROM his own friends        BOULTON : TUSh, your mind I know: Ah
Or HIS OWN BAT.                                 sir, you would belike let my cock
                                                sparrows goe.
    /880. HAWLEY SMART, Soda/ Sin-
ners, xxiii. ' You have a weakness for the        c.1600. CAMDEN, Remains, 'Proverbs'
great world ? Good. Score OFF YOUR OWN          [SMITH (1870), 319]. BATE ME AN ACE
BAT, and it is the great world comes to you.'   Of that, QUOTE BOLTON.
            Bate' s Farm.                1 54                B athin cr-
   c. 1600. DAY, Beggar Bed. Green (1381),       1897. MARSHALL, Pomes, 72. On a
/to. BATE ME AN ACE OF THAT, QUOD            holiday to Bates' Farm his gentle Maud
BOLTON.                                      he sent.

    1615. H. P[ARROT]. Mastive. A               BAT-FOWLER,   subs. thr. (old).—A
pamphlet was of proverbs penn'd by Polton,
Wherein he thought all sorts included
                                                 swindler ; sharper ; victimiser of
were; Until one told him BATE M'AN ACE,          the unwary. BAT-FOWLING =
QUOTH BOLTON: Indeed (said he) that              swindling ; rookery.
proverb is not there.
                                                   1608.   DEKKER, Beintan of London
    1616.    HAUGHTON, Engl. for my          [GRosANT, Works, ji.     I31]. Sometimes
Money, ii. 2. Yet a man may want of          likewise this Card-cheating goes not under
his will, and BATE AN ACE of his wish.       the name of Bernard's Lawe, but is called
                                             BATT FOWLING.
    1633. JoNsoN, Tale of a Tztb, ii. 1.
Go to, I will not BATE him AN ACE Odt.       BATH.      Go TO BATH! phr. (old).—
     1670. RAY, Proverbs, 177. Queen
                                                 A contemptuous injunction to be
Elizabeth, by aptly citing this proverb,         off ; Go to blazes ; Hull, Halifax
detected that it was wanting in a col-           —anywhere : the injunction was
lection presented to her. It was asserted,       intensified by and get your head
that all the proverbs in the English             shaved,' a suggestion of craziness.
language were there; "BATE ME AN ACE,
030TH BOLTON," answered the queen,               To GO TO BATH = to go begging :
implying that the assertion was probably         Bath in the latter days of the
too strong; and, in fact, that very pro-         17th century was infested with
verb was wanting.                                the cadging fraternity.
     1676. MARVELL, Mr. SMirke (5875),
                                                  1588. LAMBARD, The Office of tile
Iv. 6o. The exposer has not BATED him
                                             7ustices of the Peace, 334. Such two
                                             Justices may.... License diseased persons
                                             (living of almes) to trauell to Bathe, or
     1733. NORTH, Lives of Nor/Its (1826),
                                             to Bucks/one [Buxton], for remedie of
III. 323. BATING him that ACE he was
                                             their griefe.
truly a great man. Ibid., Examen,
158. His Lordship was within AMS-ACE.
Gf being put in the plot.                        [1662. FULLER, History of the Wor-
                                             thies of England, Beggars of Bat/i.-
                                             Many in that place; some natives there,
    A ROUSING BATE, subs. "hr.               others repairing thither from all parts
  (Eton).—A great rage.                      of the land; the poor for alms, the pained
                                             for ease.]
BATE'S FARM   (or GARDEN) (thieves :
  obsolete).—Coldbath Fields pri-                1840. BAR HAM, Ingoldsby Legends,
                                             (Grey Dolphin). 'Go TO BATH!' said the
  son: from an official of that name         baron. A defiance so contemptuous roused
  and a certain appropriateness in           the ire of the adverse commanders.
  the initials, C.B.F., the prison
  initials, and used as a stamp.                1885.   Frank Leslie's Illustrated
  To FEED THE CHICKENS ON                    Newspaper, 16 Oct., 362. You tell a dis-
                                             agreeable neighbour to Go TO BATH in
  CHARLEY BATES' FARM = to                   the sense in which a Roman would have
  be put to the tread-mill.                  said abi in malam rent.

    18[?]. Broadside Ballad,'Old Bates's        BATHING-MACHINE,    subs. ishr. (nau-
Farm '. So if I should touch lucre, For
a time I will keep calm, If I don't see
                                                 tical).-1. A io ton brig. Also (2.
you here some night,' shall at BATES'            London busmen) a four-wheeled
YARM.                                            cab, or GROWLER (q.v.).
               Batie-brim                    1 55                                     Batter.

BATIE-BRIM (or BATIE-BRIMMIL), subs.                                     1617. MINSHEN,       Guide unto Tongues,
  phr. (old).—A useless bungler ;                                 CUE,   halfe a farthing, so called because
                                                                  they set down in the BATTLING or Butterie
  slow-coach ; inactive helpless fel-                             Bookes in Oxford and Cambridge the
  low.                                                            letter Q for halfe a farthing, and in Ox-
                                                                  ford when they make that CUE or Q a
    C. 1550.   Chris/is Kirk;      1572. AR-                      farthing, they say Cap my Q, and make
                                                                  it a farthing thus (1
BAT-MUGGER,   subs. phr. (Winchester
  College). A wooden instrument                                          1678. PHILLIPS,      IVorld of Words,s.v.
  used for rubbing oil into cricket                                  1706. HEARNE ; 1733. NORTH; 1744.
  bats.                                                           SALMON; 1791, 1824. D'ISRAELI ; 1792.
                                                                  Gentleman's Mag.; 1824. HEBER ; 1824.
BATTELS,    subs. (old University).—                              ARNOLD.
  The weekly bills of students at                                     1798. H. TOOKE, Purley, 390. BAT-
  Oxford. [Murray : Much depends                                  TEL, a term used at Eton for the small
  on the original sense at Oxford:                                portion of food which, in addition to the
  if this was food, provisions,' it                               College allowance, the collegers receive
                                                                  from their dames.
  is natural to connect it with 'battle,'
  to feed, or receive nourishment. It                                    1353.    CUT HERT BEDE,     Verdant
  appears that the word has appa-                                 Green    H., vii. The Michaelmas term was
                                                                  drawing to its close. Buttery and kit-
  rently undergone progressive ex-                                chen books were adding up their sums
  tensions of application, owing                                  total; bursars were preparing for BATTELS.
  partly to changes in the external
  economy of the colleges. Some                                    d. 1859. DE QUINCEY, Life and Me-
                                                                  moirs, 274. Many men BATTEL at the
  Oxford men of a previous gener-                                 rate of guinea a week and wealthier men
  ation state that it was understood                              more expensive, and more careless men
  by them to apply to the buttery                                 even BATTELLED much higher."
  accounts alone, or even to the                                      1836-7. DICKENS, Dictionary of Ox-
  provisions ordered from the but-                                ford and Cambridge, 16. BATTELS is
  tery, as distinct from the com-                                 properly a designation of the food ob-
  mons' supplied fom the kitchen:                                 tained from the College Buttery. An
                                                                  account of this, and of the account due
  but this latter use is disavowed                                to the Kitchen, is sent in to every under-
  by others]. Also as verb, and                                   graduate weekly, hence these bills also
  BATTLER =-- an Oxford student ;                                 are known as BATTELS, and the name,
                                               formelyusdincta-   further, is extended to the total amount
                                                                  of the term's expenses furnished by the
  tion to a gentleman commoner.                                   College. In some Colleges it is made
  See BATTLINGS.                                                  essential to the keeping of an under-
                                                                  graduates' term that he Should BATTEL,
    1570. LEVINS,     ??    Vocab. 38.                            i.e., obtain food in College on a certain
 OLIPHANT, New English, i. 579. Then                              number of days each week.
BATTLE COMMONS; the terms are still well-
known at Oxford].                                                 BATTEN,       verb. (B.E.).—' To Fatten'
     1607. Puritan [MALoNE, Suispt,                                 (1696).
543]. Eat my commons with a good
stomach, and BATTLE with discretion.                              BATTER, subs. (common).—I. Wear-
                                                                    and tear ; e.g., 'the BATTER is
               COTGRAVE,   Dict.    [NAREs].                        more than can be stood for long' ;
To BATTLE (as scholars do in Oxford),
'etre debiteur au college pour ses vivres.
Mot use seulement jeunes ecoliers de                                cudgell'd and bruis'd huffing
l'universite d'Oxford.                                              Fellow' (B.E.). To GO ON THE
            Batterfans.                     156                  Battledore.

  BATTER = to indulge in debauch-                   1401. Pol. Poems, H. 57. I know
  ery of any kind—drunkenness,                  not an A from the wynd-mylne, ne a B
                                                FROM A BOLE FOOT.
  whoring, etc. BATTERED =
  drunk : see SCREWED.                               1553-87. FOXE,       Acts ancl Monunzents,
                                                   474- He KNEW NOT A B FROM A
     1899. WHITEING, 7ohn St., XXi. D'ye        BATTLEDORE nor ever a letter of the book.
call that GOIN' ON THE BATTER?
                                                      1592. NASHE,       Pierce Penni lesse, 306.
     2. (printers').—In pl. = broken            Now you TALKE OF A BEE. ILE TELL
   and battered type ; these find               YOU A TALE OF A BATTLEDORE and write
   their way to the HELL-BOX (q.v.)             in prayse of vertue. /bid. (1599), Lenten
   and are eventually melted down.              St uffe (1885), V. 197. EVERY MAN CAN
                                                SAY BEE TO A BATTLEDORE and write in
                                                prayse of Vertue.
BATTERFANG,          verb.
   beclaw ; attack with fists and                   1609. DEKKER, Guls-Hornebooke, 3.
   nails.                                       You shall not neede to buy bookes; nor
                                                scorne to DISTINGUISH A B FROM A BATTLE-
     1630.    TAYLOR, Works.      A poore       DORE.
labouring man was married and matched
to a creature that so much used to scold            1621. AIONTAGU, Diatri bce, 118. The
waking, that she had much adoe to refraine      clergy of this time were ... NOT ABLE TO
it sleeping, so that the poore man was          SAY BO TO A BATTLEDORE.
SO BATTERFANG'D and belabour'd with
tongue mettle, that he was weary of his life.
                                                      1613.      KING,   Halfei5ennyworth     of
                                                  Wit, 'Dedication.' Simple honest dunce,
  co. 1709. WARD, England's Reformation.        as I am, that CANNOT SAY B TO A BATTLE-
The Pastor lays on lusty bangs, Whitehead       DORE, it is very presumptuously done of
the Pastor BATTER-FANGS.                        me to offer to hey-passe and repasse it
                                                in print so.
BATTERING-PIECE, subs.phr.(venery).
                                                    1630. TAYLOR, Motto, 'Dedication.'
   —The penis: see PRICK (CLEL-                 For in this age of criticks are such store,
   LAND).                                       That OF A B WILL MAKE A BATTLEDOOR.
                                                Ibid.,' Dedication ' to Odconzb'sComp/aint.
BATTERY,    subs. (B.E.).—Beating,              To the gentlemen readers thatUNDERSTAND
  assault, also, striking with the              A B FROM A BATTLEDOOR.
  Edge and feble of one's Sword,                   1663. HOWELL, Eng. Proverbs, z6.
  upon the edge and feble of his                He KNOWETH NOT A B FROM A BATTLE-
  Adversaries' (c. 1696).                       DOOR.

BATTLE, subs. (old).—i.SeeBATTELS.                    1672.     RAY,   Proverbs, s.v.
   PHRASES, To GIVE THE BATTLE=                      1677. 1\11EGE, Did. Fr. and Eng.,
   to acknowledge defeat ; grant the            128. BATTLEDORE ... formerly a term
   victory ; TO HAVE THE BATTLE                 for a hornbook, and hence no doubt arose
                                                the phrase TO KNOW A B FROM A BATTLE-
   = to be the victor ; IIALF THE               DORE.
   BATTLE (of anything that contri-
   butes largely to success).                        1846.    BRACKENBRIDGE,      Modern Chiv-
                                                alry,   43.
                                                          There were members who
  (or A B) FROM A BATTLEDORE                        1877. PeAcocK, Manly (Linc.) Glos-
  (or BULL'S FOOT) = to be utterly              sary, SA,. BATTLEDORE. He does NOT
  illiterate, to be ignorant ; TO SAY           KNOWS     HIS    A B C FRA A BATTLEDOOR.
                                                     884. BLACK, 7udi th Shaksivare.
  to open one's mouth, to speak :               xxi. Fools that SCARCE KNOW A B FROM
  cf. BO TO A GOOSE.                            A BATTLEDORE.
            Battledore-boy.                157                   Baud.

BATTLEDORE-BOY,subs.phr. (old).—                   an extra pay given to soldiers
  An abecedarian. [Battledore =.                   while serving in India. Col.
  a hornbook—W. ROBERTSON                          Yule says in Indian banking
  (1693)].                                         BATTY means difference in ex-
                                                   change, discount on coins not
BATTLE-OF-THE-NILE,        subs. phr.              current (or of short weight).
  (rhyming).—A tile ' ; a hat : e.g.
   Kool his BATTLE, Bill' = Look                     1824.   HOOK,   Sayings and Doings,
                                               viii. Whether he could draw full BATTA
  at his hat, Bill ' : see CADY.               in peace-time.
    1887.    HORSLEY,   7ottings from 7ail.           1868. BREWER, Phrase and Fable,
Come, cows-and-kisses, put the BATTLE OF         BATTA   or BATTY (Hindustanee). Perquisi-
THE NILE on your Barnet fair, and a rogue        tes; wages. Properly, an allowance to
and villain in your sky-rocket.                  East Indian troops in the field.

BATTLE-ROYAL,      subs. pin% (old col-          BAUBEE.     See BAWBEE.
  loquial).. A general squabble ;
  a free fight ' : spec. of two terma-           BAUBLE. (BABLE     or BAWBELL), subs.
  gant women.                                      (old).—I. A toy, trinket, trifle
                                                   (B.E.). To DESERVE THE BAUBEL
    1672. HOWARD,       All Mistaken, i. ist       = to be foolish: the baubel'
Nurse.   Your husband is the noted'st              being the Court jester's baton sur-
cuckold in all our street. 2nd Nurse.
You lie, you jade; yours is a greater.             mounted by a carved head with
Phil. Hist—now for a BATTLE-ROYAL.                 asses' ears ; TO GIVE THE BAUBEL
                                                   = to befool. [BROUGHTON (1599) ;
    1687.    DRYDEN ; 1804. NELSON;    186o.
                                                   DAY (1606)].

    1853.    THAcKERAv, Shabby Genteel               2. (venery).—The penis : see
Story, vi.   A BATTLE-ROYAL speedily took          PRICK. Also in pl. = the testes :
took place between the two worthy mo-              see CODS.
                                                      1595. SHAKsPEARE, Romeo and7ullet,
     1865. Sketches from Cambridge, Ir.          ii. 4. This drielling love is like a great
Our brethren there [in Oxford] seem to           natural, that runs lolling up and down
be always indulging in BATTLES-ROYAL.            to hide his BAUBLE in a hole.
BATTLE-WRIGHT,          subs. phr. (old).—           1705. WARD, flied. Redly, i. vi. to.
   A soldier.                                    Your poor Deserts would scarce be able.
                                                 To find you Trowzers to your BAUBLE.
   C. 1300. Cursor Ilfundi, 7495. You es
a stalworth BATAIL WRIGHT.                       BAUD (BAWDSTROT         or BAWD), subs.
                                                    (old).—I. A procurer or procu-
BATTLINGS,subs.(public   schools').—                ress ; a brothelkeeper ; a go-be-
   A weekly allowance of money :                    tween (in a bad sense) whether
   at 'Winchester it is Is., while at               male or female ; a match-maker
   Repton it is only 6d.: also see                  (see quot. 1634) ; a harlot. Also
   BATTELS.                                         as verb = to pander to sexual
BATTNER,    subs. (old).—An ox : The                debauchery, Hence numerous
   cove has hushed the BATTNER,'                    derivatives : thus BAWDILY = las-
   i.e., has killed the ox (B. E.).                 civiously ; BAwoiNEss = lewdness,
                                                    obscenity ; BAWDING = the prac-
BATTY (or BATTA), subs. (military).                 tice of a bawd ; BAWDISH = ob-
   —Wages : perquisites : from batter,              scene, filthy ; BAWDRY or BAW-
                Baud.                         158                       Baud.

  DREMINY = unchastity, lewdness                       1589.      PuTTENHAnt,     Art of Eng. Poesie,
  (in word or deed) ; BAWDY-BASKET                    xix. Many a faire lasse in London
                                                 to wne, Many a BAWDIE BASKET borne
  = a hawking vendor of obscene                  vp and downe.
  literature ; BAWDY-HOUSE = a
  brothel; BAWDY-BATCHELORS =                       1593. NASH, Christ's Mares, 83 b.
    that live long Unmarried' (B.E.) ;           They will ... play the Brokers, BAUDES,
                                                 Apron-squires, Pandars, or anything.
                      = whorernong-BAWDY-NQUET
  ering ; BAWDY-HOUSE-BOTTLE =                            1595.    SHAKSPEARE,     Romeo and 7ziliet,
    a very small one (B.E.). [0.E.D.:            ii. 4.     Mer.
                                                               'Tis no less, I tell you, for
  BAWDSTROT " is probably the                    the BAWDY hand of the dial is now on
  full word from which BAWD was                  the prick of noon.    Nurse. Out upon
                                                 you! what a man are you ? Ibid. (1596).
  shortened "].                                  SuAKsPEARE, ii. 2. He's for a jigg, or a
                                                 tale of BAWDRY.
    1362. LANGLAND, Piers Plowman;
Gesta Romanorum, 432; 1374, CHAUCER ;                 1596. NASHE, Have with You to
1 4473 STILLINGFORD; 1483, CAXTON; 1513,         Saffron Walden (GRosART, iii. ro6). Any ,
                                                 hot-house or BAWDY-HOUSE of them all.
    1560-1. AWDELEY, The XX [ ...orders
                                                         1605.VERSTEGEN, Restitution (1634)
of Knaues, (ed. 1896), 14. BAWDE PHI-
SICKE, is he that is a Cocke, when his           333.      BAWD... a name now given in our
Maysters meate is euyll dressed, and he          language to such as are the makers or
challenging him therefore, he wyl say he         furtherers of dishonest matches.
he wyll eate the rawest morsel thereof
him selfe. This is a sausye kaaue, that                  1608.     MIDDLETON,      Works, s.v. BAW-
wyl contrary his Mayster alway.                  DREMINY.

     1567. HARMAN, Caveat (ed. 1869),                    1608.     DEKKER,       Belman of London,
65. These BAWDY BASKETS be also wemen,           [GRosART, IVorks, iii  86]. The victualers

and go with baskets and Capeases on              to the campe are women, and to those
their armes, where in they haue laces,           some are Glynzerers, some BAWDY-BASKETS,
pynnes, nedles, white ynkell, and round          some Autem-ilIorts. Ibid. 14o. And he
sylke gyrdles of al coulours. These wyl          delivers it either to a Broker or some
bye conneyskins and steale linen clothes         RAWD (for they all are of one feather).
of on hedges. And for their trifles they
will procure of mayden seruaunts, when                   1623.     TAYLOR,   Discovery by Sea, H.
[leaf 20, back] their mystres or dame is         21.  Are whoremasters decai'd, are BAWDS
oute of the waye, either some good peece         all dead, Are panders, pimps, and apple.
of beefe, baken or cheese, that shalbe           squires all fled ?
worth xij pens, for ii pens of their toyes.
And as they walke by the waye, they                    1621. BURTON, Anat. 01 elan., III. 11.
often gaine some money wyth their                ii. 5. I perceived ... by the naked queans,
instrument, by such as they sodaynely            that I was come into a BAWDY-HOUSE.
mete withall. The vpright man haue
good acquayntance with those, and will                1633. FORD; 1634, JONSON ; 1642,
helpe and relieue them when they want.           ROGERS; 1651, WELDON; 1651, CEVELAND ;
Thus they trade their lyues in lewed             1656, SANDERSON.
lothsome lechery. Amongest them all
is but one honest woman, and she is of                1671. R. HEAD, English Rogue,
good yeares; her name is lone Messenger.         V., 39 (1874). [In list of orders of thieves],
I haue had good proofe of her, as I haue         BAWDY-BASKETS. Ibid. (1674). Canting
learned by the true report of diners. Ibid.      Academy, x 05. The BAwns and the But-
63. 'Where haue I bene ?' quoth he, and          tocks that lived there round.
began to smyle. 'Now, by the mas, thou
hast bene at some BAUDY BANQUET.'                        1675.     COTTON, Scoffer     SCOIR [ Works
                                                 (1725), 208]. And mankind must in dark-
    1569. SANDFORD; 1572, ARBUTHNOT ;            ness languish Whilst he his BAWDY
1589, Pafipe with a Hatchet.                     launce does brandish.
                Baulk.                                 159                  Bayard.
   1676. SHADWELL;   /688, RAVENS-                            fellow' ; my fine fellow.' [Cf
CROFT; 1698, VANBRUGH; 1702, DE FOE.
                                                              beau coq ; also boy cock, with
     1703. WARD, London Sy, xv. 365.                          an eye on chuck].
Some loose shabroon in BAWDY-HOUSES
bred.                                                        1599. SHAKSPEARE, Henry V., iii.,
                                                         2, 25.... Good BAWCOCK, 'bate thy rage!
     1708. London Bewitched, 6. This                     use lenity, sweet chuck. Also (1602),
month hedges ... will be the leacher's                   Twelfth Night, iii. 4 ; and (1604), IVinter's
BAWDY-HOUSE; the padder's ambuscade;                     Tale, i. 2. Why, that's my BAWCOCK.
. . and the farmer's security.                           What has smatch'd thy nose ?

    1711. STEELE; 1726, AYLIFFE.                             /861. H. AINSWORTH, Constable of
                                                         the Tower, 131. One of the gamesome
    1729. GAY, Folly , ii. 7. Sure never                 little BAWCOCK'S jests.
was such insolence! how could you leave
me with this BAUDY-HOUSE bully.                          BAWSON, subs. (old).—A clumsy,
    1760. STERNE, Tristram Shandy;
                                                           unwieldy person.
1763, CHURCHILL; 1765, BURKE; 1771,                          1580. Lingua, [DonsLEv, Old Plays
SAIOLLETT; 1792, YOUNG.                                  (Reed), v. 232]. Peace, you fat BAWSON,
    1809. MALKIN,    Gil Bias [ROUT-
LEDGE]. 87. We passed the night in                       BAW-WAW, intj. (old).—An exclama-
drinking and talking BAWDY.
                                                           tion of contempt or derision.
    181x. Lexicon Balatronicum.     FREE-                  Hence (proverbial), ‘BAw-wAw,
AND-EASY JOHNS.    A society which meets                   QUOTH BAGSIIAW (the lie direct).
at the Hole in the Wall, Fleet Street, to
tipple porter, and sing BAWDRY.
                                                           As nal/. = contemptibly noisy.
                                                               1570. LEVINS,               Vocab. s.v.
     2.(old).—In pl.=fine clothes
  Hence pretentiousness.                                        1599. NASHE, Lenten Stuffe (Han.
                                                         Music.) vi. 174. All this may passe in
    1647.  HERRICK,    lies,hcrides, 1 44.               the queene's peace, and no man say bo
And have our roofe, Although not archt,                  to it ; but “BAWWAW," QUOTH BAGSHAW-
yet weather proofe, And seeling free                     to that which drawlacheth behinde, of
From that cheape candle baudery.                         the first taking of herrings there.
                                                             C. x600.   Dist. Emp., s.v.
BAULK, subs.  (Winchester).—I. A
  false report (especially that a                        BAY, subs. (old).—See quot.
  master is at hand), which is                                 r6o8.    DEKKER,    Belman of London
  SPORTED (q.v.), not spread.                            [GROSART,      1Vorks, III , 122]. Learne be-
                                                         fore he play what store of Bit he hath
     2.   (common).--A false 'shot' ;                    in his BAY, that is what money he hath
                                            amistke.     in his pursse.

BAUM, verb. (American University).                       BAYARD (or BAYARD OF TEN TOES),
  —To fawn ; to flatter ; to curry                         subs. (old),—Generic for a horse ;
  favour. HALL, College Words and
          —                                                                                              spec.abyhor[Bdws
  Phrases.                                                   a horse famous in old romances.]
BAWBEE  (or BAWUBEE), subs. (chiefly                         Hence (proverbial), AS BOLD AS
                                                             BLIND BAYARD (Of those who act
  Scots).—A copper coin of the
  value of a halfpenny ; whence a                            unthinkingly, and look not before
  halfpenny (B.E.).                                          they leap, whence generic for blind-
                                                             ness, ignorance, recklessness ; To
BAWCOCK, subs. (old).—A burlesque                            RIDE BAYARD OF TEN TOES =
  term of endearment ; 'my good                              to go on foot: cf
                                                                          SHANK'S MARE.
               Bayonet.                         160              Beach-comber.

  c. 1337. MANNING,       Tr. Fr. Poem,           BEACH-CADGER,     subs. phi. (old).-
[OLIPHANT, New Eng., i. 21. The French                A beggar whose ' pitch ' is at
words are (quash) ... BAYARD (of a horse)...]
                                                      watering-places, and sea-ports.
     1350. Tourer. of Tottenham [HAZ-
LITT, Early Pop. Poetry, iii. 87]. BAYARDE        BEACH-COMBER,      subs. phi. (nauti-
the blynde.                                           cal).-I. A long wave rolling in
                                                      from the ocean. 2. A settler on
    1369. CHexcEa, Troilus, i. 218. As                islands in the Pacific, living by
proud Bayard beginneth for the skippe.
                                                      means more or less reputable:
     1393. GOWER, MS. SOC. Antiq., 134,               comprising runaway seamen, de-
f. 185. Ther is no God, ther is no lawe               serters from whalers &c.: always
Of whom that he taketh eny hede,                      in contempt. 3. A sea-shore
Tille he falle in the diche amidde,                   loafer, one on the look-out for
He goth ther no man wol him bidde.                    odd jobs. 4. A river boatman.
                                                      5. A wrecker, WATER-RAT (q.v.).
 c. 1536. CAvIL [lirr. for Magistrates].
Who is more bold than is the BAYARD BLIND?             18 3 5. DANA, Before the Mast, xix.
                                                  In the twinkling of an eye I was trans-
    1599. HALL,     Virgil      [CHALMERS,        formed from a sailor into a BEACH-COMBER,
Eng. Poets, v. 268]. s.v.                         and a hide-curer.

     1606. BRETON, Good and Blade, 14.                 x8[?]. MELVILLE, OMOO, 109. A term
Breton says of the 'honest poore man,'-           "applied to certain roving characters, who,
his trauell is the walke of the woful, and        without attaching themselves permanently
his horse BAYARD OF TEN TOES.                     to a vessel, ship now and then for a short
                                                  cruise in a whaler, but upon condition
     1614. Letter, [quoted by NAREs]. But         only of being honorably discharged the
the BOLDEST BAYARD of all was Went-               very next time the anchor takes hold of
worth, who said that the just reward of           the bottom, no matter where they are.
the Spaniard's imposition was the loss of         They are, mostly, a reckless, rollicking
the Low Countries.                                set, wedded to the Pacific, and never
                                                  dreaming of ever doubling Cape Horn
                                                  again on a homeward-bound passage.
     1633. ROWLEY, Match at Midnight.
                                                  Hence their reputation is a bad one."
[DODSLEY, Old Plays (REED) vii.
Do you hear, Sir Bartholomew BAYARD,                             Blackwood's Magazine,   LX1.,
that leap before you look ?"                      757.    A daring Yankee BEECH-COMBER.
     1752. BERNARD GILPIN, Ser11101Z Ltfe.             1880. Atheneenm, 18 Dec., 809, 2.
I marvel not SO much at BLIND BAYARDS,            The white scamps who, as BEECH-COMBERS,
which never take God's book in hand.              have polluted these Edens and debauched
                                                  their inhabitants.
BAYONET, subs.     (venery).-Thepenis:
  See PRICK;      Cf. SHEATH =  female                 1880. J. S. COOPER, Coral Lands, I.,
  pudendum.                                       XX , 242. The BEACH-COMBING pioneers
                                                  of the Pacific.
BAY STATE,   subs. phr. (American).-                   1885. A. LANG, [Longue. Mag., v1. 4
   The State of Massachusetts: orig.                    note]. BEACH-COMBER IS the local 417,
   the Colony of Massachusetts Bay.               term for the European adventurers and
                                                  long-shore loafers who infest the Pacific
BAYSWATER CAPTAIN,  sztbs.phr. (old).             Archipelagoes. There is a well-known
   -A SPONGER (q.2,.); an adven-                  tale of an English castaway on one of
                                                  the isles, who was worshipped as a deity
   turer: cf. DRYLAND SAILOR.                     by the ignorant people. At length he
                                                  made his escape, by swimming, and was
BAY-WINDOWED, adj. phr. (common).                 taken aboard a British vessel, whose
   -Fat ; pregnant ; LUMPY (q.v.).                captain accosted him roughly. The mariner
         Beach-tramper.                     161                    Beak.
turned aside and dashed away a tear :             18og. MALKIN, Gil Bias, [ROUT-
' I've been a god for months and you          LEDGE], /66. Signor Don Raphael ... the
call me a (something alliterative) BEACH-     old BEAD-COUNTER.
CONIBER !' he exclaimed, and refused to
be comforted.                                 BEADLEDOM, Subs.pkr.        (common).--
BEACH-TRAMPER,               subs. phr.             Red-tapeism ; formality ; stupid
  (nautical).—A coastsguardsnaan ;                  officiousness. (i86o.)
  SHINGLE SMASHER (q.v.).                     BEADY,      aa9. (colloquial).—Full of
B E A D. PHRASES      (various).—To                 bubbles ; frothy.
  DRAW A BEAD = to attack an
  opponent by speech or otherwise :                   1881.    Harper's Mag., lxiii. 488.
                                              Creamy and BEADY scum.
  from backwoods parlance; To
  RAISE A BEAD =-- to bring to                BEAGLE,       subs. (old).—A Spy; in-
  the point, to ensure success: from                former; man-hunter ; policeman ;
  brandy, rum, or other liquors,                    also a general term of contempt.
  which will not raise a bead,'
                                                  1559. Myrr. Mag., 7ack Cade, XiX.,
  unless of the proper strength ;             2. That restless BEGLE sought and found
  TO BID A BEAD = to offer prayer ;           me out.
  (TELL, Or COUNT) ONE'S BEADS                     1607. DEKKER, iVeStWard Hoe, iii.,
  = to say prayers ; TO PRAY WITH-            4. Mon. I beseech you, Mistress Ten-
                                              terhook,—before God, I'll be sick, if you
  OUT ONE'S BEADS = to be out                 will not be merry. Mist. Ten. You are
  of one's reckoning.                         a sweet BEAGLE.

    1841.   CATLIIN,    North American           1748. DYCHE,      Dictionary (5 ed.).
Indians (1844), 1., x., 77. I made several    BEAGLE (S)'... alsoa contemptuous name
attempts to get near enough TO DRAW A         given to a boy or man, as to say, you
BEAD upon one of them.                        are a special BEAGLE, is the same as, you
                                              are good for nothing.
    1846. AT. V. Tribune, Letter from
Ohio.  The result was, if the convention              1837. CARLYLE,    French Revolution,
had been then held, the party wouldn't        III., VII., v., 377. Attorneys and Law-
have been able TO RAISE A BEAD.               BEAGLES,        which hunt ravenous on this
    1870. BEET HARTE, Society on the
Stanislaus (in Poems and Prose). It is not        BEAK,  subs. (Old Cant).—i. A
a proper plan, to lay for that same mem-            constable: (also BEAKSMAN and
                                                    HARMAN BECK) ; policeman, guar-
    1884. CLEMENS ('      Mark Twain '),            dian of the peace: as far as is
Huckleberry Finn, 48. There was the                 known, 'beck' is the oldest cant
old man down the path apiece just DRAW-
ING A BEAD on a bird with his gun.
                                                    term for this class of -men. In
                                                    Harman's Caveat (1573), HAR-
    1889. Albany Yournal, 6 Aug. If                 MAN BECK is explained as the
Jake's not careful I'll DRAW A BEAD ON              constable,' harmans being the
Him. Very little more will make me go
for him tooth and nail.                             stockes.' Also (2) a magistrate :
                                                    sometimes BEAK OF THE LAW
BEAD-COUNTER,    subs. phr. (old).—                 (GROSE).
   A term of contempt—cleric, re-
                                                     1609. DEKKER,     Lanthorne and
   cluse, or worshipper: in allusion              Candlelight [GRosART, Wks. (1886), iii.,
   to the rosary in use in the Ro-                2031 The Ruffin cly the nab of the
   man Communion.                                 HARMAN BECK.
                  Beak.                       162              Beakering-

   /610. ROWLANDS, Martin Mark-All,                  1897. MARSHALL, POMeS, 73. Called
 Toure Out Ben Morts.' For all the              the BEAK "a balmy Kipper," dubbed him
Rome Coues are budged a BEAKE.                  "soft about the shell."

      1818. MAGINN,       Song. Tramp                 3.     (common).-The nose:      see
it, tramp it, my jolly blowen, Or be                CONK.
grabbed by the BEAKS we may.
                                                    1598. FLORIO, 11 -0/"Zde of Irordes.
    1821.     MoNcaiEFF, Tom and 7erry,         Naso Aduizco, a BEAKE-nose.
ii., 6.     Land. Gentlemen vagabonds;
the traps are abroad, and half a thousand           1854. THACKERLY, Newcomes,I., 296.
beadles and BEAKSMEN are now about              The well-known hooked BEAK of the old
the door. Billy. De BEAK! oh curse a            countess.
de BEAK!                                            1865. CLAYTON, Cruel Fort, I., 143-
                                                A large, fat, greasy woman, with a pro-
    1824. EGAN, BOXialla, iv., 150. The         minent BEAK.
Pope being nippered and brought to face
the BEAK.                                         /876. GRENVILLE MURRAY,       The
                                                Member for Paris, I. 80. It was not
     1834. AINS WORTH, ROOkWOOd,     /16        the most agreeable thing in the world
(ed. 1864). But my nuttiest blowen, one         to be suddenly interrupted in a mantel.
fine day, To the BEAKS did her fancy.           shelf conversation by a gentleman with
man betray.                                     a firm BEAK-NOSE and a red rosette in
                                                his button-hole.
   1837. DICKENS, Oliver Twist, viii.
'My eyes, how green!' exclaimed the                   4. (Eton and Marlborough
young gentleman. Why a BEAK'S a                     Schools). A master.
                                                      5. (old).-A thrust ; a poke
  C. 1845. HOOD, Tale of a Trumpet.                 (1592).
The pies and jays that utter words, And
other Dicky gossips of birds, Who talk                6.  (venery).-The penis : see
with as much good sense and decorum,                PRICK.  Hence TO STROP ONE'S
As many BEAKS who belong to the quorum.
                                                    BEAK = to copulate: see GREENS
     1840. THACKERAY, Catherine, x. But             and RIDE.
Mrs. Polly, with a wonderful presence of
mind, restored peace by exclaiming, Rush,             7. See    BEAKER.
hush! the BEAKS, the BEAKS!' Mrs. Briggs
knew her company: there was something
                                                      BIRDS OF A BEAK.       Sec   BIRDS
in the very name of a constable which               OF A FEATHER.
sent them all a-flying.
                                                BEAKER,    subs. (thieves').- A fowl ;
    1855.  TAYLOR, Still li'aters, ii. 2. A         CACKLING-CHEAT       (g .) : also
fellow who risks ... the spinning of a              BEAK. Whence BEAKER-HUNTER
roulette wheel is a gambler, and may be             (or BEAK-HUNTER) = a poultry
quodded by the first BEAK that comes
                                                    thief. Fr. estable, or estaphle.
                                                     1857.   SNOWDEN, Mag. Assistant,
    r88r. Punch, 3 Dec., 258. 'A PAIR           (3 ed.) 445. A poultry stealer. A BEAKER-
trouble ... Going to be had up before the
BEAK for it! Bow St., you know !'               BEAKERING-PARTY,       subs. pbr. (ol(1
                                                    University).-A drinking-party.
    1889. Pall Mall Gaz., 12 Oct.. 5, 2.
Taken before some French BEAK whom                  1794. Gent. Mag., to85. And was
he did not know, and an interpreter             very near rustication [at Cambridge],
brought, the Icotched' culprit was made         merely for kicking up a row after a
to pay 20 f.                                    BFAKERING PARTY.
               Beak-gander.                   163                    Bean.

BEAK-GANDER,  subs. (old).—A judge                    1853.  BRADLEY (' Cuthbert Bede '),
  of the Superior (or High) Courts.               Adventures of Verdant Green.      You get
                                                  on stunningly, gig-lamps, and haven't been
                                                  ON YOUR BEAM ENDS more than once a
BEAKS MAN,       stubs. (old).     See    BEAK.   minute.

BE-ALL, subs.phr.(Colloquial).—The                BEAN  (or BIEN), subs. (Old).—I. A
  whole ; everything ; the BLOOMING                 sovereign, 20s. : formerly a guinea :
  LOT (q.v.): a Shakspearean phrase                 in America five-dollar gold pieces :
  in common modern use--' the                       see HALF BEAN and HADDOCK
  be-all and end-all '.                             OF BEANS: in old French cant,
                                                    biens = money or property : see
     /605. SHAKSPEARE, Macbeth, i. 7. 5.            RHINO.
This blow might be the BE-ALL AND THE
END-ALL here.
                                                      I8II. Lexicon Balatronicum.           BEAN,
                                                  a guinea. HALF-BEAN.
       1830.   THOMPSON;   1854   NEAL.
                                                       1834. AINSWORTH, Rockwood, III.
BEAM,  subs.(colloquial).—An author-              ix. Zoroaster took long odds that the
  ised standard of criticism, man-                match was off; offering a BEAN to half a
  ners, morals, etc. To KICK (or                  QUID.
  STRIKE) THE BEAM = to be over-                      1885. CHRISTIE MURRAY, Rainbow
  powered ; to be in a tight place                Gold, bk. v., vi. 'Here's some of the
  (or corner).                                    BEANS,' he continued figuratively, as he
                                                  drew five sovereigns from the same pocket.
BEAM ENDS, verb. phr. (colloquial).                   2. (Newcastle-on-Tyne).--Small
  —1. To be in a bad circumstances ;                coal.
  at one's last shift ; hard-up : a
  metaphor drawn from sea-faring                       3. (old).—A small standard of
  life : a ship is said to be on her                value : cf. MAP, STRAW, DAM, etc.
  beam ends when on her side by                     Hence NOT TO CARE (or BE
  stress of weather, or shifting of                 WORTH A BEAN =7. to hold in
  cargo, as to be submerged.                        little esteem, think lightly of, be
  2. Also less figuratively, to be                  of little value : the allusion is to
  thrown to the ground ; reduced                    the small worth, or value of a
  to a sitting or lying posture.
                                                    bean, or 'the black of a bean'
                                                    (= something very minute).
    1830. MARRYAT, King's Own, xxvi.
Our first lieutenant was ...ON HIS BEAM              1297.    ROB. GLOUCESTER;      1377,   LANG-
ENDS, with the rheumatiz.                         LAND,   Piers Plowman;       1413, LYDGATE;
                                                  1548,   HALL;   1656,   HOBBES.
           DICKENS, Martin Chuzzlewit,
xl. In short, he laughed the idea down                 PHRASES :—FULL OF BEANS, =
completely ; and Tom, abandoning it, was            (I) in good form (or condition),
some other solution.
                                                    full of health, spirits, or capacity
                                                    as a horse after a good feed of
       1851.MAYHEW, London Lab., III.,              beans ; and (2), sexually excited,
121.  When a fellow is ON HIS BEAM                  WARM (q.v.), HOT (q.v.): also
ENDS, as I was then, he must keep his
eyes about him, and have impudence
                                                    BLAZY (q.v.) THE BLACK OF A
enough for anything, or else he may stop            BEAN = something very minute.
and starve.                                         To GIVE BEANS = to chastise,
                Bean.                    164                     Bean.

  to give a good drubbing. LIKE                  1651. CARTWRIGHT, Ordinary. Mo.
                                             I do not reche One BEAN for all. This
  BEANS = in good form (style,
                                             buss is a blive guerdon. Hence carlish-
  time, etc.), with force: a general         nesse yferre.
  expression of approval and praise :
  cf. LIKE BLAZES (BRICKS, or ONE               d. 1663. BRAMHALL, Works, ii., or.
  o'cLocK).BEANy=.in good humour             Neither will this uncharitable censure, if
                                             it were true, advantage his cause THE
  —a metaphor drawn from the                 BLACK OF A BEAN.
  stable. To KNOW BEANS = to
  be well-informed, sharp and                     1717. MATHEW PRIOR, Alma (cant),
  shrewd, within the charmed circle          I., v., 25. They say--That putting
                                             all his words together, 'Tis THREE BLUE
  of the cultured elect,' fully              BEANS IN ONE BLUE BLADDER.
  equipped in the upper storey.'
  To KNOW HOW MANY BLUE BEANS                   1830. GALT, Laurie, T. (1849), II., i.
  MAKE FIVE WHITE ONES — this                42.Few men who better knew HOW MANY
                                             BLUE BEANS IT TAKES TO MAKE FIVE.
  is generally put in the form of
  a question, the answer to which                1886.  Zoological Comparisons, in
  is Five, if peeled', and those             Broadside Ballad. Then just as we begin
  who fail to get tripped by the             to know 'HOW MANY BEANS MAKE FIVE,'
  catch are said to know how                 The ladies call us puppies when we at
                                             that age arrive.
  many ', etc.; in other words to be
  cute, knowing, wide awake. To                  1888. Chicago Herald. One has to
  DRAW A BEAN = to get elected :             KNOW BEANS to be successful in the latest
  an allusion to the former use of           Washington novelty for entertainment at
  beans in ballotting. To HAVE THE           luncheons.
  BEAN = 10 be first and foremost ;
                                                    1888.   Portland Transcript, 7 March.
  in reference to the custom of              The pudding was pronounced a success
  appointing, as king of the company         by each member of the assembled family,
  on Twelfth Night, the man in               including a dainty Boston girl who, of
                                             course, KNOWS BEANS.
  whose portion of the cake the
  bean was found (1556). Also                    5889. Daily News, 4 Nov., 6, 5. The
  proverbial, Hunger maketh hard             dunce of the school knows that if you
  BEANS sweet' (1652) ; Always               take 8o from one side and add it on to
  the bigger eateth the BEANE '              the other, the difference is not 8o, but
                                             16o. It is as simple as HOW MANY BLUE
  (1652);     It is not for idleness         BEANS MAKE FIVE.
  that men saw BEANS in the wind
  (i.e., labour in vain) (1624); like            5889. Sporting Times, 29 June. The
   a BEAN in a monk's hood (COT-             game began. (Ich dien,' shouted Jack, as
   GRAVE) ;    Every BEAN hath its           FULL OF BEANS as the Prince of Wales'
   black (z568). THREE BLUE BEANS
   IN A BLUE BLADDER = noisy talk,               1900. KIPLING, Stalky and Co., 53,
   clap-trap, froth (1600).                    Wonder what King will get." BEANs,'
                                             said the Emperor. Number Five gene-
  c. r559.   Marriage Wit and Wisdom,        rally pays in full.
45. It is not for idlenis that men SOWE
BEANS IN THE WIND.                           BEAN BELLY,      subs. (old).—A Leices-
                                                   tershire man ; from a real or
     I600. DEKKER, Old Fortuna/us,                 supposed fondness of the inhabit-
128. F. Hark, does't rattle ? S. Yes, like
THREE BLUE BEANS IN A BLUE BLADDER,                ants of this county for beans.
rattle, bladder, rattle.                           (LEIGH, 1659.)
               Bean-feast.                        165                     Bear.

BEAN-FEAST,       subs. phr. (common).-             BEANY,     adj. (common).—Full of
     i. An annual feast given by em-                    vigour ; fresh ; like a bean-fed
    ployers to their work-people.                       horse.
     [The derivation is uncertain, and,
    at present, there is little evidence                    1852.KINGSLEY, [in Life (1876), 1.,
                                                    278.]     The very incongruity keeps one
    to go upon. Some have suggested                 BEANY     and jolly.
    its origin in the prominence of
    the bean goose, or even beans                           1870.    Daily News,   27   July, 5. The
    at these spreads ; others refer it              horses    ...   looked fresh and    BEANY.

    to the French bien, good, i.e., a               BEAR,       subs. (Stock Exchange).-
    good feast (by-the-bye, tailors call                 i. Applied, in the first instance,
    all good feeds bean-feasts) ; others                to stock sold by jobbers for
    favour its derivation from the                      delivery at a certain date, on the
    modern English bene, a request or                   chance of prices falling in the
    solicitation from the custom of                     meantime, thus allowing the seller
    collecting subscriptions to defray
    the cost : also called a WAYZGOOSE                  to re-purchase at a profit. At
                                                        first the phrase was probably to
    (q.v.). Hence BEAN-FEASTER =
    one who takes part in a BEAN-                       sell the bear-skin,' the buyers of
    FEAST.                                              such bargains being called bear-
                                                        skin jobbers in allusion to the
      1882. Printing Times, 15 Feb., 26. 2.             proverb, To sell the bear's skin
A   BEAN-FEAST      dinner served up     at   a         before one has caught the bear.'
country inn.
                                                        So far, the origin of the phrase
    1884. Bath. Yoztr., 26 July, 6. 1. The              seems pretty clear ; of the date
annual grant of 220 for their BEAN-FEAST.               of its introduction, however, noth-
    1884. Cornh. Mag., Jan., 621. For                   ing is known. It was a common
the delectation of the bold   BEAN-FEASTERS.            term in Stock Exchange circles,
                                                        at the time of the bursting of the
         (venery).—An act of kind :
                                                        South Sea Bubble in 1720, but
    see        and RIDE: also BEAN-
                                                        it does not seem to have become
  FEAST IN BED.                                         colloquial until much later. In
BEANO, subs. (printers').—I. A BEAN-                    these transactions no stock was
  FEAST (q.v.).                                         delivered, the 'difference' being
     2. (common).--A spree ; a jolli-
                                                        settled according to the quota-
                                                        tion of the day, as is the prac-
  fication.                                             tice now in securities dealt with
BEAN-POLE (STICK or wool)), subs.                         for the account.' At present the
 phi'. (A lanky " PERSON            a  " ;              term for such an arrangement is
  LAMPPOST (9.2z.)—(HALIBURTON,                         time-bargain. 2. Hence a dealer
  1837).-                                               who speculates for a fall. Fr.
                                                        baissier : see BULL, STAG and
BEAN-SHATTER,         subs. phi% (old.—A
    scarecrow.                                          LAME DUCK. Also as verb. =
                                                        to act as a bear to speculate for
     1632. CHAPMAN   and SHIRLEY, Ball,                 a fall.
iv. r. To fright away crows, and keep
the corn, BEAN SHATTER.                                    1709. STEELE, Taller, No. 38, 3
                                                    Being at the General Mart of stock-
BEAN-TOSSER,   subs. phr. (venery).—                jobbers called Jonathans ... he bought
    The PENIS: see PRICK.                           the BEAR of another officer.
                  Bear.                        166                  Bear.

    1719. Anatomy of Change Alley (X.                  1861. New-York Tribune, 29 Nov.,
and Q., 5 S., vi., 118). Those who buy             His Lordship is wholly guiltless of the
Exchange Alley bargains are styled                 charge which the Herald, in its anxiety YO
'buyers of BEAR-SKINS.'                            BEAR THE MARKET,haS brought against him.

     1 744- London Magazine, 86. These                  1862. A Week in 11 all St., 90. A
noisy devotees were false ones, and in             broker, who had met with heavy losses,
fact were only bulls and BEARS.                    exclaimed: 'I'm in a BEAR-trap, - this
                                                   won't do. But I'll turn the scale; I'll
    x7[?]   CIBBER,   Refusal, i. Gran.            help the bulls operate for a rise, and draw
And all this out of Change-Alley ?
                                                   in the flunkies.'
Every shilling, Sir; all out of Stocks,
Putts, Bulls, Rams, BEARS, and Bubbles.
                                                       1889. Ally Sloer's H. H, 3 Aug.,
    1768. FOOTE, Devil upon two Sticks,            242. 3. Mrs. Spingles says she doesn't
i. A mere bull and BEAR booby; the                 wonder that the Stock Exchange at times
patron of lame ducks, brokers, and frau-           resembles a menagerie let loose, seeing
dulent bankrupts.                                  what a lot of bulls, BEARS and stags they
                                                   have at Capel Court.
       1774. COLMAN, Man of Business, iv.,
   [   Works, .(1777) II., 170]. My young              1901. Free Lance, 9 Febr. 470. 2.
master is the bull, and Sir Charles is the         There is now a stockbroker in every
BEAR.   He agreed for stock expecting it           drawing-room, so to speak, and to-day a
to be up at three hundred by this time;            well-born lady will buy a thousand
but, lack-a-day, sir, it has been falling          "Milks" for the rise, or run a " BEAR"
ever since.                                        of Lake Views with as much nonchalance
                                                   as she would formerly have put a fiver
       1778. BAILEY, Dictionary       (2 4 ed.).   on the favourite for the Derby.
To sell A   BEAR, to sell what one   bath not.
                                                        1902. D. Mail, 17 Nov., 2. 5. This
    1817. SCOTT, Rob Roy, iv. The                  decline is an engineered business by
hum and bustle which his approach was              certain well-known and somewhat influen-
wont to produce among the bull, BEARS,             tial mining cliques, who have been sell-
and brokers of Stock-alley.                        ing through Germany in order to depress
     18 ... REYNOLDS, Romance of Smoke,            prices and cover their " BEAR " Commit-
22. A few lucky hits, when the BEARS               ments.
were all short,
  And a twist of my own, where the                      3. (common).-A rough, un-
bulls were all caught.                                mannerly, or uncouth person ;
      /8[?]. WARTON, [on Pope]: quoted
                                                      hence the pupil of a private tutor,
by BARTLETT.       It was the practice of             the latter being called a BEAR-
stock-jobbers, in the year 1720 to enter              LEADER (q.v.) ; also called for-
into a contract for transferring South Sea            merly BRINDLED-BEAR. To PLAY
stock at a future time for a certain price;
but he who contracted to sell had fre-
                                                      THE BEAR = to behave roughly
quently no stock to transfer, nor did he              and uncouthly.
who bought intend to receive any in
consequence of his bargain; the seller                 1579. TOMSON, Calvin's Serm. Tim.,
was therefore called a BEAR, in allusion           473. 1. When we haue so turned all
to the proverb, and the buyer a bull,              order vpsidowne ... there is nothing but ...
perhaps only as a similar distinction.             PLAYING THE BEARE amongst VS.
The contract was merely a wager, to be
                                                        1751. CHESTERFIELD,     Letters,   S.V.
determined by the rise or fall of stock;
if it rose, the seller paid the difference             1832. Legends of London, Ii., 247.
to the buyer, proportioned to the sum              When I was the youthful BEAR-as the
determined by the same computation to              disciple of a private tutor is called at
the seller.                                        Oxford.
    1860. PEACOCK, Gryll Grange, xviii.
In Stock Exchange slang, bulls are spec-                TO BEAR UP, verb. phr. (thieves'),
ulators for a rise, BEARS for a fall.                 -To cheat ; to swindle in any
                     Bear.                       167                   Beard.

      way ; more particularly applied                   skin till you have sold the BEAR ' ;
      to decoys' and confederates :                     'If it had been a BEAR, it would
      see BONNET. Hence BEARER-UP                       have bit you': As many tricks
      a swindler.                                       as a dancing BEAR'.
       1828. G. SMEETON, Doings in London,                1300. Cursor /l/undi, 12353. pa ober
40.  The billiard-marker refused to make             leones wip paire heued bai BARE logh
any division of the spoil, or even to return         saile.
the 2ro which had been lost to him in
BEARING UP the cull.                                        1642. HOWELL,  Forreine Travel',
                                                     sec. 3.  Another when at the racket court
        2.    (COMMOU).—TO LOGROLL                   he had a ball struck into his hazard, he
      (q.v.); TO SPOOF (q.v.)                        would ever and anon cry out, es/es vons
                                                     lir avec vos ours? ARE YOU THERE WITH
    1883. Referee, 2 Dec., 2, 4.    This             YOUR BEARS? which is ridiculous in any
looks as if the BEARING UP and ' bonnet-             other language but English.
ing which has been done by friendly
writers in response to my remarks is all                 1740. NORTH, EXaMen, 220. 0, quoth
thrown away.                                         they, here is an accident may save the
                                                     man; ARE YOU THERE WITH YOUR BEARS?
        PHRASES :—ARE YOU THERE                      we will quit the exercise of the House's
      WITH YOUR BEARS? A greeting                    right rather than that should be.
      of surprise at the reappearance
      of anybody or anything : Are you                  1740. RICHARDSON, Pamela, III., 335.
                                                     0 no, nephew!  ARE YOU THEREABOUTS
      there again?' ' What again! so                 WITH YOUR BEARS?
      soon ? ' The phrase is explained
      by Joe Millar, as the exclamation                     1772. BRIDGES,  Burlesque Homer,
      of a man who, not liking a ser-                213.    With all my heart, I'll BEAR A BOB.
      mon he had heard on Elisha and
                                                           1820. SCOTT, Abbot, xv. Marry, come
      the bears, went next Sunday to                 up. 'ARE YOU THERE WITH YOUR BEARS'?
      another church, only to find the               muttered the dragon.
      same preacher and the same
                                                         1901. Troddles, 90. About as amiable
      discourse (1642). To BEAR THE                  as a BEAR WITH A SORE HEAD stood
      BELL (COALS, PALM, etc.), see the              Murray.
      nouns ; TO BEAR LOW SAIL, to
      demean oneself humbly (1300) ;                 BEAR-COLLEGE,       subs. phr. (old).—A
                           to strike ; TOTOBEARLW,      BEAR-GARDEN       (q.v.).
      BEAR UP, to cheat, swindle: see                     161[?]. JoNsoN, Masque of Gip
      BONNET. BEAR A BOB, (I) lend                   [Works, vi., 113]. From the diet and
      a hand, look sharp! look alive !               the knowledge Of the students in BEARS-
      (2) To aid, to assist, to take part            COLLEGE.   Ibid. Famous Voyage, [vi.,
                                                     287]. The meat-boat Of BEAR'S-COLLEGE,
      in anything. Also PROVERBIAL:                  Paris-garden, Stunk not so ill.
       With as good will as a BEAR
      goeth to the stake ' ; As hand-                BEARD,   subs. (venery).—The female
      somely as a BEAR picks mussels ' ;                pubic hair : see FLEECE. Hence
      'To swarm like BEARS to a honey                   BEARD-SPLITTER = (I) the penis.
      pot ';   To take a BEAR by the                    see PRICK; and (2) an enjoyer of
      tooth ';   A man should divide                    women' (I3.E.) ; a womanizer, a
      honey with a BEAR ' ; ' As savage                 molrower (q.v.).
      as a BEAR with a sore head ' ;                   d. 1640. DRUMNIOND [CHALMERS, Eng.
      'Not fit to carry garbage to a                 Poets, v. 6951, 'Epigrams' xii. She should
      BEAR'; You must not sell the                   just penance suffer ... that ere long ..
              Bearded-cad.                  i68             Bear-leader.
horse's hair between her thighs should              1833. MARRYAT, Peter Sinztle,xxxii.
grow .. . But that this phrenzy should no     I'll marry some of you young gentlemen to
more her vex, She swore thus BEARDED          the gunner's daughter before long. Quarter-
were their weaker sex.                        deck's no better than a BEAR-GARDEN.

                                                  1848. JOHN FORSTER, Life of Oliver
        See   GREYBEARD.
                                              Goldsmith, iv., xi. He called Burke a
                                              BEAR-GARDEN RAILER.
   BEARD = in opposition or defiance               1863. BRISTED, Fed. Tour, II., 543.
   to a purpose ; TO ONE'S BEARD =            Squabbles and boxings rendering the place
                                              more like a BEAR GARDEN than a hall of
   openly; to one's face ; TO RUN             instruction.
   IN ONE'S BEARD = to oppose
   openly ; face out ; TO TAKE BY                 1871. ARCHIBALD FORBES,      War
                                              between France and Germany, 301. THE
   THE BEARD = to attack resolutely ;         BEAR-GARDEN-LIKE BABEL was rather
   TO MAKE (or PLAY WITH) ONE'S               more noisy than usual.
   BEARD = to outwit; delude ; TO
                                                   1883. Pall Nall Gas., 14. June. That
   MAKE ONE'S BEARD WITHOUT A                 the university would not degrade itself
   RAZOR = to behead ; TO PUT                 in the eyes of visitors by BEAR-PLAY.
   AGAINST THE BEARD = to taunt.
                                              BE-ARGERED,    aaY. phr. (common).—
       [?] 111. S. Laud 622. f. 65. Mery          Drunk : see SCREWED.
it is in the halle, When BERDES wagg
alle.                                         BEARINGS.    TO BRING ONE TO ONE'S
     1566. EDWARDS, Damon and Pythias,            BEARINGS, verb. phr. (colloquial).
[NAREs]. Yet have I PLAYD WITH HIS                —To bring one to reason ; to act
BEARD, in knitting this knot I promist            as a check.
friendship, but ... I meant it not.

     1809. MALKIN, Gil Blas[RouTLEDGE],
                                              BEAR-LEADER,      subs. phi-. (old).—A
168.  There is nothing like TAKING scan-          travelling tutor : an echo of days
dal BY THE BEARD.                                 when young hopefuls' were sent
                                                  on the Grand Tour. See BEAR
BEARDED CAD,    subs. (Winchester                 subs. 2.
  College).—A porter : employed by
  the College to convey luggage                    1749. WALPOLE, Lett. to Mann, 4
                                              June (1883), II., 392. I shall not wonder
  from the railway station to the             if she takes me for his BEAR-LEADER,
  school. The term originated in              his travelling governor !
  an extremely hirsute individual,
                                                   1756. FOOTE, Englishman Returned
  who, at one time, acted in the              from Paris, i. Serv. My young master's
  capacity.                                   travelling tutor, sir, just arrived. Crab. ...
                                              Shew him in. This BEAR-LEADER, I reckon
BEAR-GARDEN,     subs.phr.(colloquial).       now, is either the clumsy curate of the
  —A scene of strife and tumult :             knight's own parish church, or some needy
  e.g. the Stock Exchange, a noisy            highlander.
  meeting etc.: also BEAR-COLLEGE                  1812.   COMBE, Syntax   i i., xxiii.
  (q.v.). Hence BEAR-GARDEN JAW               And as I almost wanted bread, I under-
  (or PLAY) common, filthy,                   took a BEAR TO LEAD, To see the brute
                                              perform his dance Through Holland,
  nasty talk' (RE.) ; rough un-               Italy, and France.
  mannerly speech or play ; talk
                                                   1848. THACKERA,Y Book of Snobs,
  (or rough and tumble) akin to that          vii. They pounced upon the stray nobility,
  used in bear gardens and other              and seized young lords travelling with
  places of low resort (GRosE).               their BEAR-LEADERS.
             Beard-splztter.                     169                   Beastly.
    1888. Ovum, Massarenes, 26. "1 am                      1785.    GROSE,   Classical Dictionary
not a BEAR-LEADER,' said Lady Kenil-                 of Vulgar Tongue.         BEAST WITH TWO
worth, with hauteur.                                 BACKS,  a man and woman         in   the act of
BEARD-SPUTTER.           See   BEARD.
                                                     BEASTLY,       adv. (colloquial).-Ap-
BEARSKIN-JOBBER.        See BEAR, subs. 1.                plied to whatever may offend the
                                                          taste; cf. awful,' 'everlasting,'
BEAR STATE,   subs. phr. (American)                       etc. Also = very; exceedingly.
   -The State of Arkansas.
                                                           1509. BARcLAY, Shi/5 of Fools (1874)
BEAST,    subs. (common).-I. Ap-                     ii. 177. [There is the phrase]        BESTELY
   plied to anything unpleasant ; or                 dronken.
   displeasing ; e.g., 'It's a perfect                   1561. NORTON, Ca/vin's hat., i. 25.
   BEAST of a day' = 'it's an un-                    So BEASTLY folish are men. Ibid. 236.
   pleasant day': see BEASTLY.                       They are so much BEASTLY witted.

     1603. SHAKSPEARE, Meas. for Meas.,                    1611. DEKKER,         Roaring Girle
ill. I. 137.  Oh you BEAST ... oh disho-             [Works (1873), III. 159].   I thought 'twould
nest wretch.                                         bee   a BEASTLY journey.

     1772. NICHOLLS, [GRAY,             Corresp.         1763. MR. HARRIS [Lord Malmes-
(2843); 170]. This moment only that I                bury's Letters, I., 93]. We had a BEASTLY
have received nine letters ... from that             walk through the Borough.
cursed BEAST.
                                                          1778. JOHNSON in D'ARBLAY Diary
     1841. WARREN,       Ten Thousand, 1.,           etc. (1876), 1., 37. It moves my indig-
v. Mr. Sharpey. is coming down from
                  ...                                nation to see a gentleman take pains to
dinner, directly, the BEAST!                         appear a tradesman. Mr. Braughton
                                                     would have written his name with just
     2875. BROUGHTON,          A reVeCy, ii.   12.   such BEASTLY flourishes!
 You BEAST!' cried I ... turning sharply
round.                                                   1798. LORD CLARE [Lord Auckland's
                                                     Corresfi. (1862), In. 395]. The pamphlet
     1901. TRODDLES, 90.         Had a     BEAST     is full ... of BEASTLY blunders committed
of a night altogether.                               in the printing office.

     2. (American cadet).-A new                          2803. BRISTED, Fed. Tour, 1., 298.
   cadet at the U. S. Military Aca-                  He comes home ... quite BEASTLY drunk.
   demy at West Point.                                   1830. DisRAELT, Home Letters (1885),
                                                     3. The steam-packet is a BEASTLY con-
     3. (Cambridge University).-                     veyance.
   One who has left school and
                                                           1844-    DICKENS, Letters, L, 130. I was
   come up to Cambridge for study,                   SO   BEASTLY   dirty when I got to this house.
   before entering the University:
   'because he is neither man nor                       1865. Daily Telegraph, 24 Oct., 5, 3.
                                                     He was in good health ... looked almost
   boy' (GkosE).                                     BEASTLY well,' as I once heard it described.

     BEAST WITH TWO BACKS, subs.                           1878. BROUGHTON,       Cometh 1.7,p as a
   phr. (venery).-A man and woman                    Flower, xlv.,     150. That   BEASTLY     hole,
   piled in the act: see GREENS and                  London.
                                                         1882. ANSTEY, Vice Versa, i. He
     1602.     SHAKsPEARE, Othello,i.
                                   I am              had a troublesome dryness in his throat,
one, Sir, that comes to tell you, your               and a general sensation of dull heaviness,
daughter and the Moor are now making                 which he himself would have described
the BEAST WITH THE TWO BACKS.                        as feeling BEASTLY.'
                Beat.                        170                   Beat.

   1883.  American, VI., 245. This                 C. 1800.   SOUTHEY,    Devil's Walk, s.v.
BEASTLY English weather, you know.
                                                   i8[?]. Bedott Palers, 77. The widow
    1900.   BOOTHBY,    Across   World. iv.    Bedott is the brazen-facedest critter t'
How do you do, Mr. Brudenell? BEASTLY          ever lived,-it does BEAT all. I never
weather, ain't it ?                            see her equal.

    1903. Globe, 24 Oct, 1., 4. "Please            x8[?]. Yankee Hill's Stories [BART-
God," prayed a little girl the other night,    LETT]. Sam Slick was a queer chap. I
"take away my BEASTLY cold to-morrow           never see the BEAT of him.
morning." She was instantly pulled up
by an orthodox nurse. "Never mind,                 1854. WHYTE MELVILLE, General
Nannie," cried an elder sister, "God           Bounce, i. Talk of climate! a real fine
understands baby language."                    day in England, like a really handsome
                                               English woman, BEATS CREATION. Mid.
BEAT, subs. (common).-I. A ROUND               (1856) Kate Coventry, i.   I rode a race
                                               against Bob Dashwood the other morning,
  (q.v.) of duty, work, and the like ;         ... and BEAT HIM ALL TO RIBANDS.
  a sphere of influence.
                                                   1879. LOWELL, Poetical Works, 418.
      1788. STEVENS, Adv. of a Speculist,      And there's were I shall BEAT THEM
i., 211. I was drove from street to street     HOLLOW.
by women of my own profession, who
swore I should not come in their BEATS              1888. New York Mercury, 7 Aug.
until I had paid my footing.'                  But not only steamboats and locomotives
                                               were used by reporters for BEATS, but
    1825. HOOD,         Ode to Graham,         one newspaper man named Monroe F.
         s.v.                                  Gale made a trip across the Atlantic in
                                               a pilot-boat, to get some peculiar news
    1835. DICKENS, Sketches by Boz,            in his own fashion.
31. The costermongers repaired to their
ordinary BEATS in the suburbs.                      1888. New York Tribune, 16 May.
                                               It is better to have a Carrot for a Pre-
     1862. Saturday Review, 15 March,          sident than a DEAD BEAT for a son-in-
295. Ask him why anything is so-and-           law. In this way, we again score a LIFE
so, and you have got out of his BEAT.          BEAT on the galoot 'The Ripsnorter.'

     2.   (American).-A superior ;                 1889. Modern Society, 19 Oct., 1802.
  one who (or that which) surpasses            Germans BEAT THE ENGLISH HOLLOW at
                                               drinking beer.
  (or beats) another : often spec.
  qualified. As verb = to excel ;                    Adj.-1. Overcome ; exhausted ;
  to surpass: as in a contest, in                  done up (q.v.).
  (TO STICKS-TO RIBANDS-TO                         1832. MOORE, 7erome, [Works, II.
                                               (1862), 558.] Till fairly BEAT, the saint
                                               gave o'er.
  etc.) = to surpass every-
  thing ; TO GET A BEAT ON = to                      1859.    KINGSLEY,   Geoffery Handy'',
                                               xxxvii. 'The lad was getting BEAT, and
  get the advantage of; TO BEAT                couldn't a'gone much further.'
  ONE'S WAY THROUGH = to push
  one's interests with vigour and                  x868. DICKENS, Letters (1880),
  pertinacity.                                 334. 1 was again DEAD BEAT at the end.

                    Diary, s.v                        1879.   HOWELLS,    Lady of Aroostook
    1664.   PEPYS
                                               (1882), 1. 20. 'Is the lady ill ?"No
    1759.   TowNi.Ev,    High Life Below       a little BEAT 011I, that's all.'
Stairs, I. 2. Crab was BEAT HOLLOW,
Careless threw his rider, and Miss Slam-               2.     (common).-Baffled ; de-
merkin had the distemper.                          feated.
                Beat.                          171                    Beater.

     Verb. (American).-      -I.   See subs.        1665. HEAD, Eng. Rogue, 1. vi. 59.
                                                 BEATING THE HOOF we overtook a cart.
    2. (colloquial).-To amaze ;                     1687. BROWN, Saints in Up., 82.
  to astound ; to overcome with                  [Whs. (1730), i. 78.] We BEAT THE HOOF
  surprise.                                      as pilgrims.

                                                    1601. WOOD, AM. Oxon., 11. 412.
    3. (American).-To swindle ;                  They all SEATED IT ON THE HOOF to
  to deceive ; to cheat.                         London.
    1888.   Daily Inter-Ocean,   Ap.12              1748. DYCHE, Dict., s.v. Hoof. To
She BEAT the hotel out of a hundred              BEAT THE HOOF to walk much up and
dollars.                                         down, to go a-foot.

     PHRASES.-To BEAT THE AIR                         1771. B. PARSONS, Newmarket, Ir.,
  (the wind, the water) = to strive              163. The frequenters of the Turf, and
                                                 numberless words of theirs are exotic3
  to no purpose (1375) ; TO BEAT                 everywhere else; then how should we
  THE HEELS = to walk to and fro ;               have been told of blacklegs, and of town-
  TO BEAT OVER THE OLD GROUND =                  tops ... taken in ... BEAT HOLLOW, etc.
  to discuss topics already treated ;
                                                   C. 1824. EGAN, Boxiana, iii. 621-2. For
  TO BEAT ABOUT THE BUSH = to act                Dick had BEAT THE HOOF upon the pad.
  cautiously, approach warily or in a
  roundabout way (1572); TO BEAT                     1847. BARHANI, Ingoldsby Legends
                                                 (1877), 55. Many ladies ... were BEAT
  UP = to visit unceremoniously ; TO             ALL TO STICKS by the lovely Odille.
  to think persistently ; TO BEAT                     1883.   Times, 15 March, 9, 6. The
  THE BOOBY (or GOOSE) = to strike               common labourers at outdoor work were
                                                 BEATING GOOSE to drive the blood from
  the hands across the chest and                 their fingers.
  under the armpits to warm them :
  formerly TO BEAT JONAS ; TO BEAT                          1851. MAYHEW,   London Labour, r.,
  THE ROAD= to travel by rail with-                  351.The BEATEN OUT mechanics and
                                                 artisans, who, from want of employment
  out paying. THAT BEATS THE                     in their own trade, take to making small
  DUTCH see DUTCH. To BEAT                       things. Ibid. p. 400. The last class of
  DADDY MAMMY = to tattoo, prac-                 street sellers is the BEATEN OUT mechanic
                                                 or workman.
  tice the elements of drum beating.
  To BEAT DOWN TO BED-ROCK see                       BEATER,  subs. (American).-A foot.
  BEDROCK). BEAT OUT = im-                              [Cf. BEATER, one who 'beat' or
  poverished, in one's last straits,                    walked the streets. Barclay, in
  hard up. To BEAT OUT = to ex-                         Shyp of Folys (1509), speaks of
  haust, overpower ; TO BE BEATEN                        night watchers and BETERS of
  OUT = to be impoverished, hard-                       the stretesi See CREEPERS. Hence
  up, at one's last straits ; TO BEAT                   BEATER-CASES = boots or shoes,
  THE HOOF = to walk, go on foot ;                      TROTTER-CASES (q.v.).
  plod, prowl (1596) TO BEAT THE

   RIB see RIB.                                             2.   (old).-See quot.
    x596. SHAKSPEARE, Merry Wives of                  1608. DEKKER, Belman of London
 Windsor, i. 3. Trudge, PLOD AWAY, 0'            [GRosARr, Works, III., 131]. Sometimes
THE HOOF; seek shelter, pack!                    likewise this Card-cheating, goes not
                                                 under the name of Bernard's Lime, but
    1630. HOWELL, Letters,t.i.17 [1726].         is called Batt fowling, and then ye Settee
The Secretary was put IO BEAT THE HOOF               is the BEATER, the foole that is caught
himself, and foot it home.                           in the net, the bird, the Tauerne to which
         Beating-stock.                172                   Beaver.
they repaire to worke the Feate, is the      BEAUTY-SLEEP,  subs. (colloquial).—
Bush; the wine the Strap, and the cardes       Sleep before midnight : on the
the Li metwigs.
                                               assumption that early hours con-
BEATING-STOCK,   subs. phr. (old).—            duce to health and beauty.
  A subject of frequent chastise-
  ment: cf. LAUGHING-STOCK.                      1850. SMEDLEY, Frank Fairleiglt,II.,
                                             120.  The fair pupils have talked them-
                                             selves to sleep ... not until they have
BEAU,   subs. (B.E.)—' A silly Fellow        forfeited all chance of ... getting a little
  that follows the Fashions nicely,          BEAUTY-SLEEP before twelve o'clock.
  Powdering his Neck, Shoulders
  etc.'                                          1857. KINGSLEY, Two Years Ago,
                                             xv. Are you going ? it is not late ; not
BEAUETRY,   subs. (old).—Dandyism ;          ten o'clock yet.' 'A medical man, who
                                             may be called up at any moment, must
  dandy outfit. [A humorous imi-             make sure of his BEAUTY-SLEEP.'
  tation of coquetry.]
                                                 1869.  BLACKNIORE, Lorna Doane,
BEAUCHAMP.      As BOLD AS BEAU-             lxiv. Would I please to remember that
  CHAMP, phr. (old).—A proverbial            I had roused him up at night, and the
  expression, said to have originated        quality always made a point of paying
                                             four times over for a man's loss of his
  in the valour of one of the Earls          BEAUTY-SLEEP. I replied that his loss Of
  of Warwick of that name. [See              BEAUTY-SLEEP was rather improving to a
  NARES, 48; MIDDLETON's Works,              man of so high a complexion.
  U. 411; Brit. Bibl. i. 5 3 3.]
                                                  1880. JAS. PAYN, Confid. Agent, iii.
BEAU TRAP,   subs. (old).-1. A loose         'You must get your BEAUTY-SLEEP,' cried
                                             he to his wife when Barlow had depart-
  stone in a pavement, under which           ed, or you will have no colour in your
  water lodges, and which, on being          cheeks to-morrow.'
  trodden upon, squirts it up.
                                                  19ol, Pall Mall Gaz., 15 May, 3. 1.
      2. (old).—A well-dressed sharp-        In point of fact, Hebe is too valuable not
                                             to be allowed her BEAUTY-SLEEP.
   er, on the look out for raw
   country visitors and such like            BEAUTY-SPOT, subs.phr. (colloquial).
   (13.E.).                                     —Ironically of a pimple or other
                                                blemish on the face or other
     3. (old).—A fop, well-dressed              exposed parts of the person.
   outwardly indeed, but whose linen,
   person, and habits are unclean.           BEAVER,   subs. (common).—I. A hat ;
                                                a Goss (q.v.); a CADY (q.v.). [At
BEAUTY,    subs. (American cadet).—             one time hats were made of
   A term applied on the rule of                beaver's fur ; the term is still
   contrary, to the plainest or ugliest         occasionally applied to tall chim-
   cadet in the class at the United             ney-pot hats,' in spite of the fact
   States Military Academy and West             that for many years silk has
   Point. Cf., SNOOKER and BABE.                replaced the skin of the rodent
     PHRASES.—IT WAS GREAT                      in their manufacture.] Hence IN
   BEAUTY = it was a fine sight.                BEAVER (Univ.) = in a tall hat
   THAT'S THE BEAUTY OF IT =                    and non-academicals : as distin-
   That's just as it should he ! (of            guished from cap and gown '.
   anything affording special pleasure           1528. Roy, Sat. To exalte the three
   or satisfaction).                         folde crowne Of anti-christ hys BEYER.
                  Becco.                         73                       Bed.

     1661. PEPYS, Diary, 27 June. Mr.                      Verb (thieves').—To imprison :
Holden sent me a BEVER which cost me                    cf. bekaan = imprisoned (Dutch
2 4 5s.                                                 thieves ').
    1712. GAY, Trivia, II. 277. The
broker here his spacious BEAVER wears,                       1861.   READE,   Cloister and Hearth,
Upon his brow sit jealousies and cares.           lv. The circle with the two dots was
                                                  writ by another of our brotherhood, and
                                                  it signifies as how the writer ... was
    1840. New Monthly Magazine, lix.,             BECKED, was asking here, and lay two
271. He ... went out of College in what
                                                  months in Starabin.
the members of the United Service called
mufti, but members of the University
BEAVER, which means not in his acade-             BED,       subs. (venery).—Generic for
mics—his cap and gown.                                  sexual union. Hence as verb
                                                        (or TO GO TO BED WITH) = to
    1855.    THACKERAY,      NeWCOM9S,     1X.          take a woman to bed ; to copu-
'Had you not better take off your hat ?'
asks the Duchess, pointing. .. to 'the                  late: see GREENS, RIDE and cf.
foring cove's' BEAVER, which he had                     (proverbial) to wed and to bed ;
neglected to remove.                                    BED-COMPANY (-GAME, -WORK,
                                                        -RITE) = the act of kind, copul-
     1857. HOLMES, Autocrat of Break-                   ation ; BED-FELLOW (-MATE, or
fast Table, x. We know this of our
hats, and are always reminded of it when
                                                        -BROTHER) = (i) the penis: see
we happen to put them on wrong side                     PRICK; and (2) = a whore: also
foremost. We soon find that the BEAVER                  BED-SISTER, BED-PRESSER, BED-
is a hollow cast of the skull, with all its             PIECE and BED-FAGOT: see TART;
irregular bumps and depressions.
                                                        BED-HOUSE = (I) a brothel, and
     2.     See   BEVER.
                                                        (2) a HOUSE OF ACCOMMODATION
                                                        (q.v.): see NANNY-SHOP; BED-VOW
BECCO,   subs. (old).—A cuckold [It.                    = a promise of chastity to mar-
   = goat ; but with Drayton =                          riage-vow; BED-MINION = a bar-
   cuckoo].                                             dash ; SISTER (or BED-SUSTER) =
                                                        one who shares the bed of a
    1604. MARsToN and WEBSTER [DODS-                    husband, the concubine of a mar-
LEY, Old Plays (REED), IV. 20. Duke,                    ried man in relation to the legit-
thou art a BECCO, a cornuto. P. How ?
M. Thou art a cuckold.                                  imate wife ; BEDSWERVER = an
                                                        adulteress; BED-ALE = groaning
    1624. MASSINGER. Bondman, ii. 3.                    ale, brewed for a christening ;
They'll all make Sufficient sEccos, and                 BEDBROKER = a pander, a pimp.
with their brow-antlers Bear up the cap
of maintenance.
                                                         1207. Rob. Gloztc., 27. Astrilde hir
                                                      BEDSUSTER (hire lordes concubine).
    d. 1631.      DRAYTON,    Works,     1315.
Th' Italians call him BECCO (of a nod)
                                                        C. 1315. SHOREHAM, 76. Zef thou
With all the reverence that belongs a god.
                                                      thother profreth. Wyth any other TO
BECK,   subs. (Old Cant).—T. A con-
   stable (HARMAN): see BEAK and                        C. 1555. LATIMER, Serm. and Rem.
   COPPER.                                            (1845),  Ior. The lawful BED-comPANv
                                                      that is between married folks.
     2. A beadle (B.E.): apparently
                                                             1583 STANYHURST, .rEneiS,111[ARBER],
   the term was applied to all kinds                  79.  Andromachee dooth BED with a
   of watchmen.                                       countrye man husband.
                  Bed.                        174          Bedfordshire.
     1592.   DANIEL,       Compl. Rosamund         1633. MACHIN, Dumb Knight, iv. r.
(1717), 58. And fly ... these BED-BROKERS       Sure I said my prayers, RIS'D ON 1`.IY
unclean.                                        RIGHT SIDE ... No hare did cross me, nor
                                                no bearded witch, Nor other ominous sign.
     1602. WARNER, Alb. Eng. xl. lxi.
(1612) 268. But deified swore he him                  TO GO TO BED IN ONE'S BOOTS,
her BED-GAME sweets might taste.                    verb. phr. (common).-To be
     1598. SHAKSPEARE, I Henry IV. ii.
                                                    drunk: see SCREWED.
4. 268. This sanguine coward, this BED-
PRESSER. Ibid. (161o) Tempest, IV. I. 96.       BEDDER     (or BEDMAKER), subs. (Cam-
No BED-RITE shall be paid Till Hymen's              bridge University).-A charwo-
torch be lighted. Ibid. (1611) Winter's             man ; one who makes the beds
Tale, ii. I. 93. She's a BED-SWERVER.
Ibid. (1600) Sonnets', Thy BED-VOW broke            and performs other necessary
and new faith torn,                                 domestic duties for residents in
     1668. EVELYN, Mem. (1857), II. 37.
Sir Samuel Tuke Bart., and the lady he               1625-30. Court and Times Charles I,
had married this day, came and BEDDED           ii. 76. [OLIPHANT, New Eng., ii. 74.
at night at my house.                           There are the new substantives ... BED-
                                                MAKER; this last is found at Cambridge.
    1740. CAREY, Sally in our Alley, vii.
And then we'll wed, and then we'll BED,             1691. Case of Exeter College, 18.
But not in our Alley.                           For fear she should ... lose her place of
    1763. C. JOHNSTON, Reverie, ii. 6.
No man can bear TO BED WITH such an                 1716. CIBBER, Love Makes Man,
ugly filthy brute.                              21. He never spoke six Words to any
                                                Woman in his Life but his BED-MAKER.
                                                     1789. PIOZZI, Yourn. France, it., 118.
  AXE AND SHOVEL verb. phr. (COM-               A person not unlike an Oxford or Cam-
  mon).-To bury: see LADDER.                    bridge BEDMAKER.

  c. 188z. Broadside Ballad,' Hands off'-       BEDFORDSHIRE,    subs. (familiar).-
Kitty Crea, some fine day, when I'm laid            Bed : cf. SHEET ALLEY (q.v.);
in the clay. PUT TO BED WITH A SPADE
in the usual way.
                                                    BLANKET FAIR     (q.v.);   THE LAND
                                                    OF NOD (q.v.),    etc.
                                                     1665. COTTON, Poet. Wks. (1765), 76.
  RIGHT (or WRONG) SIDE OF THE                  Each one departs to BEDFORDSHIRE, And
  BED, verb. phr. (common).-To                  pillows all securely snort on.
  be good-tempered (or peevish).
                                                     1706. WARD, Wooden World. 26.
    1551.     STILL,   GaMnter    Gurton's      By the Time he has unloaded his Pockets,
Needle, ii. x. Thou ROSE not ON THY RIGHT       he is floated off his Legs and then drives
SIDE, or else blessed thee not well.            upon the Coast of BEDFORDSHIRE, and
                                                there he sticks fast till next morning.
   1607. MARSTON, What you Will
[Works (1633), sig. Rb]. You RISE ON                1738. SwIFT, Polite Conversation, Hi.
YOUR RIGHT SIDE to-day, marry.                  Miss.  Indeed my eyes draw straws (she's
                                                almost asleep) ... Col. I'm going to the
    1614. Terence in English [NAREs].           Land of Nod. Ncr. Faith, I'm for BED-
C. What doth shee keepe house alreadie ?        FORDSHIRE.
D. Alreadie. C. 0 good God : WE ROSE
ON THE RIGHT SIDE to-day.                             1845. HOOD, Miss Kilmansegg. The
                                                time for sleep had come at last, And
   C. 1620. FLETCHER, ff -onten Pleased, i.     there was the bed, so soft, so vast, Quite
[s.v., near end of act].                        a field of BEDFORDSHIRE clover.
           Bedful-of-bones.                     175                    Bedlam.
BEDFUL-OF-BONES,   subs. phr. (corn-                        1553-87.   FOXE,   Acts and Monuments
    mon).—A skinny, bony, bedfel-                 996. z. To speake as undiscreetlie and
                                                  BEDLEMLY, as ye doe.
    low; also BEDFELLOW OF BONES.
                                                       1562. HEYWOOD, Prov. and Ebig.
       1621.   BURTON,   Anat. Mel., III III,     (1867), 207. Lyke IACKE OF BEDLEM in
i,i.  I have an old grim sire to my               and out whipping.
husband... a BEDFUL OF BONES. Ibid.
nt III IV, 2. Sophocles... was a very                       /581.   RICHE,   Farewell to Mil. Prof.
old man, as cold as January, a BEDFELLOW          But his wife (as he had attired her)
OF BONES and doted upon Archippe, a               seemed indeede not to be well in her
young courtesan.                                  wittes, but, seeyng her housbandes maners,
                                                  shewed herself in her conditions to bee
BEDLAM.     (That is 'Bethlehem ')subs.           a right BEDLEM.
    (old).—The ancient priory of St.                   /585. Nanzendator. Furor... Ou-
     Mary of Bethlehem, founded in                trage; furie; BEDLEM MADNESSE.
     1247, mentioned (MuRRAY) in
                                                       1593. SHAKSPEARE,     2 Henry VI.
     1330 as an hospital', and in                 V. 1. To BEDLAM with him! Is the man
     1402 as 'a hospital for lunatics',           grown mad ? K. H. Ay, Clifford; a
    and incorporated as a royal foun-             BEDLAM and ambitious humour Makes
    dation in 1547. Hence as subs.                him oppose himself against his king. Ibid.
    (I) = a lunatic asylum, a mad-                (1605), King Lear, ii. 3. The country
                                                  gives me proof and precedent Of BEDLAM
    house ; (2) = madness, frenzy ;               BEGGARS, who, with roaring voices, Strike
    (3) = an uproar, scene of mad                 in their numb'd and mortified bare arms
    confusion ; (4) a inmate of Beth-             Pins, wooden pricks, nails, sprigs of
    lehem hospital, but spec. a dis-              rosemary... Enforce their charity.
    charged patient,half-cured,wearing                x598. MARSTON, Pygmal, jj, 249.
    a tin plate on the left arm licens-           BEDLAME,   Frenzie, Madnes, Lunacie, I
    ing him to beg: also called BEDLAM-           challenge all your moody Empery.
    BEGGAR, ABRAM-MAN (q.v.), BED-                     1621. BURTON. Anat. Melan., II. IV.
    LAMER, BEDLAMITE, TOM (or                     i.   5.Such raging BEDLAMITES as are
    JACK) OF BEDLAM, etc. ; (5)                   tied in chains.
    generic for a fool, or one fit for                 [.?..]. AUBREY, Nat. Hist. Wilts.
    Bedlam. Whence BEDLAM-MAD-                    [Royal Soc. MS. 2 5 . Note]. "Till the
                                                  breaking out of the civill warres Tom
    NESS = anger, fury, folly, wan-
                                                  Bedlams did travell about the countrey ;
    tonness; with obvious derivatives             they had been poore distracted men that
    such as BEDLAM-RIPE (-MAD, or                 had been putt into Bedlam, where re-
    -WITTED) etc. (B.E. GRosE).                   covering to some sobernesse, they were
                                                  licentiated to goe a begging, e g. they
      1522. SKET.ToN, Why not to Court.           had on their left arm an armilla of tinn
Such a madde BEDLAME for to rewle                 printed in some workes, about four inches
this reame.                                       long; they could not gett it off. They
                                                  wore about their necks a great horn of
     1525. TINDALE, New Test., Prol. Who          an oxe in a string or bawdrie, which
ys so bedlem madde to affyrm that good            when they came to an house for alines,
is the naturall cause of yuell. Ibid. (1528),     they did wind; and they did putt the
Obed. Ch. Man (1848), 184. Things which           drink given them into this horn, whereto
they of BEDLAM may see they are but               they did putt a stopple. Since the warres
madness.                                          I doe not remember to have seen any
                                                  one of them." [In a later hand is added,
   c. 1535. MORE [Works. (1557) ,x6]. The         "I have seen them in Worcestershire
rauing of BETHLEM PEOPLE.                         within these thirty years, 1756.1
     1541. BARNES [Works (1573), 294. 2].              1646. DANIELL, [ Works (1878), !. 6o].
A   scorge to tame those BEDLAMES with.           All BEDLAM-WITTED walke in Bedlam-wise.
                   Bedoozle.                   176                Bedpost.
           Aron-bimnucha, 32. The BED-             BEDPOST, In the twinkling of a bed
LAM the skrewes... are the best                     post, phr. (old).-Instantaneously ;
instances of our Kindness.
                                                     with geat rapidity : originally IN
    1665. Homer           a
                     la Mode. Thus like              THE TWINKLING OF A BEDSTAFF.
a BEDLAM to and fro She frisk'd, and                    ENGLISH SYNONYMS. In a jiffy ;
egg'd 'em on to goe.                                 in two two's ; in a brace of shakes ;
  C. 1667. COWLEY, Cromwell [Works
                                                     before you can say Jack Robin-
(I710), n, 627]. Thou dost... A Babel                son ; in a crack ; in the squeezing
and a BEDLAM grow.                                   of a lemon.
  C. 1675. W. BLUNDELL, Crogsby Rec.                  r600. Charac. Italy, 78. IN THE
137.  A gentleman who passed as a                  TWINKLING OF A BEDSTAFF he disrobed
BEDLAM ER.                                         himself.., and was just skipping into bed.

    1678. BUNYAN, Pilgrim, I 123. Some,
                                                       1676. T. SHADWELL, Virtuoso, I., i.
[averred] they were BEDLAMS.                       'Gad I'll do it instantly, IN THE TWINK-
                                                   LING OF A BEDSTAFF.
    1678. EVELYN, MeM. (1857), II, 156.                1698. WARD, London Spy, XL, 259.
I went to see new BEDLAM HOSPITAL
                                                   Shake 'em off and leap into bed, IN THE
most sweetly placed in Moorfields since
                                                   TWINKLING OF A BEDSTAFF.
the dreadful fire. [Orig. in Bishopsgate,
rebuilt (1676) in Moorfields near London                1854. SMEDLEY, Harry Coverdale,i.
Wall, and 1815 in Lambeth, its present             'I'll adown and be with you IN THE
site. Eds.].                                       TWINKLING OF A BEDPOST.'

       1701.     SWIFT,   Mrs. Harris' Petit.           1871. M. COLLINS, Mrq. and Merck.
['Yorks        (1755),iii, ii,   61]. She roar'd   III, iii. 78. IN THE TWINKLINq OF A
like a BEDLAM.                                     BEDPOST Is each savoury platter clean.

    1742-4. NORTH, Life Lord Guildford,                  BETWEEN YOU AND ME AND
1. 271. This country [the Border] was                  THE BEDPOST, phi'. (common).-
then much troubled with BEDLA MEAS.
                                                       A humorous tag ; i.e., between
  C. 1743. HERVEY, Beauties Eng. (1804),               ourselves '; entre 710US,e.g. 'I know
1, ro6. Those virgins act a wiser part                 what you say, but, BETWEEN YOU
Who hospitals and BEDLAMS would explore.
                                                       AND ME, etc. . . . the thing is
    1751. SMOLLETT,         Pereg. Pickle,             absurd.' Sometimes the last word
lxxxi. Lord B... raved like a BEDLAMITE.               is varied by post," door post,'
    1788. COWPER, Table-talk, 609. Ana-                or gate post '-any prop will
creon, Horace, Play'd... This BEDLAM                   serve.
                                                         1831. LYTTON, Eugene Aram, 234.
    1815. SCOTT, Guy Mannering,                      Ah, sir, all very well to say so; but,
The devil take the BEDLAMITE old woman.              BETWEEN YOU AND ME AND THE BED-
                                                     POST, young master's quarrelled with
     1837. CARLYLE, Fr. Bevel. III, VI,              old master.
vii, 346. Hardly audible amid the BED-
LAM-STORM.     Ibid. (1850), Latter-day                   1838. DICKENS, Nicholas Nickleby,
Pamph. viii, (1872), 276. That all this              127. And BETWEEN YOU AND ME AND
was a Donnybrook BEDLAM.                             THE POST, sir, it will be a very nice
                                                     portrait too.
 BEDOOZLE, verb. (American).-To
   confuse ; to bewilder. [Probably                     1855. TAYLOR,   Still Waters. ii.
                                                     BETWIXT YOU AN t) ME AND THE POST,
   old English bedazzle ': cf.                       if you and me and the direction generally
   SHAKSPF:ARE, Tamingaf the Shrew,                  does'nt look mighty sharp the two-and-a-
   iv., 5, 46].                                      half will be foive tomorrow.
              Bedouin.                    177                  Bedtime.
     1879. Punch, 8 March, ro8. 'BETWIXT      BEDTIME,        subs.    (colloquial).-The
YOU AND I AND THE POST, Mr. Jones',             hour of death.
said Brown, confidentially... 'Robinson
ain't got neither the Looks, nor yet the          1870. ALFORD,  Life (1893), 457.
Language, nor yet the Manners of a            I only hope the Masters' work may be
Gentleman.'                                   got done by BEDTIME.
BEDOUIN, subs.    (colloquial).-A             BEE, subs. (colloquial).-i.          A sweet'
  wanderer, a gipsy : cf. ARAB.                 writer, singer etc.
  Also as adj.
                                                 1753. Chambers Cycl. Suppl., s. v.
    i861. SALA, Twice round Clock,45.         BEE. Xenophon is called the Attic BEE.
Half-starved BEDOUIN children, mostly
Irish.                                            2. (colloquial).-A busy
      1863. Times, 2 May. Where are
all the dingy BEDOUINS of England who              1791-1824. DISRAELI, Cur. Lit. (1866),
travel through to this great gathering ?      319, 2. A complete collection of classical
                                              works, all the BEES of antiquity ... may
BEDPRESSER, subs.     (venery).-I. See        be hived in a single glass case.
                                                   3. (American).-A working
     2. (colloquial).-A dull heavy              party of neighbours and friends
  fellow.                                       for the benefit of one of their
                                                number ; as when a party of set-
BEDROCK, subs. (American).-The                  tlers combine to erect a log-house
  bottom ; lowest level ; the last. To          for a newcomer, or when farmers
  GET DOWN TO BEDROCK = to                      unite to gather one another's
  get at the bottom of matters ; to             harvests in succession: e.g. APPLE-
  thoroughly understand ; to get in             BEE, RAISING-BEE, STONE-BEE,
  on the GROUND FLOOR (q.v.) [a                 QUILTING-BEE, HUSKING-BEE, etc. ;
  miner's term, alluding to the solid                                              henc,asoilgtrfme
  rock underlying superficial and               specific purpose, as SPELLING-BEE.
  other formations]. BEDROCK FACT
                                                         IRVING, Knickerb. [Works. I,
  =. a chiel that winna ding,' the            238].Now were instituted QUILTING-BEES
  incontestable and uncontrovert-             and HUSKING-BEES,      and other rural
  able truth. BED-ROCK DOLLAR =               assemblages.
  the last dollar.                                 I8[?]. GOODRICH, /?eniin. r. 75. At
                                              Ridgefield, we used to have STONE-BEES,
    1870.   BRET HARTE, Poems and Prose,
                                              when all the men of a village or hamlet
113. ' No ! no !' continued T. hastily.       came together with their draft cattle,
'I play this yer hand alone. To COME
                                              and united to clear some patch of earth
DOWN TO THE BEDROCK i/ P S just this,' etc.   which was covered with an undue quantity
    1875.   Scribner's Magazine,       277.   of stones and rocks.
Getting to the real character of a man
                                                   1830. GALT, Laurie T. (1849), III, v.
                                              98. I made a BEE; that is I collected as
    1881. Chicago Times, xi June. The         many of the most expert and able-bodied
transactions.., having been based on          of the settlers to assist at the raising.
BEDROCK prices.
                                                   1864. YONGE, Trial, II, 281. She
    1883. Century, 581. The family is         is gone out with Cousin Deborah to an
about DOWN TO BEDROCK.                        APPLE-BEE.
     /888. Louisiana Press, 31 March.                    LUBBOCK, Educ. [Cont. Rev.,
You can bet your BEDROCK dollar that          June,  91]. He may be invincible at a
the next governor of Missouri will be, etc.   SPELLING-BEE.
                 Bedtime.                    178                    Beef.

    1884. Harper's Mag. Sep. 510. 2.                 1856. MRS. BROWNING, Alin Leigh,
This execution... in Idaho phrase was            i. 1097. Whom men judge hardly as
a HANGING-BEE.                                   BEE-BONNETTED.

    To HAVE A BEE IN THE HEAD                        1868. BREWER, Phrase and Fable,
  (BRAIN or BONNET), verb phi-.
                                                 77, 2. You have A BEE IN YOUR BONNET
                                                 Or YOUR HEAD IS FULL OF BEES; [1. .e.] full
  (old).-To have queer ideas ; to                of devices, crotchets, fancies, inventions,
  be half-cracked '; flighty, eccen-             and dreamy theories. The connection
  tric, crazy, with a screw loose                between bees and the soul was once
                                                 generallY maintained.., the moon was
  &c.: cf. Fr. grille and MAGGOT.                called a bee by tbe priestesses of Ceres,
  Hence BEE-BONNETTED = some-                    and the word lunatic or moonstruck still
  what crazed ; BEE-HEAD = a crazy-              means one with BEES IN HIS HEAD.'
  pate : hence BEE-HEADED.
                                                     1879. JAMIESON, S.V. Ye need na mind
    1512-3. GAWIN DOUGLAS, iEneis,               him, he's a BEE-HEADIT bodie.
      Pro!. 120. Quhat bern be thou in
bed with HEID FULL OF BEIS.                      BEEF,      subs. (colloquial).-t. Human
                                                       flesh ; BEEFY = obese, stolid, fleshy
  C.   1553.   UDAL,   1?oist. Doister [ARBER]
                                                       like an Ox; BEEFINESS = fleshly
29. Who SO hath suche BEES as your
maister IN }{VS HEAD.                                  development. Hence (2) men,
                                                       strength, hands': e.g. 'MORE
   1571. EDWARDS, Damon and Pithias
[DoDsLEY, Old Plays (REED), i. 180].                   BEEF,' a bo'sun's call to extra
But, Wyll, my maister bath BEES IN HIS                 exertion ; BEEF up !' = ' Now
HEAD, If he find mee heare pratinge, I                 for a long pull and a strong pull ' :
am but deade.                                          See PHRASES.
     1614. JoNsoisr, Bartholomew Fair,
i. 4. If he meet but a carman in the                    1596.   SHAKSPEARE, i   Hen. IV.   iii.
street, and I find him not talk to keep          3. 199. 0,my sweet BEEFE, I must gill
him off on him, he will whistle him and          be good Angell to thee.
all his tunes at overnight in his sleep!
                                                      1859. SMILES, Self Help, 16o. It is
he has a HEAD FULL OF BEES.                      the one pull more of the oar that proves
    1657. SAMUEL COLVIL, Whigg's Sup-            the BEEFINESS of the fellow, as Oxford
plication, or Scotch Hudibras (1710).            men say. Ibid. 291. This dunce had a
Which comes from BRAINS WHICH HAVE               dull enegy and a sort of BEEFY tenacity
A BEE.                                           of purpose.

    1724. RAMSAY, Tea-table Misc,                    1859. SALA, Gaslight and Daylight
119. But thy wild BEES I canna please.           xi. To see him in his huge shirt-sleeves,
                                                 with his awkward BEEFY hands hanging
     1825. SCOTT,  St. Ronan's,    xvii.         inanely by his side, and his great foolish
'Maybe ye think the puir lassie has A            mouth open.
BEE IN HER BONNET; but ye ken your.
sell if naebody but wise folk were to                186o. All Fear Round, No. 66, 367.
marry, the warld wad be ill peopled.'            There are no BEEFY boys at these schools.
   1845. DE QUINCEY, Coleridge etc.                  1862. Cork Examiner, 28 Mar.
[Works mi. 91]. John Hunter, notwith-            Chelmsford stood higher in the leg, and
standing he had A BEE IN HIS BONNET              showed less BEEF about him.
was really a great man.
                                                     1863. Corn/till Magazine. Feb. 'Life
     1853. Lmori, My Novel, III. 307.            on Board a Man of War.' Useful at
It is not an uncommon crochet amongst            the heavy hauling of braces, etc., where
benevolent men to maintain that wicked-          plenty of BEEF is required.
ness is necessarily a sort of insanity,
and that nobody would make a violent                    1876. BRADDON, 7. Haggard's Daugh-
start out of a straight path unless stung        ter, X. 134.    Added the farmer in his
to such disorder by a BEE IN HIS BONNET.         BEEFY     Voice.
                Beef brained.                179              Beef-eater.

     3. (venery).—The penis: see                     1606. SHAKSPEARE, Troil. Cressida,
  PRICK. Whence TO BE IN (HAVE                   ii. 1. 14. Thou mongrel
                                                                     BEEF-WITTED lord.

  or DO A BIT OF) BEEF (of women                     1627. FELTHAM,    Resolves,i,   lx (1647),
  only) = to have carnal knowledge               28. A BEEFE-BRAINED fellow that hath
  of men, to copulate : see GREENS               only impudence enough to shew himself
  and RIDE FOR BEEF, &c.: also TO                a foole.
  TAKE IN BEEF, TO GIVE MUTTON.                       1863. Reader, 22 Aug. This British
     1603. SHAKSPEARE, Meas. for Meas.           bull-neckedness, this British BEEF-WIT-
     2. 59. Troth, sir, she has eaten up         TED NESS.
all her BEEF, and is herself in the tub.
                                                 BEEF-HEAD,   subs. (old).— A dolt :
     To CRY (or GIVE) BEEF (or HOT                 a stupid, thick-headed person.
  BEEF), phr. (thieves').—To give
                                                     1775. CAVENDISH, [BURKE, Corresfi.
  an alarm ; to pursue ; to set hue              (1844), it, 86]. The petition should be
  and cry. [It has been suggested                framed so as to... draw off some of the
  that BEEF is a rhyming synonym                 BEEF-HEADS who are disposed against it.
  to thief]. Hence TO MAKE BEEF
  = to run away ; to decamp ;
                                                 BEEFMENT. ON THE BEEFMEN      r,phr.
  BEEF! = Stop thief.'                             (thieves').—On the alert ; on the
                                                   look out : cf. BEEF.
  BEEF = to wound with a sword                   BEEF-DODGER, subs.phr.      (American).
  (GROSE); TO BE DRESSED LIKE                      —A meat biscuit :          cf. CORN-
  CHRISTMAS BEEF = to be decked                    DODGER.
  out in one's best raiment ; BEEF                   1853. COL. BENTON, SPeedt [BART-
  TO THE HEELS, LIKE A MUL-                      LETT]. It is a small party [with]...
  LINGAR HEIFER = a laudation                    Pinole, pemmican, and BEEF•DODGERS for
   of a stalwart man, or a fine wo-              their principal support.
  man ; i.e., one whose superiority              BEEF-EATER, subs.