Slide 1 - Global Environmental Change and Food Systems - GECAFS

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Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource Management (SANREM) Collaborative Research Support Program (CRSP) Office of International Research, Education and Development (OIRED) at Virginia Tech


SANREM CRSP Planning Award Application
Lead Institution: Agricultural and Biological Engineering Department, University of Florida

Title: Caribbean Food Systems Vulnerability to Global Environmental Change
PI: James W. Jones, Professor, Agricultural & Biological Engineering Department, University of Florida. CO-PIs: Walter Baethgen, Director, Latin America/Caribbean Program, International Research Institute for Climate Prediction, Columbia University; Mike Brklacich, Professor, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Carleton University, John Ingram, Director, GECAFS International Project Office; Arvin R. Mosier, Visiting Professor, Agricultural & Biological Engineering Department, University of Florida; Ranjit Singh, Head of Department of Economics and Extension, The University of the West Indies; Sergio Sepulveda, Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA); Adrian Trotman, The Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology

Objectives and Approach for a 4-year SANREM CRSP Project.
The thrust of the research for the SANREM Project (GECAFS Caribbean Phase II) will characterise the food systems for three case study countries (Guyana, Haiti, and Jamaica), and deliver an assessment of GEC and socioeconomic stresses on these case-study Caribbean food systems.

Objectives and Approach for a 4-year SANREM CRSP Project. (Continued)

The characterization and assessment will explore gender specific issues related to each phase of each food system. These products will underpin the development of a prototype decision support system (DSS) that will be designed to link GEC and national and regional food systems.

To implement these objectives we will first enlist the aid of the country-based USAID Mission offices to locate partners and use GECAFS relations within CARICOM, CARDI, UWI, CIMH, IICA and IFRPI . Working with these partners, we will develop a project to: • identify key food systems and their vulnerabilities,
•develop different scenarios as to the effect of GEC on the Caribbean single market approach and economy,

•adapt the University of Florida climate risk DSS (Jones et al. 1998; SEC, 2005) to key food systems,
•and integrate the food production DSS with socioeconomic factors to permit use of DSS to make decisions on adaptation of food systems.

We expect to use this program for training systems scientists by engaging graduate students, emphasis will be placed on recruiting female students, from each country in DSS development, and additional students who will direct their efforts into scenarios development and integrating production DSS with socioeconomic development.

Research will be closely coordinated on a regional basis and tied to the international GECAFS project within the overall GECAFS conceptual framework.

Conditions & Scenarios Vulnerability & Impacts Current Food Systems
Feedbacks Decision Support

Adapted Food Systems


GECAFS DSS/Caribbean Workshop National Academy of Science, Washington DC Wednesday 18 & Thursday 19 May 2005
The overall goals for the Workshop were to: 1. Review GECAFS Decision Support System Project Progress 2. Review GECAFS Caribbean Project Progress in Context of DSS Development
3. Begin work on USAID SANREM CRSP Proposal for the Caribbean Region

Concept of where the SANREM Project fits into GECAFS Caribbean and GECAFS Science Programs




SANREM--Chris Kosnik—USAID Program Manager
Clear connection to USAID Missions

Enhanced partnerships with IARCS, NGOs, private industry
Better analysis of experiences across SANREM

Requirements language strenghtened Evaluation Criteria Reformed

SANREM Components
Systems Approach--------look at their list

Gender Issues--check with SANREM person
idea of including gender issues in the analysis of the food systems

Jamaica USAID--Karen McDonald-Gayle
Priority--Developing Rural Enterprises
Link proposal--economical & environmental sustainability

Secondary areas
Livelihood Income development--Rural Tourism

Ridge to reef natural resource managment--conservation & preservation National Environmental Planning

Need to assess the activity of other U.S. governmental agencies
USDA/Forest Service run out of Puerto Rico

Make sure that we capture what has been done & what is going on in the country Output--What happens after the project is done
Institutional Support How will work continue Policy & Development Identify Proudcts!!

One of the main goals of the 1st Workshop was to identify partnerships that were needed to develop a viable project:
At the workshop were representatives from Caribbean Regional Organizations: CARICOM, CIMH, CIAT, Cropper Foundation, and IICA

Following is a brief summary of presentations from representatives: 1. CIAT—Haiti---Laveal EugeneIn Haiti CIAT has introduced new cropping systems in hurricane affected areas Capacity building Environmental protection/Natural Resources Biodiversity

2. CARICOM—Caribbean Community—Sam Lawrence
14 states currently with 7 more pending

Issues of Single Economy Policy Framework—framework goes into effect by end of 2005
Food Security Program/FAO run out of CARICOM managed out of Trinidad Regional Food need Project is going on Agricultural Policy Network----link for use of DSS Involving Agribusiness in decisions
Need to get regional organization list from Sam!!!

Committee of lead agencies responsible for regional clearing house FAO and IICA are main partners

3. IICA—Interamerica Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture
Adrian Rodriguez--Sustainable Rural Development Errol Berkeley--Disaster Management--Damage Assessment--Delivery of assistance to agricultural studies
Rural Development Food Security Human well being Competitiveness of Agriculture Terrestrial based--economic, social factors IICA is currently setting plans for 2006-2010 Framework for Development 1. Not interested in research by itself derive from research information to input to policy Development 2, Capacity building 3. Sustainable management 4. Social Rural Actors--economic, social & environmental 5. Knowledgement management -work plans are going into effect for Central American Groups--need to make sure that awareness of these is shown in the proposal

Angela Cropper--Potential Caribbean Partners
CFNI--Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute CNIRD (Trinidad)-- Caribbean Network for Integrated Research and Development UWI--University of West Indes--Gender & Development Center CPDC (Barbados)--Caribbean Policy Development Center CCA--Caribbean Conservation Association UWI--CLEAR--Center for Land and Environmental Resources Analysis

Programs to draw upon
Carabbean Sea Assessment FAO Caribbean assessment Caribbean Fisheries Analysis IRDC--MINGA--Resource Analysis
Relationships of organizations to project--set up matrix with the above and those discussed during the workshop Categorize the list--get at who to involve directly--who to keep aware of the project--who to help with policy influence

GECAFS/SANREM Caribbean Regional Partners
CARDI—Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute CARICOM—Caribbean Community CCCC—CARICOM Climate Change Centre CIAT—International Center for Tropical Agriculture CIMH—Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology Cropper Foundation CRFM—Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism IICA—Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture UWI—The University of the West Indes

GECAFS/SANREM Country Partner
USAID Mission: Winston Harlequin/ Dhanmattie Sohai National Agricultural Research Institute University of Guyana Ministry of Social Services Ministry to Community Development IICA

USAID Mission: Marc-Eddy Martin CIAT: Eugene Levael? Quisqueya University: Regine Louis/Luc D. Bretous IICA?

USAID Mission: Diane Dormer/Karen McDonald Gayle Jamaican Ministry of Agriculture: Richard Harrison/Joseph Lindsay

Points discussed that we need to be aware of in preparing proposal:
Note: Agriculture is not respected--viewed as secondary level consideration even though it is a major player in economy & environment Approach of threats on tourism, environment, health to/from agriculture?
FAO Projections to 2030 are well mapped out--include those in background and use 2050 time frame Decision making in the Caribbean is not noted for participatory decision making very centralized not usually based on science assessment need to access the technical advisors to initiate decision making dialogue FAO-CARICOM Activities on 1. Food Security 2. Trade