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AIS Torpedoes Swim Club Handbook 2007-2008 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Introduction Vision and Mission Statement of AIS Torpedoes Objectives and Goals of AIS Torpedoes Constitution and By-Laws Executive Committee for the 2007/2008 season Duties and responsibilities of the Executive Committee positions Torpedoes Poolside Staff Training Sessions with the AIS Torpedoes A. Expectations during training sessions B. Swim equipment and apparel 9. Training Session Levels and Placement Considerations A. School Swimming (non-club) B. Club Swimming Level I C. Club Swimming Level II D. New Swimmers to AIS 10. Preparing for and enjoying galas A. Out of Town Galas B. Guidelines for attending galas C. Parents – what to say to children after a poor or a great swim D. After the Gala E. The Torpedoes Three Golden Rules of Competition 11. AIS Torpedoes Swim Fees 12. The Role of the AIS Torpedoes Parents 13. ZASU 2006/2007 Gala Programme 14. Swimmers Logbook 15. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ‟s) 16. Top Torpedoes Times for the 2006/2007 season 17. AIS Awards for 2006/2007 18. ZASU Standard Times 19. ZASU Handbook 20. FINA Rules 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 3 1. Introduction: The purpose of this handbook is twofold – to explain to both new and existing swimmers and their families just what the AIS Torpedoes Club is all about and to outline and update the various policies, rules, by-laws and information that will affect all swimmers, year after year. It should be read by all families concerned so that they can become familiar with the important facts and rules governing the club. 2. Vision and Mission Statement of the AIS Torpedoes: Our vision is simply to provide each swimmer with the opportunity to reach his or her full potential. To achieve this, our mission is to develop the character traits, technical skills and that intense desire and dedication that is necessary for the optimum realization of each individual‟s potential. 3. Objectives and Goals of the AIS Torpedoes: The AIS Torpedoes Swim Club is wholly affiliated to the American International School in Lusaka, Zambia. While membership to the Torpedoes Swim Club is restricted to swimmers who are registered at the school, it is still an autonomous club in its own right. While some funding is received from the school, additional funds are also obtained from monthly membership fees. We also have a member Executive Committee that steers and manages the club as well as maintaining active contact with the Zambian Amateur Swimming Union (ZASU) to which the club is affiliated. The primary objective of the Torpedoes Swim Club is to provide a competitive and pleasurable swim programme for swimmers who attend the American International School. Although training is intense and rigorous, we also endeavour to provide an enjoyable and fun environment for swimmers of various levels of skill and achievement. Thus, although we do insist that swimmers must have reached a baseline level of swimming competence, we also do respect all levels of swimming abilities while striving for a balance between individual achievement and team success. We provide opportunities for each individual to improve at their own rate and reach their personal bests in a supportive, positive and fun atmosphere. Our main goal is to teach every swimmer the values of hard work, dedication, sportsmanship, team camaraderie and success. So, we most definitely promote and support team spirit and personal pride as well as seek excellence as a club, as a team and as individuals. Contrary to what many people believe, swimming is a team sport! Therefore, the Torpedoes Club strives to instill a feeling of “TEAM” at all times. We share in each other‟s successes and failures. We cheer and support each other, we keep each other focused and motivated, we push each other towards team goals and we even socialize and have fun with each other when not training. To coin an old cliché, we are „one big happy family‟. 4 Individual self-improvement is also a strong component of our programme. Appropriate short and long-term goals keep everyone focused on the daily task of training. As a club we obviously also have team goals. The combination of these personal and team goals keeps everyone excelling and moving forward. Our coaching staff, team manager and committee also constantly strive for continued improvement and excellence. It is the combination of these elements along with hard work and dedication, which has led to several league championship titles over the past few years. 4. AIS Torpedoes Swim Club Constitution and By-Laws Article 1 – Title The organization will be known as the “AIS Torpedoes Swim Club”, hereinafter referred to as the “Club”. All club functions and training sessions, unless otherwise specified, will be conducted at the swimming pool of the American International School, Lusaka, Zambia. The office address of the Club shall be PO Box 31617, Lusaka, Zambia The fiscal year of the Club shall commence on the first day of August each year and terminate on the 31st day of July the following year. Article II – Membership Although an autonomous club in its own right, membership is restricted to swimmers who are registered at the American International School in Lusaka. Membership shall be contingent upon payment of monthly membership dues as determined by the Torpedoes Executive Committee. There shall be two classes of membership in the Club: a) Competitor Members – defined as those swimmers who are actively participating in club teams and swim galas throughout the season. b) Regular Members – defined as those members who are the parents or legal guardians of the Competitor Members. Article III – Club Affiliations The Club is sanctioned by the Zambia Association of Swimmers Union (ZASU) and operates under their national guidelines. All swimmers registered with the Club are required to enroll as members of ZASU so that they are eligible to participate in ZASU sanctioned events. The Executive Committee shall at all times foster close ties with the Midlands ZASU Representative to ensure that open communication channels between the Club and ZASU are maintained at all times. Article IV – Purpose The purpose of the Club shall include the following: To provide a quality, competitive, instructional and pleasurable swim programme for all interested swimmers of various levels of skill and achievement. To provide each swimmer with the opportunity to improve at his or her own rate and to reach their goals in a supportive, positive and enjoyable atmosphere. 5 To teach every swimmer the values of hard work, dedication, sportsmanship, teamwork and success. To promote and support team spirit and personal achievement as well as seek excellence as a club, as a team and as individuals. To provide opportunities for social, emotional and educational development and to encourage peer and family participation within the Club structure. To promote the involvement and participation for Competitor Members to compete in organized swim meets and competitions Article V – Powers The powers of the Club shall include the following: To ensure participation in all swim meets and competitions as determined by the Executive Committee to be in the best interests of the Club. The publication and distribution of programmes, updates, club newsletters and other publications designed to promote the activities and affairs of the Club. The obtaining of sponsorships for competitions and fund-raising events. The contribution of monies for the development of swimmers from both the Club itself and for disadvantaged swimmers from other swim clubs. Also, the contribution of monies for swim equipment and apparel as may be deemed necessary by the Executive Committee. The operation of food concessions and the sale of swimming equipment and paraphernalia to Club members and other persons. The authorization to engage in any lawful activity as may be necessary to properly carry out the purposes of the Club and conduct its affairs in an appropriate and professional manner. Article VI – Voting rights of Members Regular members shall each have one (1) vote on all matters brought before a vote. This will include the election by vote for other Regular Members prepared to serve as office bearers on the Executive Committee. Competitor members have no voting rights. Article VII – Meetings of members The Club shall hold an Annual General Meeting at least one (1) month before the end of each fiscal year for the purpose of reviewing the activities and financial affairs of the club and electing the Executive Committee members. The Club may also hold any other special meetings of the membership as may be necessary from time to time to properly conduct the affairs of the Club. Such special meetings may be called by the Chairperson of the Executive Committee or upon written request of at least twenty percent (20%) of the Regular members. All meetings of members shall be held at a convenient time and venue designated by the Chairperson of the Executive Committee. Written notice of the meeting shall be given to all members not less than ten (10) days before said meeting. At any membership meeting, presence of at least twenty (20) percent of the Regular Members will constitute a quorum. Only Regular Members present at the meeting shall 6 have the right to vote as there will be no voting by proxy. The decision of the majority of the members shall be the decision of the Club. Article VIII – Club Organizational Structure The Club shall operate with three tiers of leadership: The AIS School director to which the Executive Committee Chairperson is accountable. The Executive Committee Members who are all accountable to the Chairperson. The Regular Members who are all accountable to the Executive Committee. Article IX – Executive Committee The Executive Committee shall consist of eight (8) members as follows – Chairperson, Vice Chairperson, Secretary, Treasurer, Team Manager, Social Convener, Away-Gala Coordinator and Head Coach. All these executive positions, with the exception of Chairperson and Head Coach, shall be elected by and from the Regular Members of the Club. Existing office bearers can be re-elected each year until such a time when the Regular Members see fit to elect a new person for a particular executive position. However, Executive Committee positions shall all be up for nomination at least ten (10) days before the Annual General Meeting and nominees can then decide whether to accept or decline a nomination. The Executive Committee Chairperson is a non-voted position that will always be held by the Head of the AIS PE Department. The position of Head Coach is under the sole discretion of the Director of the American International School who reserves the right to appoint or discontinue the services of the Head Coach in consultation with the Executive Committee Chairperson. Any vacancy on the Executive Committee caused by death, resignation or disqualification, shall be filled by a majority vote by the remaining Executive Committee members until the next Annual General Meeting. Each family will be limited to only one adult member on the Executive Committee at any time No Executive Committee member may hold more than one executive position at any given time. The duties and powers of the Executive Committee shall be such as usually devolve upon the Directors of any club, organization, association or company. As such, the Executive Committee shall have the power to adopt rules and regulation and to alter and amend same from time to time in order to effectively conduct the business and activities of the Club. However the Executive Committee may not exercise any powers relating to the following: a) The alteration or dissolution of the Club Structure and tiers of leadership as outlined in Article VIII. b) The termination or discharge of coaches or any other person providing specialist services. This can only be carried out by the AIS School Director in consultation with the Executive Committee Chairperson. 7 The Executive Committee shall also have the authority to establish sub-committees as may be necessary to further and promote the interests and activities of the Club. Such Committees may be comprised of both Executive Committee Members and Regular members The Chairperson shall preside at all meetings of the Executive Committee and shall perform all duties as outlined in the section “Duties and Responsibilities”. The Vice Chairperson shall perform all duties incumbent on the Chairperson during absence or disability of the Chairperson as well as perform other duties as outlined in the section “Duties and Responsibilities” The Secretary shall have the custody and care of all the corporate records of the Club, shall attend all Executive Committee meetings and keep a true and concise record of all proceedings of such meetings. The Secretary shall also perform other duties as outlined in the section “Duties and Responsibilities.” The Treasurer shall keep correct and complete records showing accurately at all times, the financial condition of the Club and shall be the legal custodian of all monies and other valuables that are in the Club‟s possession. Other duties are outlined in the section “Duties and Responsibilities” The Team Manager shall have the responsibility of managing and co-coordinating all the „dry‟ operations of the Club as well as performing all the other duties as outlined in the section “Duties and Responsibilities.” The Head Coach shall have the responsibility of directing and coordinating all the „wet‟ operations of the Club according to the section „Duties and Responsibilities.” The Social Convener shall have the responsibility of planning, organizing and cocoordinating all fund-raising and social events as outlined in the section “Duties and Responsibilities.” The Away-Gala Coordinator shall have the responsibility of planning, organizing and coordinating all matters pertaining to away galas, both local and international and as outlined in the section “Duties and Responsibilities‟. The presence of at least five (5) Executive Committee members shall be necessary to constitute a quorum for the purposes of conducting business at any Executive Committee meeting. The decision of the majority of the Executive Committee members present at any meeting shall be the decision the Club. All contracts and agreements authorized by the Executive Committee must be signed and approved by the AIS Director and Chairperson Article IX – Amendment of By-Laws The power and authority to make, alter, amend or repeal these by-laws is vested in the AIS Director. No other person shall have the power or authority to change the Code of By-Laws in any way unless approved by the AIS Director. 8 5. AIS Torpedoes Executive Committee for the 2007/2008 Season This committee was formed to promote the club‟s interests through fundraising as well as providing effective communication and liaison between all concerned – swimmers, parents, coaches and ZASU. Below are the names and contact numbers for this year‟s committee together with a comprehensive job description for each position. Please read through these so that you are able to know exactly who to approach with any query or concern regarding the AIS swim programme, club matters or anything else. In this way, there will be no confusion or mis-communication. The positions below are all volunteer-based and as such, no financial compensation is offered. At the end of each swim season i.e. in May each year, parents of swimmers will be called upon to nominate office-bearers for the upcoming new swim season for all the positions below with the exception of Chairperson (This is an automatic and unopposed position and will always be held by the PE Coordinator of AIS) and Head Coach (Appointed by the AIS Director). Responsibility Chairperson Phone 0966761451 260509 Vice Chairperson Haley Schurz 0955761616 294654 Secretary Martina van 0966756489 Vlaanderen 263886 Treasurer Terry Pickard 0955754390 230260 Social Convener Jane Blundell 0999127787 262430 Away-Gala Coordinator Victoria Dean 0977770218 212439 Team Manager Terry Mackintosh 0977790311 262091 Head Coach Lynne Royle 0999665864 260822 Person Alta Conte Email firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org Victoria.email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com Other important contacts: Club address: AIS Torpedoes, PO Box 31617, Lusaka, Zambia Email address: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.aislusaka.org/facilitiesservices/sport/Real%20Site/index.htm Please note: Written communications can also be dropped in the Torpedoes Box, which is situated at Reception. Other information is also regularly posted and updated on the Torpedoes Board outside the PE Department. 9 6. Duties and Responsibilities of the Executive Committee The executive committee has the authority to set policy and direct the affairs and business of the Club. The duties of the committee are to implement the purposes of the club by setting policies and establishing goals and objectives to obtain funds to carry out the purposes of the Club. Chairperson (non-voted position) 1. Is a non-voted position and is held by the Head of the AIS PE Department. 2. Oversees the Torpedoes Committee, presides over all committee meetings and has final veto in all decisions pertaining to the Swim Club. 3. Ensures that all orders and resolutions arising from the committee meetings are carried into effect. 4. Handles any disputes or sensitive issues arising from dealings with ZASU, AIS staff, AIS School Board or AIS parents. 5. Annually, conducts a written performance evaluation of the Head Coach to be submitted to the AIS Director. 6. In consultation with the AIS Director has the authority to recommend the hiring or firing of the swim coaches or any other person providing specialist services to the Swim Club. 7. Has the authority to terminate and replace the position of any member of the Executive Committee who is obstructive, threatens the well-being of the Club or fails to carry out the required duties and responsibilities. 8. Approves the expenditure of all funds associated with the AIS Torpedoes Swim Club. 9. Attends School Board Meetings when relevant and communicates to the Executive Committee any matters of importance that may arise from these meetings. Vice-Chairperson (voted position) 1. Performs all duties incumbent on the Chairperson during absence or disability of the Chairperson. 2. In conjunction with the Chairperson and Secretary, ensures that all orders and resolutions are carried into effect. 3. Liaises closely with the Chairperson and Secretary on a weekly basis to ensure that any urgent mattes can be quickly or effectively dealt with or delegated to the appropriate committee member. 4. Ensures that there are sufficient timekeepers and officials at each swim gala. This duty can either be overseen personally by the Vice Chairperson or delegated to another non-committee member. Timekeepers and other officials must be drawn from the pool of Regular Members and decided on at least 48 hours prior to the gala date. 5. Obtains the required clearances from ZASU for swimmers wanting to compete in swim events outside of Zambia or swim events that have not been sanctioned by ZASU. 6. Issues invitations to the ZASU representative and ZASU Secretary to attend any Torpedoes functions when relevant. 7. Ensures that a ZASU representative is invited to the committee AGM. 10 Secretary (Voted position) 1. Keeps and maintains the files containing all the records, correspondence and documentation pertaining to the Club. 2. Records accurate and concise minutes of all Committee Meetings. 3. Is responsible for distributing the Torpedoes Handbook to all registered and paid up families at the start of each swim season and ensures that the Handbook is updated each season where appropriate. 4. Liaises with the Chairperson and Vice Chairperson on dates, times and agendas for the committee meetings. 5. Ensures that all new swimmers have completed the required AIS Torpedo and ZASU registration forms. A team list is to be given to the Treasurer. 6. Maintains a current list of all Torpedoes families and their contact numbers and addresses and updates this on a regular basis. 7. Is responsible for the timely sending out of notices to members in order to keep them informed of any decisive actions by the Executive Committee or by ZASU. Treasurer (Voted Position) 1. Keeps accurate and full accounts of all receipts and disbursements and collects, deposits and disperses all monies as agreed upon by the committee. 2. Issues monthly invoices to all Torpedoes families and the receipts thereof. 3. Liaises with the Head Coach regarding the names and contact details of all swimmers and issues letters to parents whose fee payments have lapsed. 4. Is responsible for the timely payment of all gala entry fees, registration fees, penalties or fines to ZASU. 5. Is responsible for the collection and payment of all transport, meal and accommodation expenses for away galas in collaboration with the Away Gala Coordinator. 6. Prepares and annual financial statement at the end of each swim season. A file copy must be submitted to the secretary and available for inspection by the AIS Director or any Executive Committee member. 7. Prepares and annual budget and fundraising programme in collaboration with the Social Convener and circulates this to all committee members. 8. Maintains an accurate record and inventory of all Torpedoes equipment and clothing. 9. Orders and pays for all new equipment purchased after approval from the chairperson. Social Convener (voted position) 1. Plans, organizes and coordinates all fundraising events as well as any social events involving the swimmers and their families. 2. Ensures that all details regarding social and fundraising events are communicated for inclusion in the “Leopards Tale” or any other appropriate publication following prior approval from the Chairperson. 3. Assists Chairpersons and Secretary when required to do so with regard to the day-today running and management of the Club. 11 Away Gala Coordinator (voted position) 1. Organizes and coordinates all matters pertaining to away galas, both local and international. This includes making arrangements and bookings for suitable accommodation, arrangements for transport, room allocations and so on. 2. Ensures that parents of all traveling swimmers have completed the required permission documentation for travel. 3. Assists the Treasurer in the collection of monies needed for away galas. 4. Assists the Social Convener where possible in all fundraising and social events. 5. Assists Chairpersons and Secretary when required to do so with regard to the day-today running of the Club. Team 1. 2. 3. 4. Manager (voted position) Manages and coordinates all the internal „dry‟ operations of the swim club. Serves as the liaison between the Head Coach and the swim parents. Attends to all matters regarding poolside management and administration. Liaises closely with all members of the Executive Committee and the Head Coach in particular regarding all matters concerning the management and well-being of the Torpedoes swimmers. 5. Provides written feedback and information updates to all swimmers and their parents regarding forthcoming galas, other activities and decisions, swim news, ZASU requests and so on. 6. Maintains a “Swimmers File” containing all the swimmers personal details, registration forms and other documentation of an administrative nature. 7. Maintains a file containing all the personal best times, school and national records of Club swimmers. This will be updated following each gala and posted up on the notice board. 8. Liaises closely with ZASU regarding all administrative matters pertaining to the Club such as provision of gala entry lists, registration of new Torpedoes swimmers and so on. 9. Attends all league and national galas to assist the Head Coach wherever necessary. This will include timing the Torpedoes swimmers in their respective events, giving swimmers feedback on races with respect to their personal best times, obtaining gala events programmes, and passing on gala information to the swimmers and their parents. Also, informs the ZASU recorder of any swimmers who have failed to turn up due to illness or injury and sets up national record attempts with ZASU where appropriate. 10. Submits relevant articles, on behalf of the Executive Committee, for publication in the “Leopards Tale.” 11. Provides the Treasurer with a list of all swimmers currently registered with the Club for invoicing purposes so that any changes can be dealt with. This list will be copied to the Head Coach to ensure that swimmers coming to training are in fact registered with the Club. 12. In liaison with the Head Coach and PE Department Head, actively recruits potential new swimmers to expand and maintain the Club. 12 Head Coach (Non-voted - appointed by AIS) 1. Responsible for the overall swim training programme and for managing and coordinating all the „wet‟ operations of the swim club. 2. Responsible for the swimmers safety and well-being during training and at swim meets and as such, the Head Coach‟s authority prevails during team training and at meets. 3. Supervises and allows for the professional development of assistant coaches. 4. Supervises the swim programme for the different levels of abilities and swim proficiency of the swimmers registered with the club. 5. Provides guidance, in conjunction and collaboration with the assistance coaches, to swimmers in choosing the appropriate training session and lane according to their level of skill, ability, maturity and commitment. 6. Responsible for instruction, in conjunction and collaboration with the assistant coaches, pertaining to stroke correction and improvement, competitive swimming techniques and efficient race strategies. 7. In collaboration with the Team Manager, makes decisions regarding which meets and galas a particular swimmer should attend and advises the swimmer with regard to the events in which he/she should be entered. 8. In collaboration with the Team Manager and assistant coaches, makes decisions regarding the compilation of relay teams. 9. Must attend all league and national galas. If unable to do so, must appoint an appropriate person (usually an assistant coach) to stand in. 10. In the event of the Head Coach being unable to attend training sessions for whatever reason, the relevant training programmes and instructions must be given timeously to the assistant coach(s). 11. Responsible for delegating responsibility to the assistant coaches. 12. Offers constructive feedback, support and race critique to all swimmers after each gala event. 13. Keeps and maintains a daily attendance file, which is completed at the end of each training session. Swimmers not fulfilling their minimum training requirements appropriate to each swim session/level should be reported to the Team Manager who will then deal with the matter in consultation with the swimmer concerned and his/her parents. 14. At the end of the season, in collaboration and consultation with the Team Manager and assistant coaches, puts forward a list of those swimmers who will receive the annual swimmers awards and honours. This list must be provided to the PE Coordinator at least two weeks prior to the AIS Awards function. 13 7. Torpedoes Swim Club Poolside Staff Nothing has a greater influence on the quality and excellence of our swim programme than the coaches and team staff. Job descriptions and areas of responsibility for the Team Manager and Head Coach are outlined in Section 6. Duties and responsibilities for assistant coaches are outlined below: Responsibility Team Manager Head Coach Person Terry Mackintosh Lynne Royle Phone Email 0977790311 email@example.com 262091 0999665864 firstname.lastname@example.org 260822 Assistant Coach Muzeya Muzyamba Assistant Coach Dan Magnusson 0999578164 email@example.com Note: Both the Team Manager and Head Coach report to the Chairperson. Assistant Coaches report directly to the Head Coach. Since the Head Coach and Assistant Coach positions are salaried positions, conditions for employment shall be determined under a written contract. In this written contract, each Coach must undertake to commit him/herself to the Club for a minimum period of one year (i.e. one swim season from 1 August to 30 April of the following year). Form and substance of all coaches financial compensation will be determined by the contract, which will be reviewed each year. All coaching staff will have performance reviews conducted annually by the Chairperson and performance will be aligned to the mission and vision of the Torpedoes Club. For further information regarding qualifications and experience of the AIS Team Manager and Coaches, please consult the Torpedoes website. Assistant Swim Coaches – duties and responsibilities 1. Reports to the Head Coach at the beginning of each training session for instructions regarding his/her programme for that day‟s training. 2. Must attend all League and National Galas. 3. Is responsible for supervising the stretching and warm-up procedures at the start of each gala. 4. Assists the Head Coach in maintaining discipline among the swimmers. 5. Must attend all training sessions. If unable to attend for whatever reason, must inform the Head Coach immediately so that alternative arrangements can be made if necessary. In the event of not being able to reach the Head Coach, assistant coaches must contact either the Chairperson or the Team Manager. 14 6. Should assistant coaches also be competitive swimmers, an agreement must be reached regarding his/her personal training in collaboration with the Head Coach and Chairperson. 7. Often being a „go-between‟ between the Head Coach and the swimmers themselves, Assistant Coaches must always act in a mature and exemplary fashion. He/she needs to be an example to the swimmers who should look up to the Assistant Coach not only as a friend and confidante but as an aspiration too. As such, while in the presence of the team, no alcohol, cigarettes or any other related substances may be used under any circumstances. 8. Training sessions with the AIS Torpedoes: Training sessions are the most important aspect of competitive swimming. Consistent training is needed to progress and improve and as such, it is important that each swimmer attend as many training sessions as possible to derive the full benefits of the swim programme. A. Expectations during training sessions a) Expectations from swimmers: Swimmers are expected to arrive at the pool on time – no later than five minutes before the scheduled start of the training session. Late-starters compromise the entire squad who then have to wait for them to complete their warm-up. Please note: Swimmers arriving later than 10 minutes after the scheduled swim training time (i.e. 14h10 or 15h10) will not be allowed to participate in that days session. Swimmers will be allocated a lane by the Head Coach. Each lane will be given a designated lane leader and swimmers are expected to follow the lane leader in a clockwise direction at all times. No swimmer may leave his/her designated lane unless approved by the Head Coach. Any swimmer „hogging‟ the lane by swimming in the middle will be requested to leave that day‟s training session. Swimmers are expected to stay for the entire duration of the practice session. Often the last part of the practice is the most important. Also, important announcements are often made at the end of each training session. If a swimmer needs to be dismissed early from practice, a note from the parent should be given to the Head Coach at least one day before. Swimmers are expected to follow the respective coaches directions and instructions at all times. Disrespect or inappropriate behaviour will not be tolerated. This includes abusive language, lying, stealing, vandalism, bullying or unsportsmanlike behaviour towards other swimmers. Swimmers guilty of this kind of behaviour will be subjected to disciplinary action which in mild cases will involve „time out‟ or dismissal from that days training. In severe cases, disciplinary action could involve complete dismissal from the team or suspension from competing in forthcoming galas. Swimmers are requested to go to the bathroom, get their drinks and pool equipment BEFORE the start of the session. No swimmer will be permitted to leave the pool except in an emergency. 15 Swimmers may only leave a training session with the coach‟s permission. Nobody may simply leave the pool for whatever reason without receiving permission first. ALL visits to the bathroom are to take place only before the start of training. Swimmers in Level I are required to attend a minimum of two to three sessions per week. Swimmers in Level II are required to attend a minimum of four, but preferably five, sessions a week. In certain cases, swimmers may be excused from training sessions provided that they notify the Head Coach well in advance i.e. at least two days before. Examples of excused training session include, but are not limited to, the participation in another team competition or match, school field trips and cases of illness or injury. It is requested that medical and dental appointments be made at times outside of training sessions. Unexcused training sessions are those session that are missed without informing the Head Coach. Three unexcused training sessions will result in disciplinary action. Regular unexcused missed sessions will result in the swimmer‟s dismissal from the team and his/her suspension from competing as an AIS Torpedo team member in the league galas. b) Expectations from parents during swim sessions: While training sessions are ongoing, parents are requested NOT to sit on the stands aligning the pool. A picnic bench will be provided for all parents and siblings alongside the swim fence. This will enable parents to watch the swim session in progress if they wish to do so as well as enable siblings to read or complete homework. No children are permitted to run or play inside the swimming pool area while training is in progress. Parents are NOT permitted to speak to their children while training is in progress as this is extremely disruptive to the coaches concerned. Parents should also instruct their children NOT to communicate with them while the session is in progress. If a swimmer has any problem or concern during training, he/she must discuss this with the coach and NOT with the parent. Parents are also requested NOT to speak to the coaches while training is in progress as it distracts the coach from the swimmers in the pool. Any queries, concerns or problems should be routed through the team manager. If a parent would like to personally discuss any issue with the coach, please arrange a suitable time to meet with the coach outside of swim training hours. B. Swim Equipment and Apparel during training sessions All swimmers MUST wear swim caps during training. During training session, any brand of swim cap may be worn. However, during galas, only the Torpedoes swim cap may be worn. All swimmers are required to wear swim goggles both for training and for galas. Goggles protect the eyes from chlorine and enable the swimmer to swim with their eyes open. They must fit tightly to keep the water out and prevent leaking. It is recommended that the swimmer always carry a back-up pair should one pair break. Each swimmer should purchase their own pair of swim fins. There are some extra fins belonging to the club but ultimately each child should own his/her own pair of properly 16 fitting fins. Other equipment such as boards, buoys and paddles will be provided by the club. It is strongly suggested that each swimmer bring a water bottle to each session and place it at the end of their allocated swim lane. No fizzy or diet drinks are permitted. Swimsuits: Boys are not allowed to wear swim trunks or board shorts for training as these are too cumbersome and loose for effective training. Swimsuits, particularly those used for galas, need to be snug as loose oversized suits will create drag and impair performance. Speedo, TYR, Finals, Finis, Nike and Adidas are all examples of creditable brands of swimsuits. It is also recommended that swimmers have a separate swimsuit for training sessions and galas. When purchasing a swimsuit, ensure that the suit is lined, does not „bunch‟ or gather anywhere and that it fits tightly – generally, „the tighter the better.‟ As a safety precaution, large earrings or other chunky jewelry must be removed prior to getting into the pool. No jewelry or watches may be worn during galas. Other: A towel, sunscreen and a tracksuit of hooded jacket for cooler weather are recommended but not required. 9. Training Session Levels and Placement Considerations: There will be three training sessions provided at AIS: a) Primary School Swimming (Non-Club) This is mostly for very young children who are still learning to master the four basic strokes and who ultimately want to improve their techniques, fitness and speed in order to fulfill the requirements necessary to enable them to participate in Club Swimming. In other words, this level provides the „nursery‟ for future Torpedoes Club swimmers. Since these swimmers are not registered club swimmers, they are not required to pay any monthly swim fees. Training sessions will usually take place four days per week from September to December, which is the main swim season in Zambia. For swimmers in P2 and P3, swim sessions will take place on Tuesdays and Thursdays from 14h00 to 15h00. For swimmers in P4, P5 and P6, swim sessions will take place on Mondays and Wednesdays from 14h00 to 15h00. Once swimmers in this level have progressed to the stage where they can meet the criteria and requirements necessary to attend Club Swimming Level 1, they will be allowed to move up and to enter the realm of Club Swimming. However, swimmers can, if they wish, remain at the Primary School Swimming level if they do not feel that they have the commitment or desire to get involved in Club Swimming. Swimmers in this level will be eligible to attend all ISAZ school galas as well as B league ZASU galas. b) Secondary School Swimming (Non-Club) and Club Swimming (Torpedoes Level I) See requirements and criteria below. c) Club Swimming – Torpedoes Level II See requirements and criteria below. 17 Secondary School Swimming and the two Club Swimming sessions, Torpedoes Level I and Torpedoes Level II, will be divided on the basis of commitment, proficiency and ability and not on the basis of age. The reason for this is to make coaching more efficient so that swimmers of similar abilities (irrespective of age) can train together. Generally however, most Primary School swimmers will be advised to attend Level I sessions. Exceptions will include very strong Primary School swimmers who consider swimming to be their „main‟ sport and who are willing to commit to a minimum of four compulsory swim training workouts per week. Likewise, most swimmers from the Secondary School will be advised to attend the Level II training session. Exceptions will include those Secondary School swimmers who do not consider swimming to be their „main‟ sport and as such, do not want to commit to four compulsory swim training workouts per week. Level I will also include those swimmers in Secondary School who do not want to join the Torpedoes Club and do not want to participate in A League Galas. Swimmers will all be informed which session they are to attend according to the following considerations below. Should parents or swimmers NOT agree with the session allocated, they should discuss this with the Head Coach. New and existing swimmers will be placed into the level that has the swimmers best interests at heart and which best sets that swimmer up for future success. This decision will be made by the coaching staff and in certain „special‟ cases, in consultation with the swimmer and his/her parents. If the coaching staff has made a mistake in judgment, it will soon become obvious and the swimmer will be moved up or down accordingly after consultation with the swimmer concerned. Parents, please note….Think very carefully before asking that your child be „jumped‟ from Level I to Level II. Swimmers put in „over their heads‟ soon become demoralized and frustrated because it is clearly evident to them that they are lagging behind the others and holding their lanes up. Often what happens is that they tend to quit or, if they are then moved „down to Level I‟, they have a perceived stigma of having „been demoted‟. But usually, they just quit, which is a real shame. Moving „up‟ a level will be at the Head Coach‟s discretion and as soon as it becomes evident, that a swimmer is „over the top‟ in Level I, he/she will be moved up to Level II. Keeping up is a huge factor in a swimmers success and more importantly, in enjoyment. If they are holding up the rest of the group, they feel it very keenly. 18 Requirements and criteria for swimmers being placed in Level I Level I will be the earlier session that will take place on Monday to Thursday from 14h45 to 16h00 and on Fridays from 12h45 to 14h00 where these swimmers will combine with level II swimmers. Times and days are summarized in the table below: Day Land training times* Swim training times** Monday 14h45-15h00 15h00-16h00 Tuesday 14h45-15h00 15h00-16h00 Wednesday 14h45-15h00 15h00-16h00 Thursday 14h45-15h00 15h00-16h00 Friday 12h45-13h00 13h00-14h00 * Those swimmers who participate in an after-school sport activity will be excused from land training on the days that he/she is involved in that sport. All other swimmers will be required to do the land training, which will include stretches, calisthenics and jogging and will be fully supervised by one of the assistant coaches to assure that each swimmer completes all assigned dryland training. Note: ALL swimmers must be changed and ready to swim at 15h00 (or 13h00 on Fridays). Swimmers are NOT permitted to start late and any swimmer arriving later than 15h10 will not be permitted to swim on that particular day. The following are the requirements and criteria for attending Level I swim sessions: Swimmers need to commit themselves to a minimum of two sessions per week if involved in other sports or after-school activities. If not involved in other sports or after-school activities, they will be expected to attend a minimum of three sessions per week. This 2-3 training session minimum will be strictly enforced. This session would be of interest to those children who would like the flexibility to participate in other sports and after-school activities as well. Swimmers need to be able to swim all four strokes with reasonable proficiency. Swimmers need to be able to execute legal turns, backstroke starts, dives and finishes. Swimmers need to be able to meet the demands of a sixty-minute training session with a minimum swim distance of around 2.0-2.5km. Swimmers need to be able to make (or be reasonably close to) standard times in at least two of the fifteen swim events offered in ZASU leagues. ZASU standard times are included in this handbook for easy reference. As a rough guide, swimmers in this level should be able to swim 5 x 50m free on 1.00, swim 100IM in under 2.00 and swim 50m of each stroke in under 1.00. Fridays are mandatory sessions for all swimmers in this level as this is the day that weekly meeting with the Head Coach and/or Team Manager will take place in order to update swimmers on forthcoming gals, hand out awards and give feedback on any Torpedoes – related matters. Swimmers in Level I will be eligible to compete in all local ZASU league galas in those events in which they are achieving (or very close to achieving) standard times. Those swimmers at the „top‟ of Level I, who are capable of achieving standard times in at least five events, will be eligible to compete in BOTH local and away ZASU galas. 19 The goal of this group of swimmers is to continually work towards improving their stroke, speed and fitness in order to reach the stage where they fulfill all the requirements necessary to move up to Level II. For those swimmers who do not want to commit to the four-session per week minimum requirement demanded at Level II, they may opt to remain at Level I and thereby, retain the flexibility to engage in many other school activities and extra-curricular activities. For swimmers who feel that they are unable to meet the above requirements and criteria, (usually the very young swimmers), it is recommended that they attend the Primary School Swimming sessions which are held 14h00-15h00 (see above). Once the swimmer has then progressed to a level where he/she is able to fulfill the criteria above, the coaching staff will suggest their graduation to the Level 1 Club Swimming level. Requirements and criteria for swimmers being placed in Level II Level II will be the longer and more intense session that will run for 90-120 minutes from 15.45 to 17.30/17.45 pm Mondays to Thursdays and on Fridays from 12h50 to 14h30 (combined session with Level 1 swimmers). Days and times are summarized below: Day Land training times* Swim training times** Monday 15h45-16h00 16h00-17h30/45 Tuesday 15h45-16h00 16h00-17h30/45 Wednesday 15h45-16h00 16h00-17h30/45 Thursday 15h45-16h00 16h00-17h30/45 Friday 12h50-13h00 13h00-14h30/45 *Land training will involve stretching, calisthenics and jogging and is compulsory for all swimmers and will be conducted under the supervision of an assistant coach. However, those swimmers who are involved in an after-school sports activity between 15h00-16h00 will be allowed to be excused from land training on those days. However, in this case, the individual is required to change and get to the pool area by 16h10 at the very latest. Any swimmer reporting for training after 16h10 will not be permitted to swim. ** Swim training will last for approximately 90-105 minutes depending on the training programme that has been scheduled for that particular day. Requirements and criteria for swimmers attending Level II sessions: Swimmers need to commit themselves to commit to a minimum of four (or preferably, five) sessions per week at AIS and under the instruction of the AIS coaches. This 4session minimum rule will be strictly enforced. Weekly training programmes will be carefully planned and formatted so missing a session is NOT recommended. This session would generally be for those children who consider swimming to be their „main 20 sport.‟ It is requested that swimmers in Level II do NOT receive outside extra training from other coaches during the week as this impacts on the weekly training programme designed by the Head Coach as extra outside sessions often disrupt the planned programme designed for that particular week. Swimmers in this level will be allowed to receive extra training or stroke correction from other coaches only over weekends and provided that they fulfill their 4-session minimum requirement. However, as a courtesy to the Head Coach, those swimmers wanting to do extra weekend sessions with other coaches must first receive permission and approval from the Head Coach who can then liaise with the other coach if necessary. The Head Coach will complete a daily attendance register to ensure that the 4-5 session rule is being enforced and as such, swimmers who are ill or injured or unable to attend a session for whatever reason will need to inform the Head Coach accordingly (See expectations during training sessions – excused and unexcused practices). Please note that those swimmers not fulfilling their 4-session minimum training requirements at AIS will not be permitted to swim as AIS Torpedoes in the leagues. Club Swimming is a team sport and as such, to foster team spirit and camaraderie between members of the entire team, it is necessary that the Torpedoes team not only compete together at galas but that they train together as well. Swimmers need to be able to cope with a swim session of at least 90 minutes in duration where total distances are likely to be between 2.5km to over 4km and as even as much as 5 or 6 km for the older and more advanced swimmers. Swimmers need to be fully proficient in all four strokes as well as in the techniques associated with dives, starts, turns and finishes. Swimmers need to be able to make standard times in at least 80% of all the events being offered in the ZASU leagues i.e. standard times in at least 12 of the 15 events on offer. ZASU standard times are included in this handbook for easy reference. Swimmers need to be able to swim 5 x 50m free on 0.45, swim 200IM in under 3:40 and be able to swim 50m of each stroke as follows – sub 0:40 for freestyle, sub 0:45 for backstroke and butterfly and sub 0:50 for breaststroke. Fridays are mandatory sessions for all Level II swimmers as this will be the day when the Head Coach and/or Team Manager will inform swimmers about Torpedo-related matters, forthcoming galas and hand out awards. All swimmers in Level II will be eligible to swim in all local galas, away galas, national and international galas in every event in which they are making the standard ZASU times. Preferably, they must compete in all league galas unless sick or injured. The goal for this group of swimmers will be to continually improve speed and technique as well as to learn the finer points of racing strategy and the mental and physical preparation needed for competition in national and international galas. d) New Swimmers to AIS – Which training session to go to? AIS provides after-school training with qualified coaches for those swimmers who are either not proficient in the strokes, are still learning to swim or who are not interested in the level of commitment required to become an AIS Torpedoes Swimmer. For new swimmers to the school who would like to join the Torpedoes, we would require that you be assessed by the 21 Head Coach in order to determine whether you should be placed in Level I or Level II. A general guide for new swimmers trying to decide where they are likely to ‟fit in‟ would be as follows: a) Primary School Swimming: Preferable for those younger swimmers who are still learning to swim, have not mastered all the strokes or who at this stage, are not interested in competing in swim galas. b) Secondary School Swimming and Torpedoes Club Swimming Level I: See entry requirements above. c) Torpedoes Club Swimming Level II: See entry requirements above. 10. Preparing for and enjoying Galas - local and out of town Swim Meets can be a great experience for the whole family if you have prepared for it properly and not left some important item like a swimsuit behind at home. Competition galas bring us together as a team and are also a way of checking how we are doing individually and as a team. Although galas are just a snapshot of a performance on a given day at that time and under those conditions, they provide valuable feedback to coaches and swimmers. Parents also can have a chance to cheer for their child as they watch him/her in action, share in the happiness of a PB or comfort their child when things go „pear-shaped‟. Parents can also show their support for the team by assisting with official duties like timekeeping, calling-up swimmers for their events, team photography or working in some other capacity. A. Out Of Town Galas Trips to swim meets outside of Lusaka are an important aspect of a swimmer‟s development and career. However, there are a few considerations to keep in mind when traveling to and participating in these out of town galas: The Away Gala Representative will organize and coordinate all the finer details and parents and swimmers will be advised accordingly. However, parents will be asked to contribute financially to accommodation, meal and transport expenses for their children and for themselves if they will be accompanying the group. All these fees will need to be paid to the Treasurer or Away Gala Representative three days before the gala date. Usually a certain hotel, resort or camp will be designated as the „team headquarters‟ and it is strongly recommended that the entire team stay there with the rest of the team. Away Galas are an excellent opportunity to build up team spirit and camaraderie so it is preferred that everyone be accommodated at the same place. Parents are encouraged to attend out of town meets with their swimmers and to chaperone the younger children. These trips can be great fun for parents and swimmers alike. A bus will usually be provided to transport those children unaccompanied by their parents. Obviously, parents will be requested to contribute towards the cost of this. However, should swimmers be traveling with their parents to the out of town venue, 22 there will be no transport cost levied. However, any swimmer or parent needing transportation arranged for them will be required to pay a K50, 000 fee. This fee must be paid in full and handed to the Treasurer or placed in the Torpedoes Box at Reception. All swimmers traveling to away galas will be required to completer a release form no later than the Tuesday before the gala. This includes both swimmers whose transport is arranged by the club and swimmers whose transport is arranged privately. If swimmers are traveling in vehicles with other parents i.e. not with their own parents, the parent driver will be required to complete a consent form indemnifying the driver from any injuries that could arise from an accident or any other problem encountered on the road. Any swimmer who fails to hand in the required forms and monies by the deadline date will not be permitted to travel to the gala and will be responsible for any fees that the club incurs due to this withdrawal from the gala. B. Guidelines for attending swim galas – both in town and out of town. a) Before the Gala: Make sure you get plenty of rest the night before. This is not the time to go partying with your buddies! Ensure that you know how to get to the gala venue. Directions to local and out of town pools will be available from committee members. If a swimmer becomes sick or is unable to participate in the gala for whatever reason, notify the Head Coach or Team Manager immediately. Ensure that you have been signed up for the correct events. Swimmers are responsible for selecting their events after discussion with the Head Coach. Sign-up sheets will be available poolside and must be completed ten days before the gala date since entry lists need to be submitted to the ZASU recorder one week before the gala. Any swimmer who has not signed up by the required time will not be permitted to participate in the gala. Please note: Swimmers do not sign up for the relays – these are decided by the poolside coaching staff. What to bring to the gala: i) Pack a tog bag with the following: Two swimsuits, two pairs of goggles, two towels, Torpedoes swim cap (NO other swim cap – just the Torpedoes one, please!) Doubling up on swimsuits, goggles and caps is always a good idea as these items can break, tear or just mysteriously disappear. Label all equipment with a permanent marker. ii) If the weather is looking iffy, bring a warm change of clothing or tracksuit with you. iii) Also pack a hat or peak cap, sunscreen, socks, shoes or sandals. Special shampoo designed to rid the hair of chlorine is also a good idea. iv) All Torpedoes swimmers have to wear their orange team shirts to the gala. So, place it on top of your bag so that you don‟t forget to wear it when you leave for the gala. v) You many also want to bring nutritious snacks and drinks with you. Many gala venues do serve food and drink but mostly these are of the junk food and fizzy drink variety. So, rather bring your own. Recommended snacks are white bread sandwiches (white bread digests quicker than whole-wheat), 23 energy bars, pancakes and bananas. Also, pack loads of water and energy drinks like Energade, Game and Powerade. Avoid dairy products, fatty greasy food, sweets and fizzy drinks until after the gala. b) Arriving at the Gala: Ensure that you arrive at the pool at the time specified by the coach. This is usually one hour before the scheduled start of the gala. Ensure that you are wearing your orange Torpedoes shirt. Only swimmers wearing their team shirts will be paid for by the club. Also, wearing your Torpedoes shirt increases team spirit and visibility. We want everyone to know the Torpedoes have arrived! Stretching, warm-up swim, pep talk, war cries and last minute advice from the coach is an essential and very necessary part of success in the events to come. So, don‟t be late! Find out where the team is stationed. We (swimmers and parents) do better and bond better when we all hang out together! Besides, coaches and the person responsible for calling events needs to be able to find you quickly when the need arises. So, stay with the rest of the team at all times. Get hold of a programme of the days events so that you know what‟s what. Warm-ups: Before the gala is scheduled to commence, all swimmers need to warm-up in the pool. A good warm-up is essential to a successful performance so don‟t miss out on it. The Assistant Coach will supervise and monitor the warm-up session and give lastminute advice on turns, starts and dives. After warm-ups, the swimmer should go back to the team area and wait until his/her name, heat and lane number is called out by the person in charge of event call-up. This is a good time to get a drink or go to the bathroom. Once receiving the event information (heat and lane number) swimmers need to report to the Head Coach for any last minute advice before heading off to the staging area (bullpen) prior to the event. Last words of encouragement and a review of „focus goals‟ are quickly discussed at this time. Parents… do not provide this information yourself – it may conflict with what the coach has to say and confuse the child. Just say something like, “Swim fast, have fun. I love you.” That is all. In the staging area, the Marshall will direct you to your seat in accordance with your heat and lane number. Swimmers are to be quiet and respectful while in the staging area. Any swimmers who fails to follow instructions given by the Marshall will be withdrawn from the race. After the race, it is extremely important to report back to the Head Coach for a critique of the swim – irrespective of whether the swimmer feels it was a good swim or a bad swim. While the race is still fresh in the coach‟s mind, he/she can best analyze what just transpired. The coach will offer constructive criticism and point out the value of the swim whether a PB was achieved or not. Remember it is possible to swim poorly and still do a PB. Likewise, it is possible to swim well and not get that PB! The time and finishing position is NOT always what we are after – improvement in swimming is! That might not show up in a faster time – yet! It can mean the stroke was improved, strategy was well executed, start/turn/ finishes were improved, etc. 24 One of the Torpedoes core values is sportsmanship. Unsportsmanlike behaviour such as throwing goggles or cap, loud vocalization or swearing after a disappointing swim will NOT be tolerated. Bad swims and indeed, bad galas, do happen. They are part of the learning experience an should be handled with dignity. Likewise, bullying, name-calling and teasing of other swimmers will not be tolerated under any circumstances and offenders will be punished with a one gala suspension. There is a lot of time to rest between individual events. Use this time wisely – stay out of the sun and don‟t run around using up the energy you will need to swim that PB. Find a quiet patch of shade and do your mental rehearsal and visualization of the race to come. Or, bring along some quiet games like cards or a Gameboy. Or, even better – catch up on your reading. Cheering and supporting team members is also encouraged. This is a team sport so encourage one another! And the most important thing of all that you MUST bring along – a great, positive attitude! C. Parents – what to ask or say to your child following the race a) After a poor or a disappointing swim: What did the coach say? Remember to work on that in training next week. I liked…… (Your effort, your start, your turn your stroke) Something positive! I am disappointed for you (NOT „in you‟) At least you learnt something so that makes it a successful swim. That was such an exciting race to watch. I love watching you swim. Be sure to get something to eat (Or, drink lots of water. Or, put on something warm – In other words, do the „nagging parent‟ thing – it feels familiar and somehow comforting to a child who has had a disappointing swim.) Never criticize or lambaste the child for a poor or a disappointing swim. b) After a great swim: What did the coach say? Remember to work on that in training next week. I liked…. (Your effort, your start, your turn, your stroke) Something positive! I am excited for you. You learned something so that makes it an even more successful swim. That was such an exciting race to watch. I love watching you swim. Be sure to get something to eat (Or, drink lots of water. Or, put on something warm – In other words, do the „nagging parent‟ thing. It feels familiar and brings the child back to earth again after his/her great swim.) Never criticize or lambaste the child for any aspect of the swim. Don‟t say, “That was a great swim BUT…” 25 D. After the Gala Record all the times in the Logbook (a logbook and PB record-sheet is included in the handbook). Go and celebrate. The celebrations are what swimmers tend to remember best –like that huge ice cream on the way home! E. The AIS Torpedoes Three Golden Rules of Competition If you are a Torpedo, these are the three rules we want you to follow – in swimming and in life: 1. Compete with yourself. Winning medals, certificates, trophies and stuff like that is great but it is not our main goal. Our main goal is your continued improvement and enjoyment in swimming! If you finished first but had a poor time in comparison to past performances, then that first place is meaningless! 2. Sportsmanlike behavior is as important as improved performance. Behave like a champion whether you had a great swim or a poor swim. Respect for officials, congratulations to other competitors, encouragement and support to your teammates and a mature attitude are what we look for (and insist on) in a Torpedo Swimmer. 3. The swimmer‟s job is to improve his performance (by either stroke improvement or a PB). The coach‟s job is to offer constructive criticism so that the swimmers performance can continually be improved. The parent‟s job is to provide love, support and encouragement to bolster the swimmer‟s confidence in his/her quest for improved performance. To achieve the above, we ask all swimmers to set realistic, achievable but challenging goals and to review these goals from time to time. 26 11. AIS Torpedoes Swim Fees The Torpedoes Committee will set fees at the beginning of each swim season and any changes will be communicated to all parent members. While some funds are provided by the AIS school, monies are also collected from the parents for additional expenses such as ZASU registrations, gala entry fees, training equipment, computer software and other operational expenses. The official swim season runs from September to end April giving a total of eight full months. AIS Torpedoes offers each swimmer a choice of two payment schedules. Option 1 is a monthly payment of K100, 000 per swimmer for the months of September to April, both inclusive. This comes to a total of K800, 000 if paid on a month-by-month basis. Option 2 gives you a K100, 000 discount if you pay upfront in full for the entire season. This comes to a total of K700, 000 if paid upfront by the first week in September. Please note: Fees become due at the start of the swim season on 1 September 2007 and need to be paid each month until April 2008 inclusive. Fees are paid on a month-to-month basis unless paid in total up-front (the discounted fee). To receive the discounted fee (K700, 000), the total amount for the season must be paid to the Treasurer by 10 September. Monthly fees can either be handed directly to the Treasurer or can be placed in the Torpedoes Box at Reception. Ensure that fees placed in the Torpedoes box are placed in a marked envelope with the swimmers name and the amount enclosed. Swimmers who are as yet unable to meet any ZASU standard times and as such, are unable to participate in league galas will pay a discounted fee of K70, 000 per month. Winter training will occur during the months of May and June and is optional. Cost for winter training is K100,000 for the two-month period. This is recommended for those swimmers wanting to participate in the Winter Championships in South Africa, or who are going on to overseas swim camps or who simply want to maintain their fitness over winter. Not for the faint-hearted – the water gets very cold! It is the parent member‟s responsibility to notify the Head Coach as well as the Committee Secretary and/or Treasurer of any intention to terminate membership of the Torpedoes Club. Swim fees MUST be prepaid by the 5th of each month in order for the swimmer to continue participating in swim training. No swim fees – No swimming. Invoices for the month ahead will be handed out to each swimmer or parent a week before the payment is due. Once paid, a receipt will be issued by the Treasurer. All invoicing and receipting will be done online. Swimmers who have registered with the Club but who do not attend training practices are still eligible to pay their monthly fees. However, in the case of extenuating circumstances such as prolonged illness or severe injury, fees can be deferred for a month or two after consultation with the Head Coach. There will be NO refund of training fees for dropout swimmers unless it is for unexpected family relocation reasons. 27 Anyone joining the team before the 14 of that month will have to pay the full months fees. Anyone joining the team after the 14th will be allowed to pay 50% of the fees for that first month. th Any queries about fees or billing procedure, please contact the Treasurer 12. The Role of the AIS Torpedoes Parent To build a successful swim programme there must be trust, understanding and above all, communication between coaches, parents, the swimmers and the committee. A swimmers success absolutely depends on these relationships being positive, truthful, open and honest. The Team Manager, Head Coach and Committee Secretary are all responsible for getting information through to you, the parents. But remember for communication to be effective, it MUST work both ways. So, parents and swimmers are responsible for reading, understanding and acting upon this information where necessary. Without this communication going both ways, the system will just not work and will result in miscommunication, confusion and mistrust. So if there is anything you do not understand or, have a concern about – SPEAK to the appropriate person on the committee or at the poolside. ANY and ALL questions MUST be asked to avoid miscommunication! Remember, the only stupid question is the unasked one! Should any parent need to speak to the Head Coach, it is requested that the parent not approach the coach during training times but wait until the session is finished. The Team Manager is there to assist with any queries, concerns and issues and should the need arise, will recommend that an appointment or consultation between the Head Coach and parent be set up outside of training times. Some things relationships: to think about with regard to Parent/Coach/Swimmer/Committee Every individual learns at different rates so don‟t compare your child‟s progress to others. Many „early‟ bloomers have great difficulty when the great equalizer called „puberty‟ kicks in. Then the „late bloomers‟ get their turn. Our swim programme, particularly in Level II, is demanding. New swimmers might find it initially very difficult to cope. Just tell them to hang in there for a couple of weeks while they learn to adapt to the new training loads and while they adjust to the new environment and routine. Plateaus DO occur in every swimmers progression. Just tell your swimmer to keep training and bide his/her time. They will soon see the next „improvement step‟ coming along. And the best thing about it is that it is often not a „step‟ but more like a „jump‟. If you have any questions or concerns about your child‟s progress or about coaching techniques or training programmes, arrange for an appointment with the Head Coach! 28 Don‟t grouse behind his/her back – always be open and upfront. And this goes for any concern, not only with regard to the poolside matters. If you have a problem or question about the committee or anything else regarding the AIS Torpedoes, speak up! Don‟t address these problems to your friends or engage in „car-park chatter‟. Your friends can‟t do anything to help the situation. But the appropriate person on the Executive Committee can. If the person concerned does not provide you with a satisfactory response or solution, speak to the Committee Chairperson. If there is any „special‟ information about your child that the Head Coach needs to know about, please inform him/her immediately – medications the child is on, ADD, allergies or phobias, behavioral problems etc. This information may be shared with committee members or the Team Manager if appropriate. Otherwise, it will be kept strictly confidential. Just as you would not attempt to fix your child‟s broken bone, don‟t attempt to give stroke correction advice, race strategy tips or pre-race nutritional advice to your child. That is the Head Coach‟s job. Leave him/her to it. Your information, while well meaning, may be outdated and conflicting to what the coach says and will only cause confusion and anxiety. Never say or do anything that leads your child to equate love with performance. Some children really do believe that their parents will love them more if they swim well and when they don‟t have a good swim, they feel like they have let the parents down. There is a very fine line between support/encouragement and pushing/unreasonable expectation. YOU know your child so you will know what constitutes encouragement and what constitutes pushing. Responsibilities and requirements of AIS Torpedoes Parents We simply could not have a competitive and successful swim club if it were not for the support and involvement of the parents. And so, we ask you, the parent members of the club, to assist and volunteer whenever and wherever you can so that the club can continue to grow and go from strength to strength. Each parent should try to support and promote the team spirit in our continued quest for excellence so help us by filling a „volunteer role.‟ Just as each swimmer is required to fulfill his/her minimum training requirements to remain a Torpedo swimmer, so each parent is asked to fulfill certain minimum support requirements at the various galas as follows: A. Timekeeping: ZASU requires one timekeepers for every five swimmers. This usually means that AIS needs at least six volunteer timekeepers for each timekeeping session i.e. twelve timekeepers per day (six in the morning session and six in the afternoon). With seven A league galas, the Jubilee gala and one national 2-day gala on the calendar (excluding special international galas like the Sub-Sahara or Zambia Invitational), this equates to twenty timekeeping sessions and 120 AIS timekeepers required throughout the season. So, each parent who is not involved in another official duty at galas will be required to sign up for a minimum of six timekeeping sessions per season. This six-session minimum will 29 be strictly enforced and records kept to ensure that the system is fair and so that all parents can have „free galas‟ where they do not have to work in any official capacity and can simply enjoy the gala, cheer the team and support their children. This 6-session minimum applies to both parents. So, in other words, each swimming family is obliged to timekeep for twelve out of the twenty sessions – six for each parent. If one of the parents is unable or reluctant to timekeep, the other parent will have the responsibility of ensuring that the family‟s timekeeping obligation is met. In single-parent families, the obligation is only for six timekeeping sessions. By fulfilling the 6-session per parent (or 12-session per family) timekeeping requirement, you will be fulfilling all your gala volunteering requirements and will not be asked to officiate in any other capacity. In other words, all your volunteering commitments would be fulfilled for that season. B. Event Call-up: This position requires only one person per gala. On arrival at the gala, the Team Manager will supply the Event Call-up official with the entry lists, which detail the order of events, the heat numbers and the lane numbers. The event call-up official should be a person that knows all the Torpedoes swimmers by name and by sight. He/she will be responsible for calling up the swimmers well before their scheduled event, relaying heat and lane number information to them, ensuring that they report to the Head Coach prior to the swim and then ensuring that they move off to the staging area. If one person takes the full responsibility of this position for the entire gala season, this would fulfill all volunteering commitments for the season. However, this position need not necessarily be allocated to only one person for the entire season. C. Marshalling: This position is particularly suitable to someone who loves working with children but at the same time is firm and takes no nonsense. He/she would man the staging area and ensure that all the swimmers are placed in the correct events, heats and lanes. This position is not always available. Interested persons can contact the Team Manager or Head Coach for further information. This position would fulfill all volunteering commitments foe the season. D. Torpedoes Bulletin Board: The club has a designated bulletin board located in the breezeway of the covered court. This board is used to communicate with swimmers and parents as well as keep a visual update of what is going on within the club. Updated gala results and school records are also posted up on the board. A person is required to take full responsibility for ensuring that the bulletin board is regularly updated and visually appealing and ideally, the person involved with this would be someone who has a creative and artistic streak. Volunteering for this position would fulfill all volunteering requirements 30 E. Photography Since many parents bring cameras to galas, it is requested that some of the photographs be passed along for use on the bulletin board and website. Fundraising Events: In the 2007/08 season there will be two fundraising events. Both of these will be organized and coordinated by the Social Convener. However, for these events to be a success, she will need a large number of volunteers to which she can assign the various duties and responsibilities. So, if at all possible, please assist with these two functions, even if it is only in the smallest possible way. The first fundraising event will be a Golf Day, which is scheduled for the first half of the season. The second event will be a Swimathon scheduled for the second half of the season. There will be NO other Torpedoes fundraising events! Monies raised from these two events go towards assisting underprivileged Zambian swimmers to attend international galas as well as also assisting our own AIS Torpedoes swimmers to attend both national and international galas. 13. Zambia Amateur Swimming Union – 2007/2008 Gala Programme Gala/Event Jubilee Gala – 25m 2006/07 Awards Night 1st League Gala – 50m 2nd League Gala – 50m 3rd League Gala – 25m 4th League Gala – 25m National Swim Camp Sub-Saharan Training Camp Sub-Saharan Gala – 25m 5th League Gala – 50m 6th League Gala – 50m 7th League Gala – 50 National Age Group Gala – 50m National Swim Camp Zambia Invitational Midland vs. Copperbelt Notes: Date 22.09.07 13.10.07 13.10.07 27.10.07 10.11.07 24/25.11.07 4/7.12.07 2/3.01.08 4/5/6.01.08 02.02.08 16.02.08 01.03.08 15/16.03.08 07/10.04.08 11/13.04.08 26.04.08 Venue Lechwe Kitwe Mufulira Lusaka Lechwe Baobab Baobab Lilongwe, Malawi Lilongwe, Malawi Mufulira Lusaka Mufulira Lusaka Lusaka Midlands TBA This schedule is subject to changes. If there are any changes, these will be communicated to you via the fortnightly information updates. Swimmers need to be swimming the ZASU standard times in order to compete in a particular event. Standard times are provided in the handbook. 31 14. Swimmers Logbook A. 2007/2008 Gala Log Sheet After each gala, fill in your times for the events for which you signed up. Put a * next to the time if it was a personal best time for either long or short course. Or, write it in a different colour. The “Other” Column is for the less popular events that are either not often on offer or special events that you might enjoy or specialize in, like 800m or 1600m free, 200m butterfly or 100IM Free 50 Free 100 Free 200 Free 400 Br 50 Br 100 Br 200 Back 50 Back 100 Back 200 Fly 50 Fly 100 IM 2000 other Gala Jubilee 22/9 – 25m League1 13/10– 50m League2 27/10– 50m League3 10/11 – 25m League4 24/11 – 50m Sub – S 4/1 – 50m League5 2/2 -50m League6 16/2 – 50m League7 1/3 – 25m Age Groups 15/3 – 50m Zambia Invit. – 25m Midland vs. Copperbelt Other Other 32 B. ‘Personal Bests’ Logsheet Write your personal best times in pencil so that you can erase them and put in new times as you improve. Keep your table updated so that you can see in an instant where you are with all your strokes. Also, fill in ZASU standard times particularly for those events that you are not yet making standard times. For those swimmers who are aiming for Zambian Age Group records in certain events, these records can be obtained from the ZASU Handbook and entered below. SC PB LC PB ZASU Std Age Record Stroke Free 50 Free 100 Free 200 Free 400 Breast 50 Breast 100 Breast 200 Back 50 Back 100 Back 200 Fly 50 Fly 100 Fly 200 IM 100 IM 200 Note: SC = Short Course; LC = Long Course 33 15. Some FAQ’s (Frequently Asked Questions) How are training sessions structured at AIS? There are two sessions for AIS Torpedoes Club Swimmers – Level 1 and Level II. Swimmers are placed into one of these two Levels by the Head Coach depending on the swimmer‟s level of ability and commitment (for detailed explanation see “Requirements and Criteria for Level I and II” elsewhere in this handbook.) Each session comprises a warm-up swim, which usually involves kick and pull training with boards and buoys, technique drills, sculling, and so on. Kickboards, buoys and paddles are provided by AIS Torpedoes. Swimmers need to supply their own fins, caps and goggles. The warm-up may also include some stretching and land training (jogging). After the warm-up, there is often a pre-set training drill followed by a main set drill and then the session concludes with a cool down swim. How are gala meets usually structured in Zambia? Most league meets and other galas are Timed Final Meets. For example, in a given age-group, there may be 40 swimmers signed up. These swimmers will usually be divided into heats, the number of heats according to the number of lanes in the pool. Usually unseeded or slower swimmers will be placed in the earlier heats and the faster swimmers in the later heats. After all the heats are complete, swimmers in that age group will be ranked according to their finish time and points for their club given based on their finishing position in that age group. How do relays work? Most meets include relays that are worth double the points of an individual event. Relay composition will be decided on by the Head Coach so swimmers must check with him/her if they have been signed up for a relay. There are many variables for the coach to consider when deciding on a relay– swimmer‟s fastest time, how well they are currently performing, how much rest they have had since their last race, general attitude and practice attendance of a particular swimmer and so on. Relays are fun and exciting – so much so that often a swimmer will perform better in a relay than in the individual event. In Zambia, the relays are 4 x 50m free and 4 x 50 medley. What is the difference between short course and long course? A short course gala is one that is held at a 25m pool (Baobab, Lechwe and AIS are examples of short course venues). A long course gala is one that is held in a 50m pool (Lusaka and Mufilira are long course venues). Personal Best times are usually faster in short course races due to the extra number of turns, which give the swimmer an extra boost. This is especially noticeable in longer events like the 200m – a long course 200m race will require a lot more actual swimming than the short course equivalent where there will be 7 turns compared to only 3 turns in the long course. When selecting swimmers for International events, BOTH long course and short course times are taken into account. Some general information on event strokes? There are four competitive strokes and each stroke has very specific rules designed to ensure that no swimmer gets an unfair advantage over another swimmer. In Zambia swimming, the FINA rules will apply (For more details consult the Head Coach or Team Manager who usually carry a copy of the FINA rules). 34 Every swim meet will include races in the four basic strokes plus relay events. Swimmers in freestyle, breaststroke and butterfly races will start by diving off the side of the pool. Backstroke swimmers start in the water. Individual medley races (IM) are races in which the swimmer has to swim each of the four strokes in the order fly, back, breast and free (In Medley relays, each swimmer swims only one of the strokes and the order is back, breast, fly and free. So, this race also starts in the water and not from a dive). The general details regarding each stroke are given below. Additional rules are given at the end of the Handbook. Freestyle – Swimmers can use any stroke or kick to swim across the pool. The usual and most efficient stroke is the „front crawl.‟ In the turn, both feet have to touch the wall. Backstroke – Swimmers may use any stroke as long as they remain on their backs. The usual stroke is the „back crawl‟ and swimmers have to learn to use the lane lines and the overhead flags to keep track of where they are in the pool. Breaststroke – this consists of two parts – the arm pull and the “frog‟ kick in alternating sequence. Elbows must stay below the water except for tagging the wall at the finish. Turns and finishes require a simultaneous two-hand touch on the wall and the swimmer may not freestyle kick off the wall after turning. This is usually considered as the most technical stroke of all. Butterfly – This also consists of two parts – arms move simultaneously with the elbow breaking the surface during the recovery part of the stroke. The kick is a „dolphin‟ kick where the legs stay together and move simultaneously. Turns and finishes require a simultaneous two-hand touch on the wall. Here again, no freestyle kick is allowed off the wall. This is usually considered the hardest stroke for most swimmers to perfect. What about disqualifications (DQ’s)? During swim meets, trained officials observe each swimmer to ensure compliance with the technical rules for each stroke. If a swimmer violates any of these rules, they will be DQ‟d and in this case, they will not receive an official time or finishing position in that event. Technical DQ‟s occur when a swimmer fails to touch the wall at the turning end, does improper tumble turns or performs some component of the stroke improperly. Some other common reasons for disqualifications are false starting, moving on the blocks while under starter‟s orders, touching the bottom of the pool or pulling on the lane ropes. Young or inexperienced swimmers are often disqualified during their first year of swimming, particularly in breaststroke and butterfly. Although disqualification can be very discouraging for swimmers, it can also be one of the most valuable ways for them to learn what a „legal‟ stroke is. Parents should prepare inexperienced swimmers for the possibility of being disqualified. (Note: No parent should approach a gala official in matters concerning DQ‟s – that is the Head Coach‟s job!) What about age-grouping? Age group placings will vary from gala to gala but usually in international and in the bigger national galas, the age groups are as follows: 8 and under, 9 10‟s, 11 – 12‟s, 13 – 14‟s, 15 – 17. An „Open‟ or “Senior” age category means that the event is open to any age category, including adults. The age group that a swimmer competes in a meet will be determined by his/her age on the first day of the meet. Swimmers must swim in their respective age brackets and may participate in only one age division corresponding to his/her age (except in Open categories where anyone may swim) 35 Are there any awards for Torpedoes Swimmers? Most definitely. In 2006, a bead system was introduced to acknowledge swimmers who have excelled in various categories. Different coloured beads represent different awards and achievements as shown below . These beads are threaded onto special strings and tied onto school bags and basically gives „bragging rights‟ to the swimmer as follows: A. The Bead System and the meaning of each color bead: White – Awarded to anyone who is selected to represent the school on a team during a particular season. This will include swimmers who are selected to represent the school at ZASU „A‟ or B‟ league galas or ISAZ inter-school galas. Yellow – Awarded to anyone who achieves a minimum of two PB times in a single ZASU league or ISAZ Inter-School meet. Anyone achieving four PB‟s in single meet gets two yellow beads, six PB‟s gets three beads and so on. Black – Awarded to anyone who is part of a team that wins the ZASU league in a particular season. So, in this case, every member of the winning team gets a black bead. Orange – Awarded to anyone who receives a second or third positions (silver or bronze medals/certificates/awards) in a gala either outside of Zambia or an international gala within Zambia. Blue – Awarded to anyone who receives a first place position in any major gala or swim event outside of Zambia or at an international event within Zambia. Silver – Awarded to anyone who: Is selected to represent either the school or the country in an international event where that person is competing against swimmers from other countries. For achieving an official AIS age-group record in any league or ISAZ meet or for winning a silver or bronze medal at the National Age Groups Gala. Gold – for exceptional performances only!!! For setting or breaking an existing national record. For winning a gold medal at the National Age Groups Gala. For winning a floating trophy for sporting excellence at an Awards Ceremony. For displaying exceptional sportsmanship that goes way beyond the normal call of duty to other players or team members. B. Other awards: In addition, AIS recognizes, through the annual presentation of certificates, the “Most Outstanding/Valuable” primary and secondary school swimmers as well as those swimmers showing the greatest improvement throughout the season. The criteria by which these awards are given are explained in more detail on page 40. ZASU also hold an annual award ceremony to honour and acknowledge certain swimmers in Zambia. 36 And finally, the million dollar question….Why swim at all? Well, not only is it fun but many physicians consider swimming the ideal activity for developing muscular and skeletal growth. Swimming develops high quality muscular endurance, the most important key to physical fitness. Swimming does a great job in proportional muscular development by using all the body‟s major muscle groups. No other sport does this as well. Swimming enhances children‟s natural flexibility (at a time when they ordinarily begin to lose it) by exercising all of the major joints through a full range of motion. Swimming helps superior coordination because it requires combinations of complex movements of all parts of the body, enhancing harmonious muscle function, grace and fluidity of movement. Swimming is the most injury-free of all sports. Swimming also helps to develop greater intellectual competence. Learning and using swimming skills engage the thinking processes as they develop and plan movement sequences. Using these skills also contributes to a stronger self-image Swimming is a sport that will bring fitness and enjoyment for life. Participants in Masters Swimming Programmes are still training and racing well into their 80‟s. 37 16. Top Torpedoes Times for the 2007/2008 season The following tables contain an updated list of all the AIS swim records up to and including the Zambia Invitational Gala on 6/7 April 07. BOYS Long Course Record Holder M. Ryan M. Ryan A. van Vlaanderen A. van Vlaanderen M. Ryan A. van Vlaanderen N/A A. van Vlaanderen R. Goveia R. Goveia Open Open R. Goveia R. Goveia R. Goveia R. Goveia R. Goveia Open R. Goveia R. Goveia N/A R. Goveia C. Mackintosh C. Mackintosh C. Mackintosh C. Mackintosh R. Wellman R. Wellman T. Schurz C. Mackintosh C. Mackintosh D. Frost T. Schurz T. Schurz Open N/A C. Mackintosh Short Course Record Holder A. van Vlaanderen M. Ryan Open A. van Vlaanderen M. Ryan Open Open Open K. Smith R. Goveia Open R. Goveia R. Goveia R. Goveia Open R. Goveia R. Goveia R. Goveia R. Goveia R. Goveia R. Goveia R. Goveia T. Schurz D. Frost T. Schurz D. Frost T. Schurz T. Schurz T. Schurz D. Frost D. Frost D. Frost T. Schurz T. Schurz T. Schurz T. Schurz D. Frost Age 8&U Event 50 free S 100 free 50 back 50 breast 100 breast 50 fly 100 IM 200 IM 50 free 100 free 200 free 400 free 50 back 100 back 200 back 50 breast 100 breast 200 breast 50 fly 100 fly 100 IM 200 IM 50 free 100 free 200 free 400 free 50 back 100 back 200 back 50 breast 100 breast 200 breast 50 fly 100 fly 200 fly 100 IM 200 IM Time 0.47.61 1.50.42 0.54.28 0.58.83 2.26.96 0.59.64 4.25.52 0.35.73 1.21.55 0.39.34 1.25.39 3.05.72 0.44.36 1.39.45 0.36.97 1.35.72 3.06.80 0.30.73 1.09.63 2.35.76 5.56.36 0.38.39 1.25.57 3.14.23 0.40.42 1.30.93 3.19.13 0.35.95 1.21.88 2.55.55 Time 0.46.06 1.50.60 0.59.12 2.23.28 0.35.47 1.21.09 6.31.67 0.39.01 1.25.66 0.42.65 1.44.72 3.29.77 0.37.38 1.35.26 1.29.42 3.10.51 0.30.57 1.08.06 2.33.46 5.39.21 0.36.86 1.20.86 2.54.41 0.40.31 1.28.89 3.11.67 0.35.63 1.21.06 3.03.28 1.26.02 2.52.44 9-10 11-12 38 Age 13-14 Event 50 free 100 free 200 free 400 free 50 back 100 back 200 back 50 breast 100 breast 200 breast 50 fly 100 fly 200 fly 100 IM 200 IM 50 free 100 free 200 free 400 free 50 back 100 back 200 back 50 breast 100 breast 200 breast 50 fly 100 fly 200 fly 100 IM 200 IM Record - LC C. Mackintosh C. Mackintosh C. Mackintosh C. Mackintosh C. Mackintosh C. Mackintosh C. Mackintosh C. Mackintosh C. Mackintosh C. Mackintosh T. Schurz T. Schurz T. Schurz N/A C. Mackintosh C. Smith C. Smith C. Smith C. Smith M. Muzyambe C. Smith C. Smith C. Smith C. Smith C. Smith C. Smith C. Smith Open N/A C. Smith Time 0.27.93 1.02.26 2.18.72 5.02.69 0.35.41 1.15.30 2.55.60 0.38.39 1.23.91 3.08.86 0.31.14 1.13.78 2.54.82 2.41.80 0.25.25 0.58.16 2.10.21 5.11.52 0.33.13 1.11.28 2.46.47 0.36.40 1.18.97 2.57.08 0.28.23 1.03.89 2.26.81 Record - SC C. Mackintosh T. Schurz C. Mackintosh C. Mackintosh T. Schurz T. Schurz T. Schurz C. Mackintosh C. Mackintosh C. Mackintosh T. Schurz T. Schurz T. Schurz F. Sciarrino C. Mackintosh C. Smith C. Smith C. Smith C. Smith M. Muzyambe M. Muzyambe M. Muzyambe C. Smith C. Smith M. Muzyambe M. Muzyambe M. Muzyambe Open C. Smith C. Smith Time 0.27.61 1.01.82 2.16.38 5.13.57 0.34.39 1.15.49 2.43.69 0.36.32 1.21.41 3.00.18 0.31.06 1.10.72 3.03.28 1.21.08 2.38.14 0.25.24 0.57.42 2.10.58 4.44.32 0.31.59 1.07.00 2.45.38 0.34.13 1.15.08 2.56.88 0.27.79 1.04.24 1.07.41 2.25.47 15&O 39 GIRLS Age 8&U Event 50 free 100 free 50 back 100 back 50 breast 100 breast 50 fly 100 IM 200 IM 50 free 100 free 200 free 400 free 50 back 100 back 200 back 50 breast 100 breast 200 breast 50 fly 100 fly 100 IM 200 IM 50 free 100 free 200 free 400 free 50 back 100 back 200 back 50 breast 100 breast 200 breast 50 fly 100 fly 200 fly 100 IM 200 IM Long Course Record Holder H. Ryan C. Findlay H. Ryan Open H. Ryan C. Findlay H. Ryan N/A Open N. Rusch J. Robertson J. Schurz J. Schurz N. Rusch J. Schurz J. Schurz N. Rusch N. Rusch Open N. Rusch Open N/A N. Rusch D. Findlay D. Findlay D. Findlay Open D. Findlay D. Findlay D. Findlay D. Findlay D. Findlay D. Findlay D. Findlay D. Findlay Open N/A D. Findlay Time 0.42.94 1.57.19 0.54.89 0.58.20 2.15.96 0.57.60 0.34.73 1.21.20 3.11.98 6.48.89 0.39.82 1.36.05 3.23.14 0.50.71 1.50.70 0.40.92 3.24.98 0.31.45 1.10.72 2.35.89 0.38.22 1.21.82 2.53.01 0.43.85 1.31.37 3.15.79 0.35.86 1.27.49 2.54.34 Short Course Record Holder H. Ryan Open Open Open H. Ryan Open Open Open Open N. Rusch J. Robertson Open N. Rusch N. Rusch J. Schurz Open N. Rusch N. Rusch J. Robertson S. Graybill N. Rusch N. Rusch N. Rusch D. Findlay D. Findlay D. Findlay D. Findlay D. Findlay D. Findlay J. Schurz T. Scott T. Scott T. Scott D. Findlay S. Graybill Open D. Findlay D. Findlay Time 0.40.08 0.53.11 0.36.23 1.16.67 6.35.78 0.41.33 1.34.06 0.49.46 1.52.18 4.02.12 0.41.53 1.45.62 1.33.19 3.24.93 0.32.43 1.10.92 2.48.43 5.25.63 0.37.23 1.20.05 3.10.65 0.43.65 1.37.05 3.42.71 0.36.90 1.28.75 1.24.26 2.52.65 9-10 11-12 40 Age 13-14 Event 50 free 100 free 200 free 400 free 50 back 100 back 200 back 50 breast 100 breast 200 breast 50 fly 100 fly 200 fly 100 IM 200 IM 50 free 100 free 200 free 400 free 50 back 100 back 200 back 50 breast 100 breast 200 breast 50 fly 100 fly 200 fly 100 IM 200 IM Record - LC P. Wellman P. Wellman P. Wellman P. Wellman P. Wellman P. Wellman P. Wellman P. Wellman Open Open L. Graybill P. Wellman P. Wellman N/A P. Wellman L. Graybill L. Graybill L. Graybill L. Graybill L. Graybill L. Graybill L. Graybill L. Graybill L. Graybill Z. Frangeskides L. Graybill L. Graybill Open N/A L. Graybill Time 0.30.67 1.07.79 2.28.09 5.34.92 0.36.07 1.19.32 2.59.42 0.41.08 0.33.79 1.26.65 3.18.65 2.43.19 0.29.68 1.05.28 2.19.57 5.19.70 0.34.23 1.13.05 2.50.23 0.38.16 1.22.54 3.14.80 0.32.51 1.11.37 2.34.03 Record - SC L. Graybill P. Wellman P. Wellman P. Wellman L. Graybill P. Wellman P. Wellman L. Graybill P. Wellman Open L. Graybill P. Wellman Open P. Wellman P. Wellman L. Graybill L. Graybill L. Graybill L. Graybill L. Graybill L. Graybill L. Graybill L. Graybill L. Graybill Z. Frangeskides L. Graybill L. Graybill L. van Dixhoorn L. Graybill L. Graybill Time 0.29.81 1.05.50 2.22.23 5.20.73 0.35.30 1.17.28 2.49.82 0.41.06 1.26.40 0.34.99 1.22.06 1.16.79 2.44.94 0.29.25 1.03.74 2.16.96 5.00.63 0.33.77 1.12.59 2.39.11 0.36.06 1.23.96 3.14.00 0.32.66 1.12.88 2.49.17 1.10.70 2.35.63 15&O 17. AIS Awards for swimmers in 2006/2007 season In addition to the bead system (see more details under “Frequently Asked Questions”), AIS also holds a special awards function each year to honour those boys and girls who have either excelled or significantly improved and who have all demonstrated great sportsmanship and attitude in their chosen sport. For each award, the most deserving boy and girl is chosen in each category according to the following criteria: A. The award for “Most Outstanding/Most Valuable Swimmer” will go to a swimmer that: Amasses the greatest number of league points for the AIS Torpedoes over the season. This will involve not only the swimmer‟s ability to win races but also their willingness to enter in as many races as possible in order to get points for the club. 41 Displays loyalty and dedication to the well-being and success of the team as a whole. Shows exemplary attendance at training sessions throughout the entire season. Consistently shows improvement by earning the greatest number of PB‟s, school records and national records over the season. Is an ambassador for both the club and the country when swimming at galas and meets outside of the country – not only by great performances but by exemplary behaviour and sportsmanship too. Shows exceptional swim performances at both national and international swim galas such as the National Age Groups, the Zambia Invitational, Sub Sahara or any other gala or meet where the swimmer is competing against swimmers from other countries. B. The award for the “Most Improved Swimmer” will go to a swimmer that: Shows major and consistent improvement over ALL the swim events offered in the ZASU League meets. Shows an intense desire, both during training and competition, to work hard and do whatever is required to improve his/her times and performances. Shows exemplary attendance at training sessions throughout the entire season. For the 2006/2007 swimming season the AIS Sports Awards went to the following swimmers: Junior Swimmers (Primary School) Most Most Most Most Outstanding/Valuable Boy: Ralph Goveia Outstanding/Valuable Girl: Natasha Rusch Improved Boy: Alex van Vlaanderen Improved Girl: Oriana Findlay Senior Swimmers (Secondary School) Most Most Most Most Outstanding/Valuable Boy: Cameron Mackintosh Outstanding/Valuable Girl: Patricia Wellman Improved Boy: David Frost improved Girl: Danielle Findlay 42 18. ZASU Standard Times Female 7 & Under 50 100 50 50 50 100 200 Free 51.00 Free 2:00.00 Back 1:02.00 Breast 1:05.00 Fly 1:02.00 IM 2:30.00 IM 5:00.00 50 100 50 50 50 100 200 Female 8-8 Free 48.00 Free 1:48.00 Back 58.00 Breast 1:02.00 Fly 57.00 IM 2:15.00 IM 4:30.00 50 100 50 50 50 100 200 Female 9-9 Free 45.00 Free 1:38.00 Back 55.00 Breast 58.00 Fly 51.00 IM 2:06.00 IM 4:12.00 Female 10-10 50 100 200 50 100 50 100 50 100 100 200 Free 43.00 Free 1:33.00 Free 3:26.00 Back 51.00 Back 1:54.00 Breast 56.00 Breast 2:03.00 Fly 49.00 Fly 1:52.00 IM 2:04.00 IM 4:08.00 Female 11-11 50 100 200 50 100 200 50 100 200 50 100 200 100 200 Free 41.00 Free 1:29.00 Free 3:20.00 Back 48.00 Back 1:44.00 Back 3:53.00 Breast 54.00 Breast 1:56.00 Breast 4:12.00 Fly 48.00 Fly 1:49.00 Fly 4:53.00 IM 1:54.00 IM 3:48.00 Female 12-12 50 Free 40.00 100 Free 1:27.00 200 Free 3:16.00 50 Back 46.00 100 Back 1:44.00 200 Back 3:44.00 50 Breast 53.00 100 Breast 1:54.00 200 Breast 4:11.00 50 Fly 46.00 100 Fly 1:47.00 200 Fly 4:45.00 100 IM 1:52.00 200 IM 3:43.00 Female 16 & Over 50 100 200 400 50 100 200 50 100 200 50 100 200 100 200 Free 35.00 Free 1:19.00 Free 3:04.00 Free 6:32.00 Back 42.00 Back 1:33.00 Back 3:30.00 Breast 48.00 Breast 1:49.00 Breast 3:58.00 Fly 41.00 Fly 1:34.00 Fly 3:35.00 IM 1:42.00 IM 3:24.00 Male 16 & Over 50 Free 35.00 100 Free 1:13.00 200 Free 2:42.00 400 Free 6:08.00 50 Back 38.00 100 Back 1:29.00 200 Back 2:14.00 50 Breast 44.00 100 Breast 1:34.00 200 Breast 3:34.00 50 Fly 39.00 100 Fly 1:24.00 200 Fly 3:35.00 100 IM 1:34.00 200 IM 3:08.00 43 Male 7 & Under 50 100 50 50 50 100 200 Free 51.00 Free 2:00.00 Back 1:00.00 Breast 1:05.00 Fly 1:02.00 IM 2:24.00 IM 4:47.00 50 100 50 50 50 100 200 Male 8-8 Free 47.00 Free 1:48.00 Back 54.00 Breast 1:02.00 Fly 57.00 IM 2:14.00 IM 4:27.00 50 100 50 50 50 100 200 Male 9-9 Free 43.00 Free 1:38.00 Back 51.00 Breast 54.00 Fly 51.00 IM 2:03.00 IM 40.50 Male 10-10 50 100 200 50 100 50 100 Free 42.00 Free 1:33.00 Free 3:26.00 Back 49.00 Back 1:51.00 Breast 52.00 Breast 2:03.0 0 Fly 49.00 Fly 1:52.00 IM 1:58.00 IM 3:56.00 50 100 200 50 100 200 50 100 200 100 200 50 100 200 Male 11-11 Free 41.00 Free 1:32.00 Free 3:16.00 Breast 51.00 Breast 1:54.00 Breast 4:16.00 Fly 48.00 Fly 1:49.00 Fly 4:43.00 IM 1:50.00 IM 3:40.00 Back 46.00 Back 1:45.00 Back 3:49.00 50 100 200 50 100 200 50 100 200 50 100 200 100 200 Male 12-12 Free 40.00 Free 1:24.00 Free 3:14.00 Back 43.00 Back 1:38.00 Back 3:33.00 Breast 50.00 Breast 1:48.00 Breast 4:10.00 Fly 45.00 Fly 1:36.00 Fly 4:37.00 IM 1:47.00 IM 3:34.00 50 100 100 200 19. ZASU Handbook At the beginning of each season, ZASU also bring out a comprehensive handbook with pertinent information regarding present Zambian records, forthcoming galas, ZASU protocol and so on. These are available for purchase through the Treasurer. However, should you wish to simply look something up, the Head Coach and various members of the Committee usually carry a copy around with them at all times. 44 20. FINA Rules SW 5 FREESTYLE SW 5.1 Freestyle means that in an event so designated the swimmer may swim any style, except that in individual medley or medley relay events, freestyle means any style other than backstroke, breaststroke or butterfly. SW 5.2 Some part of the swimmer must touch the wall upon completion of each length and at the finish. SW 5.3 Some part of the swimmer must break the surface of the water throughout the race, except it shall be permissible for the swimmer to be completely submerged during the turn and for a distance of not more than 15 metres after the start and each turn. By that point, the head must have broken the surface. SW 6 BACKSTROKE SW 6.1 Prior to the starting signal, the swimmers shall line up in the water facing the starting end, with both hands holding the starting grips. Standing in or on the gutter or bending the toes over the lip of the gutter is prohibited. SW 6.2 At the signal for starting and after turning the swimmer shall push off and swim upon his back throughout the race except when executing a turn as set forth in SW 6.4. The normal position on the back can include a roll movement of the body up to, but not including 90 degrees from horizontal. The position of the head is not relevant. SW 6.3 Some part of the swimmer must break the surface of the water throughout the race. It is permissible for the swimmer to be completely submerged during the turn, at the finish and for a distance of not more than 15 meters after the start and each turn. By that point the head must have broken the surface. SW 6.4 When executing the turn there must be a touch of the wall with some part of the swimmer‟s body. During the turn the shoulders may be turned over the vertical to the breast after which a continuous single arm pull or a continuous simultaneous double arm pull may be used to initiate the turn. The swimmer must have returned to the position on the back upon leaving the wall. SW 6.5 Upon the finish of the race the swimmer must touch the wall while on the back. SW 7 BREASTSTROKE SW 7.1 From the beginning of the first arm stroke after the start and after each turn, the body shall be kept on the breast. It is not permitted to roll onto the back at any time. Throughout the race the stroke cycle must be one arm stroke and one leg kick in that order. 45 SW 7.2 All movements of the arms shall be simultaneous and in the same horizontal plane without alternating movement. SW 7.3 The hands shall be pushed forward together from the breast on, under, or over the water. The elbows shall be under water except for the final stroke before the turn, during the turn and for the final stroke at the finish. The hands shall be brought back on or under the surface of the water. The hands shall not be brought back beyond the hip line, except during the first stroke after the start and each turn. SW 7.4 During each complete cycle, some part of the swimmer's head shall break the surface of the water. After the start and after each turn, the swimmer may take one arm stroke completely back to the legs. The head must break the surface of the water before the hands turn inward at the widest part of the second stroke. A single downward dolphin kick followed by a breaststroke kick is permitted while wholly submerged. Following which, all movements of the legs shall be simultaneous and in the same horizontal plane without alternating movement. SW 7.5 The feet must be turned outwards during the propulsive part of the kick. A scissors, flutter or downward dolphin kick is not permitted except as in SW 7.4. Breaking the surface of the water with the feet is allowed unless followed by a downward dolphin kick. SW 7.6 At each turn and at the finish of the race, the touch shall be made with both hands simultaneously at, above, or below the water level. The head may be submerged after the last arm pull prior to the touch, provided it breaks the surface of the water at some point during the last complete or incomplete cycle preceding the touch. SW 8 BUTTERFLY SW 8.1 From the beginning of the first arm stroke after the start and each turn, the body shall be kept on the breast . Under water kicking on the side is allowed. It is not permitted to roll onto the back at any time. SW 8.2 Both arms shall be brought forward together over the water and brought backward simultaneously through -out the race, subject to SW 8.5. SW 8.3 All up and down movements of the legs must be simultaneous. The legs or the feet need not be on the same level, but they shall not alternate in relation to each other. A breaststroke kicking movement is not permitted. SW 8.4 At each turn and at the finish of the race, the touch shall be made with both hands simultaneously, at, above or below the water surface. SW 8.5 At the start and at turns, a swimmer is permitted one or more leg kicks and one arm pull under the water, which must bring him to the surface. It shall be permissible for a swimmer to be completely submerged for a distance of not more than 15 metres after the 46 start and after each turn. By that point, the head must have broken the surface. The swimmer must remain on the surface until the next turn or finish. SW 9 MEDLEY SWIMMING SW 9.1 In individual medley events, the swimmer covers the four swimming styles in the following order: Butterfly, Backstroke, Breaststroke and Freestyle. SW 9.2 In medley relay events, swimmers will cover the four swimming styles in the following order: Backstroke, Breaststroke, Butterfly and Freestyle. SW 9.3 Each section must be finished in accordance with the rule, which applies to the style concerned. SW 10 THE RACE SW 10.1 A swimmer swimming over the course alone shall cover the whole distance to qualify. SW 10.2 A swimmer must finish the race in the same lane in which he started. SW 10.3 In all events, a swimmer when turning shall make physical contact with the end of the pool or course. The turn must be made from the wall, and it is not permitted to take a stride or step from the bottom of the pool. SW 10.4 Standing on the bottom during freestyle events or during the freestyle portion of medley events shall not disqualify a swimmer, but he shall not walk. SW 10.5 Pulling on the lane rope is not allowed.
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