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Review of Government strategy for Neighbourhood Watch by alextt

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									Review of Government
strategy for
Neighbourhood Watch
Policy context




Slides accompanying an oral presentation to
given to the National Strategy Group for
Watch Issues
July 2008




                                              NSGWI/08/18
British Crime Survey 07/08 – Results (1)

– Statistical report on Neighbourhood Watch membership
  published in May (part of third supplement to 07/08
  Government Crime Statistics).

– Neighbourhood Watch membership has gone down —
  households in schemes has fallen from 27% (6m
  households) in 2000 to 16% (3.8m households) in 2008.

– 65% respondents reported there was no scheme in their
  area.

– Three-quarters of these said they would join if a scheme
  existed.


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British Crime Survey 07/08 – Results (2)

– Membership tends to be higher in areas where crime
  tends to be lower:

  – 19% of homeowners are members, but only 9% and 10%
    respectively of social and private renters are;
  – 28% of households in ―wealthy achievers‖ areas are members, but
    only 7% of households in ―hard pressed‖ areas are;
  – 21% of rural households are members, but only 15% of urban
    households are.

– Results suggest membership has fallen and is still un-
  representative demographically but…

  (a) burglary has also fallen (a contributing factor?)

  (b) representation remains high, and there is an extremely
  encouraging desire to get more involved.
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British Crime Survey – the full story?

– Face-to-face interviews with 45,000 people (75% of total
  approached).

– Representative sample, but because it is a sample survey:
  – it cannot provide data at local level (below police-force area)
  – estimates are subject to sampling variation and Home Office
    statisticians only report changes that are statistically significant.

– Like the crime stats, results should therefore be used
  alongside collateral data sources, including PLI
  registrations, and police-force and NW associations’
  records where available.




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Crime & Communities Review (1)
– Undertaken by Louise Casey on behalf of the PM and Home
  Secretary.

– NW schemes and representative groups included in consultation
  exercises. NW cited often by participants (see next slide).

– Report, Engaging Communities in Fighting Crime, published by
  Cabinet Office in June.

– Chapter 5 (―The citizen role in tackling crime‖) particularly of interest in
  respect of NW.

– Proposals picked up in the Government’s White Paper on
  empowerment and Green Paper on policing.

– Louise Casey appointed Neighbourhood Crime and Justice Adviser
  (from mid-August 2008), and will delivering a programme of work
  including implementing some of her proposals.
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Crime & Communities Review (2)

From the Review:                         What do the public think they can do?         (Casey, page 73.)




Engaging the public and barriers to getting involved (Casey, page 76. Emphasis added.)
―In [public opinion surveys in April 2008], we asked what, if anything, would encourage them to do more
to help reduce crime:
• 29% wanted more information on how to get involved;
• 19% wanted more schemes to get involved in;
• 17% simply wanted to be asked;
• 6% said they would do more if there was a financial contribution to the community in return; and
• 5% would be motivated by a personal financial contribution.‖
                                                                                                          6
Empowerment White Paper (1)

– Dept. for Communities & Local Government (CLG) was lead
  Government Department.

– Home Office approached about chapter on ―encouraging active
  citizens‖, particularly the role of Neighbourhood Watch (now and in
  future) on building community resilience to ASB, community safety,
  etc.

– CLG wanted to meet with some of the people involved at grassroots
  level. This led to the focus groups — necessarily set up at very short
  notice.

– Focus-group findings will also inform Government’s strategy for
  Neighbourhood Watch.

– White Paper published 9 July as Communities in Control: Real
  People, Real Power.

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Empowerment White Paper (2)

– No detailed proposals on NW — left out to provide more
  scope for further development work to be done.

– But:
  – ―Home Office will take forward the Casey proposal to support
    community groups to play a stronger role in tackling crime through
    the Community Crime Fighter programme…
  – ―…It will be an opportunity to increase the visibility and
    effectiveness of the many and diverse local groups already working
    in the community—such as Neighbourhood Watch—and to extend
    involvement into new areas and include new citizens.‖
                       (extracts from para. 4.33, emphasis added)

– Neighbourhood Watch groups (as organised groups of
  local people) may also benefit from other measures set
  out in the White Paper.
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Policing Green Paper

– Green Paper, From the Neighbourhood to the National:
  Policing Our Communities Together, published 17 July by
  the Home Office.

– Messages in the Empowerment White Paper (see
  previous slide) are repeated in a section entitled ―Citizen
  Responsibility and Community Participation‖ (Green Paper
  paragraphs 1.35 to 1.43), underlining the Government’s
  commitment to delivery in this area.




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Government approach

In summary, the Government’s approach is to support the
Neighbourhood and Home Watch Movement, to involve more
people in making their communities safer, and in particular to:

– Increase membership in new areas, particularly ―hard-
  pressed‖ areas

– Involve a wider section of society

– Roll out good practice, for example supporting people who
  are vulnerable or fearful of reprisals.




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